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What is hypochlorhydria? Hypochlorhydria is the medical term for a low level of stomach acid. People with hypochlorhydria may experience digestive issues, nutritional deficiencies, and gastrointestinal infections, but prompt treatment can prevent serious complications. An individual with hypochlorhydria is unable to produce enough hydrochloric acid (HCL) in the stomach. Stomach acid, along with several enzymes, helps to break down food. Other functions of this acid include:  aiding the body in absorbing certain nutrients, such as protein and vitamin B-12  killing bacteria and other

pathogens in the stomach to prevent infection In this article, we describe the symptoms and causes of hypochlorhydria. We also explore the treatment options. Causes. Common causes of hypochlorhydria include: Age The stomach can produce less acid as a result of aging. According to a 2013 review, hypochlorhydria is the main change in the stomach of older adults. People over the age of 65 have the highest risk. Stress While everyday stress may

not have much effect on the production of stomach acid, chronic stress can contribute to hypochlorhydria. Medications Long-term use of antacids or other medications for acid reflux or heartburn may decrease the body's production of stomach acid. Doctors often prescribe medications called proton pump inhibitors to treat acid reflux, and these , and these can cause hypochlorhydria . Bacterial infection Over 50 percent of people worldwide are infected with a bacteria called Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). This infection

can contribute to low levels of stomach acid and gastric ulcers. Zinc deficiency Zinc is necessary for the production of stomach acid. A lack of this mineral can contribute to hypochlorhydria. Stomach surgery Some surgical procedures, including gastric bypass surgery, can reduce the amount of acid the stomach produces. Read More on this subject Symptoms Risk Factors

Diagnosis Treatment

Health Tip: What's the Difference Between Delirium and Dementia? Delirium is a significant change in mental status, usually occurring during times of illness or stress, Health in says. Delirium -- typically characterized by difficulty concentrating, changes in

behavior or temperament, and an abrupt change in a person's activity level -- may be difficult to distinguish from dementia. But Health in Aging says delirium may be treatable if caught early enough. Delirium is somewhat

common among older adults, who may also have dementia. But delirium is a medical emergency that should be reported immediately, Health in Aging says. About 7 percent of adults 60 and older have dementia, a

decline in memory and general mental function. Dementia can trigger changes in mood, increased irritability, depression and anxiety. Though it shares some characteristics with dementia, delirium usually emerges faster.

The Do’s and Don’ts of Alcohol Intervention for Seniors IF YOU'RE WORRIED ABOUT an elderly parent or grandparent's substance use, you're not alone. Americans over the age of 65 should limit their weekly alcohol consumption to no more than seven drinks, according to guidelines from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Yet some estimates suggest that as many as 15 percent of older adults in this country exceed this healthy limit (above which drinking is associated with various alcohol-related issues and constitutes "at-risk drinking"). For this at-risk population, even a brief, more informal alcohol intervention (as opposed to a formal intervention

facilitated by a certified professional) can be effective. Both the approach and level of advance preparation, such as familiarity with seniorspecific treatment considerations and options, can be critical to ensuring a successful intervention. Here's how to express your concerns in a way that's helpful – not overbearing. How to Address an Older Adult's Drinking Problem – What and What Not to Do When an older adult is engaging in problem drinking, family members and caregivers often have trouble broaching the issue. In these situations, consider the following guidelines for what and what not to do:

Choose an appropriate time to talk. Choose a time when a loved one is sober and experiencing the negative effects of a drinking problem, such as a hangover, alcohol-related injury or symptoms of withdrawal. They will not be as receptive to discussing how toreheir habit is hurting them when they are drinking. Avoid the use of labels. Charged terms like "addiction" or "alcoholic" carry a negative stigma that's often felt strongly among older generations. Where there is stigma, there is shame – and the risk that labeling the problem will only further alienate the person who needs help, setting them on the defensive and in

attack mode. The result can be a lost opportunity to connect in a loving and supportive way, which will be much more persuasive. Labels are also premature diagnoses that only an addiction professional is qualified to make. Leave the diagnosing to people with the right credentials (like an addiction-certified psychiatrist or therapist). Adopt a tone of love and respect. Ageism is a common pitfall. It can serve as an excuse to ignore at-risk drinking in someone older, claiming that because of their seniority, they can drink as much as they want. Or, it can manifest as condescension and "talking ….Read More

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RI ARA July 22, 2018 E-Newsletter  

RI ARA July 22, 2018 E-Newsletter  

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