Produced by: Sandwell Road Safety Unit PO Box 42 Lombard Street West Bromwich B70 8RU 0121 - 569 - 4270 firstname.lastname@example.org
Thanks to: Learn and Live Lifesavers Driving School Driving Standards Agency Decca West Midlands Police
© Sandwell MBC 2007
BIKEWISE • DRINK/DRUGS/DRIVING • THE HARD FACTS
LEARNINGE TO DRIV
in the news Get thehow! know
TWO GIRLS-ONE CAR WHEELS L OF STEE
10 BLOCKBUSTING Q
It’s for people who already drive or ride and those who probably will in the next couple of years. It’s all about what’s happening in the world of motoring for the under 25’s. You only need to google “Young drivers” to see what the problems are - and it seems like everyone’s got ideas about what should be done about it. You may or may not realise that young drivers across the world are more likely than any other group to kill themselves and others whilst they’re behind the wheel. So here’s a message that’s relevant and strangely interesting. If you don’t like it or think it’s a load of rubbish then just let us know - but hey read it first - I’d be well upset if I thought it would be chucked into the recycling bin and turned into grade 2 bog roll before the weekend’s over... If you want to tell us what you think either email me at : email@example.com or go to our ‘have your say’ pages at: www.stars.sandwell.gov.uk We can’t wait to hear from you!
Well - here it is - the long awaited, blockbusting second edition of Rev.uk...
04 LEARNING TO DRIVE True life experiences from our readers. 06 KNOW HOW Tips and advice for when you’re out on the road. 08 A REAL 6 POINTER You’ve got your licence make sure you don’t lose it! 10 IN JUST ONE WEEK Tragedy on the road. 12 IN THE NEWS What’s going on out on the streets? 18 THE HARD FACTS It’s serious out there! - check out the facts. 20 SAFE Car crime and how to avoid it. 22 DRINK, DRUGS, DRIVING How drink and drugs affect your driving. 28 BIKEWISE The dangers of motorbiking. Here are some tips to help you survive! 30 IN THEORY Brain teasers from the driving theory test. 34 TWO GIRLS - ONE CAR Everything you need to know to keep your motor runnin’ 38 WHEELS OF STEEL Try cycling - it’s great for the planet - and it helps keep you fit! 42 DISTRACTIONS How to stay focused when you’re behind the wheel 44 WHAT THE? Cool driving puzzles. 46 DRIVING AMBITION The highs and lows of a driving instructor
SAINTS ALIVE!!! As soon as my Driving Instructor finished teaching me he packed it in and became a Priest. Am I to blame???
IMPRESSIVE? My mate was a bit of a fool and was always telling us how he could drive his dad's car despite not yet passing his test.
SILLY, SILLY ME...
On my driving test the examiner asked me to pull up outside the local shop..... so I did! I mounted the pavement and drove onto the shop forecourt, pulling up right outside the shop door. (I really expected the examiner to jump out and run in the shop to buy some snacks or a vodka for after the test!)
During one of my driving lessons I was cruising along nicely, when all of a sudden I saw this massive spider right in front of my face. I totally freaked out because I absolutely hate spiders. Luckily the driving instructor was able to use the dual controls, whilst reaching over and brushing the spider out of the window. Unfortunately I was petrified to get in that particular car again, I kept imagining the spider, so I had to swap driving instructors!
I blame the Cat... My first experience behind the wheel was driving around a small estate when a cat happened to run out across the road. In my effort to miss it, I mounted the pavement much to the amusement of the three lads walking past. Needless to say I passed my test first time without running over anything or anyone.
OOPS, SORRY SIS! A few months after passing my test, I jumped in my car which was parked on the driveway, put it into reverse, and promptly ran straight into my sister’s car which was parked behind. Now I know why my driving instructor kept telling me to use my mirrors!
FRUITY or WHAT? A friend took her driving test. During the highway code questions she was asked "if you were driving down a country lane name three signs you would expect to see" she replied "speed limit, warning sign for a sharp bend and pick your own strawberries". Needless to say she failed but I do believe it was also as a result of her driving skills, or lack of them!
Now listen up gang - the pics of these fine people obviously aren’t the ones that told us their shameful stories of motoring mayhem. They want to remain anonymous and get on with their lives - and can you blame them??!!!
However, he didn't of course. Rather embarrassed, he asked me to return to the road and park up and then explained that he would put it down to a lack of communication, hey he passed me first time but I wouldn't try it if I was you!
Trying to impress us, he took the car out round the block. He was just pulling up back outside the house, appeared to lose control and ended up driving into his nextdoor neighbour's pond! Needless to say his dad wasn't too impressed.
oops, wrong pedal! When I was learning to drive my dad offered to take me out in his car for some extra practice. I started off ok, reversing off our steep driveway. As I reached the end of the drive my dad told me to brake as I was about to enter the road, but ended up flooring the accelerator instead! I spun the car round to the other side of the road and ended up in someone’s front wall - obviously they weren’t incredibly happy with me!
Don’t drive too close Don’t be surprised if you crash into the vehicle in front if you’ve been tailgating him - it leaves you no time to brake if he does the unexpected...
Quick get that picture! If you’re involved in an accident get some pictures on your mobile - it might just prove it wasn’t your fault!
Danger at lights! When you’re about to set off at traffic lights always make sure that no-one else is coming across. You’re making a bad mistake if you think everyone else plays by the rules...
Think bike! Most drivers who collide with a bike say “I just didn’t see him”. Drivers often judge speed and distance of an oncoming vehicle by looking at the space between both headlights which increases as the car gets closer. Motorcycle headlights don't have that advantage, which means drivers can think they are further away than they really are. The problem is even worse with bicycle lights, which are much smaller. Lots of collisions also happen when drivers pull out of a line of traffic and don’t expect a motorcycle to overtake.
When you first start driving don’t take out a car full of your mates. Loads of new drivers crash when their cars are packed full of people - it handles completely differently and it’s much harder to concentrate on the road.
Where’s your spare key? Now believe it or not it’s a scientifically proven fact that every driver spends 10 hours a year looking for their car keys
Dont go to school
(well actually I do so it must happen to everyone else). Now it’s most frustrating when you want to go truckin’ down the highway when your keys are lodged down the side of your Nan’s armchair. So keep a spare key and leave it somewhere you can remember.
Watch your door mate!!! Whilst it’s tempting just to throw your door open when you stop it’s not a bad idea to have a good look to see what’s coming down the road. Bit embarrassing to arrive home having converted your car to a three door special... 06 REV.UK
cool shades? Let’s just admit it - we all think we look cool, hip and well hard with a pair of mean shades on. Whilst they’re great to wear when you’re driving on a sunny day, if you put them on during normal weather they massively reduce how much you can see ahead - so get a weird haircut or have half your left eyebrow shaved off if you want to really cruise with style...
Stay away from roads outside schools when the kids are around (unless of course you still go to one), there are cars everywhere - most of the parking is completely rubbish and kids can come running out at any time...
Don’t drive during the time you’d normally be asleep. Don’t be the one who drives everyone home after a long night out - just get a taxi! You might feel great but it’s a time when new drivers crash their cars. On a long journey have a 15 minute break every two hours.
Mood music Lots of scientific boffs have spent hundreds of hours finding out what we already know - that the sort of music you listen to affects your mood. Drivers who listen to fast aggressive music are twice as likely to have an accident as those who listen to slow, calm music. Apparently Mozart is best!! So kick out the Rap and nick your mum’s CD’s!
two strikes and you’re out! Last year almost 20,000 young drivers who passed their test went back to being learners again. We take a look at the road back to
It’s a great feeling when you pass your test. Getting rid of those L Plates for the last time WOOHOO!!! But hang on!! hold it right there - if you get 6 points on your licence within 2 years of passing, then you lose your licence and go back to driving on a provisional with the old ‘L’ Plates! It’s dead easy to get points, here are some of the most common ways...
If you are caught using your mobile whilst you’re driving you will not only be fined £60 but also have 3 points smacked on to your licence. Research shows that 1 in 5 people still use their mobile whilst at the wheel.
You may have noticed that there’s one or two speed cameras knocking about - just waiting for you - and the bad news is this - if you’re driving even a few miles over the limit you’ll get at least 3 points on your nice fresh licence - half way to losing it all together - ouch! Lots of young drivers are getting their L Plates back this way!
Well believe it or not a recent survey has shown that most people go back to being learners because they were driving without correct insurance! Obviously insurance is well expensive at first. But if you get nabbed by the long arm of the law, and it seems most do, then you have to put it down in the “I wish I knew then what I know now” category - mmm a real shame. Sticking the old L Plates back together is a fairly tricky task too... Some people lose their licence because they are driving someone else’s car when they are only covered to drive their parents’ car.
Now many a driver has had a nasty shock when that nice policeman has said “Could you just pull over whilst we look at your vehicle sir, or madam” (delete where necessary) and whilst you sit smugly imagining that he’s checking out your cool rear spoiler, he’s more likely to be getting down and dirty examining the state of your tyres. And it’s 3 points for every one that’s not up to scratch - so here’s a quick calculation 2 illegal tyres: 2x3points = 6 points and oops - there goes my licence...
I was so pleased when I passed my test - it meant freedom to do what I wanted, when I wanted. My dad brought me a tidy Corsa, and paid for my first year of insurance. I was over the moon. This was short-lived though when within the first three months I managed to clock up 6 points for really stupid things. First I got copped by a Speed Camera, I was gutted when the letter came through the post. There is no denying you are wrong when it's there in black and white. The worst thing was having to admit it to my dad. Anyways I paid up, took the points, and drove far more carefully after that. Then a few weeks later I was acting as a taxi to all my mates on a night out up the town. It was Christmas time and the police were breathalysing folks at a pull-in on the main road. Of course I hadn't been drinking - but they did a spot check on the car at the same time and one of my tyres was bald. They were all pretty bad, but one in particular was almost non-existent. The copper explained why it is so dangerous, and sent me on my way with another 3 points. And that was that. Back to ‘L’ plates, back to having to take the test again, back to explaining to my dad what had gone wrong. It totally messed up the start of my driving career.
The last issue of Rev.uk featured an article called “In just one week” in which we looked at reports of the deaths of young drivers over a seven day period. We decided to write a similar article and featured a week in December 2006. It just shows that these tragedies aren’t unusual but they’re happening across the country virtually every day - just look at the number of floral tributes at the road side - and ask yourself how many are for young drivers and riders...
Sunday 10th December >>> Three six form students were killed and a fourth seriously injured on the one mile journey from a pizzeria. The 17 year old driver was said to be "serious but stable" after surgery. A 20 year old man was arrested on suspicion of causing death by dangerous driving. >>> An 18 year old girl was killed after she was thrown from a car carrying five people which crashed during the early hours. A 22 year old man was arrested on suspicion of causing death by dangerous driving and of failing to stop at the scene of an accident. >>> A 25 year old man died after being trapped in a car which smashed into a tree. One fire-fighter said: "We tried our best to get him out of the vehicle and resuscitate him but unfortunately he died later from his injuries.”
Monday 11th December >>> Two men aged 18, and girls aged 17 and 16, were killed when their car careered off the road and hit a tree. Post-mortem examinations are expected to take place tomorrow.
Tuesday 12th December >>> Football shirts and scarves were among the tributes laid by distraught family and friends of three
16 year old’s who died instantly in a head -on collision on Friday night. >>> A woman has been arrested on suspicion of causing death by dangerous driving after a 25 year old mother died in hospital three days after a head-on collision. The victim’s five year old daughter was also injured. >>> A 20 year old student was cleared today of grabbing the steering wheel, causing an accident which killed a teenage boy and left her best friend fighting for her life. The judge remarked: "It is a tragedy from whatever aspect you look at this case." >>> An 18 year old driver has died only five months after passing his driving test. He lost control of the car after overtaking his friends and collided with two vehicles travelling in the opposite direction. The Coroner said: "Young men in vehicles usually think they are very good drivers and that they can deal with anything that comes their way. But we see all too often that young, confident men driving are often a recipe for disaster." >>> A driver aged 20 has been charged with causing death by dangerous driving. He was in a collision with a scooter ridden by a 17 year old which ended up under the wheels of his 4x4 pick-up. Just before the accident witnesses had noticed the pick-up
overtaking at an estimated 50mph in a 30mph zone and at one point, undertaking on the pavement.
Wednesday 13th December >>> A 17 year-old has been arrested after a car crash in which four teenage girls died. The car's driver and front seat passenger, both 17 year old boys, survived the crash with minor injuries. >>> An inquest heard how a drunk learner driver died when he lost control of his dad's car during a 90mph police chase. The 26 year old died instantly when the Saab 9000 Turbo crashed into a wall. He was four times over the drink-drive limit and not wearing a seatbelt, His passenger aged 23 who escaped the crash with minor injuries said "I shouted at him to stop but realised he was trying to outrun the police. He wasn't wearing a seatbelt but I was wearing mine. We span on the bend and crashed." The impact catapulted the driver through the windscreen and left him with massive head injuries. >>> The parents of a top young sportsman spoke of their heartbreak at the picture painted of their "responsible" son because of a moment of madness which killed him and his 14 year old passenger. His parents said the actions that led to his death in a
car accident were "completely out of character." An inquest found he was over the drink-drive limit, but his mother said he had only had two pints on an empty stomach and certainly did not seem drunk when he called. He had not been wearing a seatbelt. >>> A 19 year old Olympic hopeful was killed in a motorway smash on Sunday. He was on his way to see his girlfriend. No other vehicle was involved.
Thursday 14th December >>> A 16 year old motorcyclist has been killed in a road accident. His motorbike was involved in a collision with another vehicle as he was overtaking a lorry at about 13.10 hrs. >>> A popular musician was killed when his motorbike collided with a car. An inquest heard how the 21 year old died after his Kawasaki hit the car which was attempting to do a U turn. The rider was thrown forwards over the front of the car and died instantly. A police officer told the inquest: "There was no evidence to suggest that the motorcycle was being ridden in anything other than the correct manner."
Friday 15th December
admitted causing death by dangerous driving. The car he was driving crashed into a taxi killing two passengers aged 15 and 22. The driver was released on bail pending the completion of presentence reports.
Saturday 16th December >>> An inquest heard how a 22 year old student was killed when he was in a head-on collision with a vehicle which was on the wrong side of the road driven by a 27 year old who had never passed a driving test and was three times over the drink drive limit. The student’s mother said her son was a sensible driver: "If he went for a drink with his friends, one person would drive and not touch a drop. He was just in the wrong place at the wrong time, at the hands of a drink-driver." >>> A devastated family has paid tribute to a "beautiful, fun loving" 17 year old daughter who was killed in a road crash. She was a back seat passenger in a car which was involved in a collision. She was rushed to hospital by ambulance but despite desperate efforts to save her she died shortly afterwards. A 20 year old man has been arrested on suspicion of causing death by dangerous driving.
>>> A 24 year old man
in the news... What’s happening to young drivers, what they’re saying about themselves and what others are saying about them...
A survey by "Max Power” said more than 80% of young men think they are good drivers. But twothirds of them say that their driving is fast and a quarter admit that they are aggressive.
Nowhere? Young drivers double their risk of death or serious injury when driving at night, according to car insurer More Than. More Than has launched a scheme designed to encourage 18 - 25 year old’s not to drive at night. People who sign up to the scheme have an in-car telematics system to track what time they use their car. In return they pay a reduced insurance premium (40% lower than standard prices), but if they take their car out between 11pm and 6am, they will pay an additional £25. The system can also track the car if it is stolen.
Free petrol! 100 Young drivers in Cyprus who had not committed a traffic offence for 3 months were awarded free petrol for a month by Exxon Mobil and Esso. In Cyprus 35% of road deaths on the island involve young people. 12 REV.UK
17 - 25 year old's are consistently at the top of the casualty figures. Young male drivers are about three times more likely to die in a crash than young females.
Asked to describe their driving: 86% rated themselves as good or very good drivers; 73% considered their driving to be controlled; 64% felt confident.
Games 'make drivers go faster' A recent survey by BSM has claimed that more than a third of young drivers are more likely to go faster on the roads after playing on-screen driving games. 27% of motorists aged under 24 admitted taking more risks on the road after playing on their computers.
However, in the same sample: 62% described their driving as fast; 38% as risky or exhilarating; 25% as aggressive; 11% dangerous or erratic.
Young drivers co-buying cars More than one in ten young drivers have teamed up with a friend or family member to buy a car to save money and do their bit for the environment, according to a survey.
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Young drivers rely on others when they breakdown It’s the motoring nightmare that we all dread - you’re driving merrily along the motorway when there’s a sort of loud banging noise and loads of smoke pouring from your engine. Never mind you think, I’ll ring the AA or perhaps the RAC. Oops you think - I forgot to join either, bit of a fix to be in - and it’s exactly what’s happening to scores of young drivers. Research has shown that many would call a friend or family member. 40% said they would still try calling a breakdown organisation from an emergency telephone. About 50 motorists are killed and over 600 injured while stopped on the hard shoulder each year. In a motorway breakdown drivers and passengers are advised to wait on the other side of the barrier (where there is one) as far away from oncoming traffic as possible on the grass verge.
Buying with a friend or relative has enabled two million motorists to get on the road when they otherwise would not have been able to. And more than one in five 1829 year old's are now considering splitting the estimated £2,000 a year running costs by sharing a car. The Direct Line survey also showed that going green was an increasing concern with four out of five of all motorists saying they are concerned about vehicle emissions. 23% of those who share say it is because it is better for the environment and 14% do it to help reduce congestion.
the alternatives Interest in vehicles powered by alternative fuels has been gaining interest in many ways because of high petrol prices, global warming and new technology. Alternative fuels are cleaner, more efficient and better for the environment.
in the news... techno cars Car manufacturers are developing vehicle-to vehicle technology which sound an alarm if your car is about to collide with another one. Radiowave technology uses onboard sensors to communicate information from one car to another and can also pass on information about everything from congestion to black ice or fog.
THE TOP 6 TYPES OF ALTERNATIVE FUEL Ethanol E85 - alcohol power! Electricity - no pollution and very, very smooth! Biodiesel - vegetable oil! Solar Power - using the good old sun! Autogas (LPG, propane) - a mixture of gas and petrol. Cleaner, and already used over here! Hydrogen cells - using hydrogen batteries: very futuristic!
www.energyquest.ca.gov/transportation www.glencoe.com/sec/science/webquest/content/altfuels.shtml www.energysavingtrust.org.uk/fleet/Vehicles/Alternativefuels
Just too easy!
A survey by Direct Line has said that young drivers want the test made harder! A staggering 90% say that a more difficult test would prepare them better for life on the road. Instructors also claim that new drivers struggle with driving on motorways, country roads and at night. 25% admit they have had an accident in their first two years behind the wheel. One in five said they still felt incapable of driving alone just after they had passed the test.
SNEEZING MENACE A survey by Privilege Insurance has shown that drivers are at risk whilst they are under the influence of allergy medications. Like some other medicines they can cause drowsiness. Some allergy drugs can leave people feeling tired, sick, dizzy or with blurred vision and poor concentration. So just read the label before you drive!
n e e r g t u b n a me The Toyota Prius is the worldâ€™s first and most successful hybrid power vehicle with more than 450,000 sold worldwide since 1997. It combines an electric motor and a petrol engine which makes for outstanding fuel efficiency.
A recent study suggests that the region of the brain that restricts risky behaviour is not fully formed until the age of 25 and this can affect the way a young person drives their car...
What do you think?
DID YOU KNOW? In the Midwest of the United States, Ethanol E85 is cheaper to purchase at a gas station than petrol. Electric cars pollute 90% less than petrol powered cars. Many governments offer tax breaks to people who drive alternative fuelled cars. Check out:
JUST LIKE YOUR MUM! A Canadian study has claimed that young drivers drive just like their parents! Apparently a questionnaire showed that they pick up many of their driving attitudes, good or bad, from their mums and dads. Now thereâ€™s a scary thought!
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THE HARD FACTS. Young drivers are twice as likely to die when carrying passengers their own age. Increasing the number of young passengers increases the likelihood of a crash. One passenger makes it twice as likely, two or more, 5 times as likely. One in three road accidents involve men under the age of 20. More women aged between 17 and 19 die as passengers than as drivers. After the age of 19 more die as drivers. Women aged between 17 and 20 are two to three times more likely to die as drivers than women of any other age. Young male drivers are 17 times more likely to crash between 2 am and 5 am than other male drivers Inexperience increases the crash risk for new drivers of all ages. However, younger newly qualified drivers crash at much higher rates than older newly qualified drivers. Surprisingly itâ€™s not Aids or any other disease but road crashes which are the biggest killer of young people across the world. Research has shown that driving even with a small trace of cannabis in the blood increases the risk of causing a fatal crash. The risk increase with the amount you have in your bloodstream. Young people are twice as likely to be driven by someone high on drugs as someone over the limit for alcohol The World Health Organisation, AA Motoring Trust, Department for Transport, Learn and Live
heck you've got enough petrol before you set off think of the worst place you know - then imagine running out of petrol there - mmm nasty...
Always take your mobile phone - and keep your Breakdown recovery number in it - good idea to keep it charged up too - just in case you’re stuck in the middle of nowhere.
Put the letters ICE ‘In Case of Emergency’ with a number for someone to contact in your phone - the police will look for it if you're involved in an accident.
If you have a satnav don't leave it in the car - thieves seem to like them rather a lot. Take the holder with you as well and don't leave any mark on the windscreen where it's been. Best not to put directions to your home in it either as some of them have nicked the satnav and then driven to the owner's house and turned it over ... Don't leave anything valuable on show when you leave your car. Don't leave your coat, even if there's nothing in it, thieves will smash the window just to find out for themselves. Don't leave any chargers out either - again they'll think there's something tasty hidden away even if you've already taken it out. Whilst we're on about thieving - lock the car doors when you go out - It certainly comes as a bit of a surprise when you're sat waiting at lights taking in some bangin’ tunes when a most unexpected guest pops his head into your car and makes off with your iPod. A damn cheek you think to yourself - but there you have it - your 6000 precious Westlife tracks - gone forever!
Cars and crime seem to go together like Posh n’ Becks, Homer and Marge and Ben and Jerry - here we look at how you can look after yourself, your car and your prize goodies... 20 REV.UK
Plan where you're going driving when you're lost can be stressful and make you into a bad driver if you don't stay calm. Garages are always a great place for directions - if the cashier looks dense then just wait for another customer - people will love to help if you look completely hopeless.
If you ever breakdown on the motorway stand as far away as you can from the road - behind the barrier and well up the grass bank. Every year about 50 people are killed (and over 600 injured) whilst parked on the hard shoulder. Now it may fill you with rage and indignation but thieves have been known to hang round petrol forecourts and pop into people's cars and swipe their goodies whilst they're happily waiting in the queue. So it's a good idea to lock your doors. It's the same if you struggle to the car with a massive new phat entertainment centre. You pop it in the boot and take the trolley back - you're dreaming of surround sound and “Oh ?#@*&%!” someone has been waiting and has not only taken your car but all your new gear as well…and now they’re driving home in your car and will be watching Sky Sports News on your TV tonight! Let someone know if you change your plans so if you’re late they won’t worry. Don't try and save 50p by parking in the most remote place away from any car park. It might be pitch black and full of nutters when you get back - so let's try and think ahead eh? Don't be tempted to make eye contact with another driver if they start to eyeball you - it can get seriously out of hand. If you catch a taxi home pre book one and never get into a taxi until you're 100% sure that's exactly what it is. Watch your car keys! To save themselves time and trouble some thieves are nicking car keys rather than breaking in. Don't leave them anywhere obvious in the house especially near the front door or on view from outside. Some will actually break into the house to get your keys if they can see where they are.
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MYTH - SUCKING ON 1P OR 2P COINS WILL FOOL THE BREATHALYSER - One of the commonest myths believed by young drivers is that the copper content of a 1p or 2p coin will lower the blood alcohol concentration (BAC) if it is sucked in the mouth. Even if this were true, which it is certainly not, you would need to look closely at the coins you suck, as the vast majority of copper coins have been made from copper plated steel since 1992, and so have very little copper in them.
MYTH - SMOKING CANNABIS MAKES YOU DRIVE MORE CAREFULLY - Many people believe that smoking cannabis makes you a better driver. This is due to the depressive effect of the drug (being chilled out). Unfortunately cannabis has very mild hallucinatory properties that distort your perception of time. This can lead to misjudging stopping distances, slowing down reactions in general and a possibility of being charged for driving under the influence.
RISKS OF THIS MYTH: May swallow and choke on the coin. Will be arrested if over the limit.
MYTH - THE POLICE CAN TEST DRIVERS FOR ALCOHOL USING A BREATHALYSER, BUT THERE ISN'T A TEST FOR DRUGS - Although there isnâ€™t a machine currently in use for testing at the roadside, there soon will be! We have seen the new drug test machines, and they certainly work. They are expected to make an appearance alongside the breathalyser sometime this year. In the meantime, if the police suspect you are under the influence of drugs while driving, they will make you do American style sobriety tests such as standing on one leg or walking along a straight line. If they are still suspicious it will be straight off with you to the station for a blood test. RISKS OF THIS MYTH: Don't think you cannot be prosecuted for driving under the influence of drugs. You can and will be prosecuted if caught. This can mean losing your licence, a driving ban and even imprisonment. Deaths through Drug Driving are rapidly increasing especially amongst young drivers.
RISKS OF THIS MYTH: Being stoned at the wheel of a car is seen as just as bad as being under the influence of alcohol in your car. If you are caught there will be no excuses you can use to get away with it. Risk of serious injury or death.
MYTH - TAKING SPEED (AMPHETAMINE) SOBERS YOU UP AFTER DRINKING ALCOHOL - In reality the only thing that will actually sober you up is TIME and thereâ€™s nothing you can do to get round that. The alcohol is still in your body and will still show up on a breathalyser test. Worse than that, if you do take amphetamines whilst drinking alcohol, you run the risk of permanent liver damage. There is no recreational drug which stops you being drunk, so don't let your body or the drug you take fool you into driving your car or riding your bike after drinking.
RISKS OF THIS MYTH: If you are caught under the influence of alcohol and drugs together, it will be much worse for you if you are caught by the police. Many people feel they can go on drinking because the amphetamine makes you feel more sober, even though they could already have dangerously high levels of alcohol in their body. Risk of death or injury.
MYTH - YOU CAN HAVE 2 PINTS BEFORE THE BREATHALYSER SHOWS YOU ARE OVER THE LIMIT Unfortunately for drivers, the amount of alcohol going into the body is not reflected by the amount entering your bloodstream. If you drink on an empty stomach the alcohol will enter your bloodstream very quickly, and your BAC could be sky high. Some people also metabolise food and drink quicker than others, so one person may go over the limit on two pints, while another will not. The only safe way to avoid being over the limit is not to drink at all.
MYTH - IF YOU GET PULLED AND DON'T PASS THE BREATHALYSER TEST, SAY YOU HAVE JUST USED MOUTHWASH - Yes, it's true that some mouthwashes contain up to 27% alcohol, but don't be fooled. If you contest the breathalyser, you will be made to go to the police station for a blood test immediately. This will show if you have been drinking or not, and the police will just make your life worse for trying to lie to them. RISKS OF THIS MYTH: Immediate blood test at the station. Annoyed Coppers on your case.
RISKS OF THIS MYTH: Being arrested by the police. Death or injury of drivers and passengers.
MYTH - EAT YOUR UNDERPANTS - No, really. A 28 year old Canadian man was found in his car sucking his underpants in the mistaken belief it would help fool the breathalyser. Not a common myth, and I can see why. RISKS OF THIS MYTH: Bad breath. You may be single for a very long time.
None of the views here are those of the people in the pics - they were just out for a quiet night out when we collared them for the pics - happy now?
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A motorcyclist is 40 times more at risk of being killed or seriously injured than a car driver. But if you decide itâ€™s for you hereâ€™s some free advice...
CRASHING There is nothing inherently dangerous about riding a motorcycle. Crashing one is. TOO SLOW No-one has ever hit something too slow. RIDING A good ride is one you can walk away from. A really good ride is one you walk away from and use the bike again. MISTAKES Learn from the mistakes of others. You won't live long enough to make them all yourself. COLLISION They can't hit you if you're not there. BRAIN Never let your bike take you anywhere that your brain didn't go five seconds earlier. JUDGEMENT Good judgement comes from experience. Unfortunately experience comes from poor judgement. OBJECTS In the ongoing battle between objects made of metal and the ground, the ground has yet to lose. LUCK You start off with a big bag of luck and an empty bag of experience. The trick is to fill the bag of experience before the bag of luck is empty. DIRECTION It is always a good idea to keep the headlight end going forward. LOOKING Keep looking around there is always something you've missed. FUEL The only time you can have too much fuel is when you are on fire. MIRRORS If all you can see in your mirror is the way you were going, things are not as they should be. LAWS Remember gravity is not just a good idea, it's the law and there is no appeal. FOG Don't follow red lights, boats have them too. PARKING Always try to keep the number of times you park the same as the number of times you ride. Anon. 28 REV.UK
Well as you probably know the theory test is the first part of the driving test. Some people might find it bamboozling, flummoxing and even truly perplexing - but really it’s quite straightforward if you keep reading the old Highway Code. Just try these simple questions from the test itself... 1. In which of these situations should you avoid overtaking? Just after a bend In a one-way street On a 30 mph road Approaching a dip in the road 2. You are approaching traffic lights that have been on green for some time. You should: Accelerate hard Maintain your speed Be ready to stop Brake hard 3. “Tailgating” means:
Using the rear door of a hatchback car Reversing into a parking space Following another vehicle too closely Driving with rear fog lights on 4. You are in a line of traffic. The driver behind you is following very closely. What action should you take? Ignore the following driver and continue to drive within the speed limit. Slow down, gradually increasing the gap between you and the vehicle in front Signal left and wave the following driver past Move over to a position just left of the centre line of the road
6. You are driving on an icy road. How can you avoid wheelspin? Drive at a slow speed in as high a gear as possible Use the handbrake if the wheels start to slip Brake gently and repeatedly Drive in a low gear at all times 7. A driver pulls out of a side road in front of you. You have to brake hard. You should: Ignore the error and stay calm Flash your lights to show your annoyance Sound your horn to show your annoyance Overtake as soon as possible 8. You should never attempt to overtake a cyclist: Just before you turn left On a left hand bend On a one-way street On a dual carriageway 9. You get a puncture on the motorway. You manage to get your vehicle onto the hard shoulder. You should: Change the wheel yourself immediately Use the emergency telephone and call for assistance Try to wave down another vehicle for help Only change the wheel if you have a passenger to help you 10. Where you see street lights but no speed limit signs the limit is usually: 30 mph 40 mph 50 mph 60 mph
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5. You are approaching a zebra crossing. Pedestrians are waiting to cross. You should: Give way to the elderly and infirm only Slow down and prepare to stop Use your headlights to indicate they can cross Wave at them to cross the road
1. Approaching a dip in the road As you begin to think about overtaking, ask yourself if it’s really necessary. If you can’t see well ahead stay back and wait for a safer place to pull out 2. Be ready to stop The longer traffic lights have been on green, the greater the chance of them changing. Always allow for this on approach and be prepared to stop. 3. Following another vehicle too closely “Tailgating” is used to describe this dangerous practice, often seen in fast-moving traffic and on motorways. Following the vehicle in front too closely is dangerous because it: restricts your view of the road ahead leaves you no safety margin if the vehicle in front slows down or stops suddenly 4. Slow down, gradually increasing the gap between you and the vehicle in front It can be worrying to see that the car behind is following you too closely. Give yourself a greater safety margin by easing back from the vehicle in front. 5. Slow down and prepare to stop Zebra crossings have: flashing amber beacons on both sides of the road black and white stripes on the crossing white zigzag markings on both sides of the crossing. Where you can see pedestrians are waiting to cross, slow down and prepare to stop.
7. Ignore the error and stay calm Where there are a number of side roads, be alert. Be especially careful if there are a lot of parked vehicles because they can make it more difficult for drivers emerging to see you. Try to be tolerant if a vehicle does emerge and you have to brake quickly. Don’t react aggressively. 8. Just before you turn left If you want to turn left and there’s a cyclist in front of you, hold back. Wait until the cyclist has passed the junction and then turn left behind them. 9. Use the emergency telephone and call for assistance Due to the danger from passing traffic you should park as far to the left as you can and leave the vehicle by the nearside door. Do not attempt even simple repairs. Instead walk to an emergency telephone on your side of the road and phone for assistance. While waiting for assistance to arrive wait near your car, keeping well away from the carriageway and hard shoulder. 10. 30 mph A 30 mph limit usually applies where there are street lights but no speed limit signs.
Crown copyright material has been reproduced with the permission of the Driving Standards Agency which does not accept any responsibility for the accuracy of the reproduction
6. Drive at a slow speed in as high a gear as possible If you’re travelling on an icy road extra caution will be required to avoid loss of control. Keeping your speed down and using the highest gear you can will reduce the risk of the tyres losing their grip on this slippery surface
A 20 year old driver on a mobile has the same reactions as a seventy year old... Texting and talking whilst you drive are not only illegal but they cause drivers to kill themselves and their passengers. REV.UK
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SKILL FOR LIFE Young drivers have great reaction times - but they just lack the hazard experience. The IAM Skill for Life course and the new Young Driver Network has everything a young driver needs to put 'an older head' on young shoulders. The Institute of Advanced Motorists 510 Chiswick High Road London W4 5RG
Tel: 020 8996 9600
Why ‘P’ Plates? YOU’VE PASSED YOUR TEST WHAT’S NEXT?
Think before you buy a car - for info check out: www.theaa.com - car buyers guide www.rac.co.uk/web/knowhow
If the thought of getting into your car and driving alone seems like a nerve-wracking experience, then the Pass Plus scheme could be just the thing to get you out on the road! Run by the Driving Standards Agency (DSA) and supported by driving instructor associations, Pass Plus consists of six modules, allowing you to build on your existing skills and knowledge, giving you the additional experience to drive more safely in more varied driving conditions, such as night time driving and motorway driving. Not only does Pass Plus help to improve road safety amongst newly-qualified drivers, it is also supported by a number of insurance companies, enabling a discount on insurance* upon purchasing their own car. For further information visit the website www.passplus.org.uk, send an email to the Pass Plus team at PassPlus@dsa.gsi.gov.uk or call 0115 901 2633.
The first 2 years after passing the driving test are lethal! Over a thousand young lives are lost each year on UK roads. Novice drivers form only 7% of the driving population but have 12% of the injury accidents. Research also shows that accident liability is reduced by nearly half after 2 years' driving experience.
WHY display 'P' PLATES? They show other road users you’re new on the road and most people will give you a bit more time and consideration.
*Subject to status. Check available discounts with the insurance companies taking part in Pass Plus.
If you’re under 25 it’s not a bad idea considering saving the planet after all you’re going to be needing it for quite a while yet. But what can you do, Apart from ditch myspace, pull all the plugs out and grow your own veg? AVID CYCLIST Richard White explains why PEDAL POWER is a great way to get fit and save the planet at the same time...
Hey this magazine’s all about cars and driving - so what are you doing here isn’t it true that you hate cars? No I certainly don’t hate cars - I just think that people don’t need to drive as much as they do - the roads are public spaces for everyone to use - not just drivers. Is it too late to save the planet anyway? No - there’s lots we can still do - but humans have had a major effect on the way the earth is warming. People are realising what a serious situation it is. I think that people who drive cars all the time need to think about the effect they’re having on the environment and themselves. I mean you don’t need to drive to the shop that’s round the corner - you could just walk there. So is driving a car the worst thing you can do to the planet? I don’t think it’s the most harmful. You’ve got to think about air travel as being up there. I think that people do take far too many budget holidays. Costs have gone down - but then some holidays like a booze trip to Prague - well you might as well go to Blackpool and do the same. But people think “ooh that’s a place with a funny name” so we’ll go there instead and do the same we could on any Saturday night in Birmingham or Manchester.
Because you don’t drive aren’t you just trying to spoil it for everyone else? People might say that - but there’s a lot of people who don’t drive in this country and there’s a voice that needs to be heard. I’m not speaking for everyone who doesn’t drive but one third of the people round here don’t have a car - that’s a significant amount of people. If you don’t have a car you are being a lot more thoughtful about the way you travel than if you do. But aren’t buses full of loonies and drunks? Well you get the occasional weirdo but it’s usually just school kids messing about - it’s not a problem.
Don’t most cyclists have knobbly knees and wear lycra? Well actually cycling's an incredibly healthy thing to do - it’s the healthiest form of transport about and loads cheaper than owning a car - which costs about £3,000 a year - it’s a nightmare if you take tax, petrol, parking costs and buying the car itself it’s massively more expensive than buying a bike. Insurance for young drivers costs an absolute fortune you’ve got to ask yourself if it’s worth it at all.
Aren’t you more likely to get smacked in the mouth on the bus than if you’re in a car? Those situations are very scarce - violence on the buses is exaggerated by the media bad instances are always the ones that get spoken about. I mean people never really say, “I’ve just had a great bus journey - the trip was absolutely fantastic!” If you’re in a car you’ve got road rage to contend with - most cases are down to people being very frustrated by their journey when you’re on a bus every other vehicle has to let you through. People feel a lot safer on a bus.
some holidays, like a booze trip to Prague - you might as well go to Blackpool and do the same. REV.UK
Does it stop you getting fat? Well of course - the thing is that people eat loads of fast food and don’t exercise enough. Cycling and walking are perfect ways to address that - it’s better than joining an expensive gym and you can do it every day. If you’re in a car all day and sat down at college then you’re not really moving at all - it’s not surprising that so many people have problems keeping their weight down. Is there a lot of pressure put on people to drive? Yes definitely by the media - the car magazines aimed at teenagers are a form of car porn! They have these huge exhaust pipes and a model spread across the front and people think: “I could be like that, I could have that girl in the front of my car if I only had those racing seats!” So you can pull girls just as easily without a car? Yes! I haven’t had any problems! And I’d rather be a nice toned cyclist than a fat bloke in a banged out Ford Escort with a spoiler any day!
Don’t you think cyclists are aggressive and just enjoy abusing innocent motorists? Car drivers can be more aggressive they’re in an enclosed space and being backed up by half a ton of metal. I’ve ridden round London - it’s probably got some of the most aggressive drivers in the country and everything’s about trying to get in front of the other guy at the lights.
Isn’t cycling dangerous - aren’t you likely to end up in a pool of blood by the roadside? Well I think that accident rates are over exaggerated and that when people talk about cycling being dangerous that 9 times out of 10 the problem is because they haven’t had the right training. When you start off you can stick to the cycle lanes until you get better and more confident.
But isn’t cycling well er, sort of uncool? Of course not - that’s just rubbish. It’s just an image that people like Jeremy Clarkson want to put across.
Well you seem fairly relaxed - is it because you’re simply not bothered about anything or is the old cycling helping you to stay calm, cool and collected? Well there’s no doubt that there’s loads more demands on people these days loads more pressure. Cycling and walking are perfect ways to help get rid of all that pent up anger that you get if you’re sat down all day.
But don’t you think Clarkson’s a great role model for us all - shouldn’t we all want to be just like him? You’ve got to be joking - I don’t think that many people would - he earns a fortune but I personally wouldn’t want to be him in a million years. I think he’s just showing people that you don’t need to think about anybody else. They just think of the car as the only form of transport that should be allowed on the road.
THAT’S JUST RUBBISH. IT’S JUST AN IMAGE THAT PEOPLE LIKE JEREMY CLARKSON WANT TO PUT ACROSS... REV.UK
But doesn’t it mean you’re knackered all the time? That certainly happens to start with and getting fit can be a hard task but after a few weeks it doesn’t have any effect on you at all - it’s like any exercise: you build it up over time. So have you got any other bright ideas about saving the world or do you just think about your bike all day? I think about loads of other things apart from using a bike! You can make some simple changes in your life that can make a big difference. I try to recycle everything I can. Newspapers, cans, bottles - it all makes perfect sense. When I leave a room, I turn the lights off! Why? Because it saves energy and I'm not giving the electricity company more of my money! You see if everyone did these simple things we'd cut so much pollution and the environment would be a lot cleaner. My advice to anyone is: think globally, act locally, and you'll be on your way to doing your bit.
4 COOL WAYS TO TRAVEL! Walking Walking to the shops or college instead of jumping in a car can save you loads of money, as well as give you the exercise you need every day. If you live a mile from work or college, why not try walking there once or twice a week? A brisk 15 minutes walk to work 5 days a week is one of the best ways to increase physical fitness and reduce heart disease and obesity.
Did you know? Walking can reduce anxiety, depression and loneliness. It can also promote neighbourliness, increase confidence, stamina and energy.
Cycling Cycling is a really cool way to get around. Cheap, convenient, costs nothing to operate and gets you fit too! There are many roads that now have special lanes for cycles - you can wave to all the drivers in traffic jams as you sail past! Did you know? The average cost of running a car is 35 pence a mile. The money saved by commuting a ten-mile round trip would buy a £250 bike in less than four months!
CarSharing The crawl to work or college in a car, on your own, can be a real drag, and expensive too! But if you carshare, you will be able to cut down your fuel costs and have a much better social life! And with fewer cars on the road, you can get to where you want quicker! Did you know? Eight out of ten cars carry only the driver. If everyone car-shared just once a week, traffic in the rush hour would fall by 10%.
Public Transport Using buses, trains or trams is a much cooler way to get around than being stuck in a miserable old car all by yourself. You can get to where you want much faster - cars give buses priority! Did you know? If everyone took a day off from driving just once a week it would cut the number of cars in the rush hour by 20%.
Eating, drinking, smoking, combing your hair, talking to your mates. They’re all massive distractions if you’re driving and can lead to disaster. Here’s some of the top distractions which cause people to crash their cars...
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Whether it’s getting angry with other drivers, messing with the radio, listening to music, using a mobile or just simply talking to friends - driver distraction is still one of the biggest killers of young drivers across the UK.
C D I E S E L R S S P E E D I N G F A Y B C T S I N E N E E A E E D S E L D F M T C A R P G G R O V A L N C L K H O R N O I J L E I I F V E E T O A I O I S O I R B R A K E N K O U N R B O L L R D C K V O I O M N T E L O E T S E N T O T O R A E T L I P Y P C E T O R E L R Y P E A A S N O E R M R T N Z B N Y S T O P P P U P C A M P P A R H A E R A R U V B O L L A R D MW H X L O A R E I M O J Y I I A Z B U L B F O N C L T U R D L A U L A N T N R U T U U N E E R C S F G A D N I W T E P L U G L E E M S O H N I E N E C B C S S A F E D A L K P G T B I T D G E T S U A H X E S E N F I O E A A G N A I P I S T O N C L U T C H B P A I C T A I S S O N E W A Y I V H E I D R I R D K J R R E N G I N E O F F E N C O L B A T T E C O E R Y R A E G H T F I F T L O R D Y K O R L B E L I S H A B E A C O O X A T R O N R N R E S Y L A H T A E R M L P A V E B N I M E N T H E A D L I G H T O M
Get your brain into gear with our mind bending quizzes and mystery pics!
eed som Check out th e help? e answers at: www. 1
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3 Emergency lane of motorway 10 Do it to point car in other direction 12 A football year 13 ….back, meaning “cool” 15 A good driver needs plenty of this, also a card game 16 Measure it with a dipstick 17 Put these letters in your phone, in case of emergency 20 Another name for a car 21 3 points for illegal ones 22 Lets fumes out of car 23 Rodent or love cheat 24 Old make of car, Power’s first name 25 Idol 26 Next to 29 Metallic is one type 30 Call for help 31 Petrol 33 The danger of page 42! 37 Motoring organisation 38 Second part of 27 down 40 It’s in your chest! 41 Alcopop 44 Cash 45 A type of Fiat 47 Short for Ford Rallye Sport 48 Name of this mag 49 Given by the police 50 Check your oil with it
1 An alternative way to travel 2 Anything to do with sound 4 What does the A in IAM stand for? 5 Opposite of dangerous 6 Old unit of measure 7 Where all the dials are 8 An MOT checks your car is this 9 Lots of traffic causes this 11 Anagram of “on” 14 35 down gives you these 18 Former boyfriend or girlfriend 19 Motoring organisation 26 A type of 1 down 27 (and 38 across) A feeling nothing bad can happen to you (see page 47) 28 A flightless bird 30 The spiky trap used by police to stop cars 32 Eco-friendly type of car 34 Type of wheels 35 Use this to stop you getting lost 36 Check out page 7 for the most relaxing music! 39 Many cars have a …roof 42 On an icy road use a low speed and a high ….. 43 Do it to your doors! 45 Do it on eBay! 46 Plug your guitar into it
Revved up wordsearch!
Think you know your cars eh?.... See if you can put a name to these little beauties A
R U O Y W KNO
Now this is must - know info. Avoid the embarrassment of looking blank when your mate says: “My car’s the Renault Espace sandwiched between the VW and the BMW just past the Citroen Saxo...”
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AIRCON AMBULANCE ANTIFREEZE BATTERY BELISHA BEACON BOLLARD BRAKE BREATHALYSER BULB CAMERA CAR CLAMP CLUTCH CYCLE DIESEL DRIVE ENGINE ESTATE EXHAUST FIFTH GEAR FOOTBRIDGE FUEL GEARBOX HATCHBACK HEADLIGHT
PRIORITY RADIATOR REFUGE REVERSE ROAD SAFE SALOON SCRAP SEATBELT SEVENTY MPH SKID SPEED SPEEDING FINE SPIN STOP STREET SUV TAX TRAFFIC TYRE U TURN WINDSCREEN
HORN INSURANCE JUNCTION LOLLIPOP MEN LOOK MOT MIRROR, SIGNAL, MANOEUVRE MOBILE PHONE MOTOR MOTORBIKE NO ENTRY OFFENCE OIL ONE WAY PAD PARKING PAVEMENT PELICAN PENALTY POINTS PETROL PISTON PLUG POLICE P PLATES
Answers: A - Hyundai Getz B - Skoda Fabia C - Alfa Romeo 156 D - Chevrolet Matiz E - Fiat Bravo F - Renault Megane G - Ford Ka H - Nissan Micra (new model) I - Nissan Micra (old model) J - Smart 4 Two
Answers: A - BMW B - Toyota C - Vauxhall D - Citroen E - Alfa Romeo F - Renault G - Chevrolet H - Peugeot I - Honda J - Saab K - Rover L - Audi M - Volkswagen N- Mercedes O - Seat P - Mazda
about r, o s t k c l u a t r t ) s n M Driving I artin, (AKA Mr rning to drive M a Richard and lows of le s the high
N O I T I B M A G DRIVIN A REAL LESSON
Teaching people to drive is a bit like being a school teacher - but some people think: “Why should I listen to you? I never listened to my teacher!” But hey - it’s a different ball game out there you’re not likely to die in your English lesson!
YOU’VE GOT A BAD ATTITUDE Well some people have a bad attitude from day one - and unless they get it sorted they’ll be in serious trouble. They want to get going straight away, not looking around, rushing decisions, jumping traffic lights, charging into junctions. They think everything’s got to be done fast - but one of the main qualities of a good driver is patience.
READY FOR ANYTHING! As a driver you have to expect the unexpected - you’ve got to be ready if that car pulls out or if that child runs into the road. If you’re not thinking ahead you have no chance. Too many people don’t anticipate what’s ahead they just stare at what’s in front of them and literally drive straight into danger.
d a b a e v a h e l p “some peo ne”COOLER THAN COOL.. o y a d m o r f e attitud
smokes it. A lot of people would laugh it off and think it makes no difference but it’s incredibly dangerous and stays in the system a long time. Some people also think if they’d been drinking last night they can book a lesson for 12 o’clock the following day - it’s just not on.
SO WHY DO NEW DRIVERS CRASH? The main reason is lack of experience. It’s important that you don’t become over-confident once you’ve been driving for a couple of months - that’s when a lot of accidents happen. Concentration’s important and you’ve got to be cautious - the other day it was snowing really badly and there was ice on the roads. I’ve been driving 25 years and I’m crawling along whilst young drivers who’ve probably passed their tests in the last couple of years were flying past - it’s just crazy...
IGNORE YOUR MATES! Statistics have shown that the more there is of them in the car the more likely they are to have an accident. I’m trying to calm them down and getting them to think and anticipate what’s happening ahead. If they have a car full of mates it can have the opposite effect.
A lot of people become more aggressive in the car but you’ve got to be Mr Cool. Just say “I’m really sorry!” even if you know you’re in the right - what can someone say to that?! Calm the situation and always stay in charge. If you get wound up it’s just pouring fuel on the fire and it can get out of hand. Never get out of your car - no matter what. I saw someone the other day who piled out to have a go at someone who’d just cut him up. Unfortunately he turned out to be twice his size and smashed him in the face. You just don’t know what you’ll be faced with - people might be carrying knives or anything. It’s just not worth it...
UP IN SMOKE! There are major problems with drivers who smoke marijuana. Their co-ordination is all over the place, their reactions are slow and they just can’t anticipate what’s up ahead. I certainly wouldn’t go in a car with a driver who
Optimism Bias is a state which makes you think nothing bad can ever happen to you. It affects the way people drive their cars, they think “AlL these road accidents are n”
happe s t n e id c c a f o en lots
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nt - th e id f n o c r e v o n’t get
terrible - thank goodness it could never happen to me...”