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Ross C. Hoekstra

dovecote house: the house that hunts


gobetti addition: hanging off the back


COSTA RESIDENCE: custom prefab


iit natatorium: programming in lanes


orner construction: forensic drawing


between the two: digital screen


in defense of flat/&&&/flat is the new different deep: [38] the everywhere ymca

Revisionary Tactics: renovating the gift shop


dovecote house: the house that hunts

with Michael Lindstrom The contemporary industrialized production of meat has served to cheapen the price of meat to the point where we only eat meat that comes shrink-wrapped from the supermarket, a phenomenon that has divorced people from the animal that they are eating as well as the process of butchering. The single-family, suburban home as presently configured predisposes people to eat food that is single-serving, fast, and convenient. The result is a two-family duplex that operates as a hunting accessory. Because hunting is such timely and expensive activity, the house actively baits and traps game, even when its residents are not at home. The house provides habitat, food, and shelter for local fauna and traps what is needed for daily meals. There are two separate garage entrances, a shared trapping and preparation room, as well as a shared kitchen and dining room. The lower level is not camouflaged by the screen, allowing passersby to understand the process of the meal. Two living units above bend around the kitchen and cooking hearth. The roofs are sloped to naturally draw water into pools for animal drinking as well as reuse for irrigation and cleaning of the preparation room. The screen provides protection and shelter for the birds and animals, which allows opportunities for both feeding and trapping. The house attracts and sustains more animals than is normally possible to allow for convenient and abundant meat. [04]

Option Studio 2008


the average adult eats

260 lbs of meat per year

squirrel - 1 lbs

hare - 1.2 lbs

fall camo

winter camo

Sep 1- Mar 15

spring camo

Sep 1 - Feb 28


pheasant - 1.5 lbs

chicken - 7 lbs

One of the problems with using hunting as a source of meat is that hunting is time consuming, expensive, and inefficient. In order to hunt for the amount of meat that an average U.S. adult eats per year, one would go on many trips, purchase lots of equipment, and sacrifice lots of time traveling to and from various hunting grounds. The house, operating as both hunting ground and home, removes these barriers, making hunting convenient, fast, and inexpensive. In addition to addressing the pragmatic needs of hunting, the house also replicates the aesthetic appeal of hunting. Though camouflage does serve a purpose in the field, camouflage has spawned its own aesthetic culture. This culture of camouflage is reflected in the painting of the upper living units of the duplex, as well as the screen, which is both functional and aesthetic. There is a visual connection of the process from eating to cooking to preparation to killing. Just as the hunter experiences a heightened sense of awareness while on the hunt, the resident, while cooking, is hyper-aware of where the meal came from due to both visual and auditory cues. One is constantly aware of where the next meal is coming from, and how it reaches the table.

Option Studio 2008

deer - 80 lbs

black bear - 180 lbs

Duck Hunting Blind $345

Ultra-light Backpack $170

Pro series 3 man shadow grass blind. XH-228426

Hunter 4000. 7IS-517032

elk - 280 lbs

moose - 320 lbs

Dog Camo Sport Shirt $32

Chest of Drawers $450


Log cabin feel. LF-368070

Taxidermy Deer Head $730

cow - 500 lbs

Hummer H2 $72,450

Classic Gun Rack $98


Custom Camo V8 Leather Interior.

Solid Oak UH-616121

Dog Hunting Shoes $30 DE-8230655

Dog Training Collar $150

SIG Water Bottle $24

Fishing Hat $45


1 Liter. OG-541404

Stalker Extreme Arrows $240 Carbon Fiber. IH-414243

by River guide IJ-950883

Fieldline Folding Chair $33

By Bowtech. QW-417780

Elk Lamp $79

Suzuki Eiger ATV $3450 4x4. 5 speed. SF-432101

Maple Base LF-368070

Scent Blocker Hat $30 OG-932403

Beats any tree stump IH-168069

Bear Skin Rug $599 Black Fur UH-518070

Mag 2000. StrikeMaster

Camo Green. OG-965569

European mount style. XH-618204

Child Camo Pajamas $40 Diamond Black Ice Bow $649

Ice Fishing Auger $750

Diaper Changing Bag $45

Moose Trophy $299

Also in pink. OG-165569

Framed Hunting Picture $30 UH-175569

Windchester 1910 Rifle $1650

Binoculars $265 Camo Cooler $37 Built in stand IH-168069

Nikon Waterproof UH-711529


Dakota Model 76 Rifle with scope $5550 603240

Sauer Model 200 .30-06 Rifle $1450 617215

Face Mask $18 lightweight fleece OG-942300

Leopard Skin Rug $899 Grade A Taxidermy. UH-618069

Camo Bikini $29 Jungle Green OG-901350




Option Studio 2008


The butchering room is located at the sloped ends of the duplex’s twin carports. The sloping carport directs rainwater into the butchering room in order to wash away the remnants of the butchering process.

From the communal dining table, one can see both the kitchen where the meal has been cooperatively prepared, as well as the butchering room where the animal was slaughtered, reconnecting it occupants with the ritual of eating.


Option Studio 2008


dine celebrate 0630 1900

preserve cook 0615 1800

0610 1750


bait butcher prepare 0515 1715


Option Studio 2008


0505 2055

sleep 0500 2100


gobetti addition: hanging off the back

as a member of PLY Architecture The living space in this existing split level home was too small for it’s clients, having a closed off kitchen and small dining room fit only for four people. By adding a mere 150 square feet of additional space and removing existing partition walls, the main living space became much more expansive on a tight budget. The side walls of the addition diverge, using perspective deformation to make the space seem even longer and more expansive than it actually is. In addition to removing the existing partition walls, a new canvas wall of orange finished plywood, which doubles as storage, connects the living room to the dining room and kitchen. On the exterior, the cantilevered addition defines a new courtyard in back yard.


PLY 2011


Existing split level home.

The back wall of the house was removed and the south wall was extended back to wrap around the corner of the house and lead to the back yard patio.


The new cantilevered addition creates a space for a new dining room and holds the equipment in the kitchen.

PLY 2011




PLY 2011


COSTA RESIDENCE: custom prefab

as a member of BLU Homes Blu Homes is a startup that designs and manufactures environmentallyfriendly, prefabricated single-family homes. Unlike other architecture firms which offer prefab plans that are manufactured by other entities, Blu designs custom floor plans for each client, manufactures them in its own factory, ships them to the building site where they are unfolded and completed on site by a Blu construction crew. Controlling all parts of the process allows Blu to sell homes with a fixed schedule and price. For this project, the client desired that Blu Homes both coordinate and design the site built components that attached to the prefabricated house and garage, ensuring that both the deck and laundry room remain aesthetically consistent with the entire project.


BLU 2012



BLU 2012

Homes are constructed in an old submarine factory outside San Francisco, the homes are fabricated with minimal construction waste as materials can be reused. Additionally, the closed environment allows the house to be constructed in six to eight weeks because there are no weather delays. The houses are built with exterior rigid foam, in addition to interior insulation and ceiling SIPS panels, which provide a high R-value and energy savings for clients. After the modules are finished, they are folded to half their size, using a patented steel structural system with custom fabricated hinges. The folded width means that homes can be delivered anywhere in the United States, as they fit on a normal flatbed trailer without oversize load escorts. When the home arrives on site, it can be unfolded and made weatherproof in a single day. In addition to speeding on-site construction, the steel frame allows for longer and taller spans, meaning the interior spaces are larger than stick-built homes. Furthermore, the use of steel means the home needs little modification when it is placed in high wind or seismic zones.



BLU 2012


iit natatorium: programming in lanes

with Emily Corbett Situated on the campus of IIT, the site of Mies’ Crown Hall, the natatorium was designed to mimic the experience of swimming in the lap pool. Five twenty-foot structural lanes, made with six occupiable trusses, organized offices, locker rooms, classrooms, and pool related program into twenty-five foot widths. The trusses are made out of folded steel plate, which vary in size according to requirements for sunlight, privacy, or circulation. For example, in the locker rooms, the spacing in the steel plate becomes mostly solid, while at the entrance the trusses are at their most open. The roof over the pool is occupiable public green space, which can be accessed from either the building or the exterior.


Studio 2007





The narrow site made it impossible to place the Olympic-sized in any position other than parallel to the long dimension of the site. As the width of the pool, with its linear lanes, occupied the entire width of the site, the rest of the program was organized in a similar fashion, giving the building a specific directional grain. Program, structure, and circulation all organize themselves into a series of linear trusses that span from the ground and over the pool.


bathroom stalls

lockers and benches classrooms

Studio 2007


N State St

Life Guard/First Aid


Team Meeting

Meet Operations


Conference Room


Break Room

Event Hospitality

NE 31st St Studio 2007



Studio 2007


corner construction: forensic drawing

A corner was approached like a crime scene. Armed with only a tape measure, sketchbook, and camera, the University Biomedical Research Building by Polshek Partnership was reconstructed without direct knowledge of its construction. Research included identifying the type of rain screen, understanding the various types of laboratory construction, and mastering a method of estimating measure that could not be physically reached through the comparison of photographs.


Construction 2007


Terraรงade XP is a rear ventilated faรงade, which creates an airspace outside the load-bearing wall.

between the two: digital screen

with John Beck and Sara Blumenstein The project began with an idealized unit inspired by Erwin Hauer. The aggregation of units delicately weave between front and back, creating a light-screen that only permits light to pass through obliquely: on one side, light casts uniformly across a face with single curvature. On the opposite side, light washes across the double curved surface in a gradient, emphasized by the contoured fluting of the milling process. The unit was based on the same curve in both plan and section, allowing them to pass each other at a single delicate point, which also served to stabilize and lock each row into position. The fabrication was a process that aided and augmented how the unit was conceived, rather than something that drove it. Unlike most digitally-fabricated projects, our team wanted fabrication to have a tributary role, negotiating with a predetermined idealized form. The result was that the work on the fabricated pieces was iterative, allowing the digital fabrication process to refine the form rather then determine it.


DigiFab 2009








DigiFab 2009


in defense of flat/&&&/flat is the new different deep: the everywhere ymca

We live in a world where authenticity has lost authority, yet architects refuse to notice. What potential might be gained if the architect is relieved of responsibilities towards unitary form, authentic or proper use of materials, or totalizing legible representation? This work revisited the both/and postmodern formulation. In this formulation Venturi conceives of an object holding two identities simultaneously that are in dialogue with each other (the doublefunctioning element, the stair-fireplace in the Venturi House). My work reformulated this by removing the conjunction and becoming endless. Identities and essences thus become unlimited strings of modifiers. This project-pamphlet (three pamphlets within one book) interrogated flatness, a conceptual characteristic more so than representational or physical; a flattened condition is one where an object has been reduced in such a way that it only looks like, appears like, or acts like one small attribute of the original. My contention is that a flattened thing has the latent ability to become complex by continuing to add or aggregate multiple loosely related characteristics instead of a top down resolution of fragments into a whole. An architectural object has the ability to hold as many identities or essences as might be plausibly designed. It is possible that architectural objects need not be only highly composed highly resolved things with singular strong identities. They might be flat. [38]

MS.DR 2010



MS.DR 2010

The YMCA was chosen because it already has things that are disparate in terms of program and space, but also because it participates in notions of theater, the body, health, and pleasure. The building has no defined or legible form, which was explored through non-traditional representation. For example, a building without a section in the traditional sense, a legible section. Additionally, there are multiple, simultaneous facades doing multiple types of work: as billboard, curtain wall, and parking lot facade. The interior seems centrally planned but this is not visible on the exterior. There are multiple partial structural systems (hanging, floating, cantilevered, and conventional column and beam) as well as multiple spatial typologies. [41]


Where the sum of its conflicting parts is greater than a resolved whole.

center section facing east-north-east-south


MS.DR 2010


One of the most distinctive features of the everywhere YMCA is the private changing room experience. Each member has access to rooms which are equipped with a full lavatory and shower. 9 Additionally, a large majority of the changing rooms come equipped with full daylight, something that no other health club can offer. For those of you concerned about privacy, the curtain wall is made up of thirty-five panes of differently polarized glass, which permits full sunlight while simultaneously shielding you from view. You will have the experience of showering outside, without the hassle of weather, bugs, or other people.


Glass curtain walls are thick and thin.



MS.DR 2010

...and locker rooms can be privately transparent

Revisionary Tactics: renovating the gift shop

The museum store at the Smithsonian Museum of American History currently defers to the authority of the museum, politely observing, careful to not be confused with the institution and its artifacts. The store is tolerated as long as it remains within the clearly delineated boundaries set for it. The museum recognizes the obscene and contradictory nature of the gift shop and its objects and attempts to suppress them. What is interesting about the Smithsonian Institution is that, in addition to having a museum store, it publishes a lengthy catalog of items one can buy that are similar to objects one views in the museum. The Smithsonian Catalog is actively using American history as advertising for the objects being sold in the catalog. The museum is stealthily acting as a showroom for the items in the catalog; history is being instrumentalized to sell merchandise. This project renders this relationship visible, amplifying it to deinstitutionalize the museum. Instead of treating the museum and store as two different spatial types, this thesis posits that the two are more alike than different. Using the furniture giant IKEA as a case study, the proposed store thus becomes a showroom for the Smithsonian catalogue. The store shall be allowed to implicate the museum, laying bare the futile act of framing a singular narrative around an arbitrary series of unrelated objects. The store is set up as a one-way linear space, guaranteeing that the shopper sees every possible object for sale. [46]

Julia Child shared the passions, philosophies, and products of this kitchen in her home, with family, friends, colleagues, and fans for 45 years. Now she is sharing the kitchen itself with millions, having donated it to the National Museum of American History in 2001.

When Paul and Julia moved into their home, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1961, they knew there was work to be done with the kitchen. After adapting to the quirks and limitations of various kitchens, Julia knew how she waned to organize her ninth kitchen. While she mapped out the functional principles, Paul brought his sense of design to arranging the kitchen's elements.

bas-relief GERBERA vase $



M.Arch Thesis 2009

Vividly hued gerberas, showy blooms native to Africa and Asia, lushly emblazon this ceramic flask. 9 1/4" h. x 7 1/4" dia. Similar to bas-relief vases in our ceramics and glass collections, National Museum of American History, Behring Center.

Science, Invention, Transportation & Technology


unrolled section through the gift shop

Homes, Ladies, their Communities & the Gettysburg Address

M.Arch Thesis 2009


This linear space winds its way through the museum, grabbing any territory that has been left under utilized by the museum. It bypasses exhibitions, cuts through exhibitions, and even provides better viewing of certain exhibitions. This disorients the visitor/shopper, motivating their continuous pace forward. In the end, the artifacts become souvenir-like and the souvenirs become artifact-like. The visitor/ shopper experiences the negotiation of the institution, understanding it as contested, restless, accumulative, ephemeral, and dialogical.


War, Politics, Entertainment & Music

BLACK (store) and CLEAR (museum) acrylic model

M.Arch Thesis 2009


Find your way in the

Find y




toys & collectibles

gettys addr

jewelry america on the move


lighting a revolution

gifts accessories

books & clearance


inaugural shop

home office & furnishings new arrivals

scienc power machinery america

mus instrum

inventi pla

MUSEUM HOURS: open daily 10:00 - 5:30 STORE HOURS open 24 hours a day, 365 days a year

HOME OFFICE & FURNISHINGS furniture desk accessories tabletops clocks chests

dolls planes, trains, & automobiles science kits

ACCESSORIES ties scarves & shawls



dresses sleepwear sweaters

vases sculpture glass figurines wreaths & floral

JEWELRY pendants necklaces



first floor second floor third floor

in the

Find your way in the



clothing gettysburg address

within these walls

lighting a revolution



ome office & furnishings


es, trains, & automobiles nce kits


ves & shawls


s pture

american presidency

gunboat philadelphia

america on the move


the price of freedom

science in power machinery american life

star spangled banner

picturing words

musical thanks for instruments the memories first ladies at the smithsonian communities invention at in a changing play nation

first floor


second floor

This map may only be used as a rough guide. The next exhibit may be behind, above or below. Retracing steps is essential for successfully navigating the museum. Exploring and disregarding the map is encouraged.

third floor

Every item offered in the store will arrive accompanied by a Smithsonian provenance card giving significant information on the item and how it relates to our collections. In addition, please remember that your purchases support the educational and curatorial mission of the Smithsonian Institution.



Ab ligh glas rich pat cha On/



M.Arch Thesis 2009

ines ths & floral

There are varying moments of ambiguity within the proposed redesign of the store. The above image highlights a moment where the boundary between the store and museum is almost non-existent. Shoppers can view Dorothy’s red slippers from The Wizard of Oz on display in the museum, or purchase a replica that is sitting alone on its own stand. The below image shows a moment where the store turns its back on the museum; objects on display are clearly for sale and there are no moments for rest or contemplation.











F 1� = 32’




new arrivals


home office & furnishings


inaugural shop








toys and collectibles




books & clearance






M.Arch Thesis 2009



M.Arch Thesis 2009


Ross C. Hoekstra Experience Blu Homes, Inc. [2011-present] Project Designer PLY Architecture [2010-2011] Designer G.H. Forbes Associates Architects Inc [2008] Intern Olsen Sundberg Kundig Allen Architects Intern [February 2007] Intern Education M.Sc. Design Research [2010] University of Michigan Masters of Science Student Merit Award M.Arch [2009] University of Michigan Thesis Award, AIA Henry Adams certificate, ALA award, Wallenberg scholar B.A. History with Honors [2005] Calvin College Grand Rapids MI Academic Adjunct Faculty [2010-present] Lawrence Technological University Graduate Student Instructor [2009-2010] University of Michigan Faculty Research Assistant [2006-2007] University of Michigan


Ross C. Hoekstra  
Ross C. Hoekstra  

A collection of academic and professional architectural work from the last five years.