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RV 73 FALL/AUTUMN 2011 $14.00 • £8.00 • € 15.00
4 RAW NEWS
Outsider events and exhibitions around the world
ART & DISABILITY Sue Steward traces the development and impact of special workshops and studios
WORLD’S BEST ART MAGAZINE
MEDAILLE DE LA VILLE DE PARIS
28 MINIATURE MASTERPIECES UTNE INDEPENDENT PRESS AWARD
Gary Santaniello introduces the obsessive detail of Dalton Ghetti
AMERICAN FOLK ART MUSEUM VISIONARY AWARD
Editor John Maizels Directors Henry Boxer, Sam Farber, Robert Greenberg, Audrey Heckler, Rebecca Hoffberger, Bill Hopkins, Phyllis Kind, Frank Maresca, Richard Rosenthal, Bob Roth
32 DANIELLE JACQUI
Art Editor Maggie Jones Maizels Senior Editor Julia Elmore Editorial Assistant Nuala Ernest Production Assistant Lauren Woods Managing Editor Carla Goldby Solomon Sub Editor Helen Banks Accounts Manager Judith Edwards Subscriptions Manager Suzy Daniels US Assistant Ari Huff French Editor Laurent Danchin Contributing Editors Michael Bonesteel, Jenifer P. Borum, Roger Cardinal, Ted Degener, Edward Madrid Gomez, Jo Farb Hernandez, Tom Patterson, Charles Russell
Michèle Perez brings us up to date with the phenomenal artist singulier from France
40 ANDREI’S AUTOMOBILES D.B Denholtz introduces the working models of Andrei Palmer
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44 IMAGINARY POP SUPERSTAR Tom Patterson reviews the lost-and-found homemade record cover art of Mingering Mike
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FLOWERINGS OF FOLKLORE Sara Ugolini introduces the spontaneous Italian artist Maria Concetta Cassarà
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cover image William Scott, Relationship, 2010, courtesy of Creative Growth Art Center, USA Raw Vision published quarterly by Raw Vision Ltd #73 Fall/Autumn 2011. Printed in EU. Subscription Price $49 USPS No. 017-057 Periodicals Postage Paid at Rahway, NJ, and at Emigsville, PA Distributed by Priority Post, 95 Aberdeen Road, Emigsville, PA 17318–0437 Subscription office: 163 Amsterdam Ave. #203, New York, NY 10028. (Standard envelopes only) Postmaster send address corrections to: Raw Vision, c/o Mercury Airfreight International Ltd, 365 Blair Road, Avenel, NJ 07001
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REVIEWS Exhibitions and books
RAWNEWS EYES AT PRINZHORN
SCHLIMM SHOWS AT GAIA
25 YEARS OF GUGGING
September 15 – October 30, 2011 Drawings by Yuglospav artists Vladimir Velickovic and Miodrag Djuric (‘Dado’), from a 60 to 80 year period. Haus der Kunstler Doreen McPherson Galerie Samantha Sellem, 5 Rue Jacques Callot, 75006 Paris, France. t: +33 (0)1 56 24 34 74 www.galeriesellem.com September 10 – November 19, 2011 Every September, the gallery presents its latest discoveries and acquisitions. Among the artists on display are; Anibal Brizu ela and Rosa Cazhur (Argentina), Carlo Stella (Peru) or Albert Mouhadeb (Israel). The exhibition also includes Peter Kapeller (Austria), Melvin Way (USA), and Eric Benetto and Loïc Lucas (France). September 17 – 24, 2011: As well as the gallery inauguration, Travelling brut, a festival of documentaries on and about art brut, is taking place with works that Pietro Ghizzardi (1906–1986) has produced using singular materials such as herbs, wine, blood, berry juce and soot to create exuberant portraits of women, saints and animals. No less than 20 pieces, mainly double-sided, from the late 1950s to the late 1960s will be shown. Galerie Christian Berst, 3–5 Passage des Gravilliers, 75003 Paris, France. t: +33 (0)1 53 33 01 70 www.christianberst.com
VELICKOVIC & DADO
November 8, 2011 – March 10, 2012 In Circus, the 70-cm-high and up to 5-metre-wide circus-friezes by Thomas Schlimm with motorcycle acrobats and clowns, crowded together with trained animals, execute the thrilling dramas of the carnival in these oil pastel Until September 30, 2011 The Cabinet exhibition: Eyes – a view sequences. GAIA Museum of Outsider Art, Lene Bredahls Gade 10, 8900 Randers C, Denmark. t: +45 (0)89 15 83 38 into the Prinzhorn Collection has www.gaiamuseum.dk been extended. Many different eyes confront the visitor: Orwellian, allseeing eyes; herds of eyes, swarming out together; eye architecture; or alien-like independent eyes. The collected orbs assess the viewer, take him into their sights and monitor the room. September 10 – November 6, 2011: The Prinzhorn Collection shows Roger Ballen. Museum Sammlung Prinzhorn, Voßstraße 2, 69115 Heidelberg, Until September 10, 2011 October 15 – November 15, 2011 Germany. t: +49 (0)6221 564 725 Harvest is being shown at the Mad Michel Delannoy presents a collection www.prinzhorn.uni-hd.de Musée and Le Grand Curtius, and of paintings dedicated to European June 22, 2011 – March 4, 2012 An exhibition celebrates the success explores how the future of the countries, summing up all the famous collection is emerging through its new landmarks.. of the Gugging artists. Galerie Hamer, Leliegracht 38, 1015 Until October 2, 2012: Viva la France acquisitions.. displays the work of a number of MadMusée, Parc d’Avroy, 4000 Liège, DH Amsterdam, Netherlands. t: +31 (0)20 626 7394 French artists Belgium. t: +32 (0)4 222 32 95, Haus der Kunstler, Am Campus 3, www.madmusee.be www.galeriehamer.nl Le Grand Curtius, Feronstrée, 136, 3400 Maria Gugging, Austria. t: +43 (0)676 84 11 81 206 4000 Liège, Belgium. www.gugging.org t: +32 (0)4 221 68 17/8
ART & DISABILITY With the opening of the Museum of Everythingâ€™s London exhibition, featuring the work of artists with disabilities, Sue Steward traces the development and impact of special workshops and studios.
The Museum of Everything is launching Britainâ€™s first major
laboration in the history of the store.
survey of art from progressive studios and workshops for
Museum of Everything founder, James Brett, sug-
self-taught artists with developmental and other disabili-
gests that art from progressive studios has been under-
ties.Â The exhibition will feature over 200 works from these
appreciated, not only by the art world, but by those within
organisations in one of the most visible locations in Lon-
the field of self-taught art. The reason, he suggests, is a
don: the department store, Selfridges, where the work will
simple misunderstanding of their collaborative nature.
occupy 15,000 square feet and form the largest art col-
Progressive studios, he says, do not teach. They simply
above Thomas Schlimm, Untitled, 2005, oil pastel on paper, 35 x 50 cm, 13.8 x 19.7 ins, Atelier HPCA, Germany. below Thomas Schlimm, Der Mann mit dem Messer, oil pastel on paper, 2005, 70 x 200 cm, 27.5 x 78.7 ins, Atelier HPCA, Germany.
Danielle Jacqui: La Maison de Celle Qui Peint and the Colossal d'Art Brut MichĂ¨le Perez brings us up to date with the phenomenal artist singulier from southern France
above The exterior of Maison de Celle Qui Peint, Danielle Jacqui’s house in Pont-del’Etoile in Provence, France. opposite Window detail. previous page Interior detail.
Danielle Jacqui was born on February 2, 1934, but shown in France, Japan, Switzerland (including at the it could be said that 1970 marked the beginning of a
Collection of Art Brut, Lausanne) and the United States
fresh life for her. It was then that she embarked on a new
(‘Love: Error and Eros’ at the Museum of American
professional adventure as a brocanteur, selling second
Visionary Art, 1998).
hand goods, and a personal artistic pursuit of her highly personal and unusual art.
The 1980s were also an important decade for Jacqui. She met Raymond Reynaud, another artist of
The early 1970s were a founding period for
remarkable talent who became the leading figure in the
Jacqui. She met Claude Leclercq, her second husband,
loose grouping known as artists singuliers, and with the
who became a close companion in her artistic career until
help of Dr Jean-Claude Caire and his wife Simone, who
his death in 2000. A fellow brocanteur and a man with a
published a mass of information about self-taught French
rich personal history, Claude shared with Jacqui, a ‘state
artists in their journal Bulletin d’Ozenda, was able to
of complementarity and mutual enrichment’. The period
befriend and exchange ideas with a network of other
from 1973 onwards marked Jacqui’s participation in the
artists in southern France. The 1980s also saw Jacqui
photos: Bernard Consoloni.
first of what was to become a long line of both group
begin her masterful embroideries, each of which
and solo exhibitions. Since then, her work has been
required three years of work.
Miniature Masterpieces Gary Santaniello introduces the obsessive detail of Dalton Ghetti
above Dalton Ghetti, close up at work.
Dalton Ghetti works in an unconventional medium, of the strain on his eyes, Ghetti requires months, on an almost unimaginable scale. Small wonder, then, that his creations defy easy description.
sometimes even years, to complete individual pieces.
Alphabet, simple block letters atop a line of 26
Ghetti, 50, creates unforgettable works of art
idiosyncratic pencil stubs, took more than 2 years to
on the tips of discarded pencils, some of them stubs,
finish. Chain, 23 independently moving and impossibly
working on a shaft of graphite a mere 2.2 mm in
small links, 5 cm long, connecting the top and bottom of
diameter. Using only a razor blade and a sewing needle,
a pencil, took almost 3 years. The elegant Giraffe, just
with no magnification, he painstakingly sculpts objects
2.5 cm tall, took 18 months.
from everyday life that are simple, clever and imaginative,
As a child in school in his native Brazil, Ghetti
all incredibly small but with exquisite detail and precision.
sharpened his pencils with a razor blade he carried
Working little more than an hour a day because
with him. Soon, using different small tools, he carved
left Key. right Mailbox.
left Heart. right Heart on chain.
Rediscovering an Imaginary Pop Music Superstar Tom Patterson reviews the lost-and-found homemade record-cover art of Mingering Mike
above Some of Mingering Mike’s record labels.
Stories about discoveries of previously unknown related dreams. He lost track of the work years later, bodies of outsider art have become so familiar over the
after being diverted from his creative path, but
last few decades that the pattern is now a regular art-
fortunately – and unlike so many self-taught artists
world paradigm. Were it not for such discoveries, artworks produced by many visually creative individuals who operate outside the art system and do not regard themselves as artists would likely remain forever unknown. That would have almost certainly been the
whose art is belatedly rediscovered – he remained very much alive when an appreciative collector stumbled onto the lost work. The impetus for Mike’s art was his fantasy career as a massively popular singer of soul and funk tunes. As a teenager living in
fate of works by the artist known as Mingering Mike. This
Washington, D.C., in the late 1960s, he began a prolific
urban African-American man was a young amateur singer
songwriting practice that, according to his estimate,
and songwriter when he began making drawings and
eventually yielded more than 4,000 songs in those
related art objects as an outgrowth of his private music-
genres. He tape-recorded himself singing many of them,
sometimes with vocal accompaniment by a male cousin
grooves. He enclosed the discs in the homemade
whom he nicknamed ‘the Big D’. The resultant
sleeves, some of which he even slipped into cellophane
audiotapes consisted of spirited vocals rhythmically
shrink-wrap packaging with affixed price stickers.
underpinned by makeshift percussion. He made no
The self-billing he conceived for most of these
effort to publish his songs or have them
idiosyncratic artworks stemmed from whimsical
commercially released, but he extended his
wordplay in which he fused the terms
superstar fantasy to the packaging of his
‘mingling’ and ‘merging.’ The combination
music, creating hand-drawn, hand-lettered, one-of-a-kind covers and sleeves for the ersatz
above Boogie Down at the White House
yielded the catchy but meaningless gerund ‘mingering,’ hence ‘Mingering Mike’. He envisioned
vinyl records he also made. These ‘records’ consisted of
this alter-ego as such an entertainment success that he
nothing more than cardboard discs with circular, pasted-
was able to sponsor the careers of other musical artists,
on labels containing handwritten song titles surrounded
including his two singing-partner cousins and a host of
by hand-drawn spiral patterns mimicking hair-thin record
non-existant solo singers and singing groups – Audio
’MIKE’S FIGURE DRAWING IS REMINISCENT OF COMICBOOK SUPERHEROES’
Andrei’s Artistic Automobiles D.B. Denholtz introduces the striking models of Andrei Palmer
Andrei Palmer’s funky and audacious scratch-built light up, door handles, hand-sewn fabric interiors – all
‘PALMER PREFERS USING HIS MEMORY TO LOOKING AT PICTURES IN MAGAZINES AND BOOKS’
cars are examples of a unique mind vigorously
built onto a frame made from scrap wood, chicken wire
exercising and rearranging the million details of an
and wooden dowels.
everyday object and reassembling it into something
Their size, at an average of 25 to 36 inches in
wholly its own. An unschooled, untaught thing of
length, is also surprising, because the works have a
beauty – in other words, traditional ‘outsider’ work from
physicality and heft that seem to belie the feeling that
a new generation.
these are fragile cardboard pieces which may come apart
‘Andrei’s Artistic Automobiles’, as he has titled
at the seams at any moment. In fact, when handled, the
his output, are hand-formed from recycled cardboard,
cars are extremely solid – even a little heavier than they
covered in spray-painted glossy poster board and further
detailed with metallic paper that he cuts and shapes to
Andrei Palmer was born in 1987 in Ceausescu’s
look like chrome; with clear plastic for windshields,
Romania and his earliest years, from birth to 6 years,
sometimes vinyl tops, pieces of cut mirror for side- and
were spent in a series of orphanages. Enduring neglect
rear-view mirrors, headlights and brake lights that really
and abuse, the children of such environments are often
Flowerings of Folklore Sara Ugolini introduces spontaneous Italian artist Maria Concetta CassarĂ
Wooded microcosms inhabited by men and animals the living room where she sat at a table in front of the or characters dominating a stage-like space are the
oeuvre of Maria Concetta Cassarà’s paintings. The artist
Glancing at programmes, Maria Concetta did
lives in a working-class quarter of Bologna, in north-
not neglect the practice of drawing, although in truth only
central Italy. After a life as a housewife, finding her
her images of women testify to the context of action.
children grown and therefore having more free time for
Often they represent figures dressed in fine evening
herself, Cassarà engaged in various activities, first
clothes and exclusive accessories which, typical of the
above All works are Untitled, 50 x 35 cm, 19.7 x 13.8 ins.
working in a pastry shop and then later on as a
television presenter’s greeting, emerge to assume a
dressmaker. About 10 years ago, already in her sixties,
frontal, central pose. Due to the speed with which
centre Maria Concetta Cassarà at home, 2011, photo: Matteo Cuccodrillo.
she began painting by chance after watching her
television personalities habitually move, appearing and
opposite Untitled, 70 x 50 cm, 27.5 x 19.7 ins.
granddaughter while she drew. From that moment on
then disappearing from the screen, Maria Concetta says
Cassarà dedicated almost every evening, sometimes well
that she is forced to complete such figures with details
into the late hours, to creative accomplishment, wheeling
of her own imagining. As for the rest, a rural topography
a trolley full of sheets of paper, brushes and tempera into
prevails in her representations; there are hills, valleys,
4 RAW VISION 123 Facsimile reprint of the historic first three issues with classic articles.
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Salvation Mountain, Joseph Yoakum, Dos Santos, Scottish Outsider Art, Morton Bartlett.
17 Alfonso Ossorio, Irish Naïves, Nick Blinko, Ray Materson, Le Carré Galimard.
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Jimmy Lee Sudduth Burgess Dulaney, St EOM, Gaston Mouly, Dulaney, Mr Eccles, SPACES.
20 Rio Museum, Voodoo Flags, Carvers of Poland, Naïves of Taiwan, Edward James.
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43 Thornton Dial, Richard Greaves, M Grunenwaldt, Jane Kallir on Outsider Art.
53 Toraja Death Figures, Chauvin Sculptures Josef Wittlich, Baptista Antunes, Nigerian Sculpture.
63 Howard Finster, Michel Nedjar, James H Jennings, Nannetti Graffiti, Rosemarie Koczy.
44 Bruno Weber’s Weinrebenpark, Theo, Jane-in- Jane Sobel, Lanning Garden.
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26 Alex Grey, The Lacemaker, Luna Rossa, Sekulic, Uddin, Mary Nohl.
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28 Y5/P5, Chomo, Arning, Leonov, Benno Kaiser, The Tarot Garden, Gene Merritt.
Mary Proctor, Carlo Zinelli, Dernier Cri, Art Brut, Jersey Shell Garden.
Picassiette, Benefiel, Vodou, Charles Dellscahu, Mediumistic Art, Van Genk.
Mary T Smith, Jephan de Villiers, Matt Lamb, Old Curiosity Shop, Mithila Painters.
Robert Tatin, Nellie Mae Rowe, John McQuirk, Denise Allen, Freddie Brice.
Van Genk, Purvis Young, Makiki, Marcel Storr, RA Miller, Madge Gill.
Watts Towers, Bessie Harvey, Marginalia, F. Monchâtre, Tree Circus.
Palais Idéal, Judith Scott, Charles Russell Donald Pass, Outsider portraits.
Henry Darger, R/stone Cowboy, Thévoz: Chiaroscuro, Pearl Blauvelt, Castle of Bressse
46 Finnish Outsiders, Sylvain Fusco, Art on the Boundaries, Roy Ferdinand.
56 Maura Holden, Clarence Schmidt R.A. Miller, Hans Krüsi, Silvio Barile, the Shock Ward.
47 Scottie Wilson, Gavin Bennett, Bispo Do Rosario, Art Behind Bars, Elizabeth Layton.
57 Burning Man, Matsumoto, Aloïse Corbaz, Nicholas Herrera, William Fields, Hawkins..
48 Hung Tung, Photography, Bernard Schatz, Jessie Montes Atelier Oppo.
58 Lobonov, Garden of Eden, Zindato, JB Murray, Anthony Jadunath, Seymour Rosen.
49 Mammi Wata, Fred Ressler, Mary Whitfield, Isaiah Zagar, Alex Grey.
59 Emery Blagdon, Mind Control, ZB Armstrong, Bali, Imppu (Finland), Mari Newman.
20 years of RV, Speller, Norbert Kox, Haiti street art BF Perkins Damian Michaels.
Philly/K8, Sefolosha, Palmer, Belardinelli, Ludwiczac, Oscar’s sketchbook.
MacKendree Long, Renaldo Kuhler, Sonabai, Outsider Films, Giov Bosco, Finster/Ginsberg
Paul Amar, Phyllis Kind, D M Diaz, W Dawson, Joe Minter, Survivors, Martindale, Little People
Colin McKenzie, Eugene Andolsek, Surrealism/Madness, Bruly-Bouabré, INSITA, Churchill D.
40 Eli Jah, Herbert Singleton, Marie-Rose Lortet, Ross Brodar, Catalan site.
41 Gayleen Aiken, Junkerhaus, Tessa DeCarlo, Kurt Haas, P Lancaster, Minnie Evans.
Hamtramck Disney, Roger Cardinal, Ken Grimes, Criminal Tattoos, Rudov Garden.
August Natterer, New Gugging, George Widener, Paul Hefti, Anny Servais.
60 Tom Duncan, de Saint Phalle, Movie Posters, Spanish Sites, Rosa Zharkikh.
70 Womens’ environments, Electric Pencil, Gugging, JJ Cromer River Plate Voodoo
61 Sam Doyle, A. Santiago, Myrtice West, Lost In Time, Romanenkov.
42 Boix-Vives, Fred Smith, Rosa Zharkikh, Donald Mitchell, Weltmachine.
52 Ivan Rabuzin, Czech Art Brut, Sunnyslope , Prophet Blackmon, Viljo Gustafsson.
62 S.L. Jones Kevin Duffy Nikifor, Frank Jones, Charles Steffen.
Mario Mesa, Tim Lewis, Joel Lorand, Taya Doro Mitchell, Chelo Amezcua, Clayton Bailey
Masao Obata, Takeshi Shuji, Henriette Zéphir, John Toney, Edward Adamson, Larry Williams