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SURNAMES by Janet Spencer For centuries people went through life with only one name. As the population grew and more people shared the same name, it became necessary to add descriptive information about which John or Mary was being discussed. That’s when surnames were added. Sur comes from the Latin super and means ‘above and beyond.’ Come along with Tidbits as we consider surnames. • Many surnames began as physical descriptions of a person: Black, White, Little, Longfellow. Some described their personal qualities: Smart, Swift, Armstrong, Truman. Many described occupations: Cook, Baker, Butler, Carpenter, Farmer, Taylor, Weaver. Some described where the person lived: Wood, River, Churchill. Some described who the person was related to: Johnson, Peterson, Anderson. • Taxes had a big factor in the naming of people. Nobody wanted to pay taxes twice, so names and identities needed to be clear. By the 1300s it was normal for everybody to have two names. Names, just like all other words, pass from one language into the next and travel from country to country. When any word passes into a new language, it usually changes a bit. A massive name-changing occurred when foreigners speaking strange languages arrived in America at the desks of tired government clerks whose job was to write their names down in English. Difficult names were frequently Americanized on the spot. SURNAME SYSTEMS • In Germany there are laws regulating which names may be used, and names entered into the official record must be kept for life. German law also states that a woman must take her husband’s name upon marriage. The Roman Catholic Church requires that a baby be named after a saint. • Until 1804, Jews of eastern Europe and Russia were known only by their first names and the name of their father: Yaakov was his first name and his father’s name was Yitzhak, so his name was Yaakov ben Yitzhak. (Ben means ‘son of.’) Therefore, no name was kept for more than a single generation. Czar Alexander I forced Jews to acquire permanent surnames in order to aid in tax collection and the draft of Jewish soldiers. • In Slavic languages, suffixes -vitch and -ov mean ‘descendent of’ and many names end in those: Ivanovitch and Chekov. German and Austrian Jews used the ending -sohn, which also means ‘son of’ such as Mendelsohn. • In Sweden it was standard for sons to be given a first name followed by a surname of their father’s first name with
Vol 2 Issue 38 firstname.lastname@example.org
Tidbits® of the River Region SURNAME SYSTEMS cont’d -son added on. When Lars Carlson had a son named Erik, his name became Erik Larson. Erik Larson’s son Peter became Peter Erikson. Peter Erikson’s son John became John Peterson, etc. • The Hispanic tradition is to give the child his given name and follow it with the father’s surname and then the mother’s maiden name. • When the slaves were freed they were required to pick out surnames for themselves. Many adopted their previous owner’s names, and some picked out names of people they admired. Booker T. Washington and George Washington were greatly admired by blacks, so many took on the name of Washington. Today 4/5ths of the people named Washington are black. • In Scotland it was customary for the mother’s maiden name to become the child’s middle name. After becoming common as middle names, they frequently became used as first names, including such names as Sidney, Howard, Percy, Scott, and Grant. • The Seminole Indians chose three names for each person. The first name described the person’s temperament. The second name described their physical appearance. The third name linked them to an animal. Typical names would be Crazy-Round-Beaver or WiseTall-Bear. • There are about a billion Chinese living in China, yet they share only about 1,000 surnames. The most popular are Wong, Lee, Chang, and Ho. POPULAR NAMES • The Social Security Administration lists about 1.3 million different family names. One-third of them occur only once in the nation. Others are more popular. For instance, ‘Smith’ originally meant any craftsman who used a hammer: metal workers, wood carvers, and stone masons. The German word for smith is Schmidt; in Italian it’s Ferrari; in Polish it’s Kowalski; in Gaelic it’s McGowan. The Jim Smith Society was established in 1969. It has annual meetings of people named Jim Smith. • Cohen (‘priest’) is the most common Jewish surname in the U.S. In New York City, there are more Cohens than there are Smiths. Rodriguez (‘son of Rodrigo’) is the most common Hispanic name, followed by Gonzalez (‘son of Gonzalo’), Garcia, (‘brave in battle’) and Lopez (from ‘lupus’ meaning wolf). The most common Irish names are Murphy (‘the seafighter’), Kelly (‘the contentious one’), Sullivan (‘the black-eyed one’), Ryan (‘little king’), Dun (‘brown’), Burke (‘dweller at the fort’), Riley (‘playful’), and O’Brien (‘hill’). ORIGINS OF NAMES • The Irish prefixes O’, Fitz-, Mc-, and Macpreceeding a name mean ‘descendent of.’ The Dutch Van- (as in VanGogh) means ‘from,’ and Vander- (as in Vanderbuilt) means ‘from the.’ The German version is Von (VonTrapp). The French du- also means ‘of’ or ‘from.’ DuPont means ‘of the bridge;’ DuBois means ‘from the woods.’ • A man with brown hair, brown eyes, or a brown complexion might be named Brown in England; Bruno in Italy; Dun or Dunne in Ireland; or Braun in Germany. • The German name Schuster meant shoemaker; Spangler meant tinsmith; Zimmerman was a carpenter; and Schwarz meant black. • In old England, Kellogg was a person who killed hogs, Clark was a clerk, Coleman used charcoal, and Mr. Peck lived on a peak. • The person in charge of the food and drink in the great hall of a castle might be named Hall. The dispenser of provisions at an estate was often named Spencer. • Roosevelt meant rose field, and Rockefeller is a corruption of the German Roggenfelder, meaning rye field. • The Welch words Ap Rhys, meaning son of Rhys, was shortened and Americanized to Price. Leo Tolstoy’s last name meant ‘fat’ in Russian. Mr. Sinclair may have had an ancestor from the French town of St. Clair. • When the majority of the population was illiterate, shopkeepers relied on signboards with pictures on them to tell people what business they were in. Many names came from the signs, including the German Rothschild, meaning ‘red signboard,’ and Weintraub, meaning ‘grape.’ • Shakespeare’s name was spelled 83 different ways in his time.
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by Samantha Weaver * It was Israeli politician Abba Eban who made the following sage observation: “A consensus means that everyone agrees to say collectively what no one believes individually.” * Moose are so nearsighted that they have been known to try to mate with cars. * According to tradition, a bride whose dress is made of silk will have good fortune in her marriage. A woman who wears velvet to her wedding will face poverty, and a satin wedding gown will bring bad luck. * On average, there are 50,000 earthquakes around the world every year. * Beloved composer Frederic Chopin died in 1849 in France. He was terrified of being buried alive, so at his request, after his death his heart was removed, preserved in alcohol and returned to his native country, Poland. Once in Warsaw, the urn containing his heart was sealed into a pillar of the Holy Cross Church with the inscription, “For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.” * Spanish explorers named California after a mythical island of Amazon women ruled by a warrior queen named Califa. * An assemblyman in Alaska once wrote and tried to pass legislation mandating a $100 fine for “public flatulence, crepitation, gaseous emission and miasmic effluence.” * In 1903, a now-unknown inventor (and breeder of chickens, one might venture to guess) submitted a request to patent eyeglasses for chickens, designed to prevent injury due to pecking by other chickens. The request was refused. * The Sphinx in Egypt is the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still in existence. *** Thought for the Day: “Only two things are infinite, the universe and human stupidity, and I’m not sure about the former.” -- Albert Einstein (c) 2013 King Features Synd., Inc.
Tidbits® of the River Region
* On Oct. 6, 1683, encouraged by William Penn’s offer of 5,000 acres of land in the colony of Pennsylvania and the freedom to practice their religion, the first Mennonites arrive in America aboard the Concord. The German Mennonites were founded in Europe by Menno Simons in the 16th century. * On Oct. 2, 1780, British Major John Andre, an accomplice of Benedict Arnold, is hanged as a spy by U.S. military forces in Tappan, N.Y. Andre wrote a letter to Gen. George Washington asking that he be executed by firing squad, that being a more “gentlemanly” death than hanging. * On Oct. 4, 1861, President Abraham Lincoln observes a balloon demonstration near Washington, D.C. Both Confederate and Union armies experimented with using balloons to gather military intelligence in the early stages of the war, but the balloons proved to be dangerous and impractical for most situations. * On Oct. 1, 1908, the first production Model T Ford is completed in Detroit. The cheapest one initially cost $825, or about $18,000 in today’s dollars. It had a 22-horsepower, fourcylinder engine that could run on gasoline or hemp-based fuel. * On Sept. 30, 1954, the USS Nautilus, the world’s first nuclear submarine, is commissioned by the U.S. Navy. In August 1958, Nautilus accomplished the first voyage under the geographic North Pole. After a career spanning 25 years and almost 500,000 miles steamed, Nautilus was decommissioned in 1980. * On Oct. 3, 1967, writer, singer and folk icon Woody Guthrie dies in New York. Guthrie, originally from Oklahoma, introduced a form of music called protest folk. Most famous was “This Land Is Your Land,” written in 1940 and first recorded in 1944.
Corinthian Brown Black/Male 5’8” 280 lbs Hair: Black Eyes: Brown Outstanding Warrants: Failure to Appear Possession of Controlled Substance and Failure to Appear Possession of Marijuana 1st
* On Oct. 5, 1978, Isaac Bashevis Singer wins the Nobel Prize for literature. Singer wrote in Yiddish about Jewish life in Poland and the United States, and translations of his work became popular in mainstream America as well as Jewish circles. One of his stories, Yentl, was made into a movie directed by and starring Barbra Streisand in 1983. (c) 2013 King Features Synd., Inc.
John Wesley Abbott White/Male 6’0” 204 lbs Hair: Brown Eyes: Blue
Outstanding Warrants: Criminal Trespass in the 3rd Degree
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Tommy Count ______ This week’s winner receives a $25 gift certificate from
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Last Week’s Ads where Tommy was hiding: 1. Presley Designs, p. 6 2. Alabama Paint & Body, p. 11
MADAM C.J. WALKER • C.J. Walker, born just after the Civil War ended, grew up to become not only the first self-made female American millionaire, but also the first self-made female African American millionaire. • Born Sarah Breedlove in Louisiana in 1867, she grew up in a family of six children. Her parents and her older siblings had been slaves on a plantation. She was the first child in the family born into freedom. She married for the first time at the age of 14 and gave birth to her daughter Lelia three years later. When her husband died when she was 19, she moved to St. Louis where one of her brothers ran a barber shop. She then spent the next 18 years struggling to support herself and her daughter as a washer woman. She married Charles Walker in 1906 and became known at that time as Madam C. J. Walker. • In those days, indoor plumbing, electricity, and hot water heaters had not yet been invented so people bathed infrequently and rarely washed their hair. Scalp problems
were common. C.J. suffered from hair loss as a result, as did many of her friends and acquaintances. She tried all the products that were on the market at the time, and none of them worked. She tried numerous home remedies and got the same dismal results. Then one night she had a dream. In the dream, she was selling a formula that straightened black women’s hair. • Acting on the dream, she invested $2 in ingredients and began to experiment. The resulting formula, which used sulfur, made her scalp healthy and her hair shiny. It also straightened hair if it was used in conjunction with a heated hair iron. • She began selling the product to her friends and neighbors, who recommended it to their friends and neighbors. • Her hair straightener sold like proverbial hotcakes and soon she had trouble keeping up with all the orders. She began hiring people to help her sell the straightener as well as other beauty products she designed, in much the same way that Avon operates today. Her daughter took over the thriving mail-order business, running it out of a shop in Denver. • In 1908, C.J. Walker moved to Pittsburgh where she opened a cosmetology college to train ‘hair culturists.’ Here she taught other impoverished black women how to support
themselves by running their own hair salons. Two years later she moved to Indianapolis where she established the permanent headquarters of the Madam C.J Walker Manufacturing Company. • She made another move in 1917 when she took up residence in a mansion on a New York estate on the Hudson River which had been designed by New York’s first licensed black architect. The house cost $250,000 to build, which would equal about $6 million in today’s dollars. • She spent the rest of her life giving lectures, training women, and agitating for the rights of blacks. Many organizations benefited from her philanthropic tendencies, including the NAACP, the YMCA, and numerous schools, orphanages, and retirement homes. • Madam C.J. Walker died in 1919 at the age of 51 due to problems with hypertension. Her daughter took over the presidency of the company. At the time of her death she was considered to be the wealthiest AfricanAmerican woman in U.S. history, and the very first self-made female millionaire. • Years later, the Guinness Book of World Records confirmed her to be the first woman ever to become a millionaire through her own efforts.
TidbitsÂŽ of the River Region
Saucy Beans and Sausage
To turn this satisfying side into a main course, use 8 ounces of sausage instead of 4. 4 ounces sweet Italian sausage, casing removed Olive oil 1 medium (6- to 8-ounce) onion, thinly sliced 1 medium (4- to 6-ounce) red pepper, thinly sliced Salt Pepper 1 can (14- to 14.5-ounce) lower-sodium crushed tomatoes 1 1/2 pounds green beans 1. Preheat oven to 425 F. In 5- to 6-quart saucepot, cook sausage on medium 5 minutes or until browned, breaking up sausage with wooden spoon. Transfer to small bowl; set aside. 2. Add enough oil to drippings in saucepot to equal 1 tablespoon of fat. Add onion, red pepper, 1/4 teaspoon salt and 1/4 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper. Cook 3 to 4 minutes or until vegetables have softened, stirring occasionally. Stir in tomatoes; reduce heat to medium-low and cook vegetable mixture 7 to 8 minutes, stirring occasionally. 3. Meanwhile, trim green beans and cut into 2-inch pieces. Add green beans to pot with tomatoes; cook 3 minutes, stirring occasionally. Stir in reserved sausage. 4. Transfer green bean mixture to 3-quart shallow baking dish. Cover with foil and bake 35 minutes or until green beans are very tender. Serves 4. â€ž Each serving: About 150 calories, 3g total fat (1g saturated), 9mg cholesterol, 475mg sodium, 24g total carbs, 7g dietary fiber, 10g protein. For thousands of triple-tested recipes, visit our website at www.goodhousekeeping.com/recipefinder/. (c) 2013 Hearst Communications, Inc. All rights reserved
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Pipes and Joists and Squeaks. Oh My! By Samantha Mazzotta
Q: I’ve got a squeaky-floor problem, but it’s a little bit weird. When people walk along the ground floor I can hear wood squeaking against the pipes that are down in the crawlspace. Is this a risk to the pipes? How can I fix the squeaking noise? -- Jim in Buford, Ga. A: You won’t know for sure without getting into the crawlspace and visually inspecting the pipes and the underside of the floor, including the joists. The pipes running along the crawlspace are likely suspended from the floor joists. If they’re in contact with the joists, then you might hear the faint screech of wood across metal as the joists rub against the pipes. How serious is the problem? It depends. If the floor and joists are in good condition, then you can reposition the pipe very slightly so it doesn’t contact the wood. Do this by lowering or loosening the existing pipe hanger slightly, or replacing it with another pipe hanger or a plastic pipe strap.
You must support the pipe in place as you do any loosening or replacing of the hangers. It should not move more than a few centimeters in any direction, and it shouldn’t hang unsupported even during a quick rehanging job. Doing so could cause it to work loose at a pipe joint, and you’ll have a much bigger problem than a squeaky floor. To avoid this you can either rig up a substitute -- a sturdy rope or cloth tacked to the joist and wrapped underneath the pipe, for example -- or keep the old pipe hanger in place as you attach a new pipe hanger just a little lower. Once you’ve hammered the ends of the new hanger into the side of the joist, carefully work the old hanger loose as a helper holds the pipe in place. Gently lower the pipe into the new hanger. Repeat at other hanger locations along the run where the pipe contacts the joist. If, on inspection, you see that the joist is not in good condition -- it’s sagging, or you detect wood rot or water damage -- contact a flooring or foundation specialist. Damaged joists can cause problems throughout the house, so you’ll want that problem addressed immediately. HOME TIP: Talcum powder can serve as a quick, if temporary, way to stop squeaks between floorboards. Send your questions or home tips to ask@thisisahammer. com. My new e-book, “101 Best Home Tips,” is available to download on Amazon Kindle! Pick it up it today for just 99 cents. (c) 2013 King Features Synd., Inc.
Tidbits® of the River Region Staying hydrated is just as important as what you eat during training. Drink at least one cup of water for every 20 minutes you compete or work out. Green tea has powerful benefits to help repair broken capillaries and revive the body. Low-sugar sports drinks during or after competition are good for hydration. Typically, one sports drink is effective in replacing lost sodium, potassium and electrolytes. My recipe for Spicy Herbed Blue Cheese Steak is a delicious “performance” or family meal that is easy to prepare. It’s great as a main course, or sliced and placed on top of a salad or in a whole-wheat tortilla. (Additional information provided by Jessica Kovarik, R.D., L.D., Extension Associate, Nutrition and Exercise Physiology, University of Missouri Extension.) BLUE CHEESE HERB AND PEPPER STEAK
Eating to Win Whether you’re a weekend warrior or actively participate in sports, you need to eat to win. Eating for performance is often overlooked by athletes. A peak-performance diet is very similar to a normal, healthy diet. Carbohydrates, protein, fat and liquids are important components of a sports diet. Each of these nutrients should be included in your diet every day.
* “If you have a fish tank, you can use the fish-tank water to fertilize your rose bushes. I do this, and it’s rich in minerals that the bushes love!” -- A.U. in Alabama * Make your own bed-buddy hot pad with a long sock and rice. Use a sock that’s knee high, and fill it about two-thirds full with plain, uncooked white rice. Knot it an inch or two from the top of the rice, so it’s nice and loose. Once it’s secure, stick the sock into the microwave for 1-2 minutes. The rice heats up, and the heat is stored in the rice. It’s wonderful for aches and pains -- or just for keeping toes toasty! * Shower caps can be placed over a planter and used to make a kind of greenhouse for planting cuttings. Just water and place it in a sun-filled window. Be sure to check it often, because even though it might be cool out, your little greenhouse can get pretty hot with only a few hours of sun. * “Loosen tight jeans with a cutting board! First, wash in cold water, then button them around something that’s about an inch wider than the waist ... say, a cookie sheet, chair top, cutting board, etc. Air dry. It’s magical.” -- V.L. in New York “When I was a kid, the side of my yard was soft sand, but it’s where my brother and I kept our bikes. I liked my bike to stand up, because it kept the sand out of my gears. The kickstand would sink in the sand, so my dad gave me an old tennis ball that he had poked a hole into. I put it on the kickstand, and from then on, it stayed standing up. Thought I would share.” -- M.N. in Florida Send your tips to Now Here’s a Tip, c/o King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475 or e-mail JoAnn at heresatip@yahoo. com. (c) 2013 King Features Synd., Inc.
Carbohydrates Carbohydrates should comprise about 60 percent of your daily diet. Carbs are the energy source for your muscles and brain. In fact, your brain uses only carbs for energy. Without enough carbs, your body will break down protein, like your muscles, to fuel your activity. Foods with carbs include vegetables, fruit, dairy products, grains, breads, pasta, rice and crackers. Try adding more whole grains to your diet, like whole-grain bread, whole-wheat pasta, brown rice and grains like barley and popcorn. Protein Most athletes need approximately 4 to 8 ounces of protein each day. Protein is important for recovery, repair of damaged tissue and aids in many of your body’s functions. The increased calories that athletes consume usually supply plenty of protein. Look for low-fat and lean protein sources. Cuts of meat with the words “round” and “loin” are lean protein sources, as are chicken, legumes, nuts, seeds and soy products like tofu. Fat Although it might not seem like it, fat is an important part of the diet. Fat supplies energy, helps cushion the shock of falls, is a storage place for certain vitamins, regulates body temperature and provides essential compounds for your body. There are different types of fats, like saturated fat, trans fat, monounsaturated fat, polyunsaturated fat and omega-3 fatty acids. Not all fats are created equal. Mono and polyunsaturated fats and omega-3 fatty acids have minimal effects on cholesterol and can be thought of as good fats. In fact, omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to increase HDL, which is the good cholesterol. Foods like walnuts, olives, avocados, salmon, herring, mackerel and plant oils like olive oil, canola oil, soybean oil, sunflower and safflower oil contain these good fats. Saturated fats from animal products and trans fats found in foods with hydrogenated oils should be avoided. Hydration for Athletes
Blue Cheese topping: 3 tablespoons crumbled blue cheese (Roquefort, Stilton, Gorgonzola or Maytag) 1/4 cup baby spinach, raw and sliced into ribbons 1/4 cup sliced brown (baby bella) mushrooms, chopped finely 2 cloves garlic, chopped finely 1/2 teaspoon salt 1/4 teaspoon nutmeg Steak: 2 teaspoons of black, red or pink peppercorns 1 (12 ounce) beef fillet, cut into four (3 ounce) steaks 1 teaspoon salt 1 tablespoon Italian Seasoning 1. Preheat oven to 375 F. In a small bowl, combine blue cheese, spinach, mushrooms, garlic, salt and nutmeg. Mix until ingredients are well-combined. Cover and refrigerate. 2. Spread the cracked peppercorns onto a piece of waxed paper or parchment paper. Fold the paper over the peppercorns. Press a cast-iron skillet or heavy-bottomed saute pan on the peppercorns, rocking the pan back and forth to crack them. Place the cracked peppercorns on a plate. Pat the meat dry on both sides with paper towels. Season with salt and Italian Seasoning. 3. Roll the steak in the peppercorns to coat on all sides. Place a cast-iron skillet or heavy-bottomed ovenproof saute pan over moderately high heat. Do not use nonstick cooking spray or any type of oil to prepare the pan. 4. Place the steaks into the hot, dry pan. Do not crowd the steaks so that they will sear, not steam. Sear the top and bottom of each steak, 1 to 2 minutes per side, without moving the meat. The meat will release easily once completely seared; any resistance and it’s not done yet. The steak should have a crispy, well-caramelized crust on the top and bottom. 5. Place 1 tablespoon of the blue cheese mixture on top of each steak and transfer the pan to the oven. Roast 6 to 7 minutes for rare, 7 to 8 minutes for medium. Serve immediately. Serves 4. *** Angela Shelf Medearis is an award-winning children’s author, culinary historian and author of seven cookbooks. Her new cookbook is “The Kitchen Diva’s Diabetic Cookbook.” Her website is www.divapro.com. To see howto videos, recipes and much, much more, Like Angela Shelf Medearis, The Kitchen Diva!, on Facebook and go to Hulu. com. Recipes may not be reprinted without permission from Angela Shelf Medearis. (c) 2013 King Features Synd., Inc., and Angela Shelf Medearis
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To Your Good Health By Paul G. Donohue, M.D.
Toenail Fungus Resists Treatment
DEAR DR. DONOHUE: Third letter, same request. Please tell me how to get rid of fungus under a toenail. -- B.K. ANSWER: Toenail fungus is prevalent among older people, and often, the infected person has no idea where he or she picked it up. The big toe’s nail is the one the fungus seems to like the best. The nail turns yellow, becomes thick and brittle, and has crumbly material extending from its edge under the nail to its base. The nail doesn’t usually hurt or itch. It just looks awful. Treatment for nail fungus is less than a huge success. Penlac (ciclopirox) Nail Lacquer is applied directly to the nail. The cure rate isn’t impressive. Oral medicines have the best results, but the results aren’t something to write home about. Further, they’re expensive, and often are not covered by insurance. One such medicine is Sporanox (itraconazole). It’s taken twice a day for one week of each month, for three or four months. Liver enzymes should be monitored while using it, because it can, but rarely does, damage liver cells. Some people opt for nail removal. A new treatment employs a laser. As with oral medicines, it’s expensive and most insurers don’t cover the cost. Results are promising but not guaranteed. If the nail isn’t bothersome, if it’s not leading to infections of the toe or foot and if a person isn’t a diabetic, many decide to live at peace with the infected nail. It isn’t likely
to shorten life. Home remedies abound. They include Vick’s VapoRub, bleach and vinegar. I don’t have a lot of faith in them, and I would not use bleach. Studies on Vick’s, applied daily for 48 weeks, show a success rate of 22 percent. *** DEAR DR. DONOHUE: My father and two uncles died from heart attacks when they were in their 50s. I’m 45. I haven’t ever smoked. I am active and eat a healthy diet. Should I be taking an aspirin? What dose? -- R.W. ANSWER: A family history like yours puts you at high risk for a heart attack. I would take a daily 81 mg aspirin as a preventive step. You shouldn’t do this on your own, however. Discuss it with your family doctor to see if he or she has any other suggestions or tests planned for you. The booklet on heart attacks explains why they happen and how they’re prevented. Readers can order a copy by writing: Dr. Donohue -- No. 102W, Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. Enclose a check or money order (no cash) for $4.75 U.S./$6 Canada with the recipient’s printed name and address. Please allow four weeks for delivery. *** DEAR DR. DONOHUE: Is swallowing gum harmful? I have done it for many, many years. Now I wonder if I am hurting myself or my stomach by doing this. Am I? -- D.J. ANSWER: You’re not hurting yourself or your stomach. Gum isn’t digested. It passes through the small and large intestines without causing any trouble. Gum wasn’t meant to be swallowed. Most people prefer to take it out of their mouth and dispose of it. *** Dr. Donohue regrets that he is unable to answer individual letters, but he will incorporate them in his column whenever possible. Readers may write him or request an order form of available health newsletters at P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. (c) 2013 North America Synd., Inc. All Rights Reserved
Yo-yo and Spot: Car Dealer Scams
Ever heard of a yo-yo scam? How about a spot delivery scam? You could be caught up in these if you’re in the market for another vehicle. Here’s how a spot delivery scam works: When you’re shopping for another vehicle, the deal is put together on the “spot” with a car already on a dealer’s lot. If you have less than excellent credit or a low income, the auto dealer will suggest you finance the vehicle through the dealership. You sign the papers, thinking all is well, accept the keys and drive off in your new wheels. At some point thereafter (days, weeks, months) you’ll be called back to the dealership after being told that the deal isn’t finalized. The “deal” in question is the purchase of your contract from the dealership by a third party. This third party buyer might insist on more money down, or maybe having a co-signer. If no one purchases your contract to the dealer’s satisfaction, the dealer will cancel the contract with you. Meanwhile, in the yo-yo portion of the scam, you’ll have the car, and you won’t be shopping for another one, which is the whole idea of the scams: to take you out of the buying market. You’re allowed to drive the car away but, like a yo-yo and the string, you’ll be pulled back in and will be told you have to sign a new financing agreement -- one with higher interest. You might be threatened with fees for use of the car, or even police intervention for auto theft. The Federal Trade Commission did a study of those who’d had a car-buying experience in the previous 12 months. The results: --Buyers most likely to be targeted for the yo-yo scam are those with poor or no credit or with low income. --Victims of the yo-yo scam had a hard time getting back their down payment or even their trade-in vehicle. --A majority of consumers caught in a yo-yo scam caved in and signed a second contract for the same vehicle, at a higher rate of interest. Before you buy any vehicle, read about yo-yo scams on the Federal Trade Commission site (ftc.gov). Search for “Deal or No Deal: How Yo-Yo Scams Rig the Game against Car Buyers” and read all 17 pages. Be sure you know all the signs of these scams. David Uffington regrets that he cannot personally answer reader questions, but will incorporate them into his column whenever possible. Send email to email@example.com. (c) 2013 King Features Synd., Inc.
Tidbits® of the River Region
1. Name the last team before San Francisco in 2012 whose starting pitchers earned victories while allowing one run or less in the first three games of the World Series. 2. Who had more career shutouts as a pitcher: Pedro Martinez or Babe Ruth? 3. When was the last time in franchise history before 2012 that the Arizona Cardinals started an NFL season 4-0? 4. The Arizona Wildcats men’s basketball team knocked off three No. 1 seeds on the way to an NCAA championship in 1998. Name two of the three teams. 5. When was the last time before 2013 that there was a three-overtime game in the Stanley Cup Finals? 6. Only five schools in 32 years have won an NCAA team title in women’s gymnastics. Name three of them. 7. In 2013, Jordan Spieth, at 19, became the youngest golfer to win a PGA Tour event in 82 years. Who was the 19-year-old winner in 1931?
1. Is the book of 2 Revelation in the Old or New Testament or neither? 2. From the book of Matthew, where did Jesus stay when John the Baptist was in prison? Beersheba, Capernaum, Assos, Cana 3. What king slew the Gibeonites, breaking his promise of peace and angering God? Neco, Joash, Jehu, Saul 4. In 1 Corinthians, what churches worshipped on the first day of the week? Adventist, Galatia, Gideon, Balaam 5. Whose wife’s mother lay sick of a fever and was healed by Jesus? Mark, Judas, Simon, Joel 6. From Proverbs 22:1, “A good name is rather to be chosen than great ...”? Riches, Witness, Corruption, Love
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HOW TO STAY SMOKE FREE?
Take Kids for Walk on the Wild Side
A low-tech family vacation was the goal for the Guy family this summer when they packed up their car in San Diego and headed up the coastal highway to the redwood forest in Northern California. “We left behind TV, video games and the kids’ favorite toys to open up opportunities for outdoor adventures,” said 40-year-old Kristen Guy, mom of 6-1/2-year-old Kate and 8-year-old Henry. All it took was a near misstep on a big banana slug when they arrived in the woods, and the kids were hooked on nature. “Without the distractions of city and hometown routines, we struck out daily on trails and around our rented cabin with a single focus: to keep our eyes and ears open,” she said. From wild turkeys and their babies crossing their paths, to discovering constellations in the night sky, being kids, they took it all in and were focused and happy. If you are looking to unplug from modern life now and then this fall, expand your experiences with old-fashioned outdoor fun. Here are some ideas for your youngest naturalists. Whether you take a nature walk in a city park or in the woods, turn the simplest encounter into a learning experience and a memory. BABIES: Point out sights, sounds and scents around you -- a brightly colored, fragrant flower, a singing bird, a squirrel or tree. If your baby is especially fussy at night, try a short evening walk. The unique environment of nighttime often fascinates and calms. TODDLERS: Bring along a basket, and let your toddler collect nature treasures. Take them home and count or sort them by size and color. Include a wide range of sensory delights, such as a prickly pinecone, a fragrant blossom and a collection of both rough and smooth stones. PRESCHOOLERS: Talk about the different kinds of trees you see. Listen for birds chirping and singing. Teach new words that identify familiar species. They may begin to replace “birdie” with specific names, such as blackbird, sparrow, cardinal or blue jay. *** Donna Erickson’s award-winning series “Donna’s Day” is airing on public television nationwide. To find more of her creative family recipes and activities, visit www.donnasday.com and link to the NEW Donna’s Day Facebook fan page. Her latest book is “Donna Erickson’s Fabulous Funstuff for Families.”
The proper mindset to stop without struggle and side effects can’t happen when a professional is absent in the process of smoking cessation. Private support from a hypnotherapist can prevent relapse by teaching coping skills to manage stress. When a smoker does not get support they are more likely to yield to the erroneous idea that one cigarette won’t hurt. The hypnotherapist principle aim is to instruct the person that smoking is a learned habit.. Therefore when the habit is broken with psychological techniques and a commitment to be smoke free forever becomes highly likely. SEE ONLINE TESTIMONIALS at HYPNOSISWORKSNOW.COM
(c) 2013 Donna Erickson Distributed by King Features Synd.
BIBLE TRIVIA ANSWERS:
1) Neither; 2) Capernaum; 3) Saul; 4) Galatia; 5) Simon; 6) Riches
1. The 1937 New York Yankees (Lefty Gomez, Red Ruffing and Monte Pearson). 2. Each had 17 shutouts. 3. It was 1974. 4. Kansas, North Carolina and Kentucky. 5. Pittsburgh topped Detroit in three overtimes in 2008. 6. Georgia (10 titles), Utah (nine), Alabama (six), UCLA (six) and Florida (one). 7. Ralph Guldahl.
Tidbits速 of the River Region