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Swiss cattle breeding Urs Spescha, Head of Genetics • Market in Switzerland • Swissgenetics genetic programs • Bull offer

Tradition and passion in cattle breeding for sustainable genetics in pasture areas

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What comes to your mind, when you think of Switzerland?

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Switzerland known for quality

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Switzerland

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4 Saisons January

Marz

Barn Winter Barn feeding Seasonal Insemination

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Mai

July

Alpes Spring pasturing 50-100%

Sommer pasture 100%

September

Novembre

Barn Fall pasturing 80-100%

Winter

Seasonal calving


Agricultural products import – export 2015 • Import • Export

11’500 mio. CHF 8’500 mio. CHF

71.7 % from EU 57.3 % to EU

Level of self-sufficiency 2014: • Animal products • Milk & milk products • Veal • Beef

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100 % 115 % 98 % 86 %

• Plant products

46 %

• Net (considering feed inports)

50 %


Major characteristics of the Swiss market • Cattle farming has a strong tradition – 90% are herdbook breeders • Diverse and relatively small cattle population • Dairy farms with small herds and high standard of animal welfare • Agricultural policy encourages ecological and organic farming • Milk market is being liberalized, dairy industry is in a transition phase • Beef market demands crossbred animals (beef x dairy) – compared to other countries, Switzerland has a small beef cattle population • Sexed semen part of the breeding strategy • High quality service is the key for success...

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Cattle production in Switzerland: What is important to know? ✓ Sustainable land use: 2/3 are pastures, which cannot be used for crops

✓ Species-appropriate feed: mainly roughage, few concentrates

✓ No hormones, no antibiotics for performance and growth promotion ✓ Feedstuff mostly produced locally. Imported are mostly soy beans out of certified production, GMO free

✓ Toughest law for animal protection ✓ Additional voluntary programs to promote animal welfare

✓ Complete meat traceability ✓ High growth of organic farm due to better prices for products 10


Political and public trend • Main feed is grass or hey  feed no food • Robust, tolerant cattle  easy to care

• Less antibiotics • Strong in type  long lasting cows

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Agricultural land 1’049’000 ha = 25 %

Permanent cultures 2%

Others 2% Crops 26%

Natural pastures 58%

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Meadows 12%


Producer’s milk price is dropping 80

â‚Ź / kg

70

60

50

40 2001

13

2003

2005

2007

2009

2011

2013

2015

2017


Milk producers Producers/Produktion (Mt) 4.2

28000 29000

4.1

Producers

27000

4

3.9

25000

3.8

23000 3.7

21000

3.6

19500 19000

3.5

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

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Cow feeding: mostly roughage

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Gr concentrates / kg milk

Use of concentrates in milk production 500 450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0


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High quality milk 300

280

SCC PER ML (X 1'000)

250

230 200

200 150 150

110 100

60 50 0

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120

160


Haas & Hรถltschi (2013): Earned income per hour as a function of the milk yield per cow and year (174 dairy farms in the lowlands)

Earned income per hour (CHF)

High milk yield does not necessarily mean a high income!

kg milk per cow and year

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Summary • There are different ways for an economical milk production • Worldwide there is a trend to less concentrates and more roughage, driven by politics and consumers • Specific genetics is needed  Choose the right one for your production system!

• Swiss breeds have been coping with the new trends for a long time! 20


Swissgenetics Genetic development and international distribution ▪ Established in 1960 ▪ 26’000 customers in Switzerland ▪ 357 employees (including A.I. technicians) ▪ 110 sampling bulls/year ▪ 561 bulls housed ▪ 1.3 Mio units sold/year ▪ 2.6 Mio units collected/year ▪ 50.5 Mio € annual sales 17.04.2019

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Swissgenetics – A breeders cooperative 30'000 Cattle Breeders – Breeding Associations General Assembly Board of Directors CEO Genetics

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Production

Sales & Services

Support


Responsibilities in Swiss Breeding Industry

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Breeding associations

AI organizations

• Herdbook

• Bull selection

• Data recording

• Semen production

• Genetic evaluation

• Sales and marketing of semen


Headquarters in Zollikofen

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Bull Rearing Centre in Langnau

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Semen Processing Centre

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Sorting Lab in MĂźlligen

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Total merit index in different countries

Land

CH

CH

CH

Simment Swiss Breed al Fleckvieh Total Milk Performance

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Total Feedefficiency

CH

CA

USA

Red Brown Holstein + Swiss Braunvieh HO Holstein Holstein 45

50

5

40

40

8

38 8

Total Functionality

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27

42

45

32

28

28

Total Conformation

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16

13

0

20

32

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Total Meatperformance

20

20

0

5

0

0

0

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

Total

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32

DE


Swissgenetics Genetics Programs Brown Swiss

Original BV

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Red Holstein

Simmental

Swiss Fleckvieh

Holstein

Beef


Development market share domestic genetics 100% 91.5% 88.2% 81.8% 81.8%

90% 80% 70% 60% 50%

43.7%

40% 30%

08/09 09/10 10/11 11/12 12/13 13/14 14/15 15/16 16/17 17/18 BS

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RH

HO

Beef

Alle/toutes


Strategy on genetic programms ▪ The Swiss breeder wants complete bulls, not extreme values ▪ Use of embryo technology to gain breeding progress ▪ Fast breeding progress in health traids ▪ Use best females for genetic development ▪ Worldwide best young bulls out of deep cowfamilies to produce the next generation

▪ Fast production of seleXYon

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Support trough the breeding associations • Milkcontroll and classification remain important • Health data becomes more important – phenotype / genotype • Accuray of the data is central to the calculation of breeding values – cntracted farms with full coverage • Feamle genotyping increases and secures training data set and ensures greater safety ot the genomic cervical spine

• Swissgenetics supports farms that supply data

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Is it possible to breed on fitness? Genotyp

Environment

Heritability indicates what proportion of observed differences between animals is genetic

17.04.2019


Heredity - Heritability h2 Feature

Heritability h2

Protein % Fatt % Size Meat content Duration of gestation

high (higher 0.4)

Milk amount Udders Frame Feet & Legs

medium (0.2 – 0.4)

SCC Persistency Longevity Calving ease Fertility

low (below 0.2)

17.04.2019


Sampling bulls per year 32 24 16

12 8

BS

36

RH/RF

SF

HO

SI

10 7

OB

LM

2

2

AN

SM


399 contracted maatings BS GJ 17/18 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

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0

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LENNOX PHIL DAREDEVIL-ET CALVIN-ET GRISCHA STAR SALOMON BIVER HAEGAR BENDER-ET SINATRA-ET PIERO SALVADOR CADENCE-ET VERSUS P BLOOMING-ET NORWIN PANDA-P-ET ARROW BENNO BUNIN VILENO FALCO VABIO NARCOTIC-ET TARZAN-ET TOPSPEED TENNDITH BALZAC ROMINO ANIBAL-ET SIMBABOY K2 MORILLO CADURA ASSAY-ET BLUEM-BOY LOUSTIC SUPERSTAR GLENN-ET FACT-ET TEMTATION-ET HAVANA-ET ANDERE

520 ♂ Genotypes BS GJ 17/18

100

90

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10


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LOUSTIC

SALVADOR

SALOMON

VERSUS P

PIERO

CALVIN-ET

CADENCE-ET

TEMTATION-ET

BUNIN

BIVER

BLUEMBOY

TOPSPEED

VASIL P

JANOS

VICTOR-ET P

NARCOTIC-ET

VABIO

GRISCHA STAR

PANDA-ET P

FACT-ET

BENDER-ET

ASSAY-ET

HAEGAR

ARROW

PHIL

SINATRA-ET

DAREDEVIL-ET

LENNOX

66 Bouth bulls BS GJ 17/18

12

10

8

6

4

2

0


Bull selection 2017/18

Breed

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Typed Bulls

Bought bulls

Bulls tested

Ratio

OB

112

11

6

19 : 1

BS

520

66

36

14 : 1

SF

151

24

16

9:1

HO/RH

440

61

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13 : 1


Trust in Optimis is growing %l 90

11/12

12/13

13/14

14/15

15/16

16/17

17/18

89.1

80 66.50

70 58.1

60 46

50

52.2

48.1

40.2

38.5

40 24.9

30 20 10 0 BS

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OB

SI

MO

SF

RH

RF

HO

Milchrassen


seleXYon share 2009/10 2014/15

2010/11 2015/16

2012/13 2016/17

2013/14 17/18

60% 52.01%

50% 39.67%

40% 30.66%

27.83%

30%

30.01% 26.20%

20% 9.73%

10%

15.19%

12.95% 1.89%

0%

BS

42

OB

HO

RH

RF

SF

SI

MO

JE

Total Milch


Part of females with seleXYon

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Fertility at a high level 80 %

72.0

70

69.8

60

60.4

50 40

konventionell

30

seleXYon X+Y

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Total

10 0 08/09 09/10 10/11 11/12

45

12/13 13/14 14/15

15/16 16/17 17/18


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Share of beef bulls on dairy cows 50 %

47.1%

45 % 40 % 35 %

30 % 25 % 20 % 08/09

09/10

10/11

11/12

12/13

13/14

14/15

15/16

16/17

17/18


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Sold semen of beef breeds in Switzerland 250'000

units/year

200'000

150'000

2015/16 2016/17 100'000

2017/18

50'000

0 Limousin

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SILIAN

Angus

Simmental Mast

Belgium Blue

Blonde Charolais d'Aquitaine


Criterias to select beef bulls

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Criteria

Requirements

NRR, Fertility bull

NRR >100

Calving ease

Index >100 on dairy cows

Beef performance

Index; the higher the better

Pedigree

knowledge

Polled

significance increasing


Criterias for beef semen It is a balance of interests between various criteria on the value chain: Trade Dairy farmer 1. NRR 2. Calving ease 3. Weaning weight 4. Proceds calv

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Fattener 1. Net increase 2. Meatiness 3. Meat quality 4. Proceeds alughter animal

Butcher 1. Meatiness 2. Meat quality 3. Label program 4. Proceeds meat


Products – seleXYon

The sexed semen of Swissgenetics 52


Products – Spermvital


Swissgenetics - International Team

Urs Spescha

Angelo Pozzatti

Thomas Feitknecht

Ingmar Kummrow Christina Meier

swissgenetics.com 54

AlizĂŠe Sauron

breedoptimizer.com


68 countries– 3 Exports/week

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International sales by year 600'000 500'000 400'000 300'000 200'000

100'000 0 04/05 05/06 06/07 07/08 08/09 09/10 10/11 11/12 12/13 13/14 14/15 15/16 16/17

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International Sales per Breed MontbĂŠliarde Original Braunvieh Limousin

Angus Holstein

Red Holstein Swiss Fleckvieh Simmental Brown Swiss 0

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50'000

100'000

150'000

200'000


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The optimal breed for your production system

Swissgenetics 2017

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www.breedoptimizer.com

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Key Points 1. Breed diversity offers the perfect solution for every breeding strategy and management 2. Genetics adapted to grassland has many advantages: • Self-sufficiency • Benefits animal and human health • Sustainable use of the land 3. Select the breed for your production environment

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Muchas gracias por su atenciรณn 66

Profile for René Bucher

Swiss cattle breeding EN  

Tradition and passion in cattle breeding for sustainable genetics

Swiss cattle breeding EN  

Tradition and passion in cattle breeding for sustainable genetics

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