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MODULE 4 REFLECTION Ria Edra Widjanarko 618407 Tutorial 6 Semester 1 - 2013


PIGEON FEATHERS I use pigeon’s feathers as my natural pattern. The uniqueness of this pattern is that it overlap each other. Ria Edra Widjanarko | 618407 | Semester 1 - 2013


RECIPE Make a leaf-shaped form. Copy the shape. Scale to make them grow bigger as they go further. Rotate semi-circular to match the drawing.

Ria Edra Widjanarko | 618407 | Semester 1 - 2013


Paper model was used to imagine how the light and shadow are going to be like. Paper model shown above is the result of following the recipe.

Ria Edra Widjanarko | 618407 | Semester 1 - 2013


This is the Lyon Airport in France, designed by architect Santiago Calatrava. This airport was firstly inspired by bird wings, which has a kind of feather pattern.

Ria Edra Widjanarko | 618407 | Semester 1 - 2013


This is the final form of the surface and in addition I also manually made a cap to close the surface.

Ria Edra Widjanarko | 618407 | Semester 1 - 2013

Images above are views from the front, top, back perspective, front perspective, bottom and two point perspective.


These are images of the paneling I made for the surface, I used custom 3D panel and came up with this because I want the sense of overlapping

Ria Edra Widjanarko | 618407 | Semester 1 - 2013

layer, like in my natural pattern. Also, I wanted it to all be in a single layer so I tried to make a paneling that could be unrolled without ovelapping to each other.


I use grasshopper to make tabs and dashes. I unrolled the model into 17 parts. The tabs and dashes are not properly made by using grasshopper only,

Ria Edra Widjanarko | 618407 | Semester 1 - 2013

therefore I have to edit many of them manually. The additional 2 parts are for making the ribs, to be traced intothe carboard.


These are perpective views of my axonometric. Every dashed lines show how I joint every piece to each other. Parts with the same colours mean they are joined as one vertical strip.

Ria Edra Widjanarko | 618407 | Semester 1 - 2013



Ria Edra Widjanarko | 618407 | Semester 1 - 2013

The fabrication process was tricky and some of the folding could easily be mistaken to the other way. I use paper clips to help me hold the tabs when putting glue.


This prototype is too small for final model, however it is useful for lighting effect

experiment. I also realized some errors on folding direction from this prototype, which then allows me to change ways of fabricating it for some parts.

Ria Edra Widjanarko | 618407 | Semester 1 - 2013


These are ribs I made from 2 mm thick cardboard to support the structure because the last prototype shows that ivory card is not stiff enough by itself to support this particular shape. I made 6 ribs but

Ria Edra Widjanarko | 618407 | Semester 1 - 2013

ended up using two, in the bottom to prevent it from bending due to batteries weight and one in the middle to make it stay octagonal (nearly circular) in the middle.


For lighting effects, I use series circuit made by 4 LEDs and 8 alkaline batteries. The LEDs are hidden in the lantern, as well as the cables. However, because this lantern has very opened paneling, some of them might sometimes seen. The problem of the paneling is that if I closed some of them to hide cables and LEDs, the lighting effects and shadow won’t be the same as how I expect them to be. So for the battery pack, I made a box from ivory card and put it above the batteries.

Ria Edra Widjanarko | 618407 | Semester 1 - 2013


The final model is the same with the last prototype, however the size is 1.6 bigger than it. Also, there is an addition piece of cap to close the bottom part of the model. Before the lights were installed, the model was still divided into two parts. Ria Edra Widjanarko | 618407 | Semester 1 - 2013


The size of this model is roughly 75x41 cm. Images above are side view and top view. The way of holding this lantern is like holding a baby, with both hands supporting one side each. Ria Edra Widjanarko | 618407 | Semester 1 - 2013


Ivory cards are thick enough to block lights coming out through them. Therefore, the holes within the surface could make lights come out as expected. Lights that come out from top form a flower kind of pattern, however lights from the side give patterns in lines that are similar to my analytical drawing. Ria Edra Widjanarko | 618407 | Semester 1 - 2013

As the type, I am using filtered method of lighting.

FINAL FORM LIGHTING AND SHADOW These are images of the final model’s lighting, which is used in the exhibition.

Ria Edra Widjanarko | 618407 | Semester 1 - 2013

REFLECTION IDEATION In this part of subject, I learned how to develop one theme into many forms of designs, all with the same basic things in common. I experienced making analytical drawing from a pattern and imagined its balance, symmetry and movement. From one of the analytical drawings I made, I build some paper models to test how my model went with the lighting and shadow. It helped me understand how a little difference in shapes and holes could affect the shadow on the whole. Moreover, I saw how the pattern is repeating the same shape over and over again with different scaling and rotation neatly as it is programmed to be so, which made me aware that almost all patterns share this particular characteristic. Pattern could also be imitated geometrically or mathematically, because that is also how it actually works biologically. It was fun to experiment with plasticine, also I managed to try some ways of holding the lantern by using it and 1:5 wooden human figurine. I did many sketches in this ideation part because this was where it all started, which required as many ideas as possible. I had difficulties in making plasticine models mainly because I failed making models that match my sketches due to their being too small to be formed.


Ria Edra Widjanarko | 618407 | Semester 1 - 2013

REFLECTION DESIGN Designing process was the most enjoyable and explorative part of this entire subject. This section involved designing surface shape and its paneling, which basically are the most important part in making the lantern. In designing, I dealt with rhino almost the entire time, except when I reviewed the design by making sketches. I had many difficulties here especially in making the shape, mainly because I did not perform well in exploring the shape in the first module. Therefore, there are a lot of failed shapes before I finally came up with the final one. For paneling tools, I found it hard when using it at the beginning, but eventually it became simpler to use as I explored it more often. The same experience shared when using rhino at the beginning and became simpler as I knew more and more commands to use. I tried to make a paneling that is unique and has simple establishment, therefore I tried to make a single layered 3d paneling. I successfully made what I had in mind, with the help of sketching and my tutor’s advices; however there also is a problem which is because it is all in a single layer, the surface became too open and allow much light going through. Anyway, in the end all went as expected, the amount of light is fine and the inside part such as wires and lamps are quite well hidden.


Ria Edra Widjanarko | 618407 | Semester 1 - 2013

REFLECTION FABRICATION Fabrication process has many tricky parts in it; one simple mistake could leads into major deterioration of the result. I made four prototypes and one final form so there are five models in total for this fabrication section. The prototypes help me found out what is missing and what is wrong it the making process, therefore allow me to polish up the next model; whether in folding, gluing or attaching additional items such as wires, LEDs, switch, etc. I used paper clips when sticking the strips and they were so helpful. I had some problems in this process, for instance, I found out that my model is too small. After managing to make a bigger one, I found out another problem that the bigger one is less structurally rigid than the first one. This might be because the ivory card is too thin for my particular shape and size, therefore I made ribs to help support the structure of my lantern and they perform pretty well, just as expected. For lighting process, hiding the items became pretty challenging because my paneling is so open it shows most of the inside part. Luckily there are some parts that I close so I could hide big items there.


Ria Edra Widjanarko | 618407 | Semester 1 - 2013

REFLECTION REFLECTION I conclude from module four’s first reading, mediation has been helping people not only on designing and fabricating but also take a major part in distributing. It has proven to distribute products into public markets more easily and covers worldwide range. Etsy is a successful example of how people could easily distribute their products, which in this case is handmade products, to customers and become recognized more quickly. This is mainly because virtual mediation spread very fast due to its being globally available and easy to access. Furthermore, as a respond to module four reading question and second reading, besides its distribution aspects, virtual mediation helps people now far more than before because it has been giving precision and numerical data that could be transferred and allows more understanding of projects for architecture, constructor and all workers involved in project making. They no longer have to try imagining all data because this system gives more comprehension regards visualization and precision. All these benefits lead to less risk taking and less mistake done due to miscomprehension. I think I have utilize virtual mediation well enough in terms of risk taking, because here I could see with 3d visualization details how my lantern is going to be like, also it eases me in making prototypes to see how my model perform when it becomes a real object. However, I think I have not explored the software I have enough because it seems to have many commands that I have not even known exist. Overall, I enjoyed this subject although I find it a little time consuming and sometimes frustrating. I like how the tutors are very helpful and give many rhino tech sessions for students to attend. Even though I feel like there are still many improvement that could be applied to my lantern, I pretty much enjoyed the exhibition where I can demonstrate my lantern. Furthermore, I was very excited on using the cutting machine even though every queue takes so long. This subject has really represents the value of learning virtual mediation in my opinion.

Ria Edra Widjanarko | 618407 | Semester 1 - 2013



Ball, P. 2012. Pattern Formation in Nature, AD: Architectural Design. Wiley, 82 (2). March, pp. 22-27. Viewed 12 March 2013, via < SM1/Readings/01_Ball%20-%20Pattern%20Formation%20%282012%29.pdf>. Bernstein, P. & Deamer, P. 2008. Building the Future: Recastin Labor in Architecture. Princeton Architectural Press, pp. 38-42. Viewed 21 May 2013, via < ENVS10008_2013_SM1/04_Imagining%20Risk_Marble_2.pdf>. Kerns, J. , Ponsi, M. & Yu, J. 2006. Lyon Airport Railway Station. Arch 411, Prof. Oakley. Viewed 12 March 2013, via <http:// pdf>. Macmillan, P. & Rifkin, J. 2011. The Third Industrial Revolution. pp. 107-126. Viewed 21 May 2013, via < The%20Third%20Industrial%20Revolution%20%282011%29.pdf>. MccGwire, K. 2010. Viewed 05 March 2013, via <>.

Ria Edra Widjanarko | 618407 | Semester 1 - 2013


Finalize Module 4 - Reflection Virtual Environment