Page 1

laLej.k

¼fouk;d nkeksnj lkojdj½

ladyudÙkkZ

MkW- ,l- ,l- r¡oj

e`nqyrk ¼,e-,-½


ladVksa ds ijkHko dh dgkuh crykus dk vkuan vuqHko djus ds fy, vR;Ur mRlqd gksus ij Hkh ifjfLFkfr iqu%&iqu% ekxZ vo:) dj nsrh FkhA rFkkfi] tks dqN Hkh vk/kk&v/kwjk vFkok vYi&LoYi l|%dkyhu ifjfLFkfr dh ifjf/k crykus yk;d gksx k] mls rks vkidks dg nsuk gh gksxkA ¼i`0 17½ Mksaxjh dkjkx`g & cacbZ fLFkr Mksaxjh dk dkjkx`g esa lqifjVsaMsaV vk;k vkSj fu;ekuqlkj ijUrq lgkuqHkwfriw.kZ “kCnksa esa eq>ls cksyk] ^^vkxs ls vkidks canh ds diM+s rFkk vUu feysx kA vkidk ipkl o’kZ dk naM vkt ls ykxw gks x;k gSA** brus esa flikgh us ,d yksgs dk fcYyk ykdj gkFk esa fn;kA ;gh og ^Øekad* gS tks izR;sd canh dh Nkrh ij >wyrk gSA ml fcYys ij canh dh eqfDr dk fnukad vafdr gksrk gSA esjk eqfDr fnukad! eq>s eqfDr Hkh gS D;k\ e`R;q Hkh gS D;k\ e`R;q gh esjh eqfDr dk fnukad gSA dqN ftKklk] dqN fujk”kk] dqN fouksnfefJr Hkko ls eSaus ml fcYys dh vksj ns[kkA eqfDr dk o"kZ Fkk & lu~ 1960A iy Hkj ds fy, mldk dqN Hkh vFkZ mtkxj ugha gqvkA iy&nks&iy esa gh mlesa fufgr Hk;adj vFkZ mtkxj gks x;kA naM lu~ 1910 eas vkSj eqfDr lu~ 1960 esa! ¼i`0 22½ nwljk fnu fuR; Øekuqlkj blh rjg ds fopkjkas esa my>k gqvk eSa O;k;ke dj jgk FkkA buesa esa ,d goynkj us & ftls esjs fy, gh fu;qDr fd;k x;k Fkk & crk;k] ^^le; iwjk gks x;k gS] pfy,A** eSa lhf<+;ka p<+rk Åij dksBjh esa vk x;kA ijUrq tks fopkj dj jgk Fkk mlh esa my>k gksus ls oSls gh cSBk jgkA ml fueXurk esa dkQh le; O;rhr gqvk fd iqu% njoktk [kM+dk vkSj goynkj us Hkhrj izos”k fd;kA mlds lkFk ,d canh Fkk] ftlds flj ij ,d xBjh FkhA ¼i`0 23½ eSaus iwNk] ^^;g cks>k fdlfy,\** goynkj us g¡lus dh ps’Vk djrs gq, dgk] ^^dqN ugha] cl ;wa ghA dkuwuh rkSj ij dqN&u&dqN dke rks nsuk gh gSA vkils ftruk cus dhft,] mldh dksbZ fpark ugha gSA** mlus ml cks>s dks uhps mrkjkA mls [kksyk vkSj mlds VqdM+s&VqdM+s fd,A fQj eq>s fn[kk;k fd fdl rjg mls Bksd&/kquddj mldh jLlh cukbZ tkrh gSA rks fQj ;g gS & lJe dkjkoklA ¼i`0 24½ igys iPphl o’kksZa dk naM 14 fnlEcj 1910 ds fnu vkSj nwljs iPphl o’kksZa dk naM 30 tuojh 1911 ds fnu fn;k x;kA ¼i`0 27½ ,d fnu tsy esa ;g gYyk gqvk fd esjs dkj.k fdlh cM+s lkgc dh isa”ku can dh xbZ gSA ;g D;k izdj.k gS\ dqN fnu i”pkr~ ^dsljh* dk ,d VqdM+k vpkud dky dksBjh esa esjs gkFk yx x;kA mlds }kjk bl okrkZ dk rF; FkksM+k&cgqr le> esa vk;kA yanu esa uwru o’kZ ds miy{; esa ogka ds Hkkjrh; yksxkas }kjk ,d xks’Bh vk;ksftr dh xbZ FkhA ml le; lHkk dh fHkfÙk ij esjh ,d cM+h lh rlohj yxkbZ xbZ FkhA xks’Bh ds iz/kku vfrfFk lj gsujh dkWVu tSls tkus&ekus lTtu us esjh rlohj dks lacksf/kr djrs gq, lkgl] ns”kHkfDr dh vR;qRdVrk vkfn dqN xq.kksa dh iz”kalk dh Fkh vkSj blds fy, [ksn Hkh O;Dr fd;k Fkk fd ,sls xq.klaiUu uo;qod dk thou ek= iPphl o’kZ dh vk;q esa gh bl izdkj u’V gks jgk gSA mUgkasus ;g vk”kk Hkh O;Dr dh Fkh fd de&ls&de gsx dk mPpre U;k;ky; er&Lora=rk ds vf/kdkjksa dks u dqpydj eq>s Ýkal okil Hkstus dk fu.kZ; djsx kA lj gsujh lkgc ds bl Hkk’k.k ls gh lEiw.kZ vaxzsth lekt ckS[kyk x;kA lkojdj ds fy, lgkuqHkwfr dk izn”kZu! Hkys gh og fuankxfHkZr D;ksa u gks] ysfdu Fkh rks lgkuqHkwfr ghA fdlh us dgk] bl gsujh dkWVu dh ^lj* ds dkWVu “kCn ds vk/kkj ij lkojdj us ;g mRd`’V O;aX; jpuk dh gS & dkWVu ekus dikl] ljdh ekus fcukSyk & vFkkZr~ dkWVu dk fcukSyk fudky MkyksA fdlh us dgk mldh isa”ku can djksA vkf[kj pk; dh I;kyh ds bl rwQku ds >ksads ds lkFk gh jk’Vªh; lHkk eaMi ds Hkh Mkaok¡Mksy gksus dk vkHkkl gksus yxkA rRdkyhu v/;{k lj fofy;e osMcZuZ rFkk lqjsUnzukFk cuthZ us jk’VªlHkk ls okil ykSVrs le; ,d lkoZtfud lHkk esa bl fo’k; dk fo”ks’k mYys[k djrs gq, lj gsujh dkWVu ds mn~xkjksa ij lQkbZ dk gkFk Qsjk vkSj ?kksf’kr fd;k fd jk’Vªh; lHkk dk lkojdj rFkk muds vuqxkfe;ksa ds iFk ls fdlh izdkj dk laca/k rks nwj] jÙkh Hkj lgkuqHkwfr Hkh ugh gSA ^dsljh* ds ftl VqdM+s esa eSaus ;g o`ÙkkUr i<+k Fkk] mlh esa dsljhokyksa us ,d&nks fVIif.k;ka fy[kdj lj gsujh lkgc dk cpko djus dk iz;kl fd;k FkkA ^dsljh* ds ys[k esa esjk ukefunsZ”k ,dopuh lacks/ku ls fd;k x;k ns[kdj eq>s eu&gh&eu vk”p;Z gqvkA ^lj lkgc] ;g lkojdj dkSu\ dkyk ;k xksjk] ;g Hkh ugha tkursA* ,slk okD; lj gsujh dkWVu ds leFkZu esa fy[kk FkkA ¼i`0 29&30½ dksBjh ds }kj ij lyk[kksa ls dksbZ >k¡d jgk Fkk] ^^D;ksa] dSls gks cSfjLVj] Bhd gks u!** ^^gk¡] vkids vk”khZokn ls Bhd gw¡A** eSaus dgkA ^^uk&uk] egkjkt] dgka vki] dgka ge! dy gh ;wjksi ls vk, vius ,d fe= ls esjk laHkk’k.k gqvkA mlus crk;k] ^lkjs ;wjksi esa lkojdj dks ,d gqrkRek tSlk lEeku fey jgk gSA Ýkal] teZuh vkfn ns”kksa ds lekpkj&i= vkidh rqyuk cqYQVksu&,esV&eSftuh ds lkFk dj jgs gSaA iqrZx ky esa Hkh lekpkj&i= vkidk pfj=] tSls Hkh miyC/k gks] Nki jgs gSa----A os lTtu vkils feyuk pkgrs Fks ijUrq eSaus mUgsa crk;k fd ;g vlaHko gSA ijUrq de&ls&de vkids n”kZu dk rks ykHk gks & bl rhozrj bPNk ls os vkids Vgyus ds le; ml lkeus okyh pky esa [kM+s jgsax s] rfud vki m/kj utj MkysaA ijUrq dy cEcbZ ds ,d ,saXyks&bafM;u i= us gsx ds fo"k; esa fu.kZ; fy[krs le; vkids fy, tgj mxyk gSA


^^og D;k\ gk¡ dfg,A Lrqfr lquus tSlk viuh fuank lquuk ;|fi dk;ZdrkZvksa dks fiz; ugha gksrk] ijUrq lquuk vko”;d gksrk gSA** ^^ml lekpkj i= us vkidks naM ?kksf"kr gksus ij fo”ks"k :Ik ls vkuan O;Dr djrs gq, fy[kk gS & The rascal has at last met with his fate. eSaus dgk] ^^cl] bruk gh\ pyks] ;g rks vPNk gh gqvkA ;wjksi esa eq>s (Martyr) 'kghn dgk x;k & mUgksaus eq>s Rascal ¼v/ke½ dgkA bu nksuksa esa vkR;afrd fuank&Lrqf r ds vuk;kl gh ijLij dkV gks tkus ls esjk viuk ewyHkwr ewY; T;ksa&dk&R;ksa vckf/kr gh jgkA** ¼i`0 31½ }kj [kVdkA vle; }kj [kVdk Fkk & Li’V gS] vius canh cus HkkX; esa dqN ubZ ckr fy[kh tkus okyh gSA ftKklko”k eSaus Åij ns[kk] rks goynkj us dgk] ^^pyks] lkgc cqykrs gSaA** pkgs fdlh cgkus Hkh D;ksa u gks ijUrq bl ,dkUr dksBjh ls ckgj fudyus ds fy, fdlh Hkh dSnh dk eu bruk rRij gksrk gS fd ^pyks* “kCn dku esa iM+rs gh canh ds eu esa oSlk gh mRlkg Hkj nsrk gS tSlk rM+kd~ ls VwVrs gq, jLls dh vkokt mlls ca/ks gq, pkSik;s ds eu esa iy Hkj ds fy, gh D;ksa u gks] Hkjiwj piyrk Hkj nsrh gSA eSa mBkA lkgc fdlfy, cqykrs gSa] ;g iwNus dk eu gqvk ijUrq tc rd dksbZ dqN u dgs rc rd fdlh Hkh vf/kdkjh ls Lo;a dqN Hkh iwNuk ugha pkfg,] ,slh izFkk gksus ds dkj.k eSa dqN cksyk ughaA ij og lq”khy goynkj gh /khjs ls cksyk] ^^yxrk gS] dksbZ feyuh vkbZ gSA** dk;kZy; esa vkrs gh eSaus ns[kk] lyk[kksa dh f[kM+dh ds ikl esjs cM+s lkys lkgc [kM+s gSa & lkFk esa esjh /keZiRuhA canhx`g ds os”k esa] dSnh ds nq%[kn Lo:i esa] iSjksa esa tdM+dj Bksadh gqbZ Hkkjh csfM+;ksa dks ;FkklaHko lgt mBk, gq, eSa vkt igyh ckj muds lkeus [kM+k gks x;kA esjs eu esa /kqd/kqdh gks jgh FkhA pkj o’kZ iwoZ tc blh cacbZ ls eSa buls fonk ysdj foyk;r pyk x;k] mudh vkdka{kk Fkh fd okil ykSVrs le; eSa cSfjLVjh ds jkscnkj xkmu ¼pksxk½ esa rFkk mu HkkX;”kkyh y{eh/kjksa ds eaMy ls f?kjk vk”kk ,oa ,s”o;Z dh izHkk ls ned jgk gw¡xkA ysfdu vkt eq>s bl rjg fuLlgk;] fujk”kk dh csfM+;ksa esa tdM+k gqvk ns[kdj mUuhl&chl o’khZ; ml cspkjh ;qok je.kh ds ân; dks fdruh Bsl igqaph gksx h\ nksuksa lyk[kksa ds ihNs [kM+s FksA eq>s Nwus ds fy, Hkh mu ij izfrc) yxk;k x;k FkkA ikl gh ijk, yksxksa dk dM+k igjkA eu esa ,sls Hkko meM+ jgs gSa] ftudks “kCnksa dk lkfUu/; Hkh ladkspLin gksrk gSA gk;! ipkl o’kksZa ds vFkkZr~ vkthou fcNksg ds iwoZ fonk ysuh gS vkSj og Hkh bu fons”kh funZ;h dkjkf/kdkfj;ksa ds Lusg”kwU; n`f’Vikrksa dh d{kk esaA bl tUe esa vc vkidh&gekjh HksaV yxHkx vlaHko gh gSA ,slk dgus okyh og HksaV! vkdk”k vka/kh&ikuh ls Hkj tk,] ,sls fopkj vpkud ,d gh {k.k esa ân; esa Hkj vk,] ijUrq nwljs gh {k.k ân; dh foosd pkSdh ij mUgsa jksdk x;kA muds lkjs >aqM fNUu&fofPNUu fd, x, vkSj n`f’V feyrs gh uhps cSBdj eqldjkrs gq, eSaus iwNk] ^^D;ksa] ns[krs gh igpku fy;k eq>s\ ;g rks dsoy oL= ifjorZu gqvk gSA eSa rks ogh gwaA lnhZ dk fuokj.k djuk gh oL=ksa dk izeq[k mís”; gksrk gS] tks bu diM+ksa }kjk Hkh iwjk gks jgk gSA** FkksM+h nsj esa fouksn&fueXu gksdj os nksukas brus lgt gksdj okrkZyki djus yxs] tSls os vius ?kj esa cSBdj gh xi”ki dj jgs gksaA volj ikdj eSaus chp esa gh dgk] ^^Bhd gS] bZ”oj dh d`ik gqbZ rks iqu% HksaV gksxh ghA bl chp dHkh bl lkekU; lalkj dk eksg gksus yxs rks ,slk fopkj djuk fd larkuksRifÙk djuk] pkj ydM+h&fruds tksM+dj ?kksalyk cukuk gh lalkj dgykrk gks rks ,slh x`gLFkh dkS,&fpfM+;k Hkh cukrs gSaA ijUrq x`gLFkh pykus dk blls Hkh HkO;rj vFkZ ysuk gks rks ekuo ln`”k ?kjkSank clkus esa ge Hkh d`rkFkZ gks x, gSaA geus viuk ?kjkSank rksM+&QksM+ fn;k] ijUrq mlds ;ksx ls Hkfo’; esa gtkjksa yksxksa ds ?kjksa ls dnkfpr~ lksus dk /kqvk¡ Hkh fudy ldrk gSA ml ij ^?kj&?kj* dh jV yxkdj Hkh Iysx ds dkj.k D;k lSdM+ksa yksx ksa ds ?kj&ckj mtM+ ugha x,\ fookg&eaMi ls nwYgk&nqYgu dks djky dky ds xky esa [knsM+dj fu;fr us fdrus tksM+ksa dks cstksM+k fd;kA blh foosd dk nkeu idM+dj ladVksa dk lkeuk djksA eSaus lquk gS] dqN o’kksZa i”pkr~ vaneku esa ifjokj ys tkus dh vuqefr nh tkrh gSA ;fn ,slk gqvk rks Bhd gh gS] ijUrq ;fn ,slk ugha gqvk rks Hkh bl /kS;Z ds lkFk jgus dk iz;kl fd dqN Hkh gks] bl le; dks lguk gh gksxkA** ^^ge bl rjg dk gh iz;kl dj jgs gSaA ge ,d&nwljs ds fy, gSa ghA gekjh fpark u djsa] vki Lo;a dk tru djsa] gesa lcdqN fey tk,xkA** bl rjg gekjs iz”uksÙkj dk vuqØe py gh jgk Fkk fd lqifjaVsaMsaV us ^le; lekIr gksus* dk ladsr fd;kA vr% eSaus gksaBksa ij vk, “kCnksa dks vk/kk&v/kwjk gh NksM+dj bl HkasV dks lekIr fd;kA ijUrq tkrs&tkrs lkys lkgc us tYnh&tYnh dgk] ^^vPNk] ijUrq ,d fu;e dk vo”; ikyu djsaA izfrfnu izkr%dky ^d`’.kk; oklqnsok; gj;s ijekReus~ iz.krDys”kuk”kk; xksfoank; ueksLrq rsAA* & bl ea= dk tki fu;eiwoZd vo”; djsaA**mudh vksj iz”kalkiwoZd n`f’V ls ns[kdj eSaus mÙkj fn;k] ^^vo”;A** os okil ykSV x,A eSaus ihNs eqM+dj Hkh ugha ns[kkA mu yksxksa dks] tks okil ykSV jgs Fks] ;g fn[kkus ds fy, fd eq>s ;s J`a[kyk,¡ drbZ Hkkjh ugha yxrha] pyrs le; eSa gsrqiwoZd mUgsa [kudkrs gq, tsy ds Hkhrj ykSV vk;kA ¼i`0 31&33½ naM izkjaHk gq, izk;% ,d eghuk chr x;k FkkA eq>s vHkh Hkh ogh Hkkstu feyrk Fkk tks dPps canh dks fn;k tkrk gS] vr% eq>s nw/k Hkh feyrk FkkA eSa vHkh&vHkh Hkkstu ls fuiVk gh FkkA brus esa goynkj us eq>s ckgj cqyk;k vkSj rHkh lqifjaVsaMsaV Hkh vk;k] ^^viuk cksfj;k&fcLrj mBk yksA** eSaus viuk fcLrj mBk;kA lkspk] ;g D;k&dgha vaneku rks ugha tk jgs gSaA }kj ds ikl vk;k] ogka tsy dh xkM+h [kM+h FkhA eSa Hkhrj cSB x;k] xkM+h can gks xbZ] bruh dh ckgj dk dqN Hkh ugha fn[k jgk FkkA u fn”kk] u ekxZ & dsoy [kM+[kM+kgV lqukbZ ns jgh FkhA xkM+h #d xbZ & ,d vkSj tsy ds ikl vius vkidks [kM+k ik;kA Hkhrj lksyg laLdkj fd, x,] tks ,d u, canh ds fy, fd, tkrs gSaA vkf[kj dksBjh esa can gks tkus ds ckn ns[kk rks eSa ,d ,sls dkjkx`g esa can gks x;k Fkk tks Mksax jh ds dkjkx`g ls Hkh dBksj ,dkar rFkk futZu fLFkfr esa gSA gk¡] nwj ,d canh okWMZj fn[k jgk gSA FkksM+h nsj esa Hkkstu vk x;kA }kj [kksyrs&[kksyrs


ml vaxzst lktsZaV us] ftls esjs fy, Hkkjrh; goynkj ds cnys gsrqiwoZd Hkstk x;k Fkk & b/kj&m/kj ns[kdj ¼Good day dgrs gq,½ jke&jke fd;kA eSaus /khjs ls iwNk] ^^;g dkSu&lh tsy gS\** mlus lkFk ds Hkkjrh; canh dks irk u pys] blfy, Lisy djrs gq, crk;k & Byculla ¼Hkk;[kyk½A ¼i`0 45½ Hkk;[kyk dkjkx`g & lk;adkyhu Hkkstu vk x;kA esjs eu esa jktuhfr ds fopkjksa ls tks [kycyh eph Fkh & vU; fo’k; feyus ls og dqN “kkar gks xbZA Hkkstu ls fuiVdj] crZu ekatdj iqu% ml gky gh esa can gq, lyk[kksa okys }kj ds fudV [kM+k jgkA lka> gks xbZA ogh la/;k] ogh jkr] ogh rkfÙod fopkjksa ls feyh gqbZ rkRdkfyd “kkafr ^lIrf’kZ* dfork ds mÙkjk/kZ dk fo’k; cu xbZ gSA vkt nks vkosnu&i= fn, FksA Mkasxjh NksM+rs gh m/kj tks FkksM+k&lk nw/k feyrk Fkk og Hkh can gks tkus ls rFkk Hkk;[kyk esa dsoy Tokj dh jksVh [kkus ls isV [kjkc gks tkrk Fkk] vr% ;g ekax dh Fkh fd iqu% nw/k fn;k tk,A eq>ls vius ?kj dh rFkk ljdkj dh lkjh&dh&lkjh iqLrdsa Nhu yh xbZ FkhaA esjh nwljh ekax ;g Fkh fd muesa ls dksbZ ,d iqLrd i<+us ds fy, feysA bl vkosnu i= dk mÙkj fey x;k & nw/k dh dksbZ vko”;drk fn[kkbZ ugha nsrh] ckbfcy ds fo’k; esa lkspsaA vkf[kj dqN fnuksa ckn ckbfcy fey xbZA cgqr fnu ls iqLrd u gksus ds dkj.k gkFk esa vkrs gh yxk fd i<+k tk,A ckbfcy [kksyh] rHkh izgjh us crk;k & iqLrd dksBjh esa ugha j[kh tk,xh] “kke ds le; dkedkt lekIr gksus ij cl ,d&nks ?kaVksa ds fy, gh feysxhA vr% mls okil ykSVk;k vkSj iqu% dBksj ifjJekFkZ tks dke fn;k Fkk] og djus yxkA djrs&djrs eu&gh&eu dfork dh jpuk djrk jgkA vkf[kj “kke ds le; ckbfcy gkFk iM+hA ¼i`0 35&36½ ;g D;k\ vkt bruk “kh?kz Hkkstu\ dkjkx`g esa Hkys gh tku pyh tk,] ijUrq iwoZ fu;ksftr dk;ZØekuqlkj gh pyuk gksrk gSA ;gka ij lcds fy, bruk le;”khy jguk gksrk gSA Hkkstu ds fy,] vUu ds fy,] e`R;q vk tk, rks Hkh Hkkstu tYnh ugha vk ldrk] ;fn vko”;d gks rks e`R;q Hkkstu vkus rd #dsA rks fQj Hkyk vkt ;g vle; Hkkstu D;ksa\ vFkkZr~ dqN&u&dqN u;k ?kVus okyk gSA eSaus igjs ij [kM+s xksjs vf/kdkjh dh vksj ftKklq n`f’V ls ns[kkA mlus viuh Vksih ihNs djus ds cgkus vius gkFk nwj rd ihNs ys tkdj nks ckj fgyk, & vFkkZr~ gesa dgha vkSj igqapuk gSA Hkkstu gks x;kA fHkfÙk ij ,d uqdhys dadj ls dqN dfork,a ?klhVdj fy[kh Fkha & mUgsa tYnh&tYnh i<+dj jxM+&jxM+dj lkQ fd;k & ftlls fdlh dks mudk irk u pysA brus esa flikgh us ^pyks* dgrs gq, }kj [kksykA xksjs lktsZaV ds v/khu gesa dkjkxkj v/kh{kd dks lkSaik x;k] tSls ge dksbZ futhZo oLrq gksaA eksVj&jsy] iqu% LVs”kuA ;g irk pyk & ;g Bk.ks gS vkSj gesa ogha ds dkjkx`g esa tkuk gSA ¼i`0 38½ Bk.ks dkjkx`g & iwjk dBksj ,dkarA Hkkstu vk x;kA ,d dkSj Hkh xys ls mrjuk vlaHko izrhr gks jgk FkkA cktjs dh ?kfV;k jksVh vkSj tkus dkSu lh cgqr [kV~Vh Hkkth] ftls eqag esa Hkh ugha Mkyk x;kA jksVh dk VqdM+k rksM+uk] FkksM+k pckuk] ml ij ?kwaV Hkj ikuh ihuk vkSj mlds lkFk xVd tkuk & bl rjg jksVh [kkbZA tYnh gh “kke gks xbZA dksBjh can djds yksx ksa ds tkrs gh fu<ky gksdj eSa fcLrj ij yq<+d x;kA va/ksjk Nkus yxkA brus esa dgha ls ,sls euq’; dh vkokt vkbZ ftls Lo;a lqudj yksx Hk;Hkhr gks tk,aA /khjs ls ns[kk] nq’Vksa esa nq’V tks okWM Zj esjs fy, fu;qDr fd, x, Fks] muesa ls ,d canh okWMZj eq>s gkSys ls ladsr dj }kj ds fudV cqyk jgk gSA eSa pyk x;kA b/kj&m/kj ns[kdj ml canh okWMZj us dgk] ^^egkjkt] vkidh ohjrk dh [;kfr geus lquh gSA ,sls “kwj iq#’k ds pj.kksa dk eSa nkl gwaA vkids fy, eq>ls tks Hkh cu iM+s] og lc d:axkA vc eSa ,d lekpkj nsrk gwaA ijUrq og vkids ikl ls QwVuk ugha pkfg, vU;Fkk eSa ekjk tkÅaxkA vki ohj gSa] pqx yh tSlk nq’deZ vki dnkfi ugha djasxs] fQj Hkh vkidks lko/kku fd;k gSA** bl rjg fcuk #ds ijUrq cgqr gh ncs Loj esa cksy rs vkSj vanj ?kqlrs gq, mlus dgk] ^^vkidk HkkbZ ;gha ij gSA** ^^dkSu lk HkkbZ\** ^^NksVkA** mls lansg gqvk] dksbZ ns[k rks ugha jgk] og >V ls ihNs gV x;kA eSa Hkh Hkhrj f[kld x;kA NksVk HkkbZ! chl dh vk;q ds uhps dk og yM+dk] ftls vgenkckn esa ykWMZ feaVks ij ce Qsadus ds vkjksi esa vBkjg o’kZ dh vk;q esa gh tsy esa can gksdj lkgl ds lkFk mu ;a=.kkvksa dk lkeuk djus dk volj feyk FkkA vgenkckn ls mls NksM+k x;k rks ?kj vkdj fcLrj ij tjk ihB gh fVdkbZ Fkh fd jkT;Økafr rFkk jktuhfrd gR;k ds xaHkhj vkjksiksa esa mls iqu% idM+dj dkjkxkj esa Mky fn;k x;kA ysfdu o’kZ Hkj ,d ds ckn ,d ;krukvksa] /kefd;ksa rFkk funZ;rk ds vk?kkr lgrs gq, ml dksey vk;q esa Hkh vius dBksj fu”p; rFkk vax hd`r ozr ls og ys”kek= fopfyr ugha gqvkA og esjk vuqtA ekrk&firk dh N=PNk;k ckY;koLFkk esa gh mB tkus ds dkj.k eSa gh mldk ekrk&firk cu x;k FkkA dy&ijlksa rd iy Hkj Hkh eq>ls nwj gksus ij tks jksus yxrk] ogh esjk NksVk HkkbZ ;gha ij gS] esjh rjg gh csfM+;ksa esa tdM+k gqvk rFkk pDdh ihlus tSlk dBksj dk;Z dj jgk gSA ekuks mlds ;s lkjs d’V de Fks] blfy, mls vkt esjs vktUe dkjkokl dk lekpkj fn;k tk,xk! esjs vktUe dkjkokl dk mUgsa irk Fkk] rFkkfi yxHkx lHkh dks fo”okl Fkk fd gsx esa eSa NwV tkÅaxk vkSj iqu% Ýkal Hkst fn;k tkÅaxkA blh vkuan esa esjs ;s lkFkh vius nq%[k Hkwys gq, FksA ijUrq vc mudk vafre vk”kk&rarq VwV tk,xkA eSa lpeqp gh dkykikuh tkÅaxk vkSj ;g lekpkj eSa Lo;a mUgsa nwaxkA ,d cM+s HkkbZ rks igys gh vktUe dkjkokl ij dkykikuh pys x, FksA vkt esjk Hkh fpjfo;ksx gksxkA vkt gekjk ;g ckyd lpeqp vukFk gks tk,xkA tc mlds eu esa ;g nk#.k lR; mrjsxk fd eSa yxHkx fQj dHkh u fn[kus ds fy, vaneku tkÅaxk] rc mlds dksey eu dh dSlh voLFkk gksxh\ vkSj eqfDr ds i”pkr~ og dgka tk,xk\ mls dkSu lgkjk nsxk\ dkSu mldh f”k{kk iwjh djk,xk\ ;g uUgk ckyd ftl fdlh }kj ij igqapsxk]


mlds }kj mlh ds lkeus /kM+k/kM+ can dj fn, tk,axsA nq%[kkosx esa ;s lkjs fopkj ,d lkFk rjafxr gksdj iqu% Mwc x,A muesa dqN fopkj iqu% ân; esa mFky&iqFky epkrs jgsA ¼i`0 39&40½ ogh okWMZj fQj ikl vk;kA dkQh va/ksjk gks x;k FkkA ^^nknk!** ^^gk¡A** ^^;g yhft,A** dgrs gq, mlus ,d ikVh esj s gkFk esa nh vkSj fgnk;r nh fd lqifjaVsaMsaV lkgc us lHkh okWMZjksa dks ;g vkKk nh gS fd vkidks vkids HkkbZ dk lekpkj ;fn fdlh us fn;k rks mls nl o’kZ dk dkysikuh dk naM fn, fcuk ugha NksM+k tk,xkA vkius vius eq[k ls ,d “kCn Hkh fudkyk rks eSa ej tkÅaxkA ¼i`0 40&41½ vk/kh uhan iwjh gks pqdh gksx hA njokts ds lh[kpksa ds ikl /kheh [kM+[kM+kgV lqukbZ nhA esjs dku [kM+s gks x,] eSa pkSadrs gq, mB x;kA ns[kk rks okWMZj njoktk [kM+[kM+k jgk FkkA mlus gkFk ls ladsr fd;k ^fyf[k,* vkSj ykyVsu lehi ys vk;kA eq>ls ,d “kCn Hkh cksyrs gq, ;fn og idM+k tkrk rks mls naM gq, fcuk ugha jgrkA nq’Vksa esa nq’V le>s tkus okys bl ?kkrd Mkdw ds eu esa Hkh esjs fy, bruh lgkuqHkwfr gS] ;g ns[kdj eSa nax FkkA ;gh vuqHko vkxs pydj eq>s ckj&ckj gqvkA eSa mldk vkHkkj iznf”kZr djus yxk] ijUrq tYnh&tYnh esa mlus dgk] ^^nknk] rqjUr ls igys fy[kdj nksA** eSaus fy[kk fd ;fn vaneku esa ogak ds fu;ekuqlkj eq>s viuk ifjokj ikap&nl o’kksZa ds fy, ys tkus dh vuqefr nh xbZ rks eSa viuk thou lk/kuk esa O;rhr d:ax k vkSj ;fn eSa iqu% fganqLFkku dh ikou /kjrh ds rV ij viuk iSj ugha j[k ldk] rks rr% izkpsrl% f”k’;kS jkek;.kferLrr% eSfFkys;kS dq”kyokS txrqxqZ#pksfnrkS dh rjg gh] mu vfHkuo dqekjksa ds daBksa ls ns”k Hkj esa izpkj d:axkA ,d thou dh lQyrk ds fy, cl ;gh ,d dk;Z leFkZ gSA bl ;kstuk ds vuqlkj eSa vaneku esa iPphl o’kZ O;rhr d:ax kA ijUrq ;g ,d vktUe dkjkokl Hkqxrus ds i”pkr~ Hkh ;fn eq>s NksM+k ugha x;k rks dsoy NwVsaxs ;k ;ksa gh ejsaxs] ;gh esjk fu”p; gSA rqe fpark er djuk vFkok bl fopkj ls viuk eu NksVk ugha djuk fd thou fo’k gks x;kA ok’i;a= dks lfØ; djus ds fy, viuh nsg dks bZa/ku cukdj ;fn fdlh dks tyrs&lqyxrs jguk gh gS rks Hkyk og ge gh D;ksa u gksa\ bl rjg ek= tyrs jguk Hkh ,d deZ gh gSA bruk gh ugha] vfirq egRdeZ gSA* okWMZj us ladsr :i esa [kk¡ldj lwfpr fd;k] ^tYnh djks*A eSa ikVh dks }kj ds fudV j[k dj ihNs gV x;kA ¼i`0 41&42½ mldk og xhr vkt Hkh esjs dkuksa esa xwat jgk gS] ^vtc rsjh dqnjr vtc rsjk [ksy] edM+h ds tky esa Qal k;k gS “ksjA* ¼i`0 45½ vkt dkjkx`g esa tgka ns[kks ogka ,d gh HkxnM+ eph gqbZ FkhA vkt vaneku dk pkyku vkus okyk FkkA pkyku gekjs dkjk”kkL= dk ,d ikfjHkkf’kd “kCn gSA dkysikuh dk naM mu cnek”kksa dks fn;k tkrk gS ftUgsa lkjs bykds esa vU; lHkh vijkf/k;ksa ls Hk;adj rFkk u`”kal le>k tkrk gSA ¼i`0 46½ rhu ct jgs FksA izR;sd O;fDr vius fudVorhZ canh ls vkrqjrk ls iwNrk] ^^vjs] vHkh rd ^pkyku* D;kas ugha vk;k\** brus esa dkjkxkj ds }kj ls cafn;ksa esa ls dqN yksx vpkud b/kj&m/kj eqM+rs fn[kkbZ nsus yxsA ^pkyku vk x;k*] ^dgka vk x;k\*] ^gk¡&gk¡] BsB }kj ij gSA*] ^fdrus gSa\*] ^dSls gSa\* vkfn iz”uksa rFkk mÙkjksa dh >M+h yx xbZA ¼i`0 47½ jhfr ds vuqlkj esjk otu ysdj eq>s dkysikuh Hkstus dh ik=rk fuf”pr dh xbZA cxy esa cksfj;k&fcLrj] gkFk esa cjru&csfM+;k¡ >u>ukrs gq, esjk Hkh tqywl fudkyk x;kA eSa Hkh ml ijdksVs ds }kj ds Hkhrj ?kql x;kA ml }kj dh nsgjh ij dkysikuh ds flag}kj dh nsgjh FkhA eSaus mls ikj fd;k] fganqLFkku ls ukrk VwV x;kA vaneku ds fy, esjk izLFkku gqvkA ¼i`0 49½ iksVZ Cys;j vFkkZr~ vaneku & ;g /;s; okD; gksrk & ^,UtkW; fVy nkm xks,LV eSM! ,UtkW; QkWj Vqekjks oh Mk;!!* ¼g¡lks csVk] bruk g¡lks dh mUekn gks tk,] D;ksafd dy rqEgsa djky dky dk xzkl tks cuuk gS!½ ¼i`0 51½ nks&pkj fnu esa vaneku izLFkku djus ds fy, lHkh cafn;ksa dh ml lsuk dks ckgj fudkyk x;kA vU; cafn;ksa ds lkFk eSa Hkh dksBjh ds ikl rS;kj gksdj [kM+k jgkA iSjksa esa csfM+;kW] vaneku ds fy, ,d vaxksNk] ,d píj vkSj ,d caMh & bl rjg dk os”k] cxy esa tSls&rSls nck;k gqvk VkV vkSj dacy dk fcLrj] ftls ml VkV ds [kqjnjsiu rFkk dBksjrk ds dkj.k yisVuk dfBu gks jgk Fkk] vkSj ,d gkFk esa Vhu ds ^Fkky ikV*A iqu% og Vksyh ,d iafDr esa rkyc) csfM+;kW >u>ukrh gqbZ pyhA tks dksbZ Hkh fn[ks] mls ^jke&jke] pys HkS;k dkykikuh* dgrs gq, jke&jke dk vknku&iznku djrh gqbZ og Vksyh py jgh FkhA tsy ds }kj ij vkrs gh og Vksyh ckgj fudyhA flikfg;ksa dk canwd rkus igjk lTt gks x;k vkSj ml iafDr dks ysdj vkxs c<+ x;kA LVs”ku rd os iSny pys] ijUrq eq>s mlesa lfEefyr ugha fd;k x;kA Hkyk ,slk D;ksa\ eq>s fpark gksus yxhA brus esa ,d eksVj vk xbZA nks gÍs&dÍs xksjs vf/kdkjh dkcgj fudysA eSa Hkhrj cSB x;k] fQj os cSB x, vkSj eksVj can gks xbZA u tkus dSls ijUrq “kgj vkSj LVs”ku ij ;g ckr QSy xbZ Fkh fd eSa vkt dkykikuh izLFkku dj jgk gwaA ftl ekxZ ls canh tkrs gSa] ml ekxZ ij esjk Hkh n”kZu gksx k] blh vkl esa yksx gj izdkj ls iz;k; djds fNi&fNidj Vkirs tes gq, Fks] vr% eq>s xqipqi vU; ekxZ ls ys tkuk vko”;d FkkA ;g ,d dkj.k Fkk vkSj nwljh ckr ;g fd eSa eklsZfyl ls Hkkxk gqvk vkSj os xqIr ‘kM~;a= ds fnu! u tkus dkSu dgka dSlk ‘kM~;a= jpdj esjh eqfDr dk iz;kl djs & D;k dg ldrs gSaA lgt Mx Hkjrs mu fnuksa lqjax mM+rh FkhA ,slh fLFkfr esa eklsZfyl dk izekn


fQj ls u nksgjk;k tk,] blfy, eq>s LVs”ku ij ml tu&leqnk; esa ls iSny ys tkus dh ctk; Lora= eksVj esa ys tk;k x;kA bl rjg tc&tc eq>s Lora= eksVj ls fo”ks’k O;oLFkk ds lkFk dgha ys tk;k tkrk rc&rc mu cafn;ksa esa esjs laca/k esa cM+Iiu dh /kkj.kk gksrh] ^og D;k] og rks HkS;k] jktk gS jktk! ns[kks mls eksVj nh xbZA og gekjs lkFk iSj ?klhVrs iSny FkksM+s gh vk,xk!* dksbZ dgrk] ^ljdkj mlls Mjrh gSA ns[kks] dSls eksVjdkj yk nhA* eklsZfyl ds tgkt ls Hkkxus ds iz;klksa ds tks ykHk gq, muesa ls ;g Hkh ,d ykHk gqvk fd eksVj dh [kwc lSj gks xbZ vkSj mlls cafn;ksa esa esjs laca/k esa tks ldkj.k&vdkj.k vknjHkko Fkk vkSj ftlds fy, ljdkjh vf/kdkjh MVdj iz;Ru”khy Fks fd og vknjHkko u cus] c<+rk gh pyk x;kA LVs”ku ij vkrs gh eq>s ,d Lora= fMCcs esa Bwalk x;kA esjs gkFkksa esa tks gFkdM+h Fkh] mldk nwljk fljk ,d Hkhedk; vaxzst vf/kdkjh ds gkFk ls tdM+k gqvk FkkA esjs fy, ml cspkjs dks gFkdM+h iguuh iM+hA esjs iSjksa esa csfM+;kW rks Fkha gh] gkFk esa gFkdM+h FkhA bruk gh ugha vfirq mlus esjs nwljs gkFk dks Hkh dl fy;k FkkA /kksrh [kksaluh gks rks mlds gkFk ls [kksaluh iM+rhA ml vf/kdkjh ds gkFk ls esjk gkFk cka/kus ds dkj.k “kkSp] y?kq”kadk lc fof/k;ka lkFk&lkFk] lksuk Hkh lkFk&lkFkA dbZ ;k=kvksa esa bl izdkj dk f?kukSukiu rFkk d’V lguk iM+kA eq>s fMCcs esa Bwalk x;kA ijUrq ,slk ugha fd fdlh us eq>s ns[kk gh ughaA tks yksx m/kj mRlqdrko”k vk, gq, Fks mUgas nwj [knsM+k tkrkA esjs fMCcs dh f[kM+fd;kW [kksy nh xbZA dkQh xksjs yksx FkksM+h&FkksM+h nwjh ij [kM+s FksA eSaus ns[kk] muesa ls dqN yksx ksa us mRlqdrk ds vkos”k esa viuh eseksa dks da/kksa ij mBk;k gqvk FkkA ,d us eq>s ladsr fd;k] f[kM+dh ds ikl [kM+s jgkA eSa [kM+k jgk rks ‘There’s he, that is Savarkar’ dk gYyk lqukbZ fn;kA ;s xksj yksx Hkh] ftUgksaus eq>s ns[kus ds fy, ogka HkhM+ yxkbZ FkhA ¼i`0 55&56½ enzkl vk x;kA jsy ls mrjrs gh eq>s ,d rjQ lHkh cafn;ksa ls vyx djds igjs esa j[kk x;kA xkM+h ds lkFk ,d ;wjksfi;u vf/kdkjh cM+h nwj ls vk;k FkkA gks ldrk gS] og jsy dk vf/kdkjh gks ;k iqfyl dkA og gj nks&rhu LVs”kuksa ds i”pkr~ mu vf/kdkfj;ksa esa] tks esjh fuxjkuh ds fy, fu;qDr fd, x, Fks] fdlh ,d ls dqN ckr djds eq>s ns[kdj okil ykSVrkA laHkor% vc og eq>s NksM+dj okil ykSV jgk gksA esjs ikl vkdj og ckr djus yxk] mldk xyk #¡/kk gqvk Fkk] “Good bye, Friend!” ¼vyfonk fe=!½ eq>s yxrk gS] vki izHkq d`ik ls fnlEcj esa jkT;kjksg.k ds le; eqDr gksax sA** eSaus dgk] ^^vkidh “kqHkdkeuk ds fy, vkHkkjh gw¡A ijUrq gekjs ?kko brus gjs gSa fd og brus “kh?kz dSls Hkjsaxs\ bl rjg dh vk”kk ij fuHkZj jguk ew[kZrk gh gksx hA** mUgksaus brus vk”oLr Loj esa dgk] tSls fd og trkuk pkgrs Fks fd vf/kdkjh gksus ds ukrs os dqN fo”ks’k tkurs gSa] ^^eq> ij fo”okl j[kksA vki vo”; eqDr gksaxsA vPNk] vkils fonk ysrk gw¡A vkids /khjksnkÙk vkpj.k dh vfeV Nki (This is your dignified courage) esjs eu esa vafdr gks xbZ gSA** ¼i`0 57&58½ lkxj esa vaneku dk ty;ku ^egkjktk* vk;k gqvk gSA lkjs canh ,d cM+h lh uko esa BsykBsyh djds m/kj jokuk fd, x,A cl eSa gh “ks’k jg x;k FkkA brus esa eq>s ys tkus ds fy, ;s vkSj vU; ,d&nks vf/kdkjh ,d NksVh uko ds lkFk vk x,A eSa ml NksVh uS;k esa cSB x;kA eSa Lo;a viuh vksj ls dHkh fdlh ls okrkZyki izkjEHk ugha djrk] D;ksafd eSa Bgjk ,d canh] dksbZ Hkh QVkd ls Mk¡V fiyk,xk] ^pqi jgksA* ¼i`0 59½ og NksVh ukSdk] tks eq>s ysdj vkbZ Fkh] vaneku ls vkbZ gqbZ ^egkjktk* uked fo”kky ok’iukSdk ls lV xbZA eq>s gFkdM+h iM+h gqbZ Fkh ghA mlds lkFk gh ml ty;ku dh lh<+h ij dM+s igjs esa eq>s p<+k;k x;kA eSa Åij p<+ gh jgk Fkk fd ml le; tgkt esa lokl gq, ;k=h] ukSdj&pkdj] vf/kdkjh rFkk vkl&ikl dh NksVh&NksVh ukSdkvksa esa lokj gksdj vk, gq, n”kZd og n`”; ns[kus ds fy, /kDde&/kDdk djus yxs vkSj vaneku ds ml tgkt ij eq>s lokj gksrs gq, ,sls ns[kus yxs tSls ge fdlh “ko dks vjFkh ij p<+krs vkSj Bhd rjg ls cka/krs gq, foLe; vkSj ftKklkiwoZd ns[krs gSaA ml ^egkjktk* ty;ku ij fdlh canh dk] ftls vktUe dkjkokl gks x;k gS] lokj gksuk vkSj “ko dks vjFkh ij ltkuk ,d gh ckr FkhA vkt rc tks lSdMksa&gtkjksa canh vktUe dkjkokl dh ltk dkVus bl Hka;dj ty;ku ij p<+dj dkysikuh x,] muesa ls nl Hkh thfor okil ugha ykSV ldsA vBkjg&chl o’kZ dh p<+rh vk;q ds ;qodksa ij bl ty;ku ij iSj j[krs gh vLlh o’kZ ds cw<+ksa tSlh eqnZuh Nk tkrhA euq’; ,d ckj vjFkh ij cka/k fy;k x;k fd mlds ifjtu le>rs gSa fd ;g bl lalkj ls lnk ds fy, tk jgk gS vkSj Hkkouk ls nq%f[kr] fofLer gksdj “kwU;or~ mldh ml fudyrh vjFkh dh vksj ns[krs jgrs gSa & Bhd mlh n`f’Vdks.k ls os esjh vksj ns[k jgs FksA mudh eqnzk ls ;g Hkko Li’V ifjyf{kr Fkk fd eSa vc bl txr~ ds fy, ej pqdk & vkSj ;g Hkkouk lR; gh FkhA lpeqp gh eq>s vjFkh ij p<+k;k tk jgk FkkA varj cl bruk gh Fkk fd “ko dks vjFkh ij p<+krs le; tks Hkkouk,a n”kZd eu dks LrafHkr vFkok O;kdqy djds “ko;k=k dh vksj [khap rh gSa] og “ko mudk vkdyu ugha dj ikrkA ijUrq eSa lcdqN dk vkdyu dj jgk Fkk fd esjh vjFkh ltkbZ tk jgh gS] esjh vjFkh fudy jgh gSA eq>s bl ;FkkFkZ dk Hkh cks/k gks jgk Fkk fd bu lSdM+ksa n”kZdksa dh n`f’V] tks eq> ij fVdh gqbZ gS] og izk;% fueZe rFkk rVLFk gSA ftl rjg jkg pyrs vkdfLed :i ls fdlh dh fudyh gqbZ vjFkh ge ns[krs gSa] iy Hkj mldh vksj ns[krs&ns[krs ge dsoy bruk gh dgrs gSa] yxrk gS dksbZ ej x;k gS] cl mldh vkSj ns[krs&ns[krs ge viuh jkg tkrs gSaA ml le; bl ckr dk vkdyu gksus ls fd eSa “ko cu jgk gwaw] eq>s bl ;FkkFkZ&cks/k dk gh vf/kd nq%[k Fkk fd gtkjksa ns”kcka/ko esjh vksj


ek= vk¡[ksa QkM+&QkM+dj ns[k jgs gSaA dk”k] muesa ls ,d Hkh euq’; eq>s bl rjg dk <k<+l ca/kk ikrk fd ^tkvks caa/kq] tkvks! rqEgkjs ihNs eSa vkSj ge rqEgkjs ozr dks iwjk djds vius bl fganqLFkku ds------* rks esjh og vjFkh esjs fy, Qwyksa dh lst cu tkrhA ¼i`0 59&60½ dqN nsj ckn la/;k gks xbZA xjeh ls tku fudyrh] frl ij bruk HkhM+&HkM+DdkA mu pkyhl&ipkl yksxksa esa] ftueas fganw&eqlyeku lc Fks] dqN rks f?kukSus thou ds vH;Lr cudj fuyZTt cus gq, Fks( pksj&mpDds] Mkdw] ikih&nq’V] vlk/; bafnz; jksx ls xzLr] dqN ,sls f?kukSus] ftUgksaus o’kksZa ls nkar Hkh ugha ekats FksA bl rjg ds pkyhl&ipkl vknfe;ksa dh fcNkSuksa ij fcNkSus fcNk, gq, HkhM+HkkM+ esa eSa Hkh viuk fcLrj fcNkdj ysV x;kA esjs iSjksa ls fdlh dk flj lVk gqvk FkkA esjs flj ls gh ugha vfirq eqag ds ikl fdlh dh Vkax s lVh gqbZ vkSj rfud m/kj eqag djs rks eq[k ls eq[k lVk gqvkA iy Hkj fpr ysVkA lkeus gh ,d cM+k lk ihik vk/kk dkVdj j[kk gqvk FkkA m/kj FkksM+k fjDr LFkku FkkA ml fiatjs esa vU;= cgqr HkhM+ gks xbZ Fkh] mldh rqyuk esa esjs dksus esa de HkhM+ Fkh vkSj blh dkj.k eq>s bl dksus esa fcLrj fcNkus dh lgwfy;r nh xbZ FkhA ijUrq brus esa lM+h gqbZ nqx ZU/k dk bruk rhoz Hkikjk vk;k fd ukd lM+ xbZA eSaus viuh ukd tksj ls nckdj can dhA ;g ns[k fudV ds ,d canh us ladsr fd;k fd /ka/q kys mtkys esa j[kk og ihik ns[kksA ns[kk rks Kkr gqvk fd ;g ihik gh jkr Hkj lHkh izkf.k;ksa dks “kkSpdwi ds LFkku ij dke vkus okyk gSA esjh n`f’V m/kj tkrs gh og canh] tks ml ihis ij cSBk Fkk] cspkjk ladkspo”k mBus yxkA ijUrq eSaus ladsr ls mls cSBus ds fy, dgk] ^^vjs] ;g rks nsg/keZ gSA* ¼i`0 62&63½ leFkZ jkenkl Lokeh us ;g Li’V dgk gS & ^Hk{k.k djrs gh lqxzkl vUuA vk/kh fo’Bk vk/kk oeuA ihrs gh HkkxhjFkh dk thouA ew= gks; rRdkyA* ¼i`0 64½ vaneku ds flikfg;ksa dh og Vksyh] tks cafn;ksa dks ysus vkbZ Fkh] mlls iwNrs] D;ksafd ogh bl fo’k; ds izeq[k vf/kdkjh vkSj ogh blds Kkrk! Dkysikuh dk uke ysrs gh os lcls igys ^ckjh ckck* dh dgkuh lqukrsA mudh /kkj.kk Fkh fd ckjh ckck gh dkykikuh gSA mu nafMrksa esa ls tks vR;Ur funZ; canh gksrs] os fcuk fdlh dkj.k gks&gYyk djds vkil esa xkyh&xykSt djrs] rc flikgh Øksf/kr gks dgrs] ^vjs Bgj rw] cM+h p<+h gqbZ gS rq>s] le>rk gS rw gh lcls cM+k cnek”k gSA vxj ,d ckj ckjh ckck dks ns[kk rks lkjk gks”k fBdkus vk tk,xk & vjs /kksrh <hyh gks tk,xh] /kksrh esa ewrksxs] le>s!* ckjh ckck vkSj gekjh “kh?kz gh xgjh eS=h gksus okyh Fkh] vr% mu flikfg;ksa dk ml laca/k esa vf/kd dqjsnus esa dksbZ rqd ugha FkkA ¼i`0 66½ fgUnqLFkku ds ckgj vokZphu dky esa fganw laLd`fr ftu&ftu uwru Hkw[k.Mksa ij viuk vkf/kiR; QSykrh tk jgh gS] mlesa vaneku }hiiqat dh x.kuk djuk vR;ko”;d gSA ;g }hi dydÙkk ls yxHkx Ng lkS ehy dh nwjh ij gSA chp esa NksVs&NksVs }hiiqat] FkksM+k lkxj] iqu% }hiiqat & bl Øe ls ;g ,d }hiekyk caxky ds milkxj esa fc[kjh gqbZ gSA mlesa vaneku lcls cM+k }hi gSA og rhu Hkkxksa esa foHkkftr gSA budks mÙkj vaneku] e/; vaneku vkSj nf{k.k vaneku dh laKk,a nh xbZ gSaA bl }hi ds ekufp= eas nh gqbZ vkd`fr ns[kdj ;g Li’V gksrk gS fd mldk uke vaneku D;ksa iM+kA bl uke dh guqeku “kCn ls gqbZ O;qRifÙk geus lquh gS] ijUrq vaMkd`fÙk gksus ds dkj.k bldk vaneku uke gesa laHkouh; izrhr gksrk gSA mÙkj vaneku dh yackbZ bD;kou ehy ¼ehy & nwjhlwpd “kCn gS] ftls vc fdyksehVj dgk tkrk gS½] e/; vaneku dh yackbZ mulB ehy rFkk nf{k.k vaneku mulB ehy yack gS vkSj jVySaM }hi X;kjg ehy yack gSA bl iqat dks cM+k vaneku dgk tkrk gSA mlds vfrfjDr mlds murhl ehy nf{k.k dh vksj NksVk vaneku gS] ftldh yackbZ rhl ehy vkSj pkSMk+ bZ l=g ehy gSA ¼i`0 69½ vaneku esa tks oU;tu gSa mlesa tkojk uked tutkfr lk/kkj.k% pkj&lk<s+ pkj QhV yach gksrh gSA mudk o.kZ dkyk&dywVk] ds”k dM+s] :[ks&:[ks ls NksVs&NksVs xqPNksa esa eqM+s gq,A budh nk<+h&ew¡N rks dHkh fudyrh gh ughaA os fdlh lk/kq&egkRek ds leku uXukoLFkk esa gh ?kwers&fQjrs gSa] oL= ifj/kku dk ?kksj ikrd os dHkh djrs gh ughaA fdlh lk/kq&egkRek ln`”k nsg ij jDro.khZ; feÍh iksrdj os “kjhj dh vkPNknu izo`fr dh rqf’V djrs gSaA mudh fL=;ksa esa bDdh&nqDdh yyuk foykl&yksyqi fudyha rks o`{k dk ,dk/k iÙkk dfV ds vkxs yVdk ysrhaA mu yksx ksas dh LoIul`f’V dks] tks vkthou foykflrk dk frjLdkj djrs gq, lknxhiw.kZ jgu&lgu dh ekyk tirs gSa] okLrfod :i nsus okys ;s tkojk loZFkk oU; fLFkfr esa gSa vkSj ukxjh rFkk ekuqf’kd thou fLFkr izyksHkuksa ls vHkh rd nwj jgs gSaA tc os fn;klykbZ vkSj oL= ugha tkurs rFkk cSyxkfM+;ksa ls Hkh ifjfpr ugha gS] rks jsyxkM+h] gokbZ tgkt] izp aM ty;ku vkfn ekuoh ifrrkoLFkkarxZr lk/kuksa dk mYys[k gh ugha djuk pkfg,A mUgsa dqjlh] twrs] dksBh&caxyk] [ksrh&ckM+h] [kk|kUu] ;a=] pj[kk Hkh Kkr ughaA lknxh;qDr thou ds HkDr laiznk;h ds vuqlkj euq’; tkfr ds lHkh ladVksa dk ,dek= dkj.k lq/kkj.kk gSA bl lq/kkj.kk ds uke ls gh ugha vfirq mldh vfHkyk’kk ls Hkh tkojk yksx vifjfpr gSaA ¼i`0 73&74½


tkojs vkt Hkh ujekal Hk{kd gSaA dqN ;wjksfi;u lkglh ;kf=;ksa us muds ujekal Hk{kd gksus ds ckotwn bu yksx kas esa ?kqliSB djds muls fe=rk dh vkSj muds jgu&lgu] muds jhfr&fjoktksa vkSj Hkk’kk dh euksjatd tkudkjh ladfyr dhA vaneku esa nafMrksa dks Hkh tkojksa dh ujekal ykylk dk f”kdkj cuus dh txg muds vkfrF;iwoZd Hkkstu dk Lokn mBkrs gq, vkSj mlds i”pkr~ ogka ls lgh lyker okil ykSVrs gq, geus ns[kk gSA muds o.kZuksa ls bl rjg vuqeku yxk;k tk ldrk gS fd tkojk lglk “kj.kkxr dh tku ugha ysrsA ijUrq vaxzst ljdkj ds vf/kdkfj;ksa dks gh ugha vfirq vU; voU; euq’; dks Hkh] tks “kgjh fn[kkbZ nsrk gS] os viuk izkd`frd “k=q le>rs gSa vkSj taxy ls fudydj mls vdsyk ns[kdj mlds izk.k ys ysrs gSaA dHkh&dHkh muds ekal dks os dPpk gh vkSj dHkh&dHkh vkx ij Hkwudj [kkrs gSaA fnu fudyrs gh gj dksbZ viuk&viuk rhj deku laHkkyrk gqvk f”kdkj ds fy, fudy iM+rk gSA efgyk,a Hkh ePNhekjh vFkok NksVs&eksVs f”kdkj ds fy, fudy iM+rh gSaA mudh Vksfy;ka ,d lkFk ,d Nr ds uhps jgrh gSaA vk[ksV esa tks f”kdkj feyrk gS mlesa lHkh dh lk>snkjhA tax yh “kgn] Qy gj dksbZ viuk&viuk xzg.k djrk gSA fnu Hkj HkVddj jkr esa vkx tykdj ml ij os f”kdkj yVdkrs gSaA igyk f”kdkj Hkqurs gh mls QkM+dj lHkh tu ,d lkFk cSBdrj [kkrs gSaA mlds i”pkr~ dHkh&dHkh uj&ukjh fefJr dksbZ u`R; gksrk gSA mldk ,d jktk gksrk gS ftldk lHkh cM+k lEeku djrs gSaA u`R; lekIr gksus ds mijkar uj&ukfj;ksa ds tksM+s vFkok lHkh feydj ml vkx ds bnZfxnZ o`Ùkkdkj uXukoLFkk esa lks tkrs gSaA ¼i`0 75½ vaxzstksa ls feydj jgus okys tkojksa dk izeq[k O;olk; gS lkxj rV ls vusd lqanj “ka[k] lhfi;ka rFkk fofo/kkd`fr pded iRFkj pqudj vaxzstksa dh pkSdh ij ykuk & dqN dkap ds f[kykSus] phuh] rackdw ysdj mu oLrqvksa dks cspuk & nks&pkj fudVorhZ bekjrksa esa] tks muds fy, gh cuokbZ xbZ Fkha] jgrs gq, vkSj iqu% bl vHks| vkj.;d fufcM+rk esa ?kqldj vn`”; gks tkukA os tax y ls “kgn ykdj mls csp rs FksA bu lHkh oLrqvksa dks ogka ls bdÎk djds ljdkj mUgsa fons”k Hkstrh gSA ogka ls “ka[kksa dks Bhd rjg ls f?kldj Åij ls pkanh vFkok lqo.kZ dh x<+u ds lkFk Hkkjh eksy ysdj mUgsa cspk tkrkA ;s fgys gq, yksx vc ,d NksVh lh yax ksVh iguus yxs gSaA mudh fL=;ka ,dk/k iÙkk vFkok i.kZekyk dfV esa yisVrh gSA mifuos”kh; yksxkas ls fudV laca/k gks tkus ls muesa ,d fefJr larfr mRiUu gksus yxh gSA dHkh&dHkh xksjs flikgh vFkok ;wjksfi;u O;fDr ds laidZ ls mRiUu tkojk fL=;ksa dh larku xksjh vkSj Hkkjrh; iq#’kksa ds lalxZ ls mRiUu lkaoyh vFkok xsgqavk o.khZ; fn[kkbZ nsrh gSA ¼i`0 76½ ty;ku vaneku ds canjxkg esa vkdj [kM+ [kM+ [kM+ djrk gqvk ikuh esa yksgs dk yax j Mkydj [kM+k gks x;k ¼ohj lkojdj 4 tqykbZ 1911 ds fnu vaneku igqaps Fks½A /khjs&/khjs cM+h&cM+h ukSdkvksa dk] tks cafn;ksa dks ys tkrh gSa] vkSj vf/kdkfj;ksa dh eksVjcksVksa dk te?kV ml ty;ku ds pkjksa vkSj yx x;kA mrjus ds fy, gesa tgkt ij dkQh le; [kM+s jguk iM+kA ¼i`0 82½ Hkkoh Hkkjr ds cy”kkyh ;q)iksrksa dk csM+k vaneku ds izkax.k esa leqnzh nqx Z ds vkxs igjk nsrk gqvk esjh dYiuk rajx esa ygjkus gh yxk Fkk fd ,d flikgh cM+h mn~MarkiwoZd ngkM+k] ^^pyks] mBkvksa fcLrjk!** D;ksafd ,d ;wjksfi;u vf/kdkjh fudV gh [kM+k FkkA izR;sd fganw Hkkjrh; iqfyl flikgh rFkk lSfud dh ;gh /kkj.kk gks tkrh gS fd vaxzstksa ds lkeus Hkkjrh; jktuhfrd cafn;ksa ds lkFk ftruk vf/kd mn~MarkiwoZd O;ogkj djsa mruk gh viuh inksUufr ds fy, ykHknk;d fl) gksxkA vaneku esa gksus okys vieku dk ;g dVq okD; lwr mokp gh FkkA mB x;k] viuk fcLrj flj ij mBk;k] gkFk esa FkkyhikV Fkkek] iSjksa dh Hkkjh csfM+;ka dej ls Bhd&Bhd dl yha vkSj [kM+k jgkA eq>s ?kkV ls fudydj ,d p<+kbZ ij p<+us dk vkns”k fn;k x;kA ij csfM+;ksa ls tdM+s tq, uaxs iSjksa ds dkj.k p<+us eas foyEc gksus yxkA flikgh ^pyks] tYnh pyks* fpYykdj tYnh epkus yxkA fdlh xksjs vf/kdkjh us flikgh ls dgk] ^^pyus nks mls] tYnh D;ksa epk jgs gks\** p<+rs le; esjs eu esa ,d gh fopkj eaMjk jgk Fkk] ^lkxj ls ;g jkg pydj eSa Åij p<+ jgk gwa tks vaneku tkrh gSA vaneku ls okil Hkkjr ykSVus ds fy, blh ekxZ ls eSa bl tUe esa iqu% lkxj dh vksj uhps vk Hkh ldwaxk\** FkksM+h gh nsj esa p<+kbZ lekIr gks xbZ vkSj flYoj tsy dk }kj vk x;kA yksgs dh pwyksa ls nk<+ dM+dM+kus yxhA fQj ml dkjkx`g us viuk tcM+k [kksyk vkSj esjs Hkhrj ?kqlus ds ckn og tcM+k tks can gqvk rks iqu% X;kjg o’kZ ckn gh [kqykA ¼i`0 83&84½ njokts ds Hkhrj iSj j[krs gh nks xksjs lktZaVksa us eq>s nksuksa gkFkksa ls idM+dj [kM+k fd;kA brus esa vkl&ikl ds izgfj;ksa esa [kqlqj&Qqlqj izkjEHk gks xbZ & ^ckjh lkgc vk jgk gSA* ¼i`0 84½ euksfodkjksa ds coaMj ls fdafpr~ NqVdkjk feyrs gh eSaus eqM+dj ns[kk rks ,d eksVk&rktk â’V&iq’V xksjk vf/kdkjh gkFk esa eksVk lk lksVk idM+s esjh vksj ?kwj jgk FkkA rks ;s gh ckjh lkgc Fks! mUgkasus gsrqiwoZd vius vkxeu dh ckr esjs dkuksa esa Mkyh vkSj vc os fuR; ds vuqHko ds vuqlkj bl vis{kk ds lkFk ;gka vk, Fks fd ;g cspkjk lgeh&lgeh utjksa ls mudh jkg dh vksj ns[krk gksxk] ijUrq mlh le; esjk eu mi;qZD fot;h fopkjksa esa eXu Fkk] vr% eq>s irk gh ugha pyk fd os dc vk x,A ml dkykof/k esa mUgas esjh vksj ns[krs jgus dh bPNk gqbZ gksxhA bl rjg esjk xqipqi fujh{k.k djrs tSls gh esjh n`f’V mu ij iM+h oSls gh os esjh vkSj ns[kh&vuns[kh djrs gq, ml lktsZaV dks vkns”k nsus yxs] “Leave him, he is not a tiger.” ¼NksM+ nks bls] og dksbZ ck?k ugha gSA½ mlds ckn


esjh vksj ml lksVs dks y{; djrs gq, mUgkasus dgk] “Well, are you the man who tried to escape at Marseilles?” ¼rqe gh og vkneh gks ftlus eklsZfyl ls Hkkxus dk iz;kl fd;k Fkk\½ mlds bl m)r Loj esa iwNs iz”u dk mrus gh m)r ijUrq la;r Loj esa eSaus mÙkj fn;k] “Yes, why?” ¼gk¡] D;ksa\½ esjs mÙkj ls ckjh lkgc dk Loj rfud uje gks x;kA dsoy dkSrwgyiw.kZ Loj esa mUgkasus dgk] “Why did you do that?” ¼rqeus ,slk D;ksa fd;k\½ eSaus dgk] ^^blds dbZ dkj.k gSaA muesa ls ,d ;g gS fd bu lHkh d’Vksa ls eqfDr feysA** ^^ijUrq bu d’Vksa esa rks rqe Lo;a gh dwns Fks u!** ^^gk¡] ;g lp gSA D;ksafd bu d’Vksa esa dwnuk eq>s viuk drZO; yxkA vkSj mu d’Vksa ls ;FkklaHko eqDr gksuk Hkh eq>s drZO; gh izrhr gqvkA** ^^ns[kks]** ckjh lkgc ,dne [kqydj g¡lrs&g¡lrs dgus yxk] ^^eSa vaxzst ugha gw¡] vk;fj”k gw¡A mlh dkj.k esjs eu esa rqEgkjs izfr vuknj vFkok frjLdkj mRiUu ugha gksrkA baXySaM esa eSaus viuh r#.kkbZ ds fnu fcrk, gSa vkSj mu yksx ksa ds ln~xq.kksa dk eSa pkgus okyk gw¡A eSa ;g blfy, dg jgk gw¡ fd eSa vk;fj”k gw¡ & cpiu esa eSaus Hkh vk;jySaM dks vaxzstksa ds paxqy ls NqM+kus ds fy, fNM+s Lora=rk laxzke esa fgLlk fy;k FkkA ijUrq vc esjs eu us iyVh [kkbZ gSA vkSj ns[kks] eSa rqEgsa fe=rk ds ukrs ;g dg jgk gw¡A rqe vHkh ;qok gks] eSa rqels cM+k gw¡] rqels vf/kd nqfu;k ns[kh gSA** (You are still young. But I am advanced in age.) eSaus eqldjkrs gq, chp esa gh iwNk] “And don’t you think that perhaps that may be the reason of the change that has come over you? Not increasing wisdom but dwindling energy?” pdjkrs gq, ckjh lkgc us dgk] ^^vki Bgjs cM+s cSfjLVj vkSj eSa ,d vui<+ tsyj] ijUrq esjs bl mins”k dks rqPN er le>ukA gR;k gR;k gh gksrh gSA gR;kvksa ls dHkh Lora=rk ugha feysxhA** (Murders are murders and they will never bring independence.) ^^fcYdqy lgh gSA ijUrq vki igys ;gh ikB vk;jySaM ds flufQuokyksa dks D;ksa ugh i<+krs\ vkidks fdlus crk;k fd eSa gR;k dk i{kikrh gw¡A** ckr dk #[k cnyrs gq, mUgkasus dgk] ^^vc lqifjVsaMsaV lkgc i/kkj jgs gSaA okLro esa vkils esjk jktuhfr fo’k;d ppkZ djuk fu;e cká gSA ijUrq vki tSls fo}ku] ;qok vkSj fo[;kr euq’; dks bl rjg ds eDdkj cnek”kksa esa ns[kdj var%dj.k NViVkrk gS] blhfy, bruk dqN dgkA vc ihNs tks gqvk lks gqvkA mlls eq>s dksbZ ysuk&nsuk ugha gSA vki ;gka ds dkjkx`g ds fu;eksa dk ikyu dhft,A cl] esjk dke gks x;kA ¼i`0 85&86½ nwljs fnu izkr%dky yxHkx vkB cts os iBku okWMZj tYnh&tYnh esjh dksBjh ds lkeus vkdj cksys] ^^lkgc vkrk gS] [kM+s jgksA** eSa }kj ds fudV vk x;kA }kj vFkkZr~ dksBjh dh lyk[kksa dk fuR; can jgus okyk }kjA ^^ljdkj!** okWMZj ds fpYykrs gh eSa ogka ds fu;ekuqlkj lh/kk [kM+K jgkA dksBjh dh lyk[kksa ds NksVs }kj esa ls ckjh lkgc ds fn[kus ds igys gh mudh fudyh gqbZ rksan fn[kkbZ nsus yxrhA D;ksafd mudh og rksan] rks muds lEiw.kZ “kjhj dks iNkM+rh gqbZ vkSj lEiw.kZ fo”o dks rqPNrkiwoZd pqukSrh nsrh gqbZ fn[krh Fkh] ml xqCckjs dh rjg xksy&eVksy] tks Ldwyksa esa i`Foh dk vkdkj fn[kkus ds fy, j[kk tkrk gS] nks dne muds vkxs Hkkxrh vkSj mudh bl rksan ij e/; rd p<+k, gq, iktkes ij og peM+s dk iV~Vk Hkwe/; js[kk dh rjg “kksHkk nsrkA ckjh lkgc us izk jaHk fd;k] ^^yksx ksa us vkidks crk;k gh gksxk fd eSa vkidk canhiky gw¡A** eSaus dsoy lfLer ns[kkA ^^ijUrq eSa vkils dgrk gw¡ fd eSa vkidk ,d fe= gw¡A** lkFk esa vk, gq, vfrfFk ekSu Fks] D;ksafd ckjh lkgc izR;{k cksyus dk vf/kdkj vius fo”ks’k peps dks gh nsrk] vU; yksx ksa dks ughaA ^^eq>s vki tSls f”kf{kr] i<+s&fy[ks euq’; ls laHkk’k.k djuk cM+k vPNk yxrk gSA vr% eSa bl rjg dHkh&dHkh ;wa gh [kqydj okÙkkZyki djus vk tkrk gw¡A vkius lu~ 1857 ds ml nq’Vrkiw.kZ fonzksg dk bfrgkl fy[kk gS u!** os tc cksy jgs Fks eSa dsoy lfLer eqnzk esa ns[k jgk FkkA eSaus Hkk¡i fy;k fd egk”k; VVksyus i/kkjs gq, gSa vkSj ,slk izrhr gksrk gS fd esjh lkekU; izo`fÙk dks ns[kuk gh mudk mís”; gSA eSa Hkh lksp jgk Fkk & pyks] mudh ckr lquus esa le; dk Hkkj rks rfud gydk gksx k] tks bl dky dksBjh esa Hkkjh gks x;k gSA ¼i` 92&93½ vaneku esa izFker% tks vk/kqfud jkT; Økafrdkjh x, Fks] muesa ekf.kdrYyk cxhps ds "kM~;a= esa lfEefyr caxkyh lTtu] muds ihNs&ihNs egkjk"Vª ds Jh x.ks”kiar lkojdj vkSj Jh okeujko tks”kh FksA muds vkxs&ihNs gh cax ky dh ,d jktuhfrd MdSrh ds laca/k esa ikap&N% yksx vk, FksA bu lHkh jktcfUn;ksa esa rhu caxkfy;ksa vkSj nks egkjkf"Vª;ksa dks vkthou dkysikuh dk naM izkIr gqvk FkkA 'ks"k caxkyh yksx nl ls rhl o"kksZa rd ds fy, naM izkIr FksA eSa tc ogk¡ x;k Fkk rc bu yksxksa ds vfrfjDr bykgkckn ds ^LojkT;* i= ds pkj laiknd Hkh ogkW vk, Fks] ftUgsa lkr ls nl o"kksZ dk naM gqvk FkkA ijUrq mu ij jktnzksg dk vkjksi yxk;k x;k Fkk] u fd jkT;Økafr dkA¼i`0 107½ ejrs ne rd ckjh lkgc us ;gh jV yxk;h Fkh fd ge ikWfyfVdy fiztulZ ugha gSaA dksbZ canh muds lkeus jktdSnh dg nsrk rks lkgc xjtrs] ^g% ;ks\ dkSu jktdSnh\ oks Hkh rqEgkjs ekQd gh ,d ekewyh dSnh gSA cnek”k dSfn;ksa dk ^Mh* fVdV ns[krk ugha rqe mudh Nkrh ij\* cnek”kksa esa egkcnek”kksa dks ^Mh* vFkkZr~ ^Msatjl* ¼Hk;adj½ vFkZ dk v{kj [kksndj diM+ksa ij yxkus ds fy, gesa ,d fcYyk fn;k tkrkA ¼i`0 109½


^vjs cSBks erA 'kke rd rsy iwjk djuk gksxkA ugh arks fiVksx s] ltk gksxh lks vyxA* bl rjg mlds ph[krs&fpYykrs db;ksa ds xys ls dkSj ugha mrjrk] D;ksafd 'kke rd rsy de Hkjrs gh fuR; ykrksa&?kwalksa&lksfV;ksa ls cafn;ksa dks dqVrs&fiVrs gj dksbZ ns[krk FkkA bl Mj ds dkj.k isV esa Hkys gh pwgs dwn jgs gksa] dksYgw ?kqekrs&?kqekrs] ml Fkkyh esa ls] ftlesa [kM+s&[kM+s ilhus dh /kkj fxj jgh gS] xzkl mBkdj eq¡g esa Bwalrs] tSls&rSls mls fuxyrs vkSj dksYgw pykrs&pykrs gh Hkkstu djrs vusd cafn;ksa dks eSaus dbZ ckj viuh vkW[kksa ls ns[kk gSA ¼i`0 111½ var esa mUgsa dke de djus ds fy, naM fn;k x;k] de Hkkstu fn;k x;kA vkf[kj lqifjaVsaMsaV us ;g vuqca/k fd;k fd rhu fnu iwjk dke djsaxs rks vkidks dksYgw ls gVk nsaxsA mlds vuqlkj Jheku us oS|d “kkL=h; fu;e dks mrus le; rd vkys ij j[kdj rhu fnu iwjk dke fd;kA ijUrq mUgas bruk >qdrs gq, ns[kdj ckjh us rksrs dh rjg vka[ks Qsjha vkSj vuqca/k rksM+dj mUgsa fQj dksYgw ij HkstkA mUgksaus eqagrksM+ mÙkj fn;k] ^^dke ugha djax s sA ge cSy ugha] euq’; gSaA** ;gha ls izFke gM+rky dk Jhx.ks”k gks x;kA jktcafn;ksa dh iqu% n`f’V cnyrs rFkk mUgsa gM+rky rd vkrs ns[kdj ckjh Hkh eu&gh&eu pkSad iM+kA tks jktcanh gM+rky esa “kkfey gks x, mu ij naM+ksa dh Hkjekj gksus yxhA vkB fnu gFkdM+h&csM+h] dksBjh canh vkfn fu;ekarxZr naM rks fn, gh x,] fu;e fo#) naM Hkh fn, x,A mi;qZDr Jheku ln`”k tks fuHkhZdrkiwoZd O;ogkj djrs] mudk ?ke.M pwj&pwj djus ds fy, mUgsa nl&nl] ckjg&ckjg fnu dkath ds vfrfjDr vU; dqN [kkus ds fy, ugha fn;k x;kA dkjkx`g esa ;g fu;e ugha gS fd nl&nl fnu dsoy dkath ij j[kk tk,A ijUrq bl vk”kk ls fd bl rjg ek= nks&rhu ckj fn, x, ekaM+ ij jgdj mudh “kfDr {kh.k gks tk,xh vkSj eukscy VwV tk,xk] ;g naM fn;k x;k] ij fdlh canh ds naM&i=d esa mls fy[kk ugha tkrkA vkxs pydj tc fgUnqLFkku ljdkj dh vksj ls ,d ofj’B vf/kdkjh tkap&iM+rky ds fy, vk, vkSj fu;e fo#) naM dh vksj jktcafn;ksa us mudk /;ku fnyk;k rks blh naM&i=d ds vk/kkj ij ckjh us ;g vkjksi ljklj feF;k fl) fd;k vkSj mu vf/kdkfj;ksa us mls eku fy;kA eq>s bu lgcafn;ksa us “kiFkiwoZd dgk Fkk fd ,d vksj mUgsa ml ekaM+ ij j[kk tkrk] nwljh vksj ;fn fojks/k fd;k x;k rks dks;usy ds ?kwaV muds xys esa maMsys tkrsA mlls mUgsa pDdj vk tkrk] isV esa rh[kh tyu gksus ls cgqr vf/kd d’V gksrkA ijUrq bu lkjs vR;kpkjksa ds lkeus gM+rky okyksa us gfFk;kj ugha MkysA bruk gh ugha] ;g tkudj fd bu cafn;ksa dk n`<+ lax Bu gS vkSj mudk /kS;Z ns[kdj vU; cafn;ksa ij Hkh ckjh dk tks vekuqf’kd ncnck Fkk og mM+u&Nw gks jgk gS] mUgsa ;g vk”oklu fn;k x;k fd vc rqEgsa dksYgw ij ugha Hkstk tk,xkA bruk gh ugha vfirq vU; cafn;ksa dh rjg rqe yksx ksa dks Hkh dkjkx`g ds ckgjh Vkiqvksa esa dke djus ds fy, NksM+k tk,xkA jktcafn;ksa dks dkjkx`g ds ckgj ds canh tks tkudkjh nsrs] mlls Kkr Fkk fd ckgj izpqj ek=k esa Lora=rk gSA blds vfrfjDr ,d ckj vius ckgj fudyus ds vf/kdkj ij eksgj yxokbZ tk, rks fQj mlds vuq’kax ls ikap o’kksZa ds i”pkr~ Lora= dke djus dk vkSj nl o’kksZa ds i”pkr~ ^fVdV* ysdj ?kj clkus dk vf/kdkj izkIr djus dk izlax vk,xk & ;g tkudj jktcafn;ksa dh mRdV bPNk Fkh fd fdlh izdkj ;gka ls ckgj fudysaA rc ;g lqudj fd de&ls&de rqe yksxksa dks ,d o’kZ dkjkx`gokl iwjk djus ls fu;ekuqlkj ckgj NksM+k tk,xk] yksx ksa us Hkkai fy;k fd gM+rky dk mís”; lQy gks x;k vkSj ,d&,d djds gM+rky ls gVdj os dke ij tkus yxsA pan gh fnuksa esa dqN yksxkas dks ckgj fudkyk x;kA [kkM+h esa Nkrh rd dhpM+ esa mrjdj dhpM+ Hkjuk] lM+d cqgkjuk] ukfj;y <ksuk bl rjg ds dke mUgsa fn, x,A dbZ yksx ksa dks xkM+h esa tksrk x;kA vaneku esa xkM+h eas ljdkjh vf/kdkjh cSBrs gSa vkSj mls [khapus ds fy, cSy&?kksM+s vkfn i”kqvksa dks tksrus ls tks O;; gksrk] mls cpkus ds fy, cafn;ksa dks tksrk tkrkA yxkrkj Hkkxrs vkSj cM+h&cM+h p<+kbZ ls gkaQrs&gkaQrs xkM+h [khaprs vkSj Åij ls xkfy;ka [kkrs canh vkrs&tkrs fn[kkbZ nsrsA eSa ,sls ,d&nks vaxzst vf/kdkfj;ksa dks tkurk gwa tks bl jhfr dk ukilan djrs gq, cafn;ksa ls xkM+h ugha f[akpokrs FksA ijUrq ,sls fdlh canh dks ugha tkurk tks xkM+h [khapus ds fy, lkQ euk djrkA rFkkfi ckjh dh dq”kkxz u lgh ijUrq eksVh cqf) us og Hkh lHkh dks fn[kk;kA lqifjaVsaMsaV ds eu ij ;g vafdr djus ds fy, fd jktcanh fdrus minzoh] ftn~nh gSa] ckjh us goynkj dks lwpuk nh Fkh fd muesa ls ,d&nks vfHkekuh rFkk fuHkhZd yksxksa dks ckgj fudkyrs gh xkM+h esa tksrk tk,A vFkkZr~ xkM+h [khapus dk vkns”k nssrs gh mu fuMj yksxksa us Vdk lk tokc ns fn;k fd ge cSy ugha tks euq’;ksa dh xkM+h [khapsaA ckjh us rikd ls lqifjaVsaMsaV ls dgk] ^^ns[kk] fdrus cnek”k gSa ;s yksx A dkjkx`g esa budh jV Fkh ge dksYgw ugha isjasxsA vc bUgsa ckgj fudkyk rks dgrs gSa xkM+h ugha [khapsaxsA vc vki gh crkb,] bu lH; yksxksa ds fy, eSa ,slk dke dgka ls ykÅa ftlesa dksbZ nks’k ugha gks vkSj ;fn bUgsa budh f”kdk;rksa dks lqudj eSa fdlh vU; lqyHk vFkok f”k’V dk;Z ij yxkÅa rks vU; cafn;ksa dh n`f’V esa i{kikrh gksdj nks’kh ugha dgykÅax k\** ¼i`0 123&125½ vkt ge vo”k gSaA vkt txr~ esa gekjk vieku gks jgk gS] ijUrq ,d fnu dnkfpr~ ,slk gh vk,xk fd vaneku ds bl dkjkxkj esa jktcafn;ksa ds iqrys [kM+s gksaxs vkSj gtkjksa yksx bls rhFkZ {ks= ekudj bldh ;k=k djsaxs fd ;gk¡ ij fgUnqLrku ds jktcanh jgrs FksA ¼Lok- ohj lkojdj dh ok.kh lR; fl) gqbZA 30 fnlEcj] 1943 ds fnu usrkth lqHkk"kpanz cksl dh lsuk us vaneku ij Lora= fgUnqLrku dk /ot ygjk;kA ml le; mu LorU=rk lsukfu;ksa dh ekuoanuk dh xbZ tks ogk¡ ij igys naM Hkqxr jgs FksA Lora= Hkkjr dh ljdkj us Hkh lkroha ikyh dh Ø- 42 dh dksBjh esa ohj lkojdj dk fp= yxokdj ogk¡ mudk NksVk lk Lekjd cuok;k gSA jk"Vªifr jktsUnz izlkn] iz/kkuea=h 'kkL=hth us mudk oanu fd;k gSA½ ¼i`0 129½


esjs T;s’B ca/kq vkSj eSa & nksuksa ,d gh canhx`g esa can Fks] fQj Hkh vkt rd geus ,d&nwljs dks ns[kk ugha FkkA esjs vkus ls muds ân; dk vk?kkr igqapk FkkA mUgsa dkjkxkj esa tks ;kruk,a lguh iM+rh] mUgsa lqudj esjk dystk QV tkrk FkkA ijUrq ,d fnu ,sls izlax dk lkeuk djuk iM+k ftlds lkeus ,slk yxk fd og nq%[k dqN Hkh ugha gSA brus nq%[kn thou esa lq[k dnkfpr~ gh izfrHkkflr gksrk gSA ca/kq ls feyus dh mRdV bPNk LokHkkfod FkhA okWMZj vkSj isVh vQlj dh vuqu; djds ns[kk fd ;su&dsu mik;ksa ls dsoy mudh ,d ljljh n`f’V D;ksa u gks] ijUrq xqIr :i ls blfy, fd eSaus vius ca/kq ds laca/k esa ckjh lkgc vkSj lqifjaVsaMsaV ls Hkh dbZ ckj iwNkA os dgrs] ^ge vkidks ;g Hkh ugha crk ldrs fd os dkjkx`g esa gSa ;k ughaA fQj HksaV djkus dh ckr rks nwj gh jghA* ,d ckj lquk] HkkbZ lkgc dk flj ihM+k ds ekjs QVk tk jgk gSA rc lqifjaVsaMsaV ls iwNk] ^D;k ;g lR; gS\ rks fQj mUgas #X.kky; D;ksa ugha ys tkrs\ D;ksa dksBjh esa can j[krs gks\* mÙkj feyk] ^vki vius ckjs esa lksfp,] vU; cafn;ksa ds ckjs esa vki iwNrkN ugha dj ldrsA* ,slk dgdj myVs esjh pkyh ds teknkj dks og oSls gh xkfy;ka cdus yxk] ^^;g lekpkj bl canh dks dSls Kkr gqvk\ lkyk] rqe cankscLr ugha j[krkA crkvks] fdlus mls ;g ckr crkbZ\** eSa ,slh voLFkk esa xqIr mik;ksa ls yacs le; ls fcNM+s vius T;s’B ca/kq ds iq.; n”kZu ikus ds iz;kl esa FkkA foyk;r tkrs le; eq>s fonk djus tks yksx vk, gq, Fks] mlh le; eSaus T;s’B Hkzkrk ds n”kZu fd, FksA mlds i”pkr~ bl canhx`g esa mudk n”kZu djus dk izlax vk;kA eu&gh&eu lkspk] mUgsa vR;Ur [ksn gksxk] vr% HksaV dks Vkyk tk,A ijUrq bl rjg eqag eksM+uk D;k nq%[kksa dk lkeuk djus ls th pqjkuk ugha gS\ nq%[k dk fo”kky xtjkt rks ân; ds iks[kj esa ?kqlk cSBk gS] vc Hkyk mldh iwaN ls D;k Mjuk\ vkSj vius vxzt ds ikou n”kZu ds iq.; drZO; ls blfy, drjkuk fd us= ty dh pkj cwansa vf/kd >jsax h] ;g Hkh#rk gksxhA ml voLFkk esa mu ifo= vkalqvksa esa eax y&Luku gksuk tUe&tUekarj ds iq.; dk gh Qy gksrk gSA vkf[kj ;g ns[kdj fd bl le; muls HkasV gksuk laHko gS] eSaus ,d okWMZj dh lgk;rk ls mldk izca/k djus dk fu”p; fd;kA “kke dks lHkh cafn;ksa dks ,d lkFk ugha NksM+k tkrk FkkA ijUrq dHkh&dHkh ,d foHkkx ds cafn;ksa dks okil Hkstus ls igys gh tYnh&tYnh esa nwljs foHkkx ds cafn;ksa dks NksM+ fn;k tkrk FkkA ml /kka/kyh dk ykHk mBkdj tc esjs ca/kq dks uki&rkSydj dke nsus ds le; esjs foHkkx ds cafn;ksa dks NksM+k x;k rks eSa Hkh muesa ?kql x;kA rHkh nwj ls okil ykSVrs le; esjh vkSj esjs ca/kq dh vka[ksa pkj gks xbZaA foyk;r tkrs le; ¼9 twu 1906 ds fnu lkojdj yanu x,½ mUgksaus eq>s ns[kk FkkA vkt vc mUgksaus eq>s ,slh d:.kkLin voLFkk esa ns[kk tgkW esjh dk;k vius HkkX;ksn; dh ykSfdd vk”kkvksa dh jk[k ls luh gqbZ Fkh] rks iy Hkj ds fy, mUgsa tSls dkB ekj x;kA muds eq[k ls cl ,d gh mn~xkj QwVk] tks muds ewd nq%[kksa] osnukvksa dk fu"d"kZ Fkk] ^rkR;k] rw ;gk¡ dSls vk;k\* ;g ,d gh uqdhyk eeZHksnh mn~x kj vlá osnukvksa&ihM+kvksa dk rh{.k ck.k FkkA og esjs ân; esa “kwy dh rjg ?kql x;kA ijUrq ca/kq us bu “kCnksa dk tksj ls mPpkj.k fd;k Fkk] vr% ;fn nksukas HkkbZ ,d&nwljs ls blh rjg tksj&tksj ls cksyus yxs rks vf/kdkjh dk /;ku bl vksj caV tk,xk vkSj lHkh dks ,d lkFk naM feysxkA vr% esjs foHkkx ds isVh vQlj vkSj okWMZj us eq>s >V ls ihNs [khap fy;kA cl mlh ,d {k.k ckn eq>s vius ca/kq ls fcNqM+uk iM+kA ijUrq og mn~xkj esjs eu esa mlh rjg uklwj cudj jg x;kA meM+rs gq, nq%[kksa ls Hkjh ,d xqIr fpÎh Hkh esjs ca/kq dh vksj ls eq>s Hksth xbZ & ^rw ckgj dk dk;Z lQy djsxk gh] fiz; fganqLFkku dk-----! cgqr fo”okl Fkk eq>sA bl fo”okl ds dkj.k eq>s dkysikuh dk ;g tks naM feyk] mldk dqN Hkh cqjk ugha yxrkA eu bl ladV dks rqPN ekurk Fkk] D;ksafd ftl dk;Z esa ;g cfynku eSa dj jgk gwa og------ ¼djus½ rw ckgj gS ghA ;g dYiuk eq>s /khjt ca/kkrh Fkh] d’Vksa dh lQyrk dk vkHkkl fnykrh FkhA ijUrq isfjl esa jgrs gq, Hkh rqe vc buds gkFk dSls vk x,----ml ckr dk vkSj------- dk;Z dk D;k gksx k----- \ rqEgkjh ;ksX;rk] drZO; lc efV;kesV gksxk u\ vkSj cky ¼vuqt MkWuk-nk- lkojdj½ og gekjk uUgk cNM+k---- fdldk eqag rkdsx k\ izR;{k ns[kdj Hkh eq>s fo”okl ugha gks jgkA le> esa ugha vk jgk fd gk;! gk;! rqe ;gka dSls vk x,\* esjs eu dh lgu”khyrk dks mruk ruko dHkh ugha >syuk iM+k Fkk ftruk ml fpÎh dk mÙkj fy[krs le; >syuk iM+kA muds gj iz”u ds lkFk eq>s vius gh iz”u dpksVrs tk jgs FksA viuh ykSfdd vk”kk&vkdka{kkvksa ds HkkX;ksn; ds rgl&ugl gksus dh fujk”kk dk dM+ok ?kwaV ihdj Åij ca/kqvksa dks lkaRouk nsuk] vius vkidks /khjt ca/kkdj nwljs dks Hkh nsuk Fkk] rFkkfi foosd dh lgk;rk ls drZO; ds gykgy dk og ?kwaV Hkh eSaus ih fy;kA eSaus mUgsa lwfpr fd;k fd ykSfdd rFkk HkkX;ksn; dh vk”kk&vkdka{kkvksa dh jk[k “kjhj ij eydj yM+rs jguk gSA rks fQj nq%[k dkgs dk\ esjh ;ksX;rk] drZO; lc efV;kesV gksrk] ;fn ijh{kk ds {k.k esa ?kfV;k fl) gksrk rks ^lhnfUr ee xk=kf.k eq[ka p ifj”kq’;frA xk.Mhoa lazlrs gLrkRoDpSo ifjnársA* fdarq ,slh voLFkk rc gksrh ;fn eSa drZO;&foeq[k gksrk ;k fdlh dk fo”okl?kkr fd;k gksrkA ijUrq ,slk dqN Hkh u gksrs gq, ;Fkk izkIr ladVksa ls lkeuk djus vkSj LokFkZ dks tM+ ls m[kkM+ yksx ksa dks drZO; {ks= esa ladV Hkksx us ds fy, tks dgk x;k] ogha izlax vkus ij mlh {ks= esa Lo;a fuHkhZd fpÙk ls Hkksxus ds fy, rS;kj gksus esa gh vkidk] gekjk vkSj bu lHkh dk lPpk drZ`O; vkSj ;ksX;rk izdV gks jgh gSA ;”kki;”k la;ksx dh ckr gSA vktUe ;q) yM+rs] yksnh ds iqy mrjrs vkSj vkLVfyZV~t ij fot; ikrs gq, Hkh usiksfy;u vkf[kj [kkV ij jksxxzLr gksdj ejrk gS vkSj ,d jkuh y{ehckbZ nwljh&rhljh yM+kbZ esa gh ryokj ds xgjs ?kko ls ejrh gSA dksbZ lSfud rks igyh gh eqBHksM+ esa xksyh dk f”kdkj cudj /kjk”kkgh gks tkrk gSA izk;% mldk drZO; bl la;ksx ls fl) ugha gksrkA rks ^bl izFke fHkMa+r esa gh eSa ihNs fNidj thfor jgwa vkSj vU; tu vkxs c<+dj e`R;q eq[k esa pys tk,a vkSj ;q) esa fot;h gksus ds i”pkr~ mldh lQyrk ns[kus rFkk Hkksx us ds fy, “ks’k cpwa* bl rjg nq’V ,oa tufgr fo?kkrd dkiq#’k dkeuk eu esa j[krs gq,] og QkSth rc vo”; vU; yksx ksa ds lkFk ;q) dk lkeuk djrk vpy] vfMx cudj tw>rk gh jgk u\ bl iz”u ij mldk okLrfod drZO; fuHkZj


jgrk gSA esjs fopkj ls bl dlkSVh ij ge lHkh lQy jgs gSa] vkSj blhfy, ge ykSfdd ,oa HkkX;ksn; ds lqo.kZ&oy; esa ftrus d`rkFkZ ugha curs mrus ml HkkX;ksn; dh vykSfdd jk[k “kjhj ij eydj vkt bl vo”k vkSj d#.kkLin voLFkk esa okLrfod :i esa py jgs gSaA bu ladVksa dks lguk vkSj bl rjg dkjkxkj esa lM+rs] lcls vKkr jgrs ftuds fy, brus d’V >sys] mudh Hkh xkfy;ka [kkrs&[kkrs bl rjg ejuk] ;gh vc gekjs thou dk /;s; gSA ;g Hkh mruk gh egku~ gS ftruk ckgj jgdj dhfrZ] ;”k vkSj nqanqfHk dh rky ij yM+ukA D;ksafd vafre fot; ds fy, og Kkr la?k’kZ vkSj nqanqfHk dk og fuukn ftruk vko”;d gksrk gS mruk gh lqjax dk ;g vJqr djkguk vkSj vKkr izk.k R;kx Hkh gksrk gSA ---------ml fnu tc gkbZdksVZ esa esjk naM ?kksf’kr gks jgk Fkk] bl laca/k esa eSaus naM ds tcM+s esa njnjkdj ihls tkrs le; vius ân; dk fo”okl rFkk Hkko eq[kfjr djus okyk ^lkjfFk ftldk vfHkekuhA d`’.kth vkSj jke lsukuhA ,slh dksfV&dksfV ro lsukA og uk #ds og gekjs fcukA* -------bl vk”k; ls Hkjk i= eSaus xqIr :i ls ca/kq dks Hkstk FkkA ml i= us ca/kq dks rks lkaRouk nh gh] ijUrq mls fy[krs&fy[krs esjs foosd dk Mxexkrk /khjt Hkh iqu% fu”py gksdj jkse&jkse esa mRlkg dk lapkj djus yxkA ¼i`0 130&133½ ,d fnu ckjh vk;k vkSj bBykrs gq, dgus yxk] ^^;g nsf[k,] vkids ikl okyh dksBjh dk canh nks cts iwjk rhl ikSaM rsy rkSydj nsrk gS vkSj vki 'kke rd dksYgw pykdj Hkh ikSaM&nks ikSaM gh fudkyrs gSa] bl ij vkidks 'keZ vkuh pkfg,A** eSa cksyk] ^^”keZ rks rc vkrh tc eSa Hkh cpiu ls gh mlds leku dqyhfxjh djus dk vknh gksrkA ;fn vki mls ,d ?kaVs ds vanj ,d lquhr ¼lkWusV½ jpus ds fy, dgsa rks D;k og jp ldsxk\ eSa vkidks vk/ks ?kaVs ds vUnj jpuk djds fn[kkrk gw¡A ¼i`0 135½ fo[;kr ns”kHkDr xks[kys ds LoxZoklh gksus dk lekpkj tc eSa “kke dk Hkkstu dj jgk Fkk rc ckjh lkgc us dkjkxkj esa vkdj eq>s fn;k & “Well, you always want news, Mr. Savarkar, here is something for you, Gokhale is dead.” ¼lkojdj] vki ges”kk dqN lekpkj izkIr djuk pkgrs jgrs gSa u! rks yhft,] lekpkj ;g gS fd xks[kys LoxZoklh gks x,A½ {k.k Hkj dks eq>s fo”okl gh ugha gks jgk Fkk & bruk vizR;kf”kr lekpkj Fkk ogA esj s nq%[kksn~xkj fudyrs ns[k ckjh us dgk] ^^ijUrq os vkids fojks/kh Fks u\** eSaus dgk] ^^uk&uk] eSaus mUghsa ds egkfo|ky; esa f”k{kk ikbZ gSA gk¡] erHksn gksaxs] fojks/k ughaA gekjs fganqLFkku dh bl ih<+h ds os ,d fuLlhe ns”kizseh rFkk ns”klsod FksA** ¼i`0 165½ dkykarj esa eSaus ,d ckj og fVIi.kh ns[khA mlesa ckjh lkgc us lk”p;Z ,d ckr fy[kh Fkh vkSj ogh ckr os vU;= Hkh djrs Fks fd ^Åij&Åij fdruh gh fHkUurk D;ksa u gks] fdruk Hkh fojks/k D;ksa u gks fQj Hkh ;s lHkh egkjk’Vªh; var%dj.k ls ,d gSaA* ;g ckr Lej.k djrs le; eq>s ,d egku~ ns”kHkDr dh blh rjg dh ,d mfDr dk Lej.k gks jgk gSA og ckr tc eSa baXySaM esa Fkk rc ykyk gjn;ky us dgh Fkh] os iq.ks esa fryd ls feyus x, FksA mlds i”pkr~ vius izfr}a}h xks[kys ls Hkh feyus x,A fganqLFkku esa os loZ= fofHkUu izfr}a}h usrkvksa ls Hkh feyrs jgsA ml le; mUgsa izR;sd foi{kh }kjk ijLij dh tkus okyh fuank lquuh iM+rh FkhA ijUrq fryd vkSj xks[kys us gjn;ky tSls gksugkj rFkk rstLoh ;qod dks ns”klsok ds vius&vius ekxZ ds fy, vuqdwy djus dk iz;kl djrs gq, Hkh ,d&nwljs ds fo#) fuank vFkok fo}s’k dk ,d v{kj Hkh ugha fudkykA myVs ,d&nwljs ds izfr vknj Hkko gh iznf”kZr fd;kA frydth us dgk] ^,d ckj xks[kys ls Hkh fey yhft,* vkSj xks[kys us Hkh dgk] ^vki frydth ds ;gka Bgjs gSa\* ;g vPNk gh fd;kA eSa tkurk gw¡] ;qok ih<+h mUgha ds gkFkksa esa tkus okyh gSA* ;g fdLlk lqukrs gq, gjn;ky dgrs] ^ijk, tuksa ds lkeus [kM+s jgrs gh geesa ,drk dh Hkkouk tkxzr~ gksrh gSA* ¼i`0 166½ vaneku eas dqN jktcanh ,sls Fks tks cM+s gh lkgl ls lkjh ;krukvksa] d’Vksa dks lg jgs Fks muesa caxky dk ,d lksyg&l=g o’khZ; laHkzkar czká.k ifjokj dk ,d uo;qod ukuh xksiky Hkh FkkA cax ky esa ,d cM+s ;wjksih; iqfyl vf/kdkjh dh pyrh dkj ij ce Qsadus ds vijk/k esa mls pkSng o’kksZa dk naM feyk FkkA dkjkx`g esa lksyg o’khZ; dksey yM+ds dks dksYgw dk dBksj dke ugha fn;k tkrk] rFkkfi bls dksYgw esa tksrk x;kA mlls lacaf/kr cgl fNM+us ij mlus dke dks udkjkA og mu pkj&ikap cafn;kas esa ls ,d Fkk ftUgsa fiNyh gM+rky esa lokZf/kd ;a=.kk,a lguh iM+hA ijUrq og cM+k thfor jgus dh rhoz bPNkokyk rFkk n`<+fu”p;h ;qod FkkA >qdus ds fy, og fdlh Hkh gkyr esa rS;kj ugha FkkA og gFkdM+h esa izk;% [kM+k gh jgrkA T;ksa&T;ksa mls vf/kdkf/kd naM fn;k tkrk R;ksa&R;ksa mldk {kksHk vf/kdkf/kd c<+us yxkA dke NksM+ nsus ds dkj.k mls naM feykA mlus diM+s /kksuk Hkh can fd;kA blfy, mls naMLo:i eksVs VkV ds cksjs dks QkM+dj cuk, gq, [kqjnjs diM+s fn, x,] rks mlus diM+s iguuk gh NksM+ fn;kA VkV ds mu oL=ksa dks nks&pkj yksxksa us mls fxjkdj cyiwoZd iguk;k vkSj yxHkx flykbZ ls mUgsa iDdk fd;k rks mlus jkr esa mUgsa QkM+ MkykA vr% jkr esa Hkh mls gFkdfM+;ksa esa j[kdj rkyk Bkasd fn;k x;k( ysfdu mlus jkr Hkj xqipqi egRiz;kl ls gFkdfM+;ka rksM+ MkyhA ^D;ksa rksM+ Mkyh\* ;g iz”u djrs gq, ml ij xkfy;ksa dh ckSNkj dh xbZ rks egk”k; us mÙkj nsuk gh NksM+ fn;kA vf/kdkfj;ksa ds iz”uksa ds mÙkj u nsus dks mn~naMrk ds fy, mls naM fn;k rks vf/kdkjh ds vkrs gh mlus [kM+k jguk gh NksM+ fn;kA blds naMLo:i mldh dksBjhcanh c<+kbZ xbZ rks fdlh Hkh dk;Zo”k dksBjh ls ckgj fudyuk gh mlus can dj fn;kA Luku djus ds fy, Hkh og ckgj ugha vkrkA rc mls


cyiwoZd mBkdj uXukoLFkk esa gh gkSt esa fxjkdj Hkafx;ksa ls mls Luku djk;k tkrk vkSj ukfj;y ds fNyds ds VqdM+s ls mldk “kjhj bruk f?klk tkrk fd mldh ihB jDrjaftr gks tkrh vkSj Hk;adj tyu gksus yxrhA ijUrq og MVk jgkA nq’V iBku ,dkUr esa mls ohHkRl xkfy;ka nsrkA fnu esa og uXu jgrk] vr% jkr esa Hkh mldk ,d dEcy Nhu fy;k x;k rks mlus nwljk dacy Hkh Qsad fn;kA oSlk gh uax/kMa+x og fnu&jkr lnhZ ls fBBqjrk gqvk uaxh Hkwfe ij eghuksa iM+k jgkA mldh izeq[k ekax ;g Fkh fd ge yksxksa dh jktcafn;ksa esa x.kuk dh tk,A ¼i`0 210&211½ vUu R;kx] vu”ku djds Lo;a Hkw[kksa ejus dh Loi{kfo?kkrd ;q)&i)fr dk eSa rhoz fojks/k dj jgk FkkA blds ifj.kkeLo:Ik vUu R;kx dh dYiuk dk lHkh us ifjR;kx fd;kA lHkh esa ukuh xksiky dks vUu xzg.kkFkZ euk ysuk nq”dj FkkA lHkh mik; csdkj gq,A og ej.kkoLFkk ij igq¡p x;kA vr% eSaus ,sls /khjksnkÙk iq:"k dk thou efV;kesV u gks] blds fy, vaf re mik; dh ;kstuk cukbZA eSaus mls /kedh nh] ;fn rqeus vUu xzg.k ugha fd;k rks eq>s Hkh vUu R;kx djuk gksx kA rqjUr nwljs gh fnu mlus esjk dguk ekudj vUu xzg.k djus dk fu”p; fd;kA eSaus mls le>k;k] ^^ejuk gh gS rks bl rjg f=;k gB djds O;FkZ er djksA dqN&u&dqN----fQj ejksA**¼i`0 217½ jktcfUn;ksa jktcfUn;ksa ckfx;ksa dks lkFk bruk

ds d"Vksa dk o.kZu djrs&djrs ^lj* lkgc ds lkFk vk, gq, gekjs phQ dfe”uj us dgk] ^^ijUrq rqe us vR;kpkjh vkSj [kwuh "kM~;a= jpk FkkA ;fn fgUnqLrku ij vkt :lh yksxksa dk jkt gksrk rks vki tSls os lkbcsfj;k Hkstrs vFkok xksfy;ksa ls mM+k nsrsA vr% vki viuk vgksHkkX; lef>, fd ge vaxzst vkids gh ^u`”kal* O;ogkj djrs gSaA** ¼i`0 219½

Hkkstus ijkslrs le; ?kaVs Hkj ds fy, jktcafn;ksa dks [kksydj vkax u esa yk;k tkrkA os ijLij laHkk’k.k djasx s] blfy, ckjh lkgc yjtrs&xjtrs chp esa [kM+s jgrsA ,d&nks fnu Bhd&Bkd chr x,] ijUrq ikapos fnu lHkh jktcanh ,d iafDr esa ijUrq nwjh ij Fkkyh esa Hkkstu ys jgs FksA brus esa lqJkO; vaxzsth esa vpkud Hkk’k.k lqukbZ nsus yxk & ‘Brothers! We are all born free.’ pkSadrs gq, lc Åij ns[kus yxsA ukuh xksiky us vpkud [kM+s gksdj lkoZtfud O;k[;ku “kq: fd;kA ^cksyuk ugha* tSls ckjh ds fu;e dk lEiw.kZ izf r”kks/k ysus ds fy, gh mlus Hkk’k.k vkjEHk fd;k] ^^ca/kqvksa! ge lc tUe ls gh Lora= gSaA izseiwoZd ,d&nwljs ls ckr djuk euq’; dk izd`fr fl) vf/kdkj gS] vkSj bls Hkh ;fn “k=q Nhuuk pkgrk gS rks Hkyk mldh dkSu lqusxk\ ns[kks] ;g eSa cksy jgk gwa vkSj cksyrk gh jgwax kA** bl rjg oDr`Roiw.kZ dqN okD; mlds eqag ls fudy gh jgs Fks fd vka[kksa esa fpuxkfj;ka fudkyrs gq, ckjh] fetkZ [kku] iBku okWMZj & lHkh us ml ij /kkok cksy fn;kA ijUrq gekjs oDrk egksn; dk Hkk’k.k mlh rjg /kkjkizokg tkjh FkkA mlds Hkk’k.k ds fo’k; dk rc rd lekiu ugha gqvk tc rd mls dksBjh esa can ugha dj fn;k x;kA jktcanh viuh galh jksd ugha ik jgs Fks vkSj ckjh dk xqLlk vfu;af=r gks jgk FkkA ¼i`0 222½ ;g fdrus vk”p;Z dh ckr gS fd bu fganw cafn;ksa dh rjg mlh canh }hi esa vo”k vkSj grk”k iM+s eqlyeku canh vius lg&cafn;ksa dks Hkz’V djds mUgsa eqlyeku cukus ds fy, mu ij cykRdkj djrs] mu ij vR;kpkj djrs] mUgsa cgdkus dk iz;kl djrs vkSj og bZlkbZ iz”kklu] tks Lo/keZ izlkjkFkZ Lo;a fdlh izdkj dh ihM+k ugha nsrk Fkk] ij/kehZ; eqlyekuksa }kjk fgUnqvksa ij gks jgs vR;kpkjksa dh mis{kk djrkA izR;sd eqlyeku dks cpiu ls gh ;g ea= ?kqV~Vh esa fiyk;k tkrk gS fd rqe vk/kk&iwjk tSlk Hkh gks] dkfQj dks eqlyeku cukrs jgksA blls bl yksd eas rqEgkjk lEeku c<+ tk,xk] ijyksd esa ikiksa dh {kek gksx h vkSj rqEgsa LoxhZ; vIljkfn Hkksx izkIr gkasxsA ¼i`0 242½ vaneku esa igys ls gh /kekZa/k vkSj ikiijk;.k iBku] cywph vkfn eqlyeku cafn;ksa esa ls okWMZj vkfn vf/kdkjh fu;qDr fd, tkrs gSaA muesa Hkh jktuhfrd nafMr fganw gh gksus ds dkj.k teknkjkfn ds LFkkuksa ij eqlyekuksa dks gh fu;qDr djus dh dV~Vj ifjikVh FkhA ;s yksx fgUnqvksa dks dBksj dkeksa esa tqVkdj] dBksj naM dk gkSok fn[kkdj] lrr lR;klR; vfHk;ksx pykdj mUgsa rax djrs vkSj Li’V :i esa ;g dgrs fd ^gels fiaM NqM+kuk pkgrs gks rks eqlyeku cu tkvksA* ¼i`0 245½ ifrr] e|ih] dygfiz;] uhp yksx ksa esa vki vius /keZ dk izpkj djrs gSa] og D;ksa\ blhfy, u fd mudh vkRek dk m)kj gks\ rks fQj ge Hkh ,sls nq’V] uhp] e|ih yksx ksa dks vius /keZ esa j[kus vkSj muds “kqf)dj.k dk tks iz;kl djrs gSa] og blhfy, fd ^Lo/kesZ fu/kua Js;%* mfDr ds vuqlkj mudh vkRek dk m)kj fganw /keZ rFkk laLd`fr }kjk gh gksuk pkfg,A ;fn vki fganqvksa dks] fQj pkgs os fdrus gh ifrr vkSj uhp D;ksa u gksa] yksHk] dke] O;lu dk izyksHku fn[kkdj ;k gekjs ekSyoh lkgc tSls Nqjh dh uksad ij /keZHkz’V djrs gSa] og vki viuk lekt ,oa la[;kcy c<+kus ds fy,] ,sfgd ykHkkFkZ gh Hkz’V djrs gSa rks mlh rjg ge fganw Hkh viuk lekt vkSj la[;kcy c<+kus vkSj blfy, fd viuh laLd`f r {kh.krj u gks vkSj vU; tkfr;ksa ds lkeus vius tkrh; thou dh cfy u p<+kbZ tk, & Hkz’V fd, x, fgUnqvksa dk “kqf)dj.k djrs gSa] fQj Hkys gh os ifrr] uhp D;ksa u gksaA ¼i`0 247½


vkSj bl rRo ij fopkj djrs gq, fd pkgs og fganw uhp gks] pksj&mpDdk gks] VqPpk&eDdkj gks] vK gks] ijUrq ek= fganw gksus ls mls ij/keZ esa tkus ugha fn;k tk, vkSj ;fn og pyk Hkh x;k rks mls iqu% “kqf)dj.k ds lkFk fganw lekt esa okil fy;k tk,A blfy, “kqf)dj.k&lsuk us dej dlh gSA D;ksafd og pksj Hkys gh gks & fganw laLd`fr ds fy, fganw pksj eqlyeku pksj ls de gkfudkjd gSA fganw pksj dsoy pksjh djsx k] eafnj ugha rksM+sxk] u gh ewfrZ rksM+sxk] u osnksa dks tyk,xkA eqlyeku pksj pksjh rks djsxk gh] ijUrq tkrs&tkrs nsoewfrZ;ksa dks rksM+sxk vkSj ;FkklaHko de&ls&de ,d ^dkfQj* ds flj ij dsoy blfy, fd og dkfQj gS] MaMk cjlkdj LoxZ esa ml pksjh ds iki iz{kkyukFkZ ygw cgkus eas Hkh dksbZ dlj ugha NksM+sxkA ;g varj fuR; gh Lej.k j[ksaA mldk pksjh djuk ugha NwV jgk] e| ihuk ugha NwV jgk ;k og yksHk ugha NksM+ jgk] rks Hkh fpark ughaA fQj Hkh fganqRo NksM+uk mfpr ugha gSA fganw cus jgus ds fy, ifrrksa dks rS;kj djuk fganw laLd`fr ,d tkrh; thou dh n`f’V ls vko”;d gS & ;gh fl) gksrk gSA ijUrq “kqf)dj.k dk vkanksyu pksj&mpDdksa esa Hkh tkjh j[kuk pkfg,A blds fy, mi;qZDr dkj.kksa ls Hkh vf/kd egRoiw.kZ vkSj leqfpr dkj.k gSA pksjh djuk NksM+ ldks rks vPNk gh gS] ijUrq og ugha NwV lds rks de&ls&de fganw pksj cudj gh jgks] D;ksafd pksjh djuk u NksM+uk iki vo”; gS] rFkkfi fganw u jguk rks ml iki ls Hkh lkS xquk ?kksj jk’Vªh; ,oa lkekftd iki gS] uSfrd iki rks vo”; gS ghA de&ls&de ;g iki rks er djksA bl rjg ge izR;sd fganw euq’; dks] fQj og fdruk gh jíh D;ksa u gks] ,slk dgsaA blds fy, dej dluh gksx h] D;ksafd ,sls gh ^csdkj* ca/kqvksa dks gekjs iwoZtksa us viuh ifo=rk ds ?keaM esa ij/keZ esa tkus fn;k fd eq>s blls D;k\ ftldk /keZ mlds ikl & og nks dkSM+h dk gS\ tkus Hkh nksA bl rjg vDy dk vth.kZ gksdj vkRe?kkr dh /kkj.kk cuus ls mUgsa xaok fn;kA nsf[k,] mldk ifj.kke D;k gqvkA ml ,d&,d csdkj euq’; dks ij/keZ esa Qsad nsus ls vkt lkS o’kksZa ds ckn ml cht ls fganw /keZ] laLd`f r ,oa lekt ds “krkf/kd dÍj “k=q mRiUu gks x,A vkSjax tso ,d jktiwr ukjh dh blh rjg dh csdkj dks[k ls mRiUu gqvk FkkA ekykckj ds ;s eksiys vk/ks ls vf/kd jDr&ekal&cht ls ewy fganqvksa ds oa”kt gSaA ijUrq D;k vc muesa ;g igpku “ks’k gS fd mudh ekrk dkSu gS\ ;g Hk;adj varj mu eqlyeku ekSyfo;ksa ds ml ^cpiu* dk ifj.kke gS] ftUgksaus mu ewy fganqvksa dh pksVh cyiwoZd dkVdj nk<+h j[kh FkhA ¼i`0 248&249½ vaneku esa fganqvksa dsk /keZHkz’V djus dk lk/kkj.k Øe bl rjg gksrk fd pkyku vkrs gh vFkok mlds i”pkr~ tSls gh volj feyrk] rc lqdqekj ckydksa ;k Hkh# yksxksa dks fetkZ [kku teknkj dBksj ifjJe ds dkeksa ij Hkstrk] ogka ds eqlyeku okWMZj vFkok isVh vQlj mUgsa ,d vksj ys tkrs gq, ekjihV djrs] MkaV&MiV] xkyh&xykSp djrsA nwljh vksj mu yksxksa dks] tks igys fganw Fks vkSj vc /keZHkz’V gks x, gSa] pksjh&fNis ykbZ xbZ feBkbZ] rackdw vkfn oLrq nsdj muls izseiwoZd O;ogkj djrsA mu u, dSfn;ksa ds =Lr gksdj #vkals gksus ij mUgsa crk;k tkrk fd rqe D;ksa ejrs gks] rqe Hkh ml veqd&veqd dh rjg eqlyeku cu tkvks] blls rqEgsa Hkh bu lHkh d’Vksa ls eqfDr fey ldsxhA /khjs&/khjs ;s canh muds paxqy esa Qal tkrs] mUgas ogh rackdw vkfn oLrq nsdj var esa ,d fnu Hkkstu ds le; [kqYye[kqYyk eqlyekuksa dh iafDr esa cSBk;k tkrk vkSj eqlyekuh Hkkstu ijkslk tkrkA vanekuh dkjkx`g esa fganqvksa rFkk eqlyekuksa dk ^HkaMkjk* vFkkZr~ Hkkstu Øe”k% mu tkfr;ksa ls vyx idok;k tkrkA ,d ckj ;s fganw eqlyekuh ikar esa Hkkstu djrs gq, fn[kkbZ ns tka,] fQj fganw gh mUgsa viuh ikar esa ugha ysax s & mUgsa bldk iwjk&iwjk fo”okl gksus ds dkj.k os bl uoHkz’V fganw ds fo’k; esa loZFkk fuf”par gks tkrsA dsoy ,d ckj mldk uke cnydj eqlyekuh uke j[krsA dksbZ fganw Hkwy ls Hkh vxj mls mlds faganw uke ls iqdkjus yxrk rks fetkZ [kku vkSj vU; eqlyekuksa gLrd mu fganqvksa dks MkaV fiykdj dgrs*] ^[kcjnkj! og eqlyeku gks x;k gSA mls mldk eqlyekuh uke ysdj gh cqyk;k djksA* cl] ;gh Fkh eqlyeku /keZ dh nh{kk! dqjku] lqUur] uekt vkfn fdlh dh Hkh vko”;drk ugha gksrhA rackdw gh lqUur] dBksj dke gh dqjku vkSj eqlyekuh Hkkstu gh uekt! ¼i`0 250&251½ dHkh&dHkh dksbZ fganw L=h }kjk eqlyeku ifr Lohdkj fd, tkus ls og eqlyeku cu tkrhA ijUrq dksbZ eqlyeku efgyk ;fn fganw ifr cuk, rks\ D;k og fganw /keZ Lohdkj ugha djrh\ dnkfi ughaA mls dkSu fganw gksus nsx k\ fganw yksx gh ml ukjh dks fganw le>us dh vis{kk ml fganw ifr dks eqlyeku le>dj cfg’d`r djrsA bl loZFkk vkRe?kkrd izo`fÙk ij izfrca/k yxkus ds fy, geus dej dlh vkSj lu~ 1913 esa eqlyekuksa ls f?kjs ,d czká.k ckyd dks cpkus ds fy, izdV :i esa iz;Rujr jgsA mlh ckr ds dkj.k vkxs pydj tks eqBHksM+ gqbZ] mldk o.kZu bl izdkj gS & ¼i`0 251&252½ ,d mÙkj fgUnqLrkuh czká.k ;qod dksbZ chlsd o"kZ dk gksxkA vc dsoy ljsvke mls eqlyekuh iafDr esa cSBkuk 'ks"k jgk FkkA brus esa mls ,d O;fDr ls lans”k fHktokdj fuosnu fd;k] ^^fgUnqRo dk R;kx er djksA** mlus dgk] ^^ugha NksMw¡ rks D;k d:¡\ fetkZ [kku eq>s iqu% dksYgw esa HkstsxkA**¼i`0 252½ rc ckjh us dgk] ^^fganw isVh vQlj vkSj raMsy Hkh rks ;gka gSaA Hkyk os D;ksa ugha fganw /keZ dk i{k izLrqr djrs\** eSaus [kjh&[kjh lqukbZ fd fganw raMsy vkfn ij vki yksx ksa dh oØn`f’V gSA nwljh ckr ;g gS fd fganw raMsy fganw /keZ ij vkSj eqlyeku raMsy eqlyeku /keZ ij ;fn O;k[;ku] fookn djrs jgs rks ;g dkjkx`g /keZ izpkj dk ,d vÏk cu tk,xkA ¼i`0 255½


ml i;Zos{kd dh izo`fÙk lnkfHk#fpiw.kZ FkhA og ;FkklaHko fu’i{k O;ogkj djuk pkgrk FkkA dqN vf/kd u cksyrs gq, mlus cl bruk gh dgk] ^^vkidh ckrksa ij eSa fopkj d:axkA vHkh eSa cl bruk gh vkns”k nsrk gwa fd ml czká.k yM+ds dks fgUnqvksa ds lkFk gh Hkkstu djuk gksx kA ;fn bls fdlh us eqlyekuh Hkkstu fn;k vFkok fdlh Hkh rjg ls rax fd;k rks ;kn j[kksA le>k] vafre ckj le>ksA** ;g “kCn mlus fetkZ [kku dh vksj ladsr dj tSls gh dgs] yxHkx ?kqVuksa rd flj rFkk gkFk >qdkrs gq, ml ikiklDr [kku us FkjFkj dkairs gq, lyke fd;k vkSj fQj og i;Zos{kd ogka ls pyk x;kA ¼i`0 256½ ijUrq var esa /khjs&/khjs ftrus Hkh fganw gels fey x, Fks] muds ikl fganw iafDr esa og cSBus yxkA ckjh dh ;g pkg VkW;&VkW; fQLl gks xbZA ¼i`0 257½ blds ckn FkksM+s gh fnuksa esa i;Zos{kd us dfe”uj dh lEefr ls mi;qZDr vk”k; dk vkns”k canhiky ckjh ns fn;k vkSj dkexkjksa esa fdlh Hkh fganw dks [kqysvke /keZHkz’V djds eqlyekuksa dh iafDr esa cSBkus vFkok /kekZarj.k djus dh ppkZ NsM+us ij ikcanh yxkbZ xbZA bl vkns”k ls dkjkx`g esa eqlyekuksa dk lkjk O;olk; gh BIi gks x;kA fgUnqvksa us og O;olk; dHkh vkjEHk gh ugha fd;k FkkA dkjkx`g esa eqlyekuh /kekZa/krk dh ukM+h <hyh iM+ xbZA ¼i`0 263½ dqN fnuksa rd ckjh ds Qqlykus ij fetkZ [kku us ,d&nks eqlyeku okWMZjksa dks gesa ohHkRl] Hkíh xkfy;ka nsrs gq, iwjs dkjkxkj esa ?kweus dk gh dke lkSai j[kk FkkA ;s uhp ls uhpre nafMr eqlyeku dkjkxkj esa tc th pkgs rc] ;gka&ogka dgha Hkh vk&tk ldrs Fks] mUgsa dksbZ jksd&Vksd ugha FkhA gekjh dksBjh ds vFkok bekjr ds lkeus [kM+s jgdj os gesa vR;Ur ohHkRl xkfy;ka nsrs gq, ?kaVksa [kM+s jgrs vkSj eqlyeku vf/kdkjh ;g rek”kk ns[krs gq, [kh&[kh djds nkar fuiksjrsA muds lkFk mlh chHkRlrk ls yM+uk gekjs fy, rks vlaHko FkkA ;fn ge mUgsa okfg;kr] vaV&”kaV xkfy;ka cd Hkh nsrs rks mUgsa fdlh Hkh rjg dk ekufld d’V u gksrkA os rks mlds vH;Lr Fks ghA ijUrq mudh gj xkyh ls gekjs eu ij pksV yxrh] fQj Hkh ge mUgsa pqipki lg tkrsA var esa dqN fganw xq.Mksa us] tks ohHkRlrk rFkk vksNsiu esa fuiq.k Fks] tc mUgsa isap esa Qkalk rc dgha muds FkkscM+s can gq,A mUgsa ckjh dks mdlkuk Fkk] blfy, mlls dksbZ izfrokn u djrsA ,d fganw okWMZj us ml eqlyeku okWMZj ls fNidj mlds fcLrj esa iSls] Nqfj;ka] rEckdw vkfn dkjkxkjh; fucZa/k&fojks/kh oLrq,a fNikdj j[k nha vkSj ftl fnu i;Zos{kd fujh{k.kkFkZ vk;k] mlh fnu vpkud mlds lkeus ml okWMZj dk fcNkSuk idM+ok;kA vFkkZr~ fucZa/k&fojks/kh oLrqvksa dks ikl j[kus ds vijk/k esa ml eqlyeku okWMZj dks naM feyk vkSj mls ml dke ls gVkdj dkjkxkj ds ckgj ,d dfBu dk;Z ds fy, Hkstk x;kA ¼i`0 264&265½ lu~ 1920 ds vkxs&ihNs xqtjkrh eqlyekuksa ds ,d vR;Ur csg;k] fuyZTt rFkk mn~nM xqaMs us vius ,d ^Nksdjs* dks ikyk Fkk vkSj fu;ksftr i)fr ds vuqlkj bl ikyu dk fu”p; fgUnqRo ds 'e”kku esa tkdj ml fgUnw yM+ds dks eqlyeku cukus esa gksus okyk FkkA ;g lekpkj feyrs gh gekjs ca/kq us] tks mlh d{k esa can Fks] gj rjg ds iz;Ru ls ml yM+ds dks ml xqaMs ds paxqy ls fudkykA ,d fgUnw eqa”kh us gekjs dgus ij ml yM+ds dks ml d{k ls cnydj ,d fo'oluh; fgUnw canh ds iklokyh dksBjh ns nhA blls vkx&ccwyk gksdj ml eqlyeku xqaMs us gekjs HkkbZ ij ml le; geyk fd;k tc os Luku djds cnu iksaN jgs FksA mlus mudh ukd ij tksjnkj eqDdk ekjkA ml vpkud vkØe.k ds vk/kkr ls gekjs ca/kq dks pDdj vk x;k] [kwu dk QOokjk QwV iM+kA brus esa vklikl ds jktcanh rFkk lk/kkj.k canh vk x, vkSj og xqaMk idM+k x;kA ijUrq ;g lekpkj lqudj gekjs ckjh us D;k fd;k\ lcds lkeus lfLer ckr djrs gq, ml xqaMs dh yxHkx ihB Bksadh vkSj ,d&nks yksxksa ds lkeus Li"V mn~xkj fudkys] ^^fdruk vPNk gks] ;fn lkojdj dk ?keaM Hkh blh rjg rksM+k tk,A** ijUrq ;g ?keaM Qk¡lh dh Nk¡o esa Hkh ugha VwVk rks bl rjg vaxqfy;k¡ pVdkus ls dSls VwVsxk\ lkojdj dk lkoZtfud vkanksyu rks ugha nck] fdUrq ml xqaMs dh eLrh 'kh?kz gh mrj xbZA vU; vijk/kksa ds fy, vkxs pydj mls nks ckj csar [kkus iM+sA og tc gekjs ikl dh dksBjh esa can gks x;k rks ,dne xÅ cudj gesa ^ckck* dgus yxk vkSj Li"V fd;k & x.ks”k ckcw ij okj djus ds fy, eq>s ckjh us Qqlyk;k Fkk] vU;Fkk esjs cki dh Hkh fgEer ugha gksrhA ijUrq og ;k mlds ckjh egkjkt gh tkurs gSa fd ml dFku esa dgk¡ rd lPpkbZ FkhA¼i`0 269&270½ mlh le; i;Zos{kd nSfud fujh{k.k ds fy, vk;k vkSj eq>ls iwNk] ^^D;ksa th] D;k ;g lp gS fd gjn;ky vkids fe= Fks\** eSaus Li"V dgk] ^^th gk¡] eq>s mudh fe=rk dk lEeku izkIr gks pqdk gSA** os cksys] ^^mUgsa gR;k ds vfHk;ksx esa idM+k x;k gSA fnYyh ds ce dkaM esa Hkh mudk gkFk gSA** eSaus dgk] ^^gksxkA ,slk gksus ls Hkh muds izfr esjs ân; esa tks Lusg vkSj lEeku gS mlesa jÙkh Hkj dh deh ugha vk,xhA** 16 ekpZ] 1914 ds fnu gjn;ky idM+s x, vkSj tekur ij cjh gks x,A cjh gksrs gh os fLoV~tjySaM f[kld x,A¼i`0 288&289½ fgUnqLrku ds iz[;kr usrkvksa ds fo"k; esa vf/kdkfj;ksa }kjk blh izdkj ds gs; O;aX;ksn~xkj vf/kdkfj;ksa }kjk fudkyus dk ,d vkSj mnkgj.k dkyØe NwVus ij Hkh vuqla/kkukFkZ j[krk gw¡A gekjk LokLF; vkxs cgqr gh fxj x;k vkSj geus :X.k”k¸;k idM+hA rc ,d ckj vaneku ds phQ dfe”uj gesa ns[kus vk, FksA os eq>ls fuR; f”k"Vrkiw.kZ O;ogkj djrsA ckrksa&gh&ckrksa esa mUgksaus dgk] ^^dqN gh fnu iwoZ es ;wjksi ls fgUnqLrku vk jgk Fkk fd eq>s lqjsUnzukFk cuthZ


tgkt ij feys FksA muls ifjp; gksrs gh mUgksaus iwNk] ^lkojdj dk LokLF; dSlk gS\ vkSj mUgksaus ;g Hkh iwNk fd ;fn muls laosnuk izdV djus vkSj jktcafn;ksa dh fLFkfr izR;{k ns[kus vaneku vkuk pkgw¡ rks D;k eq>s vuqefr fey ldrh gS\** ;g lqudj eSaus phQ dfe”uj ls iwNk] ^rks fQj vkius D;k dgk\* mUgksaus mÙkj fn;k] ^^eSaus dgk] vkb,A ijUrq fuf”pr mÙkj ckn esa lwfpr d:¡x kA ij lkojdj] vkids lqjsUnzukFk vk x, rks mUgsa Bgjkus ds fy, vkids lkFkokyh canh&dksBjh ls vf/kd lqfo/kktud LFkku vaneku esa gekjs ikl ugha gSA** eSaus Hkh mlh rjg lfLer eqnzk ds lkFk dgk] ^^D;ksa\ phQ dfe”uj dh dksBh tks gSA nks fnu phQ dfe”uj lkgc bl canh&dksBjh esa jgsa] ;|fi og vfrfFk egksn; dh ;ksX;rkuq:i rks ugha gS] ij tks gS] tSlh gS] og dksBh mudks lkSaisA** ;gk¡ ij ;g Hkh crkuk gekjk dÙkZO; gS fd caxky ds bl o`) ;ks)k] lqjsUnzukFkth us vkfn ls var rd jktcafn;ksa vkSj esjs izfr ftl vkLFkk dk izn”kZu fd;k vkSj ^caxkyh* ls ysdj ^fof/k eaMy* ¼dkSafly½ rd esjh tks lgk;rk dh] mldh fgUnqLrku ds vU; fdlh Hkh usrk us dnkfpr~ gh dh gksxhA gesa jg&jgdj bl ckr dk [ksn gS fd gekjk ;g vkHkkj&izn”kZu lquus ds fy, vkt og ns”kHkDr ugha jgkA ¼i`0 289&290½ ml le; ml lEiw.kZ vkanksyu ds lqlax r lw= esa fijksdj lu~ 1909 ds vkjEHk ls ysdj egk;q) lekfIr rd ds dky[kaM ds Hkkjrh; Økafrdkjh jRuksa dk ,d ladfyr bfrgkl fy[kus dh gesa ckj&ckj bPNk gksus yxhA ijUrq dkjkxkj esa ;g fy[kuk vlaHko FkkA vkxs dHkh ml bfrgkl dks fy[kus rd Lora=rk vkSj gekjh eqfDr dk volj izkIr gksxk] ml le; rks ;g mruk gh vlaHko fn[k jgk FkkA vr% tc gekjs fl[k vkfn lg;ksxh fe= vuqjks/k djrs fd vkidks bl rjg dk bfrgkl fy[kuk gh gksxk] rc ge xaHkhj ijUrq fouez fouksn ds lkFk dgrs] ^^fe=ksa] bfrgkl fuekZ.k djuk gekjh ih<+h dk izeq[k dk;Z gS vkSj bfrgkl fy[kuk xkS.kA dnkfpr~ og dke Hkkoh ih<+h djsx hA** ¼i`0 321½ Hkkuflag uked ,d jktcanh dh raMsy vkSj isVh vQlj ls dqN dgklquh gqbZ rks mUgksaus Hkkuflag dks dksBjh esa can fd;k vkSj ckjh dks cqyk;kA ckjh ds Hkkuflag dh dksBjh esa ?kqldj xkfy;k¡ nsrs gh mldh Hkh myVdj ckjh dks xkfy;k¡ nhaA blls dq) gksdj ckjh us vius fiV~Bqvksa dh lsuk dks ladsr fn;k] ^Bhd djks bldksA* ^bls Bhd djks* dk vFkZ geus igys gh Li"V fd;k gSA ladsr feyrs gh ikap&nl raMsy] isVh vQlj vkfn MaMs ysdj dksBjh esa ?kql x, vkSj mUgksaus Hkkuflag dk dpwej fudkykA ¼i`0 337½ ljdkjh fVIif.k;ksa esa os ns[k gh jgs Fks fd lkojdj mlh dkjkxkj esa dqy feykdj vkM+h csfM+;k¡] [kM+h csfM+;k¡] tathjksa dh csfM+;k¡] gFkdfM+;k¡] dksBjhcanh] vUu&R;kx vkfn lHkh izdkj ds naM Hkqxr pqds gSaA ¼i`0 342½ vaneku esa ikap o"kksZa ds i'pkr~ nwljh Js.kh esa c<+ksrjh feyus ij canh dks vf/kd lqfo/kk,¡ izkIr gksrh gSA nl o"kksZa ds i”pkr~ izFke Js.kh esa c<+ksrjh feyus ij og Lora= ^fVdV* fudkydj vius ifjokj ds lkFk jg ldrk gSA lkojdj dks 12 ucEcj] 1916 ds fnu f}rh; Js.kh nh xbZA ¼i`0 352½ iksVZ Cys;j vFkkZr~ vaneku esa risfnd] vfrlkj vkSj eysfj;k izk;% ,d lkFk gkFkksa esa gkFk Mkydj pyrs FksA ge ij vfrlkj rFkk eysfj;k dh d`ik gks gh xbZ FkhA N%&lkr eghuksa ds i'pkr~ gesa gh ugha] MkWDVjksa dks Hkh risfnd dk lansg gksus yxk] tks LokHkkfod gh FkkA bl :X.kky; esa tgk¡ vPNs g"V&iq"V] n`<+dk; jktcanh vkSj lk/kkj.k canh Hkh tks gekjs vkl&ikl jgrs] risfnd] vfrlkj rFkk eysfj;k ds f”kdkj curs FksA ¼i`0 367½ ,d loZFkk {kh.k fnu thou ls vafre fonkbZ ysus ^ej.kksUeq[k 'k¸;k ij* 'kh"kZd dfork fy[khA bldh jpuk djrs gq, lpeqPk gh gesa vk”kk ugha Fkh fd ge mls i<+us ds fy, Hkh thfor jgsaxsA eSa tc baXySaM esa idM+k x;k rc Qk¡lh dh Nk;k esa ^esjk e`R;qi=* vkSj Qk¡lh dk naM fn;k tkuk ftl fnu laHko Fkk] ml fnu ^igyh fd”r* dfork dh jpuk dh FkhA mlds i'pkr~ e`R;q dh ngyht ij [kM+s jgdj mlls nks 'kCn laokn lk/kus dk izlax bl ^ej.kksUeq[k 'k¸;k ij* rhljh dfork esa vk;k FkkA ;s rhuksa dfork,¡ ‘Echo from the Andaman’ iqLrd esa izdkf”kr gks pqdh gSaA ¼i`0 373½ tgka rd gesa ;kn gS] blh canhiky ds gkFkksa vaneku esa fu;e fo#) vafre ekjihV dh xbZA lk/kkj.k cafn;ksa esa ls ,d lkglh ;qod ij] tks fuR; jktcafn;ksa dh lgk;rk djds gekjs lkoZtfud vkanksyu esa euks;ksxiwoZd Hkkx ysrk Fkk vkSj ftldk mYys[k geus “kqf) izdj.k esa Hkh fd;k gS] vf/kdkfj;ksa dh fuR; utj jgrhA KkuktZu esa mldh fo”ks’k #fp FkhA ,d fnu dke ds le; mlds gkFk esa iqLrd ns[kdj vFkok ,sls gh fdlh dkj.ko”k Øq) gksdj dpgjh esa cqykdj bu egk”k; us mls xzkeh.k xkyh nhA xzkeh.k xkyh dk vFkZ vaxzsth Hkk’kk esa uke ds ihNs mi&in tSls fu;eiwoZd vkrk gS] blh rjg dk mi&in yxk;kA ijUrq canhiky D;k tkus fd vaneku ds dkjkxkj esa yksxksa ds LoHkko vc vkB o’kZ igys tSls ugha jgsA mlds xkyh cdrs gh ^rqEgkjk cki-----* dgrs gq, ml fganw ;qod us bl canhiky ds firkJh dks gh ml xkyh dk migkj fn;kA rc Øks/k esa mQurk gqvk og canhiky mB x;k vkSj mlus okWMjksa ls ml canh dks idM+ok;k vkSj vius gkFkksa ls mlds eqag rFkk Nkrh ij eqDds ekjuk “kq: fd;kA mldk eqag lwt x;k vkSj [kwu cgus yxk] rc mls NksM+kA ;gka bl ckr ij xkSj djuk pkfg, fd ml canh dks xaMekyk dk jksx


FkkA canhiky dks yxk & vPNk gqvk] vPNk etk p[kk;k cPpw dksA vU; dk;j rFkk yqPps yksx mlls dgus yxs & ^vjs HkbZ] vax zstksa ls rks jktcanh gh VDdj ys ldrs gSaA HkbZ] ge fdl [ksr dh ewyh\ cl] vc tks gqvk lks gqvkA rqe MkWDVj ls dguk fd fxjus ds dkj.k esjs psgjs ij lwtu vkbZ gS vkSj [kwu cg jgk gS] vU;Fkk] myVs rqe naM HkqxrksxsA* ijUrq og /khj ohj FkkA mldh vka[kksa vkSj gksaBksa ij cgqr lwtu vkbZ FkhA mlus MkWDVj ls dgk fd canhiky ds ekjus ls lwtu vkbZ gSA ijUrq MkWDVj us canhiky ds Hk; ls m/kj /;ku ugha fn;kA canhiky us i;Zos{kd ls mldh HksaV ugha gksus nhA rc geesa ls ,d jktcanh us ;g iksy [kksyus dh Bku yhA ;g ns[kdj fd mlh lIrkg la;ksx ls phQ dfe”uj Hkh vk jgs Fks & canhiky ds gks”k mM+ x,A og fxM+fxM+kus yxk] ijUrq phQ dfe”uj ds lkeus ml vR;kpkj dks izLrqr djus esa og fganw ;qod tjk Hkh ugha fgpdkA canhiky ds vPNh rjg dku mesBs x,A ¼i`0 390&391½ m/kj fganqLFkku esa ,d tsy deh”ku dh fu;qfDr dk lekpkj feykA bl vk;ksx ds lkeus tks leL;k,a Fkha] muesa ,d rks ;gh Fkh fd vaneku mifuos”k dk vkxs D;k djuk pkfg,\ 1 tuojh 1920 dks fu;qDr vk;ksx ds laca/k esa vkSj fo”ks’k :i ls vaneku ds mifuos”k dh fLFkfr dh tk¡p djds mlds Hkfo’; ij fopkj djus dk iz”u eq[;r% mlds lkeus izLrqr djus ds ihNs gekjs vanekuh; vkanksyu rFkk vkB&ukS cjlksa ls mldh nqnZ”kk dh dgkuh fganqLFkku ,oa fo”o Hkj esa mtkxj djus dk iz;kl gh fo”ks’k dkjxj gqvk FkkA ¼i`0 392½ u dsoy mifuos”kh; cafn;ksa dks cfYd ogka ds Lora= yksx ksa dk Hkh gels lrr vuqjks/k gksus yxk fd bu lHkh izeq[k ckrksa dk izfrfuf/kRo djus dk dk;ZHkkj ge vius da/kksa ij ysaA mudk Hkkoqdrkiw.kZ fo”okl Fkk fd ftl dq”kyrk vkSj ftl Hkk’kk eas lVhd rdZ iz.kkyh rFkk fuHkhZdrk ds lkFk mudh ekaxsa ge vk;ksx ds lkeus izLrqr djsaxs] oSlk dksbZ vU; ugha dj ik,xkA ijUrq nwljs i{k esa ,d egRoiw.kZ ck/kk gekjs lkeus FkhA ;fn vU; cafn;ksa ls lacaf/kr dqN ckr djs vFkok fdlh canh dk i{k yssrs gq, mldh odkyr djs] rks mls ,d vijk/k le>k tkrk FkkA ;fn og ,slk lkgl djs Hkh rks mldk eqag ;g dgrs gq, can fd;k tkrk fd nwljs ls rqEgsa D;k ysuk&nsuk\ rqe viuh dgks vxj dguk pkgrs gks rksA ¼i`0 393½ gesa ;g ekywe Fkk fd og vk;ksx ,d fo”ks’k mís”; ls jktcafn;ksa dk fujh{k.k djus vk jgk gSA fo”ks’k mís”; ;g gS fd vanekuh; vf/kdkfj;ksa ds ml laca/k esa izLrqr izfrosnu dk vkSj Lo;a izeq[k jktcafn;ksa dk fujh{k.k dj fganqLFkku ljdkj dks izfrosnu djuk fd dkSu cjh djus ;ksX; gS vkSj dkSu ughaA ;fn geus pqfuank vf/kdkfj;ksa ls Hkjs bl vk;ksx ds lkeus vanekuh vf/kdkfj;ksa vFkkZr~ fganqLFkku ljdkj ds] tks mudk leFkZu dj jgh Fkh & rRdkyhu canh”kkyk foHkkxkarxZr nq’Vrkiw.kZ uhfr rFkk ihM+knk;h O;ogkj dh dVq vkykspuk dh rks Li’V gS] ;g /k`’Vrk bu f”k’Vtuksa dks vlguh; gksx hA bldk vFkZ ;g gS fd bl rjg vxokuh djuk gekjs eqfDrekxZ esa jksM+s vVdkuk gSA ;g tk¡p ge lHkh ds lrr iz;klksa ls] gekjs }kjk lgs x, vR;kpkjksa] ;a=.kkvksa ds fo#) fd, x, izfroknksa ls gh gks jgh FkhA ;fn vkSj dksbZ ;g dk;Z djrk rks og bruk ifj.kkedkjh ugha gksrk] ;g vU; gtkjksa cafn;ksa dh rjg gesa Hkh yx jgk Fkk] blfy, vk;ksx ds lkeus xokgh nsuk ge viuk drZO; le>us yxsA ¼i`0 394½ vaneku esa ge vius vkpj.k dk fcanq fuR; gh eqfDr vkSj jk"Vªfgr nks Nksjksa ds chpkschp j[krs fd vaneku esa tks dqN jk"Vªfgr lk/; gksxk] og bruk egRoiw.kZ dHkh ugha gks ldrk ftruk eqfDr ds i'pkr~ fgUnqLrku esa tkdj lk/; gksxkA ijUrq blds fy, eqfDr gsrq dksbZ Hkh fo”okl?kkrh] fuUnuh;] uhp rFkk pkiywlh Hkjk vkpj.k] ftlls ns”k vFkok tkfr dk LokfHkeku dyafdr gks] dHkh leFkZuh; fl) ugha gks ldrk] D;kasfd ml ;ksx ls gksus okyh eqfDr jk"Vª ds fy, vf/kd fgrdkjh gksus dh vis{kk vf/kd jk"Vªfo?kkrd gh fl) gksxhA vr% bl rjg dk vkpj.k Vkyrs gq, ;fn eqfDr dk fuf”pr volj fey jgk gks] rks og ge lk/; djds gh jgsaxsA ¼i`0 394½ rc ls] ftl fnu geus vaneku esa ikao j[kk] geas izrhr gksrk jgk gS fd vaneku fganqLFkku dk ,d tynqx Z gSA vkt ugh arks dy] ;gka gokbZ rFkk lkxfjdk dsUnz Hkh izLFkkfir fd;k tk,xk vkSj ;fn fganqLFkku ij dHkh iwoZ fn”kk dh jktuhfrd egÙokdka{kk dk vU;k;iw.kZ vkØe.k gqvk rks mlds lkeqfnzd csM+s rFkk gokbZ tgktksa dks vaneku dk nqxZ jksdsx kA bl izdkj vkSj vU; rF;ksa ls Hkjk ,d vkosnu geus vk;ksx dks HkstkA gekjh ekSf[kd ppkZ rFkk vkosnu&i= esa of.kZr vaneku ds tynqxZ dh ubZ n`f’V ls ;ksX;rk ,oa Hkfo’;ok.kh lqudj vk;ksx ds dbZ yksx ,sls pkSads tSls mUgkasus dqN vn~Hkqr lquk gksA dqN yksx ,sls g¡l iM+s tSls mUgksaus dqN lansgkLin lh ckr lquh gksA fQj Hkh ml lwpuk dh mu ij ,slh Nki yxh fd mldh Le`fr jgsA D;ksafd mlds i”pkr~ gekjs dbZ i;Zos{kd eghuksa ml ikap uEcj ds fujh{k.kkFkZ vkrs le; lud esa gksa rks lkxj dh vksj funsZ”k djrs gq, O;aX; ls dgrs] ^lkojdj] oks ns[kk] vaneku ds vkids Hkkoh tynqxZ fLFkr j.krfj;ka b/kj&m/kj igjk ns jgh gSaA* eSa Hkh lfLer eqnzk esa dgrk] ^vki ;k eSa “kk;n u ns[k ldsa] ijUrq gekjh larku mUgsa vo”; ns[ksaxhA* ¼orZeku esa vaneku esa Hkkjrh; ukS lsuk dk vÏk gSA½ ;g ?kVuk lu~ 1919&20 dh gSA ml le; eSaus ftldh vk”kk O;Dr dh Fkh fd Hkfo’; esa gekjh larkusa ;g ns[kasxh] og fn[kkbZ nsus dh laHkkouk vkt vFkkZr~ lu~ 1926 esa gh izrhr gks jgh gS] D;ksafd ijlksa uoEcj ds ,d i= esa i<+k


fd ^vaneku }hi dk Hkfo’; esa vijkf/k;ksa ds mifuos”k ds fy, mi;ksx u djrs gq, mls Loiks’k.kkFkZ leFkZ mifuos”k cukus rFkk ukS&lk/ku foHkkx ds ukS lsuk ;k ukS lsuk ¼vkjesMk½ ;a=ksa ds dk;ksZa dh n`f’V ls bl }hi dh tks mi;ksfxrk gS] mlls ykHk mBkus ds fy, fganqLFkku ljdkj us izfro’kZ 411 yk[k #i, O;; djus dh ;kstuk cukbZ gSA* ¼i`0 401&402½ eqfDr fey xbZ & iSjksa dh yksgs dh csfM+;k¡ VwV xbZA ijUrq eu esa f?kjh gqbZ] mlls tdM+h gqbZ dkeuk] bPNk&vfHkyk"kk dh csM+h ugha VwVhA canhx`g dh iRFkj dh nhokj ds ckgj eSa [kM+k jgk] ijUrq r`".kk ds f{kfrt dk nqyZ?; ijdksVk vHkh Hkh vkRek dks can fd, [kM+k gSA ¼i`0 479½ <><><><><>


Mera aajivan karavaas vd savarkar book form  

Mera Aajivan Karawas vir sawarkar ke sansmaran

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