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bring almost overt discrimination back to the voting process. Voter ID laws are being presented as a solution to a problem that does not exist. If someone or some entity wanted to swing an election, they would influence voters before the election, commit fraud with absentee ballots, or hack into aging voting machines that are still being run on the equivalent of Windows 2000.¹⁷ Instead, voter ID laws themselves are what swing elections. They have been repeatedly passed by Republican legislatures to prevent Democratic voters from casting ballots. Voter ID laws do much more harm to legitimate elections than anything they can hope to prevent. These blights on American democracy limit voting to fewer and fewer people, despite advancements that should make it easier than ever to vote. Their loudest proponents are not concerned about making our voting process more legitimate—they’re about making it more conservative. 1. Drew DeSilver, “U.S. Trails Most Developed Countries in Voter Turnout,” Pew Research Center, Pew Research Center, 21 May 2018; Conor Friedersdorf, “An Embarrassment of Glitches,” The Atlantic, Atlantic Media Company, 7 Nov. 2018; Olga Khazan, “Voter ID Proponents Point to Laws in Other Countries,” The Washington Post, 12 July 2012. 2. Wendy Underhill, “Voter Identification Requirements | Voter ID Laws,” National Conference of State Legislatures, 17 Jan. 2019, www.ncsl.org/research/elections-and-campaigns/ voter-id.aspx. 3. Ibid. 4. Kim Lacapria, “Project Veritas’ Election 2016 ‘Rigging’ Videos,” Snopes, 18 Oct. 2016. 5. Kenneth P. Vogel, “James O’Keefe, Practitioner of the Sting, Has an Ally in Trump,” The New York Times, 8 Dec. 2017. 6. Matt Gehring, “Minnesota’s Voter Eligibility and Identification Requirements,” Research Department of the Minnesota House of Representatives, June 2008, www.house.leg.state. mn.us/hrd/pubs/ss/ssvtrelig.pdf. 7. “Debunking the Voter Fraud Myth.” Brennan Center for Justice, NYU School of Law, 31 Jan. 2017, www.brennancenter.org/analysis/ 64

debunking-voter-fraud-myth. 8. Natasha Kahn and Corbin Carson, “Comprehensive Database of U.S. Voter Fraud Uncovers No Evidence That Photo ID Is Needed.” Voting Rights Project, News21, 12 Aug. 2012. 9. Suevon Lee and Sarah Smith. “Everything You’ve Ever Wanted to Know About Voter ID Laws,” ProPublica, 9 Mar. 2019. 10. Nate Silver, “Measuring the Effects of Voter Identification Laws,” Fivethirtyeight, New York Times, 15 July 2012; Government Accountability Office, Issues Related to State Voter Identification Laws, report to Congressional requesters, September 2014. 11. “2018 November General Election Turnout Rates.” United States Elections Project, 14 Dec. 2018, htt14p://www.electproject.org/2018g. 12. Zoltan Hajnal, Nazita Lajevardi, and Lindsay Nielson, “Voter Identification Laws and the Suppression of Minority Votes” (University of California San Diego, 2016), http:// pages.ucsd.edu/~zhajnal/page5/documents/ voterIDhajnaletal.pdf 13. “Citizens Without Proof.” Brennan Center for Justice, NYU School of Law, 28 Nov. 2006, www. brennancenter.org/analysis/citizens-withoutproof. 14. 14. Christopher Ingraham, “The ‘Smoking Gun’ Proving North Carolina Republicans Tried to Disenfranchise Black Voters,” Washington Post, 29 July 2016. 15. “Citizens Without Proof,” supra.; Lonna Rae Atkeson et al., “New Barriers to Participation: Application of New Mexico’s Voter Identification Law” (working paper, Caltech/MIT Voting Technology Project, 2007), http://vote.caltech. edu/documents/84/vtp_wp59.p 16. “Effects of Shelby County v. Holder.” Brennan Center for Justice, NYU School of Law, 6 Aug. 2018, www.brennancenter.org/analysis/effectsshelby-county-v-holder. 17. Jonathan Masters, “Russia, Trump, and the 2016 U.S. Election,” Council on Foreign Relations, 26 Feb. 2018, www.cfr.org/backgrounder/russiatrump-and-2016-us-election; Suevon Lee and Sarah Smith, “Everything You’ve Ever Wanted to Know About Voter ID Laws,” supra.; Lawrence Norden and Christopher Famighetti. “America’s Voting Machines at Risk,” Brennan Center for Justice, NYU School of Law, 15 Sept. 2015, www. brennancenter.org/publication/americas-votingmachines-risk.

Profile for Rebuttal

Spring 2019  

We proudly present our first issue! The topics include abortion, the Iran deal, voter ID laws, targeted killings by governments, Hamilton: A...

Spring 2019  

We proudly present our first issue! The topics include abortion, the Iran deal, voter ID laws, targeted killings by governments, Hamilton: A...

Profile for rebuttal