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2015

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TOP DOG

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CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2015


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contents 30

44

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Lifestyle & Travel

Nutrition

18 Dazzling dog beds

38 Top 10 foods for skin and coat

Check out this gallery of gorgeous beds for canines.

26 How to find a dog walker

42 How to turn around a fussy eater

30 Pack your bags. . . and your dog’s!

44 Recipe: Turkey and sweet potato savoury loaf

Hire someone who’s caring and responsible.

From ski resorts to luxury spas, check out our top dog-friendly destinations.

62 Is your car doggy? Getting rid of stains, odours and shed hair.

70 Dog-friendly décor

Picky dogs can be a problem, but these tips and tricks will help.

This colourful loaf tastes as good as it looks!

46 Top 4 nutrition tips Help her stay healthy and live long by feeding her right.

48 Is your water safe?

Proper hydration is essential to his health – ensure yours is free of toxins.

When remodelling your home,factor in your best friend’s safety and comfort.

72 Mudroom makeover

Design ideas for stylish, easy-to-clean mudrooms for your dog.

82 Multi-dog walking Here’s what you need to know before heading out with your pack.

86 Veterinarians without Borders

Discover how this organization is changing lives the world over.

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contents Dog-human interest 22 Everybody wins!

The history of the human-canine bond.

Health

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56 Canada’s Top 10 Pet-friendliest cities 210 Crossword A puzzle for dog lovers!

54 The big “C” Top five causes of cancer.

66 Help for aching joints Natural ways to reduce the pain and inflammation of arthritis.

76 Smile pretty

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Foods and herbs that help support her dental health.

79 First aid & safety quiz How prepared are you for a dog emergency? Test your knowledge with this quiz.

93 Softening the loss Ways to ease the grief when losing your best friend.

94 Top 5 steps for optimal immunity Together, they’re a powerful recipe for your dog’s wellness.

Training and Behaviour 12 Top 7 dog parenting tips Training success means being a good pooch parent.

50 Step-by-step training tips Solutions to biting, jumping and begging.

90 Small dog syndrome Little dogs make wonderful companions so why do some people still think of them as yappy ankle biters?

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Departments 65 Dog of the year! 85 Contest winners & social media

96 Breed Directory: The Groups, Purebreds, Rare breeds, Dogspeak

165 Spotlight 200 Marketplace


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EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT

ADMINISTRATION

Editor-in-Chief: Dana Cox

President/CEO: Tim Hockley

Editor: Ann Brightman

Office Manager: Libby Sinden

Contributing editor: Joan Marie Williams

Accounting Manager: Karen Tice

Breed Directory Manager: Natasha Roulston

Webmaster: Brad Vader

Art Director & Senior Graphic Designer: Kathleen Atkinson Breed Ambassador Photography: Alice Van Kempen Social Media Editor: Jasmine Cabanaw Photography: Jess Albracht Cover Photography: Mikkel Bigandt

CONTRIBUTING WRITERS Chamois Beal Lopez Cindy Carol Stanley Coren W. Jean Dodds, DVM Audi Donamor Lisa Evans Sonia Fèvre, MSc Jean Hofve, DVM Janice Huntingford, DVM Deva Khalsa, VMD Steven Kruzeniski, DVM Adam J. Lassin, DVM Shawn Messonnier, DVM Sandra Murphy Paul Owens Gillian Ridgeway Kim Robinson Debbie Stoewen Lisa Wagner Joan Marie Williams

SUBMISSIONS: Please send all editorial material, advertising material,

photos and correspondence to: Canadian Dogs Annual, 160 Charlotte St., Suite 202, Peterborough, ON, Canada K9J 2T8. We welcome previously unpublished articles and color pictures either in transparency or disc form at 300dpi. We cannot guarantee that either articles or pictures will be used or that they will be returned. We reserve the right to publish all letters received. Email your articles to: info@redstonemediagroup.com. TO PURCHASE: Copies can be purchased at most major retail outlets

across Canada or online at CDNDogs.ca/order. CDN MAIL: Canadian

Dogs Annual

160 Charlotte St., Suite 202 Peterborough, ON, Canada K9J 2T8

ADVERTISING SALES National Sales Manager: Tim Hockley, 1.866.764.1212 ext.110 tim@redstonemediagroup.com Ann Beacom, 1.866.764.1212 ext.222 annbeacom@redstonemediagroup.com Becky Starr, 1.866.764.1212 ext.221 becky@redstonemediagroup.com Lisa Wesson, 519.393.6808 lisawesson@redstonemediagroup.com Breeder Sales & Marketing Coordinator: Natasha Roulston, 1.866.764.1212 ext.315 natasha@redstonemediagroup.com

ON THE COVER The Golden Retriever is one of the most popular dogs in the world, and no wonder! With their gorgeous good looks and amiable, outgoing dispositions, they make perfect family pets and also excel as service and therapy dogs. This seven-week-old Golden pup is a poster child for the breed, with his happy-go-lucky “grin” and zest for life. Golden Retrievers are easy to train and eager to please. Good nutrition is important at all stages of their lives to maintain optimal health. You can find out more about them – along with nearly 200 other breeds – in our Breed Directory, starting on page 98.

The material in this magazine is not intended to replace the care of veterinary practitioners. The opinions expressed are not necessarily those of the editor, and different views may appear in other issues. Redstone Media Group Inc., publisher of Canadian Dogs Annual, does not promote any of the products or services advertised by a third party advertiser in this publication, nor does Redstone Media Group Inc. verify the accuracy of any claims made in connection with such advertisers. Canadian Dogs Annual is published once a year by Redstone Media Group Inc.. Entire contents copyright© 2013. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted by any means, without prior written permission of the publisher. Publication date: November 2014. Canadian Dogs Annual is a division of Redstone Media Group.

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Editorial

C el eb ra tin g th e bo nd

A Border Collie named Chaser made international news recently when she demonstrated on 60 Minutes that she knows the names of more than 1,000 toys. Not only can she identify any one of these toys in a pile, she also understands basic actions in relation to the nouns, including touching the object with her nose or her paw, and retrieving it. Of course, Chaser had a lot of help learning the English language. Dr. John Pilley, an 86-year-old retired psychology professor, has been teaching his dog as he would a child for up to five hours a day, five days a week, for the past nine years. He says he “saw the lights go on” for Chaser when she was still a puppy. She just seemed to understand that objects have names, a developmental skill human toddlers acquire around one year of age. That’s about the time they begin to understand social inference, and Dr. Pilley’s tests on Chaser show she has a firm grasp of inferential reasoning, something that eludes even our closest genetic relative, a primate called the bonobo. How is it possible that dogs, so genetically different from humans, can behave so “human-like”? How are they so in tune with us? Scientists believe the answer lies in our long history of living together. By studying archaeological remains, experts now believe dogs have been part of our lives for up to 35,000 years, first sharing our caves, then working side by side with us as we hunted and farmed. More recently, we’re recognizing the important role dogs play as companions, not only emotionally but also physically. Along the way, we’ve taken a hand in selecting the traits that best served us, and the wide variety of breeds we now see is the incredible result. Today, many working breeds are now participating in sports such as agility, flyball, and disc dog – entertaining activities for both dogs and their humans. At the other end of the spectrum, the lapdogs, born cuddlers, just make us feel good. In this issue of Canadian Dogs Annual, we celebrate all the wonderful breeds who share our lives, and our hearts. There truly is a dog for everyone out there; this year’s Breed Directory showcases a whopping 175 breeds! This issue of CDA is also filled with information on how you can best take care of your companions, from puppyhood right through their senior years. We hope you’ll find something that enhances the bond with your special canine. Thanks for showing them the love. As we all know, the rewards are endless! Warmest wishes,

DANA COX

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TOP

DOG

PARENTING TIPS HAVING TROUBLE GETTING ROVER TO DO WHAT YOU WANT? TRAINING SUCCESS MEANS BEING A GOOD POOCH PARENT.

BY PAUL OWENS

DID YOU KNOW that the same parenting principles that shape learning and behaviour in children also work with puppies and dogs? Fact is, all unwanted canine behaviours can be relieved by applying some good, proactive parenting skills. It’s all about maintaining health and safety, setting realistic goals, being consistent, using nonviolent discipline, stimulating mental and physical growth with play and exercise, and making sure your dog has quiet time and a place to get away from it all.

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TAKE CARE OF HIS HEALTH

Successful training depends on you and your dog’s developing skills – however, his health must always be first and foremost. Make an appointment with your veterinarian to ensure your dog has a clean bill of health.

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USE RESTRAINT AND CONFINEMENT Restraining simply means putting a dog on a leash or cable. Confining means placing him behind a barrier such as a baby gate, exercise pen, fence or dog run. Think of a parent holding a child by the hand. Until the child becomes responsible, he or she must be protected. Similarly, until your pup is reliable and no longer running into the street, chewing up everything in the house, or eliminating on floors and carpets, management is required. Successful tethering is achieved easily and without stress by simply: your dog’s leash or cable to something •Tying so it’s flat on the ground. in front of him and giving high valued •Standing treats (like chicken) so that being restrained is associated with something wonderful.

to asking him to lie down •Progressing (a relaxed position) and then giving treats. increasing your distance and •Gradually the duration before giving treats. CDNdogs.ca

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Older or larger dogs can’t always do what younger or smaller ones can do, and vice versa. Train at your dog’s individual learning rate and take his physical and emotional abilities into account.

HAVE REALISTIC EXPECTATIONS

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INSTALL ROUTINES AND CONSISTENCY Being consistent includes establishing daily routines. A dog’s temperament and his ability to handle stress are directly related to his ability to “predict the future”. If you feed your dog at set times, play and walk at set times, groom and massage at set times, he will learn to relax and remain calm at other times. This doesn’t mean you should become a prisoner to a schedule or that spontaneity is lost; dogs have to learn to roll with life’s vagaries just as we do. It simply means that doing some things routinely through the day can dramatically improve his stress management skills. As well, every family member needs to use the same training signals; if everyone isn’t consistent, the dog won’t be either.


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GIVE HIM EXERCISE AND EMPLOYMENT

Effective training includes providing your dog with sufficient exercise and employment. If you don’t give him something to do to redirect his energy, he will find something to do on his own. Become your dog’s employer by providing “jobs” such as hunting and “killing” treat-filled toys, playing hide-and-seek, teaching him to put his toys in his toy box, and so on. Employment is important because it not only provides stimulation but also promotes and develops a sense of self, purpose, and pride. The objective of giving your dog a job is to establish yourself as boss. And with that leadership role established, everyone lives happily ever after.

BE PROACTIVE, NOT REACTIVE

People who have problems with their dogs often create an environment of competition. This is because we are a reactive society. We wait for stuff to happen and then try to fix it. This means people often react to their dogs’ behaviour by punishing them after the fact, in an effort to stop them from doing the behaviour again. And there are many trainers out there who still foster the notion that punishment works. So navigating these waters can sometimes be tricky. Rather than trying to fix a problem by stopping a behaviour in the act, be proactive. Set up the environment so the behaviour can’t happen, then replace the problem behaviour with something else. You don’t give a young child a box of crayons and say, “I’m leaving for the day, don’t use these crayons.” What’s going to happen? When you get home there will be drawings all over the walls. A proactive parent teaches the child to use a colouring book, and keeps the crayons locked up until she knows the child will use the book instead of the walls. Proactive training involves setting up the environment for safety and success by preventing the dog from making the mistake in the first place. Then the dog is taught and rewarded for successes. Always ask yourself what you want your dog to do in any given situation. If you don’t know, he can’t possibly know either. Teach him substitute behaviours. Instead of jumping, teach him to sit. Instead of stealing food off the table, teach him to run to his bed whenever food is put on the table. Instead of digging, teach him to hunt for hidden treats.

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INCORPORATE PLAY AND DISCIPLINE

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Having fun and playing with your dog are the cornerstones to developing the happiest, healthiest relationship possible. All training is a game and all behaviours are tricks. If it’s not fun for you, it’s not fun for your dog. Discipline means setting boundaries and enforcing rules. It does not mean using physical punishment. The answer lies in learning the difference between correcting the behaviour and correcting the dog. The deal you make with your dog includes a promise of no hitting, kicking, shocking, pinning, or jerking. However, the dog must earn everything he wants. So rewards such as affection, tug games, fetch, going for a walk, getting on the furniture, getting to sniff on a walk, and so on, are given in abundance if the dog earns them. It’s simple. Teach your dog to sit, lie down or stay or walk by your side, and if he does these things, he gets what he wants. This is done incrementally, beginning at a kindergarten level and progressing to a PhD.

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GIVE HIM QUIET TIME

What would it be like if your senses were constantly bombarded with the sights, sounds, touches and smells of the world? If you didn’t have the opportunity to get away from it all now and then, you might get really grumpy. The same applies to you dog. It’s important to keep training sessions short, and play times structured for duration and intensity. Dogs are supposed to relieve stress, not increase it. Incorporating and practicing these seven suggestions will ensure a safe, happy, lifelong relationship of peace with your number one fan – your dog!

Paul Owens began training dogs in 1972. He is a member of the Association of Professional Dog Trainers, and a leading proponent of positive, nonviolent animal training. He is author of The Dog Whisperer and The Puppy Whisperer and is featured on the Dog Whisperer DVDs, Volumes One and Two. Paul is also director of the Raise with Praise Teacher Training Program, and the founder/director of the children’s afterschool violence prevention program, Paws for Peace. He has appeared on numerous radio and television programs, including PBS’s Pets Part of the Family, and Pet Files.

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Dazz JOAN MARIE WILLIAMS AND DANA COX

WHETHER YOU’VE GOT A CATAHOULA LEOPARD DOG OR A TEACUP YORKIE, A GOOD SNOOZE IS PROBABLY A PRIORITY IN YOUR DOG’S DAILY SCHEDULE! THESE DAYS, DOG BEDS CAN RUN THE GAMUT FROM A WHIMSICAL TENT TO A PIECE OF SOLID MAHOGANY FURNITURE. INCREASINGLY POPULAR, TOO, ARE BEDS MADE TO SIT OFF THE FLOOR WHERE UNCOMFORTABLE, COOL DRAUGHTS CAN CIRCULATE. WITH THESE FUNDAMENTALS IN MIND, DESIGNERS HAVE MADE IT POSSIBLE TO FIND A DOG BED THAT FITS YOUR DOG’S NEEDS AND YOUR STYLE. CHECK OUT SOME WE FOUND.

Travel in style

Perfect for snuggling into, this comfy animal-print travel bed offers a practical solution for small dogs on the go.

Have you designed and created a unique bed for your companion pet? Share your photo at Facebook.com/CanadianDogsAnnual! 18

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z ling DOG BEDS

For canines with a certain je ne sais quoi, this jungle-print chaise longue amps up the cozy quotient and keeps draughts at bay.

Divine divan

The wine-lover’s bed

Pop-up pup tent West coast craftsman Christopher Ohms uses reclaimed oak wine barrels to create his distinctive pet beds. Reinforced with steel screws along the steel bands, these solid beds with the rounded edges are built to serve generations. WineBarrelConcepts.com. Each bed is filled with a recycled hi-loft fill made from recycled plastic bottles. Removable covers make for easy cleaning. PetPlay.com

Kids and dogs alike love indoor camping and pop-up tent beds make travelling a breeze. Your pup will always feel secure in his “home away from home”.

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Outdoor opulence

Palace-inspired

For the dog who has it all, custom-made creations like this 16th century mission-inspired construction can include air conditioning, heating, hypo-allergenic materials, lighting and mini-fans. BeyondTheCrate.com

Royal seat

From the palaces of Morocco to the Palace of Versailles, Eric and Veronique Thoman have covered and re-upholstered some of the finest walls and antique furniture in the world. Trained in France, the team has turned their expertise, as well, to smaller pieces of upholstered furniture, like the Venise canopy bed, for our noble canines. Vethoman.com

With its clean, rounded lines and careful attention to detail, this well-appointed bed adds an air of elegance to any room. Our canine model seems to agree!

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Cabana crate

The crate has gone upscale! The cabana crate offers security, ventilation, a bit of whimsy and a lot of style. Bolsters provide extra comfort for weary furry heads.

Beyondthecrate.com

Contoured coziness B.C. designer Glenn Ross handcrafts each of his beds in the mid-century modern style. His sleek, minimalist dog beds - and bowls - are inspired by the family dog. “Oliver’s old, plastic food bowl lacked both function and style,” says Ross. “He deserved better design!” The Ellipse bed (left) and Mega-dog pod (right) exemplifies Ross’s aesthetic. They’re made from local birch ply, formaldehyde-free pva adhesive, eco-friendly engineered wenge veneer, protected with a urethane finish. Vurv.ca

Pretty in pink

Pack up the toys and the treats – the gang is heading out for a mini vacay! This adorable confection-coloured convertible and camper deliver relaxing comfort in a super-fun design. Great for a multi-dog household.

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BY STANLEY COREN

EVERYBODY WINS The history of the human-canine bond

To realize how far our understanding of the human-canine bond has come, we need to take a trip back to 1908. In January of that year, an article appeared in The New York Times reporting on the outcome of a military tribunal concerning one Colonel Deems and his dog Riley. According to the article, “The Retiring Board in solemn conclave has decided that the Colonel’s fondness for the little fox terrier that had the run of Fort Howard, Baltimore, was not evidence of mental derangement.”

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The testimony against the officer was supposed to be quite damning. One witness reported, “It must not be forgotten that Riley jumped right up in the Colonel’s ample lap and kissed him squarely in the mouth. Did it scores of times. Once he so far forgot himself as to carry off one of the Colonel’s boots surreptitiously and the post commander had to hobble around his quarters for an hour with one foot bootless while his orderly searched for the No. 10.”

The tribunal also heard that the Colonel did nothing when his dog acted “in utter disregard of the seriousness of army life” by treating officers and enlisted men in exactly the same way. Fortunately, despite the so-called evidence, the tribunal concluded that “the dog was merely the target of the affection of a lonely army bachelor”, and sent Colonel Deems back to active duty.


The benefits are more than emotional Our view of the human-animal bond has clearly changed quite a bit since that hearing in the beginning of the 20th century. We can’t imagine someone’s mental state being called into question in our modern world simply because the person showed affection to a dog, or accepted affection from the dog in return. Today, in fact, our view of the human-animal bond has changed to such a degree that we actually look at dogs as a means of promoting both the mental and physical health of the people they live with. The strength of the human-animal bond has been known for a long time, but scientific evidence about

how it works was first published only about 35 years ago when a psychologist, Alan Beck of Purdue University, and a psychiatrist, Aaron Katcher of the University of Pennsylvania, actually measured what happens physically when a person pets a friendly and familiar dog. They found that the person’s blood pressure lowered, heart rate slowed, breathing became more regular and muscle tension relaxed – all signs of reduced stress. Furthermore, a study published recently in the Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine not only confirmed these effects, but showed changes in blood chemistry demonstrating reduced amounts of stress-related hormones. It is interesting to note that these positive psychological effects work a lot faster than many drugs taken for stress, since all these effects occurred after only five to 24 minutes of pleasantly interacting with the dog.

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Can your dog help you live longer? There is now a large amount of data confirming that dogs are good for your psychological health and may increase not only the quality of your life, but also your longevity. The benefits are not just short term but last well beyond the time that the pet is in the room, and the positive effects build up over time. In one important study of 5,741 people conducted in Melbourne, Australia, researchers found that dog owners had lower levels of blood pressure and cholesterol than those without a dog, even when both groups had the same poor lifestyles involving smoking and high-fat diets.

guess is that the affectionate bond and social support provided by their dogs was reducing their stress. This was significant since stress is a major contributor to cardiovascular problems.

Keeping depression and anxiety at bay Of course, stress is not the only problem facing Canadians today. Up to 25% of people who go to general practitioners do so for depressive and anxiety disorders. Depression is actually considered to be much more disabling, both socially and even in physical functioning, than many chronic physical illnesses such as diabetes, arthritis and back pain. Although depression can be caused by many factors, one of the most common is simply loneliness. People with inadequate human social support can really benefit from the emotional bonds that pets provide. With the weakening of extended family ties, older Canadians are particularly at risk of becoming lonely, isolated and depressed. In one study, research showed that people 60 years of age or older who lived alone were four times more likely to be diagnosed as clinically depressed than those who lived alone but had a dog. There was also evidence that the dog owners required fewer medical services and felt much more satisfied with their lives.

Dogs are good for your heart Dogs can help even if you have started to show evidence of heart problems. In an intriguing study published in the American Journal of Cardiology, researchers followed more than 400 patients after they were released from hospital after having a heart attack. One year later, the dog owners had a significantly higher survival rate than non-pet owners. Their

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Reducing “stockbroker stress”

Dogs are a natural “icebreaker” The easy and relaxed relationship most people have with pets also brings another benefit to those living alone. People report that when they are out walking with their dogs, strangers are much more likely to stop and talk with them – mostly because there is a dog to say hello to, and people seem to want that moment of relaxed interaction with a pet. This can sometimes have important implications for the person’s future lifestyle. Take the case of Emma Cooper, age 71, who had been living alone for nearly eight years since her husband died. “I was out walking Surrey, my cocker spaniel, and this man stopped to give him a pat. He seemed like a nice man and told me he used to have a blonde cocker spaniel just like Surrey. We started to talk about living with dogs and then stopped for a cup of coffee. Well, one thing led to another and Bill and I are getting married next month – as soon as we can find a clergyman who is willing to let a dog stand in as the best man!”

A fascinating study, presented at the American Heart Association Scientific Conference, demonstrated how the addition of a dog to your lifestyle can make a difference. Researchers used a group of male and female stockbrokers, who were already beginning to show the effects of their stressful lifestyle, and who were candidates for medication to lower their blood pressure. The researchers first evaluated the brokers’ blood pressure under conditions of stress. They did this by producing a situation that might produce the same kinds of stress these stockbrokers typically face. They were next given speeded numerical tasks, and asked to role play a situation in which they had to talk their way out of an awkward position. In response to these stressful tasks, the stockbrokers’ average blood pressure shot up to 184/129 mm of mercury (any blood pressure of 140/90 mm of mercury is considered high). Each of the stockbrokers was then prescribed the same medication, but half of them also agreed to get a dog. Six months later, the researchers called them back and gave them additional stress tests. Those stockbrokers who had now acquired a dog were allowed to keep their pets with them when they took their stress tests. The results were remarkable. The brokers who had the combined therapy (both a dog and medication) now showed a rise in stress-related blood pressure that was only half as large as the brokers who were treated with medication only!

Stanley Coren is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Psychology at the University of British Columbia. He is also an award-winning behavioural researcher, a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, and was named as one of the 2,000 outstanding scientists of the 20th century. His many books on dog behaviour and human-canine interactions have been international bestsellers. His awards include the prestigious Maxwell Medal of Excellence from the Dog Writers Association of America for his book Born to Bark. Coren has been featured on Oprah, Larry King, and can be heard broadcasting a radio column on CBC. His newest book is Do Dogs Dream?

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•Awareness and focus

A good dog walker is always focused on the dogs in her care, constantly alert to body language and canine dynamics, looking ahead for potential trouble, and aware of surrounding and incoming people, dogs and the environment. Potentially harmful items on the ground, an aggressive dog approaching, or a play interaction that is becoming a bit tense…these are the kinds of situations a walker should be on the alert for and ready to adjust to, by changing direction or moving away as needed.

HOW TO find a dog walker BY CINDY CAROL

Most of us lead busy lives these days, which means we don’t always have time to walk our dogs as often as we should. Hiring a dog walker to give your pooch the regular exercise he needs to stay healthy and happy is a great solution. You want to make sure you find a responsible individual who will look after your dog properly and has his best interests at heart. You want someone who understands the essence of being a dog walker – to love and care for your fourlegged friend, have some fun and exercise, and bring him home safe. Here are some qualities to consider when hiring someone.

•Knowledge of dog behaviour

This may seem obvious, but a good dog walker has a working understanding of

dog behaviour, canine body language and dog-dog and dog-human interactions. This understanding is gained through observation, education and experience with many different dogs of varying ages, breeds and temperaments. Some people make the mistake of assuming all dogs will behave the same way their own dogs do, and this is simply not the case. 26

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•Genuine caring

Caring for your pet does not necessarily mean your dog walker fusses and gushes over your pooch every time she sees him (though it may!). It does mean she cares about you and your pet wholeheartedly, and wants the best for both of you. It means she’ll go the extra mile to do what is needed to keep your dog healthy, happy and safe. Those who love what they do have a sense of responsibility – and usually make great dog walkers! Caring alone is not

•Integrity and good communication skills enough, however, and needs to be accompanied by many other qualities and skills.

Much of the work dog walkers do is unseen. A dog walker enters your home when you are away, and takes your dog for walks when you are not around. She must have a high level of integrity, delivering her services safely and as agreed upon, communicating to you any changes in schedule or a dog’s behaviour, or difficulties encountered along the way. A successful relationship is based on trust, and

in large part, the trust between you and your dog walker is based on open and clear communication.

•Good observation skills •Energetic and a The better your dog walker knows your dog, the safer and more enjoyable

their walks will be. Through careful observation and daily interaction, your

walker will learn what your dog likes and dislikes, his habits and tendencies, and will notice any physical or behavioural changes that may be early indicators of discomfort or illness.

sense of fun!

Need we say more?

•Gentleness, clarity and consistency

Managing a group of dogs requires establishing clear guidelines and expectations for behaviour, and implementing them consistently. It does not require force, but rather a gentle and compassionate approach, combined with a communication tool, such as positive reinforcement training, to effectively create the desired behaviours.

•Courtesy and politeness in public As a dog walker cares for your dog, she represents you. It is important that she

is able to interact with your neighbours, service people and the public in a kind and conscientious manner. CDNdogs.ca

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•Good judgment and problem-solving skills To think and act • appropriately in emergencies This is a rather intangible quality, but when hiring a dog walker, it may be one of the most

important attributes to look for. Can this person observe a situation, assess any areas of potential difficulty, and make appropriate decisions to avoid any problems?

Does she have what might be called “a good head” on her shoulders?

Thankfully, emergencies don’t happen often, but if one does occur it is important that your dog walker is able to think and act in an effective manner. This is a skill that can be learned and improved upon through education such as pet first aid training, and through foresight and planning about what to do if something unforeseen does happen.

and an •Curiosity interest in learning

Dog walkers who enjoy what they do are interested in learning

new skills, engaging in continuing education opportunities and educating the public about dogs and their profession. It is possible to teach old dogs new tricks, and that includes dog walkers!

•Attention to detail

Skilled dog walkers are good multi-taskers. Not only do they keep track of schedules and understand basic safety protocols about things like open doors and pet-safe temperatures in cars, but they must be able to keep track of their charges’ individual needs. Things they might need to consider include which dogs have food allergies, who’s afraid of thunder, how best to manage group and park dynamics, secure handling of keys and contact information – and much more. Something as simple as a dropped or inappropriately hooked leash, or the unsafe opening of a vehicle door, can mean the difference between a pleasant walk and an accident.

Cindy Carol is a member of the Toronto Dog Walkers Association and owner of For Dog’s Sake, serving certain neighbourhoods in Toronto’s west end. She’s an experienced dog walker and trainer, a volunteer and foster home for Australian Shepherd Rescue, and a member of the High Park K9 Committee.

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PACK YOUR BAGS. . .

and your do g’s!

BY DANA COX AND ANN BRIGHTMAN

These travel getaway ideas make it fun for you both!

A

s much as you love your home, chances are you like to get away every so often. So what happens to Fido when you start digging out the luggage?

Up until recently, every vacation you booked meant a visit to the kennel for your animal buddies. But all that’s changing, thanks to consumer demand and a marketing-savvy travel industry. According to a recent survey published on petrelocation.com, 90% of people would change their travel plans to better accommodate their pets. So if you’ve got a few days, why not choose an animal-friendly getaway? As we discovered, there’s something for everyone out there, no matter what your budget or your timeframe. So drop the guilt and go ahead and pack your suitcase. Just remember to save a little space for treats and toys!

HIT THE

slopes

These days, ski resort towns are booming with activity in winter and summer, and with the wide range of outdoor activities available they make a great place to take your canine companion for a vacation. Many of these areas are pet-friendly, and offer accommodations that accept animals. If you’re interested in cross country skiing, Kananaskis, Banff and Lake Louise in Alberta offer a variety of dogfriendly trails. While dogs must be leashed on many trails, there are some that let your four-legged friends run freely. Accommodations run the gamut, from the high-end Fairmont Lake Louise, to rustic cabins. If you’re looking for an eco-experience, check out Nipika Mountain Resort, which borders the Kootenay National Park. The resort’s cabins are logged, milled and hand-built right on site from the surrounding forest. Over 100 acres of trails mean endless fun for humans and dogs alike. Nipika.com At the other end of the spectrum, Whistler Blackcomb is a great place in summer as well as winter, with golfing, mountain biking, alpine hiking, kayaking and heli tours all available. Locally-based pet sitters and dog walkers are available to look after your dog while you’re shooting the rapids or teeing off at the golf course. WhistlerBlackcomb.com In the east, Vermont is another popular ski destination that you and your pooch can explore together. Many of the state’s resort towns, such as Stowe and Ludlow, offer pet-friendly ski experiences during the winter months, while summer activities include golfing, fishing, biking, gliding, and canoeing. There’s something to fit every budget – check out the Trapp Family Lodge or the Stoweflake Mountain Resort and Spa in Stowe, or for larger groups, look into renting a home directly from the owners. Vrbo.com 30

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Photo Courtesy : Easthamphotography.com

With gorgeous ocean front lots, tiki huts and an off-leash dog area, Bluewater Key RV Resort in Florida offers the ultimate in RV getaways.

A road trip is one of the best ways to get away with your animal, especially if he travels well and you have a spacious vehicle such as a van or SUV. As long as you provide everything your animal needs to stay comfortable – water, food, a bed, and regular bathroom breaks – the vehicle can become his home away from home while you’re on the road. Before hitting the road, you’ll need to research pet-friendly accommodations along your route. Call ahead to make reservations and to find out what’s offered and what restrictions apply.

Nipika Mountain Resort is one of the few Nordic centres in Canada that allow you to cross-country ski with your dog.

If you have a family, why not consider renting a Recreational Vehicle (RV) for the trip? RVs come in several different sizes and give you the chance to “camp” in style. If you’re heading south this winter, check out Bluewater Key RV Resort. Located ten minutes from Key West in the Florida Keys, this park is right on the ocean, and offers ocean view, canal view and poolside lots. Each site has a tiki hut for shade, and a pool table, and some even sport fridges and cabinetry since the lots are individually owned and rented out. There’s also a pool and a designated off-leash dog area. The park is gated so it’s safe for dogs and children alike. BlueWaterKey.net

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A relaxing old west experience awaits you and your dog (and horse!) at Big Bar Ranch in Clinton, BC. Here, ranch owner Bryan sets out on a summer trail ride with his dog Blaze.

SADDLE

up

Hankering for a taste of the old west? Guest and dude ranches are becomingly an increasingly popular travel destination for horse lovers and those who enjoy a vacation with a rustic country flavor. Happily, some ranches will accept dogs and even your own horse, so there’s no need to leave your companion at home. Big Bar Ranch, for example, nestled in the rolling hills of the Southern Caribou in Clinton, British Columbia, serves up oldfashioned hospitality, ranch cooking and a relaxed western charm. The cabins on the property are perfect for the whole family, including your dog, and the 240,000 acres available at your doorstep promise a new adventure every time you head out. Bigbarranch.com South of the border, not far from Houston, Texas, the Cielito Ranch B&B is just one example of a country guest ranch that welcomes both dogs and horses. This working ranch covers over 175 acres of woods, fields and pecan groves, and provides cabin-style accommodations and large pasture boarding for horses. Along with hiking, fishing, campfires, hayrides, pecan picking and other activities, the ranch offers miles of riding trails, as well as riding clinics and instruction. If your dog is well-behaved, he’s invited to mingle freely with the ranch dogs and take part in ranch activities. 32

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Dogs love playing in the surf and strolling along the sand as much as we do! A growing number of beaches are now pet-friendly, like Pinery Park in Grand Bend, ON (above) and Dog Beach in San Diego, CA (right) – just be sure to pick up after your pooch!

HEAD TO THE

Beach

Sun, surf and sand…they’re as much fun for your canine companion as they are for you! Most dogs love to splash in the waves, play in the sand, or race along the shore after a ball or stick. Sharing a day at the beach with your dog makes everything twice as enjoyable, and the quality time you spend together strengthens your bond of love and friendship. Not all beaches allow dogs, so do your homework before bundling Rover into the car along with the sun umbrella, towels, sunscreen, and picnic cooler. There are currently over 200 dog-friendly beaches in Canada and the US, and they can be found in just about every region, from the West coast to the East coast. Pinery Provincial Park in Grand Bend, Ontario, for instance, has a beautiful beach with fine sand, blue waters, and even a sandbar. Located on Lake Huron, the park is a great place for family camping and dogs are allowed off leash in a lovely designated area. The sandbar even provides shelter for little dogs who prefer to wade. Pinerypark.on.ca In the west, check out the dog beach at Skaha Lake in Okanagan Falls, British Columbia (south of Penticton). The beach is part of the Christie Memorial Provincial Park and features a fenced, shallow swimming area for dogs. Dogs are also permitted in the grassy and treed areas around the beach. Penticton.ca For the ultimate beach adventure, head south of the border to Dog Beach, a sandy stretch located at the north end of Ocean Beach in San Diego, California, where beach-loving canines are allowed to run off leash from dawn till dusk. Remember that even the most dog-friendly beaches have regulations. Some allow pooches to run free, while others require leashing. Others may only allow dogs during certain hours of the day, and virtually all request that you pick up after your dog. No matter where you go, remember to pack your natural flea repellent, and use it throughout the day.

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With its spectacular scenery and over 25 dog-friendly trails, Cape Breton Highlands National Park is a world-class hiking destination for you and your dog.

BLAZE A NEW

trail

Looking for a more active getaway? Hiking is great exercise for you and your dog. Whether you’re a novice with a comfy pair of walking shoes, or a more experienced hiker sporting topof-the-line boots, North America’s trails offer beautiful views and varying levels of difficulty. And canines make the perfect hiking companions – they keep you company and make you feel a little safer on the more remote trails – and they’re perfectly willing to let you indulge your need for self reflection, should the mood strike you. Dogs are permitted in many Canadian national and provincial parks (with the exception of Quebec), including Cape Breton Highlands National Park, which offers 27 dog-friendly trails. Known for its spectacular highlands and ocean scenery, a full third of the worldfamous Cabot Trail sits within the national park borders. The cool maritime climate and rugged landscape showcase a unique blend of Acadian, Boreal and Taiga habitats, including internationally important old-growth forests. Pc.gc.ca For more information on pet-friendly hiking trails and national parks in Canada, visit Hikewithyourdog.com. If you’re traveling to the U.S., it’s important to do your homework. Most U.S. national parks maintain a “no dogs allowed” policy so plan ahead. The website above also offers regional hiking books and advice. 34

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LIVE IN THE

moment

There’s nothing like doing “downward facing dog” with your dog! So why not include her in your next yoga retreat? She’ll love the peace and tranquility as much as you do, and between sessions you can spend quality time exploring nature and “living in the moment” (something dogs know how to do naturally). Sugar Ridge Retreat Centre, located on 150 acres of forest near Midland, Ontario, offers yoga retreats, detox sessions and more. Dogs are permitted in the four-person cabins and off leash outside. Between yoga classes, explore the 20 km of trails (there’s cross country skiing in winter) and soak up all that nature has to offer. SugarRidge.ca If a spa retreat is more your style, consider a pet-friendly spa resort such as Tigh-namara Seaside Resort, in Parksview, British Columbia. Set on Vancouver Island, amidst 22 acres of Arbutus and Douglas Fir forest, the oceanfront resort boasts 192 dog-friendly handcrafted log cottages (one- and twobedroom) as well as 3 km of sandy beach, and an indoor pool with fitness facilities. Tigh-na-mara’s claim to fame, though, is its award-winning Grotto Spa, a feast for the eyes as well as the soul, where the professionals pamper you to your heart’s content. Tigh-na-mara.com

Take your pooch along to Sugar Ridge Retreat Centre in Midland, Ontario, where you can practice yoga, enjoy vegetarian fare, and hike the wooded trails.

Who wouldn’t want to spend some time de-stressing in the breath-taking Grotto Spa at Tigh-na-mara Seaside Resort?

For great information on pet-friendly accommodations and travel arrangements, visit these websites:

PetFriendly.ca | TripsWithPets.com | DogFriendly.com | PetTravel.com CDNdogs.ca

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OPTIMAL COOKING OF PET FOOD Contributed by the Loyall Pet Food team Pet foods are cooked in different ways, but by far the most common is the extrusion process. In this process, food is heated by steam, water, and friction to cook the product to the desired level. The cooking process converts complex starch to gelatinized starch which is much easier to digest. This is particularly important for dogs as compared to some other species, because they produce less of the pancreatic enzymes that break down starch. Improving the opportunity for enzymatic attack through cooking of starch is key for proper digestion. If pet food is undercooked, starch may not be completely digested in the small intestine, resulting in starch reaching the hindgut. Once in the hindgut, residual starch is rapidly fermented by normal gut microbes, potentially causing digestive upset and loose stools. If pet food is over-cooked, starch resistant to normal starch enzymes may be formed, again resulting in starch that can pass into the hindgut where it is rapidly fermented. It is important to note that different formulas, depending on the ingredient makeup, may need to be cooked differently to obtain an optimal cook. The amount and type of starch in the formula needs to be considered. A great example of the application of this technology is in the debate about corn in pet foods. Corn itself is not a bad ingredient for dogs, but under-cooked corn

can be. Corn has obtained a bad perception in pet foods because corn, in many cases, was not cooked properly and dogs had digestive upsets. The optimal cooking process aims to avoid this problem by cooking the starch in the corn to the proper, or “optimal”, point. Monitoring cook is not something new in the industry. Density measurements of pet foods have been used as an indicator, as it has some correlation to cook. However, an accurate assessment of cook requires analysis of starch gelatinization. Anyone can measure this, but the process takes a lot time and money. Cargill for their Loyall pet foods has taken starch analysis to the next level by developing the Opticook® technology. Opticook® is a patented process that allows the monitoring of cook immediately, accurately and efficiently. Finally a proper cook is key to the health of our pets. Nutrient digestibility is increased from under to optimal-cooked products, but nutrients like crude protein start to decrease in digestibility if pet food is over-cooked. In many cases the main effect of improperly cooked food is a downgrade in stool quality. Technology that permits continuous and accurate measurement of cook is now available and reduces the risk of digestive upsets in pets

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Keep your dog looking and feeling good with these power-packed whole foods.

It’s okay to add a little variety to your dog’s diet, especially food rich in nutrients that will benefit her health. Your dog will love it; just don’t tell her how good these foods are for her!

1 CHIA

seeds are a rich source of B vitamins, calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, protein and zinc, and they’re packed with antioxidants too. They contain lots of alpha linolenic acid (ALA), a plant-based form of Omega 3s. They are gluten free. Chia nourishes skin from the inside out, because its high levels of Omega 3 help combat chronic skin inflammation.

BY AUDI DONAMOR

are nutritional powerhouses, containing the most bioavailable protein. They’re like a one-ingredient recipe for great skin and coats. Many consider eggs the number one food for hair, giving it strength and luster. Eggs contain Vitamin A, which supports the repair of cell damage, and lutein, which helps keep skin well hydrated and plays an important role in tissue repair. The zinc in eggs also supports skin health and shiny hair.

2 EGGS

TOP

10

FOODS FOR SKIN AND COAT

Egg yolks are a valuable source of biotin, a B vitamin which helps promote healthy skin and coats; hair loss, skin irritation, lesions and fungus can be the result of a biotin deficiency. Biotin/vitamin H can be effective in treating allergic reactions and skin conditions.

Including chia in your dog’s diet is as simple as “a sprinkle a day”. Or make a simple chia “pudding” with 1/3 cup chia seeds and 2 cups filtered water. Mix, leave for ten minutes, and serve. This pudding can be stored in the refrigerator and added to your dog’s food. A little goes a long way.

5

2

4

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3 ALMONDS

contain the entire vitamin E family, tocopherols and tocotrienols – alphatocopherol is one of the keys to healthy skin and hair. Almonds are also an excellent source of B vitamins, copper, manganese, magnesium, zinc and bioflavonoids, and offer a trace amount of Omega 3 fatty acids. Since almonds have a high fat content, it is important to store them in a cool place, away from sunlight; better yet, you can store them in the refrigerator for several months, or in the freezer for up to a year.

4 COCONUT

when organic and unsweetened, is the perfect sprinkle for your dog’s food and great for making treats. Give coconut chips a try too. Coconut contains mediumchain saturated fats, which are transformed into energy and contain special properties that act as anti-inflammatory agents to decrease bacterial growth, irritation and inflammation in the body. Eating raw coconut can reduce the severity of bacterial and inflammatory skin conditions.

5 CAROB

is rich in natural sugars and contains all the principal vitamins and minerals, such as calcium, phosphorus, iron, potassium, magnesium, silica, vitamins A, B1, B2, niacin, and protein. Carob is considered an ideal “survival food” because it requires no preparation, lasts a long time, and has no special storage requirements. It does not contain the caffeine and theobromine found in chocolate, so is perfectly safe for dogs. Its vitamin E supports skin health, and it has antiviral and antibacterial properties. Carob contains no oxalic acid, so it does not interfere with calcium absorption.

3

1

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7 9

7 LIVER

from grass-fed animals provides a perfect punch for enhanced skin health. Nutrients include calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, iron, zinc, copper, vitamins A, B6, B12, C, D and E, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, folic acid and biotin. Try chicken livers for a flavorful boost of Omega 3 and 6 essential fatty acids.

8 WILD SALMON

canned or cooked (not raw), is one of the very best sources of Omega 3s, which support the skin and coat. It provides selenium too. Recent studies have focused on the protein and amino acid content of wild salmon; researchers have discovered that small bioactive protein molecules called bioactive peptides, and one in particular, calcitonin, have significant potential health benefits. The human form of calcitonin, made by the thyroid gland, is a key hormone that helps regulate and stabilize the balance of collagen and minerals in bone and surrounding tissue.

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Chia coconut crunch truffles

6 OATS

are a strength-giving cereal. They are low in starch and high in mineral content, especially potassium and phosphorus. Oats also contain calcium, magnesium, the B vitamins and iron. They support healthy skin and hair; one of the key ways they do this is by supporting your dog’s gastrointestinal system and helping remove toxins from the body.

ingredients 1½ cups rolled oats 1 teaspoon baking powder ½ cup coconut flour 1½ tablespoons chia seeds ¼ cup coconut oil 1 cup almond butter 2 whole eggs 1 teaspoon pure vanilla ¼ cup carob chips instructions Choose organic ingredients whenever possible. Preheat oven to 350°F. Cover a cookie sheet with parchment paper. Combine all ingredients, except the carob chips. Ensure ingredients are well incorporated, then fold in the carob chips. Form small balls of dough with hands and place on cookie sheet. Bake for 10 minutes in preheated oven. Cool completely before serving. Store in a Ziploc bag or airtight container, in the refrigerator or freezer. This recipe can also be prepared and served as a “raw” whole food treat. Simply skip the baking process. If you like, raw truffles can be rolled in coconut or carob for extra pizzazz. Store in a Ziploc bag or airtight container in the fridge or freezer


10

8

have been used historically to treat a variety of ailments, from rheumatoid disorders, scurvy and fever, to skin wounds and eczema. Cranberries contain a variety of bioactive components, including antioxidant proanthocyanidins, anthocyanins and ellagic acid. Anthocyanins are the pigments that give cranberries their rich red colour and have been found to have the strongest antioxidant power of 150 flavonoids tested, even moreso than vitamin E. Anthocyanins have an anti-inflammatory action, and can even help lessen allergic reactions in dogs.

are considered a super food for skin. They contain a high level of vitamin A and beta-carotene, and are a great source of vitamin E. Sweet potatoes also contain calcium, iron, folate, potassium, copper and thiamine. The vitamin C in sweet potatoes helps accelerate healing and support collagen production.

10 SWEET POTATOES

9 CRANBERRIES

6

Chicken liver fritters ingredients ½ pound chicken livers 1 egg potato flour for dredging 1 teaspoon sea salt 1 tablespoon first pressed olive oil oregano

instructions Whisk egg in a small bowl. Set aside. Put about ½ cup of potato flour in another small bowl. Begin to heat olive oil in pan, on medium high. Dunk chicken livers in egg, then in the potato flour, and place in the pan with olive oil. Sprinkle with sea salt and other herbs of your choice. Cook until there is no pink left. The chicken livers will be golden brown in color from the egg and flour mix. Cool completely before serving, as a very special treat, and store in the refrigerator or freezer. After cooking and cooling, chicken liver fritters can be thinly sliced and dehydrated or dried in a low heat oven, for a great training treat.

Audi Donamor has been successfully creating special needs diets for companion animals for nearly 20 years. She is the founder of the University of Guelph’s Smiling Blue Skies® Cancer Fund and Smiling Blue Skies® Fund for Innovative Research, and is the proud recipient of a variety of awards, including a Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal.

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Picky dogs can drive us crazy. We might try 20 different foods, we beg and cajole… but sometimes nothing seems to work. While most dogs eat well – even too well, considering more than 50% are considered overweight or obese by their veterinarians – there are always some that just don’t have a good appetite. Certain dog breeds, like huskies and great Danes, can be famously fussy eaters.

BY JEAN HOFVE, DVM

how to turn around afussy eater

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If you have a picky eater, keep in mind that the ideal body condition for any animal is what most of us would consider a little too thin. But research has shown that animals of many species (including humans!) live longer and have fewer chronic diseases if they stay slim. However, if your dog’s appetite has recently decreased (whether suddenly or gradually), a veterinary visit is in order. While a day or two of fasting is normal for many animals, there are numerous health issues that can cause anorexia (not eating) or inappetance (eating less). These include infections, dental disease, gastrointestinal, heart, kidney or liver disorders, cancer, certain hormone abnormalities, many medications, recent vaccination, pain, and stress – to name just a few.

FOOD PREFERENCES Food likes and dislikes are formed early in life, but weaning your puppy onto a varied diet produces adults with broad food preferences. Feeding a variety of foods right from the start reduces the chance that your animal will become finicky, and avoid both the “monotony” and “novelty” effects (see sidebar). It can also help avoid the development of food allergies, which tend to occur in animals fed the same food for a long time.

TIPS AND TRICKS If your vet has given your dog a clean bill of health, there are quite a few tricks that can help you overcome her pickiness. (These tips can also help you transition her to new foods.) • An animal who is hungry at mealtime is more likely to eat what is offered, so don’t use perpetually full bowls or feeders that allow 24/7 snacking. Individual feeding at timed meals will give you the best results, as well as allow you to assess how much your fussy companion is really eating – especially important in multi-animal households.

THE “MONOTONY” AND “NOVELTY” EFFECTS

Two other influences can impact canine appetites.

1. The “monotony effect” is seen when animals gradually decrease consumption of a familiar food. 2. The “novelty effect” is when dogs or cats enthusiastically eat a new food the first few times it is offered, but reject it after a few meals (usually right after you buy a 50-pound bag or whole case of it!).

• Stick to a regular meal schedule, so she learns to anticipate food at those times. • Never feed your dog from the table; this only encourages “holding out” for something tastier. • Try a different brand or flavour of food. The “novelty” effect may help stimulate her appetite. • If feeding wet, raw or homemade food, warm it by adding a little hot water. Warmth increases the food’s odor, which stimulates appetite. ( microwave pet food; it can create hot spots that will burn your animal’s mouth - which definitely won’t help!)

Never

• Feed smaller amounts more frequently. • Move the food bowl; it may be in a location that your dog just doesn’t want to hang out in.

MIX LIGHTLY BROWNED, UNSEASONED MEAT INTO THE FOOD, OR USE AS A TOPPING

• Increase your companion’s exercise level; it will increase hunger. • Top the food with plain meat baby food (chicken, turkey, lamb, ham) -- just make sure it doesn’t contain onion powder. • Mix lightly browned, unseasoned meat into the food, or use as a topping. • Sprinkle grated or powdered cheese on top of the food. • Give treats only after your animal has eaten a good meal. • Use “tough love” – if your dog or cat hasn’t eaten her meal in ten or 15 minutes, pick it up and put it away, then offer the exact same food at the next mealtime.

Dr. Jean Hofve is a retired holistic veterinarian, and co-author of The Complete Guide to Holistic Cat Care with nutritionist Dr. Celeste Yarnall. They are currently working on a book about the complete holistic lifestyle for dogs. Dr. Hofve has written hundreds of articles, lectured on pet topics throughout the US, and appeared on radio and TV. Her award-winning website (littlebigcat.com) is a respected source of information on pet health, nutrition and behaviour.

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turkey and sweet potato

savoury loaf

THIS COLOURFUL LOAF TASTES AS GOOD AS IT LOOKS!

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ingredients 1 pound ground turkey 1 cup shredded sweet potatoes or yams 1 egg, lightly beaten ½ cup fresh parsley, finely chopped ½ cup fresh cranberries, finely chopped 1 clove garlic, finely minced or grated 1 teaspoon sea salt 1 cup chicken or vegetable stock Calcium, as per label instructions

instructions Preheat oven to 350ºF. Lightly grease a loaf pan and line it with shredded sweet potatoes or yams. Lightly sprinkle minced garlic on top. Add ½ cup of stock. Pour lightly beaten egg on top. Sprinkle ¼ cup of parsley over the mixture, then add ¼ cup of cranberries. Distribute ground turkey evenly over mixture. Add the remaining ½ cup of stock. Sprinkle sea salt overtop. Add the remaining parsley and cranberries. Gently press down mixture with a spatula. Bake for one hour. Cool completely before slicing and serving. Add calcium and don’t forget to garnish! Replace shredded sweet potatoes or yams with cooked and mashed. Mix together all ingredients.

Mix together all ingredients. Alternatively, replace shredded sweet potatoes or yams with cooked and mashed.

The benefits of parsley:

Parsley is rich in iron and vitamin C, and contains pro-vitamin A. Add calcium, phosphorus, and manganese to the mix, and you can see why parsley is considered one of the most concentrated food sources. Sponsored by

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It’s important to keep your canine senior citizen at a healthy weight. There are many reasons he can become overweight, the most common of which are improper diet and lack of sufficient exercise. Weight gain may also be due to a hypothyroid condition, so if you’ve been reducing your dog’s caloric intake over time and notice no weight loss, it’s important you take him to the veterinarian and get his thyroid function checked. Once any medical reasons for obesity are ruled out, the other reasons for weight gain need to be addressed. As dogs age, we love them more and more and may tend to give them lots of treats. While our unconditionally-loving canine companions deserve the best, over-treating generates weight gain. This doesn’t mean your dog can’t enjoy treats; simply change what he eats to healthier fare. One large wheat-based biscuit contains 500 calories – over a meal’s worth of calories for a small dog. It’s easy to create treats from foods that are both healthy and delicious. Many dogs love broccoli stems or slices of apple, pear or watermelon. Freezedried chicken breast makes a welcome and low calorie treat. Vegetables such as asparagus, carrots, string beans, broccoli, yams and sweet potatoes can be very lightly dribbled with olive oil and baked at a low heat until they are golden brown and then cooled. There are so many options that even finicky seniors will have their favourites.

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It’s important to learn how to decipher quality ingredients by reading pet food labels. Many manufacturers use corn and corn gluten as a cheap alternative protein source. Corn is not a natural food source for dogs and contains eight grams of carbohydrates to every gram of protein. Avoid foods with corn, meat by-products and animal digest. I don’t recommend special weight loss diets since they typically include substantial quantities of low quality fibre such as soy mill run, peanut hulls and wheat middling. It’s better to look for foods with quality fibre sources such as pumpkin seed, flaxseed and fresh vegetables. Healthy carbohydrates to look for include oats, barley, sweet potato and brown rice.

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Traditional recommendations are to reduce the protein content in an older dog’s meals. The best way to do this is by making up the difference by adding vegetables to his diet. Adding more fruits and vegetables along with sweet potatoes to his food will give him the special phytonutrients (compounds in foods that both prevent disease and improve health) his cells need to eliminate toxins and stay in top form. Most dogs love steamed veggies with a bit of olive oil or butter on them. If your dog shies away from this, try adding a small amount of Parmesan cheese to the mix.

If you want to try home cooking, you can easily adjust protein levels in your dog’s diet and add lots of healthy produce to his meals. If you’re used to feeding a canned or dry food and are concerned about the home cooking commitment, know that you don’t have to cook every day and can alternate with the packaged food if you wish.

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Antioxidants are extraordinarily important for retarding the aging process and maintaining good health. They deter aging by helping your dog’s cells and organs resist damage. They inhibit the destructive effects of oxidation, a process that begins when toxic substances in the environment cause damage to cells. Freshly cooked vegetables are filled with healthy antioxidants. The antioxidant vitamin E occurs naturally in grains, nut oils and dark leafy green vegetables. Kale is an excellent vegetable for it contains not only vitamin E but also special phytonutrients that dump toxins and carcinogens out of cells ten times faster. Vitamin E is even more effective with vitamin C (another antioxidant); they create a powerful one-two preemptive punch against cancer and other chronic diseases. Fat-soluble vitamin A is found in animal fats, egg yolks and cod liver oil. Carotenes are the water-soluble form of vitamin A. Beta-carotene is found in orange and yellow fruits and vegetables. Brightly coloured fruits and vegetables have been found to decrease cancer risk in humans by 30% and it’s no different for dogs. Variety is the key. Feeding your dog healthy organic vegetables and fruits, free range eggs, and lots of variety will give him anti-aging antioxidants every day. In many ways, feeding older dogs is similar to feeding younger ones. But the older your canine gets, the more important it becomes to watch his diet and weight, and make sure he’s getting quality balanced nutrition. It’s one of the simplest – and most important – ways to ensure he’ll be by your side for many more years to come.

Dr. Deva Khalsa authored Dr. Khalsa’s The Natural Dog and co-authored Healing Your Horse: Alternative Therapies. She lectures internationally and is a professor at the British Institute of Homeopathy. She has almost 30 years of experience in holistic modalities.

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BY ANN BRIGHTMAN

P r o p e r h y d r at i o n i s e s s e n t i a l t o y o u r d o g ’ s h e a lt h s o e n s u r e y o u r s i s f r e e f r o m t o x i n s . Your dog needs access to fresh water 24/7. Water is vital to all living beings – it keeps the body hydrated, enhances cell and organ function, aids the lymphatic system, and flushes away toxins. But there’s a problem. Widespread environmental pollution, along with overworked or outdated water treatment facilities in many regions, is undermining the quality of our drinking water. The water coming from your tap may look and taste pure, but chances are it contains chemicals and contaminants you may not even be aware of. A recent article published on Torstar’s website metronews.ca reported that “13% per cent of household water tests conducted in Toronto over the past six years showed unsafe levels of lead.” The data, collected between 2008 and 2014, came from 15,000 water samples. The majority of the problems are in areas where real estate values are higher and infrastructure is older. Lead isn’t the only problem. Along with the ubiquitous chlorine, tap water has been found to contain varying traces of everything from nitrates and salts, to fluoride, arsenic and numerous pesticides. Even if these toxins appear in only trace amounts, they can accumulate in your dog’s body and contribute to health problems, including cancer and neurological conditions. And because our dogs are smaller than we are, they’re more at risk from the effects of these toxins. Whether you buy a home testing kit, or have the analysis done by an independent water testing laboratory, the first step is to get your water tested. For the best accuracy, the latter is the best way to go, but it can be more costly depending on what you want done. Individual sample tests are inexpensive, running around $6 each and many companies now offer “package” testing – a comprehensive analysis that covers the gamut of toxins, pesticides and metals – for between $100 and $200. To find out what options are available in your area, contact your local health department or water utility. Make sure the lab you use is certified, and carefully follow their instructions for collecting and delivering the sample. Home water testing kits vary in quality and what they test for. Some only look for bacteria, iron, chlorine or lead, while others can also detect nitrates, arsenic and up to a dozen different pesticides. Many also test the hardness and pH levels of your water. The kits are an economical investment, but they won’t give you the same level of accuracy as a lab test. Once you’ve determined which issues affect your water supply, you can decide if and how you want to filter them out. Water filter systems range from those that sit on top of the faucet to more comprehensive systems, such as reverse osmosis, which reside under the sink. For more instructions on how to filter out specific contaminants in your water supply, visit the Environmental Working Group’s website at EWG.org and search for the “Water Filter Buying Guide”. You can enter your specific information into the search grid, and specific systems that match your criteria will pop up.

Ann Brightman is Managing Editor for Animal Wellness Magazine and Integrative Veterinary Care Journal. A lifelong animal lover, she has also been a writer and editor for 25 years. Ann is a member of the Professional Writers Association of Canada and lives in Cobourg, Ontario. Sponsored by

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training tips BY GILLIAN RIDGEWAY

START HIM YOUNG FOR THE BEST SUCCESS

Bringing a new puppy home to join your family is

As with all plans, it is important to lay them out

an exciting time. A time full of laughter and fun.

in steps. Systematically progress through each

A time full of expectations and plans. Wait! Did

step towards your goal. Learning to enjoy and

we say plans? It is during this time that you start

celebrate each step is important. Patience is

to realize your plans will need to include some

key. You will soon see that the best laid plans

proper puppy instruction, and that you need to

really are the best. Happy training…and enjoy

be consistent.

the moments.

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CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2015


stop biting

It’s no fun when your new puppy starts to bite you, and bite hard. His little teeth can be razor sharp. In fact, some pups won’t let you even get close before they lunge out. This problem can be compounded when there are children in the home. But the fact is, puppies bite. For the sake of teething or to get our attention, they all do it. The main area of concern is what to do about it so that the puppy grows up to be a nice adult dog with bite inhibition.

a Your pup is biting on your hand but it doesn’t hurt. This is fine. He is learning how to have a soft mouth. However, the second that bite turns hard, you are called to actions.

c

There will most likely be times in a dog’s adult life when he may bite. It might be from fear, or because his tail gets stepped on by accident. Knowing this, you need to teach your pup that if he does happen to bite by mistake later on, he should never bite down hard. This is something all pups need to know. By teaching a puppy to never bite at all, he will never learn the difference between a hard and soft bite.

b

"yikes"

yikes

Loudly say the word “ ” and remove your hand. I find that word is great as it is easy to remember, easy to say and usually stops the puppy quickly.

Immediately put the flat of your palm directly in front of the pup’s muzzle; you should find that he’ll lick it. At that time, you can use the word “gentle”. I find that 99% of the time, the pup will lick your palm as soon as it is presented to him, after the “yikes”. If he continues to bite at your hands after you have tried this, tether him on a small house leash away from you, for a timeout. This gives him, and you, a moment apart to cool down.

HELPFUL HINT It is very important that your young pup gets enough sleep. Most pups that are getting riled up and nipping a lot do better after a nap. Remember, your puppy will not put himself down for a nap, so it is up to you. Young pups need a good three- to four-hour sleep midday.

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ee me now!

F d

You know the saying, “old habits die hard”. There is no better reason to set your pup up to learn the house rules while he is young. One of the biggest complaints I hear is about dogs that continue to beg for food. This can be at the table, from guests that are visiting, and even from other dog parents in the park. This is not only annoying, it can become embarrassing. After all, we all want our fur kids to behave properly. The begging habit normally starts as soon as you bring your dog home. Any dog. Any age. The reason? Those big brown eyes! They’ll get you every time. The other

reason is that people love to feed animals; in many cases, it is a way of showing love. The problem is that it promotes dogs that pester people for food, and it can become unhealthy if they are fed too much of the wrong sorts of food. If they are given things full of additives, sugar and fat, they can experience multiple health issues later in their lives. People are the same way, but the difference is that we know where our food choices may lead us. Our dogs are not privy to that information, so can’t make a wise choice before they eat that piece of toast with jam.

b

a Teach your puppy to lie down and stay on a special mat that is just for him. If you are unclear, ask your trainer to show you the steps. This is a down/stay, so it’s fairly basic, but it will require practice. Reward the pup frequently for being on the mat.

c

Once he learns to stay on his mat, you can reduce the frequency of the rewards. You can allow him a toy stuffed with treats if he stays on the mat.

HELPFUL HINT As your puppy gets more

proficient at this exercise, start to reward him only if he doesn’t jump first.

Move the mat from room to room, so he learns to lie down on it and stay there, no matter where it is.

Put the mat in the dining room when you have guests or when you are eating. Occasionally, do go to the puppy and give him a treat reward. This will encourage him to stay there, and it will also show him that the treats come when he is on the mat. Plus, if you have to get up off your chair to give a snack to the dog, rather than have the dog come to you, it will reduce the frequency of the snacks, guaranteed! 52

CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2015


Teaching an alternate behaviour is the best way to go when training a puppy not to jump. Instead of telling him what not to do, you’ll be far more successful if you teach him what you would prefer, and reward him for it. By rewarding the behaviour you want, with a favourite toy or treat, your dog is far more likely to do what is asked in the future.

a

c

When your pup jumps up, take a step back from him. You will see he now has four feet on the ground.

b

Ask him to sit. Hopefully, he has already learned the word “ ” in puppy class; otherwise, teach it separately.

sit

Once he sits, reward and praise him for a job well done.

Gillian Ridgeway is the Director of Who’s Walking Who Dog Training Centres in Toronto and Ajax. She has been featured on many television and radio programs, and appears regularly as the canine expert on Canoe Live. Gillian is a guest lecturer at the University of Toronto, and a popular speaker at Veterinary Technician and Trainer Conferences.

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BY JANICE HUNTINGFORD, DVM

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CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2015

Why is this disease becoming such a major health problem in our dogs? One reason is because of their increased lifespan, but there are also several other recognizable causes.

Top five causes of cancer

C

The Big

Of all diseases that can strike our dogs, cancer is one of the most feared. In southwestern Ontario alone, human cancer has increased by 37% over the past 30 years, and animal cancer is following suit.


One: Toxins

The International Joint Commission and the Ontario Cancer Society have published articles on cancers with suspected environmental causes in the Windsor and Hamilton areas. The results showed that air pollution, pesticides, radiation, water treatment by-products, and chemicals such as arsenic and asbestos can be directly linked to some forms of cancer. In dogs, exposure to pesticides such as 2-4 D has been linked to malignant lymphoma. Animals are particularly susceptible to pesticides because of their relatively small body size and because they are closer to the ground where concentrations of pesticides are highest. They also ingest pesticides while grooming. Aromatic hydrocarbons (such as are found in “old generation” flea products) are known to cause bladder cancer in dogs. The development of bladder cancer is associated with use of flea and tick dips, flea and tick shampoos, obesity a year before diagnosis, and proximity of the dog’s home to a marsh. Marshes tend to be a concentration area for pesticides, thus exposing the dog to more chemicals than anyone would desire.

Two: Over-vaccination

Too many vaccines can contribute to a range of problems, including cancer. Try to follow minimal vaccine protocols.

Three: Viruses

Viruses can weaken the immune system and sometimes set the stage for cancer.

Four: Genetics

Certain breeds of dogs, such as Boxers and Retrievers, have higher rates of cancer than others. Labrador and Golden Retrievers, for instance, are more likely to develop lymphoma and malignant tumors of the spleen. Some Golden Retrievers are prone to immune system diseases -- primarily allergies and hypothyroidism -- that can comprise their ability to destroy abnormal cells before they can cause cancer. Do some homework on your puppy’s bloodlines to minimize risk.

Five: Aging

As your animal ages, so does his immune system. This may lead to cancer because the immune system fails to kill abnormal mutated cells that develop into malignancies.

How is canine cancer treated?

• Surgery is usually the treatment for solid tumours. The tumour may be completely removed or just “debulked” (made smaller). All tumours should be biopsied for an accurate diagnosis. • Radiation involves using radioactive material to kill tumour cells. It is only effective against certain types of tumour. This kind of treatment is performed by a veterinary radiation specialist and is usually tolerated by most dogs. • Chemotherapy is effective for some tumours. Generally, the goal is not to cure the cancer but to prolong the life of the dog. Most dogs tolerate chemotherapy very well and do not suffer the same side effects as humans. Nutritional and herbal support can help minimize what side effects there are.

What about natural therapies?

Natural therapies are used to boost the immune system and slow the spread of the cancer. They can be used in conjunction with the conventional treatments above. • Diet plays a key role in cancer treatment as well as prevention. Holistic practitioners will recommend a natural diet high in protein and fat and low in carbohydrates. You can feed a high quality canned or dry food, or a raw frozen or dehydrated diet. • Supplements used in cancer patients include high dose Omega 3 fatty acids (usually fish oil source), glycoproteins and antioxidants. Antioxidants work by breaking down the “free radicals” that are toxic to the body’s cells. This helps neutralize the effects of the cancer. A specific group of antioxidants called bioflavonoids helps break down fats and decrease inflammation. • Acupuncture and herbal therapies can be useful for treating pain and prolonging life in cancer patients. For these therapies, you must consult a skilled practitioner trained in veterinary acupuncture and herbs. Cancer can be frightening, but it doesn’t have to be a death sentence. There are ways you can help minimize your beloved companion’s risk of developing this dreaded disease – check out the sidebar!

WHAT CAN YOU DO TO PREVENT CANINE CANCER? 1 Choose a good, natural diet free of chemicals and additives. Consult your veterinarian about supplementing this diet with Omega3 fatty acids, antioxidants and bioflavanoids.

2 Ensure your dog has adequate exercise and clean, pure water. 3 Limit his exposure to toxic chemicals such as flea products.

4 Remember that many household cleaners can also be toxic. 5 Keep your dog away from lawns that have been sprayed with pesticides and herbicides.

Dr. Janice Huntingford practices integrative medicine in Essex, Ontario. She is certified in animal chiropractic, acupuncture and rehabilitation therapy. Her clinic features a state-of-the-art underwater treadmill and fitness pool for dogs. Dr. Huntingford is married and lives on a farm/winery complete with horses, cattle, chickens, cats, dogs and three children.

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PET-FRIENDLIEST

CANADA’S TOP

We selected only cities with populations of 75,000 or greater and used eight different criteria to rank each city, first assessing the numbers per capita. Criteria included the numbers of veterinarians, pet sitters, trainers, and pet supply retailers, as well as pet-friendly accommodations, pet-friendly restaurants, dog parks or beaches and air quality in each city. Criteria was ranked per category, and then weighted from one to five, based on importance, before the final data was run through the program. Needless to say, it took weeks of dedicated research, but we’re pleased to present the final results, which take us literally from coast to coast. For a complete ranking of all the cities we looked at, visit CDNdogs.ca

Kelowna, BC

cities

We often think farm dogs have an idyllic life but are Canadian cities going to the dogs? Almost seven million canines1 live in this country, most of them in urban settings, and pet-friendly services and amenities seem to be popping up in record numbers. Canadian Dogs Annual wondered how our cities compare, from a canine point of view.

1

“Top Dog” honours go to Kelowna, BC. Located on the eastern shore of Okanagan Lake, this city of 118,000 ranks in the top ten in four of our categories. Not surprising, since this lovely city combines the best of both worlds – all the attractions of an urban centre, with an abundance of nature at its doorstep, including pristine lakes, pine forests and sandy beaches. Along with having the best air quality out of all the Canadian cities we looked at, Kelowna ranked highly in the off leash dog park category. There’s even a brochure, complete with maps, available to download on the city website. Residents and dogs alike can enjoy the active lifestyle afforded by the temperate winter climate, and when a winery tour calls, Kelowna’s number two position for pet sitters means you’ll be able to find quality care for your favourite canine buddy. 56

CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2015


Vict ori a

C ,B

As British Columbia’s capital city, Victoria is home to Pacific Oceanfront communities, forests, sandy beaches, and wildlife. It’s the perfect spot for a dog to grow up, so it’s no surprise it ranked in the top ten in five of our categories, including first in the number of pet-friendly restaurants and accommodations per capita. Apparently, veterinarians think it’s a great place to put down roots too, because it earned the number two spot in the country in that category. With many dog-friendly spaces to run and play, a vibrant downtown and an eight-month frost-free season, this historic city is a wonderful place for you and your canine companion.

aimo, BC n Na

Sporting the same name as the delicious holiday confection (locals say it originated here), Nanaimo’s natural beauty is matched only by its pet-friendly amenities. The harbour city’s spectacular waterfront is a great place to spend time with four-legged and two-legged friends alike. Centrally located on Vancouver Island, Nanaimo scored in the top five in three of our categories, including the number of dog parks, pet-friendly lodging and pet retailers. The city of 84,000 offers an array of cultural, culinary and shopping opportunities as well as access to nature, making it a great choice for urban dog lovers. CDNdogs.ca

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n, ON sto ng

Ki

The original capital of the province of Canada, Kingston sits between Toronto and Ottawa, where the mighty St. Lawrence River meets Lake Ontario. Steeped in history, this picturesque city, which boasts one of the best freshwater harbours in North America, ranked strongly in many of our categories. With a good number of pet-friendly lodging choices and off leash dog parks, Kingston is a great city to visit with your dog, and it consistently ranks as one of the best places to live in Canada. 58

CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2015

couve r , B Van C

Centered around the Speed River, Guelph also offers 1,000 hectares of parks and open spaces, including 70 km of trails, where you and your dog can go to exercise and enjoy the great outdoors.

Gu elp

As the largest city on our Top Ten list, Vancouver is the perfect place for serious city dwellers who also care about access to pet-friendly services. Arguably one of the world’s most stunning cities, for the more than 600,000 who call it home, Vancouver is a multi-cultural hotspot that offers an active lifestyle and convenient amenities. Want to take your dog with you for dinner? No problem in Vancouver, where many restaurants are pet-friendly. And with a high number of pet retailers in the city, you’ll find it easy to buy Fido’s food, too. The city’s goal to be the greenest city in the world by 2020 also bodes well for our canine friends in the future.

As home to the University of Guelph’s Ontario Veterinary College, it’s not surprising this city ranks third in the number of vets per capita. OVC is a hub for veterinary students and ground-breaking studies. For example, its Institute for Comparative Cancer Investigation – the first of its kind in Canada – provides cancer care and research to better understand, treat and prevent this disease.

ON , h


Just over an hour east of Vancouver, Chilliwack is surrounded by mountains and two magnificent provincial parks. From hiking to camping, there’s plenty of wilderness for you and your best friend to discover. There are lots of pet-friendly lodgings available in Chilliwack. And being so close to the west coast, the air quality is very good and the climate mild during the winter, with most precipitation falling as rain. Chilliwack is home to a thriving arts community, and opportunities for golfing and fishing abound. The city is also a springboard for day trips to neighbouring attractions, some of which can include your dog.

Kam lo

Ch illiw

C B , k c a

C B , s p o

Nestled in the gorgeous Thompson Valley in south central BC, Kamloops is a haven for pet-friendly lodging, coming in at second place in our ranking. As well as being an ideal destination for people who travel with their dogs, it’s also a fantastic locale for any pooch-lover to live, with its multitude of dog parks (it ranked third on our list) and excellent air quality. Kamloops offers breathtaking scenery, situated amid spacious grasslands where the South and North Thompson Rivers come together. Outdoor activities abound both summer and winter, so there’s no shortage of things for you and your canine to do.

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Pe

rough, ON o rb e t

Known at the “gateway to the Kawarthas”, Peterborough lies along the Trent-Severn Waterway and is home to the world’s largest hydraulic lift lock. As a jumping-off point to central Ontario’s cottage country, it’s a popular destination for those who love lakeside living and outdoor activities they can share with their dogs. More than a few Peterborough residents spend a large portion of the summer at their cottages – and of course, they take their canine companions with them!

HONOURABLE MENTIONS: 11. Coquitlam, BC 12. Burlington, ON 13. Burnaby, BC 14. Barrie, ON 15. Medicine Hat, AB 60

16. Cambridge, ON 17. Oakville, ON 18. Fredericton, NB 19. Niagara Falls, ON 20. Waterloo, ON

CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2015

ar lottetow Ch n,

I PE

The city is also fourth on our list for largest number of pet sitters per capita, and the shopping district offers a variety of pet-related retailers.

If you’re looking for a locale with dog-friendly restaurants, Charlottetown is the top third destination on our list. The capital of PEI, and the largest city on the island, Charlottetown offers many additional highlights, such as an extensive waterfront development that includes walking trails and parks you can enjoy with your dog. If you’re an architecture and history buff, strolling with your pooch through the streets and surrounding environs will take you back to a quieter, more peaceful time – in fact, Charlottetown boasts almost a dozen national historic sites.

REFERENCES 1 Canadian Animal Health Institute


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Is your car DOGGY Everyone

loves

road

trips,

including the family dog! Yet wet, muddy feet, shed hair and long claws can wreak havoc with your vehicle’s upholstery, and if he suffers from motion sickness, you may also find yourself dealing with accidents. And even the best canine travellers can emit a “DOGGY” smell that lingers after you’ve returned home. In short, if you have a dog, your vehicle may harbor some unpleasant odours and unsightly marks.

BY LISA EVANS 62

CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2015


Start with prevention If your dog has a strong smell, schedule a visit to your veterinarian. He or she will look for any medical reasons your dog may exude a foul odour. There are many reasons a pet may produce a bad smell, including dental problems, infections, coat conditions, or yeast in the ears. Bathe your dog regularly, or take him to a groomer. Dirt and feces can get trapped in many dogs’ coats, especially if the hair is long. Bathing your dog before a road trip will ensure he won’t bring any outside odours into your vehicle. Just make sure he’s well dried before he jumps in the back seat. Keeping your dog’s nails trimmed will help prevent them from scratching or making holes in your car seats. If you’re bringing your dog’s bedding along for the ride, clean it before you put in the car. Lavender oil or sachets between the bed and its cover are good ways to keep your pup’s bedding smelling clean and fresh. Put a car seat cover over your upholstery. Designed especially for dogs, many are waterproof and help protect fabrics from accidents as well as hair and dirt. You could also use towels to help protect your car’s upholstery from dirt, hair and stains; they’re easy to remove and can be tossed in the washing machine. Maintain proper aeration in the vehicle. Ensuring continuous airflow will not only help disperse odours but will make your dog more comfortable, reducing nausea or anxiety-induced vomiting. Turn on the ventilation system or air conditioning, or crack open the windows – but not far enough for your pooch to stick his head out. To further help prevent motion sickness, avoid giving your dog a meal prior to going out in the car. If you’re travelling a long distance, reduce the likelihood of accidents by stopping for frequent washroom breaks.

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In case of accidents Despite your best efforts, accidents aren’t always avoidable. The key is to deal with them promptly to reduce the risk of staining, and use the right products to get rid of odour. Clean up messes immediately, using a non-toxic upholstery or leather cleaner. This will help prevent stains from damaging your car’s interior. Start by soaking up a urine or vomit stain with a cloth, paper towel or newspaper, then use a non-toxic odour eliminating product. Avoid air fresheners. Your dog (and human passengers) may find the fragrance overwhelming and irritating. As well, an air freshener might disguise the odour for awhile, but eventually it fades away and the doggy smell returns. This is because these products don’t actually eliminate the source of the smell. Look for an odour elimination product rather than something that will merely cover up the odours. Many products only attack the odour molecules but don’t treat the source of the problem – the residue (urine or vomit) that the odour-causing bacteria feed from. They may work temporarily, but over time, the bacteria multiply and produce more odour molecules, meaning you will have to frequently re-apply the product to keep the smell at bay. To permanently eliminate odours, you need to look for products that actually attack the source of the odour. By taking a few preventative steps and arming yourself with the right products for odour elimination, cleanup and upholstery protection, you and your dog can enjoy carefree car rides!

What about hair & dirt?

The best way to avoid smears of mud and shed hair in your vehicle is to cover your seats before your dog gets in. If this isn’t possible, deal with any mud stains on upholstery by letting them dry first; trying to remove wet mud from fabric will only spread the dirt particles and grind them deeper into the weave. Once the mud is dry, you can brush or vacuum up the dirt. For leather seats, rub mud or dirt off using a cloth moistened with a mixture of water and vinegar. Dog hair is more challenging to cope with. It can be vacuumed up from leather seats, but can be very hard to remove from upholstery. A range of methods exist, but none are perfect. Some people use tape to help pick up the hairs, while others use a lint brush or a pair of wet rubber gloves (the type for washing dishes, with textured fingertips). Whichever method you use, it’ll take patience and persistence. The best way to avoid a lot of dog hair in your car is to keep him properly groomed, and cover the seats.

Lisa Evans is a freelance health, beauty, fitness, lifestyle and travel writer. Her work has appeared in Alive, Canadian Living, The Globe and Mail, The Toronto Star and other publications 64

CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2015


Congratulations to our FIRST -ever Canadian Dogs Annual Dog of the Year! Thank you to everyone who entered our Dog of the Year contest. There are so many incredible canines out there – you made our task of choosing almost impossible! Kudos to all the dog parents who share their lives with these wonderful dogs, and help them live up to their full potential (and get so much in return!)

Place

SMILEY

from Stouffville, ON

Runners up CDNdogs.ca

65


HELP FOR

ACHING JOINTS

BY W. JEAN DODDS, DVM, AND ADAM J. LASSIN, DVM

Diet, supplements, and other therapies work together to reduce the pain and inflammation of arthritis.

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L

ike people, dogs often develop arthritis as they age. Many parts of the body can be affected, from the vertebral column to joints such as the hip, shoulder, elbow, knee, wrist and hock. Signs of arthritis in companion animals include reduced activity, lethargy, lameness, trouble getting up, and a reluctance to jump on the couch or into vehicles. The main treatments offered by veterinarians include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), prescription diets, glucosamine and chondroitin, and polysulfated glycosaminoglycan injections. However, there are many additional options that can help decrease the inflammation secondary to arthritis and degenerative disc disease; rid the body of toxins that promote the inflammatory response; and repair/improve joint and vertebral health.

DIET IS THE BEST STARTING POINT Many veterinarians and animal owners focus on supplements, medications, and other treatment options, when the main focus should start with diet. Diet alone is one of the most important factors in improving quality of life when it comes to these chronic inflammatory and degenerative conditions. Many veterinarians will prescribe prescription diets that contain grains, glutens and added joint supplements, along with anti-inflammatory medications. However, most NSAID medications can cause damage or injury to the liver, kidneys, and bone marrow with long-term use. As well, many processed grains and Omega 6 fatty acids contain pro-inflammatory precursors. Another common ingredient found in pet food is white potato, which has been shown to promote inflammation. The sweet potato, conversely, a different plant species, actually has anti-inflammatory properties, a fact largely unknown to many people.

OPTIMIZING DIET FOR REDUCED INFLAMMATION Nutrigenomics can be used to optimize a dog’s diet and help decrease the inflammatory response in the body. Nutrigenomics is an emerging science that studies the molecular relations between nutrition and gene expression. Diet can alter gene expression and protein/metabolite production. Specific nutrients found in the diet change the body’s response in a form defined as a “signature” or “molecular dietary signature”. Diet can be a serious risk factor for a number of diseases. Ingredients found in certain foods act on the animal’s DNA makeup, and alter gene expression. Various foods act upon certain regulated genes in the body that affect the onset, incidence, progression, and/or severity of chronic disease such as arthritis. Nutrigenomic principles have shown that the right diet can possess significant health-promoting properties, including pain management. Based on an individual animal’s nutritional requirement and DNA, diet can be used to prevent, treat, or cure chronic disease, including arthritis. [To learn more about nutrigenomics and how it is applied, read Dr. Dodds’ article in Canadian Dogs Annual 2014. Visit CDNdogs.ca]

Many veterinarians now also offer alternative therapies such as acupuncture and laser therapy.

Continued on page 68.

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SUPPLEMENTS TO SOOTHE PAIN Diet alone is one of the most important factors in improving quality of life when it comes to these chronic inflammatory and degenerative conditions.

Many supplements can help relieve the pain of arthritis. The dosage for your dog will depend on his individual requirements and should be discussed with a veterinarian familiar with these supplements:

• Glucosamines from shellfish, bones, and some fungi are precursors of the glycosaminoglycans found in joint cartilage.

• Grape seed extract is a powerful antioxidant. It also has anti-carcinogenic and strong anti-inflammatory properties. It has been added to many popular joint supplements on the market today.

• Bee pollen has many different properties and is an anti-inflammatory. Other health benefits, such as its anti-cancer, antibiotic and immune boosting properties, have not been fully explored.

• Ginger is used mostly for digestion, but also for arthritis thanks to its antiinflammatory properites

• MSM (MethylSulfonylMethane) acts as a natural anti-inflammatory for joints. • Polyunsaturated fatty acids (ALA, EPA, DHA) come from many fish and plant oils, including wild salmon, sardines, herring, cod, trout, green-lipped mussel, anchovies, krill, algae extract, flax seed, hemp, olive, canola and soybean. They are used for their anti-inflammatory properties.

• Propolis (resin) is extracted by bees from the buds, bark and leaves of deciduous trees and some vegetables, and can be used for its analgesic pain-controlling properties.

• Deer or elk velvet helps alleviate arthritic symptoms by rebuilding cartilage, improving joint fluid, increasing tissue and cellular healing times, and improving circulation. It contains many beneficial ingredients -- proteins, amino acids, collagen, lipids, minerals/trace elements, growth factors, glycosaminoglycans, glucosamine, chondroitin, phospholipids, prostaglandins, and hyaluronic acid. Growth Factor IGF 1 (insulin growth factor) and IGF 2 are both found naturally in deer and elk velvet. IGF 1 influences cellular growth in muscle, cartilage, bone, and many organs in the body. IGF 2 works with IGF 1 to promote cellular growth and organ development.

• Green-lipped mussel (Perna canaliculus) decreases inflammation by inhibiting the enzyme responsible for transforming essential fatty acids into inflammatory leukotrienes (mediators of inflammation from white blood cells). It contains important nutrients, proteins, amino acids, glycosaminoglycans, chondroitin, hyaluronic acid, and proteoglycan.

• Green (or black) tea leaf extract has potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

• DLPA (D, L Phenylalanine) is an essential amino acid and endorphin stimulant to help control chronic bone and muscle pain. 68

CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2015


• Turmeric (curcumin) is a relative of ginger and is a potent antioxidant. It also has anti-carcinogenic and strong anti-inflammatory properties.

• Other useful photochemical supplements include boswellia, andrographis paniculata (king of bitters), hawthorn, licorice, nettle leaf, yucca root, and raw apple cider vinegar.

ADDITIONAL THERAPIES Many veterinarians now also offer alternative therapies such as acupuncture (dry needle, electro- and aqua-puncture) and laser therapy. Acupuncture and laser therapy are non-invasive treatment options that help relieve pain and muscle spasms. This is achieved in part by increasing blood flow to the area of concern and releasing natural pain-relieving substances such as natural endorphins, endogenous opioids, and serotonin. Alleviating arthritis in your dog should start with an appropriate high quality, whole foods diet that contains little to no grains, glutens or white potato. Since every dog is an individual with specific requirements, it’s best to work with a veterinarian to determine the diet, supplements and other therapies that are best for your companion. Arthritis can be debilitating, especially in older animals, but the right combination of therapies could help make him young again!

Dr. Jean Dodds, DVM, received her veterinary degree in 1964 from the Ontario Veterinary College. In 1986, she moved to southern California to establish Hemopet, the first non-profit national blood bank program for animals. Dr. Dodds has been a member of many national and international committees on hematology, animal models of human disease, veterinary medicine and laboratory animal research. She received the Holistic Veterinarian of the Year Award from the AHVMA in 1984.

Veterinarian Dr. Adam Lassin received his DVM in 2010 from Ross University. He is a Certified Small Animal Veterinary Acupuncturist via the Chi Institute of Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine, and is in the process of becoming certified in Veterinary Food Therapy. He is also working towards certification in Veterinary Herbology and Tui Na.

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y l d n e i r F g o D

Decor

re me remodelling? Be su ho e m so do to g in nn Pla safety and comfort! ’s nd ie fr st be ur yo in to factor

painting

If painting is part of your remodeling plan, look for products that are no or low VOC. These chemicals are put in paint to help it dry faster and inhibit the growth of mold and bacteria.

*

Paint can off-gas for up to 18 months after application; off-gassing is the “new paint” smell we notice after we paint. These toxins can affect breathing by increasing the risk of upper respiratory infections, allergies and certain types of cancer.

For easy clean-up, use a washable semi-gloss in areas where your dog spends a lot of time, such as favourite sleeping spots near walls, etc. For flooring, think hard sur

faces.

flooring

They’re healthier and eas ier to maintain because the y don’t trap dog hair, stains and odours the way carpet doe s. Most commercial carpeting off -gasses, which is even mo re of an issue with dogs than with people because they’re so much closer to the floor than we are, and spend a lot of time lyin g or sleeping on or near it. Tile, bamboo, hardwood, or rubber flooring are health ier options. If you must have carpeting, sta y away from large-looped Berbers; claws can get caught in the loops, cau sing potential injury and sna gging the carpet. Or consider area rugs. The y’re easier to keep clean and are less expensive than wall-t o-wall carpeting. Make sure area rugs are anc hored with e one rug grips or a piece of hea vy furniture colour, choos g in r loo f a g to prevent dogs (and peo ve a golden a h u o ple) from slipping. When pickin y f I . our dog r

Tip

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CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2015

*

sy d floo that matche imilarly-hue s a , e c n a st in ed flooring retriever, for hide shed hairs. Pattern er. help cleaner long s surface will k loo d n a e stains helps disguis


fabrics

When looking for animal–friendly fabrics, choose those that are tightly woven and can resist tears and rips. Fabrics with a smooth finish, such as leather, ultra suede and micro fibres, are extremely durable, odour resistant and easy to clean. To maintain it, just wipe dog hair off with an electrostatic duster or damp sponge. Leather is also very forgiving when it comes to scratches - just be careful of actual punctures. Patterns and textures will help hide stains and hairs.

furniture

If buying new furniture isn’t an option, get SLIPCOVERS! They come in a variety of colours and styles and are easy to keep clean since most are machine washable. Use slipcovers constructed of indoor/outdoor fabrics; they are resistant to fading and mildew and come in many stylish patterns and colours.

accessories

Multi-functional accessories are essential when designing with dogs in mind. For example: • Leash holders can be used to hold towels for muddy paws as well as dog-walking equipment. • Storage bins can store toys, extra blankets, bed covers and doggy sweaters. • A baker’s rack or shelves in a mudroom or back hallway can serve as a handy dog centre – everything is in one place and easily accessible.

crates & beds

CRATES or BEDS should be kept in a draught-free spot that’s out of main traffic areas. Or consider an animal cubby, a special niche that gives him his own “den” to sleep in or for privacy. Cubbies can be incorporated under vanities or cabinets. When outfitted with a microfibre cushion, your companion can relax in an out-of-the-way spot while still “watching over” his territory.

ramps

Ramps should be considered for navigating stairs and furniture. They help reduce back and joint injuries and are beneficial for small, elderly, disabled and/or injured dogs. Stairs can also be purchased in segments to make an easy transition for small or handicapped pooches.

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Photos courtesy of Standard Pacific Homes

MUDROOM

MAKEOVER BY JOAN MARIE WILLIAMS

If you could build the perfect mudroom for your dog – one that’s easy to clean without looking utilitarian – what would it look like? Take a peek at these “dream mudrooms”!

COZY & SAFE

With a built-in bed that simulates a dog den, the days of the family dog claiming a spot under the kitchen table may be waning! 72

CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2015


A PLACE FOR EVERYTHING

Organization is the key to a tidy, functional mudroom, and these stainless steel food and treat canisters look decorative too.

GREAT SPACE!

West-coast builder Standard Pacific Homes say more clients are asking for mudrooms that are practical and beautiful. Good light, water-friendly flooring and lots of built-in storage make a bright, happy space for everyone.

BATH-TIME, MADE EASY Walk-in showers, with hand-held nozzles positioned within easy reach, and fully tiled walls, make clean-up a breeze. CDNdogs.ca

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FAMILY -

FRIENDLY

Photo courtesy of Rob Karosis, www.robkarosis.com

This stylish laundry room, designed by Smith and Vansant Architects, also serves as a mudroom for the whole family, including Rudder, the Labrador Retriever.

Artisan tile in the doggie bath adds a splash of colour to this practical, sunny mudroom.

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CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2015

Writer and editor Joan Williams lives in Keene, Ontario, where foster dogs chase balls and snooze by the fire until they find their forever home. She is the founder of K9training4life, a program that guides young people in training shelter dogs so as to facilitate canine adoption.


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Pretty BY AUDI DONAMOR

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CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2015


SMILE

Bones (raw, not cooked) provide the calcium necessary for strong teeth and bones.

Chewing on raw meaty bones does a great job of cleaning a dog’s teeth and helping to prevent the tartar formation that leads to gum inflammation. Raw bones also contain probiotic bacteria and enzymes that help maintain healthy bacterial flora in the dog’s mouth. These healthy bacteria act like soldiers, fighting and killing the harmful bacteria such as Streptococci sctinomyces before they take hold and multiply, causing gingivitis and other infections. Supervised chewing sessions are like a visit to the dentist without the anxiety. Dr. Cindy Kneebone suggests immature bones from lamb or chicken feet that you get from a trusted butcher. You can submerge in boiling water for five to ten seconds to kill off some bacteria before feeding.

over” when he gets too close? Bad

Coenzyme Q 10 is a powerful antioxidant that not only supports

breath may be an indication of less

dog’s diet for long term dental support. CoQ10 is best absorbed in oil -- first pressed

than stellar oral health. Dental

olive oil makes a great partner. The suggested dosage is 0.25 to 1.0 mg per pound

hygiene is an important part of

of body weight every day.

taking good care of your dog, so

Cranberries

Does your dog’s breath “knock you

brushing and/or oral sprays should be part of his regular routine, in

cardiovascular health but also helps keep gums healthy. Consider adding it to your

contain numerous biologically active compounds, including

flavonoids, phenolic acids, anthocyanins and condensed tannins. Research has shown that pure cranberry juice may be just as powerful for fighting cavities as it is for bladder

addition to regular vet check-ups.

infections. A team of researchers from the University of Rochester School of Medicine

Fortunately for your dog, there

and Dentistry, and New York’s Rutger’s University, found that many of the special

are some foods out there that also

substances found in cranberries may not only inhibit the enzymes associated with the

support strong teeth and gums.

formation of dental plaque, but can also stop the bacteria sticking to surfaces. A study published in the Journal of the American Dental Association reported that a unique component in cranberry juice -- a high molecular weight nondialysable material (NDM) -- has the ability to reverse and inhibit certain oral bacteria responsible for dental plaque and periodontal disease. NDM has also been isolated in blueberries, raspberries, mangos, peaches, and plums.

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Grapefruit seed extract is one of nature’s antiseptics. It can be used both topically and internally. GSE came on the scene back in the 1970s, when immunologist

Dr. Jacob Harich was looking for a natural non-toxic alternative to antibiotics that would help the body resist bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi. He found what he was looking for in the seeds and connecting tissue of the grapefruit. GSE exhibits significant antimicrobial activity at low concentration. Always dilute GSE before use. Place one to six drops in five ounces of water, then use a Q-tip or a gauze-covered finger to gently clean your dog’s teeth and gums.

Green tea is a rich source of flavonols. It’s made from tea leaves that have

been dried in a special way to avoid oxidation of the phenolic compounds. The principal flavanol compounds in green tea are called catechins and include eipgallo catechin gallate (EGCG), which is thought to be the tea’s primary anti-cancer agent. Green tea is recognized as being beneficial to oral health. In humans, it has been shown to help prevent cavities. Check out decaffeinated freeze-dried green tea solids, commonly called green tea extract.

Parsley is one of the world’s most concentrated food sources. It has potent

antimicrobial properties that make it the perfect breath freshener. Parsley can be fed as a whole food or as a tincture or cool tea, as described in Mary L. Wulff-Tilford and Gregory L. Tilford’s All You Ever Wanted to Know About Herbs for Pets. When mixed into your dog’s food, an herbal tea provides most of what a dried or fresh herb offers. It can be added to his regular diet, where it is quickly and easily absorbed.

Wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca) has a colourful history and has long been

revered for its healing properties. The fruit acid cleans the teeth while the seeds act as an abrasive. Native Americans mashed wild strawberries into a paste and used it to remove tartar, clean the teeth, and alleviate toothaches.

Mint species, including wild mint, catmint, spearmint, and peppermint, are non-

toxic, and can be included in your dog’s diet to freshen breath and soothe the digestive tract. Mint is beneficial to the health of our dogs’ mouths and teeth because it helps to inhibit harmful bacterial growth, which can lead to tartar build-up.

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FIRST AID BY LISA WAGNER

AND SAFETY QUIZ

Ever wonder if you would you know what to do in a dog emergency? Test your knowledge with our 5-question Pet First Aid and Safety Quiz and flip the page for the answers.

1. Your dog has a puncture wound on his leg from a scuffle this morning with the neighbour’s cat. You should: A. Pour saline onto it B. Clean it with antibacterial soap and call your veterinarian C. Put an adhesive bandage on it D. Leave it to heal on its own

2. You and your dog go out for a lovely summer walk. Upon your return home, you notice he is panting heavily and acting lethargic. After looking him over you see he is conscious but has brick red gums; you think he might have heat stroke. You should: A. Go online to look for advice B. Give him an immediate ice bath C. Keep him out of the sun, offer him small amounts of cool drinking water, spray him or place him in the tub (head up) in cool water. Call your veterinarian. D. Not worry about it, he’ll be fine shortly

3. Your dog broke into your bathroom cupboard and made a mess of your cleaners, pills, etc. You fear he may have eaten something poisonous. You should: A. Give him a lot of milk to drink B. Contact a Pet Poison Centre C. Induce vomiting immediately D. Wait to see if he shows signs of sickness

4. You take your dog out for a nice winter walk. When you get home, you notice she is shivering and seems quite lethargic. You should: A. Check her rectal temperature B. Turn up the heat and wrap her in a blanket C. Call your veterinarian if she doesn’t improve or you are concerned D. All of the above

5. Your dog is injured in a fall and you need to transport him to the veterinary clinic immediately. To transport him you should: A. Let him jump into your car B. Gently place him on a flat surface, secure him and transport to veterinary care C. Have him walk to the vet clinic D. Pick him up and carry him CDNdogs.ca

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FIRST AID AND SAFETY QUIZ

ANSWERS

1. Answer: B - Clean it with antibacterial soap and call your veterinarian

It’s important to clean puncture wounds immediately to reduce the likelihood of infection. While you may not require a trip to the veterinary clinic, be sure to contact a veterinarian to confirm. You will need to keep the wound clean, monitor it for redness, inflammation, heat, pus (signs of infection). Infections can be deadly so it’s important to prevent them.

2. Answer: C - Keep him out of the sun, offer him small amounts of cool drinking water, spray him or place him in the tub (head up) in cool but not ice-cold water. Call your veterinarian.

Heat stroke is a very serious pet first aid emergency and should be treated as such. If an animal is not quickly cooled, he may start vomiting, collapse, and ultimately die. Your quick action can literally be life-saving! Important notes: do not offer drinking water if the animal is unconscious, and remember to stop the cooling process when his rectal temperature is about 38.5° Celsius. Do not skip the veterinary phone call; there may be internal damage that you don’t see.

3. Answer: B - Contact a Pet Poison Centre

It’s incredibly important that you receive professional assistance in this possible poison scenario since different toxins require different pet first aid protocol. Two excellent resources are Pet Poison Helpline 1-800-213-6680 and ASPCA Poison Control 1-888-426-4435. For a fee, a trained professional will assess your dog’s situation and provide treatment advice.

4. Answer: D - All of the above

If you are ever concerned that your dog may be suffering from hypothermia (an abnormally low body temperature that is potentially fatal) please act quickly. Contact a veterinarian immediately. Take your dog’s rectal temperature (normal is about 38.5° Celsius/101° Fahrenheit). Warm her up by increasing the room heat and wrapping her in a blanket. Also use your own body heat if you can.

5. Answer: B - Gently place him on a flat surface, secure him and transport to veterinary care

In any type of serious accident, including falls, it’s important to consider possible head and spinal injuries in addition to any other obvious visible injury. To be on the safe side, support your dog’s neck and spine, while gently transferring him onto a flat surface. For small dogs, cutting boards or the lid of a large Rubbermaid storage bin work well. For larger dogs, an ironing board can do the trick. Don’t forget to secure him to your makeshift spine board to keep him from falling off by wrapping something around him (tensor rolls work well).

Congratulations! You have successfully completed the Pet First Aid and Safety

Quiz. We firmly believe that knowledge is power. Together we can make a difference to dogs in need.

Lisa Wagner is Operations Director for Walks ‘N’ Wags Pet First Aid, based in Vancouver, BC. She has worked in the Pet First Aid industry since 2003 and is an active international volunteer with World Vets International. To find a Walks ‘N’ Wags Pet First Aid Course in your area, visit walksnwags.com

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CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2015


Learning,

healthcare, and discovery honour the human-animal bond BY KIM ROBINSON

Helping our pets live longer, healthier lives – it’s the hope of every pet owner and the goal of every veterinary caregiver. The Ontario Veterinary College (OVC) at the University of Guelph is home to Canada’s first charitable organization -- OVC Pet Trust -- entirely dedicated to advancing the health and well-being of companion animals, reducing their suffering, and helping to extend their lives. At the heart of Pet Trust’s work is a profound understanding and respect for the humananimal bond, which connects pets, their people and their veterinary caregivers. Founded in 1986, the OVC Pet Trust Fund .has raised more than $20 million dollars through the generosity of pet owners, veterinarians, friends and supporters. These donations provide funding for innovative discoveries, and have helped support major improvements in: √ anesthesia and pain control √ heart treatment and monitoring techniques, √ protecting pets and people from infection, √ advancing cancer diagnosis and treatment, √ understanding the human-animal bond, and much more. Current work at OVC investigating naturally-occurring diseases found in both animals and people, includes studies that may lead to new perspectives for cancer prevention and treatment in dogs and people. It also encompasses a comparative epilepsy program, studying

naturally occurring canine epilepsy as a model for human epilepsy, both to understand how the disease happens and how to treat it in dogs and people. Pet Trust also supports academic and clinical personnel to ensure the highest level of veterinary training and healthcare is available for pets. OVC Pet Trust has accomplished a great deal since its inception and looks forward to helping animals live longer with continued learning, heathcare and discovery. Kim Robinson is the Managing Director of OVC Pet Trust, a charitable organization dedicated to ensuring our pets live longer healthier lives through learning, healthcare and discovery. Her canine companion is a ten-month-old puppy named Juno.

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BY CHAMOIS BEAL LOPEZ

MULTI-DOG

WALKING It’s a lot of fun, but can also be challenging. Here’s what you need to know before heading out with your pack.

Why have just one dog, when you can have two, or more? Just keep in mind that you have to exercise them all! Walking several dogs at the same time is a great idea, especially when time is at a premium, but it can pose some problems if you’re not prepared.

TRAINING IS PARAMOUNT Walking several untrained dogs at once can pose a danger not only to you, but to innocent bystanders too. Training techniques should start as early as possible in a dog’s life. It not only benefits your dog but allows you to acclimatize to each dog’s temperament and agility. Although training should be consistent for satisfactory results, it doesn’t need to be elaborate. “Sit” and “stay” commands should be included, and a game called “no pull” can be very useful – if the dog walks forward and causes the leash to tighten, stop until he returns to walk at your side.

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RECONCILING DIFFERENCES A multi-dog walk may include canines of any size, age, personality and activity level. The idea of walking two Jack Russell Terriers and a German Shepherd together may tempt you to think twice, but these differences shouldn’t deter you. Nevertheless, it’s important to gauge each dog individually, as well as how he relates to the others in his pack. For example, puppies are generally more energetic than older dogs and their differences might create an alarming conflict unless the dogs have already adapted comfortably within the same household.

GEAR FOR PACK WALKING

Group the dogs by activity level. For instance, if a couple of dainty Pomeranians are going to walk with a Rottweiler and a Doberman, put the needs of the least physically able dog/s first.

COLLARS

Look for sturdy, quality materials, and ensure collars are neither too tight nor too loose on the dogs’ necks. If you have one or more dogs that insist on pulling, a harness might be a better bet. Do not use choke chains.

Walking one or more dogs? Then Smoochy Poochy has you covered with their Canadian made durable hands free leash. Available in an array of wonderful colours, Smoochy couples convenience with comfort that will fit into you and your dog’s lifestyle. Visit Petsfuture.com or call (416) 407.8898.

HARNESSES

Again, durable quality products are safer and more comfortable for the dog. A harness relieves neck pressure and avoids choking dogs with weak windpipes or respiratory problems. LEADS

Choose a strong lead approximately 4’ to 6’ feet in length to provide reasonable security for a multi-dog walk. COUPLER

This nylon extension (designed for multi-dog walking) divides in two to separate each leash and reduce tangling.

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SAFETY FIRST Safety is a top priority when walking multiple dogs, and you must factor in your own capabilities, such as fitness level, vigilance and speed. Physics play a major role in keeping a pack under control. For example, a 120-pound woman should think twice about walking two 150-pound English Mastiffs simultaneously. The weight of the woman compared to the dogs’ combined weight means they could easily drag her off

her feet on a wild pursuit after a squirrel or rabbit. In a case like this, it is best to ask a partner or friend to walk one of the dogs. If any of your dogs become easily agitated or even aggressive, scan the environment continuously during your walk. Go for walks during off-peak hours when there is less traffic or other dog walkers, to minimize your own dogs’ excitability. It doesn’t matter whether you have two dogs or six. If they’re trained, sociable and well behaved, and if you have the right gear and are keeping everyone’s safety and comfort in mind, it can be a wonderful way for you to step out together. Best of all, no one has to be left at home!

WHETHER YOU’RE WALKING ONE DOG OR HALF A DOZEN, KEEP THESE SUGGESTIONS IN MIND • Tailor your walks to the dog’s ability. A ten-kilometre hike over rugged terrain might be fine for a Siberian Husky, but not a Pomeranian. • Keep the duration of your walks consistent, whether it’s ten minutes or an hour. If your dog is used to only trotting around the block during the week, she may overdo it if you take her out for a day-long ramble on the weekend. • Keep an eye on your dog during walks. If he starts to lag behind or pant excessively, it’s time for a rest. • If you’re walking any distance, always carry water for your dog, winter or summer. Don’t let him drink from puddles, lakes or streams. • Avoid road salt in winter and hot asphalt in summer; alternatively, get your dog a set of protective booties. • Wear reflectors for nighttime walking; your dog should also have a reflector on his collar or leash. • Keep walks short if the weather is extreme, especially if temperatures are excessively cold or hot. • Depending on your dog’s breed, you might consider canine apparel such as a rainproof jacket or snug sweater or coat. • Vary your route, to prevent boredom in both you and your dog. • Use caution when approaching other walkers, children or dogs, or folks on bikes and skateboards. • Avoid areas that have been sprayed with pesticides. • Make sure your dog is wearing adequate ID. • Consider your own safety, especially at night, and avoid isolated or poorly lit areas. • In urban areas, be aware of the risk of sidewalk electrocution, and avoid damaged lamp posts, any exposed wiring, or metal objects in or on broken concrete. • Always clean up after your dog, no matter where you’re walking her.

Chamois Beal Lopez is a freelance writer who has written health and animal-related articles for trade journals and online publications. She practices calligraphy or yoga when she’s not walking her Chihuahua and three Yorkshire Terriers.

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CONGRATULATIONS! TO OUR 2014 CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL

WINNERS!

CRAIG HINCHEY

of Halifax, NS, wins two tickets on WestJet, plus another ticket for his dog, Chance! The tickets are good for anywhere in Canada. Craig, his wife Colleen, and Chance plan to visit family in Vancouver.

BARB ROZMAN

and her dog Hailey, of Orleans, ON, win a free supply of Loyall dog food for a year!

DOXIE

BLOG

EARNS TOP HONOURS

Need a good laugh? Check out Crusoe the Celebrity Dachschund – the top dog in Canadian social media! This lovable Doxie is known for donning costumes and acting out adventures in his Vine and YouTube videos. He and his brother, Oakley, get into all sorts of excitement on camera, including fighting crime and saving the world. You can read all about it on Crusoe’s blog, which won Best Pet Blog at the 2013 and 2014 Weblog Awards (Bloggies). Say hi to Crusoe at Facebook.com/crusoedachshund Crusoe’s pal Rusty Ru Ru is another Canadian Dachshund who is taking social media by storm. You can check him out at Facebook.com/pages/Rusty-RuRu-the-Canadian-Dachshund

FOLLOW US FOR

YEAR-ROUND

FUN!

Yes, Canadian Dogs is an annual but you can enjoy news and content all year round by following us on Facebook and Twitter! We feature fun contests, informative articles, quizzes, recipes, giveaways, and breed facts.

Facebook.com/CanadianDogsAnnual Twitter:@CDNdogsannual

FREE

RECIPES!

Visit our Facebook page and receive a free recipe e-book. Simply click the recipe that’s at the top of our page! CDNdogs.ca

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VETERINARIANS WITHOUT BORDERS

CHANGING LIVES THE WORLD OVER BY STEVEN KRUZENISKI, DVM, AND SONIA FÈVRE, MSC

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CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2015


I

n Canada, we sometimes take for granted our dogs’ access to quality veterinary care. We forget it’s very different in other parts of the world. Veterinarians without Borders (VWB), an Ottawabased organization that provides medical assistance to animals and communities in need, sees firsthand what life is like beyond our borders. Take Non and Pim, for example, who live in Laos. They are neighbours who were each given a puppy by a friend – puppies who desperately needed homes. Non named her dog Edward, from the movie, Twilight. Pim called her dog Dada. Unfortunately, Dada met a sad end after contracting parvo from the other dogs he played with in the village. Parvovirus is not an uncommon disease for dogs even in Canada, and needs to be treated early to avoid complications. Unfortunately there was not enough awareness about the risks and treatment, and Dada could not

be saved. When Pim found him, he was tired and sick and seemed depressed. Although they tried to treat him with hydrating fluids and vitamins, it was too late. The next day Dada had died. In Laos, there’s an even scarier problem than parvo – rabies. This past summer, a young university student was bitten by his puppy, who had caught rabies from another dog in the village. Luckily, the student got immediate treatment and was saved. VWB feels the virus was contained because they had already vaccinated most of the dogs in the village. This is highly unusual, since almost no systematic rabies campaigns take place in Laos, and the majority of dogs are not protected against this fatal disease. As soon as VWB heard about this young man’s bite, the organization and their partners in Laos quickly organized new rabies vaccinations for all dogs in surrounding villages, and advised all people at risk to get shots too.

A project like this takes a huge amount of coordination and planning. To ensure long-lasting results, it involved training a network of local animal health workers and vet students on how to vaccinate dogs, as well as providing education campaigns for children and adults about the risks, precautions, and solutions for rabies. The outcome of this effort is impressive. In 2014, the team vaccinated over 2,000 dogs in 11 villages against rabies, which will help protect over 10,000 people in the Xaythany district of Laos. The work is gratifying for volunteers like Michelle Lam, who says she loved her time working with VWB and the local communities. “It was inspiring to know that people were willing to take time out of their days to bring their canine and feline friends to get vaccinated,” says Michelle. “This showed me that local communities were becoming better educated about public health, and that they were perhaps starting to see their dogs and cats more as pets.”

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PROMOTING HEALTH AROUND THE GLOBE Of course, the Laos initiative is just one example of VWB’s achievements. For the past ten years, the organization has been successfully developing and supporting projects that promote the health of animals, people and communities in need across continents all over the world, including Africa, Asia and the Americas. The focus is to improve the safety of communities where the risk of canine diseases like rabies, parvo, and others is high. In addition, VWB has supported several projects devoted to stray and domestic dogs in Chile, Guatemala, Laos, and northern Canada. While almost unheard of in most parts of Canada, in many areas of the world, free-roaming dogs are the norm. These dogs spend most of their time on the street, unrestrained, untrained, and often getting their

food from trash or scraps. With no tradition of keeping dogs at home or in the garden, it is very easy for diseases to spread, or for children to get bitten by dogs in the street. VWB works with communities to improve dog care and help protect inhabitants from the dangers of roaming dogs. To do so effectively means tackling other challenges like poverty, isolation, lack of infrastructure, and little to no veterinary care or education. To solve these problems, VWB helps local organizations run vaccination and deworming campaigns, set up sterilization clinics, and just as importantly, work with communities on educating people about safe dog care. Working with governments is important too, because through good laws, legislators can help create a healthier environment.

JOIN THE ONLINE AUCTION TO HELP THE DOGS IN LAOS! During VWB’s 2014 vaccine campaign in Laos, Singaporean photographer Ernest Goh captured evocative images of some of the puppies. VWB is auctioning off these signed and framed photographs online – all proceeds will help the dogs of Laos and their owners. Visit the link below to submit your bid. Auction ends Jan. 31, 2015. blog.vetswithoutborders.ca/2014/09/24/auction/

Sonia Fèvre is VWB’s Regional Director for Asia. A specialist in community development and capacity building, she has been with VWB since 2009, and launched the organization’s animal and community health projects in Laos and the wider SE Asia region.

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HEADING TO NORTHERN CANADA Many communities in our far north face challenges related to dog populations – these include overcrowding, disease and dog bites. VWB veterinarian Dr. Susan Kutz and her team from the University of Calgary have been working hard to address these issues.

INSPIRING EXPERIENCES Wherever it goes, VWB depends on volunteers for its projects. For those who participate, the experience is often life-changing. “Having the chance to witness firsthand the bond that owners have with their pets, even in such a distant country with limited resources, was one of the many experiences that made my summer with Veterinarians without Borders so incredible,” says Sarah Edwards, who worked with VWB in Laos. For people who love animals, both here and in the remote communities abroad, it’s an experience that will have meaningful results for many years to come.

Successful pilot visits, which focused on vaccinating and deworming dogs, have now grown into a full scale veterinary service. What makes this program all the more exciting is that Dr. Kutz hopes to make it a permanent part of the University of Calgary’s fourth year vet program. It’s a win-win situation. Vet students will gain valuable experience and skills, and learn about diverse communities in their own country, while the communities themselves will benefit from sustainable vet services for their dogs. So far, the program encompasses the Northwest Territories, Cambridge Bay and Kugluktuk. During their recent second annual vet clinic, Dr Kutz’s team was able to vaccinate and deworm over 150 dogs and cats. Previously, many households had to fly all the way to Yellowknife just to get basic care for their pets. Can you imagine having to get on a plane just to go to your “local” vet clinic?

Dr. Steven Kruzeniski (aka Dr. Steve) graduated from the Western College of Veterinary Medicine in Saskatoon and practices at the Animal Clinic of Regina. He has worked with VWB in Ghana, Uganda and most recently Nunavut. He has also been involved with veterinary projects in Ecuador, Jamaica, Nicaragua and Honduras, as well as across the US and Canada.

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dog

BY SANDRA MURPHY

LITTLE DOGS MAKE WONDERFUL COMPANIONS SO WHY DO SOME PEOPLE STILL THINK OF THEM AS YAPPY ANKLE BITERS?

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syndrome


“Small dog syndrome” is a term that was coined for little canines who seem to like to throw their weight around. But are small dogs really yappier and snappier than large dogs -- or is it just a myth? After all, many are calm, relaxed and laidback throughout their lives. But among those that aren’t, their behavior has as much to do with how humans interact with them, as it does with any need to make up for their diminutive size.

little dogs with big attitudes 1 CHANGE YOUR PERSPECTIVE AND APPROACH FOR A SMALL DOG THAT IS STILL YOUNG, PLAYING WITH A PUPPY OF A LARGER BREED LETS HIM LEARN MANNERS. AS THE PUPPY GROWS, THE SMALLER DOG WILL REALIZE SIZE DOESN’T MATTER – THIS IS THE WAY WE BEHAVE.” - Eileen Proctor

A good place to start is to try viewing things the way a small dog does, and by changing the way you relate to him. As family members, all dogs deserve our respect, but some people tend to treat small canines like babies, regardless of their age, and may be less apt to give them the personal space they would give a larger dog. Often, for example, our first impulse when interacting with a small dog is to pick him up and cuddle him – and not all animals are comfortable with that. “What would the world look like if you were only as tall as a person’s ankles?” says certified animal behavior consultant, Darlene Arden. “Everybody would loom over you. Kids squeal and swoop down to hug a small dog, and an adult’s hands would look huge.” Because of their diminutive size, some small dogs may feel threatened by people coming towards them, picking them up or bending down to hug them. They may also feel threatened by larger dogs. Barking or biting in these situations could simply be a reaction of fear or selfdefense. It could be a dog’s version of “Please don’t hurt me” or “A good defense starts with a good offense”. When meeting a small dog, try to treat him the way you would a larger one. “Allow him to approach instead of rushing at him, to ask before petting, to take time to let him sniff you and then rub under his chin rather than bouncing his head with your hand,” Darlene recommends. Instead of bending over him, get down to his level. 2 IS HE GETTING ENOUGH EXERCISE?

Another potential cause of “small dog syndrome” can be lack of exercise. Many people assume small dogs don’t need much exercise, so they may not have the proper opportunities to expend their energy. Pent-up energy can lead to behavioural issues, including the

stereotypical small dog behaviors. Exercise, both physical and mental, can help – regularly walk or run your dog, or get him moving with fun sports like agility and hiking. 3 HOW NOT TO RESPOND TO UNWANTED BEHAVIOURS

How you respond when or if your small dog displays an unwanted behaviour is also key, and could potentially lead to further feistiness. When a small dog goes after a cat,

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growls at an overly affectionate child, or behaves inappropriately with other dogs, how his person reacts will set the tone of the experience. He might be picked up, chided in a babyish voice, or encouraged by praise for “standing up for himself” – all forms of attention which, whether he enjoys them or not, will only prompt him to engage in these behaviours again. “Dogs do what they think we want them to do,” says Eileen Proctor, an animal lifestyle expert. “It can be traced back to breed characteristics, learned/rewarded behaviour, or lack of socialization and awareness. Determine what is acceptable behaviour for your small dog around humans and other animals. Set boundaries.”

training, socialization and awareness • “Training is more than important. It’s vital,” adds Eileen. Dogs of any size don’t like uncertainty. Rules give them security. With a small dog, training should begin as soon as you bring him home, regardless of his age. “Fear is learned,” says Eileen. “Role models and past experience show a dog how to react in a new situation. It’s harder to break a habit than it is to create one.” • Socializing the dog under controlled circumstances can help thwart “small dog syndrome”. Introduce him to new situations, people and others animals. However, the dog park is not the place to do this. “Try a doggie daycare instead,” says Eileen. “Dogs are usually

separated by size, energy level and/ or temperament. They’ve all been prescreened. Don’t be the canine version of a ‘helicopter mom’ and hover around to watch him. Introduce him to the people, tell him to have a good time and leave. Just like kids, dogs don’t behave the same way when their folks are watching.” • It’s also important to maintain awareness and respond appropriately when you and your small dog are out and about and/or interacting with others. “Part of your job is to scope out the area for possible problems,” says Darlene. “Don’t walk your dog while texting or listening to music. Enjoy your time with him.” If you see an unknown dog whose owner is not paying attention, cross the street. Don’t pick your small dog up. The larger dog may see it as playing keep-away. When that happens, it’s easy for you or your dog to get hurt. If a big dog doesn’t understand a little dog is not prey, it’s a problem. A big dog only has to shake a little guy once for the fight to be over – permanently. Don’t put your dog in a potentially dangerous situation.” Whether your little buddy behaves inappropriately out of fear, aggression, sheer bossiness or basic attitude, it’s something you need to address. You can remedy the problem with training and socialization, and by appropriately rewarding good behaviours the same way you would for a larger dog – with treats or praise. With time and patience, your dog will be able to shrug off his “small dog syndrome” stigma!

When she’s not writing, Sandra Murphy works as a pet sitter.

WHAT WOULD THE WORLD LOOK LIKE IF YOU WERE ONLY AS TALL AS A PERSON’S ANKLES?” - Darlene Arden 92

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Do’s and Don’ts

• Don’t let your dog be a bully just because he’s the size of a puppy. Set some rules and follow through. Redirect his attention, teach good manners, and promptly remove him from uncomfortable situations. • Don’t pick him up and carry him except when necessary. He needs exercise too, based on his age and ability, and too much coddling and cuddling can contribute to “small dog syndrome”. • Do crouch down to greet a small dog. You’ll appear smaller and more accessible. • Don’t let strangers pick him up. It might make him feel threatened and if he struggles and gets dropped by mistake, he could get hurt. • Do be your small dog’s protector – without being over-protective. Don’t leave him to fend for himself; keep an eye on him when he’s around other dogs or people. If he shows signs of potential aggression, end the encounter. The same applies if he is showing signs of anxiety. Is he licking his lips, shifting from one foot to another, not making eye contact with another dog? Those are calming signals designed to let the other dog know he’s no threat. Tell him “good boy” and withdraw. • Do use a 4’ to 6’ lead when on walks. A longer lead allows him to get out of range, which means that a sudden problem like an unleashed dog running toward you could spell trouble. • Do give him a safe haven at home, especially when you have guests and your house is noisy or crowded. Being stepped on is a serious thing.


Your dog gives you so much during her life – unconditional love, BY DEBBIE STOEWEN

companionship, laughter and understanding. So when the time to say goodbye approaches, it can be extremely distressing.

SOFTENI G T H E L

S S O

Although the loss of a dog is usually less significant than the loss of an immediate family member (such as a parent, spouse, or child), it often has more effect on you than human losses outside your family. More than half of those who lose a dog are so profoundly affected by it that it impacts their work and relationships.

GRIEF IS NORMAL Grieving is not only normal, it is necessary. It’s important to allow yourself to grieve deeply and fully. Grieving is not a sign of weakness or an indication that something is wrong with you; it’s a sign of the depth of your love. It wouldn’t be human not to grieve. At the same time, you might ask, is there a way to lessen the grief? Is there a way to soften the loss? The natural response in the face of declining health or impending death is to mourn. As Viktor Frankyl wrote in Man’s Search for Meaning, however, we have a choice in how we respond to the situation. That’s not to say we shouldn’t grieve, but the sadness of imminent loss can be balanced with the happiness of what still remains. Make the present all it can be by celebrating the joys of life and love you share in the time you have left with your dog.

C R E AT E P R E C I O U S & LASTING MEMORIES 1 Include your dog in every daily routine you can, as well as in any special events and celebrations. 2 Do something together every day that you both enjoy. 3 Indulge your dog with the best food and special treats you can afford. 4 Have pictures and videos taken of your dog in favourite places, and of you and your dog playing, cuddling, and simply being together. 5 Brush and stroke your dog for at least five minutes every day. 6 Gaze into her eyes to send and receive feelings of love. 7 Grasp your dog’s face in two hands and give her a kiss on the nose. 8 Tell your dog how much she means to you and how grateful you are for her companionship. 9 Ponder the spiritual meaning of the bond you share with her. 10 Be happy, not sad, when around your dog, but appreciate the quiet moments, too. Cherish each day. Celebrate togetherness while you have the chance. It won’t stop the grief, but it is the best route through it. Loss is loss; it will come in due time. But you can soften it with the gift of time. Choose that gift. And go make memories. Dr. Debbie Stoewen is the Care & Empathy Officer (CEO) of Pets Plus Us, an innovative new pet insurance company in Canada. She provides pet loss and bereavement counselling, as well as guidance on serious pet-related issues, for pet owners across the country.

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BY SHAWN MESSONNIER, DVM

TOP

STEPS FOR OPTIMAL IMMUNITY A long healthy life depends in large part on a strong and resilient immune system that can resist disease. You may already be incorporating some of these suggestions, but combine all five and you have a powerful recipe for ongoing wellness.

The immune system is what keeps us and our dogs alive. Regardless of the disease, proper care and support of this vital system determines our health and our lifespan. While supporting immunity during illness is vital, it’s also important to maintain a healthy immune system when your dog is well to help stave off disease. 94

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MINIMIZE VACCINES

1

When the immune system responds appropriately, the proper use of vaccinations can help prevent disease. However, when dogs are over-vaccinated, the risk of an inappropriate immune response increases, posing danger to the animal. Inappropriate immune responses can cause immediate allergic reactions, or chronic problems such as autoimmune disorders and even cancer. Most dogs are able to mount effective immune responses to minimal vaccinations. A simple and inexpensive blood antibody test called a titer can determine if and when your dog may require a vaccine after completing the first adult booster vaccination visit. Dogs with serious and chronic immune disorders should never be vaccinated following diagnosis, or they risk coming out of remission from their diseases.

MINIMIZE CHEMICALS AND MEDICATIONS

FEED A GREAT DIET

Overuse and misuse of chemicals and conventional medications can harm the dog’s body in numerous ways, and that includes causing adverse effects on his immune system. Whenever I feel that a chemical product, such as a flea preventive, or conventional medication, such as a steroid or antibiotic, is needed for a patient, I always ask myself two important questions. First, is there a safer natural alternative I can use? (There usually is.) Secondly, what is the lowest dose I can use to heal my patient (usually, lower doses of many chemicals and medications can be used safely and effectively).

3

No matter what else you do to keep your dog healthy, feeding him a great diet is critical, and it’s the one thing you totally control. Many pet foods are, in my opinion, full of ingredients that may not be healthy for your dog’s immune system. Animal and plant by-products, which typically are scrap from the food processing industry, provide little if any positive health benefits and may actually be harmful to your dog. Added chemicals, flavourings and colourings have no specific health benefits and may harm his DNA through oxidative damage, resulting in various immune problems such as cancers.

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EXERCISE YOUR DOG As with people, a sensible exercise program for your dog is important for many reasons. First, exercise increases the bond between you. Second, it keeps the musculoskeletal system in great shape and mimics the natural activities your dog’s wild relatives experience every day. Thirdly, regular exercise keeps the cardiovascular system in shape. Finally, it enhances well being and strengthens the immune system.

I’m a big fan of supplements. I use them every day for my patients (and my own family members, both two-legged and four-legged). Here’s what I’ve noticed with my patients who are properly supplemented: they tend to live longer and feel better, their families believe they are happier, and even when they have serious problems like cancer from which they may not recover, they are healthier/stronger/happier while battling the disease. Often, people only think of supplementing their dogs when they’re ill. However, proper supplementation of normal healthy dogs is also important. While we can never make guarantees, I believe the proper use of nutritional supplements in healthy people and animals helps most of us live longer and reduces visits to the doctor due to illness. Supplements you might consider include probiotics, fatty acids, and enzymes.

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Veterinarian Dr. Shawn Messonnier wrote The Natural Health Bible for Dogs and Cats, The Natural Vet’s Guide to Preventing and Treating Cancer in Dogs, and 8 Weeks to a Healthy Dog. He’s the pet care expert for Martha Stewart Living’s “Dr. Shawn – The Natural Vet” on Sirius Satellite Radio, and creator of Dr. Shawn’s Pet Organics. His practice, Paws & Claws Animal Hospital (petcarenaturally.com), is in Plano, Texas.

SUPPLEMENT YOUR DOG

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breed DIRE

WELCOME TO OUR BREEDER DIRECTORY. This is a wonderful resource if you’re looking for a purebred dog or a rare dog. The breed summaries give you a brief but fascinating

glimpse into the history, appearance and care of each breed. Please note we’ve rated exercise and grooming requirements based on the legend below.

BEFORE YOU START HUNTING FOR YOUR NEW BEST FRIEND, we suggest reading through our “Top 7 Dog Parenting Tips” article on page 12. It’ll help ensure that you enjoy training success with your new pup.

legend Very minimal Minimal

This is a paid advertising section and we’ve made every effort to ensure the information is presented accurately. The publisher cannot be held responsible for any claims made in the advertising listings, or any issues that arise as a result of errors or omissions.

the groups GROUP 1 - SPORTING DOGS Bred to assist hunters on land or in water Barbet Griffon (Wire Haired Pointing) Lagotto Romagnolo Pointer (German Long-Haired) Pointer (German Short-Haired) Pointer (German Wire-Haired) Retriever (Chesapeake Bay) Retriever (Flat-Coated) Retriever (Golden) Retriever (Labrador) Retriever (Nova Scotia Duck Tolling) Setter (Gordon) Setter (Irish) Setter (Irish Red and White) Spaniel (American Cocker) Spaniel (Brittany) 96

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Average More than average Maximum

DOGS HAVE LIVED ALONGSIDE HUMANS FOR THOUSANDS OF YEARS. Over that time, they’ve been bred to serve many roles, from helping hunt game, to containing vermin, to snuggling. The Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) categorizes dogs based on seven different groups. Though the breeds in our Rare Breeds Directory are not yet recognized by the CKC, we’ve included them in their own section.

Spaniel (Clumber) Spaniel (English Cocker) Spaniel (English Springer) Spaniel (Irish Water) Spaniel (Welsh Springer) Spinone Italiano Vizsla (Smooth-Haired) Weimaraner

GROUP 2 - HOUNDS Bred to hunt by scent or sight Afghan Hound Basenji Basset Hound Beagle Black and Tan Coonhound Bloodhound Borzoi Dachshund (Miniature Long-Haired)

Dachshund (Miniature Smooth-Haired) Dachshund (Miniature Wire-Haired) Dachshund (Standard Wire-Haired) Deerhound (Scottish) English Foxhound Finnish Spitz Greyhound Ibizan Hound Irish Wolfhound Norrbottenspets Norwegian Elkhound Norwegian Lundehund Otterhound Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen Pharoah Hound Rhodesian Ridgeback Saluki Shikoku Whippet


CTORY GROUP 3 - WORKING DOGS Bred to guard, pull and rescue Akita Alaskan Malamute Bernese Mountain Dog Black Russian Terrier Boxer Bullmastiff Canaan Dog Canadian Eskimo Dog Cane Corso Doberman Pinscher Entlebucher Mountain Dog Eurasier Field Spaniel Great Dane Great Pyrenees Karelian Bear Dog Komondor Kuvasz Leonberger Mastiff Newfoundland Portuguese Water Rottweiler Samoyed Schnauzer (Giant ) Siberian Husky St. Bernard Tibetan Mastiff

GROUP 4 - TERRIERS Bred to hunt and kill vermin Airedale Terrier American Staffordshire Terrier Australian Terrier Bedlington Terrier Border Terrier Bull Terrier Bull Terrier (Miniature) Cairn Terrier Cesky Terrier Dandie Dinmont Terrier Fox Terrier (Wire) Irish Terrier Kerry Blue Terrier

Lakeland Terrier Manchester Terrier Norfolk Terrier Norwich Terrier Parson Russell Terrier Schnauzer (Miniature) Scottish Terrier Sealyham Terrier Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier Staffordshire Bull Terrier Welsh Terrier West Highland White Terrier

GROUP 5 - TOYS Bred for companionship Affenpinscher Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Chihuahua (Long Coat) Chihuahua (Short Coat) Chinese Crested Coton de Tulear Griffon (Brussels) Havanese Italian Greyhound Maltese Papillon Pekingese Pomeranian Poodle (Toy) Pug Toy Fox Terrier Yorkshire Terrier

GROUP 6 - NON-SPORTING A diverse group of dogs that don’t ďŹ t into other groups American Eskimo Dog Bichon Frise Boston Terrier Bulldog Chinese Shar-Pei Chow Chow Dalmatian French Bulldog German Pinscher Keeshond Lhasa Apso

Lowchen Poodle (Miniature) Poodle (Standard) Schipperke Shiba Inu Shih Tzu Tibetan Spaniel Tibetan Terrier

GROUP 7 - HERDING Bred to manage the movements of other animals Australian Kelpie Australian Shepherd Bearded Collie Belgian Shepherd Dog Border Collie Bouviers des Flandres Briard Collie (Rough) Collie (Smooth) Dutch Shepherd Dog Finnish Lapphund German Shepherd Dog Iceland Sheepdog Norwegian Buhund Old English Sheepdog Polish Lowland Sheepdog Portuguese Sheepdog Puli Schapendoes Shetland Sheepdog Swedish Vallhund Welsh Corgi (Cardigan) Welsh Corgi (Pembroke)

RARE BREEDS Bolognese Miniature Australian Shepherd Pumi Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka Schappandoes (Dutch Sheepdog) Shiloh Shepherd

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AFGHAN HOUND

AIREDALE TERRIER

History In the 1600s, dogs resembling the Affenpinscher were bred in Germany to rid homes and stables of vermin. Over the next hundred years, selective breeding produced a slightly smaller dog with superb ratting skills and a lively, sociable nature. It’s likely the German Pinscher, the Schnauzer and the Pug all played a part in the Affenpinscher’s development. The spirited, black-bearded terriers became part of the household -- a position documented in European art from the 15th to 18th centuries. Studying the Affenpinscher’s bearded face, it’s easy to see the origin of the breed’s nickname: “Monkey Terrier”.

History Originating around the borders of Afghanistan, India, and Pakistan, the Afghan Hound is one of the oldest sighthound breeds. Rich and poor alike prized these dogs for their protective nature but most of all for their ability to hunt. Afghans were bred to be supreme hunters, pursuing everything from gazelles to hares, and even their traditional quarry, leopards. Hunted alone or in braces, Afghans relied on their independent thinking skills to successfully bring down the big cats.

History In the mid 1800s, middle class workers in the Aire Valley of Yorkshire, England were plagued with pests such as rats and otters. Normally, the problem was managed with terriers for the rats and water dogs for the otters. However, most people could not afford the cost of keeping multiple dogs. In 1853, breeders sought a solution by crossing rough-coated Black and Tan Terriers with Otterhounds. The result was the Waterside Terrier, a keen terrier-type hunter who could swim. The breed took off, and was renamed the Airedale Terrier in 1879.

Photo: Princedale Perm Reg’d

Affenpinscher

AFFENPINSCHER

The breed came to Europe in the late 19th century after British soldiers spotted them in India. While Afghans are known for their long Personality Interested in everyone and elegant coats, initially there were two varieties: everything, the Affenpinscher is a social fellow the lean short-coated desert-bred hound, and who needs interaction with people, places and the heavier-coated mountain hound. These two other animals. He is smart and attentive, so a types were interbred after their introduction stimulating environment brings out the best to the Western world, and the result was the in him. As bold and stubborn as he is playful impressive hound we know today. and charming, the Affenpinscher benefits from Personality Elegant and sometimes aloof, the knowledgeable training. Afghan Hound can seem standoffish at first. But this breed is loyal to his people, and has a Appearance 9 ½-11 ½” (24.13-28 cm) surprising sense of humour. Incredible athletes, 7-8 lb (3-3.36 kg) Afghans require adequate exercise, but don’t Black or black and tan, grey, red or other be surprised to find them curled up on the variations. Wiry coat, shaggy and longer on the couch afterwards. They have a high prey drive, legs and around eyes, nose and chin. so Afghans should be watched around cats or other small animals. Quick Facts

PUREBRED

Exercise Requirements Grooming

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Personality An intelligent and brave dog, Airedales have big personalities and huge hearts. While they can be aloof with other dogs and strangers, they are lively and playful with their own people. Regular exercise both on and off leash keeps these energetic dogs happy. Their versatility and intelligence make them good for obedience or similar work.

Appearance 24-29” (61-73 cm) 50-60 lb (22-27 kg)

Appearance 22-24” (56-61 cm) 40-45 lb (18-30 kg)

Long fine coat, silken in texture, topped with short hair from the shoulder along the length of the back. Face is short-coated, head is crowned with a topknot of long hair. All colours are acceptable, but white markings are discouraged.

Dense wiry outercoat with soft downy undercoat. Coat lies straight and close to the body, with some wave or crinkle acceptable. Tan body with saddle of black or dark grizzle on midsection.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

WHAT’S A PUREBRED DOG? In Canada, a purebred dog is defined as “a dog of proven lineage that is registered by an accepted registry.” If you’re buying a purebred dog, remember that, under the “Animal Pedigree Act”, the dog must be entitled to registration papers. 98

The Airedale was first brought to North America in the 1880s. Its uses have gone far beyond hunting water prey, and Airedales are now one of the most versatile terriers, hunting fur or feather, acting as a retriever, herding and guarding. Airedales were one of the earliest police dogs and an active presence in the First and Second World Wars. The breed’s great versatility and size truly make the Airedale “King of Terriers”.

AB Aireheart Airedale Terrier, Jorien Becker. We at Aireheart are a small dedicated breeder. Our familyraised Dales are our families’ heartbeat. Homeraised, socialized, crate-trained. From European Champion Bloodlines. Check our website and Facebook for complete details. Box 702 Coaldale, AB, T1M1M6. (403) 345-5062; airedalesofaireheart@ gmail.com; www.aireheart.com


Zsuzse Airedales, Suzanne Zwarun. Topquality puppies for all activities. Full of deviltry and humour. Seventh generation of an exceptionally intelligent maternal family. Homeraised, health guaranteed, OFA certified. Rocky View, AB. (403) 279-5815; zwaruns@telus.net; www.airedale-zsuzse.com ON Gardenaire Reg’d, Pat Morris. We breed excellent, healthy champions with wonderful temperaments and exceptional conformation. All puppies are home raised & crate-trained from champion lines. RR 3, 936117 Airport Road, Mansfield, ON L0N 1M0. (705) 434-0205; magic@distributel.net QC Princedale Perm. Reg’d, Ginette Miron & Yvon Legault. Devoted to the breed since 1978. American/Canadian Champion bloodlines. Quality, healthy home-raised puppies with excellent temperament. Written guarantee. Inquiries/reservations welcomed. 907 Rang 5, Lochaber Ouest, QC J0X 3B0. (819)986-2225; princedale@videotron.ca; http://pages.infinit.net/princdal

AKITA

doesn’t know. An alert, quiet dog who only barks occasionally, he makes a good family companion, but he’s also active, powerful and athletic and needs lots of outdoor exercise. Appearance 23-27.5” (58-70cm) 75-120 lbs (34-54.5 kg) Straight, harsh outer coat; short, dense undercoat; any colour is acceptable. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Kytao Reg’d, Cheryl Sadler. Producing champions and companions since 1982. Life member of the CKC. Most breeding stock OFA/ CERF certified. Most dogs are bred to conform to structure and excellent dispositions. Puppies by reservation. Adults occasionally. ky_akita@ telusplanet.net; www.akitas.ca ON Akitas of Kireisa Reg’d, Lorraine & Gary Burch. Raising Akitas since 1990, our breeding program focuses on dogs who excel in sound temperament, correct structure and type, and good health. Puppies occasionally available from our home-raised, well socialized litters. Parents health certified; pups are CKC registered, microchipped & vaccinated, with 2-year health warranty and our lifetime owner support. Carlisle, ON. (905) 659-4499; akitas@kireisa.com; www.kireisa.com

Personality It’s speculated that the humane care typically given to the Alaskan Malamute has given him a better temperament than some other Spitz breeds, but it’s important to remember he is a pack animal whose entire history is based on survival of the fittest. He is a friendly dog who loves all people equally and does not bond particularly closely. Early socialization and training will teach him where he stands in his family “pack”. Bred to work hard, the Alaskan Malamute needs lots of exercise, and a large fenced yard is a necessity. Appearance 23-28” (58-71 cm) 75-85 lb (34-39 kg)

American Eskimo Dog

Helen Arnold, Winsea Reg’d. Breeding for health conformation and temperament. Producing top quality American and Canadian Champions with excellent temperaments. 708 Imperial Way SW, Calgary, AB T2S 1N7. (403) 243-5378; harnold@ winsea.ca; www.winsea.ca

Thick coarse outercoat. Dense, oily wooly undercoat. Solid white, mostly white with shadings from light grey to black, sable, red. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

AMERICAN COCKER SPANIEL – See Spaniel (American Cocker) Pg 153

AMERICAN ESKIMO DOG

In 1931, the breed was declared a natural monument worthy of careful preservation. The first Akita arrived in North America in 1937 with Helen Keller, who was given one on a visit to Japan. But it wasn’t until after World War II when soldiers stationed in Japan brought a large number of Akitas home with them that the breed really gained popularity in North America. Personality The Akita is dignified, fearless and very loyal to his owner. He likes to dominate other dogs, and is reserved with people he

History A member of the Spitz family, which originated some 6,000 years ago with the Peat Bog Dog, the American Eskimo Dog arose from a line of dogs from Switzerland that came to be known as German Spitz. The breed came to North America in the early 1900s. Possibly due to anti-German sentiment during the First World War, the breed’s name was changed to History Some 4,000 years ago, when the American Spitz in 1913, and then to American Bering Strait provided access from Siberia to Alaska, an Inuit tribe known as the Mahlemuts Eskimo Dog in 1917. came to North America, bringing along their The American Eskimo Dog’s popularity arose dogs. Strong, hardy and exceptionally suited to from its widespread use in circuses from the harsh northern conditions, these dogs hauled 1920s through 1950s. Famous Eskimo Dogs sleds and carried packs, allowing the Inuit to such as Stout’s Pal Pierre performed amazing travel where food was most plentiful. The dogs acts like walking the tightrope or dancing with were prized and never sold to non-Inuit homes clowns before the crowds. With three different but when the Klondike Gold Rush of 1896 sizes to choose from, they appealed to a wide brought American prospectors to Alaska, greed range of people and situations. overcame sensibility, and good dogs sold for hundreds of dollars. Many attempted to Personality These lively dogs are highly “improve” the breed by crossing it with smaller, attached to their owners and prefer not to faster dogs for racing, or larger dogs for weight be left alone. Energetic and intelligent, they pulling or fighting. The results could have require daily runs and enjoy opportunities decimated the breed, but the strong Arctic Spitz type was prepotent, and most poor traits were American Eskimo Dog continued on next page. bred out within two or three generations.

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PUREBRED

History The regal Akita is the largest Japanese Spitz breed and has been around for approximately 300 years. He is related to the Ainu and the Shiba Inu, and as his name suggests, comes from the Akita region of northern Japan. He was originally used to hunt large game like bear, deer and boar.

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

Photo: Kytao Reg’d

ALASKAN MALAMUTE


American Eskimo Dog

Personality A tireless dog “who would rather work than eat”, the Kelpie requires an environment to exercise their minds. They make good that challenges his intelligence, agility and stamina. watchdogs and are an excellent choice for He will thrive at Agility, Disc Dog and Flyball, and obedience or as trick dogs. his eagerness to please qualifies him for obedience work. As long as he is properly socialized around Appearance children, the Australian Kelpie is a calm and Standard 15-19” (38-48 cm) friendly pet at home. It was this affable nature that made the breed 18-35 lb (8-16 kg) popular with North American settlers as guard Appearance 17-23” (43-58 cm) Miniature 11-15” (28-38 cm) and hunting dogs. In 1936, the AKC recognized 26-45 lb (11-20kg) 10-20 lb (4.5-9 kg) the American Pit Bull Terrier but altered the Toy 9-12” (23-30 cm) name to Staffordshire Terrier. In 1972, the Short-coated either black, red, blue, fawn or 6-10 lb (3-4.5 kg) name was amended again. The American cream, in solid or with tan markings, with or Long straight outercoat with dense undercoat. Staffordshire Terrier sets the breed apart from without minimal white markings. White is preferred, but biscuit or cream are its smaller cousin. Quick Facts acceptable. Personality The American Staffordshire Exercise Requirements Terrier can make a stable, loyal and loving Grooming Quick Facts friend when socialized at an early age, and Exercise Requirements trained by someone knowledgeable. He Grooming responds quickly and eagerly to instruction. AUSTRALIAN SHEPHERD He may be aggressive with other dogs. He AB needs multiple daily walks to keep him fit and Kiskapoo Reg’d, Virginia Collins. Priority to stimulated, and walks that bring a “Staffie” in structure and temperament. Health guarantee. contact with other dogs and people contribute Show and companion pups available. Miniatures to his socialization. the determined dogs to help control bulls; hunters used them to catch and hold wild boar and other game. In England, these roles changed to bull- and bearbaiting until each “sport” was banned in 1835. Out of the ring, the breed won admiration for its handsome appearance and lasting affection for its owner.

and Toys. All adults tested for PRA by OptiGen. (403) 362-7399; kiskapoo@eidnet.org; http:// kiskapoo.eidnet.ca

Appearance 17-19” (43-48 cm) 57-67 lb (26-30.5 kg)

White Phantom Reg’d, Susan Noden. Toy, Miniature and Standard sizes. Optigen tested. RR 2, New Norway, AB. T0B 3L0. (780) 8552577; (780) 781-4706; scrane@syban.net; www. whitephantomkennels.com

Close, glossy coat of any colour. Solid or patched is permissible, but all white, or more than 80 percent white, black and tan, or liver are discouraged.

ON Phantomrun Reg’d, Wanda Pepin. Top quality selective breeding from Champion Can/Am stock. Parents are OFA/OptiGen/CERF certified. Our dogs exemplify type, health, temperament & soundness. Our goal is to produce structurally balanced bodies & sound minds. Our commitment to the American Eskimo Dog is to produce sound healthy dogs. Hanmer, ON P3P 0B4. (705) 969-8546; pepin@isys.ca; www.phantomruneskies.com

Exercise Requirements Grooming

Quick Facts

AUSTRALIAN KELPIE

By the late 1800s, the breed became quite popular in the western states. The dogs were known for their intelligence, versatility, and of course, their excellent herding ability. Over the years, the breed has been augmented with others such as Smithfields, Border Collies and Collies, eventually producing the Australian Shepherd we now know and love.

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AMERICAN STAFFORDSHIRE TERRIER

History Like its cousins, the Staffordshire Bull Terrier and the American Pit Bull Terrier, this slightly larger breed also originated from ancient Greek mastiff-type dogs. These were the powerful canines who fought in arenas throughout the Roman Empire. Butchers used 100

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History The name of this breed might lead you to believe it originated in Australia, but the truth is not so simple. It had its beginnings in Spain and Andorra with Basque shepherds who used Pyrenean Shepherds to care for their herds. These dogs followed the Basques as they travelled first to Australia, then to the United States in the 1840s. Once in North America, the dogs were assumed to have originated in Australia and were named accordingly.

History Few breeds can trace their ancestry as directly as the Australian Kelpie. Brutus and Jenny were two black and tan Smooth Collies brought to Australia from Scotland in the 1870s. One of their pups was bred to a clever, female Australian dog named Kelpie (Gaelic for “water sprite”). One of this litter was the image of her mother and christened Kelpie II. In 1872, Kelpie II outperformed her competitors at New South Wales’ first sheepdog trial. Thereafter, the famous dog’s offspring became known as Kelpie’s pups.

Personality With their smart and friendly personality, Australian Shepherds do equally well as family pets or working herders. Because of their working origin, these dogs require lots of exercise and things to do. They make excellent obedience and sporting dogs, learn quickly and love their jobs. Appearance 18-23” (45-58 cm) 40-65 lb (18-29 kg) Weather-resistant double coat whose undercoat varies seasonally. Moderate mane and frill. A variety of colours including black, red, blue merle and red merle. Various white and/or tan markings and points.

Today, Australian Kelpies herd sheep with uncanny instinct, but the breed is equally skilled Quick Facts at working cattle. In North America, Kelpies have Exercise Requirements been bred as working dogs for over 80 years. Grooming


BARBET

History The Australian Terrier appeared in the late 19th Century and was the first Australianbred dog to be recognized in Australia. Rugged, hardy and fearless, with short legs, sturdiness, and speed, the Australian Terrier was an ideal hunter who helped control rodent problems. In addition to his hunting skills, he served as a devoted companion and helper during tough times and in tough terrain. The breed comes from a mix of terriers brought to Australia by Ch. Flacon D’Paris of Neigenuveaux. Versatile beyond Scottish and Northern English settlers. He gets imaginable belief. Suited for almost every family. Bred/ his blue fading colour from the Yorkshire Owned by Florence Erwin, Neigenuveaux Perm. Reg’d Terrier, his short legs from the Scottish Terrier, Mississauga, ON. www.4paws4u2.com and his adorable topknot from the Dandie Dinmont Terrier. Other breed influences include History An ancient breed, the Barbet is the likely progenitor of many modern dogs, the Skye and the Old Black and Tan Terrier. including Bichons, Griffons, Otterhounds, Personality This all-purpose, high energy Newfoundlands, Briards and Poodles. dog is cheerful, friendly, and always up for References to this French water dog, named for an adventure. They are quick learners, highly its characteristic “barbe” or beard, date back as intelligent, and have a strong desire to please, early as the 14th century, though the breed is which makes them ideal for training. Their believed to be far older than that. intelligence means that they can get bored if not stimulated, so it a good idea to keep an Originally used to retrieve at sea, the Barbet’s Australian Terrier fairly busy. As born hunters, thick wooly coat and webbed feet make him they are prone to chasing after small animals, an ideal gun dog in swamps. Unfortunately, as so keep an eye out if squirrels are around! breeds like the Poodle gained popularity, the Australian Terriers build strong bonds with Barbet was forgotten and nearly became extinct their families, but can appear aloof to outsiders. in the late 19th century. Fortunately, breed They’re also quick to defend their families from enthusiasts worked to preserve it. other dogs or strangers, which makes them an Personality This brave and loyal dog is a ideal watchdog. loving pet and truly devoted to his family. Like any water dog, he enjoys a swim no matter what Appearance 10-11” (25-28 cm) the weather. Eager to please, he loves a good Approx. 14 lb (6.5 kg) romp outside and is easy to train. Harsh, straight outercoat with soft undercoat. Silky, light-coloured topknot. Distinct ruff and Appearance 20-25” (51-65 com) 33-55 lb (15-25 kg) apron. Colours include solid red, solid sandy, Long wooly coat, forms cords naturally. various shades of blue and tan. Hair on head reaches to the nose and covers Quick Facts eyes. Thick beard and moustache. Comes in Exercise Requirements a variety of solid colours: black, grey, white, Grooming tawny, chestnut, red fawn, sandy, pied.

tempered parents. Let our 30 plus years of breeding experience help guide you to your new best friend. For more information, please contact us. (905) 821-9028; eflorence@bell. com; www.4paws4u2.com. (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.) RoVer Barbets, Veronica Matthews. Our goal is to provide happy balanced family companions. Parents are health tested. Puppies are raised in a home environment and are available occasionally to approved homes. (705) 783-1106; roverbarbets@gmail.com; www.roverbarbets.com. (See our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.) Tree Beard Reg’d. Dedicated to using only sound health-certified dogs of excellent temperament, type and structure. OFA hips and elbows, CERF eyes and DNA’d. Home-raised, well-socialized puppies occasionally available to approved homes only. 125 Thare Cres, Nepean, ON K2J 2J1. (613) 823-6256; treebeardbarbets@ rogers.com; www.treebeardbarbets.com

BASENJI

History This ancient breed originated in the Democratic Republic of Congo, where its intelligence and speed made it an ideal hunting dog. Devoted to its owners, Basenjis provided protection, as well as companionship. The breed is thought to have descended from the earliest pariah dogs and it has evolved for survival. Basenjis possess a marked sturdiness. “The African Barkless Dog” was brought to the UK in 1936. The breed’s unique qualities and appearance piqued interest there and in North America, and Basenjis soon gained popularity.

Personality The Basenji’s inquisitive nature is reflected in his alert, curious expression. He is an intelligent dog who thrives in a stimulating environment where he can use his acute sense of sight and smell. The Basenji benefits from Quick Facts BC exercising in large, safe areas. Aloof toward Orru Reg’d, George & Debra Verzyl. Bred first Exercise Requirements strangers, but eager to accompany their owners, and foremost for health and temperament from Grooming Basenjis do not like to be left alone. And despite health tested champion stock. Home-raised their nickname, Basenjis do vocalize; they can puppies and adults available occasionally. Great ON “chortle”, yodel and crow like roosters. Another little pets and/or show dogs. Reservations Neigenuveaux Perm Reg’d. Home of Murdoch, unique feature of the breed is their cleanliness. recommended. Ladysmith, BC V9G 1Y6 (250) MBIS, MBISS, GCHEX Flacon D’Paris of Basenjis groom themselves like cats, and are Neigenuveaux. #1 Barbet, #2 Sporting Dog, essentially odourless. 245-0271; deb@orru.ca; www.orru.ca Tidewalker Reg’d, Top Quality. CKC Reg. Champion CKC & AKC pedigree. Producing

#10 All Breeds 2013. Happy, healthy puppies are home-raised from certified healthy, well-

Basenji

puppies for health, temperament, and intelligence; current vaccinations, worming, vet checked. Contract, Health warranty. Family-raised and socialized puppies for pet or show. Contact us for your next companion pet, performance prospect or show special. References available on request. Vancouver Island, BC. (250)665-8868. www.Tidewalker.ca

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Photo: Tidewalker Reg’d

AUSTRALIAN TERRIER


Basenji

Appearance 16-17” (40.5-43 cm) 21-24 lb (9.5-11 kg)

Short smooth coat. Generally tri-colour (black, white, tan) or bi-colour (lemon, white) but may Short, sleek coat in four colour variations: come in any typical hound colouring. Skin is red and white, black and white, brindle and elastic and somewhat baggy (this loose skin white, and tri-colour, all markings with distinct needs to be kept clean, particularly around the demarcations. Prick ears, unique forehead eyes and ears). Long droopy ears. Long back wrinkles and tight, curly tail give them an with short stocky legs. appealing look. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Quick Facts (possibly 2.5 – energy = 2, exercise = 3) Exercise Requirements Grooming Grooming

BASSET HOUND

ON Autumn Blaze Reg’d, Becki Irwin. European and Canadian bloodlines. Health guarantee and full breeder support. House-raised and child socialized. Our dogs are carefully bred for health without compromising on temperament and soundness. Puppies come microchipped, up to date on vaccines, health checked by our vet and dewormed. Shipping is available. RR 1, Brigden, ON N0N 1B0. (519) 8641130; autumnblazebassets@yahoo.ca; www. autumnblazebassets.com

small enough to be carried to the hunting ground in a sleeve or saddle bag. This small size was impractical, however, and the use of Beagles in hunting greatly declined by the reign of Elizabeth I. The breed was kept alive by the farmers of southern England, where the dogs were favoured for their skill at hunting rabbits. Beagles were brought to North America during the 1840s, and continued to be used for hunting. In England, efforts to create a breed standard were underway, but a similar effort didn’t begin in the United States until the 1870s. Interestingly, the new breed became more popular in North America than England, and has remained among the top ten most popular dogs for well over 30 years.

Personality With his outgoing personality, the Beagle is quick to win over the human heart. He is confident, playful and always cheerful. Being a hunting hound, the Beagle does have a loud voice and can be a bit noisy at times. He loves to get out and about, exploring the world around him. Beagles are relatively easy to train, and particularly enjoy their treats. Golden Asset Reg’d, Mary Greenwood. Home of the 2013 #1 Basset Hound in Canada. We Appearance 13-16” (33-40 cm) have been caring for and breeding quality 22-35 lb (10-16 kg)

History “Basset” is based on the French word “bas”, which means “low”. The dog we now know as the Basset Hound originated in France. It was founded on two Basset Artésien Normand littermates named Fino de Paris and Model, who were imported to England in 1874. In an effort to define the new English Basset, the breed was greatly inbred and began to fail. In 1892, judge and breeder Everett Millais decided to revive the breed by adding Bloodhound lineage. The result was the large, low-slung droopy-eyed dog now known as the Basset Hound.

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While Basset Hounds were initially bred for dog shows rather than sport, they were unique hunting dogs whose slower pace allowed for a different style of hunting. Bassets were primarily used to hunt badger and hare. The breed was first imported to North America in 1883, but didn’t gain popularity here until the 1920s. By the 1950s, the Basset Hound was a familiar sight, appearing in many films and TV shows and acting as the logo for Hush Puppies.

champion Bassets since 1998. Our Bassets are Canadian/European Lines. All our dogs conform to CKC breed Standard, and have had their clearances on their eyes, and checked yearly. Our pups come with CKC Registration, 12 months guarantee, shots, vet checked, health record, and lots more. Show and pet puppies available occasionally. 5166 Conc. RD 4 RR 1, Everett ON, (705) 434-0242; mjg@goldenassetkennels. ca; www.goldenassetkennels.ca (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left.)

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Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

BEARDED COLLIE

BEAGLE

Personality Super easy-going, the Basset Hound is a great family pet. He can be stubborn at times, but is generally a well-behaved pleasant companion. Like any scent hound, he may get distracted by an interesting smell. While he enjoys a good romp, the Basset is known for stamina rather than speed. Basset Hounds love their food, and should be watched for excess History Primarily used as a rabbit-hunting dog, weight gain. the Beagle may have been around since 430 BC, when Xenophon referred to a small hound that Appearance 13-15” (33-38 cm) hunted hares by scent and was followed on foot. 50-70 lb (22-32 kg) During the time of Henry VIII, the Beagle was 102

Dense, hard weatherproof coat of medium length. Any typical hound colour or combination of colours.

Pennies Logo’n Basset Hounds, Penny Bernas. Breeder of Top Quality Basset Hounds. Excellent bloodlines and temperaments. CKC registered. References available. Top Canadian Basset Hound for 2009 to 2012. 325 Governors Rd East Paris, ON N3L 3E1 Text or call (519) 755 2597; Home (519) 753 0288; pennieslogo@icloud. com; www.penniesbassethounds.com

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

GCH Ace Ventura Vejas Gluosniuose. Bred by Tomus Uznys. Owned by Mary Greenwood, GoldenAsset Kennel Reg’d. www.goldenassetkennels.ca

History Bearded Collies were first developed in Scotland, where for centuries they were bred as a herding and droving dog. The breed’s specific canine antecedents are uncertain, though some claim Polish Lowland Sheepdogs were a primary ancestor. Whatever their history, the breed became very popular in the Victorian era. Efforts to create a registry for Bearded Collies in the late 19th century met with difficulty. While several dogs met the breed description, few were ever registered. The breed as we now know it descends from the efforts of Mrs. G.O. Willison, who purchased her first Bearded Collie in 1946. When the dog was two years old, she had it inspected for registration and Jeannie of Bothkennar became the first Bearded Collie to be registered in


Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

AB Niddrie Barbara, Shaggylane Perm Reg’d. Box 8, Site 26, RR 1, DeWinton, AB T0L 0X0. (403) 938-2259

BELGIAN SHEPHERD

ON SterlingDen Perm Reg’d, Angelika Nadon. Red & silver Tervuren and black Groenendael. Established since 1981. Bailieboro ON K0L 1B0. (705) 939-1999; anfarra@hotmail.com; www.angelfire.com/nm2/sterlingdenshepherds

BERNESE MOUNTAIN DOG

ON Larkslane Reg’d, Eleanor Teplin. Hamilton, ON. (905) 692-1537; lteplin@rogers.com QC Dovmar Reg’d, Diane Newman. Montreal, QC. (514) 488-1966; dovmar@sympatico.ca

BEDLINGTON TERRIER

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

History Known worldwide as the Belgian Gorenendael, the Belgian Shepherd is the most popular of the four breeds of Belgian Sheepdogs. The name comes from the village of Gorenendael in Belgium, where the Belgium breeder and restaurateur, Nicholas Rose, refined this noble breed. Belgian herding dogs have existed for centuries, but the breeds were not distinguished from one another until the 1800s. These black herding dogs found their calling in World War I when their sharp instincts and intelligence proved useful for finding History Hailing from the Rothbury Forest wounded soldiers, detecting bombs, and region of Northumberland in England, the carrying messages to the front lines. They have Rothbury Terrier was originally a versatile all- since been used in police and detective work, round pest-controller who kept the coal mines search and rescue, and as service dogs for the free of rats. Though an excellent rat and blind and people with special needs. badger dog, his versatile nature led breeders to Personality The hardworking Belgian add Otterhound bloodlines to allow the dogs Shepherd was born to serve, and loves to swim down otters, and Whippet bloodlines having a purpose in life. Typically utilized by to add speed, allowing them to run down professionals for his detective skills and keen hares. The longer-legged type became known nose, he is also a loyal family dog. Sensitive and as the Bedlington Terrier. intelligent, he does much better with a gentle, The new Bedlington Terriers were exceptional positive approach rather than stern guidance. game dogs that didn’t tolerate other dogs Quick to learn, the Belgian Shepherd excels at interfering with their work. Their speed and agility sports and activities, and is suitable for versatility endeared them to poachers, and someone who leads an active lifestyle. the breed is still sometimes called the “gypsy Appearance 21-26.5” (53-67.5 cm) dog”. When introduced to the show world, 44-66 lb (20-30 kg) breeders developed the dog’s characteristic Long, black, double-coat with straight guard lamb-like clip. hairs. Undercoat is soft, wooly, and dense. Will

Bernese Mountain Dog

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

History One of four types of Swiss Mountain Dog, the Bernese Mountain Dog (also known as the Berner Sennenhunde) was a working animal, commonly seen driving livestock or hitched to a cart and pulling goods to market. The breed likely originated from the crossbreeding of Mastiffs, brought to Switzerland by the Romans, with local herding dogs. As technology improved, working dogs were no longer necessary, so the breed saw a significant decrease in numbers in the late 19th century. In 1892, a group of Swiss nationals founded a breeding colony in an effort to preserve the Swiss Mountain Dog. The breed was imported to North America in the 1930s and has gained popularity over the years. Personality A very loyal dog, the Bernese Mountain Dog is an even-tempered fellow who makes an excellent family dog. He is a good watchdog with a teddy-bear personality. This dog is slow to mature, and retains his playful personality as he grows. As a working breed, the Bernese Mountain Dog benefits from having a job. Appearance 23-28” (58-70 cm) 80-110 lb (36-50 kg) Long, thick soft coat, slightly wavy or straight. Undercoat varies according to the season. Tricolour (black, white, tan). Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB BLoemco Reg’d, Hank & Grace Bloemert. Box 1081, Picture Butte, AB T0K 1V0. (403) 738-4261; bloemcos@telus.net; www.bloemcokennel.com

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occasionally have white markings on outercoat. Collarette around neck.

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

nine years. The first Bearded Collies in North Personality Versatile and intelligent, the America likely arrived in the 1890s, but they Bedlington Terrier can learn to do just about were not established as a breed until 1970. anything. He is intensely loyal to his people, though this can change to protectiveness if he Personality Full of bounce and general good feels his family is threatened. With great spirit spirits, the Bearded Collie is a fun-loving dog. and a playful charming nature, the Bedlington This charming fellow enjoys the outdoors, and is said to have the heart of a lion in the body doesn’t mind if the weather is wet or grey. A of a lamb. loving family pet, the bubbly Bearded Collie also makes a wonderful therapy dog. Appearance 15-18” (38-45 cm) 17-23 lb (7.5-10.5 kg) Appearance 20-22” (51-56 cm) Crispy, thick and linty, with mixture of hard 40-60 lb (18-27 kg) Shaggy flat overcoat. Soft close undercoat. and soft hair that stands away from the body. Beard. Black, blue, brown, grey or fawn in Tendency to curl, particularly on head and colour, with or without white and tan markings. face. Topknot. Blue, blue and tan, liver and tan, sandy, sandy and tan. Colour tends to fade with age.


Bernese Mountain Dog

ON Goldenbreez Reg’d, Patricia Parkinson. Home-raised, well-socialized, quality pups. Naturally reared, some raw. Dealer for Healthy Paws. Bernese make excellent, loyal, loving, family companions. Pups sold with health and temperament guarantees. Parents health cleared, many generations of certifications. Selected for temperament, soundness and longevity. Several imported champion lines. Breeding for 25 years. After purchase support. Approved individuals/ families only. 5790 Wellington Rd. 4, Palmerston, ON, N0G 2P0; (519) 343-3013 or fax (519) 343-3013; pat@goldenbreez.com; www.goldenbreezkennels.com QC Chenil HAUTBOIS Perm. Reg’d, Dr. Simon Verge, DVM. We have bred/owned more than 25 Canadian champions since 1991. Hips (PennHIP + OFA), elbows, heart, eyes, von Willebrand and DNA parentage certifications. Eleveur propriétaire de plus de 25 champions canadiens depuis 1991. Géniteurs certifiés à l’égard des hanches (PennHIP + OFA), coudes, couerm yeux, Willebrand et parenté par ADN. PO Box 3131, Richmond, QC J0B 2H0. (819) 823-5037; hautboisbmd@gmail.com; www.hautbois.ca. Helvetica Reg’d, Hans & Annemarie Bahler. Elevage naturel, notre but depuis 25ans longevité, super temperament, bonne santé. Parents certifiés 5 générations. Garanties et suivies, de nos bouviers bernois. 421 ch Gore, Ulverton, QC J0B 2B0. (819) 826-3158; amhelvetica@hotmail. com; www.helvetica-dogs.com

BICHON FRISE

when they sailed. In France, the Bichon Frise was popular with Royals, including King Henry III of France, who was said to carry his Bichon in a tray-like basket that he hung from his neck with ribbons. During the French Revolution, however, the dogs were tossed out on the streets, where the breed’s intelligent and playful nature made it a natural performer for organ grinders and circuses.

Campion Reg’d, Marilyn & Alan Torrance. Beautiful Bichon puppies from Canadian and American top breed lines; well-bred, healthy, CKC registered, well-socialized, home-raised puppies. We have been the proud owners of Bichon Frises since 1980 and we would be pleased to answer inquiries about our lovely breed! Carp, ON. (613) 839-7716; bichons@xplornet.com

The Bichon Frise was threatened during the World Wars, but a group of French breeders got together in the early 1930s to define and protect it and in 1956, a French couple brought their breeding Bichons to North America.

Normandy Perm. Reg’d, Norma & Bill Dirszowsky. Award winning Bichons! Outstanding bloodlines! Breeding for the betterment of the breed since 1982. Greater Toronto Area location. Visitors welcome by appointment. General Delivery, Udora, ON L0C 1L0. (705) 228-1148; normandy@bichons.net; www.bichons.net. (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left.)

Personality A bubbly and happy dog, the Bichon Frise is a delightful companion to have around the house. He is quite attached to his owner, and loves to be the center of attention. Starlit Reg’d, Heather Wippler. Whitby, ON. A gentle nature and good manners make him (905) 665-9246; www.starlitbichon.com suitable for a variety of homes.

BLACK AND TAN COONHOUND

Appearance 9-12” (23-30 cm) 7-12 lb (3-5.5 kg) Coarse curly outercoat undercoat. White.

with

soft

dense

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming Bichon Frise Club of Canada, Inc. For Bichon Frise referrals and information, please contact BFCC secretary Marilyn Torrence, Carp/Ottawa, Ontario. (613) 839-7716; bichons@xplornet. com; www.bichonfriseclubofcanada.com BC Herman, Suzanne. Home-raised, healthy, happy puppies guaranteed. Do not hesitate to call for more information. 53859 McGregor Road, Rosedale, BC V0X 1X1. (604) 794-7119; herman@universe.com

History This tracking breed is a descendant of the Bloodhounds brought to colonial Virginia to help farmers rid their land of raccoons. Thought to have been crossed with American Foxhounds, the combination produced a powerful, alert dog with the stamina to hunt prey all night long. The Dalnavert Kennels Perm Reg’d. Breeding Black and Tan Coonhound’s trademark long since 1978. Well known for breeding top ears help capture and retain scent, enabling it to quality, healthy, outgoing puppies that come drive quarry up a tree and hold it there until from parents who have met their health hunters arrive (called “treeing”). Determined clearances. Puppies are CKC reg’d., microand courageous, Black and Tan Coonhounds chipped, vet checked, and vaccinated prior hunt bears, deer and even mountain lions. They to careful placement in their ”forever” homes. continue their reputation as exceptional trackers.

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Members of the BFCC and BFCA. Winnipeg, MB area. (204) 878-3268; blucas@mts.net; www.dalnavertkennels.ca

Ch. Normandy’s Supermann (“Clark”), pictured with granddaughter “Tuuli”. Bred by Norma & Bill Dirszowsky, Normandy Perm. Reg’d. Owned by Laurie Mann, Snowmann. General Delivery, Udora, ON

History It’s difficult to track the history of many “small white dogs” since they thrived around the world, but the Bichon Frise is thought to have its origins with the Bichon Tenerife, named after one of the Canary Islands off the coast of Spain. Sailors in the region became enamoured with the breed and often took the dogs with them 104

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Personality A consummate Southern gentleman, the Black and Tan Coonhound is a sociable dog of stable temperament. He is an ON intelligent, faithful dog who enjoys a country Bichon Lovers, Fern, Flett. Reputable lifestyle with lots of activity. As he is bred to work breeders acknowledged for being responsible, with other scent hounds, the Black and Tan trustworthy, highly regarded for the health, Coonhound is not aggressive with other dogs or temperament, beauty and size of their Bichons. people. He can be excited, but off the trail, he is Holistic approach to their Breeding program. a mellow companion – kind and confident. Provides personal service, years of knowledge, ongoing guidance. CKC reg. Championship bloodlines. Born, raised in a smoke free home. Visitors welcome. References available. (519) 875-1482, Langton, Ontario, N0E1G0, bichonlovers@sympatico.ca, bichonlovers.com, www.facebook.com/BichonLoversAngels

Appearance 23-27” (58-69 cm) 65-100 lb (29-45 kg) Dense short coat – and true to his name -- black with tan marking. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


introduced herding with dogs, herders began selecting canines for the task and interbred a variety of specialized breeds to produce the best working sheep dog, generally called a Collie. In 1894, a dog named Old Hemp, who was considered the ideal sheep dog, became the founder of what is now known as the Border Collie. Prized for his trainability and “eye” (the hypnotic way he stares at sheep to will them to move as desired), the Border Collie was imported to North America in the early 1900s and proved himself an essential working farm dog.

Border Collie

BLOODHOUND

Photo: Midnight Solo Kennel

BLACK RUSSIAN TERRIER

Personality Considered one of the most intelligent breeds, the Border Collie can think for himself and is first and foremost a working dog. He needs mental stimulation to be happy, whether working with sheep or in obedience and agility trials. Because of his herding instinct, a Border Collie tends to herd anyone and everyone around him. This makes him more appropriate for older children.

History During the 1930s, the Russian military searched for a large terrier-type dog to become a part of their national security force. They started the Red Star Kennel, dedicated to locating suitable breeds and combining them to produce the perfect military dog. While the Second World War delayed their efforts, the experiment, which involved crossing some 17 different breeds, eventually produced a suitable large, tough and agile dog they named the Black Russian Terrier.

History The Bloodhound can trace its ancestry to the Norman conquest of 1066. Originally from Belgium, the Schweisshund was crossed with Talbot Hounds and Southern Hounds to produce this superb tracking dog with the distinctive voice. This “king” among scent hounds was used by nobility to hunt stag. The name Bloodhound refers to the owners’ high status. The Bloodhound appeared on the Appearance 19-22” (48-56 cm) 30-45 lb (12-20 kg) English Kennel Club’s first register in 1873, and over a century later, it is still renowned for Double coat that varies in length. Outercoat can tracking criminals, fugitives and missing people. be long, medium or short. Innercoat is short Red Star maintained exclusivity of the breed until 1956, when second and third generation Personality Lots! Extremely affectionate, and dense. All colours and mixes of colours puppies became available to private breeders. sensitive -- even shy, the Bloodhound needs acceptable: black and white, blue and white, Black Russian Terriers remain uncommon company. An aristocrat who is not above chocolate and white, red and white, blue merle, being a clown, he makes a loyal family dog. tricolour (black, tan, white). outside their native Russia. Bloodhounds can be a challenge to train, but Personality The Black Russian Terrier because following a scent is his priority! A Quick Facts is a calm confident dog who is loyal to his contained yard will keep him from following Exercise Requirements Grooming people, yet aloof with strangers. He is highly his nose into uninvited territory. intelligent and takes well to training, though Appearance 23-27” (58-69 cm) ON early socialization is necessary to curb over80-110 lb (36-49.5 kg) Bur Hill Border Collies, Russ & Tracey Salamon. protectiveness. Outdoors he is a happy bouncy 3 colours: black and tan, liver and tan, and red. Family-raised puppies. Well-socialized by our fellow, while indoors he is content to relax and follow his family around the house. The Black White marking acceptable on chest, feet and tip of children. Wonderful temperament. Excellent Russian Terrier is very attached to his people tail. Facial wrinkles and loose upper lips (or flews). for families with children. Written health guarantee. Parents are hip, CERF and DNA and does not do well if left alone. Quick Facts tested. Our dogs are smart, great to live with Exercise Requirements Appearance 25-31” (64-77 cm) and easy to train. Please see our website. Grooming 80-143 lb (36-65 kg) RR7, Tillsonburg ON N4G 4H1. (519) 7654708; tracey@burhillbordercollies.com; www. burhillbordercollies.com

ON Midnight Solo Reg’d Kennel & Training Academy, Jean Brown. Home of Top Versatile Working Champions in North America. Our objective: to conserve and improve the breed in structure, temperament, conformation and working ability never sacrificing one for another. Puppies from carefully planned breedings to approved homes with full breeder support, excellent temperaments, OFA health checked parents: show/performance BRTs, service and therapy dogs, lovely companions. London, ON N6G 3J1. (519) 473-9939; jean@midnightsolo. com; www.midnightsolo.com

BORDER COLLIE

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

History Sheep herding was a significant occupation in the border country between Scotland, England and Wales. When Romans

Hollowshot Border Collies, Maxine Netherway I am a Breeder Of Merit with the American Kennel Club and bred Show Champions, working dogs and sport dogs all successful in their field. For the pet home they have a wonderful temperament and known for their off switch. Hastings, ON K0L 1Y0. (705) 696-1926; hollowshot@yahoo.ca; www.hollowshotbordercollie.com Marley Border Collies. With seven generations and 35 years’ breed experience for quality, health, temperament and training. Always available for help and advice. (519) 523-9663; marleysheepdogs@ hurontel.on.ca; www.marleysheepdogs.com

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Hard, rough, ample broken outercoat. Thick BOLOGNESE soft undercoat. Moustache and beard. Black, – See Rare Breed directory Pg 162 black with grey hairs.


BORZOI

ON Douglas Fur. Odessa, ON. (613) 893-6624; douglasfur@live.ca; www.douglasfurkennel.com; www.facebook.com/douglasfurkennels

BOSTON TERRIER

History A common problem for shepherds in Scottish-English border regions were foxes and other sheep-stealing animals. To counter this problem, they needed a dog fast enough to keep up with these animals but small enough to get into their dens. Concerned farmers from the Northumberland valley of Coquetdale worked to breed a dog long-legged enough to course with horses, yet short enough to be able to go to ground. These dogs were originally called Coquetdale or Reedwater Terriers after the locales where they lived and worked. They have the same ancestry as other terriers in northern England, and were hunted alongside Border Foxhounds. Border Terriers came to North America in the early 1900s. Personality Like most terriers, the Border Terrier is a big dog in a small package. He is tough and full of energy while hunting and working, but calmer in the home than many other types of terrier. Obedient and affectionate, he is a pleasant family dog. Appearance 11-16” (28-50 cm) 11-16 lb (5-7 kg) Wiry, broken-looking outercoat with short dense undercoat. Black and tan, grizzle and tan, red, wheaten. May have white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

PUREBRED

ON Wimberway Kennels & Farm Perm. Reg’d, Sandy Briggs. Puppies sometimes available. Stud Service to approved bitches. All adults have hip, elbow and eye clearances. Powassan, ON. sandy@wimberway.com; www.wimberway.com

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Photo: Sassy Kennels

Border Terrier

BORDER TERRIER

History This speedy and agile dog has origins dating back to the early centuries of Russian history. Used to course wolves, foxes, and hares in the open Russian terrain, the modern Borzoi is the result of a Russian Duke’s efforts to create a fast, durable hunter by crossing Arabian sighthounds with native coursing hounds and shepherds. Since the Borzoi had to rely more on sight than scent while hunting, the dogs needed to be light and quick on their feet as well as intelligent and independent thinkers.

History As its name suggests, the Boston Terrier originated in Boston, Massachusetts. A product of crossing Bulldogs with Bull Terriers, the Boston Terrier was originally bred for dog-fighting and bull-baiting. In fact, Boston resident Robert C. Hooper purchased an English Bulldog in the mid-1800s for this very purpose. The Russian aristocracy was particularly fond When these sports were banned, those who of the Borzoi due to its exotic and elegant loved the breed worked to redefine the Boston appearance. Unfortunately, this meant that the Terrier. After many generations of careful breed was a target during the Russian Revolution selection, a stable breed with a “gentlemanly” and was almost eradicated. However, the temperament was produced. Then known as breed has since regained its popularity and is a the Round-Headed Bull and Terrier, the breed did not acquire its current name until 1891. favourite at dog shows. Since then it has remained a highly popular dog. Personality The Borzoi often behaves more like a cat than a dog. Quiet, dignified, and Personality Although the Boston Terrier’s ancestors were bred for fighting, he is now agile, he is self-aware, independent and fond of known for his docile, biddable temperament. He refined behaviours. You won’t usually find him is intelligent and can adapt to any living situation engaging in rough or boisterous play but he can he finds himself in. While he enjoys a good romp, be quite affectionate and extremely loyal. His he’s not overly active and is happy to exercise by stubborn streak is just his way of communicating following his people around the home. that he wants to be treated like an intelligent being capable of making good decisions. This Appearance 15-17” (38-43 cm) 15-25 lb (7-11.5 kg) trait dates back to having to think quickly while hunting in open terrain. The Borzoi loves to give Short smooth coat. Black or brindle with white chase and is even more beautiful when in full markings. stride, but is happy with daily walks or runs in Quick Facts enclosed areas. Exercise Requirements Appearance 26-33.5 in (66-85 cm) 60-105 lbs (27-47.5 kg)

Grooming

Silky outercoat is long. Can be wavy, flat, or curly. Undercoat is soft and dense. Curly frill around neck. Long legs and body. Variety of colours and patterns

ON A A & T Boston Terriers, Pat Shropshall. Home-raised puppies, health guaranteed, CKC reg’d. 17 Mill St, York, ON. (905) 765-2009; bostons4you@aol.com

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Brenheather Reg’d. Champion lines, quality home-raised puppies occasionally. (613) 4767587; (613) 822-0509; terrym@kos.net

AB Edencourt Kennels, Karina & Sophia Cowie. OSA Excellent. Occasional puppies to selected homes. Strathmore, AB T1P 1K5 (403) 934-5133; (519) 205-0483; edencourtkennels@gmail.com

Hornerbrook Reg’d, Jacques R. LaPierre & Nathalie L. LaPierre. PO Box 88, Verona ON, K0H 2W0. (613) 372-1544; hornrbrk@kingston. net; www.hornerbrook.com Sassy Kennel Reg’d, Sharon Hicks. Our goal is to produce Bostons true to the standard. We have been breeding Bostons for 3 decades. Home-raised for companions, conformation, and performance


QC Élevage Belletruffe, Louise Bois. Chiots élevés en milieu familial. Garantie écrite 2 ans. Lignée champions canadiens et américains. Membre CKC et BTCC, Ste-Marie-Madeleine, QC (450)355-0168; belletruffe@hotmail.ca; www.belletruffe.sitew.ca

BOUVIER DES FLANDRES Chris York, Owned by Kari & Collin Skinner, Kaco Boxers Reg’d. 100% European Import from Hungary. Cameron, ON www.kacoboxers.com

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

History The Boxer’s ancestors were called Molossians; they were large, strong dogs used by the Assyrians in battle thousands of years ago. A cross between Bulldogs and the small Mastiff-type Bullenbeisser, which was used to bait bulls, hunt and pull carts, the true Boxer was born in Germany in the late 1800s. Bred to be a capable fighting and hunting dog and protector, the Boxer is a versatile breed used as a messenger, pack carrier, attack dog and History In the plains of Flanders, Belgium, guard dog throughout World War I. Canadian people needed a dog that could do it all. The and American soldiers were attracted to these Bouvier was expected to herd and drive cattle, brave handsome dogs and brought them home act as a watch and guard dog, kill vermin, pull a to North America. Today, they work well as cart, and be a family companion. By 1910, there service dogs and excel at obedience. were four different varieties of Bouvier in Personality The boxer is a high-spirited dog Flanders. Because of their brave and willing who loves to get physical when playing. Possibly spirit, Bouviers were used as messenger and named for his tendency to use his feet while ambulance dogs during the First World War, but roughhousing, the Boxer is brave and willing the breed was decimated and only preserved to take on any challenge. Despite his energetic through the efforts of Belgian army veterinarian, nature, he remains a loving family dog who’s Captain Darby. By the end of the war, the four good with children, and adores his people. varieties of Bouvier had been combined, creating Because he can be suspicious of strangers, it is the Bouvier des Flandres. The dogs continued important to socialize him well when young. their military duties in the Second World War, where their keen noses made them suitable for Appearance 21-25” (53-64 cm) 55-70 lb (25-32 kg) scenting land mines and ammunition dumps.

Briard

of health tested parents with proven longevity We health test for Hip Dysplasia, Sub-Aortic Stenosis, Cardiomyopathy, Thyroid Disease and Degenerative Myelopathy. Our goal is to produce the healthiest, temperamentally sound and best looking European Boxers in all of Canada. We offer a 3 year health guarantee and life long breeder support. Please feel free to check out our website. Cameron, ON (705) 887 9362; kacoboxers@live.ca; www.kacoboxers.com. (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left.) Loyal Comrade Boxers Perm Reg’d, Tony Gingrich. Happy and healthy Boxer puppies for your loyal companionship. We focus on health and temperament. Written health guarantee. Our breeding program includes European and American Boxers. Stud service available to approved females. Atwood, ON; (519) 580-3653; tony@loyalcomradeboxers.com; www.loyalcomradeboxers.com

BRIARD

History Big, bold and intelligent, the Briard is an ancient breed of herding dog born in France. History is full of praise for this hardy breed. Famed personalities like Charlemagne, Napoleon and Thomas Jefferson promoted the Briard. The Briard was a superb sheepdog, and his bravery made him an ideal working dog for the French war effort -- so much so that he was named the official dog of the French Army. Though the need for sheep-herding dogs has declined, the Short shiny coat that lies flat against the body. Arriving in North America in the 1920s, these versatile dogs also work as seeing-eye dogs, Fawn, brindle. May have white markings, Briard remains a distinct and well-loved breed. therapy dogs, search and rescue dogs, police black mask. Personality The Briard is known for having dogs and more. Quick Facts a strong, unique personality. Described as Personality Big and initially intimidating, the Exercise Requirements having “a heart of gold wrapped in fur”, he is an Bouvier des Flandres is actually a loyal family Grooming intelligent, sensitive dog who needs a consistent dog. He is even-tempered and loves his people. ON and caring person. With good socialization His keen nose and intelligence mean he can A B C Ambato Boxers of Canada Reg’d. and considerate training, he makes a loving be trained for a variety of jobs, and he loves to Ambato Boxers is proud to offer you top quality companion. Briards love children, have a strong work. It is important he is well socialized and Boxer puppies CKC. Also occassional adults sense of justice, and enjoy having a job to do. has basic training when young; his large size can for adoption. Our Boxers are made and raised Appearance 22-27” (56-69 cm) make it more difficult when he matures. with love. They are home-raised. We have the 65-100 lb (29-46 kg) whole Boxer family to meet them. 10 years life Appearance 23-28” (59-70 cm) expectancy guaranteed. Boxers are our passion Long, hard shiny outercoat, slightly wavy and 60-100 lb (27-45 kg) Visitors Welcome. 32573 Feeder Road W., lying flat against the body. Fine tight undercoat. Tousled-looking, weatherproof double coat. Wainfleet, ON L0S 1V0. (905) 899-1179; abc@ Moustache and beard. Black, shades of grey, Outercoat is thick and rough. Innercoat is soft ambatoboxers.com; www.ambatoboxers.com tawny. May have white markings. and thick. Moustache and beard. Shades ranging Kaco Boxers Reg’d is a reputable breeder Quick Facts from fawn to black. May have white markings. located in the Kawartha Lakes. We pride Exercise Requirements Quick Facts ourselves on importing only the highest quality Grooming Exercise Requirements and healthiest lines found in Europe. Our Briard continued on next page. Grooming puppies are produced from multiple generations

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Photo: Canadian Briard Club

dogs. Vet checked with the first vaccination and micro-chipped. Registered with the CKC. Our puppies are well socialized from our Champion lines. Fenwick ON L0S 1C0. (905) 892-6781; sassykennel@gmail.com; www.sassykennel.com


Briard

Canadian Briard Club. Offering breed information and puppy referrals. Club sponsored activities for all Briard families. New members always welcomed. Contact us, we love to talk Briard! Club contact: (Secretary/Tresurer) Janice McLaughlin. (905) 349-2443; briardclub@bell.net

top priorities. All adults BAER, Cardio and Kidney. 2 litters planned for 2015. 1W0 (519) 233-3194; www.bretonkennel.com

are OFA certified Written guarantee. Seaforth, ON N0K jclandsb@tcc.on.ca;

BULL TERRIER (MINIATURE)

ON Wotarukus Reg’d, Brian & Gael Harper. Stouffville, ON. (905) 473-1203; wotarukus@zing-net.ca

BULLDOG Photo: Bull Lovers Reg’d

BRITTANY SPANIEL – See Spaniel (Brittany) Pg 153

BULL TERRIER

PUREBRED

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

History Bull Terriers originated in the age of bull-baiting and dog-fighting in the1800s. A cross between the Bulldog and the now extinct English White Terrier, these strong and fierce dogs came in all sizes from 3 lb to 50 lb. In 1835, blood sports were banned in England and breeders sought to redefine the breed, making it a tractable family pet. While the tiniest examples of the breed eventually died out, both the fullsized Bull Terrier and the Miniature Bull Terrier History The Bull Terrier originated in were welcomed into the home. For a long time, England in the 1800s and was bred for bull Miniature Bull Terriers remained a “type” of baiting and dog fighting. This distinctive- Bull Terrier, but in 1991 they were recognized looking dog, which initially came in a variety of as a distinct breed. colours and sizes, is said to be a cross between Personality Energetic and full of childlike the traditional Bulldog and the now-extinct curiosity, the Miniature Bull Terrier requires White English Terrier. After blood sports were banned, breeders focused more on the dog’s lots of exercise and stimulation. He loves his temperament and appearance. James Hinks family and is protective in nature. Consistent was instrumental in developing the breed as we training and good socialization will keep him know it today – his pure white dogs were also from becoming jealous or overprotective of his known as “White Cavaliers” and were popular people or things. While he will adjust to most as both show dogs and pets. In the early 20th types of family situations, he needs to keep century, these dogs were crossed with brindle active and wants to be a part of everything. Staffordshires to produce the Colored Bull Appearance 10-14” (25-35 cm) Terrier, which came to be recognized as a 23-35 lb (11-16 kg) separate breed. Short, flat glossy coat. Solid white, may have Personality He looks intimidating, but the markings. May come in other solid colours with Bull Terrier is actually a friendly, easy-going and markings. sometimes clownish breed. He loves affection and attention and makes a good family Quick Facts Exercise Requirements companion. He requires lots of excercise. Grooming Appearance 19-20” (48-51 cm) ON 45 lb (20.5 kg) Close, flat coat; white or white with coloured markings. Quick Facts Exercise requirements Grooming ON Breton Perm Reg’d, Catherine Landsborough. Socialized, home-raised puppies and occasional young adults. Temperament and health are

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Jewel’s Reg’d, Mike & Julie Muchnick. Focus on raising quality Miniature Bull Terriers with an optimum balance of health and temperament. Health tested, champion lines, CKC registered. Home-raised show potential/pet stock puppies and young placements occasionally to approved homes. PO Box 1009, Thornton, ON L0L 2N0. (705) 719-2849; jewelsmb@live.ca; www.jewels-mbts.com

CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2015

Can-Am GCH MBIS BISS Delenclos Cherokee Milton. Bred/Owned by Christine & Knut Pelzer, Cody Sickle, Delenclos Bulldogs. Fitch Bay, QC www.delenclosbulldogs.com

History Truly a symbol of Britain, many believe the Bulldog dates back to the Molossian dog brought there by the Phoenicians in the 6th century BC. Others suggest the Bulldog descended from a butcher’s dog called the Alaunt. Wherever he originated, the Bulldog is the result of centuries of breeding for bullbaiting. While the Bulldog’s features may seem unusual compared with those of many other dogs, each characteristic was specifically chosen to make him the premier fighter in the bullbaiting ring. After bull-baiting was banned in the 1800s, the Bulldog lost popularity and might have died out if a group of concerned breeders hadn’t worked together to save the breed. The first Bulldog club was formed in 1864; it defined the breed and began efforts to preserve it. Now the Bulldog, also known as the English Bulldog, is a kind companion and a symbol of courage and tenacity.

Personality With his history as a fighting dog, the Bulldog’s kind and gentle personality might come as a surprise. He is a loving pet who craves his family’s attention. Though protective in nature, he loves children and usually gets Bull Lovers Perm. Reg’d, Cathie Hudson. along well with other family pets. Overall he is I am one of the oldest Miniature Bull Terrier an easy-going dog who quickly charms with his kennels in Canada. My dogs have done therapy, steady temperament and friendly face. appeared on stage, starred in videos and Appearance 12-16” (30-40 cm) have been featured in numerous calendars. 40-55 lb (18-25 kg) I breed for both outstanding temperament, Short, straight flat coat. Brindle, piebald, red, conformation and use top international fawn, fallow, white. bloodlines. Puppies occasionally available for pet or show. Visitors always welcome. 51 Walton Street, Port Hope, ON L1A 1N2. (905) 885-5100; mybarkavenue@yahoo.ca; www.mybarkavenue.ca

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


HobbyHollow Reg’d. Ron & Darlene Snedden. A long and well-established breeder where pups are bred for excellent health and sound temperament. A visit to our country kennel, just 20 minutes south of Ottawa, is always welcome. RR 1, 6824 Third Line Rd S, Kars, ON K0A 2E0. (613) 489-2099; hobbyhollow@sympatico.ca; www.hobbyhollow.com Macarols Bullies, Carol Law. (519) 534-0640; macarolsbullies@bell.ca; www.macarois-bullies. simplesite.com QC Delenclos Perm Reg’d, Knut & Christine Pelzer. Since 1995. Selective breeding from top Canadian and American bloodlines. Home of grand champions with Best in Show titles in Canada and the United States. Offering unlimited counseling to our puppies’ adoptive families. Stud service occasionally. Fitch Bay, QC. (819-843-0527; kmp.agriconsult@gmail. com; delenclosbulldogs.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisment at left.)

Mid-length, harsh, weather-resistant outercoat. Short furry undercoat. Cream, wheaten, red, grey, nearly black. Brindling acceptable. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Canaan Dog

Appearance 24-27” (61-69 cm) 90-130 lb (41-59 kg)

Appearance 9-12” (24-31 cm) 13-17 lb (6-7.5 kg)

Short hard coat, lying flat to the body. Black muzzle. ON Cabaret Reg’d, Jan Morgan. Puppies raised Brindle, fawn or red. May have white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Ironbull Bullmastiff Reg’d, Zivian Pribic & Cindy Gimbel. Responsible, selective breeders, breeding MBISS & MBIS winners - Canadian & US Champions. Health Guarantees, breeder support provided. (519) 634-1171; bullie@ ironbull.ca; www.ironbull.ca QC Masbul Enterprises. Depuis 20 ans. 47 chemin des Mines Bristol (Région Ottawa-Gatineau) Bristol, Québec. Élevage familial. Lignée originale et reconnue. Préférence aux réservations. (819) 647-6263; linelafo@hotmail.com

CAIRN TERRIER

Photo: Cabaret Reg’d

BULLMASTIFF

History Originating on the Isle of Skye in Scotland, the Cairn Terrier was bred as a hunter of vermin. The rocky land sheltered numerous badgers and foxes, and a small hardy dog was History Poaching was an ongoing problem in needed to brave the stony cairns and remove England throughout the 19th century. As the pests. The breed has been around for some penalties increased, the poachers’ desperation to 500 years, and developed along the same avoid capture made gameskeeping a high risk timeline as the West Highland White, Skye, job. The gameskeeper needed a strong silent and Scottish Terriers. dog that could find and take down a poacher without savaging him. The solution was to cross It was first exhibited in 1909 when it was called the Mastiff, a powerful, trustworthy, loyal and the Short-Haired Skye Terrier. Breeders of the brave dog, with the Bulldog, a tough, tenacious pre-existing Skye Terrier objected and the dog no-fuss animal. The result was the was renamed after the rock piles he hunted among, becoming the Cairn Terrier. They “Gameskeeper’s Night Dog” or Bullmastiff. came to North America in 1913, imported by As poaching became less of a problem, the Mrs. Henry F. Price. need for Bullmastiffs waned. But interest in this powerful yet calm-natured dog continued. Personality Like most terriers, the Cairn People held contests in which a man would be Terrier is an active dog, full of joie de vivre. He given the chance to try to outwit a Bullmastiff. loves to play outside, and can be a bit of a digger The man received a sizeable head start, but in the yard. An affectionate nature and kind the result was inevitable. He would soon be heart make him a loving family member, though knocked down and held to the ground by the he can become a bit stubborn when it comes valiant dog, only to be released when the dog’s to training. He is affectionately known by breed fanciers as “the best little pal in the world”. handler arrived on the scene.

with love in my home to approved families. Breeding Cairn Terriers for health, temperament and type since 1995. Champion dogs from Canadian and Scandinavian lines. Proud member of CTCC, CTCA, CTAO and CKC. Hand stripping grooming services also available. Accredited professional dog trainer, we offer family oriented puppy classes in Oshawa and Ajax. 924 White Ash Dr. Whitby, ON L1N 7S8. (905) 430-3647; pawsitivepuppies@gmail.com; www.cabaretcairns.com Carickfergus Reg’d, Diana Hunter & Stewart Murray. Our puppies are raised in the home and very well-socialized. Health Guaranteed. Puppies occasionally. 544258 Bell Lake Rd, RR 6, Markdale, ON N0C 1H0. (519) 986-4380; carickfergus1@gmail.com Magisterial Cairn Terriers Reg’d. At Magisterial, we provide a life-enhancing experience for each of our clients. Our Cairn Terrier puppies are highly socialized, joyful, and raised with children. They have gorgeous good looks, are healthy and temperament tested, and very eager to learn! Your new family member will have been raised in luxury and given nothing but the very best during their crucial first 8 weeks of life. Magisterial Cairn Terrier puppies will be fully crate trained and will have begun lead breaking. Their most important role is being loving, loyal companions to families worldwide, delivering immeasurable amounts of joy, love, and magic! Roblin, ON (613) 388-2628; adam@magisterialkennels.com; www.magisterialkennels.com. (See our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.)

CANAAN DOG

History An ancient breed, the Canaan Dog is the product of natural selection rather than human intervention. There’s evidence the breed existed in pre-Biblical times. When the Jews were dispersed from their homeland the dogs remained, reverting to a wild and feral

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ON Ausabull Reg’d Bulldogs, R.R#1 Ailsa Craig, ON N0M 1A0. (519) 232-9928; bulldoggie@3web. com; www.ausabullkennel.blogspot.com

Personality The Bullmastiff is still used as a guard dog and family pet. His highly stable temperament and ability to tolerate discomfort make him surprisingly safe around children. Loyal and protective, he bonds closely to his family. Because he is such a large dog, training at a young age is essential, as is good socialization.

Photo: JayKay Canaan Dogs

MB Dickson’s Bulldogs. Champion-sired puppies. Box 209, Melita, MB R0M 1L0. (204) 522-3173 Day; (204) 522-8424 Evenings; sunseten@mts.net; www.dicksonsbulldogs.ca


Canaan Dog

Kennel Club, the Canada Council and private donations to save the Canadian Eskimo Dog from extinction. After enduring in a harsh state until the 1930s. When Dr. Rudolphina environment for centuries, the Canadian Eskimo Menzel was asked to develop a dog to guard the Dog remains a breed fighting for its survival. kibbutz, she selected native wild dogs of a “collie Personality His long connection with humans type”, tamed them and created the Canaan has made the Canadian Eskimo Dog affectionate Dog. The breed proved highly intelligent and and gentle with people he loves, but he can versatile, and was used as a mine detection, be aloof with strangers. His independence, sentry and messenger dog in the Second World determination and heightened response to War. Canaan Dogs were first brought to North stimuli make him suited to an adult-only home. America in the late 1960s. Appearance 19.5-27.5” (50-70cm) Personality Highly intelligent and trainable, 40-88 lb (18-40 kg) the Canaan Dog is quite versatile to different Thick hair with dense undercoat. All white or situations. Because of his long history as a feral all red, buff, cinnamon, grey or sable with white dog, he tends to be somewhat independent and markings. wary of strangers, barking to warn his family of danger. However, he is devoted to his people Quick Facts and loves to play. He thrives on having a job to Exercise Requirements do and is a fun, loving companion. Grooming Appearance 19-24” (48-61 cm) 35-55 lb (16-25 kg) Short to medium-length straight outercoat. Straight, short flat-lying undercoat. Slight ruff. Sand to red-brown, white, black or spotted. May have mask. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming JayKay Canaan Dogs. Breeding devoted family companions since 2003. Home-raised puppies for pet, show or obedience. CKC registered. Canaan Dogs are adaptable to a variety of lifestyles, from always on-the-go to a more laid-back home life. Visit us in Markham or just outside Kingston. Come see the dogs in action at MrSpotDogCamp.com (905) 471-1217; gml. mktg@rogers.com; www.jaykaycanaandogs.com

Arctic Ice Reg’d, Beverley Arseneau. Raising top-quality, multiple-group-winning champion dogs from proven Arctic working lines. Striving to continue to produce the best attitude, work ethic and conformation. Fort Assiniboine, AB (780) 584-2506; wolfwalkersibs@xplornet.com; www.arcticicekennels.tripod.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left.)

CANE CORSO

PUREBRED

CANADIAN ESKIMO DOG History A direct descendant of the Roman Molossus Mastiff, the Cane Corso is a guardian dog whose name comes from the Latin “cohors”, meaning guardian/protector. Used to hunt large game, drive cattle and protect the family, the Cane Corso held popularity in Italy for centuries. But as large game dwindled and farmers turned to more modern technology to move their herds, the need for the Cane Corso disappeared, and so did the breed. In the 1970s, Italian dog fanciers searched the country, seeking good MBPIS GR. CH. Arcticice Qimmiq Ek Chau. Number examples of the old Mastiffs, and began 1 CED in Canada. 3 BPIS MBPIG. Arctic Ice Reg’d. reconstructing the Cane Corso breed. Arriving Assiniboine, AB www.arcticicekennels.tripod.com in North America in the 1980s, the breed is History Accompanying the Inuit people slowly gaining a reputation as an excellent guard during their 12th century migration through dog and family companion. the Canadian Arctic, the Canadian Eskimo Dog hauled, carried, hunted and protected. Personality First and foremost a protector, Such willing performance made the robust the Cane Corso bonds closely with his family, sled dog crucial to Arctic explorers through particularly young children. He is alert and the ages. By the 1950s, though, snowmobiles, naturally suspicious of strangers, and can readily other technology and weakening bloodlines had judge when he should be protective, or when he taken their toll. It took funding by the Canadian should back down. His steady temperament and 110

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eager-to-please attitude make him a pleasure to train. Early socialization and training allow him to learn to assess people and situations. Appearance 23-28” (58-70 cm) 84-110 lb (38-50 kg) Short, stiff shiny outercoat. Light undercoat. Black, fawn, red, blue, chestnut. Brindling allowed. May have eye mask or white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

CAVALIER KING CHARLES SPANIEL

Can Ch. Imonty Filip Z Usedlosti Ujezdec. Breeding all colours for health and type. Bred by Jundra Diblikova, Z Usedlosti Ujexdec Reg’d. Owned by Mila Bosche, Europeheart Cavaliers Reg’d. Niagara Falls, ON www.europeheart.com

History Bred originally as hunters, toy spaniels became companions to royalty in the 1500s. In the 1600s, Kings Charles I and II both took a liking to the adorable little dogs, and were often portrayed with toy spaniels at their sides. During the Victorian era, people fell in love with the higher skulls and shorter noses of oriental breeds, and selectively bred spaniels to Pugs and Japanese Chin, producing the King Charles Spaniel, or English Toy Spaniel. It wasn’t until the 1920s that an American, Roswell Eldridge, began searching for the longernosed flatter-skulled breed so often portrayed in portraits of Kings Charles I and II. His efforts were successful, and the new breed of Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was recognized in 1946. Personality A long history as a noble lap dog has made the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel particularly well suited as a companion. With enough size to enjoy a good romp alongside his owner, the Cavalier is a happy dog who is ready to greet everyone with his ever-wagging tail. He is not overly active, enjoying cuddle time as much as walks. Appearance 12-13” (30-33 cm) 11-18 lb (5-8 kg) Long silky coat, straight or with a slight wave. Feathering. Colours: Blenheim (chestnut on white), tricolor (black and tan markings on white), ruby, black and tan. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


Europeheart Cavaliers Reg’d. All colours, high quality puppies, health guaranteed, with proof of health and show history for all our breeding dogs going back 4 generations plus. We are members of CKC and European CKCS Club with happy customers across Canada and US. Niagara Falls, ON (905) 384-1865; www.europeheart.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left.)

History In his search for a mild-tempered terrier that still excelled at hunting, Czechoslovakian geneticist Frantisek Horak bred together a number of terrier breeds, including the Sealyham, Scottish Terrier and Dandie Dinmont. The result, in 1949, was the Cesky Terrier. While his narrow head and chest made it easier for the Cesky to enter burrows, his friendly, well-mannered attitude Glenire Reg’d, Valerie Toth. Since 1984. Ruby, gained him a reputation as a good family dog. Black & Tan, Tricolour and Blenheim puppies for The Cesky Terrier was shown for the first time pet, show or breeding. Purebred, pedigreed, in 1959 and since then has been utilized as a micro-chipped and Canadian Kennel Club hunting dog, guard dog, show dog, and registered. No time limit, written genetic health beloved family companion. guarantee. Champion stud service in all four colours to registered, health certified females. We show our dogs CKC, UKC, RBCSWO. Visitors welcome. Life member CKC. Member CFSO & CKCSCC in good standing. Glenire Acres, 10 Clanbrassil Rd, RR 3, Hagersville, ON N0A 1H0. (905) 768-4190; lesvalt@hotmail.com; www.glenireacresfarm.com

Personality This versatile breed excels at a number of tasks. The Cesky is often a winner at terrier den trials and loves playful, sporty activities. As well, the Cesky is a devoted family member and makes an excellent watchdog. This friendly pooch is good with children and happy to be around family and strangers alike. Old School Cavaliers, Danielle Van Maanen. The well-mannered, enthusiastic Cesky is also a Specializing in top German and UK lines, Old pleasure to train. This dog strives to please and School Cavaliers are family-raised and CKC will not disappoint.

Tallygold Cavaliers. Home-raised Cavaliers, health testing on all breeding stock, puppies sometimes available. Health guarantee. Mulmur, ON. (519) 925-6865; tallycavs@gmail.com; www.tallygold.ca

Appearance 10-13 in (25.5-33 cm) 13-22 lbs (6-10 kg) Long, soft coat often with a silky sheen. Slightly wavy, with beard around muzzle. Non-shedding coat. Colours include light coffee brown and grey-blue, with yellow, grey, or white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

History The long coated Chihuahua’s history is the same as the Chihuahua’s (see over) until after the breed reached the United States. There, breeders sought a softer fluffier dog and decided to cross the short-coated Chihuahuas with established long-coated toy breeds such as the Papillion, Pekinese, Pomeranian and Yorkshire Terrier. The result was a dog with the same spunky personality as the short-coated variety, but in a fluffier package. Like his smooth counterpart, the long coated Chihuahua is one of the world’s most popular breeds – both also rank as the smallest breeds in North America.

Chihuahua (Long Coat)

CESKY TERRIER

Cedar Creek, Laryssa Sawyer. We’re a small family kennel located just over an hour north of Toronto. Puppies are raised in our home with our children. Our dogs are on a natural diet. Puppies go to their new homes after 8 weeks; dewormed, tattooed, vet checked, first set of shots and health guarantee. We breed all colours and champion stud service is available. Featured on Pick a Puppy show. 295159 8th Line, Amaranth, (Orangeville area) ON L9W 0K1. (519) 925-2827; info@cedarcreekkennels. ca; www.cedarcreekkennels.ca

registered. Blenheim and tri-colour puppies available, registered, vaccinated, dewormed, microchipped and health guaranteed. We provide good old fashioned service and well-socialized and healthy puppies. Please visit our website and we welcome you to our home. Fenwick, ON L0S 1C0 (905) 892-1730; oldschoolcavaliers@gmail. com; www.oldschoolcavaliers.ca

CHIHUAHUA (LONG COAT)

Personality A truly tiny dog, the long coated Chihuahua loves to be with his person at all times. He’s a great lap dog, and happily trots around the home, following his family. Because of his size, this breed maybe a bit timid with loud and active children, and supervision is a good idea. Good socialization is important for a well-rounded individual. Appearance 6-9 in (15-23 cm) 1-6 lb (0.5-3 kg) Soft, silky, flat or slightly wavy. Neck ruff. Any solid colour with or without markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Jones Perm. Reg’d, Theresa Gilchrist. Well known for breeding top quality, healthy, happy, outgoing, CKC-registered Short and Long Coat Chihuahuas for show/breeding or family pet. Breeding Chihuahuas since 1995. We also board Toy breed dogs. RR 1, Pickardville, AB T0G 1W0. (780) 349-2868; uspecial@mcsnet.ca BC Hilaire Perm. Reg’d, Edna St. Hilaire. A respected name. Home of Multi BIS/BISS, Can. Am Int’l Record Winning Champions. Quality for the most discriminating. Founder and President of The Chihuahua Club of Canada. All Breeds Judge - International. New Westminister, BC. (604) 521-0922; hilaire@shaw.ca

Chihuahua (Long Coat) continued on next page.

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PUREBRED

ON Beal, Lorelei, Country Care Cavaliers. Healthy, correct puppies of German lineage. 8019 Hwy 7, Guelph, ON N1H 6H8. (519) 823-5839; countrycarecavaliers@live.ca; www.countrycarestables.com

QC Chemin du Roy, Ann Carrier. Canadian Champion 2014. International Champion of Beauty 2010 bloodline. Kings and Queens all imported from excellent breeders of France. Beautiful Tri-colour and Blenheim puppies with total affectionate temperament to approved home or show. Zootherapy. High quality homeraised. Health guaranteed. CKC registered. Lifetime support. CKC Party each September. Welcome (450) 754-1275; aucheminduroy@ hotmail.com; www.aucheminduroy.ca

Photo: Jones Chihuahuas Perm Reg’d

AB Bohshar K-9’s, Sharen Sztym. Breeding for quality, temperament and soundness. Genetic guaranteed/Home-raised. Four colours. Shipping Available. Box 8, Site 3, RR # 1, Rocky Mountain House, AB. T4T 2A1.(403) 729-2625; bohshar@yahoo.ca, www.bohshar.com


ON Bloomsbury Perm Reg’d, Lynn & Jeff Hurd, DVM. We are a husband and wife team Veterinarian and Vet technician who own our own veterinary clinic in Whitby, Ontario and have been involved with dogs for over 30 years. We breed and exhibit both short and long coat purebred CKC registered Chihuahuas. Our goals are excellent health, temperament and quality. Our Chihuahuas have won top awards in many US specialty shows and are Canadian and American champions. Our puppies are health checked, vaccinated, dewormed and micro-chipped. They come with a written health guarantee, 6 weeks of health insurance and our pets are spayed/neutered or sold on a CKC nonbreeding contract. We are lifetime members of the Canadian Kennel Club, members of the Chihuahua Club of America and the Ontario County Kennel Club. We occasionally have puppies, young adults or retired adults available for pet or show. 3050 Garden St., Whitby, ON L1R 2G7 (905) 449-8194; Email: bloomsbury@ rogers.com (preferred contact); Website: www.bloomsburychihuahuas.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)

PUREBRED

Personality The Chihuahua is a tiny dog with a huge personality. He is lively and alert, playful and affectionate. Quick to bond with his human, the Chihuahua hates to be left on his own. Because he is so small, he is nervous of large or quick movements, and tends to be easily startled. Early socialization is essential to make sure he is not overly stressed by strange situations.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Armoso Reg’d, Linda Trachsel. Home-raised, quality puppies for both companions and show/ breeding. We strive to breed for conformation, temperament and soundness. Occasional long coat pups also available. Written two-year health guarantee, accompanied by a spay/ neuter contract. Riviere Qui Barre, AB T0G 1Y0. (780) 939-4818; armoso@xplornet.com; www.armosochis.com

CHIHUAHUA (SHORT COAT)

BC Boulevardier Reg’d, M Gail Gates. Bred & exhibited both short & long coat CKC registered Chihuahuas. Involved since 1998 working for healthy, quality puppies of sound temperament. Our Chihuahuas are based on top North American lines. Lifetime member of the CKC. Returning to the ring in 2015 after time off due to family health problems. Nanaimo BC V9X 1R9. (250) 753-7297; boulvar@shaw.ca

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CHINESE CRESTED

Soft, glossy short coat. Neck ruff. Any colour.

Jones Perm. Reg’d, Theresa Gilchrist. Well known for breeding top quality, healthy, happy, outgoing, CKC-registered Short and Long Coat Chihuahuas for show/breeding or family pet. Breeding Chihuahuas since 1995. We also board Toy breed dogs. RR 1, Pickardville, AB T0G 1W0. (780) 340-1157; uspecial@mcsnet.ca

History Theories about the Chihuahua’s origins abound. Some believe this tiny breed’s predecessors date back to ancient Egypt. The most likely theory is that it developed from a Mexican breed known as the Techichi, and was used in religious ceremonies as far back as the 16th century. Other theories suggest that dogs imported from China were interbred with native breeds, or came with Spanish traders. Whatever their history, Chihuahuas as we know them were discovered in the Chihuahua region of Mexico, gained popularity in Mexico City in the late 19th century, and shortly thereafter were brought

for pet or show. 3050 Garden St., Whitby, ON L1R 2G7 (905) 449-8194; Email: bloomsbury@ rogers.com (preferred contact); Website: www.bloomsburychihuahuas.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)

Appearance 6-9 in (15-23 cm) 1-6 lb (0.5-3 kg)

Martimochi’s Reg’d, Martine Fortier. We breed long and short coats, from AM/CDN/ SPAIN Bloodlines. Healthy, happy home raised puppies. CKC puppies occasionally available. 7375 rang St-Etienne, Mirabel, QC, J7N 2S8. (450) 530-7585; passionchihuahua@bell.net; www.passionchihuahua.com

Photo: Jones Chihuahuas Perm Reg’d

Chihuahua (Long Coat)

to the United States via Texas where they were developed into the modern Chihuahua.

Bloomsbury Perm Reg’d, Lynn & Jeff Hurd, DVM. We are a husband and wife team Veterinarian and Vet technician who own our own veterinary clinic in Whitby, Ontario and have been involved with dogs for over 30 years. We breed and exhibit both short and long coat purebred CKC registered Chihuahuas. Our goals are excellent health, temperament and quality. Our Chihuahuas have won top awards in many US specialty shows and are Canadian and American champions. Our puppies are health checked, vaccinated, dewormed and micro-chipped. They come with a written health guarantee, 6 weeks of health insurance and our pets are spayed/neutered or sold on a CKC nonbreeding contract. We are lifetime members of the Canadian Kennel Club, members of the Chihuahua Club of America and the Ontario County Kennel Club. We occasionally have puppies, young adults or retired adults available

History Hairless dogs existed wild in many of the hottest parts of the world. The Chinese Crested is likely descended from an African variety of hairless dog called the African Hairless Terrier. Chinese sailors took these dogs on ships to take care of the vermin. As they sailed around the world, the dogs were traded at various ports, soon establishing populations of Chinese Cresteds throughout the known world. Not all Chinese Cresteds are hairless. In fact, the gene that allows for hairlessness is an incomplete dominant gene that is lethal when homozygous (two copies of the gene). Long-haired Chinese Crested dogs are known as Powderpuffs. Both varieties can be found within the same litter due to the nature of the genes involved. Personality A lively playful dog, the Chinese Crested is a lovable and loving family companion. Because of a tendency to be timid with strangers, it is important to socialize him at an early age. He is moderately active, trotting around the home to follow his people. His longer-than-usual feet, known as hare feet, allow him to grip toys and “hug” his people with an unusual grip when held. Appearance 9-13” (23-33 cm) under 12 lb (5.5 kg) Hairless: silky flowing hair on head, tail, feet. Powderpuff: long, straight silky outercoat; short silky undercoat. Any colour or combination of colours. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming Hairless

/Powderpuff

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Can. Gr. Ch. Exc./ Am. Ch. Mi Pao’s Thor, CGN MBIS, Top Winnign Chow Chow for Canada 2012 & 2013 Bred/Owned by F. Paul A. Odenkirchen (Int. Master Breeder) Mi-Pao Kennels Perm. Reg’d. Waterdown, ON www.mipao.com

History This Scottish native is thought to have originated with the herding dogs the ancient Romans brought to Britain, and has been documented in writings dating as far back as the 1300s. Used primarily for herding down through the centuries, the Rough Collie became popular in England when Queen Victoria brought some of the dogs back from Scotland. The Rough Collie is best known in North America from the books by Albert Payson Terhune and the subsequent Lassie movies and popular television show, which premiered in the 1950s and ran for 20 years, forever immortalizing this distinctive breed. The Rough Collie is distinguished from his cousin by his abundant and luxurious outer coat.

History Perhaps one of the oldest breeds, the Chow Chow may have existed as early as the 11th century BC. These dogs were used as hunting, draft, guard and flock dogs. The thick fluffy coats were prized for warm clothing.

When China became a communist country, dogs were not considered a valuable commodity and the Shar-Pei nearly died out. Dog lovers appealed to American breeders to rescue the breed in the 1970s. The Shar-Pei’s unique appearance and rarity drew attention, and soon the breed made a comeback in North America.

For many years, the Chow Chow was never seen outside China. But around 1780, sailors smuggled some dogs among their cargo and exported them to Europe. Not knowing what to call the dogs, they used the generic name for all assorted cargo: chow chow. The unusual nature of the Chow Chow made it a spectacle in England, and the breed was displayed at the London Zoo as the “Wild Dog of China”. Queen Victoria saw Personality With his cute and cuddly the dogs there and decided to keep some as pets. appearance, the Shar-Pei easily works his The Chow Chow gained its popularity in North way into people’s hearts. But his guard dog America during the roaring 20s, when several background makes him cautious, so he requires movie stars kept them as pets. good socialization at an early age. Calm and Personality Truly a one-person dog, the steady in nature, he is an independent fellow Chow bonds solidly to his chosen person, and who loves his people, but is aloof with strangers. may remain a bit aloof with others. He is loyal Positive training and active socialization make and dedicated, and benefits from positive and him a happy and enjoyable family member. consistent training. The Chow Chow is a natural Appearance 17-20” (44-51 cm) 40-60 lb (18-27 kg)

guardian and loyal protector.

Appearance 17-22” (43-56 cm) Harsh straight coat with sandpaper texture. Can 45-70 lb (20-32 kg) be short and bristly (horse coat) or long and thick (brush coat). Solid and sable colours. No Rough: abundant dense outercoat that stands off the body, wooly undercoat. Neck ruff. Smooth: white. Blue-black tongue. hard, dense smooth outercoat with definite Quick Facts undercoat. Red, black, fawn, blue, cream. Exercise Requirements Blue-black tongue and lips. Grooming Quick Facts Exercise Requirements BC Dragonsblood Reg’d, Sonja Davis. Proudly Grooming breeding Shar Pei for over 30 years now! Familyraised, healthy, happy, well-socialized puppies with great personalities. Available all year. Wide colour and coat variety to choose from, with complete Health Policy. Our dogs welcome visitors into our home, so please call or email to book your visit. PO Box 153, Deroche, BC V0M 1G0. (604) 814-0038; sonjasharpeiss@gmail. com; www.sharpeisbysonja.webs.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight)

ON Mi-Pao Perm Regd, Minnie & Paul Odenkirchen. Canada’s oldest and consistently successful Chow Kennel since 1957. Providing Breeding, Companion and Show stock to over 30 Countries. We specialize in reds, blacks and creams of the long coated variety, with emphasis on soundness and affectionate disposition. 705 Parkside Dr, P.O Box 863m Waterdown, ON L0R 2Ho, (905) 335-1712; mipao@sympatico.ca; www.mipao.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement above.)

Personality Loyal and easy to train, the Rough Collie is a wonderful family companion. He is kind and affectionate, and thrives on affection and activity. He needs plenty of outdoor exercise, so is best suited to homes with a bit of space around them. Appearance 22-26” (56-66 cm) 50-75 lbs (22.5-35 kg) Straight, harsh, abundant outer coat with short smooth hair on head and legs. Soft dense undercoat. Sable and white, blue merle and white, sable merle and white, tricolour and white with coloured markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Thistle Brae Reg’d. Gorgeous Lassie look. Intelligent and family-friendly. Both Rough & Smooth coat varieties. Health guarantee, life long breeder support. Palgrave, ON (905) 880-1770; pringle.joanne@gmail.com; www.thistlebraecollies.com

PUREBRED

History Named for its sandpaper-like coat, the Shar-Pei is an unusual breed that originated in China some 2,000 years ago. He was used for a variety of tasks including hunting, guarding and herding, and was prized as a fighting dog. The rough texture of his coat made him hard to grip, his loose folds of skin allowed him to turn on his opponent even when solidly held, and his tiny eyes and ears were protected from harm.

Collie (Rough)

COLLIE (ROUGH) Photo: Thistle Brae Collies Reg’d

CHOW CHOW

Photo: Dragonsblood

CHINESE SHAR-PEI

Learn how to be a good pooch parent. See our “Top 7 Parenting Tips” on p. 12

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History Developed centuries ago as a herding and guarding dog, the Collie is thought to be named after the Scottish black-faced sheep he protected, called Colleys. Two types developed - the Rough Collie and Smooth Collie. Both were working dogs until Queen Victoria took an interest in them in the 1860s and brought them to England. Smooth and Rough Collies share the same lineage and breed standard, but in 1830, show breeders wanted a more elegant dog with an elongated head, and crossed the breed with the Borzoi, leading to a separation of work and show lines. The Smooth Collie remained the favourite in England; in North America, the Rough Collie’s popularity grew in the 20th century thanks to the Lassie movies and television shows.

UKC Champion Cottoncandy’s Gummie Bear. ‘Sweet as Spun Sugar’ and everything a Coton should be. Bred/ Owned by Sonja Femia, Cottoncandy Cotons Reg’d. Brampton, ON www.cottoncandycotons.com

History The royal dog of Madagascar, the Coton de Tulear is likely a combination of small Bichon-type dogs brought there by Portuguese and Spanish sailors in the 16th century. They were favoured companion dogs of the wealthy. They weren’t well known until 1853 when French dog fancier and governor of Fort Dauphin, Etienne de Flacourt, recorded the small mostly white dogs. He named them Coton, for their cottony texture and colour, and de Tulear, for the coastal city where they were said to originate.

The dogs were then imported to France, where Personality Like the Lassie of television fame, the breed standard was set in 1969. Coton de the Smooth Collie is a brave and loyal dog, Tulears didn’t arrive in North America until 1974, whose intelligence makes him seem to read and they quickly gained popularity as a lap dog. his owner’s mind. He is highly sociable, and Personality Adorable and affectionate, the excellent with children and other pets. Alert and Coton de Tulear makes a wonderful family pet. conscious of his family’s safety, the Collie is a He is sociable and gets along well with children good watchdog. Lots of exercise and activities and other animals. Highly bonded to his people, to occupy his mind help keep him relaxed and he doesn’t like to be left alone. He responds happy. With training he can participate in nearly well to positive training, though he does have a stubborn streak at times. The Coton de Tulear is any canine sport, and he makes an excellent a capable watchdog who will let his people know therapy dog. of any possible intruders or unusual activity. Appearance 20-26” (51-66 cm) 40-75 lb (18-34 kg)

Appearance 10-12” (23-28 cm) 8-13 lb (3.5-6 kg)

PUREBRED

Short, hard dense outercoat. Soft, dense furry Thick, supple single coat. Cottony texture. undercoat. Sable and white, tricolour, blue merle Slightly wavy. White ground colour, also black, and white. May have white and/or tan markings. grey, yellow, tricolour and white markings. Quick Facts Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Exercise Requirements Grooming Grooming ON Thistle Brae Lassie Collies: We have both Rough and Smooth coats. Our great looking Smooth Collies are energetic, outgoing and family friendly. Just like Lassie but with less work. We are a CKC reg’d breeder with many years experience and we offer a written guarantee and life long breeder support. Palgrave, Ontario (905) 880-1770; pringle.joanne@gmail.com; www.thistlebraecollies.com

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ON Cotonwind Reg’d, Karen Treml. Huggable, kissable, lovable home-raised puppies. Wellsocialized, excellent temperaments. Puppies have health certified parents and come with a health guarantee. Raised with love from our arms to yours. (905) 259-7232; karen@cotonwind. com; www.cotonwind.com

bloodlines. Raised in our home with TLC to ensure a happy, highly-socialized companion. Written health guarantee and continuous aftersale support. Member: CFC, CKC, CCTC, ACC and UKC. A ”Code of Ethics” breeder. Reservations recommended. Located 20 minutes from Toronto’s Pearson Airport. Brampton, ON. (905) 451-7518; femias@sympatico.ca; www.cottoncandycotons.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left.) Crown Jewel Reg’d, Judy & John Chapman. Luxury on a leash. Home-raised, intelligent, nonshedding, hypoallergenic. All pups come vet checked and micro-chipped. Health guarantee. We are always available for assistance with your puppy. RR 6, St. Marys, ON N4X 1C8. (519) 229-6954; jchapman1@quadro.net; www.crownjewelcoton.ca Riverport Reg’d, Demetrius & Corinna Yannoulopoulos. Since 1980. Breeding quality Coton de Tulear for show, obedience, therapy work or loving friend. We emphasize type, soundness and health in our breeding program. Home-raised puppies available occasionally by reservation. Two year guarantee. Inquiries welcome. Visit our website for information on coming litters or adult dogs available. (613) 838-3674; demcor@sympatico.ca; www.pickofthelitter.org SK Jomarans Reg’d, Cathy Enns. JOMARANS Cotons (since 1996) and Havanese (since 1990). Adorable show and pet quality puppies, and occasionally adults. Our well-socialized puppies are GUARANTEED, registered, micro-chipped, vet checked and vaccinated prior to careful placement in their new homes. Lifetime return policy. Email jomarans@sasktel.net for photos, references and application. (306) 232-5105; www.jomarans.com

DACHSHUND (MINIATURE LONG-HAIRED)

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

COTON DE TULEAR Photo: Thistle Brae Collies Reg’d

Collie (Smooth)

COLLIE (SMOOTH)

History A German breed, the Dachshund was bred to be a hunter, followed on foot by his handler. The long sleek profile typical of the breed allows him to get inside the burrows of his prey. Miniature-sized Dachshunds were Cottoncandy Reg’d, Sonja Femia. Dedicated primarily used to hunt rabbits and similar small to providing beautiful, healthy puppies with prey. The Long-Haired variety may have that typical charming ”Sweet as Spun Sugar” originated from the selective breeding of longertemperament. Top European champion haired individuals. Others suggest that breeders


(MINIATURE SMOOTH)

Personality Fun-loving and easy to get along with, Dachshunds do well in a variety of homes. With their short legs and small size, Miniature Long-Haired Dachshunds do well as apartment dogs. Like most scent hounds, Dachshunds like to follow their noses, and are likely to investigate any interesting holes in the ground.

Careanuff Reg’d, Tammy L. Brown. ALL my Dachshunds LIVE in my home. Pups are BORN in my bedroom and come to you pre-spoiled, socialized and loved. Choose from a variety of colours and patterns. I look forward to filling your Arms, Heart and Home with the pitter patter of little Dachshund feet!! RR 1, Newbury, ON N0L 1Z0. (519) 695-6596; careanuff@hotmail.ca; www.careanuff.webs.com Grand-Gables Perm Reg’d. Let our puppies be part of your life tool! Home-raised, healthy, reasonably priced with guarantees. Stud service available. Milton/Guelph area. (905) 854-4148; grandgables@sympatico.ca (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left.)

Appearance Up to 14” (35 cm); chest circumference 12-14” (30-35 cm) Up to 11 lb (5 kg) Double coat with soft straight or wavy outercoat. BISS BIS AM/CAN CH Grandgables Wee Mr Red Solid (red, cream), two coloured (black, Thorn. Bred/Owned by Guy Jeavons & Mark McMillan, chocolate, grey or white with rust-brown or Grandgables Perm Reg’d. Moffat, ON yellow markings), dappled (brown, grey or white background with irregular patches of History All Dachshunds originated in black, grey, brown, red or yellow) or striped Germany, where they were used as go-to-ground hunting hounds. Different sizes specialized in (red or yellow with darker striping). different prey, with larger dogs pursuing badgers Quick Facts and smaller ones going after rabbit and hare. Exercise Requirements To differentiate Dachshund sizes, the Germans Grooming measured the circumference of the dog’s chest. A smaller chest meant the dog could pursue ON smaller prey; the smallest were called rabbitBournecrest Reg’d, Christine Bourne. Quality sized. In North America, we do not recognize puppies, with excellent temperaments. Five the rabbit-sized dogs, and measure their sizes by year congenital health guarantee. Most colours weight rather than girth. The Miniature Smooth including cream and white piebalds. Give Dachshund is the small version of the original us a call and come and meet all the dogs. Standard Smooth Dachshund; it’s believed these 8435 Concession 8, Moorefield, ON N0G “minis” were developed by breeding together 2K0. (519) 638-3445; cbourne@everus.ca; smaller-than-usual Standard Dachshunds.

Muskoka Paws Reg’d. We come with first shots, micro-chipped and house trained in warmer weather. We live right in the house with our breeders; there aren’t too many of us and they are very careful who we go home to; we are glad they do! We come in speciality sizes too! Contact Anita (705) 498-2828; (705) 386-0345; muskokapaws@gmail.com or see (videos too) at www.muskokapaws.com.

Dachshund (Miniature Wire-Haired)

DACHSHUND

DACHSHUND (MINIATURE WIRE-HAIRED)

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

incorporated Field Spaniels into their breeding programs, thus adding a longer softer coat to the sleek long-bodied dogs. Whatever their origin, Long-Haired Dachshunds are prized for their elegant appearance.

www.bournecrest.on.ca

Personality A bright and friendly family favourite, the Miniature Smooth Dachshund may be small, but not in personality. He has plenty of energy, though his short legs make it easy to keep him well exercised. Because he was bred to be a hunter, it is important to remember that he loves to follow a scent, and will dig if he History Born to hunt, the Dachshund was finds something interesting in the yard. bred in Germany to go to ground after Appearance Up to 14” (35 cm); chest burrowing prey such as badgers. Miniature circumference 12-14” (30-35 cm) varieties were used to hunt rabbit and hare, Sniffntell Perm. Reg’d, Shirley Thompson. Ch. Up to 11 lb (5 kg) which their larger cousins couldn’t reach. Its lines. Beautiful Creams BC.BT, Reds. Good Temperament Guaranteed. Conformation Show Smooth, shiny short coat. Solid (red, cream), popularity in North America declined during and Pet. Woodstock, ON. (519) 539-0658; two coloured (black, chocolate, grey or white the First and Second World Wars, when its with rust-brown or yellow markings), dappled German origins caused people to turn against www.sniffntellkennels.com (brown, grey or white background with irregular the breed. The wire-haired variety of patches of black, grey, brown, red or yellow) Dachshund was the last to be developed. It isn’t certain whether the wire hair came from or striped (red or yellow with darker striping). selective breeding, or if hard-coated Terriers Quick Facts and Pinschers might have been added to the Exercise Requirements bloodlines. Either way, the breed’s Terrier-like Grooming looks combined with its Dachshund body shape appealed to North Americans and has ON Very minimal helped increase its popularity in recent years. Bournecrest Reg’d, Christine Bourne. Quality Des-Ro Perm Reg’d, Ulric & Zita Desroches. Champion bloodlines. Reds, black and tans, chocolates, brindles, colourful dapples and shaded creams. Socialized, healthy puppies and older dogs available. 7676 County Rd 28, RR 2, Campbellcroft (Port Hope area), ON L0A 1B0. (905) 797-2119; desroknl@eagle.ca; www.desrokennel.com

Minimal Average More than average Maximum

puppies, with excellent temperaments. Five year congenital health guarantee. Most colours including cream and white piebalds. Give us a call and come and meet all the dogs. 8435 Concession 8, Moorefield, ON N0G 2K0. (519) 638-3445; cbourne@everus.ca; www.bournecrest.on.ca

Personality With his short legs and cheery tail, the Dachshund is sure to bring a smile to his people. He is loyal and loving, though he does have a bit of a stubborn streak at times. Like most small breeds, the Dachshund can be

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legend


DACHSHUND

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

DACHSHUND (STANDARD SMOOTH)

Appearance 8- 9 inches (20-23 cm) 12-32 lbs. (5.5-14 kg) Short, smooth, odourless and shiny coat. Solid (red, cream), two-coloured (black, chocolate, grey or white with rust-brown or yellow markings), dappled (brown, grey or white background with irregular patches of black, CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2015

History The Dalmatian has been known in Europe since the Middle Ages and takes his name from Dalmatia (now a part of Croatia), where the earliest records of the breed exist. His origin is unclear, although some histories portray him as a gundog, a herding dog, a draft dog, a guardian and a ratter.

When the Dalmatian made his appearance in England in the 18th century, he became immensely popular as a carriage dog, accompanying the aristocracy’s ornate conveyances and horses around town and on long treks through the countryside. He could also be found in the stables of the working class, and in fire stations with horse-drawn water wagons. The four-legged “siren” would help clear the streets by running ahead of the wagon barking. When the Dalmatian arrived in the New World Personality Big personality in a little body (the U.S.), he automatically endeared himself to certainly describes the Dachshund. A happy, firefighters, and no station was complete without sometimes opinionated fellow, he is an one of these spotted mascots. affectionate and cheerful member of the family. Personality Intelligent and enthusiastic, with His history as a hunter makes it important to lots of joie de vivre and a good demeanor. socialize him with cats or small pets, though Socialization, positive training and an he will accept them as family if introduced at a young age. Outside, the Dachshund likes abundance of exercise make this athletic fellow to follow his nose and dig when things smell a happy, loyal companion. interesting. Overall he is an easy-going family Appearance 21-24” (56-61 cm) 53-70 lb pet who is happy to be with his people. Pure white with black or liver coloured spots, Appearance 14-18” (35-46 cm); chest ranging from a dime to half-dollar in size. Short, circumference 14” (35 cm) sleek, dense and glossy coat. 11-20 lb (5-9 kg) Quick facts Double coat with uniform short harsh outercoat. Exercise requirements Beard. Solid (red, cream), two coloured (black, Grooming chocolate, grey or white with rust-brown or yellow markings), dappled (brown, grey or AB white background with irregular patches of Taylor Ranch Kennels Perm. Reg’d, Twyla black, grey, brown, red or yellow) or striped Taylor. CKC registered top quality pups available (red or yellow with darker striping). to loving family homes from European imported History Named for their prey, the “dachs” or badger, the Dachshund is a hardy hunting dog from Germany. The breed was selected for its long, narrow body that could easily fit into narrow holes in the ground. The dog’s long floppy ears protected the ear canals from dirt when going to ground, and his long wavy tail signaled his location while hunting, and offered a grip should he become wedged in a hole. The Standard Wire-Haired Dachshund was created by adding Terrier blood to produce a spunky dog with a more weather-resistant coat.

Personality Friendly, alert and outgoing, the high spirited Dachshund makes a good watchdog as well as a great companion. Because of his terrier qualities, he likes to take charge of situations, so early, consistent training, lots of patience and early socialization is important. A fenced yard will help contain this fearless fellow, who may find himself following his gifted sense of smell if given the opportunity. Regular Quick Facts Exercise Requirements exercise will keep the Dachshund happy as well Grooming as trim. This is a breed that does well in the city or the country.

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DALMATIAN

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Double coat with uniform short harsh outercoat. (STANDARD WIRE HAIR) Beard. Solid (red, cream), two coloured (black, chocolate, grey or white with rust-brown or yellow markings), dappled (brown, grey, or white background with irregular patches of black, grey, brown, red or yellow) or striped (red or yellow with darker striping).

History Believed to be the original ancestor of the other Dachshund breeds, the Standard Smooth-haired Dachshund hunted badger and fox from as early as the 16th century in Germany. A true terrier, the Dachshund was bred for its long, narrow body that could easily fit into the holes of its prey. When Prince Albert introduced the breed to Britain, confusion over the translation of “hund” caused it to be classified as a hound, and the Dachshund has remained in that group ever since..

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grey, brown, red or yellow) or striped (red or yellow with darker striping).

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

Appearance Up to 14” (35 cm); chest circumference 12-14” (30-35 cm) Up to 11 lb (5 kg)

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

Dachshund (Miniature Wire-Haired)

a bit snippy with children, but if well socialized does very well with them. He also loves to follow his nose and may attempt to “hunt” in the yard, digging at interesting holes.

show lines. All breeding dogs are health tested and all pups come with a written guarantee. CKC registered since 1994. Visit our website for more information and availability. Sherwood Park, AB. (780) 922-3985; taylorranch@xplornet. com; www.taylorranchkennels.com

CONFUSED BY BREEDER LANGUAGE? SEE “DOGSPEAK” ON PG 161.


DANDIE DINMONT TERRIER Am. & Can. CH Caretta’s Marcus, BPISS, (ASFA) FCH, Multi Group Placements, conformation, performance, but most of all companion. Bred/Owned by Susan Trow, Caretta Reg’g. Lac Superieur QC

History The regal Scottish Deerhound has a DOBERMAN PINSCHER centuries-old history with Scottish landowners, developing as a descendant of the most northern types of British greyhounds known in the 18th and 19th centuries as Highland greyhounds or rough Scotch greyhounds. These rough haired Deerhounds were traditionally used to hunt the 250-300 pound Highland Red deer by coursing over treacherous rocky heath and hill country. Today, Deerhounds are primarily companions and family members. Their grace, dignity, and beauty have been faithfully depicted by numerous artists over the years, including Sir Edwin Landseer. Novelist Sir Walter Scott was also a fan, describing the Scottish Deerhound as History Karl Freidrich Louis Dobermann was “the most perfect creature of Heaven”. a tax collector in Germany during the midPersonality Calm, dignified, devoted and 1800s. Tax collectors were understandably not gentle-natured, the mature Scottish Deerhound well liked, and the job was very dangerous. makes an excellent family pet when its exercise To keep himself safe, and to make his job needs are satisfied. While their large size might easier, Dobermann decided to produce a large intimidate some, the Scottish Deerhound is Pinscher-type dog who could work by his side. neither a barker nor a watchdog, and is far too By combining a variety of breeds such as the kind hearted to be a guard dog. Not surprisingly, German Shepherd, Rottweiler, Weimaraner, he loves to run and needs a securely fenced German Pinscher, Greyhound and Manchester yard or a safe place to exercise off leash. Terrier, he produced a dog that was lean, Appearance 28-32” (71-81 cm) brave, loyal and decidedly protective. The type 75-110 lb (34-50 kg) stabilized remarkably quickly and the breed was Coat is harsh, shaggy and close-lying with some recognized as the Doberman Pinscher by 1900.

Personality Intelligent, loyal and adaptable, the Dandie Dinmont is at home in city or country. He is protective, with a loud bark for such a little dog. Good with children, he can be independent and distant with strangers. beard and moustache. Dark blue-grey and Early training and socializing will reinforce his various shades of grey brindle prevail with the natural responsiveness and serenity. old original colours of yellow, sandy red or red fawn with black points now lost in time. Appearance 8-11” (20-28cm) 18-24 lb (8-11kg) Quick Facts Non-shedding coat. “Pepper” (light grey to Exercise Requirements blue-black) or “mustard” (light fawn to reddish Grooming brown), his distinctive top-knot is always white. BC Round head. Expressive “liquid” eyes. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

HEIGHT IS MEASURED FROM A DOG’S WITHER (SHOULDER) TO THE GROUND

QC Caretta Reg’d, Susan Trow. Dedicated to the breed I have loved for many years. Home-raised, well-socialized puppies occasionally available. My breeding is done with careful consideration for health, temperament, conformation and performance, from North American, Scottish and Australian bloodlines. Lifetime owner support. Une elevage deliberee avec les chiots disponibles occasionnelement. (819) 6885697; strow@sympatico.ca. (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left.)

Photo: Ultrasound Kennel

History First-named of the terrier breeds, the Dandie Dinmont hails from the rugged border country between England and Scotland. Local farmers developed the fearless little dog to root out badgers and otters. Jealously guarded by a limited number of owners, the sturdy breed performed without any specific name or pedigree until it was immortalized in literature. Writer Sir Walter Scott was so charmed by these affectionate little dogs that he incorporated them into his 1812 novel, Guy Mannering. The book’s main character, a farmer named Dandie Dinmont, owned a whole family of the terriers, and soon the breed became as famous as the book. Queen Victoria owned and bred “Dandie Dinmont’s terriers”.

My ”Primer” on understanding and raising Deerhounds is available from www.fernhill.com or order a hard copy ($25). Visitors welcome. 180 Second Line, South Monaghan, Bailieboro, ON K0L 1B0. (705) 939-6831; bh@fernhill.com; www.fernhill.com

Doberman Pinscher

DEERHOUND (SCOTTISH)

Ironstone Reg’d, Dr. Shelley Bosetti-Piche. Elegant Deerhounds from champion bloodlines. 3131-140 Street, Surrey, BC V4P 2C2. (604) 5350465; ironstonedeerhounds@gmail.com ON Fernhill Perm. Reg’d, Barbara Heidenreich. Committed to breeding healthy (guaranteed), quality, high-performance (coursing and show) Deerhounds for more than forty years.

Over time, the Doberman’s brave and intelligent nature has made him an excellent working dog. He has been used for police work, search and rescue, guiding, guarding and much more. He is a favourite of the military. While originally bred to have a fierce temperament, modern breeders have selected for level-headedness and responsiveness. Personality Today’s Doberman Pinscher is a far more tractable dog than Herr Dobermann’s original breed. He is intelligent and loyal, and dedicated to his person. Bred to be a working dog, the Doberman does best when he has a purpose, and excels at obedience and police

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NS Cocoabeach Kennels Reg’d, Jennifer Stockman. CKC-Registered Dalmatian puppies. Puppies occasionally, adults sometimes. Championship stock producing puppies of sound quality and beautiful personalities. Canadian and American championship bloodlines! Health-guaranteed puppies that are reasonably priced. Check us out on the web! 3229 Hwy 325, Wileville, NS B4V 5H5. (902) 543-7474; jenniferstockman@ hotmail.com; www.cocoabeachdalmatians.com


Di Ravallese Reg’d, Angela Ravallese. Our Dobermans do it all; show, performance or loyal companion. Carefully planned litters from health tested and titled parents ensuring health, beauty, temperament and longevity in our puppies. We focus on European bloodlines and have North and South American bloodlines to complement. Puppies are provided with a written guarantee!! (905) 939-2936; angela@diravallese.com; www.diravallese.com

McCartney Ron, Ultrasound Reg’d. Thirty-eight years of dedication, breeding for longevity. Health tested. Quality and temperament-plus, brains and beauty. Canadian and American bloodlines. Show and companion prospects. Written health guarantee. Home-raised with children. Puppies occasionally to responsible homes. RR 4, Owen Sound, ON N4K 5N6. (519) 794-3456; ultrasoundkennel@gmail.com; www.ultrasoundkennels.com

DUTCH SHEEPDOG – See Shapendoes Pg 147

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DUTCH SHEPHERD DOG

History In the early 1600s, when much of the Netherlands was devoted to sheepherding, the Dutch Shepherd Dog excelled at tending to flocks. But as sheep farming diminished, so did the breed itself. In the last few decades, however, dedicated Dutch Shepherd breeders have kept this smart and active dog thriving at farm work and, more extensively, at police and guard duty. Because of the popularity of his German Shepherd cousin, the Dutch Shepherd is considered a rare breed in North America.

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Appearance 16.5-19.5” (42-50 cm) 55-65 lb (25-29.5 kg) Male is longer than the square-shaped female. Soft, fluffy chest and blaze, with smooth, shiny outercoat. Undercoat is soft and dense. Muscular, sturdy body. Symmetrical tricolour markings are black, white, and tan, or black, white, and yellow. Can also have brown, white, and yellow markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming Shorthaired Long- and Wiry/Rough-haired

QC Yunkholz Reg’d, Marianne Brauchi. Homeraised puppies sold with heath guarantee. Parents tested for EUS. OFA certified for hips, elbows and heart. Also eye tested (CERF, PRA and Gonioscopy). 68 Rang 4 Est, Warwick, QC J0A 1M0. (819) 358-6842; yunkholz@hotmail.com; www.entlebuchers.ca

ENGLISH COCKER SPANIEL

ENGLISH FOXHOUND

– See Spaniel (English Cocker) Pg 154

ENTLEBUCHER MOUNTAIN DOG Photo: Alice Van Kampen

Doberman Pinscher

Personality Alert and quick to learn, the Dutch Shepherd Dog does best with early training, followed by ongoing pursuits such work. He remains a protective individual who as agility, field training and herding. He is serves his owner with a dedication few other exceedingly smart and requires ongoing mental breeds can match. and physical challenges. Naturally protective, loyal and tireless, this is a dog best paired with a Appearance 24-29” (61-72 cm) strong, confident, active owner. 70-99 lb (32-45 kg) Short, smooth hard coat. Black, red, blue or Appearance 22-24.5” (55-62 cm) fawn with rust markings. 65-67 lb (29.5-30.5) Quick Facts The Dutch Shepherd looks much like a German Exercise Requirements Shepherd, but with three different weatherGrooming resistant coat variations: short-haired, longhaired or wiry/rough-haired. Black with streaks ON of gold and grey.

History When stags grew scarce in the 13th century, aristocratic English hunters turned to pursuing the quick and clever fox. Tracking hounds History Originating in the valley of Entlebuch of the original Bloodhound type lacked enough in Switzerland, the Entlebucher is the smallest speed and agility for this livelier chase, so astute of the four Swiss Sennenhundes (mountain breeding produced the lighter and more suredogs). Like all of the Sennenhund breeds, he is footed English Foxhound. Records of specialized thought to be descended from the large molossers brought to Switzerland by the Foxhound kennels date back to1696, with 50 more Romans in the first century B.C. This hardy kennels established in the next five decades. Alpine breed was used primarily for herding This handsome breed made its way to North cows, but also occasionally for hogs and horses. America in the late 18th century and was the The Entlebucher was recognized as a separate predecessor to the American Foxhound, Swiss Mountain Dog breed in the late 1800s, Coonhound and other scent hounds. and received breed club status in 1926. Personality The archetype pack animal, the Personality This strong-muscled, English Foxhound is a congenial creature. As independent, confident dog is happiest when affectionate as he is, the Foxhound may not he is providing work for his family. Give him always suit a family home. His lineage gives him a job to do and he’ll gladly come through! The naturally bob-tailed Entlebucher is highly- a powerful instinct, and for this reason, training intelligent and has the ability to be well- should start in puppyhood. Ancestry almost focused, so positive training from an early age always ensures that the English Foxhound may is important. Adventurous and determined, be happiest in a pack, running daily to keep fit this dog is a great companion for outdoor for the activity he loves: the chase. activities, sports, hiking, and long city strolls. Appearance 23-25” (58-64 cm) This friendly dog is devoted to his family, 65-70 lb (29.5-31.5 kg) and despite being quite independent, thrives when given lots of attention. The Entlebucher Short, dense, glossy coat. Black, tan and white is a perfect breed for someone who can be colour in any combination. a positive leader and wants an active canine Quick Facts companion. With socialization, they are usually Exercise Requirements good with children, strangers, and other dogs. Grooming


FIELD SPANIEL

FINNISH LAPPHUND

History The Eurasier is a recent breed whose development is credited to Julius Wipfel of Germany. He crossed the Wolfspitz (Keeshond) with the Chow Chow, known for his calm, affectionate and independent yet loyal nature, and called the resulting dogs Wolf-Chows.

History For centuries, Spaniels have provided humans with companionship and performance. While smaller types enjoyed hearth and home, larger Spaniels flushed game from field and stream. It was only a dog’s size and job that determined a Spaniel “breed”. With the introduction of dog shows in mid-19th century Britain, breeders developed a more nuanced system. While some Spaniel types continued to work, the larger Field Spaniel found itself assigned to the show ring. The breed was a hit. But in trying to improve on perfection, breeders developed the well proportioned canine into an awkward, heavy headed dog. Health problems followed, and for a time, the breed fell out of favour. A century ago, committed breeders restored the Field Spaniel to his original build, sustaining the breed and meeting the standards that dog fanciers recognize and appreciate today.

History The Finnish Lapphund originally hunted reindeer and provided protection for the Sami people who lived above the Arctic Circle. When the semi-nomadic tribes established settlements in a region that included parts of Norway, Sweden, Finland and northwestern Russia, this spitz-type dog turned from hunting reindeer to herding them. As reindeer declined, the Lapphund was invaluable in herding cattle and sheep.

Some breeders chose to select more for type, neglecting temperament. When these lines were culled from the breed, the remaining dogs became too inbred. To correct this, Wipfel crossed his dogs to Samoyeds because of their friendly temperament and natural vigor. The Zuchmeinschaft für Erasier was founded in 1973; the name was changed to Eurasier, reflecting the combination of European and Asian breeds. The Eurasier was recognized by the CKC in 1995, but remains unrecognized in the United States. Personality The primary goal of Wipfel’s breeding program was to produce a Spitz with a consistently excellent temperament. The resulting even-tempered, friendly, intelligent and calm-natured Eurasier is a supreme family dog. He is neither timid nor aggressive, though he can be aloof with strangers. At home he is deeply attached to his family, and hates to be left alone. Because he was always intended as a companion, the Eurasier does not need a lot of exercise, though regular walks are a necessity to keep him healthy and fit. Appearance 19-24” (48-60 cm) 39-71 lb (18-32 kg)

Personality The Field Spaniel’s sporting ancestry, coupled with an abiding love for “his people”, make the breed a desirable family dog. Calm and affectionate, he is also game for a romp. The Field Spaniel is intelligent, and adapts to an urban or country setting. The Field Spaniel is sensitive, so early gentle training ensures his affection will extend to strangers.

Finnish Lapphund

EURASIER

In the 1940s, Finnish breeders established standards under the dog’s original name, the Lapponian Shepherd Dog. The name encompassed both long- and short-haired types. Currently, it is the long-haired breed we identify as the Finnish Lapphund, or the Lapinkoira, as it’s sometimes called. A familiar companion dog in Finnish homes, the Lapphund’s worldwide popularity is on the rise. Personality The Lapphund’s strongest trait is his tendency to herd. This is a dog who likes to be in on the action, and as his ancestors were capable of herding all day long, he thrives in an active environment. Courageous, faithful and intelligent, the Finnish Lapphund has an intuitive nature that picks up direction almost before his trainer supplies it.

Appearance 17-18” (43-45.5 cm) 35-50 lb (16-22.5 kg)

Appearance 16-20.5” (40.5-52 cm) 33-53 lb (15-24 kg)

Moderately long, flat or wavy coat. Glossy with moderate feathering.

Dense, insulating double coat. All colours, with one colour dominating.

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Black, liver, golden-liver, mahogany red or roan. Quick Facts Medium-length, harsh loosely-lying outercoat. Exercise Requirements Tan markings acceptable. Thick undercoat. All colours and colour Grooming combinations except pure white, white Quick Facts Exercise Requirements patches or liver. Grooming Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

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FOX TERRIER (SMOOTH)

History Originating in Lapland (the northern regions of Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia), the Finnish Spitz, also known as the Lapinkoira, was a hunting dog who tracked large prey such as bear and elk. For many years the breed remained pure, but as technology and transportation improved, Lapland dogs spread southwards and interbred with local dog populations. Crossbreeding deteriorated the breed so much that by 1880 the Lapinkoira was nearly extinct. Finnish breed fanciers searched the northern regions for purebred examples of the breed, and by the 1890s began a concerted effort to recreate the pure Finnish Spitz. The original dogs were used to hunt large game, but modern Finnish Spitz are primarily bird dogs. Called the “barking bird dog”, he has a unique hunting style in which he alerts hunters to where he finds the birds with a continuous bark, called a yodel. Personality Reserved with strangers, yet playful and even clownish with friends, the Finnish Spitz is a vocal breed who likes to make his presence known. He is highly loyal to his people, and can be protective at times. Early socialization helps him feel comfortable with new people, though he will always show caution among strangers. Like many hunting breeds, the Finnish Spitz is an athlete, and makes an excellent jogging companion as long as the weather isn’t too hot. Appearance 15-20” (39-51 cm) 15-35 lb (7-16 kg)

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

FOX TERRIER (WIRE)

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

Finnish Spitz

FINNISH SPITZ

History One of the original English terriers, the Fox Terrier has been ferreting out small animals since the 1400s. When fox hunting became the British aristocracy’s favourite sport in the 18th century, hunters carried the compact dog on horseback, setting him down when the prey took cover. The scrappy little dog was sure to go to ground -- and have something to show for it. In 1862, the breed made its first appearance at The breed existed for many years before being a dog show in the English manufacturing centre defined in the late 1800s when dog shows of Birmingham, thereby guaranteeing its place became popular. Two varieties were recognized as “the working man’s” favourite. -- the smooth coated and wire coated Fox Terrier. The breed made its North American debut at The ancestry of each is likely different, with the the turn of the century. Not long afterwards, it Greyhound, Beagle and Bull Terrier founding was immortalized in the record company logo the Smooth Fox Terrier, and the now extinct for “His Master’s Voice”. Welsh Black and Tan Terrier founding the Wire Personality Scrappy, happy, plucky and Fox Terrier. Despite their differing origins, the personable, the Fox Terrier’s compact size two varieties were not recognized as separate makes him a natural city dweller, providing breeds in North America until the 1980s. he gets plenty of fun and exercise. True to Personality Alert and active, the Wire Fox his breeding, the Fox Terrier can be a digger, Terrier is a fun dog to have around the home. He which makes him a candidate for early training. is a hunter at heart and should be watched with Appearance 14.5-15.5” (36.8-39.5 cm) smaller pets that might be considered prey. Early 15.5-18 lb (7-8 kg) socialization helps him become more confident and easy to manage when confronted with new Smooth, thick, hard coat. Mostly white with people and situations. He is quite intelligent and black, tan or ginger markings. with positive training can do well in obedience or Quick Facts agility. The Wire Fox Terrier gets quite attached Exercise Requirements to his people, prefers to not be left alone for long Grooming periods, and can be a bit of a barker. History The Fox Terrier has been around since the early days of mounted fox hunts. Hounds were used to scent and follow prey, but were not suited to taking the fox in its den. For this, hunters would carry a Fox Terrier in a sack or box as they rode, letting him out when the fox had gone to ground so he could pursue the fox into its den and chase it out.

Appearance Up to 15.5” (40 cm) Up to 18 lb (8 kg)

FRENCH BULLDOG

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Wiry, hard dense outercoat. Soft dense Straight, long harsh outercoat. Short, soft dense undercoat. Mostly white with black, black and undercoat. Shades of reddish brown, golden tan, or tan markings. red. May have white markings. Quick Facts Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Exercise Requirements Grooming Grooming

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SK Paigewyre Reg’d, Patricia E Garling. Quality home-raised puppies and adults occasionally for pet or show. Stud service available. Health guaranteed. 938 1st St, Estevan, SK S4A 0G6. (306) 634-1252; paigewyre@sasktel.net; www.paigewyre.com

Karendon’s Ch. Over the Moon & Karendon’s Ch. Lunar Eclipse. Luna & Esme represent 10 generations of Karendon Perm. Reg’d French Bulldogs. Bred/Owned by Karen E. Cram www.karendonfrenchbulldogs.com

History The Bulldog was very popular in England during the 1800s. While the larger 120

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The French Bulldog became popular in North America in the 19th century. At that time, both the English-style “rose” (folded) ears and the newer “bat” (erect) ears were considered acceptable. American breeders greatly preferred the bat ears. Eventually they won out. Bat ears are now the accepted breed standard. Personality Cheerful and full of playful joie de vivre, the French Bulldog or Frenchie is a wonderful family pet. He gets along with everyone, including other pets. His shortened muzzle tends to make him snore and drool, and he shouldn’t be exercised heavily in hot weather. With his happy disposition and good-hearted nature, he enjoys positive training and is generally an obedient soul.

Karendon Perm Reg’d. For over 20 years and 10 generations, we have focused our select breeding program on health, temperament and type. Our beautiful dogs are Best in Specialty Shows, Best in Show, multi Group winners and wonderful pets. The pedigrees of our dogs represent the finest French Bulldogs in the world. Our dogs are always breeder/owner handled in the Show Ring. (613) 752-2382; karen@karendonfrenchbulldogs.com; www.karendonfrenchbulldogs.com. (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at bottom left.)

GERMAN PINSCHER

CH Passion4Pinschers Shakira. All the qualities of a UKC champion, showcasing the beauty, brains and athleticism. Bred/Owned by Marlene Denommee, Passion4Pinscher. Welland, ON www.passion4pinchers.com

BC Tri-Pinscher Kennels, Donna Smith. Established 1996. Customer comments: “The BEST kept SECRET in DOGDOM!! “. “THE PERFECT Ideal Medium size breed!”. Devoted, super smart, loving family companions and guardians. “THIS breed LIVES for you and WILL die for you!”. Easily trained, versatile, low care with good health and longevity. 4 colours and ear cropping available. Pups are vet checked with 3 year written guarantee. UKC Internationally Registered. Producers of Grand Champions. Shipping Available. Doberman and Mini Pinschers pups available. (780) 986-6877; pinscher@telus.net; www.tri-pinscher.com

German Shepherd Dog

varieties were best for fighting, many people preferred the smaller ones, which became much-loved house pets. The Nottingham region of England, known for its lace-making, was particularly enamoured of these smaller Bulldogs. When the Industrial Revolution and economic downturn of the 1860s forced lacemakers to move to France in pursuit of work, they took their dogs with them. These animals were then crossed with local dogs, producing the breed now known as the French Bulldog.

ON Passion4Pinschers, Marlene Denommee. Big dog drive in a medium package. It’s the best description of the German Pinscher. Smart, energetic, funny, and courageous, this versatile companion will be the happiest dog you will ever meet. Bred from champions in black, red, blue and fawn these loveable pets may be the best kept secret. (289) 821-1719. marlene@passion4pinschers. com. www.passion4pinschers.com. (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left.)

GERMAN SHEPHERD DOG

History Although he looks like a miniature Doberman, the German Pinscher goes back centuries and was the inspiration for Louis Short, smooth glossy coat. Brindle, fawn, cream, Dobermann when he created his breed. The white, brindle and white, brindle pied or black- progenitors of the Pinscher were Terriers, too large to chase prey underground but suited to masked fawn. hunting beaver, badger and otter. By the 15th Quick Facts century, the breed developed into the Rattler, Exercise Requirements which came in two varieties: smooth and rough. Grooming The German Pinscher is descended from the smooth Rattler. Appearance 12” (30 cm) 22-28 lb (10-12.5 kg)

The breed was not recognized officially until 1879. Like many German breeds, the Pinscher V Conner vom Bauhofer-Land IPO 3. Bred/Owned nearly died out during the First and Second by Sheila MacLeod, Rivergreen Shepherds Reg’d. World Wars. In 1958, Herr Werner Jung Marksdale, ON www.rivergreen-shepherds.com undertook the effort of rebuilding the breed, searching Germany for good representatives of History One of the world’s best known the Pinscher type. All modern German Pinschers breeds, the German Shepherd was created by Rittmeister Max von Stephanitz. In the 1890s, are descendants of Jung’s breeding program. von Stephanitz sought to create a superb Personality Always alert and at the ready, the German herding dog. He selected the best dogs German Pinscher is a multi-talented dog who from local farm stock, and the result was the needs strong leadership and a job to keep him German Shepherd. When the need for herding happy. He is intelligent and assertive, quick to ON dogs decreased, von Stephanitz continued Foxmoor Reg’d, Dr. William Stoyka, Anne learn, and able to think for himself. German promoting his breed by encouraging the military McIntyre, Pat Berry. Home of the #1 French Pinschers do well in many dog sports, and and police to use them. They did so well that Bulldog in Canada 2005, 2008-2014 and benefit from early socialization. 48,000 German Shepherds were enlisted in the multiple Best in Show winners in Canada and Appearance 17-20” (43-51 cm) German Army during World War I. 31-44 lb (14-20 kg) the US. Breeders of quality, healthy and sound The German Shepherd’s intelligence and Frenchies. Mississauga ON (905) 826-3613; Short, dense, smooth close-lying coat. All solid versatility have kept him popular, despite the colours ranging from fawn to stag red, black and stoyka@sympatico.ca boycotting of German breeds during the First blue with reddish-tan markings. and Second World Wars. He now is used for Hornerbrook Reg’d, Jacques R. LaPierre & many purposes including police work, search Nathalie L. LaPierre. PO Box 88, Verona ON, Quick Facts and rescue, scent discrimination, guide and K0H 2W0. (613) 372-1544; hornrbrk@kingston. Exercise Requirements Grooming net; www.hornerbrook.com

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BC Goldenpond Perm. Reg’d/Collindobes Reg’d, Linda Marie Kent. Stud services available in blue, cream, fawn or brindle by private treaty. Puppies to special homes. Written health guarantee. Registered breeder since 1969. Shipping available. Health and temperament given top priority. Ask the person who owns one. 1720 Koksilah Rd, Cowichan Bay, BC V0R 1N1. (250) 748-0469; Fax (250) 7480486; goldenpondreg@gmail.com


German Shepherd Dog

assistance duties and military work. He is also a prized companion dog. Personality An intelligent and poised dog, the German Shepherd is prized for his quickthinking, brave and observant nature. He is easy to train, and loves to work. To stay happy, he needs regular exercise for both mind and body. German Shepherds make great family dogs, and do well with children. Appearance 21-26” (55-66 cm) 48-88 lb (22-40 kg) Medium-length, dense harsh outercoat. Thick undercoat. May have ruff. Most colours accepted except white. White German Shepherds do exist, but are undesirable. Some breeders select for white shepherds and promote them as a separate breed. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Guardian Angels Shepherds Reg’d, Mary Ann Marcellus. Breeding for health & temperament. All European working lines with no American show lines. German Shepherds the way they used to be! Three generations on site. Specializing in strong, sound and courageous partners! Bowden, AB T0M 0K0. (403) 556-3656; k9trainer@dogwhisperer.ca; www.myguardianangelshepherds.com.(See our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.)

PUREBRED

MottoPride Shepherds Reg’d, Sandi Evjen. We offer oversized Shepherds that are intelligent, smart, loyal loving companions. All pups come with a health guarantee. All breeding stock OFA’d. We live on 80 acres of grass and bush for exercising and training. Climate controlled kennel with large outdoor grass runs. We raise confident, happy, healthy, socialized puppies. Stony Plain, AB. (780)963-1697; sandi@mottopride.ca; www.mottopride.ca NB Stormymagic Reg’d, Roxanne Harker. We breed top-quality, imported working-line German Shepherds. All of our adults have OFA/ SV certified hips. Our puppies have good solid nerves, outstanding temperaments and a lot of drive, which develop into awesome personal and family companions and excel in protection, Schutzhund, SAR and law enforcement. 3861 Rte 16, Melrose, NB E4M 2H1. (506) 8990234; stormymagicshepherds@hotmail.com; www.stormymagicshepherds.com (See our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.) ON Abernot Linda, Winning Ways German Shepherd Dogs. Gorgeous, mentally and physically sound German Shepherd Dogs. OFA hips and elbows, eyes normal, obedience titled, therapy dogs, excellent DDR and working

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lines. Five-year nose-to-tail guarantee, lifetime support. Over 30 years in same location! 568 Old Goulais Bay Rd, Sault Ste. Marie, ON P6A 0B5. (705) 759-6366; winningways@shaw.ca; www.winningways.org Amalaberg Reg’d, George & Andreea Zamfirescu. Our dogs are coming from top German lines with beautiful conformation and type, and great working abilities. They are suitable for any kind of training and dog sport, perfect as family companions and good for personal protection if trained accordingly. Socialized puppies, raised with children - all year round. Health, hips/elbows guarantee. Stud service. Occasionally, trained young dogs and adults available. We offer lifetime support to our puppies’ owners. We test our puppies and make sure that based on temperament and personality each dog goes in the right family for them. Training available - all levels, obedience classes, specialized individual training - behavioural, rehabilitation or aggressive dogs. 556 Conc 7 Rd, RR 3, Cayuga, ON N0A 1E0. (905) 779-0677; (289) 291-7240 Cell; amalaberg@optionsdsl.ca; amalaberga@yahoo.ca; www.amalaberg.ca Armstrong-Purnell Janice & Murray Purnell, Sanhedrin Reg’d. Quality home-raised puppies from sound, health champion & obedience OFA certified clear stock. Our dogs do well in Obedience & Shows, but most of all, are loving family companions. 8676 Hwy 9, Tottenham, ON L0G 1W0. (416) 441-3724 Cell; (905) 936-3236 Home; willysammi@hotmail.com; www.sanhedringermanshepherds.com Burgimwald Reg’d. Excellent temperament with high drive and happy disposition living on our forested 60 acre estate. Our dogs are from Germany’s top world famous bloodlines. Zamp, Farbenspiel, Trienzbachtal and many more. All of our dogs are Canadian Champions. Our puppies are outstanding. Born and raised in our home puppy nursery. Puppy inquiries welcome. info@ burgimwald.com; www.burgimwald.com (See our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.) Committed to Canine, Lucescu Reg’d. 100 % European Lines. Health Guaranteed. Puppies and adults for family companions, police and competition. (905) 386-6993; www.committedtocanine.com (See our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.) CrossHill Kennels, Peter Cadman. Top European bloodlines, Old fashioned style, family-friendly German Shepherds. 4862 Wm Hastings Line, Milbank/Crosshill (Kitchener Waterloo area), ON N0K 1L0. (519) 699-5589; cell (519) 897-6757; peter_cadman@hotmail.com; www.crosshillkennels.com (See our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.) Eves GSD Reg’d, Lisa Eves-Burton. Breeder of German Shepherd Dogs for the last 20 years Black Tan, Sable and Long coat Puppies for sale. One to two litters a year. For more info call (905) 692-5812. All Eves GSD are Raw Feed. 458 Hall Rd E Binbrook Ontario L0R 1C0. Home of Binbrook Camp Kennel. Quality Care for your pets on 25 acres. www.binbrookcampkennel.ca

(905)692-3847; Home of Nibbles and Licks Petting Farm (905)-537-9713 Furrari Reg’d, Marion Lopizzo. Breeding happy and healthy white German Shepherd puppies. (905) 836-7520; furrari@istar.ca; www.furrarikennels.com (See our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.) Harkleen Reg’d, Bill Harrison. Breeding Registered German Shepherds for over forty years. Puppies occasionally. Hillsburgh ON (519) 855-9980; harrtay@bell.net Lindenhof Reg’d, Charles Schmidt. 804 Stewartville Rd, RR2, Arnprior, ON K7S 3G8. (613) 622-5599; lindenhof@bell.net; www.lindenhof.ca (See our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.) Rivergreen Reg’d, Proudly continues to produce your canine companions, your protectors and many successful show dogs. We take great care to offer you healthy, happy puppies with beautiful structure and promising trainability. With over 30 years of Shepherd breeding. We appreciate our many contacts and friendships with wonderful people and their dogs. RR 3, Markdale, ON N0C 1H0. (519) 538-0910; rivergreen@xplornet.com; www.rivergreen-shepherds.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement on page 121 and our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.) Wild Winds German Shepherds, Kathy Cecchin. Quality family-raised puppies suitable for all competitive disciplines, as well as excellent family companions. All parents OVC hips/elbows and clear of DM. Written Health Guarantee. Imported German Working Lines. Extra large pups available in black, black/tan and sable. Visitors Welcome. RR 3, 7489 First Line, Arthur, ON N0G 1A0. (519) 848-5554; windbakfund@rocketmail.com; www.racethewindstables.ca (See our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.) QC Kidjuuk Reg’d, Jocelyne Bergeron. Programme basé sur la santé, tempérament, stucture, chiots calme et obéissant, parfait pour la famille. Garantie 3 ans santé. SHOW/ PERFORMANCE/COMPAGNON. Parents certifiés OFA. Reservation recommandé. Our goals....health, temperament, structure, calm non-exuberant puppies. They are perfect family companions! 3 years guarantee on health. SHOW/PERFORMANCE/COMPANION. Parent’s OFA’d. Membre de/of: CKC, AKC, GSDCC, RECCQ, APEECQ, BACQ. Follow us on Facebook. Sherbooke QC (819) 578-0686; info@kidjuukgsd.com; www.kidjuukgsd.com SK Backstromhus Reg’d, Edith Norling. Top European bloodlines. Generations of health/ hip certified dogs. Guarantee. Stud service (live cover or fresh chilled/frozen semen), Puppies and/or custom importing. Bred for their willingness to please, beauty, athletic ability and intelligence. Saskatoon, SK (306) 653-2324; gnilrone@sasktel.net; www.backstromhus.com


– See Retriever (Golden) Pg 143

GORDON SETTER – See Setter (Gordon) Pg 149

Photo: Kenzbock Kennels Reg’d

GREAT DANE

History The Great Dane got his name from an 18th century French naturalist who believed the breed originated in Denmark and called it the “Grand Danois”. In actuality, the breed was developed in Germany where it was called the “Deutsche Dogge” or German Mastiff. This is a far more suitable name since the Great Dane likely descended from the ancient Alaunt, a Mastiff-type dog depicted in tomb drawings as early as 2200 BC. Over time, Irish Wolfhound and English Mastiff bloodlines were likely added, giving the breed added size.

Short, thick glossy coat. Brindle, fawn, black, harlequin, mantle. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Kenzbock Karin, Kenzbock Reg’d. Fawn and brindles since 1971. A legacy of champions with German bloodlines. These devoted and loyal dogs are the gentle giants of the canine world. Puppies are lovingly home-raised and socialized. Kenzbock Danes receive lifetime breeder guidance. Next litter in two years. Puppies are x-ray cleared and available to good homes. RR 4, 2968 Williamson Road, Cobourg, ON K9A 4J7. (905) 342-2195

GREAT PYRENEES

leash walks are essential. Overall he is a serious conscientious family member who will protect his family with his life. Appearance 25-32” (63-81 cm) over 88 lb (female) or 100 lb (male) (40 kg or 50 kg) Long, flat thick outercoat. Dense wooly outercoat. Neck ruff. White, white with grey, badger, reddish brown, tan markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Aragon Reg’d, Ruth Goodwin. 10 generations of champions and companions bred for type, soundness and temperament. Member of the Great Pyrenees Clubs of Canada and Southern Ontario. Pups planned for late 2014 or spring 2015. Fully guaranteed. RR 2, Hwy 141, Parry Sound, ON P2A 2W8. (705) 732-2498; aragonpyrs@gmail.com; www.aragonpyrs.com

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

GOLDEN RETRIEVER

Appearance At least 28” (71 cm) At least 100 lb (46 kg)

Glenire Reg’d, Valerie Toth & Emily Toth Tamminga. Since 1963. Purebred, pedigreed, micro-chipped, tattooed, Canadian Kennel Club registered puppies and older dogs. Temperament tested for best fit as pet, show or livestock guardians. No time limit, written genetic health guarantee. Champion stud service. We show our dogs CKC, UKC, RBCSWO. Visitors welcome. Life member CKC & GPCOntario. Founding member GPCC. Glenire Acres, 10 Clanbrassil Rd, RR 3, Hagersville, ON N0A 1H0. (905) 768-4190; lesvalt@hotmail.com; www.glenireacresfarm.com Can & UKC Woolmarsh Prestonfield Matisse. Bred by Dr. Carol Graham & Norma Eddinton, Woolmarsh Perm. Reg’d. Owned by Dr. Carol Graham, Woolmarsh Perm. Reg’d. 5039 Erin Fourth Line, Acton, ON L7J 2L8.

History Born in the Pyrenees Mountains of France and Spain, the Great Pyrenees protected the sheep and cattle that supported native peoples. Brave, sure-footed and utterly reliable, these white giants cared for their charges like no others. In 1675, the French Prince, later Strong and brave, the Great Dane was a war King Louis XIV, fell in love with a dog named dog for Germans and Celts, but over time, the Patou, who he brought home with him when he Germans refined the breed, which was so well returned to France. Other nobles wanted a dog loved that it was declared the national dog of like Patou, and the breed soon became known Germany in 1876. By the mid-1800s, Great as the “Royal Dog of France”. Danes were imported to North America where The Great Pyrenees remained popular as a breeders worked to tone down their sometimes herder. He was also favoured as a guard dog. fiercely protective nature, producing an even- In the mid-1600s, several Great Pyrenees were tempered though still protective dog. This exported by Basque fishermen who brought made North American Great Danes the most them to the Canadian Maritimes. There they became founders for the Newfoundland dog. desirable in the world. More recently, Great Pyrenees were exported to Personality Big, bold and a bit goofy, the North America in the 1930s, where they gained Great Dane is a loving dog who adores his new popularity among breeders. people. He is a leaner, preferring to be right up Personality Bred to be a herd guardian, it’s against his owner, and if he had his way he’d no surprise the Great Pyrenees is a protective be a lap dog too. He enjoys going for long and dog dedicated to his family. He is kind and often brisk walks, and without training can be gentle with his flock, human or otherwise, difficult to hold onto once he gets going. Given but cautious with strangers. It is important to his great size and independent thinking, it is socialize Great Pyrenees at a young age. He important to start training early, keeping sessions has a tendency to want to patrol his territory, as he would livestock, so a well-fenced yard or short and sweet.

Woolmarsh Perm Reg’d, Dr. Carol Graham. Erin Fourth Line, Acton, ON L7J 2L8. Well-socialized, home-raised puppies occasionally from OSA certified parents. We also help with Great Pyrenees rescue for the Great Pyrenees Club of Southern Ontario. Inquiries welcome. (519) 8533005; (519) 855-6439 Bus; (519) 855-4408 Fax. (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left.)

GREATER SWISS MOUNTAIN DOG

History The oldest of the four Swiss Sennenhunde varieties, the Greater Swiss Mountain dog is a descendant of the mastiff dogs used by the ancient Romans during their conquests. Swiss farmers used the

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog continued on next page.

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Ulvilden Reg’d, Terry Ulvild. Exceptional farmhome raised puppies. Bred for Conformation, Health, Intelligence, Loyalty and Protection. Written Health Guarantee. Solid Black, Black/ Red/Tan, Bi-Colour. German, Czech Pedigrees, including Irmus Galan Nalag, Drago Vom Patriot and Uno Vom Stadtfeld among others. MacDowall, SK S0K 2S0. (306) 922-4787; ulvildengsd@xplornet.ca; tseth@sasktel.net; www.ulvildengermanshepherds.net. (See our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.)


Appearance 23.5-28.5” (60-72 cm) 110-154.5 lb (50-70 kg) Medium-length, thick outercoat with short, thick undercoat. Symmetrical black, white, and tan markings on face. Body is black with rust and white coloured markings. Soft, floppy ears. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming QC Yunkholz Reg’d, Marianne Brauchi. Homeraised puppies sold with health guarantee. Parents tested for EUS, also certified for hips, elbows, shoulders (OCD) and heart. Also eye tested (CERF and Gonioscopy). 68 Rang 4 Est, Warwick, QC J0A 1M0. (819) 358-6842; yunkholz@hotmail.com; www.entlebuchers.ca

PUREBRED

GREYHOUND

GRIFFON (BRUSSELS)

Appearance 7-8” (18-20 cm) 7-13 lb (3-6 kg) Rough: wiry, hard dense coat. Beard and moustache. Smooth: short, straight glossy coat. Black, red, reddish-brown, or black with reddish-brown markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Manitoba Reg’d, Maggie Blackman. Calgary’s Home of the BRUSSELS GRIFFON. Caring and well being of this wonderful breed. 22 years experience. Take the Rough with the Smooth... Home Bred. People Friendly. Socialized. Health Guarantees. Micro-chipped. CKC registered. Show & Pets...Many Great specialty Wins and champions. Maggie Blackman (403) 271 9751; brusselsgriffon@shaw.ca; www.griffsandchins.com ON Somershire Reg’d, Blanche Somers. We breed for quality, health and excellent temperament. Well-socialized and home-raised from pups, we carefully breed from Champion bloodlines and produce show and loving family companions. We occasionally have smooth coats but rough coats are our specialty. Inquires welcome. (905) 478-8880, somershiregriffs@gmail.com; www.somershirekennel.com Tapestry Perm Reg’d, Gillian Robertson. Funny, full of life, spunky little dogs. Brussels Griffon make wonderful family pets. Whether smooth or rough variety these “little monkey dogs” will bring a smile to your face. Home-raised bred for correct temperament and conformation. 73 Crescent Ave., St Thomas, ON N5P 2K4; (519) 859-3724; gillian17@gmail.com; www.tapestrykennels.com

History In the past, stable masters often had problems with rats that thrived off spilled GRIFFON grain left by horses as they ate. To counter this (WIRE HAIRED POINTING) problem, fierce ratters like the Affenpinscher were common in stables. These dogs came to be known as Griffon D’Ecurie, or Stable Griffons. Lively and friendly, they were often taken along for rides as the coachmen left the stables for their duties. Nobles saw these cute canine companions and soon took them into their own homes as pets. Over time, other breeds such as Pugs and Toy Spaniels were crossed with Stable Griffons, giving them a higher skull and smaller size. Three varieties of coat and type developed: the rough red became known as the Brussels Griffon. The First and Second World Wars were hard on the Brussels Griffon. Fortunately, the breed was preserved in both Europe and in North America.

Photo: Griffontown Kennel

dogs as guardians, herders, and as draft and butcher’s dogs. Despite being a popular allpurpose working dog, their numbers declined dramatically and by the late 19th century only a few remained. In 1908, a man named Franz Schertenleib rediscovered the breed and implemented a breeding program based on the recommendation from Dr. Albert Heim. In 1910 the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog (aka Personality Beautiful, lean and lively, “Swissy”) was accepted by the Swiss registry and the Greyhound is today mostly valued as a companion animal. Not surprisingly, he’s the the breed flourished once again. fastest of dog breeds and relies on sight and Personality This mellow breed makes for speed to make his way through the world. He an ideal family dog. Patient, friendly, and has a sweet nature and makes a loving pet. intelligent, the Swissy is a good companion and a good guard dog without having aggressive traits. Appearance Height and weight 26-28 in (66-76 cm) 60-75 lb (27-29.5 kg) His consistent temperament makes him good with children and other dogs. While mellow, Black, fawn and red, often with white or the Swissy remains puppy-like into its second brindle markings. or third year. They enjoy lounging with their family, as well as engaging in group activities. Quick Facts Socialization from a young age is also important, Exercise Requirements since they can be naturally protective. Grooming

Photo: Stationone Reg’d

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

fast, streamlined dogs were for royalty only, and originally used as sight hounds for hunting every type of game from hare to deer to foxes. It wasn’t until just over 200 years ago that Greyhound coursing became popular. Greyhounds were brought to North America by Spanish explorers in the 1500s and were among the first dogs to be recorded at American dog shows in the late 19th century. Among the famous personalities who own Greyhounds are George Washington and General Custer.

History Around 1870, a Dutchman named Korthals decided to create a sporting dog that could compete with English gun dogs. History The Greyhound is one of the world’s Personality Distinguished by his human-like Beginning with Griffon stock, which he face, the Brussels Griffon is a bright, confident oldest breeds. It dates back to nearly 3000 BC when its image appeared in ancient Egyptian and curious imp. He bonds strongly with his carefully inbred to set the traits he desired, he carvings, although the first real description of the person and can be shy with strangers, so benefits then combined other sporting breeds such as breed didn’t appear until 43 BC, when an from early socialization. Intelligent, affectionate the French Pointer, French Barbet, German ancient Roman named Ovid wrote about these and sensitive, the Brussels Griffon needs an Short-Haired Pointer and various spaniels and sleek hunting dogs. The Greyhound has owner who trains in a positive manner and is setters. The resulting dogs were strong, versatile and excellent birding dogs that could point, changed very little since those early times. These attentive to his needs. 124

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developed on the island of Cuba. The hot climate and customs of the region produced a smaller breed with a unique silken coat, which people called the Blanquito de la Habana or the Havanese Silk Dog. The breed’s silken hairs insulated the dogs, protecting them from the heat and sun.

The breed caught the eye of Europeans in the mid-1700s. Queen Victoria, a great fancier of unusual dogs, was said to have owned two Havanese. Charles Dickens also owned a Havanese named Tim. In Cuba, the breed went from being a favourite of the sugar barons to a popular family dog among the bourgeois. Personality A lover of the outdoors, the Wire The Cuban revolution might have spelled the Haired Pointing Griffon is an active dog who end of the breed, except for a handful of dogs thrives on long walks in any kind of weather. that escaped with refugees to the United States. Indoors he is relaxed and happy to spend time American breeders purchased the dogs to with his family. His stable disposition makes him keep the breed from dying out. These 11 dogs a good playmate for children. Respectful and became the founders of the Havanese breed as responsive, the Wire Haired Pointing Griffon is we now know it. easy to train. Personality The cheerful, loving Havanese is Appearance 19-24” (49-61 cm) an easy breed to fall in love with. He is outgoing 50-60 lb (23-27 kg) and friendly, though alert and willing to warn Medium-length, straight coarse outercoat. Fine, his people of danger. He is a Velcro dog who thick downy undercoat. Moustache. Steel grey needs to be with his people at all times. A with liver patches, liver roan, liver, liver and natural showoff, the Havanese loves to play and wants to be the center of attention. Training is white, orange and white. easy and the Havanese loves to learn new tricks. Quick Facts Appearance 8.5-11.5” (21-29 cm) Exercise Requirements 7-14 lb (3-6.5 lb) Grooming

ON Diggity Dog’s Perm Reg’d, Michelle Simpson. CKC Registered purebred Havanese puppies. Two year health guarantee. All colours, best temperament, well-socialized, crate trained and beginning house training at 6 weeks. First vaccinations and veterinarian checked. Puppies are born and raised in the living room. Raised on raw food. Adult dogs available sometimes. Toronto/West. (416) 536-4694; www.diggitydog.ca

Ibizan Hound

track and retrieve their prey. Though slower than many other breeds of gun dog, the Wire Haired Pointing Griffon had the advantage of being easy to work in small farm fields. It also had the ability to track injured birds that ran, ensuring the kill was not lost. The breed did well in Europe and gained a great following in France, which is credited as its country of origin. However, it did not gain popularity in North America, where its slower speed didn’t suit the wide open regions frequented by hunters. This dog is equally suited to retrieving on land or in water.

Everspring Reg’d, Joanna Swayze. Member of the Canadian Kennel Club. Puppies bred for health and temperament.Puppies will be registered with the CKC. Puppies will be dewormed, vet checked, micro-chipped and will have had their first set of shots prior to going to their new homes. Located between Ottawa and Toronto, just north of Belleville. Can deliver your puppy to Ottawa or Toronto. Tweed, ON K0K 3J0 (613) 478-1881; jswayze@sympatico.ca; www.everspringhavanese.com Kapatria Havaneses Reg’d. Is a small in home kennel dedicated to producing puppies according to breed standard. Health and personality are a priority. Pups for family pets or show. We will be introducing our Chocolate pups this year! Visit our website for show results and available puppies! (519) 261-1160; kapatriahavanese@gmail.com; www.kapatriahavanese.com Merry Moments, Judy Treischl. Home raised,

Long, silken, flat, wavy or curly outercoat. healthy, well socialized puppies, CKC registered, NS Wooly underdeveloped undercoat. All colours. health checked. (519) 273-0004; jtreischl@ Pageska’s Griffon Town, Paige Pettis. Home of yahoo.ca; www.merrymomentshavanese.com the Number 1 Griffon in Canada. Breeders of Quick Facts Exercise Requirements authentic Korthals Griffons producing Supreme IBIZAN HOUND Gun Dogs for serious hunters. Owners of the Grooming

HAVANESE

MBIS, CKC Grand Champion Excellent, AKC/Int’l Champion Eddie Murphy at MistyTrails CGN call name, Eddie. Top MBIS CKC Grand Champion, winning Havanese in 2012. Winning Five Best in Shows Summer 2012. #1 Havanese in Hawaii 2013 with RBIS and multiple group placements. Bred/Owned by Bev & Emily Dorma, MistyTrails Reg’d. Box 343, Cobble Hill, BC V0R 1L0.

History A descendant of one of many “small white dogs” of Bichon type, the Havanese was

Havanese Fanciers of Canada. Cuddly longhaired lap-sized charmers with endearing sunny dispositions. Learn more about this special breed at the Havanese Fanciers of Canada website, home of the CKC-recognized national breed club. Breeder contacts, breed information, puppy buying tips, rescue, heartwarming stories, outstanding breed publications, newsletter, Havanese happenings and more. www.havanesefanciers.com (See our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.) BC ELITE Havanese Reg’d, Bev & Emily Dorma + Gail Dame. CKC Premium Registered Breeders Outstanding top quality kitchen-raised puppies. World Champion + Pure Cuban bloodlines. Westminster Winnier 2012, Multi Best-in-Show + Multi Top Havanese in the country for several years. Bred for health, temperament, structure and longevity. All dogs are ANNUALLY healthtested, with results posted ONLINE + Vet files are open. Show, Pet-Companion, Agility, Therapy puppies occasionally available. Experience on your side. Bev, MistyTrails Havanese of Box 343, Cobble Hill, BC V0R 1L0. (250) 743-5370; mistytrails@uniserve.com; www.elitehavanese. com + Gail, Seantiago Havanese of Crofton, BC at (250) 984-1310; seantiago@telus.net (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left and our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.)

History Brought to Ibiza (a Balearic Island off the coast of Spain) by Phoenician traders, the Ibizan Hound has a remarkable resemblance to the Egyptian god, Anubis, and the Egyptian Pharaoh Hound. A hunter of rabbits and other small game, the Ibizan helped supplement the food supplies of islanders for over 5,000 years. Thanks to their great speed and hunting ability, Ibizans brought to Europe became favorites among poachers, and the breed was eventually banned in France. By the 20th century, the Ibizan Hound was considered a native Spanish breed. The Marquesa de Belgida of Barcelona kept a large kennel of Ibizans on the island of Majorca and promoted the breed throughout the world,

Ibizan Hound continued on next page.

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Canadian Supreme Gun Training Center we offer bilingual services of training your dog along with a life time of support. Onslow Mountain, NS B6L 6B5 (902) 324-4868; griffontownkennel@ hotmail.com; www.griffontownkennel.com


Ibizan Hound

where the dogs continue to be successful hunters, coursers, show dogs and companions.

Appearance 16-18” (40-46 cm) 20-30 lb (9-13.5 kg)

Personality Though he may look aloof and aristocratic, the Ibizan Hound, or Beezer, is an affectionate and sensible companion. He is an exceptional jumper, known for clearing up to 6’ in height, and an amazing runner, reaching up to 40 miles an hour. Because he is traditionally a hunter, it is essential to actively socialize him to other pets as he may see them as prey. The Ibizan is an active dog who is happiest if he has a secure area with 8’ high fences where he can safely run and exercise.

Shorthaired: medium-length, straight or wavy, weatherproof outercoat with thick soft undercoat. Neck ruff. Longhaired: longerlength, straight or wavy, weatherproof outercoat with thick soft undercoat. Neck ruff. Tan shades, chocolate, brown, grey, black. White markings. Tan and grey dogs have black mask. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming Shorthaired Longhaired

Appearance 22-29” (56-74 cm) 40-55 lb (18-25 kg)

IRISH SETTER

ON Windeire Reg’d, Pat MacDonald, Canadian, American champion bloodlines. Adult and sound home-raised puppies occasionally. Bred for health, temperament, show and obedience. Excellent companion dog for a family with a fenced yard. Sold with contracts. Experienced breeder since 1991. Visitors welcome, appointment only. RR1, Ilderton, ON N0M 2A0. (519) 666-0195; imacd@uwo.ca

IRISH WATER SPANIEL – See Setter (Irish) Pg 155

IRISH WOLFHOUND

Smooth: strong, hard shiny coat. Rough: wiry, hard – See Setter (Irish) Pg 150 dense coat. May have beard and/or moustache. IRISH TERRIER White or red, either solid or in combination.

ICELAND SHEEPDOG

Photo: Windeire Reg’d

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Rough Grooming Smooth

PUREBRED

History One of the oldest breeds of terrier, the Irish Terrier originated in County Cork, Ireland. Kept by peasants to keep rats at bay, the Irish Terrier doubled as a soft-mouthed retriever who helped bring food to the dinner table. For practical reasons, the Irish Terrier came in a wide variety of types and sizes, so when it was first introduced to the dog show world in 1875, it was clear a breed standard needed to be defined. This was accomplished by 1900, after much discussion and effort, and the large red Irish Terrier became the accepted norm. The breed spread to North America in the late 19th century and remains a useful and versatile breed with a distinct look and temperament.

History Brought to Iceland with the Vikings in 880 CE, the Iceland Sheepdog is a hardy breed greatly influenced by the harsh environment it developed in. Prized for its ability to herd and guard sheep in the hostile terrain of Iceland, the breed is known for its ability to scent lost sheep, even when buried in over a foot of snow. The Iceland Sheepdog gained some popularity in England during the Middle Ages, but because of import and export restrictions, it has remained a very pure breed. Personality Nicknamed the “daredevil” of Though decimated over the centuries because the canine world, the plucky Irish Terrier is a of famine, a distemper epidemic, and disfavour, courageous and charming dog with a heart of the breed avoided extinction thanks in part gold. He is attached to his family, loyal and to Mark Watson, an Englishman who lived in affectionate, devoted and full of pizzazz. He is California. From 1930 to 1970, he exported always “up” and can be a bit distracted at times. several of these dogs and worked to rebuild the He needs lots of opportunities to get out and decimated breed. In 1969, the Icelandic Kennel play, and consistent training. Club was founded to watch over the breed and Appearance 18-19” (45-48 cm) promote its place in Iceland’s history. 25-27 lb (11.5-12 kg) Personality The Iceland Sheepdog is an alert and active dog. He’s also vocal, with a unique herding style that involves barking to alert the shepherd to his location. He is playful and friendly, and adores children. As a working breed, he requires lots of exercise to keep him happy, and enjoys learning new things. 126

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BIS Am Gch. & Can. Ch. Desert Dune at Curiann. ‘Dooney’ sweeping the breed at AKC/Eukanuba National Championships 2010. Bred/Owned by Judith P, Ryan Reg’d. PO Box 550, Rockwood, ON N0B 2K0.

History Ireland’s history would not be complete without the giant sighthounds now known as the country’s national dog. Likely descended from the giant roughcoated Greyhounds of pre-Christian times, known as the Cu, the Irish Wolfhound could only be owned by nobility. Legends of Irish Wolfhounds abound, including Ailbhe, who defended the entire populace of the King of Leinster, and Gelert, who saved his master’s son from a wolf yet paid for it with his life. Originally used as dogs of war, guardians, and hunters of boar, stags and elk, Wolfhounds became specialists in hunting wolves in the 15th and 16th centuries. At that time, wolves were such a problem that it was illegal to export Irish Wolfhounds from the United Kingdom. By the late 1700s, the wolf was extinct and Irish Wolfhounds no longer needed. During the Great Irish Famine of 1845, there was no food to spare for dogs, and the Irish Wolfhound nearly disappeared. In 1859, Captain George Augustus Graham made the breed’s restoration his life’s work.

Personality Truly a gentle giant, the Irish Wolfhound is an even-tempered, intelligent Wiry, stiff dense outercoat. Softer undercoat. and affectionate dog. He loves his family, and May have slight beard. Bright red, golden red despite his large size is completely trustworthy or red wheaten. with children and friendly with other animals. Slow to mature, the Wolfhound remains a Quick Facts puppy until two years of age, growing rapidly Exercise Requirements throughout this period. Being a sighthound, Grooming a Wolfhound may give chase if he sees


ON Briarwood Kennel Reg’d, Anne Wright. International champion blood lines carefully chosen for health, temperament and conformation. Home-raised quality puppies occasionally available - vet checked, micro chipped, vaccinated, regularly de-wormed and CKC registered. Weekly video updates. Visitors and questions always welcomed. 6880 Side Road Three West, Mount Forest Ontario, N0G 2L0 (519) 323-9346 anne@briarwoodconsulting.com CuGein Irish Wolfhounds, Kathi & Dwayne Yorke. We home raise our puppies as a part of our family. We breed about every 2 years when we are trying to achieve something for our future generations. Every attempt to match our pups with suitable forever homes is made. Our next litter of puppies is planned for Spring 2015. Etobicoke, ON. (519) 940-6963; katherine@ sentex.ca; http://www.cugeiniw.com Curiann Reg’d, Breeding North America’s finest Irish Wolfhounds for type, temperament, movement and longevity. Canadian, US and European bloodlines. Quality puppies for show and companionship. Young adults available occasionally. Visitors welcome by appointment. Contact Judith Ryan. Member IWCC, IWCA, IWCI, IWAGS, IWAWC, RMIWA, IWBASO. PO Box 550, Rockwood, ON N0B 2K0. (519) 8562223; (519) 856-2047 Fax; jpmryan@aol.com; www.curiann.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left and our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.) Kaldaun Kennel, Kyreen Shorey. Breeding with Canadian and European champion bloodlines for conformation, temperament and health. Puppies available occasionally. Will be breeding a litter this fall 2014. Enquiries welcome. Kingston, ON K7M 4T8. (613) 389-6907; kyreen.shorey@ sympatico.ca; www.kaldaunkennels.com Kalkinny Kennels, Louise Bouchat-Laird. It is our goal to produce the highest quality Irish Wolfhounds. All our dogs are C.E.R.F. & O.F.A tested for eyes, hips, elbows and heart disease. If you are interested in an Irish Wolfhound puppy or even an adult, please contact us at any time. We are situated just south of Ottawa, Ontario in Oxford Mills, ON. (613) 258-9987; (613) 2580996 Fax; kalkinnyirishwolfhounds@yahoo.ca; www.kalkinnykennels.com

Jack Russell Terrier

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

JACK RUSSELL TERRIER

History The Italian Greyhound’s origins do not begin in or even near Italy. The breed actually started out in Egypt, where a toy-sized hound was produced by breeding small Greyhounds to one another. Early Romans fell in love with the breed and brought the dogs back to Rome, where they quickly became attached to high-ranking officials. The Italian Greyhound earned its name as a companion dog in the 16th century, and it spread throughout Europe as the lapdog of royals such as Mary, Queen of Scots, Anne of Denmark, and Queen Victoria.

History Terriers were a popular fox hunting breed in England during the 1800s. The Parson John “Jack” Russell developed a particular strain of terrier that he determined was the ideal type of fox hunting dog. This dog was predominately white and possessed qualities of intelligence, stable temperament, and quick, determined instincts. Parson Jack bred a dog that could chase a fox and rush it from its den without being too aggressive and ruining the hunt. For many years, several Terriers were grouped together as Jack Russell Terriers, but in 1904 a group of Terrier fancies set the breed standard for recognizing the When the popularity of Italian Greyhounds peaked in Victorian times, breeders attempted Jack Russell as a unique and distinct breed. to further reduce the size of the already tiny Personality Feisty, fearless, and enthusiastic, dog, but this led to a weakening of the gene the Jack Russell is up for any challenge. pool and unhealthy dogs. The First and Second Training and maintaining even-paced activities World Wars further reduced the breed’s is important for this high-energy dog. He makes numbers. Fortunately, a strong population a great companion for someone with an active of Italian Greyhounds remained in North lifestyle. Bred specifically to rely on hunting America, where the true breed type, size and instincts, the Jack Russell loves to explore, play, bloodlines were maintained. and chase. Luckily, their small size means they Personality Curious and gentle, the Italian are easy to bring along on outings and trips. Greyhound is affectionate and bonds strongly Their quirky, attention-loving personalities to his family. Because of his small size and tiny provide amusing and delightful entertainment. structure, the Italian Greyhound is a delicate Training should be positive and highly-focused. companion who does not suit homes with boisterous children and aggressive dogs. He Appearance 10-12” (25-30 cm) 11-13 lb (5-6 kg) actually loves to socialize with his own kind. Predominately white with black and/or tan Appearance 12.5-15” (32-38 cm) markings; also all white. Three types of coat: 8-10 lb (3.5-4.5 kg) Short, fine glossy coat. All shades of black, grey, smooth, rough, broken. Dense, double-coats. fawn, cream, blue, red, chocolate, bronze, blue- Almond-shaped eyes. fawn, red-fawn and white. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Quick Facts Grooming Exercise Requirements Grooming SK Decho Reg’d, Don Schaffer. Selectively breeding for quality, type, soundness and temperament. Champion line bred bloodlines. Lovingly home-raised show and companion puppies occasionally. Temperament and health guarantee. 2702 Reynolds St, Regina, SK S4N 3P4. (306) 522-2426; decho@myaccess.ca

legend Very minimal

PUREBRED

Appearance Females min. 28” (71 cm). Min. 90 lb (41 kg) Males min. 32” (79 cm). Min.120 lb (55 kg) Rough hard outercoat. Longer and more wiry around beard and eyes. Grey, brindle, red, black, white, wheaten, fawn, or any other colour acceptable in Deerhounds.

ITALIAN GREYHOUND

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

something interesting, and should always be kept in a fenced yard. While enjoying a good run, these dogs are happy to lounge around the house when they’re done.

Minimal Average More than average Maximum

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History Named for his ability to hunt and provide protection from bears, the Karelian Bear Dog is bold enough to go after large game such as elk, moose and wolves, and tough enough to withstand the harsh northern climates from whence he came. Thought to be descended from northern Spitz breeds, the Karelian Bear Dog thrived for generations in Karelia, a region presently encompassed by Finland and Russia, where isolation kept its genes pure. The arrival of World War II almost destroyed the breed, but fortunately, a group of Fin and Russian supporters took steps to bring it back. The Finnish Kennel Club recognized the Karelian Bear Dog in 1946, and today it’s one of their most popular breeds. Personality Courageous and athletic, the Karelian Bear Dog’s connection with his “person” is affectionate and unfailing, and for this reason he is beloved by many hunters. The dog’s affection does not extend to other pets, though. Intelligent, independent and possessing acute instincts, the Karelian Bear Dog needs exercise and space that an urban environment cannot offer. He respects a fair, intuitive relationship with those accustomed to, and confident with, his breed. Appearance 19-23.5” (48-60 cm) 37.5-61.5 (17-28 kg) Distinct white markings on thick, black outer coat. Soft insulating undercoat.

PUREBRED

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Viking Hunter Kennels, Richard Good. Our pedigreed line of PUREBRED, KBD’s, have been bred for over 40 years for their gentleness towards their immediate human family and the PRIMITIVE PREY-DRIVE instinct of a good hunter/protection dog. When they are at work, they will protect you with their VERY LIFE! AI Services also available. Guelph, ON N1E 2X1. (519) 831-3989; vikinghunter@blackbearcanada. ca; www.Karelianbeardog.info

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KERRY BLUE TERRIER

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

Photo: Keesrich Perm Reg’d

KEESHOND

Photo: Viking Hunter Kennels

Karelian Bear Dog

KARELIAN BEAR DOG

History The Keeshond is an ancient, Spitztype breed originating in the Netherlands. The Kees or Spitz “honds”, as they were known, were common watchdogs that cared for the wagons, carts and barges used to transport goods. In 1781, Holland was divided into two political factions: the Orangists and the rebellious Dutch Patriots, who adopted the Keeshond as their emblem. When the rebels were defeated, people were afraid to be seen with this trademark symbol of the rebellion, and many Keeshonds were discarded.

History When Spanish ships went down off the Irish coast in 1588, the dark spaniel survivors likely made it to shore and bred with local terriers. These are the probable forebears of the Kerry Blue Terrier, although there may be other bloodlines, including the “Russian blue dog”, who surfaced after a shipwreck off Tralee Bay in the late 1770s. Some even suggest the Kerry Blue originated when locals crossed terriers with Irish Wolfhounds to produce a large strong hunter. Whatever his bloodlines, the hardy Kerry Blue Terrier became the perfect working dog of County Kerry people and was indispensible as a Farmers and barge owners quietly retained ratter, herder, hunter, fighter and guarder. these useful dogs, however, and continued to breed them. When Baroness van Hardenbroek The Kerry Blue Terrier’s popularity grew in the took interest in the Keeshond in 1920, she was mid-1920s when he became the mascot of the amazed to find the farmers and bargemen had Irish Patriots in their struggle for independence kept the breed type intact. Soon the Keeshond from Britain. Initially a shaggy beast with an was recognized throughout Holland, and by unkempt coat, the dog show world popularized the 1930s it made its way into Europe and the modern sculpted and elegantly cut coat. North America. Personality A compact and sturdy dog, Personality Sometimes called the “laughing the Kerry Blue Terrier is a rough-and-tumble Dutchman”, the Keeshond is an outgoing family- playful fellow who loves to interact with his friendly dog. He thrives on affection and loves people. His intelligent and confident nature to be a part of family life. A vocal watchdog, he benefits from socialization and training. He is is playful and learns quickly as long as there is great with children and an effective guardian, sufficient motivation to learn. Cuddly and full of watching over his charges and alerting the cheer, the Keeshond is excellent with children, family to potential dangers. and dedicated to his family. Appearance 17-18” (43-46 cm) 55-66 lb (25-30 kg)

Appearance 18-19” (46-48 cm) 33-40 lb (15-18 kg)

Wavy, soft dense coat. Any shade of blue-grey Long, straight harsh outercoat. Thick downy or grey-blue. May have small white markings. undercoat. Neck ruff. Mixture of black, grey May have black points. and cream. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Quick Facts Grooming Exercise Requirements Grooming BC Keesrich Perm Reg’d, Gail Riches. Dedicated to breeding to the standard. Emphasis on temperament, soundness and type. Puppies lovingly home-raised from champion bloodlines. (604) 476-1110; griches@shaw.ca; www.keesrichkennels.com

ON Kelbrier Reg’d, Christine Vink. Health checks, OFA Hips & Patellas, CERF Eyes, Thyroid, Von Willebrands Disease Temperament tested pups placed in loving homes. 13003 River Line,Thamesville, Ontario. (519) 692-9117; kelbrier8@hotmail.com


History The King Charles Spaniel has the benefit of a steady, sociable spaniel-type temperament in a compact size. Small dogs of the King Charles type were recorded in the court life of 15th century Europe. Back then, toy breeds were essentially hunting/setting dogs in miniature. It wasn’t until the 1800s that a more distinct look became desirable in a dog, and a small canine with a more rounded head, prominent eyes and shortened muzzle became the fashion. These charming little “comforters” would curl up in a lap, or warm one’s hands and feet. England’s King Charles II became so enamoured with his spaniels that he was accused of ignoring matters of state. The breed took on the king’s name, except in North America, where it is called the English Toy Spaniel.

History This ancient breed of dog is a descendant of the ovtcharkas, which made the trip with the Magyars over a thousand years ago. Commonly known as the Kom, this dog was an expert at guarding flocks, as his corded coat could withstand the harsh elements as well as bites from predators. The Kom was bred to think for itself, and little training was required to teach him how to determine what and who was a threat to the flock. As a working dog, the Kom is often matted and shaggy, and looks much like the sheep he guards. After Koms came to the U.S. in the 1930s, people took an interest in grooming and showing the breed. The groomed coat takes the form of long, white cords that give the Kom a look that is very much distinct from most other dogs.

Kuvasz

KUVASZ

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

KOMONDOR

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

KING CHARLES SPANIEL

Personality Joyful, enthusiastic and sociable, the King Charles Spaniel adores “his people”. He is quiet and almost naturally well-behaved, apart from some willfulness when it comes to housetraining. As much as he loves being around people, he may be shy with strangers. Extending respect and kindness will draw him out. Appearance 10” (25.5 cm) 8-14 lb (3.5-6.5 kg) Fine, silky, feathered coat. Colour names reflect the breed’s regal history: Black and tan (King Charles), tri-colour (Prince Charles), red and white (Blenheim), solid red (ruby)

Because the Kuvasz was such a formidable guard dog, German and Soviet soldiers in World War II killed them rather than risking Personality Tough, serious and loyal, the a fight. Only some 30 Kuvasz were thought to Komondor is an excellent guard dog, and looking remain by the end of the war. After the 1956 after his family makes him feel important. He Hungarian Revolution, fresh interest arose in is affectionate with family members, including the national breed, and dedicated breeders children, and responds very well to positive worked to bring it back from near extinction. training and praise. As an unusually intelligent Personality Intensely loyal and dedicated dog, the Komondor can quickly determine to his family, the Kuvasz remains a guardian whether someone’s intentions are good or bad, breed. He is wary of strangers, and will protect so positivity within his household is a must. his family should he feel it’s threatened. Careful Strong, large, and muscular, the Komondor socialization is essential. Like most working makes a great companion for long walks and dogs, he is happiest when he has a job. hikes, and enjoys many athletic activities. Appearance 26-30” (66-76 cm) Appearance 23.5-31.5 inches (59.5-80 cm) 66-137 lb (30-62 kg) 80-134.5 lb (36.5-61 kg) Medium-coarse, wavy or straight outercoat. Fine Long, coarse and curly outer coat that is wooly outercoat. Neck ruff. White or ivory. groomed into cords, with a wooly, soft, and Quick Facts dense undercoat. Colour is white. Exercise Requirements Quick Facts Grooming Exercise Requirements Grooming ON

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

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Huron Reg’d, Amber Kunz. Puppies come from parents that have physical and temperamental soundness, and generations of certified clear hips. Nearly 25 years of successfully placing pups and older dogs into both pet homes and working environments. Written guarantee for health and temperament, and lifetime support for your Kuvasz. Also, many families have tested the fact that these dogs are hypo-allergenic. Goderich, On N7A 3X8 (519) 524-2962; amber@qtrips.ca; www.huronkennels.com

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Confusion exists between the King Charles Spaniel and the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, and some distinction here may be helpful. Apart from having the same coat colours, the King Charles Spaniel/English Toy Spaniel is a smaller dog, with a domed head, an undershot jaw, and fused pads.

History For thousands of years, nomadic Magyar tribes brought guard dogs with them as they moved into the land now known as Hungary. Likely descended from the ancient Tibetan Mastiff, the Kuvasz is believed to have guarded herds of horses. In addition to guarding, these brave and loyal dogs ran alongside warriors as they went into battle, and took down dangerous prey such as wild boar. Settlers in Hungary favoured the Kuvasz for guarding sheep in the wetter mountainous regions. In North America, the breed gained popularity in the 1920s as a patrol dog and guardian of livestock out west.


– See Retriever (Labrador) Pg 144

LAGOTTO ROMAGNOLO

ON Middle Kingdom Farm and Lagotto, Rebecca Parker. This is a wonderful breed that learns really quickly and loves to be with people. Breeders of traditional, quality, home-raised Lagotto puppies from health certified Italian parents that are part of our family. Full health check and DNA testing done on all puppies. Check out our website. Bethany, ON (705) 2771711; middlekingdomfarm@gmail.com; https:// sites.google.com/site/middlekingdomfarm/

LAKELAND TERRIER

PUREBRED

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

History The Lagotto Romagnolo’s documented history dates back to 16th century Italy, where these water dogs were used for hunting waterfowl in the marshes and wetlands of the Romagna region, which is present day Emilia-Romagna in Italy. Their excellent sense of smell also earned the Lagottos the task of sniffing out truffles, a culinary delicacy in Italian cuisine. The Lagotto Romagnolo existed amongst mixed breeds for centuries, until a group of breeders and fanciers got together in the 1980s to establish the dogs as an official breed. The Italians still depend on the Lagotto History The Lakeland Terrier gets his name to hunt truffles, but here in North America, he’s from the lake districts of northern England, known as a good family companion. where the breed originated. These dark-coloured Personality The Lagotto Romagnolo has terriers were categorized as a member of the Fell Terriers, and the English used them to hunt a history of hunting in packs, so he’s a social foxes. Unlike the fox terriers, these dogs would creature that makes a good companion for go to ground and face down the foxes, which children and other animals. He lives life as if required high stamina and perseverance. The everyone is his best friend. Training is a pleasure Lakeland Terrier was also a popular farm dog, since he loves to please and listens well. His since he would keep the farm free of vermin intelligence and keen nose make him a good and yet remain loyal to the flocks and other retriever, too. The Lagotto is happiest in the farm animals. Today, this breed is used less as great outdoors, where he can explore, dig, and a hunting dog and more as family or show dog. play with the family and other dogs. He is also fond of swimming and excels at competitive Personality Loyal, protective, and intelligent, sports. His high energy and stamina is balanced the Lakeland Terrier is a devoted family companion and a good watchdog. With his by a mellow and easy-going nature. playful and inquisitive nature, he is both Appearance 16-19 in (41-48 cm) amusing and fun to train. The Lakeland 24-35.5 lbs (11-16 kg) Terrier thrives with positive, encouraging, and Double coat is waterproof. Outercoat is dense, diverse training methods, so that he does not curly, and woolly. Variety of colours, including become bored. While his hunting instincts can white and brown, white and orange, off-white, occasionally make him a little territorial with food and toys, this is easily directed with puppy brown. Sometimes has a brown mask. training. Friendly and affectionate with children, Quick Facts the Lakeland loves to socialize. He will happily Exercise Requirements get his exercise from long strolls and trips to the Grooming park with his family. BC Lagotto Romangnolo of Canada at Duckett Truffieres. Ducketts’ Breed Standard Lagotto, continue to lead in the revival of this ancient, rare, non-shedding waterdog breed in Canada - Lagotto Romagnolo. Registered, Vet Health Certified, Champion JE clear, GD Hip lineage, Premium working Lagotto for Service, Show, Breeding, or Pet. Lagotto make excellent Family Companions. Parksville, BC. (250 ) 586-5133;

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LEONBERGER Photo: Concorde Ridge Leonbergers

lagottocanda@shaw.ca; www.ducketttruffieres. com/;www.lagottoromagnoloofcanada.com (See our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.)

Photo: Romongnolo Club of Canada

Lagotto Romagnolo

LABRADOR RETRIEVER

Appearance 13.5-14.5 in (34.5-37 cm) 15-17.5 lbs (7-8 kg) Hard, wiry outercoat that stands up to the elements. Soft, short undercoat. Variety of colours, including blue, black, wheaten, red, black and tan, blue and tan, and grizzle. Fur slightly longer around muzzle. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

History Following his dream to produce a large leonine dog to help promote his business and hometown of Leonberg, Heinrich Essig decided to cross a Landseer Newfoundland with a Saint Bernard. The resulting dog was then crossed back to a Great Pyrenees, and likely had a bit of German or Austrian scent hound and Greater Swiss Mountain Dog mixed in. The result: a giant that could be used as an all-purpose farm and family dog, with a natural love of water. Essig was a good businessman and succeeded in bringing the Leonberger into many royal homes, including those of the Prince of Wales (later Edward VII), King Uberto of Italy, Napoleon the III, and Empress Elizabeth of Austria. Like many giant dogs, the Leonberger suffered during the First and Second World Wars, when food shortages forced breeders and owners to abandon them. After the war, it took over 25 years of dedicated work to bring the breed back to a stable population. Personality Huge and cuddly, the Leonberger is the supreme canine teddy bear. He is eventempered and adores children, though his giant size can be intimidating. As a puppy he is playful and energetic, but he calms down as he matures. Because of his size, it is important to train and socialize him at a young age. The Leonberger is a family-oriented dog who wants to be with his people at all times. Appearance 25-32” (65-80 cm) 80-150 lb (36-68 kg) Long, slightly coarse, close-fitting water-resistant outercoat. Thick soft undercoat. Feathering. Mane. Lion yellow, golden to red-brown, sand and all combinations between. Black mask. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Concorde Ridge Leonbergers, Cindy Hunt. Healthy, beautiful family dogs with stellar temperaments. CR puppies are from health tested,stable parents out of top European and North American show lines.Our Baby Bergers go to approved homes only. Grimsby, ON (905) 945-4951; cindyhunt4@hotmail.com; www.concordridge.com


MALTESE

Quick Facts ON Exercise Requirements The Lhasa Apso Club of Ontario. Breeders and Grooming

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BC Chenoka Reg’d, Nadine Baldwin. Small, respected hobby show kennel has home-raised puppies from Champion bloodlines occasionally available to approved loving homes. Bred for health and temperament. Inquiries welcome. Kaledon, BC. (250) 497-5463; chenoka@telus. net; www.chenokalowchen.com. (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement above.) Tapestry Perm Reg’d, Gillian Robertson, “Sense of humour required” to own one of these little lion dogs. Lowchen make wonderful family pets

History The Maltese is believed to be the oldest European Toy breed. Whether the name comes from the Island of Malta, or the Sicilian town of Melita, the breed was widespread in the Mediterranean from ancient times, appearing on art objects as early as 3,000 years ago. The breed may have arrived in Britain with the Roman invaders, or with the returning Crusaders. Many famous Royals owned Maltese, including Queen Elizabeth I and Mary Queen of Scots. When Maltese were introduced to the dog show world in the mid-1800s, a debate arose over the correct classification of the breed. Was he a terrier, due to his lively personality, or did his body type and coat make him a spaniel? Eventually, breeders concluded the Maltese was in a class of his own. Personality Spirited, mischievous and undeniably adorable, the Maltese has a personality as big as he is small. He loves to play and thrives on attention. Happy to play with children, as long as they are not too rough, the Maltese delights in learning new tricks and finding ways to entertain and be entertained. The Maltese is an alert and fearless watchdog. Appearance 7.5-10” (19-25 cm) 6-9 lb (2.5-4 kg) Long, flat silky coat. Pure white. Light tan or lemon markings permissible. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Carboncopy Perm. Reg’d, Kathy Slifka. 20 Minutes South of Calgary. Over 30 years experience breeding toy dogs. All dogs raised in our home. Box 764, Black Diamond, AB T0L 0H0. (403) 938-0990; slifka@telusplanet.net; www.carboncopymaltese.com

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History Descended from ancient Tibetan Cdn Ch Chenokas Gemstone Gemma. Owned by Spaniels and Terriers, the Lhasa Apso was a Nadine Baldwin, Chenoka Lowchen. Kaleden BC www. favorite of both monk and nobility. Kept indoors, chenokalowchen.com the Lhasa would bark to alert people of potential intruders, while the Tibetan Mastiffs tied History The Löwchen is an ancient breed, outdoors were responsible for active guard duty. most likely a member of the Bichon family, and The lion represents the power of Buddha, and possibly descended from Tibetan toy breeds. In the 1500s, the Löwchen was well established the Lhasa Apso’s leonine appearance caused in France, Germany and Spain, where it was people to believe they were harbingers of good a court favourite, used by ladies as “hot water luck. Visiting dignitaries were often gifted with bottles” to keep them warm on cold nights. male Lhasa Apsos; females were kept in Tibet Numerous art pieces depicting tiny dogs clipped to prevent the breed from spreading to other in the characteristic “lion” trim document the areas. Some of these gifted Lhasa were taken breed’s favour through to the 18th century. to Chinese courts where they were integrated into the bloodlines of Chinese dogs such as the By the 20th century, the Löwchen had fallen out Pekinese and Shih Tzu. In the 1920s, the Dalai of favour and the breed nearly disappeared. In Lama gave several Lhasa Apsos to European 1945, Madame M. Bennert of Brussels began to friends, and from there it made its way to revive the breed. This work continued after her North America, where it has remained popular death thanks to Dr. Richert of Germany. But the Löwchen’s growth was still so slow that in 1959 ever since. it was listed in the Guinness Book of World Records Personality Distinguished and self-possessed, as the rarest breed in the world, with only 40 the Lhasa Apso is certain he is special and recorded dogs alive. Today, the Löwchen is deserving of respect. He has an uncanny sense recognized worldwide. of friend and foe, and will vocally announce his Personality Though small, the Löwchen is concern if someone bothers him. Friendly with a commanding presence in the home. He is his family, the Lhasa can become territorial if playful and responsive, an intelligent dog who not socialized. is happy to please his owner. He responds well to positive training and enjoys dog sports like Appearance 10-11.5” (25-29 cm) agility. Good with children and other pets, the 13-18 lb (6-8 kg) Löwchen easily fits in well with most families. Long, straight, heavy hard outercoat. Undercoat. Appearance 10-13” (25-33 cm) All colours or combinations acceptable. 8-15 lb (3-6 kg) Quick Facts Long, moderately soft wavy coat. All colours Exercise Requirements and combinations acceptable. Grooming

breed lovers of registered, well-reared Lhasa Apsos. The only Ontario based Lhasa Breeders organization affiliated with, and adhering to the Canadian Kennel Club standards for breeding and code of ethics. Referrals for available puppies and, occasionally, adults. (613) 3955324; don.quan@sympatico.ca

and are well suited to all lifestyles. Whether it’s as a companion or in performance venues, this rare breed is a delight to own. Home-raised, bred for correct temperament and conformation. 73 Crescent Avenue, St. Thomas, ON N5P 2K4 (519) 859-3724; gillian17@gmail.com; www.tapestrykennels.com

Maltese

LÖWCHEN Photo: Lhasa Apso Club of Ontario

LHASA APSO


Maltese

terrier would be pitted against 100 rats and timed to see how quickly he could dispatch them. Breeders worked to improve the dog’s NB performance, first by adding the Bulldog for its Stationone Reg’d, Maureen Gladstone. Raising tenacity and ability to work through pain, then happy puppies in our home for 18 years. Written adding the Whippet, for its speed and agility. health guarantee. All puppies are aptitute tested. The resulting breed was lean, fast, tenacious and These dogs are suited for children, for people an incredible ratter. Two major events greatly who like to travel and they are highly trainable affected the breed in the late 1800s: blood sports and have sweet personalites. Waterford, NB and ear cropping, which protected the dogs (506) 433-6601; stationonekennels@gmail.com; from rat bites, were banned (and many people www.dogcatbreeder.com did not like the dog with natural ears).

Personality Despite his history as a fighting dog, the Mastiff is docile and level-headed. He is an exceptional watchdog and protector, and his intimidating size is often enough to scare intruders away. He is gentle with children, but can become overprotective of them. Mastiffs get along well with other dogs and family pets as long as they have been socialized at an early age. Appearance At least 27-30” (70-76 cm) 175-200 lb (79-91 kg)

Moderately short, straight coarse outercoat. Short, dense close-lying undercoat. Fawn, Fortunately, the dog show world worked to ON apricot, brindle. Donant-Mercer, Robin. Pieridae Reg’d. Quality, maintain its unique type and namesake colour. Quick Facts home-raised puppies available occasionally. RR Toy and standard sizes are available. Exercise Requirements 1, Campbellcroft, ON L0A 1B0. (905) 797-3074; Personality Fast, fun, playful and loyal, Grooming mercerpaps@sympatico.ca; www.angelfire.com/ the Manchester Terrier makes for a spirited ok2/rmercer1/ companion. Still a ratter at heart, he loves Canadian Mastiff Club & Rescue Service. As the only Canadian Kennel Club-recognized Dufour, Kathryn. From champion bloodlines. to “kill” small toys, playing vigorously and national breed club, our members are proud of Pet and show quality. Newmarket, ON L9N enjoying games of chase. He is intelligent, and our commitment to the breed through our stict benefits from consistent training. 1J1. (905) 853-1458, (905) 717-8165; kathys. maltese@rogers.com

Appearance EverDear Perm Reg’d, Jessica Thompson. We Standard: 15-16” (38-41 cm) 12-22 lb (5.5-10 kg) are passionate and dedicated to producing what Toy: 10-12 “ (25-30 cm) under 12 lb (5.5 kg) we call our Marvellous Maltese companions Short, smooth glossy coat. Distinct black and that are true to the breed standard. Puppies tan without dilution. range in size from very small to regular toys. Each puppy receives the correct veterinarian care with checkups, needles and micro-chips, and of course they are all lavished with love! Puppies are sired by American Canadian Double Champion. Ask about transportation options. New Liskeard, ON P0J 1P0 (705) 647-6394; everdearpermregd@hotmail.com; www.everdearmaltese.wix.com/everdear

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

MASTIFF

code of ethics: promoting genetic testing on all breeding stock; rescue service; educational programs and seminars/clinics. To find out more, visit The Canadian Mastiff Club website, or contact East: Bev Molloy (905)473-5919 bev. pat.molloy@sympatico.ca / West: Shannon Low (604) 858-3100 shannon@resolutemastiffs.com www.mastiffcanada.org

MINIATURE AUSTRALIAN SHEPHERD – See Rare Breed directory Pg 163

NEWFOUNDLAND

Fierheller Vicki, Four Halls Perm Reg’d. A small highly respected hobby show kennel with a tradition of quality not quantity. Puppies from our champions are available occasionally. Inquiries welcome. Ajax/Pickering area. (905) 619-2750; vfierheller@rogers.com Maltese Minuet, Denise Stec. (905) 983-8103); stec_edward@yahoo.ca; www.angelfire.com/ planet/maltese-minuet

History The father of many modern dog breeds, the Mastiff originated in ancient Babylonia, where he hunted ferocious prey such (STANDARD & TOY) as lions. The breed likely came to Europe with Phoenician traders in the 6th century BC. By the time the Roman Empire spread to Britain, the Mastiff was well established as a fierce fighting dog who could hunt wolves, bear and anything else he was set upon. The Mastiff lost his popularity in modern times when dog fighting was forbidden and wolves were vanquished in the U.K. During WWII, any remaining Mastiffs were either used in the war effort or put down, as it was deemed unpatriotic to feed their giant appetites when people were starving in the streets. By 1945, only eight breeding animals remained in Britain, where the breed maintained History The ultimate ratter, the Manchester its purest form. Fortunately, a number of Mastiffs Terrier is descended from the common Black had been exported to North America, and and Tan Terriers of England. He was bred breeders imported fresh breeding stock to entirely for the blood sport of ratting, in which a rejuvenate the breed. Photo: Alice Van Kampen

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MANCHESTER TERRIER

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Ch. Rosethorn’s I Got A Feeling. Holly is always up for some fun or some mischief. Bred/ Owned by Shawn Haas, Rosethorn Perm Reg’d. Denholm, SK

History One of the very few dogs indigenous to North America, the Newfoundland’s exact genealogy is the subject of much debate. Some believe the ancient Tibetan Mastiff migrated to North America; others argue that Leif Anderson brought Viking “bear dogs” with him when he arrived in Newfoundland in 1001. Other possible progenitors of the breed are Portuguese Water Dogs and Great Pyrenees brought to Newfoundland on European fishing vessels in the 1600s. Whatever the answer, fishermen prized the huge water-loving dogs known as Greater St. John’s Dogs. Seemingly immune to icy waters, the Newfoundland’s duties included


Appearance Averages 26-28” (66-71 cm) 100-152 lb (45-69 kg) Moderately long, coarse, oily water-resistant outer coat. Soft dense undercoat. Black or white with black markings (also called Landseer after Sir Edwin Henry Landseer, who featured the dogs in his paintings). Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Ashmoor Reg’d, Jill Francis. Quality Newfoundlands from Canadian/American champion bloodlines. Our focus is raising healthy dogs, with sweet gentle temperaments in our home, and always with a holistic approach! Parents have passed all health clearances and are OFA certified for hips, elbows, patellas, heart, eyes, cystinuria and thyroid. All puppies are screened by a certified cardiologist before going to their homes. Visitors welcome by appointment. Member of the CKC, NDCC and NDCA. RR4, Cobourg, ON, K9A 4J7. (905) 377-1140; jill@ashmoornewfoundlands.ca; www.ashmoornewfoundlands.ca

Rosethorn Perm Reg’d, Shawn Haas. Quality home raised puppies for showing and loving. We have combined bloodlines from around the world to produce healthy, happy puppies that conform to the breed standard and have the characteristic gentle temperament that is characteristic of the breed. Health guarantee, after sale support, Black and Landseer puppies. Denholm, SK S0M 0R0. (306) 446-0090; sdhaas@sasktel.net; www.rosethornnewfoundlands.ca (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left)

NORFOLK TERRIER

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Dralion Perm Reg’d, Peter & Linda Dowdle. Quality, healthy, lovingly home-raised puppies from champion bloodlines. Bred for soundness, health and temperament. Occasionally available to approved homes. 474237 County Road 11, Amaranth, ON L9W 0R4. (519) 938-8663; linda@ dralionkennels.com; www.dralionkennels.com Souyen Reg’d, Patti, Mark & Sarah Paquette. Well-socialized show and companion dogs available. Quality puppies, health guaranteed. Home-raised. (705) 983-2207; markpaquette@ sympatico.ca; www.souyenkennels.com

NORRBOTTENSPETS

History Like many terriers, the Norfolk Terrier likely started out as a cross between various breeds such as small Irish Terriers, Cairn Terriers and Border Terriers. They were “ordinary” farm dogs bred to go to ground and take care of vermin, so it took time for the breed to acquire its current name. Some incarnations include Cantabs, Thrumpington Bodnieks Carol & Jacqueline, Newfhill Reg’d. Terriers, and Jones Terriers (after Frank Black and Landseer puppies. We breed for “Roughrider” Jones sold some to the U.S. soundness, temperament and longevity as well sporting crowd). In 1904, when asked what the as intelligence and appearance. Registered dogs were really called, Jones answered and guaranteed. RR 1, Lakefield, ON K0L 2H0. “Norwich Terriers”, since that was where they (705) 652-3647; newfhillkennels@gmail.com; came from. www.newfhillkennels.on.ca

Straight, wiry close-lying outercoat. Definite undercoat. Mane. Slight whiskers. All shades of red, wheaten, black and tan, grizzle. Folded ears.

At the time, there were two intermingled Prairie Home Reg’d, Heidi Ball. Family-raised varieties of Norwich Terrier -- prick eared Newfoundlands. We breed for gentleness and fold-eared. Over time, breeders and health from quality champion lines. CKC- decided to separate the types. They kept the registered and well-socialized blacks. Parents name Norwich Terrier for the prick-eared are OFA certified (hips/elbows/heart/cystinuria variety, and renamed the fold-eared dogs and thyroid). Puppies to pre-approved homes Norfolk Terriers. The new names were only, with ongoing support. This includes recognized in 1964. vet checked/vaccinations, wormed, micro- Personality Feisty and energetic, the chipped and a well-prepared puppy package. Norfolk is one of the smallest terriers. Because Stud services available. Boarding/grooming he was used to hunt in packs, he’s quite social facility available. Visitors always welcomed! and agreeable. He is a great traveler and Box 1329, Watrous, SK S0K 4T0. (306) 944- loves to spend lots of time with his family. 4448; (306) 946-6630; jhnewfs@ sasktel.net; Socialization is important but this should be www.prairiehomesask.com natural for such a sociable guy.

History Norrbottenspets share ancestry with the Finnish Spitz, originating in the Scandinavian northlands of Sweden, Finland and Lapland. The dogs found in Finland developed into the Finnish Spitz, but those in Sweden were called Norrbottensskollandehund. An excellent hunter, the breed had the unique ability to listen for a bird’s flight, and locate that bird when it landed in the snow. Used as all-round hunting and farm dogs, their breeding was purely functional and little effort was made to maintain these dogs as a pure breed. As foreign specialist breeds grew in popularity, the Norrbottensskollandehund became less common. Out-crossing diluted the breed until it was declared extinct in 1948. However, interested breeders in Sweden and Finland made an effort to seek good specimens by combing remote northern villages. Eventually, a breeding population was cobbled together and the Norrbottenspets was reinstated around 1970. Their popularity is growing as Sweden and Finland work to support their native breed. Personality Never shy, nervous or aggressive, the Norrbottenspets is a friendly and fun-

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Personality A giant goofball, the Newfoundland is perhaps the most gentle of all giant breeds. He adores children, is even-tempered, supremely loyal, responsive and willing to be trained. His entire purpose is to serve his people, and he’s a truly honest and hardworking dog that excels in sports such as obedience, water trials, weight pulling, carting and backpacking.

Appearance 9-10” (23-26 cm) 11-12 lb (5-5.5 kg)

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

The Newfoundland is famed for his bravery, but despite the breed’s success, it nearly died out because a law passed in 1780 forbade the ownership of more than one dog. The Newfoundland may not have survived if not for the efforts of the Honourable Harold MacPherson.

Reg’d, S.J. Haas. We at Undercurrent Newfoundlands embrace all of the historical colours that Newfoundlands occur in. This includes brown and grey as well as black and landseer. Our breeding stock is health tested and we provide a written health guarantee with our puppies. So if you are looking for great temperament and conformation and a unique colour, we may have your next best friend. (306) 441-3979; undercurrentnewfs@yahoo.com

Norrbottenspets

hauling in nets, dragging boat lines to shore, and SK Undercurrent rescuing overboard sailors.


Norrbottenspets

loving companion who is great with children. A hunter at heart, he is happiest when he has the opportunity to use his hunting skills, though he can be taught to enjoy alternate sports such as agility. The Norrbottenspets needs lots of exercise, particularly a safely fenced area where he can run and hunt to his heart’s content. Appearance 16-18” (42-46 cm) 26-33 lb (12-15 kg) Short, hard close-fitting outercoat. Dense undercoat. Ideally white with yellow or red/ brown markings, but all colours are permitted. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

NORWEGIAN BUHUND

History An ancient breed that accompanied northern people into Scandanavia, the Norwegian Buhund herded their flocks and safeguarded their homes; in fact, Bu means “homestead” in Norwegian. The dogs conformed to the sturdy Spitz shape, with the characteristic prick ears and curled tail. Although the Buhund was recognized as a distinct type even before the Viking era, the breed was not formally recognized in Norway until 1939.

CH. OVERSCAIG Skegness of Ruterfem. Adored family pet; champion show dog; proven sire. Bred by Allen and Nina Tait, Overscaig Perm. Reg’d. Owned by Anne Boychuk, Ruterfem, Reg’d. Brandon, MB www.taitoverscaig.com

History The national dog of Norway, the Norwegian Elkhound is an ancient breed that hasn’t changed much over the last 5,000 years. A supreme hunter, the Elkhound works to track and quarry his game, holding it at bay until the human hunters arrive to dispatch it. In Norwegian, the breed is called the Elghund, or “Moose” hound. In fact the Elkhound was used to hunt moose and many other large animals including wolves, bear and even mountain lions. He was also an all-round working dog, pulling sleds and guarding homes and flocks. Though just one of many moose and bear dogs at the time, the Norwegian Elkhound came into his own in 1865 when foundation sire Gamle Bamse Gram was born. Considered ideal for the Gray Elkhound, his build and type became the breed standard in 1887. The Norwegian Elkhound came to North America in the early 20th century.

Personality Brave and even-tempered, the Norwegian Elkhound is an all-round companion. He is a good watchdog who will alert to strangers by barking and quickly discern the difference between friend and foe. With his family, he is kind and affectionate. Like most working dogs, Personality The Buhund is a sweet-natured the Norwegian Elkhound is happiest when he canine who wants to please. Like most herding has a job, be it tracking, pulling sleds, herding dogs, he is intelligent, and friendly with children or doing agility. Good socialization with other and other dogs. He is alert, but not noisy. The dogs is important. Buhund adapts to country or city, as long as Appearance 19-21” (49-52 cm) he gets sufficient mental and physical exercise. 44-55 lb (20-25 kg) He has the exceptional habit -- some would say Medium-length, coarse smooth-lying outercoat. Soft, virtue! -- of cleaning himself like a cat. dense wooly undercoat. Various shades of grey. Appearance 16-18” (40.5-46 cm) Quick Facts 26-40 lb (12-18 kg) Exercise Requirements Short, harsh outer coat with soft undercoat. Grooming Wheaten or black, with white markings acceptable on the black. AB The Norwegian Buhund’s numbers are declining in its native land; however, the breed’s family-friendly qualities are making it more recognizable around the world.

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of consistency and excellence. All puppies come with health guarantee. Litters planned for Summer/15 and Fall/15. R.R.#4 LCD 1 37239 Range Road #13 Red Deer, AB T4N 5E4 (403) 886-2649 ninatait@taitoverscaig.com www.taitoverscaig.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight) MB Ruterfem, Reg’d. Anne Boychuk. As a hobby breeder dedicated to the true breed standard, my puppies are home-raised with the focus on structurally correct, well-socialized puppies of sound temperament. Breeding stock are imported from excellent kennels in Norway. All puppies come with health guarantee. Stud(s) available to approved females. Suite 111 Unit 100-1300 18th Street, Brandon, MB R7A 6X7 (204)725-5852 absolute@wcgwave.ca www.ruterfem.com. (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left)

NORWEGIAN LUNDEHUND

History Lunde is Norwegian for “puffin”. This translation lies at the heart of the Lundehund’s story. These quick, agile dogs originally scoured the Arctic island cliffs off Norway in search of puffins, a colourful bird that feeds in northern oceans and breeds in rock crevices. It took drive and flexibility to navigate those rock caves, and the Norwegian Lundehund was bred for the job. A “canine contortionist”, his head stretches back to reach his spine, his forelegs flex out to 90°, and he has several toes on each foot (polydactyl), some of which are double- and triple-jointed. The Lundehund’s dexterity helped provide their owners with valuable puffin meat and feathers. The breed’s numbers decreased mid-1800, when hunters began using nets to catch the birds. When the puffin came under national protection, the Lundehund’s numbers declined further. Only a group of devotees kept the courageous little dog from extinction. Currently, in Norway and beyond, the Norwegian Lundehund’s popularity is again on the rise.

Personality Lively, fun and friendly, the Lundehund gets along with children and other Overscaig,Perm. Reg’d. Allen and Nina Tait. dogs. Bred for a demanding job, he retains We have been hobby breeders for 34 years – all the traits that made him so successful: exclusively Elkhounds. We breed selectively courage, tenacity and agility. He can be for type, soundness, temperament. We have stubborn; house-training requires patience. imported dogs/used import lines from respected The Norwegian Lundehund needs a secure Norwegian kennels to maintain our standard


Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Photo: Dralion Reg’d

NORWICH TERRIER

Personality A natural herder, the Old English Sheepdog continues to practice his herding duties within the home, herding BC Amblegreen Reg’d, Heather Tomlins. Quality and protecting his family by gently bumping Norwich Terriers from health-tested champion them together. He is even-tempered and kind, bloodlines. Puppies and young adults are patient and loving with all who treat him with available occasionally to approved homes by kindness. The Old English Sheepdog loves reservation. We CERF test annually and certify to be outdoors and with his heavy coat can hips/patellas/hearts with the Orthopedic tolerate winter weather very well. Foundation for Animals. References are available. Our Norwich are bred for spoiling! Surrey, BC V4P 1R4. (604) 535-8876; (604) 535-7852; heather@amblegreen.com; www.amblegreen.com

ON Dralion Perm Reg’d, Peter & Linda Dowdle. Quality, healthy, lovingly home-raised puppies from champion bloodlines. Bred for soundness, health and temperament. Occasionally available to approved homes. 474237 County Road 11, Amaranth, ON L9W 0R4. (519) 938-8663; linda@ dralionkennels.com; www.dralionkennels.com

History Gregarious and fun-loving, the Norwich Terrier’s ancestors originated in England, possibly in East Anglia (Cambridge University), where small terrier-type ratting dogs were very popular in the 19th century. First NOVA SCOTIA DUCK whip to the Norwich Staghounds Frank Jones TOLLING RETRIEVER bought and started breeding a number of these – See Retriever, terriers, taking some time to find a true type. (Nova Scotia Duck Tolling) Pg 145 He distributed the dogs far and wide, even into America, where they originally became known OLD ENGLISH SHEEPDOG as Jones Terriers. Until 1964, the Norwich Terrier and the Norfolk Terrier were grouped together as one breed. However, the Norwich Terrier is now recognized as a separate breed based on its prick ears, which are distinct from the Norfolk Terrier’s fold ears. Personality Don’t let his size fool you – the Norwich Terrier is pure personality! This tiny dog is intelligent, affectionate, energetic and quick to learn tricks, especially if training is short, fun, and rewarding. The Norwich is a devoted family companion and thrives on companionship. As with most working dogs, he does best when given a job to do, whether he’s participating in obedience, agility or simply chasing squirrels around the yard. His small size may give the impression that he will tire easily, but these dogs can go many hours before needing a break. Great fun to bring along during outings and walks.

Otterhound

Rough double coat. Extends from red to fawn to grey, often with black-tipped hairs.

the perfect image of the breed. Old English Sheepdogs made their way to North America in the 1880s, and by the turn of the century, five of the ten wealthiest families in the United States owned and bred them.

Appearance 21-24” (53-61 cm) 60-100 lb (27-46 kg) Shaggy, harsh profuse outercoat. Waterproof pile undercoat. Any shade of grey, grizzle, blue, blue merle with or without white markings, or in reverse. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Breton Perm Reg’d, Catherine Landsborough. Quality home-raised puppies and occasional young adults. Breeding OES since 1983. Hips and eyes certified - all adults C.A. clear. 2 litters planned for 2015. Seaforth, ON N0K 1W0 (519) 233-3194; jclandsb@tcc.on.ca; www.bretonkennel.com LadyKin Old English Sheepdogs, Sandra Crowne, Dr. Sandy Crowne & Dinko Cvitanovic. OUR PUPPIES KEEP THEIR TAILS! Ethical, responsible breeders of show & pet Sheepies, occasionally available only to approved FurEver homes. Babies loved to pieces, well socialized, training underway, Veterinary care up to date, come with health guarantee. Adults & Rescue OES sometimes available. St. Agatha, ON N0B 2L0 (226) 749-2749; info@ladykinoes.com; www.LadyKinOES.com

OTTERHOUND

History Despite his name, the Old English Sheepdog is in fact a relatively new breed. His exact progenitors are unknown, but he was likely a mix of various herding dogs found in England’s West Country. At the time, taxing excluded working dogs so farmers would dock their dogs’ tails, signifying that they were herders or drovers. The Sheepdog earned its common name, the Bobtail, from this practice. Appearance 10” (25.5 cm) Since his thick hairy coat might interfere with 12 lb (5.5 kg) his work, farmers would shear him with the History The Otterhound was bred to hunt Straight and wiry outercoat with a thick sheep so he could see and work more easily. undercoat. Ruff that frames the face. Prick ears. the otters that were depleting fish in England’s Colouring includes shades of red, wheaten, When dog shows came into fashion at the end rivers. To appreciate the Otterhound’s aquatic of the 19th century, the “Shepherd’s Dog”, skills, consider that the European otter weighs grizzle, black and tan. as he was then known, became a popular 20 pounds (9 kg), lives mostly underwater and Quick Facts entry. Breeders would spend hours trimming Exercise Requirements and back-combing his huge coat to create Otterhound continued on next page. Grooming

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Appearance 12-15” (30.5-38 cm) 13-16 lb (6-7 kg)

AB Norkel Perm. Reg’d, Thomas & Lorraine Kelemen. Quality, loving home-raised puppies from Champion bloodline. Puppies occasionally available; veterinary exams and vaccinations included. RR 2, Site 16, Box 6, Red Deer, AB T4N 5E2. (403) 346-3427; Fax (403) 346-3626

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

space to exercise; however, as dynamic as he is, he is not hyperactive.


Otterhound

surfaces only occasionally for air. The otter’s underwater scent trail is called “a drag”, and to follow it, Otterhounds needed to swim for hours. Such a keen nose and staying power support the belief that Bloodhound and Southern Harrier genes found their way into Otterhound DNA. Some British royalty (including Elizabeth I) even bore the title Master of Otterhounds -- quite a testament to the breed’s significance. But in time, the otter population dropped so dramatically that the species fell under protection, and hunting was banned. The Otterhound was then out of a job. The owners of two solitary packs committed themselves to keeping the breed alive, and established the Otterhound as a show dog. In North America, the Otterhound has hunted game, but today’s breed fanciers remain more enamoured with the Otterhound’s looks, voice and temperament. Personality Friendly, even-tempered and exuberant, the Otterhound loves to play in water --especially if people are included in the fun. He has a distinct baying voice, but is not a barker. He is intelligent, but his attention span can be short. Scent-driven, the Otterhound does best in a secure country setting. Appearance 23-27” (58-69cm) 65-115 lb (29-52 kg) Rough outer coat, woolly water-resistant undercoat. “Grizzle” or sandy colour with black and tan. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

horses. He was able to spook a fox from his den by following him in and baying at and worrying him without killing him. When the fox bolted, Personality Bubbly and full of life, the Papillon the hunters could continue the chase. is a social dog who loves to get out and about. Early socialization helps him stay confident A lot of people could not afford to hunt with with new situations and strangers. With his high horses, so many terriers were trained to dig into energy levels and intelligence, the Papillon is the dens of prey, attacking and killing them. happiest when he has things to do, and is an More aggressive than Parson Russell Terriers, excellent choice for obedience or agility. He is a these little dogs were often called Jack Russell Terriers, even though they didn’t meet the quick learner, and loves to try new things. standards Russell first aimed to produce. Appearance 8-11” (20-28 cm) In 1904, Arthur Heinemann attempted to purify Under 5.5 lb-11 lb (2.5-4.5 kg) the breed. He wrote up a breed standard based Long, straight, fine flowing coat. Chest frill. on Russell’s original taller terrier, and this became Feathering, particularly on ears. Parti-colour or known the Parson Russell Terrier in 2003. tricolour with patches of any colour on white. Personality Always up for a challenge, the Quick Facts Parson Russell Terrier is a vibrant and fearless Exercise Requirements fellow. He is lively and engaged in family Grooming activities, and loves to be the center of attention. This smart and energetic dog loves the outdoors BC and does well with training such as obedience Stromarlyn & Truluv Papillons Perm. Reg’d. or agility. Early socialization is important to help All our Paps are much loved house pets and develop his manners and social skills. are health checked for PRA, physical soundness and good temperaments. Quality home-raised puppies occasionally available to approved homes. We are the home of the happy, healthy, social butterflies. Mission, BC V2V 6N8 (604) 820-7367; kayr@shaw.ca ON Bluechip Perm. Reg’d, Olga Gagne. Breeding for health, temperament, and correct Papillon breed characteristics. Bluechip Papillons have been top notch companions, performance exhibitors and conformation contenders. Puppies are vaccinated and health guaranteed. Ready to be happy members of your household! St. David’s, ON, L0S 1P0. (905) 262-4682; bluechip149@sympatico.ca; www.bluechippapillons.com

PARSON RUSSELL TERRIER

History The Papillon is a long-standing favourite of royalty, and is depicted in paintings dating back to the 13th century. Likely descended from toy spaniels, these cheerful little dogs earned their name from their unique ears. Pricked ears were named Papillon, after the butterfly, while folded ears were named Phalène, after the night moth. Drop ears prevailed until the late 1800s, when fashions History Originally bred by Parson John “Jack” changed and pricked ears were favoured. Russell in the late 1800s, the Parson Russell Though historically a lap dog, the Papillon is Terrier was a hunting terrier designed to follow also remarkably agile and trainable. In recent horses and hounds during fox hunts. His great times, the breed’s popularity has increased as stamina ensured he could keep up with the 136

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Appearance 10-15” (25-33 cm) 13-17 lb (6-7.5 kg) Smooth and broken coats acceptable. Harsh, dense close outercoat. Short dense undercoat. May also be wiry. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

PEKINGESE

Donant-Mercer, Robin, Pieridae Reg’d. Quality, home-raised puppies available occasionally. RR 1, Campbellcroft, ON L0A 1B0. (905) 797-3074; mercerpaps@sympatico.ca; www.angelfire.com/ ok2/rmercer1

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

PUREBRED

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

PAPILLON

the dogs excel in obedience, agility, tracking, and as hearing ear or therapy dogs.

History As the “Lion Dog”, a fierce protector against evil spirits, the Pekingese belonged exclusively to the Chinese Imperial Court. “Foo Dog” idols representing the breed existed as early as the Tang Dynasty of the 8th century. Highly popular with the nobility, thousands of these little dogs lived in Imperial palaces; 4,000 eunuchs were housed in Peking solely for the purpose of managing their breeding. No one outside the nobility was permitted to own one, on pain of death. In 1860, the British invaded Peking. Fearing capture of their precious dogs, the Imperial family ordered them to be destroyed. When one lady committed suicide, however, her five “sleeve dogs” remained behind, fiercely defending their fallen owner. Soldiers caught the little dogs and brought them back to England where Queen Victoria received one as a gift. As the conquest


ON

Long, straight, coarse stand-off outercoat. Thick 3502 Township Rd 360, Red Deer County, AB Osiris Pharaoh Hounds, Kathy & Brittany soft undercoat. Mane. Some feathering. All T4G 0N2. (403) 728-3590; pbgv4u@xplornet.ca; Carella. Breeders of quality Pharaoh Hounds www.amonvhar.com in Canada. Striving for excellence in health, colours and markings. May have black mask. Auriga CKC Perm Reg’d, Martin & Wendy Doherty. Forty plus years of experience, 156 Champions, CKC All Breed Judge. Home-raised, health and temperament first priority. Puppies registered, micro-chipped. health guaranteed, parents vet clearances for heart, eyes and hips. Satisfaction is our reputation, visitors welcome by appointment. (519) 941-5075, pbvg1@ sympatico.ca; www.aurigakennel.ca

History The Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen is one of four types of scent hound founded around the 1st century in the French region of Vendéen. The types are separated by size: Grand Griffon, Briquette Griffon, Grand Basset Griffon, and Petit Basset Griffon. The Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen, named for its characteristic “small, low, rough” appearance, was bred to hunt in packs, trailing small game such as rabbit, hare and the occasional fox. Originally, both small and large Basset Griffons could be found in the same litter. In 1950, however, the Petit Basset Griffon received separate breed status, and by 1975 the interbreeding of the two sizes was forbidden. The PBGV came to North America in the 1970s and has since gained popularity worldwide. Personality Bred to be a pack hunter, the PBGV is a friendly dog who gets along with his pack, whether human or canine. He is especially good with children. Happy and enthusiastic about life, he loves to follow his nose. Time outdoors in a safely fenced area is important. Appearance 13-15” (33-38 cm) Under 45 lb (20.5 kg)

POINTER (GERMAN LONG-HAIRED)

PHAROAH HOUND

Photo: Osiris Pharaoh Hounds

Photo: Auriga CKC Perm Reg’d

PETIT BASSET GRIFFON VENDEEN

temperament and conformation. Home of the #1 Pharaoh Hounds in Canada & the USA. 2014 Breed winner at the prestigious Westminster Kennel Club. Home-raised puppies occasionally to approved homes. Inquiries welcomed. Uxbridge, ON. (905) 862-2882; kcarella@live.ca; www.osiriskennels.com

History One of the most ancient of domesticated dogs, the Pharoah Hound originated in Egypt. Phoenician traders brought the breed to Malta in exchange for goods, and there the breed continued unadulterated for more than 2,000 years. A sight and scent hound, the dog hunted fowl, hare and rabbit and was known in his native land as the Kelb tal-Fenek (Maltese Rabbit Dog). When the breed arrived in the UK in the 1920s, fans thought these exceptionally elegant dogs resembled the Egyptian dog-god, Anubis, so they were renamed Pharoah Hounds. Arriving in North America in 1967, the first Pharoah Hound litter on this side of the Atlantic was born in 1970. The breed’s distinctive colouring, and the fact that it remains odourless, is renewing interest.

History A rare breed in North America, the German Long-haired Pointer has long been a favourite sporting dog in its native country. Originally a hunter of big game -- some say as early as medieval times -- it later moved to farm and field. When the heavier version of the dog was crossed with English Setters and French Spaniels, German clubs registered standards for this more agile Long-haired Pointer. This classification dates to 1879. The breed made its way to North America in the 1950s, but their numbers remained low as Germany applied limits on who could import these dogs. Today, many North American breeders also prefer to keep the breed in the hands of those who ensure the German Longhaired Pointer receives the outdoor activity to which he is accustomed.

Personality Strong and possessing lots of Personality The Pharoah hound is good- stamina, the German Long-haired Pointer thrives humoured and affectionate, especially with in an environment where his mind and body are children. He is an intelligent dog who is easy to train. True to his ancestry, the active Pharoah Pointer (German Long-Haired) Hound loves the excitement of agility and lure continued on next page.

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Pointer (German Long Haired)

continued, soldiers found other Pekingese and Long rough outercoat. Thick undercoat. Beard coursing, but when he is not hunting, he is a brought them to England, forming the foundation and moustache. White with any combination of calm and attuned member of the family. A safe, lemon, orange, tricolour, grizzle, black or sable. secured area will allow the Pharoah Hound to of the breed we know today. exercise and indulge his playful side. Personality Always the pampered dog Quick Facts of royalty, the Pekingese was born to be Exercise Requirements Appearance 21-25” (53.5-63.5 cm) a comforting companion. Confident and Grooming 45-55 lb (20.5-25 kg) charming, he bonds strongly with his person Short, glossy, rich tan colour coat with white and can become protective and jealous. Careful ON markings. Eyes, eye rims, nose and lip colour socialization at a young age helps him gain Amonvhar Reg’d, Pat Corsiatto. Involved blend with coat colour. Nose and ears “blush” the confidence so characteristic of the breed. with PBGVs since 1991. Home-raised puppies when excited. available occasionally. Most parents from Europe Because of his short muzzle, he can’t handle a lot of exercise, though short walks are essential and are health tested. Puppies are registered, Quick Facts have micro-chips and have their eyes tested. Exercise Requirements to keep him fit and healthy. Older dogs available occasionally. The breed Grooming Appearance 6-9” (15-23 cm) is very social, excellent at tracking, excels in under 14 lb (6.5 kg) therapy work. Breeder support for life of dog.


by reservation. 4452 11th Line, RR 4, Cookstown, ON L0L 1L0. (705) 458-1663; sriemer@fogelhund. com; www.fogelhund.com

Appearance 23-27.5” (58-70cm) 66 lb (29.9 kg)

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Legacyk German Shorthaired Pointers Reg’d, Nancibeth & Sherri Koutstaal/Griswold. Home to some of Canada’s Top German Shorthaired Pointers.Our goal is to produce quality dogs with great temperaments, structure and health to give the best results in the field, show ring and as loving pets. We pride ourselves in producing Dual Quality GSPs. Harley, ON N0E 1E0. (519) 755-6088; bethgsp@yahoo.com; www.legacyk.com

POINTER

POINTER

(GERMAN SHORT-HAIRED)

(GERMAN WIRE-HAIRED)

Slightly wavy, weather-resistant coat. Solid liver colour, liver with white markings, or white with liver markings.

PUREBRED

History When game hunting was opened to the general populace in the 1800s, people wanted an all-round hunting dog that could take on any prey. Prince Albrecht zu SolmesBraunfels combined several successful breeds such as the German Bird Dog, Spanish Pointer and English Pointer. He selected for function and hunting ability rather than breed type and appearance - a deleterious practice. The result was an intelligent hunting dog who would willingly work in water, retrieve and track. Popular with hunters worldwide, the German Short-Haired Pointer spread to North America in the early 1900s.

History Dating to the 16th century, the Polish Lowland Sheepdog, or Polish Owczarek Nizinny (PON), is descended from the Hungarian Puli. He is likely the link between the corded breeds and long-coated herding dogs of Eastern Europe such as the Scottish Bearded Collie. An excellent herder, the PON was also a guard and watchdog. Like many breeds, the PON nearly died off during the Second World War. These dogs were preserved thanks to Dr. Danuta Hryniewicz and her dog Smok, who sired ten History While several types of gundog existed litters in the 1950s. All modern Polish in late 19th century Germany, hunters wanted Lowland Sheepdogs descend from Smok, an even more rugged breed. It’s believed they whose type became the breed standard in crossed the German Short-Haired Pointer with either the Airedale, the Poodle, or the Griffon, 1959. The PON only gained recognition in and the result was a sort of all-terrain canine North America during the last decade. who could track all kinds of game. The German Personality Loyal and devoted to his family, Wire-Haired Pointer is more rugged than his the PON is a herding dog at heart. He protects short-haired cousin; he has a weather-resistant and cares for his “flock”, and can be pushy coat, and rates high in courage and stamina. if not well trained and socialized. His calm The German Wire-Haired Pointer came to North nature and easy intelligence make him pleasant America in the 1920s, but was not registered to be around. He likes to work and benefits until much later. In its native Germany, the from activities such as obedience, rally, flyball “Drahthaar” breed club demands breeders and agility. meet confirmation and performance tests, Appearance 16-20” (40-51 cm) which accounts for some variation between the 35-50 lb (16-23 kg) European and the North American types. Long, shaggy thick outercoat. Soft dense Personality Energetic and eager to please, the German Wire-Haired Pointer makes a undercoat. Long hair over eyes. All colours sound, affectionate companion in the country and patches acceptable.

Personality Enthusiastic and full of energy, the German Short-Haired Pointer is an intelligent dog and a joy to train. He loves to work, whether by hunting, doing obedience, playing flyball or running agility courses. Always up for a run, he needs opportunities to get out and exercise his hunting instincts. He loves his family, and is or the city -- as long as he gets plenty of work good with children. out-of-doors. He is more introverted than his cousin, the German Short-Haired Pointer, so Appearance 21-26” (53-66 cm) ongoing socialization will keep him confident in 45-70 lb (20-32 kg) a gathering. Short, rough hard outercoat. Dense short undercoat. Solid liver or black, liver or black Appearance 22-26” (55.8-66 cm) and white spotted and/or ticked, liver or black 45-75 lb (20.5-34 kg) roan. May have tan markings. Wiry coat of solid liver, liver roan, or liver and Quick Facts white. Bushy eyebrows, beard and whiskers Exercise Requirements bestow character. Grooming Quick Facts Exercise Requirements ON Fogelhund Reg’d, Susan & Mike Riemer. Home of Grooming American and Canadian hunting-titled Shorthairs. All-purpose, proven, quality gun dogs that also perform in conformation and obedience. Fourtitled, proven stud available. Puppies occasionally

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POLISH LOWLAND SHEEPDOG

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

Pointer (German Long Haired)

stimulated by new challenges. He loves to run and swim. As well as being a superb athlete, he is a good-natured, calm and steady dog.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON SterlingDen Polish Lowland Sheepdogs, Angelika Nadon. 45 BB Beach Rd, Bailieboro, ON K0L 1B0 (705) 939-1999; anfarra@hotmail. com; www.angelfire.com/d20/sterlingdenpons

legend

Very minimal Minimal Average

More than average Maximum


POODLE (MINIATURE)

QC GLOW, Gloria Koolsbergen. Quality Miniature Poodle puppies in all colours. Our breeding dogs are champions from the top lines from Europe, USA and Canada. Health tested CERF/ PRA/OFA. We breed happy healthy puppies in a loving home environment. Contract has health guarantee. Special custom items for show dogs. 467 Pierre-Boileau, Montreal, ON (514) 784-0530; poodlesglow@live.com; www.poodlesglow.com

BIS CH. Pinecrest I Get Back Up Again. “Bounce”, 4lbs of showy attitude - Top Puppy 2011 PCOO. Bred/ Owned by Catherine & Paige Bolohood, Pinecrest Perm. Reg’d, Bowmanville, ON www.pomeranians.ca

History The smallest Spitz-type breed, the German Zwergspitz, or Pomeranian as we know him, wasn’t always tiny. In the 18th century, the Pomeranian weighed around 30 lb. When Queen Victoria took an interest in the breed, however, she preferred smaller specimens, so breeders soon produced dogs weighing closer to 12 lb. Other famous Pomeranian owners include Marie Antoinette and Amadeus Mozart. Modern breeders have reduced the average size of the breed to around 5 lb. The Pomeranian remains a highly popular toy breed, well loved for his foxy face and fluffy coat.

History To the surprise of some, poodles are actually working water dogs. The name comes from the German term “pudel”, which refers to his love of splashing and playing in water. In France, the breed is known as “Caniche”, a combination of the words “chien” for dog and “canard” for duck. A Poodle’s clip allowed him greater freedom of movement in the water, yet kept vulnerable regions warm and protected. A long tradition of artists have enjoyed creating ever more flamboyant clip designs. Today, Poodles are still a favourite of grooming competitions because their ever moldable coats support incredible coiffures, Personality A true feisty Spitz in temperament, often with bright colours. the Pomeranian is an alert intelligent dog who There are four sizes of Poodles: Standard, believes he is as large as his ancestors were. A Medium, Miniature and Toy. The Miniature natural watchdog, he is suspicious of strangers is very popular, large enough to remain sturdy and will let you know if he believes something while fitting into most homes, yet small enough is not quite right. The Pomeranian wants to be to be picked up and be a lap dog. involved in all aspects of life, though is not clingy. His intelligence and willingness to please make Personality One of the most intelligent him easy to train. Pomeranians love to learn breeds, the Miniature Poodle is a lively fellow tricks and do well in obedience, rally and agility. who enjoys having something to do. He can be a bit shy and sensitive, and requires good Appearance 7-12” (18-30 cm) socialization to bring out his confidence 3-7 lb (1.5-3 kg) and cheerful nature. Excellent trick dogs, Long, straight harsh outercoat. Soft, fluffy thick Miniature Poodles are great fun to train, and this helps keep their minds occupied. undercoat. Neck ruff. All colours, patterns, variations. Appearance 10-15” (25-38 cm) Quick Facts 15-20 lb (7-9 kg) Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Pinecrest Perm Reg’d, Catherine Bolahood. Country raised underfoot, from well-established, champion show lines. With 20 years experience breeding 3 to 5 lb Poms. Vet checked, vaccinated, health guaranteed. International shipping arranged. Located a half-hour east of Toronto, ON. (905) 435-6545; pinecrest@rogers. com; www.pomeranians.ca (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement above.) Winterhaven Perm Reg’d, Sandra Beisel. Distinctive, Quality, Champion Pomeranians. Pet/Show puppies 3 to 5 lbs. Rich correct coats. Outstanding bloodlines. Variety of colours. Temperament plus, vet checked with health

Calvary Kennel Reg’d. Our puppies are homeraised with children. We have miniature and toy sizes to choose from in various colours. From champion lines. Shipping and delivery available. Dundalk ON. (519) 923-6767; calvary_kennel@ bell.net; www.calvarykennelpoodles.webs.com

Curly coat has naturally harsh texture, dense throughout. Corded coat hangs in tight, even cords of varying lengths. Any solid colour. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Adanac Poodles, Michele Kerr. Our puppies are raised in our home in Mississauga with our family. We produce silver, silver beige, brown, cream, and black CKC registered miniature poodle puppies from health tested parents. We are proud members of The Poodle Club of Canada and The Miniature Poodle Club of Ontario. Mississauga, ON, L5M 4G6. (905) 569-1172; michele@adanacpoodles.com; www.adanacpoodles.com

Poodle (Miniature)

guarantee. Located 1 1/2 hour from Toronto. 7240 Second Line, RR 3 Arthur, ON. (888) 6881964 or (519) 848-2982; info@winterhaven.ca; www.winterhaven.ca

DO YOU HAVE

QUESTIONS? Qualified, experienced and reputable breeders have heard it all so they’re a great resource for your queries. Because they aim to find every puppy a “forever” home, you can count on them to be candid and honest. If you’re serious about buying one of their puppies, expect the breeder to ask you some questions, too. After all, it’s in everyone’s best interest to make sure you have the right puppy for your family.

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POMERANIAN


Poodle (Standard)

POODLE (STANDARD)

ON Brielle Reg’d, Michelle & Peter Scott. Happy, healthy, naturally raised puppies occasionally available to Pet, Show or Performance homes. Guelph, ON N1H 6H9 (519) 763-1689; brielle@ bellnet.ca; www.brielle.ca Syquefine Roarin Red Remington. Owned by Syquefine Reg’d, Christina Pierce. Napanee, ON www.syquefinestandardpoodles.com

History Though sometimes called the “French Poodle”, this breed does not come from France but instead has its roots in Germany. A water dog, the poodle hunts and retrieves fowl from swamps and lakes. The distinct poodle clip keeps the dog warm while working in cold waters, without slowing him down as he swims. Poodles have many claims to fame, not the least of which is their intelligence and highly trainable nature. The Standard Poodle is the largest. He is highly versatile and has been used for many purposes, including as a guide dog, hearing ear dog, seizure detector, cancer detector, mobility assistant and therapy dog. Poodles also succeed at herding, hunting, pulling sleds, obedience, agility and pretty much anything else they are asked to do. Personality A proud intelligent dog, the Standard Poodle is an exceptionally versatile companion. He is good with children and other animals, with an affectionate nature and desire to please. Happy outdoors or in, he enjoys both mental exercise while training and doing tricks, and good old-fashioned runs outside. Appearance Over 15” (38 cm) 45-70 lb (20-32 kg) Curly coat has naturally harsh texture, dense throughout. Corded coat hangs in tight, even cords of varying lengths. Any solid colour. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

PUREBRED

MB Brovalla Kennel, Barbara Svenson. Beautiful, large, black, intelligent, health tested Standard Poodles. Canadian Champions. Puppies require deposit. Brovalla Kennel also operates the Manitoba Standard Poodle Rescue. 27 Ferry Road, Cartier, MB R4K 1B2. (204) 864-2044 ; brovallakennel@aol. com; www.brovallakennel.com

AB Edencourt Kennels, Karina Cowie has been breeding purebred champion dogs for over four decades. Many of our dogs have been shown in Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) confirmation competitions, American Kennel Club (AKC) confirmation competitions, obedience trials and more. Honorary life member of the CKC. Breeding happy, healthy additions to your family. Box 2 Site 21 RR2, Strathmore, AB T1P 1K5. (403) 934-5133; edencourtkennels@gmail.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)

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Cantope Perm Reg’d, Peter & Diane and Mary Welsh. Invitation is open to tour the Cantope facility and meet the poodles of colour. Carefully selected, genetically tested parents produce health guaranteed puppies. Wonderfully socialized in our country home. Available for your next ring champion or champion of your heart. Pefferlaw, ON (705) 228-1164; cantope@cantope.ca; www.cantope.ca Giselle Bursee, Highprofile Perm. Reg’d. Lovingly home-raised puppies from genetically screened top champion bloodlines. Health and temperament a priority. Excellent as a family pet, for show and performance sports. After sale support is always available. 11 Droxford Avenue, Scarborough, ON M1R 1K1. (416) 755-3780; highprofilepoodles@sympatico.ca; www.highprofilepoodles.com

(613) 388-2628; adam@magisterialkennels. com; www.magisterialkennels.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.) Syquefine Reg’d, Christina Pierce. Est. 2004. Stunning Reds, Apricots, Blacks and Silvers. Health tested. Written Health Guarantee. Family-raised, well-socialized puppies for pet or show from champion lines. Emphasis on health, temperament, intelligence and trainability. Lifetime of breeder support. Visitors welcome. Napanee, ON. (613) 354-7048; cell: (613) 328-4511; syquefine@gmail.com; www.syquefinestandardpoodles.com (See Breed Ambassador advertisement at left) QC Ormar Perm. Reg’d, Ora Marcus. Lovingly home-raised, fully-socialized, quality puppies from top Am/Can Champion blood lines. Home of Am/Can Champions and BIS winner. Excellent health and temperament our priority. Breeding stock genetically tested for HipDysplasia (OFA), Eyes (CERF), SA, VwD, (DNAVet-Gen), Thyroid, NeWS (UT of Missouri), Heart. Our puppies are temperament tested. We offer a 5 Years written Health-Guarantee. Puppies by reservation to approved, responsible loving homes only. Visitors welcome. On parle Francais 395 Senecal St., Ile Bizard, QC. H9C 2G3 (514) 620-5156; ormarpoodles@videotron.ca; www.ormarpoodles.com

POODLE (TOY)

Isle of Standard Poodles, Joellen Curtis. We specialize in Solids, Phantom, Tuxedo, Brindle, Sable & Parti Poodles! Professional Breeders are the safest way to purchase a puppy. We are striving to produce the best quality Standard Poodles available to you. We focus on having low COI’s and passing all conclusive Health Testing. London ON (519) 452-7021 Cell (519) 615-5691; 4poodles@bell.net; www.joellenstandardpoodles.com Kalchan Reg’d, Glenna Mae Breckenridge. Stud service available including Champion silver. Puppies home raised with love for family pets, show, obedience, agility, therapy and fun. Silver, black, blue, white and cream. Genetically tested, intelligent with sound temperament. (705) 357-3330; glennamae@hotmail.com; www.pets4you.com/pages/kalchan/ Magisterial Standard Poodles Reg’d. At Magisterial, we provide a life-enhancing experience for each of our clients. Our Standard Poodle puppies are highly socialized, joyful, and raised with children. They have gorgeous good looks, are health and temperament tested, and very eager to learn! Your new family member will have been raised in luxury and given nothing but the very best during their crucial first 8 weeks of life. Magisterial Standard Poodles are suitable for: therapy, obedience, agility, show, flyball, service dog training, or herding/hunting. Their most important role is being loving, loyal companions to families worldwide, delivering immeasurable amounts of joy, love, and magic! Roblin, ON

History The Toy Poodle is the smallest, and was created from the Standard Poodle by breeding for small size. Originally waterdogs, Poodles are now prized for their versatility. Many performing artists in circuses preferred poodles over other breeds. Highly intelligent, the dogs could be trained to do any trick, and worked well in combinations using all their different sizes and types. Circuses are turning away from the use of animals, but Poodles remain popular as entertainers. Toy Poodles are particularly popular due to their tiny size. Personality A lapdog in size, the Toy Poodle is an intelligent dog who loves to perform tricks for his people. He needs to be mentally stimulated to keep him happy, and good training and socialization help moderate his sensitive nature. Like many toy breeds, he is cautious around young children, who tend to be loud and boisterous. The Toy Poodle loves to be with his people. Appearance Under 10” (25 cm) 4-8 lb (2-3.5 kg)


Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming BC Pomroth Reg’d, Helen M. Hamilton. Home raised, solid coloured toy poodles in black, brown, or silver. Trained young adults sometimes available. See pictures of our dogs on website. West Kelowna, BC (250) 769-5450; pomroth@bell.net; www.pomrothtoypoodles.com ON Calvary Kennel Reg’d, Our puppies are home raised with children. We have miniature and toy sizes to choose from in various colours. From champion lines. Shipping and delivery available. Dundalk ON. (519) 923-6767; calvary_kennel@ bell.net; www.calvarykennelpoodles.webs.com

PORTUGUESE SHEEPDOG

MBIS GCH Ex Belouro’s Areia Da Costa, CKC CGN, AWD - photo credit: Todd Foley. Bred/Owned by Gillian Goldschmidt, Belouro Reg’d, Hawkestone, ON www.belouropwd.com

History An old breed, the Portuguese’s ancestry is closely tied with the Poodle and Irish Water Spaniel. Historically, the Portuguese Water Dog, or Cão de Agua, helped drive fish into fishermen’s nets. He was an essential member of the Portuguese crew. He served the vessels by retrieving things from the water, sometimes even diving for them, and delivering messages from the ship. By the early 1900s, technology made the Portuguese Water Dog’s role redundant, and the breed quickly fell by the wayside.

In the 1930s, a wealthy Portuguese shipping magnate took an interest in the breed and began efforts to save it from extinction. A mere 35 dogs were brought to North America in the 1960s, where dedicated breeders History The Portuguese Sheepdog was born continued the effort to revive the Portuguese to herd. Sheep, goats, cattle, horses, pigs...the Water Dog, increasing the breed to over 1,000 breed’s driving instinct and long coat served it members. well in harsh climates. Of uncertain origin, it’s Personality A fearless, lively and dedicated possible the Portuguese Sheepdog descended service dog, the Portuguese Water Dog loves from a pair of Briards in the early 1900s. Then his family and will do anything to keep them again, it resembles both the Pyrenees from happy. Although easily trained, he likes to France and the Catalan Sheepdog from Spain. think for himself and may can get distracted if By the end of the 20th century, the Portuguese he doesn’t know what is expected of him. The Sheepdog had faded in popularity, and only its Portuguese Water Dog loves to work, and devotion to his family and his purpose kept the needs to have a job. He excels at obedience, breed from disappearing altogether. agility, water sports and any other sport his The Portuguese Sheepdog is gaining a name owner might want to try. for himself again in Europe, but remains rare in Appearance 16-23” (42-59 cm) North America. 35-60 lb (16-27 kg) Personality A quick and lively outdoor Curly coat: compact, cylindrical curls, little worker, the Portuguese Sheepdog is a good shine. Wavy coat: falls gently in waves, slight companion for a knowledgeable owner who sheen. Black, white, brown or combinations of can appreciate and channel his strong driving black or brown with white. instinct. He is faithful to his family, and can be Quick Facts protective of them. Exercise Requirements Appearance 16.5-22” (42-55cm) Grooming 26-40 lb (12-18kg) A tousled coat of yellow, fawn, chestnut and grey -- from light to dark. Scant white on chest. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Portuguese Water Dog Club of Canada. Visit www.pwdcc.org for information on pwds including temperament and health issues, club activities, and to find a reputable breeder. (See our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.)

AB Acostar Reg’d, Lesley Millar. Our puppies are raised in our home surrounded by family. All breeding stock are CKC champions with all health testing complete. Puppies go home vaccinated, micro-chipped and with a written guarantee. 130 Luxstone View SW, Airdrie, AB T4B 0J7. (403) 420-1418; lesley@acostarpwds.com; www.acostarpwds.com ON Belouro Reg’d, Gillian & Frank Goldschmidt. Breeding from generations of fully health-tested, multi-titled championed parents. Committed to producing sound healthy puppies, lovingly home-raised and correctly socialized. Available to approved homes. Full health guarantee. Home of Best in Show(s), Top Show Dog Award winners in Canada and U.S., titled in water, agility and therapy. Recognized for the health, temperament, structure and trainability of our offspring. 10 Forestwood Lane, Oro Medonte, ON L0L 1T0. (705) 329-1299; belouro@rogers. com; www.belouropwd.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left and our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.)

Portuguese Water Dog

PORTUGUESE WATER DOG

Claircreek Perm Reg’d, Donna Gottdenker. Breeder/Owner of PWD - Claircreek Impression de Matisse - #1 All Breed dog in USA for 2013, 2014. One litter per year, only breed PWDs, top quality pets and show, home-raised, health guarantee, always available for training, grooming help. Appointments welcome. Arthur, ON N0G 1A0. (519) 241-5353; Claircreekpwds@ gmail.com (See our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.) Keeva Bay Reg’d, Sharon Lapstra. Quality home-raised puppies. Champion bloodlines. Bred for health, temperament and structure. All health clearances. Visitors welcome. Health guaranteed. 3 Rhine Meadow Road, Heidelberg, ON N0B 2M1. (519) 699-4770; sharon.lapstra@ rogers.com; www.keevabay.com Kybra Kennels, Brandon Shantz. Puppies available regularly. Parents are health tested and on site. Check out our website or contact us for more information or to set up an appointment to meet the parents and puppies. Our goal is to produce healthy puppies that will be part of your family for years to come! 5205 Line 86. Listowel, Ontario N4W 3G8 (519) 504-1023; fax: (519) 291-9155; info@kybrakennels.ca; www.kybrakennels.ca Kyessiline Reg’d, Anna Kyessi. Portuguese Water Dog puppies are raised in the house. The parents have all their health clearances. Fully Registered with the CKC. Puppies are seen by a vet, vaccinated, dewormed and micro-chipped. We give a two year full refund or replacement guarantee. Please contact us for more information. Chute-a-Blondeau (613) 674-5580; anna@kyessilinekennels.ca; www.kyessilinekennels.ca

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Curly coat has naturally harsh texture, dense throughout. Corded coat hangs in tight, even cords of varying lengths. Any solid colour.


MacDuff Portuguese Water Dog Reg’d, Glenda Newton. 2013 #1 PWD in Canada, Mexio and UKC (USA) Oh Romeo!! Winning under North American and Portuguese judges equally. Romeo represents the convergence so many of us are seeking in the breed. Movement, Brains and Type all in one - and what an amazing personality! Hudson, QC J0P 1H0 (212) 963-5952; newton.glenda@gmail.com (See our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)

PUG

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

PULI

RETRIEVER (CHESAPEAKE BAY)

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

Portuguese Water Dogs at Ricelake, Cathy Gonzalez. Home-raised Portuguese Waterdog pups on occasion. Parents are health tested and pups leave with full health guarantee. Please see our site for puppy availability and info on us and our dogs. Stud Service also available. Warkworth, ON K0K 3K0. (705) 924-2509; c_reg_4@hotmail. com; www.portuguesewaterdogsatricelake.com

available. All breeding stock health checked. Delighted to offer advice and information from over 40 years’ experience with the breed. 14924 HWY 6, RR 2, Malagash, NS B0K 1E0. (902) 257-1143; stephanie@immerzupuli.com; www.immerzupuli.com

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

Portuguese Water Dog

Short, smooth fine coat. Fawn, black, silver, apricot. Black mask.

History The Puli immigrated to Hungary in the early 9th century with the Magyars and their flocks of sheep. The early dogs varied widely in type and are the progenitors of the Puli, Komodor, Kuvasz and Tibetan Terrier. Pulis are the ultimate sheepherding dog. Darker-coated dogs guarded flocks during the day, while lighter-coated dogs guarded at night. The dogs were so valuable that a shepherd might save a year’s wages just to purchase one. Their unique technique of jumping on the backs of sheep made them an unusual and effective flock manager.

PUREBRED

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

History Hunters along the rugged coast of Maryland’s Chesapeake Bay thrived on huge flocks of waterfowl native to the region. Taking hundreds of birds at a time, they needed dogs that could work for hours in the frigid waters, retrieving birds and bringing them to shore. In 1807, a ship carrying two Newfoundland-type dogs sank near the Maryland shore. The two dogs, named Canton and Sailor, were bred to local dogs including other types of retriever, water spaniels and otter hounds. The resulting dogs were long-footed with short water-resistant Interbreeding and wars decimated the purebred coats, and could tolerate cold water without Puli until 1912, when Emil Raitsits recognized becoming chilled. History Originating in China alongside the the dog’s value. In 1915, he wrote up a breed The Chesapeake Bay Retriever remains a prized Pekingese, the Pug was always a companion standard and worked to reconstruct the Puli, water bird hunter, and they are also excellent dog. Like the Pekingese, he was reserved for the specifically by preserving its size, colour and search and rescue dogs, trackers, guide dogs and Imperial family and their friends. As the Dutch coat. While there were originally four sizes of sled dogs. Current breeders focus on keeping East India Company made its way across the Puli, the middle-sized dog was most versatile the working traits that make the Chesapeake world, they were able to obtain some Pugs and and became the true breed type. Bay Retriever so valuable, and promote their bring them back to Holland. There the Prince of dogs both in the show ring and the field. Personality Like many guardian breeds, the Orange became entranced by the dogs and claimed them as the official breed of the House Puli is an excellent watchdog and guardian. He is Personality The Chesapeake Bay Retriever of Orange after a Pug saved his life from cautious with strangers, and takes time to develop is a tough, tenacious and strong-minded dog. Spaniards in 1572. Later, when the Prince’s trust. But he is affectionate and devoted to those He is a working dog that needs a job to keep grandson William III took the English throne, he calls his own. A working dog, the Puli likes to happy. When not working, he is an affectionate he brought several Pugs with him, thereby be kept occupied, and responds well to training. and family-friendly companion that is easy to bringing the sensation to England. Later Royals Early socialization with a variety of people and care for. While content indoors, he loves to be outside and of course adores swimming. to keep Pugs included Queen Victoria, the places will be a plus. Duke and Duchess of Windsor, and Napoleon’s Appearance 14-18” (37-46 cm) Appearance 21-26” (53-66 cm) wife, Josephine. 22-33 lb (10-15 kg) 55-80 lb (25-37 kg) Pugs came to North America in the mid 1800s Weather-resistant coat with long, wavy or curly and it’s now one of the most popular and coarse outercoat. Fine, soft dense undercoat. recognized breeds in the world. Mature coat naturally forms cords. Solid black, Personality The Pug is a small dog full of rusty black, all shades of grey, white, apricot. character. He is even-tempered, clever and Quick Facts curious, and attracts attention with his unique Exercise Requirements appearance and pleasant personality. Friendly Grooming and good with people of all ages, he is affectionate and enjoys a good cuddle. He can’t work too NS hard due to a shortened nose that can give him Immerzu Perm Reg’d, Terry & Stephanie Horan. breathing problems. However, it is still important We are proud to be Canada’s winningest Puli to get him out and about to prevent obesity. breeders. Puppies are occasionally available Appearance 10-14” (25-36 cm) 14-18 lb (6.5-8 kg) 142

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for showing, performance events and as lively, loving companions. Older dogs are sometimes

Short, hard, oily water-resistant outercoat. Wooly, dense fine undercoat. Any shade of brown, sedge (red-gold) or deadgrass (straw to bracken). White markings acceptable. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON North Shore Kennels (Mercer) Reg’d, Dana & Veronica Mercer. When you buy a dog from North Shore Kennels you not only get one of the most loyal companions in the world, but you join the MERCER family. In health, temperament


Photo: Alice Van Kampen

Photo: Chrys-haefen’s Perm Reg’d

RETRIEVER (GOLDEN)

History In the mid to late 1800s, S.E. Shirley produced a close-working gun dog he called the Flat Coated Retriever. Crossed from a variety of breeds such as Newfoundland, Labrador, Setter, Water Spaniel and Collie, the Flat Coated Retriever became a popular show and working breed at the turn of the century. Later interest in Labrador Retrievers and Golden Retrievers saw a decline in the breed, and many remaining dogs did not survive the two World Wars.

History In the mid 1800s, the English preferred black Retrievers, but Sir Dudley Majoribanks (Lord Tweedmouth) decided to develop a goldencoloured Wavy-Coated Retriever. He purchased a yellow Flat Coated Retriever and bred it to the Tweed Water Spaniel, a now-extinct, curlycoated light-coloured breed. The resulting dogs were then crossed to other light-coloured breeds such as Yellow Labradors, Red Setters and other Stanley O’Neill revived the breed in the 1960s. Wavy-Coated Retrievers. In time, the “Golden Today, the Flat Coated Retriever remains Flat Coat” type was established, and in 1920 uncommon, though he is recognized as an renamed the Golden Retriever. effective sporting dog. Efforts to maintain both type Golden Retrievers came to North America in and working traits allowed the breed to remain the 1920s and immediately gained a following. consistent through working and showing lines. Golden Retrievers are one of the world’s most Personality Sometimes referred to as the Peter popular breeds, and frequently used as service Pan of the dog world, the Flat Coated Retriever dogs because of their kind and intelligent has a puppy-like personality he maintains personalities. throughout his life. He is a keen and intelligent Personality Known worldwide for his easyhunter who loves children and bonds closely going nature, the Golden Retriever is said to be to his family, preferring to be around them as born wanting to please. He is an intelligent dog much as possible. The Flat Coated Retriever is and one of the easiest to train. Energetic, but quick to learn and does very well in sports such not excitable, the Golden enjoys a good run and as agility, flyball or obedience. some games. He is wonderful with children of Appearance 22-25” (56-62 cm) 60-80 lb (27-37 kg)

all ages, and pets of all sizes. Appearance 20-24” (51-61 cm) 55-75 lb (25-34 kg)

Moderate length coat, straight or slightly wavy, flat-lying, weather resistant. Feathering. Black or Straight or wavy, firm, dense water-resistant liver colour. outercoat. Good undercoat. Neck ruff. Various shades of gold and cream. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Quick Facts Grooming Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Linda Brox, Rush Reg’d, Retrievers. Producing healthy puppies with sound temperament. Quality, versatile dogs, for show, obedience, field and companions. All breeding parents have certified health clearances. Come to our home and visit in anticipation of a wonderful addition to your family. Cambridge, ON. (519) 220-1374; rush@porchlight.ca; www.rushretrievers.ca

Golden Retriever Club of Greater Toronto. The GRCGT is dedicated to promoting training, education and the breed integrity of the Golden Retriever. Please visit our website www.grcgt.org for important information to help you decide if the Golden Retriever is right for your family, as well as club activities, and help in finding a reputable breeder. (See our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.)

ON Ambertrail Reg’d, (since 1974), Mike Ducross. Our breeding stock has produced field, show and obedience champions. Excellent hunting dogs and family pets. Health warranty. FTCh, AFTCh, MH and qualified All-Age stud service to approved bitches. Puppies and trained dogs. RR 1, Maxville, ON K0C 1T0. (613) 527-5555; ducross@ambertrail.com; www.ambertrail.com. Blackpool Perm. Reg’d, Michele & Darryl Tuominen. Here at Blackpool, we breed all shades from cream to gold. Our adults and pups are home-raised and visitors are welcomed once they have turned 3 weeks old. We offer a comprehensive three year guarantee that you can find on our site and an additional six weeks of pet insurance you can continue if you want. We offer stud service to qualified girls. We occasionally have an older dog ready to retire from breeding, ready to live the life with a wonderful couple. These dogs go for the cost of spay or neuter. Oro-Medonte, ON L0L 2L0 (705) 728-4141; Blackpoolgoldens@gmail.com; www.blackpoolkennels.com. (See our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.)

Retriever (Golden)

RETRIEVER (FLAT COATED)

QC Norsen dogs, Yolaine Boisvert. Quality dogs with good temperament. Breeding for show, field, obedience and good family companion. Health clearance. Black and liver puppies expected late fall 2014. 1889 Boul. Gerard Cadieux, Salaberry de Valleyfield. QC J6S 6L8. (450) 370-1223; fcrnorsen@hotmail.ca; www.flatcoated.ca

Bonnieview Reg’d, Lorraine Bain. Blonde, bright and beautiful. Bred and socialized for great family temperament and longevity. Good history of genetically healthy parents. I also breed purebred Havanese and Standard Poodles. See website for available puppies. Mount Forest, ON. (519) 323-6071; dlbain@bonnieviewkennels. ca; www.bonnieviewkennels.ca Chrys-haefen Perm Reg’d, Jennifer McAuley. Pride and dedication since 1967 producing quality Golden Retrievers that are healthy, well tempered dogs with good breed type. Breeding the English/European style, countless generations of hip, elbow, eye and heart clearances behind every puppy. Written guarantee and lifetime of support. Lifetime member of CKC and GRCC. Shipping is available. RR 2, Scotland, ON N0E 1R0. (519) 446-2589; information@chrys-haefen.com; www. chrys-haefen.com (See our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.) Golden Asset Reg’d, Mary Greenwood. We have been caring for and breeding quality champion English Golden Retrievers since 1996. We are a family based kennel located just west of Alliston, ON. All of our dogs conform to CKC breed standard, and have had their clearances on their hips, elbows, eyes and heart. Our pups come with CKC Registration, health guarantee, shots, vet checked, and lots more. Show and pet puppies available occasionally. Let us help you find your next furry friend. RR 1 Everett ON, (705) 434-0242; mjg@goldenassetkennels.ca; www.goldenassetkennels.ca

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and natural working ability, we go the extra mile to ensure dogs carrying the MERCER name far exceed the status quo. Call for an appointment to visit our kennel in Southwestern Ontario or visit us online to learn more. RR 4, Merlin, ON N0P 1W0. (519) 689-7408; info@northshorekennels. com; www.northshorekennels.com


Goldenbreez Reg’d, Patricia Parkinson. Homeraised, well-socialized, quality pups. Goldens make excellent, loving, family companions. Pups sold with health and temperament guarantees. Parents health cleared, many generations of certifications. Selected for temperament, soundness and intelligence. Several offspring with agility, obedience, conformation titles. Naturally reared, some raw. Dealer for Healthy Paws. Breeding for 25 years. After purchase support. Approved individuals/families only. Palmerston, ON (519) 343-3013; fax (519)343-4482; pat@goldenbreezkennels.com; www.goldenbreezkennels.com Gray Valley Kennels. World class purebred and registered Golden Retriever puppies are available for companionship, love, affection, and make great family pets. Our puppies are quality, family raised Goldens from health certified parents with Championship Bloodlines. Our breeding program strives to produce beautiful, healthy, sound puppies with the true Golden temperament. Our puppies are sold to approved homes along with lifetime support and a written guarantee. Please contact us if you are looking for an outstanding Golden Retriever. Toronto area. (647) 379-4115; info@grayvalleykennels. com; www.grayvalleykennels.com (See our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.)

Photo: Stationone Reg’d

Retriever (Golden)

RETRIEVER (LABRADOR)

History One of two breeds originating in North America, the Labrador is possibly descended from native dogs that interbred with those arriving in the 1600s with European fishing vessels. Like the Newfoundland, the Labrador is a hardy breed uniquely designed to withstand the difficult climate of Canada’s coastline. Often called the Lesser St. John’s Dog, Labradors had thick water-resistant coats with longish wavy fur, and a thick undercoat. Smaller than the Newfoundland, the Labrador had excellent retrieving abilities, and became popular with waterfowl hunters worldwide. His type and talents were so desirable that the Labrador was used in many breeding programs, producing breeds such as the Flat-Coated, Chesapeake Bay and Golden Retrievers.

BC Whiterobin Kennels, Cynthia White. All puppies come Canadian Kennel Club registered, 1st set of shots, dew claws done, de-wormed, microchipped, some crate conditioning, very wellsocialized, a health guarantee, and 6 weeks pet insurance. We are here for you, offering our support to provide you with our care and attention to assist you in raising a well-mannered puppy which will become a well-mannered adult dog. We offer LIFETIME return policy, and LIFETIME support for you and your new family member. Princeton, BC (250) 295- 7939; labs@ nethop.net; www.whiterobin-kennels.com NB Stationone Reg’d, Maureen Gladstone. 27 years of breeding the dual Lab (the best of English and North American bloodlines combined) black/ chocolate/yellow. Home of the Miniature Lab. Our lines are wonderfully suited for hunting, agility, show and family companions. Written health guarantee. All puppies are puppy aptitude tested before going to their home. Waterford, NB (506) 433-6601; stationonekennels@gmail. com; www.dogcatbreeder.com ON Devonsleigh Kennels, Joanne Fernall. We are a country hobby kennel that produces black, yellow and chocolate Labrador Retrievers. We have owned and produced dogs that have accomplished Best in Show, High in Obedience Trial and that have won Retriever Trials. All puppies come with a written warrantee for health and temperament. 1280 Webster Road, Norwood, ON (705) 639-1210 devonsleigh@ sympatico.ca; www.devonsleigh.com

Though the breed originated in Canada, the first Labrador Retrievers registered in Canada were found on the west coast, and were imported from the US and England. But the breed soon gained popularity in Canada and now stands as the most popular dog in the world. Dora Lee Reg’d, Betty Small. Chocolate, yellow Personality Perhaps a perfect family dog, the and occasionally black lab puppies for wonderful Tibsen Reg’d, Lise & Tim Nesbitt. Tibsen Labrador Retriever is known for his sensible, companions and/or field dogs. Certified Kennels is a home-based kennel situated affectionate, even-tempered nature and his clearances and puppy guarantees. 6734 6th south of North Bay. Our goal is to breed wellintelligence and willingness to please. He is Line, RR 3, Harriston, ON N0G 1Z0. (519) 338socialized, healthy, beautiful English-type highly trainable and excels in a wide range of 2077; Fax; (519) 338-5323 doraleegenetics1@ Golden Retrievers. Puppies are the result of a sports. An energetic dog, the Labrador needs sonicwaves.ca; www.doraleelabradors.com carefully planned breeding program focusing a good run to work off steam, as well as things Evenstar Labradors Reg’d, Jacklyn Hayhurst. on health, temperament and soundness. All to do to keep his mind occupied. He is friendly Puppies are home-raised naturally, wellbreeding stock have health clearances. We offer socialized with a head start on learning written guarantee, 6 weeks of pet insurance with other animals, and excellent with kids. experiences. Guaranteed. Our girls and puppies and lifetime support. Our dogs and puppies Appearance 21-25” (54-62 cm) excel in Show, Obedience and Field or as loving live in our home and are part of our everyday 55-80 lb (25-37 kg) companions. Hips, Elbows, Eyes are certified Regalgoldens Reg’d, English Style Goldens Championship lines imported from Europe. Litters are carefully planned to produce quality puppies - health, temperament, structure & longevity. CKC Reg’d, (647) 519-2888; info@ regalgoldens.com; www.regalgoldens.com (See our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.)

PUREBRED

lives. Bjorne, our Swedish import from Rossmix Kennels, has all clearances and is available to approved bitches. Callander, ON P0H 1H0. (705) 752-1926; tibsenkennels@hotmail.com; www.tibsengoldens.com

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CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2015

Short, straight dense outercoat. Soft weatherresistant undercoat. Black, yellow, chocolate. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming Eastern Ontario Labrador Breeders Association. We are a group of dedicated enthusiasts who breed quality Labrador Retrievers. We offer CKC Specialty Shows, Working Certificates/Hunt Tests as well as seminars and clinics. Our website provides a list of quality breeders as well as providing information on stud services and training/testing services. Please visit us at www.eolba.com

clear on breeding stock. Fenwick, ON L0S 1C0. (905) 892-3012; jhayhurst@sympatico.ca; www.evenstarlabradors.com Goshen Ridge Reg’d, Ken & Cathy Pellizzari. Reg’d Breeders of quality black, chocolate, yellow & fox red Labrador Retrievers. Welltemperamented for a family. Also great for hunting, agility, or fly ball. 565 Goshen Road, Tillsonburg, ON (519) 842-0960 cell: (519) 688-8815, www.goshenridgelabs.com; goshenridgelabs@hotmail.com HobbyHollow Reg’d, Ron & Darlene Snedden. A long and well established breeder where pups are bred for excellent health and sound temperament. A visit to our country kennel, just


RETRIEVER

show and obedience. 434 Charles Lutes Rd, Lutes Mountain, NB E1G 2T4. (506) 852-7107; yeloros@nb.sympatico.ca

(NOVA SCOTIA DUCK TOLLING)

Photo: Redland Reg’d

Jerryru Reg’d, Ruth Beach. Breeding Labrador Retrievers since 1968. Life member in good standing with CKC & Labrador Owners Club. Specializing in the Multi-purpose Lab for Hunting, Hunting Competition, Working & Family Companion. Have placed Labs working with MNR (Poaching), OPP (Cadaver) & Revenue Canada for Drug Detection. All Breeding stock have Hip, Eye, CNM, EIC Clearances. Breeding for temperament, quality & retrieving ability in Black, Yellow & Chocolate. Puppies are dewormed, vet inspected & have first set of needles & go with written guarantees. For further information phone (705) 686-7482

History After observing the antics of foxes, hunters in Little River, Nova Scotia decided to breed a dog that could imitate this hunting style, MooseLake Perm Reg’d, Mike & Laurie called “tolling”. One fox would play by the Quenneville. Producing quality Labradors water’s edge, drawing the curiosity of the geese, with exemplary temperament, breed type while another would hide in the brush, ready to and structural soundness from certified pounce. The “Little River Duck Dog” worked in parents. Black, chocolate and yellow available a similar way, fetching an object thrown by the by reservation. Written health guarantee. hunter, who would hide in a blind. Dancing and Stud service available. Visitors welcome by playing as he retrieved, the dog would attract appointment. Please see our website. Located the birds’ curiosity. The hunter would shoot in Kanata, ON. (613) 832-3087; lgquenne@ once the birds were close enough, and the dog rogers.com; www.mooselakelabs.com (See our would then retrieve them. advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.) Ruttan, Don & Mary Lou, Loudonlabs. Yellow and Chocolate puppies. Home-raised and wellsocialized. Written guarantee. All breeding stock have appropriate health clearances. Soundness and temperament are a priority. RR 2, Wroxeter, ON, N0G 2X0 (519) 335-6948; loudonlabs@ gmail.com; www.loudonlabs.ca

Bred specifically to look like and imitate foxes, Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retrievers come from a combination of breeds including Flat Coated Retrievers, Labrador Retrievers, Cocker Spaniels and Irish Setters. The breed is recognized as Nova Scotia’s Provincial Dog, and is gaining popularity.

NS Littleriver Perm. Reg’d, Jim Jeffery. Founded in 1969, Littleriver Kennels is the world’s longest serving Toller breeder, and always only Tollers. The Jeffery Division is proudly located in Yarmouth County, birthplace of the Toller breed and birthplace of Littleriver Kennels. Tollers have been in the Jeffery family for more than 125 years, an important part of our heritage. RR 3, Yarmouth, NS B5A 4A7. (902) 742-1493; littleriver@eastlink.ca; www.littlerivertollers.com

Rhodesian Ridgeback

20 minutes south of Ottawa, is always welcome. RR 1, 6824 Third Line Rd S, Kars, ON K0A 2E0. (613) 489-2099; hobbyhollow@sympatico.ca; www.hobbyhollow.com

Redland Reg’d, Sandy Bruce. Occasional puppies from sound bloodlines of hip and eye cleared breeding stock. Stud dogs to approved bitches. Inquiries and visitors welcome. Mahone Bay, NS. (902) 624-0168; nsdtr@iname.com; www.redlandkennels.net ON Ardbrae Reg’d, Judy Tait. Family-raised, wellsocialized puppies. Health cleared parents. We breed for temperment and health. Our dogs are raw fed and have minimum vaccine protocols. 2 yr guarantee. Stud to approved bitches.Visitors welcome by appointment.Visit us on Facebook Ardbrae Kennels.208 Haynes Rd, Castleton.Ont. K0K 1M0 (905) 344-7093; jctait66@gmail.com

RHODESIAN RIDGEBACK

Personality Playful and exuberant, the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Dog loves to retrieve. He Wimberway Kennels & Farm Perm. Reg’d, needs lots of exercise and a way to make use Sandy Briggs. Puppies sometimes available. of his talents. At home, he is affectionate and Stud Service to approved bitches. All adults have devoted to his people. His tolling ability is hip, elbow and eye clearances. Powassan, ON. natural, though regular training is needed to sandy@wimberway.com; www.wimberway.com enable him to become a consistent hunting dog.

WHO WON OUR CANADIAN DOGS 2014 DOG OF THE YEAR? FIND OUT ON P. 65

Appearance 17-21” (43-54 cm) 37-51 lb (17-23 kg) Water-resistant. Medium-length, moderately soft outercoat. Soft dense undercoat. Whiskers. Feathering. Various shades of red or orange. May have white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Stalkmoor Moray Place “The Great Communicator”. “Penny” is a dearly loved, kind and gentle soul. Bred/ Owned by Mrs. M.J. Apsotle, Stalkmoor Perm. Reg’d, PO Box 28, Grp 319, RR#3, Selkirk, Man. R1A 2A8

History The Rhodesian Ridgeback’s history begins in South Africa, where his ancestor, the Khoikhoi dog, was prized as a sighthound BC that could hold his own against large game. Redfox Reg’d, Stephanie & Joyn Halse. Home- The symmetrical ridge of hair that grows raised puppies occasionally available. All back along the spine, giving the Ridgeback breeding stock is health tested including the his name, came from these early sighthounds. most current tests available. Please call or email As English emigrants came to South Africa, to come and visit our dogs and to find out if they crossed the native dogs with other breeds we have any litters planned. North Vancouver, like Mastiffs, Bloodhounds and Pointers. No BC V7T 3G7 (604) 980-0705; shalse@shaw.ca; matter what breed was added, the ridge was predominant, and the Rhodesian Ridgeback www.redfoxducktoller.com was born. These large dogs were used both as NB hunters and protectors. Yellowrose Reg’d. Alec & Evelyn Hoyt. Homeraised puppies from hip- and eye- (DNA) cleared stock. Stud dogs to approved bitches. Hunting,

In the 1870s, Reverend Helm brought some

Rhodesian Ridgeback continued on next page.

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SK Windara Reg’d, Lila June Johnson. We donate for psychiatric service dogs, and also have aptitude tested black and chocolate puppies for sale throughout the year. Check us out today for availability. Reservations accepted now. Air transport can be arranged. Our puppies will meet or exceed your expectations! Next litters ready fall 2014 and spring 2015. Windthorst, SK S0G 5G0. (306) 736-7413; windarakennel@ gmail.com; www.windarakennels.blogspot.com


Personality Protective and brave, the Rhodesian Ridgeback is fiercely loyal to his owner. He is good with children when Appearance 22-27” (56-69 cm) socialized with them. He remains an excellent 92-110 lb (42-50 kg) hunter and excels at lure coursing. Because he is an independent thinker, he will benefit from Medium length, coarse dense outercoat. Black with rust to mahogany markings. training and socialization at an early age. Appearance 24-27” (61-69 cm) 65-85 lb (29-39 kg) Short, sleek, glossy, dense coat. Light wheaten to red wheaten. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming MB Stalkmoor Perm Reg’d, Mrs MJ Apostle. Rhodesian Ridgebacks only since 1967. Homeraised for loving and kind dispositions, gentle hearts and noble minds. Not selling for guard or hunting purposes. Approved homes only. PO Box 28, Grp 319, RR 3, Selkirk, MB R1A 2A8. (204) 757-2876. (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement on previous page.)

ROTTWEILER

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

Rhodesian Ridgeback

of these dogs to Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) where he continued to breed them as large game hunters. With the nose and endurance to track for hours, and the size and courage to hold a lion at bay so a hunter could come in for the kill, the Rhodesian Ridgeback was a supreme large game hound.

Personality A well-bred Rottweiler is a calm, confident and courageous dog. He trusts his owner implicitly, and is highly dedicated to his family. Naturally cautious of strangers, the Rottweiler remains on guard until shown there is no danger to his family. When not on the alert, he is a mellow dog who is loving and playful and makes a superb companion. Good training and socialization make the Rottweiler a pleasure to have around. His intelligence and trainability make him a fun friend who excels in obedience, agility, cart pulling and many more active jobs.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Afghanistan. Its image has been found in tombs well over 5,000 years old. The name likely came from the Arabian town of Saluk, but may have an earlier origin with the Syrian town of Seleukia. The dog’s impressive speed made him a superlative hunter of fast game such as deer, fox, hare and gazelle. Considered a sacred gift of Allah, the Saluki could never be sold, only gifted. The Saluki came to Europe when Lady Florence Amherst persuaded her friend Wilfred JenningsBramly to obtain some from the Tahawi tribe in Northern Egypt. Despite her best efforts, the breed was not recognized by the Kennel Club until after the First World War, in 1923. Around the same time, several dogs were brought to North America, and the breed received recognition in 1927.

Personality Dignified and independent, the Saluki has a deep affection for his people. Sensitive to noisy active children, the Saluki is BC Trojan Perm Reg’d, Debbie Cornell-Charneski best in a fairly quiet home. He is a true hunter & Chris Charneski. COE breeder. Quality, not and sighthound, and will chase any small prey quantity, is our goal. Award-winning champion that catches his eye. Daily runs in a safe highRottweilers. Show, working and conformation. fenced area are important to keep a Saluki happy. OFA, CERF and guarantees. Top pedigrees. Naturally raised. Puppies occasionally by reservation. Lifetime breeder support. Members: CKC, RCC (Gold Breeders), and WCL. Mission, BC. (604) 820-2655; trojanrottweilers@shaw.ca; www.trojanrottweilers.com ON KJAQ Reg’d, We have been breeding quality Rottweilers for over 20 years in the same location. Our dogs have proven themselves in conformation, obedience, tracking, Schutzhund, therapy, and agility. First and foremost, they excel as loyal and loving family companions. Check our website to learn more about us. 1361 Hendrie Rd, Minesing, ON L0L 1Y2 (705) 737-0026; judy.maechtel@sympatico.ca; kjaqrottweilers.ca. (See our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.)

Appearance 23-28” (58-71 cm) 29-66 lb (13-30 kg) Feathered: smooth, soft silky coat with slight feathering on legs, back of thighs and tail. Smooth: same coat type, but no feathering. White, cream, fawn, golden, red, grizzle and tan, black and tan, tricolour or any variation of these colours. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Feathered Grooming: Smooth

SAMOYED

RUSSIAN TSVETNAYA BOLONKA – See Rare Breed directory Pg 164

History Roman soldiers travelling across Europe took their food along with them “on the hoof”. The herds were driven by huge Mastiffs. As cattle were eaten, or left at outposts, the dogs remained behind at drop points, one of which was the town of Rottweil in Germany. Roman Mastiffs and local dogs interbred, producing an imposing dog known as the German Butcher’s Dog, or Rottweiler. These dogs carted goods to market, then drove new purchases of cattle back home.

SALUKI

Improved methods of transportation such as the railroad made the Rottweiler’s job unnecessary, and the breed’s numbers dropped significantly. But the Rottweiler’s reputation caught the interest of the police and military in the 1900s History The Saluki is possibly the first breed and this association made the Rottweiler one of ever domesticated by humans. Originating in Syria, it was imported to Egypt, Persia, India and the most popular breeds in North America. 146

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History Born in the bitterest regions of Russia and Siberia, north of the Arctic Circle, the Samoyed was an irreplaceable hunter, herder, sled dog and companion to the Samoyede people. The Samoyed was a member of the family, and was allowed to live indoors when not herding reindeer or transporting people across the tundra. Europeans discovered this useful sled dog during their expeditions to the Arctic in the mid-1800s. In 1889, zoologist Ernest KilburnScott spent time with the Samoyede people and took home several dogs, calling them Samoyeds. They quickly gained popularity with the nobility, and were prized by expeditionary


level is channeled into playful antics and he excels at agility sports, such as running and jumping over obstacles. He has a jovial Long, harsh, stand-off weather-resistant personality, which makes him a friend to all, outercoat. Short, thick, wooly undercoat. Neck and his versatility makes him a good dog for a ruff. White, biscuit, white and biscuit, cream. number of activities. The Schapendoes’ devoted Quick Facts nature and herding instincts means that he can Exercise Requirements be a good watchdog without being aggressive. Grooming He is fantastic in the show ring, hardworking on the farm, and affectionate in the home. Appearance 18-24” (46-60 cm) 35-65 lb (16-30 kg)

Schipperke

SCHIPPERKE

Photo: Sandhendrin Reg’d

forces. The first dogs to explore Antarctica were Bearded Collie, the Puli, and the Briard. After the Samoyeds. Despite their cold weather heritage, First World War, Schapendoes numbers declined, Samoyeds adjust well to warmer climates. but a Dutch inspector named P.M.C. Toepoel launched a campaign to resurrect the breed and Personality Always a family dog, the Samoyed by the 1930s interest in breeding the Schapendoes is wonderful with all his people, young and old. increased. In the 1940s, the Schapendoes made He is easy-going and affectionate. Though he his first appearance in the show ring, which will bark at strangers, he is too friendly to be demonstrated that this breed could be reliable much of a guard dog. He likes to play, and and durable in a variety of situations. enjoys a daily run. While his thick coat makes him tolerant of cold weather, the Samoyed does Personality The Schapendoes is a loyal, not like to be left outdoors for long periods and intelligent breed that exudes friendliness and prefers to be inside with his family. kindness to all that he meets. His high energy

History The Schipperke has existed within the Flemish provinces of Belgium for hundreds of years. Whether the breed hailed from an old breed of black Belgian Sheepdog called the Leauvenarr or from the northern spitz-type dogs is still debated. The Schipperke’s original purpose was to clear farms, factories, and homes of rats, which earned them the name ON “Spitske” (little Spits). Quite successful at this Kingmik Kennels, Karyne Besso. Breeding Appearance 15.5-20 in (40-51 cm) task, Schipperkes moved from land to water, 33 lbs (15 kg) quality Samoyeds since 1986. Our focus is on where they took care of vermin on boats and breeding working and companion Samoyeds. Slightly wavy, long, thick outercoat with sufficient barges. By the 1880s, that earned them the new Our dogs make the perfect pet, and are great undercoat. Top knot, mustache, and beard. Fur name – the Schipperke – which means “little with children! Kingmik Samoyeds enjoy the sometimes gathers in tufts. All colours. captain.” The Schipperke became a popular outdoors - hiking and agility in summer, sledding pet in Belgium after Queen Marie Henriette and skijoring in winter. Breeding stock from Quick Facts acquired one at a dog show in 1885. Exercise Requirements champion Canadian, French and Hungarian bloodlines, all OFA certified clear of hip dysplasia. Home-raised puppies to approved homes, health guarantee, breed advice, short and long term boarding. Shipping available from Ottawa or Montreal. Service bilingue. Kemptville ON, K0G 1J0 (613) 258-9178; Kingmik.samoyeds@ yahoo.com; www.kingmiksamoyeds.com

Grooming

Personality A loyal family dog, the Schipperke is active, agile and continually occupied with Dutch Sheepdog (Schapendoes) Club Of what is going on around him. While he is kind Canada Originally bred to herd sheep the with children, his excellent watchdog skills Schapendoes is a lightly built, lively breed make the Schipperke wary of strangers. He has with an attractive cheerful power that cannot a high energy level, which can be satisfied in be resisted by many owners. Website: http:// the city with frequent visits to the dog park or schapendoesclub.ca/ long walks. He’s also a great farm dog, since Snowybear Perm Reg’d. Home-raised, he gets along well with larger animals such as happy puppies. Sound temperaments, hard ON horses (though he’ll chase smaller animals such working Samoyeds. All puppies vet checked. SchapAnnRo Reg’d, Anne & Robert Harvey. as rabbits). Eager to please and intelligent, the Breeding since 1986. 156 Cheapside Road, Small breeder of quality, lovingly home-raised, Schipperke is very adaptable and easy to train.

SCHAPENDOES (DUTCH SHEEPDOG)

History The hardworking Schapendoes has protected flocks in the Netherlands for hundreds of years, and enjoyed great popularity in the late 1800s and early 1900s. He is related to a variety of breeds in the sheepdog family, including the

well-socialized puppies, selectively bred for temperament, health, train-ability and structure. No. 1 obedience Schapendoes 2006 to 2010. Available to approved homes, crate-trained (puppy crate included), health guarantees and lifetime breeder support. Visitors welcome. Reservations recommended. 423311 25th Sideroad, Amaranth, ON L6V 1M3. (416) 4203425 or (416) 347-7796; schapannro@rogers. com; www.schapannro.com

QC Elevage du Bouleau Blanc Reg’d, Colette Peiffer. Our dogs are bred for health, temperament, conformation, trainability and companionship. Our line is from European Championship lines. Health guarantee, homeraised puppies and socialization program. Crate trained. Reservations recommended. Breeder for 25 years of experience and dog trainer. Mount Tremblant, QC. (819) 425-8845; c.peiffer@cgocable.ca; c.peiffer@icloud.com; www.schapendoesdubouleaublanc.com

Appearance 10-13” (25.5-33 cm) 12-19 lb (5.5-8.5 kg) Black double-coat, with soft undercoat and harsh, dense outercoat. Neck ruff and perk ears. Usually all black, medium-length fur. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Armstrong-Purnell Janice & Murray Purnell, Sanhedrin Reg’d. Quality home-raised puppies from sound, health champion & obedience OFA certified clear stock. Our dogs do well in Obedience & Shows, but most of all, are loving family companions. 8676 Hwy 9, Tottenham, ON L0G 1W0. Cell; (416) 441-3724 Home; (905) 936-3236 willysammi@hotmail.com; www.sanhedringermanshepherds.com

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PO Box 135, Selkirk, ON N0A 1P0 (905) 776-2115; gibson.snowbear@xplornet.com; www.snowybearkennels.com


Lindsayleigh Kennels, Derrick & Idona Wood. Breeding Giants since 1977. Its most important to PICK your breed, PICK your breeder, WAIT for your pup. You’re buying type, health, temperament and breeder support. Pups are suitable for whatever your heart desires. (519) 923-0224; lindsayleighgiants@hotmail.com; www.lindsayleigh.ca. (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left.) Can/Am Ch Lindsayleigh’s Stars of Orion. Lindsayleigh’s Orion Bred/Owned by Derrick Wood, Lindsayleigh Kennels, Conn ON www.lindsayleigh.ca

History The Giant Schnauzer may seem a larger copy of the Standard and Miniature Schnauzer, but each breed has its own unique origins. Giant Schnauzers originally come from the mountains of Bavaria and were primarily cattle drovers. Their ancestry is mixed, likely stemming from Great Danes, Bouviers des Flandres and various other droving and shepherd dogs of the time. Mostly found around Munich, he was a popular farm dog from the 15th century until the arrival of railroads made him obsolete. Butchers in town took a liking to the large protective dogs and they became guardians of butcher shops and pubs. Around this time, the breed was crossed with the Standard Schnauzer and called the Munich Schnauzer, later renamed the Giant Schnauzer. Because of their size and bravery, Giant Schnauzers became staunch defenders in both World Wars.

RARE BREEDS

shows. Puppies are vaccinated and fully health guaranteed. St. David’s, ON, L0S 1P0; (905) 269-4628; bluechip149@sympatico.ca; www.bluechipgiants.com

Magisterial Giant Schnauzers Reg’d. At Magisterial, we provide a life-enhancing experience for each of our clients. Our Giant Schnauzer puppies are highly socialized, joyful, and raised with children. They have gorgeous good looks, are health and temperament tested, and very eager to learn! Your new family member will have been raised in luxury and given nothing but the very best during their crucial first 8 weeks of life. Magisterial Giant Schnauzer puppies will be fully crate trained and will have begun lead breaking. Their most important role is being loving, loyal companions to families worldwide, delivering immeasurable amounts of joy, love, and magic! Roblin, ON (613) 388-2628; adam@magisterialkennels.com; www.magisterialkennels.com (See our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.)

SCHNAUZER (MINIATURE)

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

Schnauzer (Giant)

SCHNAUZER (GIANT)

Personality Big, bold and full of spirit, the Giant Schnauzer takes his job seriously. At the same time, he is loyal and loving with his family. Intelligent and energetic, he needs a job to keep him happy and thrives on activities such as flyball, agility and obedience. He is a natural protector, and needs careful socialization and training at a young age. History The only Schnauzer breed classified as a terrier, the Miniature Schnauzer worked on Appearance 23-28” (60-70 cm) farms where he was responsible for reducing rat 75-104 lb (34-47 kg) populations. The breed was created in Germany Harsh, wiry dense outercoat. Soft undercoat. in the late 1800s when fanciers of the Standard Beard and moustache. Solid black, salt and Schnauzer desired a smaller dog of similar type. pepper. Dark mask in salt and pepper colour. By crossing the Standard Schnauzer with Miniature Pinschers, Wire Fox Terriers, Quick Facts Affenpinschers and small Poodles, they were Exercise Requirements able to maintain the Schnauzer type in a smaller Grooming size while adding the desired ratting traits. ON Unlike many terrier breeds, the Miniature Bluechip Perm. Reg’d, Olga Gagne. Breeding Schnauzer did not go to ground when hunting, for health, temperament and correct breed but dispatched his prey above ground. characteristics. Over the decades, Bluechip Giant Schnauzers have been wonderful family companions, protectors and ambassadors for the breed. They are versatile in performance events, family activities and conformation

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No longer needed for farm work, the Miniature Schnauzer’s good looks and pleasant personality made him a desirable and popular indoor pet. An ideal companion, he wants to be included in everything that goes on.

Personality A bright and charming dog, the Miniature Schnauzer is a devoted companion who gets along with children and other dogs. He is fearless and alert and makes an excellent nonaggressive watchdog. He is friendly and easy to socialize. Regular exercise is important to keep this active fellow occupied. The Miniature Schnauzer is easy to train and enjoys activities such as obedience and agility. Appearance 12-14” (30-36 cm) 9-18 lb (4-8 kg) Hard wiry outercoat. Soft close undercoat. Beard and moustache. Salt and pepper, black and silver, black. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Edencourt Kennels, Karina Cowie. Box 2 Site 21 RR2, Strathmore AB T1P 1K5 (403) 934-5133; edencourtkennels@gmail.com NB Ellerker Perm Reg’d, Jane Caines. Homeraised CKC- registered puppies from CKC/ AKC champion stock, occasionally available to suitable homes. Kingston NB. (506) 832-3529; gcaines@nbnet.nb.ca ON Ashlyn Reg’d, Lynn Bryden. Home-raised puppies for show or pet with exceptional temperaments from champion bloodlines. Health guaranteed. Eyes tested. Stud service to approved bitches, by appointment. 142 St. Andrew’s Dr. Grafton, ON K0K 2G0 (905) 3493212; lynn@ashlyns.ca; www.ashlyns.ca Nanny’s Reg’d, Michèle Cadieux. 38 years of home-raised puppies for show or pet. We do genetic testing on all our dogs. Bred for excellent temperament and conformation. Health guarantee, eye certification. Life member with the CKC, Member of the MSCC, TBAC and OCKC. Ajax, ON L1S 7C7. (905) 428-6206; nannyskennel@ rogers.com; www.nannyskennel.com Oak Valley Schnauzers, Roger Main. 30 Years raising Mini’s with exclusive bloodlines selectively bred for companions and therapy dogs. All colours, some with smaller size, superior colour. Many of my minis live well into their teens. Generations of repeat customers. Also breeding European Giant Schnauzers occasionally. Salt/Pepper and Blacks. Health guarantee. Vet References and Naturally Reared. Box 268, Oak Lake MB R0M 1P0. (204) 855-2844. www.Pets4you.com/Pages/OakValley.html

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brave enough to face whatever prey he might encounter, and white in colour so the hounds wouldn’t mistake him as their prey. Edwards spent four decades during the 1800s putting together his terrier, using Dandie Dinmount Terriers, Wire Fox Terriers, West Highland White Terriers, Corgis and even Bassets.

North America and the development of the breed was refined.

Personality Both patient and adventurous, the Gordon Setter has all the makings of a good family dog. His loyal qualities make him a decent guard dog, but he is also gentle and affectionate. While he is in his element when The breed’s popularity soared in the 20s and on hunting excursions, hiking, long walks, and 30s, when the Sealyham became the “must swimming will also keep him happy. He also have” dog of Hollywood celebrities. Famous enjoys sports, but is known more for his stamina people like Humphrey Bogart, Elizabeth Taylor than his speed. Training and socialization can and Alfred Hitchcock sported Sealyhams. be quite enjoyable with Gordon Setters, since Personality Despite being a brave and they tend to be well-mannered and sensible. History Feisty, small dogs have helped tenacious hunter, the Sealyham Terrier is quite Appearance 23-27 in (58.5-68.5 cm) Scottish highlanders root out prey for centuries. a low-key fellow. He is proud and self-confident, 45-80 lbs (20.5-36.5 kg) Early writings reference “earth dogs” who secure of his place in the world. A bit of a clown, Soft coat is either straight or slightly wavy. Shiny likely descended from the Scottish Terrier. he loves to entertain his owners. black fur with tan markings. Long, soft ears. The “Scottie” shares bloodlines with the Cairn Appearance 10-12” (25-31 cm) Terrier and West Highland White Terrier, but Quick Facts 17-25 lb (8-11.5 kg) his exact origin remains unknown. Exercise Requirements In the late 1870s, the Scottish Terrier travelled Long, hard wiry outercoat. Soft, dense weather- Grooming outside his native Scotland. Soon the little resistant undercoat. All white with lemon or ON powerhouse was killing badgers and vermin on badger pied markings on head and ears. Duurstede Perm Reg’d, DA Boyd & WR English farms. A decade later, breed criterion Quick Facts VanWyck. Limited, planned breeding program was established and the Scottish Terrier gained Exercise Requirements designed to produce healthy happy puppies. popularity for his distinguished looks and Grooming Our Gordons are versatile active dogs best suited loyal companionship. In the U.S., President Roosevelt’s dog “Fala” captured public attention for people or families with similar interests and ON throughout the Depression and WWII. time to share. Stud services available to qualified Bushwell Reg’d, Kathey Holroyd. Quality home-raised puppies bred for health and temperament occasionally. Information on this wonderful breed always available. 1 Summitcrest Crt (Tyrone) RR 5 Bowmanville ON L1C 5A7 (905) 263-4266; mudville60@hotmail.com

SETTER (GORDON)

Appearance 10-11” (25.5-28 cm) 18-22 lb. (8-10 kg) Hard, wiry outer coat in black, grey, brindle, or wheaten. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

SEALYHAM TERRIER Can Ch Duurstede’s Ms Squeak (AI) out of Australian Grand Ch Warchant Barnaby and Canadian Ch Duurstede’s Schwarze Eule (AI)

History While seeking the “perfect terrier” for his estate in Pembrokeshire, Wales, Captain John Edwards created the Sealyham Terrier. The dog was fast enough to keep up with hounds on the hunt, small enough to go to ground after badgers,

History The Gordon Setter is a descendant of the setting spaniels that were popular in 15th century Scotland. The black and tan setting dogs were crossed with local dogs to create unique breeds that were suitable for the harsh Scottish terrain. It was the Fourth Duke of Gordon, Alexander, who set the foundation for the Gordon Setter. His kennel dogs became excellent bird hunting dogs, since they had the ability to stealthily track and alert hunters to the location of birds without startling the birds into flight. In the mid-1800s, two direct descendants of the Duke of Gordon’s kennels came to

bitches. Visitors are welcome by appointment only. 905 7th St E, Owen Sound, ON N4K 1K3. (519) 371-9345; woof@duurstedekennels.com; www.duurstedekennels.com. (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left.) Harbinger Reg’d, Alistair Sutherland. Dedicated to this wonderful breed for over 40 years. Quality CKC registered puppies occasionally from health tested/clear parents with great temperaments for pet, show, performance and field. Guarantee and support with every puppy. 5769 Loggers Way, Arnprior, ON. K7S 3G7 (613) 623-5195; harbingergordonsetters.com QC Gordonstar, Brigitte Grise. Gordon Setter breeder located in Québec/Canada, show line, hunting line, family-raised puppies, health garantee and good temperement, you can visit our website for more information and for upcoming litters. Lac Superieur, QC (819) 688-6499; brigitte.grise@cgocable.ca; www.gordonstar.com

legend

PUREBRED

Personality The Scottish Terrier’s nickname, “Diehard”, captures the breed’s courage and tenacity. The scrappy nature that served him well in the past is best tempered in the present day, notably when he is with other dogs. He is independent, so establishing boundaries early is prudent. “The Scottie” is bright and willing to please so fair and positive training ensures good behaviour.

Setter (Gordon)

SCOTTISH TERRIER

Very minimal Minimal Average More than average Maximum

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SETTER (IRISH RED & WHITE)

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

Setter (Irish)

SETTER (IRISH)

History The origin of setters in Ireland is uncertain. As the breed gained popularity in the early 19th century, Irish Setters came in combinations of red and white. Occasionally, a puppy would be born with an all-red coat. When breed showing became popular in the mid-1800s, the flashy all-red colouring caught people’s attention, and breeders soon sought to focus on type. They cut out the red and white colouring and founded the Irish Red Setter Club in 1882. All-red Irish Setters were very popular in their native Ireland, and in North America where they were excellent gun dogs. In recent history, breeders have returned their emphasis to the qualities that made the Irish Setter a successful birding dog. Personality A playful happy-go-lucky fellow, the Irish Setter is an upbeat companion whose brilliant red coat is sure to turn heads. He is friendly to all he meets, and always enthusiastic. He has a short attention span, and does best with short training sessions. He needs a lot of exercise to keep him happy. Given his hunting roots, the Irish Setter enjoys active sports like agility, and remains an excellent bird dog. Appearance 21-27” (54-69 cm) 60-75 lb (27-34 kg)

PUREBRED

Crimsonacre Perm Reg’d, Puppies occasionally. Wonderful temperments. OFA and PRA clear. Written health guarantee. Ridgeville, ON L0S 1M0 (905) 892-3551 crimsonacre@me.com

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SHETLAND SHEEPDOG

History The Setter is a specialized bird-hunting dog that flushes prey then remains still so the hunter can shoot the birds without risk of shooting his dog. Irish Setters were developed in the early 1800s when gun-hunting became popular. The original breed was mostly red and white with the odd all-red dog born in a litter. As showing became popular, the all-red colour came into vogue, and the red and white dogs nearly became extinct.

BISS AM/CAN CH Grandgables Alfenloch Uno. Bred by Guy Jeavons, Diane Fitzpatrick & Mark McMillan, Owned by Guy Jeavons & Mark McMillan, Grandgables Perm Reg’d. Moffat, ON

Irish hunters preferred working with the red and white dogs because they were easily seen. Several breeders maintained Irish Red and White Setters, with a focus on working characteristics rather than colour. By 1940, a breed club was formed. Today, nearly all Irish Red and White Setters are steadily gaining popularity around the world.

History Natives of the sparsely-vegetated Shetland Islands bred small hardy miniature cattle, dwarf sheep and Shetland Ponies. Since they didn’t require large dogs to maintain their herds, they selectively bred King Charles Spaniels, Yakki dogs from Greenland, and Scandinavian Spitz-type dogs to produce a small sturdy herder.

Personality The Irish Red and White Setter is a happy-go-lucky fellow, bursting with energy and joie de vivre. He loves the great outdoors, and his high-spirited nature makes him a fun and exciting dog to be around. He needs consistent training, in short bursts suited to his short attention span, and opportunities to burn off his energy.

At first, there was a lot of variety in these dogs, but in the early 1900s James Loggie standardized the Shetland dog’s type, adding in Collie blood. He introduced the dog in 1906 as the “Shetland Collie”, but when Collie breeders objected, the dog was renamed the Shetland Sheepdog.

Appearance 22-26” (57-66 cm) 50-75 lb (22-34 kg)

Moderate length, straight flat coat with Long, straight, silky fine coat with feathering. feathering. Rich chestnut or mahogany red with White with solid red patches. no trace of black. May have white markings. Quick Facts Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Exercise Requirements Grooming Grooming ON Carannagh Reg’d, Anne Perkins. Sound, loving Irish for family, conformation, obedience, field and just plain fun. Puppies occasionally. Written guarantee. Box 538, Osgoode, ON K0A 2W0 (613) 826-3297; anne@carannagh.ca; www.carannagh.ca

Clancuddy Reg’d, Barbara & Tom Riedel. Our dogs are home-raised and have done well in the show ring as well as make wonderful family companions. Inquiries welcome. 4410 Bridge St, New Hamburg, ON N3A 2W2. (519) 662-2503; tombarbriedel@gmail.com; www.clancuddysetters.ca

ON Caniscaeli Reg’d, Gail & Les Harrision. Knowledgeable, experienced breeders emphasizing health and good temperament to produce excellent family companions. Home-raised puppies have excellent family comparisons. Home-raised puppies have excelled in conformation, field and obedience. Inquiries welcomed. Breed information available. Mitchell, ON N0K 1N0. (519) 348-8267; caniscaeli@gmail.com; www.caniscaelisetters.com

Personality A lively and intelligent fellow, the Shetland Sheepdog, or Sheltie, makes a fun family companion who excels in obedience, agility and other similar sports. He is a gentle dog who is attached to his family, though is reserved with strangers. Early socialization is important to prevent shyness. Appearance 13-16” (33-41 cm) 14-27 lb (6-12 kg) Long, straight harsh outercoat. Short, furry dense undercoat. Mane. Black, blue merle, shades of sable, all with various degrees of white and/or tan. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Doel Lynn & Rick, Regaloake Perm Reg’d. Show and companion pups of all colours. Homeraised. Champion bloodlines. Written health guarantee. Brampton, ON (905) 459-1138; cell: (416)820-DOGS; email: dogsdogs@rogers.com; website: www.regaloakeshelties.com


Shih Tzu

native breeds. The Shiba Inu arrived in North America in the late 1900s.

SHIH TZU

championship blood lines. Bred for show, performance and companionship. Happy, Intelligent, Home-raised puppies. Vet checked, micro-chip, health guarantee, occasionally for sale. All inquires welcomed. Sharon MacLean, 607 Dorchester Drive, Oshawa, ON. (905) 728-1352 or sharlsshelties@bell.net; www.sharlsshelties.com

Shonba Shetland Sheepdogs, Sharon Dunbar. We occasionally have puppies available in all colours. Our puppies carry 2 year hereditary health guarantee. Before entering our breeding program, our dogs must clear hereditary screenings for VWD, Thyroid, hips, eyes and MDRI. Stratford, ON N5A 6S5 (519) 272-2806 shonbas99@hotmail.com; shonbasshelties.wix.com Wildmore Reg’d, Lou-Ann & Jim Wild. Healthy, home-raised puppies. CKC registered, first shots, micro-chipped. Health and temperament guarantee. Available to approved homes. Thirty years of enjoyment in the breed. 142 Hummingbird Hill Road, Midland, ON. L4R 4K3. (705) 835-5046

SHIBA INU

Am Can CH Morningstar Hoshi at Koyote Perm. Reg’d. Cochrane, AB www.koyotekennels.com

History The Shiba Inu is the smallest Japanese Spitz-type breed. Bred as a hunter of small game, he would be sent out to flush, run and hold game until the hunter arrived for the kill. While usually used to hunt rabbits, grouse and wild boar, there are accounts of Shiba Inu hunting bear and deer. The breed’s name comes from the Japanese words for “small” (shiba) and “dog” (inu). In 1928, the Nihon Ken Hozonkai, or Nippon, was founded to register and preserve native Japanese dog breeds. It recognized the Shiba Inu as a “natural monument” in 1936 - a distinctly Japanese dog requiring preservation. The devastation wracked on Japan during World War II decimated the dogs. After the war, the Japanese gathered dogs from all over the country in an effort to rebuild its

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

Personality With an independent cat-like personality, the Shiba Inu is affectionate and playful, yet reserved with strangers. He is vocal and makes a good watchdog, and can make a Sharls Shelties Reg’d, Top quality CKC reg. fun and enjoyable companion. Appearance 13-17” (34-42 cm) 17-23 lb (7.5-11 kg) Straight stiff outercoat. Soft thick undercoat. Red, black and tan, sesame. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

History These little dogs came to be known as “lion dogs” or Shih Tzu. They came to China in AB the 7th century, where the breed was highly Koyote Perm Reg’d, Laura McKenna Lange. prized by the court. In the late 1800s, the Pups home-raised with lots of love and affection. Dowager Empress T’zu His took an interest in Twenty years’ experience. Beautiful Japanese the breed, crossing it with the Pekinese and bloodlines. Numerous imported and home-bred creating the breed type we know today. champions. All health clearances including hips, knees and eyes. Written guarantee and lifetime support. Inquiries and visitors always welcome. References available. Evening puppy seminar included. Box 1, Site 15, RR 2, Cochrane, AB T4C 1A2. (403) 932-6376; koyotekennels@ velocitynetworks.ca; www.koyotekennels.com. (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left and our advertisement in the Breeder Spotlight.)

In the 1920s, Lady Brownrigg brought a pair of Shih Tzu home to England from a visit to China. A few dogs were exported abroad until 1940, when the Communist takeover of China closed the borders to new bloodlines. Only seven dogs and bitches were available for breeding; they are the founders of all existing Shih Tzu. With so few dogs available, the breed developed various health issues that later breeders corrected through Smilingbear Shibas Reg’d, Doreen M. judicious out-crossings. The Shih Tzu is now one Fitchett. Raising the Shiba Inu for 15 years. of the most popular toy breeds in the world. Pups from OFA & CERF tested parents. Our babies are carefully vet checked and come with a 3 year health guarantee. Our grand daughter pre-spoils your pup for you! Quality puppies for quality families. Hanna, AB. (403) 854-2154; smilingbear@netago.ca; www.telusplanet.net/public/smilbear BC Mountain High, Stu & Sherin Laurie. Companion/ Performance/Breeding/Show. We have worked for generations to produce puppies who have great dispositions and mind-set as well as super conformation. Our dogs are companions and excel in performance -Rally-O, Agility, Tracking, Scent, Flyball, Obedience, Etc. See our website for regular up-dates on Ch Asgoodasitgets At Mtn High, aka Castle. Skookumchuck BC V0B 2E0. (250) 422-3522; info@mtnhighshiba.ca; www.mtnhighshiba.ca ON Carol Williamson, ShyGuy Shibas. Written guarantees on all pups. Superb quality and temperament. Durham Road 13, S2316, Sunderland, ON L0C 1H0 (705) 357-2194 Oak Tree Acres, Colin Stainforth. Homeraised Puppies, Show or Companion. Health care guarantee. Goderich ON (519) 529-3076; colinda@hurontel.on.ca

WHAT SHOULD YOU LOOK FOR IN A DOG WALKER? FIND OUT ON P. 26

Personality Used to being a dog of nobility, the Shih Tzu is a friendly loving animal who can be a happy lap dog one moment, and a playful companion the next. Despite his small size, he is sturdy and does well with children. Appearance 8-11” (20-28 cm) 9-16 lb (4-7.5 kg) Long, flowing luxurious outercoat. Dense good undercoat. All colours permissible. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming BC Ovations Reg’d, Phyllis & Robert Stoddart. Selectively breeding from top champion bloodlines to produce superior companion and show puppies with excellent temperament and conformation. Written contract. After sales support. Veterinarian examined. Surrey, BC (604) 541-2747: cell (778) 885 4353; ovations.kennel@shaw.ca ON Chopin Reg’d, Sandra Veitch. We breed our CKC champions in our home to produce wellsocialized puppies that come with a health guarantee. Vet-checked, shots and microchipped as well as CKC registered. 213 Mary Avenue, London, Ontario N6J 3L8 (519) 474-4387; chopinshihtzureg@hotmail.com; www.chopinshihtzu.com

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PUREBRED

Grand-Gables Perm Reg’d, Guy Jeavons. Let our puppies be part of your life too! Home-raised, healthy, reasonably priced with guarantees. Stud Service available. (905) 854-4148; grandgables@ sympatico.ca (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left.)


Shih Tzu

SHILOH SHEPHERD – See Rare Breed directory Pg 165 Muskoka Paws Reg’d, We come with first shots, micro-chipped and house trained in warmer weather. We live right in the house with our breeders; there aren’t too many of us and they are very careful who we go home to; we are glad they do! We come in speciality sizes too! Contact Anita (705) 498-2828; (705) 386-0345; muskokapaws@gmail.com or see (videos too) at www.muskokapaws.com

SIBERIAN HUSKY

Souyen Reg’d, Patti, Mark & Sarah Paquette. Well-socialized show and companion dogs available. Quality puppies, health guaranteed. Home-raised. (705) 983-2207; markpaquette@ sympatico.ca; www.souyenkennels.com

SHIKOKU

History The nomadic Chukchi people of Siberia needed durable dogs capable of pulling sleds or hunting reindeer. Because food was scarce, these sled dogs not only needed great endurance but had to be small enough not to require a lot of nourishment. Known as the Siberian Chukchi, they were first brought to North America in 1909.

The Siberian Husky came to the world’s notice thanks to Leonhard Seppala, who with his dog team delivered serum 600 miles to Nome, Alaska in the winter of 1925, narrowly averting an outbreak of diphtheria. Seppala toured the United States with his famed dogs, including team leader Balto, who has a statue in New History A medium-sized breed that existed York’s Central Park. During his tour, Balto in ancient times, the Shikoku hunted deer and entered several races and proved the Siberian boar on the smallest and least-populated of Husky’s superiority. Since then, the breed has Japan’s four islands. In this isolated, remained popular in North America. mountainous region, Shikoku bloodlines Personality Bred to live and work in a team, remained pure. This Spitz type is so rare and the Siberian Husky does not like to be left alone. treasured that in 1937, the Japanese He is loving and friendly, playful as a puppy, yet government declared the breed “a national dignified as he matures. With his great endurance, monument”. The Shikoku survived WWII, the Siberian Husky requires regular exercise. He is a bit of an escape artist, and requires a securely and continues to be bred for the hunt. fenced yard to run in. Historically expected to Outside its native country, the Shikoku is a help earn his own keep, he is an effective hunter rare breed; even inside Japan, its numbers of small prey and may not be safe around smaller pets like cats. remain low.

PUREBRED

Personality The Shikoku is alert, tough and energetic -- yet owners say he possesses a certain innocence. Calm indoors, especially around his family, he needs an active outdoor life. The Shikoku does have a tendency to dominance, so early socialization is required. A fenced yard provides safety for this unique dog, who, after all, has running in his genes. Appearance 18-20.5” (46-52 cm) 40-60 lb (18-27 kg)

Okiok Reg’d, Carol Lindsay. Quality pups, adults. Colour choices. Over 50 years selectively breeding intelligent companions to put love in your life. Socialized, gentle temperament, great conformation, longevity. Training started. Dams and sires on site. Females bred only occasionally. Available for the life of your dog for advice. To caring, permanent, responsible homes. Grandfather was a Disney “Snow Dog”. Stud service. All-breed boarding facility, in-floor heat, large indoor/outdoor runs, huge in-door exercise arena. Private boarding cattery, lots of TLC! Pet shop for all your canine, feline and equine needs. Specializing in Husky and wolf items - clothing, jewellery, art plus. Near Grand Bend. 35619 Salem Rd., RR 8, Parkhill, ON (519) 294-0494; fax (519) 294-0820

SOFT-COATED WHEATEN TERRIER

The young Cdn/Am/Ital/Int’l Ch Peccato Veniale della Val del Foglia, “Chopin,” now 15 1/2 yrs. Champion European lines combining loving temperament with genetic soundness. Rathdrum Wheatens. Maureen Marinelli, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON, L0S 1J0

History As Ireland’s poor man’s hunting dog, the Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier was an effective ratter, herder, hunter and watch dog. In the early 19th century, the breed was so common it was considered beneath notice. Because of its lowly heritage, no one took interest in the breed until the 1930s, when a group of fanciers formed a breed club. The dog was initially called the Appearance 20-34” (51-60 cm) Irish Wheaten Terrier, but the club decided 35-60 lb (16-27 kg) the name was too similar to Irish Terrier, and Medium length, straight soft outercoat. Soft changed it to Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier. The dense undercoat. All colours from black to white. dogs were first presented at breed shows in their Various markings on the head are common. natural coats, only to receive derisive comments that they looked like “walking haystacks”. It was Quick Facts consequently decided to “top and tidy” their Exercise Requirements coats into the trim now seen in the show ring. Grooming The Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier did not gain ON recognition in North America until the 1970s. Kybra Kennels, Brandon Shantz. Siberian Husky

Known for his “sesame-coloured”, harsh outer Puppies available regularly. Parents are health coat. tested and on site. Check out our website or contact us for more information or to set up an Quick Facts appointment to meet the parents and puppies. Exercise Requirements Our goal is to produce healthy puppies that Grooming

Personality Quieter than many smaller terriers, the Wheaten is enthusiastic and obedient. He loves kids, though his energetic nature makes him a better match for older chidren. He bonds strongly to his family and will be part of your family for years to come! makes a good watchdog. 5205 Line 86. Listowel, Ontario N4W 3G8; (519) 504-1023; fax: (519) 291-9155; info@kybrakennels.ca; www.kybrakennels.ca

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Appearance 17-20” (43-49 cm) 35-45 lb (16-20 kg)


(519) 449-5345; cathy.sager@sympatico.ca; www.casakennels.ca

ON Anloch Reg’d Soft Coated Wheaten Terriers. Ron McCartney & Monika Brauer. Home of exceptional European and North American Championship lines. Good health, happy temperment and outstanding conformation are our highest priorities. Our dogs are all DNAtested for PLN to ensure healthy puppies. Home-raised and well-socialized puppies to approved homes. Owen Sound, ON; (519) 7943456; (519) 371-2115; mo.brauer@gmail.com; www.wheaten.ca

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Countrydream’s Reg’d, Cindy Bousfield. Well-socialized puppies and adults, health and temperament guaranteed, SLT yearly. Selectively bred, Champion bloodlines from American/ Canadian lines. Home-raised puppies with love. RR 2, 244 Meadows Rd, Cayuga, ON N0A 1E0 (905) 772-3538; bousfield@xplornet.com, http:// countrydreamscockers.tripod.com/

SPANIEL (BRITTANY)

breeding for health and temperament. Threeyear written health guarantee. Visitors welcome. 8 Shire Court, Carlisle ON L0R 1H2. ph/fax 905 689 3428; doghillwheatens@cogeco.ca

Photo: Stationone Reg’d

History When Cocker Spaniels were imported to North America from England, breeders began to select for a different type of dog, choosing smaller animals with more leg and a shorter body. By the 1930s, the two breed types Doghill Wheatens Reg’d, Susan & Stephen had become so different they were split. The Collins. Home-raised, happy, well-mannered original type was called the English Cocker and socialized puppies available occasionally to Spaniel, and the new one the American Cocker approved homes. Thorough testing and selective Spaniel (or just Cocker Spaniel in the US). Because he was both an excellent family dog and useful hunter’s companion, the Cocker Spaniel’s popularity soared. As demand increased, many unscrupulous breeders Rathdrum Wheatens, Maureen Marinelli. Happy, sprung up and the breed suffered from home-raised puppies from champion European temperamental and constitutional problems. lines noted for health. Breeding on a small, select Dedicated breeders worked to promote and scale. Thorough health testing of parents and pups. maintain sound breeding practices, preserving Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON L0S 1J0. (905) 327-7722; a true breed type and temperament. The breed rathdrum@yahoo.ca; www.rathdrumwheatens. remains popular to this day. com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left & Breeder Spotlight.) Valoriel Perm Reg’d, Heather Baulk-Smith. Breeding for gentle temperament and sound health. Quality home-raised puppies available for adoption from parents who are thoroughly health screened. Written health guarantee. All pups are well-socialized, CKC registered and come with puppy books and years of breeder support. Raising Wheatens for over 25 years. Palmerston, ON N0G 2P0 (519) 343-3918; cavy@wightman. ca; http://valoriel.weebly.com/index.html Wheat n’ Honey Reg’d, Donna Smith. Selectively bred for great health, conformation and temperament. CKC registered, homeraised puppies from health-screened, champion lines. Well-socialized, healthy, companion puppies available occasionally to approved homes. Written health guarantee. Please call to arrange a visit. Elmira, ON N3B 2Z1 (519) 669-1007; wheat.n.honey@gmail.com; www.wheat-n-honey.com Witthaven Reg’d, Natascha Witt. Striving for beautiful, healthy and happy Irish and North American puppies. We provide everything you would expect from a reputable, quality breeder. Visit our site first, then email or call. Kitchener, ON for more info. www.witthaven.blogspot.ca. witthaven1@gmail.com; (226) 747-3216.

WIN FREE DOG FOOD! DETAILS ON P. 61

Spaniel (Brittany)

SPANIEL (AMERICAN COCKER)

History Developed in the Brittany region of France, the first Brittany dogs were recorded in the town of Pontou in the mid-1800s, and were used for hunting and retrieving birds. Small and naturally bobtailed, the Brittany’s stocky compact frame and vigorous hunting ability made him one of the most popular hunting dogs in France. The breed type wasn’t settled until Personality A well bred American Cocker 1908. In spite of being called a “spaniel”, the Spaniel has a sweet easy-going temperament. Brittany functions more like a small setter or He is happy, trusting and intelligent, easy to pointer. Indeed, the AKC has removed “spaniel” train and good at a range of dog sports like from the breed’s name. agility, flyball and obedience. He is big enough When the Brittany Spaniel came to North to enjoy long walks, swims and hikes, yet small America in the 1930s, hunters preferred a enough to be portable when travelling. After lighter-bodied dog with a longer leg. Over time, enjoying some exercise, the American Cocker American and French breeding stock differed enough in shape and hunting style that some Spaniel is happy to sit back and relax. clubs now separate the two and consider them Appearance 13-15” (33-38 cm) different breeds. American Brittany Spaniels are 15-30 lb (7-14 kg) discouraged from having the black colouring Medium length, silky, flat or wavy outercoat. acceptable in French Brittanys. Undercoat adequate for protection. Ears, chest, Personality An excellent hunter who loves abdomen, legs well feathered. the outdoors, the Brittany Spaniel is a delightful fellow, quite happy to relax once his work is Quick Facts done. He settles in well with family activities, and Exercise Requirements loves to be around his people. With a keen mind Grooming and desire to please, the Brittany Spaniel is easy to train. He is a happy dog who is always ready ON to have fun and be part of his people’s lives. Brinlook Reg’d, Doug & Janet Batty. American Cocker Spaniels. All colours but chocolate. Home-raised. Top quality, long history of Cockers. Puppies available occasionally. 50713 Dingle Line, Aylmer, Ont. N5H 3E8 (519) 773-2428. Calowa Kennels, Lorraine Smith. Beachville, ON. (519) 423-6049; www.calowakennels.com

Appearance 17-20” (44-52 cm) 30-45 lb (13-21 kg)

Dense, flat or wavy coat. Feathering. Liver and white, orange and white, tricolour (liver and white with orange markings). Markings may be clear or roan. May have ticking. French lines Calowa Kennels, Lorraine Smith. Beachville, may be black and white. ON. (519) 423-6049; www.calowakennels.com Casa kennel Reg’d, Cathy Sager. Breeder of adorable black, black/tan, chocolate or buff puppies. Proud of our excellent quality and temperament. Home-raised with lots of love.

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Spaniel (Brittany) continued on next page.

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PUREBRED

Soft, silky, waved or curly abundant coat. Any shade of wheaten.


Stationone Reg’d, Maureen Gladstone. Puppies for field/show/companion. Written health guarantee. 27 years of breeding white/ orange, white/liver particolour. Brittanys are the most versatile hunting dog. Also excel at agility, flyball and therapy. They are also a wonderful choice for a family pet. Easy to train and a pleasure to own. Puppies are all aptitude tested before going to their home. Waterford, NB (506) 433-6601; stationonekennels@gmail.com; www.dogcatbreeder.com

Medium-length coat is silky, straight, and dense. Well-feathered around legs and chest. Primarily white with orange or lemon markings. Freckles are common.

SPANIEL (ENGLISH COCKER)

Douglas Fur. Odessa, ON. (613) 893-6624; douglasfur@live.ca; www.douglasfurkennel.com; www.facebook.com/douglasfurkennels

SPANIEL (CLUMBER)

PUREBRED

History There are several theories about the origins of the Clumber Spaniel, but what we know for certain is that this breed was popular amongst 18th Century English nobility. The Clumber Spaniel was imported either from Spain or from France, and became a favourite of princes, kings, and dukes as a game fowl hunter. The breed earned its name from Clumber Park, which was an estate owned by the English Duke of Newcastle who was quite fond of this Spaniel. Some early ancestors of the Clumber may have been the Basset Hound and the Alpine Spaniel. Personality Slow but steady wins the race. The Clumber Spaniel is a good family dog who has good endurance, but likes to take his time. He spreads out his stamina rather than maintaining a high level of energy. This breed is sweet, affectionate, and mellow and is content to stroll along or lounge with his family. He also loves to swim, and his retriever instincts make him great at playing fetch. Bred to be a working and sporting dog, the Clumber Spaniel is happiest when he is enjoying the great outdoors. He sometimes may require socialization training with strangers because he can be protective but his intelligence and mild manners makes all training easy. He responds especially well to a gentle approach. Appearance 17-20 in (43-51 cm) 55-85 lbs (25-38.5 kg)

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SPANIEL (ENGLISH SPRINGER)

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

Spaniel (Brittany)

NB

History Described in 1677 as dogs with “active feet, wanton tail, and busy nostrils”, the term “spaniel” became a common name for birdhunting dogs originating in Spain. These avid hunters spread across Europe. By 1800, spaniels had been divided into land and water spaniels, with their specific names deriving from their jobs. At first, many types might be born from the same litter, and were selected by size. The smallest were called Cocker Spaniels for their ability to hunt small fowl such as woodcock. The breed type was not set until the late 1800s. The Cocker Spaniel came to North America in the 1870s. While breeders continued to select for sporting ability, over time some chose to breed for a smaller shorter-legged type, while others chose to maintain the British type. Eventually, the two styles of Cocker Spaniel were so differentiated that separate registries were required by 1940. Breeders of English Cocker Spaniels selected for taller lighter-coated dogs that retain their hunting instincts. Personality Happy and easy to get along with, the English Cocker Spaniel loves to do just about anything with his owner. Whether it’s going for a long walk or taking a bath, he’s happy as long as his person is there. He likes to retrieve and is a quick study. Many English Cocker Spaniels excel in dog sports and games like obedience, rally, agility and flyball.

History Early spaniels were named according to their size and the jobs they did. The smallest were Cocker Spaniels, mid-sized were Field Spaniels, and the largest were Springer Spaniels. All three sizes could be born in the same litters, and sometimes dogs would change types as they outgrew their old standards. This proved confusing at times, and in the late 1800s the three types were separated and interbreeding banned. The English Springer Spaniel was officially named a breed in 1902. Breeders brought it to North America in 1907, where it faced difficult competition with pre-existing pointers and setters. Interest in the breed increased in 1922 when the English Springer Spaniel Field Trial Association was founded. Over time, a division between field-bred and show-bred lines developed; stronger working instincts and more white coverage are typical of working lines. Personality Thanks to their similar heritage, the English Springer Spaniel is much like the English Cocker Spaniel in personality. He is happy and easy-going, a quick learner, and deeply bonded to his family. He loves to swim and play, and is sure to end up wet if a pond or puddle can be found. With regular exercise, the Springer is ready to relax at home, enjoying a comfy snooze on his bed. Because of his deep family bond, the English Springer Spaniel does not like to be left alone at home. Appearance 19-20” (48-51 cm) 40-50 lb (18-23 kg) Medium-length, straight water-resistant outercoat. Short, soft dense undercoat. Moderate feathering. Black and white, liver and white, tricolour (liver or black and white with tan), blue or liver roan.

Appearance 15-17” (38-43 cm) 26-34 lb (12-16 kg)

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Medium-length, flat or slightly wavy, silky Grooming double coat. Well feathered. Various colours AB including: black, red, liver, golden, black and Synergenic English Springer Spaniels, Ron & tan, tricolour, blue roan, liver roan, red roan, Gail Chapman. Humanely raised pups with full orange roan or lemon roan. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

tails and phalanged dewclaws left natural. The focus of 30 plus years of breeding has been for workability; show, field, obedience, agility and therapy dogs. All stock is Hip/Elbow/ Heart and Eye OFA’d clear. Puppies home-raised. 8 year written health guarantee against disabling


companions and excellent obedience, agitlity, rally and therapy dogs. 1261 McLeod Rd, Fruitvale, BC V0G 1L0 (250) 367-7211; Lmurray@ netidea.com; www.simplypawsitive.ca

Appearance 20-24” (51-61 cm) 45-65 lb (20-30 kg)

ON Ruskate Reg’d, Bonnie Bristow. English Springer Spaniels - Since 1989 - Temperament-Plus, Show/Companion Quality puppies - Written Guarantee - Black and white, and liver and white raised with lots of TLC on fresh country sunshine. Like us on Facebook. 8667 10th Line Essa Township, RR#2, Barrie, Ontario, L4M 4S4 (705) 733-5768; bonniebristow@sympatico.ca; www.englishspringerspaniel.ca

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

SPANIEL (IRISH WATER)

Double coat with abundant hair falling in tight, crisp ringlets or waves. Solid liver.

AB Araglin Reg’d, Allan & Bonnie Chappell. Irish Water Spaniels have been a part of life at Araglin Kennels for 20 years. All young dogs are started at an early age in obedience and agility. Rally obedience and tracking round the rest of their lives. Home of the number one and two CKC agility dogs in 2013. Puppies are expected in 2015. Sherwood Park, AB. (780) 991-0845; chappellab@shaw.ca

History Water spaniels have been used in Ireland for centuries to retrieve waterfowl felled by hunters. In the 1930s, Irishman Justin McCarthy bred his dog Boatswain, a typical southern Irish water spaniel, in what was either an effort to resurrect a dying breed that had existed since the early 16th century, or create a new breed of Irish Water Spaniel, utilizing a variety of bloodlines he kept secret all his life. Likely prospects for this breeding program included Poodle/Barbet type dogs and Portuguese Water Dogs. The resulting breed remained remarkably true to type, and completely distinct from other dogs.

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

Photo: Araglin Kennel

SPANIEL (WELSH SPRINGER)

History Like English Cocker and English Springer Spaniels, the Welsh Springer Spaniel comes from mixed birding-bred spaniel stock common to Europe in the 15th to 19th centuries. During this time, all spaniel types were interbred, with preference given to hunting ability over breed type. When litters arrived, puppies would be separated by size and type. In Wales, smaller dogs with characteristic deep red and white colouring, a The Irish Water Spaniel is an excellent more tapered head and smaller ears were waterfowl hunter, with fanciers in both his native called Welsh Springers. Ireland and North America. With a unique In the late 1800s, various types of English water-resistant coat that keeps him warm even spaniel were separated and interbreeding was in the coldest conditions, and webbed toes that forbidden. Over time, each breed became allow him to swim with great efficiency, he is a unique. By 1906, the Welsh Springer Spaniel true water dog. Although not highly popular, he was officially recognized. The breed came to has a strong following as a proficient hunter and North America in the early 1900s, but didn’t fun-loving friend. catch on and was virtually extinct by the end

of the Second World War. Breed fanciers imported fresh bloodlines and brought the Welsh Springer Spaniel back to sustainable numbers. It remains an uncommon breed. Personality A lovely mix between hunting dog and couch potato, the Welsh Springer Spaniel is equally happy working or relaxing at home. Because he was bred as a birding dog, his hunting instincts are excellent. Outdoors he’s a tireless explorer, seeking birds to spring. He is easy to train and very attached to his people, though without good socialization he can be shy of strangers. Appearance 17-19” (43-49 cm) 35-45 lb (16-21 kg)

Spaniel (Welsh Springer)

Personality He’s full of clownish antics, so training the young Irish Water Spaniel may seem an exercise in futility. As he matures, however, he shows an amazing retention for lessons he showed no signs of learning in his youth. Though somewhat reserved with strangers, he’s boldly affectionate to those he cares about most. Bred to work long hours in BC cold, sometimes miserable conditions, the Irish Misko Reg’d, Linda Murray. Home-raised puppies occasionally from parents with certified Water Spaniel benefits from plenty of exercise health clearances. Breeding for temperament, rain or shine, and never hesitates to jump into health and versatility to produce devoted the nearest pond or puddle.

Straight, flat, soft weatherproof coat. Moderate feathering. Rich red and white colouring. Any pattern is acceptable. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming AB Shore ‘N Cliff Welsh Springer Spaniels, Bruce & Nola Stigings. Home-raised and field-bred Welsh Springer Spaniels. Bred from US & European championship bloodlines. Superb pets and amazing field dogs that flush birds. Contact us to reserve a puppy from an upcoming litter. Red Deer County, AB (403) 227-4632; bnstigings@ live.ca; www.springerspanieldogs.ca ON Upland Creek Reg’d, Lawrence & Mary Labatt. Home-raised and field-bred Welsh Springer Spaniels. Bred from UK and European championship blood lines. Superb pets, amazing field dogs that hold birds before flushing. RR 1, Concession 8, ENR, Clear Creek, ON N0E 1C0. (519) 586-8514; labatt@xplornet.com, www.uplandcreek.com (See our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.)

CONFUSED BY BREEDER LANGUAGE? SEE

PUREBRED

hereditary diseases. Members of ESSCC, WRESSAA, ESSFTA. Also, SPCA (2012) inspected breeders and two time Pedigree Breeders of the year. Puppies available occasionally to approved homes. Calgary, AB T2J 6H8 (403) 860-9292; synergy@telus.net; http://gillianchapman.com/ restaurant/welcome/

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guarantee. Happy, loyal and loving puppies. Approved homes only. 13500 Hwy 97 South, Prince George, BC V2N 6B5. (250) 301-1281; lana-smith@live.ca

Personality The Spinone Italiano lives up to his reputation as a reliable and noble dog. This all-purpose breed is loyal, friendly, and intelligent and is good with children and other animals. The Spinone can be both playful and docile, and is happiest when spending time with his family. People of all ages are drawn to his unique appearance and many comment on his soft, almost human-like eyes.

ON Nerthus Perm Reg’d, Barb & Casey Koeppe. Stud service. Puppies available in both coat types. Excellent temperaments. Written health guarantee. 40 years breeding saints. 2916 Forest Rd, Stratford, ON N5A 6S5 (519) 271-5064; nerthis3@rogers.com; www.nerthuskennels.ca

STAFFORDSHIRE BULL TERRIER

History The Hospice du Grand St. Bernard of Switzerland is home to the St. Bernard dog. Named for Bernard of Menthon, an Augustine Monk who established the monastery some 1,000 years ago as a rest point for travelers, the St. Bernard started out as a draft and guard dog in the 1600s. These large dogs were exceptional rescuers, scenting trapped travelers under several feet of snow.

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

History The Spinone Italiano, or Italian Pointer, is an ancient hunting breed popular in Italy during the 16th and 17th centuries. His great appeal even earned him a spot in Italian frescoes and paintings. As a gundog, the Spinone was a cautious and discreet hunter, famous for his excellent nose and ability to endure harsh climates and terrains. Today, the Spinone is a versatile hunter, retriever and companion dog who enjoys a variety of sports and activities.

PUREBRED

ST. BERNARD

Photo: SimplySaints Reg’d

Spinone Italiano

SPINONE ITALIANO

A combination of inbreeding, loss and disease led to the near extinction of the breed by 1830. In an effort to save it, the monks brought in other breeds like the Newfoundland, resulting in a larger and longer-coated variety of St. Bernard. Because dogs with long coats became weighted down with snow, the monks gave away their longer-haired puppies. The first breeding of St. Bernards outside the monastery began in 1855 in Switzerland, and produced both long and short-haired puppies. Today, there are three breed standards: a modified version of the 1884 standard used in the United States, the English standard, and a much revised Swiss standard developed in 1993.

History Staffordshire Bull Terriers have a long history as fighting dogs, starting in Roman times. By crossing large mastiffs with terriers, a smaller yet brave and fierce dog was produced that could manage bulls for butchers or hold wild boar or bear for hunters. Because of their strength and ferocity, these dogs were a favourite of bull and bear baiting rings. When these sports were outlawed in 1835, the new blood sport of dog fighting rose to popularity, and the breed continued successful thanks to his ability to take Appearance Height: 56-70 cm (22-27.5 in) down dogs of all sizes. When dog fighting was Weight: 28-39 kg (62-86 lbs) banned in the 1930s, Joseph Dunn preserved Coat can be flat, slightly crimped or wiry, and Personality Big, friendly and patient with the breed, renaming it the Staffordshire Bull is tough and dense. Distinguished beard and children, the St. Bernard is truly a people Terrier to separate it from the Bull Terrier. mustache. Colours include white, white with dog. Though he can be aloof with strangers, His fighting days over, breeders selected for brown or orange markings, brown roan, and particularly if not socialized, he generally loves good temperament, and the breed continued everyone equally. As with all big dogs, early brown roan with brown markings. to be popular among the working classes. Most training is important when he is young as he Staffordshire Bull Terriers in North America didn’t Quick Facts grows quickly. arrive until after the Second World War. The Exercise Requirements breed wasn’t recognized in Canada until 1952. Appearance 26-36” (65-90 cm) Grooming 120-200 lb (55-91 kg) Personality Gentle and playful, few would Shorthaired: coarse, smooth, dense close-lying guess at the Staffordshire Bull Terrier’s past. He outercoat; profuse undercoat. Longhaired: adores his family, especially the children, and has medium-length, plain to slightly wavy outercoat; even been nicknamed the “Nanny Dog”. Quite profuse undercoat. Neck ruff. Red and white in intelligent, he is very capable of learning tricks. various shades of red and varying amounts of Early socialization is beneficial, particularly with each colour, brindle and white. White markings. other dogs and animals. Very minimal Appearance 14-16” (35-41 cm) Quick Facts 24-38 lb (11-17 kg) Exercise Requirements Minimal Grooming Shorthaired Short, smooth, close coat. Red, fawn, white, Longhaired black, blue, brindle, may be mixed with white. Average

legend

More than average Maximum

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BC Simplysaints Reg’d, Lana Smith. Quality dogs, raised on our farm in a family environment. Show quality and companion dogs available. Health

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming


TIBETAN SPANIEL

SWEDISH VALLHUND

History The Tibetan Mastiff is the consummate guardian – the protector of his family, home and livestock. These dogs are famous for their role as sentinels of Tibetan monasteries. During Marco Polo’s 13th century explorations, he recorded seeing “dogs as big as donkeys”. It is this sturdy, ancient breed that engendered the History The origins of the Swedish Vallhund Newfoundland, the Great Pyrenees, the Dogue are uncertain. The breed is similar to the de Bordeaux and the Great Dane. In the late Pembroke Welsh Corgi, and some theories 1800s, Queen Victoria received a Tibetan suggest it was brought to Wales by marauding Mastiff as a gift. Vikings and became the foundation of the The Dalai Lama presented a pair of them to Corgi breed. Others believe Corgis came first, U.S. President Eisenhower in the 1950s, and the and that they were brought back to breed finally got established in North America Scandinavia to become the progenitors of the in the 1970s. Vallhund. Whatever his origin, the Swedish Personality The Tibetan Mastiff displays Vallhund was a hardworking multipurpose affection only to his family since his role is to farm dog in Sweden, and an adept drover, protect. He is intelligent and independent. The ratter and watchdog. puppies are quite playful so this is the perfect In the 1930s, the Vallhund might have died out if not for Karl-Gustav Zettersten and Count Björn von Rosen, who worked together gathering what dogs they could find to rebuild the breed. The breed was officially recognized in 1948. The Vallhund dog arrived in North America in the late 1980s. The breed is known as Västgötaspets in Sweden, named for the province of Västergötland. Personality A natural showoff, the cheerful Vallhund is happy to be alive, and doesn’t hesitate to tell you. He is clever and takes to training quickly. Early socialization is important to keep the Swedish Vallhund from becoming overprotective as he matures. His even temperament makes him a pleasure to be around, and he is good with other pets and children as long as he is properly socialized.

time to socialize them. The Tibetan Mastiff is powerful, and while he does not require rigorous exercise, he does need “purpose” and room to romp. A fenced yard is a must -- ideally in a rural setting, as he can be a nocturnal barker. The Tibetan Mastiff suits a confident, informed person or family who appreciates his timehonoured role as defender of those he loves. Appearance 24-26” (61-66cm) 75-160 lb (34-72.5kg)

Tibetan Spaniel

TIBETAN MASTIFF

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

ON Barkey Sylvia, Rolona Reg’d. Breeder of the most-titled Stafford in the world. Rolona has been producing winners both in the show ring and more importantly in family homes since 1976. Toad Hall, RR 6, Claremont, ON L1Y 1A3. (905) 649-3718; sybarkey@gmail.com)

History The Tibetan Spaniel is not a true spaniel but shares ancestry with other Oriental lap dogs such as Pekingese, Shih Tzu and Lhasa Apso. Tibetan monks kept them as watchdogs and companions. Legend suggests Tibetan Spaniels were trained to turn the monks’ prayer wheels. Considered lucky, the dogs were never sold, and very rarely given as gifts. Though one or two may have left the monasteries before the 20th century, the first Tibetan Spaniels to come to Great Britain and catch the public’s eye were brought by medical missionaries in the 1920s. Plainer than other types of lap dog, they didn’t gain much of a following at first. But interest grew in England after the Second World War, when they became firmly established as show dogs and pets. Tibetan Spaniels came to North America in the mid-1960s and were finally recognized in 1983. Personality A born watchdog, the Tibetan Spaniel loves to find a high place to watch for strangers and warn his family. He is very attached to his owners, but at the same time independent in nature. Playful and very intelligent, the Tibetan Spaniel gets much of his exercise playing games with his people. Lots of socialization is important to accustom him to different people and places.

Weather-resistant, double coat. Black, black and Appearance 10” (25 cm) 9-15 lb (4-7 kg) tan, or golden. Silky outercoat. Fine dense undercoat. Quick Facts All colours and combinations acceptable. Exercise Requirements Grooming Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Medium-length, harsh, tight water-repellent outercoat. Wooly, soft dense undercoat. Steel grey, greyish brown, reddish yellow, reddish brown, black sable with lighter shading. May have white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

WHAT’S A PUREBRED DOG? In Canada, a purebred dog is defined as a dog of proven lineage that is registered by an accepted registry.” If you’re buying a purebred dog, remember that, under the “Animal Pedigree Act”, the dog must be entitled to registration papers. CDNdogs.ca

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Appearance 12-14” (30-36 cm) 20-35 lb (9-16 kg)


TOY FOX TERRIER

VIZSLA (SMOOTH)

History This storied breed originated in the Lost Valley of Tibet. Considered a holy dog that bestowed good fortune, the Tibetan Terrier was not to be sold, only presented as a gift. This breed is not a terrier, however. Descending from the ancient North Kunlun Mountain Dog and Inner Mongolian Dog, the Tibetan Terrier was a robust herder of sheep; perhaps his size and agility suggested a terrier bloodline. As well as herding, this breed provided protection and companionship for Tibetan monks.

History The Toy Fox Terrier is a North American darling. The breed originated in the U.S., when breeders crossed the Smooth Fox Terrier with various toy breeds, including the Chihuahua, Miniature Pinscher, and Manchester Terrier. The resulting breed retained the game instincts of the terrier and the more mellow characteristics and smaller size of the toy breeds.

Personality The blend of toy and terrier breeds makes the Toy Fox Terrier a wellrounded dog. This little lap dog has the It was the Dalai Lama who presented a devotion and affection of the toy breeds and Western doctor with some “TTs”, and along the athletic hunting instincts of the terriers. with other pups she’d received from a patient, Highly energetic and intelligent, this dog easily Dr. Agnes Grieg established a kennel in her masters tricks and loves to entertain. Toy Fox native England. There, the Tibetan Terrier was Terriers are very social and love to spend time formally recognized in 1937. engaging in activities with their families. Their In North America, the Tibetan Terrier gained independent streaks mean they can be finicky, notice in the 1970s. They likely contributed but it also means they have distinct and unique to other Tibetan breeds that enjoy popularity personalities. Toy Fox Terriers are very welltoday, namely the Lhasa Apso and the Shih Tzu. suited to high agility sports, such as Frisbee and Personality The Tibetan Terrier is a quick, flyball. Their size and friendly temperament intelligent student, so stimulating training make them good travelling companions. keeps him from getting bored. Good with Appearance 8.5-11.5” (21.5-29 cm) children, cheerful and loyal, he makes as fine 3.5-7 lb (1.5-3 kg) a companion in a city condo as he does in the countryside. Naturally protective, he likes to Short, flat coat that requires little grooming. Slight neck ruff. Coat is usually glossy and bark, but less so than most true terriers. predominately white. Tricolour (black, tan, Appearance 14-16” (34-41 cm) white or chocolate, tan, white), as well as white 18-30 lb (8-13.5 kg) and tan or white and black blends. Can also be Thick, long outer coat in any colour or all white. Erect, pointed ears. combination of colours. Quick Facts The nose must be black. Large, round feet act as Exercise Requirements Grooming winter “snowshoes”.

PUREBRED

Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

Visit the Canadian Dogs contest page CDNdogs.ca/contests

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CANADIAN DOGS ANNUAL 2015

ON Cherub’s Toy Dog Association. For all registered toy dog breeds. (905) 725-2637; Cherubshalos@bell.net Loving Angels Reg’d, Joan Hamel. Puppies and adults are home-raised and also entered into public educational and competitive venues. Planned breedings focus on health and personality. Written health guarantee and health certificates provided. Puppies receive early training, also carrier training. Companion or show quality to approved homes. References available. Inquiries welcomed. Shipping available. 27-1300 King Street #281, Oshawa, ON L1H 8J4. (905) 725-2637; lovingangels@bell.net

Photo: Chukar Reg’d

Photo: Loving Angels Reg’d

Tibetan Terrier

TIBETAN TERRIER

History The Vizsla is one the oldest sporting and birding dogs – the breed has been documented as early as the mid-13th century. Used by the nomadic Magyar tribes of the Russian Steppes, the Vizsla is a hunter, pointer and retriever rolled into one. Over the centuries, various hounds and pointers were added to the foundation Vizsla stock. Vizslas were companions to early Hungarian warlords, barons and kings. This aristocratic connection made the Vizsla a target during the many upheavals that ripped across Hungary, and the breed nearly became extinct after World War II. Several fleeing aristocrats smuggled their precious dogs and pedigree records out of the country. Modern Vizslas are descended from these refugees, who were established in kennels in Europe and North America. In 1987, a Vizsla captured the first triple American championship for conformation, field trial and obedience. Personality Naturally energetic, the noble Vizsla is a hunter at heart, and requires lots of exercise to keep happy. He gets along with other dogs and animals, and can be excellent with older children. Active socialization at a young age can be beneficial. Appearance 21-25” (53-64 cm) 44-66 lb (20-30 kg) Short, smooth, dense close-lying coat. Shades of golden rust. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Chukar Kennels Reg’d, Ildiko & Garry Hughes. Since 1986. We pride ourselves on home-raised, well-socialized, happy and healthy puppies. Fully guaranteed. Truly versatile for show, hunting or best friend. 8066 5th Line, RR 1, Angus, ON L0M 1B1 (705) 424-0502. chukarkennels@gmail.com Onpoint Perm Reg’d, John Reid & Kimberly Dunn. With over 28 years of experience with the family, hunting, and field companion, we are Canada’s only kennel to win five US National Field Championships. Our puppies, born and raised in our home, come with a five-year written health guarantee. 72 Hutchison Rd, Mallorytown ON K0E 1R0 (613) 659-4888; onpointvizslas@ outlook.com; www.onpointvizslas.com


WELSH CORGI (CARDIGAN)

ON Esrohollow Reg’d, Kathryn Arthur. Breeding quality dogs raised underfoot as part of the family. Home of CKC and AKC Champions, Grand Champions, Herding and Rally-O titled dogs. Member of the Canadian Cardigan Corgi Club. St Mary’s ON N4X 1C4 (519) 229-6138; esrohollow@ quadro.net; http://www.esrohollow.com YT Welgem Reg’d, Al & Lynn Alcock. Healthy and hardy Cardigans from the North. Whether it is tracking, flyball, therapy, hoof and woof, agility, obedience, conformation, rally-o or just plain fun, our Cardigans do it all with zest and vigor. Championship Lines. PO Box 20612, Whitehorse, YT Y1A 7A4 (867) 633-3758; fax (867) 633-4843; alalcock@northwestel.net; www.welgem.com

WEIMARANER

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

occasional breedings! These are performance dogs that win in the ring. Temperament and health comes first. Active national club member, breeder, competitor 20 years. Chatting welcome! cardiganlore@gmail.com; www.bluetrixcardigan.ca (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left.)

Welsh Corgi (Pembroke)

QC Akar Reg’d, Jacqueline Veillette. Home of Grand Champions and Top Canadian Vizslas. Health, temperament and structure are my priorities. Family-raised puppies available occasionally to approved homes. Champion stud service available. Quebec, QC G1Y 1A1 (418) 658-6025; akar@videotron.qc.ca; www.akarvizsla.com

ON Echobar Reg’d, Barbara Heuman. Home-raised puppies, sound temperaments, champion bloodlines, health guarantees, Show, Working & Pet Puppies occasionally available. Thirty years of Breed experience. 516243 County Rd 124, Melanchthon, ON L9V 1T9 (519) 925-0699; fax (519) 925-2811; bheuman@sympatico.ca; www.echobarweimaraners.com

Bluetrix Ginger Echo Druid CGN HT RA. The sweetest thing to cuddle with, do rally and work sheep. Owned by Bluetrix Reg’d.

WELSH CORGI (PEMBROKE)

History With a history that may date back to 1,000 BC, the Welsh Corgi’s name probably derives from the Celtic word for dog, “corgi”. Others believe the name comes from a combination of “cor” (dwarf) and “gi” (dog). Corgi were used as cattle dogs. They herded cows with a technique called heeling; their short stature allowed them to nip at the cows’ heels without being kicked.

History A truly exclusive breed, the Weimaraner was created by the Grand Duke Karl August of Weimar, Germany, as an all-purpose gun dog for the nobility. Perfected around 1810, the breed was a closely guarded treasure, with breeding and ownership strictly protected. The Weimaraner was recognized in Germany in 1896, and its breed club formed a year later. Ownership was restricted The Welsh Corgi comes in two types: the to club members. Cardigan (long-tailed) and the Pembroke In the 1920s, American Howard Knight (tailless). Cardigan Welsh Corgis are stockier became a member of the club and brought a and longer than the Pembroke type. The breeding pair to the U.S. The breed continued Cardigan also has larger rounder ears and exclusive until the 1940s, when its skill as a gun comes in a wider range of acceptable colours. dog brought it to the public’s eye. Modern Personality The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is an Weimaraners continue to be excellent athletes intelligent dog who is easy to train and loves with many top dogs having championships in to have a job. He is devoted to his family, both the show ring and the field. and loves to spend time with them as much as Personality Quick to learn, the Weimaraner possible. Early socialization helps him deal with is an energetic dog who can handle many unfamiliar situations and makes him safe with situations. He is friendly, obedient and children. Cardigan Welsh Corgis do well in a affectionate with his family. As an athlete, variety of living situations, as long as they get nothing makes him happier than lots of exercise adequate exercise and attention. and attention from his people. The Weimaraner Appearance 10-13” (27-32 cm) makes a loving and enjoyable companion. 25-38 lb (11-17 kg) Appearance 22-28” (57-70 cm) Short or medium-length, dense, slightly harsh 55-88 lb (25-40 kg) weather resistant outercoat. Short, soft thick Shorthaired: short, dense and smooth. undercoat. Slight ruff. Any colour, with or Longhaired: long, flat or slightly wavy. Solid in without white markings. colour ranging from mouse-grey to silver-grey. Quick Facts Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Exercise Requirements Grooming Grooming Shorthaired Longhaired AB

Bluetrix Reg’d, Lore Lee Bruder. Bluetrix Cardigan’s home-raised on the edge of the Rockies. No kennels, few dogs, one breed, only

History Theories about the origin of Welsh Corgis abound. One suggests they might have been Vallhunds who arrived with the Vikings; another that Vallhunds descend from Corgis taken as spoils during Viking raids. Corgis were used by the Celts as cattle dogs. By nipping at the heels of cows, Corgis drove them further apart, spreading them across the countryside and helping the Welsh lay claim to larger stretches of common land. Later, traditional herding dogs were needed to keep the herd together, and the Welsh Corgi lost his job. Welsh Corgis continued as popular farm pets, though, and Queen Elizabeth II owns several, all descendants of a pair of puppies given by King George VI to his daughters. Personality The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is playful and affectionate, bonding closely with his people. He is an athletic dog, and enjoys long walks and the mental stimulation of dog sports. He is responsive and enthusiastic

Welsh Corgi (Pembroke) continued on next page.

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Viszlavilla Kennels Reg’d, Irene Balla. We raise healthy puppies for great companionship, hunting and show. Hungarian, Canadian US bloodline, train for gun noise, Parents have hip cert. 2 yrs health guaranty. St. Williams ON, N0E 1P0; (647) 828-0858; balla.irene@gmail.com; www.vizslaville.com


Appearance 10-12” (25-31 cm) 20-30 lb (9-13.5 kg) Longish coarse outercoat. Short, thick weatherresistant undercoat. Red, sable, fawn, or black and tan. May have white markings. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

WELSH TERRIER

WEST HIGHLAND WHITE TERRIER

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

Welsh Corgi (Pembroke)

about training, learning quickly and retaining what he learns.

Milady Perm. Reg’d, Lisa Roessler-Pritchard. 30+ years devotion! Healthy, home-raised puppies from bloodlines noted for health and longevity. Always beloved family members. True ambassadors, award-winning conformation (multi-titled), obedience, CGC, registered therapy dogs. Written guarantee, lifetime return policy, continued breeder support and comprehensive puppy package. Occasionally adolescents/mature adults. Member CWHWTC, WHWTCA, TBAC, CKC. Delivery available. PO Box 940, Harrow (Windsor Area), ON N0R 1G0 (519) 736-9411; miladys@sympatico.ca

WHIPPET

History One of several short-legged terriers bred in Scotland, the West Highland White Terrier, or Westie, originated some 300 years ago. Breeders selected white puppies from their litters and crossed them together to produce an all-white terrier whose colour would distinguish him from the terrain and game. The Westie we know came from a line of white terriers bred by the Malcolm family in Poltalloch, Argyllshire. A second strain of terriers was bred by the Duke of Argyll in Roseneath. “Poltalloch History The Welsh Terrier likely inherited Terriers” and “Roseneath Terriers” were shown his bold spirit from the Old English Terrier, together; judges favoured the Poltalloch dogs and they soon became the recognized breed an ancient black-and-tan dog esteemed for type. Colonel Malcolm came up with a new hunting otter, fox and badger. From this descriptive name for the breed in 1907 -- the West strain, Welsh hunters developed a dog with Highland White Terrier. Westies came to North longer legs and a wider girth. Early British America in 1906, and were recognized in 1908. sporting prints of the 1700s show dogs of this Personality Despite his cute looks, the Westie description. But in the 19th century show ring, is all terrier. He is hardy and spunky, with lots of all Old English Terriers fell under the same energy and “big dog” attitude. Like most terriers classification -- at least until 1888 when a he is a good watch dog. The Westie is a quick sturdy, long-legged dog named Dick Turpin study and loves to learn new tricks. He does outshone his competitors and the Welsh very well in sports like agility and obedience. claimed him as one of their own. The Kennel Appearance 10-11” (25-28 cm) Club concurred, and Welsh Terrier fanciers 15-22 lb (7-10 kg) have Dick Turpin’s DNA to thank for the Straight, harsh outercoat. Short, soft close handsome, whiskered gent they admire today. undercoat. White. Personality Lively and curious, the Welsh Terrier thrives with an active family who enjoys Quick Facts sharing his energy. His eager, intelligent mind Exercise Requirements Grooming responds to positive, short bursts of regular training. Socialization from an early age will ON keep the Welsh Terrier well-mannered and A Perfect Gift Reg’d, Jennifer Walter. Breeding confident. He benefits, too, from having a healthy, happy Westie pups from our family to large, safe yard. When he is played-out, the yours. Pups are CKC registered, come with a Welsh Terrier wants nothing more than to health guarantee and lifetime breeder support. relax with his people. Also, watch for us on CMT Canada’s ‘Pick a

PUREBRED

Appearance 15 (38 cm) 20-21 lb (9-9.5 kg)

Puppy’. Home: (519) 638-8943; Cell: (519) 5898051; aperfectgift@live.ca; www.aperfectgift.biz

Wiry, close, abundant coat. Black-and-tan, or Cedar Creek, Laryssa Sawyer. We are located on a farm just over an hour North of Toronto. black, grizzle-and-tan coat. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

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We are a small family kennel that raises our puppies in home with our children. Our dogs are on a natural diet. Puppies go to their new homes dewormed, tattooed, vet checked, first set of shots and health guarantee. 295159 8th Line, Amaranth, (Orangeville area) ON L9W 0K1. (519)925-2827; info@cedarcreekkennels.ca; www.cedarcreekkennels.ca

History Also known as the “poor man’s racehorse”, the Whippet’s origins stem from the sport of setting “snapdogs” after rabbit. These snapdogs were released in a small pit where they were timed to see how quickly they could dispatch several rabbits. By crossing terriers with small greyhounds, breeders produced an agile and capable dog that soon dominated the sport. When it was banned, Whippets were used in a lure or “rag” racing. When Lancashire textile workers immigrated to New England in the early 1900s, they brought their Whippets, and the sport of lure coursing, with them. The Whippet can run up to 35 miles an hour. Personality Though a racing Whippet is the perfect picture of speed, he is an easy-going and relaxed individual, always ready to curl up on the couch and snuggle. He is attached to his people and gets along with children, strangers and other dogs. Outdoors, it is important to keep him in a safely enclosed area or on a leash. Appearance 17-22” (44-56 cm) 25-40 lb (11-18 kg) Short, smooth fine coat. Any colour or combination of colours is acceptable. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Jetstream Reg’d, Lorraine & Gary Burch. Bred for elegance, beauty, health and sound temperament, a Jetstream Whippet will grace your home as a loving, gentle companion. Home-raised and well socialized puppies (pet/show) occasionally available. CKC registered, microchipped, vaccinated, 2-year health warranty. All parents


History Some believe the Yorkshire Terrier is a cross of Maltese, Skye Terriers, Manchester Terriers and possibly Dandie Dinmont Terriers. Others say the documentation points to a mixture of three now-extinct breeds: the Clydesdale Terrier (a silken type of Skye Terrier), the Waterside Terrier, and the Old English Terrier (toy-size with a rough and broken coat). First known as Broken Haired Scotch Terriers, the Yorkshire Terrier acquired its current name in 1874. Yorkshire Terriers quickly gained popularity throughout England and North America. The story credited for bringing the breed into the limelight involves William Wynne and a Yorkshire Terrier he found in a shell hole near New Guinea

Appearance 6-7” (15-18 cm) under 7 lb (3 kg) Long, straight, silky fine coat. Steel blue and tan. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming BC Summer Knight Kennels, Roxanne Hamilton, Litter Trained Blue/Gold or Golden Yorkie Puppies AKC/CKC Reg. Vet checked, first shots, dewormed, a written health guarantee. We do better than the best raising your best friend. Deposit will hold - references available - shipping available. Email for your free “Yorkie Puppy Pack”. Prince George, BC V2K 1Z2. (250) 962-6265; roxanne@ classykennels.com; www.yorkie.classykennels.com ON Adanta Reg’d. Marilyn & Bill Burleson. Champion bloodlines, beautiful, healthy, intelligent, prespoiled, quality, home-raised puppies. Health guarantee. Canadian Kennel Club Registered. 30 minutes south of Hamilton (519)426-4638 cell

SPEAK

Reg’d

Muskoka Paws Reg’d, Anita Oliveira. We are a small Ma and Pa kennel where we keep our dogs as pets. We strive for quality pups with no health issues. Champion bloodlines. House trained (in warm weather). 4 Year health guarantee! Call Anita (705) 386-7297 (PAWS); muskokapaws@gmail.com; award winning site www.muskokapaws.com Nanway Yorkies, Wayne & Nancy Blackman. Home-raised quality puppies from champion bloodlines. Well loved and socialized. CKC registered, vet checked, health guarantee. Our puppies go to their new home at 12 weeks of age after their second of three vaccinations. All puppies sold on a non-breeding contract and must be spayed or neutered. Hamilton, ON L8H 3W6. (905) 549-6258; nanway.yorkies@sympatico.ca

Use this handy translator to determine some of the more common terms and acronyms:

Means a kennel name is registered with an accepted registry

TSH

Thyroid stimulating hormone – a test to determine hypothyroidism

vWD

von Willebrand’s disease – a bleeding disorder that affects some breeds

Perm. Reg’d Means a kennel is permanently registered

HEALTH-RELATED BAER

Brain Auditory Evoked Response. Measure the brain wave activity that occurs in response to clicks or certain tones. Certifies hearing.

CERF

Canine Eye Registration Foundation. Tracks and records ocular diseases in dogs and maintains databases on known conditions and pre-dispositions. Certifies vision.

Genotype Refers to a dog in the sense of his genetic composition HD

Hip dysplasia is affected by heredity and environmental factors. Sires and dams in breeds known for HD should be X-rayed clear

OFFA

Orthopedic Foundation for Animals. Tracks and records information pertaining to genetic and orthopedic diseases. www.offa.org

Phenotype Refers to the collective appearance of a dog, based on physical and

psychological traits PennHlP

champion bloodlines for show and loving companions. Two year health guarantee, vaccinated and micro-chipped. In home boarding and grooming available. 67 Genevive Cres, London, ON N5Y 4AT (519) 453-8175; kirkstanyorkies@rogers.com

Yorkshire Terrier

Photo: Alice Van Kampen

YORKSHIRE TERRIER

during World War II. Wynne named the dog (519) 860-2381; adanta@adantayorkshireterriers. Smokey and backpacked with him through 12 com; www.adantayorksireterriers.com sea rescue missions and 150 air raids. Dayjuel Perm Reg’d, Julie Baird. We have Personality Energetic and full of life, the puppies available occasionally to approved Yorkshire Terrier is a bold and tenacious dog homes. In house boarding and grooming whose personality outweighs his tiny size. He available. (905) 242-6562; dayjuel@sympatico. ca; www.dayjuel.com (See our advertisement in is brave and loyal, attached to his family and the Breeders Spotlight.) prepared to defend it with his voice. Early socialization and consistent training is essential. Kirkstan Reg’d, Top quality puppies from

The University of Pennsylvania Hip Improvement Program. Performed by veterinarians specially trained in the procedure. This method determines hip joint laxity, which can then be used to predict the likelihood of an individual developing hip dysplasia. www.pennhip.org

REGISTRIES AKC American Kennel Club (U.S.-based) ARBA American Rare Breeds Association: the American equivalent to CRBA. CBCA Canadian Border Collie Association CKC Canadian Kennel Club CRBA Canadian Rare Breeds Association FCI Fédération Cynologique Internationale (Europe, Latin America, Africa, Asia and Australia) UKC United Kennel Club TITLES BIF BIS BISS BPIS HIT

Best in Field – the top coursing hound at a trial Best in Show – the best dog at a conformation show Best in Specialty Show – the best dog at a specialty show Best Puppy in Show – the best puppy at a conformation show High in Trial – the best performer at an obedience trial

PUREBRED

health-tested and certified clear for CERF, BAER, Cardio and Myostatin deficiency. Hamilton, ON. (905) 659-4499; info@jetstreamwhippets.com; www.jetstreamwhippets.com

TEMPERAMENT CGC TT

Canine Good Citizen – determines if a dog is well trained and obedient in public Temperament Tested – shows if a dog has stable temperament

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Rare breeds typically have breed clubs or associations and are working toward official recognition by one of Canada’s registering organizations, e.g. Canadian Kennel Club. They may be recognized by other official organizations outside of Canada.

Photo: Bully Rascalz Reg’d

AMERICAN BULLDOG

RARE BREEDS

History When colonists came to North America in the 17th century, one of the dogs they brought with them was the Bulldog, commonly used for the blood sport of bullbaiting. The traits that made this breed so effective in the sport also made it highly suitable for managing the tough free-range hogs and cattle typical in the southwest. Some believe the American Bulldog remains true to the original English Bulldog that arrived off the ships, free from the changes brought to the breed in England. Others believe these dogs evolved through selective breeding and the addition of Bull Terrier bloodlines. Either way, the American Bulldog closely resembles English Bulldogs pictured in the early 1800s.

ON Bully Rascalz American Bulldogs. Bully Rascalz is known world wide as an ethical breeder of top quality American Bulldogs. We prize ourselves on excellent temperaments with low dog aggression and stable dispositions. All our dogs are health tested before breeding. Cornwall, ON (613) 528-0033; juliebulldog@hotmail.com: www.bullyrascalz.com

BOLOGNESE

QC Bolobabies Reg’d, Laurine Jarvis. There have been changes at Bolobabies! Visitors welcome by appointment. No strings attached! A deposit will hold a puppy until it’s ready to leave its dam. Home-raised, our pups have their vaccinations, are micro-chipped, are well bonded to humans and are prepared to bring pure joy to their forever families. Reservations recommended. Older pups and adults often available. Ottawa, ON area. (819) 827-4446; info@BoloBabies.com; www.BoloBabies.com (See our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.)

KLEINER MÜNSTERLÄNDER (AKA SMALL MÜNSTERLÄNDER) Photo: Alice Van Kampen

American Bulldog

rare BREEDS

History This delightful toy breed originated in Bologna, Italy but much of the breed’s past is unknown, since it’s tangled up with the history of related breeds such as the Maltese. The dogs were generally cultivated as pets for the upper class, and presented as cherished Jago Vom Grenzwall. NAVHDA field tested. Prize 1 gifts to help establish trade and good relations Natural Ability in versatility. Bred by Von Der Linde Changes in technology and farming left the with European noblemen. In one well known Reg’d. Owned by Ralf Bothe. RR 2, Queensville, ON American Bulldog nearly extinct by the end example of this, the Duke d’Este gave two www.smallmunsterlanders.net of WWII but the breed was revived by John Bolognese dogs to King Philip II of Spain in D. Johnson and Allen Scott (who preferred a The Kleiner Münsterländer the late 1500s. Pleased with his gift, the King History smaller body type). replied “these two little dogs are the most Vorstehhund originated 500 years ago in Münsterländer, northwest Germany, where Personality A hardworking fellow, the royal gifts one can make to an emperor”. they were used to retrieve birds killed by American Bulldog is a brave and determined The breed didn’t arrive in North America falcons. Over time, as bird dogs became dog who will loyally protect his family and until the 1980s. Here, the dogs are loved for more specialized, the Kleiner (or Small) livestock. Johnson-type dogs are larger and more their docile personalities and are prized as Münsterländer’s versatility was less valued, and overt guardians, while Scott-type dogs tend to companions. the breed nearly died out. This changed when be smaller and more athletically inclined. Both commoners were allowed to hunt freely, and a benefit from lots of socialization and training at Personality Cute and cuddly, the Bolognese small dog that could hunt both bird and small is a fun and loyal pet. He does need regular an early age. game became an essential source of food and exercise but is fairly laid back and serious for income. The Kleiner Münsterländers’ flexibility Appearance 20-27” (51-69 cm) a toy breed. While he will alert to strangers, and aptitude for hunting made them highly 60-125 lb (27-57 kg) he is not a big barker and quickly warms to valuable to their owners, who kept them close Short, close stiff coat. Any colour, pattern new people once he gets to know them. to home and family. or combination except black, solid blue and Appearance 9-12” (25-30 cm) tricolour. While the breed remains rare, its recognition 5-9 lb (2.5-4 kg) as a versatile and effective hunting and birding Quick Facts Long fluffy coat, slightly shorter on the muzzle. dog as well as a kind and even-tempered family Exercise Requirements White in colour. pet continue to bring it a new popularity. Grooming Quick Facts Personality Happy and outgoing, the Kleiner Exercise Requirements Münsterländer is an exceptional hunting dog. He Grooming 162

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Personality Eye-catching for its size, there is nothing diminished about the breed’s intelligence and drive. The Miniature American Shepherd loves to accomplish the task set Medium-length, dense, close-lying, water before him - be it herding, competing at flyball, repellent coat. Brown-white or brown roan with or minding the children. This loyal family dog brown patches, brown mantle, or brown ticking. adapts to city or rural living, providing a mental and physical challenge is at hand. Quick Facts Appearance 20-22” (52-54 cm) 33-64 lb (15-29 kg)

Exercise Requirements Grooming ON Von Der Linde Reg’d, Ralf Bothe. Breeder of premium Small Münsterländers. German imports of high performance breeding of the truly versatile German hunting dog. Specializing in pointing, tracking and retrieving and a great family pet! Started gun dogs available on request. NAVHDA NA tested. Training and assistance available on site. 21133 Kennedy Rd, RR 2, Queensville, ON L0G 1R0. (905) 473-9395; ralf.bothe@xplornet. com; www.smallmunsterlanders.net. (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left.)

MINIATURE AMERICAN SHEPHERD

CH. EFK Be Stella my Ach’in Heart (AKC) Bred/Owned by Shelley English, English Farm Kennels Norwood, ON www.englishfarmkennels.com

History To appreciate the story of the Miniature American Shepherd, it helps to remember that its Australian Shepherd forerunners were developed in the U.S., not Australia. These herding dogs tended sheep with great skill, and it was the livestock that came from “Down Under,” not the dog. In the late 1960s, some smaller-sized Australian Shepherds found their way to a California dog breeder. Doris Cordova liked their compact size, and bred more “Mini Aussies.” They worked as diligently as their larger counterparts, and the breed found favour. Miniature Australian Shepherds were registered with rare-breed organizations until 2011, when the American Kennel Club FSS (Foundation Stock Service) granted them a new name: the Miniature American Shepherd. The breed is on-track for full AKC designation in July, 2015. Although

Appearance 14-18” (35.5-45.5 cm) 20-40 lb (9-18 kg) Double coat. Blue merle, red merle, solid black, or solid red. All colours accepted with, or without white markings and/or tan points. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming Requirements ON English Farm Kennels, Shelley English. Proudly breeding quality, home raised Miniature American Shepherds & Miniature Australian Shepherds. Thoughtfully bred for exceptional companions, conformation, and performance dogs. Canadian & American Champion bloodlines. Miniature American Shepherds are AKC registered, fully recognized in AKC Herding Group July 1, 2015. Extensive written health guarantee. We test for Hips (OFA or PennHip), CERF annually, and genetic test for PRA, HC, DM, & MDR1. Norwood, Ontario (705) 639-8964; englishfarmkennels@gmail.com; www.englishfarmkennels.com (See our Breed Ambassador Advertisement at left.) Follow Me Aussies. Reg’d Miniature and American Shepherds. NDSR, ASDR, NAMASCUSA, MASCA & IMASC. Health tested. Puppies raised in my home, well-socialized and loved. Your puppy comes with first vaccinations, micro-chipped and written health guarantee. Member of CKC, CMASA, CNASA, TASAA. Peterborough, ON. (705) 749-4885; loka@nexicom.net; www.followmeaussies.com

MINIATURE AUSTRALIAN SHEPHERD

BIS CH Follow Me Thee Adore My Hart HIC. Lovingly known as “Freddy.” Bred and shown by Lisa Hartjes of Follow Me Aussies. Champions producing champions. Registered MASCA, NAMASCUSA, NSDR and ASDR. Peterborough, ON www.followmeaussies.com

History Australian Shepherds are not truly native to Australia, but when Basque shepherds immigrated there they brought their Pyrenean Shepherd dogs with them to herd Australian sheep. These dogs were crossed with other herding breeds such as the Collie and Border Collie to produce the Australian Shepherd. Eventually, in the 1840s, these shepherd dogs came to North America, where their efficient herding ability made them popular with Americans, particularly in the West. In the 1960s a breeder named Doris Cordova purchased several small working Australian Shepherds. Liking their small size, she bred them together, striving for a miniature version that stood consistently less than 18” tall. Other breeders took a liking to the little Aussies, and by 1990 the breed had its own breed club. Today breeders of Miniature Australian Shepherds consider them a unique breed, and strive to maintain their working ability.

Miniature Australian Shepherd

the Miniature American Shepherd is not yet acknowledged by the Canadian Kennel Club, given the breed’s popularity, official recognition is likely not far off.

Personality A working dog at heart, the Miniature Australian Shepherd remains an active and capable athlete who excels at sports like agility or competitive obedience. He is a smart and friendly dog who loves to please. Appearance 14-18” (35-46 cm) 20-40 lb (9-18 kg) Moderate length, straight to wavy, weather resistant outercoat and undercoat. Blue merle, red (liver) merle, solid black, solid red (liver). With or without white markings or tan (copper) points. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming ON English Farm Kennels, Shelley English. Proudly breeding quality, home raised Miniature American Shepherds & Miniature Australian Shepherds. Thoughtfully bred for exceptional companions, conformation, and performance dogs. Canadian & American Champion bloodlines. Miniature American Shepherds are AKC registered, fully recognized in AKC Herding Group July 1, 2015. Extensive written health guarantee. We test for Hips (OFA or PennHip), CERF annually, and genetic test for PRA, HC, DM, & MDR1. Norwood, Ontario (705) 639-8964; englishfarmkennels@gmail.com; www.englishfarmkennels.com Follow Me Aussies. Reg’d, Miniature and Toy sized Australian Shepherds. NDSR, ASDR, NAMASCUSA, MASCA & IMASC. Health tested. Puppies raised in my home, well-socialized and loved. Your puppy comes with first vaccinations, micro-chipped and written health guarantee. Member of CKC, CMASA, CNASA, TASAA. Peterborough, ON. (705) 749-4885; loka@nexicom.net; www.followmeaussies.com (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left)

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RARE BREEDS

works closely with his handler, and then happily returns home to relax with his family. Eager to please, and quite intelligent, the Münsterländer is quick to learn. He is successful in a variety of dog sports like obedience and agility.


SHILOH SHEPHERD

Photo: Bolobabies Reg’d

Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka

RUSSIAN TSVETNAYA BOLONKA

History The true ancestry of this breed is unknown, but one common belief is that the Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka (translation – coloured lapdogs) is descended from the French Bolonka brought into Russia by Napoleon’s army and those Bichon Frises gifted to Russian nobility towards the end of the Renaissance period. When the French army retreated, the little dogs, including Bichons, Shih Tzus and long-haired Yorkshire Terriers, became the foundation stock for this breed. Russia’s utilitarian attitude toward dogs (for herding and hunting) made the toy dogs rare and prestigious. In the 1960s, post-Khrushchev, the Soviet Union loosened restrictions on dog breeding, resulting in more toy breeds. Personality The Bolonka is a happy-go-lucky, even-tempered dog that bonds deeply with his family but loves to be best friends with everyone he meets, including children and other animals. This dog’s versatile personality means he will eagerly participate in group activities, but is also content to sit on the sidelines. Often described as a “bundle of joy,” the Bolonka is very affectionate and trusting, but he’s no pushover since he often thinks he’s bigger than he is. Walking and playing are the Bolonka’s preferred forms of exercise, which make these dogs great for both city and country.

Guardian’s Midnight Jetsetter. Selectively breeding for health and temperaments providing exceptional companions. Bred/Owned by Vanessa Dutton, Guardian Kennels. Brooks, AB

History The Shiloh Shepherd is a very new breed developed by Tina Barber in the early 1970s. Having grown up around German Shepherds, Barber sought a return to the large, square-bodied physique she remembered in Germany. She set out to create her ideal dog – one who was smart, loyal and easy to train, while being strong enough to herd and guard, and gentle enough to trust with children. She focused on both soundness of body and mind. Barber’s efforts were very successful, and demand for her “new” breed of Shepherds grew. By 1990, the shepherds from her Shiloh kennel proved to differ enough from classic German Shepherds that she formed the International Shiloh Shepherd Registry and lobbied for the acceptance of the Shiloh Shepherd by the American Rare Breed Association. The breed continues to develop under Barber’s careful guidance, with strict registration guidelines and breed standards.

RARE BREEDS

Personality Bred to compete in Schutzhund trials in the morning, babysit the kids in the Appearance 9.5-10” (24-26 cm) afternoon, and guide the blind in the evening, 8-10 lb (3.5-4.5 kg) the Shiloh Shepherd is an intelligent dog who Silky, thick, soft outercoat with dense undercoat. works hard and wants to be your best friend. Dense outercoat often forming waves or curls. He is easy to train, and can learn anything set Long fur on both face and body, with beard and before him. A workaholic at heart, the Shiloh mustache requires daily grroming. All colours Shepherd is happiest when he has a job to do, except white. and can easily excel in as many jobs as his owner may desire. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Appearance 26-32” (66-82 cm) Grooming: Smooth 100-160 lb (45-73 kg) QC Bolobabies Reg’d, Laurine Jarvis. There have been changes at Bolobabies! Visitors welcome by appointment. No strings attached! A deposit will hold a puppy until it’s ready to leave its dam. Home-raised, our pups have their vaccinations, are micro-chipped, are well bonded to humans and are prepared to bring pure joy to their forever families. Reservations recommended. Older pups and adults often available. Ottawa, ON. (819) 827-4446; info@BoloBabies.com; www.BoloBabies.com (See our advertisement in the Breeders Spotlight.)

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Plush: medium-coarse outercoat; soft undercoat; mane. Smooth: medium-length, dense, closelying outercoat; undercoat; mane. Golden, silver, red, dark brown, dark grey, black sable, black, white, shades of black with tan, golden tan, reddish tan, silver or cream. Quick Facts Exercise Requirements Grooming

International Shiloh Shepherd Dog Club (ISSDC) ethical breeders, involved members, better than ever. Members in USA, Canada and Europe. Breeders and owners of dogs registered in the various Shiloh registries, along with people who simply share an interest in our dogs, are all equally welcome. Visit us at www.shilohs.org (See our advertisement in the Breeder spotlight.) AB Guardian Kennels, Vanessa Dutton. Exclusively ISSR registered and approved by the Breed Founder. Outstanding temperaments, exceptional size and conformation. Homeraised puppies to approved homes only. Health guarantees. Shipping available. (403) 362-4381; idutton@telusplanet.net; www.guardiankennels. ca. (See our Breed Ambassador advertisement at left and Breeder Spotlight.) ON Victory Shilohs, Margaret & David Baumgarner. Exclusively ISSR registered and following the guidelines and rules as set out by the Breed Founder. Outstanding temperaments, exceptional size and conformation. Homeraised puppies to approved homes only. Health guarantees. Shipping available. Visits to our kennel are welcomed. Early reservations on litters are recommended. Woodstock, ON N4S 7W1 (519) 584-0797; VictoryShilohs@gmail.com; www.VictoryShilohs.com PE MIRACLE SHILOHS, Jan Burke. Beautiful puppies from Maritime Canada’s top Shiloh Shepherd breeder! Our Shilohs live indoors, and are members of our family. All puppies are lovingly home-raised. Contact us about our 2015 breeding plans! … Are you ready for a Miracle? (902) 672-3186; jan@miracleshilohs.com; www.miracleshilohs.com

QUESTIONS? Qualified, experienced and reputable breeders have heard it all so they’re a great resource for your queries. Because they aim to find every puppy a “forever” home, you can count on them to be candid and honest. If you’re serious about buying one of their puppies, expect the breeder to ask you some questions, too. After all, it’s in everyone’s best interest to make sure you have the right puppy for your family.


spot light

INDEX

WELCOME TO OUR BREEDER SPOTLIGHT! Buying a puppy is an exciting time. But it’s important to research the breed that’s right for your lifestyle and your family situation. That’s where reputable breeders can help. Unlike puppy mills, which provide substandard care for their breeding animals, and produce puppies prone to health issues, reputable breeders care deeply about their litters, and want to find the right match for you and their puppies. In this section, we turn the spotlight onto various breeders, who wish to share information on their dogs and kennels with you. The breeds are listed alphabetically. Please note these are advertisements paid for by the breeders and/or kennels.

BARBET

GERMAN PINSCHER

Rover Barbets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p166 Neigenuveaux Perm Reg’d . . . . . . . . . p167

Tri-Pinscher Kennels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p177

BASSET HOUND

Kenzbock Reg’d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p177

Golden Asset Kennels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p168

GREAT DANE HAVANESE

RETRIEVER (LABRADOR)

Mooselake Perm Regd’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p190

ROTTWEILER

KJAQ Rottweilers Reg’d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p191

RUSSIAN TSVETNAYA BOLONKA

BERNESE MOUNTAIN DOG

Hautbois Perm Reg’d Kennels . . . . . . p168

Havnaese Fanciers of Canada . . . . p178-179 Mistytrails Havanese Reg’d . . . . . . . . . . p180

Bolobabies Reg’d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p192

BOSTON TERRIER

Sassy Reg’d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p168

IRISH WOLFHOUND

Curiann Reg’d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p180

Elevage Du Bouleau Blanc . . . . . . . . . . . p192

BOLOGNESE

Bolobabies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p168

LAGOTTO ROMAGNOLO

Lagotto Romagnolo of Canada . . . . . . p181

Magisterial Giant Schnauzers Reg’d . . p193

CAIRN TERRIER

NORWEGIAN ELKHOUND

Koyote Kennels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p194

POODLE (STANDARD)

Guardian Kennels Reg’d . . . . . . . . . . . . . p195 International Shiloh Shepherd Dog Club . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p196

CHIHUAHUA

Bloomsbury Chihuahuas . . . . . . . . . . p170

CHINESE SHARPEI

Dragonsblood Chinese Shar Pei . . . p170

GERMAN SHEPHERD

Guardian Angel Shepherds . . . . . . . . p170 Burgimwald German Shepherds Reg’d . . . . . . . . . p171 Committed to Canine/Lucescu Kennels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p172 Rivergreen Shepherds . . . . . . . . . . . . . p173 Ulvilden German Shepherds . . . . . . . p174 CrossHill Kennels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p175 Stormymagic Shepherds . . . . . . . . . . p175 Hockley Reg’d/Furrari Reg’d . . . . . . . p176 Lindenhof Shepherds Reg’d . . . . . . . p176 Wild Winds German Shepherds . . . . p176 Winning Ways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p176

Rutherfem Reg’d/Overscaig Perm Reg’d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p182

Edencourt Kennels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p182 Syquefine Standard Poodles . . . . . . . . . p182 Magisterial Standard Poodles Reg’d . . p183

PORTUGUESE WATER DOG

Belouro Reg’d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p184 MacDuff Portuguese Water Dogs . . . . p185 Claircreek Portugese Water Dogs . . . . p186 Portuguese Water Dog Club of Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p186

RETRIEVER (GOLDEN)

SCHNAUZER (GIANT) SHIBA INU

SHILOH SHEPHERD

SOFT COATED WHEATEN TERRIER

Rathdrum Wheatens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p197

SPANIEL (WELSH SPRINGER)

Upland Creek Welsh Springer Spaniels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p197

YORKSHIRE TERRIER

Dayjuel Perm Reg’d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p197

SPOTLIGHT

Magisterial Cairn Terrier Reg’d . . . . . p169

SCHAPENDOES

Chrys-Haefen Perm Reg’d . . . . . . . . . . . p187 Gray Valley Kennels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p188 Blackpool Perm Reg’d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p189 The Golden Retriever Club of Greater Toronto . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p189 Regal Goldens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p190

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Barbet

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Barbet


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SPOTLIGHT Basset Hound | Bolognese | Boston Terrier | Bernese Mountain Dog


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SPOTLIGHT

Cairn Terriers


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SPOTLIGHT Chihuahuas | Chinese Shar Pei | German Shepherd Dog


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SPOTLIGHT

German Shepherd Dog


German Shepherd Dog

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German Shepherd Dog


German Shepherd Dog

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German Shepherd Dog


German Shepherd Dog

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Havanese

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SPOTLIGHT

Havanese


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SPOTLIGHT Havanese | Irish Wolfhound


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SPOTLIGHT

Lagotto Romagnolo


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SPOTLIGHT

Norwegian Elkhound | Poodle (Standard)


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SPOTLIGHT

Poodle (Standard)


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SPOTLIGHT Portuguese Water Dog


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Portuguese Water Dog


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SPOTLIGHT Portuguese Water Dog


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SPOTLIGHT

Retriever (Golden)


Retriever (Golden)

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SPOTLIGHT

Retriever (Golden)


Retriever (Golden) | Retriever (Labrador)

REGALgoldens British Style Golden Retrievers European Championship Pedigrees Hip/Elbow certified Eyes, PRA certified • Heart certified • CKC member • •

Dedicated to producing exceptional Goldens from Championship lines imported from the finest kennels worldwide. Puppies are lovingly home raised and well socialized. Each litter is carefully planned to produce quality puppies health, temperament, structure and longevity. CKC reg’d and microchipped.

regalgoldens.com Caledon, ON 647-519-2888 email: info@regalgoldens.com

SPOTLIGHT

Join us on Facebook and Twitter

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Our Mission:

To be a responsible breeder & produce exceptional top quality, healthy & happy puppies.


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SPOTLIGHT

Rottweilers


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SPOTLIGHT

Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka | Schapendoes


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Giant Schnauzers


Shiba Inu

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SPOTLIGHT

Shiloh Shepherd


SPOTLIGHT

Shiloh Shepherd 196

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SPOTLIGHT

Soft Coated Wheaten | Welsh Springer Spaniels | Yorkshire Terrier


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MARKETPLACE

GROOMER LISTINGS

TRAINING ASSOCIATIONS

ONTARIO Diggity Dog and Lonesome Kitty Grooming Spa

BRITISH COLUMBIA Canada West Canine Center School of Dog Trainers

Including Teeth Cleaning without Anesthetic for both dogs and cats! Our unique service that we offer both dog and cat owners is to remove plaque and tartar, on their pets’ teeth, without the use of anesthetic. Expert grooming for both dogs and cats – cats are kept separate from dogs. Whether it’s a custom cut to breed standard or a variation thereof, we do offer individual styling according to our clients specification. Hand fluffed, never cage dried, de-shedding, nail cutting also available. Toronto West (Bloor Subway). (416) 536-4694; TF (877) 344-4489; www.diggitydog.ca; www.lonesomekitty.ca

Learn how to be a certified dog trainer from the professionals. Since 1995, Canada West Canine Center School for Dog Trainers has trained hundreds of successful graduates with superior skills and knowledge. Choose from two intensive programs: Certified Obedience Trainer and Certified Master Trainer. Located in Salmon Arm, BC. “To Produce Professionals to Fulfill the Need for Skilled, Knowledgeable Dog Trainers in our Country”. cwccsa@telus.net; www.canadawestcanine.com

ONTARIO CCS - Canine Correspondence Studies with Norma Jeanne Time for a new career? Become a Certified Dog Trainer/Behaviour Therapist for under $1000. Recommended by Dr. Stanley Coren. Online and correspondence course options. Unlimited onsite mentoring included. Learn numerous positive options for training dogs and solving behaviour and aggression problems.

ONTARIO Committed to Canine K911 training – specializing in behaviour modification, all breeds – any age. From family puppy training to high levels of competition/police dogs. We offer our services in Canada and the USA. All training is oneon-one with our clients, we do not do classes. In business for 25 years, doing what we are passionate about. We teach humans how to clearly communicate and understand their dogs. “That is what brings success.” Renée Lucescu. Committed to Canine, Fenwick, ON. (905) 386-6993; www.committedtocanine.com

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CRO S SWORD D OW N

1) What dogs do when they’re hot

2) Dog who accompanies Dorothy in the land of Oz

14) Noise that a dog makes when alarmed

5) Animated beagle who hunts the Red Baron

3) World’s fastest dog

16) TV’s wandering German Shepherd, The ______Hobo

4) The slobbering junkyard dog who plays opposite Tom Hanks in this comedy crime movie

20) Hagrid’s boar hound

Affenpinscher

AC R O S S

10) A hyphenated word for fatigued, “Dog-_____” (saying) 12) Frasier’s canine nemesis on this 90s TV show 13) Fireman’s friend 14) Breed of dog who travelled through space on the Enterprise with Scott Bakula 15) What a dog wears around its neck 17) A breed which has been sufficiently established over time to have a breed standard, recognised by an official kennel club

6) Tearjerker book turned into a movie produced by Walt Disney: Old ________

22) The four-legged member of Mystery Inc.

7) Children’s book written by Janette Sebring Lowrey, The Pokey _____ _____ (2 words)

25) Bill Syke’s dog in Oliver Twist

8) The Grinch tried to use him as a reindeer

29) She eats spaghetti with the tramp in this famous Disney movie

9) A dog’s tail does this when he is happy to see you 11) A Labrador Retriever, Bull Terrier and Siamese cat journey 250 miles through the Canadian wilderness in The __________ Journey

18) Dogs sometimes travel in this 21) The Hound of the ________ 24) Another word for “smell” 25) Farmer Brown had a dog named this 26) Mickey Mouse’s dog 28) Common name for the “dog star” 31) Canine who was stolen from his home and sold as an Alaskan sled dog in Call of the Wild 33) Emily Elizabeth’s big red dog 34) Children’s game “We call (child’s name) over” (two words)

PUREBRED

35) Dog who was rescued from a WW1 battle field and nicknamed “Rinty” (3 words)

FOR ANSWERS VISIT

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19) Latin word for man’s best friend

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23) World’s smallest breed 27) World’s most popular televised collie

30) The Alaskan Malamute, Boxer, Bullmastiff, St. Bernard, and Great Dane are part of this purebred group 32) Name of the villain in 101 Dalmatians


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Canadian Dogs Annual 2015