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FLIGHT by Janet Spencer On June 25, 1953, Horace C. Boren became the first passenger to fly around the world on commercial airlines in less than 100 hours. Come along with Tidbits as we take flight! EARLY PIONEERS • The Wright brothers were not the first people to fly a plane. Seven years prior to their 1903 flight, Samuel Pierpont Langley’s 16-foot (4.8 m) plane travelled three quarters of a mile (1.2 km) and stayed aloft for a minute and a half. The Wright’s claim to fame was that they made the first flight that carried a human. Langley’s plane was unmanned. • The world’s first fatal airplane crash occurred in 1908 when a propeller broke, sending the aircraft plunging 150 feet (45 m) to earth. The pilot escaped with a broken leg, but the single passenger, Lt. Thomas Selfridge of the U.S. Signal Corps, was killed on impact. The pilot was Orville Wright. • Many people mistakenly think Charles Lindbergh made the first transatlantic flight. Actually, he made the first solo transatlantic flight, but many other transatlantic flights were made prior to his May 20-21, 1927 solo flight. For instance, there was Capt. John Alcock and Lt. Arthur Whitten Brown who flew a converted Vimy night bomber from Canada to Ireland on June 14 & 15, 1919. • When Capt. Alcock and Lt. Brown flew from Canada to Ireland, they took with them Lucky Jim and Twinkletoes— two stuffed black cats, for luck. However, these “lucky” charms didn’t do much good. First, a super-heated exhaust pipe disintegrated. Then a blinding fog moved in and the plane would have taken a nose dive into the Atlantic if the fog hadn’t cleared 100 feet above the sea. Next, ice formed over the instruments on the wing after a snowstorm and Lt. Brown had to climb out on the wing to chip it off. But in spite of it all, the two men landed safely. Unfortunately, Alcock was killed six months later while flying in a fog in a Paris air show. Brown subsequently swore off flying forever, but his pilot son was killed in World War II. • President Wilson and other important officials gathered in May of 1918 to witness the take-off of the first airmail flight. The plane was to carry mail from Washington, D.C. to Philadelphia. After take-off, the plane somehow went off course and landed in Waldorf, Maryland— which is farther away from Philadelphia than Washington is. The mail was eventually delivered by train. • In 1938 Howard Hughes filled his plane with ping-pong balls so it would float if it went down over the ocean. He then proceeded to set the speed record for flying around the world. • On March 2, 1949, a U.S. Superfortress bomber completed the first nonstop flight around the world when it landed at Fort Worth, Texas. turn the page for more!
Vol 3 Issue 25 email@example.com
Tidbits® of the River Region EARLY PIONEERS cont’d:
1. Is the book of Ahijah in the Old or New Testament or neither? 2. Which book may be summarized, “Yes, salvation is by faith, but faith without action is useless”? Romans, Titus, James, Jude 3. Who platted the crown of thorns that Jesus wore? Herod, Soldiers, Pontius Pilate, Priests 4. From Ecclesiastes 3, there is a time to weep and a time to ... ? Laugh, Hate, Speak, Lose 5. In Jeremiah 3:8, to whom did God give a bill of divorce? Adam/Eve, Egypt, Boaz/Ruth, Israel 6. Paul was born in Tarsus of ... ? Cilicia, Berea, Cana, Gath
The plane traveled 23,452 miles (37,742 km) in 94 hours and 1 minute. It was refueled four times in flight. • In 1986, the Voyager accomplished the first round-the-world flight without refueling. Cruising at a speed between 65 and 120 mph (104 – 194 km/hr) at an altitude of 8,000 to 10,000 feet (2,500 – 3,000 m) it took pilots Rattan & Yeager 216 hours, 3 minutes and 44 seconds to travel 25,012 miles (40,252 km). FAST FACTS ABOUT AIR TRAVEL • Number of people who traveled by air worldwide in 2012 Over 3 billion • Number of passengers who died in crashes in 2012 414 • Number of people killed or injured by bathtubs each year About 182,000 • Average number of times an airliner is hit by lightning each year 1 • Number of plane crashes due to lightning strikes since 1963 0 • Percent of Americans who had flown in 1978, the beginning of airline deregulation 17% • Percent who have flown today 84% • Percent of Americans who hold a passport 11 • Number of bags per minute that move through O’Hare Airport’s computerized baggage handling system 480 • Number of bags lost or mishandled in the U.S. every day 7,000 • Percent of all lost bags which are returned to their owners within 24 hours 97 • Total number of lost bags which are never returned to their owners annually 435,000 • Number of the world’s 20 busiest airports which are located in the U.S. 6 • Number of flights handled by air traffic controllers at O’Hare Airport (the world’s 3rd busiest airport) per hour at peak periods 210 • Number of people who work at O’Hare Airport in Chicago, Illinois 35,000 • Amount of dirt moved during the construction of Denver International Airport, in millions of cubic yards 110 • Amount of dirt moved during the construction of the Panama Canal, in millions of cubic yards 330 • Miles of fiber optic cables running through Denver International Airport 5,300 • Highway miles from Miami to Seattle 3,362 FAST FACTS ABOUT AIR TRAVEL • Total area of Denver International Airport, in square miles 53 • Total area of Manhattan Island, in square miles 22.4 • Number of miles of highways that could be built with the amount of asphalt that was used to build the runways and ramps at Denver International Airport 900 • Number of times airlines update fares in their computers daily 250,000 • Number of Americans who are members of a frequent flyer program 61 million • Percent of all frequent flyer miles which are earned on the ground 47 • Percent of all frequent flyer miles which are never redeemed 75 • Number of free tickets issued annually due to frequent flyer miles 12 million • Number of cubic feet of re-circulated air per minute given to economy-class passengers on some 737 flights 8 • Number of cubic feet of re-circulated air per minute given to first-class passengers on some 747 flights 60 • Amount of money saved per aircraft per year on fuel costs by re-circulating air instead of introducing fresh air $60,000 • Number of airsickness bags used by U.S. airlines each year 20 million • Number of collisions between birds and planes every year in the U.S. 1,400 • Percent of those collisions involving seagulls: 80 to 90 • Percent of students at the air traffic controller school at the Oklahoma City training center who do not get passing grades 40% • Percent of flights in America that either leave or arrive late 25
1. Name the last major-league team before the 2013 Tampa Bay Rays to compile at least seven complete games in one month by its pitchers. 2. In 2013, Baltimore’s Chris Davis became the third player in major-league history to have at least 40 doubles and 50 homers in a season. Name the other two. 3. How many quarterbacks were picked before San Francisco’s Colin Kaepernick in the 2011 NFL Draft? 4. When was the last time before 2013 that the University of Michigan men’s basketball team reached the Final Four? 5. In 2013, Jaromir Jagr set the record for most career game-winning goals (122). Who had held the mark before him? 6. Of the 56 winners (through 2014) of the Daytona 500, how many started on the pole? 7. What is the highest total of matches Serena Williams has won in a single tennis season?
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* On July 9, 1777, New York elects Brig. Gen. George Clinton as the first governor of the independent state of New York. Clinton’s career was marked by his hatred of British loyalists, called Tories. He kept the public’s tax burden low by confiscating and selling land belonging to Tories to maintain state coffers. * On July 7, 1865, Mary Surratt is executed for her role as a conspirator in Abraham Lincoln’s assassination. Surratt’s boardinghouse, a few blocks from Ford’s Theatre, where Lincoln was murdered, served as the place where a group of Confederate supporters conspired to assassinate the president. * On July 8, 1898, notorious con man “Soapy” Smith is murdered in Skagway, Alaska. Smith earned his nickname “Soapy” selling bars of soap wrapped in blue tissue paper. He promised crowds that a few lucky purchasers would find a $100 bill wrapped inside the $5 bars of soap. * On July 13, 1951, rivers across eastern Kansas crest well above flood stage, and 500,000 people are left homeless. Two million acres of farmlands were lost. In addition, the flooding caused fires and explosions in refinery oil tanks on the banks of the Kansas River. * On July 11, 1960, novelty song “Alley Oop” tops the Billboard pop chart. Alley Oop was the name of a time-traveling caveman in a comic strip of the same name created in 1932 by cartoonist V.T. Hamlin. * On July 12, 1984, Walter Mondale, Democratic presidential candidate, announces that he has chosen Geraldine Ferraro as his running mate, the first woman nominated by a major party for the vice presidency.
Kevin Clay DOB: 2/27/1980 Black/Male 5’1” 165 lbs Hair: Black Eyes: Brown Outstanding Warrants: Probation Revocation (Possession of Controlled Substance)
* On July 10, 1992, the Alaska court of appeals overturns the conviction of Joseph Hazelwood, the former captain of the oil tanker Exxon Valdez. Hazelwood, who was found guilty of negligence for his role in the massive oil spill in Prince William Sound in 1989, successfully argued that he was entitled to immunity from prosecution because he had reported the oil spill to authorities 20 minutes after the ship ran aground. (c) 2014 King Features Synd., Inc.
Robert Hilton Missildine White/Male 5’8” 125 lbs Hair: Brown Eyes: Green Outstanding Warrants: Burglary 3rd and Theft of Property 2nd
“Be known before you’re needed” Advertise with Tidbits (334) 202-7285 A LONG LEAP • Goyathlay (meaning ‘one who yawns’) was an Apache born in 1829. He married and had three kids. In 1851, Mexican soldiers attacked his encampment, killing many, including Goyathlay’s family. Bent on revenge, the survivors went after the Mexicans. • Goyathlay battled fearlessly and without mercy. The Catholic Mexicans appealed to St. Jerome for help. Afterwards, the remaining Mexicans remarked on the bravery of the Apache warrior. They didn’t know his name, so they gave him a nickname, after the Mexican word for St. Jerome. It stuck. • Goyathlay, now known by his new nickname, became a military leader of his tribe who led many successful skirmishes. In 1886, tired of constant pursuit, he surrendered. He became a celebrity in his old age, and died in 1909. • In 1940, a platoon of paratroopers was nervous about the military’s first mass parachute jump scheduled for the following day. To bolster their courage, they went to a theater to watch a new movie about Goyathlay. Paratrooper Aubrey Eberhardt told his buddies he was going to yell the Apache warrior’s nickname as he bailed out, for inspiration. His buddies decided they would, too. It caught on, and throughout the war, the name was shouted as a battle cry whenever anyone bailed out of a plane. • Today this war whoop can be heard whenever people jump from high places, such as into the local swimming hole. What was Goyathlay’s Mexican nickname? Answer below. EMERGENCY BAIL-OUTS • Lt. I. M. Chisov of Russia bailed out of his damaged plane in 1942. With no parachute, he fell 21,980 feet (6.7 km) landing on a steep, snowy mountainside and sliding down. He broke his pelvis and injured his spine but survived and recovered. • In 1959, a military pilot name Col. Rankin bailed out of his single engine plane when the engines failed at 46,000 feet (14 km). A storm was in progress over the Carolina coast at the time, and he went right through the middle of it. It normally would take a man 13 minutes to fall that far, but Rankin got caught in the updrafts and came to earth 45 minutes later. Fortunately, his parachute opened at 10,000 feet (3 km) and he landed intact. A passing motorist took him to the hospital, where he was treated for frostbite and shock. • In 1955, Pilot George Smith ejected from his disabled plane. That wouldn’t have been so bad, except that he was in a F100A Super Sabre jet fighter flying at supersonic speed at 35,000 feet (10.5 km). He became the first person to ever bail-out while traveling faster than the speed of sound. He was flying at 777 mph (1,250 km/hr). On the way down, his clothing was shredded, and his socks, helmet, and oxygen mask ripped off. He experienced a deceleration force of 40 G’s, meaning that he weighed an equivalent of 40 times his weight. He was unconscious when he landed in the ocean off the coast of California. By some miracle, there was a boat less than 100 yards away. He was in a coma for a week and spent the next six months in the hospital. • During World War II, Captain J. H. Hedley was in a plane over Germany when the aircraft took a hit. Hedley was sucked out of the plane at 10,000 feet (3 km). The pilot took evasive action by plummeting in a vertical dive. When the plane pulled out of the dive, Hedley landed unhurt on the tail. He hung on till the plane was brought safely to a landing. • During the invasion of Normandy in WWII, thousands of dummies were dropped from planes with parachutes along with the real paratroopers in order to mislead the Germans concerning the size of the fighting force. Answer: Geronimo.
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by Samantha Weaver * It was Martin Luther King Jr. who made the following sage observation: “In the end, we will remember not the words of our enemies, but the silence of our friends.” * If you head up to the top floor of the U.S. Supreme Court building, you’ll find a basketball court. It’s known, of course, as “the highest court in the land.”
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* During the filming of the classic film “The Wizard of Oz,” the dog that played Toto was paid $125 per week. In contrast, the actors who played the munchkins were paid $100 per week -- and their manager, Leo Singer, kept half of that. * Those who study such things say that goats have accents. * In Germany in the 1500s, a court physician by the name of Oswaldt Gabelthouer wrote a medical book full of remedies that he guaranteed would be effective. For insanity, the patient must cut his or her hair close to the head, then tie two halves of a ram’s liver to the head. A severe case of epilepsy, he claimed, could be cured if the patient wore the right eye of a wolf and the left eye of a she-wolf on a thong about the neck for three months; also, the patient had to forgo bathing during that time. There’s no mention in the record at hand of how a patient would go about redeeming the guarantee. * If you’re suffering from xanthodontia, don’t worry; a dentist can help whiten those yellow teeth. *** Thought for the Day: “The power of accurate observation is frequently called cynicism by those who don’t have it.” -- George Bernard Shaw (c) 2014 King Features Synd., Inc.
1. The Philadelphia Phillies, in 1999. 2. Babe Ruth and Albert Belle. 3. Five -- Cam Newton, Jake Locker, Blaine Gabbert, Christian Ponder and Andy Dalton. 4. It was 1993. 5. Gordie Howe. 6. Nine. 7. Seventy-eight, in 2013.
BIBLE TRIVIA ANSWERS:
1) Neither; 2) James; 3) Soldiers; 4) Laugh; 5) Israel; 6) Cilicia
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