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c o m m e m m o r at i n g d e m o t t e ’s i n c o r p o r at i o n
A SPECIAL PUBLICATION BY
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on 50 successful years! We are proud to serve and support the community, and we look forward to a bright future ahead.
It was 1967, and everything was changing
he year 1967 marked an era of deep cultural change that affected nearly every layer of American society. The button-down sensibilities of the Eisenhower/Kennedy era gave way to miniskirts, a stick-thin model known as Twiggy became the body ideal, more women than ever began to enter the workforce (and begin to notice the huge gender disparity in pay and promotion which helped fuel the women’s equality movement.). In our prime-time living rooms, the escapism of Bonanza and Gunsmoke was giving way to the reality of Rowan & Martin’s Laugh In and The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour, which were bringing their own irreverent social commentary and thinly-veiled protest of the war in Vietnam. Meanwhile, young people were bringing their own notveiled-at-all protests of the war to college campuses and the streets. It all would set the stage for 1968 and the assassinations of Martin Luther King, Jr. and Robert F. Kennedy, the brutality of Chicago’s Democratic National Convention, and cities already beset by race riots. We at the Post-News decided to mark the 50th anniversary of DeMotte’s incorporation by taking a glance at what was shaping the town and its people in 1967, and in some cases, the year or two prior since there are no locally-held archives of 1967’s Kankakee Valley Post to research. DeMotte’s incorporation alone — and its backstory that began during the 1930s — made 1967 an eventful year of change. We hope this publication provides an interesting glance into that time for you, too. Scott Buckner City Editor
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And boy, was it ever a long, hard slog to fi finally nally get there
By SCOTT BUCKNER Post-News City Editor
Contrary to the headline at the top of this page, DeMotte had always been a town, of course. Ever since Seth Bentley opened a general store in 1876 amid a surrounding settlement originally known as Little Village, DeMotte had existed as a town, either in spirit or — as it grew — in name, in honor of Mark L. DeMotte, a Valparaiso lawyer and political figure who served in the Civil War. Nobody has ever been able to pin down the exact date when DeMotte officially became DeMotte, but it was known by its current name since just before the turn of the 20th Century, when it began turning up on land deeds. It’s just that DeMotte wasn’t officially a town in the legal sense until 1967 (or 1965, if one wants to split hairs), and because of that, it couldn’t create or enforce ordinances to govern itself or its citizens. There was a system of commongood self-governance that had always been common in frontier settlements, of course — accomplished generally through informal groups organized by like-minded people — but eventually, it dawns
on every prairie settlement that governance through established law works considerably better than rule by shunning or lynch mobs. The only way for DeMotte to create its own laws and make them stick, or control its growth in an organized fashion, was through legal incorporation as a town. In the end, DeMotte would be incorporated as a town. Not once, but twice, actually. It took legal action and a proclamation by the Indiana General Assembly to make incorporation — as well as the election of DeMotte’s first town council — formally stick. During the 1930s, the closest thing DeMotte had to self-rule was the DeMotte Businessmen’s Association (DBA), a group of merchants who already had enough on their plates simply trying to make a living in the ashes of a 1936 fire that destroyed the business district. There was also the matter of trying to make a living during The Great Depression. Still, DeMotte had quite a bit to incorporate about. At the time, any bit of governance or public services such a fire and police protection, were provided by the Jasper County commissioners and Keener Township trustees.
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first DeMotte’s fi rst elected town board: Top row: Art Lageveen, Jr., James Coffer, Coffer, Ernest Eenigenburg. Bottom row: Don Fieldhouse, Harry Stockman, Charles Abbring. (Photo: Kankakee Valley Post, October 1966)
This rarely worked out well for DeMotte, since getting anything from those elected officials basically amounted to what sort of mood dad was in when you asked to borrow the family car or an advance on your allowance. For example, less than a year after the fire, Keener Township Trustee Simon Groet and his advisory board rejected the DBA’s request for the township to help pay for equipment for what then amounted to the town’s volunteer fire department. Rebuffed, the DBA took it upon itself to immediately borrow $100 (or $1,714 in 2017 dollars) for six months to pay the bills and pur-
chase fire insurance. Still, even when township and county government did intervene, it didn’t always benefit DeMotte. In the late 1930’s, Keener Township took over the town’s fire department. However, in order to appropriate funds to run it, the township was required by law to own it. This still left things in control of a distant government. Things weren’t much better as far as police protection went, either. As it happened, DeMotte in the 1930s was seeing the same reckless disregard for the law — or more precisely, the reckless re-
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1967 gard for the absence of the law — as any other small rural town. According to accounts of the time published in the Kankakee Valley Post, hooliganism ran somewhat rampant, businesses were suffering from a rash of break-ins, and traffic along main street was a mess. According to the recollections of Art Lageveen, one of DeMotte’s first elected town councilmen, in a DeMotte Chamber of Commerce publication from the 1990s:
“Thinking back to before incorporation — on Halloween nights there was a lot of damage done. Outhouses were placed in front of stores, tires and junk on top of that. The windows of the stores were soaped and waxed until you could not see through them. Groups of youths roamed the streets looking for something they could carry off or tip over. “One Halloween, a large bonfire was lit in the middle of the highway near the railroad crossing. Cars could not cross, and it was quite a while until the county sheriff arrived to over see the removal. Break-ins were quite common with the nearest police about 20 miles away. It was hard for them to patrol such a large area.”
n t e r s l According to various accounts, tHalloween was particularly notorious for its “trail of smashed spumpkins scattered through town -and privies overturned.” n Things continued much that eway DeMotte, a town growing —without the benefit of building -codes and zoning ordinances and a main street lit by fewer than a dozen street lights bought and paid for by the DBA, which couldn’t always cover the monthly NIPSCO bill. An article in the Jan. 13, 1966 Post illustrated the DBA’s difficulty in this respect — as well as the disunity that occasionally plagued the organization throughout its existence (the group would disband and reformed several times during its history):
“It was noted that the street lights have not been turned off, although our contract with Northern Indiana Public Service Company expired January 1, 1966, the former committee
members all resigned, and no new committee has come forward to be responsible for payment of the street light bill for this year. “There is some effect being made by the business men to pay the bill for the lights on main street, but not all the business people are willing to contribute to this. If enough money can be raised to keep the main street lights on this may be done, but the other town lights will be turned off. Northern Indiana Public Service Company has been very patient and cooperative in the past and are continuing along this line now, BUT it is still very possible that ALL the street lights in DeMotte will be turned off in 1966.” In the end, according to the Feb. 3, 1966 Post, residents along Walnut and Meridian streets ponied up enough to cover the lighting of their streets for the rest of the year. Additionally, said the Post report:
“The light at the corner of DeMotte and Taylor streets was turned on again after Harry Boer, O.P. Rowen and Herman Heimlich contributed the thirty six dollars, which is the cost of one light-pole for one year.” In 1960, though, the DBA would put DeMotte firmly on its path to incorporation by voting to underwrite the costs of petitions and incorporation. According to state law, said a report in the July 1, 1965 Post, a town would need 1,500 residents and a petition signed by one-third of its registered voters to be classified as “a city of the fifth class for incorporation.” The article also stated that an enumeration of the area considered for
incorporation showed 1,428 residents, which was an increase over the previous enumeration of 1,392. Eventually, petitions for incorporation were gathered and signed by 124 people, and presented to the Jasper County Commission in June 1965. The petition stated incorporation would bring about police protection, health protection, work on streets, sanitary sewers, storm sewers, parks, and zoning. The assessed valuation of the foursquare-mile area to be incorporated was said to be $1,211,230 ($9,490,621 in 2017 dollars), with first-year improvements estimated at $10,000 ($78,355 in 2017 dollars), with a tax rate of 85 cents per $100 assessed valuation. The following August, Jasper County commissioners heard testimony from more than 80 DeMotte residents speaking either in favor or opposition to incorporation. The crowd overflowed the hearing room, forcing the session to be moved to a large courtroom which would likewise be filled to capacity. The incorporation petitioners
al ... At one point, a heated exchange of accusations and denials between committee members and objectors interrupted the proceedings.” The contentious friction spilled into the public arena as well. Two letters to the editor in the Aug. 26, 1965 Post following the Jasper County Commission hearing were one example. One of the letters, signed “A Resident of DeMotte,” stated in part:
were represented by DeMotte attorney Dale Schwanke; the objectors by attorneys Edwin Robinson and Thomas Dumas. Most of the opposition came from farmers living on the outskirts of the proposed incorporation area, but some town residents who objected felt the community hadn’t yet grown large enough to benefit from incorporation. “Most farmers contended that they would be required to support town programs from which they would receive no benefit,” stated a report of the county commission hearing in the Aug. 12, 1965 Post. “Several made accusations of ‘underhanded tactics’ and ‘poor ethics’ against the committee that drew up the incorporation propos-
to the editor colorfully sketched the feelings of farmers — including himself — who were opposed to incorporation. His letter stated, in part:
“To the people who favor incorporation, I feel sorry for your selfish, unchristian behavior; I was in that courtroom, I had a few un-Christian words spoken to me, and, many opposing incorpration were called liars. If this plan of incorporation is passed, it might help a few money hungry, selfish individuals today; but, it will halt the growth of the community by heavy taxes; It (incorporation) will make the respectable town of DeMotte today — a town like North Judson in the future.” Farmer John Zoetman’s letter
“It was not us farmers who got together and roped in the town people to help pay for our conveniences. We pay for our own, but you want us to not only help you, but by far carry the biggest share of the load tax value wise. “The glowing promise of paved streets, sidewalks, street lights, police protection are wonderful for the town, and if you want them, go get them. Continued on next page
6 We’re not against incorporation of the town, that’s entirely your business, but leave us farmers alone. We can’t use it, we can’t grow any corn on paved streets, our cows don’t need sidewalks, nor do our beans need street lights, and none of these need police protection. We aren’t asking for them, we can’t use them.” Perhaps partly in response to those letters, incorporation committee chairman Gerritt Van Keppel, in an ad published in the Sept. 9, 1965 Post, made an appeal for support from those not convinced incorporation would benefit DeMotte:
“We also fervently hope that the objectors will join with us in setting up the town board and co-operate in making DeMotte a better place to live. As brought out in some of the past meetings, the cost of any improvements made will have to be borne by the developers, builders, or the people directly benefiting thereof. the only thing the Town Board will be obliged
to do will be to maintain these improvements after they have been installed by the people directly benefiting thereof. There has been a mistaken thought circulated, that all these improvements will be done by taxing of the people. this is not true.” Commissioners would leave the matter unresolved until September, when they unanimously approved DeMotte’s incorporation as of Sept. 21, 1965 and named five resident inspectors to establish ward boundaries and conduct the election on October 11 of five town trustees and a clerk-treasurer. The legality of the town’s incorporation was immediately challenged in court, where it would remain in limbo under a temporary restraining order preventing any further political activity issued by Jasper County Circuit Court Judge Moses Leopold in response to a lawsuit filed on behalf of 13 plaintiffs. According to a Sept. 30, 1965 Post account, among the issues Continued on next page
Town of DeMotte
Burglaries had become a problem in DeMotte, which lacked a permanent police force. This Jan. 13, 1966 Post account was one of several that appeared through the year. A single Aug. 25, 1966 account reported break-ins at Hillside Hardware (fourth since January), Hillcrest Footware, Hillside Lanes (third since January), Weirs Chevrolet, and $3,300 in checks and cash from a safe at DeMotte School.
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under contention by the lawsuit were the verification of signatures on the petition for incorporation, that the required mailing addresses of those residents were not set forth, the map of area to be incorporated not certified by a registered engineer, a “substantial majority” of the area sought for incorporation “is farm land and rural in character,” and neither a statement of services provided through corporation nor a proposed tax rate had been furnished. The Post account listed the plaintiffs as Mr. and Mrs. Ben Hoffmann, Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Walstra, Mr. and Mrs. Lester Crawford, Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth Yeagley, Mr. and Mrs. Ben Swart, John Konovsky, Eva Mosier, and Cornelius Abbring. Listed as defendants — those who supported incorporation efforts — were Gerritt Van Keppel, Walter Roorda, John Eakin, Jon Wright, Donald Beckman, Samuel DeKock, Albert K. (Bud) Belstra, Paul Bauman, Arthur Langeveen Jr., Bruce Todd, Jasper Stellingwerf, and Gerald Kooy. Also named as defendants were Continued on next page
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The Kankakee Valley Post building in 1967, which provided a home to DeMotte’s fi first rst public library in a single room in Austaffed by volunteers under the gust 1967. Prior to that, readers were served by a bookmobile. Operated as a book station staffed Jasper County library system, the library was open Mondays and Saturdays from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. and Thursday and Fridays from 5 p.m. to 9 p.m. “Patrons may sign up for lending cards if they do not already have them through the bookmobile. The new library was the result of efforts efforts by the DeMotte Business and Professional Women’s club, local contractors, the county library system, and contractors who provided lumber for supplementary shelving and built shelves for the initial collection of 2,000 books.
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8 the five individuals appointed to conduct the election of the town’s trustees: Ruth Curtiss, Frances Zeck, Cecilia Lapsley, William Ooms, and Fern Traster. The logjam would be broken on Saturday, October 9, when Leopold would lift his restraining order. Within eight hours afterward, both major parties — the election would be a Republican vs. Democrat contest — would hastily caucus to select and certify their candidates, and have ballots printed by Monday, the day before the election. Election-day turnout would be less than spectacular; ballots were cast by 289 people — less than half of the town’s eligible voters. The Republican candidates swept their Democrat opponents by fairly large margins in their ward’s polling: Ernest Eenigenberg (R) 202, Nick Tilliger (D) 79; James Coffer (R) 170, Lavern Blankenbaker (D) 112; Donald Fieldhouse (R) 204, Austin Lawson (D) 78; Charles Abbring Sr. (R) 201, Robert Walstra (D) 77; Art Lageveen Jr. (R) 156, Herbert Ruisard (D) 123. Republican Harry Stockman would defeat Democrat Robert Brown for clerktreasurer 192-93. Despite Judge Moses’ lift of the restraining order, DeMotte’s incorporation — and the election of its first governing board — would not be legally validated until 1967, when it took an act of the Indiana General Assembly and Gov. Roger D. Branigan to make it so. In February 1967, House Bill 1766 — introduced by Valparaiso Reps. Quentin Blachly and King Telle and pushed in the Senate by Earl Landgrebe and Marvin Stewart — sought to validate and settle permanently DeMotte’s incorpo-
“We’re not against incorporation of the town, that’s entirely your business, but leave us farmers alone. We can’t grow any corn on paved streets, our cows don’t need sidewalks, nor do our beans need street lights, and none of these need police protection.” ration and town board election. The bill passed the House 88-0 and the Senate 37-0, and was signed by Branigan on March 11, 1967. Still, the dust from the county and state hearings wouldn’t be settled permanently until February 1968, when DeMotte’s town board — its members’ election upheld by the General Assembly’s bill signed by the governor — agreed to disannex the properties of several opposing landowners which had been drawn into the original incorporation boundaries. Had the agreement between the board and attorney for landowners Ben Hoffman, Julius HolmHansen, John Zoeteman (whose letter to the editor was mentioned earlier in this story), Cornelious Abbring, Don Radtke, Clarence Walstra, Charles Streveler, Ben Swart, Wes Mosier and Wesley Van Drunen not been reached, the litigious road to DeMotte’s incorporation — and the town’s newly-acquired ability to qualify for state and federal funding — would need a to be started all over again. a
DeMotte’s first first By SCOTT BUCKNER Post-News City Editor Since DeMotte wasn’t established in 1967 with a mayor-council form of government, a growing town and the piles of paperwork and details that goes with it soon made it clear that DeMotte needed an administrator to oversee its day-to-day affairs. That job would go to Jeanette Roorda, who was hired as DeMotte’s first town manager. It would be a position she would hold from 1986 to 1993. She seemed to be a natural choice for the job, since she had been DeMotte’s clerk-treasurer since 1972, a town board member since 1980, and a close associate of town board President Dr. Roy Kingma. “That’s one thing about being clerk-treasurer, “ said Roorda,
now in her 80s and still making her home in DeMotte, of why she chose to start her career in public service by running for election as clerk-treasurer. “You didn’t have to make those decisions. You brought things to the board, and they made the decisions. I thought, ‘Oh, I’d like that.’ “You want me to tell you the truth? They (board members) didn’t get paid and I did. But I didn’t like all of the work that went with the town (that Kingma had been shuffling her way during her employment as his medical-practice receptionist). But I also knew that, once we got somebody in there, that I would be getting a lot of the work that had (already) been coming my way. It was always, ‘Ask Jeanette.’ That kind of thing. That’s less
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town manager: ‘I enjoyed it a lot’ “You brought things to the board, and they made the decisions. I thought, ‘Oh, I’d like that.’”
Jeanette Roorda in 1967
money than the clerk-treasurer gets, and I got tired of doing all of the work. “When they went out for bids, I felt like someone is going to get paid for this job, and it’s going to be Jeanette. Jeanette. He He (Kingma) (Kingma) knew be me and and II knew knew him him and he kept me bringingthings thingsinin to for do bringing forfor meme to do for town, the town, I didn’t mind the but but I didn’t mind it. it. “Butno nomatter matterwhere whereI went, I went, “But it it (the work) came,you youknow. know. Al(the work) came, though,IIhad hadwonderful wonderfulboards. boards.I though, I cannot,cannot cannotdeny denythat. that. II had cannot, wonderful boards boards and and they were wonderful quickto tocompliment compliment me and give quick methe thepraise praise that that II needed. They me werevery verygood goodat atthat.” that.” were Transitioning from from clerk-treaTransitioning surer to to board board member member to town surer manager wasn’t wasn’t difficult difficult as it manager couldhave have been been because because she was could alsofamiliar familiar to to many many in DeMotte also throughher her work work as as a school secthrough
retary and her work at Kingma’s medical practice, said Roorda’s son Joe. “You know, I think politically, it was hard for the town manager and all the men, but as far as her being known in the community, for the clinic,” he said. “She was working at the clinic as a receptionist, she worked at the school as a cook, she worked as the secretary — so she had, and DeMotte, when I was a kid you’d look in the phone book and there were 736 people in DeMotte and they all went through the cook line. They all went through the cook line, they went through the clinic. So she had the contacts and the support through the community.” Once accustomed to the routines involved in being town manager, Jeanette Roorda said, she found a good rhythm. “I filled out all of the paperwork but I kinda knew what I was doing,” she said. “I filled out a couple of grants for the town, and they gave you the money if you wanted it. The town was the one that had the money, or the county, so you had to please those people — and not necessarily the board. But if you, if I said, ‘Well, this is the paper we have to fill out, and it’s already done, I just need Dr. Kingma’s signature, and it was — away it went.” Still, there was a learning curve, since there wasn’t exactly
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a manual on how to be the manager of a growing town — particularly one in serious need of sewers and a wastewater treatment facility. When DeMotte obtained a federal grant in 1976 to build them, months of torn-up streets wore thin whatever charitable feelings residents may have had toward things like better drainage and no longer having to worry about backyard septic tanks backing up. “The whole of DeMotte was all these half acre lots, and they just had septic tanks. That was quite a project. She had to get all of the easements, all the other permits, and some of these people didn’t want it. So it was quite a project. “That needed a lot of help. It was not too long after Dr. Kingma was on the board. So he knew they were going to hit the ground running. Some people were mad and some people didn’t understand it: ‘Well I don’t care about this one over here, and I don’t care about this one over there,’ but he (Kingma) thought farther ahead.” “I made it up as I went along,” she said of her on-the-job training as town manager. “I read the newspapers and found out what the other towns did. Like, in terms of sidewalks. If the other towns got it, I wanted to have it. Like for instance, what did Wheatfield do to make itself grow?
“If you don’t advance as a town, you’re going backwards.” Today, when Jeanette Roorda looks at the town she helped grow, she sees a DeMotte that’s not the same town that many her age typically recall with considerably more fondness than they do the DeMotte of today. “No, no, DeMotte’s not the same,” she says. “I think its a good thing. But you won’t have a lot of people agree with me. They’d rather … most of those people have died off, you know, so — I was a little disappointed in the people uptown where the post office is. That’s true. I was a little disappointed because they didn’t go out for grants. They more or less wanted to stay right in with the rest of the town.” “It was really a lot of, I think the community, I mean it was always Republican, Democrat, it was always some stuff, but … there was never any political agendas going on,” said Joe Roorda. “Sometimes there might be some things that come up in the paper that got bantered around, but I didn’t see it, and mom didn’t bring it home.” At that point, Joe Roorda turned, looked at his mother, and told her, “You got a lot of things accomplished, and I know you enjoyed it.” “Yes I did,” she answered. a “Yeah. I did.” a
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One of 1967’s most historic events was the blizzard which struck northwest Indiana and Chicagoland on January 26–27. A record 23 inches of snow and wind gusts in excess of 50 mph created drifts as high as 15 feet. Caught by surprise, many people were left stranded at work, and hundreds of motorists on the road in Chicago simply abandoned their cars, trucks, and buses where they got stuck on streets, expressways and Lake Shore Drive, making those roadways even more impassable for days.
There was no locally-available collection of 1967 issues of the Kankakee Valley Post to see the storm’s impact on DeMotte, but we’re pretty sure any photos would be similar to the one at right, recorded in Chicago.
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DEMOTTE AND AGRICULTURE
‘It’s all kind of gone now. The asparagus companies have moved away’ By CARRIE NAPOLEON Post-News Correspondent
ertile farmland helped cultivate the community of immigrants in north Jasper County that one day come together to incorporate the town of DeMotte. Traditional crops like soybeans and corn have been cultivated since the first settlers arrived. A wide variety of specialty crops like asparagus, Christmas trees and blueberries, helped carve out a niche in the market for the community, and continue to place DeMotte on the map. Farming remains a mainstay economic driver in the town, even though crops and methods of farming have changed over the years. Kathleen VanDerMolen and her husband Bernard made farming a way of life for more than half a century after marrying 65 years ago. The couple raised the specialty crops for which DeMotte has become known, including asparagus. During the mid-20th Century, asparagus was the biggest crop exported from the area, according to an article written by Joan Whitaker compiled from DeMotte 1876-1976 and from material supplied by Art Terborg. DeMotte was home to innovation for harvesting the crop. Originally, workers would walk up and down the rows of asparagus, harvesting the spears. John Terborg and Ernest Eenigenburg and the local blacksmith fabricated a cart on which workers could ride up and down the rows to harvest the crops. Some of the carts included a roof so workers could be protected from the sun and rain while they harvested, VanDerMolen recalls sitting on the carts with other farm hands, working the rows of asparagus. Nine people could sit on one of the carts. Children were hired to work after school and were among those manning the carts. During the harvest, students were allowed to leave school a couple hours early to work the farms. One of the carts was operated by women only. “It’s changed quite a bit since then,” she said. In their heyday, the VanDerMolens farmed 40 acres with 20 to 30 of those acres devoted to asparContinued on next page
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12 agus crowns — the root system purchased by nurseries and other farmers to grow fresh asparagus. “One year, we raised as many as 8 million roots. It was big business,” she said; in one workday, hands loaded three semi trailers full of the produce. The VanDerMolens also were among the early local farmers to plant blueberries on their land. The couple had three acres of blueberries. “Now, most farmers here don’t have asparagus. It’s almost all kind of gone now. The asparagus companies have moved away,” VanDerMolen said. While asparagus farming has fallen largely out of fashion in the area, blueberries remain a popular crop that draws people from Indiana and places like Illinois and Michigan for the pick-it-yourself experience. John Sauer brought the first six blueberry bushes to DeMotte when DeMotte when he moved here in 1943 from Cedar Lake. He became a self-taught expert on blueberries and blueberries and started to
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was withheld from the report to avoid disclosing data for individual operators. The state ranks 11th in the country in blueberry production with 630 acres devoted to the crop, according to the National Agriculture Statistics 2015 Blueberry report. VanDerMolen said farming has played a big part in how DeMotte was formed and will continue to do so. “Things have really changed. When we came here it was kind of gravel roads even though we only lived a mile south of town,” she said, adding that changed pretty fast when infrastructure bePhoto: Scott Buckner/Post-News came more modernized. It’s modernized, but it’s not that Workers plant new blueberry bushes at a DeMotte farm, Spring 2017 modernized. It’s a small propagate the plants, expanding to Ernest Eenigenburg in 1956. town,” VanDerMolen said. his fields and ultimately becom- The Eenigenburg farm continues As growth continues and some ing a state-licensed nurseryman. to operate today, along with sev- of the farms give way to new subThe designation allowed him to eral other blueberry farms. divisions, she expects DeMotte to sell blueberry starts to nurseries Jasper County ranks first remain committed to its farming and other farmers, according to among Indiana counties in the val- roots. It’s the area’s rural nature Whitaker’s article. ue of the agricultural crops pro- which creates the appeal that Many of the region’s blueberry duced here, according to the 2012 draws people here. growers got their start from Sau- U.S. Agriculture Census. Itemized “It is a farming community,” er’s six plants. Sauer sold his farm data on the production of berries VanDerMolen said. a a
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STORY BY SCOTT 2017 CITY EDITOR 1967BUCKNER,
DEMOTTE AND THE WAR
‘The general sentiment of it was that we were doing the right thing’
eMotte’s place in 1967 rural America allowed it to be insulated from the social and racial unrest taking hold in America that would explode in 1968, but the one thing it could not escape was the war in Vietnam. Under the direction of President Lyndon B. Johnson and Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, the military began ramp-
ing up its forces in southeast Asia during the mid1960s, leading scores of the nation’s young men barely out of high school to enlist or be drafted into service. A news item in the July 14, 1966 Kankakee Valley Post headlined “July Call-Up Is Largest In Several Months” reflected this. “Fifteen young men enContinued on Page 16
Photo: Frank Wolfe - Lyndon B. Johnson Library, Public Domain
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trained here Monday morning for the Indianapolis induction center and 22 others will report there for physical examinations, marking the largest exodus of militarybound youths from this country in several months.” Among the 15 were Dusty Howard and William C. Hart of Wheatfield and Theodore D. Stalbaum of Tefft. By October, the Post would routinely be listing the names of Jasper County sons reporting for military duty. The October 27 issue listed volunteer Lee DeFries of DeMotte among a group of 22 headed to Indianapolis for induction. The Vietnam War’s casualties would soon begin filtering home, among them rifleman/paratrooper Fred Hattabaugh of Rensselaer, who in April 1966 would become Jasper County’s first native to be killed in the war. All of DeMotte’s Vietnam servicemen, however, would return home. The only DeMotte-area casualty of the entire war would be PFC Malcolm Brouhard of Wheatfield, killed by small arms fire on Thanksgiving Day 1966, just six months after entering the service and barely two weeks after marrying Mary Ellen Hendrix, also of Wheatfield. By the end of 1967, 485,000 troops had been committed to the war effort; 11,153 of them had been killed in action. By war’s end on April 30, 1975, 1,530 of its casualties would come from Indiana Jasper County Veterans Service Officer Pat Donnelly was a DeMotte high schooler in 1967, and would go on to serve in the Air Force from 1971 to 1974 as the country’s involvement in Vietnam began to wind down under President Richard Nixon. “My 1971 draft lottery number was 2,” Don-
nelly said of the number assigned to the order by which military-age men would be drafted into military service. The lower your chosen number, the greater certainty you would receive a draft notice from the Selective Service informing you of the date and time to report to a particular induction center. Instead, Donnelly thought he would have better luck enlisting
with the service branch of his own choosing rather than leaving it to the whims of the Selective Service. His father advised him to join the Air Force, Donnelly said, because “you get better food to eat and a dry place to sleep.” He took that advice and ended up serving his tour of duty stateside in Clovis, N.M., in supply support. Other fortunate souls who didn’t get shipped off to Vietnam,
he said, “ended up in places like Thailand, or other [non-war front] places where our planes were stationed.” By the mid-1960s, a number of Americans began questioning the country’s involvement in a war of escalation that it could not win, and by 1967, those questions evolved into full-scale antiwar protests on college campuses and urban streets. However, Donnelly said for the most part, this sentiment hardly registered in DeMotte, among those he knew, or himself. “I think the thoughts of people [in DeMotte], especially back then, it hasn’t changed today. They believed the Vietnam War was the right thing to be doing, stopping the flood of communism and all that stuff. Stopping tyranny. They all thought the [anti-war] demon-
Continued on next page
Fred Hattabaugh of Rensselaer was the fi rst Jasper County serviceman to be first killed in action during the Vietnam War. (KV Post, April 1966)
The only DeMotte-area serviceman to be killed in action during the Vietnam War was PFC Malcolm Brouhard Wheatfield. He was killed by small of Wheatfield. fire on Thanksgiving Day 1966, arms fire just six months after entering the service and barely two weeks after marrying Mary Ellen Hendrix, also of Wheatfi eld. Wheatfield.
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strations, the kids, were ludicrous “When I look back, I think some of the sentiment has changed [since then], but they were supportive of the effort. We’ll always have people questioning it. In ’67, I was … a sophomore in high school, and for people I was with, there was some questioning of it. Still, the general sentiment of it was that we were doing the right thing.” Much of that sentiment was expressed by those who served in World War II, which was still fresh in the mind of a victorious America. “I went to the wake of one young man, but still the majority of people going to those things were the people from World War II,” Donnelly said. “That was the majority of the people coming to the wakes. And even with them, the sentiment was ‘Since we went there, we should be fighting to win rather than fighting not to lose.’” Connie Kiesling Loftman saw things differently. The onetime Miss Jasper County 1965 grew up in Delphi and moved with her family to Rensselaer when she was 15. The attitudes of those in Delphi toward the country’s involvement
in Vietnam, she said, were similar to those expressed by Donnelly about DeMotte — which she says wasn’t surprising, since both towns were similar in their size and distance from major northern cities like Chicago, where moreprogressive trains of thought were generally more welcome and encouraged. While Rensselaer was larger in terms of population, she found its social attitudes to be just as conservative as those she grew up with in Delphi. That began to change when she struck up a close friendship with Margie Savich, a fellow high schooler whose family held opinions that were anything but conservative. And those opinions and the family itself, she said, did not discourage the deeper questioning of authority and its motives, particularly when it came to the country’s escalating involvement in Vietnam during the early 1960s. “Rensselaer was a very conservative town. There was not a lot of criticism of the government or what was going on (in Vietnam),” Continued on next page
This ad in a 1966 issue of the Kankakee Valley Post enticed Vietnam-era Army veterans to re-enlist after completing their tour of duty.
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18 18 Loftman Loftman said. said. “It “It was, was, ‘If ‘If the the govgovernment says says we we need need to to be be in in ernment Vietnam Vietnam and and these these are are the the facts, facts, then then that’s that’s OK.’ OK.’ There There were were aa minminimum imum of of people people questioning questioning things, things, maybe maybe because because they they didn’t didn’t want to to rock rock the the boat, boat, or or because because want they were were very very patriotic. patriotic. But But this this they was one one of of the the very very few few New New Deal Deal was Democrat families families in in Rensselaer, Rensselaer, Democrat and they they were were opposed opposed to to the the war war and at aa time time when when there there were were only only aa at few people people (in (in town) town) speaking speaking out. out. few They were were saying, saying, ‘Don’t ‘Don’t just just bebeThey lieve the the government government because because it it lieve tells you you to to believe. believe. Do Do your your reretells search, find find out out what’s what’s going going on, on, search, and form form your your own own conclusions.’ conclusions.’ and “When you you listen, listen, you you tend tend to to “When question. II knew knew aa lot lot of of fellows fellows question. from high high school school who who were were killed killed from in Vietnam. Vietnam. It It turns turns you you into into aa in skeptical person. person. II became became very very skeptical skeptical. skeptical. “But it it wasn’t wasn’t just just the the war. war. “But There was was the the pastor pastor of of aa church church There who participated participated in in Martin Martin Luther Luther who King’s march march in in 1965 1965 from from Selma Selma King’s to Montgomery Montgomery over over voting voting rights. rights. to That wasn’t wasn’t aa very very popular popular stand stand That to take take in in Rensselaer, Rensselaer, but but it it was was aa to very intelligent intelligent thing thing to to do.” do.” very Loftman would would leave leave RensseRensseLoftman
Kankakee KankakeeValley Valley Post/July Post/July 29,1965 29,1965
laer to to attend attend Indiana Indiana University University laer Bloomington, and and meet meet her her hushusBloomington, band of of 50 50 years, years, Guy. Guy. He He was was camcamband paigning to to be be elected elected president president paigning of the the campus’ campus’ student student body, body, and and of she served served as as his his campaign campaign manmanshe ager. Soon, Soon, in in 1967, 1967, the the two two were were ager. married and and became became involved involved in in married the Progressive Progressive Reformed Reformed Party, Party, the progressive/liberal campus campus ororaa progressive/liberal ganization “primarily “primarily about about local local ganization issues” at at the the time. time. The The war, war, howhowissues” ever, would would ultimately ultimately capture capture the the ever, group’s attention attention and and lead lead to to its its group’s organization of of anti-war anti-war protests. protests. organization According to to IU IU Bloomington’s Bloomington’s According
Wikipedia entry, entry, the the campus campus had had Wikipedia an undercurrent undercurrent of of students students with with an progressive ideology ideology to to go go along along aa progressive with those those of of the the conservative conservative sensenwith sibilities that that Loftman Loftman was was familfamilsibilities iar with with in in Delphi Delphi and and Rensselaer: Rensselaer: iar
“In 1960, 1960, the the IU IU student student body body “In elected Thomas Thomas Atkins, Atkins, an an AfAfelected rican-American from from Elkhart Elkhart rican-American to the the position position of of president president of of to the student student body. body. A A throng throng of of the white students students protested protested the the rerewhite sult by by parading parading around around camcamsult pus waving waving Confederate Confederate flags flags pus and allegedly allegedly blamed blamed Atkins’ Atkins’ and
victory on on aa “bunch “bunch of of beatbeatvictory niks.” When When the protesters apapniks.” proached the the female female dormitory dormitory proached on campus, campus, they they were were apparentapparenton ly met met with with “a “a barrage barrage of of coscosly metic bottles, bottles, old old shoes shoes and and othothmetic er objects.” objects.” er
Loftman said said the the group’s group’s first first Loftman protest in in 1966 1966 drew drew 20 20 students students protest from IU’s IU’s then-student then-student population population from of 10,000. 10,000. The The ranks ranks of of the the student student of protesters would would eventually eventually reach reach protesters 200 by by the the time time their their sentiment sentiment 200
Continued on on next next page page Continued
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America. I really do. But I think the government is only as good as people let it. And it can be good if you’re willing to be smart about things and make informed decisions.” Loftman continues to be active in political and social causes in her hometown of Bloomington, and she sees the years surrounding 1967 as a time unique to itself, and not likely to be repeated again. “I don’t know if we’re going to see that sort of involvement again,” she reflected. “When there was a draft, you’re so close to it, seeing so many people you Connie Kiesling Loftman was crowned know being drafted and killed. Women were being drafted, and Miss Jasper County 1965. the ones at home were mourning turned against the military’s car- their victims. “With a volunteer army, it’s pet-bombing of Cambodia benot as personal … as when there tween 1969 and 1973, she said. “That wasn’t very much out was the draft. Back then, with of 10,000, but that’s what it the draft, it felt much closer to turned into. Things shifted in home, and that’s why I think we that time. And we became very had 10,000 people out demonstratskeptical of the government by ing against our involvement in the time (President Richard) Nix- Cambodia. “I don’t know what it would on was impeached. And I don’t think we’ve ever gotten back to take to make those numbers turn a trusting the government. I love out again.” a
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The world was a very interesting and changing place of its own in 1967, too. Here’s a month-by-month look at what was happening in the USA and the world (compiled from onthisday.com and Wikipedia): JANUARY Jan 1 FCC requires AM-FM sister stations to be at least 50% different. Jan 1 Green Bay Packers beat Dallas Cowboys 34-27 in NFL championship game. Jan 1 KC Chiefs beat Buffalo Bills 31-7 in AFL championship game. Jan 1 St. Helena adopts constitution. Jan 1 Tonga revises constitution. Jan 1 Canada begins a year-long celebration of the 100th anniversary of the British North America Act, 1867, featuring the Expo 67 World’s Fair. Jan 2 Ronald Reagan, past movie actor and future President of the United States, is inaugurated the new governor of California. Jan 2 53rd Rose Bowl: #7 Purdue beats Southern California, 14-13. Jan 2 33rd Sugar Bowl: #6 Alabama beats #3 Nebraska, 34-7. Jan 2 33rd Orange Bowl: Florida beats #8 Georgia Tech, 27-12. Jan 3 “Tonight Show” is shortened from 105 to 90 minutes. Jan 3 Carl Wilson of the Beach Boys is indicted for draft evasion. Jan 4 Donald Campbell is killed while driving a Bluebird K7, a jetpowered boat, on Coniston Water; Campbell was trying to beat his own speed record. Jan 4 – The Doors release their début album The Doors. The album contained their later number one hit, “Light My Fire”. Jan 6 “Milton Berle Show” last airs on ABC-TV. Jan 6 2 homemade buses collided on a mountain road in Terpate, Philippines plunging off a cliff, killing 84, injuring 140. Jan 6 United States Marine Corps and ARVN troops launch “Operation Deckhouse Five” in the Mekong River delta. Jan 7 “Newlywed Game” premieres on ABC TV. Jan 9 Georgia legislature seats Rep Julian Bond. Jan 9 NFL New Orleans’ franchise takes name “Saints”. Jan 9 “More of the Monkees” 2nd album by The Monkees is released. Jan 12 Dr. James Bedford becomes the first person to be cryonically preserved with intent of future resuscitation. Jan 10 – Segregationist Lester Maddox is sworn in as Governor of Georgia. Jan 12 NBC premiers the colorized remake of “Dragnet”. Jan 13 Bloodless coup in Togo led by Lt. Col. Étienne Eyadéma and Kléber Dadjo. Jan 13 Rolling Stones appear again on the Ed Sullivan Show. Jan 14 The Human Be-In takes place in Golden Gate Park, San Francisco; the event sets the stage for the Summer of Love. Jan 14 20,000 attend Human BeIn, San Francisco.
THE YEAR 1967 Jan 14 Earthquake in Sicily kills 231. Jan 14 New York Times reports Army is conducting secret germ warfare experiments. Jan 15 Super Bowl I: Green Bay Packers beat KC Chiefs, 35-10 in LA Super Bowl MVP: Bart Starr, Green Bay, QB. Jan 15 Louis Leakey announces the discovery of pre-human fossils in Kenya; he names the species Kenyapithecus africanus. Jan 16 1st black government installed in Bahamas. Jan 16 Lucius Amerson, becomes 1st southern (Alabama) African American sheriff in 20th century. Jan 18 20th NHL All-Star Game: Montreal beat All-Stars 3-0 at Montreal. Jan 18 Albert DeSalvo (Boston Strangler) sentenced to life in prison. Jan 18 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site. Jan 18 A Fistful of Dollars, the first significant “spaghetti Western” film, is released in the United States. Jan 19 Herr Karl Tausch writes shortest will: “Vse Zene” (All to wife). Jan 21 AFL Pro Bowl: East beats West 30-23. Jan 21 US female Figure Skating championship won by Peggy Fleming. Jan 21 US male Figure Skating championship won by Gary Visconti. Jan 22 NFL Pro Bowl: East beats West 20-10. Jan 23 Stan Musial is named GM of St. Louis Cards. Jan 23 In Munich, the trial begins of Wilhelm Harster, accused of the murder of 82,856 Jews (including Anne Frank) when he led German security police during the German occupation of the Netherlands. He is eventually sentenced to 15 years in prison. Jan 26 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR. Jan 26 Chicago Blizzard strikes with a record 23 inches of snowfall, causing 800 buses and 50,000 automobiles to be abandoned. Jan 27 A fire in the Apollo I Command Module kills astronauts Grissom, White, and Chaffee during a launch rehearsal. Jan 27 The Beatles sign a 9-year worldwide contract with EMI records. Jan 27 New Orleans Saints sign their 1st player (Paige Cothren,
kicker). Jan 27 Treaty signed banning military use of nuclear weapons in space. Jan 28 Rolling Stones release “Let’s Spend the Night Together”. Jan 29 Branch Rickey and Lloyd Waner elected to Baseball Hall of Fame. Jan 29 Kees Verkerk becomes European skating champ. ••• FEBRUARY Feb 1-7 Severe brush fires in Tasmania destroy $11 million in property over 2,642.7 square kilometres (653,025.4 acres) and take 62 lives. Feb 2 Bolivia adopts its constitution. Feb 2 American Basketball Association is formed. Feb 3 “Purple Haze” recorded by Jimi Hendrix. Feb 3 Ronald Ryan, the last person to be executed in Australia, is hanged in Pentridge Prison, Melbourne. Feb 4 “Wild Thing” by Senator Bobby hits #20 on the pop singles chart . Feb 4 US launches Lunar Orbiter 3. Feb 5 “Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour” premieres on CBS (later ABC, NBC). Feb 5 Anastasio Somoza Debayle elected President of Nicaragua. Feb 5 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Robert Penn Warren. Feb 6 Cultural Revolution in Albania. Feb 6 Muhammad Ali TKOs Ernie Terrell in 15 for heavyweight boxing title. Feb 7 A fire at a restaurant in Montgomery, Alabama kills 25 people. Feb 8 Longest losing streak in Toronto Maple Leaf history (10 games). Feb 8 Peter (Asher) and Gordon (Waller) discontinue their singing partnership. Feb 8 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site. Feb 10 25th Amendment (US Presidential Disability and Succession) ratified. Feb 12 Kees Verkerk becomes world champ all-around skater. Feb 12 Pirate Radio Free Harlem (NYC) begins transmitting. Feb 14 “Respect” single recorded by Aretha Franklin (Billboard Song of the Year 1967).
Feb 14 Latin American nuclear free zone proposal drawn up. Feb 15 1st anti-bootleg recording laws enacted. Feb 15 Longest dream (REM sleep) on record, Bill Carskadon, Chicago (2:23). Feb 17 Beatles release “Penny Lane” and “Strawberry Fields”. Feb 17 Kosmos 140 (Soyuz Test) launches into Earth orbit. Feb 18 Bob Seagren sets pole vault record at 17’3”. Feb 18 Softball pitcher Eddie Feigner strikes out 6 straight major leaguers. Feb 19 Stien Kaiser becomes world champion lady’s skater. Feb 22 Sling-shot goalpost and 6’ wide border around field are standard in NFL. Feb 22 25,000 US and South Vietnamese troops launch Operation Junction City against Viet Cong. Largest US airborne assault since WWII. Feb 22 US and South Vietnam conduct Operation Junction City, the largest airborne operation of the Vietnam War. Feb 23 25th amendment (US Presidential succession) adopted. Feb 23 John Herbert’s “Fortune and Men’s Eyes” premieres in NYC. Feb 23 Ted Workman replaces Senator Keith Davey as CFL commissioner. Feb 26 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR. Feb 26 Verne Gagne beats Mad Dog Vachon in St. Paul, Minnesota to become NWA champ. ••• MARCH Mar 1 Dominica and St Lucia gain independence from Britain. Mar 1 Brazilian police arrest Franz Stangl, ex-commander of Treblinka and Sobibór extermination camps. Mar 1 US House of Representatives expels Rep Adam Clayton Powell Jr (307 to 116). Mar 2 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site. Mar 3 Grenada gains partial independence from Britain. Mar 3 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site. Mar 3 White Sox given permission to use semi-DH in training camp with home club permission (use of pinch hitter twice in same game). Mar 4 Worlds Ladies’ Figure Skating Champion in Vienna won by Peggy Fleming (US). Mar 6 2nd Academy of Country Music Awards: Merle Haggard and Bonnie Guitar win. Mar 6 Muhammad Ali is ordered by selective service to be inducted. Mar 6 Stalin’s daughter Svetlana Allilujeva asks for political asylum in US. Mar 7 Clark Gesner’s musical “You’re a Good Man” premieres in NYC. Mar 7 Teamster president Jimmy Hoffa begins 8-year jail sentence for defrauding the union and jury tampering (commuted Dec 23, 1971). Mar 8 New Orleans Saints begin selling season tickets (20,000 sold 1st day). Mar 9 Svetlana Allilueva, Stalin’s
daughter, defects to the West. Mar 12 Austria’s Reinhold Bachler ski jumps 505 feet. Mar 13 Congo sentences ex-premier Moise Tsjombe to death. Mar 14 1st NFL-AFL common draft, Baltimore Colts pick Bubba Smith. Mar 14 JFK’s body moved from temporary grave to a permanent memorial. Mar 15 Marshal Arturo da Costa e Silva sworn in as President of Brazil. Mar 18 Beatles’ “Penny Lane” single goes #1. Mar 18 Oil tanker Torrey Canyon hits a rock off Cornwall on the British coast and spills oil (British Fleet Air Arm and Royal Air Force aircraft bomb and sink the grounded supertanker on Mar 29). Mar 19 French Somaliland (Djibouti) votes to continue association with France. Mar 19 Marilynn Smith wins LPGA St Petersburg Orange Golf Classic. Mar 20 The Supremes release “The Happening”. Mar 22 Muhammad Ali KOs Zora Folley in 7 for heavyweight boxing title. Mar 22 Charles Manson is released from the Federal Correctional Institution on Terminal Island in Los Angeles. Telling the authorities that prison had become his home, he requested permission to stay. Upon his release, he relocates to San Francisco, where he spends the Summer of Love. Mar 24 University of Michigan holds 1st “Teach-in” after bombing of North Vietnam. Mar 25 29th NCAA Men’s Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Dayton 79-64. Mar 25 The Turtle’s “Happy Together” goes #1. Mar 25 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR. Mar 25 The Who and Cream make US debut at Murray the K’s Easter Show. Mar 26 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Venice Ladies’ Golf Open. Mar 26 Pope Paul VI publishes encyclical Populorum progressio. Mar 28 UN Secretary General U Thant makes public proposals for peace in Vietnam. Mar 29 A 13-day TV strike begins in the United States. Mar 29 The first French nuclear submarine, Le Redoutable, is launched. Mar 30 Cover photo of Beatles’ “Sgt Pepper’s” is photographed. Mar 31 1st time Jimi Hendrix burns his guitar (London). ••• APRIL Apr 1 The United States Department of Transportation begins operation. Apr 2 Susie Maxwell wins LPGA Louise Suggs Golf Invitational. Apr 3 113 East Europeans attending World Amateur hockey championships in Vienna ask for political asylum. Apr 4 Amsterdam Marines chase Continued on next page
“Nozems” or rebellious youth out of Central Station. Apr 4 Dutch De Young government forms. Apr 5 ‘76er Wilt Chamberlain sets NBA record of 41 rebounds. Apr 6 Premier Georges Pompidou forms new French government. Apr 7 Israeli/Syrian border fights. Apr 7 San Francisco DJ Tom Donahue begins new radio format — Progressive (KMPX-FM). Apr 9 1st Boeing 737 rolls out. Apr 9 31st Masters Golf Tournament: Gay Brewer Jr wins, shooting a 280. Apr 9 Shortwave broadcaster Radio NY Worldwide’s transmitter burns down. Apr 9 The first Boeing 737 (a 100 series) makes its maiden flight. Apr 10 39th Academy Awards: “A Man For All Seasons,” Best Picture, Elizabeth Taylor and Paul Scofield best actress/actor. Apr 11 Harlem (NYC) voters defy Congress and reelect Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Apr 11 Tom Stoppard’s “Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead” premieres. Apr 14 General Gnassingbé Eyadéma becomes president of Togo. Apr 14 Red Sox rookie Billy Rohome comes within 1 strike of a no hitter. Apr 15 Large demonstrations are held against the Vietnam War in New York City and San Francisco. The Mar, organized by the National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam, from Central Park to the United Nations drew hundreds of thousands of people, including Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Harry Belafonte, James Bevel, and Dr. Benjamin Spock, who Mared and spoke at the event. A simultaneous Mar in San Francisco was attended by Coretta Scott King. Apr 16 Yankees beat Boston 7-6 in 18 innings. Apr 17 Shortwave Radio NY Worldwide goes back on the air after a week off. Apr 17 Surveyor 3 launch-ed; soft lands on Moon, Apr 20. Apr 19 71st Boston Marathon: Dave McKenzie of New Zealand 1st man in 2:15:45 and Bobbi Gibb of United States 1st woman in 3:27:17. Apr 19 Beatles sign a contract to stay together for 10 years (they don’t). Apr 19 Yugoslav author Mihaljo Mihaljov sentenced 4-1/2 years. Apr 20 French author Régis Debray caught in Bolivia. Apr 20 NY Met Tom Seaver’s 1st victory, beats Cubs, 6-1. Apr 20 US Surveyor 3 lands on Moon. Apr 20 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR. Apr 20 A Globe Air Bristol Britannia turboprop crashes at Nicosia, Cyprus, killing 126. Apr 21 Dodgers 1st rainout in Los Angeles (after 737 consecutive
almanac 1967 games). Apr 21 Military coup in Greece, Konstantinos Kollias becomes premier. Apr 21 Svetlana Alliluyeva, Josef Stalin’s daughter, defects to the US in NYC. Apr 22 Martial Law goes into effect in Greece. Apr 23 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Raleigh Ladies Golf Invitational. Apr 23 Soyuz 1 launched; Vladimir Komarov becomes 1st in-flight casualty. Apr 24 21st NBA Championship: Philadelphia 76ers beat SF Warriors, 4 games to 2. Apr 24 Vietnam War: American General William Westmoreland says in a news conference that the enemy had “gained support in the United States that gives him hope that he can win politically that which he cannot win militarily.”. Apr 25 Abortion legalized in Colorado. Apr 25 Britain grants internal selfgovernment to Swaziland. Apr 26 San Marco 2 Launch (1st Equatorial Launch). Apr 27 Expo 67 opens in Montreal, Canada. Apr 27 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site. Apr 28 Muhammad Ali refuses induction into army and stripped of boxing title. Apr 29 “Respect” single released by Aretha Franklin (Billboard Song of the Year 1967). Apr 30 Highest tower to the world finished, 537m, or 1,762 ft (USSR). Apr 30 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Shreveport Kiwanis Club Golf Invitational. Apr 30 NY Met pitcher Tom Seaver wins hist 1st game. Apr 30 Orioles’ Stu Miller and Steve Barber lose 2-1 despite nohitting Tigers ••• MAY May 1 Anastasio Somoza Debayle becomes President of Nicaragua. May 1 Jelle Zijlstra becomes president of Netherlands Bank. May 2 Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs beat Montreal Canadiens, 4 games to 2. May 3 African American students seize finance building at Northwestern University. May 4 Lunar Orbiter 4 launched by US; begins orbiting Moon May 7. May 6 400 students seize administration building at Cheyney State College, Pennsylvania. May 6 93rd Kentucky Derby: Bobby Ussery on Proud Clarion wins in 2:00.6. May 6 Maureen Wilton runs female world record marathon (3:15:22). May 6 Zakir Hussain elected 1st Muslim president of India. May 7 Carol Mann wins LPGA Tall City Golf Open. May 8 Muhammad Ali is indicted for refusing induction in US Army. May 10 Rolling Stones Keith Rich-
JAGGER & RICHARDS
ards, Brian Jones and Mick Jagger arrested on drug charges. May 10 Stockholm Vietnam Tribunal declares US aggression in Vietnam/Cambodia. May 10 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site. May 11 “Sing, Israel Sing” opens at Brooks Atkinson Theater NYC for 14 performances. May 11 100 millionth US phone connected. May 11 Great Britain, Ireland and Denmark apply for membership of the EEC. May 12 “Are You Experienced” debut album by the Jimi Hendrix Experience is released. May 14 Mickey Mantle’s 500th HR off Oriole’s Stu Miller. May 15 Paul McCartney meets his future wife Linda Eastman. May 15 “In re Gault”, US Supreme Court rules juveniles accused of crimes should be given same legal rights as adults. May 16 Philadelphia voters approve a $13 million bond issue to build a new stadium. May 17 Dylan’s 1965 UK Tour is released as film “Don’t Look Back”. May 17 The Butler Act, a Tennessee statue prohibiting the teaching of evolution, is repealed after 42 years. May 18 Silver hits record $1.60 an ounce in London. May 18 Tennessee Governor Ellington approves the repeal of the Butler Act (aka “Monkey Law”) upheld in 1925 Scopes Trial. May 19 USSR ratifies treaty with Britain and US banning nuclear weapons in space. May 20 10,000 demonstrate against war in Vietnam. May 20 92nd Preakness: Bill Shoemaker aboard Damascus wins in 1:55.2. May 20 BBC bans the Beatles’ “A Day in the Life” because of drug references. May 21 Marilynn Smith wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open. May 22 Egyptian president Nassar closes Straits of Tiran to Israel. May 22 Fire at L’Innovation Dept store kills 322 (Brussels, Belgium). May 23 Government bans submarines near South Africa. May 24 AFL grants a franchise to
Cincinnati Bengals. May 25 John Lennon takes delivery of his psychedelically-painted Rolls Royce. May 25 12th European Cup: Celtic beats Internazionale 2-1 at Lisbon. May 26 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site. May 26 EMI releases “Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band” a few days early in the UK; it would go to #1 for 15 weeks in the US and 22 weeks in the UK. May 27 Australians vote in favor of a constitutional referendum granting the Australian government the power to make laws to benefit Indigenous Australians and to count them in the national census. May 28 Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 2nd Violin concert. May 28 Francis Chichester arrives home at Plymouth from Round-theworld trip. May 28 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR. May 29 Australian Paul McManus water skis barefoot for 1:30:19. May 29 Pope Paul VI names 27 new cardinals, including Karol Wojtyla, archbishop of Krakow, who later became Pope John Paul II. May 30 King Hussein of Jordan visits Cairo. May 30 Robert “Evel” Knievel’s motorcycle-jumps 16 automobiles. May 30 Yankee Whitey Ford, nearing 41, announces his retirement from baseball. May 30 Republic of Biafra, a secessionist state in Nigeria, is founded by Lt. Col. Odumegwu Ojukwu. May 31 Indianapolis 500: A. J. Foyt wins in 3:18:24.211 (243.344 km/h). ••• JUNE Jun 1 Mayor-council form of government instituted for Washington, D.C. Jun 2 Race riots in Roxbury suburb of Boston. Jun 3 99th Belmont: Bill Shoemaker aboard Damascus wins in 2:28.8. Jun 3 Aretha Franklin’s “Respect” reaches #1. Jun 3 66th Women’s French Championships: Francoise Durr beats Lesley Turner (4-6, 6-3, 6-4). Jun 4 19th Emmy Awards: Mission Impossible, The Monkees, Don Knotts and Lucy Ball win. Jun 4 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA St Louis Women’s Golf Invitational. Jun 4 The Monkees take home an Emmy for Outstanding Comedy Series. Jun 4 Curt Flood’s record 568 straight chances without an error ends (227 straight games). Jun 4 Stockport Air Disaster: British Midland flight G-ALHG crashes in Hopes Carr, Stockport, killing 72 passengers and crew. Jun 5 Six-Day War begins between Israel and the neighboring Arab states of Egypt, Jordan and Syria. Jun 5 Murderer Richard Speck
sentenced to death in electric chair. Jun 5 Royal Canadian Mint ordered to start converting 10 cent and 25 cent coins to pure nickel as soon as possible. Jun 6 Israeli troops occupy Gaza during second day of the Six-Day War. Jun 7 2 Moby Grape members arrested for contributing to delinquency of minors. Jun 7 Israel captures Wailing Wall in East Jerusalem, Jericho and Bethlehem. Jun 7 NY Yankees draft Ron Blomberg #1. Jun 8 Israel attacks USS Liberty in Mediterranean, killing 34 US crewmen. Jun 9 Israeli troops reach Suez Canal. Jun 9 The Monkees appear at Hollywood Bowl. Jun 10 15,000 attend Fantasy Faire and Magic Mountain Music Festival, California. Jun 10 Israel, Syria, Jordan, Iraq and Egypt end 6-Day War with UN help. Jun 10 USSR drops diplomatic relations with Israel. Jun 11 A. J. Foyt and Dan Gurney drive a Ford to victory in Le Mans. Jun 11 Chicago Cubs (7) and NY Mets (4) tie record of 11 HRs in a game. Jun 11 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Bluegrass Golf Invitational. Jun 11 Race riot in Tampa Florida; National Guard mobilizes. Jun 12 Race riot in Cincinnati Ohio (300 arrested). Jun 12 US Supreme Court unanimously ends laws against interracial marriages. Jun 12 USSR launches Venera 4 for parachute landing on Venus. Jun 12 Washington Senators beat Chicago White Sox 6-5 in 22 innings. Jun 12 “You Only Live Twice”, 5th James Bond film starring Sean Connery, screenplay by Roald Dahl, premieres in London. Jun 13 Thurgood Marshall nominated as 1st black Supreme Court justice. Jun 14 Mariner 5 Launch (Venus Flyby). Jun 14 “Steve Allen Show” premieres on CBS-TV. Jun 14 USSR launches Kosmos 166 for observation of Sun from Earth orbit. Jun 15 Governor Reagan signs liberalized California abortion bill. Jun 15 “The Dirty Dozen”, based on E. M. Nathanson’s novel, directed by Robert Aldrich and starring Lee Marvin, Ernest Borgnine and Charles Bronson is released in the US. Jun 16 50,000 attend Monterey International Pop Festival. Jun 17 “Somebody To Love” by Jefferson Airplane peaks at #5. Jun 17 China becomes world’s 4th thermonuclear (H-bomb) power. Jun 17 Longest doubleheader 9:15 (Tigers and Athletics). Jun 18 Monterey International Continued on next page
Pop Festival rocks Southern California. Jun 19 Paul McCartney admits on TV that he took LSD. Jun 20 Muhammad Ali convicted of refusing induction into armed services. Jun 20 Phillies Larry Jackson beats NY Mets for 18th straight time. Jun 21 Yanks take 5-3 lead in 11th and lose 6-5, in 2nd game Red Sox lead 3-2 in 9th and Yanks beat them 6-3. Jun 23 Jim Ryun sets mile record Bakersfield (3:51.1, Bakersfi eld CA). Jun 23 LBJ and Alexei Kosygin hold 1st of 2 summit meetings in Glassboro, NJ. Jun 23 US Senate censures Thomas J Dodd (D-Ct) for misusing campaign funds. Jun 24 Pope Paul VI publishes encyclical Sacerdotalis coelibatus. Jun 24 Zaire adopts constitution. Jun 25 400 million watch Beatles “Our World” TV special. Jun 25 Carol Mann wins LPGA Buckeye Savings Golf Invitational. Jun 25 Muhammed Ali (Cassius Clay) sentenced to 5 years. Jun 25 First global satellite television program, Our World. Jun 26 Pope Paul VI names 27 new cardinals. Jun 27 Race riot in Buffalo Buffalo NY (200 arrested). Jun 27 The world’s first first ATM is in-
stalled in Enfield, Enfield, London. Jun 28 George Harrison is fined fined £6 for speeding. Jun 28 Israel annexes East Jerusalem. Jun 29 Israel removes barricades, re-unifying Jerusalem. Jun 29 Keith Richards is sentenced to 1 year in jail on drug charge. Jun 29 Jayne Mansfield, Mansfield, American actress, and Samuel S. Brody, attorney and Mansfield’s Mansfield’s current partner, die in a car crash. Jun 30 Robert Henry Lawrence, Jr. named 1st black astronaut. Jun 30 Phillies Cookie Rojas pitches, plays 9th position since joining Phils. ••• JULY Jul 1 1st British color TV broadcast, on BBC 2.
REAL ESTATE DEVELOPMENT
Jul 1 BBC starts its World Radio Club. Jul 1 Beatles’ “Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band” goes #1 in the United States, where it would stay for 15 weeks. Jul 1 Canada celebrates the 100th anniversary of the 1867 British North America Act which served as Canada’s constitution for over 100 years. Jul 2 22nd US Women’s Open Golf Championship won by Catherine Lacoste. Jul 2 Catherine Lacoste becomes youngest (22), 1st foreigner (France) and 1st amateur to US Women’s open golf tournament. Jul 4 Phillies Clay Dairymple ties NL record of 6 walks in doubleheader. Jul 5 Congo uprising under Belgian mercenary Jean Schramme. Jul 6 Biafran War erupts as Nigerian forces invade, starting Nigerian Civil war. Jul 7 81st Wimbledon Men’s Tennis: John Newcombe beats W. Bungert (6-3 6-1 6-1). Jul 7 Beatles’“All You Need is Love” is released. Jul 7 Doors’“Light My Fire” hits #1. Jul 7 Beginning of the civil war in Biafra. Jul 8 74th Wimbledon Women’s Tennis: Billie Jean King beats Anne Jones (6-3 6-4). Jul 8 Helen Weston of Detroit rolls a record 4,585 in 24 games, averag-
ing 191. Jul 10 Bobbie Gentry records “Ode to Billie Joe”; single goes on to win 4 Grammys. Jul 11 38th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 2-1 in 15 at Anaheim Stadium, CA. Jul 11 All star MVP: Tony Perez (Cincinnati Reds). Jul 11 Kenny Rogers forms 1st Edition. Jul 12 Race riot in Newark, NJ, 26 killed, 1,500 injured and over 1,000 arrested. Jul 12 Greek regime deprives 480 Greeks of their citizenship. Jul 13 Race riots break out in Newdie. Jul ark, 27 die. Jul 14 Astro Eddie Matthews hits his 500th HR off SF Giant Juan Marichal. Jul 14 Surveyor 4 launched to Moon; explodes just before landing. Jul 14 The Who begin a US tour opening for Herman’s Hermits. Jul 15 Roberto DeVicenzo of Argentina wins golf’s British Open. Jul 15 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR. Jul 15 96th British Golf Open: Robert De Vicenzo shoots a 278 at Royal Liverpool Golf Club. Jul 16 Prison brawl ignites barracks, killing 37 (Jay, Florida). Jul 17 The Monkees perform at Forest Hills NY, Jimi Hendrix is opening act.
Jul 17 Race riots in Cairo, Illinois. Jul 18 Silver hits record $1.87 an ounce in NY. Jul 19 1st air-conditioned NYC subway car (R-38 on the F line). Jul 19 Race riots in Durham NC. Jul 19 US launches Explorer 35 for lunar orbit. Jul 20 Race riots in Memphis, Tennessee. Jul 22 1st major appearance by Vanilla Fudge (Village Theater NYC). Jul 22 Atlanta Braves use a record 5 pitchers in 9th inning. Jul 22 Carol Mann wins LPGA Supertest Ladies’ Golf Open. Jul 22 Jimi Hendrix quits as opening act of the The Monkees’ tour. Jul 23-27 43 die in race riot in Detroit (2,000 injured, 442 fires). fires). Jul 23 54th Tour de France won by Roger Pingeon of France. Jul 23 First successful liver transplant, on 19 month old Julie Rodriguez by Dr. Starzl at the University of Colorado. Jul 24 49th PGA Championship: Don Jan shoots a 281 at Columbine CC Colorado. Jul 24 The Beatles sign a petition in The Times to legalize marijuana. Jul 24 Chinese army/air force/ fleet repress uprising in Wuhan City. fleet Jul 24 Norway requests European Common Market membership.
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USS FORRESTAL ON FIRE
Jul 24 Race riots in Cambridge, Maryland. Jul 24 Race riots in Detroit force postponement of Tigers-Orioles game. Jul 25 Construction begins on SF Market Street subway. Jul 26 Twins beat Yanks 3-2 in 18. Jul 27 Arabs Federation premier Hoesein Al Bayoomi resigns. Jul 27 LBJ sets up commission to study cause of urban violence. Jul 27 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site. Jul 29 Fire aboard carrier USS Forrestal in Gulf of Tonkin kills 134. Jul 29 Moderate quake (6.5) strikes Caracas,Venezuela causing severe damage. Jul 30 Race riot in Milwaukee (4 killed). Jul 31 Rolling Stone Mick Jagger and Keith Richards end 1 month jail sentence. ••• AUGUST Aug 2 New Orleans Saints 1st preseason game, lose to LA Rams 16-77. Aug 2 US’s Lunar Orbiter 5 launched; enters lunar orbit Aug 5. Aug 2 The second Blackwall Tunnel opens in Greenwich, London. Aug 2 “In the Heat of the Night” directed by Norman Jewison, based on John Ball’s novel of the same name, starring Sidney Poitier and Rod Steiger premieres in New York
(Academy Awards Best Picture 1968). Aug 3 45,000 US soldiers sent to Vietnam. Aug 3 James Law rides entire NYC subway in 22 hrs 12 minutes. Aug 4 34th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Green Bay 27, All-Stars 0 (70,934). Aug 4 Shortwave group ANARC’s 1st convention (Chicago). Aug 4 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site. Aug 4 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR. Aug 5 1st time an AFL team beats an NFL team, Broncos beats Detroit 13-7. Aug 5 Bobby Gentry releases her only hit “Ode to Billy Joe”. Aug 6 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Lady Carling Golf Open. Aug 6 Minn Twin Dean Chance
perfect games Boston Red Sox, 2-0 in 5 innings. Aug 6 Oriole Brooks Robinson hits into a record 4th triple play. Aug 6 Pope Paul VI publishes constitution Pro comperto sane. Aug 8 Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand meet to form Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN). Aug 9 Biafran offensive offensive against Nigerian army. Aug 9 KYAY TV channel 39 in West Monroe, LA (IND) begins broadcasting. Aug 11 Al Downing becomes 12th to strike-out side on 9 pitches. Aug 12 New Orleans Saints 1st pre-season victory, beat St Louis 2314. Aug 13 WQLN TV channel 54 in Erie, PA (PBS) begins broadcasting. Aug 13 “Bonnie and Clyde”, di-
rected by Arthur Penn and starring Warren Beatty and Faye Dunaway, is released. Aug 14 Belgian embassy in Kinshasa, Congo, plundered. Aug 14 Radio Scotland and Radio Swinging Holland go off the air. Aug 15 Pope Paul VI publishes constitution Regimini Ecclesiae Universae. Aug 15 UK’s Marine Offences Offences Bill making pirate radio stations a crime goes into effect. effect. Aug 16 Cincinnati Red Jim Maloney retires 19 Pirates, then gets injured and leaves. Aug 18 Red Sox Tony Conigliaro is beaned by Angels Jack Hamilton. Aug 18 Rolling Stones release “We Love You”. Aug 18 WCBS radio in NYC goes all-news. Aug 19 Beatles’ “All You Need is Love” single goes #1. Aug 20 Alvin Dark (52-69) is fired, fired, rehired, and fired fired again as manager of A’s. Aug 20 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Women’s Western Golf Open. Aug 21 China reports downing of 2 US bombers. Aug 21 Ken Harrelson becomes baseball’s 1st free agent. Aug 21 Liquid gas tanker explodes in Martelange Belgium, 22 killed. Aug 24 Liberian flag flag designed.
Aug 25 The Beatles go to Wales to study transcendental meditation with Maharishi Mahesh Yogi. Aug 25 Minn Twin Dean Chance 2nd no-hitter of month beats Cleveland, 2-1. Aug 25 Paraguay accepts its constitution. Aug 25 Train crash at Beesd, Netherlands: 2 die. Aug 26 Beatles, Mick Jagger and Marianne Faithfull meet Maharishi Mahesh Yogi. Aug 26 Dean Chance pitches a 2-1 no-hitter, and Twins sweep Cleveland. Aug 26 Dutch 2nd Chamber demands US stop bombing North Vietnam. Aug 27 Naomi Sims is 1st black model on US cover (Fashion of the Times). Aug 27 Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Amarillo Ladies’ Golf Open. Aug 28 Boston signs 1st freeoutfielder agent outfi elder Ken Harrelson for $75,000 bonus. Aug 29 Final TV episode of “The Fugitive” starring David Janssen watched by 78 million people. Aug 29 Yanks longest day, Red Sox take 1st game 2-1 in 9, Yanks win 2nd game in 20, 4-3 a total of 8 hours and 19 minutes. confirm Aug 30 US Senate confi rm Thur-
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good Marshall as 1st black justice. ••• SEPTEMBER Sep 1 SF Giants beat Cincinnati Reds, 1-0, in 21 innings. Sep 2 The Principality of Sealand is established, ruled by Prince Paddy Roy Bates. Sep 3 Final episode of “What’s My Line?” hosted by John Charles Daly on CBS TV. Sep 3 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Ladies’ World Series of Golf. Sep 3 Nguyen Van Thieu elected President of South Vietnam under a new constitution. Sep 3 Sweden begins driving on right-hand side of road. Sep 4 Jerry Lewis’ 2nd Muscular Dystrophy telethon. Sep 4 Train crash at Arnhem, Netherlands, kills 5. Sep 5-23] Hurricane Beuleah kills 54 in Caribbean, Mexico and Texas. Sep 8 Surveyor 5 launched; makes soft landing on Moon Sept 10. Sep 8 Uganda abolishes traditional tribal kingdoms, becomes a republic. Sep 8 The formal end of steam traction in the Northeast of England by British Railways. Sep 9 1st successful Test flight flight of a Saturn V rocket. Sep 9 Debra Dene Barnes (Kansas), 20, crowned 40th Miss America 1968. Sep 9 Uganda declares independence from Great Britain. Sep 10 Chicago White Sox Joel Horlen no-hits Det Tigers, 6-0. Sep 10 Clifford Clifford Ann Creed wins LPGA Pacific Pacific Golf Classic. Sep 10 Gibraltar votes 12,138 to 44 to remain British and not Spanish. Sep 10 Joel Horlen revives Chicago’s pennant hopes with a 5-0 no-hit win. Sep 10 87th U.S. Men’s National Championship: John Newcombe beats Clark Graebner (6-4, 6-4, 8-6). Sep 10 81st U.S. Women’s National Championship: Billie Jean King beats Ann Jones (11-9, 6-4). Sep 11 A’s drop grievance filed filed with National Labor Relations against owner Charles Finley. Sep 11 Beatles’ Magical Mystery Bus driven around England.
‘COOL HAND LUKE’
Sep 11 French president De Gaulle visits Poland. Sep 11 Indian/Chinese border fights. ghts. fi Sep 11 US Surveyor 5 makes 1st chemical analysis of lunar material. Sep 14 Melville Abrams Ball Field in Bronx named. Sep 16 Anni Pede runs female world record marathon (3:07:26). Sep 16 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR. Sep 17 “Mission Impossible” premieres on CBS-TV. Sep 17 Mount Washington cog railway train derails, kills 8 (NH). Sep 17 New Orleans Saints 1st NFL game, they lose to LA Rams 2713. Sep 17 Shirley Englehorn wins LPGA Shirley Englehorn Golf Invitational. Sep 18 Yellowknife replaces Ottawa as capital of NW Territories, Canada. offensive Sep 19 Nigeria begins off ensive against Biafra. Sep 20 Benin separates from Nigeria. Sep 20 British liner Queen Elizabeth II launched at Clydebank, Scotland. Sep 20 Hurricane Beulah hits Texas-Mexican border, kills 38. Sep 21 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site. Sep 22 Phillies release pitcher Dallas Green, their future manager. Sep 22 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR. Sep 23 Greek Colonels’ regime frees ex-premier Georgios Papandreou. Sep 24 Cards Jim Bakken kicks 7 fifield eld goals vs Steelers.
Sep 24 Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Mickey Wright Golf Invitational. Sep 26 Dmitri Shostakovitch’s 2nd Violin concert premieres in Moscow. Sep 27 Phillies Jim Bunning ties NL record of five five 1-0 losses in a year. Sep 27 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site. Sep 28 Walter Washington elected 1st mayor of Washington, D.C. Sep 29-Oct 29] Rome: 1st bishop synod. Sep 29 Gladys Knight and Pips release “I Heard it Through the Grapevine”. Sep 29 Intl Monetary Fund reforms world monetary system. Sep 29 Mickey Hart joins the Grateful Dead. Sep 30 BBC starts its own popular music radio station (Radio 1). Sep 30 Palace of Fine Arts reopens (1st time during 1915 exposition). Sep 30 USSR’s Kosmos 186 and 188 complete 1st automatic docking. ••• OCTOBER Oct 1 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Ladies’ LA Golf Open. Oct 1 Pink Floyd arrive in New York for their fifirst rst US tour. Oct 2 Grateful Dead members arrested by narcotic agents. Oct 2 Groundbreaking begins on Veteran’s Stadium in Philadelphia. Oct 2 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Seven Lakes Golf Invitational. Oct 2 Thurgood Marshall sworn in as 1st black Supreme Court Justice. Oct 3 King Boudouin inaugurates world’s biggest flfloodgate oodgate (Antwerp). Oct 3 William Knight sets X-15 speed record of 7,297 KPH/4,534 MPH/Mach 6.72.Oct 4 1st World Series since 1948 not to feature NY Yankees, Giants or the Dodgers. Oct 4 Omar Ali Saifuddin III of Bru-
nei abdicates in favor of his son, His Majesty Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah. Oct 6 Haight-Ashbury (San Francisco) hippies throw a funeral for “Hippie” to mark end of “the summer of love”. Oct 6 USSR performs nuclear test. Oct 7 Beatles turn down $1 miloffer lion NY concert off er by Sid Berstein. Oct 8 Guerrilla leader Che Guevara and his men are captured in Bolivia. Oct 11 World Series record 3 consecutive HRs (Carl Yastremski, Reggie Smith, and Rico Petrocelli) by Red Sox. Oct 12 St. Louis Cards beat Boston Red Sox, 4 games to 3 in 64th World Series as Lou Brock steals a record 7 bases in a single World Series game. Oct 13 CBS radio cancels “House Party”. Oct 17 “Hair” premieres on Broadway. Oct 17 Memorial service for Beatles manager Brian Epstein at New London Synagogue. Oct 17 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR. Oct 18 Nobel prize for physics awarded to Hans A. Bethe. Oct 18 Soviet Venera 4 becomes 1st probe to send data back from Venus. Oct 18 Walt Disney’s “Jungle film Book” fi lm is released. Oct 18 AL votes to allow Athletics to move from KC to Oakland and expand league to 12 teams in 1971 with KC and Seattle teams. Oct 19 Igor Ter-Ovanesyan of USSR sets then long jump record at 27’ 4-3/4”. fly-by Oct 19 Mariner 5 makes fl y-by of Venus. Oct 20 All white federal jury convicts 7 in murder of 3 civil rights workers in Meridan, Mississippi. Oct 20 Charlie Finley names Bob Kennedy 1st manager of Oakland A’s. Oct 20 A purported bigfoot is filmed filmed at Bluff Creek by Roger Patterson and Robert Gimlin in northern Califonia. Oct 21 Egypt sinks Israeli torpedo boat. Oct 21 Tens of thousands of antiVietnam War protesters Mar on the
Pentagon, besieging the military headquarters for two days. Oct 22 Joe DiMaggio is hired as executive VP of A’s by Charlie Finley. Oct 22 Murle Lindstrom wins LPGA Carlsbad Jaycee Golf Open. Oct 23 NJ Americans (later NY/NJ Nets) play 1st ABA game. Oct 26 Shah of Iran crowns himself after 26 years on Peacock Throne. Oct 27 4 people from Baltimore pour blood on selective service records. Oct 27 Expo 67 closes in Montreal, Canada. Oct 29 Danny Abramowicz begins NFL streak of 105 consecutive game receptions. Oct 29 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Alamo Ladies’ Golf Open. Oct 30 USSR Kosmos 186 and 188 make 1st automatic docking and Venmera 13 launch. Oct 31 Nguyen Van Thieu takes office oath of offi ce as 1st President of South Vietnam 2nd Republic. Oct 31 SF’s Mike McCormick wins NL Cy Young Award. ••• NOVEMBER Nov 1 “Cool Hand Luke” starring Paul Newman, George Kennedy, and Strother Martin, is released. Nov 3 Boston’s Jim Lonborg wins AL Cy Young. Nov 3 Vietnam War: The Battle of Dak To begins, becoming one of the bloodiest battles of the war. Nov 5 ATS-3 launched by US to take first first pictures of full Earth disc. Nov 5 Clifford Clifford Ann Creed wins LPGA Corpus Christi Civitan Golf Open. Nov 5 New Orleans Saints 1st NFL victory, beat Philadelphia Eagles 3124. Nov 5 US troops conquer Loc Ninh, South Vietnam. Nov 5 Yemen president Sallal flees. fl ees. Nov 5 The Hither Green rail crash in the United Kingdom kills 49 people. The survivors include Bee Gee Robin Gibb. Nov 6 Bridge at Annabaai crashes on Willemstad, Curacao, kills 15. Nov 6 US launches Surveyor 6;
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almanac 1967 makes soft landing on the moon. first Nov 7 Carl B. Stokes elected fi rst African American mayor of a major US city (Cleveland, Ohio). Nov 7 LBJ signs a bill establishing Corporation for Public Broadcasting. Nov 7 Richard G. Hatcher elected mayor of Gary, Indiana. Nov 7 St Louis Cards Orlando Cepeda is 1st unanimous NL MVP. Nov 7 Surveyor 6 launched for soft landing on Moon. Nov 8 1st local British radio station begins broadcasting (Radio Leicester). Nov 8 Silver hits record $1.951 an ounce in London. Nov 8 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site. Nov 9 1st unmanned Saturn V flight flight to test Apollo 4 reentry module. Nov 9 Surveyor 6 soft lands on Moon. Nov 9 The unmanned Saturn V rocket is launched on its first first successful test flight flight into Earth orbit. Nov 12 Margie Masters wins LPGA Quality Chekd Golf Classic. Nov 12 Packers’ Travis Williams returns 2 kickoffs kickoffs for TDs against Browns, setting largest margin of Browns defeat (48), winning 55-7. Nov 13 Carl Stokes sworn in as 1st major city black mayor (Cleveland, Ohio). Nov 13 NL owners OK AL expansion to Seattle and Kansas City.
Nov 14 The Congress of Colombia in commemoration of the 150 years of the death of Policarpa Salavarrieta, declares this day as “Day of the Colombian Woman”. Nov 15 Boston’s Carl Yastrzemski wins AL MVP. Nov 15 Michael Adams in X-15 reaches altitude of 80 km, or 50 miles. Nov 15 The only fatality of the X-15 program occurs during the 191st flight flight when Air Force test pilot Michael J. Adams loses control of his aircraft which is destroyed mid-air over the Mojave Desert. Nov 17 Surveyor 6 becomes 1st man-made object to lift off from the moon. Nov 17 Davey Jones of the The Monkees opens a boutique, Zilch I, in Greenwich Village, New York. Nov 18 British government devalues pound from US equivalent of $2.80 to $2.40. Nov 19 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Pensacola Ladies’ Golf Invitational. Nov 19 The establishment of TVB, first the fi rst wireless commercial television station in Hong Kong. Nov 20 At 11am, Census Clock at Department of Commerce ticks past 200 million. Nov 20 Mets pitcher Tom Seaver (16-12) is named NL Rookie of Year. Nov 21 Phillip and Jay Kunz fly fly a kite a record 28,000 feet. Nov 21 Vietnam War: American
General William Westmoreland tells news reporters: “I am absolutely certain that whereas in 1965 the enemy was winning, today he is certainly losing.” unofficially Nov 22 BBC unoffi cially bans “I Am the Walrus” by Beatles. Nov 22 Silver hits record $2.17 an ounce in New York. Nov 22 UN Sec council passes Resolution 242 — Israel must give back occupied land. Nov 22 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR. Nov 25 Puerto Rico placed on Atlantic Standard Time. Nov 26 Browns’ Carl Ward sets club record with a 104-yd kickoff return. Nov 26 Cloudburst over Lisbon kills approximately 450. Nov 27 The Beatles release their album “Magical Mystery Tour”. Nov 27 Gold pool nations pledge support of $35 per ounce gold price. Nov 27 French President Charles de Gaulle said ‘Non!’ to British entry to the European Common Market for the second time. Nov 28 33rd Heisman Trophy Award: Gary Beban, UCLA (QB). Nov 28 1st radio pulsars detected by British postgraduate Jocelyn Burnell and her supervisor Antony Hewish at Cambridge University. Nov 29 British troops withdraw
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from Aden and South Yemen. Nov 29 Robert McNamara elected president of World bank. Nov 30 Julie Nixon and David Eisenhower announce their engagement.Nov 30 Kuria Muria Islands ceded by Britain to Oman Nov 30 People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen declares independence from the UK. Nov 30 Senator Eugene McCarthy announces he will run for the US presidency on an anti-Vietnam war platform. Nov 30 The Pakistan Peoples ParZulfiqar ty is founded by Zulfi qar Ali Bhutto, who becomes its fifirst rst Chairman later as the Head of state and Head of government after the 1971 Civil War. ••• DECEMBER Dec 1 Queen Elizabeth inaugurates 98-inch (249-cm) Isaac Newton telescope. Dec 1 Seattle awarded one of the 2 AL expansion franchise teams. Dec 1 Wilt Chamberlain sets NBA record of 22 free throws missed. Dec 2 32nd Iron Bowl: Alabama beats Auburn 7-3 in Birmingham. Dec 3 1st human heart transplant performed by Dr Christiaan Barnard in South Africa Dec 3 Derek Clayton runs world record marathon (2:09:36.4). Dec 3 Former Indonesian president Sukarno placed under house
arrest. Dec 3 Final run of “20th Century Limited” famed NY-Chicago luxury train. Dec 3 Assassination attempt made on Bob Marley and others during concert rehearsals in Jamaica. Dec 5 The Beatles’ clothing store “Apple” opens at 94 Baker Street, London. Dec 5 Pediatrician Benjamin Spock and poet Allen Ginsberg arrested in New York while protesting against the Vietnam War. Dec 6 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR. Dec 7 Otis Redding records “Sittin’ on the Dock of the Bay” Dec 8 The Beatles’ “Magical Mystery Tour” album is released in the UK. Dec 8 NHL California Seals change name to Oakland Seals. Dec 9 Jim Morrison arrested on stage for disturbing the peace. Dec 9 Nicolae Ceaușescu becomes President of Romania (overthrown 1989). Dec 11 6.5 earthquake in West India, 170 killed. Dec 11 Beatles’ Apple Music signs its 1st group, Grapefruit Dec 11 People’s Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) established. Dec 11 Supersonic airliner proto-
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28 type “Concorde” 1st shown (France). Dec 11 “Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner”, directed by Stanley Kramer, starring Spencer Tracy, Sidney Poitier and Katharine Hepburn, premieres in NYC (Hepburn Academy Award for Best Actress 1968). Dec 12 US launches Pioneer 8 into solar orbit. Dec 13 Unsuccessful coup against Greek King Constantine II. Dec 13 San Diego, CA records snow at a zero elevation after temperatures plunge 19 degrees (F) in eight hours. Dec 14 DNA created in a test tube. Dec 14 Lester B. Pearson (PM of Canada) announces he is retiring from politics, and is succeeded by
Pierre Trudeau.Dec 15 The Beatles release “Christmas Time is Here Again” Dec 15 Joe Garagiola joins “Today” show panel. Dec 15 The Silver Bridge collapses over the Ohio River in the US, killing 46 people. Dec 16 Wilt Chamberlain of NBA Philadelphia 76ers scores 68 points vs Chicago. Dec 17 Harold Holt, Prime Minister of Australia, vanishes in mysterious circumstances while swimming near Melbourne. Dec 19 Prime Minister of Australia Harold Holt is officially officially presumed dead. Dec 20 474,300 US soldiers in Vietnam.
Dec 20 Ian Anderson and Glenn Cornick form rock group Jethro Tull. Dec 22 “The Graduate” American comedy-drama film film directed by Mike Nichols, starring Dustin Hoffman Hoffman and Anne Bancroft, is released (Best Director 1968). Dec 23 Brussels: NATO Council accept “Flexible Response” strategy. Dec 24 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC Dec 25 Singer Paul McCartney and actress Jane Asher get engaged. Dec 26 BBC broadcasts “Magical Mystery Tour”. Dec 26 Dave Brubeck Quartet formally disbands. Dec 28 Muriel Siebert is 1st woman to own a seat on New York Stock
Exchange. Dec 29 Star Trek’s “Trouble With Tribbles” 1st airs. Dec 29 Turkish-Cypriot government forms in Cyprus. Dec 30 Beatles’ “Hello Goodbye” single goes #1 and stays #1 for 3 weeks. Dec 30 Great Western Forum opens in LA. Dec 31 1st NBA game at Great Western Forum, LA Lakers beat Houston 147-118. Dec 31 Oakland Raiders beat Houston Oilers 40-7 in AFL championship game. Dec 31 “The Ice Bowl,”Packers beat Cowboys 21-17 in NFL championship game (-13°F)
Dec 31 Motorcycle daredevil Evel Knievel attempts to jump 141 feet over the Caesars Palace Fountains on the Las Vegas Strip. Knievel crashes on landing and the accident is a caught on fifilm. lm. a
PHOTO CREDITS: Mick Jagger and Keith Richards: Larry Rogers commons.wikimedia.org; George Harrison: David Hume Kennerly Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library and Museum, Public Domain; UUS Forrestal: US Navy - Public Domain; Cool Hand Luke: Warner Bros. Entertainment - Public Domain.
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‘People (new to town) don’t realize what they have here’ By CARRIE NAPOLEON Post-News Correspondent Faith and family formed the foundation for DeMotte more than 75 years before the tiny farming community incorporated as a town. That foundation continues in the community where today at least 15 churches help connect local residents to their faith. Among those churches is First Church. As its name implies, the church was one of the first two launched in the late 1800s in what was to become DeMotte. The Rev. John Hill from First Church in DeMotte said it is pretty cool to think 10 generations of families have called the church their home. First is one of the founding churches of the town and is celebrating its 125th anniversary this fall. It was formed in 1893 by nine Dutch immigrant families eager to preserve the heritage of their homeland. Services were long conducted in their native Dutch language, Hill said. “Many of those original founding families are still around,” he remarked. The history of the church can be found in the Generations Room, where artifacts, mementos, historical documents and photos provide a look into the church’s, and the town’s, storied history. Included in the collection is the original deed to the congregations first church building, the original articles of incorporation, and one of the stained-glass windows from the first church building. Hill said he could only imagine what the first nine families who gathered together to form First Reformed Church, now known as First Church, may have thought the future would bring or if the wet, undeveloped land would someday become a town. “These were just people praying that their children’s children would love Jesus,” Hill said. A place to worship was fundamental to providing that future for their families. Although he is in his late 30s, Hill says he has seen and been told of how the church and its ministry have changed over the past 50 years. Instead of serving as a place to simply go to in order to fulfill a traditional weekly obligation, First Church has developed more in the way of offering community outreach, fellowship, and being proactive in addressing social and personal challenges. Continued on next page
PASTOR JOHN HILL, FIRST CHURCH / Photo: Scott Buckner • Post-News
“I think the church formerly was focused on sustaining what it had,” said Hill (Now,) because so many people follow Jesus, I think we have a connection with all our Christian people. During our first 25 years, we supported global missions. Now, it’s interesting that there are more Christians in China than there are in the United States. “We want to pivot people who don’t follow Jesus into our own community, to connect with families who haven’t been to church before. We’ve grown 400 percent over the past three years. We have between 200 and 800 (in attendance) on a weekend, and most of them were families who didn’t go to church. But it’s not about being bigger. It’s about blessing people. It’s about giving love and hope, and that’s what Jesus is.” Among other things, the church also grows and harvests five acres of vegetables yearly, specifically to donate to local food pantries, and puts together 60 school backpacks a week “to help people who have less than we do. We spend 15 percent of our general budget on that. That money could fund four
more staff people, but we’d rather put our money there (toward the less-advantaged),” Hill said. Although the population of the town was small, a myriad of churches opened their doors over the years to serve the multiple denominations of people who called the area home. United Methodist Church joins First Church as one of the town’s founding churches. United Methodist began as a non-denominational church in 1886 when families gathered to form a Sunday school, according to the website FaithFabric.com. First Christian Reformed Church started its organizing process in 1932, when a decision was made to build a church for 250 congregants. The new church was among a handful of downtown buildings spared by the fire of 1936 that decimated much of the main street business district, according to the site. Bishop John G. Bennett established St. Cecilia Catholic Church as a mission of Sorrowful Mother parish in Wheatfield in 1952. One year later, ground was broken for St. Cecilia Church on 9th Street in
DeMotte. In 1957, people of Lutheran faith organized to form Faith Lutheran Church. The founding members purchased their first building from First Christian Reformed Church. Planning for Bethel Christian Reformed Church began in 1964 when the congregation of First Christian Church decided it needed to expand for the future. The new church received its charter in 1967. Community Bible Church had its first official service in 1969. It took another year for the congregation to begin construction on a church. Two new churches were organized in 1978. The Pentecostal/ Charismatic movement found its place in DeMotte when Calvary Assembly of God was organized. The congregation then purchased is first building in 1984, according to FaithFabric.com. DeMotte Christian Church also was organized in 1978 after a group met with the Chicago District Evangelizing Association, a church planning organization for Christian Church and Churches of Christ. The first service was
held in a home, and then moved to DeMotte Elementary School. United Pentecostal Church was organized in 1987. The ever-growing list of churches includes Community Christian Church, Grace Fellowship Church, Graceway Bible Baptist Church, The Christian Church of DeMotte, Church of Christ and Trinity Presbyterian Mission. Churches have been woven into the fabric of the community that created DeMotte. Hill said while there are numerous churches within the community today, currently only about 20 percent of the town’s residents are affiliated with a church. He said the faith-based background of the community is what makes the town a place people want to raise their families. “Families have put down roots here for generations. People (new to the town) don’t realize what they a have here,” Hill said. a
Additional reporting by Post-News City Editor Scott Buckner
Senator Ed Charbonneau Serving District 5 - Pulaski County and portions of Jasper, LaPorte, Porter and Starke counties Standing Committees Appropriations School Funding Subcommittees Health & Provider Services - Chair Tax & Fiscal Policy
Education Wabash College, Crawfordsville Loyola University, Chicago IL, M.B.A. South Texas College of Law, Houston, TX (Licensed to practice in Indiana, Texas and Pennsylvania, Federal District Court and the Supreme Court of the United States)
200 W. Washington St., Indianapolis, IN 46204 Phone: 800-382-9467 or 317-232-9494 Email: Senator.Charbonneau@iga.in.gov
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The lost art of business logo art There is just something simple, yet quite artistic about a business logo that’s done well. Any graphic designer or art director with an eye for good typography and effective layout will appreciate what was done in a small space by these businesses. Taken from ads placed in issues of the Kankakee Valley Post in 1965 and 1966, these company identities were stylish and bold — perhaps even dramatic — and used striking typfaces that suggested motion and action, while retaining a sense of warmth and informality. By the early 1970s, these classy pieces of art were reduced in their Post ads to plain, featureless type (Helvetica, to be specific) with no graphic elements accompanying them to provide added visual appeal. They may be old, but they were a treat to see. There was a lot to like in those small spaces. — Scott Buckner Cuty Editor
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By CARRIE NAPOLEON Post-News Correspondent Adaptability and support for the community has helped two of the longest-standing businesses in DeMotte to not just survive, but thrive. Both businesses — DeMotte State Bank and Cheever’s Towing — got their starts long before DeMotte incorporated as a town. Cheever’s Towing is the oldest business in DeMotte, having opened as a blacksmith shop in 1883. Crystal Rose, the great-great-granddaughter of founder William Cheever, is the fifth generation of Cheevers to have a hand in the business. Her children and grandchildren also work in the business, bringing the total to seven generations.“Things have changed a little bit with each generation,” Rose said. While her great-great-grandfather opened Cheever’s as a blacksmith shop, the birth of the automobile prompted the business to adapt. Her great-grandfather, Caleb, started the towing business in conjunction with the blacksmith operation. The men used their blacksmith skills to custom-make their first tow trucks. The men purchased used funeral trucks and cut the backs off. They then mounted a custom-made boom — a Continued on next page
hand-cranked winch — onto the vehicle. Rose said eventually, the business purchased its first hydraulic boom from a company in Chicago, a relic still preserved at the shop. As the business transitioned to her grandfather and then her father, the blacksmith services were dropped. Today, Cheever’s has 16 pieces of light- and heavy-duty equipment, including 10 tow trucks. One of those trucks features a boom that swings 360 degrees. “That’s about the biggest tow truck there is,” Rose said. The equipment allows the company to respond to all types of situations and calls from towing a disabled passenger car to off-loading and righting an overturned semi-trailer, and more. “It’s amazing how things have evolved,” she said. The business has remained in the same location, surviving two fires that decimated the downtown. The first in 1932 stopped at the building’s edge. Then in 1992, a similar fire destroyed multiple buildings downtown and was stopped before damaging Cheev-
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Cheever’s is not only the oldest business in DeMotte, but it is also the oldest family-run towing company in the U.S., according to Tow Times magazine. Back in the days of her great-grandfather and grandfather, Cheever’s shop was a gathering place for local men, who would come in to chat while their wives shopped downtown. “There is a lot of history right here,” Rose said. er’s. Rose said the building is rife with the company’s history, including one of the antique tow trucks operated by her great-grandfather. Some of the original blacksmith equipment also remains. Cheever’s is not only the oldest business in DeMotte, but it is also the oldest family-run towing company in the U.S., according to Tow Times magazine. Back in the days of her greatgrandfather and grandfather, Cheever’s shop was a gathering place for local men, who would come in to chat while their wives shopped downtown.“There is a lot of history right here,” she said. Don Goetz, president and CEO, of DeMotte State Bank, said adapting and growing with the community has helped the bank
thrive.“The bank has always been very community minded. It’s really what’s lead to the success of our company,” Goetz said. DeMotte State Bank is dialed into what is going on in the community and has been willing to take risks to invest in other businesses that helped the town grow. The Bank of DeMotte got its start in 1917 as a privately-owned bank with $10,000 in assets and two officers, president John Bunning and cashier, John J. DeKock. Since that time the bank has continued to grow, weathering the 1929 stock market crash when all banks were ordered close and the Great Depression, when stockholders contributed their resources to keep the bank solvent. Goetz said when he started
working with the bank 41 years ago, he was employee No. 17. Today, DeMotte State Bank has more than 140 full-time equivalent employees working from 11 branches. The bank has assets of roughly $400 million. The bank moved from downtown to the current location in 1971 and has undergone multiple expansions since then. Currently DeMotte State Bank is in the process of an 8,500-square-foot expansion at its Halleck Street headquarters that will centralize processing operations and help the bank in its launch of new technology driven services including live real-time processing, peer-to-peer payments and a revamp of the website. The expansion will also include a dedicated space for DSB Wealth Management, a financial services subsidiary of the bank, which currently operates out of cubicles in the DeMotte location. Goetz said the bank and the community’s growth are interrelated. DeMotte State Bank has played a role in helping to build the community which helps build Continued on next page
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value in people’s primary investment, their homes. “We touch most business in DeMotte,” Goetz said. As the bank continues to grow, Goetz said, the plan is “absolutely” to stay independent. Officials are always seeking the right opportunity and location to expand operations and open new branches. Opportunities to merge have presented themselves in the past that the bank has chosen not to pursue. That doesn’t mean the bank will stay stagnant. Goetz said the investment in the headquarters expansion demonstrates the bank’s commitment remaining independent. “We are always looking to expand,” Goetz said. He said by staying independent the bank will remain more in tune with the community and its needs, and help guide its continued growth in a way larger banks will not. “We take risk in local projects that bigger banks are not going to take. We do understand the community. We do want the community to grow. It’s good for everybody and it is good for us,” Goetz a said. a
WELCOME BACK While more closely associated with high school and college, rural towns homecomings were typically one-day celebrations of heritage and welcome back those who moved away. In 1967, DeMotte’s occurred in July, sponsored by the town’s American Legion post. It featured a crowd-pleasing spectacle of skydivers who parachuted to the ground. Photo: Kankakee Valley Post/July 15, 1965
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1967: Beginning of the end for DeMotte High
By SCOTT BUCKNER Post-News City Editor
In 1965, a year before the election of DeMotte’s first town board, the Kankakee Valley School Corporation (KVSC) came into existence, taking over the governance of district’s schools from the Jasper County School Board. And like the town it serves, 1967 would mark a time of change for the school district. Much of that change would be prompted by a case of overcrowding in its grammar and high schools, which were then located in DeMotte, Wheatfield, Fair Oaks, Kniman, and Tefft. The problem, however, was most severe in DeMotte and Wheatfield. According to a report in the Sept. 8, 1966 Kankakee Valley Post, total enrollment in the district had risen to 1,740. DeMotte’s schools alone — which comprised the largest portion of the district — accounted for nearly half of that total enrollment,
DeMotte School would be torn down as well in 1983
with 841 students in grades 1 to 12. “Conditions are crowded,” said KVSC Supt. James F. Moore, with hallways, gyms, and cafeterias being used as temporary classrooms. According to a May 5, 1966 Post editorial by Gerald Kenning, the school board was wrestling with a teacher shortage and a “near boycott over conditions” by the teachers it did have. As well, the construction of In-
terstate 65, which was making its way closer to DeMotte, was looming large on the horizon in 1966. Already, the purchase of the first three Keener Township rights of way — land owned along Rural Route 1 by Joseph C. Keller, Henry Boezman, and Rena Sekema — had been recorded in November 1965, and the interstate’s connection at State Route 10 was expected to bring with it even more new resi-
dents and students. In response, several mobile classrooms were ordered for the elementary schools in DeMotte and Wheatfield. However, that could only be a very temporary measure. In early June 1965, the KVSC board heard — in a public meeting that did not adjourn until 1:30 a.m. — the results of an educational survey it had commissioned to a Purdue University research team. The team’s report recommended the construction of a new senior high school “near the center of the pupil population of the district,” as well as an alternate plan calling for additions to the elementary schools in DeMotte and Wheatfield, the construction of an addition to DeMotte High School, and a new junior-senior high school in Wheatfield. The report also recommended the closure of schools in Kniman and Fair Oaks, and one built in Wheatfield in 1905 “as soon as other facilities are available.”
Continued on next page
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In August 1966, the board voted to close the school in Fair Oaks and split the student body among schools in DeMotte and Kniman, and to move grade 7 and 8 students from Tefft to Wheatfield, making the school in Tefft an all-elementary school. Closing the Fair Oaks school, the board said, was necessary due in part to the teacher shortage, the condition of the building, a need to relieve overcrowding, and “economic conditions.” In October 1966, the KVSC board would set the winds of change for 1967 in motion by interviewing architects for the construction of what would become the current Kankakee Valley High School. The new school, located along State Route 10 between DeMotte and Wheatfield, would start rising in earnest in 1969. Upon its completion, the high schools in DeMotte, Wheatfield, Tefft, and Fair Oaks would be closed and their student bodies combined at the new regiona al school. a Louise Lorenz of the DeMotte Historical Society displays a DeMotte High School marching band unform from 1967. Below, the back of a girl’s 1967 satin DeMotte High School jacket sports the school’s mascot.
Photos: Scott Buckner/Post-News
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They were at your service in 1967 These were just some of the popular DeMotte businesses — now lost to the passing of time — whose ads regularly appeared on the pages of the Kankakee Valley Post in 1967. Although the Y&W wasn’t in DeMotte (and the ad shown was taken from the July 8, 1965 issue of the Post) it was a popular drivein destination for any local willing to take a trip to Merrillville’s Broadway Avenue. It would close in 1994.
Congratulations DeMotte on your 50th Year of Incorporation
Serving and employing the citizens of DeMotte for 21 years Brenda L Goeken, AAMS® Financial Advisor
Mitchell D Mullen Financial Advisor
520 S Halleck St DeMotte, IN 46310 219-987-5414
DeMotte Subway 437 N. Halleck Street • DeMotte, IN 46310 219-987-3278 CATHERINE KOSCHAL, Owner/Operator
The publisher shall not be liable for damages arising from errors in advertisements beyond the amount paid for space actually occupied by that portion of the advertisement in which the error occurred, whether such error is due to the negligence of the publisher’s employees or otherwise, and there shall be no liability for non-insertion of any advertisement beyond the amount paid for such advertisement. • STAFF • Scott Buckner • City Editor Gregory Myers • Regional Editor Greg Perrotto • General Manager Anita Padgett • Ad Manager Sally Snow, Pam Rhodes, Cheryl Duffala • Ad Reps Becky Coffer • Administrative Associate • CONTACT INFORMATION • Kankakee Valley Post-News 827 S. Halleck St. • P.O. Box 110 DeMotte, IN 46310 • Phone 219-987-511 Fax 219-987-5119 email@example.com • firstname.lastname@example.org
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acknowledgements The editor, sales staff, and management of the Kankakee Valley Post-News would like to extend a special thank-you to those who helped make this publication possible: Becky Coffer and Lisa Chialdella for transcription of recorded interviews; DeMotte Public Library archivist Marlene Beedle for helpful access to the library’s collection of photographs and microfilmed back issues of the Kankakee Valley Post; the DeMotte Historical Society; Jeanette and Joe Roorda, Pat Donnelly, Connie Loftman, Pastor John Hill, Kathleen VanDerMolen, Crystal Rose, and Don Goetz for their time and recollections; and the DeMotte business community for their advertising support. Most of all, we would like to thank you, our readers, for making projects like this worthwhile.
Editorial direction, art direction, and design of this publication by Scott Buckner
HAS BROUGHT COMPLETE LOCAL NEWS COVERAGE OF THE KANKAKEE VALLEY AREA SINCE 1932 From the start, the KV Post News announced it would “endeavor to make the Post a real disseminator of information regarding the Kankakee Valley.” A tradition started 85 years ago has been carried through the years. The communities of DeMotte, Wheatfield, Roselawn, Hebron, Lake Village, Thayer, Tefft, Sumava Resorts, Schneider and San Pierre have had a ready and willing champion in the columns of the KV Post News. It is the privilege of the KV Post News staff to be of service to our local communities. The prosperity and welfare of this region is vital to us. School news, church news, civic news, and local events are as important to us as they are to our readers.
If you are interested in complete local news coverage of the area in which you live and work, then subscribe today.
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Published on Oct 23, 2017
A commemorative edition highlighting the 50 years of DeMotte, Indiana becoming an incorporated community from 1967-2017.