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26-11-2009

ENLACES 2009

Engage Me or Enrage Me November 25, 2009 Santiago de Chile

Marc Prensky marc@games2train.com www.marcprensky.com 2

© © 2009 2009 Marc Marc Prensky Prensky

It’s NOT about the money (it’s gone)

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Guiding Questions

1. How can we get our students more in their learning? engaged g g g 2. How do we move toward the future while still teaching the curriculum and keeping test scores up? 3. What and how should we teach? © 2009 Marc Prensky

What’s biggestt Wh t’ your bi concern as an educator?

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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The answer depends

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

A we educating Are d ti students t d t

for the day they leave us?

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

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or

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

A we educating Are d ti students t d t

for the rest of their lives?

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

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We live in an era of

accelerating

© 2009 Marc Prensky

3 kinds of change happening at once in education

1. Changing Students

2. Changing Technology

3. Changing Pedagogy

“Perfect Storm” of Change © 2009 Marc Prensky

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Our students are fast becoming…

© 2009 Marc Prensky

mobile mobiles

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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technology is…

© 2009 Marc Prensky

moving like an out-ofcontrol roller coaster

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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and our pedagogy is…

© 2009 Marc Prensky

…in need of renewal

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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BUT DON’T WORRY!

© 2009 Marc Prensky

I am here

Taken by Sky, Age 3½ © 2009 Marc Prensky

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To help you deal with it…

© 2009 Marc Prensky

…and still stay sane!

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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People (and institutions) are shaped, in large part, by their environment

© 2009 Marc Prensky

The environment of the future is that…

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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Š 2009 Marc Prensky

p y the The world,, especially world of young people, is going to evolve much faster and farther than l thi k mostt people think.

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

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http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TYIOIM6hHBk

Change is not just the Far Off Future

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

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Life is different Every Day!

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

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Gone to the bathroom lately?

© 2009 Marc Prensky

There are MICROCHIPS in the Toilets Urinals Sinks Soap Dispensers Towel Dispensers What next?

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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You have probably already radically the way you do Banking g Communicating Paying Travelling Buying/Selling Obtaining Information Reading Health-related things © 2009 Marc Prensky

For many, change is happening

so fast it’s

SCARY ARY © 2009 Marc Prensky

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And this fear often leads people l to t rush h tto protect t t what they know and value, rather than seek the good in the changes

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

Introducing the book

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How many y of you y have already sent at least one email today?

© 2009 Marc Prensky

“Email is for old people” – A student – A headline in The Chronicle of Higher Education

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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Do nott overinvest D i t In any one technology! STAY FLEXIBLE!

© 2009 Marc Prensky

In their lifetimes, our kids will see technology become

ONE TRILLION

times more powerful

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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1.000.000.000.000 TIMES (240) Today’s 1960’s x 1B = Cell mainphone frame

x 1T =

???

© 2009 Marc Prensky

…and today we are already working at the atomic level

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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1989

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

Today Human hair

Nanomachine Š 2009 Marc Prensky

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Today, NEW TOOLS COME FAST… • • • • • • • • • •

Sped-up S d video id Picture Search IM/texting Blogs Wikis Wikipedia Podcasting Phone polling My Space Handhelds

• • • • • • • • • •

P2P Complex Games/Sims Web 2.0 Web 3.0 Augmented Reality Phone cameras Phone videos GPS You Tube MoSoSo © 2009 Marc Prensky

AND GO FAST… • • • • • • • • • •

Sped-up S d video id Picture Search IM/texting Blogs Wikis Wikipedia Podcasting Phone polling My Space Handhelds

• • • • • • • • • •

P2P Complex Games/sims Web 2.0 Web 3.0 Augmented Reality Phone cameras Phone videos GPS You Tube MoSoSo © 2009 Marc Prensky

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Our future students

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

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4 year old with iphone

4 year old with iphone

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WELL, MAYBE YOU SHOULD WORRY!

© 2009 Marc Prensky

Is this a good thing?

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if

Absolutely— we have balance

So…

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Why are we here?

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How can we help these kids?

What makes them Digital Natives?

Knowledge? X Capabilities? X Attitude? √ C Comfort f t Level? L l? √ © 2009 Marc Prensky

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Those who didn’t grow up with technology often have a

“Digital Immigrant Accent” • Printing out our e-mails • Not instinctively going to the Internet FIRST • Not sharing easily • Assuming online is not “Real Life” •Thinking the way WE learned to do things is the right way (or, worse, the only way) © 2009 Marc Prensky

Young people have changed!

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not “little us’s” anymore! y

© 2009 Marc Prensky

You Tube: Young Kids on Cell Phones at Party

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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We need to be helping them create the future!

BEFORE: Very y similar to

PAST

THEIR FUTURE

© © 2009 2003 Marc Marc Prensky Prensky

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NOW: totally different from

PAST

? THEIR FUTURE ?

© © 2009 2003 Marc Marc Prensky Prensky

OUR JOB i to is t prepare today’s students for a largely unknown future

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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(and they are counting on us)

© 2009 Marc Prensky

“We need to show reverence for the past, but not live in it” — Deborah Needleman

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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“We grow up interacting – through computers and through our cell phones – and that’s how we learn. – A student

© 2009 Marc Prensky

“Why do we have to adapt to the past? Why shouldn’t we be taught to in different ways!” – A student

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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“Most of us prefer to walk backwards into the future…

© 2009 Marc Prensky

…a a posture which may be uncomfortable…

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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…but which at least allows us to look at familiar things as long as possible.” -- Charles Handy

© 2009 Marc Prensky

© © 2009 2003 Marc Marc Prensky Prensky

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CHANG GE

Our Lives Discontinuity: Digital Technology

We are here

TIME

© 2009 Marc Prensky

CHANG GE

Our Students’ Lives

TIME © 2009 Marc Prensky

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Change, in our students’ lifetimes, will go much farther and faster than we think

Machines more powerful than the human brain

CHANG GE

Technology 1 trillion times more powerful Implanted /Wearable Real-time environments Mobile phone wallets Control of machines Directly with our minds

5

10

15

20

25

30 35 40 YEARS

© 2009 Marc Prensky

[our kids were] “born to the idea of rapid change” -- Nicola Griffith in Slow River (1995)

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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“How often should we change h our teaching style in order to hold your interest?”

“Every Every day” -- students

-- teachers

© 2009 Marc Prensky

So…

© © 2009 2003 Marc Marc Prensky Prensky

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We need some new perspectives

© © 2009 2003 Marc Marc Prensky Prensky

Why?

© © 2009 2003 Marc Marc Prensky Prensky

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We are not seeing eye to eye “My students use technology as the new spitball”

“Technol i ll my logically, teachers are illiterate”

We are wasting material resources Unused: Cell Phones Connections Computer Cycles

© © 2009 2003 Marc Marc Prensky Prensky

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and, much worse,

© © 2009 2003 Marc Marc Prensky Prensky

We are wasting human resources

“Whenever Whenever I go to school I have to ‘power down’” – a student

© © 2009 2003 Marc Marc Prensky Prensky

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If we are going to prepare our students for the future, we will have to

© 2009 Marc Prensky

not only how we work…

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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…but how we see the world!

© 2009 Marc Prensky

10 New Perspectives

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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New Perspective #1

A New Way to See Our Students

© 2009 Marc Prensky

10 Things Today’s Students Want

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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10 Things Today’s Students Want

1 1.

They want to be respected, trusted, and have their opinions valued and count

© 2009 Marc Prensky

10 Things Today’s Students Want

2 2.

They want to follow their own interests and passions

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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10 Things Today’s Students Want

3 3.

They want to create

© 2009 Marc Prensky

10 Things Today’s Students Want

4 4.

They want to use the tools of their time

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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10 Things Today’s Students Want

5 5.

They want to work with their peers on group work and projects

(with ways to prevent slackers from getting a free ride)

© 2009 Marc Prensky

10 Things Today’s Students Want

6 6.

They want to express and share their opinions

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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10 Things Today’s Students Want 7 7.

They want to make decisions and share control

© 2009 Marc Prensky

10 Things Today’s Students Want 8 8.

They want to connect with their peers, both in class and around the world

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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10 Things Today’s Students Want

9 9.

They want to cooperate and compete with each other

© 2009 Marc Prensky

10 Things Today’s Students Want

10 10.

They want an education that is not just relevant, but REAL

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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A New Metaphor

© 2009 Marc Prensky

Our students are

ROCKETS!

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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Our students are ROCKETS! • They go at high speed • They are headed to places unknown • They are highly volatile • They can’t be controlled precisely • They need good programming, the right fuel and a good payload • They may require mid-course corrections

They have an enormous potential payoff! © 2009 Marc Prensky

And that makes today’s educators

ROCKET SCIENTISTS! (who knew!)

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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What fuel best motivates today’s kids to learn?

© 2009 Marc Prensky

The Environment Sports

Motorcycles

Space

Music

The Internet

People

Medicine

Coins Singing Programming

Dance

History Nature Business

Writing Animals © 2009 Marc Prensky

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the best motivation comes from

“passion, not discipline” – —Nicholas Nicholas Negroponte

© 2009 Marc Prensky

when it does,

it takes you much further and lasts a lifetime!

© © 2009 2003 Marc Marc Prensky Prensky

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“Passion-based Learning”

© © 2009 2003 Marc Marc Prensky Prensky

FIRST Robotics

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Dimension M Video

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uoFsMIsuKSo

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D tteachers h k Do know their students’ passions?

© 2009 Marc Prensky

Not enough!

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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Teachers need to ask each student:

“What is your passion?” …and then use that to individualize instruction © 2009 Marc Prensky

New Perspective #3

Digital Tools are REQUIRED

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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Š 2009 Marc Prensky

Digital Immigrants

We are

all moving

to something NEW

??

Digital Natives Š 2009 Marc Prensky

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The world is “birthing” a new type of person… p

© 2009 Marc Prensky

…who who requires digital tools to live and work

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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“H. sapiens digital”

© 2009 Marc Prensky

“The Digitally Wise Person”

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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Wi d Wisdom

requires

digital tools

© 2009 Marc Prensky

“What What do you mean requires?”

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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H. Sapiens required tools Cars Eyeglasses Timepieces Money Keys Clothing Black or White Boards Paper, Pens, Pencils Books © 2009 Marc Prensky

H. Sapiens Digital’s required tools? All of the above, above plus Computer Network Mobile phone IM GPS etc.

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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Things our brains do well

© 2009 Marc Prensky

• • • • • • • • • • • • • •

We We We We We We We We We We We We We We

reason reflect and contemplate combine reason and emotion solve problems p learn from experience work with other people create store and retrieve build up expertise have empathy have a sense of context have a sense of humor tell stories lie

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Things our brains do LESS well

© 2009 Marc Prensky

• We make decisions based on only a portion of the available data. • We make assumptions, often inaccurate, about the thoughts or intentions of others. • We depend on educated guessing and verification (the traditional scientific method) to find new answers. answers • We are limited in our ability to predict the future and construct what-if scenarios. • We cannot deal well with complexity beyond a certain point. • We cannot see, hear, touch, feel, or smell beyond the range g of our senses. • We find it difficult to hold multiple perspectives simultaneously. • We have difficulty separating emotional responses from rational conclusions. • We forget.

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The only way to think and work wisely is to

MERGE THE TWO

© 2009 Marc Prensky

“My phone is my third hand” -- a high school student

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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“If I lose my cell

phone I lose half my brain” -- a high school student

© 2009 Marc Prensky

So we REQUIRE the

digital tools

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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H. Sapiens Digital

REQUIRE

The latest/best way to: Network Communicate Present Understand

LEARN

© 2009 Marc Prensky

But

© © 2009 2003 Marc Marc Prensky Prensky

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Do

digital tools

lead automatically to learning?

or engagement? or wisdom? © 2009 Marc Prensky

NO!

and that’s where

educators come in

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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New Perspective #4

Verbs vs. Nouns

© 2009 Marc Prensky

A different way to think of technology:

Verbs vs. Nouns

Verbs (Skills) Presenting

Nouns (Tools) Powerpoint Flash

Communicating

Texting Twitter Email

Learning

Wikipedia You Tube ????

Stay the same

Change rapidly © 2009 Marc Prensky

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VERBS Stay the same • Thinking Thi ki critically iti ll • Presenting logically • Communicating • Decision Making • Being rigorous • Understanding Context • Persuading © 2009 Marc Prensky

NOUNS Change • Books B k Æ Videos Vid • BlackboardsÆElectonic Boards • OverheadsÆPPTÆFlash • ClickersÆmobile phones • LaptopsÆNetbooks • Mobile PhonesÆiPhones • FaceBookÆTwitter? © 2009 Marc Prensky

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Ideally, students should Be using the

best, most up-to-date nouns (tools) for each verb (skill)

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

Teachers need to ask themselves:

What are the key verbs b (skills) ( kill ) I wantt my students to learn/practice/ master?

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

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Verbs Analyzing Calculating Collaborating Combining Communicating Comparing Competing Connecting Cooperating Creating Debating Deciding  Estimating

Ethical  Questioning Evaluating Experimenting Exploring Imitating Innovating Leading Listening Negotiating Networking Observing Practicing

Predicting Presenting Questioning, Socratic  (i.e. thought‐provoking)

Reflecting Searching / Finding Sharing Simulating Thinking critically Thinking critically Thinking logically Trying Verifying Writing © 2009 Marc Prensky

Teachers need to ask themselves:

What nouns (tools) d students do t d t use now? What else could my students be using?

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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“Am I using the appropriate i t /b bestt / latest nouns for the verbs (skills) I am teaching?”

© 2009 Marc Prensky

What if you don’t have all the latest nouns (tools)?

PRETEND YOU DO! Ask: “What would we do if we DID have them? © 2009 Marc Prensky

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Technology is becoming more and more

DISPOSABLE and will soon need to change every year!

(and it will be cheap enough to do so) Š 2009 Marc Prensky

New Perspective #5

Students Learning On Their Own

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

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Our kids have discovered (outside of school, on their own) that they

CAN TEACH THEMSELVES! (but often need guidance)

© 2009 Marc Prensky

Everything a kid needs to teach him or her self

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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Is already on the web…

© 2009 Marc Prensky

…and getting better daily

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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All that’s th t’ missing i i iis th the

MOTIVATION to use it.

© 2009 Marc Prensky

“If a learner is motivated, there’s no stopping him ([or her])” – Will Wright

© 2007 Marc Prensky

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ALL SELF-TAUGHT Socrates Descartes William Blake Thomas Edison Michael Faraday Abraham Lincoln Benjamin Franklin John van Neumann George Bernard Shaw Jose Saramago (NP in Lit) © 2009 Marc Prensky

Our kids’ education is splitting quickly into

School “School”

“After School”

(Credentials)

(21st century learning)

Legacy Stuff – Stuff that is Irrelevant

Future Learning – Stuff they Know they Need

PUSHED ON KIDS = Boring

PULLED BY KIDS = Exciting © 2009 Marc Prensky

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Do your nightmares ever come true?

Prensky — 2007

“Can “school” compete with “after-school”? It had better learn to,, because if the kids have to be trapped (by law) in darkness, doing nothing they consider worthwhile, our schools will become only jails,

and sooner or later the kids will rebel and the riots will begin.”

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Penguin Revolution — 2006

Lots of smart people are starting t ti tto question whether we

NEED SCHOOLS at all!

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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To work for today’s students, school must be about

ENGAGEMENT, NOT content

“ENGAGE ME or ENRAGE ME” – Dr. Kip Leland  ex LAUSD

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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OUR JOB IS TO TURN ON THE LIGHTS !!! © 2009 Marc Prensky

How do we

TURN ON THE LIGHTS for today’s students? © 2009 Marc Prensky

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New Perspective #5

A New Pedagogy

© 2009 Marc Prensky

I call it

PARTNERING

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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But it goes by many names

© 2009 Marc Prensky

You can call it: Partnering Case-Based Learning (CBL) Problem-Based Problem Based Learning (PBL) Inquiry-Based Learning (IBL) Student-Centered Learning Learning by Doing Active Learning Challenge Based Learning Challenge-Based Process-Oriented Guided Inquiry Lng

it’s basically the same! © 2009 Marc Prensky

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Those are all basically

brand names

for the same thing

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

For teachers and students to work together effectively y today, y,

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

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they need to

PARTNER in a new way

© 2009 Marc Prensky

Changing Pedagogy Old Way

Better Way

Students being told

Students teaching themselves

BOREDOM

(with our coaching and guidance)

ENGAGEMENT © 2009 Marc Prensky

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Teachers must learn to

SHARE THE WORK

Students do what they do well

Teachers do what they do well

• Use technology • Find content • Create

• Ask questions • Add quality & rigor • Put into context © 2009 Marc Prensky

New Perspective #6

The Role of the Teacher

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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Remember, in the twenty-first century…

© 2009 Marc Prensky

Tools are changing

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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and…

© 2009 Marc Prensky

Teachers are a tool for educating kids

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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Teachers need to change into a 21st century tool, too!

© 2009 Marc Prensky

21st Century Pedagogy = a move from: Lecturer Controller “Ruler”

1

2

to

3

Coach Guide Partner

4

5 © 2009 Marc Prensky

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Do you know where you (or your teachers) are along this continuum? Coaching, C hi guiding and partnering with your students

Lecturing to and controlling your students

1

2

3

4

5 © 2009 Marc Prensky

The e teacher’s teac e s role in their students’

education is changing!

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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Teachers need to be

Preparing students Preparing their their Preparing your students students for their unknown future for their their exams for exams?

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

Teachers need to be

Helping students graduate Helping each Preparing your student students and go toexams? college find their passion for their

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

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Teachers need to be

Preparing their students Preparing their students for a world where most for a world where most Information is in forms Information written OTHER thaniswritten © 2009 Marc Prensky

The Top Things to Do To Improve Learning

Teachers

Students

• 1 to 1 computers

• 1 to 1 computers

• Training

• Wi-Fi in classroom

• Support • Smaller Classes

• No filtering • Notes/texts online • Teach kids who don’t know (peer-to-peer) • Teach yourself © 2009 Marc Prensky

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New Perspective #7

The Role of Technology

© 2009 Marc Prensky

Technology’s role l is i TO SUPPORT THE PARTNERING PEDAGOGY

(i.e. students teaching themselves with their teachers’ coaching and guidance) © 2009 Marc Prensky

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Technology

DOES NOT and CANNOT SUPPORT the pedagogy

of lecturing and telling (“direct instruction”) except in the most minimal of ways: i.e. pictures and videos

Gibralter

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If a teacher is lecturing or telling, adding ddi technology t h l to a classroom can actually

HINDER

engagement and learning!

© 2009 Marc Prensky

Seeing No Progress, Some Schools Drop Laptops May 4, 2007

LIVERPOOL,, N.Y. — The students at Liverpool p High g have used their school-issued laptops p p to exchange answers on tests, download pornography and hack into local businesses. When the school tightened its network security, a 10th grader not only found a way around it but also posted step-by-step instructions on the Web for others to follow (which they did). … So the Liverpool Central School District, just outside Syracuse, has decided to phase out laptops starting this fall, joining a handful of other schools around the country that adopted one-to-one computing programs and are now abandoning them as educationally empty — and worse.

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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So there is a key y

PREREQUISITE

to adding and using technology:

© 2009 Marc Prensky

BEFORE

technology can

really help learning…

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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Teachers must

their pedagogy… © 2009 Marc Prensky

To PARTNERING

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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Y Yes, teachers t h need d tto be using the latest tools…

© 2009 Marc Prensky

NEW TOOLS • • • • • • • • • •

Sped up video Sped-up deo Picture Search IM/texting Blogs Wikis Wikipedia Podcasting Phone polling Social Nets Handhelds

• • • • • • • • • •

P2P You Tube Web 2.0 (Participatory) Web 3.0 (Semantic) Augmented Reality Phone cameras Phone videos GPS Games & Simulations MoSoSo © 2009 Marc Prensky

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But only y in the right context i.e. in support of the g Pedagogy g gy Partnering

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

Step 1: Change to the Partnering Pedagogy

Step p 2: Let kids use the technology to take off! Š 2009 Marc Prensky

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Corwin, March 2010

TEACHING DIGITAL NATIVES: PARTNERING for Real Learning By Marc Prensky © 2009 Marc Prensky

HIGH! Set the bar

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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More and more teachers know this.

Many are already changing

But ut so some e don’t do t know o how, o , and are afraid to try © 2009 Marc Prensky

OUR JOB IS TO HELP THEM

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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There are lots of ways to partner…

© 2009 Marc Prensky

…and it takes work…

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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New Perspective #8

How Teachers Should Use Technology

© 2009 Marc Prensky

“A lot of teachers think they make a PowerPoint and they’re so awesome!” -- a (female) high school junior

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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“But But it’s it s just like writing on the blackboard!” -- a (female) high school junior

© 2009 Marc Prensky

“THE PRENSKY APOSTACY”

(The stress-reducing bit)

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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It’s important that teachers

DON’T WASTE THEIR TIME Learning to Create With New Tools,

(unless they want to)

© 2009 Marc Prensky

because…

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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The students can do that! (and they want to)

© 2009 Marc Prensky

“Don’t Don t try to keep up with the technology -- y you can’t” – A 15 year old girl

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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“You’ll only look stupid.” – A 15 year old girl

© 2009 Marc Prensky

RULE #1 Teachers should never use the technology FOR their students!

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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© 2009 Marc Prensky

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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3D PRINTER

© 2009 Marc Prensky

3D PRINTER

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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Š 2009 Marc Prensky

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New Perspective #9

Talk to Students About Their Learning!!

© 2009 Marc Prensky

Education is

NO LONGER

something we can do

TO

students

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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Today, we have to

with In order to educate them Š 2009 Marc Prensky

Engaging With Students

Talk with them

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

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When we do, we will find that

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

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Our students are GLOBAL CITIZENS! © 2009 Marc Prensky

“We wantt “W to connect”

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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with each other

© 2009 Marc Prensky

and…

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With THE WORLD © 2009 Marc Prensky

They want an education that is

Relevant ==

REAL

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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Th They wantt tto

affect the world and improve it…

© 2009 Marc Prensky

while they’re still in school!

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And they want TOOLS that make this possible

© 2009 Marc Prensky

The Communicating IM, chat, texting

Sharing

Blogs,MySpace,Facebook

Buying & Selling ebay, craigslist

Exchanging peer-to-peer

Learning

Wikipedia, You Tube, search

Meeting

Virtual Worlds

Gaming

Online, MMORPGs, Cell Phones

e-Life Coordinating

Searching

Evaluating

Analyzing

Projects, workgroups, MMORPGs Reputation systems– Epinions, Amazon, Slashdot

Collecting

Mp3s videos, sensor data

Creating

Sites, avatars, mods

Evolving

Peripheral, emergent behaviors

Info, connections, people SETI, drug molecules

Reporting

Moblogs, photos

Programming

Open systems, mods search

Socializing

Learning social behavior, influence

Growing Up Exploring, transgressing

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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New Perspective #10

What should students know?

© 2009 Marc Prensky

Now: LITTLE CONSENSUS CO S S S on what students should know But most agree… agree

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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The idea that we can give kids a set of meaningful information that will last

is over

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

We need to teach skills that will be useful throughout life

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

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Our kids need to learn

Twenty-first Century Skills!

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

21st Century Skills

GOAL: Following your passion, as far as your abilities allow

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21st Century Skills

To do that, you need to master the following skills

© 2009 Marc Prensky

21st Century Skills

1. Figuring out the right thing to do • Behaving Ethically • Critical Thinking • Decision Making • Problem Solving g • Judgment

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21st Century Skills

2. Getting it done • Goal Setting • Planning • Self-Direction • Self-Evaluation S lf E l ti

© 2009 Marc Prensky

21st Century Skills

3. Doing it with others •

Communicating/Interacting: With individuals & groups (especially using technol.)

• Communicating/Interacting: g g With Machines (= Programming) •

Communicating/Interacting: With a World Audience © 2009 Marc Prensky

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21st Century Skills

4. Doing it creatively • Creative thinking • Designing • Playing • Finding Fi di your voice i

© 2009 Marc Prensky

21st Century Skills

5. Constantly doing it better • Being proactive • Prudent risk-taking • Thinking long-term • Continually improving through learning

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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If our students know their passion, and can, in any situation ------

Figure out the right thing to do Get it done Do it with others Do it creatively, and Continually do it better

they will succeed, no matter what the future brings or throws at them Š 2009 Marc Prensky

So many more things:

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

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Curriculum

© 2009 Marc Prensky

We can’t just add more, we have to delete, because Additional Twenty first Twenty-first Century Skills

CORE SKILLS

we don’t even have time for what we try to do now!

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The Importance of

© 2009 Marc Prensky

“Video is the new Text” --Mark Anderson

Teacher Tube Bi Thi Big Think k TED Talks © 2009 Marc Prensky

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Action Item:

UNBLOCK (almost)

EVERYTHING

© 2009 Marc Prensky

The importance of

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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“Phones are the new Textbook” --Marc Prensky

Teachers need to start

evaluating students

with their tools!

© 2009 Marc Prensky

“Open Phone” Tests!!

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“Most of our tests ARE open phone tests – you guys just don’t know it!” – A Student

© 2009 Marc Prensky

Action Item:

START ALLOWING CELL PHONES

(and using them educationally)

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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The Importance of

© 2009 Marc Prensky

“Games are the new Worksheet” --Marc Prensky

COMPLEX

GAMES

are the ENGAGING educational system

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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Curricular Games are finally coming

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

www.mangahigh.com

math games that go beyond mental arithmetic and help kids to enjoy practicing quadratic equations and trigonometry.

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Action Item:

START SHOPPING FOR GAMES

(that fit the curriculum)

© 2009 Marc Prensky

The Importance of

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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Educators must become

“Digital g Multipliers” p by

allowing greater access and d

encouraging sharing © 2009 Marc Prensky

Action Item:

KEEP COMPUTER LAB OPEN TILL MIDNIGHT AND ON WEEKENDS

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The Importance of

our

© 2009 Marc Prensky

Today’s Young Learners

love

to

share… …but today’s today s adults

don’t!

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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The more you share,

The faster you learn

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

Action Item:

Have students and teachers make You Tubes about successful practices (and use them to learn)

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

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Bottom Line:

© 2009 Marc Prensky

The new world is

SCARY © 2009 Marc Prensky

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In the lifetimes of our students Change will go much farther and faster than we think

Machines more powerful than the human brain

CHANG GE

Technology 1 trillion times more powerful Implanted /Wearable Real-time environments Mobile phone wallets Control of machines Directly with our minds

5

10

15

20

25

30 35 40 YEARS

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

We can either

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

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Feel the fear – And stick to what we’re used to

© 2009 Marc Prensky

OR…

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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We can

© 2009 Marc Prensky

“Feel ee the t e fear ea – and do it anyway!” -- Elizabeth Moon in The Speed of Dark (2003)

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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Which is the definition of

COURAGE © 2009 Marc Prensky

our job is to

enCOURAGE our colleagues to change c a ge

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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WE HAVE AN ENORMOUS OPPORTUNITY

© 2009 Marc Prensky

TO HELP OUR STUDENTS

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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PREPARE FOR CHANGE

© 2009 Marc Prensky

AND FOR THEIR 21st CENTURY LIVES

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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To learn

The skills of the future

AND

The tools of the future

© 2009 Marc Prensky

our Students and Teachers must become

PARTNERS in a new way

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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And help each student find the

PASSION

© 2009 Marc Prensky

That will motivate them to

ENGAGE and learn

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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the

SKILLS they need

© 2009 Marc Prensky

to

SUCCEED &THRIVE

in the twenty-first century

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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And to do that…

© 2009 Marc Prensky

we have to learn how to

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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ENGAGE WITH STUDENTS about their learning…

© 2009 Marc Prensky

and truly

to what they say © 2009 Marc Prensky

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Can we change behavior?

Š 2009 Marc Prensky

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The Five Stages of Educators and Technology

© 2009 Marc Prensky

1. Hiding

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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2. Panic

© 2009 Marc Prensky

3. Acceptance

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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4. Comfort

© 2009 Marc Prensky

5. Power

© 2009 Marc Prensky

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Š 2009 Marc Prensky

To get the slides: email:

marc@games2train.com web site

www.marcprensky.com Š 2009 Marc Prensky

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Encantame o Pierdeme. Marc Prensky