With the constantly declining relevance of national borders and the expansion of Europe, competition between urban regions is rising. How is the Randstad Region performing? In the eight Randstad Monitor, the Randstad Region is compared with 19 other metropolitan regions in Europe. This is a short version of the monitor. Download the short version and the full report via randstadregion.eu.
Randstad Region stands for strengthening the competitive position of the region in an integrated Europe and improving the quality of life of the Randstad Region. The competitiveness (wealth) and quality of life (welfare) of and in the region are central points of constant focus. GRP 1995-2000
of the housing and real estate market, supple-
In 2011, Randstad Holland generated earnings
This short version takes the following form.
mented by problems in the financial sector. If the
of more than € 241 billion, almost half of Dutch
Several general infographics are first presented
Randstad Region wishes to remain competitive,
GDP. The Randstad Region has a clear lead on
together with the key conclusions from the
action will have to be taken in these areas.
Randstad Monitor. The most eye-catching facts
the rest of the Netherlands. In comparison to Europe, another picture emerges. The GRP of
about rural areas under urban pressure,
Stockholm, Berlin, Prague, the Ruhr conurbation
knowledge and innovation and the sustainable
The Randstad Region comprises the Provinces
and Paris are growing faster. They have less
living environment are presented. Conclusions
Flevoland, Noord-Holland, Utrecht and
difficulty with a stagnating housing market and
and challenges are then linked to these subjects.
Zuid-Holland. The term Randstad Holland
high mortgage debt or have implemented
broadly refers to the area of the five major cities
restructuring programmes (Germany). The 20
around the Green Heart.
European regions together generate a GRP of
Summary The growth of GRP in the Randstad Region is
€ 3.5 billion, or 30.6% of the EU27 total (€ 11.3
slowing down. In the period 2005-2009, GRP
billion). The obvious conclusion is that Europe is
grew relatively fast, placing the Randstad Region
in the upper echelons of metropolitan region rankings. Between 2009 and 2011, the Randstad Region has developed moderately. Disappointing growth in the Randstad Region has been attributed to domestic factors: stagnation
sector is vital to the Netherlands.
36% Commercial services
Population growth in the Randstad Region is
Growth in labour participation in the Randstad
relatively high as compared to other metropolitan
Region has slowed down as compared to previous years and other European regions, but
7,8 million inhabitants
6% Construction 2% Agriculture
+4.1% +3.2% +2.9% +2.3%
Housing market stagnation
Employment in the Randstad Region is
The Randstad Region appears to be
shrinking, more rapidly than the GRP and
suffering from a correction of excess
in relation to other European regions.
lending. As a consequence, the Netherlands
40,961 km of roads
Employment development within the
is subject to reticent consumers and
Randstad Region is still intact, leading to
uncertainty on the housing market.
1,077 km railways
slower growth in labour productivity.
There is industry in the Randstad. However,
Patents are an indicator for the results generated
innovative industry is shrinking and lagging
by efforts in innovation. Patent numbers in the
behind. In Randstad Holland, this sector
EU are falling.
Copenhagen and 17% in Paris. High-end
European policy through to 2020 is hallmarked by innovation focused on research and development. Research and innovation are priorities for the Randstad Region. The Randstad Monitor reveals that conditions are not favourable.
industrial employment opportunities are also
EU 20 regions
represents 4% as compared to an average of 10.5% in all EU regions, with 36% in
shrinking and the share of knowledge-intensive services at 5.2% is below the 6% average.
Investment in research & development
The European standard for investment in knowledge
The environmental quality of the Randstad
and innovation is 3% of GDP. In the 20 European
Region must be improved as a key contributor to
regions, the percentage is 2.42% of GRP, as
wealth and welfare in the region. Good welfare
compared to 1.83% in the Randstad Region.
means a good quality of life for residents, and
In effect, seen in the light of the major downturn in
enough ‘green space’ helps improve the urban
GRP over the past few years, this means less
investment in the Randstad Region.
Randstad Holland The level of knowledge of the Randstad
Points for improvement
This growth is difficult to explain. The population is growing (7 million), unemployment is low as
average EU Regions
population is in line with the average for the
European regions: 0.24 low, 0.33 middle and
0.36 high educated making up the total of 1.0
In December 2012, the European Parliament
approved a European patent.
Sustainable living environment The Randstad Region aims to be a good living environment for its residents. A good, sustainable environment contributes to regional welfare. It also helps make the region sustainably competitive. Many sustainability issues are decided in Europe. The Randstad Region includes sustainability in decisions and initiatives on economic developments in the region for boosting wealth.
Average EU regions
is mobility. As a result, the growth in labour
productivity is lagging behind.
Labour productivity is an indicator for wealth now
Although agriculture is important, in 2011, trade
and home. The Randstad Region offers excellent
and transport were the economic drivers in the
access. Within five hours, 184 million people can
locked up tight, there is little employee mobility.
Top sectors +4%
As a result, growth in labour productivity in the
House Price Index (2005 = 100%)
The rural environment must remain open, for example
Randstad Region is lagging behind.
via economically-viable agriculture, to ensure the vitality
of rural areas in the Randstad Region. Pressure on rural
areas must be reduced because ‘green space’ contributes to the quality of life of local residents and
average EU Regions
makes the region more attractive and competitive.
People are ‘fleeing’ the countryside population decrease
1.7% FOR SALE
In 2005, 206,629 houses were sold.
1,077 km railway network
Nature 16,000 ha
40,961 km road network
12,300 km cycle paths
2,749 km waterways of which 2,030 km of economic importance
The PM concentration in Randstad Holland fell
Holland is in line with the European average fall
in the period 2001-2010 slightly more than the
of 0.5% per year, in terms of both concentration
average of the 20 metropolitan regions (1.7%).
In 2010, however, the trend suddenly reversed, as compared to a further fall in the other twenty regions.
30,588 jobs 2.8% growth
sectors depend on the urban environment
top sectors. A number of top
(agglomeration advantages, establishment
sectors are overconcentrated in the
environment) and a good infrastructure (ports,
Randstad Region: logistics, creative
airports) in the Randstad Region. The creative
industry, life sciences & health,
industry and life sciences & health are showing
water and head offices. These top
fastest growth in long-term employment.
344,172 jobs 2.8% growth
Agro & Food
< Euro5 engines The Netherlands has identified nine
28,125 jobs 1.1% growth
12,648 jobs 0.4% growth
139,073 jobs 0.8% growth
Agriculture 6,200 ha
Frankfurt Main Germany
Flemish Diamond Belgium
49 μg/m3 London England
61 μg/m3 Seagoing ships with fuel oil
Onshore power for inland shipping
25,510 jobs 1.7% growth
The Randstad Region has little industry and few high tech establishments compared to other EU regions. Investments in knowledge and innovation are lagging behind. As a result, the Randstad Region has insufficient valorisation capacity, making it difficult to market knowledge and innovation. The Randstad Region above all deploys European investments in knowledge and innovation (future structural funds) for developments that contribute to a sustainable living environment.
The Randstad Region conurbation has a great deal to offer Europe. Since 1993, the Randstad provinces (Flevoland, Noord-Holland, Utrecht and Zuid-Holland) have been cooperating closely, in Brussels. This cooperation was initiated following the recognition that each of the provinces has shared goals in Europe. The provinces have efficiently and structurally joined forces in order to achieve greater effectiveness and a clearer profile. The work approach of the European Commission, the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union after all offer numerous opportunities for influencing and lobbying. At the same time, the huge numbers of parties participating in this process make the joining of forces essential, in order to make one’s voice heard.
What can we do about it?
27 μg/m3 Randstad Holland
Flemish Diamond Belgium
Improve the environmental quality of the Randstad Region as a contributor to wealth and welfare. The Randstad Region must continue to exercise influence in the Netherlands and Europe to improve its competitive position in Europe.
Randstad Region must focus on:
Average EU Regions
31 μg/m3 Barcelona Spain
201,511 jobs 1% growth
Frankfurt Main Germany
153,988 jobs 3.5% growth
> Euro6 engines
Life Sciences & Health 6,700 jobs 4.5% growth
Particulates and nitrogen are sources of air
Tackling pollution at source by promoting
pollution emitted by traffic and fuels from cars,
cleaning fuels for cars and ships, electricity-
ships and industry.
based mobility and cleaner industries. This is a Randstad Region project in collaboration with 11 other European regions.
In 2011, 120,737.
Urban 22,000 ha
Particulate matter PM10
Air pollution by nitrogen oxides in Randstad
Average EU Regions
Serious shrinkage in rural areas
and in the future. Because the labour market is
Nitrogen dioxide NO2
region and rural surroundings. Mobility links work
4,3 million working population 3 airports
Research & innovation
Limited industry & knowledge
Accessibility is essential to the vitality of the average EU Regions
Labour market stagnation
21% Trade and Transport
8,287 km2 surface area
24% Non-profit services
is still high.
and Frankfurt/Main are more accessible.
third exporter of agricultural goods, the primary
The Randstad Region is lagging behind related to national stagnation on the labour market and housing market.
is mainly in the tertiary sector. As the world’s
Typical of the Randstad Region is the continuous interaction between urban agglomerations and their rural surroundings. Vitality of rural areas in an urban environment, the peri-urban areas, is essential for maintaining economically-viable agriculture and upholding a good quality of life for people living in the region.
Only the Ruhr conurbation, the Flemish Diamond
be reached from the region by road, rail and air.
Economic development in the Randstad Region
Growth (1996 - 2011)
Gross Regional Product
Rural areas under urban pressure
Economic value of sectors
Policy at source delivers the best results, for example, implementing the polluter pays principle, and cleaner fuels and engines, as well as promoting clean regional, national and international transport.
40 μg/m3 Milan Italy
Research & innovation
For the purposes of the cooperation, the commissioning party is the administrative consultative committee Randstad cooperation in Europe. This administrative consultative committee consists of the four members of the Provincial Executive responsible for European affairs. Europe, as such, however, is not a separate policy area. European policy after all affects many substantive portfolios; as a consequence, the members of the Provincial Executive with responsibility for European affairs are in favour of an integrated approach to Europe. Responsibility in terms of content is shared with the specialist Provincial Executive members in four priority fields: future regional policy, research & innovation, sustainable living environment and rural areas under urban pressure.