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Affiliated with the Rhode Island AFL-CIO “Fighting for the future of our members.” “NOW, more than ever!!!” Publication 2018 Issue 33 Published in house by the RI ARA

August 19, 2018 E-Newsletter

All Rights Reserved RI ARA 2018©

The Truth About Social Security: Setting the Record Straight President Franklin Roosevelt signed our Social Security system into law eighty-three years ago today, on August 14, 1935. It has stood the test of time. Social Security protects us against the economic consequences of risks to which all of us are vulnerable. Rich or poor, any of us can suffer a devastating, disabling accident or illness. Rich or poor, any of us can die prematurely, leaving young children behind. Rich or poor, all of us hope to grow old. When we do, if we are to have a dignified and independent retirement, we need a guaranteed steady income which we cannot and will not outlive. Social Security addresses universal economic risks that have always been with us and always will be. That explains

why more than 170 countries today have some form of social security. It also explains Social Security’s deep and longstanding popularity in our country. In a survey conducted in 1936—one year after the enactment of Social Security, before a penny of benefits was expended—68 percent of those surveyed expressed approval for the new and untested program. By 1944, that percentage was a nearly unanimous 96 percent. That high level of support has been consistent throughout the last eighty years. Despite Social Security’s more than eighty-year history, some elites either do not understand Social Security or willfully refuse to understand it.

They talk about providing benefits to those who need them, as if the program were government largesse, which it is not. Rather, Social Security is insurance that is earned through work and paid for with premiums regularly deducted from workers’ pay. In addition, elites often speak as if the trust funds were some kind of gimmick, somehow less real than private pension trust funds. Perhaps most absurd are those who claim that what the creators of Social Security intended is not the program we now have. Indeed, today’s discussions of Social Security are replete with revisionist history—statements made today about what was or

was not intended by its original creators and champions. Some of today’s revisionist statements are zombie lies: Claims made and refuted again and again over the last eighty years; claims that refuse to die. Former Senator Alan Simpson (R-WY), for example, has stated that Social Security “was never intended as a retirement program. It was set up in ’37 and ’38 to take care of people who were in distress—ditch diggers, wage earners….” Nationally syndicated columnist George Will claims, “People forget Social Security was advocated ... in the 1930s, as a way of getting people to quit working, because they thought we were confined to a permanent scarcity of jobs in this country.” Continued next page

CMS to Allow Medicare Advantage Plans to Restrict Access to Drugs Covered Under Part B This week, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) announced that next year, Medicare Advantage (MA) Plans will be able to limit options for people who get Part B-covered drugs by using many of the same tools plans currently use in Part D. The Trump administration argues that this will enable plans to negotiate better prices for the “preferred” medications – those that the plan will cover as a first-line treatment. Other drugs will only be covered if a person tries the preferred medication first and it doesn’t work or causes them harm, also known as step therapy.

Until now, MA plans were not permitted to place this type of restriction on medications covered under Part B. Part B drugs include drugs used in durable medical equipment, antirejection drugs for people who had Medicare when they got a transplant, and some chemotherapy agents, as well as drugs that are both supplied by and administered by a provider. Plans that have both MA and Part D coverage will be permitted to create combined step therapy requirements where a preferred Part B-covered medication must be tried before

a non-preferred Part Dcovered treatment. These restrictions, which are common in Part D plans, can make comparing plans more difficult. While CMS requires plans to announce to enrollees that they intend to use this flexibility in the Annual Notice of Change, they do not require plans to send personalized or targeted notices to people currently taking, or who have a diagnosis that might require, the affected medications. Medicare Rights is concerned that it will be especially challenging to compare plans where Part B step

therapy is used unless there are updates and improvements to the Medicare Plan Finder tool. Currently, Plan Finder does not accommodate searches for costs or coverage restrictions for services covered by MA plans and does not include personalized MA cost projections for different plans. Instead, general information about MA cost-sharing information is provided in chart form. CMS has not indicated where on the Medicare Plan Finder tool this, or other information about new plan flexibilities, will be located. Read CMS’s Memo to plans about this new flexibility.

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The Truth About Social Security: Setting the Record Straight. Continued Syndicated columnist Robert Samuelson in a column entitled, “Would Roosevelt recognize today’s Social Security?” even claims, “Social Security has evolved into something he never intended and actively opposed.” Samuelson, Will, Simpson, and the other revisionist historians are wrong. Indeed, to state it bluntly, those modern-day statements are all nonsense. Roosevelt’s and the other founders’ words and actions make clear that they envisioned Social Security to be a permanent part of the economy, once the Great Depression was history. They knew that the nation would return to full employment. When we did, the goal was to have in place Social Security and other programs that improved the economic security of all Americans and prevented, as much as possible, the human cost imposed by the

ups and downs of all modern economies. In particular, Social Security was not designed to alleviate the suffering of people caught in the immediate distress of the Great Depression, nor to get people to quit their jobs. Rather, it was set up as wage insurance that people earned. This should be obvious to anyone with even a superficial knowledge of Social Security’s history. Because the architects knew that it would take time and work to earn Social Security’s benefits, the Social Security Act of 1935 was written so that not a single penny of those earned monthly retirement benefits was payable for seven years! But the absurdity of those revisionist historians goes much further than simply being wrong

on the facts. They seek to expunge the far-sighted and noble vision of Social Security’s founders. President Roosevelt and those around him had a sweeping vision that still has yet to be fully realized. When Roosevelt signed the Social Security Act of 1935 into law, he described it as “a cornerstone in a structure which is being built but is by no means complete.” He and his colleagues were anything but short-sighted. They were not simply and solely focused on the immediate distress caused by the Great Depression, as the revisionists would have us believe. Rather, they saw Social Security as a “cornerstone,” a beginning on which to build. Despite today’s revisionists, the structure and size of today’s Social Security program is

completely consistent and harmonious with what Roosevelt began. Medicare is consistent with a first step toward the vision of universal health insurance. The revisionists are wrong when they claim that Roosevelt would not recognize today’s Social Security and Medicare. He would be surprised that more progress hadn’t been made, but he would absolutely recognize how those who came later built on what he envisioned and began. Now it is our turn. It is time to expand Social Security and enact an improved Medicare for All. This excerpt was adapted from Nancy J. Altman, The Truth About Social Security: The Founders’ Words Refute Revisionist History, Zombie Lies, and Common Misunderstandings(Strong Arm Press, Publication Date: August 14, 2018).

As Health and Financial Challenges Grow, More Older Adults File for Bankruptcy According to a recent study featured in the New York Times, bankruptcy among older Americans is on the rise. The rate of people age 65 and older filing for bankruptcy is three times what it was in 1991, and this group now accounts for 12% of all filers, a far greater share than in 1991 (2%). Driving the surge, the study suggests, is a three-decade shift of financial risk from government and employers to individuals. This pattern—which includes people waiting longer for full Social Security benefits, employers replacing pensions with defined contribution savings plans, and soaring outof-pocket health care costs—has transferred many of the health and economic challenges associated with aging onto older adults. The study’s findings shed light on the precarious financial situation facing many

older adults. Half of all people with Medicare have annual incomes below $26,200 and one quarter have incomes below $15,250. People of color live on even less. The median income for black beneficiaries is $17,350 per year and just $13,650 for Hispanic beneficiaries. In addition, most people with Medicare have little to no savings. In 2016, 50% of all people with Medicare had $74,450 or less in savings, one in four had less than $14,550 in savings, and 8% had no savings or were living with debt. That doesn’t provide much of a financial cushion for unexpected expenses or costly health needs. While Medicare helps most older adults pay for health care, gaps in the program’s coverage, high premiums, and cost-sharing requirements mean people with Medicare can face significant

health-related out-ofpocket costs. Combined with the relatively low incomes among the Medicare population, these expenses can result in beneficiaries devoting a substantial share of their income to health care costs. In 2016, health expenses accounted for 14% of Medicare household spending, on average—more than double that of non-Medicare households (6%). While stark, this figure understates their actual spending burden, as it does not include beneficiary spending on nursing homes or other long-term care facilities, which is a significant share of out-of-pocket costs. Most people with Medicare simply cannot afford to pay more for health care. In 2013, the average Medicare beneficiary’s out-of-pocket spending on health care consumed 41% of the average

Social Security check, and that figure is likely to rise. While the factors contributing to the growing number of bankruptcy filings among older adults are numerous and complex, it is clear that high and rising health care costs play a significant role. To combat these troubling trends, the Medicare Rights Center will continue to work to strengthen the Medicare program in ways that will improve the health and economic security of older adults, including by identifying and advancing practical policy solutions that help people with Medicare better access and afford coverage. Out-of-pocket caps, reduced drug costs, and dental, vision, and hearing benefits, coupled with elimination of enrollment coverage gaps would help the Medicare program protect the economic security of its beneficiaries.

Rhode Island Alliance for Retired Americans, Inc. • 94 Cleveland Street • North Providence, RI • 02904-3525 • 401-480-8381 •

Medicaid Officials Target Home Health Aides’ Union Dues Medicaid home care aides — hourly workers who help the elderly and disabled with daily tasks like eating, getting dressed and bathing — are emerging as the latest target in the ongoing power struggle between conservatives and organized labor. About half a million of these workers belong to the Service Employees International Union, a public-sector union that represents almost 1.9 million workers in the United States and Canada. The union is an influential donor to liberal politicians and boasted strong ties to the Obama administration. A proposed rule from the federal Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services would prohibit home health aides paid directly by Medicaid from

having their union dues automatically deducted from their paychecks, though it doesn’t name the fees explicitly. Blocking these direct Medicaid payments means the workers — especially those who don’t work in a single, centralized office, or don’t have a credit card or a bank account — are far less likely to pay dues, diminishing the union’s potential influence. CMS’ language affects only “individual providers” — that is, those who aren’t employed by the private, for-profit agencies that dominate this industry. Individual providers, who are technically state employees, are far more likely to be unionized. The directive, which would overturn an Obama

administration policy put in place to ease the collection of union dues and pay for other fees, such as health benefits, could take effect by the end of this year. A month-long comment period, ending Monday, has attracted more than 3,300 responses. “This is just another way to make life more difficult for public-sector unions,” said Jake Rosenfeld, an associate professor of sociology at Washington University in St. Louis, who studies unions and their influence. The proposed rule comes on the heels of June’s landmark Supreme Court ruling, in which a 5-4 majority held that publicsector workers don’t have to pay unions for the cost of collective bargaining, calling it a violation

of their free speech. That decision expanded on the Supreme Court’s 2014 ruling in Harris v. Quinn, in which the high court found that home care workers must explicitly state their desire to be in a union before the organization can collect dues. But because these workers are not attached to a single office or meeting point, organizing them into a collective unit poses a distinct challenge; collecting membership dues, even more so. As union membership has waned in other sectors, organized labor has doubled down on home care, lobbying liberal governors to declare thousands of workers as state employees, rendering them eligible to organize and engage in collective bargaining….Read More

Telling doctors their patient died from overdose could prevent some opioid abuse The form letters from the San Diego County Medical Examiner's Office were supportive but grim. “This is a courtesy communication to inform you that your patient (Name, Date of Birth) died on (date). Prescription drug overdose was either the primary cause of death or contributed to the death,” said the letters, sent to hundreds of doctors who in the past 12 months had prescribed opioids to patients who later died. “…

We hope that you will take this as an opportunity to join us in preventing future deaths from drug overdose.” The notices were a simple but unusual experiment — part of a growing research effort aimed at finding solutions to the opioid epidemic that is estimated to have killed almost 50,000 people from overdoses last year. They also addressed an almost astonishing gap in the

American health-care system — the gulf between the care doctors provide and their knowledge about the consequences for patients. Many doctors who prescribe painkillers may believe that addiction is a problem that happens to other doctors' patients, because they never learn about their own patients who died of an overdose. The letters were successful,

although the effects were modest. Doctors who were informed of their patients' deaths were 7 percent less likely to start new patients on opioids and issued fewer high-dose prescriptions over the next three months, compared with those who did not receive a letter. In total, there was a 9.7 percent reduction in the total amount of opioids they prescribed, according to results published Thursday in the journal Science...Read More

AP FACT CHECK: Trump's economic fiction: 'record' GDP, jobs President Donald Trump is distorting the truth on U.S. economic growth and jobs, pointing to record-breaking figures that don't exist and not telling the full story on black unemployment. He cites the highest-ever gross domestic product for the U.S. that's not there and predicts a spectacular 5 percent annual growth rate in the current quarter that hardly any economist sees.

On black joblessness, he boasts of a "new" record low, but the numbers in fact have recently ticked upward, with greater declines seen during the Obama administration. The statements marked a week of fiction in which Trump also made erroneous claims about the California wildfires and the Russia investigation and falsely declared that his tariffs on

foreign goods will help erase $21 trillion in national debt. Meanwhile, Sen. Bernie Sanders skimmed over the facts in asserting that his "Medicare for all" plan would reduce U.S. health spending by $2 trillion. A look at the claims: ECONOMY AND JOBS TRUMP: "One new and great FACT — African American

unemployment is the lowest ever recorded in the history of our Country. So honored by this." — tweet Friday. TRUMP: "I am proud to have fought for and secured the LOWEST African American and Hispanic unemployment rates in history." — tweet Saturday. THE FACTS: Not exactly. He omits important caveats….Read More

Rhode Island Alliance for Retired Americans, Inc. • 94 Cleveland Street • North Providence, RI • 02904-3525 • 401-480-8381 •

EXCLUSIVE: New Documents Show Diocese Is Freezing Benefits For Many Teachers and Staff GoLocal has secured copies of Diocese of Providence documents that show that the benefits of many teachers and staff in Lay Employees Retirement Fund will be frozen and for others, they will no longer be eligible for the “Lay Teacher’s Retirement Fund” at the end of the year. The implications are profound, as potentially thousands of Catholic school teachers and staff will lose the contributions to the pension fund. They will receive nothing. Questions persist about the overall financial health of the fund. In June, GoLocal unveiled Diocesan documents that showed that the pension fund for a large number of teachers and staff at Catholic schools in Rhode Island is economically unstable. “The unfunded liability of the Lay Employees’ Retirement Plan will continue to grow and will become untenable in the near future,” stated the previously disclosed Diocesan document. The document, entitled, “Recommendation of Finance Council Subcommittee Regarding the Law Employees’ Retirement Plan," dated October 2017, painted a bleak future for the fund, outlines the causes of the fund’s tenuous structure, and calls for immediate action to stabilize the fund. The Diocese refused to respond to questions. The new documents secured by GoLocal show that “As a result of this review, a decision

was made that the Lay requirements. Employees' Diocese documents Retirement Plan will secured in June by be ‘frozen’ effective GoLocal, the longDecember 31, 2018. term future of the A ‘freeze’ is not the fund is unstable, Bishop Thomas Tobin same as a termination; "Even with the revised generally, a ‘freeze’ means that more realistic assumptions, if no new employees can join the we make these changes, it will Plan, and that benefits will be still take 30-35 years to fully fixed, and will not grow, after fund the Plan." the ‘freeze.’” Trouble for Diocesan Lay In addition, the Employees’ Retirement Plan document states: Cropped Up in 2009 There have been early signs of  Participant: Current trouble dating back to Employee (Vested on or 2010. GoLocal reported in before 12/31/18) September of 2017:  The benefits you earned According to a 2009 article in through 12/31/18 remain unchanged, but you will earn the Diocese of Providence’s newspaper, Rhode no more accruals or Island Catholic, the Lay additions to your account Employees’ Retirement Plan after 12/31/18. was in distress and the benefits  Participant: Current payouts were being cut back. Employee (Unvested as of The then-administrative 12/31/18) secretary to the Lay Employees’  If you continue to work for a fund, J. Timothy Kocab, participating employer and administrative secretary of the complete the 10-year vesting Lay Employees’ Retirement period, any benefits you Board said, “The plan’s earned through 12/31/18 will assets…have declined be vested. significantly in value during the  If you leave employment past several months.” before you reach the 10-year In addition, Kocab is quoted vesting period, you will as saying, "These are necessary forfeit all benefits under the steps in order for us to refocus Plan. our resources on strengthening The Diocese is planning on the funding position of the Lay holding a series of briefings for Employees’ Retirement Plan.” members of the retirement fund. Kocab told Diocesan Unfortunately, the Diocese employees in a letter, "Your has refused to disclose the employer remains committed to financial condition of the fund. helping you build financial As the retirement is a “Church security for your retirement Plan” it is exempt from federal years.” and state disclosure In September, the Diocese

fiscal office refused to answer questions about the St. Joseph pension fund bankruptcy, the Lay Employees’ Retirement Fund, or any other church funds associated with the Diocese of Providence. According to the Diocese’s website, the fiscal office was “established in 1973 to assist the Roman Catholic Bishop of Providence and related Diocesan Corporations in their administration of the temporal resources of the Church, the Fiscal Office operates in a multi -corporate environment and is responsible for the day to day activity of some 30 separate internal corporations.” The collapse of St. Joseph Health Services Pension Fund Also in June, two related massive lawsuits were filed simultaneously in state and federal court by the receiver in the collapsed St. Joseph pension fund - the largest pension failure in Rhode Island history. The suit alleges massive fraud in the case which has created a hole in pension assets estimated to be in excess of $115 million. The suit was filed by the receiver Stephen Del Sesto and was prepared by the special investigator Max Wistow and his law associates Stephen Sheehan and Benjamin 5 The Federal Court complaint is 136 pages and includes a 21 count complaint filed against 14 Defendants. Similarly, the state court complaint is 101 pages and includes 16 count complaint against same defendants.

States Leverage Federal Funds To Help Insurers Lower Premiums When Tracy Deis decided in 2016 to transition from a fulltime job to part-time contract work, the loss of her employer’s health insurance was not a major worry because she knew she could get coverage through the

marketplace set up by the Affordable Care Act. But price was a big concern. “The ACA made it possible to make the switch in

my life,” said Deis, 48, who lives in Minneapolis. But she quickly added, “I was really worried about the cost.” Her anxiety was

understandable. In Minnesota, the average cost of insurance in the state-run exchange soared 57 percent in 2017, after a 40 percent rise in 2016….Read More

Rhode Island Alliance for Retired Americans, Inc. • 94 Cleveland Street • North Providence, RI • 02904-3525 • 401-480-8381 •

RI ARA HealthLink Wellness News


What Are The Risks Of Lung Cancer Screenings? While early detection is the key to improving lung cancer survival chances, doctors may not be adequately discussing the risks of screening. Doctors, as per guidelines, are advised to openly communicate and discuss both the benefits and risks of lung cancer screening. But researchers at the University of North Carolina (UNC) found adequate explanations are not always provided to patients. The study titled "Evaluating

Shared Decision Making for Lung Cancer Screening" was published in JAMA Internal Medicine on Aug. 13. Among Americans, lung cancer is the leading cause of cancerrelated death with 154,050 deaths estimated to be occurring in 2018. Chances of survival improve if the cancer is detected in the early stages. The United States Preventive Services Task

Forcer ecommends lung cancer screening (LCS) for current smokers, those who have a history of smoking, and individuals aged 55 and 80 years old. But there are three possible risks linked to the screening process. False-positive results could occur, wrongly suggesting the presence of cancer despite it not being present. This can lead to unnecessary tests and surgeries, which may result in

complications. Secondly, overdiagnosis can take place when the screening identifies cases of cancer that would have never progressed into a problem for the patient. This can also result in unnecessary treatment And lastly, being exposed to repeated radiation from numerous screening tests has been linked to a low risk of causing cancer in patients who were otherwise healthy. ….Read More

Here's What Makes Seniors Feel and Act Younger A pair of new studies points towards two potential paths to the fountain of youth. When older adults feel more control of their lives and get more exercise, they feel younger -- and that improves their thinking, overall quality of life and longevity, the studies say. One study included 116 older adults (ages 60 to 90) and 106 younger adults (ages 18 to 36). For nine days, the participants kept track of how much control they felt they had each day and how old they felt. Among the older adults, there was a significant link between perceived level of control and how old they felt, according to the findings presented Thursday at the annual meeting of the

American Psychological Association, in San Francisco. "Shaping the daily environment in ways that allow older adults to exercise more control could be a helpful strategy for maintaining a youthful spirit and overall well-being," study presenter Jennifer Bellingtier said in an APA news release. She is a postdoctoral researcher at Friedrich Schiller University of Jena in Germany. "Some interventions could be formal, such as a regular meeting with a therapist to discuss ways to take control in situations where individuals can directly influence events, and

how to respond to situations that they cannot control," Bellingtier said. "Smartphone apps could be developed to deliver daily messages with suggestions for ways to enhance control that day and improve a person's overall feeling of control," she added. The second study, also presented at the APA meeting, found that increasing physical activity can help adults feel younger. It included 59 adults, ages 35 to 69, whose daily step counts were tracked. After five weeks, those with greater increases in their step counts felt younger. "Our results suggest that

promoting a more active lifestyle may result in a more youthful subjective age," study presenter Matthew Hughes said in the news release. Hughes is a postdoctoral scientist at the Adult Cognition Lab at the University of North Carolina, Greensboro. "As this was part of a pilot study, our sample size was small," he noted. "While the results suggest that walking may contribute to feeling younger, further research with a larger sample in a more controlled setting is needed to confirm." Research presented at medical meetings is considered preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.

For Seniors, Getting Physical Protects the Heart If you're in your early 60s, becoming more active may reduce your risk of heart disease, researchers report. That's especially true for women, they added. "The 60 to 64 age range represents an important transition between work and retirement, when lifestyle behaviors tend to change. It may, therefore, be an opportunity to promote increased physical activity," said study author Ahmed Elhakeem.

"In addition, cardiovascular disease risk is higher in older adults. It's important to understand how activity might influence risk in this age group," Elhakeem said. "We found it's important to replace time spent sedentary with any intensity level of activity." Elhakeem is a senior research associate in epidemiology at the University of Bristol Medical School in England.

The study, published Aug. 8 in the Journal of the American Heart Association, included more than 1,600 British people in their early 60s who wore heart rate and movement sensors for five days. Their blood was analyzed for key signs of heart disease: inflammatory markers Creactive protein and interleukin 6 (IL-6); blood vessel function markers tissue-plasminogen

activator (t-PA) and E-Selectin (a molecule that plays an important part in inflammation); and cholesterol markers leptin and adiponectin. "We focused on these atherosclerosis biomarkers as they are less studied and have been shown to predict risk of cardiovascular events and death," Elhakeem said in a journal news release….Read More

Rhode Island Alliance for Retired Americans, Inc. • 94 Cleveland Street • North Providence, RI • 02904-3525 • 401-480-8381 •

5 possible reasons you're always cold — even in the summer  Some people are always cold, no matter the circumstances.  As it turns out, there are a few reasons as to why someone might be cold all the time.  Stress, certain medical conditions, and your body composition could all potentially be the reason why you're always cold. If light layers are your go-to and you always have a blanket at the ready, chances are you're one of those people who are always cold regardless of the weather or the temperature of the room. But there are real

reasons as to why you might be constantly cold, from serious stress to conditions like anemia or hypothyroidism. One of the reasons some people are always cold is stress. In an interview with Women's Health, Dr. Michael Lynch, a clinical neuropsychologist, said an influx of stress can affect the hypothalamus, the r egion in your brain that makes hormones that help regulate your body temperature. Stress can trigger a fight or flight response, which pulls

blood away from the surface of your body and directs it to your organs. This leaves your hands and feet a bit colder than they would be

AARP also noted that anemia can sometimes be a symptom of diabetes. If you have diabetes, you might also be dealing with some circulation issues, which can also make you colder more often. otherwise. Hypothyroidism is another There are also a number of condition that can cause you to chronic conditions that can also be cold all the time. In an make you cold. interview with Health, Dr. Holly If you notice that you're tired Phillips, author of "The all the time and looking a little Exhaustion Breakthrough," said bit paler than usual, you could your thyroid hormone helps be dealing with anemia, which regulate your metabolism, and means you're not producing an since hypothyroidism causes adequate number of red blood you to not release quite enough, cells in order to properly you might not be able to warm oxygenate your body, WebMD up….Read More noted.

15 Myths About Alzheimer’s Disease You Should Stop Believing Alzheimer and dementia are two separate things 'You may hear people explaining that their loved one has both Alzheimer's and dementia, when in fact, Alzheimer's is under the 'umbrella' of dementia. They are not two separate things. There are over 100 different forms of dementia, each type comes with a variety of different symptoms.' —Phoebe James, the director of resident engagement at Wentworth Senior Living. This is the real difference between dementia and Alzheimer's. Alzheimer’s isn’t treatable 'One of the biggest myths about Alzheimer's and related

dementias is that they aren't treatable. The brain is like any other organ, and responds positively to lifestyle changes like diet, exercise, social engagement, and puzzles/challenges.' —Nick Bott, Psy.D. All people who have Alzheimer’s disease become violent and irritable 'While it is true that Alzheimer’s can cause personality changes and mood swings, not all of those changes include violent ones. As an inhome care company specializing in memory care, we tend to work with a lot of clients who are already pretty far along on

their journey with this disease. More than anything, we see clients who are simply frustrated with their own memory loss and confusion. Some of the best practices for helping a loved one experiencing Alzheimer’s personality changes is to remain calm and engage in good listening.' —Scott Knoll, owner of By Your Side Home Care, an elderly in-home caregiving agency specializing in Alzheimer’s services. These everyday habits will reduce your risk of Alzheimer's. Alzheimer’s is not an inherited disease

'This is wrong at two levels. First, some people do inherit single mutations that cause this disease, although those are rare; and second, others develop it due to many small inherited risks which work together with an unhealthy lifestyle to induce this disease.' —Hermona Soreq, a neuroscientist at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem’s Edmund and Lily Sarfra Center for Brain Science.. There are supplements that can help prevent Alzheimer’s 'There have yet to be any studies proving the ability of vitamins, herbal products, or medications to prevent the development of Alzheimer’s disease. ..Read More

Reducing sedentary time in early old age could lower heart disease risk New U.K. research has found engaging in exercise during early old age, a period when we may become more sedentary as we transition from work to retirement, could help reduce the risk of heart disease. The study, by researchers at the University of Bristol, looked at 1,622 participants aged 60 to 64 years, who were asked to wear heart rate and movement

sensors for five days. The sensors measured how much physical activity the participants did as well as the intensity, from light physical activity such as slow walking, stretching, golfing or gardening, to moderate-tovigorous activity such as brisk walking, bicycling, dancing,

tennis, or vacuuming. Participants also provided blood samples which the researchers analyzed for biomarkers of cardiovascular disease, including inflammatory markers C-reactive protein and interleukin 6 (IL-6); endothelial markers tissue-plasminogen activator (t-PA), the molecule E-

Selectin (a molecule that plays an important part in inflammation); and cholesterol markers leptin and adiponectin. The results showed that less sedentary time and more time spent doing low-intensity activity were associated with reduced levels of IL-6 and t-PA, regardless of how much time was spent doing higher-intensity activity….Read More

Rhode Island Alliance for Retired Americans, Inc. • 94 Cleveland Street • North Providence, RI • 02904-3525 • 401-480-8381 •

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RI ARA August 19, 2018 E-Newsletter  

RI ARA August 19, 2018 E-Newsletter  

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