1. 2 â€ƒ P RO B L E M F I E L D
Urban Population (Developing Region)
New Town as Part of Urban Growth
% new towns +others
Almost 50% of people in Asia live in cities today (UN, 2014). This number is predicted to raise up to 64% in 2050 urbanizing faster than the other regions i.e., Northern and Latin America, Europe, the Carribean and Africa (UN, 2014). In response to this prediction, many studies and agendas in urban development field have been raised e.g., Sustainable Development Goals, The New Urban Agenda, UN-Habitat Human Settlements, etc. with one of the main focus of creating a more sustainable urban development (UN-Habitat, 2016; Habitat III, 2016). In Asian cities context, the focuses are more towards the extended metropolitan regions (Firman T, 2017; Robinson, 2011), peri-urban region (Winarso et al, 2015), decolonisation (Rimmer and Dick, 1998), and urban slums i.e., informal settlements (Tunas, 2008). Studies about the latter in particular, have a lot of spotlight from many institutions as the living conditions on the informal settlements are generally far from ideal and many urban population growths are allocated in these informal settlements around the inner city (Tunas, 2008). However, when growth in informal settlements takes up to 30% of the total urban population (UN-Habitat, 2004), and 43% in the developing region (UN-Habitat, 2001) it means that the rest will be catered in other urban areas i.e., suburban and new towns in the peri-urban regions. For example, area ratio of informal settlements and new towns is almost double in Jakarta: 158 km2 of slum (Schellekens, 2015) and 366 km2 of new towns (Firman, 2004), where in Hanoi the area of new towns (2012) is 444 km2 (Luan, 2014) while the existing Hanoi urban area itself is only 84 km2 (18% of the new towns) (Vien et al, 2005). Yet, study about these development areas, particularly about new towns in Asian context are still lacking (Zhou, 2012; Hartog, 2010; Provoost, 2010; Keeton, 2011). Although new town isnâ€™t the most progressive driver in the always-changing urban fabric, it is certainly place on the top driver. Hence, responding to this gap, it is in high relevance to explore this topic in my graduation project.
Figure 2.â€ƒ Hanoi new towns and exiting settlements (source: Google Earth)
AR3U100 G r a d u a t i o n L A B: Ci t i e s f o r P e o p le - of Tomor row