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coercive governments and the end of democratic norms.¹⁶ It is easy to ignore these norms, to look for technology to solve our problems rather than perform the arduous task of building or rebuilding personal relationships. But ultimately, the most meaningful social and political change occurs when participants in democracy come together in a deliberative spirit of citizenship, neighborliness, and family. John Dewey famously called this spirit “the great community”—a community in which

“the ever expanding and intricately ramifying consequences of associated activities shall be known in the full sense of the word, so that an organized, articulate Public comes into being.”¹⁷ Today, we as Dewey’s Public face a choice. Our choice is between exporting our democratic intuitions to AI and the like, or reaffirming our commitments to one another as citizens and neighbors. To take the latter course means ditching the sterility of digitized government in favor of the fullness and richness of democratic—and even human—life.

1. Timothy B. Lee, “DNC Email Leaks Explained,” Vox, July 25, 2016. 2. Kim Zetter, “The Myth of the Hacker-Proof Voting Machine,” New York Times, February 21, 2018. 3. Mike Orcutt, “Once Hailed as Unhackable, Blockchains are Now Getting Hacked,” MIT Technology Review, February 19, 2019. 4. Jasmine Garsd, “The History of Tech Giant Huawei and the Chinese Government,” NPR, December 7, 2018. 5. Alyza Sebenius and Todd Shields, “U.S. Conducting 5G Security Review Amid Hacking, Huawei Concerns,” Bloomberg, March 6, 2019. 6. Jason Brennan, Against Democracy (Princeton University Press, 2016), 221. 7. Ian Bremmer, “Democracy in Cyberspace: What Technology Can and Cannot Do,” Foreign Affairs 89, no. 6 (November/December 2010), n.p. 8. Although, even the internet has been linked to increases in partisanship. See, e.g., Jamie Susskind, Future Politics (Oxford University Press, 2010); Timothy B. Lee, “How Social Media Creates Angry, Poorly Informed Voters,” Vox, October 26, 2016. 9. Colby Itzkowitz, “Are you Serious? John Kerry’s Climate Change Credentials Challenged by GOP Lawmaker,” Washington Post, April 10, 2019. 10. Leonie Huddy and Alexa Bankert, “Political Partisanship as a Social Identity,” Oxford Research Encyclopedias (2017), n.p.

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11. Jerry Kaplan, “Why Your AI is Racist,” Washington Post, December 17, 2018. 12. Steven Feldstein, “The Road to Digital Unfreedom,” Journal of Democracy 30, no. 1 (2019). 13. Kenya is interesting for another reason. In 2013, its elections employed a vote counting and organizing software. The implementation process was extremely expensive and prone to error. See Joel D. Barkan, “Technology is not Democracy,” Journal of Democracy 24, no. 3 (2013). 14. We recommend David Eggers’ book, The Circle to readers who wish to explore this question further. 15. Robert Kanigel quoted by Harry C. Boyte, “Dewey and Citizen Politics: How Democracy Can Survive Artificial Intelligence and the Credo of Efficiency,” Education and Culture 33, no. 2 (2017), n.p. 16. Peter L. Berger and Richard John Neuhaus, “To Empower People: The Role of Mediating Structures in Public Policy,” Conservatism: An Anthology of Social and Political Thought from David Hume to the Present, ed. Jerry Z. Muller (Princeton University Press, 1997), 376- 377. 17. John Dewey, The Public and its Problems (Chicago: Gateway Books, 1946), 184.

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Spring 2019  

We proudly present our first issue! The topics include abortion, the Iran deal, voter ID laws, targeted killings by governments, Hamilton: A...

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We proudly present our first issue! The topics include abortion, the Iran deal, voter ID laws, targeted killings by governments, Hamilton: A...

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