Regina Jessica Angeline Bu Helmy English 9/10 04 July 2012
THE CAUSES OF POVERTY IN SENEN SLUM AREA
High education, high income and full of nutrition are sometimes the way success is defined. Based on the survey which was done last Saturday in Senen slum area, poverty in there creates limitation for education, income and nutrition. Low education; low income and lack of nutrition have increased numbers of crime because they don’t have any morality, manner and personality. People in Senen slum area don’t have any education about morality. However, the people in Senen slum area have to suffice their family’s need so they can survive. So as the short way the people in Senen slum area just become beggar, scavenger and other criminal acts. The reason people in Senen slum area to become beggar is because influence by themselves and society. Low education levels may also cause a person's ignorance of it is criminal or not. For example, Ronny is in his fifteens and he has to go to school, his friend is Raka who is a robber. One day, Ronny lacked some money, he was afraid to ask his parents about his school fee then he told Raka about his problem. Raka gave him a solution, Raka asked Ronny to join his job. And the job is becoming a robber. Ronny was confused what he wanted to do, whether to join Raka or
to be honest. After he thought twice, he joined Raka’s job. The same happen for some of teenager in Senen slum area; they become robber just because the society put a pressure to them. If criminal act in the people in Senen slum area’s environment affect too much, they assume that it is a true act. It happens because the people in Senen slum area don’t have any education. In Senen slum area there is a school, according to the data, the school doesn’t educate the students well. That might be the cause of the low education. The problem is that the students in Senen slum area don’t have any initiatives to study well. The solution of this problem is the students in Senen slum area have to find another way to gain more knowledge by reading any books, so maybe they could get work and suffice their family. Some parents in Senen slum area, they still lack of awareness to enhance their children's education, Not only about the morality but also about the manner, people there are so impolite to each other. So, it’s not a surprised if children in Senen slum area talking to each other with inappropriate language, the cause of the inappropriate words is because their parents don’t educate them well since they was a child, so they don’t even know what’s good or bad. so they keep spitting everywhere and fighting with each other. These cause unqualified personality to have the job. For example, Indra wanted to have a job then he went to a company to have an interview with the manager. While the manager interviewed him, he just answered the questions with inappropriate language. The manager will feel disgust by him. So he directly refused by the company. It causes low income too. Because of the low education levels, people in Senen slum area don’t have much choice in choosing jobs. Limited employment opportunities for people in Senen slum area who are low education, the laborers, street vendors and maids. Poorly educated people in Senen slum area who generally don’t have the insight to achieve a better job, short-sighted in their life that is after school, married and have children are even less aware of family planning to run the program. So with low income jobs
can’t suffice for the people in Senen slum area’s family. People in Senen slum area had no other choice except do the criminal acts. Laziness can affect poorness, with out any initiative to be diligent, when the people in Senen slum area work, they won’t be serious and they don’t get enough salary to have enough for their needs. Based on the survey, parents in Senen slum area don’t have enough salary to pay their children school fee. Parents in Senen slum area asked their children to suffice the school fee by working as a beggar, robber and scavenger. These causes low education because the children in Senen slum area don’t focus on their school only but also to their work. While children in Senen slum area work as scavenger, they find the trash beside the railway and when train through the railways, the rocks and dusts around the railway were inhaled by the children and sell it to the recycle company. No wonder if children in Senen slum area have many complex diseases such as: tuberculosis, influenza, cough and other contagious diseases, but it cause something like fisikal problem, like they will be skinny and low energy. The most severe is the parents in Senen slum area can’t let their children go to the doctor because they don’t have enough money. Then, the parents in Senen slum area just think to get money as soon as possible. So, become robber is the one way. Since the people in Senen slum area have unhealthy body, then jobs are not easy to get. Many companies have a physical test. So, how do the people in Senen slum area can get the job if they can’t pass the physical test clearly? People in Senen slum area just become unemployment but they have to suffice their family’s need. So that, many people in Senen slum area become beggar and robber. Every baby and kid includes the babies and kids in Senen slum area need more nutrition for their growth because they are in their infancy. Milk can give the enough nutrition also vitamins, but the parents in Senen slum area don’t have much money to buy milk and
vitamins. The babies and kids in Senen slum area only drink the dirty water which is already used for several times and also the food. So it’s not a big surprise if children in Senen slum area are malnutrition or lack of nutrition. Lack of nutrition also causes the weak of mind, that can’t achieve a higher education and so they could get job to fulfill their family’s need. Lack of nutrition causes the people in Senen slum area have low immunity, therefore susceptible to disease and can’t work hard to earn a better income. The diseases are various such as: diaries and others. Lack of nutrition causes the people in Senen slum area’s body is not developed perfectly maybe even lead to disability. Such conditions are usually used to ask for sympathy from other people then the people in Senen slum area just become beggar. Beggars also one of the criminal acts because we ask who should have the authorization of others. Low education, low income and lack of nutrition are closely interrelated. Low education is directly proportional to low income. It happens in Senen slum area because of low education causes the people in Senen slum area to work in jobs that have low income, because of their low income can’t buy nutritious food and beverages so that they are lack of nutrition and malnutrition is the cause of weak intellect, a weak immune system so it can’t optimize the power of thought. So, low education, low income and lack of nutrition have a relationship which can be described as an unbroken circle. Low education, low income and lack of nutrition can also increase the number of criminal in Senen slum area because the people in Senen slum area don’t have enough money to educate them, so they need some money to fulfill their family and make a better life, so they got more and better education by going to a better school with better quality, so they could study better.