‘In preparing for battle, I have always found that plans are useless but planning is indispensable.’ Dwight D. Eisenhower 34th U.S. President Served Jan. 20, 1953 – Jan. 20, 1961 Chevrolet Corvette
1960 COST OF LIVING
Richard Nixon 36th U.S. Vice President Served Jan. 20, 1953 – Jan. 20, 1961
d Nixon participate John F. Kennedy and Richar
dent Syngman Rhee on April 19, eventu• Jacques Piccard and Don Walsh descend ally leading him to resign from that office. • Several Soviet surface-to-air missiles into the Mariana Trench in the “Trieste” shoot down an American Lockheed U-2 on Jan. 22, reaching the depth of 35,797 feet and become the first human beings to spy plane May 1. Its pilot, Francis Gary Powers of the Central Intelligence Agency, reach the lowest spot on Earth. is captured. • The first CERN particle accelerator • In Buenos Aires on May 11, four Mossad becomes operational Feb. 5 in Geneva, agents abduct the fugitive Nazi criminal Switzerland. against humanity, Adolf Eichmann, to • France tests its first atomic bomb Feb. take him to Israel for trial (Eichmann is 13 in the Sahara Desert of Algeria. • The United States announces on March later convicted and executed). 6 that 3,500 American soldiers will be sent • Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev demands an apology from President to Vietnam. Eisenhower on May 16 for the U-2 recon• South Korean students hold a nationwide pro-democracy protest against Presi- naissance plane flights over the Soviet
ngbird” is publ
in the first televised presid
“To Kill a Mocki
Union, thus aborting the summit meeting scheduled for Paris in 1960. • Theodore Maiman operates the first laser on May 16 at Hughes Aircraft Company in Malibu. • Chile’s subduction fault ruptures from Talcahuano to Taitao Peninsula on May 22, causing the most powerful earthquake on record (magnitude of 9.5). • A Soviet Air Force MiG-19 fighter plane flying north of Murmansk, Russia, over the Barents Sea shoots down a six-man RB-47 Stratojet reconnaissance plane of the U.S. Air Force on July 1. Four of the U.S. Air Force officers are killed, and the two survivors are held prisoner in the Soviet Union. • In response to a United States embargo against Cuba, Fidel Castro nationalizes all American and foreign-owned property in Cuba on Aug. 6. • The American nuclear submarine USS Seadragon surfaces through the Arctic ice cap at the North Pole on Aug. 25, the first
Cassius Clay (Muhammad Ali) wins his first professional fight.
submarine ever to do so. • The countries of Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela form OPEC on Sept. 14. • Soviet premier Khrushchev pounds his shoe on a table at a meeting of the United Nations General Assembly on Oct. 12, his way of protesting the discussion of the Soviet Union’s policies toward Eastern Europe. • The farthing, a coin first minted in England in the 13th century, ceases to be legal tender in the United Kingdom on Dec. 31.
• Adolph Coors III, chairman of the board of the Coors Brewing Company, is kidnapped Feb. 9 and captors demand $500,000. Coors is later found dead and Joseph Corbett, Jr. is indicted. • Director Stanley Kramer receives the first star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame on March 28. • Russwood Park, a baseball stadium in Memphis, Tenn., burns to the ground April 17 from a fire shortly after a Chicago White Sox versus Cleveland Indians game. • President Eisenhower signs the Civil Rights Act of 1960 into law May 6. • Following the admission of Hawaii as the 50th U.S. state the previous year, the 50-star flag of the United States debuts in Philadelphia on July 4.
• Harper Lee releases her critically acclaimed novel, “To Kill a Mockingbird,” on July 11. • Richard Nixon and John F. Kennedy, participate in the first televised presidential election debate on Sept. 26. • Cassius Clay (later Muhammad Ali) wins his first professional fight Oct. 29 in Lousiville, Ky. • John F. Kennedy wins the presidential election, narrowly defeating Richard Nixon, on Nov. 8. • Basketball player Wilt Chamberlain grabs 55 rebounds in a single game on Nov. 24, the all-time record in the NBA. • The U.S. Supreme Court declares segregation in public transit to be illegal on Dec. • A United Airlines DC-8 collides with a TWA Lockheed Constellation over Staten Island, NY, on Dec. 16. All 128 passengers and crew on both planes are killed. • Fire sweeps through the USS Constellation, the largest U.S. aircraft carrier, on Dec. 19 while it is under construction at a Brooklyn Navy Yard pier, killing 50 and injuring 150.
BORN THIS YEAR: Julianne Moore, actress (Dec.3). Above left: Bono, singer (May 10); Cal Ripken Jr., baseball star (Aug. 24); Aimee Mann, singer (Sept. 8); Hugh Grant, actor (Sept. 9).
Music • • • • • • • • •
“Are You Lonesome Tonight?,” Elvis Presley “It’s Now or Never,” Elvis Presley “Marina,” Rocco Granata “The Twist,” Chubby Checker “Theme From ‘A Summer Place,’” Percy Faith “Cathy’s Clown,” The Everly Brothers “Save the Last Dance for Me,” The Drifters “Wonderful World,” Sam Cooke “Only The Lonely (Know the Way I Feel),” Roy Orbison • “Stuck on You,” Elvis Presley
Movies • • • • • • • • • •
Psycho The Magnificent Seven Spartacus The Alamo The Apartment La Dolce Vita North to Alaska Ocean’s 11 Guns of the Timberland Le Trou
Chrysler 300F Nov. 15, 2017
• Income per year ...... $6,691 • Minimum wage .................. $1 • New house ............. $12,700 • Rent .................................. $98 • New car..................... $2,600 • Gallon of gas ................... 25¢ • Dozen eggs ..................... 57¢ • Gallon of milk . ............... 49¢ • Loaf of bread ................. 20¢ • First-class stamp ............. 4¢ • Movie ticket ................... 69¢
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Nov. 15, 2017
What life was like in 1960... what things cost, news of the world and more