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fective deal more difficult. The weakened EU-US alliance makes the coordination, implementation, and maintenance of a new deal more difficult, while the strengthened hardliners in the Iranian regime will have more power to undercut or prevent any such deal. The prospects of any new nuclear non-proliferation agreement being better than the original are dismal at best. The Iran deal wasn’t perfect, but it was the best out of the menu of options. It limited the number of centrifuges, limited uranium enrichment, limited the amount of uranium available, limited research, enacted stringent observer mechanisms,

strengthened US-Iranian relations, and strengthened the position of moderates in the Iranian regime. The deal did not introduce liberal markets to Iran, cause regime change, stop Iranian foreign adventurism, or ensure that Iran could never obtain a weapon. Any critique of the deal can only be understood within the menu of options available, and because of Trump’s actions, that menu is now far worse than it was under the Obama administration. Iran must not obtain nuclear weapons, but Trump’s actions have made that eventual outcome more probable.

1. Nick Gass and Adam Lerner, “GOP candidates vow to roll back Iran deal,” Politico. July 14, 2015. 2. Kelsey Davenport, “Timeline of Nuclear Diplomacy with Iran,” Arms Control Association. January 31, 2019. 3. David A. Baldwin, “The Sanctions Debate and the Logic of Choice,” International Security 24, no. 3 (2000): 80-107. 4. Anthony Cordesman and Abdullah Toukan, “Analyzing the Impact of Preventive Strikes Against Iran’s Nuclear Facilities,” Center For Strategic and International Studies. September 12, 2012. 5. Ibid. 6. Kepper Pickard, “Finding Solutions to Iranian Nuclear Weapons Program,” Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. May 24, 2007. 7. “Iran Nuclear Deal: Key Details,” BBC. May 8, 2018. 8. Ibid 9. Ibid 10. Ibid 11. Ibid 12. Ibid 13. Narges Bajoghli, “Iran Will Never Trust America Again,” Foreign Policy. May 8, 2018. 14. Wendy Sherman, “How We Got the Iran Deal and Why We’ll Miss It,” Foreign Affairs. September 2018. 15. Ibid 16. Pickard, “Finding Solutions to Iranian Nuclear Weapons Program.” 17. Gary Clyde Hufbauer, Economic Sanctions Reconsidered/Gary Clyde Hufbauer ... [et Al.] 3rd ed. Washington, DC: Peterson Institute for






23. 24.



International Economics, 2007. Navin A. Bapat and Bo Ram Kwon, “When Are Sanctions Effective? A Bargaining and Enforcement Framework,” International Organization 69, no. 1 (2015): 131–162. Michael Brzoska, “From Dumb to Smart? Recent Reforms of UN Sanctions,” Global Governance Vol.9 (4) (2003): 519-535. Dursun Peksen and A. Cooper Drury, “Coercive or Corrosive: The Negative Impact of Economic Sanctions on Democracy,” International Interactions 36, no. 3 (2010): 240-64. Wood, Reed M, “‘A Hand upon the Throat of the Nation’: Economic Sanctions and State Repression, 1976-2001,” International Studies Quarterly 52, no. 3 (2008): 489-513. Robin Emmot and Francis Murphy, “Iran is complying with nuclear deal restrictions: IAEA report,” Reuters. August 30, 2018. Bajoghli, “Iran Will Never Trust America Again.” David Sanger, “How Trump’s Disdain for the Iran Deal Makes a North Korea Pact Even Harder,” The New York Times. March 11, 2018. Steven Erlanger, “As U.S. Sanctions on Iran Kick In, Europe Looks for a Workaround,” The New York Times. November 5, 2018. Felicia Schwartz and Laurence Norman, “Macron, Merkel Set to Visit Trump With Iran Deal Hanging in the Balance,” The Wall Street Journal. April 19, 2018.


Profile for Rebuttal

Spring 2019  

We proudly present our first issue! The topics include abortion, the Iran deal, voter ID laws, targeted killings by governments, Hamilton: A...

Spring 2019  

We proudly present our first issue! The topics include abortion, the Iran deal, voter ID laws, targeted killings by governments, Hamilton: A...

Profile for rebuttal