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Diabetes mellitus type 2 is the chronic metabolic syndrome that is defined by the resistance to the hormone called insulin. What this does is that it increases your blood sugar levels and causes irregularity in the metabolism of carbohydrate, proteins and fats. Insulin is secreted by the pancreas as the metabolic hormone and regulates the distribution of glucose from the blood into most cells; these include the muscle and fat cells. Diabetes mellitus translates to excessive sweet urine that is known as glycosuria. There are several rare conditions that are also known as diabetes. One of the most common of these is called diabetes insipidus, which is large amounts of urine that is produced known as polyuria, that is not sweet. There are three categories of diabetes mellitus and they are known as type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. These are briefly explained below: Type 1 Diabetes Type 1 diabetes mellitus features the loss of the insulin producing beta cells of the pancreas that leads to insulin deficiency. The majority of type 1 diabetes is classified by the immune-mediated nature; this is where the beta cell loss is a T-cell mediated autoimmune attack. Unfortunately, there is no known cure for this type of diabetes. Type 2 Diabetes Type 2 diabetes mellitus features insulin resistance, which is caused by a reduced insulin secretion. The early stages are mainly because of an abnormality or reduced insulin sensitivity. With this type, hyperglycemia can be reversed with a variety of different methods that include medications to help improve the insulin sensitivity or reduce the glucose production by the liver. Gestational Diabetes Gestational diabetes mellitus is very similar to that of type 2 diabetes and these include a combination of inadequate insulin secretion and responsiveness. This can occur in 2 to 5 percent of pregnant women, but more than likely will disappear after birth. Thankfully, gestational diabetes is one disease that can be treated completely, but it will require close monitoring whilst you are pregnant. The important thing here is to realise that 20 to 50 percent of women affected by gestational diabetes are at a risk of developing type 2 later in life. Pre-Diabetes


Pre-diabetes is a condition where a person's blood glucose level becomes higher that normal but not high enough for it to develop into type 2 diabetes. By the reduction of glucose in your blood, insulin can prevent or reduce the long-term complications of diabetes mellitus; some of these include damage to the kidneys, eyes, nerves, and blood vessels. Knowing these facts about diabetes mellitus type 2 can allow you to make the right decisions for you so that you can manage your disease effectively and achieve optimum health.

Sue Kennedy is the author of the physician-endorsed e-book "Defeat Diabetes Now," and operates a membership channel devoted to health & wellness. Readers of her book also receive instant access to expert interviews, articles, diet plans and other resources designed to maintain optimum health and prevent disease. Learn how you can defeat diabetes now.

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Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Explained