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A good travel carrier should be waterproof and easy to clean. Bedding material can be placed on the floor for absorbency. Top opening carriers are best, as they prevent injury when an animal is being removed.

Guinea Pig Shopping List: p Cage p Travel Carrier p Exercise Pen p Bedding p Feed p Water Bottle p Food Dish p Toenail Clippers p Brush p Hay p Treats p Litter Pan (if you plan to potty train) p Toys p Educational Materials

Information provided by: 253-630-3330

Kim Connolly Animal Encounters

Caring for Your Guinea Pig A helpful guide to caring for your pet from your friends at Reber Ranch and Animal Encounters.

Guinea Pig Basics Caging:

Guinea pigs, or “cavies” as they are also known, need a solid bottom cage with bedding on top. Wire should never be used as it will cause injury to their feet. A single adult animal will be quite comfortable in a 24”x 24” cage. If your pet will be sharing a cage, provide at least two additional square feet per animal. Guinea pigs should not be housed outdoors year round. Temperatures below 50 degrees and above 90 can be lethal. Your cage will require bedding. White shavings, Carefresh, or wood pellets are all safe and convenient products. Never use pine or cedar as they can cause respiratory problems. Bedding should be changed weekly at a minimum.


Guinea pigs require feed that contains between 16-18% protein. A feed that is made specifically for guinea pigs will contain vitamin C. This is an essential vitamin to prevent scurvy. Your guinea pig will need orchard grass or timothy hay daily to provide dietary fiber. It will also help your animal to wear it teeth down naturally. Alfalfa should be avoided as it is too high in calcium. A wide variety of treats are available for your guinea pig to enjoy. Providing your pet treats can help facilitate bonding with you. When choosing a water bottle, make sure that is an appropriate size for your fully grown animal. We suggest a water bottle with a wide mouth or top filling option. This provides a large opening for easier cleaning.

Feed bowls should clip to the inside of the cage or be heavy enough to prevent tipping.


An exercise pen will give your guinea pig a safe and fun area to play. A hide is a must for every guinea pig and come in a wide range of options. Select one that will be large enough for an adult animal to hide in. Multiple animals sharing a cage will each need their own place to hide. A guinea pig’s teeth continue to grow its whole life time. Your pet will need chew toys to help wear down their teeth naturally. Toys, especially ones that can be chewed, provide entertainment and help keep teeth healthy.


A small slicker brush can help keep your guinea pig looking its best. Toenails will need to be trimmed regularly. We suggest scissor style clippers.

Educational Materials: Raising Better Rabbits and Cavies, published by the American Rabbit Breeder’s Association, is an excellent resource.

A Kid’s Guide to Raising and Showing Guinea Pigs; written by Wanda L. Curran, is an informative, child friendly book.

Reber Guinea Pig Brochure  
Reber Guinea Pig Brochure  

Informative Brochure about Guinea Pigs