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resourcing The people, projects and happenings in SA minerals and energy

New Bight species Community committees Indigenous business journey


Issue 5 Summer 2016

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04 From the Editor

from the

Acting editor Stephen Batten Deputy editor Megan Andrews Publisher South Australian Chamber of Mines & Energy (SACOME)


Production editor Lindy McNamara Editorial committee Tino Guglielmo, Dayne Eckermann, Lachlan Wallace, Jacqui Dealtry, Leanne McClurg, Steve Whitham, Clara Roccioletti Designer Raymond Capozzi

Throughout my time working in this role, I have met many passionate people. Too many to count. Passionate about the environment, the safety of their colleagues and the communities in which they operate.

Printer Lane Print Advertising & SACOME Membership Stephen Batten (08) 8202 9999

Something I didn’t realise was just how passionate people who work in the mining or oil & gas industries are.

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From the outside it is easy to think these people rock up, two weeks on, two weeks off and get paid well. The truth of the matter, these people genuinely care. Whether it is a CEO, an environmentalist, a metallurgist, or a drillers offsider, they care about the jobs they are doing because it affects different people on many levels. I’ve been thankful to work on such projects as our Dirt TV video competition program which asks students to create a short video about what mining and energy means to them. Students learn a lot through this process about mining and oil & gas, but perhaps their siblings, parents and teachers learn the most. Through Dirt TV, educating young people is something I have become passionate about. I think that passion has always been there, but has not been realised until now. Resources companies in South Australia take the upmost care for the environment and the communities in which they operate and community engagement continues to be a major priority.

In this edition of Resourcing SA, of which I am ‘acting editor’, we plan to explore community ties a bit more. Our cover for this edition depicts the old local message board, which many of our readers would be familiar with. You still see them around in country towns today, where people leave notes or photos to tell others in the town of events or that their old motorbike is for sale. Also of interest will be our stories on the Royal Flying Doctor Service and the support from industry (page 8), steps taken in the community consultation process for Hillgrove Resources (page 12), new species discovered in the Bight through industry partnerships (page 24) and of course, a full wrap of the Dirt TV awards ceremony (page 14) where Year 9 Josh took home $6000 for the best overall video and the people’s choice award. There is plenty more on offer from the world of South Australian resources. You will just have to read on and find out… perhaps you might be surprised by how passionate the industry is!

Stephen Batten Acting Editor

Resourcing SA is published by the South Australian Chamber of Mines and Energy (SACOME), our partners include:







Black Gold

Contents 05

33 | BUSINESS Finding ways to make electricity reliable, secure and affordable.



Students wow judges with their creative videos about the resources sector for the annual Dirt TV competition.

An Indigenous contracting company is achieving commercial and social outcomes.


Mining companies helping to keep the Royal Flying Doctor Service in the air


Wudinna Mayor Eleanor Scholz discusses mining on the Eyre Peninsula


Hillgrove Resources finds its community consultative committee is an effective engagement forum


Henry Muller’s substantial legacy


Rebecca Knol SACOME’s new chief executive officer


Mentoring program brings rewards





The ups and downs of a FIFO family


New species discovered in the Great Australian Bight

Local miners look at technology to store water in aquifers

Skills put to the test in the SA Mines Emergency Response Competition


Helping mining engineering students to graduate


Matt Doman, aftermath of BP’s decision in the Bight



Petro Diamond Australia

Terry Burgess, in it for the long haul

Ipad winner Congratulations to Richard Hobbs winner of the Ipad competition in the Spring issue of Resourcing SA. Thank you from the Resourcing SA team to all who entered! Win an iPad Air 2

Wi-Fi + cellular, 64GB! You choose – gold, silver or grey! Need an iPad? An iPad upgrade? A gift for a special person? We have one to give away, entry open to South Australian residents only. Just enter the web address below and complete five easy questions in our two minute survey to be in the running to win this fabulous, full size iPad Air AND you get to choose the colour! Enter here:

Hurry, entries close October 10 2016. The winning entry will be randomly selected. As long as all questions have been answered the entry is eligible to win – there are no correct answers and answers will not be judged in selecting the winning entry. Competition open to South Australian residents only. Enter at

Positioning SA as a minerals and energy services hub for the nation ISSUE 05 RESOURCING SA Summer 2016

06 Letters to the Editor

I am reading much these days about the high electricity prices we pay in South Australia which are apparently amongst the world’s highest. There seems to be conflicting views on why this has happened to this State in particular, with many blaming windfarms, others saying it’s not renewable energy but the ‘pricing system.’ Whatever the reason, surely the focus now should be on what to do about it? Surely this issue can only be resolved from those in power (no pun intended.) As a consumer who uses gas for heating, cooking and hot water and solar panels on my roof I am one of the lucky ones. Or am I? Having thriving business activity in this State brings jobs and money for government services including services I use and enjoy. I believe our electricity prices contribute to the disheartening level of business activity here and the increasing office vacancies I’m seeing every day.

Winning letter

Sara wins a box of Haigh’s

Australia’s power line problems I recently become a permanent resident in Australia. I am originally from North Africa and moved to Scotland when I was 10-yearsold. Of course, a 10-year-old’s concept of any sort of power or where these resources come from is extremely limited at best. But I remember regular and protracted power cuts in Carthage, Tunisia. I’m sure the impact this has on day-to-day life is something South Aussies will all empathise with. When I subsequently moved to Scotland, I rapidly noticed that there were no power cuts. None. Nada. Zilch. I lived in Scotland for 15 years and I have no recollection of a single power outage.

I’m a big fan of green energy. But I’m also a fan of jobs for our community, and aren’t we getting much of our electricity from coal in Victoria anyway? How can we help our businesses that are struggling with high overheads now?

I remember a conversation with my mother when I first noticed this. She advised that in Tunisia, all power lines are above ground and are at risk from the weather, people driving into Stobie poles as well as a lack of resources and infrastructure, as is normal in a developing country.

Nicki Rostrevor

Imagine my surprise when I moved to Adelaide in 2012 and discovered that the

same sort of issues that dogged Adelaide’s provision of power was similar to that of Tunisia… and Australia is one of the richest developed countries in the world! I initially lived in Kensington Gardens and soon realised that whenever the weather was fairly stormy, gum trees lose branches. And when they lose branches, they take out power lines (a bit ironic that the leafy affluent suburbs seem to be more likely to lose power!). I understand that Australia is a huge country and the cost and infrastructure required to place powerlines underground is going to be huge. However, surely the cost involved (financial and otherwise) when an entire state loses power is so significant that underground power lines has to become a serious consideration? I look forward to the day when I hear a storm forecast in the news and I don’t automatically do a mental tally of how many candles I have in the house. Sara Tunisia – Scotland – Kingswood, SA

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What’s the solution?

08 Community RFDS senior flight nurse Vikki Denny aboard ‘the flying hospital’ Image: Matt Turner, The Advertiser

Flying hospital saving lives The Royal Flying Doctor Service has touched – and saved – the lives of so many in the Outback… but it all comes at a huge cost. Several mining companies are digging deep to ensure the service can maintain its operations. By Steve Whitham


ohn Lynch, long-time CEO of the Royal Flying Doctor Service’s Central Section, loves to tell a good yarn.

I hope John will forgive me for this loose description of a story I heard him tell about a phone call from an outlying cattle station, when a distressed woman rang the RFDS about her son. The nurse listened as the woman described her son’s symptoms and then calmly told her to give her son the number nine tablet from their RFDS medical cabinet and wait an hour or two to see if that helped.


An hour passed and the woman rang back in a panic saying her son was worse. The nurse said: “You did give him the number nine tablet like I suggested?”. A pause on the line for a moment and finally the woman said, “Well, we didn’t have any number nine tablets left in the cabinet so I gave him a number six and a number three”. Apocryphal maybe, but it highlights perhaps the sort of emergencies the RFDS Central Section handles everyday from bases in Adelaide, Port Augusta and Alice Springs.

The RFDS is a professional outfit. Staffed by some of the best medical personnel and pilots in the country, it offers primary and preventative health care services and clinics to rural and remote communities. Whether it is a serious vehicle incident that may require a tricky landing on a stretch of highway on the Nullarbor to retrieve a critically injured patient, or the evacuation to Adelaide of a premature baby from a regional hospital… they are ready 24/7 for any emergency in the vast outback of South Australia and the Northern Territory.

Community 09 Minutes can mean the difference between life and death so each Pilatus PC-12 aircraft is virtually a flying hospital able to stabilise the most seriously ill patients.

Other companies encourage their staff to get involved with fundraising through ‘workplace giving’ campaigns such as regular payroll deductions.

None of this comes without a price tag – upwards of $7 million for a fully fitted out aircraft –and the RFDS Central Section runs 15 of them. Then there’s the annual operating costs.

Thiess, which operates the Prominent Hill mine for OZ Minerals, has a walk to work fitness program. Every time an employee walks the six kilometres from the camp to the mine, Thiess makes a donation to the RFDS. Last year that amounted to $17,000.

There is Federal Government support, however the mining and energy industry in South Australia has well and truly stepped up to the plate. They have also been beneficiaries over the years with workplace injuries or health issues such as heart attacks. In many cases, the resources industry is the eyes on the ground. For example, in the oil & gas fields of the Cooper Basin, staff have come across vehicle incidents where tourists have come to grief. So it’s a natural progression that companies like Senex, BHP Billiton, OZ Minerals and Beach Energy partner with the RFDS enabling them to invest in new aircraft, life-saving medical equipment and modern infrastructure such as the stunning new $13 million base at Adelaide Airport.

It’s a natural progression that companies like Senex, BHP Billiton, OZ Minerals and Beach Energy partner with the RFDS enabling them to invest in new aircraft, life-saving medical equipment and modern infrastructure

The RFDS is also looking to the future by offering permanent on-the-ground medical services to mining operations. RFDS Marketing and PR manager Charlie Paterson says, “It makes a lot of sense for RFDS clinicians to staff a mine or gas field medical centre given that they would have ready access to a sophisticated network of services”. The Flying Doctor is an icon of the outback. It would be difficult to find a community across the millions of square kilometres they service who has not been touched in some way by this life-saving institution.

Senex Energy MD & CEO Ian Davies aboard a PC-12 at Innamincka Image: RFDS

The hangar at the new $13 million Adelaide Airport base Image: Matt Turner, The Advertiser

Half Page Aero-medical retrieval at St Ives Station Image: RFDS

Pilatus PC-12 landing at Bulgunnia Station airstrip Image: RFDS ISSUE 05 RESOURCING SA Summer 2016

10 Community


with Wudinna Mayor Eleanor Scholz

How long have you been Mayor of the Wudinna District Council? Mayor since 2013 and as an elected member (Councillor) from 2000.

What are some of the great things about the Wudinna District Council area? Our people who work together to make our district a great place to live and visit. The relaxed lifestyle, living within an hour of the beach or the Gawler Ranges. We have some great natural features, Mt Wudinna, Pildappa Rock, Tcharkulda Rock, Polda Reserve to name a few. Our community has good health care, education and retail services for a small population, along with sports, recreational and community facilities and I love our half Olympic size swimming pool, although some of these facilities are aging!

What interactions have you had with local mining or exploration companies – including Iron Road, who are developing the Central Eyre Iron Project? Our Council has been involved with mining and exploration companies over the years including granite quarrying with investigation into onsite manufactured products. Other explorers have included gold and uranium. Since I’ve been on Council we and the wider community have been kept informed by Iron Road from their earliest days of exploration. All in the community have had the opportunity to attend focus groups, community information updates and workshops. Iron Road established an office in Wudinna where people could call in for information or to discuss ideas and concerns.

What do you think are some of the benefits of having mining in the backyard? An opportunity to increase our declining district population, which is important to maintain and grow our local services and business. The Eyre Peninsula would benefit from an alternate long-term industry. Our Council Community Plan has an objective of seeking another industry to support growth and development for our region, along with creating local career opportunities. We would hope to see increased patronage of our existing businesses and recreational entities, job and training opportunities, improved infrastructure such as roads, rail and airport. It would give people local employment options and career paths – not just in mining but in a variety of support services. A good working relationship with mining in the back yard has potential to provide improved access to services such as communication, power and emergency services. At this point it is understood that if the Iron Road project goes ahead the local airport would be upgraded, service roads sealed, a railway line constructed to a new multi-use port facility. We cannot overlook the benefits to farmers of a shared rail to port grain freight service. Locally, we will have opportunities to work together on improved and increased facilities for our community. ISSUE 05 RESOURCING SA Summer 2016

What are some of the challenges of having a proposed mine in the backyard that your council has encountered? The biggest challenge (in regards to Iron Road’s project) is that the large resource is on farmland. We feel for families that have been living with this and acknowledge their uncertainty of loss of the family farm, splitting land holdings, what living next to a mine will entail, workforce competition, concern of change and living with stresses of the unknown. For local people affected by this we understand when they are asked ‘what would make it easier’ and the reply is ‘just make it all go away’.

Have you heard much feedback from community members about having a mine in the region? There has been a focus on ongoing engagement with the community and all opinions have been valued by council. While some are upfront and actively oppose development, others are quieter. There has been commentary, both pro and anti-mining from outside the district also. Community members have appreciated the community meetings that have allowed them to gain information and quietly encourage us as a Council to keep working towards the best outcomes for our wider community. We have feedback from some who want to see the mining project underway and encourage us to keep working towards partnership outcomes. Some of our older citizens who have faced many changes advise us to work for the best for the wider district. Not all of our people are publicly outspoken.

Do you think resource sector activity is compatible with agriculture? What about its compatibility with tourism or a regional lifestyle? I believe the resource sector can be compatible with agriculture. Both industries are consumers and have common needs. As land is rehabilitated we may not see results immediately and the agriculture may not be what we currently know, it could be different sustainable products, it could be revegetation projects. A multi-use port with rail freight options will be of huge value to farmers across the region. Through our CCC meetings we did look at opportunities for tourism and mining to work together and were given examples of possible projects, including tours, viewing platforms and outdoor activities. The lack of an air service to Central Eyre Peninsula is an inhibitor to tourism and encouraging a rural lifestyle in our region.

Do you have any advice for other councils faced with the prospect of mining or petroleum as a new industry within their region? Listen to understand. Communication is key. Sharing information between all stakeholders, from the resource company, landowners, community leaders, key interest groups and residents within the community. Rumours become prevalent, always refer back to the correct information source. We found some people like detail, others are happy with an overview and just want to know when something happens. Use all mediums for dispersing information. Use of focus groups and forming a CCC is useful. These types of projects do not come quickly – patience, tolerance and respect for all and a deep breath helps.

Community 11

The Eyre Peninsula would benefit from an alternate long-term industry. Our Council Community Plan has an objective of seeking another industry to support growth and development for our region, along with creating local career opportunities.

The sun setting over the silos in the main street of Wudinna ISSUE 05 RESOURCING SA Summer 2016

12 Community

Building durable relationships When Hillgrove Resources sought approval to redevelop the old Kanmantoo Copper Mine back in 2007, it prompted the establishment of widespread community engagement. From here the Kanmantoo Callington Community Consultative Committee (KCCCC) was born. By Yelena Koerner-Heinjus


ince its inception, the KCCCC has developed into one of South Australia’s leading practice examples of effective and meaningful community engagement within the resources industry. Hillgrove Resources prides itself on holding a vision to “…operate in an environmentally safe and sustainable manner with minimal impact to the community”. With this vision in mind, Hillgrove began consulting with key stakeholders and the wider community five years prior to operation as an initial step in the approvals’ process. Hillgrove acknowledged early on that the proximity of the mine to the local community generated some considerable social operating challenges in regards to dust, noise, light spill and vibration. The KCCCC as a platform to work with the surrounding communities and key stakeholders in regards to these social operating challenges, and to promote the social benefits that have been developed as a result of the operation of the mine. The KCCCC includes representatives from the local community with various interests like local residents and nearby landowners, those with a keen interest and knowledge of the environment and local history and those with a role in community life like local schooling.


The KCCCC also has representatives from the Mining Regulator, the local Council and of course Hillgrove itself. This group provides opportunities for the whole community to be involved through regular public meetings, site visits and special working party activities. A key to the effectiveness of this community engagement is growing an understanding and acceptance of the diversity of opinion within any community and listening to and respecting the various ideas, comments, suggestions and other input provided by each of these individuals and groups. The KCCCC has taken particular care to identify the expectations of the community as well as the compliance obligations that the Mining Regulator imposes on the company. The willingness of the company to address any gap between what it has to do for compliance and what the community sees as reasonable is what can be described as leading practice. Catherine Davis, Environment Manager for the Kanmantoo Copper Mine says that perceptions the community held about the mine completely changed once the mine was operational. “There wasn’t a proper understanding of the full impact that things such as noise and dust

would have. Although these levels were within our statutory limits, the community perception was that these levels should be lower,” she says. In response to this, the KCCCC and Hillgrove focussed on improving the effectiveness of the community engagement. Steve McClare, CEO and MD of Hillgrove says that Hillgrove aims to be an open and honest organisation with the community to ensure that we are the best neighbour we can be. The development of these durable, open and transparent relationships with the community has included some key learnings that Hillgrove has experienced through this process. Namely, that community satisfaction should never be taken for granted.

Community 13

Members of the KCCCC help with planting of native vegetation around the Kanmantoo mine site

If people aren’t attending community consultation meetings it certainly is not an indicator that all is well, in fact it may just be the opposite

“If people aren’t attending community consultation meetings it certainly is not an indicator that all is well, in fact it may just be the opposite,” says Catherine. “All of the advertising, invitations and letterbox drops that are sent out to the community won’t bring the people you need to your door. You have to go out and look for them.” The next phase as part of Hillgrove’s ongoing commitment to effective community engagement is the establishment of the Master Planning Working Party (MPWP), which is run under the framework of the KCCCC.

Bob Goreing, Chair of the KCCCC says “the aim of this working party is to help ensure that the mine closure and completion plan for the Kanmantoo Copper Mine is in line with the way that the local community sees the area developing after mining”. The MPWP is working to involve the wider community and has produced discussion papers, contributed to the local Council’s strategic planning, put together displays for the Callington Show over the past two years, invited contributions from other groups like the SA Mining History Group and dedicated agenda items at its KCCCC meetings to open public discussion on the topic.


14 Education

Students hit paydirt!

Dirt TV returned in 2016 with increased participation and offered more than $10,000 in prizes. 34 students across seven different schools took part in the 2016 video competition as they shared their unique stories on what mining or oil & gas means to them. The competition concluded in a fabulous award ceremony which was attended by industry leaders and officially opened by Treasurer Tom Koutsantonis. Stephen Batten reports. Daniel Simmonds

Liliana Carletti

Daniel was awarded a special commendation (animation) for his stopmotion video, ‘What mining means to people’. His love of Lego helped to explain the uses of mined minerals in a creative manner. “I probably took 1000, no 2000 photos to create it, then narrated a script to the film. It was quite challenging coordinating the tiny pieces of Lego, but very rewarding in the end.”

Liliana won a special commendation (writing) for her video, ‘Thank you mining’ which was inspired by the movie The Hunger Games. She and her brother wondered what a world without resources might be like. “We like the movie so much we thought, what would happen if we stopped mining altogether? Would it be like The Hunger Games?”.

Daniel accepts his commendation from Minister Koutsantonis

Liliana accepts her special commendation from Minister Koutsantonis


Education 15

Alice McVann

Jordan Miegel & Oliver Douglas

Alice’s video, ‘Mining and Technology’ was awarded the Resourcing SA Best Writing Award and highlighted multiple pieces of technology we use in our everyday lives. From laptops, to phones, televisions and camera, her creatively written piece informed us of what goes into the gadgets of today. “I was grateful for the opportunity and throughout the entire process I learnt a lot about the mining and oil & gas sectors. Who knew so much awesome stuff came from the resources sector.”

Jordan and Oliver won the Women in Resources South Australia Best Music Award and creatively filmed their video in backwards, then produced it to play forward. ‘Mining – the music of life,’ used a clever mix of funky background music that sat comfortably underneath the concise statements from the narrator. “Oliver and I had a lot of fun making the video. Even though he couldn’t attend the awards ceremony he was very important to the entire process.”

Sebastian Deverson

Josh Langman

Sebastian was awarded the Santos Best Directing Award for his video ‘It’s our future’. The dramatic short film used a clever mix of talent from a wide variety of demographics and expertly pulled them together. The music built as the video reached its crescendo to a strong emotive conclusion. “I wanted to make a video that tied the human element into the resources sector. The process of getting different people together was challenging, but I am really happy how my video turned out.”

Josh was awarded both the BHP Billiton Best Overall Video Award and the Heathgate Resources People’s Choice Award. His video, ‘Mining, but wait there’s more!’ attracted much interest throughout the People’s Choice voting period, with more than 340 video views on Youtube and more than 250 individual votes. The judges also took notice of his enthusiastic performance and clever script. “I was very surprised to win one award, never mind two! I watched a few of the other videos and some of them really stood out to me, so I was extremely happy and surprised to win an award.”


16 Heritage

BHP Billiton CEO Andrew Mackenzie (left) presenting Henry Muller with his Technology and Innovation Award. Image: BHP Billiton


Among the millions who live in this country there are very few who can rightly claim they have left a legacy that’s endured over the years. By Steve Whitham


here is no doubt Australia has a talented community, with artists, authors, medicos and even the odd politician who have made significant contributions to our nation’s heritage and way of life. To a large degree, many of these champions are modest to a fault about their achievements, so it is only history that will carry that legacy forward.


Such a person is Henry Muller. Except for his friends and those who had the benefit of Henry’s foresight and knowledge, most people would say ‘Henry who?’. Ask if they are aware of the BHP Billiton-owned Olympic Dam mine, and the response would be entirely different.

However the names ‘Henry Muller’ and ‘Olympic Dam’ will be forever united by the massive processing plant that dominates the skyline at the mine site… a processing plant that has generated billions of dollars for BHP Billiton and Australia. The Olympic Dam precinct was originally explored by Western Mining Corporation.

Heritage 17 They were confident of its ability to produce a high quality copper resource.

using super glue to try and prevent the gate being opened.

But analysis of the core samples taken via a huge drilling program revealed there was more to the resource than just copper. Gold, silver and uranium were also found in commercial quantities in the ore body.

He didn’t count on the ingenuity of the plant engineers who simply used an angle grinder to remove those sections of the gate, leaving the protester with the issue of how to remove two pieces of piping from his hands!

So the conundrum for Henry and his team was how to build a plant to process such a complex combination of minerals.

Henry retired from BHP in 1999 and it was in September this year that his contribution to the company and to South Australia’s mining history was recognised with BHP Billiton’s inaugural Technology and Innovation Award.

They looked at a number of alternatives before building a pilot plant on site to test the efficacy of Henry’s own design. Then in 1988 following successful trials through the pilot plant, construction began on the ‘steroid’ version; the plant that is today as designed. Of course it has expanded since then, but Henry describes it modestly “as a source of comfort” that his design has produced billions of dollars worth of precious metals along with copper concentrate and uranium oxide.

It was a team effort and I derive satisfaction from the fact that the award recognises all the people behind the plant’s design

The mine and processing plant construction was not without controversy at the time, with anti-uranium protesters endeavouring to create as much obstruction as they could to the project. Henry recalls one protester affixing his hands to either side of the main entrance gate

Diane Jurgens, Chief Technology Officer with the company, described Henry’s design as “an example of how technology can create value by unlocking resources and lowering costs… opening up opportunities for mining of other complex ore bodies”. For Henry’s part he says modestly: “It was a team effort and I derive satisfaction from the fact that the award recognises all the people behind the plant’s design”. Others in the know describe Henry as ‘a legend’. And what does a legend do from time to time to keep in touch with his past achievement? Well, Henry and his wife Marina still make the odd trip to Roxby Downs and take the BHP bus tour through the plant. Incognito of course!


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18 Profile

Winds of change

Rebecca Knol, new Chief Executive of South Australia’s peak association for minerals and energy, makes no apologies for her wide and varied background. Transformative by nature, there’s no doubt change is on the horizon. By Megan Andrews


f there’s a constant throughout my career it’s change” Rebecca admits. “My style is to look at things differently and to seek solutions through meaningful collaboration.” Taking the helm at the South Australian Chamber of Mines and Energy in early November, these attributes are likely to serve the Chamber’s members and constituents well, given that change now more than ever defines the minerals and energy industries. Despite encouraging signs of improvement there’s no doubt the sector remains in a downturn, grappling with volatile commodity prices and the need for growth and de-carbonisation. Rebecca says “our industries developed their structure through industrial and technological revolutions and are now immersed in the new possibilities of the digital age”. Change and adaptability are underpinned by innovation and imagination, and as Rebecca notes, “these strengths are the hallmarks of this sector”. Rebecca sees her role as addressing current challenges at the same time as positioning SACOME for the next upswing, recognising that the organisation must stay relevant to the industry and its members. “As an industry body, we need to continually question our role in the ever-changing environment, now and looking to the future,” she says.

“We are no longer in an era where land access can be taken for granted. Environmental concerns and community interest in projects is growing,” Rebecca says.

A lot of activities taking place in the resources industry are impacting the agricultural sector – as an industry body are we engaging with this sector adequately? What are the issues we have in common and how can we work together?

So what does this mean for the State’s peak resources body?

Communities are connected globally and leverage social media to communicate their message. The challenge for member organisations such as SACOME is to be active and present in this space, ensuring industry is on the front foot – proactive rather than reactive. Rebecca highlights some of the difficulties coming through in policy as reflections of community trends, locally, nationally and globally. At the forefront of mine closure planning in the ‘90s, Rebecca understands the importance of land access for continued growth of the sector. “A lot of activities taking place in the resources industry now are also impacting the agricultural sector – as an industry body are we engaging with this sector adequately? What are the issues we have in common and how can we work together?” she asks. Rebecca is the first to admit heading up a peak industry body is no easy task, particularly when the spread of members and stakeholders is large and diverse. But with a site-based perspective on policy matters and a host of experience dealing with contentious industry issues, she’s no stranger to the industry’s challenges. One gets the impression that rather than bracing for the storm ahead, Rebecca is invigorated by the challenge... and looking forward to diving in headfirst.

Rebecca is aware of key challenges facing the sector including community engagement and access to land.

Home truths 1. Rebecca’s favourite place in South Australia is the Gammon Ranges. Rebecca and her family have travelled extensively in South Australia and are avid campers, hikers and four wheel drivers. “We spend a huge amount of time in the Outback. The Nullarbor, Flinders and Gammon ranges, Eyre Peninsula... the


APY lands where we’ve spent a lot of time with Aboriginal communities. “We love sleeping under the stars, out in swags or sleeping bags.” 2. Rebecca has two children, a son and daughter, both in primary school. 3. Rebecca has qualifications in Environmental Science and Business,

and Landscape Architecture. She was awarded a Churchill Fellowship researching international trends and practices in mine closure, “when no one was talking about mine rehabilitation”. This led to the development of State and National Guidelines for mine closure planning in Australia.

Profile 19 Rebecca Knol Cheif Executive SACOME


20 Workforce

Making of a mentor

Women in Resources South Australia (WinRSA) and the Women in Mining Network South Australia’s (WIMnetSA) joint initiative has now run two intakes of their highly successful Mentoring Program – the Pilot Program in 2015 and the recently completed 2016 program. Bridget Fardon reports.

Kristy, pictured at a celebration earlier in 2016, where she won a SA Women in Resources State Award ISSUE 05 RESOURCING SA Summer 2016

Workforce 21


he Oxford Dictionary defines ‘mentor’ as an experienced and trusted advisor; an experienced person in a company or education institution who trains and counsel new employees or students. A guide to providing support in mentoring from the Australian Women in Resources Alliance (AWRA) notes “That as an underrepresented source of labour, women face unique challenges in the resources, allied and related construction industries. Similarly, employers in these industries face challenges attracting female employees, and see cost-effective strategies to retain valuable skills and minimise turnover costs.” This guide was the bedrock to the specifically designed WinRSA/WIMnetSA Mentoring Program for South Australian women in the resources industry. The program is designed to provide mentees with a much sought after opportunity to connect and build a relationship with more experienced individuals who are in a position to support

them from a professional and personal development perspective. Mentees have the opportunity to work directly with senior members of the industry. The success

The success of the program is largely due to the strong level of support from senior members of the sector. of the program is largely due to the strong level of support from senior members of the sector. The Mentoring Program comprises a volunteer committee predominantly of representatives from both the WinRSA and the WIMnetSA committees. In 2016 the committee successfully matched 18 pairs of mentors and mentees.

Participants were provided with reference materials as part of the program, in addition to having the support of the mentoring coordinators during the program. There were also formal catch-up events scheduled throughout the program to better integrate mentors with mentees and other participants. These events allowed participants to share their experiences and for the organising committee to gather regular feedback which not only helps the existing participants, but also allows the program to be refined for the next round. With expressions of interest now open for 2017, the WinRSA/WIMnetSA Mentoring Program will continue to support South Australian women within the resources industry from a professional and personal development perspective. Expressions of interest, go to

Meeting Griffo & Kristy Mentor Jeffrey Griffin (Griffo) Mine Maintenance Manager – Olympic Dam BHP Billiton Why did you sign up to be a mentor of this program? With the true belief that if I could encourage a participant to challenge themselves, share some insight of career options and promote diversity in the mining industry, it would be another step to success. Was there anything with being a mentor that you were not expecting? The connection with Kristy, someone who really deserves an opportunity. It wasn’t just work, helping someone on their journey through life has been very rewarding. You and Kristy are the first ‘operator’ match-up in this program. How do you think your match-up is different to others on the program? Not really different. The matchup was targeted, we could both relate to the operational aspect of mining, quite an opportunity to encourage others to follow. What did you find the hardest thing about being a mentor? Balancing and coordinating catch-ups with both of our FIFO rosters has been a challenge. Encouraging someone to challenge and stretch themselves in a direction that at first

does not seem plausible has its moments. What advice would you give those interested in being a mentor? If you can add value, please put your hand up. Share your thoughts, listen, value the conversation, put something back into the industry, and help people grow. It is extremely rewarding for both participants. Mentee Kristy Hasting Operator – Grader & Haul Truck Thiess at OZ Minerals, Prominent Hill Why did you sign up to the program to become a mentee? When I heard about this opportunity I was at a point in my career where I wasn’t sure what direction I wanted to work towards. I thought it would be a great platform to meet some new people in the industry with experience in different areas and to hopefully guide me in the direction I want to head in. Did having a mentor meet your expectations? Yes, and then some! I have been very fortunate to have a great mentor in Griffo, from the moment we first spoke I knew I was in for a good experience. His wealth of knowledge and experience combined with his general nature have helped me make some informed career choices. What was the best thing to come out of your mentoring relationship?

I regard Griffo as a great mentor, I feel I can call him with any question or situation and he is always there to help find the right path for me, or give me advice on how best to deal with a situation. Griffo has opened my eyes to what is possible in my career and different directions to look towards. I look forward to being in touch with Griffo for the rest of my career. What would you do differently if you were to start over? I don’t think I would do anything differently. I couldn’t have been matched with a better mentor. From the first time we spoke on the phone I knew Griffo and I would get on well. What advice would you give to those interested in being a mentee? Go for it, you have got nothing to lose. I was unsure going into this program what I would get out of it as I was the first operator to be involved in the program. From the launch night at the beginning, I was made to feel very welcome and included in everything. Remember through the process if you’re not feeling uncomfortable you’re not growing. Going forward, would you sign up for this program again? Why? Yes, I would love to be a part of the program again as either a mentor or a mentee. I think it is a fantastic initiative for women in the industry and something I look forward to being a part of it again in the future in either or both capacities.


22 Workforce

FIFO reality check

Consoling children when they are ill, upset and missing their dad, undertaking home maintenance skills you never knew you had, and at times feeling like the “weight of the world” is on your shoulders – these are the reality for some FIFO partners. By Lindy McNamara

After reading one family’s positive experience in the Winter issue of Resourcing SA, Adelaide Hills mum-of-three Jasmine Hill felt obliged to tell the other side about some of the difficulties facing those with a partner on a Fly In/Fly Out roster in the mining industry. Her husband Jason works as a driller’s assistant at various mine sites in South Australia and has been on the FIFO treadmill for the past eight years. Children Jaylee, 11, Jace, 10 and Jewel, 4 have grown up having their Dad home for one week and then away for two to four weeks – but even though they are used to this reality, it doesn’t make it any easier. “The first years were extremely difficult as they would always ask when Dad was coming home, as they were still so young they had no concept of time,” says Jasmine. “Trying to explain to them while they were upset asking for him, is very difficult to watch. My youngest daughter is now in the same position and constantly asks ‘why does Daddy have to go away for so long?’ The worst times are when they are sick and they want their father around for that extra cuddle and comfort. “Watching them in tears just breaks my heart” Jasmine adds that when Jason is away for birthdays and special family occasions is when it hits home the most, and many times she questions whether FIFO is really worth it. “FIFO does help make some lifestyle conditions easier… for example, bills and obligations don’t seem so overwhelming. You don’t argue so much about money issues. If you want to buy the kids a pair of nice shoes, you don’t have to feel guilty that you can’t even afford to put shoes on their feet. It just lightens the load. “However on the other hand, the more money you make, the more you chase, and you keep chasing the dream, there never seems to be an end in sight. It can be a vicious cycle, and


Jason and Jasmine Hill with their children, Jace, 10, Jaylee 11 and Jewel, 4

At the end of the day, you have to weigh the pros and the cons, and see if you are really cut out for this lifestyle. very seductive and hard lifestyle to leave for some people.” On a personal level, Jasmine says being a FIFO partner has forced her to demonstrate characteristics and strengths she never knew she had. “As Murphy’s Law says, if anything shall go wrong, it will while your husband is away,” she laughs referring to her skills in home maintenance.

“I have had to learn to do everything for myself and not be dependent on someone. I have learnt that I am a lot stronger as a person dealing with difficulties, illnesses, running everything on this end and just having to spend time being alone in my own company. “I have grown in so many new ways I never knew I was even capable of. “Some days are easy and some are so very hard … it takes a lot of work to keep everything from falling apart, whether that be from the home, the work, or the relationship. It’s a huge commitment and definitely both parties have to be strong enough to carry the load on each end. There are very good days, and there is equally as many of bad ones. “At the end of the day, you have to weigh the pros and the cons, and see if you are really cut out for this lifestyle.”

Small by Design, Special by Choice Abigail Steed has specialised in representing mining and exploration clients for over 20 years. Catherine Follett has represented mining, exploration and hydropower clients in Australia and Asia. We design practical outcomes for mining and resources clients. Our firm chose to specialise in this area over 25 years ago. It’s what we do.

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24 Environment Section


New information gathered about the ecosystem in the Great Australian Bight during a four-year research program will help to ensure the sustainability of any future development in the region. By Rob Johnson and Dr Steve Lapidge


ore than 60 new species have been discovered in the Great Australian Bight as part of one of the largest whole-ofecosystem studies undertaken in Australian waters.

The new discoveries were made during the initial three years of the Great Australian Bight Research Program. Now into its final year, the program is a collaboration between BP, CSIRO, the South Australian Research and Development Institute, the University of Adelaide and Flinders University. The four-year program aims to provide a whole-of-system understanding of the environmental, economic and social values of the region.

RV Investigator ready for its voyage into the Great Australian Bight ISSUE 05 RESOURCING SA Summer 2016

Significant data and thousands of research samples which underpin the work completed have been collected on the program’s two major sea expeditions, the 23-day RV Investigator voyage in December 2015 and the 20-day RV Southern Surveyor voyage in April 2013. The animal samples were collected from the sea floor from depths of between 100 to 3000 metres. The unique program has seen a great deal of scientific progress and many new discoveries have been made over the past three years. The highly successful voyages into the waters of the Great Australian Bight have been a significant part of the research program.

Environment 25

The discoveries are new to science and highlight the importance of the program in dramatically improving our understanding of the deepwater sea life of the Great Australian Bight, an important but largely unexplored area. The research will provide the basis for ecological monitoring programs to accompany future potential oil & gas developments in the waters of the Great Australian Bight.

Upon completion in mid-2017, the program will provide a significant and freely-available source of information about the workings of the Bight ecosystem. This will involve scientific papers, research reports and presentations, with ecological data available from national data repositories such as the Integrated Marine Observing System, the Australian Ocean Data Network, and the Marine National Facility.

The $20 million program, which involves more than 100 researchers and technical staff working on 16 intertwined projects, goes significantly beyond the discovery of new species. Other major achievements include the development of fine-scale oceanography models to better understand the ocean movements and currents in the Bight that influence changes in the availability of nutrients that underpin the food chain. Predicting when and where smaller prey animals are plentiful in the open ocean and how this subsequently affects key fisheries species and top marine predators is the ultimate aim.

The achievements delivered so far are outlined in The Great Australian Research Program 2016 Progress Report, available at The program will deliver a final stakeholder science symposium upon its completion in mid-2017.

Related to this the program is one of the most comprehensive collections of marine animal tracking data in the Southern Hemisphere, including movements of whales, sharks, sea lions, fur seals and seabirds. The findings will help identify biologically important regions in the Bight used by a range of species. Progress towards understanding the movement of Southern Bluefin Tuna in the Great Australian Bight and identifying the likely soundscapes and potential impacts of associated oil & gas exploration noise on areas used by SBT is another important outcome. Concurrent to the ecological research has been the development of a detailed understanding of the socio-economic profile of the Eyre Peninsula and western region, including the role of fisheries in the local economy. Work has also now commenced on the final project within the program, which will bring all the environmental, economic and social data together to form an integrated program synthesis along with the development of models of how the biological and physical systems of the Great Australian Bight are linked and influenced by the environment around them.

The research will provide the basis for ecological monitoring programs to accompany future potential oil & gas developments in the waters of the Great Australian Bight The wealth of new information gained throughout the program about the workings of the entire ecosystem of the Great Australian Bight will help to ensure the sustainability of any future development in the region. Dr Steve Lapidge is the Research Director of the GABRP Rob Johnson is the Communications Adviser at the South Australian Research & Development Institute

CREATURES OF THE DEEP Globehead Whiptail (Cetonurus globiceps) found at depths of 1000 metres. Samples collected from the deep ocean of the Great Australian Bight will improve our understanding of the diversity, distribution and ecology of the bottom dwelling invertebrates and fishes in the region.

Crab (Pycnoplax victoriensis) collected at 400 metres deep. Analysis of new and existing data will produce an inventory of species from 200-3000 metres in the Great Australian Bight.


26 Community

SAVING FOR A (not so) RAINY DAY Technology that sees mining companies injecting excess produced water into aquifers for use by the wider community has proved successful in the Pilbara region and is also on the radar for local miners, as Lindy McNamara reports.


Community 27


fter experiencing our wettest winter for 15 years, the issue of water – or the lack of it – is probably the last thing on the minds of most South Australians. However, the fact remains that we live in the driest state in the driest inhabited continent, and ways of increasing our water storage for times when things are not quite so green should always be at the forefront. When it comes to mining, water is sometimes a contentious issue. Miners require a reliable supply for their operations, but just as importantly must ensure that water extracted during operations does not have a negative impact on the surrounding environment. Effective water management is critical in both open-pit and underground mining operations. Mine dewatering is an essential part of extracting the resource. Above ground, it lowers the water table around the mine or quarry to ensure the mine walls remain stable; in underground mines it is used to prevent flooding.

It provides an innovative use for surplus quality water from below water table mining to grow hay for pastoral purposes. Other uses of this surplus water include supplying our operations and local townships. But what happens to the water pumped during mining operations? In a wonderful example of mining and agricultural industries working together, iron ore companies in the Pilbara region of Western Australia are leading the way in storing the excess pumped water through managed aquifer recharge (MAR) schemes. MAR projects help replenish depleted aquifers (underground reservoirs) and are a way of storing precious water until it is needed at a later date. In times of low rainfall, for example, water that has been stored in an aquifer can be pumped to the surface to contribute to domestic water supplies or to restore healthy river flows.

In the case of the Pilbara – which is known more for its very hot and dry climate and little surface water availability – companies such as Fortescue, BHP Billiton and Rio Tinto are using the MAR technology to enable local communities to flourish. Rio Tinto’s Hamersley agricultural project started production in January 2013, with 16 production pivots irrigating 780 hectares of land in the region. “It was set up to use water extracted through below water table mining activity and to minimise surplus water being discharged to the surrounding ecosystems,” a company spokesperson explained. “It provides an innovative use for surplus quality water from below water table mining to grow hay for pastoral purposes. Other uses of this surplus water include supplying our operations and local townships (Tom Price).” Following the success of Hamersley, the company began the Nammuldi agricultural project in 2014. In South Australia, many organisations, such as councils and golf clubs, use MAR schemes as a way to improve their water security. They are able to store excess water in winter and recover it in summer when irrigation needs are greater. SA’s Water Industry Alliance has established a MAR Hub cluster composed of South Australian companies, research & training institutions and experts within government who are leading the way in the technology and providing advice and support to companies needing more information and guidance. Russell Martin from Aqueon, is a member of MAR Hub and says while there are no mining companies here as yet using the technology, many have shown interest and are keen to follow the lead of the iron ore miners in WA. “BHP Billiton has considered such a scheme at Olympic Dam and OZ Minerals at its proposed Carrapateena operations, however the water is extremely salty,” Russell explains. He is confident, however, that it is only a matter of time before further innovation and collaboration will enable mining companies here to utilise MAR schemes to share water with their neighbouring communities. “This is a way of showing how mining companies can work hand in glove with farmers and there is a benefit all the way around, but it’s a matter of coming to the table with clear heads, and working together for the benefit of all users of the available water resources,” he says. For further information regarding this technology, contact the Water Industry Alliance’s MAR Hub,


28 Opinion

Consider your verdict Everyday South Australians were asked to give their feedback on the findings of the Nuclear Royal Commission and to ask questions about the impact of nuclear on the State. Greg Hall talks about his experience as a guest speaker for the Citizens’ Jury.

South Australia’s Citizen’s Jury used a concept from the company New Democracy to review the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Royal Commission Report, and to help identify and evaluate opportunities, inform the public and determine community consent. The second Citizen’s Jury of around 350 jurors commenced on Saturday 8 October, and over six days considered the question: ‘Under what circumstances, if any, could South Australia pursue the opportunity to store and dispose of nuclear waste from other countries?’. The jury also considered all the facts and feedback from the three-month community consultation program, and decided their own perspectives on the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Royal Commission Report. SACOME, along with 12 other stakeholder groups, were invited to provide three speakers to attend and present at a ‘speed dialogue’ session on October 9.

The three SACOME nominees were: Daniel Zavattiero, Executive Director - Uranium, Minerals Council of Australia; Ian Hore-Lacy, Senior Research Analyst, World Nuclear Association; and myself. Dan, Ian and I agreed that the speed dialogue session went very well, and was well organised despite the large group. We each had 10 minutes to present and answer questions to 12 groups of 10 people over around three hours. Jury members were diverse, coming from a wide range of backgrounds, ages and locations within South Australia. We found they were mostly intensely curious and it seemed they were glad to hear from people with direct experience in the industry, rather than hearing “hyped up fourthhand stories from excitable activists”. From my perspective, the jurors I talked to were curious, very interested, friendly, and for the most part asked good, probing questions. All the jurors had just had a training session in critical thinking, which assisted them to ask straightforward questions. Of course some jurors had pre-determined and very strong opinions, some against the industry and some for the industry, but this seemed to be about only 10-20 percent of the groups. Sometimes a person with obvious antinuclear views would attempt to dominate the conversation, however the roving facilitators from New Democracy did a good job keeping this in check and generally allowed all to have their say or ask questions.


Questions varied through the groups, from why would SA be suitable as a location for a nuclear spent fuel repository (very stable geology, geo-political, wide combination of experience); through radiation and its hazards (two metres of water stops virtually all radiation from spent fuel, as does the steel-copper-clay barriers planned for disposal); to existing dry storage and its risks (safe and easy to manage, just not totally passive for long term storage); transport of spent fuel (has been carried out safely worldwide since 1971 with thousands of shipments); to why would we dispose of spent fuel permanently if it still has some value to future generations? I also had questions asked about accidents in nuclear and transport, whether we could rely

Opinion 29 Editor’s note On Sunday 6 November the Citizens’ Jury finalised their report and presented it to the Premier. It noted that under no circumstances should the government continue investigating a nuclear waste facility citing a lack of trust in government, lack of traditional owner support and a weak economic case. However, they did note that the high level waste can be managed successfully to ensure public and environmental safety.

The jurors I talked to were curious, very interested, friendly, and for the most part asked good, probing questions

on the detailed test work that had been done on deep deposition in Finland, Sweden, USA and Canada, and if I would live on the surface of a nuclear waste deposition site (to which I responded yes). Following these sessions the jurors worked together to develop a list of 25 to 30 expert witnesses whom they wished to hear from further. These witnesses presented on Saturday 29 October and covered a wide range of expertise, as well as strong anti-nuclear sentiment, and Indigenous and community groups. The Citizen’s Jury concept seemed to be a reasonable way to ensure a wide range of representative South Australians hear and

learn about the topics, without too much extreme domination by any particular view. In particular, the selection process ensured there was good representation from a younger generation, who did not have fixed ideas, but were very curious. I believe this range of people from our State understood fact from fiction, science and measurement from emotive scaremongering, and could provide a view of whether we have community consent to proceed along the next evaluative steps. Greg Hall is a uranium company executive and Vice President of SACOME.


30 Workforce

The Challenger Team after the road crash rescue. Winners of theory (Jaimie Talbot pictured far left, received the highest score with 91 percent), industrial rescue, confined space search & rescue categories and Damien O’Reilly (pictured second from the left) won the best team captain Photo: Alexander Hignett

Rising to the challenge

Three teams from across South Australia and two from New South Wales took part in the 7th South Australian Mines Emergency Response Competition with the WPG Resources Challenger Gold Mine claiming overall victory across the action packed weekend. By Bridget Fardon


he South Australian Mines Emergency Response Competition is a high adrenaline test of teams to simulate emergency situations, in the most realistic circumstances possible. Held at the end of SafeWork month at the CFS Training Centre in Brukunga, this year’s competition provided a friendly rivalry for the emergency response teams involved, with the most important aspect being the opportunity to practise emergency response skills in a safe, but realistic environment. Teams came from far and wide, with squads from WPG Resources’ Challenger Gold Mine, BHP Billiton’s Olympic Dam, OZ Minerals’ Prominent Hill, Perilya’s Broken Hill and newcomers to the competition, Newcrest Mining’s Cadia Valley operations team.


Challenger was strong across the board, claiming wins in the theory, industrial rescue, confined space search & rescue and best team categories.

sector workplace safety skills, with an added benefit of providing a venue for relationship building and friendly rivalry between sites.

Challenger emergency response personnel are volunteers on site (take out 100 percent), and displayed extremely high levels of teamwork, skills and expertise across the weekend.

Events across the weekend included a road crash rescue and industrial rescue at the old Brukunga Mine, as well as a live fire scenario, first aid, vertical/rope rescue, breathing apparatus, and confined space search & rescue scenarios at the CFS State Training Centre. A virtual reality underground search and rescue exhibition event was provided by Coal Services from New South Wales.

Challenger grasped victory from the OZ Minerals’ Prominent Hill team by a mere two percent, with BHP Billiton Olympic Dam just a few points behind them, highlighting the strength of some of South Australia’s largest operators in keeping their workforce safe. The skills of emergency response teams can also be utilised by local mining communities if an emergency situation arises in nearby townships. The overall goal of the competition is to promote and continuously improve resource

This annual competition is hosted by SACOME and is organised by a team of volunteers from various organisations. It would not be possible to hold such a successful event without the support of our sponsors and volunteers, including the organisers, adjudicators and casualties.

Workforce 31

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The Challenger Team during the

firefighting scenario

Photos: Alexander Hignett, Bridget Fardon, Nigel Long

Category winners Overall Winner (sponsored by SACOME) Challenger Gold Mine (WPG Resources) Best Captain (sponsored by Orica) - Daniel O’Reilly, Challenger Gold Mine (WPG Resources) Theory (sponsored by SafeWork SA) Challenger Gold Mine (WPG Resources) First Aid (sponsored by MAQOHSC) - Olympic Dam (BHP Billiton)

Fire Fighting (sponsored by Department of State Development) - Olympic Dam (BHP Billiton) Vertical/Rope Rescue (sponsored by Fire & Rescue Australia Training) - Prominent Hill (OZ Minerals) Industrial Rescue (sponsored by RIS Safety) Challenger Gold Mine (WPG Resources)

Breathing Apparatus (sponsored by Draeger) - Prominent Hill (OZ Minerals) Confined Space Search & Rescue (sponsored by Strata Worldwide Australia) - Challenger Gold Mine (WPG Resources) Road Crash Rescue (sponsored by Fire Rescue Safety Australia) - Olympic Dam (BHP Billiton)

Team Skills (sponsored by PYBAR Mining Services) - Prominent Hill (OZ Minerals) ISSUE 05 RESOURCING SA Summer 2016

South Australian Chamber of Mines and Energy

South Australian

MINERALS & ENERGY SERVICES FUTURE FORUM Strategic priorities for a world class service sector

SAVE THE DATE Future Forum

Adelaide Convention Centre 28 February 2017

This full day event will bring providers of goods or services together with industry stakeholders in a program that presents the themes of the strategy and aims to share ideas, generate discussion and build knowledge.

Background The Department of State Development is


developing an industry wide South Australian

• Inspirational speakers

Minerals and Energy Services Strategy

• Panel discussions

to ensure future industry, academic and

• Networking sessions

government initiatives are aligned for optimal growth of this sector.

Presented in collaboration with

Business 33

Back in BLACK

The resources sector is just one South Australian industry critically impacted by power disruptions and price. With the September 28 storm and blackout fresh in our minds, it is timely to consider ways to make electricity reliable, secure and affordable. By Dayne Eckermann

There is a classic idiom that bad things come in threes. Over the past year this has been the case for electricity in South Australia. First, the November 2015 event that disconnected SA from the national electricity market – dropping many customers off the grid; then in July this year a confluence of events took the electricity spot market price to record levels; and finally a crescendo –the September 28 blackout caused by a rare weather event. This series of electricity events have highlighted a policy area that, while noted for its importance to society, has suffered from policy apathy. Businesses and industry in South Australia have had little choice but to tolerate these events, while engaging the government and operators of the electricity market to find ways to make electricity reliable, secure and affordable. Reliability ensures electricity is available at the correct frequency and voltage; security is necessary to ensure the grid will not collapse in strong weather events; and affordability to ensure existing businesses can continue and others can establish in South Australia. Frequency control and ancillary services, those that help maintain the proper frequency of the grid, and inertia decline in grids that adopt large penetrations of wind and solar PV. There are technical solutions to fixing the low inertia

The South Australian grid collapse on September 28 was the result of low inertia in the grid. When the event occurred, there was nothing to resist the rapid drop in frequency.

created by these technologies, however the loss of thermal generation (coal and gas) without adequate replacement of these essential services for grid security is a concern. Much has been said of grid inertia in media and technical analyses of the recent events, but often this is not fully understood. Essentially, inertia in the electricity grid helps to slow down rapid changes in the frequency. All our machines and appliances require a frequency of 50Hz to operate normally. Frequency shifts of a few hertz either way for a sustained time can damage these devices. Therefore, frequency control is critical.

One way to understand inertia is to imagine travelling in a car at 50km/h. To maintain that speed, power is applied from your engine. Encounter a hill and the inertia in the car will dictate how quickly it will slow down going up the hill. If the car has a lot of inertia it will slow down over a longer time; not enough and it will slow down quickly. The South Australian grid collapse on September 28 was the result of low inertia in the grid. When the event occurred, there was nothing to resist the rapid drop in frequency. These aspects of the grid are well known to operators of the generators and network. It is essential for energy market policies to ensure essential services such as frequency control and inertia are maintained to levels that safeguard the grid from total collapse when unusual events such as the storm in September do occur. The resources industry is just one South Australian industry critically impacted by power disruptions and price. The South Australian Chamber of Mines and Energy has been working with members to ensure appropriate NEM rules are in place to provide a grid that is reliable, secure and affordable. These three values are what matter to business; not an ideological battle between electricity generation sources.


34 Education

EXPERIENCE WORKS An industry collaboration between SACOME, AusIMM and RESA hopes to assist mining engineering students obtain the required work experience necessary to graduate. Today, mining engineering degrees involve a mandatory 12-week work placement and in recent times, work experience has been difficult to obtain resulting in unfinished degrees. the South Australian Chamber of Mines and Energy, the Resources and Engineering Skills Alliance and The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy have come together after identifying that a significant number of students (49) have, or will not, graduate because they have not completed the mandatory work placement, including nine who finished their course in 2014. In joining forces, it was also acknowledged that the correct systems are not in place to connect students with industry. Add in a downturn and there are less projects for students to work toward, with companies unable to give students the relevant training or supervision. Resourcing SA asked two students to report on their experiences; one who is finding it difficult to complete their final placement and the other who has completed the placement and is looking toward a graduate role with BHP Billiton in 2017. More information for students and companies looking to get involved can be found at

Cameron Puglisi is in his penultimate year studying a Bachelor of Engineering (Mining) (Honours) and is the President of the Adelaide University Mining Engineering Society. To date, Cameron has not completed his work placement making it impossible for him to complete his degree. His story is below. I started studying a Bachelor of Mining Engineering (Honours) at the University of Adelaide in 2012, straight from high school. In 2015 I decided to take a break from studying to travel the world. In this year, I spent seven months backpacking in various countries throughout Europe, immersing myself in their rich cultures.

and quite enjoyable to be faced with a new challenge. Admittedly it was not my first experience with CAD or 3D printing as these are two of my many hobbies, but it was certainly my first experience of applying this knowledge in a professional environment.

Upon returning to Australia, I began working as a labourer whilst also starting up my own aerial photography company. The year off proved to be a slight setback to my degree’s completion date, however it reignited my passion for hard work and travel whilst also driving home the importance of completing my degree.

Due to the current market, the prospects of finishing my placement look to be a challenge

To date, I have completed only two weeks of placement at a plastics engineering firm. Whilst I had not been formally trained in computer aided design, manufacturing, machining and 3D printing prior to this placement, I found it relatively straightforward


After having completed these two weeks of placement, I began to apply to a number of mining companies in the hope of completing

my formal training in the industry that I have studied for five years. However, due to the current market, the prospects of finishing my placement look to be a challenge. I still have a year remaining for my degree and have no preferred work schedule for completing my placement. I am quite content with any arrangement that will undoubtedly provide me with invaluable experience in the mining industry whilst also allowing me to complete my degree. My preference for placement is to be involved in the mine design, scheduling or blast design operations. In five years’ time, I envision myself working a FIFO roster on a remote site, not necessarily in Australia, whilst growing my aerial photography company in my off time.

Cameron & Ashleigh

Education 35

Ashleigh Walsh is in her final year studying a Bachelor of Engineering (Mining) (Honours) and is the President of the AusIMM Adelaide Student Chapter. Ashleigh was lucky enough to complete her work placement with Arrium Mining. Her story is below. After transitioning straight from high school to university in 2012, I’m coming to the end of five years of tertiary study. A Bachelor in Mining Engineering takes four years to complete, but after starting in a double degree with Petroleum Engineering, I soon realised it wasn’t my passion and made the switch to the single stream degree in 2013. This change resulted in a mismatch in the courses I had completed and those that I needed to complete in particular semesters. I took this opportunity to add Spanish to my course load for some right-brain stimulation which I found refreshed my drive and motivation to learn. In 2015, I was awarded the Jim White Memorial Scholarship by Arrium Mining. This scholarship is intended to stimulate young engineering and technology students to realise there are limitless possibilities in their chosen profession. It attracts those whose natural curiosity predicts that they too can make a lasting contribution to Australian industry beyond what they may think is possible now.

I believe that completing a mining placement in a larger block is important for students… this is the first experience they have living away from home and is important to experience It was through this opportunity that I gained my required work experience in the mining industry, spending a 14-week block in Whyalla over the 2015-2016 Summer. During this time, I rotated through the different sections of the mining business, from geology to survey to engineering design. I found that this rotation was critical to giving me a greater understanding of the business, as well as the relevance and impact of the projects I would complete later in my placement. I believe that completing a mining placement in a larger block is important for students, particularly when working in a remote location. For many students this is the first experience they have living away from home and is important to experience before entering the workforce fulltime – it’s certainly not for everyone! I look forward to starting a graduate role with BHP Billiton in 2017 in the WA Iron Ore division of the business and am excited about the opportunities to continue learning and developing my skill set ahead of me. Long-term strategy has always been a strength and interest of mine and I hope to incorporate this into my career.


36 Opinion


BP’s decision not to drill in the Great Australian Bight was disappointing for South Australians who would have benefitted from the economic activity the project promised. But BP’s decision does not mean that opportunity is lost.

The oil & gas industry recognises that activist scare campaigns have fuelled concern about exploration activity in the Bight. That’s why it is committed to working with the community to address their questions and concerns.

The international environment for the oil & gas industry is challenging and companies are regularly reviewing their investment plans – as BP did last month.

The community can be assured that any industry activity in the Bight will only proceed

This is a stark reminder that global investment in Australian resource projects cannot be taken for granted. However, the resource potential of the Great Australian Bight remains significant – and the economic and energy benefits of developing those resources will be substantial. Success in the Bight would ease Australia’s reliance on imported oil and deliver South Australia much-needed new investment and jobs. If new discoveries are not made soon, we’ll be totally dependent on imported oil within a decade. Australia already imports more than $34 billion in oil a year – or 80 percent of the oil we use – and we have less than 10 years of proven domestic crude oil resources. This is occurring within the context of Australia’s widening trade deficit, which increased by eight per cent to $3.41 billion in February 2016. Fortunately, Chevron, Murphy Oil, Santos and other companies proposing exploration in the Bight will continue to pursue their plans.


South Australians need only look to Victoria’s Bass Strait oil & gas operations, which have been producing oil & gas for more than 50 years. under the highest environmental standards, and only after appropriate consultation and intense scrutiny by the National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority (NOPSEMA). NOPSEMA regulates oil and gas activities in Commonwealth waters. It does not allow petroleum activities to proceed without meeting the highest standards of environment and safety management, and genuine community consultation. For its part, industry accepts direct

responsibility for safer operations that promote environmental sustainability. With proper regulatory oversight, there is no reason why South Australia cannot build a safe, sustainable offshore petroleum industry. South Australians need only look to Victoria’s Bass Strait oil & gas operations, which have been producing oil & gas for more than 50 years. These projects have set a benchmark by safely supplying energy to Australia’s east coast, supporting tens of thousands of jobs and providing governments with billions of dollars in royalty streams. Western Australia also has a world-class offshore oil & gas sector, which produces energy for domestic and export markets, and is a major foundation of the State’s prosperity. Discovering commercially viable oil & gas resources in the Bight would generate infrastructure investment and supply chain opportunities that could deliver long-lasting economic benefits for South Australia. Matthew Doman is SA Director of the Australian Petroleum Production & Exploration Association

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Animal Prints from Dürer to Goya An Australian Exclusive

21 October 2016 – 5 February 2017 South Australian Museum Unlimited free VIP entry for Museum Members | | #areyoucurious

The South Australian Museum gratefully acknowledges the generous support of the Curious Beasts Leadership Council

Image: Frederick Hendrik Van Hove (1628–1698), The famous porcupine, late-17th century, engraving © The Trustees of the British Museum

38 Workforce

Director Michael Rotumah at a local football carnival supported by Intract

Social frameworks

Intract Indigenous Contractors was launched in 2010 through a unique partnership between SA’s Aboriginal Foundation and industry. Its evolving journey has brought diversification and growth, showing how commercial achievements can provide social outcomes. By Stephen Batten Originally established as a partnership between the Aboriginal Foundation of South Australia and construction company, McMahons Services, Intract has evolved to become a stand-alone entity with its own board of directors. Today, McMahon Services retains a 49 percent ownership interest with the majority 51 percent owned by Indigenous Australians. Intract has a simple business model of ‘train on the job – stay on the job’ and has provided training and employment for more than 150 Indigenous people since its inception. As the business has grown it has spread its wings and currently operates from bases in Darwin, Alice Springs and Adelaide. The business is run in two segments: Southern Australia which is managed by John Briggs, a proud Yorta Yorta man; and Northern Australia which is managed by Michael Rotumah, a wellrespected, Iwaidja man. Founders David McMahon, Andrew McMahon and John Briggs all continue their involvement as Board members and Michael Rotumah together with AFL superstar Andrew McLeod round out the directors, combining a diverse range of business skills as well as a deep understanding of Indigenous society. ISSUE 05 RESOURCING SA Summer 2016

We are determined to build upon a framework for the education and training of Indigenous Australians, which in turn generates career pathways towards long-term meaningful employment Director John Briggs says, “With the creation of Intract Australia we have a dedicated group that combines Indigenous business with the delivery of positive social outcomes”. Intract has expanded its capabilities since its initial civil and construction focus to also include wet hire of plant and labour. The civil contracting and general building and maintenance company operates throughout Australia, working across many industry sectors such as mining and resources, oil & gas as well as defence.

Boasting a proud majority Indigenous workforce, the company strives to instil confidence through jobs, skills training, mentoring and general support into local communities. Intract currently employs 48 staff and more than 90 percent are Indigenous Australians. Intract continues to work collaboratively with McMahon Services Australia on larger projects and benefits from the technical support, mentorship and training opportunities afforded by the collaboration. Northern Australia Director Michael Rotumah says, “We are determined to build upon a framework for the education and training of Indigenous Australians, which in turn generates career pathways towards long-term meaningful employment”. With a bold strategy locked in, the leadership remains focused on their social and economic goals. The group’s objectives are clear, however hard work and perseverance are just the beginning on a long journey to make a difference to the Indigenous communities of Australia.

Heathgate Resources Pty Ltd Technical Excellence Driving Change

• Investing in South Australia for over 25 years • Ongoing and sustained employment for South Australia

• Environmentally Responsible In-situ Recovery Mining • Winner Premiers Award - Excellence in Social Inclusion 2015 & 2016 • Winner SACOME Exceptional Women in South Australian Resources 2016

Transforming company, site, culture and community

40 Services

NHP employees on the job. NHP are a local supplier to SA’s mining & energy sector, providing low and medium voltage switchgear through to automation equipment and energy management services

Services to the forefront

South Australia has many dynamic businesses supplying goods and services to the resources industry and contributing to the State’s economy. Yet these contributions are below the national average. With unique capabilities this sector is well positioned for growth - and the government plans on fast tracking this through a new strategic plan. In 2015 the Department of State Development, through its Mining Industry Participation Office (MIPO) commissioned a report to determine how best to achieve its goal of establishing South Australia as a minerals and energy services hub for the nation.

has involved coordinating an industry strategic review of the minerals and energy services sector. The aim was to establish clearly defined priorities and objectives to build on the existing comparative advantage.

Results revealed that South Australia’s Mining Equipment and Technology Services (METS) supply chain contributed far more to the State’s economy than originally thought and highlighted that there is room to increase to the national average for economic contribution from the sector.

An industry event where keynote speakers and panel discussions will explore ‘growth themes’ identified in the strategic plan

The Australian Mining Equipment, Technology and Services National Survey report identified South Australian companies are less likely to view international growth/export expansion as a key strategy for building business growth (SA 20 percent; national average 42 percent). However, South Australian companies are more likely to view industry collaboration and partnerships as a growth mechanism (SA 26 percent; national 17 percent). With its key objective to ‘position South Australia to become a leading mineral and energy services hub’ and having been established for three years, MIPO commenced a review of its business earlier this year which ISSUE 05 RESOURCING SA Summer 2016

The review was supported by a number of industry bodies including SACOME, Global Maintenance Upper Spencer Gulf, APPEA, METS Ignited, Austmine, Australian Information Industry Association (AIIA) and Ai Group, and the MIPO Advisory Council. An extensive industry consultation program was facilitated by MIPO and KPMG, and included an online survey, a workshop as part of the Government’s Northern Economic Plan initiative,

input from the MIPO Advisory Council, individual one-on-one interviews, comprehensive research on major global and national trends, and mapping of the South Australian Supply Chain. Across the full range of activities, over 230 Minerals and Energy Services sector businesses, industry associations and research organisations contributed their views and ideas that were analysed and captured in the South Australian Minerals and Energy Services Strategic Plan. The culmination of the industry review is being held at the SA Minerals and Energy Services Futures Forum on 28 February 2017 at the Adelaide Convention Centre – an interactive industry event where keynote speakers and panel discussions will explore ‘growth themes’ identified in the Strategic Plan. In addition to hearing from key speakers, delegates will be invited to join post-forum working groups where opportunities exist for South Australian businesses, academia and government to bring the growth themes to life by exploring ideas focussed on leveraging our competitive strengths and developing collaborative solutions to grow the sector.

Legal 41

Forward statements fallout

The resources industry has been vocal in its criticism since the release of an information sheet from ASIC relating to forward looking statements. By Sarah Clarke In April 2016 the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) released an information sheet (INFO 214) relating to forward looking statements in the resources industry. Forward looking statements can include production targets and forecast financial information based on these targets. Many in the resources industry took this release to be a major regulatory crackdown, perceiving it to restrict the ability of exploration companies to attract investment, particularly at critical points such as after completion of a scoping study. In reality the law has not changed at all. Forward looking statements have always needed to be based on reasonable grounds and INFO 214 simply outlines when ASIC will consider there is a ‘reasonable basis’ for common forward looking statements in the resources industry. If there are not reasonable grounds for a forward looking statement cautionary language, qualifications or disclaimers will not be sufficient to prevent it being misleading. Many listed companies are noticing that since the release of INFO 214, the ASX has been suspending companies and forcing retractions for announcements that contain forward looking statements without a reasonable basis. The industry has been vocal in its criticism and INFO 214 has since been re-issued, but the reissue merely clarified some misconceptions, including that production targets and forecast financial information can be published even if secured funding is not in place. However, a company still must demonstrate ‘reasonable

Many in the resources industry took this release to be a major regulatory crackdown… in reality the law has not changed at all grounds’ that it could obtain the requisite project finance as and when required. The re-issue of INFO 214 also clarified that reliable and relevant information of a technical nature, including such information from scoping studies, should always be disclosed to ensure the market is properly informed of the company’s prospects. It is also understood that the ASX and JORC are giving consideration to whether it would be desirable, in the long term, to have further clarity around the presentation of scoping studies. Those able to make a forward looking statement based on a mineral resource should also be ready to justify to the regulator as to why they believe there is a reasonable basis for that statement and, preferably, include some of that detail with the forward looking statement. It is also hoped that ASIC or the courts will re-examine whether appropriate qualifications and prominently placed cautionary language can overcome the risk of a forward looking statement based on mineral resource being misleading.

Key points from forward looking statements ASIC’s position remains that a forward looking statement based on: • An exploration target, historical estimate, foreign estimate or an inferred estimate only (or a combination of them) is likely to be misleading, regardless of any qualification or cautionary statement, as the information the statement is based on is too conceptual, speculative and unreliable. • A resource, where a substantial proportion of that resource is in the inferred category, or the proportion that is in the inferred category is what makes the resource economically viable, is likely to be misleading regardless of any qualification or cautionary statement, as an inferred resource is at the lowest end of geological knowledge and confidence. • A resource that is an indicated or measured resource will not be misleading where the modifying factors have been sufficiently progressed and there are reasonable grounds to believe that funding for development will be secured.

Sarah Clarke is a Partner at Piper Alderman


42 On the move

on the move New SACOME chief

OZ to oil & gas In November Rebecca Knol started as the new Chief Executive of the South Australian Chamber of Mines and Energy – see page 18. Rebecca has previously held roles with resources companies in Australia and Africa and more recently ran her own business. With an environmental science and business qualification, she was awarded a Churchill Fellowship for researching international trends and practices in mine closure, which led to the development of state and national guidelines for mine closure planning in Australia. Rebecca said, “I am delighted to be appointed to this role with the industry’s peak body in South Australia and look forward to leading SACOME’s active participation in the advancement of the sector”. SACOME President Terry Burgess said, “Rebecca will bring fresh insight to the Chamber, which will build on the already strong foundation to deliver increased benefits to our members, and new directions for the industry”.

Rebecca Knol

Changes at the top Flinders Mine recently announced the retirement of Kevin Malaxos and Ewan Vickery from the board, with new Directors Neil Warburton, David McAdam, Michael Wolley and Evan Davies joining the board in October.

Meanwhile, Marmota Energy announced the retirement of Managing Director and Company Secretary David Williams, with Dr Kevin Wills taking on the role of acting Managing Director.

Emma Schwartz has been appointed the Senior Advisor in the energy space to SA Treasurer and Minister for Mineral Resources and Energy, Tom Kousantonis MP. Emma was previously on the communications team at OZ Minerals and had Emma Schwartz experience with the Department of Premier and Cabinet prior to that.

New Beach CFO

Morné Engelbrecht started as the new Chief Financial Officer at Beach Energy in September. A Chartered Accountant with experience in the oil, gas and minerals sectors, Morné has worked Morné Engelbrecht across Australian and international jurisdictions including South Africa, the United Kingdom, Papua New Guinea and China. Prior to joining Beach, Morné was CEO of ASX-listed Carbon Energy Limited. He has held financial, commercial and advisory senior management positions at InterOil, Lihir Gold and PwC.

Howdy partner

Kevin Wills


MSM Legal (formerly McDonald Steed McGrath Lawyers) announces that Catherine Follett has been made a partner with the firm. Catherine brings years of experience establishing and Catherine Follett operating MSM Legal’s Lao office, where she advised foreign investors on all aspects of investment in the Lao PDR, including mining, exploration and particularly hydropower projects and has given expert evidence on Lao law for arbitration. In Adelaide Catherine focuses on exploration, business succession planning and business and family migration.

News 43 Exciting developments for Carrapateena

production costs, our confidence in developing a world-class asset for shareholders and wider stakeholders grows by the day.” With the successful completion of the PFS, the OZ Minerals Board have approved the project to progress to Feasibility Study. The construction of an offsite high-tech copper Concentrate Treatment Plant – which will allow a purer and more valuable form of copper concentrate to be exported globally – is also undergoing a parallel study process, which is expected to be released with the Feasibility Study.

Construction has commenced at OZ Minerals’ Carrapateena copper mine, paving the way for almost $1 billion in potential investment in the State’s North. In early November Premier Jay Weatherill officially opened a planned 5.5 kilometre underground tunnel to access the mine, located 160 kilometres north of Port Augusta. One of Australia’s largest undeveloped copper deposits, The Carrapateena project is one of Australia’s largest undeveloped copper deposits, if progressed, it is expected to generate more than 1000 construction to production jobs in the next few years; with an anticipated mine life of more than 20 years.

A pre-feasibility study also (PFS) released last month has further increased Oz Minerals’ confidence that the mine will be developed. The study revealed better production rates and lower operating costs than previous estimates. It showed the project could produce an annual average of 61,000 tonnes of copper and 63,000 ounces of gold over its mine life, which is nearly 20 percent higher than the May projection of 53,000 tonnes of copper and 53,000 ounces of gold. “This project is competitive with, or better than, other global long-life copper assets at a similar stage of development,” OZ managing director Andrew Cole said. “With the project’s robust economics, lift in projected output and the lowering of

In other positive news for the mine, representatives from OZ Minerals and Traditional Owners, the Kokatha people, signed a landmark agreement to partner on the project. “We are delighted to commence this exciting project in partnership with the Kokatha people. The robust economics of the Carrapateena project will deliver huge benefits to the community and State of South Australia,” said OZ Minerals’ Chairman Neil Hamilton. Chris Larkin, Chairman of Kokatha Aboriginal Corporation, commented: “Our partnering agreement, ‘Nganampa Palyanku Kanyintjaku’ translated from Kokatha means ‘keeping the future good for all of us’. This encapsulates the outcome of the process and the feelings of my community.”

Record results for Beach Beach Energy continued its strong momentum for the year, with record production and sales volumes reported for the third quarter. Both were up by six percent, mainly thanks to the company’s Western Flank oil and gas operations. During the quarter, Beach started its FY17 operated drilling program and successfully completed the first four oil wells. Nine wells were drilled, including non-operated wells, with a 100 percent success rate. The first exploration well of the program, Kangaroo-1, discovered stratigraphically trapped oil in the Birkhead Formation in ex PEL 91. “This is an exciting discovery as the Birkhead play has potential to redefine prospectivity across the Western Flank. Kangaroo-1 is expected to be producing in Q3 FY17, and we plan to drill two follow-on wells during that quarter,” the company said in its report. “Our financial results again demonstrated the low-cost nature of Beach’s operations. We generated net operating cash flow of $67 million, and after capital expenditure, dividend payments and receipts from the sale of Beach Egypt, our cash reserves increased by $44 million.” ISSUE 05 RESOURCING SA Summer 2016

44 News Global innovators share secrets

New jobs at steelworks

Globally renowned innovators in the resources space joined with local entrepreneurs to share their inventions, practices and approaches to innovation creation at a dynamic event held in Adelaide in September. The South Australian Resources Industry Innovation Summit – a first for South Australia – was organised by SACOME to help increase innovation, collaboration and global competitiveness in the State’s resources sector. The program featured some of the sector’s biggest success stories, with keynote presentations from BHP Billiton, Condor Energy, OZ Minerals, Sandvik, the Deep Exploration Technologies CRC and Maptek. Jason Kuchel, former Chief Executive of SACOME said, “Innovation throughout the resources sector is key at any point in the commodities cycle, but even more critical when the sector must lift productivity and international competitiveness”. “This Summit provided the perfect forum to share, facilitate collaboration and learn from global success stories, benefiting our petroleum and minerals companies and also our talented mining equipment, technology and services (METS) companies, as more and more of these strive to compete nationally and globally.”

In what was positive news for the Whyalla community, Arrium announced in November it is putting on another shift at its rolling mill in order to keep up with demand. This will result in the creation of 44 new jobs.

The event also featured three networking/ exhibition sessions, providing ample opportunity for delegates to engage in deeper discussions with presenters and make valuable connections.

Despite being in voluntary administration, the Whyalla Steelworks has seen strong increases in the market in both New South Wales and Victoria for its structural and universal products.

Archer test run As part of its plans for a new magnesite mine in the State’s north, resources commodity developer Archer Exploration Limited is undertaking trial processing of a large bulk sample of magnesite from the Leigh Creek region. Outcomes from the trial processing will help determine the magnesia product options that will be available to offer potential customers. If successful, the product trial will enable Archer to get test product into the market well ahead of mine construction and commissioning of its proposed mine at Leigh Creek. Archer plans to calcine up to 300 tonnes of magnesite during the trial. The company’s product focus will be on calcining the magnesite at different temperatures to determine the feasibility of making caustic calcined magnesia and monolithic dead burn magnesia for sale to prospective customers. The calcining of the magnesite will be undertaken at OneSteel’s Whyalla steelworks. It is expected the trial will be completed by the end of the year. ISSUE 05 RESOURCING SA Summer 2016

need for a fourth shift to ensure we do not miss out on sales opportunities,” he said. “It’s fantastic to see that customers value our products and keep coming back for more, so this extra shift is needed to ensure we can meet our customers’ demands.”

According to Whyalla Steelworks Executive General Manager Theuns Victor, the demand has increased to a level that the current shift configuration cannot support.

He added there were a number of factors contributing to the demand increase, including a strong pipeline of rail work in this year’s Federal budget; changes in government planning and procurement policies; strong support from the steelworks’ current customer base; as well as a new customer on the order book.

“External conditions have really turned around since last year with a strong bounce back in the market, and this has allowed us to revisit the

The recruitment process has already commenced, with a target of May 2017 to transition to the new four-shift operation.

Cooper buys Victorian gas assets Adelaide-based Cooper Energy will buy Santos’ Victorian gas assets for $82 million in a deal announced in October.

Cooper Energy said it would offer employment to relevant Santos employees who currently operate the Victorian assets.

The transaction will be effective from 1 January 2017. Assets to be acquired include a 50 percent interest in the Casino-Henry gas project in the offshore Otway Basin; a 10 percent interest in the producing Minerva gas field in the Otway Basin; the remaining 50 percent interests in the Sole gas field and Orbost gas plant in the Gippsland Basin; acreage prospective for gas in the offshore Otway Basin; and full ownership of the depleted and non-operating Patricia Baleen gas field and associated infrastructure in the offshore Gippsland Basin.

“The acquisition of Santos’ Victorian gas assets is a logical and value-adding step to accelerate our gas strategy,” said David Maxwell, Managing Director of Cooper Energy. “The transaction will transform Cooper Energy by substantially increasing our production, further enhancing our gas reserves and resources for supply to south-east Australia and adding proven technical and project expertise. Our position as a gas supplier to the south-east Australia gas market will be strengthened considerably.”

News 45 LNG sales double Oil & gas producer Santos reported its LNG sales volumes more than doubled to 755,500 tonnes during the third quarter, reflecting the ramp up of GLNG and strong performance at PNG LNG.

The company now expects total sales volumes of gas, ethane, LNG, condensate, LPG and crude oil of between 81-83 million barrels of oil equivalent in 2016, compared to its earlier estimate of 76-83 mmboe.

“We are taking the right steps to ensure Santos becomes a strong and sustainable business, and that mindset guides our decision making as we continue to reduce costs and maintain a strong capital discipline.

GLNG produced 1.3 million tonnes of LNG and shipped 21 cargoes during the quarter.

In other positive news for the company, Santos said its year-to-date capital expenditure was down 53 percent to US$438 million.

“Furthermore, our decision to commence oil price hedging reflects our desire to reduce the effect of commodity price volatility,” he said.

Santos has narrowed its full-year sales guidance to the top end of its previous target range after total sales volumes leapt 31 percent in the September quarter, compared with the same period last year.

Santos Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer Kevin Gallagher said Santos continued to focus on driving down costs and applying available cash flow to reduce debt.

Awards recognise outstanding women in resources retention and promotion of women, but women also need good role models. These awards are important in illustrating different career paths, different perspectives and different versions of what success can look like in a traditionally male dominated industry.” The National Awards dinner was sponsored by BHP Billiton Olympic Dam, which is leading the way in gender diversity with the Olympic Dam leadership team comprising 50 percent women and a strong focus on boosting female representation across all areas of its operation. The winners were: Exceptional Young Woman in Australian Resources: Jasmine Richards, Senior Environmental Advisor, OZ Minerals (South Australia) OZ Minerals Gender Diversity Champion (male or female) in Australian Resources: Michael Schoch General Manager – Crux Project, Shell Australia Pty Ltd (Western Australia) Excellence in Company Programs and Performance: Aurizon (Queensland) (A High Commendation went to McCullough Robertson, NSW) The outstanding achievements of females in the minerals and energy sector were recognised when the Women in Resources National Awards (WIRNA) were presented in Adelaide in September.

The minerals and oil & gas industries recognise that increased diversity brings better business outcomes in addition to social equity, but a number of challenges need to be resolved to reach this goal.

WIRNA is a partnership between SACOME, the Minerals Council of Australia (and its Victorian and NT branches) the New South Wales Minerals Council, Queensland Resources Council, Tasmanian Minerals and Energy Council and the Chamber of Minerals and Energy Western Australia.

Jason Kuchel, former Chief Executive of SACOME, said at the time“These awards support the resources industry’s goal of attracting and retaining women across all areas of the industry”. “The resources industry is increasingly improving practices that support fairer and more flexible policies around the recruitment,

Glencore Outstanding Australian Tradeswoman, Operator or Technician: Kelly Jane Down, Safety and Training Officer, Bell Bay Aluminium (Tasmania) Exceptional woman in Australian Resources: Cecile Wake, Vice President Commercial, Shell Australia (Queensland) (High Commendations went to Dr Sandra Close, Founder and Director, Surbiton Associates Pty Ltd, Victoria, and Claire Negus, General Manager Commercial, Roy Hill, Western Australia)


46 News Huge potential for SA gas

Tarcoola mine set to go

Growing demand for gas from the eastern states will create a need for greater exploration and supply from South Australia’s Cooper and Otway basins, according to a new report released by the South Australian Government. The Core Energy Cooper Basin Outlook says that by 2018 annual demand in the eastern Australia gas sector will approach approximately 2000 petajoules, rising from a historical high of approximately 700 PJ. This would mean a need for an underlying reserve of approximately 40,000 PJ to support 20 years of activity, and 80,000 PJ over a 40-year outlook. “Affordable gas is becoming more and more important as the national electricity market transitions away from coal-fired power towards a mix of gas and renewables,” said Mineral Resources and Energy Minister Tom Koutsantonis.

It’s all systems go for WPG Resources’ Tarcoola gold mine, following news it has received its last regulatory approval from the State Government. Tarcoola was originally envisaged as a standalone heap leach operation, however in September 2016 WPG announced the results of its Definitive Feasibility Study (DFS) that changed its plans. The DFS indicated substantially enhanced economic outcomes would be achieved by trucking the Tarcoola ore 165km for treatment at the Challenger CIP plant, resulting in increased gold recovery, estimated to be 95 percent.

The changed strategy will result in a substantially reduced requirement for on and off-site services and infrastructure, a reduced environmental footprint, and a much lower initial capital cost. All contracts for the mine project have already been awarded, with refurbishment of the Tarcoola Hospital and other buildings owned by WPG in the township well underway. It is expected first ore will be delivered to Challenger for processing by mid-December.

“This report shows just how big the potential is for the development of new gas projects in the Cooper and Otway Basins. “These South Australian resources could underpin decades of gas supply for both domestic gas and export LNG markets.” The Minister added that the State Government had announced it would partner with gas companies through a grant scheme that will incentivise more gas to be extracted and supplied to the SA market first, which will put downward pressure on power prices.

Iron Road project a ‘priority’ The Central Eyre Iron Project has been declared a Priority Project by Infrastructure Australia, adding further weight to Iron Road developing its mine on the Eyre Peninsula. The CEIP is one of only 10 projects on the national Infrastructure priority list and the only ‘opportunity for growth project’ nationwide. The categorisation of CEIP as a ‘project’ rather than merely an ‘initiative’ reflects that the full business case completed by Iron Road has been positively assessed by the IA Board. Meanwhile, the 12-month collaboration between Iron Road and specialist engineering teams from China Railway Group Limited (CREC) as part of the Project Commercialisation Program is well underway. A project management office has been established within the Iron Road Adelaide headquarters and more than 50 CREC staff are currently working there. A significant aspect of the commercialisation program is the engineering component, led by CREC, which is currently undertaking a comprehensive review of the design for the ISSUE 05 RESOURCING SA Summer 2016

project. From this understanding, CREC will leverage its experience, size and global network to enhance the infrastructure design and review the procurement of services and equipment for the CEIP. The project’s strong ties with China was further highlighted with the recent visit by

His Excellency Mr Cheng Jingye, Chinese Ambassador to Australia, who met with the joint Iron Road/CREC development team at Iron Road House. The ambassador’s visit coincided with the arrival of two teams of specialist CREC engineers from Kuala Lumpur and Beijing, accompanied by senior CREC executives.

News 47 Bulk handling honours

Flinders Adelaide Container Terminal has been announced as a finalist with CU River Mining for the prestigious Australian Bulk Handling Awards. The joint nomination is a contender for the Bulk Handling Facility of the Year Award (resources & infrastructure). The shortlisting recognises Flinders Adelaide Container

Terminal and CU River Mining’s teamwork, which has brought new efficiencies into the supply chain and reactivated South Australian exports of iron ore. Now in its eleventh year, the Australian Bulk Handling Awards showcase best practice in Australia’s bulk handling sector.

Silver lining for Paris

Supergrade signings also be incorporated into advanced metallurgical work forming a major part of a prefeasibility study to be completed by mid-2017.” Another exciting development during the past quarter was the confirmation of a large porphyry system with copper-gold potential at the Nankivel prospect, located 5km from Paris. “We have predicted this type of deposit style for some time, based on our new geological concepts for the southern Gawler Craton and our knowledge from the Paris discovery. In September, our ideas were validated by the first drill hole at Nankivel intersecting a prospective intrusive porphyry down the entire 600m length of the hole.

Investigator Resources’ infill drilling program of its Paris Silver Project has provided excellent results to date. Located on South Australia’s northern Eyre Peninsula, the objective of the program is to upgrade the 33Moz silver resource from inferred to indicated mineral resource category. Investigator Managing Director John Anderson said Investigator was continuing to move the Paris project forward. “Investigator is on schedule to release an updated Mineral Resource estimate for the Paris Silver Project early in 2017. The new drill samples will

Flinders Adelaide Container Terminal and CU River Mining have been shortlisted in the Resources & Infrastructure category along with Ahrens Group, Metso & Monier, WPB Parsons Brinckerhoff & Glencore Coal

In September Carpentaria Exploration Limited announced a non-binding letter of intent with Taiwanese Company Formosa Plastics for the purchase of two million tonnes per annum of Supergrade iron ore concentrate from their Hawson Iron Project 60km from Broken Hill. The company also signed an additional LOI with Emirate Steel for Hawson’s direct reduction grade iron ore pellets. With both announcements, Carpentaria now has nearly 80 percent of initial planned production assigned to international blue-chip buyers.

“The alteration patterns and low tenor copper indicate the hole intersected the margin of large porphyry system with an area of over one kilometre diameter. This warrants immediate ongoing exploration for copper-gold targets, with further drilling underway and a large IP geophysical survey about to start.” He added this is the first significant discovery in South Australia of the porphyry copper deposit style, which accounts for most of the world’s copper production, but is a style poorly represented in Australia.


48 Industry events

Industry events

28 November-1 Dec 2016 Mines and Money London London

5-8 March 2017 PDAC Convention

20 October 2016 17th Annual Mineral Sands Conference Hyatt Regency, Perth ajm-mineral-sands-conference

1 December 2016 Geological Survey of South Australia Discovery Day Adelaide Convention Centre 2 December 2016 Annual SA Exploration & Mining Conference Adelaide Convention Centre

14-17 May 2017 2017 APPEA Conference & Exhibition Perth, Western Australia 23-24 May 2017 Annual Katherine Regional Mining & Exploration forum Godinymayin Yijard Rivers Arts & Culture Centre, Katherine katherine-regional-mining-exploration-forum

29-30 March 2017 Global Iron Ore & Steel Forecast Conference & Exhibition Perth, Western Australia

28 February 2017 SA Minerals and Energy Services Future Forum

1. Kelly Keates (Liquid Integrity Systems), Michael Smith (Department of State Development) & Paul Magarey (Australian Groundwater Technologies) 2. Tom Philbey (Iluka Resources), Brett Triffett (OZ Minerals) & Chris Matthews (University of Adelaide) 3. Jasmine Richards (Senior Environmental Advisor, OZ Minerals) accepting her award for Exceptional Young Woman in Australian Resources from the Hon Zoe Bettison MP, Minister for the Status of Women 4. Finalists: Excellence in Company Programs and Performance 5. Guests networking at SA Resources Industry Innovation Summit 6. Terry Burgess presenting Kathrina Bryen (VP Organisational Capability) representing Aurizon accepting the award for Excellence in Company Programs and Performance 7. Finalists for Exceptional Woman in Australian Resources

1-2 May 2017 Minesafe International 2017 Perth, Western Australia

5-7 April 2017 Mines and Money Asia Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre








Events 49 1. Andrea Boyes, Rachel O’Halloran, Jenni Bateman from Nyrstar 2. John Anderson (Investigator Resources), Sandra Wilkinson (Connect Psychology), Steve McClare (Hillgrove Resources) and Phil de Courcey (RESA) 3. Marianne Finch (BHP Billiton Mitsubishi Alliance Saraji Mine) with Chris and Kelly Jane Down (Bell Bay Aluminium) 4. Kristy Heal (BHP Billiton), Kristy Hasting (Thiess) and Matt Hart (Thiess) sharing a laugh 5. Emmanuel Hondros (Chamber of Minerals and Energy of Western Australia) with Cassie Arnold (Tasmanian Minerals and Energy Council Board and WIRNA judge) 6. Emmanuel Hondros (Chamber of Minerals and Energy of Western Australia) with Cassie Arnold (Tasmanian Minerals and Energy Council Board and WIRNA judge) 7. MC Belinda Heggen 8. Cecile Wake (Vice President Commercial, Shell Australia) accepting on behalf of Michael Schoch, General Manager - Crux Project, Shell Australia) Winner of OZ Minerals Gender Diversity Champion with Bob Fulker (Chief Operating Officer, OZ Minerals) 9. Terry Burgess announcing the winner of the Excellence in Company Programs and Performance










Good start to the day

Finding a voice

Summit of innovation

SACOME’s final member-only breakfast for 2016 was held on Friday 28 October. On arrival guests enjoyed fresh barista coffee (thanks to Max Cranes) and networked with industry representatives. Timely updates from Investigator Resources, Renascor Resources and Lakes Oil kept everyone informed… and all before a day’s work.

An inspiring address from Jacqui McGill, Asset President, BHP Billiton Olympic Dam was a highlight of the Boardroom Lunch hosted by Women in Resources South Australia (WinRSA) held at Finlaysons on Monday 10 October. Jacqui’s topic ‘Finding a voice as a female leader in a traditionally male-dominated sector’ delved into her personal journey venturing into the mining sector and the challenges she faced as her career progressed.

SACOME’s SA Resources Industry Innovation Summit was held for the first time on Friday 23 September. The event drew a crowd of more than 185 industry guests who heard from 20 presenters during the half-day program. Keynotes included OZ Minerals, BHP Billiton, Condor Energy, Deep Exploration Technologies CRC, Sandvik and Maptek. SACOME plans to hold the Summit annually, so look out for it again in 2017!


50 Service Provider

The traditional Japanese Kagami-Biraki ceremony, whereby the sake barrel was ‘smashed open’ to signify the official opening of the diesel terminal in May. From left, Yasuyuki Suzuki (PDA/PBF), the Hon Rob Lucas (Shadow Treasurer), Gordon Martin (Coogee Chemicals), Hajime Hirano (Energy Business Group, Mitsubishi Corporation), Rowan Ramsey MP (Federal Member for Grey), Chris Picton MP (Member for Kaurna & Assistant Minister to the Treasurer) and Keiko Haneda (Consul-General of Japan).


A new $80 million fuel facility is located to serve nearby mining and agricultural industries. By Lindy McNamara While the lights went out for much of South Australia during the recent once-in-50-year storm, it was business as usual for Petro Diamond Australia (PDA).

“The close location and substantial diesel storage at Port Bonython allowed for Petro Diamond to successfully meet the additional demand with ease, at short notice,” he said.

It can accommodate triple road trains for collection, or alternatively deliveries can be made to site. There is also access to deep water facilities at Port Bonython.

As the owner of the new diesel fuel terminal at Port Bonython, PDA was able to rely on its automated back-up generator that meant it was able to stay open for its customers throughout the blackout.

“Their terminal currently stores over 50ML of diesel which is the equivalent to Arrium’s entire annual demand. Being so close means that we are able to order fuel at short notice… we no longer have to rely on diesel being delivered from Adelaide terminals or Port Lincoln terminals that are a good 400 km or four to five hours travel time away.”

Open 24 hours a day, seven days a week, the terminal is operated by Coogee Chemicals, which has experience in terminals and liquids handling.

In fact, PDA became a “saviour” to one of its nearby customers, Arrium, when it maintained uninterrupted fuel supply to all their sites, including the supply of unplanned emergency diesel at short notice that ensured the steelworks could keep operating at some level. As Whyalla Steelworks Executive General Manager Theuns Victor explained, the storm knocked out all power to its steel and mining operations and although the steel business has its own power generation, it was not enough capacity to power the entire operations. An additional 20MW of power was required to partially re-establish its operations and was provided by about 25 generators that were sourced from across the country. These dieselpowered generators consumed approximately 300 litres/hour, which meant a potential additional180,000 litres of diesel per day was required. ISSUE 05 RESOURCING SA Summer 2016

A subsidiary of the Mitsubishi Corporation, PDA officially commissioned its state-of-the-art terminal in May this year, following a construction period that at its peak employed more than 130 people. Much of the workforce was sourced almost entirely from South Australia and where possible from the local communities around Whyalla, Port Augusta and Port Pirie. The $80 million project has the capacity to store 81 million litres of diesel in three tanks, making it the largest diesel fuel storage facility in South Australia. Located at Port Bonython, 25 kilometres north of Whyalla and 80 kilometres south of Port Augusta, the facility is perfectly positioned to serve the nearby mining and agricultural industries.

Chris Werfel, PDA’S General Manager of Sales & Marketing, says the facility offers a number of benefits to the local region. “For starters, there is enhanced reliability and security of having a diesel fuel supply nearby – which was clearly demonstrated in the recent storms. We also pride ourselves on being able to offer a personalised service tailored to the customer’s individual fuel requirements. “The fuel terminal is well positioned to service South Australia’s mining industry both today and into the future, with new projects such as Iron Road’s Central Eyre Iron Project and Lincoln Minerals’ Kookaburra Gully potentially coming on stream as commodity prices recover from recent lows.” Chris adds that PDA is committed to having a larger presence in the national market in the years to come, with the Port Bonython terminal being just “stage one” in that journey.

Opinion 51

in it for the



Despite the market downturn, the resources industry is looking to its long-term future with optimism. By Terry Burgess Uncertainty is usually something that makes people reluctant to make longer-term decisions. In 2016, there was a great deal of uncertainty both globally, nationally and in South Australia – think about Brexit, the US Presidential elections and our own electricity price woes. So how do mining and oil & gas companies in South Australia think about the longer term with this backdrop and also the specific uncertainty caused in the State by future electricity price and security concerns? The resources sector always needs to take a longer-term view because of the lengthy lead times between exploration and discovery, and between project development and commercial production. Even some of the more rapid developments can take 10 years between initial discovery of an orebody or an oil & gas deposit and then production. During this period there needs to be the confidence to invest significant time, effort and money on a continuous basis to develop a project often costing many billions of dollars. Fortunately in 2016 in South Australia, we have seen companies making decisions as a result of longer-term thinking. OZ Minerals has recently commenced the development of the Carrapateena decline in its project north of Port Augusta. This could see production from the Carrapateena orebody sometime around 2019, with a total development expenditure of around $1 billion. The project also envisages a copper treatment plant processing its concentrates in Whyalla. BHP Billiton is recruiting people for further

development of the Olympic Dam underground mine, particularly in the Southern Mine Area representing about 70 percent of the total orebody. This is an area that has never been developed in the history of the mine. The shape of the orebody has been compared with a guitar – with the northern area, which has been mined to date, being the neck of the guitar and the southern area being the body of the guitar. Olympic Dam is a mine that will likely still be operating in 50 years’ time.

Investment in exploration is something which usually suffers during a downturn and uncertainty. However, Minotaur Exploration is one company that sees opportunity at this time and is exploring for copper and gold in the area around Prominent Hill in an alliance with OZ Minerals, and also has a project in the Gawler Ranges.

South Australia is going into 2017 with a positive outlook and a number of examples of resources companies taking a longer-term view

Oil & gas operations, whilst consolidating in 2016, look to be lifting now with positive recent quarterly reports from Beach Energy, Santos and Cooper Energy. An uptake in seismic activity and exploration will see these companies continue to prosper with South Australia’s Cooper Basin the centrepiece of their investments.

Investment in technology is also a focus at Olympic Dam, with examples such as the important heap leaching trials being undertaken by Bureau Veritas at its Wingfield test plant and the increased use of drones around the surface operations used for inspecting plant equipment and surveying stockpiles. Havilah Resources continue mining at Portia with views to unlocking the vast potential at North Portia and Kalkaroo. Meanwhile in the north west of the State, WPG Resources acquired the Challenger gold mine to commence production and continues work to fast track their Tarcoola project.

Iron Road Limited, Rex Minerals and Lincoln Minerals continue to focus on the key areas of their respective projects in different parts of the State.

The South Australian Government also takes a long term view on the resources sector and there have been exciting developments with PACE 2020 (the Plan for Accelerating Exploration), with PACE Copper and PACE Gas initiatives announced. The government is also actively delivering the Copper and Magnetite Strategies and is facilitating AMS (Advanced Modular Solutions) for industries, including resources, to support initiatives by manufacturing and engineering companies, many of which have seen difficult times in recent years. Despite some of the challenges thrown up during 2016, the resources industry in South Australia is going into 2017 with a positive outlook and a number of examples of resources companies taking a longer-term view.







ADELAIDE CONVENTION CENTRE Thursday l 1 December l 2016

Session 1 Time 9.00 – 9.20 9.20 – 9.50 9.50 – 10.05 10.05 – 10.20 10.20 – 10.35 10.35 – 11.05

UNCOVER South Australia – Chair: Ted Tyne Speaker Organisation Steve Hill GSSA Robbie Rowe AMIRA International Anthony Reid GSSA Stephan Thiel GSSA Miles Davies GSSA

Presentation Title Scope and directions for the Geological Survey of South Australia Keynote: The minerals industry in Australia - why UNCOVER? Mineral systems of South Australia: are we missing something? Insights into lithospheric architecture, fertilisation and fluid pathways PACE Copper: new precompetitive data to attract investment Morning Tea Break

Session 2 Mineral systems and the Gawler Range Volcanics – Chair: Stacey McAvaney 11.05 – 11.20 Adrian Fabris GSSA Characterising and mapping mineral systems: what did we learn from the MSDP? 11.20 – 11.35 Mario Werner GSSA New discoveries from the Gawler Ranges: greisen-style mineralisation in Hiltaba Suite granite and a regional stratigraphic marker in the upper GRV 11.35 – 11.50 Liz Jagodzinski GSSA What is ‘lower’ about the lower Gawler Range Volcanics? 11.50 – 12.05 Alan Mauger GSSA Navigating Olympic Dam with feldspar chemistry courtesy of TIR spectroscopy 12.05 – 12.20 Ben Nicolson GSSA Variable source: Pb isotopes reveal basement influence on mineralisation events at 1590 Ma 12.20 – 1.20 Lunch Break Session 3 1.20 – 1.35 1.35 – 1.50 1.50 – 2.05 2.05 – 2.20 2.20 – 2.35 2.35 – 3.05 Session 4 3.05 – 3.20 3.20 – 3.35 3.35 – 3.50 3.50 – 4.05 4.05 – 4.20 4.20 – 4.30

UNCOVER western South Australia: Coompana to Musgraves – Chair: Philip Heath Tim Munday CSIRO Uncovering the Musgraves – a different perspective on an old landscape Karol Czarnota Geoscience Australia Mapping cover-thickness to UNCOVER basement Clive Foss CSIRO Coompana – what we are learning from the new magnetic data Mark Pawley GSSA Lifting the lid on the Coompana Province: insights from the 13GA-EG1 Eucla-Gawler Seismic Survey Rian Dutch GSSA Geodynamic evolution of western South Australia Afternoon Tea Break Methods: footprints in and through the cover – Chair: Lazslo Katona PhD students University of Adelaide Short talks by PhD students supported by GSSA Steve Hill GSSA Fit for purpose: geochemical vectors in the cover Carmen Krapf GSSA Understanding the type, age and depth of South Australian cover Rod Paterson Intrepid Geophysics AEM 2.5D Inversions on GSSA, Tempest and VTEM data (Quinyambie, Cariewerloo, Gawler South and Western Craton) Justin Payne University of South Australia About the mantle: composition, fertility and metal source? Steve Hill GSSA Closing Remarks *Program is subject to change 17/10/2016-204833

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Resourcing SA Summer 2016  

The Summer 2016 issue has a focus on the resources industry and our South Australian community.

Resourcing SA Summer 2016  

The Summer 2016 issue has a focus on the resources industry and our South Australian community.