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Presentation Title: Alcohol and Other Drug Use Among Northern Plains Indians Discipline: Psychology School: University of North Dakota Presentation Type: Poster Presentation Abstract: Alcohol and Other Drug Use Among Northern Plains Indians Melissa Wheeler, University of North Dakota

This project showcases the prevalence of alcohol and other drug (AOD) use by American Indians in the northern plains region. American Indians/ Alaska Natives (AI/AN) have some of the highest rates of marijuana and alcohol use and abuse, yet neurobiological measures associated with dependence on these substances in this population remain unknown (Ehlers, Phillips, Gizer, Gilder, & Wilhelmsen, 2010). This study provides AOD usage indicators, informs public health policy, informs prevention treatment programs that target the different needs of AI/ANs, and addresses services needs for this population. Six hundred northern plains male (39%) and female (61%) adults were recruited from Indian Health Services (IHS) clinics to complete a series of assessments. Data included AOD use, mental health diagnoses, and demographics, and were analyzed using SPSS. Males had greater use than females of AOD in all categories, with similar usage between genders with methamphetamine at about (21%). Participants with a diagnosed mental health problem used more AOD (48%) than those with no mental health diagnosis (38.5%). Younger adults used more AOD than older adults with dramatic decrease in AOD usage after 45 years of age. Marijuana use peaked in the 18-25 age groups, while methamphetamine usage peaks in the 36-40 age group, and cocaine usage peaks in the 31-35 age group.

Presenter: Melissa Wheeler Tribe: Navajo Nation Primary Email: Biography My name is Melissa Wheeler; I am a senior undergraduate majoring in Psychology at the University of North Dakota. I am a member of the Navajo Nation from Arizona. I am dedicated to continuing with my education in psychology. I plan on entering graduate school, ultimately receiving my Ph.D in Clinical Psychology. I find this area of psychology very interesting and would like to explore them further. I know I will gain tremendously from attending this conference.


2011 National Conference Student Research Abstracts  
2011 National Conference Student Research Abstracts  

A comprehensive list of the student research topics that will be presented at the AISES 2011 National Conference