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GUITARBEGINNERNOTES

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CONTENTS Lesson 1

Introduction To The Parts Of A Guitar Posture Chords: G, Em, C, D Woship Strumming Tuning

Lesson 2

Chords: Am, Bm Hand Signals

Lesson 3

Chords: Dm, Dm7 G7, F Plucking

Lesson 4

Chords: A7, Em7, F#m, Bm7 Praise Strumming

Lesson 5

Chords: B7, G#m, C#m

Lesson 6

Chords: C7, Gm, Bb Final Review

Lesson 7

TEST

All lessons will include previous lesson review, new songs, and practice exercises.


LESSON 1: I.

Introduction To The Parts Of A Guitar:

II.

Posture

Holding The Guitar Place the waist of the guitar on your right thigh and hold the neck of the guitar with your left hand and your right arm over the body of the guitar and let it hang freely until your hand reaches the sound hole easily.

Holding The Pick The pick (or plectrum) should be held between the first knuckle of the index finger and the thumb. The index finger should be tucked in under the thumb.

Strumming To achieve the best sound, it is good practice to make sure you strum through all the strings and over the sound hole.

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III. Chords Numbering/Naming your Fingers

Some Chords To Start Off With We’re going to start with four of the most basic chords. Here we’ll show you 2 methods of drawing chords (Chord Representation). Method 1: Pictorial Chord Representation

( Note: ‘X’ means you do not play the string, and the numbers represent the fingers on you left hand. The first string is on the extreme right and the last string is on the extreme left.

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Method 2: Numerical Chord Representation G Em C D

= = = =

320003 022000 032010 x00232

( Note: Here the numbers represent the fret to press. Fundamental Of Chord Pressing When pressing chords, press with the ends of your fingers near the frets (not on it). This produces a much clearer sound and eliminates buzzing. Make sure you do not accidentally touch other strings with your fingers, as this will cause buzzing.

Chord Pressing Exercise Press the chord down hard, then let go. Continue this eight times, then move on to the next chord. Do this exercise for 5 minutes on the 4 chords we’ve just learned.

IV. Strumming Worship Strumming There are 3 easy steps to learning the basic worship strumming. Step One:

Play 4 down strokes, one stroke per beat, repeatedly.

Step Two:

Play down-up strokes continuously, two strokes per beat.

Step Three: Play the following sequence for one bar (4 beats).

This is what we call the straight eight-feel worship strumming.

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V.

Tuning

It is very important that you make it a habit of tuning your guitar before you start every lesson. Never assume your guitar is in tune when you take it out of the guitar bag! The easiest way to tune your guitar is by using an electric tuner. It is highly recommended that you get yourself one of these. The cheaper alternative is to use a tuning fork.

Standard Tuning In order to make music, and not noise from the guitar, we have to tune the guitar to a standard tuning. This is what we call the concert pitch, and the standard concert pitch for the ‘A’ note is 440Hz.

( Note:

To tune a string higher, turn anti-clockwise. To tune a string lower, turn clockwise.

Relative Tuning

Start from 1st string_ ƒ Use a tuner / tuning fork to tune the 1st string to a high 'e'. ƒ Compare the notes of the two strings according to the above diagram (E with E, and B with B, etc.)

( Note:

you can also start with the 6th string & work your way down.

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Using The Tuning Fork The tuning fork vibrates when struck, producing a sound with a frequency of 440Hz (concert pitch – the ‘A’ note). This is the same note as our 5th string. a Try it out: While holding the handle of the tuning fork, strike your knee with it, then place the bottom (or the ball) of the tuning fork on the body of your guitar. Your guitar will resonate with the tuning fork’s vibration to produce a sound with frequency 440Hz, i.e. the ‘A’ note. This is also the same as the sound of the 5th fretted note on our 1st string (see diagram on previous page, the circle drawn with dotted line). Compare the two notes and tune the 1st string until they sound the same. There! Your 1st string is in tune!

(

Note: don’t strike your tuning fork against a hard object, or the tuning fork may be easily chipped or bend out of shape, thus reducing the accuracy of the pitch. However, striking your tuning fork against too soft an object doesn’t produce enough vibration You can tune the 6th string too! Place the ball of the vibrating tuning fork lightly on the 5 fret of the 6th string. The string should resonate and produce a sound. Tune the 6th string until it produces the loudest sound. Can’t hear any sound? Move the ball of the tuning fork from around the 2nd fret to the th 8 fret. Listen for the loudest sound. Tune the string higher if the loudest sound is after the 5th fret (e.g. 6th-8th) and tune the string lower if it’s before the 5th fret (e.g. 2nd-4th). There! Your 6th string is in tune! th

After you get the 1st string or 6th string in tune, just use the relative method that we’ve just learnt to tune the other strings. Now you’re all set to make beautiful music!

VI. Practice To achieve best results, it is important to practice everyday instead of just practicing many hours once a week. Your assignment at home is to practice everyday for 10 to 15 minutes.

This Week’s Practice Exercises: 5 min chord pressing exercise 5-10 min worship strumming Tune your guitar before your start!

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LESSON 2: ( Teacher’s Note: Review first lesson I.

New Chords Let’s learn some new chords that we’re going to use in this lesson:

Barre Chords

Barre Chord Exercise: Press down hard on the barre chord, strum it, then release the chord without lifting your fingers off the fingerboard. Shift your fingers down one fret while keeping the same chord shape, and repeat the exercise. Work your way down five frets, then work back up. Do this exercise for five minutes.

( Note: Practice playing E chord and Am chord with your last 3 finger, 2 3 4 instead of 1 2 3. This will help your fingers to get accustom to the shape of the barre chord commonly use. II.

New Songs Today we’re going to learn some new worship songs. (Refer to Appendix I.2)

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III. Hand Signals Many times in cell group praise and worship, the worship leader will give hand signals to the guitarist (that’s you!) to prepare the guitarist of the next part to play. A song is divided into a few main parts: the stanzas, the chorus, and the bridge. For a typical song with the following order: Stanza

Chorus

Bridge

and so on‌ Here are some other commonly used hand signals:

For other things like dynamics (loudness, softness), you need to observe the worship leaders gestures and most importantly, lean on the Holy Spirit’s guidance.

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IV. Practice This Week’s Practice Exercises:

( Remember: practice 15 minutes everyday. 5 min chords/barre chords pressing 5 min worship strumming 5 min strumming with worship song

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LESSON 3: ( Teacher’s Note: Review lesson 2 I.

New Chords Let’s learn some new chords that we’re going to use in this lesson:

II.

New Songs Today we’re going to learn some new worship songs. (Refer to Appendix I.3.a)

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III. Plucking Plucking is when you play the strings using your fingers instead of the pick or plectrum. It produces a softer feel in the atmosphere, suitable for sharing and ministry. Very often during the quieter times of worship, ministry, and sharing, you may want to pluck instead of strum.

The Open Notes on the Strings First of all, we need to know what we’re plucking, so let’s get familiarized with the guitar strings. Here are the notes for each of the strings when played open (not pressing any fret),:

To make it easier to remember, you can use these sentences: Every Body Go Down And Eat or Every Bad Girl Deserve An Egg

( Note : Whatever chord you play, the bass note must correspond to the chord. Simple Plucking (Fingerpicking) Remember in lesson 1 we labeled our fingers on our right hand as well as our left? Well now you know what they are used for – plucking! It is important to note the position of your fingers when plucking. Each of your fingers are assigned to a string or a few strings: p i m a

– – – –

4th, 5th, and 6th string (bass strings) 3rd string 2nd string 1st string

( Note: Rest the i, m, and a fingers on the respective strings that they are assigned to. Now for your first plucking pattern. Try this out:

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( Note: The numbers on the strings represent the fret to press while you pluck the string. (‘0’ means you play the string open) Now let’s try to pluck for a C chord:

This is one of the most basic plucking pattern/style for a 4-beat song. Now let’s try a plucking pattern for a 2-beat song:

IV. Plucking Song Now let’s try to pluck for one of the worship songs that we’ve learnt before. (Refer to Appendix I.3.b)

V.

Practice

This Week’s Practice Exercises:

( Remember: practice 15 minutes everyday. 5 min chords/barre chords pressing 5 min strumming with worship song 5 min plucking

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LESSON 4: ( Teacher’s Note: Review lesson 3

I.

New Chords Let’s learn some new chords that we’re going to use in this lesson:

II.

New Songs Today we’re going to learn some new worship song. (Refer to Appendix I.4)

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III. Strumming Praise Strumming There are 3 easy steps to learning the basic praise strumming. ( Note: This will be much faster than the worship strumming Step One:

Play 4 down strokes, one stroke per beat, repeatedly.

Step Two:

Play down-up strokes continuously, two strokes per beat.

Step Three: Play the following sequence for one bar (4 beats).

This is what we call the straight eight-feel praise strumming.

IV. Practice This Week’s Practice Exercises:

( Remember: practice 15 minutes everyday. 5 min chords/barre chords pressing 5 min worship strumming 5 min Praise strumming

4-2


LESSON 5: ( Teacher’s Note: Review lesson 4 I.

New Chords Let’s learn some new chords that we’re going to use in this lesson:

( Note: the “2” means that the 1st horizontal line (the top border) is not the nut but the 2nd fret.

II.

New Songs

Today we’re going to put into practice the praise strumming we’ve learnt last lesson in 2 new praise songs. (Refer to Appendix I.5)

III. Practice This Week’s Practice Exercises:

( Remember: practice 15 minutes everyday. 5 min chords/barre chords pressing 5 min worship strumming 5 min Praise strumming

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LESSON 6: ( Teacher’s Note: Review lesson 5 I.

New Chords Let’s learn some new chords that we’re going to use in this lesson:

II.

New Songs Today we’re going to learn some new praise songs. (Refer to Appendix I.6)

III. Final Review Fundamental (chords pressing, posture) Tuning Praise and Worship strumming Chords Barre chords Plucking Any Other Matters

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LESSON 7: TEST ( Teacher’s Note: Test will be conducted on a one-to-one basis in the form of a simulated Praise and Worship. I.

Test Material

The test will consist of:

II.

Tuning your guitar

One 4/4-beat praise song

One 4/4-beat worship song

Test Criteria

Tuning: Accuracy Praise: Chords pressing Strumming consistency Chord-changing Sense of rhythm Singing together Worship: Chords Pressing Strumming Consistency Chord-changing Sense of rhythm Singing together Plucking

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Beginner Notes