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PORTFOLIO / / Jonathan Chauss e t

b ac he l or s t ude nt of

A r ch i t e ct u r e a n d En gi n e e ring

Contact info +46763103572 | remichausset@gmail.com Sjusovaregatan 2B, 41513 Gรถteborg webiste: www.jonathanchausset.info


B ackground EDU C A T I ON C hal m e r s Uni ve r s i t y | G ot he nb ur g S w e de n Bac he l or of A r c hi t e c t ur e and e ngi ne e r i ng | m ay 2011 A t hr e e ye ar l ong p r e l i m i nar y e duc at i on Bi r ge r S jöb e r gs gym nas i e t | V äne r s b or g A t hr e e ye ar S c i e nt i fi c p r ogr am w i t h addi t i onal c our s e s s uc h a s la n guage s ( fr e nc h and s p ani s h) , m us i c c our s e s and p hot ogr ap h y a n d ar t . R e c e i ve d a s c hol ar s hi p for hi ghe s t gr ade s .

C ON T A C T

BIOGRAPHY

+46763103572 | r e m i c haus s e t @ gm ai l . c om S jus ovar e gat an 2B, 41513 G öt e b or g w e b i s t e : w w w . jonat hanc haus s e t . i nfo

C OM PET EN C ES I am cu r r en tly atten di ng t he si x year l ong program A r ch itectu r e an d Engineering at C hal mers Uni versit y in Goth en bu r g , Sw eden. Present l y I’ve com p leted my th ir d y ear of study, and by m ay 2011 I h av e my Ba ch elor D egree. I pl an t o cont i nue my st u dies fall 2 0 1 2 . I h op e to fu r th er my ed ucat i on outsi de t he real m o f aca demia th r ou gh an i nt ernshi p i n t he prof e ssion a l field of A r chi t ecture and Engi neeri ng. I st r on g ly believ e th a t an i nternshi p at an Archi tect u re fir m or a Con str uct i on f i rm w i l l hel p m e grow a s a n ar ch itect, a student and as a person. In t urn I believ e th a t my ow n experi ences and abi l i t i es wou ld b e a n asset to any f i rm.

DESIGN an d GRAPHIC S adob e adob e adob e adob e adob e adob e adob e

I l l us t r at or I nde s i gn Phot os hop Br i dge Fi r e w or k s D r e am w e ave r Fl as h

MODEL ING

R hi noc e r os 4. 0 w i t h V r ay for R hi no A r c hi c ad 13 S k e t c hUp Pr o w i t h K e r k yt he a

I a m a pa ssion a te a nd am bi t i ous , a good l i stener a nd a q u ick lear n er . Al l I ask f or i s an opport uni t y.

DRAF TING

A ut oc ad 2010 and A r c hi c ad 14

PROGRAMMING

Mat l ab 2010 and G r as s hop p e r for R hi no

2


Conte nts [ Undergraduate projects ]

p. 05 p. 06 p. 44 p. 46

............ p6.

ASA STUDENT COMPETITION [Acousics and architecture competition]

Arch i t e c t ur e a n d e n g i n e e r i n g

20 11

............ p16.

ROCK CARVING CENTRE

U nd e r g r a d ua t e p r oj e c t s ov e r v i ew

[A Rock Carving study]

............

U nd e r g r a d ua t e p r oj e c t s

20 10

.......

p. 04

Pro logue , R e sum é

....... p22. NORTHERN MASTHUGGET [City Urban Planning]

F i el d w or k

........... p28. ..

p. 02

F i el d t r i p s

PANORAMA [Suburbs Planning]

20 09

................ p36.

SANNGEGÅRDEN [Mediatheque]

20 08


Ar c hi te ctur e a nd Eng i n e e r i n g //

www.a rkte k.s e

A r ch itectu r e and E n gi neeri ng is an university education dealing with both engineering and architectural theories, methods and tools. Engineering education culture with thematically courses are woven together with continuous training of architects tradition embodied project. Project aims from both a t echni cal / sci enti f i c and esthet i c / hum ani s t i c basic training an exploratory, creative and reflective approach. The first three years provide a technical / scientific base with mathematics, mechanics, building physics and materials science. There are also basic architecture courses dealing with form, colour, sketching and architectural history. Parallel to the courses run a series of architectural projects. Through sketches, models and physical experiments grow designs. During supervision and criticism considered these to function, durability and expressions developed into a whole.

Fi r s t Yea r S p ac e an d ge o m e t r y M e c h an ic s F o rm , c o l o ur a nd ar c h it e c t u r al t o o ls Calculus in several variables V o l um e s a nd t h e h u m an in t h e m History of architecture Ca l c u lu s in o n e v ar iable Intro d uc to ry c o u r s e in m at h e m at ic s

S econ d Yea r Bu ildin g an d c lim at e Urban pl anni ng E n v ir on men ta l s ci ence

4%

B u ildin g ph y s ic s

Mechani cs

A rc hi te c ture a nd hi s t o r y o f e n gin e e r in g

13%

4%

B u ildin g m at e r ials Pr oje c t s , A r c hi t e c t ur e

Bu ildin g ph y sics

13%

28%

M a te ri a l m o de ls in ar c h it e c t u r e Bui ldin g an d s t r u c t u r e E xp l o ri ng mat e r ial an d s pac e S o lid m e c h an ic s

A r t , c ommu n ica tion , tool s

13%

Th i r d Yea r A c o us ti c p r o j e c t c o m pe t it io n

8%

17% Mat hem ati cs

Hi stor y of A r c hi t e c t ur e and e ngi ne e r i ng

Cl i m a te s ys te m s a nd s u s t ain able bu ildin g A rc hi te c ture a nd o pt im iz e d s t r u c t u r e s S tr u c t u r al M e c h an ic s T o wn a n d c o u n t r y plan n in g L in e ar alge br a

4


Un d erg r a d ua t e project s overvi ew AS A Student C om p eti t i o n

p.06

The A S A S t u d en t Competition consi st ed of w eavi ng archi t ecture w i t h a co u sic s. O n th e b a sis of g ood c ooperati on betw een archi t ects and a co u st ic ia n s in n ov a tiv e q u alities w ere achi eved .

Ro ck Car vi ng C enter

p.16

The Ro c k C a r vin g Cen ter in T an ums Hede, Northern B ohusl 채n hol ds o ne o f t h e w or lds most impor tant rock carvi ngs. The bui l d i ng gi ves s h e l te r a n d a p lace to closely exam i ne t he carvi ngs.

Northe rn M a s thug g et

p.22

Thi s a t t r a c t iv e p a r t of Goth en burg gi ves excel l ent condi ti ons to urb a n p la n n in g . T h e bu ildin g s cont ri but es w i t h new apart m ent s and s t o re s, a sw e ll as a ov er deckin g over the m otorw ay to red uce the i mp a c t o f c a r tr a ffic.

P anora ma

p .28

The a p a r t m e nts a r e located in B i skopsg책rden w hi ch i s a part of G o t h e n b o u r g with g r ea t con ditions and natural beaut y. The mul ti cul t u r a l p o p ula tion an d th e central l ocat i on to creates an at t ract i ve a re a w it h g o od commu n ication s .

Sa nneg 책 r d en

p .36

The a r e a is t oda y a mix tu r e of gravel and parki ng area and t he proj e ct will im p r ov e th e ov er a ll q u al i t y and gi ve i t w hat i t l acks tod ay, a p l a c e o f c alm a n d well-b ein g , know l edge and cul ture. A pl ace f or e ve r y o n e : se nior s, families, stu d ents and others.


PATRON’S RESIDENCE

MUSIC CHAMBER

GREEN ROOM PAVILION STAGE

GUEST ROOMS

ENTRANCE

OV ERV I EW OF TH E EN TRAN CE

INTRODUCTION TO THE COMPETITION A wealthy patron in Briarcliff Manor, New York, has decided to build an addition to her home. She has asked for a building to host performers and concerts. She is a fan of several varieties of chamber music, and, as a supporter of Chamber Music America, she intends to invite friends she has made at benefits and in green rooms over the years to temporarily reside and perform in her venue.

World map Briarcliff Manor, New York

Project

Team project

Location

Briarcliff Manor, New York

Professor

Morten Lund, Mendel Kleiner

Course

Candidate competition

Year

Spring 2011, third year

Major elements

Music chamber Exterior Pavilion Green room (multipurpose room) Parking area

Design problems

Acoustical difficulties Noise criterias Private zones Create good availability

Tools

Rhinoceros 4.0 [with Vray] Sketchup Pro [with Kerkythea] Adobe Indesign CS5 Adobe Illustrator CS5 Autocad 2010

6


Main building Pavilion Patron’s residence

Concept The concept consists of weaving architecture with acoustics, to create an environment that serves as a music theater for chamber music. The building, which is located in Briarcliff Manor, New York, has three main parts: the outdoor pavilion, the music chamber as well as the multipurpose room - also referred as the green room. As architectural design has the potential to shape acoustics, this has been used to obtain desired sound in different spaces. In the music chamber reflectors are used to reflect and diffuse sound to the audience, and introduce interesting architectural elements. The green room uses diffusive and absorbing walls to create two different acoustical areas.

Road

The Pavilion uses tilted wooden walls and a roof of PTFE fabric to reflect sound towards the audience.

Entrance Site plan

Parking area

scale 1:1000

10

25

The parking area is shielded by the building which provides excellent noise control in the pavilion

50

SOUTH FACADE scale 1:200

2

5

10

Architecture and acoustics | ASA student competition | 2011


Lobby 01 B-B

Chamber hall 02

B-B 9

Stage 03

9

Mezzanine 04

-4.0 m

17

3

Recording and lighting control 05

3

6

-3.5 m

-3.0 m

NC 15

Bar area 06

NC 35

23

Noise gate 07 -2.0 m

2

2

16

22

Wardrobe 08

21

Connection between stages 09

5

5

-1.0 m

4

Ticket booth 10

Lmax 50 dBA without roof Lmax 30 dBA with roof

Green room (multipurpose room) 11 19

7

18

Restroom 12

20

7

NC 25

-3.0 m

Performers living quarters 13

11

Guest rooms 14

8

23

14

A-A

12

A-A

Patron’s home 15 Pavilion 16

NC 40 -1.5 m

NC 35 13

1

15

Outdoor stage 17

+0.0

10

Inventory and restroom 18

12 24

Cleaning supplies 19 Mingle area 20

FLOOR PLAN 0

FLOOR PLAN -1

scale 1:400

scale 1:400

Dressing room 21 Instrument storage room 22 Piano storage 23

4

10

20

Backup generator 24

EAST FACADE scale 1:200

2

5

10 8


PAVILION ROOM AND ACOUSTICAL EXPLANATION

Exterior pavilion \\

The outdoor pavilion serves as a performance area designed for 1200 people. It uses the main building to shield traffic noise and uses the natural slope.

Two layered PTFE roof 01

01

Performance stage 02

The large area and the lack of a closed space mean that it is of big importance to gather the sound from the stage. The stage is designed to effectively use the sound power from the musicians and direct it towards the audience.

Connection to chamber 03 Roof with vegetation 04

The wooden and somewhat diffusive walls of the facade are tilted and provide the audience with reflected sound. This together gives acoustic conditions that make it possible to use the pavilion also without electronic amplification.

PTFE roof (01) The acoustic conditions are further improved by a retractable PTFE roof (1) that can be spanned over the area as an acoustical barrier. Double layers are used to improve sound isolation and to avoid impact sound from rain.

02

Of construction reasons the upper layer is very light. The lower layer is heavier in order to better reflect the sound. Curved fan shaped pieces are obtained from the wire construction and aims to reflect sound laterally. The roof gives rise to diffusion for frequencies between 200 Hz and above.

Technical data Volum e ( V )

8000 m3

D i m e n s io n s ( LW H) S eating Capacit y (N)

39 m x 35 m x 6 m 1200 seats

03

04

Clarity C80 at 1 kHz [dB]

Sound pressure level SPL at 1 kHz [dB]

With two layered PTFE roof

With two layered PTFE roof Calculation made using a sound source with a total sound power of 0.1 W (white spectrum) This corresponds to the sound power of approximately 10 classical instruments

Reverberation time at 1 kHz [s]

[s]

V/N

6.7 m3/seat

3,0

R T wit h ro o f

1.1 s

2,5

R T wit h o u t ro o f

2,0

0.8 s

1,5 1,0

Road

Pavilion

0,5

125

Sound wall

250

500

1000

2000

4000

[ Hz ]

Pavilion with PTFE roof Pavilion without PTFE roof

Interactive estimation CATT-Acoustic™

Architecture and acoustics | ASA student competition | 2011


CHAMBER MUSIC PERFORMANCE SALON ROOM AND ACOUSTICAL EXPLANATION The music chamber is designed primary for chamber music. A “shoe box” shape naturally gives rise to nice acoustic properties - a long reverberation time to play around with and a lot of lateral reflections. The reverberation in the room is equally distributed over all frequencies, but with a smooth increase at the lower frequencies, which gives rise to warmth in the sound. Hard walls (plaster on concrete) are used to obtain the bass reverberation. Furthermore, the glass of the window is thick and rigid mounted.

Clarity C80 at 1 kHz [dB]

Strenght G at 1 kHz [dB]

The reflector (02) provides desirable early reflections and a high clarity

The sound level is strong and evenly distributed throughout the chamber

An adjustable “height over-stage” reflector is designed to distribute sound evenly over the audience. It increases the direct sound for the audience in the back and the reverberant sound for the audience closer to the stage. The reflector also supports the musicians so that they better can hear themselves and their fellow musicians. Smaller reflectors, suspended from the roof over the audience, are used to give a more diffuse soundscape. Low frequency vibrations from contrabass and cello might propagate into- and radiate from the wooden stage floor, which is slightly tilted to direct sound towards the audience. The balcony is tilted downwards to gain more direct sound and to provide a better sight.

Lateral Energy Fraction LF at 1kHz [%]

Reverberation time at 1kHz [s]

Height adjustable reflector detail (01)

The lateral energy fraction is high everywhere in the audience [s]

2

3,0 2,5

1

2,0

3 1,5 1,0

Height adjustable line

1

Steel construction

2

Mineral wool board

3

0,5

125

250

500

1000

2000

4000

[ Hz ]

With audience in upholstered occupied seats occupied and with curtains over window Unoccupied

Interactive estimation CATT-Acoustic™

SECTION B-B scale 1:200

2

5

10

10


01

02 Music chamber hall \\ Diffusers 01 Reflector 02 Seating area 03

06

07

Entry for Performers 04

08

Upper seating area 05 Solid walls 06 Thick window 07 Retractable curtains 08 09

Tilted Stage 09

11

03 05 CONCEPT ILLUSTRATION

Noise control

Technical data

The sound is blocked by thick, solid and heavy exterior walls that resist the transmission of sound waves.

Vo l u me ( V )

2800 m3

D i me n s i o n s (LWH )

2 6 .4 m x 1 5 m x 8 . 2 m

S e ating Capacit y (N)

280 seats

V/ N

1 0 m 3 /seat

Re ve r b e r a t i o n Ti me

1 .5 s

As the music chamber is designed to be slightly underground, soil works as an absorbent porous material that soaks up sound waves. There is also grass and soil on the roof, to help prevent noise from the sky to enter the construction.

Architecture and acoustics | ASA student competition | 2011


GREEN ROOM ACOUSTICAL EXPLANATION As the green room is located in the center of the building, it is perfect for greeting guests and gives an overview of the field. It is also suited as a warm up area for performers before they enter a performance. The multipurpose room is partly shielded by a wall. The roof above the opening, and also the walls around it, consists of porous absorbers and creates two acoustical areas in one physical room. In one area, acoustical zone A, mathematical defined diffusers are partially used as walls. They spread out sound in the room and they also make sure that no flatter echo can occur. This part is slightly more reverberant and suited for performers and speeches.

Mathematical defined diffuser -Green room 01 T E C H N I C A L D ATA ZO N E A - O P T I M I Z E D F O R M U S I C A N D M I N G L E V O LU M E ( V ) 250 M3 R E V E R B E R AT I O N T I M E 0 .9 s C L A R I T Y ( C 80 ) 5 dB D E F I N I T I O N ( D 50 ) 62 dB

The mathematical defined diffusers is a structure comprising a number of wells of different, carefully chosen depths. As a sound wave strikes the irregular surface, instead of bouncing off it like a mirror, it bounces out of each well at a slightly different time.

ZO N E B - O P T I M I Z E D F O R CO N V E R S AT I O N V O LU M E ( V ) 140 M3 R E V E R B E R AT I O N T I M E 0 .7 s D E F I N I T I O N ( D 50 ) 94 dB

In the other area, acoustical zone B, which is more damped, it is easy to have a conversation without being disturbed by - or disturbing - the music that might be played on the other side.

Acousical Zone A

Acoustical Zone B

Reverberation time at 1 kHz [s]

Used key materials

[s] 3,0

Plaster on concrete wood

2,5 2,0

PTFE (12 and 37.5 oz/yd) Mineral wool board Black carpet heavy velour acoustical mineral wool

1,5 1,0 0,5

125

250

500

1000

2000

4000

Materials used in building for desired sound chamber, lobby walls facade, chamber, pavilion, guest facade, stage, walls rooms pavilion removable roof (two layers) chamber reflectors, diffusers lobby, guest rooms floor chamber curtains chamber, guest room, lobby between window glass

[ Hz ]

Zone A with diffusers Zone B with absorbing materials

SECTION A-A scale 1:200

2

5

10

12


05

02

01 // Green room 01 Diffusive wall 02 Thick double layered windows 03 Mingle area 04 Small “warm up� stage 05 Absorbent roof 06 Absorbent furniture

04 03 06

Clarity C80 at 1 kHz [dB] with source in Zone A

Sound pressure level SPL at 1 kHz [dB]

D50 at 1 kHz [%] with source in Zone B

Calculation made using a sound source with a total sound power of 0.01 W (white spectrum)

Histogram for Zone B. Positions closer than 1 m to the source are not included. Histogram for Histogram H Zone A. Position Positions closer than 1 m to the source are n not included.

Architecture and acoustics | ASA student competition | 2011


01 ACOUSTICAL DETAILS AND QUALITIES Guest rooms wall and slab construction detail Special sound isolation is used to prevent sound from travelling from one guest room to the other. The walls, slab and ceiling are designed to minimize sound transfers, and it is possible to play an instrument in one room, while someone is sleeping in the room next to it.

Tilted walls to prevent flutter echo

Patron’s residence

NC 35 Common area

The walls are also designed to resist flutter echo, thus not parallel to each other, as shown in the plan.

03 Double layered thick windows

1

// Lobby 2 6

01 Absorbent ceiling

Support existing plaster

1

SERIES SNBS elastic foundation

2

Profile 90 mm stud

3

Rockwool panel. Density 70 kg / m^3

4

Sound Sandwich. 2 laminar gypsum boards 13 + M.A.D. 4

5

SERIES rubber pad SNTG or SNH

6

Perforated roof (Primary - Secondary)

7

Sound Sandwich. 2 laminar gypsum boards 13 + M.A.D. 4

8

Sturdy support

9

7 8

02 Mineral wool 3

03 Tilted wall

02 5

Exterior wall design

4

The construction of the exterior walls helps direct sound from the stage towards the audience.

Impact noise insulation. IMPACTODAN 10 10 Layer of mortar reinforced with wire mesh 11

4

14

46 mm stud profile 12 13

Sound Sandwich. 2 plates 13 + M.A.D. laminar gypsum 13

1

SNP SERIES-15 cushion 14 5

1

3.7 meters ceiling height

2

Tilted wall

12

scale 1:20 11

Exterior

10 9

(To reflect sound to the pavilion) 3

Double layered glass

4

Treated wood facade

5

Pulley shaft

scale 1:20

3

Backup generator Is well ventilated to the outside to prevent overheating, thus lower fan noise

2

Is sound isolated with the rest of the technical area as it is located underground Is placed far from the music chamber and the pavilion 14


Reflection What have I learned? The acoustical part of this project was of key importance. The cooperation with students from Sound and Vibration gave alot of new data to the project and offered a better outcome. The cooperation between different professions gave alot while designing the different parts of the project. Not only did we as architects learn alot from the acousicians, but they learned alot from us aswell.

What am I most pleased with?

What could I have done better

The concept which consisted of simple yet practical rooms gave room for good acoustical qualities.

Alot of work went into drawing elevations and sections while acousical qualities could have been improved instead.

To establish different rendering possibilities in computer modelling gave a broad experience spectrum for future projects.

As this was the first student competition we learned how to focus our energy and to learn what was most important.

Architecture and acoustics | ASA student competition | 2011


Rock Carving

Project

Solo project

Location

Tanums Hede, Norra Bohuslän

Professor

Morten Lund, Ulf

Course

Optimized structures

Size

1000 square meters

Year

fall 2010, third year

The centre for rock carvings Located in the middle of the forest at Tanums Hede lies one of the worlds most compact collection of rock carvings. The project is dramatically inserted in the mountain to shelter and protect. The projects main focus is to improve research and to preserve the rock carvings. To generate more tourists and improve peoples interest is also of big concern.

Major elements

Bridge over carvings Exhibition hall CafĂŠ and restaurant Professor rooms Arrival room

Design problems

No fortification on slope Overlapping public and private zones Create good availability

Tools

Rhinoceros 4.0 [with Vray] Adobe Indesign CS5 Adobe Illustrator CS5 Adobe Photoshop CS5 ForcePad

16


Concept

Experiences

Construction

Functionality

Through sketches and models a strong concept began to take form. That you through a path in the forest could come to a place where trivial research about our history was made.

The first object you will se while arriving at the rock, is the big roof that spans over the entire area where there are carving. Wood, which is the primary material in the project, has the perfect abilities to span a big area.

Research rooms, cafes and toilets are some of the necessities that the structure has.

Rock carvings are a key stone to understand where we came from. At arrival, you would se modern glass walls, that creates a contrast to the otherwise old surrounding. At a closer look you would be able to see the carvings in the stone, and dream about how people live before, and why they made them.

Below you will see a volume that consists of all the necessities that the structure will need. At the edges of this volume there is three strong walls that are the fundaments that lift the roof. Precisely above the stone you will find a bridge, that also consists of wood and hangs in the roof by wires. The bridge is also supported by the floor to sustain huge groups of people

The small volume, that is heated, makes it possible to sustain the building during the winter with heat and ventilation.


Overview #

Rock carvings

The rock carvings can be easily seen from the constructed bridge, and is available for everybody. The bridge is built so close to the carvings that if you reach with your hand you can touch them. Rock carvings can be best seen at close distance, that’s why it is so close to the stone. The bridge is wide, so that many people can easily walk on it without feeling crowded.

#

The building’s main entrance is located at the south-west corner. You can experience the first part of the exhibition hall while taking off your clothes, and while walking to the restaurant you pass some of the shown items.

café

# wc wc wc

Entrance hall

kök

Arrival area

The arrival area is located to the south, and reveals the big glass side of the building. You can decide to enter the building directly or simply enter the bridge first.

18


Site plan #

Site plan

The site plan shows the walking patterns in the area. At the arrival area you can choose to either walk across the bridge or to enter the building. After you have experienced either of these, to can choose the other, or simply continue the road to additional rock carvings in the area.

#

Second floor

The second floor contains rooms as laboratories, a conference room and extra cafĂŠ space for many guests. A wall for exhibition items is also available at the eastern wall.

CafĂŠ

Research rooms Research rooms

Conference rooms


Construction principles Construction The roof structure is based on beams angled and placed together. One can then create a coherent structure that can handle heavier loads and greater spans. Nailing plate attaches to the beams at the ends but the bolts are glued along the beam to secure further. Although steel pipes are installed and moves across the girder direction and prevents the roof “flattening� of its own weight.

Elevation Exterior and lighting study The buildings placement and orientation in the landscape contributes to the natural light in the cafe. The hob is almost entirely shaded during the day and illuminated by grazing light from the ceiling.

Section

Section from south The design on the hob brings not just protection, but creates a greater public interest in visiting the site. The ability to diner and a roof over their heads may be just what is needed for communities and tourists to get to the rock carvings.

20


Reflection What have I learned?

What am I most pleased with?

What could I have done better

A project will never really end, and there are always things that you feel you can improve with time. The important thing is not necessarily to change the things you know you can do better, but to learn from and improve on this to the next project.

Especially with this project was that I got a better feeling and understanding what the place meant to those studying them. This helped me develop a building that not only attracted visitors, but also helped scientists research rock carving in the best possible way.

There are always things that can be approved, but you have to make the most of the time being given to you.

To develop as an architect and engineer means being able to criticize your own projects, and to see how and why it turned put as it did.

I do feel that I could have researched more in how the bridge would flow over the hob. This otherwise simple design works, but it might have been better if I had worked with a bridge in several levels. The design seem simple and clean, but I could have done a more interesting layout, to better catch the eye of the reader.


NORTHERN MAS THUGGE T

U R PBL AAN N NI N G

Project

Solo project

Location

Masthugget, Gothenburg City

Professor

...

Course

Urban Planning

Year

fall 2010, third year

Major elements

Deck over motorway Six major buildings CafĂŠ and restaurant Garage under buildings Rearranged routes

Design problems

Deck over motorway Overlapping public and private zones Create good availability

Tools

Rhinoceros 4.0 [with Vray] Adobe Indesign CS5 Adobe Illustrator CS5 Autocad 2010

Urban Planning The proposal is based on that together with the surrounding environment create a homogenous city life where one sees a clear understanding of how the area is built.

Designed area, located near water and city centre

Streets and roads remains, but the today boring parking lot will be rebuilt to cosy neighbourhood with small courtyards lined by bright brick facades.

22


O v er v iew In the centre of everything Modern urban problems consists of turning parking areas to living quarters. The result is a homely neighbourhood with parking areas below ground to save space. As you plan to build a high story building you have to consider many things as light, efficiency and energy. If you build to high you will have problems with light not reaching the bottom of the gardens, and if you build to few stories the construction won’t be efficient, because there aren’t enough stories.

UTESERVERING

CAFE RESTAURANG

OSCARSLEDEN

BOSTAD

BOSTAD

BOSTAD

MASTHAMNSGATAN KONTOR

BOSTAD

FÖRSTA LÅNGGATAN

Designed area, located near water and city centre

Overview over the area


Concept

//

Intention

The name Masthugget refers to the manufacture of boat masts as before occurred in the area. By covering the today boring highway with a decking over to the water you can, in a modern way, regain some of the feeling that once existed there. Although the lack of park areas around the iron square will attract people to the area. The idea is to create a decking over from Stena Terminal in south to j채rntorget in north to create a walkway. Nature, ports and ocean view are three key words in designing the area. The intended light brick facade is lit up inside houses and create a comfortable city life to walk in. Along the first avenue there will be primarily office and trading stores while housing is created along the upper deck.

244


S e c tions

There is sufficient space in between buildings

//

Parking areas are situated below ground

SecƟon

E le v a tio ns

ElevaƟon A-A

ElevaƟon B-B

The buildings match their surroundings

//

waterside walkways are of high quality in the city


L oca l pl an

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C on clu si on What have I learned? The project was the first concerning urban planning and viewed a different side of architecture, going from a small scale to a bigger one. How you draw a concept for a city area effects how people experience their neighbourhood. City planning is a hard question concerning many different views and opinions. In the end it comes down to create a safe and cosy area to live in.

What am I most pleased with?

What could I have done better

The layout worked out very well, displaying the different parts of the project clearly. I spent as little time as possible in the computer and worked mostly with pen and paper trying to get the best feel possible to the neighbourhood.

The local plan became somewhat messy with sidewalks, pedestrian crossings and roads. More time on that subject would have made the city room feel somewhat better.

The buildings consists with the surrounding buildings and feels right in the area. My main objective was to create a simple, peaceful and cosy living area in the otherwise hectic city, and I feel that I succeeded with that.


Urban planning in the suburbs Project

Team project

Used tools

About the project

Location

Biskopsg책rden, Gothenbourg

Professor

Kajsa Krona, Nilsson & Crona arkitekter

Course

The building and its climate

Rhinoceros 4.0 [with Vray] Adobe Indesign CS5 Adobe Illustrator CS5 Adobe Photoshop CS5 Autodesk Autocad 2010

The apartments are located in Biskopsg책rden which is a part of Gothenbourg with great conditions and natural beauty. The multicultural population and the central location to creates an attractive area with good communications.

Size

180 square meters per apartment

Year

spring 2010, second year

28


The neighbourhood

The environment

The houses are situated as a bow and linked together with garages, creating a togetherness at the same time as the location of windows and views gives the prospect of the private feeling.

The buildings are adapted to the area’s natural beauty and blend in among the pines with its bright facade and its dark windows. The front facing you, facing the street is neutral and unobtrusive in contrast to the back vivid expression. The tip geometry can be glimpsed through the grove where you stand at the bus stop which is situated below the slope.

The residential chain consists of eight houses for larger families. There is a similar concepts but with smaller houses that are located across the street. Calculations have been made to get a good average as possible about the sun drop, and terrain conditions.


30


The building has good light qualiƟes because of the big windows and the posiƟon it has to the suns posiƟon in the sky. This will give a pleasant morning and pre aŌernoon sun which will allow you to enjoy breakfast and lunch on the veranda. The light falls nicely on the facade with disƟnct breaks that creates silhoueƩes on its surface.


F l oor overvi ew The linked houses are designed into two stories with 5 bedrooms and a kitchen, with the possibility of one additional bedroom. At the entry level floor you will find kitchen and diner room, living room, a working area, a bathroom and one big bedroom. The basement story floor consists of four bedrooms, living area and a bathroom with closet space. The living room that spans over both floors have double roof height, which gives the room incredible volume and character. The stories can be designed somewhat after every families needs, and walls can be removed or added.

Entry floor seen together

Basement floor seen together

Basement floor

Entry floor

32


E le v a tions

ElevaƟon to east

ElevaƟon to west

ElevaƟon to east

ElevaƟon to west

S e ction s

SecƟon A-A

SecƟon B-B

SecƟon A-A SecƟon B-B


E n e r gy ef f i ci ent ho u si ng 25. 26. 27.

28. 29.

Passi ve hous e s 24.

20. 21.

22.

//

C ons t r uc t i on p r i nc i p l e s

To achieve energy efficient sustainable houses it is important to have good wall structures. The wall consists of a wooden frame with wooden rails. The walls therefore consists of modern materials to best keep a low U-value. The double insulation, together with the thick wall are needed to reach the passive house standard.

23.

Other modern technologies such as wind and moisture barriers has also been applied. The basic design consists of a large concrete slab with insulation and drainage layers to keep close and to maintain a comfortable contact temperature with the floor. The roof, like the wall, consists of a large wooden structure with thick insulation to achieve a good U-value. Moisture barriers and windshields have been applied here.

19.

18. 17.

16.

SUNLIGHT

15. 14. 10.

11.

JUNE

SUNLIGHT

JANUARY

SUNLIGHT

JANUARY

12. 13.

9. 8. 7.

6. 5.

4.

2.

3.

Wall structure 1.

34


C on clu si on W h a t h av e I lea r n ed? This was a group effort that improved the ability to collaborate and solve problems together. The project went well and by compromise, the end result was very fulfilling. Because you are good at different things, you can divide the work and help each other in the best way to lift everyone to the same level of computer knowledge.

W h a t a m I most p leased w i th? That the cooperation went as good as it did, and that you after the project could pat each other on the back and say “well done�.

W h a t cou ld I h av e don e bett er Given the time that was given us, I feel fully satisfied with the project and cooperation. I learnt a lot and is happy with that.


M e dA ib a u i l dti nh g e w i tq h mu u ce h to

PerspecĆ&#x;ve looking at the entrance area

offer

Project

Solo project

Used tools

About the project

Location

SannegĂĽrden, Gothenbourg

Professor

External designers and architects

The ambient structure, combined with media librarys architecture creates a pleasant environment where you can relax and take it easy.

Course

The building and its structure

Archicad with plugins Autodesk Autocad 2010 Sketchup pro Adobe illustrator Adobe Photoshop Abode InDesign

Size

1400 square meters

Year

winter 2009, second year

The area is today a mixture of gravel and parking area and the project will improve the overall quality and give it what it lacks today, a place of calm and well-being, knowledge and culture. A place for everyone: seniors, families, students and others.

36


City plan

Overview

//

A project located in the suburbs

Layout plan 1:1500

A city project

The building

The environment

This concept took place in the suburbs of Gothenbourg, which was different from what I had done earlier. We had a big area to work with, and was not only going to draw a building, but were also going to design a whole area, with vegetation and trees.

As the surrounding consists of factorys and old buildings, the project needed to feel the area. Thus the rectangular form, with the touch of waves in the windows. These specially designed wooden beams creates an interesting building from what would else be considered as a stale building.

From a stale parking area, possibilities becomes ideas and ideas creates a reality. Here you can borrow a book, and then read it amongst trees and bushes, while children run by from the schools nearby.

The first objective was to visit the area, and thus the concepts began to come to life.

Trafic wise the area has hidden parking spaces north of the building and busses and taxis can stop just in front of the entrance for a short period of time. When drawing areas like these availability is of main focus and importance.


A-A 20

500

Floor plan

A-A 20

Entry level floor

34 000

A-A4

A-A3

26 500 26 000 26 500

The first floor is designed to create the best possible availability for everyone, both visitors and personnel. As you enter the building you can choose to either visit the bookshelf area or go directly to the cafe, which is located on the second floor.

STORA MEDIASALEN

Reception

A 910,00 m² A 93,04 m²

4782W34782W34782W34782W34782W3 A 21,34 m²

FOAJÈ

A-A2

Handikapp A 7,92 m² 831/5

831/5

831/5

831/5

A 32,46 m²

WC HERRAR A 11,06 m²

Elcentral, fläktrum, undercentral

831/5

KAPPRUM

831/5

WC DAMER

A 26,84 m²

KONTOR

A 20,92 m²

A 23,73 m²

Snitt

500

The big hall has double roof size, and spans over two stories.

MÖTESRUM, PAUSRUM

Vaktmästeri

7 000 6 500 4 426

500 500 431 2 144 500

18 x 18,3 = 3,30 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

A-A2

19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11

19 x 158 = 3,000 m

10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

A reception, coat area, personnel area and maintenance areas are also located on the first floor, to improve availability.

Snitt

VARUINTAG A 12,43 m²

A-A1

500

14 719 14 219 14 719

217

1 079

2 227 3 522 3 522

5 508

2 400

2 200

46 250

0.

3 175

1 800 626 27 508 28 008

1 000

1 952

1 000

8 347

500

Plan1

1:200 A-A1

A-A 20 A-A 20

18 250

Second floor

A-A4

A-A3

For those who have some kind of handicap, an elevator is located at the entrance, which will take you directly to the cafe on the second floor.

STORA MEDIASALEN A 878,57 m²

16 000

Café A 123,33 m² H 2,70 m V 333 m³

19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11

18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

19 x 158 = 3,000 m

10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

Here you can also take larger groups, such as school groups, to have a short briefing in the conference room.

A-A2

A-A2 Pausrum

Lilla Mediasalen

A 13,94 m² H 2,70 m V 38 m³

A 43,43 m² H 2,70 m V 117 m³

WC A 2,28 m² H 2,70 m V 6 m³

Dusch, Omklädning

Garderob

A 9,19 m² H 2,70 m V 25 m³

Kök, disk A 27,28 m² H 2,70 m V 74 m³

Cafedisk Soprum

Kylt soprum

A 9,20 m² H 2,70 m V 25 m³

A 7,05 m² H 2,70 m V 19 m³

A 23,87 m² H 2,70 m V 64 m³

FÖRRÅD

Snitt A 1,44 m² H 2,70 m V 4 m³

A 1,41 m² H 2,70 m V 4 m³

A-A1

500

1.

14 719 14 219 14 719

3 522 3 522 3 522

7 308

2 600

46 250

Plan2

11 203 27 508 28 008

Snitt A 4,61 m² H 2,70 m V 12 m³

2 600

4 297 500

1:200

38


Interior Cafeteria The cafeteria is surrounded by big windows, to make an interesting place to be at. Beautiful wooden details and small tables make this a pleasant place, and you can enjoy a coffee and croissants here.

Availability The connections between the first and second floor are many. Wide stairs and hallways, an elevator directly to the cafĂŠ and wide doors connects the different parts of the building together.

Bright entrance The big windows allows much sunlight to flow into the building, and much interior light won’t be needed.

Bookcases Eights lanes of book shelves are suggested in the main hall.


Elevations The window design is well shown from the entrance and gives the exterior an interesting look.

ElevaĆ&#x;on 1:1500

Sections The construction allows a large ceiling area without supporting pillars.

500

35 000

500

9 750

500

166

SecĆ&#x;on 1:1500

40


The opposite elevation has the same window pattern, giving the interior interesting shadows in the book cases.

500

SecĆ&#x;on 1:1500

17 750

500

4 800

200

2 500

500

7 000

500

1 000

6 300

897

1 849

1 048

ElevaĆ&#x;on 1:1500

The section cut displays the high ceilin


Engineering Design principle

//

Beams and pillars

The mediatheque has a design princi ple which consists of a pillar and beam frame. This provides a stable construc tion.

//

The beams are placed at irregular distances from each other and depends on how the room placement.

Smart construction In the large media room, it is less than 8 feet at most between the beams and they don’t need not a second-order beam system because the roof plate can keep up the wing span. For floor slabs on floors 1 and 2 should be as sta ble as possible so they are held up by metal pillars.

10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

The pillars are positioned to best adapt to the rooms and its purpose.

18 x 18,3 = 3,30 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11

18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

Arbetsblad 1

1:200

10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

Konstruktionsprincip plan1

19 x 158 = 3,000 m

//

Construction principles

19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11

18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

Konstruktionsprincip plan2

Arbetsblad 1

1:200

Konstruktionsprincip plan3

Arbetsblad 1

1:200

ConstrucĆ&#x;on overview 1:1500

42


Conclusion What have I learned? The project was the first solo project with computer simulations. I learnt how to create a good workflow, to first work with your bare hands with pen and paper, and then in the best possible way translate that into digital models and drawings.

What am I most pleased with?

What could I have done better

I am most pleased with my improvements in computer skills and how the project turned out digitally.

I could have compromised the text, making it less. I could have worked more on the site plan, making the colours feel better on the digital publication.

I felt that I learnt how the basics of constructions in large buildings work and how to implement architectural details in an otherwise plain building.


Field work Preliminary studies

1 400

The idea was to create a simple extension to a summer house in direct contact with the ocean at Soten채s municipality.

675

The project ranged from designing exterior and interior design to creating construction documents.

3 500

517

2 800

8 300

1 000

1 000

700

1 242

Scale 1:100

11 100

2 080

2 433

Scale 1:200

100

//

Sauna designs in Soten채s municipality

1 450

400

Scale 1:100

Scale 1:200

Scale 1:200

44


//

Final results and conclution

3 500 2 800

8 300

700 5 800

100

1 400

100

1 000

st책lbalk Badrum

Bastu

3 100

1 242

Allrum

2 433

Preliminary Sturdies

The close collaboration between client and Architect was in focus throughout the whole project, which spanned through several months. The interior plan took longest, and was important for the client.

11 100

Final results

Constuction stage

Veranda

Project not yet finished


Field trips

Konstanz

An old city between Germany and Switzerland The city is one of the most preserved cities in Germany, and is known of its beautiful architecture. The buildings gave an insight of how peo ple in northern Europe built before, and which views they had of archi tecture. They were not only excellent architects but also perfectionists when it came to small detalis, which you clearly can see on the facades.

Architecture at its finest

//

Germany

46


//

Perfection into every little detail Religion and wealth gave architects the possibility to create incredible buildings, with astonishing details. Churches, doors, facades, balconies and basically everything were made with love and passion for archi tecture.


Contact info +46763103572 | remichausset@gmail.com Sjusovaregatan 2B, 41513 Gรถteborg webiste: www.jonathanchausset.info

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Jonathan Chausset Undergraduate Portfolio