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Journal of Research in Ecology

Journal of Research in Ecology

ISSN No: Print: 2319 –1546; Online: 2319– 1554

An International Scientific Research Journal

Original Research

Investigating the relationship between the staff social intelligence with their family – work conflict and job satisfaction in Baft township departments Authors: Ali Khajeh and Iqbal Paktinat.

ABSTRACT: This investigation was designed to investigate the relationship between the staff social intelligence with their family –work conflict and job satisfaction in Baft township departments. This inquiry was an applied analysis with correlation based methodology. The population comprised many organization employees, with up to 1661 individuals in 2015. The sample includes 312 subjects based on Krejcie and Morgan table (1970), which were chosen in proportionate stratified random sampling. The data gathering tools were according to three standard questionnaires. The Institution: findings show that: Department of Public  The staff social intelligences (also its components) are inversely and Management, Sirjan Branch, significantly related to their family –work conflict. Islamic Azad University,  The staff social intelligence (also its components) is directly and significantly Sirjan, Iran. related to their job satisfaction.  The staff job satisfaction is inversely related to their family-work conflict. Meanwhile, in order to improve the personal social intelligence, decreasing their family-work conflict and promoting their job satisfaction, some constructive recommendations were offered to the relevant authorities. Keywords: Social intelligence, family-work conflict, job satisfaction, Baft township Corresponding author: Iqbal Paktinat

Email ID:

Article Citation: Ali Khajeh and Iqbal Paktinat Investigating the relationship between the staff social intelligence with their family – work conflict and job satisfaction in Baft township departments Journal of Research in Ecology (2016) 4(2): 169-176 Dates: Web Address: http://ecologyresearch.info/ documents/EC0098.pdf

Journal of Research in Ecology An International Scientific Research Journal

Received: 15 May 2016 Accepted: 28 May 2016

Published: 29 Aug 2016

This article is governed by the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by/4.0), which gives permission for unrestricted use, non-commercial, distribution and reproduction in all medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

169-176 | JRE | 2016 | Vol 4 | No 2

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Khajeh and Paktinat, 2016 Dong et al. (2008) reported that there is a significant

INTRODUCTION Research on human abilities are for more than

relationship between social intelligence and sensitivity

100 years old (Fakultät, 2008), and intelligence is

intercultural communication.

considered as a general unified concept, largely related to

Principal hypotheses

cognitive ability. The literature review showed that, there

 There is a significant relationship between social

are a lot of intelligence which should be considered in

intelligence and family – work conflict of staff in

the organizations, such as organizational intelligence,

Baft township departments.

psychological intelligence, moral intelligence, emotional

 There is a significant relationship between social

intelligence, social intelligence and so on. A key aspect

intelligence and job satisfaction of staff in Baft

of social intelligence development is learning to be as

township departments.

“clear” and present as possible (Phipps, 2007). In other Secondary Hypotheses words, the concept of intelligence generally is referred to

 There is a significant relationship between social

the ability of thinking and learning, and it has been

information processing and family – work conflict

predominately used to describe the learning and

of staff in Baft township departments.

application of skills and facts (Clarken, 2009); and in

 There is a significant relationship between social

recent years, interest in social intelligence has been

skills and family – work conflict of staff in Baft

known a renaissance under the general term of social

township departments.

effectiveness constructs (Lievens and Chan, 2009). Job

 There is a significant relationship between social

satisfaction has a complex conception, the same as

awareness and family – work conflict of staff in

motivation, which manifests itself in different ways

Baft township departments.

among different people. Job satisfaction is a major

 There is a significant relationship between social

organizational achievement and also it is in connection

information processing and job satisfaction of staff

with motivation that can be an emotional response to

in Baft township departments.

various aspects of work (such as wage, supervision and benefits) or it is construed to the work spirit which is often used interchangeably with the satisfaction of a group or organization, but most of the time it suggests connotation of group or organizational dependence (Jazani,

2001).

Alirezaei

and

Paktinat

(2015),

investigated relationship between the managers' time management and their job satisfaction in Sirjan and Najafshahr municipalities and found that, there is no significant relationship between time management (and

 There is a significant relationship between social skills and job satisfaction of staff in Baft township departments.  There is a significant relationship between social awareness and job satisfaction of staff in Baft township departments. Research Methods This research is an applied method of the descriptive research. Statistic population of research concluded the staff satisfaction of executive agencies in

also its dimensions) and job satisfaction of managers. Table 1. The results of Pearson correlation test for the relationship between social intelligence and work-family conflict

Variable Social Intelligence 170

Family – Work Conflict Pearson correlation Significance Number coefficient level -0.373

*.0..0>

Relationship

Type of relationship

R2

312 Yes Inverse 0.139 Journal of Research in Ecology (2016) 4(2): 169-176


Khajeh and Paktinat, 2016 Table 2. The results of Pearson correlation test for the relationship between social intelligence and job satisfaction

Variable Social intelligence

Job satisfaction Significance Number level *.0..0> 312

Pearson correlation coefficient -0.27

Relationship

R2

Type of relationship Direct

Yes

0.073

the Baft township. The population was consisted of 312

Thus, there is a significant relationship between social

staffs. A data collection instrument is included in

intelligence and family – work conflict of staff in Baft

demographic questionnaire, questionnaire of social

township departments. (Table 1). So, H0 is rejected and

intelligence, family – work conflict and job satisfaction.

research

The staff

answered the same questionnaire including

correlation coefficients showed the inverse relationship

standard questionnaire by Sloub (2010) (including 21

between two variables. It means that, by increasing

questions), standard questionnaire by Carlson (2000)

social intelligence, family – work conflict is decreased.

(including 18 questions) and questionnaire of job

The coefficient of determination between two variables

satisfaction (JDI) was by Smith et al. (1987) (including

is 0.139 (R2=0.139). In other words, 13.9 percent of

30 questions), The Cronbach’s Alpha obtained from the

changes are shared between two variables.

pilot data was 0.836 for social intelligence, 0.863 for

(2) There is a significant relationship between social

family – work conflict and 0.748 for job satisfaction.

intelligence and job satisfaction of staff in Baft township

Data analysis included descriptive statistics, pearson’s r

departments.

and

analysis,

H0: There is no significant relationship between social

ANOVA analysis and SPSS software (package of SPSS /

intelligence and job satisfaction of staff in Baft township

pc + + ver21).

departments.

spearman’s

correlations,

regression

hypotheses

are

approved.

The

negative

H1: There is a significant relationship between social RESULTS

intelligence and job satisfaction of staff in Baft township

Principal Hypotheses

departments.

(1) There is a significant relationship between social

According to the results of Pearson’s test, the

intelligence and family – work conflict of staff in Baft

correlation coefficient between two variables is -0.27.

township departments.

Thus, there is a significant relationship between social

H0: There is no significance between social intelligence

intelligence and job satisfaction of staff in Baft township

and family – work conflict of staff in Baft township

departments (Table 2) so that, H0 is rejected and research

departments.

hypotheses are approved. The positive correlation

H1: There is a significance relationship between social

coefficients showed the direct relationship between two

intelligence and family – work conflict of staff in Baft

variables. It means that by increasing social intelligence,

township departments.

job satisfaction was increased. The coefficient of

According to the results of Pearson test, the

determination

between

two

variables

is

0.073

correlation coefficient between two variables is - 0.373. Table 3. The results of Pearson correlation test for the relationship between social information processing and work-family conflict Variable Social information processing

Pearson correlation coefficient -0.387

Family – Work Conflict Significance Number level *.0..0> 312

Journal of Research in Ecology (2016) 4(2): 169-176

Relationship Yes

Type of relationship Inverse

R2 0.15 171


Khajeh and Paktinat, 2016 Table 4. The results of Pearson correlation test for the relationship between social skills and work-family conflict Family – Work Conflict Variable Pearson correlation Significance Number Relationship Type of R2 coefficient level relationship social skills -0.28 *.0..0> 312 Yes Inverse 0.078 (R2=0.073). In other words, 7.3 percent of changes are

H1: There is a significant relationship between social

shared between two variables.

skills and family – work conflict of staff in Baft

Secondary hypotheses

township departments.

(1) There is a significant relationship between social

According to the results of Pearson test, the

information processing and family – work conflict of

correlation coefficient between two variables is - 0.28.

staff in Baft township departments.

Thus, there is a significant relationship between social

H0: There is no significant relationship between social

skills and family – work conflict of staff in Baft

information processing and family – work conflict of

township departments (Table 4). So, H0 is rejected and

staff in Baft township departments.

research

H1: There is a significant relationship between social

correlation coefficients presented an inverse relationship

information processing and family – work conflict of

between two variables. It means that by increasing social

staff in Baft township departments.

skills, family – work conflict was decreased. The

hypotheses

are

approved.

The

negative

According to the results of Pearson test, the

coefficient of determination between two variables is

correlation coefficient between two variables is - 0.387.

0.078 (R2=0.078). In other words, 7.8 percent of changes

Thus, there is a significant relationship between social

are shared between two variables.

information processing and family – work conflict of

(3) There is a significant relationship between social

staff in Baft township departments (Table 3). So, H0 is

awareness and family – work conflict of staff in Baft

rejected and research hypotheses are approved. The

township departments

negative correlation coefficients revealed an inverse

H0: There is no significant relationship between social

relationship between two variables. It means that by

awareness and family – work conflict of staff in Baft

increasing social information processing, family – work

township departments.

conflict was decreased. The coefficient of determination

H1: There is a significant relationship between social

2

between two variables is 0.15 (R =0.15). In other words,

awareness and family – work conflict of staff in Baft

15 percent of changes are shared between two variables.

township departments.

(2) There is a significant relationship between social

According to the results of Pearson test, the

skills and family – work conflict of staff in Baft

correlation coefficient between two variables is - 0.281.

township departments.

Thus, there is a significant relationship between social

H0: There is no significant relationship between social

awareness and family – work conflict of staff in Baft

skills and family – work conflict of staff in Baft

township departments. (Table 5). Thus H0 is rejected and

township departments.

research

hypotheses

are

approved.

The

negative

Table 5. The results of Pearson correlation test for the relationship between social awareness and work-family conflict

Variable Social awareness 172

Pearson correlation coefficient -0.281

Family – Work Conflict Significance Number Relationship Type of R2 level relationship *.0..0> 312 Yes Inverse 0.079 Journal of Research in Ecology (2016) 4(2): 169-176


Khajeh and Paktinat, 2016 Table 6. The results of Pearson correlation test for the relationship between social information processing and job satisfaction.

Variable Social information processing

Pearson correlation coefficient 0.261

Job Satisfaction Significance Number level *.0..0> 312

Relationship Yes

Type of relationship Direct

R2 0.072

correlation coefficients show the inverse relationship

(5) There is a significant relationship between social

between the two variables. It proposed that by increasing

skills and job satisfaction of staff in Baft township

social awareness, family – work conflict was decreased.

departments.

The coefficient of determination between two variables

H0: There is no significant relationship between social

2

is 0.078 (R =0.079). In other words, 7.9 percent of

skills and job satisfaction of staff in Baft township

changes are shared between two variables.

departments.

(4) There is a significant relationship between social

H1: There is a significant relationship between social

information processing and job satisfaction of staff in

skills and job satisfaction of staff in Baft township

Baft township departments.

departments.

H0: There is no significant relationship between social

According to the results of Pearson test, the

information processing and job satisfaction of staff in

correlation coefficient between two variables is 0.149.

Baft township departments.

Thus, there is a significant relationship between social

H1: There is a significant relationship between social

skills and job satisfaction of staff in Baft township

information processing and job satisfaction of staff in

departments (Table 7). So, H0 is rejected and research

Baft township departments.

hypotheses are approved. The positive correlation

According to the results of Pearson test, the

coefficients showed a direct relationship between two

correlation coefficient between two variables is -0.261.

variables. It means that by increasing social skills, job

Thus, there is a significant relationship between social

satisfaction

information processing and job satisfaction of staff in

determination between two variables is 0.022 (R2=0.022)

Baft township departments (Table 6). So, H0 is rejected

and 2.2 percent of changes are shared between two

and research hypotheses are approved. The positive

variables.

correlation coefficients show the direct relationship

(6) There is a significant relationship between social

between two variables. This result declared that by

awareness and job satisfaction of staff in Baft township

increasing social information processing, job satisfaction

departments.

was increased. The coefficient of determination between

H0: There is no significant relationship between social

2

was

increased.

The

coefficient

of

two variables is 0.072 (R =0.072). In other words, 7.2

awareness and job satisfaction of staff in Baft township

percent of changes are shared between two variables.

departments.

Table 7. The results of Pearson correlation test for the relationship between social skills and job satisfaction. Variable Social skills

Pearson correlation coefficient 0.149

Job Satisfaction Significance Number level *.0..0> 312

Journal of Research in Ecology (2016) 4(2): 169-176

Relationship Yes

Type of relationship Direct

R2 0.022 173


Khajeh and Paktinat , 2016 Table 8. The results of Pearson correlation test for the relationship between social awareness and job satisfaction.

Variable Social awareness

Pearson correlation coefficient 0.262

Job Satisfaction Significance Number level *.0..0> 312

Relationship Yes

Type of relationship Direct

R2 0.069

H1: There is a significant relationship between social

principle 2 of hypothesis, the results of this study showed

awareness and job satisfaction of staff in Baft township

that there is a significant relationship between social

departments

intelligence and family – work conflict of staff. It means

According to the results of Pearson test, the

that by increasing social intelligence, family – work

correlation coefficient between two variables is 0.262.

conflict was decreased. These results are in good

So, there is a significant relationship between social

agreement with results reported by Dehghaninesab et al.

awareness and job satisfaction of staff in Baft township

(2013) that there is a marked and direct relationship

departments (Table 8). Thus H0 is rejected and research

between social intelligence and family – work conflict in

hypotheses are approved. The positive correlation

social security organization of Kerman. So social

coefficients revealed the direct relationship between two

intelligence of staff could have an effect on their job

variables. It means that by increasing social awareness,

satisfaction. The ability to establish interpersonal

job satisfaction was increased. The coefficient of

relationships in groups was collaborated by others, using

determination

the power of the mind and body for the development of

between

two

variables

is

0.069

2

(R =0.069). 6.9 percent of changes are shared between

relations between individual and friendly behavior.

two variables

According

to

the

results

of

secondary

hypothesis 1, there is a significant relationship between social information processing and family – work conflict

DISCUSSION The purpose of this study is to investigate the

of staff. It means that by increasing social information

relationship between the social intelligence with their

processing, family – work conflict was decreased. These

family – work conflict and job satisfaction of staff in

results

Baft township departments. According to the results of

Dehghaninesab et al. (2013) that there is a significant

principle hypothesis 1, there is a significant relationship

and inverse relationship between social information

between social intelligence and family – work conflict. It

processing and family – work conflict in the social

means that by increasing social intelligence, family –

security organization of Kerman. So if the staffs have

work conflict was decreased. These results are in good

ability to understand and predict the behavior and

agreement with the result of Dehghaninesab et al. (2013)

feelings of others and the ability to understand the needs

and Hyun-Jung (2009). In the findings of reported

of both groups that have, so conflict between work and

research, there is a significant and an inverse relationship

family is reduced.

between social intelligence and family – work conflict in

are

in

According

good

to

agreement

the

results

with

of

result

of

secondary

social security organization of Kerman. Hyun-Jung

hypothesis 2, there is a significant relationship between

(2009) findings on the work-family conflict showed

social skills and family – work conflict of staff. It means

negative

job

that by increasing social skills, family – work conflict

performance. So when employees can act smart in social

was decreased. These results are in complete agreement

relations, then the conflict between family obligations

with reported results of Dehghaninesab et al. (2013 that

and their job are reduced. According to the results of

there is a significant and inverse relationship between

174

impacts

on

job

satisfaction

and

Journal of Research in Ecology (2016) 4(2): 169-176


Khajeh and Paktinat, 2016 social skills and family – work conflict in social security

influential relationship between social awareness and job

organization of Kerman. So when your employees can be

satisfaction.

easily coordinated with social situations, while entering

understanding of the concerns and feelings of colleagues,

to new situations and meeting with unfamiliar people,

in that case the feeling of satisfaction from their jobs will

they are good, they can handle work and family activities

be achieved.

So

when

employees

have

a

good

easily and without conflicts. According

to

the

results

of

secondary

REFERENCES

hypothesis 3, there is a significant relationship between

Clarken RH. (2009). Moral Intelligence in the Schools.

social awareness and family – work conflict of staff in

School of Education, Northern Michigan University. 1-9.

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and

inverse

relationship

between

social

Dehghaninesab M. (2013). The Relationship between social intelligence work and family conflict and job burnout in Social Security Organization of Kerman. Master's thesis, Islamic Azad University of Kerman.

awareness and family – work conflict in social security

Dong Q, Koper RG and Collaço CHM. (2008). Social

organization of Kerman.

Intelligence,

According

to

the

results

of

secondary

hypothesis 4, there is a significant relationship between social information processing and job satisfaction of staff in Baft township departments. It means that by increasing social information processing, job satisfaction was increased. These results are in quite agreement with the findings of Rezaie and Khalilzadeh (2009) that reported social information processing is the best

self-esteem,

and

intercultural

communication sensitivity. Intercultural Communication Studies, XVII: 2:162-174. Fakultät GD. (2008). Theory and Measurement of Social

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und Guericke-

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Jazany N. (2001). Human Resource Management, Third

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Edition, Ney Publication, Tehran.

between social skills and job satisfaction of staff in Baft township departments. It means that by increasing social skills, job satisfaction was increased. These results are in total agreement with the results reported by Rezaie and Khalilzadeh (2009) showing social skills is the best predictor for job satisfaction. According to the results of secondary hypothesis 6, there is an outstanding relationship

between

social

awareness

and

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intelligence and ability to absorb knowledge among

means that by increasing social awareness, job

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remarkable agreement with the result of Rezaie and

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Journal of Research in Ecology (2016) 4(2): 169-176

Investigating the relationship between the staff social intelligence with their family – work confli  

This investigation was designed to investigate the relationship between the staff social intelligence with their family –work conflict and j...

Investigating the relationship between the staff social intelligence with their family – work confli  

This investigation was designed to investigate the relationship between the staff social intelligence with their family –work conflict and j...

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