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“You don’t lead by hitting people over the head — that’s assault, not leadership.” – Dwight D. Eisenhower

• NASA introduces America’s first astronauts to the world including John H. Glenn Jr, and Alan Shepard Jr. • An International agreement is signed to preserve Antartica • Richard Nixon and Nikita Khrushchev argue about advantages of communism and capitalism in a kitchen, thus becoming known as the “Kitchen Debate” on July 24 • The first known human with HIV dies in Congo.

Popular Culture

Events • The Guggenheim Museum designed by Frank Lloyd Wright in New York City is completed • Cuban Revolution: Fidel Castro comes to power in Cuba after Revolution with the first communist state in the west. Castro then aligns himself with Soviet Russia after being rebuffed by the

Iowa snowstorm, killing all four occupants on board. The tragedy is later termed “The Day the Music Died,”

• The U.S. Grammy Music awards started • The last musical from Rodgers and Hammerstein, “The Sound of Music,” opens on Broadway • The chartered plane transporting musicians Buddy Holly, Richie Valens, and the Big Bopper goes down in an

popularized in Don McLean’s song, “American Pie.” • The film Ben-Hur premieres in New York City

United States • Mattel’s Barbie Doll is launched • The Dalai Lama is forced to flee Tibet. The Dalai Lama is still in exile but has continued to try to work for peace between Tibet and China • Alaska becomes the 49th State • Hawaii becomes the 50th State • The new Labor Reform Act passed to control union powers. • St. Lawrence Seaway is completed linking the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean • Unemployment reaches 1.4 million

“Capitalism is using its money; we socialists throw it away. “– Fidel Castro 32 December 1, 2012 THE MILITARY PRESS

remember when . . .

Popular Films Cost of Living Average cost of new house $12,400 Average yearly wages $5,010 Cost of a gallon of gas 25¢ Average cost of a new car $2,200 Movie ticket $1 Loaf of bread 20¢ Kodak movie camera $67.50

• Ben-Hur • Some Like It Hot • Anatomy of a Murder • North by Northwest • Sleeping Beauty

Popular Singers • Doris Day • Frank Sinatra • Connie Francis • Jim Reeves • Cliff Richard • Ella Fitzgerald

Popular TV • Bonanza premieres on NBC, the first weekly television series broadcast completely in color • The Huckleberry Hound Show

“I like intelligent women. When you go out, it shouldn’t be a staring contest.” – Frank Sinatra For advertising information, call (858) 537-2280

December 1, 2012 THE MILITARY PRESS 33

Profile for Remember When - Military Press


Remember When section of the Military Press highlights a different year in history every issue.


Remember When section of the Military Press highlights a different year in history every issue.