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Increase sustainable performance with cattle genetics adapted to grassland Urs Spescha Head of Genetics @ Swissgenetcis

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Š Swissgenetics Apr-19


The key to long term success

Herd Choice of the breed adapted to the environmental and climatic conditions

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People Essential nutrient intakes for human health

Š Swissgenetics Apr-19

Society Economic development and poverty reduction

Environment

Country

Respect and improvement of the environment and animal health

Economic independence in the import of fodder and supplements

Planet Responsible production in keeping with environmental and climate change


Sustainable Performance

Economic Growth

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Š Swissgenetics Apr-19

Health Impact

Responsible Production


Economic Growth What does the breeder want? Lifetime

Pasture adapted

Heat resistancy

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Š Swissgenetics Apr-19

Strong and robust

Longlasting income Dual purposes


Economic Growth Lifetime

- Long productive life of a dairy cow is cost effective -

Productive life of a cow to 100’000 kg  11.8 lactation, 18.8 kg milk/day

- Amortize the rearing phase costs -

Breeding, Veterinary (vaccination), Feeding

- Optimize the genetic potential which is truly expressed from the 3rd lactation - Mortality rate of dairy cows in Switzerland: 2%

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© Swissgenetics Apr-19


Economic Growth Farmers need cows: - Able to walk a long way, e.g. to go up to the Alps - Resistant to disease – lower veterinary costs - Still able to produce with milk with low input > self-reliant - Which are robust – i.e. as insurance & an exchangeable asset

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© Swissgenetics Apr-19

Strong and robust

Keleki, the Alps, Switzerland. 2017


Economic Growth

Dual purpose

For the breeder: - Excellent growth intensity of heifers - Good milk yield - Sale of heifers and sale of dairy x beef breed crosses - Surplus heifers as breeding animals For society: Level of self-sufficiency in Switzerland in 2014 for • animal products • Milk & milk products 115 % • Veal 98 % • Beef 86 % 7

© Swissgenetics Apr-19


Economic Growth

Air Temperature C°

Vaginal Temperature C°

Heat resistancy

Swiss Applied Sciences School of Agricultural Forest and Food Sciences– Project Grassland Cow Genetics 2007 -2010

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© Swissgenetics Apr-19


Economic Growth

Pasture adapted

Breeding efficient, pasture-adapted cows means  Lower costs

FAO, IDF and IFCN. 2014. World Mapping of Animal Feeding Systems in the Dairy Sector. Rome

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© Swissgenetics Apr-19


Health Impact What does the consumer want?

Less medication

Healthy nutrients Well-being

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Š Swissgenetics Apr-19

Meat & milk quality


Health Impact Breeding for well adapted and pasture cows Grass-fed beef is higher in: - B-vitamins and vitamin E, K - beta-carotene - trace minerals like magnesium, calcium and selenium Milk fat from grass-based diets is healthier for the human diet because it has more: - conjugated linoleic acid - Omega 3 Swissmilk 2017 11

Š Swissgenetics Apr-19

Higher level of nutrients

International Comparison Amount of concentrate per kilogram of milk

Spain

Germany, the Netherland & Danemark

France

Switzerland


Health Impact Breeding pasture & robust cows: - Less stress, better performance - No need of hormones - No antibiotics for growth performance - Less medication

Less medication

The sale of antibiotics in Switzerland has dropped by over half in 10 years

ďƒ Better for human health Oeschinensee, Switzerland

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Š Swissgenetics Apr-19


Health Impact

280 220230 200

SCC per ml (x 1'000)

Breeding for udder health and milk quality - High SCC Impact of cheese yield, texture and taste - Choosing the genes for beta casein - A2 genes better milk - Breed selection for %fat and %protein in the milk - Attached udder and good conformity

Milk quality

150160160 110120120 60

According to IFCN Dairy Report 2017 13

Š Swissgenetics Apr-19


Health Impact The right breed in the right environment: - Increased optimal longevity, fertility and health of the cow - Stress resistance can boost cattle production - Robustness benefits selfregulation in the environment  easier to care for - Added-value or public and ecological services - Culture and tourism

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© Swissgenetics Apr-19

Wellbeing

Switzerland produces: • over 450 types of cheese • 200,000 tonnes of cheese per year


Responsible production What does society want? Resilient

Best genetics

Breeder traditions

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Š Swissgenetics Apr-19

Less input

Mitigation and adaptation

Grassland Benefits


Responsible production Resilient

Body temperature C°

Breeding to face temperature variations

Modeste, breeder in Burkina Faso

Temperature Moisture Index Swiss Applied Sciences School of Agricultural Forest and Food Sciences – Project Grassland Cow Genetics 2007 -2010 16

© Swissgenetics Apr-19


Responsible production Breeds adapted to local pasture:

Less input

• No competition with human-edible concentrate feed  Feed no Food • Use of land pasture • Breeds which have a greater feed conversion of dry matter feed “My herd is eating higher dry matter intakes with fewer metabolic disorders and more efficient production and reproduction.” Anton Smit, President, Brown Swiss Breeder, South Africa

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© Swissgenetics Apr-19


Responsible production Use of the natural resources:

Grassland benefits

• Animal manure as nutrient • Soil fertility and quality through natural process • Sustain natural pasture and terrestrial ecosystems • Seed scarification and dispersal • Shrub and fire control • Part of the landscape Simmental cows on pasture in the Alps

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© Swissgenetics Apr-19


Responsible production Swiss Family Farming – 80% are members of breeding associations Swissgenetics is a farmer cooperative - Choose the best genetics for their environment - Participate in the definition of the breeding goals - Invest in their chosen breed for long-term impact

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Š Swissgenetics Apr-19

Breeding tradition

Swissmilk 2018


Responsible production Cattle farming is a long process Switzerland has a strong tradition - Quality and strong services - Genomic selection - Reproduction technologies: - embryo transfer - semen sexing - sperm vitality - Ex situ conservation 20

Š Swissgenetics Apr-19

Best genetics

Non-Return Rates 56 Days 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

71.9 61.2

Conventional

Sexed Semen

Swissgenetics Statistics 2017


The optimal breed for your production system

Swissgenetics 2017

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Š Swissgenetics Apr-19


Breed www.breedoptimizer.com

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Key Points 1. Breed diversity offers the perfect solution for every breeding strategy and management 2. Genetics adapted to grassland has many advantages: • Self-sufficiency • Benefits animal and human health • Sustainable use of the land 3. Select the breed for your production environment

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© Swissgenetics Apr-19


Muchas gracias por su atenciĂłn 28

Š Swissgenetics Apr-19

Profile for René Bucher

Increase Sustainable Performance EN  

Increase Sustainable Performance with Cattle Genetics Adapted to Grassland EN

Increase Sustainable Performance EN  

Increase Sustainable Performance with Cattle Genetics Adapted to Grassland EN

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