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Um Resumo do Status das Florestas em Países Selecionados - Nota Técnica COORDENAÇÃO:  Adalberto  Veríssimo  (Imazon)  e  Ruth  Nussbaum  (Proforest)


Š  Greenpeace  /  Tim  Georgeson

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EQUIPE:  Daniel  Santos  (Imazon),  Anni  Vuohelainen,  Joyce  Lam,  e  Jenny  Lopez  (Proforest) AGRADECIMENTOS:  Elis  Araújo  e  Denys  Pereira  (Imazon),7DVVR$]HYHGR FRQVXOWRUÀRUHVWDO )DELR)HOGPDQQ DGYRJDGR &OXD &OLPDWH/DQG8VH$OOLDQFH )XQGDomR6NROOH&ULVWLQD$PRULP *UHHQSHDFH


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The Proforest Initiative | T: +44 (0) 1865 243439 | info@proforestinitiative.org | www.proforestinitiative.org

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The Proforest Initiative | T: +44 (0) 1865 243439 | info@proforestinitiative.org | www.proforestinitiative.org

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The Proforest Initiative | T: +44 (0) 1865 243439 | info@proforestinitiative.org | www.proforestinitiative.org

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The Proforest Initiative | T: +44 (0) 1865 243439 | info@proforestinitiative.org | www.proforestinitiative.org

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The Proforest Initiative | T: +44 (0) 1865 243439 | info@proforestinitiative.org | www.proforestinitiative.org

8


4. Incentivos para promover o reflorestamento 7RGRVRVSDtVHVDQDOLVDGRVLPSODQWDUDPXPDVpULHGHLQFHQWLYRVSDUDSURPRYHURUHÀRUHVWDPHQWRHDUHDELOLWDomR ÀRUHVWDOQDV~OWLPDVGpFDGDV(OHVLQFOXHP ,QFHQWLYRV¿VFDLVYiULRVSDtVHVWrPXVDGRVRVLQFHQWLYRV¿VFDLVSDUDSURPRYHURUHÀRUHVWDPHQWRRXUHVWDXUDomR GHÀRUHVWDVQDWLYDVDRORQJRGDV~OWLPDVGpFDGDV Empréstimos  do  governo  e  doações:HPPXLWRVSDtVHVH[LVWHPSURJUDPDVDSRLDGRVSHORJRYHUQRRXVXEYHQo}HV SDUDHVWLPXODUDPDQXWHQomRGDÀRUHVWDQDWXUDORUHÀRUHVWDPHQWRHDUHVWDXUDomRÀRUHVWDOHPWHUUDVSULYDGDV 3RUH[HPSORD8QLmR(XURSHLDJDVWDFHQWHQDVGHPLOK}HVGHHXURVSRUDQRQR¿QDQFLDPHQWRGHUHVWDXUDomR ÀRUHVWDOHHPSURJUDPDVGHUHSODQWLR1DV~OWLPDVWUrVGpFDGDVDrQIDVHQRGHVWLQRGRVLQFHQWLYRVPXGRXGDV SODQWDo}HVFRPHUFLDVSDUDR¿QDQFLDPHQWRGHUHVWDXUDomRGHÀRUHVWDVQDWLYDVFRPIRFRQDELRGLYHUVLGDGH 21*V H LQVWLWXLo}HV ¿ODQWUySLFDV HP PXLWRV GRV SDtVHV DQDOLVDGRV Ki LQVWLWXLo}HV ¿ODQWUySLFDV QDFLRQDLV IXQGDo}HV YROWDGDVHVSHFL¿FDPHQWHSDUDRSODQWLRHDFRQVHUYDomRGHÀRUHVWDV3RUH[HPSORQR5HLQR8QLGR R1DWLRQDO7UXVWXPDGDVPDLRUHVHPDLVLQÀXHQWHVLQVWLWXLo}HV¿ODQWUySLFDVGRSDtVFRPIRFRQDSURWHomRGR SDWULP{QLRQDWXUDOHKLVWyULFRJHUHQFLDDPSODViUHDVGHÀRUHVWDVHPWRGRRSDtV2XWUDVLQVWLWXLo}HVLQFOXHPD :LOGOLIH7UXVWVD:RRGODQG7UXVWHD5R\DO6RFLHW\IRUWKH3URWHFWLRQRI%LUGV

The Proforest Initiative | T: +44 (0) 1865 243439 | info@proforestinitiative.org | www.proforestinitiative.org

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The Proforest Initiative | T: +44 (0) 1865 243439 | info@proforestinitiative.org | www.proforestinitiative.org

10


1. China 1.1. Cobertura florestal &REHUWXUDÀRUHVWDO 1900 QmRKiGDGRV 1950 $SUR[LPDGDPHQWH   2010 

 

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The Proforest Initiative | T: +44 (0) 1865 243439 | info@proforestinitiative.org | www.proforestinitiative.org

11


1.2 Leis florestais relativas ao desmatamento e à degradação florestal 7RGDVDVÀRUHVWDVVmRSURSULHGDGHGR(VWDGR2VyUJmRVJRYHUQDPHQWDLVQmRVmRDSHQDVSURSULHWiULRVGHiUHDV ÀRUHVWDLVHWrPFRPSURPLVVRFRPVXDXWLOL]DomRHPDQHMRPDVWDPEpPVmRUHVSRQViYHLVSHODVXSHUYLVmRGR VHWRUÀRUHVWDOSDUDDVVHJXUDUDLPSODQWDomRGHSDGU}HVQDFLRQDLVGHJHVWmRÀRUHVWDO 2DUWLJRGDOHLGDDJULFXOWXUDD¿UPDTXHQRGHVHQYROYLPHQWRGDDJULFXOWXUDHGDHFRQRPLDUXUDOGHYH VHUGDGDDWHQomRDRXVRUDFLRQDOHjSURWHomRGRVUHFXUVRVQDWXUDLVFRPRDWHUUDDiJXDHDVÀRUHVWDVDV SDVWDJHQVRVDQLPDLVHDVSODQWDVVHOYDJHQV2DUWLJRD¿UPDDLQGDTXHpSURLELGRGHVWUXLUHQFRVWDVtQJUHPHV ÀRUHVWDVH]RQDVSDQWDQRVDV $OHLFKLQHVDÀRUHVWDO $UWLJR D¿UPDTXHDVÀRUHVWDVQmRGHYHPVHUXVDGDVSDUDSURMHWRVGHPLQHUDomR H LQIUDHVWUXWXUD 1R FDVR HP TXH HVVDV DWLYLGDGHV VHMDP DEVROXWDPHQWH QHFHVViULDV p SUHFLVR REWHU XPD DXWRUL]DomRGRyUJmRFRPSHWHQWHHSDJDUXPDWD[DGHUHVWDXUDomRÀRUHVWDO2$UWLJRGD/HLGH,PSOHPHQWDomR )ORUHVWDOHQWUDHPGHWDOKHVVREUHRSURFHVVRGHFRPRREWHUDDSURYDomRGRyUJmRFRPSHWHQWHSDUDDXWLOL]DomR GDWHUUDSDUDSURMHWRVGHLQIUDHVWUXWXUDRXGHPLQHUDomR3RUH[HPSORVHDiUHDpPDLRUGRTXHKHFWDUHV GHÀRUHVWDVTXHVmRFODVVL¿FDGDVHPSURSyVLWRHVSHFt¿FRRXSURSyVLWRGHSURWHomRDDSURYDomRGR&RQVHOKR )ORUHVWDOGRJRYHUQRpQHFHVViULD 2 $UWLJR  GR &yGLJR )ORUHVWDO GD &KLQD D¿UPD TXH GLIHUHQWHV PpWRGRV GH H[SORUDomR ÀRUHVWDO GHYHP VHU HPSUHJDGRVHPGLIHUHQWHVVLWXDo}HVHPÀRUHVWDVGHSURGXomRH[WUDomRVHOHWLYDGHPDGHLUDHRFRUWHUDVR2 FRUWHUDVRSUHFLVDVHUHVWULWDPHQWHFRQWURODGRHDUHJHQHUDomRGHYHVHUIHLWDQRPHVPRDQRRXQRDQRVHJXLQWH DRFRUWHUDVR

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>@ http://www.gov.cn/english/laws/2005-­10/09/content_75375.htm >@ http://www.china.org.cn/english/environment/207457.htm >@ http://www.forestcarbonportal.com/project/china-­green-­carbon-­fund

The Proforest Initiative | T: +44 (0) 1865 243439 | info@proforestinitiative.org | www.proforestinitiative.org

12


2. França 2.1. Cobertura florestal &REHUWXUDÀRUHVWDO 1900  1950    2010 

 

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The Proforest Initiative | T: +44 (0) 1865 243439 | info@proforestinitiative.org | www.proforestinitiative.org

13


(VVHVSODQRVSUHFLVDPSURPRYHUUHÀRUHVWDPHQWRSODQHMDPHQWRHFRQVHUYDomRGDViUHDV3URSULHWiULRVÀRUHVWDLV FRPXPDiUHDGHSHORPHQRVKHFWDUHVVmRREULJDGRVDUHÀRUHVWDUGHQWURGHXPSHUtRGRGHDQRVDSyVRFRUWH UDVRRXTXDQGRQmRKiSRVVLELOLGDGHGHUHJHQHUDomRQDWXUDODGHTXDGD 'HFLV}HV SDUD GDU DXWRUL]DomR SDUD FRQYHUWHU ÀRUHVWDV VmR EDVHDGDV HP XPD VpULH GH TXHVW}HV LQFOXLQGR D SURWHomRGDHQFRVWDRXGDPRQWDQKDDSURWHomRFRQWUDDHURVmRHDSURWHomRGDIDXQDHGRVHFRVVLVWHPDV$ FRQYHUVmRGDWHUUDVHPSHUPLVVmRpFULPHDPELHQWDO 2VSURSULHWiULRVGHWHUUDTXHGHVHMDPFRQYHUWHUHQWUHHKHFWDUHVGHÀRUHVWDVSULYDGDVHVWmRLVHQWRVGHSHGLU SHUPLVVmRSDUDFRQYHUVmR $ SROtWLFD ÀRUHVWDO p DFRPSDQKDGD SHOR &RQVHOKR 6XSUHPR GDV )ORUHVWDV GRV 3URGXWRV )ORUHVWDLV H GR Processamento  da  Madeira(VVHFRQVHOKRWDPEpPpUHVSRQViYHOSHODFRRUGHQDomRHH[HFXomRGDSROtWLFD ÀRUHVWDOHWUDEDOKDHPHVWUHLWDFRODERUDomRFRPR0LQLVWpULRGD)ORUHVWD

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The Proforest Initiative | T: +44 (0) 1865 243439 | info@proforestinitiative.org | www.proforestinitiative.org

14


3. Alemanha 3.1. Cobertura florestal &REHUWXUDÃ&#x20AC;RUHVWDO 1900 QmRKiGDGRV 1950  2010 

 

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The Proforest Initiative | T: +44 (0) 1865 243439 | info@proforestinitiative.org | www.proforestinitiative.org

15


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4. Índia 4.1. Cobertura florestal &REHUWXUDÀRUHVWDO 1900    1950    2010 

 

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The Proforest Initiative | T: +44 (0) 1865 243439 | info@proforestinitiative.org | www.proforestinitiative.org

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5. Indonésia 5.1. Cobertura florestal

 

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The Proforest Initiative | T: +44 (0) 1865 243439 | info@proforestinitiative.org | www.proforestinitiative.org

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The Proforest Initiative | T: +44 (0) 1865 243439 | info@proforestinitiative.org | www.proforestinitiative.org

20


6. Japão 6.1. Cobertura florestal &REHUWXUDÀRUHVWDO 1900  1950    2010 

 

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The Proforest Initiative | T: +44 (0) 1865 243439 | info@proforestinitiative.org | www.proforestinitiative.org

21


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The Proforest Initiative | T: +44 (0) 1865 243439 | info@proforestinitiative.org | www.proforestinitiative.org

24


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The Proforest Initiative | T: +44 (0) 1865 243439 | info@proforestinitiative.org | www.proforestinitiative.org

26


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27


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28


10. Reino Unido 10.1. Cobertura florestal

 

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32


11.3. Incentivos para reflorestamento. +iXPDVpULHGHLQFHQWLYRVSDUDRUHÃ&#x20AC;RUHVWDPHQWRQRVGLIHUHQWHV(VWDGRVDPHULFDQRV3RUH[HPSORQD9LUJtQLD R 'HSDUWDPHQWR GH 6LOYLFXOWXUD ODQoRX R UHÃ&#x20AC;RUHVWDPHQWR GD 7LPEHUODQG 57 ,   um   programa   para   reduzir   os   FXVWRV GR UHÃ&#x20AC;RUHVWDPHQWR 2 GHSDUWDPHQWR Ã&#x20AC;RUHVWDO HVWDGXDO Gi LQFHQWLYRV ¿QDQFHLURV D SURSULHWiULRV FRP SURMHWRVGHUHÃ&#x20AC;RUHVWDPHQWRDSURYDGRVSHORyUJmR(OHVUHFHEHPHQWUHGyODUHVHGyODUHVSRUKHFWDUHSDUD ¿QDQFLDURUHSODQWLRGHHVSpFLHVQDWLYDVPDGHLUHLUDV2VSURMHWRVGHYHPVHUPDQWLGRVSRUGH]DQRVHRVFXVWRV FRPSDUWLOKDGRVSHORJRYHUQRQmRSRGHPH[FHGHUGRFXVWRWRWDOGRSURMHWR 2(VWDGRGH'HODZDUHWDPEpPGiDVVLVWrQFLD¿QDQFHLUDDRVSURSULHWiULRVTXHHVWHMDPLQWHUHVVDGRVHPUHVWDXUDU RXPHOKRUDURVKDELWDWVÃ&#x20AC;RUHVWDLVSDUDDIDXQD23URJUDPD/DQGRZQHU,QFHQWLYH '/,3 GH'HODZDUHSUHVWD DVVLVWrQFLD¿QDQFHLUDSDUDRUHÃ&#x20AC;RUHVWDPHQWRGDVHJXLQWHIRUPD 

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33


Este estudo partiu de uma iniciativa do Greenpeace.

2*UHHQSHDFHpXPDRUJDQL]DomRJOREDOHLQGHSHQGHQWHTXH promove  campanhas  para  defender  o  meio  ambiente  e  a  paz,   LQVSLUDQGRDVSHVVRDVDPXGDUHPDWLWXGHVHFRPSRUWDPHQWRV 1yVLQYHVWLJDPRVH[SRPRVHFRQIURQWDPRVRVUHVSRQViYHLV SRUGDQRVDPELHQWDLV 7DPEpPGHIHQGHPRVVROXo}HVDPELHQWDOPHQWHVHJXUDVH VRFLDOPHQWHMXVWDVTXHRIHUHoDPHVSHUDQoDSDUDHVWDHSDUD DVIXWXUDVJHUDo}HVHLQVSLUDPRVSHVVRDVDVHWRUQDUHP UHVSRQViYHLVSHORSODQHWD

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Data de impressĂŁo: outubro de 2011.

The Proforest Initiative | T: +44 (0) 1865 243439 | info@proforestinitiative.org | www.proforestinitiative.org

34


©  Greenpeace  /  John  Novis

Reserva  Natural   em  Dunhuang,   QD&KLQD


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The Proforest Initiative T: +44 (0) 1865 243439 info@proforestinitiative.org www.proforestinitiative.org


Um Resumo do Status das Florestas em Países Selecionados - Nota Técnica  

"Faz tempo que os ruralistas empenhados em mudar a legislação ambiental no Brasil insistem nesse mantra de que o código é uma genuína criaçã...

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