Page 1


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fnlEcj&2013

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ckjkcadh

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laj{kd ih;w"k dqekj

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eq[;&lykgdkj eqgEen 'kq,sc ,MoksdsV

i`"B la[;k

&j.k/khj flag ^lqeu &eqgEen 'kq,sc

lEikndh;

ls-fu- ftyk ,oa l= U;k;k/kh'k

fo"k; lwph

eqt¶+ Qjuxj dk lkainz kf;d naxk

3&3 4&19

&MkW0 eksgEen vkfjQ ;gk¡ ,d cPps ds [kwu ls tks fy[kk gqvk gS mls i<+ks

4&12

&elhgqn~nhu latjh Hkw[ks ds fy, jksVh Hkxoku D;ksa gS\

20&22

&,Mfejy fo".kq Hkkxor

iz/kku&lEiknd MkW- jke xksiky oekZ

la?k ifjokj vkSj lkainz kf;d naxs

26&29

&bjQku bathfu;j fgUnh dk 'kksddky

30&30

&v'kksd dqekj ik.Ms;

lEiknd ,M-c`teksgu oekZ

iVuk ce foLQksV% D;k lp] D;k >wB

&vQ+jkst+ vkye lkfgy ^yo&ftgkn* vkSj jk"Vªh; Lo;alos d la?k dk tula[;k foKku

izcU/k&lEiknd ,M-j.k/khj flag ^lqeu*

31&33 34&37

&uoxhr tkuk ,d ;ks)k dk----------

38&38

&jkts’k eYy if'pe caxky % vijk/k dk egkdkO;

40&40

&txnh'oj prqoZsnh

Lokeh@izdk'kd@eqnd z j.k/khj flag ^lqeu* }kjk 'kqHk dEI;wVlZ ,.M fizUVlZ] flfoy dksVZ] eq[kkSVk ;q) çkjaHk ckjkcadh ls eqfnzr rFkk 4] dEiuhckx] ckjkcadh ls izdkf'krA

40&40

&iq"isUnz dqekj flag] ,MoksdVs

izcU/k lEiknd &j.k/khj flag ^lqeu* eksckby % 09450195427

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk] fudV Mh0oh0,l0 Ldwy] y[kisMk+ ckx] ckjkcadh&225001 Blog

: loksangharsha.blogspot.com

e-mail

: loksangharsha@gmail.com

yksdla?k"kZ if=dk esa Nis gq, fdlh Hkh Hkkx dk izdk'ku cxSj fdlh vuqefr ds fd;k tk ldrk gSA ys[kdksa ds fopkjksa ls if=dk ds lEiknd e.My dk lger gksuk vko';d ugha gSA fdlh Hkh fookn dh n'kk esa U;k; {ks= ckjkcadh U;k;ky; gksxkA lHkh in voSrfud gSAa eq[; lykgdkj&eqgEen 'kq,cs eks-9415012666

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fnlEcj&2013

(3)


ikBdksa dh izfrfØ;k,¡

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk ifjokj lykgdkj eaMy

eksgEen lqyseku lnL; vkWy bf.M;k eqfLye ilZuy ykW cksMZ

egar fou; nkl ,M-teky vgen ,M- iznhi flag t; izdk'k flag (tkSuiqj) ,M- misUnz flag eks- tehy 'kkL=h dk- dkSlj gqlSu MkW- mes'k pUnz oekZ vdcj ubZe foirjke mi&lEiknd

,M- iq"isUnz dqekj flag ,M- uhjt dqekj oekZ fnYyh&C;wjks phQ

eqds'k pUnz uxhuk fctukSj

jke fuokl tks'kh iVuk (fcgkj)

lqeUr vkxjryk (f=iqjk)

foØethr lsu xqIrk

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

Thanks a lot for Sumanji. Pervez Ahmed Assistant Professor, Dept. of Urdu, Central University of Kashmir, (J & K) Con. no of J&K: 91-803765953 Con. no. of Hyderabad: +91-8897357162

,s ifjUnks ?kjksa dks ykSV vkuk blls igys fd 'kke gks tk,

********** Chahar Su Bahut-Bahut Shukriya. GULZAR JAVED EDITOR CHAHARSOO MONTHLY 537/D/1, ST-18, WESTRIDGE-III, RAWALPINDI PAKISTAN. PH: 0092-51-546-2495 FAX: 0092-51-5512172 CELL:0336-0558616 ********** My Dear, Sri Randhir Singh Suman, Thank you for the information Brochure of Loksangharsh Patrika. It give me great pleasure to express my sincere good wishes for its success. With all my best wishes. Yours sincerely; Ghanshyam N. Singh. **********

lqeu th vknkc] if=dk dk dyso j cgqr gh 'kkunkj gS( usV ij iwjs vkys[k i<+uk vkSj Hkh jksekapd] /kU;okn

Shama Khan <drshamakhan39@gmail.com> **********

lqeu th] yksdla?k"kZ dk vad feyk] vkHkkj vad vPNk fudyk gS] c/kkbZ Lohdkjsa] fgedj

fnlEcj&2013

********** Mananiya Randhir ‘Suman’ ji Namaskar ! Aapki patrika mili aur mai khush hun ki kafi bebak patrakarita ka misal pesh kiya gaya hai, Badhai! Vishay vaichitra bhi hai par kuchh aur gambhir muddon par bhi kalam chal sakti hai. Mai janna chahunga ki sahityik prishth me aplogon ki ruchi hai ki nahi! agar aap kahen to sahityik rachanayen bheji ja sakti hain . Aapka Prof Manoj ‘Aajiz’ Jamshedpur 099736800146 mkp4ujsr@gmail.com ********** Dear Sir, Greeting! We wish you to start new era in common mans life, hope this will Create awareness in public life. We will send our subscription to you. Once again all the best. Thanks! Narayan Pawar, Jalgaon

fiz; ikBdx.k! yksd la?k"kZ if=dk dk okf"kZd pUnk tek djus dk d"V djsaA vki pkgsa rks viuk okf"kZd pank nsuk cSad] ckjkcadh ds [kkrk la[;k A/c 127510031730 esa tek dj ldrs gSAa Mªk¶V o psd yksd la?k"kZ if=dk] ckjkcadh ds uke HkstAas j.k/khj flag ^lqeu* &izcU/k lEiknd fudV Mh0oh0,l0 Ldwy] y[kisM+kckx dkyksuh] ckjkcadh&225001 m0iz0 eksckby % 09450195427 (4)


lEikndh;

rksrs esa tku vk xbZ Hkkjr esa fof/k ds 'kklu dh vo/kkj.kk gS] ijEijkvksa ls laxBu dk fuekZ.k ugha gksrk gS] dsæa h; tk¡p C;wjks dh LFkkiuk dqN blh rjg gqbZ gSA ekuuh; mPp U;k;ky; xqokgkVh ds U;k;ewfrZ bdcky vgen valkjh vkSj U;k;ewfrZ bafnjk 'kkg dh [kaMihB us fof/k ds 'kklu dh vo/kkj.kk ds rgr dsaæh; tk¡p C;wjks dks vlaoS/kkfud ?kksf"kr dj fn;k FkkA bl QSlys us fof/k ds tkuus okys yksxksa esa ,d u;k mRlkg iSnk fd;k Fkk fd ns’k esa fof/k ds 'kklu dks iqu% ekU;rk nh tk jgh gSA ns[kus esa ;g vkrk gS fd U;k;k/kh’kx.k jkT; ;k vfHk;kstu ds çfrfuf/k dh Hkwfedk esa utj vkrs gSa vkSj dkuwu dks jkT; ds i{k esa O;k[;k djrs gSa vkSj jkT; dh etcwfj;ksa dk gokyk nsdj dkuwu dh vuns[kh dh tkrh gSA dHkh&dHkh LorU= U;k;ikfydk dh vo/kkj.kk dk vfLrRo gh utj esa ugha vkrk gSA An illegality perpetuates in illegalities An illegality or any action contrary to law does not become in accordance with law because it is done at the behest of the Chief Executive of the State In a democracy what prevails is law and rule and not the height of the person exercising the power & AIR 1991 SC 1902

dqN fof/k fo’ks"kKksa dk ekuuk Fkk fd dsæa ljdkj LFkxu çkIr dj ysxhA dsæa h; tk¡p C;wjks dh LFkkiuk dks vlaoS/kkfud djkj nsus okys xqokgkVh mPp U;k;ky; ds vkns’k ds f[kykQ dsUæ ljdkj dks 'kfuokj dks lqçhe dksVZ ls QkSjh jkgr feyhA U;k;ky; us mPp U;k;ky; ds bl vkns’k ij LVs yxk fn;k gSA ;kfpdkdrkZ] x`g ea=ky; vkSj dsæa h; tk¡p C;wjks dks uksfVl tkjh djrs gq, muls tokc Hkh ek¡xk x;k gSA ekeys dh lquokbZ phQ tfLVl ih-lnkf’koe dh v/;{krk esa muds vkokl ij gqb]Z tgk¡ muds lkFk nks vU; U;k;ewfrZ Hkh FksA ekeys dh vxyh lquokbZ 6 fnlacj eqdjZj dh xbZ gSA mPpre U;k;ky; esa ,d dSfo;V ;kfpdk nk;j dj dgk x;k Fkk fd dsæa h; tk¡p C;wjks ekeys esa dsæa ljdkj dh ;kfpdk ij vkns’k fn, tkus ls igys ;kfpdkdrkZ uosUæ dqekj dks Hkh lquk tk,A bl vkns’k ds ckn dsæa h; tk¡p C;wjks uked rksrs esa tku vk xbZA xqokgkVh mPp U;k;ky; dh ,d [kaMihB us ml çLrko dks fujLr dj fn;k] ftlds ek/;e ls dsaæh; tk¡p C;wjks dk xBu gqvk Fkk vkSj mldh reke dkjZokb;ksa dks vlaoS/kkfud djkj fn;kA U;k;ewfrZ vkbZ-,- valkjh vkSj U;k;ewfrZ bafnjk 'kkg dh [kaMihB us uosUæ dqekj dh vksj

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

&eqgEen

ls nk;j ,d ;kfpdk ij ;g vkns’k ikfjr fd;k] ftlesa dsaæh; tk¡p C;wjks ds xBu dk vk/kkj cus çLrko ij gkbZdksVZ dh ,dy ihB ds 2007 ds vkns’k dks pqukSrh nh xbZ FkhA vnkyr us dgk Fkk] blfy, ge 1963 ds çLrko dks jí djrs gSa ftlds tfj, dsæa h; tk¡p C;wjks dk xBu fd;k x;k Fkk] ge ;g Hkh QSlyk nsrs gSa fd dsaæh; tk¡p C;wjks u rks fnYyh fo’ks"k iqfyl çfr"Bku ¼Mh-,l-ih-bZ-½ dk dksbZ fgLlk gS vkSj u mldk vax gS vkSj lhch-vkbZ- dks 1946 ds Mh-,l-ih-bZ- vf/kfu;e ds rgr xfBr iqfyl cy ds rkSj ij ugha fy;k tk ldrkA ihB us dgk Fkk fd ekeyk ntZ djus] fdlh O;fä dks vijk/kh ds :i esa fxj¶rkj djus] tk¡p djus] tCrh djus] vkjksih ij eqdnek pykus vkfn dh dsæa h; tk¡p C;wjks dh xfrfof/k;k¡ lafo/kku ds vuqPNsn 21 dks vk?kkr igq¡pkrh gSa vkSj blfy, bls vlaoS/kkfud ekudj jí fd;k tkrk gSA xqokgkVh mPp U;k;ky; us ;g Hkh dgk Fkk fd x`g ea=ky; dk mijksä çLrko u rks dsæa h; dSfcusV dk QSlyk Fkk vkSj u gh bu 'kkldh; funsZ’kksa dks jk"Vªifr us viuh eatwjh nh FkhA vnkyr us dgk fd blfy, lacfa /kr çLrko dks vf/kd ls vf/kd ,d foHkkxh; funsZ’k ds :i esa fy;k tk ldrk gS ftls dkuwu ugha dgk tk ldrkA cgjgky] xqokgkVh mPp U;k;ky; us dgk Fkk fd dsæa h; tk¡p C;wjks vnkyr esa yafcr dk;Zokgh ij vkxs tk¡p djus ds fy, iqfyl ij dksbZ jksd ugha gSA dsæa h; tk¡p C;wjks dk xBu fd, tkus ij vnkyr us dgk fd tk¡p ,tsalh dk xBu dqN fLFkfr;ksa ls fuiVus ds fy, rnFkZ mik; ds :i esa fd;k x;k FkkA fnYyh mPp U;k;ky; ds iwoZ U;k;k/kh’k vkj-,l- lks<+h us dgk Fkk fd ;g pkSdkus okyh ckr gS fd fcuk fdlh vf/klwpuk ds lh-ch-vkbZ- tSlh ,tsl a h py jgh gSA vxj vf/klwpuk ugha gS rks lh-ch-vkbZ- dh oS/krk gh ugha gSA bl QSlys ds ckn rks ekuks lh-ch-vkbZdk otwn gh [kRe gks x;k gSA M‚yj dh xqaMkxnhZ [kRe djks vejhdk esa foi{k ds fojks/k ds dkj.k vejhdh ctV ikl ugha gks ik;k vkSj ogk¡ vko’;d dk;ksZa dks NksM+dj dke canh py jgh FkhA ;g vejhdh cgkuk gks ldrk gS tcfd okLrfodrk ;g gS fd og iwjh rjhds ls fnokfy;k gks pqdk gSA cSad] chek dEifu;k¡ igys ls gh fnokfy;k py jgh gSAa ;q) m|ksx ds dkj.k mldh eqæk M‚yj nqfu;k esa jkt dj jgh gS vc t:jr gS fd Hkkjr] :l] phu] bZjku lfgr etcwr ns’k M‚yj dh mi;ksfxrk dks lekIr djsa vkSj vkil esa lkjk O;kikj viuh viuh eqæk esa djsAa vejhdk dh 'kks"k.kdkjh

fnlEcj&2013

'kq ,sc@j.k/khj flag ^lq eu*

vkSj lkezkT;oknh izo`fRr;ksa ls eqä gksAa vejhdk foÙkh; laLFkkuks]a cSad] d‚iksZj’s kal vkSj fons’kh laLFkkuksa ls dtZ ysrk gSA bl ij og C;kt Hkh vnk djrk gSA ftu çeq[k ns’kksa ds cSd a ksa] foÙkh; laLFkkuksa ;k fons’kh fuos’kdksa ls og dtZ ysrk gS] muesa çeq[k :i ls gkaxdkax] phu] csfYt;e] yDtecxZ vkSj rkboku 'kkfey gSAa t:jr iM+us ij vejhdk fLol cSd a ls Hkh dtZ ysrk gSA vkt og dtZ vnk djus dh fLFkfr esa ugha gSA lkezkT;oknh 'kfä;ksa ds paxy q ls fudyus dk lgh le; ;gh gS vkSj ekuork dks cpk, j[kus ds fy, vius&vius eqYdksa dh turk dk 'kks"k.k jksdus ds fy, M‚yj dh nknkxhjh [kRe djuk vko’;d gSA ge vejhdk ls dksbZ ,slh oLrq vk;kr ugha djrs gSa fd ftlds cxSj gekjk dke u py lds vkSj ;s leLr phtsa nqfu;k ds nwljs ns’kksa ls Hkh yh tk ldrh gSaA vejhdk dHkh Hkh gekjk LokHkkfod fe= gh ugha gks ldrk] mldh vFkZO;oLFkk ywV vkSj xqM a kxnhZ ds Åij vk/kkfjr gS vkSj vc mudk foyki çkjaHk gqvk gSA us’kuy baVfs ytsl a ds funs’kd DySij us #ok¡ls vankt esa dgk fd ;g dsoy o‚f’kaxVu dk jktuSfrd elyk Hkj ugha gS cfYd bldh otg ls gekjh vejhdh lsukvksa] dwVuhfrKksa vkSj uhfr fuekZrkvksa dh enn djus dh rkdr Hkh çHkkfor gksrh gS vkSj bl rjg ds gkykr esa gj chrrs fnu ds lkFk ;g [krjk c<+ jgk gSA DySij us dgk fd deZpkfj;ksa dks osru u nsuk] tcju Nqêh ij Hkstuk mUgsa vkfFkZd fnDdrksa esa Mkyrk gS vkSj ;g fons’kh xqIrpj laLFkkvksa ds fy, csgn eqQhn gSA ;g fons’kh xqIrpj laLFkkvksa ds fy, lius lp gksus tSlk gSA ogha] vejhdk dh rduhdh xqIrpj laLFkk ds funs’kd tujy dhFk ,ysDtSM a j us dgk fd mudh laLFkk us gtkjksa xf.krKksa vkSj daI;wVj fo’ks"kKksa dks Nqêh ij Hkst fn;k gS ftldk mUgsa osru ugha feysxkA vkt vejhdk tks iwjh nqfu;k esa dRysvke djrk gqvk utj vk jgk gS] og Nkrh ihVdj jks jgk gSA pkiywl eqYd mlds vk¡lw dc rd iksNx sa sA vk¡lw muds can ugha gks ldrs gSa pkgs rhljh nqfu;k ds lkjs ukxfjdksa dk dRy djds leLr laifÙk ns nh tk,A vejhdk us flQZ balkuksa dk dRysvke gh fd;k gS pkgs og bjkd gks] yhfc;k gks] lhfj;k gks] ;k vQxkfuLrku gksA ogha tks mlds lkFk jgk mldh fLFkfr lksekfy;k tSlh dj nh fd tgk¡ vkt leqæh Mkdqvksa dks NksM+ dj dqN cpk ugha gSA blhfy, vksckek vius dqacs ds lkFk vejhdk esa foyki dj jgs gSa vkSj muds lkjs nkSjs jí gks x, gSAa (5)


eqt¶ + Qjuxj dk lakiznkf;d naxk

&MkW0 eksgEen vkfjQ

rF; los{Z k.k

*ubZek vkUnksyu* *esjB vkUnksyu* vkfn esa *,drk* dk lUns’k nsus ds fy, *gj&gj egknso* vkSj *ukjk&,&rdchj vYykgq vdcj* dh lnk xw¡trh jghA os dHkh ;g ugha ns[krs Fks fd t+qYe lgus okyk fgUnw gS ;k eqkyekuA os flQ+Z gd+ ds fy, yM+rs FksA bu lHkh vkUnksyuksa dh v/;{krk x+qyke eksgEen tkSyk us dh FkhA muds pys tkus ds ckn ;g flyflyk det+kjs iM+ x;kA &elhgqn~nhu latjh lkEiznkf;d rkd+rksa dks tkVksa vkSj eqlyekuksa vekuoh;] ikf’od] ccZj ;k ,slh dk ;g esy&tksy [kVd jgk FkkA blfy, dksbZ laKk eqt+¶Qjuxj] ';keyh vkSj mUgksua s /khjs&/khjs bl esy&tksy dks lkainz kf;drk vkl&ikl ?kfVr gksus okyh ?kVukvksa dks dh vkx esa >ksd a fn;kA

i`"BHkwfe if’peh m0iz0 ds tkV yS.M dk fny dgs tkus okys eqt¶+ +Q+juxj&’kkeyh xaxk tequk ds nksvkc esa cls mitkÅ Hkwfe okys bl {ks= esa 70 izfr’kr fdlku ,d gsDVs;j ls de tksr ds gSAa eqt¶+ Q + j+ uxj ls fdlh rjQ+ fudfy, gfj;kyh gh gfj;kyh fn[kkbZ nsxhA xUuk ;gk¡ dh ykbQ+ ykbu gSA bl {ks= esa tgk¡ ixM+h vkSj ew¡N dks izfr"Bk ls tksMk+ tkrk gS ogha vPNh Q+ly vkSj ranq#Lr i’kq Hkh LVsVl flEcy ekus uaxyk eankSM+ dh egkiapk;r ds ckn tkrs gSAa ;g ogh bykdk gS tgk¡ fgUnw vkSj eqfLye tk, gj NksVs vkSj cM+s Q+Slys esa lkFk cSB dj nq%[k&nnZ lkFk ck¡Vrs FksA pkS/kjh pj.k flga us tkV&eqfLye ds bl lehdj.k dks jktuSfrd iz;ksx’kkyk esa et+crw cuk;kA tkV vkSj eqfLye ,drk dk ;g ,dek= mnkgj.k gSA o"kZ 2001 dh vkcknh ds eqrkfcd eqt¶+ Q + j+ uxj&’kkeyh esa eqfLyeksa dh vkcknh 38-1 izfr’kr] 60-1 izfr’kr fgUnw vkSj ckd+h lHkh vU; /keZ ds yksxksa dh FkhaA eqt¶+ Q + j+ uxj esa 540 vkSj 'kkeyh esa 218 xzke iapk;rsa gSAa eq[; :i ls tkV vkSj eqlyekuksa dk ncnck gS vkSj vc rd bldh ,drk dh felky nh tkrh FkhA ;gk¡ dk bfrgkl bl ckr dk lk{kh gS fd fiNys lkB lkyksa esa eqlyekuksa vkSj tkVksa ds chp ,slh dksbZ ?kVuk ugha gqbZ ftlls muds chp uQ+jr dh nhokj [kM+h gks tk,A ;gk¡ rd fd v;ks/;k fookn ds nkSjku ;k if’peh m0iz0 esa gq, vU; naxksa ds nkSjku HkhA 'kk;n blh dkj.k pkS/kjh pj.k flag ^fdlku eqlyeku* dk ukjk nsrs FksA fdlku ;wfu;u ds >.Ms rys ;gk¡ ds yksxksa us ns’k O;kih HkM+dh fgalk yM+kb;k¡ yM+h gSAa Hkkjrh; fdlku ;wfu;u okLro esa eqt¶+ Q + j+ uxj esa gq, ds tud pkS/kjh egsUnz flag fVdSr dh lka i n z kf;d na x s fu’fpr :i ls gekjs dqN vxqvkbZ esa gksus okys gj vkUnksyu ftlesa

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

fnlEcj&2013

;gk¡ ,d cPps ds [kwu ls tks fy[kk gqvk gS mls i<+ks + + +

vatke nsus okyksa ds fy, i;kZIr gksxh\ vk’p;Z vkSj cs’kehZ dh ckr rks ;g gS fd bls tk;t+ Bgjkus dh mlh rjg dh dksf’k’k dh xbZa ftl rjg xqtjkr naxksa dks xks/kjk dkaM dh izfrfØ;k crkus dk iz;kl fd;k x;k FkkA mRrj&izns’k esa bl rjg ds lkEiznkf;d "kM~;a= fiNys dbZ naxksa ds ekeys esa igys gh csudkc gks pqds gSaA bu naxksa esa vkerkSj ls naxkb;ksa us lekt esa fo"k ?kksyus vkSj Hkkouk,¡ HkM+dkus ds fy, efgykvksa ds lkFk vHknzrk dks gfFk;kj :i esa iz;ksx fd;k gSA QSt+kckn esa rks fgUnw yM+dh ls NsM+NkM+ ds lkFk gh ewfrZ;ksa ds [kafMr djus dh vQokg Hkh QSykbZ xbZ FkhA ckn esa ;g rF; [kqydj lkeus vk (6)


x;k fd ewfrZ;k¡ lgh lyker FkhaA mudh ohfM;ks Hkh tkjh gks xbZA fdlh yM+dh ds lkFk NsM+NkM+ dk dksbZ ekeyk dgha ntZ ugha gqvkA ;gk¡ rd fd dksbZ ;g crkus okyk Hkh ugha Fkk fd ihfM+r yM+dh dkSu vkSj dgk¡ dh jgus okyh FkhA bl ckr ds Hkh dbZ izek.k feys fd naxk iwoZ fu;ksftr Fkk vkSj yM+dh ds lkFk NsM+NkM+ ;k ewfrZ;ksa dks [kafMr djus dh vQokg tkucw> dj x<+h xbZ FkhA eqt+¶Qjuxj] 'kkeyh] esjB vkSj ckx+ir esa gksus okys naxs ds fy, Hkh cgkuk ;gh cuk;k x;k fd tkV yM+dh ls eqlyeku yM+ds us NsMN + kM+ dh FkhA gkyk¡fd ;g ckr lgh ugha FkhA ekeyk 27] vxLr dks eksVj lkbfdy vkSj lkbfdy dh VDdj ds ckn mits fookn ls 'kq: gqvk FkkA ckr c<+ xbZ vkSj daoky xzke fuoklh 'kkguokt+ dh lfpu vkSj xkSjo uked nks tkV ;qodksa us pkdw ekj dj gR;k dj nhA eqgYys ds yksxksa us bu nksuksa geykojksa dks Hkh ekj MkykA nksuksa i{kksa dh rjQ ls fy[kokbZ xbZ ,Q-vkbZ-vkj- esa Hkh eksVjlkbfdy vkSj ?kVuk dk C;kSjk lkbfdy dh VDdj dks gh fookn dk eqt¶+ Q + j+ uxj ft+ys ds ¼tkulB½ dkj.k crk;k x;k gSA bl ?kVuk ls fQjdkijLrksa dks ihf<+;ksa ls pys vk jgs eqlyeku&tkV 'kkfUriw.kZ lgvfLrRo dks naxksa dh vkx esa tykus dk ekSdk fey x;kA uQjr ds lkS n kxjks a us eksV j lkbfdy&lkbfdy VDdj dh txg yM+dh ds lkFk NsM+NkM+ dk izpkj djuk 'kq: dj fn;kA bl vkx esa ?kh Mkyus ds fy, ;w V~;wc ls ikfdLrku dh ,d ohfM;ksa Mkmu yksM dh xbZ ftlesa dqN nk<+h Vksih okyksa dks ,d O;fDr dh fiVkbZ djrs fn[kk;k x;k FkkA bl ohfM;ks }kjk izpkfjr fd;k tkus yxk fd eqlyeku tkV yM+ds dh fiVkbZ dj jgs gaS vkSj fofHkUu ek/;eksa ls bldk cgqr O;kid Lrj ij forj.k gksus yxkA dfFkr :i ls ;g dke Hkktik fo/kk;d laxhr flag lkse us fd;k FkkA okrkoj.k bruk nwf"kr dj fn;k x;k fd blls fuiVus ds fy, fofHkUu [kkiksa us vuqlkj 50 ls 60 vkSj x+Sj ljdkjh vk¡dM+kas iapk;rksa dk nkSj 'kq: dj fn;k vkSj 7] ds vuqlkj lSd a M+kas yksxksa dks ekSr ds ?kkV flrEcj dks dbZ [kkiksa us feydj *cgw&csVh mrkj fn;k x;k vkSj xEHkhj :i ls ?kk;yksa cpkvks* egkiapk;r cqykbZ ftlesa tedj lkEiznkf;d Hkk"k.k ckt+h gqbZA mlds ckn dh la[;k rks vufxur gSA

jktuSfrd nyksa dh yk’kksa ij jktuhfr djus dh ijEijk vkSj dqN usrkvksa dh pqukoh yksyqirk ds flok; dqN ughaA lektoknh ikVhZ vkSj Hkk-t-ik- ds xBtksM+ esa izk;ksftr bu naxksa us u dsoy jk"Vªh; yksdny vkSj Hkkjrh; fdlku ;wfu;u ds Hkfo"; ij gh lokfy;k fu’kku yxk fn;k gS cfYd tkV vkSj eqfLye leqnk; ds chp lUnsg dh ,slh nhokj [kM+h dj nh gS ftldk fxjk;k tkuk nksuksa leqnk;ksa ds fy, le; dh furkUr vko’;drk gSA naxksa ds dkj.k tku&eky dh gkfu vkSj xk¡o ds {ks=ksa ls gksus okyk ,d leqnk; fo’ks"k dk iyk;u dsoy ,d {kf.kd vkos’k esa vkdj Hk;kØkUr leqnk; dk gh iyk;u ugha gS cfYd ;g cM+s pkS/kjh ds vkn’kksaZ vkSj ,d fdlku ds rkSj ij nksuksa leqnk;ksa dh lkekftd] jktuSfrd vko’;drkvksa vkSj leL;kvksa dks ysdj cuh vkSj vktrd pyh vk jgh Hkkjrh; fdlku ;wfu;u dh cqfu;kn ls gksus okys iyk;u ds rkSj ij Hkh bfrgkl esa ntZ gksxkA

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

doky xk¡o esa 27 vxLr 2013 dks eksVj lkbfdyksa ij lokj nks leqnk;ksa ds ;qodksa ds vkil esa Vdjk tkus dh ,d NksVh lh ?kVuk ls HkM+dh fgalk esa 'kkguokt+] xkSjo vkSj lfpu dh gR;k ds ckn ls eqt¶+ Q + j+ uxj] 'kkeyh lesr mlds vkl&ikl ds xk¡oksa esa gq, lkEiznkf;d naxksa ls tgk¡ vke vkneh [k+kSQ+ vkSj ng’kr ds lk, esa th jgk gS ogha bu naxksa ls eqt¶+ Q + j+ uxj] 'kkeyh] ckx+ir] esjB vkSj lgkjuiqj lesr vkl&ikl ds 'kgjksa dk O;kikj Hkh cgqr izHkkfor gqvk gSA bl lkEiznkf;d naxs esa ljdkjh vk¡dM+kas ds

fnlEcj&2013

(7)


lkEiznkf;drk dh vkx esa lqyxrk eqt¶+ Q + j+ uxj

xbZ Fkha vkSj lsuk] v)ZlfS ud cy vkSj flfoy iqfyl dk ¶+ySx ekpZ tkjh jgk vkSj vkl&ikl ds ft+yksa esa Hkh dM+h fuxjkuh j[kh xbZ D;ksfa d eqt¶+ Q + j+ uxj ds naxksa ds ckn bu {ks=ksa esa Hkh d’khnxh iSnk dh xbZ FkhA blls fuiVus ds fy, esjB jst a ds pkj ft+yksa esa vf/kdkfj;ksa dh Q+kSt iM+h jgh vkSj iSjk fefyVªh ds vykok lsuk Hkh fLFkfr ij fu;U=.k djus esa ukdke jghA

eqt¶+ Q + j+ uxj doky ?kVuk ij 7 flrEcj 2013 dks uaxyk eankSM+ esa gqbZ egkiapk;r esa 'kkfey gksus tk jgh cl esa lokj yksxksa us vYila[;d leqnk; ds ,d vkneh dks ihV&ihV dj ekj fn, tkus ds ckn gkykr d+kcw ls ckgj gks x, vkSj nksuksa leqnk;ksa ds yksx vkeus&lkeus vk x, vkSj tedj iFkjko] ywV&ikV] vkxt+uh vkSj naxs esa tyrs gq, ?kj vkSj okgu Q+k;fjax gqbZ ftlesa dbZ yksxksa dh e`R;q gqbZA bl Hk;kud naxas esa gtk+jksa yksx ejus okyksa es]a ,d Vh-oh- pSuy dk fjiksVZj vius vki dks vlqjf{kr le>rs gq, vius Hkh 'kkfey gSA naxs esa eqt¶+ Q + j+ uxj 'kgj ds ?kjksa dks NksMu+ s ij etcwj gq, vkSj mUgksua s 'ksj uxj] ehuk{kh pkSd] vcqijq k] vYekliqjk] vkl&ikl ds xk¡oksa esa 'kj.k yhA fpUrktud [kknjokyk] y)kokyk] :M+dh pqx a h] tkSyh xaxugj] o ehjkiqj ds eq> a M s k+ vkfn esa tedj fgalk gqbZA fgalk esa eqfLye efgykvksa ds lkFk vHknzrk dk O;ogkj dj mudks tku ls ekj fn;k x;k vkSj eklwe cPpksa dks Hkh ugha c[+’kk x;kA naxs esa cgqr lh efLtnksa vkSj enjlksa dks Hkh fu’kkuk cuk;k x;kA tkSyh xaxugj ij lkEiznkf;drk dk uaxk ukp iqfyl vkSj ih-,-lh- dh ekStnw xh esa gqvkA fLFkfr dks fu;fU=r djus ds fy, ft+ys ds rhu Fkkuk {ks=ksa esa d¶;Zw yxk fn;k x;k FkkA

naxs esa rckg gq, ?kj mlds ckn xk¡oksa vkSj dLcksa esa vlkekftd rRoksa us dksgjke epk fn;k Fkk [ksrksa esa ?kqldj vYila[;d leqnk; ds yksxksa dk ujlagkj fd;k tgk¡ jkstk+ uk yk’ksa cjken gqbAZa ysfdu iz’kklu us bl [k+cj dks fcYdqy gh Nqik fn;kA iqfyl vkSj iz’kklu fLFkfr ij fu;U=.k ugha dj ldsA blfy, ogk¡ ij lsuk dks rSukr dj fn;k x;k Fkk tgk¡ ij cgqr vf/kd la[;k esa yk’ksa iM+h gqbZ FkhaA naxksa ds urhts esa eqtQ + Q+juxj ds vkl&ikl ds ft+yksa 'kkeyh] ckx+ir] esjB vkSj lgkjuiqj esa lkoZtfud Lrj ij 50 ls 60 yksxksa dh e`R;q gqbZ vkSj 60 ls T+;knk yksx xEHkhj :i ls ?kk;y gq,A gkyk¡fd ejus okyksa dh la[;k lSd a M+kas esa gS vkSj ?kk;yksa dh rks fxurh gh ugha dh tk ldrhA ft+ys ds 'kgjh vkSj xk¡o {ks=ksa esa lykerh nLrksa dh yxHkx 50 dEifu;k¡ rSukr dh

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

ckr ;g gS fd naxas dks fu;fU=r djus esa iqfyl vkSj iz’kklu us t+cjnLr ykijokgh dk lqcrw fn;kA vxj 'kklu vkSj iz’kklu igys ls gh dksf’k’k djrk fd naxk u gks rks fQj ;s naxk u QwVrkA fLFkfr rks 12 fnu iwoZ gh ruko iw.kZ Fkh vkSj nQk 144 Hkh ykxw FkhA fQj Hkh 'kjkjrh rRoksa dks egkiapk;r djus ls ugha jksdk x;k ftlesa cM+h+ la[;k esa Hkk-t-ik- ds LFkkuh; usrkvksa lesr cgql[a ;d leqnk; ds yxHkx 50 gt+kj yksxksa us c<+&p<+ dj fgLlk fy;k vkSj naxs ds fy, okrkoj.k rS;kj fd;kA egkiapk;r esa eqlyekuksa dks ekjus dh d+leas [kkbZ xbZAa muds f[kykQ+ ukjs yxk, x,] **eqlyekuksa dk ,d gh

fnlEcj&2013

cM+s iSekus ij naxk HkM+d x;kA ,d ckj fQj ;g izpkfjr fd;k x;k fd iapk;r ls okilh ij eqlyekuksa us tkVksa ij geyk dj fn;k ftlls naxk HkM+dkA ;g ckr lgh gS fd iapk;r ls okilh ij nksuksa leqnk; ds yksxksa esa dbZ LFkkuksa ij Vdjko gqvk ftlesa nksukas rjQ ds yksx grkgr vkSj ?kk;y Hkh gq, FksA geys dh 'kq#vkr djus ds ekeys esa ijLij fojks/kh vkjksi Hkh gSaA ijUrq tgk¡ rd naxksa dh 'kq:vkr dh ckr gS rF; dqN vkSj gh dgrs gSaA 5] flrEcj dks ,d [kki iapk;r ds ckn uQhl uked O;fDr dks pkdw ekj fn;k x;kA 7] flrEcj dks gksus okyh egkiapk;r esa 'kkfey gksus ds fy, cM+s iSekus ij gfFk;kjksa ds lkFk eqlyekuksa ds f[kykQ lkEiznf;d ukjs yxkrs gq, yksx uxyk eankSM+ esa bdV~Bk gq,A dgk tkrk gS fd ;g la[;k ,d yk[k ls Hkh vf/kd FkhA nksigj esa gh x<+h nkSyr] dka/kyk fuoklh uQhl vgen Mªkboj tks fdjk, ij egkiapk;r esa viuh cksysjks ysdj x;k Fkk mldh gR;k dj nh xbZA 4 cts 'kke esa uaxyk cqt+qxZ fuoklh vlxj iq= vYykg cUnk dks ekj Mkyk x;kA fnu esa gh yisM+k fuoklh Qjhn iq= nksLr eqgEen] lyeku iq= vehj glu] x<+h Qhjkst+kckn fuoklh ut+j eqgEen iq= ewlk] yrkQr iq= eqLrQk dh Hkh gR;k dj nh xbZA bu ?kVukvksa ds ckn QSyus okyh vQokgksa ls ,d cM+s naxs dh i`f"BHkwfe rS;kj gks xbZA iapk;r ls okilh ij jkLrs esa gfFk;kjksa ds izn’kZu vkSj ukjsckt+h ls dbZ LFkkuksa ij Vdjko gq, vkSj eqt+¶Qjuxj rFkk 'kkeyh iwjh rjg naxs dh pisV esa vk x;kA bldh yiVsa esjB vkSj ckx+ir rd Hkh igq¡p xbZaA djhc Ms<+ lkS xk¡o eqlyekuksa ls [kkyh gks x,A muds ?kjksa dks tyk fn;k x;kA 7] vxLr dh jkr ls tks vkxt+uh] gR;k] vkSj cykRdkj dh ?kVuk,¡ gqbZa mls lgh ek;us esa naxk dgk gh ugha tk ldrk D;ksafd bldk f’kdkj og xjhc eqlyeku et+nwj gq, tks ihf<+;ksa ls tkV fdlkuksa ds ;gk¡ et+nwjh djrs vk jgs FksA muds ikl viuh [ksrh ugha FkhA O;olk; ds uke ij yksgkjh] c<+bZxhjh ;k ukbZ ds dke djrs Fks vkSj (8)


LFkku] ikfdLrku ;k dfczLrku **A egkiapk;r [krkSyh vkfnA esa cgql[a ;d leqnk; ds yksx uaxh ryokjas vkSj vU; gfFk;kj ysdj 'kkfey gq, vkSj fQ+j naxk HkM+dkuk 'kq: dj fn;kA blds ckn Hkh iz’kklu us naxs dks fu;fU=r djus esa bl d+nj lqLrh cjrh fd naxkbZ ges’kk dh rjg iqfyl dh ekStnw xh esa vkxt+uh] ywV&ikV vkSj d+Ry&vks&xk+jr djrs jgs vkSj vYila[;d leqnk; ds yksx ejrs jgsA iqfyl us] ftldk dke t+kfye dks t+Yq e ls jksduk gS] mlus tqY+ e dks c<+kok nsus ds fy, naxkb;ksa ds fy, tSls ba/ku gh mIkyC/k djk fn;k gksA

dk¡/kyk lesr x<+h nkSyr vkSj dSjkuk esa 18 gt+kj] x¡x# s vkYnh esa djhc 7 gt+kj] 'kkeyh esa 14 gt+kj ls T+;knk] Fkkuk Hkou esa 116 ifjokj] tykykckn esa 200 vkSj yksuh ds enjls esa 2833 yksx iukg fy, gq, gSAa buesa xk¡o fylk<+] yk¡d] cgkoM+h] gluiqj] [kjM+] Q+qxkuk] flaHkkydk] dqVck dqVch] eksgEeniqj jk;flag] vkSj ckx+ir ds xk¡o ywca ] rqxkuk] gsok] fdjgy] cw<i+ qj] jekyk vkfn xk¡o ds d+jhc <kbZ gt+kj yksx iukg fy, gq, gSAa 'kj.kkFkhZ f’kfojksa esa ;g flrEcj esa uaxyk eankSsM+ dh egkiapk;r yksx ljdkjh jkgr lkexzh dk bUrt+kj dj bu xk¡oks]a dLcksa esa gSa 'kj.kkFkhZ%& jgs gSAa ;gk¡ xzkeh.k vkl&ikl ds 'kgjksa tkSyk] 'kQ+hiqj iV~Vh] yksbZ] tksxh vkSj dLcksa ls jk’ku] diM+]s dEcy vkSj [ksMk+ ] eaMokyk] clhadyk] f’kdkjiqj] 'kkgiqj] t+:jr dk yxHkx lHkh lkeku tqVkdj bu lHkh yksxksa ds fy, Hkkstu&ikuh vkSj lqjf{kr jgus dk bUrt+ke dj jgs gSAa jkr esa efgyk,¡ lksrh gSa rks iq#"k igjk nsrs gSAa yksx vius xk¡o okil vkus ls Mjrs gSAa ysfdu u rks m0iz0 ljdkj vkSj u gh dsUnz ljdkj ls vc rd dksbZ enn mu rd igq¡p ikbZ gSA

iyk;u djrs gq, yksx o naxs esa ?kk;y vkSj Hkw[k ls fcy[krs eklwe izR;{knf’kZ;ksa ds vuqlkj %& eqt¶+ Q + j+ uxj naxksa us gt+kjks yksxksa

gchciqj] jlwyiqj nHksMh+ ] gqluS iqj dyka] cq<k+ uk] tlksbZ] lk¡>d] [krkSyh] rkoyh] c?kjk] lkSVa k jlwyiqj] 'kkeyh] x<+h iq[r+ k] dSjkuk] eydiqj] uwj[ksMk+ ] x<+h nkSyr] dk¡/kyk] dk¡/kyk nsgkr x¡x# s ] vkYnh] FkkukHkou] tykykckn] yksuh]

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

dks 'kj.kkFkhZ cuk fn;k gSA jkgr dSEiksa esa iM+s yksxksa dh nqfu;k pan ?kaVksa es cny xbZA yxHkx 70&80 gt+kj yksx lkEiznkf;d fgalk esa cs?kj gks x, vkSj vc 'kj.kkFkhZ f’kfojksa esa viuk thou xqtkj jgs gSAa gekjh ik¡p lnL;h; Vhe us 'kj.kkFkhZ dSEiksa dk nkSjk dj dSEiksa esa jg jgs iq#"kksa vkSj efgykvksa ls ckr dhA

fnlEcj&2013

blds fy, Hkh mUgha tkVksa ij vkfJr FksA lkekftd Lrj ij mudh tkV fdlkuksa ds lkeus lj mBkus dh Hkh gSfl;r ugha FkhA bl ,drjQk naxsa esa ukStoku] cw<+ksa] cPpksa] efgykvksa dh fueZe gR;k dh xbZA efgykvksa vkSj ukckfyx yM+fd;ksa ds lkFk lkewfgd cykRdkj dh ,d lkFk bruh ?kVuk,¡ mRrj izns’k esa igys dHkh ugha gqbZA bu ?kVukvksa dks vatke nsus dk tks rjhdk bDdhloha lnh ds ekuo us viuk;k mldk dksbZ mnkgj.k nqfu;k ds fdlh iztkfr ds tkuojksa ds bfrgkl esa ugha feyrkA cqt+qxZ nEifRr dks vkjk e’khu ls dkV dj VqdM+& s VqdM+s dj fn;kA efgykvksa vkSj de mez yM+fd;ksa ds lkFk muds ifjtuksa ds lkeus lkewfgd cykRdkj fd;k x;kA nw/k ihrs cPps dks xksn esa fy, gq, efgyk dks cPps lesr ft+Unk vkx esa tyk fn;k x;kA tys gq, 'koksa dks vyx djus dk iz;kl tc foQy jgk rks nksuksa dks ,d lkFk gh nQu dj fn;k x;kA fdrus gh yksxksa dh gR;k dj lcwr feVkus ds fy, yk’kksa dks ugj esa cgk fn;k x;k] tyk fn;k x;k ;k [ksrksa esa feV~Vh ds uhps nck fn;k x;kA loky ;g gS fd iz’kklu D;k dj jgk Fkk vkSj ljdkj dh vk¡[ksa cUn D;ksa Fkha\ ljdkj ds ikl naxk gksus dh vk’kadk dh [kqfQ;k tkudkjh Hkh FkhA lekpkj i=ksa esa naxs dh lEHkkouk dh [kcjsa Ni jgh FkhaA /kkjk 144 yxk nh xbZ FkhA fQj Hkh egkiapk;r gksus nh xbZA HkM+dkÅ Hkk"k.k] t+gjhys ukjksa vkSj gfFk;kjksa ls ySl HkhM+ dk n`’; ogk¡ ekStwn mPp iqfyl vf/ kdkfj;ksa ds lkeus FkkA iapk;r lekIr gksus ls ?kaVksa igys blesa Hkkx ysus vk, yksxksa }kjk gR;k dh okjnkrsa vatke nh tk pqdh FkhA iapk;r lekIr gksus ds ckn iz’kklu ds ikl gkykr dks l¡Hkkyus ds fy, i;kZIr le; FkkA blds ckotwn ljdkj vkSj iz’kklu us ftl rjg fLFkfr ls fuiVus esa vkijkf/kd ykijokgh dk izn’kZu fd;k mlls lkQ rkSj ij yxrk gS fd ml le; dkuwu O;oLFkk cuk, j[kus esa budh dksbZ fnypLih ugha FkhA cfYd ;g dgk tk, fd rhuksa dh ea’kk ,d gh Fkh rks xyr ugha (9)


x<+h nkSyr enjlk dSEi dk¡/kyk ls 4 fd0eh0 vkxs x<+h nkSyr xk¡o dSEi esa 800 'kj.kkFkhZ jg jgs gSAa tgk¡ ij enjls ds izcU/kd] LFkkuh; yksx vkSj vkl&ikl ds {ks=ksa ds yksx muds [kkus&ihus vkSj lHkh t+:jr ds lkeku dk izcU/k dj jgs gSAa dSEi ds izcU/kd us gesa crk;k fd dqN fnu igys ljdkj dh vksj ls tks jk’ku vk;k Fkk og ,slk Fkk fd 'kk;n ml jk’ku dks tkuoj Hkh u [kk,¡A 'kj.kkfFkZ;ksa us vius ?kj esa okil ykSVus dh ckr ij dgk fd og okil vius ?kj dSls tk,¡ tc muds ?kj tyk fn, x, gSAa izcU/ku desVh % ekSykuk dkfey] lcls igys gekjh ckr xk¡o fylk<+ fuoklh bdjke ls gqbZ mlds rkÅ vkSj rkbZ nksuksa

eankSM+ ls gluiqj igq¡ph] cgql[a ;d leqnk; ds vU; O;fDr;ksa dks vius lkFk ysdj mu yksxksa us gfFk;kjksa vkSj reUpksa ds lkFk vjktdrk dk uaxk ukp djrs gq, eqfLye leqnk; ds yksxksa dks pqupqu dj fu’kkuk cukuk 'kq: fd;kA lcls igys mUgksua s ut: tqykgk vkSj mldh iRuh dk xyk dkVdj muds ?kj esa vkx yxk nhA blds ckn cgql[a ;d leqnk; dk ,d yM+dk ccyw vYila[;d leqnk; ds yksxksa ds ikl x;k vkSj mlus yksxksa dks tkudkjh nh fd cgql[a ;d leqnk; ds yksxksa dh ehfVax py jgh gS vkSj xk¡o ds iz/kku us ?kks"k.kk dh gS fd ,d&,d eqlyeku dks ge dkV nsx a s

dh dkVdj gR;k dh xbZ vkSj ckn esa mudh yk’kksa dks vkSj ?kj dks mudh ut+jksa ds lkeus tyk fn;k x;kA [k+kSQ dh otg ls taxy ds jkLrs bdjke vius ifjokj dh efgykvksa vkSj cPpks lesr x<+h nkSyr enjls esa igq¡pAs xk¡o fylk<+ ds gh nwljs O;fDr eks0 'ke’kkn us gesa crk;k fd 5 flrEcj dh iapk;r fylk<+ esa vk;ksftr dh xbZ Fkh ;gha ls bl iapk;r dh HkhM+ dks ns[krs gq, 7 flrEcj uaxyk eankSM+ iapk;r dk ,syku Hkh fd;k x;kA 7 rkjh[k+ dks 'kke <yus ds ckn O;fDr;ksa ls ynh ,d Vªkyh uxyk

vkSj tyk nsx a As ccyw ¼tkV leqnk; dk yM+dk½ us viuh dkj ls dqN yksxksa dks lqjf{kr fudkyk] FkksMh+ gh nsj esa ul#y tqykgs ds ?kj esa naxkbZ nkf[ky gq, mldk ryokjks& a xM+klksa ls xyk dkVdj mlds ?kj esa vkx yxk nhA blds ckn lqD[ku /kksch]

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

vDyw /kksch] uCcw yqgkj] t+jhQ+u] fljktqy vkSj fudV gh ;kehu dh iRuh dks Hkh dkVdj tyk fn;k x;k vkSj djew vkSj uCcw dh nks uokfl;ksa dks naxkbZ mBk dj ys x,A 'ke’kkn us crk;k fd] 3050 dh vYila[;d vkcknh okys fylk<+ xk¡o esa 'ke’kkn vkSj bdjke dh tkudkjh ds eqrkfcd mudh ut+jksa ds lkeus yxHkx 12 iq#"kksa vkSj efgykvksa dks dkVk vkSj tyk;k x;kA ?kjksa ls lHkh lkeku vkSj i’kq muls Nhudj muds ?kjksa dks vkx yxk nhA flQZ viuh tku cpkdj yxHkx 350 yksx dk¡/kyk dh vksj Hkkx x,A blds ckn ft+yk ckx+ir ds ot+hjiqj xk¡o ds uwj glu us gesa crk;k

fnlEcj&2013

gksxkA fQjdkijLr naxk djokuk pkgrs Fks iz’kklu mls jksduk ugha pkgrk Fkk vkSj ljdkj dh 'kkfUr cuk, j[kus esa dksbZ #fp ugha FkhA bldk dkj.k ljdkj o iz’kklu dh v{kerk vkSj laosnughurk Fkh] naxkb;ksa ds lkFk feyh Hkxr ;k naxk mijkUr jktuSfrd ykHk gkfly djus dh tqxrA exj lPpkbZ ;gh gS fd naxkb;ksa us gR;k ds ckn lcwr feVkus ds fy, yk’kksa dks tyk;k] cgk;k vkSj feV~Vh ds uhps nck fn;kA iz’kklu us Qk¡lh ij yVdh gqbZ yk’kksa dks vkRegR;k lkfcr djus dk iz;kl fd;kA ,Q-vkbZ-vkj- ntZ djus esa ck/kk,¡ mRiUu dhaA lRrk/kkjh ny us bls dHkh tkrh; la?k"kZ crkus dh dksf’k’k dh rks dHkh ljdkj ds eaf=;ksa us viuh fjiksVZ esa jkgr dSEiksa esa naxk ihfM+rksa dks tcju jksd dj viuk /ka/kk pykus dk vkjksi yxk;kA bu lHkh iz;klksa dk ek= ,d dkj.k Fkk fd naxs dh O;kidrk vkSj t?kU;rk nqfu;k ij t+kfgj u gksA ljdkj vkSj iz’kklu ds fy, dkuwu O;oLFkk dh cgkyh vkSj naxk ihfM+rksa ds iquokZl ds eqdkcys esa rF;ksa ij ijnk Mkyus ds ek;us T+;knk FksA ;gh dkj.k gS fd ljdkjh rkSj ij flQZ 62 ekSrsa crkbZ xbZa tcfd ekuokf/kdkj vkSj lkekftd laxBuksa ds iz;klksa ls dqN vkSj gR;kvksa ls ijnk mBk vkSj vk¡dM+k 100 ikj dj x;kA gkyk¡fd mu lHkh dh izkFkfedh vHkh rd ntZ ugha gks ikbZ gSA blds vykok ,d cM+h la[;k ykirk O;fDr;ksa dh gS ftuds ckjs esa vk’kadk gS fd mudh gR;k gks pqdh gSA ;gh fLFkfr ?kj NksM+ dj tkus okys naxk ihfM+rksa dh la[;k dh Hkh gSA ljdkj }kjk bls Hkh de djds crkus dk gj lEHko iz;kl fd;k x;k vkSj fQj naxk ihfM+rksa ds izfr viuh laosnughurk dks Nqikus ds fy, jkgr dSEi pykus okyksa dks gh ljdkj ds eaf=;ksa us dV?kjs esa [kM+k dj fn;kA eqt+¶Qjuxj] 'kkeyh o vU; txgksa ij NksVs cM+s rhu ntZu ls Hkh T+;knk jkgr dSEi dke dj jgs FksA eqt+¶Qjuxj esa lt+kd] rkSyh] cklh dyka] cq<+kuk] l[khiqj] tkSyk] tksxh [ksM+k yksbZ] pjFkkoy] ehjkiqj vkSj 'kkeyh esa eydiqj] (10)


fd 8 flrEcj 2013 dks b’kk dh uekt+ ds le; naxkb;ksa us uekft+;ksa ls Hkjh gqbZ ,d efLtn ij va/kk&/kqa/k Q+k;fjax djds cM+h la[;k esa uekft+;ksa dks ?kk;y dj fn;k] ,d 7 lky ds cPps lesr 4 yksxksa dh gR;k dh xbZ vkSj blds vykok efLtn esa rksM& + QksM+ vkSj vkxt+uh Hkh dh xbZA tc uekt+h viuksa dh yk’kksa dks mBk dj vius ?kj ys x, rks iqfyl dk Hkkjh vEyk muds ?kjksa ij x;k vkSj muls dgk fd bu pkjksa yksxksa dks vHkh nQukvksA y + ksxksa us mudk fojks/k djrs gq, dgk fd vHkh buds dQ+u vkSj x+qLy dk bUrstk+ e ugha gS vkSj vHkh fdlh vkSj dks ekjuk gS rks vHkh ekj nksA bl ij iqfyl us mu yksxksa dks Mjk;k] /kedk;k vkSj mudks tku ls ekjus rd dh /kedh nh] vkSj v)Zjk=h dks mu pkjksa yk’kksa dks ,d gh dcz esa nQ+uk;k x;kA

bZnxkg dSEi] dka/kyk bl dSEi esa 8000&9000 naxk ihfM+r 'kj.kkFkhZ gaAS blds vykok eqLrQ+kckn dSEi esa 500] bLekbZy dSEi esa 800 vkSj fctyh?kj dSEi esa 2500 'kj.kkFkhZ bl le; jg jgs gSAa lHkh dSEi eqfLye leqnk; ds }kjk yxk, x, gSAa bu dSEiksa esa u ikuh dh lIykbZ vkSj u gh Vk;ysV dk dksbZ izcU/k ljdkj dh vksj ls fd;k x;k gSA 8&10 fnu ds ckn jk’ku ljdkj dh vksj ls vkrk gS] ysfdu ftruh t+:jr gksrh gS mldk flQ+Z 10 izfr’kr jk’ku vkrk gS] tks fd iwjk ugha gks ikrk gSA izcU/ku desVh % ekSykuk

vj’kn] gkth lyhe] bfLr[kkj vkSj ekSykuk jkf’kn vkfnA bZnxkg dSEi esa gekjh ckr xk¡o fylk<+ fuoklh ;klhu ls gqbZA os dgrs gS]a **esjh choh ds isV esa cPpk Fkk] ykr ekjdj [kRe dj fn;k x;kA eq>s irk ugha og cPph Fkh ;k cPpkA fdlh ds rcy ekj fn;kA ,d uCcs lky ds o`) + dks ft+na k tyk fn;kA mls D;ksa ekjk\ og rks pkj fnu jksVh u feyrh rks [kqn gh ej tkrkA ;s D;k Fkk fd gekjs cPpksa vkSj cqtx q+ ksZ dks gekjh gh ut+jksa ds lkeus d+Ry dj fn;k x;kA mudh vkokt+ esa nnZ Fkk lc dqN [kks nsus dkA

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

viuh ckr dks tkjh j[krs gq, mUgksua s gesa crk;k fd gesa lksr& s lksrs jkr dks vius ?kjksa dks NksMd + j Hkkxuk iM+kA cl ;s gh vkokt+ vk jgh Fkh fd **ekj Mkyks** **yxk nks vkx bues*a * **idM+ks bUgsa Hkkxus u ik,¡** vkfnA gekjs ?kjksa esa vkx yxk nhA Hkys gh esjk ?kj cp x;k gks] ysfdu og esjk dgk¡ jg x;kA eq>esa bruh fgEer ugha fd vius ?kj dks viuk dg nw¡A ;s dg nw¡ fd ;s esjk ?kj gS] esjk xk¡o gS] D;ksa Nhu fy;k esjk vf/kdkj] esjh ukxfjdrk\ cl bruk crk nks\** flEHkkydk fuoklh #[k+lkuk us crk;k 8 flrEcj dh lqcg tkV leqnk; ds yksxksa us gekjs ?kj ij geyk cksykA muds gkFkksa esa gfFk;kj FksA mUgksua s xM+kls ls xyk dkVdj esjs llqj gehn dh gR;k dj nhA ?kj dk lc lkeku ywV fy;k x;k vkSj ?kj dks vkx yxk nhA ge fdlh rjg viuh tku cpkdj ogk¡ ls fudysA fylk<+ fuoklh Hkwjks us crk;k fd 8 flrEcj dh gh lqcg 8%30 cts naxkb;ksa us gekjs ?kj ij geyk fd;k muds gkFkksa esa xM+kls] ryokjas vkSj Mht+y FkkA mUgksua s lcls igys esjh lkl vkSj llqj gdheq dks xM+kls ls dkV fn;k vkSj fQj mu ij rsy Mkydj vkx yxk nhA lc lkeku vkSj udnh ywV dj ?kj dks tyk fn;kA blh {ks= ds ,d nfyr dk;ZdrkZ us gesa crk;k] **ckcjh efLtn ds fxjk, tkus ds ckn 1992 esa pje lkEiznkf;d ruko ds le; Hkh jkT; Lrj ij lsuk ugha

fnlEcj&2013

dkU/kyk] dSjkuk] [kqjxku] ealjw k] tykykckn] lqark] jlwyiqj ds vykok xzkeh.k vapyksa esa NksVs cM+s jkgr dSEiksa esa naxk ihfM+rksa us iukg ys j[kh FkhA 'kj.kkfFkZ;ksa dh ,d cM+h la[ ;k dks vius fj’rsnkjksa vkS j lxs lacf/ak;ksa ds ;gk¡ Hkh iukg fey xbZ FkhA buesa dbZ dSEi ,sls Fks tgk¡ ,d lkFk nl gtkj rd naxk ihfM+rksa us 'kj.k yh FkhA izns’k ljdkj us dSEiksa esa naxk ihfM+rksa dh enn muds [kkus ihus jgus dh O;oLFkk djus dk dksbZ vk¡dM+k vc rd ugha fn;k gSA dqN dSEiksa ds vk;ktdksa us lkoZtfud :i ls dgk gS fd ljdkj dh rjQ ls mudks ,d iSls dh Hkh dksbZ lgk;rk ugha feyhA lektoknh ljdkj ds eqfLye usrk vkSj vf[kys’k ljdkj ds fo/kk;d ea=h igys dh rjg dqN ,sls fcUnqvksa dh [kkst esa yxs jgs ftlls ikVhZ vkSj ljdkj dk cpko fd;k tk ldsA ljdkj ds ofj"B ea=h vkt+e [kku tks ml {ks= ds izHkkjh Hkh gSa] us nks ijLij fojks/kh Hkwfedk,¡ vnk djds lcdks gSjr esa Mky fn;kA igys rks mUgksua s ehfM;k ds lkeus viuh gh ljdkj dks dV?kjs esa [kM+k fd;kA fojks/k Lo:i vkxjk esa ikVhZ dk;Zdkfj.kh dh cSBd esa ugha x,A eqyk;e flag ds HkkbZ jkexksiky ;kno vkSj dqN ofj"B lik usrkvksa us muds f[kykQ ekspkZ Hkh [kksy fn;kA ijUrq fo/kku lHkk ds ekulwu l= esa lnu ds vUnj vkt+e [kku us gh ljdkj dk iwjh rkdr ds lkFk cpko djds lcdks vk’p;Z esa Mky fn;kA gkyk¡fd x`g ea=ky; dk inHkkj eq[;ea=h ds ikl gksus ds dkj.k ;g ft+Eesnkjh mudh FkhA rhu pkj fnuksa ds Hkhrj ,slk dkSu lk peRdkj gqvk ftlls vkt+e [kku dk g`n; ifjorZu gks x;k ;g rks ogh crk ik,¡xsA ijUrq turk bls mudh jktuSfrd vnkdkjh ds :i esa gh ns[krh gSA tc jkgqy xka/kh us ;g dgk fd ikfdLrkuh [kqfQ;k ,tsalh vkbZ-,l-vkbZ- ds yksx eqt+¶Qjuxj ds 10&15 eqfLye ukStoku ftuds HkkbZ cgu naxs esa ekjs x, gSa] ls ckr dj jgs gSa rks vkt+e [kku us cgqr rh[kh izfrfØ;k O;Dr dhA ys f du vf[kys ’ k ljdkj ds eqt+¶Qjuxj ln~Hkkouk fe’ku ij x, ea=h lewg us viuh fjiksVZ esa nqHkkZouk o’k tc (11)


cqykuh iM+h FkhA lkEiznkf;d ruko ds le; igyh ckj ;gk¡ lsuk dks cqykuk iM+kA** bldk vFkZ gS fd jkT; ljdkj dks yxrk gS fd LFkkuh; iqfyl vkSj ih-,-lh- dh txg fdlh vkSj dh t+#jr gSA jkT; ljdkj dks LFkkhu; iqfyl vkSj ih-,-lh- ij Hkjkslk ugha gSA rkt+k fgalk esa ekjs x, vkSj ykirk yksxksa ds vk¡dM+ksa dh rqyuk djsa rks nksuks esa cgqr varj gSA vkf/kdkfjd rkSj ij 50&60 ejs gS]a lSd a M+kas ykirk gSAa gesa irk gS fd ykirk dkSu yksx gSa vkSj dgk¡ gSAa jktdqekj ds vuqlkj] ** gkfy;k ruko tkVksa vkSj eqlyekuksa ds chp gS] nwljs leqnk; pqipki cSBs gSa vkSj rek’kk ns[k jgs gSAa eqlyekuksa dks mudh vkSdk+ r fn[kkus dh lksp gkoh gSA igys ;g 'kgjh bykds esa gksrk Fkk] vc xk¡o ds bykdksa esa fgalk QSyus ls irk pyrk gS fd ;s Hkkouk gekjh lksp ls T+;knk xgjh gksrh tk jgh gSA** Okgha ij gekjh ckr ul#n~nhu iq= dekyqn~nhu ls gqbZ mUgksua s geas crk;k fd gekjs cPpksa dks ekj fn;k x;kA ?kjksa ls lkjk eky vkSj nkSyr ywV fy;k x;k vkSj gekjh csfV;ksa ds lkFk 'keZukd [ksy [ksyk x;kA ftldks c;ku djuk eqf’dy gSA vHkh rd ,Q+-vkbZ-vkj- ntZ ugha gqbZA blds ckn xk¡o cgkoM+h fuoklh 'ke’kkn] Q+Stk+ u] v;wc] ln~nke] dkfnj vkSj ’kkgckt+ us gesa crk;k fd jfookj dh jkr naxkb;ksa us muds edkuksa esa vkx yxk nhA fdlh rjg tku cpkdj taxy ds jkLrs ckgj fudys vksj ogk¡ ls 'kkeyh vLirky igq¡pAs muds ifjokj ls fny’kkn uke dk ,d yM+dk ykirk gSA

tkfe;k vjfc;k t+SurqybLyke] dSEi] yksuh 8 flrEcj 2013 ls gh bl dSEi esa ft+yk ckx+ir] 'kkeyh] eqt¶+ Qjuxj vkSj vU; 15 xk¡oksa ls yksx vkus 'kq: gks x, FksA bl dSEi eas 3]500 'kj.kkFkhZ Fks] ysfdu vc 800 'kj.kkFkhZ jg jgs gSAa dSEi pUns ls gh py jgk gSA ljdkj dh vksj ls fdlh izdkj dh dksbZ enn ugha fey jghA lHkh izcU/k LFkkuh; ;k vkl&ikl ds {ks=ksa ds yksx gh dj jgs gSAa izcU/ku deSVh % ckcw

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

dqj’S kh] gkth equOoj] t+kfdj vyh vkSj jkf’kn ;g dgk fd enjls ds yksx naxk ihfM+rksa dks tcju dSEiksa esa jksd dj viuh nqdku vkfnA

eqt¶+ Q + j+ uxj ds yk¡d xk¡o fuoklh 18 o"khZ; js’kek vkSj mlds HkkbZ jkf’kn us geas crk;k fd naxs dk vankt+k rks gks x;k Fkk exj bruh cM+h rckgh dk vankt+k ugha

FkkA gekjs xk¡o esa 8 flrECkj dks naxk gks x;k Fkk ftlesa gekjs ppk] vEeh] vCck] HkkbZ vkSj nknk dks ekj fn;k x;kA gekjs ?kj ij js’kek dh 'kknh Fkh ftldk lkjk lkeku ywV fy;k x;kA fdlh rjg ge viuh NksVh cguksa dks cpkdj Hkkxus esa dke;kc gq,A gekjk iwjk xk¡o [kaMgj cu x;k gSA dksbZ Mj ls xk¡o okil tkus dks rS;kj ughaA gVjksyh xk¡o ds fuoklh lyhe us crk;k fd gekjs xk¡o ds yksxksa dks cYye ekj&ekj dj [kRe djds muds ?kjksa dks tyk fn;k x;kA xk¡o dh efLtn Hkh 'kghn dj nh xbZA eaS viuh 80 lky dh ek¡ dks ysdj xUus ds [ksr esa pyk x;kA lqcg gksus ds ckn ikl ds gh xk¡o lkBw pyk x;kA

fnlEcj&2013

pyk jgs gSa rks bl ij vkt+e [kku us dksbZ fVIi.kh djuk mfpr ugha le>kA gkyk¡fd og ;g vPNh rjg tkurs Fks fd ljdkj us naxk ihfM+rksa dh okilh ij mudh lqj{kk dk dksbZ cUnkscLr ugha fd;k FkkA mUgsa ;g Hkh ekywe Fkk fd tks yksx vius xk¡o x, Fks mudks eqdnesa okil ysus ds fy, /kefd;k¡ nh tk jgh FkhaA cq<kuk ds gqlSuiqj esa [ksr esa dke dj jgs rhu eqlyekuksa dh 30] flrEcj dks dh tkus okyh gR;k us lkfcr Hkh dj fn;k gS fd vlqj{kk dh vk’kadk cscqfu;kn ugha Fkh vkSj ea=h lewg dh fjiksVZ esa tks dqN Hkh dgk x;k og cnuh;rh ij vk/kkfjr FkkA ;fn jkgqy xka/kh vkSj ea=h lewg dh fjiksVZ dks tksM+ dj ns[kk tk, rks ;g vkjksi cgqr vklkuh ls yxk;k tk ldrk gS fd vkbZ-,l-vkbZvkSj naxk ihfM+r eqfLye ;qodksa dh eqykdkr mUgha enjlksa esa gksrh FkhA jkgqy ds c;ku vkSj f’koiky dh v/;{krk okys ea=h lewg dh bl fjiksVZ dks [kqfQ;k ,oa tk¡p ,tsfa l;ksa esa ekStwn lkEiznkf;d ekufldrk ds yksxksa dks vkradokn ds uke ij enjlksa dks ?ksjus vkSj eqlyekuksa dks izrkfM+r djus dk volj iznku djus ds :i esa Hkh ns[kk tk ldrk gSA bl izdkj bls eqlyekuksa dks ihfM+r vkSj izrkfM+r dj muesa vlqj{kk dh Hkkouk mRiUu djds lqj{kk nsus ds uke ij jktuSfrd Bxh tkjh j[kus dh dksf’k’k Hkh dgk tk ldrk gSA ;gk¡ bl ckr dk mYys[k vko’;d gS fd eqlyekuksa ds fgr dh ckr djus okyh ikfVZ;ksa us lqj{kk ds uke ij mUgsa xksycUn djds lcls vf/kd Nyk gSA Hkktik vkSj f’kolsuk tSls nyksa us mUgsa bldk volj Hkh [kwc fn;k gSA ysfdu tSls gh eqlyekuksa ds fgr dh dksbZ ckr vkrh gS lkEiznkf;d ny vkSj laxBu rqf"Vdj.k dk jkx vykius yxrs gSAa mlds ckn bu rFkkdfFkr lsdy q j vkSj lkEiznkf;d nyksa ds chp uwjk dq’rh 'kq: gks tkrh gSA FkksM+s le; ckn gh lsdqyj ny gfFk;kj Mky nsrs gSa vkSj eqlyekuksa dks ;g lans’k nsus esa yx tkrs gSa fd og rks dqN djuk pkgrs gSa ijUrq fLFkfr;k¡ izfrdwy gSaA dsoy (12)


eqt¶+ Q + j+ uxj ds Fkkuk cq<k+ uk ds xk¡o bVkok ds d;keqn~nhu us crk;k fd gekjs xk¡o esa eqlyekuksa dk dqy 150 edku gSAa gekjs ;gk¡ naxs ls ,d jkr igys gekjs Åij bZVa as cjlkbZ xbaZA xk¡o ds tkVksa dh nks xkfM+;k¡ Hkj dj egkdoky esa vk;ksftr egkiapk;r esa 'kkfey gksus ds fy, xbaZA fQ+j tc ge Q+tz dh uekt+ ds fy, fudyus yxs rks mUgksua s gekjh ryk’kh ysuh 'kq: dj nh vkSj geas xk¡o NksM+ dj tkus ls Hkh euk dj fn;kA blds ckn ge viuh vkSjrksa dks ysdj pqids ls ckgj fudy x,A mUgksua s gekjs dqN tkuoj ekj fn, vkSj dqN Nhu dj ys x,A fQygky xk¡o dh D;k lwjr gS bl ckjs esa gesa dqN Hkh ekywe ughaA eqt¶+ Q + j+ uxj ds xk¡o dqVck esa lcls T+;knk fgalk gqbZA blh xk¡o dh jgus okyh 21 o"khZ; 'kkfdjk us crk;k gS fd dqVck ds iz/kku us igys rks gesa ;d+hu fnyk;k fd ge ;gk¡ ij naxk gjfxt ugha gksus nsx a As exj og [kqn vk dj naxkb;ksa ds lkFk 'kkfey gks x;k vkSj vpkud geyk dj fn;kA ge fdlh rjg viuh tku cpkdj dj Hkkx fudysA esjs nks cPps] tsB] tsBkuh vkSj muds cPpksa dh vc rd dksbZ [k+cj ugha gSA gekjs iwjs xk¡o dks tyk fn;k x;kA gekjh lkjh HkSlas yksx vius dCt+s esa ys pqds vkSj gekjs ?kj dh xkM+h Hkh yqV pqdhA

enjlk xqyt+kj&,&eksgEenh dSEi] 'kkgiqj bl dSEi esa yxHkx 4050 'kj.kkFkhZ jg jgs gSAa ljdkj dh vksj ls dksbZ lqfo/kk ugha fey jghA lc bfUrt+ke LFkkuh; yksx gh dj jgs gSAa MkW0 Hkh dHkh&dHkh vkrs gSAa ljdkj dh vksj ls lqj{kk dk Hkh dksbZ izcU/k ugha gSA izcU/ku desVh %ekSykuk eksgEen

bdcky] eksgEen jQ+r] vkSj eksgEen rkSghn vkfnA

bUdkj dj fn;kA naxkb;ksa us lc lkeku ywVdj ?kj dks vkx yxk nhA gekjk iwjk xk¡o eqlyekuksa ls [kkyh gks x;k gSA dkdM+k fuoklh ,d vkSj efgyk xqy’kkuk iszxusUV Fkh vkSj tc muds ?kj ij geyk gqvk rks og viuh tku cpkus ds fy, ogk¡ ls HkkxhA Hkkxrs gq, og fxj xbZ vkSj mldks cgqr pksV vkbZA blds ckn mlus 'kkgiqj dSEi esa ,d csVh dks tUe fn;kA ysfdu cPph iSnk gksrs gh ej xbZA xk¡o /kkSyjk fuoklh ykyh dh 16 o"khZ; csVh 7 flrEcj dh egkiapk;r ds ckn HkxnM+ esa u tkus dgk¡ xk+;c gks xbZ

bldk vc rd dqN irk ugha py ldkA naxkb;ksa us ?kj dk lc lkeku ywVdj ?kj dks vkx yxk nhA ykyh ds pkj csfV;k¡ vkSj ,d csVk gSA ,Q-vkbZ-vkj- ntZ gks pqdh gSA ykyh viuk ekufld lUrqyu [kks cSBh gSA xk¡o dkdM+k fuoklh vQ+lkuk us crk;k fd 7 flrEcj dh 'kke muds ?kjksa ij vpkud geyk gqvkA lkeku ywVdj muds ?kjksa dks tyk fn;k x;kA lsuk ds yksxksa us gesa ogk¡ ls fudkykA vc ge ;gk¡ dSEi esa jg jgs gS]a ysfs du ,sls ge dc rd jgsx\as cPps chekj gS]a ge ijs’kku gSAa cPpksa dh i<+kbZ NwV xbZA u Nr gS] u ?kj gS] dgk¡ tk,¡ \ ljdkj dks pkfg, gesa ?kj nsA

bLykekckn dSEi] ¼'kkgiqj½ bl dSEi esa yxHkx 1300 'kj.kkFkhZ jg jgs gSAa ljdkj dh vksj ls dksbZ lqfo/kk ugha fey jghA lc bfUrt+ke LFkkuh; yksx gh dj jgs gSAa MkWDVj Hkh dHkh&dHkh vkrs gSAa ljdkj dh vksj ls lqj{kk dk Hkh dksbZ izcU/k ugha gSA izcU/ku desVh % gkth ckcw

xk¡o dkdM+k fuoklh ukFkksa us crk;k fd 7 flrEcj dh 'kke ekpw tkV ds lkFk 8 vkSj yksx gfFk;kj fy, gq, gekjs ?kj esa vk,] vkSj gekjs ?kj esa rksM& + QksM+ djus yxs vkSj dgus yxs budh yM+fd;ksa mBk dj ys tkvksA ge iz/kku ds ikl enn ds fy, x,] lkgsc] MkW0 ukS’kkn] gkth bd+cky vkSj ekSykuk ysfdu iz/kku us gekjh lgk;rk djus ls vCnqLlen vkfnA

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

fnlEcj&2013

jktuSfrd Lrj ij gh ugha cfYd U;kf;d Lrj ij Hkh eqlyekuksa ds ekeys esa ;g ckj ckj ns[kus dks feyk gSA vkU/kz izns’k esa fjt+osZ’ku dk ekeyk jgk gks ;k ;w-ih- esa vkradokn ds uke ij dSn csxqukg eqfLye ;qodksa dh fjgkbZ dk eqn~nk tkucw> dj ,slh dfe;k¡ NksMh+ xbZa fd vnkyr esa tkdj dsl fxj tk, vkSj mlds ckn fQj ogh jkx fd ge rks djuk pkgrs gSa ysfdu + + +A vf[kys’k ljdkj us rks ,d rhljk jkLrk Hkh fudky fy;k gSA eqlyekuksa ds f[kykQ mlh leqnk; ds yksxksa dks bLrseky djus dkA [kkfyn eqtkfgn dh fgjklr esa ekSr ds ekeys esa iapukek dh ckr gks ;k fQj eqt+¶Qjuxj dk nkSjk djus okyh Vhe esa rhu eqlyekuksa dks 'kkfey fd;k tkuk blh ubZ j.kuhfr dk fgLlk yxrk gSA [kkfyn eqtkfgn ds iapukes esa 'kkfey eqlyeku ;g ugha dg ik, fd mlesa [kkfyn ds ifjokj dk Hkh izfrfuf/kRo gksuk pkfg, vkSj naxksa dh tk¡p dk fgLlk jgus okys eqfLye ea=h bruh fgEer ugha tqVk ik, fd ny ds vxqok ls ;g dg ldsa fd ftu yqVs fiVs yksxksa dh tk¡p mUgsa djuh Fkh mu ihfM+rksa ls dSEiksa esa tkdj mudk nq[k nnZ Hkh lqu fy;k tk,A ,sls yksxksa ls naxk ihfM+rksa dh enn djus okyksa ij dhpM+ mNkyus okyh ea=h lewg dh fjiksVZ ij maxyh j[kus dh mEehn djuk flQZ /kks[kk gSA bl rjg ds eqfLye usrk vius lekt esa ljdkj dk izfrfuf/kRo djrs gSa ljdkj esa vius lekt dk ughaA eqfLye lekt dks ;g lc le>uk gksxk vkSj vius O;ogkj esa visf{kr ifjorZu Hkh ykuk gksxkA naxs jktuSfrd ykHk ds fy, djok, tkrs gSa ;g rks igys Hkh dgk tkrk jgk gSA bl ckj lHkh jktuSfrd nyksa us bls lkoZtfud rkSj ij Lohdkj Hkh dj fy;kA dsUnzh; x`gea=h lq’khy dqekj f’kans us rks ;gk¡ rd dg fn;k fd pquko ls igys bl rjg ds vkSj naxs Hkh djok, tk ldrs gSaA 1] uoEcj dks eq[;ea=h vf[kys’k ;kno us ,d loky ds tokc esa dgk fd eqt+¶Qjuxj esa dqN 'kjkjrh jktuSfrd rRo gSa tks ekgkSy dks [kjkc djus ds fy, ,d okjnkr dks nckuk vkSj nwljh dks (13)


Xkk¡o dqVck dqVch fuoklh ojh’kk us crk;k fd 8 flrEcj dh lqcg xk¡o ds iwoZ iz/kku yksdUs nz vkSj izeksn czkã.k us muds ?kjksa ij tk dj dgk fd ;gk¡ ls pys tkvks oukZ tkV leqnk; ds yksx rqEgs ekj MkysaxAs muds tkus ds ckn xk¡o ds iz/kku uhjt vkSj _f"kiky HkhM+ ds lkFk vk, vkSj gekjs ?kjksa ij geyk cksy fn;kA lcds gkFkksa esa gfFk;kj FksA ge tku cpkdj xk¡o ls Hkkx fudysA ckn esa dSEi esa 'kj.k yhA ;gk¡ vkus ds ckn izeksn us mUgsa Qksu ij lwpuk nh fd muds ?kjksa dks tyk fn;k x;kA Xkk¡o dqVck dqVch dh gh 18 o"khZ; olhek ftldh 'kknh naxs ls 15 fnu iwoZ gh gqbZ Fkh] us gesa crk;k fd 8 flrEcj dh lqcg yxHkx 8%00 cts xk¡o ds iz/kku nsoUs nz] mldk HkkbZ ccyw vkSj pkpk ckcw us vU; tkV leqnk; ds yksxksa ds lkFk muds ?kj ij geyk cksy fn;kA muds gkFkksa esa uaxh ryokjs]a xM+kls] ykfB;k¡ vkSj Mht+y FkkA lcls igys naxkb;ksa us mlds llqj 'ke’kkn dk rcy ¼?kkl dkVus dk gfFk;kj½ ls xyk dkV fn;kA fQj llqj ds HkkbZ d+;ew ] Q+;S kt+] vCnqy oghn] rkÅ dk yM+dk rqjkcqn~nhu] pkph [k+krwu] olhek ds ifr bj’kkn lesr tsB ds nks cPPkksa dks Hkh dkVdj ekj fn;kA gekjs ?kj dks vkx yxk nhA viuh tku cpkus ds fy, ge Åij dh vksj Hkkxs rks mUgksua s ,d eksVk MaMk mldh tsBkuh ds flj ij ns ekjk vkSj xMkls ls ml ij okj fd;kA mls xEHkhj pksVas vkbZ ftlls mldh fLFkfr xEHkhj cuh gqbZ gSA blds ckn geus mu ij iFkjko fd;kA ge iFkjko djrs jgs vkSj os Q+k;fjax djrs jgsA yxkrkj 3 ?kaVs rd geus mudk eqdkcyk fd;kA blds ckn lsuk us gesa ogk¡ ls fudkykA blh xk¡o dh ,d vkSj vU; efgyk lkfcjk us crk;k fd 8 flrEcj dh lqcg xk¡o ij geyk gqvkA xk¡o dh efLtn rksM+ nh xbZA xk¡o esa pqu&pqu dj eqlyekuksa ds ?kjksa dks fu’kkuk cuk;k x;kA xk¡o dqVck esa eqlyekuksa ds yxHkx 150 ?kj gSa vkSj dqVch esa 30 ?kj gSAa ysfdu naxs esa eqlyekuksa ds lHkh ?kjksa dks tyk fn;k x;k vkSj lkeku ywV fy;k x;kA tks yksx naxkb;ksa ds gkFk

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

vk x, mudks dkV fn;k x;k vkSj tks yksx gkFk ugha vk, muds ?kjksa dks tyk fn;k x;kA tc xk¡o esa iqfyl vkus yxh rks iz/kku us mudks ;g dg dj jksd fn;k fd *xko¡ esa 'kknh gks jgh gS* vkSj ,l0 vks0 dks vius ?kj ys x;kA eqlyekuksa ij geyk tkjh jgkA ,l0vks0 us iz/kku ds ?kj ij cSB dj naxkb;ksa dks dgk fd *rqEgsa tks djuk gS djrs jgks*A iz/kku nsoUs nz us naxkb;ksa dks gfFk;kj fn, vkSj ccyw Mhyj us eqlyekuksa ds ?kj tykus ds fy, naxkkb;ksa dks rsy fn;kA

yksbZ dSEi

mNkyuk pkgrs gSaA Hkktik ij jktuSfrd ykHk ds fy, naxk djokus dk vkjksi yxHkx lHkh nyksa us [kqys :i ls yxk;k gSA ,slk ekuus okyksa dh la[;k cgqr cM+h gS fd naxs dk ekgkSy rS;kj djus dh 'kq#vkr la?k ifjokj vkSj Hkktik ls tqM+s gq, usrkvksa us /kzqohdj.k dh jktuhfr ds fy, dh FkhA mUgsa vius y{; esa lQy gksrs ns[k vU; nyksa ds usrk lekt dks ck¡Vus ds muds bl vfHk;ku dk fojks/k djus ds ctk; HkM+dh gqbZ Hkkoukvksa ij jktuSfrd jksVh lsdus ds fy, mlesa 'kkfey gks x,A vxj ns’k ,ao lekt ds izfr viuh ft+Eesnkjh dks vU; nyksa ds usrkvksa us fuHkk;k gksrk rks Hkh bl lkEiznkf;d gok dks jksdk ;k bldh rhozrk dks de vo’; fd;k tk ldrk FkkA dqy feyk dj ;fn ns[kk tk, rks ewY;foghu vkSj fl}kUrfoghu jktuhfr Hkh bldh ft+Eesnkj gSA csgrj Hkfo"; vkSj lsdqyj yksdra= dh j{kk ds fy, gesa jktuhfr esa ewY;ksa vkSj fl}kUrksa dh odkyr djus okyksa dks egRo nsuk gh gksxkA eksckby % 09455571488

;gk¡ ij yxHkx 10]000 ’kj.kkFkhZ dSEi esa 'kj.k fy, g, gSA ;g dSEi [kqys vkleku ds uhps [ksrksa esa <yku ij yxk gqvk gSSA ftlls cjlkr esa ikuh VsUV esa vUnj pyk tkrk gS ftlls 'kj.kkfFkZ;ksa dks cM+h dfBukbZ dk lkeuk djuk iM+ jgk gSA dSEi esa VsUV vkSj pVkbZ vkfn t+#jr ds lHkh lkeku dk izcU/k LFkkuh; yksxks us gh fd;k gSA dSEi es MkWDVj dh lqfo/kk u gksus dh otg ls ,d xHkZorh efgyk cPps dks tUe nsrs gq, ej xbZA blds vykok rhu vU; cPpksa dh nokbZ u feyus ds dkj.k e`R;q gks xbZA {ks=h; vf/kdkjh dh vksj ls Hkh dSEiksa esa lqj{kk dk dksbZ izcU/k ugha gSA &MkW0 eksgEen vkfjQ ljdkj dh vksj ls dSEi esa t+:jr ds vkradokn vius vki esa dksbZ eqrkfcd jk’ku dk 20 izfr’kr ls Hkh de fopkj /kkjk ugha] cfYd ,d j.kuhfr gSA ek=k esa igq¡prk gS tcfd nw/k dh lIykbZ 5 ;g dgk¡ rd mfpr ;k vuqfpr gS] bls izfr’kr ls Hkh de gSA izcU/ku deSVh % iz/ ysdj yach cglsa pyh gSaA ;gk¡ rd fd kku vCnqy tCckj] vQ+tk+ y vkSj esgjcku 9@11 dh ?kVukvksa ds ckn ftl rjg ls dqjS’kh vkfnA vkradokn dks euekus rjhds ls ifjHkkf"kr yksbZ dSEi esa gekjh ckr xk¡o Qqxkuk fd;k x;k og fparuh; gh ugha] fuanuh; fuoklh t+jhQ+ ls gqbZA mUgksua s us geas crk;k Hkh gSA iz'u mBrk gS fd D;k bLyke fd 8 flrEcj dks tc xk¡o ij geyk gks lpeqp oSlk gh gS tSlk mls is'k fd;k tk pqdk Fkk rks lqcg yxHkx 9%00 cts iz/kku jgk gS ;k mldks bl rjg ls is'k djus esa gjiky] Fkke flag] iz/kku lquhy vkSj fouksn dqN fufgr LokFkZ gSaA fiNys Ms<+ n'kdksa esa muds ?kjksa ij x, vkSj muls xk¡o u NksMu+ s bLyke dh rLohj fod`r :Ik esa gh fpf=r ds fy, dgk vkSj dgk fd os mudk gj dh x;h gSA vfroknh rkdrsa luluh[kst gky esa lkFk nsxAas ysfdu tSls gh os yksx dk;Z o kgh dks mNky nsrh gS a ysf du muds ?kjksa ls x, rks tkV vkSj nfyr 'kkfUroknh dk;Zokgh dh mis{kk djrh gSaA leqnk; ds yksxksa us eqlyekuksa dks pkjksa vksj /kekZa/k yksxksa dh fVIIkf.k;ksa dks bLyke ds ls ?ksj fy;kA xyh esa os yksx eqlyekuksa ds ewY; ds :Ik esa cM+s eq[kfjr rjhds ls f[kykQ+ ukjs yxkrs vk jgs FksA ;g 'kksj izpkfjr fd;k tkrk gS vkSj xaHkhj rFkk

bLyke vkSj vkradokn % okLrfodrk cuke feFkd

fnlEcj&2013

(14)


lqudj muds ?kj ds lHkh enZ ckgj dh vksj Hkkxs rks jkLrs esa gh naxkb;ksa us mlds firk bLyke dk igys xMkls ls xyk dkV fn;k] vkSj fQj rhu fgLlksa esa mudks dkV dj mudh gR;k dj nhA ?kj ij csVh dh 'kknh gksuh Fkh mlds ngst+ ds lkeku lesr ?kj dk lkjk lkeku ywV fy;k vkSj ?kj dks tyk fn;kA vc ;gk¡ dSEi ds ft+Eesnkj yksxksa us mldh csVh dk fudkg 30 flrEcj 2013 dks djok;kA xk¡o Qqxkuk ds gh ,d vkSj fuoklh gk#u us gesa crk;k 8 flrEcj dh lqcg 10%00 cts gkFkksa esa gfFk;kj fy, gq, tkV vkSj nfyr leqnk; ds yksxksa us muds ?kjksa esas t+cjnLrh ?kqldj ywV&ikV dh vkSj muds ?kjksa dks vkx yxk nhA os viuh tku cpkdj ogk¡ ls HkkxsA vc os yksbZ dSEi esa jg jgs gSAa muds ikl 6 cPps gSAa dSEi esa xUnxh gksus vkSj nokbZ u feyus dh otg ls 6 vDVwcj dks mudh 12 o"khZ; csVh dh VkbQkbM gksus ls e`R;q gks xbZA blds vykok blh dSEi esa 6 cPPkksa dh nokbZ u feyus ds dkj.k e`R;q gks xbZA jkT; ljdkj dh vksj ls dSEiksa esa u dksbZ MkW0 gS vkSj u gh dksbZ vU; lqfo/kkA eydiqjk dSEi] [kqejku jksM dSEi bl dSEi esa 138 xk¡o ds yxHkx 12]500 'kj.kkFkhZ jg jgs gSA dSEi ,d taxy esa gS vkSj dLcs ls cgqr nwj gSAa ogk¡ ij ljdkj dh vksj ls dksbZ jkgr lkexzh ugha igq¡p ik jgh gSA ;g dSEi 50 ch?kk rd esa QSyk gS vkSj <yku ij gSA ftlls cjlkr dk ikuh VsUV esa pyk tkrk gS] vkSj blls 'kj.kkfFkZ;ksa dks dkQh dfBukb;ksa dk lkeuk djuk iM+ jgk gSA ljdkj dh vksj ls u fdlh MkWDVj dh lqfo/kk gS vkSj u gh dksbZ vU; lqfo/kkA LFkkuh; yksx gh muds fy, lc t+:jr dk lkeku feytqy dj tqVk jgs gSAa dSEi taxy esa gksus dh otg ls ogk¡ lk¡i vkSj fcPNw fudy vkrs gSAa dqN fnu igys ,d cPph dh fcPNw ds dkVus ls e`R;q gks xbZ FkhA izcU/ku desVh % vCnqy d+;ew ]

tkVksa us muds ?kjksa ij geyk fd;k] muds gkFkksa esa gfFk;kj FksA naxkb;ksa us xM+kls ls mlds iSj ij geyk fd;kA ftlls mls xEHkhj pksV vkbZ vkSj mlds firk mldks mBkdj ogk¡ ls Hkkx x,A ,d eghus ls bl dSEi esa jg jgs gS]a vHkh rd t+[e+ ugha HkjkA iSls ugha rks bykt dgk¡ ls gksA Qqxkuk fuoklh vCnqy x+¶Qkj us crk;k dqN naxkb;ksa us 8 flrEcj dh lqcg muds ?kj ij geyk fd;k] lc lkeku ywVk vkSj ?kj dks tyk fn;kA tc os viuh tku cpkdj Hkkx jgs Fks rks ns[kk fd naxkb;ksa us iM+kl s ds gh ,d vkneh bLyke dks rhu fgLlksa esa dkV fn;kA naxkb;ksa us xk¡o dh efLtn dks Hkh rksM+ fn;kA naxkb;ksa esa fouksn iq= ek¡xjs ke vkSj lquhy iq= fcjge flag Hkh 'kkfey FksA lHkh naxkbZ tkV leqnk; ds FksA vc dSEi esa jg jgs 'kj.kkfFkZ;ksa ds lkeus fparkvksa dk cM+k cks> gSA ?kj okil ykSVus ds tokc esa lc yksx ;gh dgrs gSa fd os ykSVdj vius xk¡o ugha tk,¡xAas dgk¡ ys tk,¡ vius cPpksa dks\ fdldk lgkjk\ dksbZ lgkjk ughaA vc et+njw h Hkh ugha dj ldrs vkSj vUr esa os ,d loky djrs gSa fd ges rks cl ;g tokc ns nks fd nqfu;k gels iwNx s h fd rqe D;ksa lrk, x, rks ge D;k tokc nsx\as bUlkfu;r tc 'keZlkj gqbZ eqt¶+ Q + j+ uxj naxksa esa lcls f?kukSuh vkSj ekuork dks >d>ksj dj j[k nsus okyh [kcj fd bUlku ds :i esa nfjUnksa us eqfLye efgykvksa vkSj ukckfyx yM+fd;ksa ds lkFk ¼tkV leqnk; ds yksxksa us½ muds ifjokj ds lnL;ksa ds lkeus cykRdkj vkSj vHknzrk dk O;ogkj fd;k vkSj mUgas cUnh cukdj j[kkA buesa fylk<+] ykad] cgkoM+h] gluiqj] eksgEeniqj] dqVck dqVch] ckx+ir vkSj 'kkeyh ds cgqr ls xk¡o izeq[k gSAa xk¡o yk¡d fuoklh lyek iRuh 'kgt+kn us crk;k fd xk¡o esa fgalk rks 7 flrEcj dh uaxykeankSM+ dh egkiapk;r ds gkth fny’kkn] gkth ;klhu vkSj pkS/kjh ckn ls gh 'kq: gks xbZ FkhA yxHkx jkr xqy’kkn vkfnA 8%00 cts naxkbZ gekjs ?kj esa vk x,A eSus xk¡o Qqxkuk fuoklh 12 o"khZ; vius ifr dks ogk¡ ls Hkkx tkus ds fy, xqy’kkuk us crk;k fd 8 flrEcj dh lqcg dgkA naxkb;ksa us lcls igys rsy Mkydj

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

fnlEcj&2013

la;r O;k[;k dh mis{kk dj nh tkrh gSA ,slk izpkfjr fd;k tkrk gS fd tSls bLyke vkSj vkradokn ,d flDds ds nks igyw gSa vkSj bLyke dk dke flQZ fgald okjnkrksa dks vatke nsuk gS] ,slh lksp okys bLyke ds cqfu;knh olwyksa dks ugha tkursA mUgsa ;g Hkh ugha Kkr gS fd bLyke dk mn; gh va/kdkj dk uk'k djus ,oa 'kkafr rFkk balkQ dk jkT; dk;e djus ds fy, gqvk FkkA gesa ;g ckr ;kn j[kuh pkfg, fd /keZ vkSj fgalk dk dksbZ lEcU/k ugha gS] pkgs og bLyke gks ;k vU; dksbZ /keZA nqfu;k esa /keZ U;k; ,oa 'kkafr LFkkfir djus ds fy, gh vfLrRo esa vk,] u fd cnyk ysus vkSj fgalk QSykus ds fy,A izfrdkj vkSj fgalk dHkh fdlh /keZ dk vax ugha cu ldrs] vkSj bLyke esa rks mldk iz'u gh ugha mBrkA bLyke vkradokn dk leFkZu ugha cfYd [k.Mu djrk gSA ukfgnk dh ekusa rks ftl rjg yksx fofHkUUk O;olk; djrs gSa mlh rjg vkrad o fgalk QSykuk vkardokfn;ksa dk O;olk; gS mudk fdlh /keZ ls dksbZ ysuk nsuk ugha] vkSj mUgsa flQZ og'kh nfjUnk le>uk pkfg, fdlh /keZ dk vyEcjnkj rks fcYdqy ughaA bLyke 'kCn lYe ls cuk gS ftldh vFkZ 'kkfUr gSA lgh ek;us esa bLyke 'kCn gh bLyke /keZ dk lkj gSA bldk vFkZ gS 'kkafr LFkkfir djuk vkSj vYykg dh bPNk dks lefiZr gksukA bLyke rks vizR;{k :Ik ls Hkh vR;kpkj dh ckr ugha djrk] fgalk dh ckr rks cgqr nwj gSA jlwy&,&vdje us lqyg&,&gqnSfc;k esa tks 'krasZ Lohdkj dha os eqlyekuksa ds i{k esa ugha Fkha fdUrq fgalk ls cpus ds fy, mUgksaus mu 'krksZa dks Lohdkj dj fy;k ftlls 'kkafr LFkkfir gksrh FkhA bLyke fgalk dh vuqefr fl)kar :Ik esa fcYdqy ugha nsrkA ;fn dHkh la?k"kZ djuk iM+s rks dqjvku dh vk;r la0 2%90 dk Li"V vkns'k gS fd vYykg ds ekxZ esa mu yksxksa ls yM+ks tks rqEgkjs fo#) yM+rs gSa] fdUrq vkØked er cuksA vYykg vkØe.kdkfj;ksa dks fuf'Pkr :Ik ls ilan ugha djrkA ;gk¡ ij vYykg ds ekxZ esa yM+us dk rkRi;Z gS (15)


esjh 4 eghus dh cPph dks tyk fn;k] fQj esjs lkFk vHknzrk dk O;ogkj djus yxsA naxkb;ksa esa gekjk iM+kl s h dqynhi vkSj mlds lkFk tkV leqnk; ds gh vU; yksx FksA mUgksua s esjs lkFk lkewfgd cykRdkj fd;kA eSa ,slh gh gkyr esa ogk¡ ls Hkkxh vkSj iwjh jkr bZ[k+ esa Nqih jghA lqcg gksus ij yksxksa us eq>s ogk¡ ls fudkykA vc eSa eydiqjk dSEi esa jg jgh gw¡A gekjs xk¡o ds iz/kku fcYyw us gekjh dksbZ enn ugha dhA izeksn Mhyj us

naxkb;ksa dks eqlyekuksa ds ?kj tykus ds fy, rsy fn;kA dksbZ esfMdy tk¡p ugha gqbZA ljdkjh vLirky ds MkWDVj us tk¡p djus ls bUdkj dj fn;k FkkA cPph dh ,Q0vkbZ0vkj0 ntZ gks pqdh gSA yk¡d xk¡o dh gh fuoklh olhyk [kkrwu dh 12 o"khZ; iq=h 'kgukt+ dk lkewfgd cykRdkj dj ml ij rstk+ c Mkydj vkx yxk nhA olhyk us crk;k fd naxkbZ muds iM+kl s h tkV vkSj nfyr leqnk; ds gh FksA ftlesa uhjt d’;i] latho vkSj uhVw us mldh cPph ds lkFk cykRdkj fd;kA ?kj

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

dk lc lkeku ywVdj vkx yxk nhA mudh cPph rM+i jgh Fkh ysfdu os ogk¡ ls viuh tku cpkdj Hkkxs vkSj gluiqj igq¡pAs jkLrs esa tc cPpksa dks Hkw[k yxh rks [kkus ds fy, cPpksa dks feV~Vh nhA blds ckn mudks eydiqj Hkst fn;k x;kA tgk¡ ij 10 fnu ckn ,Q0vkbZ0vkj0 ntZ dh xbZA xk¡o fylk<+ fuoklh 70 o"khZ; vlx+jh us ges crk;k fd tc xk¡o esa naxk 'kq: gks x;k rks ge viuk ?kj NksMd + j Hkkxus yxs rks naxkbZ gekjs ?kj esa vk x, muds gkFkksa esa gfFk;kj FksA naxkbZ tkV leqnk; ds FksA ftuesa gekjs iM+kl s h eqd’s k vkSj vk;Zu Hkh 'kkfey FksA naxkb;ksa us esjs ukrh mejnhu dks xM+kls ls xyk dkVdj ekj fn;kA fQj tc ge tku cpkdj Hkkxs vkSj gekjh cgw odhyk ?kj ij vdsyh jg xbZA eksgYys ds cPpksa us ckn esa gesa crk;k fd odhyk Mj dj Nr dh vksj Hkkxh ysfdu naxkb;ksa us mls idM+ dj [khap fy;k vkSj mlds lkFk cykRdkj djus ds ckn mldks rhu fgLlksa esa dkV fn;kA xk¡o Qqxkuk fuoklh [k+q’khZnk iRuh ulhe vgen] us crk;k fd 8 flrEcj nksigj 2%00 cts 6&8 tkV leqnk; ds yksx gkFkksa esa gfFk;kj fy, gekjs ?kj esa vk,A muds lkFk gekjs iM+kl s h xkSjo] lqHkk"k] dfiy] mn~n’s ;] vejiky vkSj jkWdh Hkh 'kkfey FksA mu lc us esjs lkFk lkewfgd cykRdkj fd;k vkSj eq>ls dgus yxs fd vxj rqeus Hkkxus dh dksf’k’k dh rks ge rqEgsa tku ls ekj Mkysx a As eSa ,slh gh gkyr esa ogk¡ ls HkkxhA jkr 11%30 cts Qksu ij lEidZ ds t+fj, eSa vius ifr ls tksfx;k [ksMk+ ds taxy esa feyhA Fkkuk Qqxkuk esa gekjh ,Q0vkbZ0vkj0 ntZ ugha dh xbZA ljdkjh vLirky x, rks MkWDVj us esfMdy tk¡p djus ls bUdkj dj fn;kA ,l0ih0 dYiuk us dgk fd *rqe >wBs dsl fy, fQjrs gks*A blds ckn ls ge tkSyk xk¡o esa jg jgs gSAa gekjh ,Q0vkbZ0vkj0 ntZ gks pqdh gSA Qqxkuk fuoklh Q+gehnk iRuh ;qlqQ]+ ?kj ij vdsyh FkhA cPpksa dks igys gh cq<k+ uk Hkst fn;k FkkA ifr Hkh ?kj ij ugha FksA 8 flrEcj nksigj djhc 2%00 cts

fnlEcj&2013

balkQ ds fy, yM+uk] n;kyq] ,oa d#.kke; lekt dh LFkkiuk ds fy, yM+uk u fd fgalk ds fy,A fgalk dh tM+sa euq"; dh ykyp eas fufgr gksrh gSa] dqjvku 'kkafr dh lkekftd tM+ksa dks etcwr djrk gSA dqjvku bZeku okyksa dks dsoy Åijh rkSj ij gh 'kkafr ls izse djus ds fy, izksRlkfgr ugha djrk cfYd og okLrfod 'kkfUr LFkkfir djus ds fy, la?k"kZ ds lkekftd vkfFkZd dkj.kksa dh rg rd igq¡pus dk iz;kl djrk gSA fgalk esa dgha Hkh /keZ ds :Ik esa bLyke ds 'kkfey gksus dk iz'u gh ugha mBrkA tgk¡ rd U;k; vkSj 'kkafr dk iz'u gS] bLyke dk nwljs /keksZa ls dksbZ Vdjko ugha gS] D;ksafd 'kkfUr U;k; ,oa laosnuk nwljs /keksZa dh rjg bLykeh ewY; Hkh gSaA bldk cqfu;knh :Ik ls Vdjko 'kks"kdksa ,oa 'kksf"krksa ds chp gSA blfy, ;fn dqN rRo vius fufgr LokFkZ dks iwjk djus ds fy, fgalk dk lgkjk ysrs gSa rks mlesa bLyke ;k iwjs eqfLye lekt dks ?klhVuk Bhd ughaA ;fn fdlh vU;k; vkSj 'kks"k.k ds fo#) yM+kbZ yM+uk gS rks bLyke ds vius tk;t rjhds gSa ftlds fy, og fgald lk/kuksa dh vuqefr drbZ ugha nsrkA dqjvku dh vk;r la- 2%208 esa Li"V :Ik ls mYys[k gS fd ,s bZekuokyksa] lEiw.kZ 'kkfUr esa izos'k djks vkSj 'kSrku ds dneksa ij er pyksA cs'kd og rqEgkjk [kqyk nq'eu gSA 'kSrku ds dneksa ij pyuk fgalk gS vkSj mlls cpuk] 'kkfUr dh odkyr djuk gSA ;gk¡ nwljh vk;r la- 15%46 esa vYykg Qjekrk gS fd 'kkafr ,oa lqj{kk esa izos'k djksA bl rjg dqjvku esa vusd vk;rsa 'kkafr ds leFkZu ,oa fgalk ds fo#) fo|eku gSaA bLyke us viuh vksj ls 'kkafr ,oa balkQ ds fy, Js"Bre iz;kl fd;s gSa vkSj lnSo fgalk dk fojks/k fd;k gSA dqN 'kjkjrh rRo etgc dk lgkjk ysdj mldh fod`r vo/kkj.kk izLrqr djds fgalk ij vkeknk gSa] mlds fy, os Lo;a ftEesnkj gSaA muds dk;ksZa dks eqfLye lekt us dHkh Hkh mfpr ugha ekuk cfYd lnSo eq[kkfyQr gh dh vkSj tgk¡ rd bLyke dk lEcU/k gS (16)


tkV vkSj lSuh leqnk; ds 6 yksx lfpu] fd;kA muesa 3 esjs iM+kSlh cnyw] uh# vkSj osniky] usd flag lSuh] jktiky] ujsUnz vejnhi Hkh 'kkfey FksA eSa ogk¡ ls Hkkxdj vkSj ;ksx’s k us gekjs ?kj ij geyk cksy tksfx;k [ksMk+ igqp ¡ hA vLirky xbZ rks MkWDVj fn;kA lHkh yksx gekjs eksgYys ds gh FksA us esfMdy tk¡p djus bUdkj dj fn;kA 8 lcds gkFkksa esa gfFk;kj FksA eSa Mj dj Hkkxus fnu ckn ,Q0vkbZ0vkj0 ntZ gqbZA yxh rks mUgksua s esjh pksVh [khap yh vkSj fQj Xkk¡o Qqxkuk dh ,d vkSj efgyk esjs gkFk&iSj idM+s vkSj esjs lkFk t+cjnLrh 22 o"khZ; rLehe iRuh eqLrdhe us gesa djus yxsA mUgksua s lkewfgd :i ls esjs crk;k fd 8 flrEcj dh lqcg 4 vkneh lkFk cykRdkj fd;k] vkSj eSa csgks’k gks xbZA t+cjnLrh ?kj esa vk,] lcds gkFkksa esa gfFk;kj tc eq>s gks’k vk;k rks eS viuh tku cpkdj FksA ?kj esa ?kqlus ds ckn mUgksua s rksM& + QksM+ ogk¡ ls Hkkxh vkSj eSa yksbZ xk¡o igq¡phA fQj dh vkSj fQj esjs lkFk gkFkkikbZ djus yxsA ljdkjh vLirky xbZ] MkDVj us esfMdy lHkh tkV FksA mu pkjksa us esjs lkFk lkewfgd tk¡p djus ls bUdkj dj fn;kA blds ckn tksfx;k [ksMk+ vkbZ vkSj fQj 15 fnu ckn ;gk¡ esjh esfMdy tk¡p gqbZA ,Q0vkbZ0vkj0 ntZ gks pqdh gSA Xkk¡o Qqxkuk fuoklh 'kcue iRuh 'kgt+kn] us crk;k fd tc xk¡o esa naxk 'kq: gks x;k rks iz/kku gjiky us eqlyekuksa ls fourh dh fd os xk¡o NksMd + j u tk,¡A 8 flrEcj dh lqcg 4&5 yksxksa us ?kj ij cykRdkj fd;kA eSa lHkh dks vPNh rjg ls geyk fd;kA muds gkFkksa esa gfFk;kj FksA tkurh FkhA muds uke gSa latho] jkenhu] vius ifr dks eSua s tku cpkdj Hkkx tkus :is’k vkSj i’kfeUnjA blds ckn jkenhu us ds fy, dgkA cPps vkSj eSa ?kj ij gh FksA dgk fd Mht+y ys vkvks buds ?kj dks vkx naxkb;ksa esa jkgqy] lq/khj vkSj eksfgr Hkh yxk nksA eSa ogk¡ ls tku cpkdj HkkxhA esjs 'kkfey FksA lHkh naxkbZ tkV leqnk; ds FksA ?kj ds lHkh yksx tksfx;k [ksMk+ esa FksA dksbZ mUgksua s esjs cPpksa dh ut+jksa ds lkeus gh esjk esfMdy tk¡p ugha gqbZ] vkSj ,Q0vkbZ0vkj0 lkewfgd :i ls cykRdkj fd;kA lc lkeku Hkh ntZ ugha gSA tksfx;k [ksM+k Fkkus eas xbZ ywV fy;k] ?kj tyk fn;k] dqN ugha NksMk+ A rks iqfyl us dgk fd vius Fkkus tkvksA gekjs eksgYys esa 16 ?kj eqlyekuksa ds Fks] u tkus fdruh efgykvksa vkSj naxs esa lHkh ?kj tyk fn, x,A lsuk us gesa yM+fd;ksa dks cykRdkj djus ds ckn ekj ogk¡ ls fudkykA esfMdy tk¡p ugha gqbZA fn;k x;k vkSj u tkus fdruh vHkh rd MkDVj us dgk *’kknh 'kqnk dh esfMdy ykirk gSAa tk¡p ugha gksrh*A 15 fnu ckn ,Q0vkbZ0vkj0 lkEiznkf;d ln~Hkko dh felky ntZ gqbZA ljdkjh esfMdy tk¡p vHkh rd eqt¶+ Q + j+ uxj ft+ys ds dLcksa vkSj ugha gqbZA xk¡oksa esa tc lkEiznkf;drk dk rkaMo py Xkk¡o Qqxkuk dh gh 22 o"khZ; jgk Fkk vkSj pkjks vksj gkgkdkj vkSj dksgjke Q+jt+kuk iRuh 'kdhy] us crk;k fd 8 ep jgk FkkA ogha dqN ,sls xk¡o Hkh gSa tgk¡ flrEcj ge vius ?kj ij cSBs gq, Fks rks 'kksj ij fgUnw&eqfLye&tkV us vius xk¡oksa esa dh vkokt+ lqudj esjs ifr ckgj x,] brus fgalk u gksus nsus ds fy, iapk;rsa dhaA bu esa tkV leqnk; ds djhc 5 vkneh gkFkksa esa xk¡oksa esa ls ?kklhiqjk] gjlkSyh vkSj fujekuh gfFk;kj fy, gq, gekjs ?kj esa nkf[ky gq,A xk¡o dk geus nkSjk fd;kA esjs lkFk t+cjnLrh djus yxsA mUgksusa s esjs lcls igys ge fujekuh xk¡o igqp ¡ s gkFk&iSj idM+s vkSj eq>s uhps fxjk fn;k] 6000 dh vkcknh okys bl xk¡o esa 2000 ls vkSj lc us ckjh&ckjh ls esjs lkFk cykRdkj T+;knk eqlyeku gSAa ftuesa vf/kdrj eqfLye

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

fnlEcj&2013

'kkafr ,oa vfgalk mldh f'k{kk ds vfuok;Z vax jgs gSaA oLrqr% orZeku vkradokn ewyr% lkEiznkf;d ?k`.kk ds btgkj dk eq[; ek/;e cu x;k gSA bls fdlh fo'ks"k /keZ ls tksM+uk mfpr u gksxk ;g /kkfeZd ugha cfYd bykdkbZ vUrZ}}ksa ds QyLOk:Ik fodflr gksrk gSA lkEiznkf;d ?k`.kk vkSj /kkfeZd :f<+okn dh nhokj ftruh etcwr gksrh tkrh gS vkradokn dk [krjk mruk gh c<+rk tkrk gS] ij 20oha lnh ds mRrjk/kZ esa vkradokn dk eq[; lzksr dsoy /kkfeZd :f<+okn vkSj lkEiznkf;drk ugha gS cfYd opZLooknh egkcyh jk"Vªkas dh fons'k uhfr vkSj "kM~;a=ksa dk tky gSA bl lanHkZ esa ;gk¡ mYys[k djuk lehphu gksxk fd gky esa mRiUu ladV dks ns[krs gq, cukjl lfgr ns'k ds vU; mysekvks]a /kkfeZd fo}kuksa }kjk bLykeh uqDr&,&utj ls vkardokn vkSj fgalk ds fo#) fn;k x;k Qrok ,d LOkLFk ijEijk dk |ksrd gh ugha gS cfYd bLyke dh lgh O;k[;k gSA bl ljkguh; iz;kl ls fudV Hkfo"; esa 'kkafr LFkkfir djkus esa u dsoy enn feysxh cfYd bLyke ds ckjs esa QSyh xyrQgeh Hkh nwj gksxhA mu yksxksa ds ealwcs Hkh ukdke gksaxs tks bLyke dks fgald ,oa vkardoknh izpkfjr djds viuk LokFkZ fl) djrs gSaA Hk; ,oa ?k`.kk dh j.kuhfr dks fu"izHkkoh cukus dk ,d ek= fodYi gS yksxksa ds fny ,oa fnekx dsk thrukA t:jr gS ,d ,sls tu&vkUnksyu dh ftldk mn~n's ; fgalk ,oa vkrad ds LFkku ij fofHkUu leqnk;ksa ds chp vkilh le> fodflr djuk gksA ftl ij py dj ln~Hkko ,oa 'kkafr dh LFkkiuk dh tk ldrh gS vkSj fdlh /keZ dks vdkj.k dV?kjs esa [kM+k djus ls cpk tk ldrk gSA

Hkkjr esa naxkas dk bfrgkl vkSj jktuhfr Hkkjr esa naxksa dh 'kq#vkr vktknh ds vkanksyu esa Nqih gqbZ gS] tc vaxzstksa dks fgUnw vkSj eqlyekuksa dh ,drk rksM+dj ;gk¡ jkt djuk FkkA os bl dk;Z esa lQy (17)


tkV gSAa gekjh eqykdkr iwoZ ljiap vkSj iwoZ iz/kku ,uqnn~ hu ls gqbAaZ ml le; mudh CkSBd ij nksukas leqnk;ksa ds 50 yksx cSBs FksA mUgksua s geas crk;k fd] **bl xk¡o ls u rks dksbZ iyk;u gqvk vkSj u gh fgalkA gky dh ?kVukvksa dk ft+Ø djrs gq, mudk xyk Hkj vk;k] mUgksua s crk;k fd lp dgw¡ rks 7 rkjh[k+ ds >xM+s ds ckn eq¡g rd [kkuk ugha x;kA dbZ fnu jksrs jgs] nq%[k bl ckr dk gS tkV&eqfLye HkkbZpkjk D;ksa VwVk\ gesa lkft+’k djds yM+;k x;k gSA 'kklu&iz’kklu dh Hkwfedk vkSj Hkktik dh pky dks ubZ ih<+h le> ugha jgh gSA egkiapk;r dks muds gokys dj fn;k x;kA mUgksua s dgk] fd gesa fdlh ls dksbZ f’kdok ugh gekjs tkV Hkkb;ksa esa D;ksa fcxkM+ vk;k\** cq<k+ uk ekxZ ij gh FkksMk+ lk vkxs gjlkSyh xk¡o esa cfy;ku [kki ds Fkkacns kj pkS/kjh ris flag dh pkSiky ij fgUnw&eqfLye ,d= FksA d+jhc 15000 vkcknh okys bl xk¡o esa mudh la[;k djhc vk/kh&vk/kh gSA ;gk¡ ij fgUnw tkV Hkh gSa vksj eqfLye tkV Hkh gSAa ris flag dgrs gSa bl xk¡o esa ge yksx ¼tkV&eqys tkV½ ,d nknk dh vkSykn gSAa nknh nks Fkha ,d ds ge gSa vkSj ,d ds osA lu~ 1947 esa Hkh geus egkiapk;r djds r; dj fy;k Fkk fd ckgjh yksxksa ls [k+qn fuiV ysx a As bl ckj Hkh iapk;r dj r; dj fy;k Fkk fd u Q+lkn djsx a s u iyk;u gksus nsx a As uke fxukrs gq, dgrs gSa fd gekjs nwljs xk¡oksa esa dgha >xM+s ugha gq,A flQ+Z iqjckfy;ku esa Q+lkn gqvkA og gekjk vk/kk xk¡o gSA vc dksf’k’k djsx a s fd tgk¡ >xM+s gq, gSa ogk¡ desfV;k¡ cuk dj fnyksa dh nwfj;k¡ de dh tk,¡A

lkEiznkf;d ,drk dh felky xk¡o ^?kklhiqjk* esjB dh vksj d+jhc 11 fdehpyus ds ckn ?kklhiqjk Hkh eqt¶+ Q + j+ uxj ft+ys dk gh ,d xk¡o gSA bl xk¡o us Hkh lkEiznkf;drk dh vkx dks viuh ljgnksa rd ugha vkus fn;kA ogk¡ igq¡pus ij geus ns[kk fd ;gk¡ fgUnw eqlyekuksa dks <k<+l c¡/kk jgs FksA lcls igys gekjh ckr xk¡o ds cqtqxZ 62 o"khZ; us=iky ls gqbZ] mUgksua s dgk]

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

?kklhiqjk xk¡o esa dqN ugha gks ldrkA D;ksfa d ;gk¡ ds cPps vc Hkh cqtqx + ksZa dh ckr ekurs gSAa us=iky dh ckr esa ne FkkA ,d vkSj ;qok izoh.k flag us us=iky dh ckr dh rLnhd dh] mlus Hkh crk;k fd xk¡o ds yksxksa ds feyulkj gksus dh otg ;g gS fd lHkh cqtqx + ksZa dh ckr ekurs gaSA Ikkl [kM+s 49 o"khZ; vQ+tk+ y us crk;k **eSa cpiu ls bl xk¡o esa jg jgk gw¡A ;gk¡ ds yksxksa eas eksgCcr gSA ;gh otg gS fd ;gk¡ ls ek= pkj&ik¡p fd-eh- nwj iqjckfy;ku esa Q+k;fjax gqbZ] ysfdu geas fQj Hkh dksbZ Mj ugha gSA geas vius xk¡o ds yksxksa dh eksgCcr ij iwjk Hkjkslk gSA** fgalk dk f’kdkj gqvk eUlwjiqj Hkh ?kklhiqjk ls yxHkx 5 fd-eh- dh nwjh ij gSA ;gk¡ ekStnw yksxksa ds psgjs ns[kdj ;g dguk eqf’dy gS dkSu fgUnw gS\ dkSu eqlyeku\ ?kklhiqjk] fujekuh vkSj gjlkSyh eqt¶+Qu+ xj ds 'kk;n vdsys ,sls xk¡o ugha gSa tgk¡ xk¡o okys uQ+jr ls vkil esa ugha yM+ jgs gSAa gks ldrk gS ,sls vkSj Hkh xk¡o gksAa ns[kuk ;g gS fd vQ+okgksa vkSj uQ+jr ds bl tax esa iz’kklu budk lkFk ns ikrk gS ;k ughaA

naxk izHkkfor {ks= eqt¶+ Q + j+ uxj ft+ys ds d+jhc 100 xk¡o naxs ls cqjh rjg izHkfor gq,A 54 xk¡oksa ls ,d leqnk; ds yxHkx 50]000 ls vf/kd yksx fgalk ds ckn iyk;u dj x,A 40 ls Hkh T+;knk txgkas ij 'kj.kkfFkZ;ksa dks txg feyh gSA NksVh ljdkj ls cM+h ljdkj rd ft+ys esa igq¡pha] ysfdu vHkh rd dksbZ Hkh ,slk CywfizUV lkeus ugha vk;k ftlls iyk;u dj x, yksxksa dks okil muds xk¡o ykSVk;k tk ldsA iz’kklu ds Lrj ij lqizhe dksVZ esa nkf[+ky gy+Q+ukes ds vuqlkj eqtQ + Q+juxj ds 54 xk¡o] 'kkeyh ft+ys ds 31 vkSj 'kkeyh ds 23 xk¡oksa ls yksxksa us fgalk ds ckn iyk;u fd;kA yxHkx 40 ,sls xk¡o gSa tgk¡ ls yksx ng’kr ds pyrs ?kj NksMd + j pys x,A nksuksa ft+yksa esa 31 txgksa ds yksx cM+s fnyokys fudys vkSj iyk;u dj x, yksxksa dks 'kj.k nhA

fnlEcj&2013

Hkh gq,A naxksa us fgUnw vkSj eqlyekuksa ds chp [kkbZ iSnk dj nh ftlds ifj.kkeLo:i Hkkjr dk foHkktu gqvkA ftUuk vkSj usg: tkurs Fks fd ;g vaxzstksa dh pky gS ysfdu ftUuk ;g tku&cw>dj bl pky dk f’kdkj gksuk pkgrs Fks] [kSjA ikfdLrku us 1965 ds ;q) ds ckn bl vksj /;ku nsuk 'kq: fd;k vkSj mlus Hkkjr esa naxksa ds fy, ,d ubZ ;kstuk ij dke djuk 'kq: fd;kA Hkkjr esa naxksa dk gksuk ikfdLrku ds fgr esa D;ksa gS ;g lHkh tkurs gSaA tgk¡ rd Hkkjr ds jktuhfrKksa dk loky gS rks bafnjk xka/kh vkSj vVy fcgkjh oktis;h dks NksM+ nsa rks lHkh Hkkjrh; jktusrk nksgjh uhfr dk ikyu djrs gSaA mudh dksbZ Li"V fopkj/kkjk dHkh ugha jghA os Nn~e yksx gSaA ekStwnk jktusrkvksa esa ls cgqr ls jktusrkvksa dk u rks dksbZ /keZ gS] u tkfr vkSj u gh mudh dksbZ larqfyr fopkj/kkjkA muls loky iwNk tk, fd D;k muesa ns’kHkfä dh Hkkouk gS\ vkvks tkurs gSa naxksa dk bfrgkl vkSj ljdkjksa dh ykijokghA vaxzstksa ds 'kklu dky esa ;wa rks cgqr lkjs naxs gq,A 1857 dh Økafr ds ckn ls gh fganw vkSj eqlyekuksa dh ,drk dks rksM+us dk dke py jgk FkkA ysfdu 1919 ds tfy;kaokyk ckx gR;kdkaM ds ckn fcz f V’k ljdkj us lkaçnkf;d naxs djkdj mudk fgUnw eqlyekuksa ds chp [kwc çpkj djuk 'kq: fd;kA bl >wBs çpkj ds dkj.k fgUnw&eqlyekuksa ds chp uQjr c<+rh xbZ ftldk ifj.kke ;g gqvk fd 1924 esa dksgkV esa cgqr gh vekuoh; <ax ls fgUnw&eqfLye naxs gq,A bl naxs esa nksuksa gh leqnk;ksa ds yksx ekjs x,A vaxzst viuh pky esa dke;kc gks x, Fks vkSj mudks Hkkjr ds dbZ VqdM+s djus ds fy, ,d dkj.k fey x;k FkkA vaxzst fgUnw&eqlyeku ds chp naxs gh ugha pkgrs Fks cfYd eq l yekuks a ds chp f’k;k&lqUuh vkSj fganqvksa ds chp çkarokn vkSj nfyr&lo.kZ dh vkx HkM+dkus dk (18)


eqtQ + Q+juxj %& cjky] ckoyh] lksBa k] cnj[kk] fd’kuiqj] 'ksjiqj] /kukSjk] yksghjk] cketksyh] fcgkjhiqj] ek¡xkstksyh] vkye ektjk] Mksx a j] gVkuk] 'khjh [k+qnZ] [ksMk+ ] Hkksik] ykad] eUlwjiqj] [krkSyh]] 'kkgiqj clh] /kkSyjk] x<+h] xksMk+ ] xks;yk] cq<k+ uk] dkdM+k] fllkSyh] dqjkoyh] [kjM+] eksgEen iqj] [kSuh x<+h] jkejkt fl[kjsMk+ ] djok] fVdjh] rxkuk] iSjksjh] mejiqj] cqUnq[ksMk+ ] yk[k ckoM+h] gjkSyh xk¡o] ukxay] Hkxokuiqj vkSj eqtQ + Qjuxj 'kgj lesr 54 xk¡oksa esa lkEiznkf;d fgalk gqbZA ftlesa Qqxkuk] fyglk<+] tkSyh xaxugj cgkoM+h vkSj dqVck dqVch esa lcls T+;knk fgalk gqbZA 'kkeyh %& dqjekyh] FkkukHkou vkSj 'kkeyh 'kgj lesr 'kkeyh ft+ys ds 23 xk¡o fgalk dh pisV esa vk x,A esjB %& eokuk] cglwek] fuyksgk] gfLrukiqj esa Hkh fagl a k gqbZ vkSj esjB 'kgj esa vHkh Hkh fLFkfr ruko iw.kZ cuh gqbZ gSA ckx+ir %& NijkSyh] cM+kSr vkSj ckx+ir 'kgj vkfn esa Hkh fgalk gqbZA lgkjuiqj %& nsocUn] xaxksg] jkeiqj efugkjku] ukxy lesr lgkjuiqj 'kgj esa Hkh fgalk gqbZA bl lkEiznkf;d naxs ds ifj.kke Lo:i if’peh m0iz0 ds eqjknkckn ft+ys lesr iwohZ m0iz0 esa Hkh ruko O;kIr gSA gqvk ;w¡ fd eqjknkckn fgUnw egklHkk ds izn’s k v/;{k }kjk leqnk; fo’ks"k dks ysdj iksLVj ij izfrdwy fVIi.kh ls 'kgj esa lkEiznkf;d ruko gks x;kA iwohZ m0iz0 ds dbZ {ks=k+ as ls Hkh lkEiznkf;d fgalk dh [k+cjas feyhaA ftlesa cgjkbp ds nthZiqjok {ks= esa jkr 10%30 cts ykmM Lihdj dks ysdj coky gks x;k ftlesa 24 yksx ?kk;y gks x,A dq’khuxj esa 'ko nQ+u djus dks ysdj ,d oxZ ykecUn gqvk vkSj cukjl ds pkj Hkktik fo/kk;dksa us 12-9-2013 dks mxz Hkk"k.k nsrs gq, eqt¶+ Qjuxj dh rjQ+ dwp fd;k ysfdu mUgsa fxj¶rkj dj fy;k x;k mlds ckn os vu’ku ij cSB x,A naxs esa iqfyl dh i{kikr iw.kZ Hkwfedk ds fy, Mh-vkbZ-th- lesr dqN vf/kdkfj;ksa dks LFkkukfU=r fd;k x;kA x`g lfpo dey

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

lDlsuk ds vuqlkj] lgkjuiqj jst a esa MhvkbZ-th- Mh-lh- feJk dh txg v’kksd eqFkk tSu] eqt¶+ Q + j+ uxj esa ,l-,l-ih- lqHkk"k pUnz nqcs dh txg izoh.k dqekj vkSj 'kkeyh ds ,l-ih- vCnqy gehn dh txg vfuy dqekj jk; dh rSukrh dh xbZA naxk HkM+dkus ds vkjksi esa yxHkx 800 yksxksa ds f[kykQ+ eqdnek ntZ fd;k x;k gSA ft+yk eqt+¶+Qj+ uxj ds Mh-,edkS’ky jkt 'kekZ us crk;k fd 'kklu us daoky ds vykok fgalk esa ejs reke yksxksa dks 10&10 yk[k #i;s] xEHkhj #i ls ?kk;yksa dks 50&50 gt+kj #i;s vkSj ?kk;yksa dks 20&20 gt+kj #i;s nsus ds vkns’k fn, gSAa mUgksua s crk;k fd fgalk esa gq, uqdlku dk vkadyu djk;k tk jgk gSA bl uqdlku dh eqvkot+k jkf’k ihfM+r ifjokjksa dks nh tk,xhA bueas 'kkguokt+] lfpu vkSj xkSjo Hkh 'kkfey gSAa

naxs esa gq, dqN ?kk;y vkSj e`rd ljdkjh vk¡dM+kas ds vuqlkj e`rdksa dh la[;k 50&60 gS] tcfd dSEiksa esa jg jgs izR;{knf’kZ;ksa ds vuqlkj bl lkEiznkf;d fgalk esa ?kk;yksa vkSj e`rdksa dh la[;k blls dgha vf/kd gSA ftu ifjokjksa ls gekjk lEidZ gqvk] vkSj geus ckr&phr dh mu ifjokjksa ds e`rdksa dh lwph vxzfyf[kr gS%&

lwph e`rd fnukad&07-09-2013 dh ?kVuk Fkkuk *Hkksik* 1- lksguchj iq= d`iky flag] fuoklh HkksdjgsMh+ ] Fkkuk] Hkksik] eqt¶QjuxjA 2- vt; iq= dj.k] fuoklh lgeriqj] Fkkuk Hkksik] eqt¶QjuxjA 3- cztiky iq= gqde flag] fuoklh clsMk+] Fkkuk Nikj] eqt¶QjuxjA 4- ut+j eksgEen iq= ewlk] fuoklh [ksMh+ fQjkstk+ ckn] Fkkuk ddjkSyh] eqt¶QjuxjA 5- lyeku iq= mej] fuoklh rsoM+k] Fkkuk ddjkSyh] eqt¶Qjuxj 6- yrkQr iq= eqLrQ+k] fuoklh [ksM+h fQ+jkstk+ ckn] Fkkuk ddjkSyh] eqt¶QjuxjA 7- eksgEen ukft+e iq= eqLrQ+k lSQh+ ] fuoklh ykd] Fkkuk Qqxkuk] 'kkeyh

lwph e`rd xk¡o *ykd* fnukad &8-9-2013

fnlEcj&2013

Iyku cuk;k vkSj os blesa lQy Hkh gq, ftldk ifj.kke ge vkt rd Hkqxr jgs gSaA

fiNyk&vxyk d’ehj ij vkØe.k % vktkn Hkkjr esa igyk naxk d’ehj ds fy, gqvkA 1947 esa ikfdLrku us dckbfy;ksa dh enn ls /kkok cksyk vkSj d’ehjh iafMrksa dk dRysvke fd;kA 3 flracj 1947 ls ikfdLrku us d’ehj ij geyk djuk 'kq: fd;k ftls d’ehj ds jktk gfjflag us xaHkhjrk ls ugha fy;kA blds pyrs vk/ks ls T;knk d’ehj ls fganqvksa dk iyk;u 'kq: gks x;kA ikfdLrku us vius bl v‚ijs’ku dks uke fn;k Fkk& v‚ijs’ku xqyexZA 22 vDVwcj 1947 rd gfFk;kjc) dckbfy;ksa dh QkSt us ujlagkj fd;k vkSj tc rd Hkkjrh; lsuk igq¡prh mUgksaus vk/ks d’ehj ij dCtk dj fy;k FkkA Hkkjr foHkktu ds ckn gSnjkckn ds futke us Hkkjr esa foy; ds dkxtkr ij nLr[kr ugha fd, FksA os ftUuk vkSj vaxzstksa dh pky ds f’kdkj gks pys FksA blds pyrs os pkgrs Fks fd gSnjkckn ,d Lora= jk"Vª cus] ysfdu ;g laHko ugha Fkk D;ksafd gSnjkckn dh fgUnw cgqy turk blds f[kykQ FkhA f ut ke f dl h çd kj d k naxk&Qlkn ugha pkgrs Fks ysfdu jkT; ds dkfle fjtoh ds usr`Ro esa dêjiaFkh eqlyekuksa us naxk 'kq: fd;k vkSj fganqvksa dks gSnjkckn ls iyk;u djus ds fy, etcwj fd;kA fjtoh us ,d lsuk cukbZ Fkh ftls jtkdkj dgk tkrk FkkA ,slk djds ;s yksx dkaxzsl ij ncko cukuk pkgrs FksA 1984 dk fnYyh dk fl[k fojks/kh naxk % bafnjk xka/kh dh gR;k ds fojks/k esa 31 vDVwcj 1984 ls 3 uoacj 1984 ds chp esa ,d naxk gqvk ftlesa djhc 3]000 ls T;knk yksx ekjs x,A bl naxk dky esa dkaxzsl dh lÙkk FkhA fnYyh ds 1984 ds fl[k naxksa ds na’k vkt Hkh gekjs fnyksa esa pqHkrs gSaA vxj tuojh 1950 ls tqykbZ 1995 ds chp gq, (19)


1- vcyw yqgkj] iV~Vh fHkVjoy lUuh okyk 2- dkfle Mkse] iV~Vh eks?kk 3- ul# /kksch& ft+Unk tyk fn;k x;kA 4- 9 flrEcj dks ,d efgyk vkSj mlds csVs dk e`rd 'kjhj izIr gqvkA 8-9-2013 dks gh Qqxkuk esa Hkh 5 yksxksa dh gR;k dh xbZA 5- ;kehu /kksch &ft+Unk tyk fn;k x;kA 6- Rkkfgj iq= xatk oghn 7- xatk oghn dh iq=o/kq 8- xatk oghn dk ,d vkSj iq= 9- esgjnhu rsyh] iV~Vh eks?kk

e`rd lwph xk¡o *cthViqj* fnukad &8-9-2013 1- ;kehu dk ukrh 2- bdcky] /kksch ?kk;y %& 1- ;kehu 2- de#n~nhu

lwph e`rd xk¡o *fylk<+* fnukad &8-9-2013 1- uCcw /kksch 2- eUt+jw k 3- fljktqn~nhu vkSj mldh iRuh 4- djew yqgkj vkSj mldh iRuh 5- HkqV~Vw ifjokj ds 7 lnL; ¼thok¡ /kksch] thok¡ /kksch dh iRuh] csVk] vkSj thok¡ /kksch ds 2 ukrh½ 6- ckVh yqgkj] vkfn 7- ,d gh fnu esa 14 yksxksa dh gR;k dh xbZ vkSj vU; dbZ ?kk;y gq,A 8- 8-9-2013 dks dqVck xk¡o esa 4 yksxksa dh gR;k dh xbZA

e`rd lwph xk¡o *cgkoM+h] dqjekyh] [kjM vkSj fgaMksyh 9-9-2013 1- bdjk iq=h fny’kkn 2- glhuk iRuh NTtw 3- fny’kkn iq= NTtw 4- vt+jk iq=h vkl eksgEen 5- rktqn~nhu 6- 'kdhy /kksch iq= tehy vgen] 40 o"kZ 7- gkfQ+t+ lkgsc dkjh mej njkt+ 8- tqEek iq= nhuw dks efLtn lesr tyk fn;k x;kA 9- lx+hj efugkj Xkk¡o *fylk<+* esa gqbZ fgalk vkSj gR;kvksa esa lafyIr vlkekftd rRoksa dh lwph ;g lwpuk mu O;fDr;ksa ds }kjk

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

gesa nh xbZ ftu ifjokjksa ls yksx ?kk;y gq, vkSj yksxksa dh e`R;q gqbZ& 1- lqD[kk iq= Hkwjk 2- vUtq 3- dfiy iq= lrsUnz QkSth 4- lqjUs nz iq= [kqCch 5- vuqt iq= pUnj 6- chuw iq= 'kkuw 7- rks’kh iq= egsUnz 8- lUnhi iq= thou 9- eksuw iq= fctsUnz QkSth 10- lqjUs nz mQZ dkyk iq= ek¡xh 11- ccyw iq= ';ke 12- _f"kiky 13- lqjUs nz iq= pkgh 14- ckck gfjfd’ku 15- jktsUnz efyd iq= ckck gfjfd’ku 16- uhVw iq= jru flag 17- fctsUnz efyd iq= ckck gfjfd’ku 18- lhrq iq= lR; izdk’k 19- lR; izdk’k iq= ?kklh 20- uhVq iq= uokc dksMk 21- vfer iq= fd’ku] lqukj 22- fodkl iq= lq[kiky 23- feUMk iq= lq[kiky 24- euh"k iq= Lojkt 25- pUnz iq= feEcj 26- fcV~Vw iq= vRrj flag 27- vadq’k iq= lrchj vkSj vU;A Xkk¡o *yk¡d* esa gqbZ fgalk vkSj gR;kvksa esa lafyIr vlkekftd rRoksa dh lwph ;g lqpuk mu O;fDr;ksa ds }kjk geas nh xbZ ftu ifjokjksa ls yksx ?kk;y gq, vkSj yksxksa dh e`R;q gqbZ& 1- ohjiky ukbZ dk Hkrhtk 2- MkW0 lq[knso mQZ MkW0 dkyk dk csVk vkSj ek¡xh yky dk ukrh] iV~Vh eks?kk 3- fpjkx iq= jkeiky fxjksfy;k 4- iq= MkW0 f’ko dqekj vkSj vU; 5- /kjeiky >haoj 6- 'kkSfdUnz iz/kku] lg;ksxh] gqde flag 7- /khjt iq= Hkksiky 8- Xkk¡/kh iq= ekLVj lR;iky 9- Hkkjr iq= HkkSna k vkSj ukrh iwoZ iz/kku esgj flag

fnlEcj&2013

naxksa dks ns[ksa rks bu 45 lkyksa esa fnYyh esa gh 1192 naxs gq, gSaA blesa 84 ds naxs vkSj 1983 ds usYyh naxs dks 'kkfey djsa rks 1194 naxsA 18 Qjojh 1983 esa gq, usYyh ds lkewfgd gR;kdkaM esa Hkh gtkjksa yksx naxs dh cfy p<+ x, FksA 1528 esa v;ks/;k esa ,d ,sls LFky ij ,d efLtn dk fuekZ.k fd;k x;k ftls dqN fgUnw vius vkjk/; nsork jke dk tUe LFkku ekurs gSaA le>k tkrk gS fd eqxy lezkV ckcj us ;g efLtn cuokbZ Fkh ftl dkj.k bls ckcjh efLtn ds uke ls tkuk tkrk FkkA 1853 esa igyh ckj bl LFky ds ikl lkaçnkf;d naxs gq,A fo’o fgUnw ifj"kn] f’kolsuk vkSj Hkkjrh; turk ikVhZ ds dk;ZdrkZvksa us 6 fnlacj 1992 dks ckcjh efLtn /oLr dj fn;kA blds ifj.kkeLo:i ns’kHkj esa fgUnw vkSj eqlyekuksa ds chp lkaçnkf;d naxs HkM+d mBs ftlesa 2000 ls T;knk yksx ekjs x,A xks/kjk ujlagkj % v;ks/;k ls ykSV jgs jkeHkä dkj lsodksa dh Vªsu dks xks/kjk esa vkx yxk nh xbZ ftlds pyrs Vªsu dh ,d cksxh ds lHkh yksx ftank ty x,A og 27 Qjojh 2002 dk nqHkkZX;iw.kZ fnu Fkk] ftl fnu ,d jsyxkM+h ds fMCcs esa ;k=k dj jgs 59 jkeHkä dkjlsodksa dks xks/kjk dLcs ds /kekaZ/k eqlyekuksa dh HkhM+ us ftank tykdj ekj Mkyk FkkA tk¡p fjiksVZ ls irk pyk fd ;g dkaM ikfdLrku ds b’kkjs ij fd;k x;k FkkA iwjs xqtjkr esa bldh çfrfØ;k cgqr mxz :i esa lkeus vkbZ vkSj çns’kHkj esa gqbZ fgald ?kVukvksa esa yxHkx 2000 O;fä ekjs x,A igys ds naxs % blls igys 1969 esa vgenkckn ¼xqtjkr½ esa naxs gq, Fks ftlesa 5]000 yksx ekjs x, FksA ml oä xqtjkr ds eq[;ea=h dkaxzsl ds fgrsUæ HkkbZ nslkbZ Fks vkSj Hkkjr dh ç/kkuea=h bafnjk xka/kh FkhaA blds ckn 1985 esa xqtjkr esa fQj naxk gqvk] rc xqtjkr ds eq[;ea=h dkaxzsl (20)


10- HkkSna k iq= esgj flag 11- uoHkkjr 12- vkseiky] iV~Vh lkyku 13-dfiy iq= vkseiky lfpo] iV~Vh lkyku 14- iq=] MkW0 ujsUnz if.Mr 15- fouksn mQZ ekaxh tksxh dk tekbZ 16- peu iq= lksgu 17- fuIiy iq= ekLVj j.k/khj 18- lq/khj mQZ fcYyw iz/kku 19- egkjkt flag iq= Hkhe flag 20- jkt flag iq= Hkhe flag 21- lfpu iq= lkgc flag Q+kSth] iV~Vh 22- lkgc flag] iV~Vh eks?kk 23- cCyw iq= lksgu/kj 24- nhid iq= ekLVj tloUr 25- jkgqy efyd iq= jktchj] iV~Vh lkyku iz’kklu dh Hkwfedk fiNys o"kZ gq, lkEiznkf;d naxksa dkslhdyk¡] izrkix<+] cjsyh] xkft+;kckn vkSj Q+Stk+ ckn vkfn dh dM+qokgV vHkh [+kRe Hkh ugha gks ikbZ Fkh fd bu naxksa dh dM+h esa gky gh esa eqt¶+ Q + j+ uxj esa tkV vkSj eqfLyeksa ds chp lkEiznkf;d naxk HkM+d mBkA bl naxs dks vkt+kn fgUnqLrku esa xqtjkr ds ckn lcls cM+k naxk dgk tk jgk gSA bl {ks= esa besjtsl a h ds le; naxk HkM+dk Fkk ysfdu mldh lwjr ,slh ugha Fkh ftldks ns[kdj eqnkZ fny Hkh ilht tk,A bl lkEiznkf;d naxs us ,d ckj fQj lkfcr dj fn;k fd eqlyekuksa dk u dksbZ ekxZn’kZd gS vkSj u gh dksbZ mudh lquus okyk gSA jktuSfrd xfy;ksa esa eqlyekuksa dks flQZ oksV cSd a le>k tkrk gS vkSj dqN ughaA bl naxs dks vkj-,l-,l- dh lkft+’k crk;k tk jgk gS] vkSj dqN yksx bls ljdkj dh ukdkeh dk uke ns jgs gaSA naxs esa ejus okykas esa lcls vf/kd la[;k esa eqlyeku gaS fo’ks"k :i ls cqtqZxksa vkSj eqfLye yM+fd;ksa dks fu’kkuk cuk;k x;kA ftu {ks=ksa esa eqfLye vkcknh de gS ogk¡ [kkl rkSj ls eqlyekuksa ij geys gq,A m0iz0 ljdkj us ekSds+ ij ykijokgh cjrh gSA ;g lc ljdkj vkSj iz’kklu dh lqLrh dk urhtk gSA iz’kklu us le; ij dk;Zokgh u djds ,d ckj fQj fuf"Ø;rk dk ifjp; fn;k gSA iqfyl vkSj

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

iz’kklu dh fuf"Ø;rk ds pyrs lkEiznkf;d ds ek/ko th lksyadh Fks vkSj Hkkjr ds rRo vius ukikd ealcw ksa esa dke;kc gksrs tk ç/kkuea=h jktho xka/kh FksA jgs gSAa blds ckn 1987 esa xqtjkr esa naxs ds nkSjku iz’kklu dk joS;k fQj naxs gq, vkSj rc xqtjkr ds eq[;ea=h eqt¶+ Q + j+ uxj naxksa dks ysdj m0iz0 dkaxzsl ds vej flag pkS/kjh FksA 1990 esa ljdkj langs ds ?ksjs esa gSA tc ljdkj dks fQj ls xqtjkr naxksa dh vkx esa ngd bu gkykr ds ckjs esa ekywe Fkk rks mUgksua s mBkA ml le; Hkh xqtjkr ds eq[;ea=h le; jgrs dk;Zokgh D;ksa ugha dhA ;g dkaxzsl ds fpeu HkkbZ iVsy FksA 1992 esa igyh ckj gqvk fd ,d ds ckn ,d eqfLye gq, naxksa ds le; Hkh xqtjkr ds eq[;ea=h laxBu vf[kys’k ljdkj gVkus dh ek¡x dkaxzsl ds fNek HkkbZ iVsy gh FksA djus yxsA lkEiznkf;drk ds [ksy ds nwljs egkjk"Vª esa dkaxzsl ds jkt esa fljs ij Hkk-t-ik- gS ftls m0iz0 tSls cM+s 2004 ls ysdj 2008 rd lokZf/kd 681 jkT; esa ges’kk fdlh ,sls volj dh ryk’k naxs gq,A tgk¡ rd loky eqacbZ dk gS rks jgrh gSA fiNys voljksa ds eqdk+ cys esa bl ogk¡ 1992&93 ds fgUnw&eqfLye naxksa dh ckj Q+dZ flQ+Z bruk gS fd ;g ekgkSy lokZf/kd ppkZ dh tkrh gSA ;s naxs fnlacj cukdj eqyk;e flag vkSj budh ikVhZ dh 1992 esa vkSj tuojh 1993 esa gq, FksA buesa ljdkj us Hkktik dks ;g volj lkSxk+ r esa yxHkx 900 grkgr gq, FksA blds ckn 12 ns fn;kA pkSjklh dkslh ifjØek dh ukdke ekpZ 1993 esa vkradoknh geyksa esa 250 dksf’k’k ds cgkus tks Hkk-t-ik- ugha dj ikbZ yksx grkgr gq, FksA bu naxksa vkSj vkradh oks jkLrk lektoknh ikVhZ us mlds fy, ?kVukvksa dh lkft’k jph Fkh vaMjoYMZ vklku dj fn;kA ;gh ugha eqt¶+ Qjuxj M‚u nkÅn bczkghe usA ds bl naxs us pkS/kjh pj.k flag ds le; ls blls igys 1964 ds jkmjdsyk cuh eqfLye vkSj tkVksa dh cjlksa iqjkuh vkSj te’ksniqj ds naxs esa 2]000 eklwe ,drk dks Hkh rksM+ fn;kA naxs igyh ckj yksxksa us viuh tku x¡okbZ vkSj ml le; 'kgj ls fudydj xk¡o rd igq¡p x,A naxksa ogk¡ dkaxzsl dh ljdkj FkhA 1967 ds jk¡ph ij vQ+lksl djus okys Hkktik usrkvksa dh ds naxs esa 200 yksxksa dh cfy nh xbZ rc nch gqbZ [k+q’kh muds psgjksa ls ns[krs gh Hkh dkaxzsl dh lÙkk FkhA >ydrh gSA 1980 ds eqjknkckn ds naxs esa Hkktik ds lHkh usrk viuh lQ+kbZ 2000 yksxksa dh tku xbZA 1984 fnYyh is’k djus esa yxs gS]a vkSj egkiapk;r dk dk naxk& ftlesa ljdkjh vk¡dM+k 2733 Bhdjk ,d nwljs ds lj ij QksM+ jgs gSAa yksxksa dk ysfdu xSjljdkjh vk¡dM+k 5000 ;g egkiapk;r gh eqt¶+ Q + j+ uxj ds naxs dh yksxksa dh ekSr dk FkkA blesa nksuksa gh tM+ cuhA Hkktik usrkvksa us iapk;r esa tkVksa leqnk;ksa ds yksx ekjs x, FksA dks eqlyekuks ds f[k+ykQ+ HkM+dk;kA vc 2008 dh naxk fjiksVZ ds vuqlkj ;g lHkh usrk [k+qn dks csxqukg crk jgs gSa e/;çns’k esa 654] mÙkjçns’k esa 613] dukZVd vkSj bl egkiapk;r dks **csVh cpkvks iapk;r** esa 341 naxs gq,A dk uke ns jgs gSAa vc loky ;g mBrk gS 1950 ls ysdj gekjs rRdkyhu fd *csVh cpkvks iapk;r* esa gfFk;kjksa dh ç/kkuea=h tokgjyky usg: ds ejus ds D;k t+#jr FkhA tks yksx gkFkksa eas ykBh] le; rd ns’k ds 16 jkT;ksa esa 243 naxs MaMs vkSj uaxh ryokjsa ysdj vk,] iz’kklu gq,A rRdkyhu ç/kkuea=h bafnjk xka/kh ds us mudks D;ksa ugha jksdk vkSj iapk;r esa dk;Zdky esa Hkkjr ds 15 jkT;ksa esa 337 naxs eqlyekuksa ds f[kykQ+ t+gj D;ksa mxyk gq,A rRdkyhu ç/kkuea=h jktho xka/kh ds x;kA bu lHkh ckrkas ls ;g lkfcr gksrk gS 'kkludky esa Hkkjr ds 16 jkT;ksa esa 291 fd ;g egkiapk;r ,d lksph le>h lkft+’k naxs gq,A

'ks"k-----i`"B la[;k 23 ij

fnlEcj&2013

'ks"k-----i`"B la[;k 23 ij (21)


Hkw[ks ds fy, jksVh Hkxoku D;ksa gS\ &,Mfejy fo".kq Hkkxor muds ikyu&iks"k.k] çkjafHkd f’k{kk vkSj v/;;u ls çHkkfor Fkha vkSj bls fodklijd gh dgk tk ldrk gS ysfdu muds vanj igys ls gh ,d ,slk eaFku py jgk Fkk] tks fd muds ,d Økafrdkjh cuus dh vafre cnyko dh yach çfØ;k FkhA os okLro esa ,d ,sls fugRFks Økafrdkjh cus ftudh 'kfä muds fopkjksa vkSj vkn’kksZa esa Fkh] ftls nqfu;k us ,d vuqHkwr ç;ksx ds rkSj ij ns[kkA ;g ç;ksx vc ,d ea= cu x;k gS] tks fd cgqr ls yksxksa ls ysdj nwjLFk cksyhfo;k vkSj ySfVu vejhdk ds cgqr ls ns’kksa ds fy, mi;ksxh gSA Hkkjr ykSVdj v + kus okys xka/kh us tSlk fd lHkh tkurs gSa fd egkRek

blds vf/kdkjh] fczfV’k lsuk] iqfyl vkSj ç’kklu yxkrkj vpafHkr gq, vkSj ?kcjk x,] D;ksfa d rc rd os dsoy ykBh vkSj laxhu dk mi;ksx gh tkurs FksA bl rjg nqcys&irys fn[kus okys vkneh us yksxksa dks cM+s iSekus ij ,dtqVrk vkSj vkxs pydj vfgalk] vlg;ksx vkSj ckn esa ukxfjd voKk dk gfFk;kj ns fn;kA ;s ek= jktuSfrd fopkj ugha Fks oju~ blds ewy esa Lons’kh ¼vkRefuHkZjrk½ vkSj Lojkt ¼vkSifuosf’kd 'kklu ls Lora=rk½ dk fopkj Fkk] tks fd vius xgure :i esa vkfFkZd lkjka’k FkkA mUgksua s bl loky dks yksxksa ls

dkaxl zs dks vanj&ckgj ls ns[kk vkSj laHkor% eqLdjk, gksx a ]s tc mUgksua s bls ,d lks’ky ^Dyc* dgkA mUgsa irk Fkk fd ;g Dyc Hkkjr dh Lora=rk ds fy, yM+us esa l{ke ugha Fkk blfy, os bl ckr dk craxM+ cuk, fcuk gh vius tSls yksxksa dks lkFk ysdj lHkh yksxksa dks lan’s k nsus ds fy, py iM+As bu yksxksa esa dk;ZdrkZ] fdlku] Hkwfeghu vkSj lkjs yksx 'kkfey Fks vkSj ;g dke mUgksua s mu fnuksa tks ek/;e vkSj lk/ku ekStnw Fks] mudh enn ls fd;kA vk’p;Z dh ckr gS fd mudk ;g lan’s k ns’k ds xyh&dwpksa esa fctyh dh rsth ls QSyk vkSj yksxksa dh HkhM+ yk[kksa dh la[;k esa Lora=rk vkanksyu ls tqMu+ s yxhA ;g yksxksa dk vkanksyu cu x;k] ftlls fczfV’k lkezkT;]

lk>k fd;k vkSj iwNk fd ge xjhc D;ksa gS\a gesa fdlus xjhc cuk;k\ vkSj dkSu gesa xjhc cuk, j[k jgk gS\ vkf[kj mUgksua s ;kn fnyk;k fd phu dh rjg ls Hkkjr dks gtkjksa o"kksZa rd lksus dh fpfM+;k dgk tkrk jgk Fkk vkSj tgk¡ ls mRiknu vkSj lkeku lkjh nqfu;k dks Hksts tkrs FksA djhc o"kZ 1750 rd phu vkSj Hkkjr& nksuksa dh ldy ?kjsyw mRikn ¼th-Mh-ih-½ dh dher lewph nqfu;k dh th-Mh-ih- dh 40 Qhln ls vf/kd FkhA ;g og le; Fkk tc :l ds ihVj n xzVs us viuh ljdkj ls dgk Fkk fd og Hkkjr ds lkFk dkjksckj djs] D;ksfa d mldk dguk Fkk fd Hkkjr gh fo’o gSA xyrc;kuh dh Hkwy&HkqyS;k vkSj vkSifuosf’kd dky dh jpukvksa ls xka/kh th

leqæ esa ns’k ds nq ’euksa ls yksgk ysus okys Hkkjrh; ukSlus k ds iw o Z çeq [ k ,Mfejy fo".kq Hkkxor us vfgalk ds iqtkjh egkRek xka/kh ij dkQh v/;;u fd;k gSA bl ys[k ds ek/;e ls mUgksaus xka/kh th vkSj muds vFkZ’kkL= ds ckjs esa foLrkj ls ppkZ dh gSA ,d lPps yksdra= vkSj mlds d.kZ /kkjksa dks fdl rjg dke djuk pkfg,] bl ij Hkh xka/kh th ds fopkj bl ys[k esa i<+us dks feysxa As

xka/kh dh thou ;k=k yanu esa dkuwu dh i<+kbZ djus ds ckn nf{k.k vÝhdk ls 'kq: gqbZ FkhA nf{k.k vÝhdk ds vuqHko us xka/kh th dks dbZ ekeyksa esa cqfu;knh :i ls fgykdj j[k fn;k FkkA ogk¡ dfFkr :i ls çtkfr vkSj jax ij vk/kkfjr jaxHksn ,d ,sls oxZ ij vk/kkfjr Fkk] tks fd ewy :i ls euq";ksa dks Øwj cuk ldrk Fkk vkSj mudk i{kikr fdlh i’kq ls Hkh T;knk fudVre FkkA mUgksua s tks ns[kk vkSj lrgh Lrj ij tks dqN vuqHko fd;k] mls Lohdkj fd;kA ysfdu mUgksua s bl O;oLFkk dks iSnk djus okys <k¡ps vkSj bldh vkarfjd :ijs[kk dks le>kA gkyk¡fd jaxHksn O;oLFkk ds ckgjh Lo:iksa dks ysdj mudh 'kq#vkrh çrhfØ;k,¡

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

fnlEcj&2013

(22)


us tkuk fd Hkkjr dh cckZnh dk dkj.k D;k Fkk] gekjs yksx Hkw[ks] csjkstxkj vkSj eqlhcrtnk D;ksa FksA ysfdu os dksbZ fl)kardkj ugha FksA os ys[k fy[kdj ;k yacs Hkk"k.k nsus okys ugha Fks oju~ mUgksua s vius lan’s k dks vius vkpj.k ds tfj, ,slh Hkk"kk vkSj eqgkojksa esa mrkjk fd yksxksa dks bUgsa le>us ds fy, O;k[;kdkj dh t:jr ugha iM+hA mudk dguk Fkk fd Hkw[ks ds fy, jksVh Hkxoku D;ksa gS vkSj vk;kr v/keZ ;k iki D;ksa gSA okLro es]a ckn ds o"kksZa esa mUgksua s çkFkZuk lHkkvksa dk vk;kstu fd;k] tks fd jke /kqu ¼çkFkZuk½ ls 'kq: gksrh Fkha ysfdu okLro esa ,d ijLij çHkko Mkyus okyk l= gksrk Fkk vkSj pw¡fd budh fyf[kr tkudkjh {ks=h; Hkk"kkvksa ds v[kckjksa esa Hkh Nirh Fkh] bl rjg ;g ,d çdkj dh tuf’k{kk FkhA bu lHkkvksa esa BsB loky vkSj tokc gksrs FksA mnkgj.k ds fy, loky gksxk] fczVus Hkkjr ij dCtk djus esa lQy D;ksa gks x;k vkSj D;ksa og bls xqyke cuk, j[kus esa l{ke gS\ bl ij xka/kh dk mÙkj gksrk Fkk] fczVus us Hkkjr ij dCtk ugha fd;k oju~ geus mUgsa [kqn gh lkSia fn;kA geus daiuh ds vf/kdkfj;ksa dk [kqys fny ls Lokxr fd;kA geus mudh enn dhA gekjh ns'kh fj;klrksa ds 'kkld vkil esa gh yM+rs jgs vkSj mUgksua s daiuh cgknqj dh enn yhA bu dkj.kksa ls Hkkjr] fczVus dk gks x;k vkSj bl rjg os bl ij dCtk cuk, j[kus esa lQy jgsA Hkkjr dks xqyke cuk, j[kus ds fy, ryokj iwjh rjg ls csdkj Fkh dsoy geus mUgsa ¼fczfV’k yksxksa dks½ ns’k esa cuk, j[kkA lÙkkbZl Qjojh] 1947 dks Lora=rk laxzke dk usr`Ro djus ds ckn ,d çkFkZuk lHkk ds nkSjku xka/kh ls iwNk x;k Fkk fd D;k ns’k ds çpqj ekuo lalk/kuksa dh cckZnh djrs gq, lalk/kuksa ds vf/kdre mi;ksx ds fy, vkS|ksxhdj.k fd;k tkuk pkfg, vkSj D;k bls lPps vFkksZa esa jk"Vªh; fodkl dgk tk ldrk gS\ xka/kh th dk mÙkj Fkk % ;g Li"V gS fd dksbZ Hkh ;kstuk tks dPps eky dk 'kks"k.k djs vkSj laHkkfor rkSj ij vf/kd 'kfä’kkyh ekuo Je dks njfdukj djs rks ;g fLFkfr dHkh Hkh ekuoh; lekurk ugha yk ldrh ;k ns’k dks okLro esa lq[kh vkSj

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

laiUu ugha cuk ldrh gSA if’peh ns’kksa esa] mu yksxksa us lkoZHkkSfed Je’kfä dh vuns[kh dh gS vkSj cgqrksa dks njfdukj djrs gq, rkdr dks dqNd s gkFkksa esa lkSia fn;k gSA bldk ifj.kke ;g gS fd vkS|ksxhdj.k mu ns’kksa ds xjhc yksxksa ds fy, ,d lafnX/k rkdr cu x;k gS vkSj 'ks"k nqfu;k ds fy, [krjukdA vxj Hkkjr dks ,slh fdlh rckgh ls cpuk gS rks mls if’peh ns’kksa esa tks loZJ"s B gS mls viukuk gS] vkRelkr djuk gS vkSj tks vkd"kZd fn[kus okyh fouk’kdkjh vkfFkZd uhfr;k¡ gS]a muls nwj jguk gksxkA tgk¡ rd Hkkjr dk ç’u gS rks okLrfod fu;kstu esa ns’k ds vla[; xk¡oksa ds dPps eky dk forj.k vkSj lewph Je’kfä dk loZJ"s B mi;ksx gksuk pkfg,A xk¡oksa esa gh oLrqvksa dk mRiknu gksuk pkfg, vkSj dPps eky dks xk¡o ls ckgj ugha Hkstk tkuk pkfg, ;k budks ns’k ls ckgj ugha Hkstk tkuk pkfg, rkfd ckn esa gesa bUgsa rS;kj eky ds vk;kr ds rkSj ij eg¡xh dherksa ij u [kjhnuk iM+As igys Hkh mUgksua s ;s 'kCn tksj nsdj dgs Fks] Hkxoku u djs] Hkkjr Hkh if’peh ns’kksa ds rjhds ls vkS|ksxhdj.k dks dHkh viuk,A ;g vkfFkZd mifuos’kokn lkjh nqfu;k dks ck¡/kdj ,d NksVs }hi esa cny jgk gSA vxj Hkkjr tSlk 30 djksM+ yksxksa dk ns’k bl rjg ds vkfFkZd 'kks"k.k dks viuk,xk rks ;g fVM~fM;ksa dh rjg ls lkjh nqfu;k dks pVdj tk,xkA xka/kh dks irk Fkk vkSj os bls ,d {k.k ds fy, Hkh ugha Hkwyrs Fks fd Hkkjr esa fczfV’k vkSifuosf’kd 'kklu vkSj if’peh foLrkjokn dk ijHk{kh pfj= dSlk gS ysfdu 1947 ds ckn dh ihf<+;ksa us ,slk ugha lkspkA pw¡fd vkfFkZd] jktuSfrd vkSj lkekftd yksdra= ,d&nwljs ls tqMs+ gq, gSa vkSj xka/khth vius lHkh lkfFk;ks]a lqHkk"k] vEcsMdj] usg:] vCnqy dyke vktkn vkfn ds lkFk ;g ckr vPNh rjg le>rs FksA mUgksua s yksdra= ds bu rhu igyqvksa dks ysdj viuh fopkj/kkjk bl rjg tkfgj dh FkhA mudk dguk Fkk fd yksdra= dk esjk fopkj ;g gS fd blds varxZr lcls T;knk detksj dks Hkh mruk gh volj feys ftruk

fnlEcj&2013

fd lcls T;knk etcwr dksA vkt nqfu;k esa dksbZ Hkh ns’k detksj yksxksa dks ysdj ,slh laj{k.koknh Hkkouk ugha fn[kkrk gS if’peh yksdra= vkt ,d detksj Qklhokn dh rjg dke djrk gS] ;g ,d ,slk Qklhokn gS ftlesa dkjiksjVs ¼cM+h daifu;ks½a dh rkdr ljdkj dh rkdr ls fey tkrh gSA lPpk yksdra= dsoy chl yksxksa ds dsæa esa cSBdj dke djus ls ugha vkrk] bls rks uhps ls dke djuk gksxk] ftlesa çR;sd xk¡o dh xzkelHkk ds yksx 'kkfey gksa vkSj xk¡o ds ik¡p fuokZfpr lnL; gh u gksAa &ys[kd Hkkjrh; ukSlus k ds iwoZ çeq[k gSa

bl rjg futhZo gks tk,xh iw¡thokn dh cqjkbZ

&fo".kq Hkkxor vkt Hkkjh vkfFkZd vlekurk gSA lektokn dk vk/kkj vkfFkZd lekurk gSA vkt ds bl xSjcjkcjh dh gkyr esa jkejkT; ugha vk ldrk gSA tgk¡ ij dqNd s yksx 'kku&’kkSdr ls thrs gksa vkSj vke yksxksa dks HkjisV [kkuk Hkh ugha feyrk gksA eSua s lektokn ds fl)kar dks rc Lohdkj fd;k Fkk] tc eSa nf{k.k vÝhdk esa FkkA lektokfn;ksa vkSj vU; yksxksa ls esjk fojks/k fgalk dks ysdj gS] tks fd fdlh Hkh LFkk;h lq/kkj dk lk/ku gSA ;g loky iwNk tk ldrk gS fd orZeku jktkvksa vkSj vU; yksxksa ls mEehn dh tk ldrh gS fd os xjhcksa ds fy, VªLVht ds rkSj ij dke djsAa vxj os viuh ethZ ls VªLVht ugha curs gSa rks ifjfLFkfr;ksa dh rkdr mUgsa ,slk djus ij etcwj dj nsxh] D;ksfa d os Hkh lai.w kZ fouk’k ugha pkg ldrs gSAa ,d VªLV vkids Js"B vkpj.k dks lqfuf’pr ugha djrk gS vFkok vkidks fdlh fo’ks"kkf/k—r oxZ dk fgLlk ugha cukrk gSA ;g nwljksa dk 'kks"k.k djus dk lk/ku ugha gSA tc okLro esa iapk;rh jkt LFkkfir gks tk,xk rks tuer og dke dj ldrk gS] tks fd fgalk dHkh ugha dj ldrh gSA tehankjks]a m|ksxifr;ksa vkSj jktkvksa dk rHkh rd çHkqRo cuk jgsxk] tc rd fd vke turk viuh rkdr dks ugha igpkurh gSA vxj yksx tehankjh ;k iw¡thokn dh cqjkbZ ds lkFk lg;ksx ugha djrs gSa rks ;g vius vki futhZo gks tk,xhA iapk;r (23)


jkt esa dsoy ,d iapk;r ds fu;eksa dk ikyu gksxk ysfdu ;g ,d lektoknh 'kkfUriw.kZ vFkZO;oLFkk esa dsoy vius gh cuk, fu;eksa ds tfj, dke dj ldrh gSA egkRek xka/kh ij fy[krs gq, muds thouhdkj I;kjsyky us ^n pSyt as v‚Q bafMisM a l as * ¼ist 169½ esa fy[kk gS % xka/kh dk dguk gS fd d‚uZokfyl ds LFkkbZ fuiVkjs us ,d ?k`f.kr fojklr NksMh+ gS ftlesa ,d vksj nfyr vkSj vlarq"V Hkwfeghu Jfedks]a etnwjksa dk oxZ gS rks nwljh vksj fujadq’k tehankjokn gS] tks fd vkSj vf/kd ijthoh gksrk pyk x;k gSA ckn esa] uksvk[kkyh ds d`"kd vkanksyu ds pyrs tehankjksa dk fgLlk ,d frgkbZ r; dj fn;k x;k vkSj ckn esa bls fo/kkbZ Lo:i fn;k x;kA ftl —"kd vkanksyu dks xka/khth us viuk leFkZu fn;k Fkk mls lHkh leqnk;ksa dk leFkZu feykA nksuksa gh leqnk;ksa ds okeiaFkh rRo Hkh blesa 'kkfey gks x, ysfdu eq[; :i ls ,d gh leqnk; ds FksA xka/kh ds çeq[k fl)karksa esa ,d Fkk&^^lcS Hkwfe xksiky dh** ¼lkjh /kjrh bZ’oj dh gS½ vkSj os bl ij ckja&ckj tksj nsrs FksA ysfdu tc rd ;g fopkj lkdkj ugha gqvk] rc rd tehankjh dh fgLlsnkjh esa deh djus dk lgh fn’kk esa dne ugha mBk;k x;kA ysfdu bls dsoy vfgald rjhds ls gksuk pkfg,A mudk dguk Fkk fd eSa ,d ,slk le; ns[krk gw¡ fd tc lkjh tehu ljdkj dh gksxh vFkkZr tehu mlh dh tks bls tksrrk gksA I;kjsyky i`"B 181 ij fy[krs gSa fd xka/khth dh çkFkZuk lHkkvksa ls tks rLohj mHkjh og muds liuksa ds Hkkjr dh rLohj Fkh&,d tkfrfoghu vkSj oxZfoghu lekt dh ftlesa yacor~ foHkktu ugha oju~ {kSfrt ;k lekukarj foHkktu FksA dksbZ Å¡pk ugha] dksbZ uhpk ugha] lHkh lsokvksa dks cjkcjh dk ntkZ vkSj lHkh dks cjkcjh dh etnwjhA ftuds ikl vf/kd gks os mldk mi;ksx dsoy vius fy, ugha djsa oju~ ,d VªLVh ds rkSj ij vU; yksxksa ds fy, djsa ftuds ikl de gSA bl lkeqnkf;d lsok esa lHkh çdkj dh çfrcaf/kr vkSj ân;ghu çfr;ksfxrk ds LFkku ij iM+kfs l;ksa ds fy, ijLij fuHkZjrk

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

vkSj ftEesnkjh dk Hkko gksA ,d ç’u&fd D;k mudks gh oksV nsus dk vf/kdkj gks] tks fd ljdkj dh lsok esa vius 'kkjhfjd Je ls ;ksxnku nsrs gksa rks mudk lqLi"V mÙkj Fkk&gk¡] 'kkjhfjd Je djus okys yksxA mudk ;g Hkh dguk Fkk fd ^;g ljdkj dk drZO; gS fd og ;qokvksa dks f’k{kk vkSj cqtqxZ rFkk v’kä yksxksa dks lgk;rk miyC/k djk,A* eSa ugha lksprk fd ijthoh rjhdksa ls dek;k x;k iSlk ,d lgh miyfC/k gS] vxj gj dksbZ esgur djds ft, rks i`Foh LoxZ cu tk,xhA blds vkxs Hkh lekt dks u, fljs ls dke djuk pkfg, vkSj lHkh yksx ^vfr'kwæ* esa ifjofrZr gks tk,¡A xka/khth dk ekuuk Fkk fd ;g ,d vf/kd ljy vFkok vf/kd O;kogkfjd rjhdk Fkk ftlls fd ,d xSj çfr;ksxh] oxZfoghu] lerkoknh lekt dks cuk;k tk ldsA dksbZ Å¡pk ugha gks] dksbZ uhpk ugha gks vkSj çR;sd dks thou&;kiu ;ksX; etnwjh feys ;kuh lHkh ds fy, thou&;kiu ;ksX; etnwjh leku gksA tc muls iwNk x;k fd D;k lgdkjh laxBu ,d gy miyC/k djk ldrs gSa rks xka/khth dk dguk Fkk] mUgsa bl ckr esa dksbZ langs ugha gS fd dksbZ Hkh ljdkjh dkjZokbZ ugha oju lgdkjh [ksrh] bldk lgh mÙkj gS lgdkjh [ksrh] lgdkjh [ksrh dk mudk fopkj ;g gS fd tehu mUgha dh gksuh pkfg,] tks bls tksr& s cks, vkSj ,slk lkewfgd :i ls Hkwfe ekfydksa }kjk fd;k tk, ftudh viuh iw¡th] vkStkj gks]a i’kq gks]a cht bR;kfn gksAa lgdkjh [ksrh ls xjhch vkSj csdkjh dk var gks ldsxkA vxj tehu ljdkj dh gS rks ;g ljdkj dk drZO; gS fd bl ij [ksrh bl rjg ls dh tk, fd blls lokZf/kd ykHk feys vkSj bl ykHk dks vukt dh ek=k ls ugha oju~ mu yksxksa ds thou ds fy, lk/kuksa ls gks ftUgksua s bl tehu ij esgur dh gksA xka/khth us fuf’pr :i ls —f"k vkSj tehu dk fuxehdj.k djus dk lq>ko ugha fn;k] tSlk fd vktdy gks jgk gS vkSj ftlds pyrs yk[kksa yksxksa dh vkthfodk lekIr gks jgh gSA lkjs ns’k esa Hkwfe lac/a kh dkuwuksa dks

fnlEcj&2013

ekSfyd :i ls cnyk tk jgk gS rkfd vf/kdkf/kd vPNh tehu] ikuh lesr m|ksxks]a cqfu;knh lqfo/kkvks]a [kuu] lsTl] ySM a cSfa dax ls ,e-,u-lh-ts- dks fdjk, ij ;k fcØh ij miyC/k djkbZ tk lds] lhM Vh-,u-lh- ds la;qä miØe yxk, tk ldsAa *mUgksaus foLrkj ls crk;k fd ^Lons’kh* ¼iwjh rjg ls vius ç;kl vFkok vkRefuHkZjrk½ dk vFkZ ml fo’ks"k drZO; vkSj nkf;Ro dks Lohdkjuk gS] tks vkneh vius vkl&ikl ds i;kZoj.k ds çfr j[krk gS vkSj vius igys drZO; ds rkSj ij vius iM+kl s h dh enn djuk vkSj bldh dksf’k’k djuk gSA* jktuSfrd rkSj ij ^Lons’kh* dk vFkZ lÙkk dk fodsæa hdj.k gSA Lons’kh muds vkfFkZd n’kZu dk ,d eq[; vk/kkj FkkA bldk vFkZ Fkk fd çR;sd dks mldh t:jr ds vuqlkj vkSj çR;sd ls mldh {kerk ds vuqlkjA bldh çsj.kk igys bZ’kksifu"kn ds 13 inksa ls yh xbZ gS ftlesa i`Foh ij çd`fr çnÙk [ktkus dks lk>k djus] bu [ktkuksa dk laj{k.k djus vkSj bUgsa ek;k ;k >wBh fofp= dYiukvksa ds çHkko esa vkdj bls u"V u djus dh ckr dgh xbZA xka/kh us vius vkpj.k lac/a kh vkSj uSfrd lcd egkHkkjr esa jkt/keZ ds iSjk&nj&iSjk funsZ’kksa ls fy, Fks vkSj os vU; fdlh dh rqyuk esa budk lcls T;knk ikyu djrs FksA ;s uhfropu muds vkfFkZd n’kZu vkSj fopkj/kkjk ds çR;sd funsZ’k esa dM+kbZ ds lkFk 'kkfey fd, x,] tks fd os yksxksa dks crykrs FksA *mUgksua s vkfFkZd lkezkT;okn dks udkjkA uD’ks bl ckr dks ugha n’kkZrs gSAa vxj vki Hkwxksy ;k ,Vyl esa ns[krs gSa rks vkidks ,d ns’k Lok/khu vkSj Lora= çrhr gksrk gS ysfdu vki blds insZ ds ihNs ns[krs gSa rks vkidks irk yxsxk fd ;g fdlh nwljs ns’k ds dCts esa gS ;k fQj mlds cSd a lZ vkSj cM+s dkjksckjh ?kjkuksa ds dCts esa gSA bl rjg dk uohure lkezkT; u dsoy tehu dks gM+i ysrk gS oju ;g laifr vFkok laifr iSnk djus okys dkjdksa ij Hkh dCtk tek ysrk gSA Qksu % 02222048932 (24)


i`"B la-19 dk 'ks"k-----------

bUdkj dj fn;kA i`"B la-19 dk 'ks"k----------i;kZIr iqfyl O;oLFkk Hkh ifjfLFkfr;ksa eqt¶ + Qjuxj dk ---------- 10vc loky ;g mBrk gS fd Hkkjr dks l¡Hkky ugha ldh] tks fd fiNys 8 ls 9 ds jktusrk bl ekeys esa xaHkhj D;ksa ugha ds rgr cqykbZ xbZ FkhA naxk HkM+dkus ds eghuksa ds fy, fodflr dh xbZ FkhA ukjs gSaA D;k os ikfdLrku ds gkFkksa esa [ksyuk bYt+ke eas Hkktik ds dbZ cM+s usrk] gqde 1**rq e us nks dks ekjk gS ] ge lkS pkgrs gSa\ D;k os naxksa dh jktuhfr djrs flag] lqj’s k jkuk] Hkkjrsna q laxhr lkse] lk/oh dVos ekjs x a A s ** gSa vkSj D;k os ugha tkurs gSa fd ;fn blh izkph vkSj buds vykok pkS0 fVdSr ds nksukas **lksuh&lksuh yM+fd;ksa ds flUnwj rjg pyrk jgk rks gekjs ns’k esa Hkh csVs ujs’k fVdSr] jkds’k fVdSr vkSj gfjUnj 2Hkj nsx a ]s ckfd;ksa dks dkV nsx a As ** vQxkfuLrku vkSj lhfj;k tSls gkykr efyd vkSj *cgqtu lekt ikVhZ* ds uwj 3** eks n h ykvks ] ns ’ k cpkvks A ** lyhe jkuk vkSj dkfnj jkuk ij Hkh eqdn+ e~ k **eksnh dks ykuk gS] xks/kjk cukuk iSnk gks tk,¡xsA mijksä vk¡dM+s de ugha ntZ fd;k x;k FkkA bueas Hkktik ds lqj’s k 4gSa] os cgqr T;knk vkSj xaHkhj fLFkfr dks gSA** jk.kk vkSj laxhr flag lkse dks fxj¶+rkj dj **ns’k] cgw vkSj xk; dks cpkuk fpf=r djrs gSaA gesa lkspuk gksxk fd ge fy;k x;kA laxhr flag lkse vkSj Hkktik 5gS] rks ujsUnz eksnh dks ykuk gSA** fdl rjg dk Hkkjr cukuk pkgrs gSaA fo/kk;d lqj’s k jk.kk ij 31 vxLr vkSj 7 **eqlyekuksa dk ,d LFkku lkHkkj&nSf ud Hkk"dj flrEcj dh uaxyk eankSM+ dh egkiapk;r esa 6 dfcz L rku ;k ikfdLrkuA** gqde flag us egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk fuHkkbZA bUgha HkM+dkÅ Hkk"k.k nsus vkSj fgalk HkM+dkus ds fu"d"kZ ds ,d vU; lg;ksxh czãiky ds ?kj esa vkjksi esa jklqdk yxkbZ xbZA m0iz 0 ljdkj us lkEiz n kf;d rRoks a cgqr vf/kd ek=k esa gfFk;kj Nqik, x,A 1- fiNys 8&9 eghuksa ls ft+ys esa lkEiznkf;d dh feyh Hkxr ls ;ks t ukc) <a x ls na x s es a fcYyw iz/kku vkSj egkjkt flag }kjk naxkb;ksa izfØ;k ds ladrs fn[kkbZ ns jgs FksA ysfdu na x kkb;ks a dks [kq y h Nw V ns j[kh FkhA bl iw j s dks gfFk;kj ck¡Vs x,A iz’kklu vkSj jkT; [kqfQ+;k foHkkx [k+rjs dk na x s es a rckgh] tkuh uq d lku] yw V &ikV vkS j ckck gfjfd’ku us xk¡o fylk<+ ds vkadyu djus esa foQ+y jgk ;k uQ+jr bT+ t r + ds lkFk tks f[kyokM+ fd;k x;k cgq l [ a ;d leqnk; ds yksxksa dks eqlyekuksa QSykus esa la?k ds lkFk fey x;kA mldk iq j k ifjn` ’ ; xq t jkr na x ks a ls fy;k ds f[kykQ+ lkEiznkf;d fagl a k HkM+dkus esa 2- tc ,l0,p0vks0 Qqxkuk] ,l0,p0vks0 x;k FkkA bl ij xq I r lw = ks a dk dguk gS fd egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk fuHkkbZA mlus egkiapk;r HkkSja kdyk vkSj ,l0,l0ih0 us dksbZ tokc lkEiz n kf;d rRoks a us iw j s Hkkjr dks xq t jkr vk;ksftr dh vkSj eqlyekuksa dks ekjus ds ugha fn;k] rks lgkjuiqj jst a ds vk;qDr cukus dk vey 'kq : dj fn;k gS A fy, cgqla[;d leqnk; ds yksxksa dks lsuk ds lkFk xk¡o ds fy, jokuk gq,A 30 vxLr dks doky es a gq b Z ?kVuk mdlk;kA mUgksua s 2000 ls vf/kd yksxksa dh tku cpkbZA dks ys d j vYil[a ; d leq n k; ds yks x ks a us lHkh tkurs gSa fd vxys lky 3- vf/kdka’k ,Q0vkbZ0vkj0 uke ls iathd`r ft+ y k eq t ¶Qjuxj es a tq e k dh uekt+ ds 2014 es ns ’k esa lalnh; pquko gSA bUgha gks jgh gS]a ysfdu vkjksih vHkh Hkh eqDr ?kwe ckn iz n ’kZ u fd;kA ftles a dkfnj jkuk pq u koks a dh rS ;kjh ds flyflys esa fiNys nks jgs gSAa (M.L.A., B.S.P.) jkf’kn fln~nhdh (S.P.) lky esa ns’k dh 1150 ls Hkh T+;knk txgksa 4- xk¡o fylkM+ ds vthr iz/kku lkEiznkf;d fgalk ds le; iqfyl ds lkFk FkkA og eqjlyhu (M.L.A., B.S.P.) 'kkfgnqy vkt+e ij naxs djk, tk pqds gSAa ftlesa 100 ls yxHkx 20 ,Q0vkbZ0vkj0 esa ukfer fd;k (Former Minister, Congress Party) vkSj vf/kd txgksa ij naxs m0iz0 esa gq,A ge ekSykuk ut+hj us HkM+dkÅ Hkk"k.k fn,A fiNys dbZ pquko ls ns[k jgs gSa fd gj x;k gSA cgq l [ a ;d leq n k; dh vks j ls 31 pquko ls igys dHkh /keZ ds uke ij rks dHkh 5- bu iqfyl Fkkuksa esa rSukr vf/kdka’k iqfyl vxLr] 5 flrEcj vkS j 7 flrEcj 2013 dks tkfr ds uke ij turk ds chp QwV ds dfeZ;ksa esa tks tkV leqnk; ls Fks] os naxkb;ksa vkj0,l0,l0 vkS j Hkktik ds xBtks M + es a cht cks fn, tkrs gSAa bl ekgkSy esa lcls ds lkFk fey x, FksA rhu egkia p k;rs a vk;ks f tr dh xba A Z 5 flrEcj cM+k uqdlku ,rckj vkSj fo’okl dk gqvk 6- iqfyl dfeZ;ksa esa ls vf/kdka’k vius O;ogkj dh egkia p k;r xk¡ o fylk<+ ea s gq b ] Z ftldk gSA ,d gh Nr ds uhps ,d gh gqDdk esa vR;f/kd i{kikriw.kZ FksA us r R ` o fouks n iz e [ q k] ckck gfjfd’ku] ckck xqMx + qMk+ us okys ,d nwljs ds [k+uw ds I;kls 7- dbZ naxk ihfM+rksa us gesa crk;k] iqfyl lhrkjke (V.H.P.) vkSj la?k ds dk;ZdrkZ fotsUnz gks tk,¡xs rks lekt dSls cpsxkA jktuSfrd dfeZ;ksa us muls dgk fd] **os mUgsa ugha cpk ¼lfpu vkSj xkSjo dk lEcU/kh½ us fd;kA yksx oksV cSd a ds fy, ,slk djok jgs gSAa ldrs D;ksfa d os eqlyeku gSAa ** bl egkia p k;r es a 7 flrEcj dks gks u s okyh bl lkEiz n kf;d vkx dks cq>kus ds fy, 8- LFkkuh; iqfyl Fkkuksa esa rSukr yksx egkia p k;r dh ?kks " k.kk dh xbZ vkS j cgq l [ a ;d dksbZ Hkh jktuSfrd ny vkxs ugha vk;kA eqlyekuksa ds f[kykQ+ i{kikriw.kZ gSAa ftlds leq n k; ds yks x ks a ls egkia p k;r es a gfFk;kj eq[;ea=h vf[kys’k ;kno us nxak izHkkfor ifj.kke Lo:i Fkkuksa esa ekeys ntZ ugha ys d j vkus ds fy, dgk x;kA {ks=ksa ds nkSjs ds nkSjku 'kj.kkFkhZ f’kfojksa esa fd, tk jgsA lHkh yks x egkjkt fla g vkS j fcYyw naxk ihfM+rksa ls eqykdkr djds dqljw okjksa ds 9- ?kVuk ds fnu ] lqcg ls gh vYila[;d iz / kku ds }kjk HkM+ d k, x,A egkjkt fla g f[kykQ l[+r dk;Zokgh vkSj naxs ds le; leqnk; ds yksx Fkkus esa Qksu dj jgs Fks] vkS j fcYyw iz / kku Hkktik ds LFkkuh; us r k cckZn gq, edku vkSj nqdkukas ds iquoZkl dk ysfdu iqfyl us dksbZ Hkh izfrfØ;k djus ls gqde flag ds lg;ksxh gSAa naxk HkM+dkus esa fo’okl fnyk;kA ijUrq yksxksa esa x+e vkSj

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

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x+qLlk] Hk; vkSj ng’kr vHkh Hkh cjdjkj gSA dk¡/kyk esa yksxksa us eq[;ea=h dks dkys >.Ms Hkh fn[kk,A naxk ihfM+rkas ls ,sls gh okns iz/kkuea=h eueksgu flag] lksfu;k xka/kh vkSj jkgqy xka/kh us Hkh fd,A vc usrkvksa dks oksV cSd a f[kldrk ut+j vk jgk gS rks cM+h&cM+h ckrsa dj jgs gSAa ijUrq vHkh Hkh naxk ihfM+rks dks u rks dsUnz ljdkj vkSj u gh m0iz0 ljdkj dh vksj ls dksbZ lgk;rk feyh gSA blls bUlkfu;r 'keZlkj gks jgh gSA xk¡o ds {ks=ksa esa igq¡ph jktuhfr us 'kgjksa dh vkx dks Hkh xk¡oksa esa igq¡pk fn;k gSA bl iwjs ?kVukØe ls lkfcr gksrk gS fd eqyk;e flag us ,d ckj fQj eqlyekuksa ds lkFk fo’okl?kkr fd;k gSA eqt¶+ Qjuxj vkSj 'kkeyh esa tks dqN gqvk og mldh xaxk&tequh rgt+hc ds eqrkfcd fcYdqy ugha gSA bu ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa vke turk dks gh Hkw[ks isV lksuk iM+ jgk gSA ,sls esa cSBdj lQsn+ iks’k lqf[+Zk;k¡ ns[k jgs gSa tcfd naxs dh pisV esa vk, ?kjksa esa ekreh lUukVk Nk;k gSA lkEiznkf;drk ds t+gj esa ftruh eqlhcr fgUnw >sy jgs gSa mruk gh uqdlku eqlyeku mBk jgs gSAa vge loky ;g Hkh gS fd vkf[k+j bUlkfu;r dh Mksj dgk¡ ij vkSj fdl rjg det+kjs iM+h gS fd 5 izfr’kr naxkbZ 95 izfr’kr 'kkafrfiz; yksxksa ij gkoh gSAa l¡Hkyus] lkspus ds fy, vHkh ekSdk+ vkSj oDr nksuksa gSA ck¡Vrh jktuhfr ls ekspkZ ysdj 'kkafr ilan ukxfjdksa dks ,dtqVrk dk vkbZuk fn[kkuk gksxkA naxs esa yk’kksa ds <sj yx x,A iqfyl vkSj LokLF; foHkkx us yk’kksa dks [kqys esa lM+us ds fy, NksM+ fn;kA phy dkS, 'koksa ij eaMjkrs jgs vkSj mUgsa uksprs jgsA yksx ;g n`’; ns[kdj vkgr gq,A u tkus fdrus ykpkj yksx dM+oh lPpkbZ ls bl le; nks pkj gSAa ?kjksa esa d+Sn gSa ;k ?kjksa dks NksMd + j tk pqds gSAa O;kikj BIi gSAa ?kjksa esa [kkus ihus dk lkeku ugha] cPps nw/k dks rjl jgs gSAa i<+k+ bZ dk uqdlku gSA ysfa du Q+k;nk fdls gS\ ,dkar esa lskpksxs rks flQZ ogh psgjs fn[ksx a s tks yksxksa dks bUlku ugha oksV le>rs gSAa mRikr ls izHkkfor xk¡oksa esa csfld f’k{kk dh jh<+ VwV xbZA izkFkfed vkSj mPp izkFkfed fo|ky;ksa esa nfyr vkSj eqfLye lekt ds cPps gh i<+rs gSAa fgalk dh ?kVukvksa ds ckn yxHkx 200 ifj"knh; Ldwy ,sls gSa

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

tgk¡ rkyk yVdk gqvk gSA Mj ds ekjs f’k{kd vkSj cPps Ldwy ugha tk jgs gSAa ftl ?kVuk ¼yM+dh ds lkFk NsMN + kM+ vkSj mlds ckn 'kkguokt+] lfpu vkSj xkSjo dh ekSr½ dks ehfM;k naxksa dh vly otg cuk dj is’k dj jgh gS og njvly gS ughaA 'kkguokt+ vkSj nwljs nks yM+dkas dh ekSr ds ckjs esa tks ,Q+-vkbZ-vkjntZ djkbZ xbZ mlesa dgha Hkh yM+dh NsMu+ s rd dk ft+Ø ugha gSA ,d ekewyh ?kVuk dks lkEiznkf;d naxs dk :i fn;k x;k] nks o"kZ igys ds nxksa ds ,d ohfM;ks dks Hkktik ds ijEijkxr leFkZdksa }kjk lks’ky usVofdZx a vkSj eksckby Q+kus ds t+fj,] lfpu vkSj xkSjo dh gR;k dk ohfM;ks crkdj yksxksa dks fn[kk;k x;kA bl ohfM;ksa dks lcls igys laxhr flag lkse us lks’ky usVodZ ds ek/;e ls tkjh fd;kA bl ohfM;ksa us cgql[a ;d leqnk; ds yksxksa ds fnyksa esa cnys dh Hkkouk dks mdlk;kA eq t+¶+Q+juxj esa vHkh fLFkfr fu;fU=r Hkh ugha gks ikbZ gS vkSj vf/kdrj naxk ihfM+r 'kj.kkFkhZ dSEiksa ls ?kj ugha ykSV ik, gS]a ysfdu fNV&iqV fgalk vHkh Hkh tkjh gSA 10 vDVwcj nsj jkr dks eqt¶+ Q + j+ uxj esa 2 yksxksa dh gR;k ls fLFkfr fQj rukoiw.kZ gks xbZA eqt¶+ Q + j+ uxj esa eksVjlkbfdy lokj ;qodks us lSyuw ds ekfyd xk¡o x<+h fuoklh 28 o"khZ; vkfcn dh xksyh ekjdj gR;k dj nh] rks ogha esjB ds ykoM xk¡o ds ikl tekyiqj jksM ij cnek’kksa us ,d dkjisUVj eksgflu vkSj mlds HkkbZ 'kkSdhu ij pkdqvksa ls geyk fd;kA ftlesa eksgflu dh ekSds ij gh e`R;q gks xbZA blds ckn 4 uoEcj 2013 dks cq<k+ uk ekxZ ij gqlSuiqj xk¡o esa ,d [ksr eas vYila[;d leqnk; ds 3 ;qodksa dks cgql[a ;d leqnk; ds yksxksa us dRy dj fn;k vkSj xk¡o Q+qxkuk ds tksfx;k[ksMk+ ds jkgr f’kfoj eas jg jgh ;qorh ds lkFk cgql[a ;d leqnk; ds 2 ;qodkas us [ksr es [khapdj lkewfgd #i ls cykRdkj fd;kA lqizhe dksVZ esa eqt¶+ Q+juxj *lkaEiznkf;d fgalk* ekeys esa jkT; ljdkj dh vksj ls is’k odhy jktho /kou vkSj jfo izdk’k esgjks=k us c`gLifrokj 17 flrEcj 2013 dks viuh fjiksVZ is’k dhA ljdkjh vk¡dM+kas ds vuqlkj] eqt¶+ Q + +juxj] 'kkeyh] esjB] ckx+ir vkSj lgkjuiqj eas dqy 128 ekeys ntZ gq, gSAa blesa 11 fgUnw ?kk;y vkSj 57 eqlyeku] tcfd 16 fgUnqvksa dh vkSj 46

fnlEcj&2013

eqlyekuksa dh ekSr gqbZA blh rjg ntZ ekeyksa esa vfHk;qDrksa dk fooj.k Hkh fgUnw o eqlyeku ds vk/kkj ij fn;k x;kA jkT; ljdkj us crk;k fd bu 5 ft+yksa es dqy 876 yksx vfHk;qDr gSa ftues ls vHkh rd 243 yksx fxj¶rkj fd, tk pqds gSAa 12 yksxksa ij jklqdk yxkbZ xbZ gS] vkSj 16]112 yksxksa ds f[kykQ f+ izofa Vo ,D’ku fy;k x;k gSA blds vykok 5]708 yksxksa ls vPNs vkoj.k dk ca/ki= fy;k x;k gSA ljdkj us crk;k fd dqy 128 ,Q-vkbZ-vkj- ntZ dh xbZA xr~ 13 vDVwcj rd jkgr f’kfojksa esa Hkh 325 ,Q-vkbZ-vkj- vkSj f’kdk;rsa ntZ djkbZ xbZAa tcfd lkekftd laLFkkvksa }kjk fd, x, rF; los{Z k.k ds vuqlkj lkEiznkf;d fgalk esa ?kk;y vkSj e`rdksa dh la[;k blls dgha vf/kd gSA ljdkjh ra= fuf"Ø; jgkA 27 rkjh[k++ ds naxksa ls iwoZ gh m0iz0 ds eq[; lfpo us jkT; ljdkj dks lrZdrk cjrus gsrq vkns’k ns fn, FksA ;gh ugha dsUnz ljdkj ds x`g ea=ky; us Hkh ljdkj dks vkxkg fd;k FkkA ysfdu m0iz0 ljdkj us bu xqIr lwpukvksa ds ckotwn Hkh dksbZ lrZdrk ugha cjrh vkSj if’peh m0iz0 ds eqt¶+ Q + j+ uxj vkSj mlds vkl&ikl ds ft+yksa dks lkEiznkf;d naxksa dh vkx esa >ksd a fn;kA lkEiznkf;d naxs vkSj muds ckn cus ekgkSy dk jkT; dk gj jktuSfrd ny vius rjhds ls Q+k;nk mBkus dh dksf’k’k dj jgk gSA naxk ihfM+r vius e`rdkas dh vkSj ykirk yksxksa dh ryk’k esa O;Lr gSAa fxurh jktuSfrd ny Hkh dj jgs gSa ij fgalk ls izHkkfor yksxksa dh ugha] *oksVks*a dhA fdrus oksV fdlds [kkrs esa vk, vkSj fojks/kh ds [kkrs esa fdrus oksV x, bldk fglkc&fdrkc py jgk gSA ;fn bu lkEiznkf;d rkd+rksa dks u jksdk x;k rks m0iz0 gh ugha cfYd iwjk Hkkjr lkEiznkf;d naxksa dh vkx esa >qyl tk,xkA naxksa dh U;kf;d tk¡p gksuh pkfg, vkSj nksf"k;ksa ds f[kykQ+ l[r ls l[r dk;Zokgh djuh pkfg,A MkW- eksgEen vkfjQ ¼ps;jesu½ lsUVj Q+kjW gkjeksuh ,.M ihl ,oa ¼la;kstd½ vky bafM;k lsD;wyj Qksje ¼m0iz0½ eks0&9415270416 rF; losZ{k.k Vhe ds lnL;& 1- 'kkghu vUlkjh ¼lgkjuiqj½ 2- vCnqYykg ¼lgkjuiqj½ 3- 'kkguokt+ cnj ¼nsocUn] lgkjuiqj½ 4- lqj’s k dqekj *vdsyk* ¼okjk.klh½ (26)


lkEiznkf;d ln~Hkko

v;ks/;k esa jke eafnj cuk, tkus dks ysdj tgk¡ nks laçnk;ksa ds yksx dksVZ esa dkuwuh yM+kbZ yM+ jgs gSa] ogha fcgkj ds iwohZ paikj.k esa nqfu;k ds lcls Å¡ps jke eafnj fuekZ.k ds fy, ,d cqtqxZ eqfLye us viuh tehu nku dh gSA bl eafnj dks ysdj eqfLye laçnk; ds yksxksa esa Hkh mRlqdrk gSA eafnj fuekZ.k lfefr ds v/;{k yyu flag dgrs gSa fd dY;k.kiqj ç[kaM ds dSFkofy;k esa cuus okys jke eafnj ds fy, cqtqxZ eqfLye tSuqy gd [kk¡ us viuh Ms<+ ch?kk ¼djhc nks ,dM+½ tehu nku dh gSA nku dh lkjh çfØ;k cq/kokj dks dslfj;k fLFkr voj fuca/kd dk;kZy; esa iwjh dh xbZA fcgkj jkT; /kkfeZd U;kl ifj"kn ds v/;{k vkpk;Z fd’kksj dq.kky us xq#okj dks crk;k fd dbZ eqfLye ifjokj ,sls gSa] tks viuh tehu bl eafnj ds fy, nsuk pkgrs gSaA muds eqrkfcd bl eafnj ds

fy, djhc 115 ,dM+ tehu dh t:jr gSA os dgrs gSa fd vHkh ;g dguk eqf’dy gS fd vkSj fdrus ifjokj eafnj ds fy, tehu nku nsaxsA mUgksaus eafnj ds fy, tehu nsus okys lHkh yksxksa ds çfr vkHkkj trkrs gq, dgk fd eafnj fuekZ.k esa lekt ds gj oxZ dk lg;ksx fey jgk gSA eafnj fuekZ.k Hkh tYn 'kq: gksxkA fd’kksj dq.kky dgrs gSa fd eafnj ds xHkZx`g ls ysdj bldh çfr—fr 28 ,dM+ ds nk;js esa gksxhA eafnj ds pkjksa vksj fo’kky vk¡xu gksxk rFkk ;gk¡ i;ZVdksa vkSj J)kyqvksa ds vkus ds fy, gSyhiSM dk fuekZ.k djk;k tk,xkA eafnj dh uhao vR;k/kqfud gSej ikbfyax flLVe ls Mkyh tk,xh rFkk fuekZ.k dk dke Hkwdai ds [krjs dks /;ku esa j[kdj gksxkA iwjs eafnj dk fuekZ.k mÙkj çns’k ds pqukj ls e¡xok, x, yky iRFkjksa ls gksxkA bl fo’kkydk; vkSj n’kZuh; eafnj

ds fuekZ.k esa 30 yk[k ?ku QqV xqykch iRFkj yxk;k tk,xkA os dgrs gSa fd Lisu ds dkjhxjksa }kjk eafnj esa nsoh&nsorkvksa dh ewfrZ cukbZ tk,xh] tcfd ehukdkjh vkSj uDdk’kh ds fy, jktLFkku ls dkjhxj cqyk, tk,¡xsA eafnj esa vkd"kZd xHkZx`g vkSj xqacn cukus dh ;kstuk gSA eafnj ds eaMi dh Å¡pkbZ 270 QqV gksxhA ,d cM+s flagkluuqek pcwrjs ij 72 QqV ds Hkxoku jke vkSj lhrk lfgr lkS ls vf/kd nsoh&nsorkvksa dh çfrek,¡ gksaxhA eafnj dk fuekZ.k dk;Z vxys ik¡p lky esa iwjk gksus dh laHkkouk gSA ekuk tk jgk gS fd ;g eafnj ns’k ds lHkh eafnjksa ls vyx vkSj fo’ks"k gksxkA ekU;rk gS fd Hkxoku jke tc tudiqj ls lhrk ds lkFk fookg djds ykSV jgs Fks] rks paikj.k ds fiijk ds utnhd gh mudh ckjkr #dh FkhA lkHkkj&nSf ud Hkk"dj

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk ds izdk'ku ij

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deky gS.Mywe lV~Vh cktkj] ckjkcadh ¼m0iz0½ eksckby % 07388411619] 09648570919 yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

fnlEcj&2013

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la?k ifjokj vkSj lkainz kf;d naxs Hkktik ij tc Hkh lkEiznkf;d naxksa esa lafyIrrk ds vkjksi yxrs gaS og izR;qŸkj eas ;g rdZ nsrh gS fd mlds ’kklu ds nkSjku] dkaxzsl ’kklu dh rqyuk esa cgqr de naxs gq, gSaA ;g ,d dqrdZ gS D;ksafd dsUnz vkSj fofHkUu jkT;ksa esa Hkktik dh rqyuk esa dkaxl sz dk ’kkludky cgqr yack jgk gSA nwljs] Hkktik ds foijhr] dkaxzsl us ns’k ds yxHkx lHkh jkT;ksa ij dHkh u dHkh ’kklu fd;k gSA Li"Vr%] dkaxzsl ds vis{kkÑr yacs le; vkSj HkkSxksfyd n`f"V ls vf/kd foLr`r {ks= esa ’kklu dh rqyuk] Hkktik ds de vof/k ds pqfuank jkT;ksa esa ’kkludky ls ugha dh tk ldrhA ;g larjs vkSj lsc dh rqyuk djus tSlk gSA blls Hkh egRoiw.kZ Hkktik ds izoDrkvksa dk] la?k ifjokj vkSj Hkktik ls tqM+s jktusrkvksa }kjk] ns’k esa lkEiznkf;d lksp dks c<+kok nsus vkSj gj eqn~ns dk bLrseky lkaiznkf;d /kqzohdj.k djus ds iz;klksa dks udkjuk gSA vius xBu ds le; ls gh] vkj-,l-,l- us lkEiznkf;d fgalk dk mi;ksx] viuh lkaxBfud ’kfDr dks c<+kus ds fy, fd;k gS&Bhd mlh rjg] ftl rjg eqfLye yhx us lu~ 1946 esa lkEiznkf;d naxs HkM+dk dj mudk bLrseky ikfdLrku ds xBu ds vius y{; dks gkfly djus ds fy, fd;k FkkA vkj,l-,l- yxkrkj ;g izpkj djrk jgrk gS fd fgUnw [krjs esa gSa vkSj muds lkFk vU;k; gks jgk gSA Lora=rk ds iwoZ] ftUuk Hkh Bhd blh rjg dk izpkj djrs FksA os dkaxzsl ds gj dne dks lkEiznkf;d p’es ls ns[krs Fks vkSj mls eqfLye&fojks/kh crkrs FksA fgUnqRo dh fopkj/kkjk ds vuq;k;h] vuojr dgrs vk jgs gSa fd lHkh vkradoknh eqlyeku gksrs gSa tcfd os Lo;a ;g tkurs gSa fd ;g ckr xyr gSA blh rjg ds feFkdksa vkSj bfrgkl ds rksM+s ejksM+s x, rF;ksa dk bLrseky] vkMok.kh }kjk mudh jFk;k=k ds nkSjku fd;k x;k FkkA mudk nkok Fkk fd v;ks/;k eas ckcjh efLtn Bhd mlh LFkku ij cuh gS tgk¡ jke dk tUe

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

gqvk Fkk vkSj ;g fd mDr LFkku ij cus jketUeHkwfe eafnj dks ckcj us <gk;k FkkA os ;g Hkh dgrs Fks fd ckcjh efLtn] fgUnqvksa dh xqykeh dk izrhd gSA ftl rjg] nqHkkZX;o’k] ftUuk /kuh vkSj tehankj oxZ ds eqlyekuksa dks ;g le>kus esa lQy jgs fd v[k.M Hkkjr esa mUgsa U;k; ugha feysxk] mlh rjg] fgUnqRo dh fopkj/kkjk ds vuq;k;h] mPp oxZ o mPp tkfr;ksa ds fgUnqvksa ds ,d rcds dks ;g fo’okl fnykus esa lQy gks x, fd muds fgr] eqlyekuksa ds fgrksa ds fojks/kkHkklh gSa ¼ekuks dksbZ Hkh /kkfeZd leqnk; ,dlkj gksrk gS vkSj mlds fgr ,d leku gksrs gSa½A os fgUnqvksa ds Jsf"B oxZ dks ;g fo’okl fnykus esa Hkh lQy jgs fd eqlyeku jk"Vª fojks/kh gSa] muesa cgqiRuh izFkk dk O;kid izpyu gS] muesa ls vf/kdka’k vijk/kh gSa] os LoHkko ls gh fgald gSa vkfn] vkfnA lkEiznkf;d rRo] ftuesa fgUnqRooknh ’kkfey gS]a fdlh Hkh NksVh&eksVh ;k jkstejkZ dh ?kVuk dks ysdj nksuksa leqnk;ksa ds chp ruko iSnk djus dh dyk esa fl)gLr gSAa mnkgj.kkFkZ] eaqcbZ esa tuojh 1993 esa nks fgUnw eFkkMh dk;ZdrkZvksa dh gR;k dks f’kolsuk us tedj gok nh vkSj mlds eq[ki= lkeuk us ,slk izpkj fd;k ekuks ;s gR;k,¡ iwjs fgUnw leqnk; ds fo#) vU;k; gSaA tcfd rF; ;g gS fd eqacbZ tSls ’kgj esa jkstkuk dbZ gR;k,¡ gksrh gSa vkSj muds ihNs lkEiznkf;d dkj.k ugha gksrsA gR;kvksa dh iqfyl tk¡p iwjh gksus ds igys gh f’kolsuk bl fu"d"kZ ij igq¡p xbZ fd gR;kjs eqlyeku gSa vkSj gR;kvksa ds fy, lEiw.kZ eqfLye leqnk; ftEesnkj gSA ,d vkSj mnkgj.k gkfy;k eqt¶Qjuxj naxksa dk gSA ;s naxs lektoknh ikVhZ ds ’kklu esa gq,A ijUrq lektoknh ikVhZ dks ge vf/kd ls vf/kd bl ckr dk nks"kh Bgjk ldrs gSa fd mldh ljdkj us og ugha fd;k] tks mls djuk pkfg, FkkA iz’kklu us ^tkV egkiapk;rks*a dk vk;kstu gksus fn;k] ftuesa cM+h la[;k esa [krjukd gfFk;kjksa ls ySl yksxksa us Hkkx fy;k vkSj ftuesa mRrstd

fnlEcj&2013

&bjQku bat hfu;j Hkk"k.k fn, x,A eqt¶Qjuxj nax]s lfpu vkSj xkSjo dh gR;k dh LokHkkfod izfrfØ;k ugha FksA lfpu] xkSjo vkSj muds lkfFk;ksa us mlds igys ’kkguokt dh gR;k dh FkhA rF; ;g gS fd lkEiznkf;d ruko mRiUu djus dh dksf’k’ks]a bl ?kVuk ds igys ls tkjh FkhaA lfpu vkSj xkSjo dh gR;k dh ?kVuk dk bLrseky] dsoy ruko c<+kus ds fy, fd;k x;k vkSj blds fy, ikfdLrku esa gqbZ ,d ohHkRl ?kVuk dh ohfM;ks fDyi dks eksckby QksVks o baVjusV ds tfj, cM+s iSekus ij izlkfjr@izpkfjr fd;k x;kA ,slk vkjksi gS fd ;g Hkktik ds ,d fo/kk;d dh dkjxqtkjh FkhA bl udyh ohfM;ks ls yksx HkM+d mBs vkSj fQj] tkV egkiapk;r ds cgkus mUgsa bdV~Bk dj cnyk ysus ds fy, mdlk;k x;kA urhts esa naxs ’kq: gks x,A tkfgj gS fd vxj udyh ohfM;ks izlkfjr ugha fd;k tkrk] tkV egkiapk;rsa ugha gksrha] gfFk;kj bdV~Bs dj mUgsa yksxksa esa ugha ck¡Vk tkrk] xqLls ls Hkjs yksxksa dks b/kj ls m/kj ys tkus ds fy, okguksa dk bartke ugha fd;k tkrk vkSj naxksa ds nkSjku geyk djus ds fy, ?kjks]a nqdkuksa vkfn dh fu’kkunsgh u dh tkrh rks naxs ugha gksrAs iz’u ;g gS fd naxksa ds fy, dkSu vf/kd ftEesnkj gS&lik ljdkj] ftlus viuk drZO; ugha fuHkk;k ;k naxksa dh ;kstuk cukdj mUgsa vatke nsus okys yksxA gky ds dqN o"kksZa esa fgUnw jk"Vªoknh ’kfDr;k¡] vUr/kkZfeZd izse laca/kksa dks ^yo ftgkn* dk uke ns jgh gSa] tcfd bl vkjksi esa rfud Hkh lPpkbZ ugha gSA ijUrq] tSlk fd dgk tkrk gS] ,d >wB dks lkS ckj nksgjkus ls og lp yxus yxrk gSA ftu vU; eqn~nksa ij naxs HkM+ds gSa muesa ’kkfey gSa ,d eqfLye lCth foØsrk }kjk xk; dks Hkxkuk] gksVy dk fcy ugha pqdk;k tkuk] fdlh fo’ks"k jkLrs ls /kkfeZd tqywl fudkyus dh ftn] /kkfeZd tqyl w ksa ds nkSjku tku&cw>dj vkjk/kuk LFkyksa ds ikl tksj&tksj ls laxhr ctkuk bR;kfnA euksoSKkfud lq/khj dkdj ds vuqlkj] lkEiznkf;d naxs rHkh ’kq: gksrs gSa (28)


tc lkEiznkf;d laxBuksa }kjk nksuksa leqnk;ksa ds chp tcjnLr ruko vkSj cSjHkko fufeZr dj fn;k tkrk gSA naxs ,d rjg ls fdlh QksM+s ds QwV tkus ds leku gSa] ftlesa dbZ fnuksa ;k g¶rksa ls eokn bdV~Bk gks jgk FkkA vgenkckn tSls lkEiznkf;d fgalk ds dsUnzksa esa ;g QksM+s ls T;knk ,d ,sls iqjkus ?kko dh rjg gS] ftles ihi Hkjh gqbZ gSA naxksa ds ewy esa tks dkj.k gksrs gSa] muds vfrfjDRk] dksbZ u dksbZ ?kVuk ;k vQokg muds ’kq: gksus dk dkj.k curh gSA /kkfeZd igpku fdlh Hkh O;fDr dh lcls egRoiw.kZ igpku rc cu tkrh gS tc mls ,slk yxrk gS fd mldh bl igpku dks [krjk gSA mnkgj.kkFkZ] ;g nq"izpkj fd fgUnqvksa ds lkFk ^^mUgha ds ns’k esa** vU;k; gks jgk gS ;k fgUnqvkas ds ns’k esa vYila[;dksa dk rqf"Vdj.k fd;k tk jgk gSA ,d leqnk; }kjk mldh /kkfeZd igpku ds vkØked izn’kZu dh izfrfØ;k Lo:i] nwljk leqnk; Hkh lkEiznkf;d vk/kkj ij laxfBr gksus yxrk gSA dkYifud Hk; vkSj /kkfeZd igpku ds egRoiw.kZ cuus dk ;g nq"pØ pyrk jgrk gS vkSj lekt ds lnL; Lo;a dks ,d ukxfjd ds ctk; ,d fgUnw ;k eqlyeku ;k bZlkbZ ds rkSj ij ns[kus yxrs gSAa O;fDr viuh ialn vFkok vius O;fDrRo ds vuq:i O;ogkj djus ds ctk;] oSlk O;ogkj djus yxrk gS tSlk fd] mlds fopkj esa] ^fgUnw* ;k ^eqlyeku* dks djuk pkfg,A bl rjg] lkekftd ruko ds nkSj esa /kkfeZd igpkuksa dk cksyckyk gks tkrk gSA viuh iqLrd ^VªselZ vkWQ ok;ysUl&eqfLye lokZbolZ vkWQ ,Fkfud LVªkbQ bu osLVuZ bafM;k* esa jksous k jkfculu us xqtjkr esa 2002 dh fgalk ds ckn] fo’o fgUnw ifj"kn ds egklfpo fpUuw HkkbZ iVsy ds gLrk{kj ls tkjh] fofgi ds ipksZa dks m)`r fd;k gSA buesa ls ,d ipkZ dgrk gS] ^^ge mUgsa dkV Mkysaxs vkSj muds [kwu dh ufn;k¡ cgsaxhA ge eqlyekuksa dks mlh rjg ekjsaxs] tSls geus ckcjh efLtn dks u"V dj fn;k**A blds ckn ,d dfork gS ftldh pUn iafDr;k¡ bl izdkj gSa&^^og Tokykeq[kh tks ’kkar Fkk] vc QV x;k gS mlus fe;k¡vksa dh pwrM+ dks tyk fn;k gS vkSj os vc uaxs ukp jgs gSa**A

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

dksbZ jktuSfrd ny fdruk lkEiznkf;d gS vFkok ugha] bls dsoy mlds ’kkludky esa gq, naxksa ;k muesa ejus okyksa dh la[;k ls ugha ukik tk ldrk] tSlk fd Hkktik izoDrk dgrs gSaA blls ge xyr urhtksa ij igq¡psaxsA tks yksx lekt dk lkEiznkf;dhdj.k dj jgs gSa] os Hkh naxksa ds fy, mrus gh ftEesnkj gSa ftrus fd os ftuds ’kkludky esa naxs gksrs gSaA ;g lc dgus dk ;g vFkZ ugha gS fd ftu dkaxzsl&’kkflr jkT;ksa esa naxsa gksrs gSa ogk¡ dh ljdkjsa mlds fy, tjk Hkh ftEesnkj ugha gSaA lRrk/kkjh ny dk nks"k vyx izÑfr dk gksrk gSA iz’kklu dk nks"k ;g gksrk gS fd og le; jgrs naxs u gksus nsus ds fy, mi;qDr vkSj i;kZIr dne ugha mBkrkA ;g nks"k rc vkSj c<+ tkrk gS tc naxsa ’kq: gksus ds ckn] mu ij fu;a=.k djus ds i;kZIr iz;kl ugha fd, tkrs ;Fkk xqaMk rRoksa dks rqjar fgjklr esa ugha fy;k tkrk] d¶;wZ ugha yxk;k tkrk ;k fgalk dj jgh HkhM+ ds f[kykQ U;wure vko’;d cy dk iz;ksx ugha fd;k tkrkA ijarq xqtjkr 2002 ,d vyx rjg dk naxk FkkA blesa naxksa dh ;kstuk cukus okyksa] "kM~;a= jpus okyksa vkSj mUgsa vatke nsus okyksa ds y{; vkSj bjkns ogh Fks tks jkT; dh ljdkj ds FksA lkEÁnkf;d naxk tk¡p vk;ksxksa dh jiVsa naxksa dh tk¡p djus ds fy, fu;qDr tk¡p vk;ksxkas us muds le{k izLrqr xokgksa vkSj lqcwrksa dh fcuk ij tks fu"d"kZ fudkys gSa] muls ,slk izrhr gksrk gS fd vf/kdka’k ekeyksa esa fganqRo fopkj/kkjk ds vuq;kbZ laxBuksa us naxs HkM+dk, vkSj muesa Hkkx fy;kA tgk¡ dkaxzsl ljdkjksa us vius drZO;ikyu esa dksrkgh cjrha ogha Hkktik ¼mlds iwoZ tula?k½ ds lnL; Hkh naxksa ds fy, de ftEesnkj ugha FksA vkb;s] LFkkukHkko ds pyrs] ge dqN tk¡p vk;ksxksa ds fu"d"kksZa ij vR;ar laf{kIr utj MkysaA egkjk"Vª ds ’kksykiqj esa flrEcj 1967 esa gq, naxksa dh tk¡p ds fy, fu;qDr j?kqcj n;ky vk;ksx us vius fu"d"kkZsa esa dgk fd fgUnw egklHkk vkSj eqfLye yhx us naxs HkM+dk, D;ksafd mUgsa blesa viuk jktuSfrd ykHk fn[k jgk FkkA blh vk;ksx us fcgkj ds

fnlEcj&2013

eqt¶Qjiqj esa 13&15 vDVwcj 1967 dks gq, naxksa dh tk¡p dhA vk;ksx us ik;k fd tula?k] fgUnw egklHkk o vU; lkEIkznkf;d fgUnw laxBuksa us txUukFk eafnj ?kVuk ds igys pys vkanksyu esa fgLlsnkjh dh vkSj lkEiznkf;d ruko c<+k;kA ;g Hkh ik;k x;k fd tula?k ds dk;ZdrkZvksa us fgalk esa Hkkx fy;kA lu~ 1970 esa fHko.Mh] tyxk¡o vkSj egkM+ esa gq, naxksa dh tk¡p djus okys Mhih eknksu vk;ksx us ik;k fd fuEu laxBu fHko.Mh esa lfØ; Fks vkSj mUgksua s lkEiznkf;d ruko QSyk;k %& 1½ vkWy bafM;k etfyl rkehj&,&feYyr 2½ f’kolsuk 3½ Hkkjrh; tula?k 4½ fHko.Mh lsok lfefr 5½ jk"Vªh; mRlo eaMy eknksu vk;ksx dh fjiksVZ dgrh gS fd cky Bkdjs us Bk.ks esa 30 ebZ 1969 dks vk;ksftr f’kolsuk dh ,d vke lHkk esa vR;ar lkEiznkf;d o HkM+dkÅ Hkk"k.k fn;k ftlesa mUgksaus fHko.Mh dks nwljk ikfdLrku crk;k vkSj ;g Hkh dgk fd ogk¡ ,slh ’keZukd ?kVuk,¡ gks jgha gS ftudk o.kZu os efgykvksa dh mifLFkfr esa ugha dj ldrsA eknksu vk;ksx us ;g Hkh ik;k fd fHkoaMh esa gks jgh fgalk ds lac/a k esa vfr'k;ksfDriw.kZ o >wBh [kcjsa tyxk¡o esa QSykbZ xbZa ftlds dkj.k ogk¡ ds fgUnqvksa esa eqlyekuksa ds izfr xqLls o cnys dk Hkko tkx`r gqvkA tyxk¡o esa ruko c<+us yxk vkSj jFk pkSd ij 8 ebZ 1970 dks 245 cts ,d eqlyeku vkSj dqN fgUnqvksa ds chp gq, lk/kkj.k ls >xM+s ds ckn naxs HkM+d mBsA eknkSu vk;ksx us tyxk¡o ds naxksa ds fy, tula?k dh tyxk¡o ’kk[kk o Jhjke r:.k eaMy] ftldk lapkyu tula?k djrk Fkk] dks nks"kh Bgjk;kA fiNys vad esa geus ;g rdZ fn;k Fkk fd Hkys gh dkaxzsl&’kkflr izns’kksa esa vf/kd la[;k esa naxs gq, gksas ijUrq muds fy, fgUnqRooknh ’kfDr;k¡ vf/kd ftEesnkj FkhaA geus j?kqoj n;ky o eknksu U;kf;d tk¡p vk;ksxksa dh jiVksa ij Hkh utj Mkyh FkhA bu jiVksa esa egkjk"Vª ds fHko.Mh vkSj (29)


’kksykiqj vkSj fcgkj ds eqt¶Qjiqj esa gq, naxksa esa la?k ifjokj dh Hkwfedk ij rh[kh fVIif.k;k¡ dh xbZ FkhaA ge ;gk¡ dqN vkSj naxk tk¡p vk;ksxksa dh jiVksa dh laf{kIr ppkZ dj jgs gSaA dsjy ds rsYYkhpsjh esa 28 fnlEcj] 1971 dks gq, naxksa dh tk¡p ds fy, fu;qDr tkslsQ foF;kfgy vk;ksx us viuh jiV esa dgk fd naxksa dh tM+ esa] tula?k }kjk eqfLye yhx ds ljdkj esa ’kkfey gks tkus ds ckn yhx ds fo#) fd;k x;k nq"izpkj FkkA blls fgUnqvksa ds eu esa ;g vk’kadk ?kj dj xbZ fd ftu ekeyksa esa eqlyeku vkjksih gksaxs] muesa iqfyl fgUnqvksa ds lkFk U;k; ugha djsxhA tula?k vkSj vkj-,l,l- vuojr eqfLye yhx ij dVq geys djrs jgsA os yxkrkj ;g dgrs jgs fd yhx] iz’kklfud ekeyksa esa n[kyvankth dj jgh gSA te’ksniqj esa 11 vizSYk 1979 dks HkM+ds naxksa dh tk¡p ftrsUnz ukjk;.k vk;ksx us dhA vk;ksx us dgk fd naxs dh tM+ esa fgUnw lkEiznkf;d rRoksa }kjk fnEekcLrh v[kkM+s ds tqywl ds jkLrs dks ysdj dh xbZ nknkfxjh o ftn FkhA te’ksniqj esa jkeuoeh ds R;kSgkj ds fnu fgalk gqbZA vfroknh lkEiznkf;d fgUnw ;g ek¡x dj jgs Fks fd v[kkM+s dk tqywl] fookfnr jksM uacj 14 ls gh fudysxkA ;g ,d ladh.kZ lM+d Fkh] ftlds nksuksa vksj eqlyekuksa ds ?kj Fks vkSj ,d efLtn Hkh FkhA vk;ksx dk dguk Fkk fd vkj-,l-,l- us bl ekeys esa dksbZ Hkh le>kSrk djus ls blfy, badkj dj fn;k D;ksafd mls mEehn Fkh fd blls mldh jktuSfrd ’kk[kk Hkktik dks cy feysxkA Jhjkeuoeh v[kkM+k lfefr dh vksj ls ,d ipkZ ck¡Vk x;k ftlesa fgUnqvksa ls muds etgc ds uke ij ;g vkg~oku fd;k x;k fd pkgs tks gks] fgUnqvksa dks izfrcaf/kr jkLrs ls gh tqywl fudkyuk pkfg,A iz’kklu dqN Hkh dgs ;k djs] fgUnqvksa dks >qduk ugha pkfg,A vkj-,l-,l- us lafo/kku esa fufgr /keZfujis{krk dh vo/kkj.kk dks pqukSrh nhA vk;ksx us dgk fd rRdkyhu ljla?kpkyd Jh ckyklkgc nsojl us jhxy eSnku ij 1 viSzy 1979 dks vius Hkk"k.k esa dgk fd vjc ns’kksa esa fgUnqvksa dks vius eafnj cukus

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

dh btktr ugha gS] tcfd Hkkjr esa] tgk¡ fd fgUnw cgqla[;d gSa] u dsoy eqlyekuksa vkSj bZlkb;ksa dks efLtnksa vkSj ppksZa dk fuekZ.k djus dh iwjh Lora=rk gS cfYd mUgsa vius /keZ dk izpkj djus dh btktr Hkh gSA vk;ksx us naxksa ds fy, vkj-,l-,ldks lh/ks nks"kh Bgjkrs gq, dgk fd mlus /kkfeZd eqn~nksa dks ysdj yksxksa dh Hkkoukvksa dks HkM+dk;k vkSj lkEiznkf;d tquuw mRiUu fd;kA vk;ksx us viuh jiV esa ;g flQkfj’k Hkh dh fd vkj-,l-,l- o tek;r&,&bLykeh tS ls lkEiz nkf;d laxBuksa dks vkelHkk,¡ vk;ksftr djus dh vuqefr drbZ ugha nh tkuh pkfg,A egkjk"Vª ds chM ftys ds mekiqj esa lkEiznkf;d fgalk dh tk¡p ds fy, fu;qDr U;k;ewfrZ ekoyadj vk;ksx us naxk ’kq: gksus ds dkj.k dh foospuk djrs gq, dgk fd 10 ebZ 1986 dks dqN f’kolSfud] ’kke yxHkx lk<+s N% cts vCnqy gehn pkSd ij igq¡ps vkSj ogk¡ LFkkfir x.ks’k izfrek ij ekY;kiZ.k fd;kA mlds ckn os Jh xqyke xkSl ds ikl igq¡ps tks nw/k dV~Vk esa viuh nqdku esa nw/k csp jgs FksA mUgksaus Jh xkSl ls x.ks’k mRlo dk pank ek¡xkA Jh xkSl us mUgsa 20 :i, fn,A blds dqN nsj ckn] jktsUnz ckxqy] ’;ke dudfj;k vkSj dqN vU; yksx fQj ls Jh xkSl ds ikl igq¡ps vkSj muls pans ds uke ij vkSj iSls nsus dks dgkA Jh xkSl us vkSj iSls nsus ls badkj dj fn;kA blds ckn pank] ek¡xus okyksa us muds lkFk ekjihV dh ftlls os csgks’k gksdj fxj x,A blls xqLlk, ’kdhy o tkosn dh f’kolSfudksa ls gkFkkikbZ gqbZA ’kdhy vkSj tkosn ds lkFk f’kolSfudkas us tedj ekjihV dhA blds rqjar ckn fgUnqvksa vkSj eqlyekuksa ds chp iRFkjckth ’kq: gks xbZ vkSj fgalk HkM+d mBhA ykyÑ".k vkMok.kh dh jFk ;k=k vius ihNs lkEiznkf;d naxksa dh ,d yach Ja`[kyk NksM+ xbZA jFk;k=k ds nkSjku vkMok.kh us fugk;r HkM+dkÅ Hkk"k.k fn,A Jh vkj0,p0 ghjk ekuflag vk;ksx us ik;k fd fcgkj esa Jh ,y0ds0 vkMok.kh dh 23 vDVwcj 1990 dks fxj¶rkjh ds ckn] vkU/kz izn’s k ds jaxkjsM~Mh ftys vkSj gSnjkckn o fldanjkckn esa lkEiznkf;d fgalk dh

fnlEcj&2013

?kVuk,¡ gqbAZa fgalk vDVwcj ls ysdj fnlEcj 1990 rd tkjh jghA lu~ 1992&93 esa eqacbZ esa gq, naxksa ds nkSjku] dkaxzsl ljdkj naxksa dks jksdus esa vlQy vkSj vlgk; lkfcr gqbZA eq[;ea=h lq/kkdjjko ukbd] ckcjh efLTkn ds <gk, tkus ds ckn dh fLFkfr ds fy, tjk Hkh rS;kj ugha FksA naxksa dh tk¡p ds fy, fu;qDr U;k;ewfrZ ch-,u- Jh Ñ".k vk;ksx us dgk fd ^^;|fi 15 fnlEcj 1992 vkSj 05 tuojh 1993 ds chp fgalk dh dbZ ?kVuk,¡ gqbZa ijarq cM+s iSekus ij naxksa vkSj fgalk dh ’kq:vkr 6 tuojh 1993 ls gqbZ] tc fganw lkEiznkf;d laXkBuksa vkSj ^^lkeuk** o uokdky tSls v[kckjksa }kjk fd, x, lkEiznkf;d nq"izpkj us tquuw HkM+dk;kA fgalk dh deku f’kolsuk vkSj mlds usrkvksa us l¡Hkky yh vkSj os vius oDrO;ksa vkSj gjdrksa ds tfj,] lkEiznkf;d mUekn dks gok nsrs jgsA mUgksaus f’kolsuk izeq[k cky Bkdjs ds funsZ’kksa ij ,slk fd;kA f’kolsuk dk D;k n`f"Vdks.k Fkk] ;g cky Bkdjs }kjk Vkbe if=dk dks fn, x, muds lk{kkRdkj ls tkfgj gSA cky Bkdjs us ckj&ckj ^izfr’kks/k* dh ckr dgh vkSj Jh ljiksRrnkj ,oa Jh euksgj tks’kh us tksj nsdj dgk fd f’kolSfudksa dk vkrad gh fgUnqvksa dh lqj{kk dh xkjaVh gSA ’kgj ds fdlh ,d bykds esa vkijkf/kd pfj= ds eqlyekuksa }kjk funksZ"k fgUnqvksa dh gR;k dk cnyk] ’kgj ds nwljs bykdksa esa funksZ"k eqlyekuksa dks ekjdj fy;k tkus yxkA** tfLVl JhÑ".k vk;ksx us fcYdqy Bhd dgk fd ,y0ds0 vkMok.kh dh jFk;k=k] tks lkseukFk eafnj ls ’kq: gqbZ Fkh vkSj ftls v;ks/;k igq¡puk Fkk] us lkEiznkf;d Hkkoukvksa dks HkM+dkus esa eq[; Hkwfedk vnk dhA N% fnlEcj 1992 vktkn Hkkjr dk lcls cqjk fnu FkkA bl fnu ckcjh efLtn dks tehankst dj fn;k x;k vkSj eqca bZ esa bruk [kwu&[kjkck gqvk] ftruk mlls igys dHkh ugha gqvk FkkA f’kolSfudksa us fot; tqywl fudkysA fcgkj ds Hkkxyiqj esa 24 vDVwcj 1989 dks gq, naxksa dh tk¡p ds fy, fu;qDRk ik¡p&lnL;h; vk;ksx ds lnL;ksa U;k;ewfrZ jkekun izlkn] U;k;ewfrZ jkepanz izlkn flUgk o U;k;ewfrZ ,l0 ’kElqy glu us (30)


viuh jiV esa dgk] ^^geus mu lHkh dkjdkas dh foLr`r ppkZ dh gS] ftuds vafre urhts ds crkSj lkEizknkf;d fgalk gqbZA naxksa ds ,d lky igys ls gh ekgkSy esa lkainz kf;drk ?kqyus yxh FkhA nksuksa leqnk;ksa ds chp lansg vkSj ?k`.kk dh nhokj [kM+h gks xbZ FkhA blds ihNs Fkha xyrQgfe;k¡] /kkfeZd dV~Vjrk vkSj jktuSfrd voljoknA ftyk iz’kklu us gkykr dks fcxM+us fn;k vkSj xqM a k rRoksa dks fgjklr esa ugha fy;kA ftyk iz’kklu fu"i{k ugha Fkk vkSj bl rF; us Hkh fgalk dks c<+kok fn;k**A ;g fVIi.kh lkEiznkf;d rRoksa vkSj iz’kklu&nksuksa dh Hkwfedkvksa dks js[kkafdr djrh gSA lkEiznkf;d rRo] NksVs&eksVs >xM+ksa vkSj ?kVukvksa dks lkEiznkf;d jax nsdj ruko iSnk djrs gSaA fdlh /kkfeZd leqnk; ds ,d ;k nks O;fDr;ksa }kjk dh xbZ cstk gjdr ds fy, iwjs leqnk; dks nks"kh Bgjk;k tkrk gSA ;g flyflyk dbZ fnuksa rd vkSj dHkh&dHkh eghuksa rd pyrk jgrk gSA bl ds fcuk dHkh naxs ’kq: ugha gks ldrs vkSj ;g dke eq[;r% la?k ifjokj djrk gSA ikWy czkl dgrs gSa fd ns’k ds dqN {ks=ks]a fo’ks"kdj mRrjh o if’peh jkT;ksa esa] naxksa dk ^laLFkkxr ra=* fodflr gks x;k gS] ftls jktuSfrd vko’;drk iM+us ij ;k pqukoksa ds nkSjku] lfØ; fd;k tk ldrk gSA lkEiznkf;d fgalk ’kk;n gh dHkh vius vki HkM+drh gSA czkl dk rdZ gS fd naxksa ds ^mRiknu* ds fy, igys ls rS;kjh dh tkrh gSA blesa ’kkfey gksrk gS naxkb;ksa dh HkrhZ] HkM+dkÅ xfrfof/k;k¡] vQokgksa dk izpkj o lans’kksa dk vknku iznkuA iwokZH;kl fd, tkrs gSa vkSj mi;qDr

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

le; ij fgalk ’kq: gks tkrh gSA dkaxzsl dk nks"k ;g gS fd mlus ges’kk bl ^laLFkkxr naxk ra=* dh vuns[kh dhA jkekuan izlkn vk;ksx us dkaxzsl dh bl vlQyrk ij tksj fn;k gSA naxs] vkSj muds ckn nksf"k;ksa dks ltk fnyokus esa vlQyrk ls ;g ra= etcwr gksrk tkrk gS vkSj lkFk gh os laXkBu Hkh] tks naxksa dks HkM+dkrs vkSj izk;ksftr djrs gSAa tgk¡ fofHkUu leqnk;ksa ds chp Hksn ugha gksrk] ogk¡ lkEiznkf;d xM+cfM+;k¡ bls tUe nsrh gSa vkSj tgk¡ ;g Hksn gksrk gS] ogk¡ mls xgjk djrh gSaA lkEiznkf;d fgalk ds ckn] vkj,l-,l- o la?k ifjokj ?kkoksa dks Hkjus ugha nsrsA os mUgsa dqjsnrs jgrs gSa] tc rd dh ?kko] eokn ls Hkjk QksM+k ugha cu tkrkA fiNys dqN o"kkZsa esa laLFkkxr naxk ra= dks dkQh etcwr o dk;Zdq’ky cuk fn;k x;k gSA naxs igys ls T;knk tkuysok o fouk’kdkjh gks x, gSaA igys naxs ’kgjksa ds lhfer bykdksa esa gqvk djrs FksA vc os pØh; fu;ferrk ls gksrs gSa vkSj 72 ?kaVs ;k mlls Hkh yacs le; rd pyrs jgrs gSaA buesa cM+s iSekus ij ujlagkj gksrk gSA lu~ 1983 esa vle ds usYyh esa gq, naxksa esa 3000 ls vf/kd funksZ"k ukxfjd ekjs x, FksA xqtjkr esa lu~ 2002 ds naxs ,d ekg ls Hkh vf/kd le; rd pyrs jgs vkSj buesa yxHkx 2500 yksxksa us viuh tkusa x¡okbZaA dU/keky esa BsB xzkeh.k bykds esa ,d eghus rd fgalk pyh ftlesa 70 yksx ekjs x,A blesa dksbZ lansg ugha fd dkaxzsl ’kkludky es]a Hkktik ’kkludky dh rqyuk esa vf/kd naxs gq, gSa ijUrq blls ;g lkfcr

fnlEcj&2013

ugha gksrk fd dkaxzsl lkEiznkf;d gS vkSj Hkktik ughaA Hkktik ds nksgjs ekun.M dk ,d lqcwr ;g gS fd og vius ’kkludky esa gq, naxksa ds fy, viuh ftEesnkjh dHkh Lohdkj ugha djrhA Jh ujsUnz eksnh us dHkh ;g ugha ekuk fd 2002 ds xqtjkr naxksa ds fy, os ;k mudh ljdkj ;k mudh ikVhZ ftEesnkj FkhA vxj Hkktik ’kkludky esa gq, naxksa ds fy, Hkktik Lo;a dks ftEesnkj ugha ekurh rc fQj dkaxzsl ds ’kkludky esa gq, naxksa ds fy, mls nks"kh dSls Bgjk;k tk ldrk gS\ naxksa dh ftEesnkjh Lohdkj djuk rks nwj] eksnh rks muds fy, [ksn O;Dr djus ds fy, Hkh rS;kj ugha gSA mYVs os 2002 ds dRysvke ds ihfM+rksa dks ^dqRrs ds fiYys* crkrs gSaA bu lcdk ;g vFkZ ugha gS fd dkaxzsl iw.kZr% /keZfujis{k gSA U;k; vkSj ’kkafr ds fy, vuojr] l?ku iz;kl ls gh ge lkEiznkf;drk ds nkuo ij fot; izkIr dj ldrs gSa vkSj ,d ,sls ’kkafriw.kZ Hkkjr dk fuekZ.k dj ldrs gSa] ftlesa lHkh dks vkxs c<+us vkSj xfjekiw.kZ thou fcrkus dk ekSdk feysA blds fy, gesa lkEiznkf;d iwokZxzgksa vkSj lksp ds f[kykQ tcjnLr vfHk;ku pykuk gksxkA ;g dke eqf’dy t:j gS ijarq vlaHko ughaA ge lc dks ’kq:vkr Lo;a ls djuh gksxhA ge ,d nwljs dks fganw ;k eqlyeku ds :i esa ns[kuk can djsa vkSj gj O;fDr dks mlds xq.k&voxq.k ds vk/kkj ij ij[ksa] mlds etgc ds vk/kkj ij ughaA eksckby % 09869446999

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fgUnh dk 'kksddky &v'kksd dqekj ik.Ms; gal ds lEiknd vkSj ubZ dgkuh dh =;h ds lnL; jgs jktsUnz ;kno ds volku ds ckn ls gh ekuks fgUnh dk 'kksddky py jgk gS] xksj[kiqj ls [;kr dfo vkSj vkykspd ijekuUn JhokLro th ds tkus dh [+kcj vkbZ] fQj y[kuÅ ls iz[;kr O;aX;dkj ds-ih-lDlsuk th ds] vHkh ge bl vk?kkr ls mcj Hkh ugha ik, Fks fd fgUnh&jktLFkkuh ds vR;ar lEekfur ys[kd fot;nku nsFkk us vius xk¡o cks:Unk esa viuh vkf[kjh lk¡l yhA thou Hkj cPpksa ds fy, mRd`"V lkfgR; dk l`tu djus okys gfjd`".k nsoljs dk cky fnol okys fnu gh pys tkuk tSls ,d cM+h foMacuk jp x;k] rks mlds rhu fnu ckn gh ofj"B dfo vkSj ys[kd vkse izdk'k ckYehfd th ds fu/ku dh [kcj nsgjknwu ls vkbZA eghus Hkj ls de le; esa vius ifjokj ds brus lnL;ksa dks [kksdj fgUnh dk lkfgR; lekt ftl 'kksd vkSj larki esa Mwck gS mls 'kCnksa esa rks dksbZ D;k O;Dr dj ik,xk] cl tSls fd ,d;qx vius chrus dh ?kks"k.kk dj jgk gks] tSls ukVd ds ,d n`'; ds nq[kkar ds ckn ;ofudk ds iru ds lkFk dksbZ 'kksdkdqy laxhr ct jgk gks] tSls ubZ ih<+h ds dU/kksa ij ftEesnkfj;k¡ bl 'kksd ds lkFk pqipki vkdj cSB xbZ gksAa ;qx lekIr gks tkus okyh ckr eSa fdlh vfrfjDr Hkkoqdrk esa ugha dg jgkA ftu jpukdkjksa dks geus [kks;k gS os lHkh vius&vius {ks=ksa ds cM+s ys[kd gh ugha cfYd VªMa s lsVa j tSls Fks] jktsUnz ;kno deys'oj vkSj eksgu jkds'k ds lkFk ubZ dgkuh ds izorZd Fks] ;g Lok/khurksŸkj Hkkjr ds e/;oxhZ; thou ds la=kl dh rhozre vfHkO;fDr okyk nkSj Fkk] ^tgk¡ y{eh dSn gS* tSlh dgkfu;ksa vkSj ^lkjk vkdk'k* tSls miU;kl us tSls bl u, Hkkjrh; lekt ds varfoZjks/kksa dks ,dne ls lkeus yk fn;k] lkFk gh] vDlj lkewfgdrk dk nkok djrs ysfdu O;fDrxr ifj{ks= esa lapkfyr gksrs lkfgR; dk;Z ls vkxs c<+dj mUgksua s gal tSlh if=dk fudkyh vkSj v{kj izdk'ku dh uhao MkyhA gal flQZ if=dk ugha ,d vkUnksyu esa rCnhy gqbAZ lgefr&vlgefr

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

vyx ckr gS ij fgUnh lkfgR; esa L=h vkSj nfyr vkoktksa ds fy, txg ryk'kus vkSj mUgsa lEeku lfgr eq[; /kkjk esa ykus dk tks t:jh dke gal us fd;k mlus fgUnh lkfgR; dh ifjf/k dk egRoiw.kZ foLrkj fd;kA ;gh ugha] gal viuh yksdrkaf=drk vkSj lEikndh;ksa dh iz[kj i{k/kjrk ds lkFk&lkFk bl ckr ds fy, Hkh ;kn fd;k tk,xk fd blds lEiknd us ,d y?kq if=dk ds fy, ;g t:jh ekud LFkkfir fd;k fd if=dk lEiknd ds vkRe izpkj ds fy, ugha gksrhA jktsUnz th 'kk;n gh dHkh lEikndh; ds brj fn[kkbZ nsrs FksA ckn esa igy tSlh if=dk esa Kkujatu th us ;gh fd;k vkSj dqN vU; if=dkvksa usA jktsUnz

th dh chekjh ds ckn gal us viuh ped /khjs&/khjs [kks nh Fkh] vc de ls de eq>s rks mu yksxksa ls dksbZ mEehn ugha fn[krh ftuds gkFkksa esa bldh fojklr gS fd os gal dh ijEijk dks le`) dj ik,¡xAs fot;nku nsFkk] ftUgsa muds vkReh; fcTth dgk djrs Fks] yksd lkfgR; ds nqyHZ k v/;srk vkSj lk/kd Fks] Hkkjrh; ekul vkSj es/kk dk mRd`"V mnkgj.k] ftUgksua s yksd dFkkvksa dks vius fof'k"V vankt esa izLrqr fd;kA mUgksua s jktLFkku dh yksd dFkkvksa dk pkSng [k.Mksa esa xzFa kekyk ^ckrka jgh Qqyokjh* dk iquys[Z ku vkSj laxgz .k fd;kA ^my>u* o vys[kwa fgVyj* muds jktLFkkuh dgkuh ladyu gSAa blds vykok Hkh fgUnh vkSj jktLFkkuh esa muds vusd dgkuh laxgz vkSj miU;kl vk,] mu ij ukVd [ksys x,] fQYesa cuha vkSj nksuksa Hkk"kkvksa esa og lEekfur gq,A thoui;ZRka vius xk¡o esa gh jgus okys fcTth yksd ds vuwBs fprsjs gksrs gq, Hkh mUgsa vius le; vkSj lekt ds vkbZus esa ns[kus ds gkeh Fks] fujUrj ykyp vkSj equkQs dh gksM+ esa {kr&fo{kr gksrh ekuork vkSj fc[kjrs

fnlEcj&2013

lkekftd rkus&ckus mudh fpark ds dsUnz esa FksA ijekuUn JhokLro esjs xksj[kiqj fo'ofo|ky; ds fnuksa esa fgUnh foHkkx esa Fks] fgUnh dfork ds lkFk&lkFk fo'o lkfgR; ds vusd xgu v/;;u vkSj le> dk eSa O;fDrxr :i ls xokg gwA¡ vkykspd ds :i esa mUgksua s fgUnh dks ^izfrc) dfork* tSlk in gh ugha fn;k cfYd ftl mnkjrk vkSj lEc)rk ds lkFk mUgksua s u, ls u, yksxksa dh jpukvksa dks i<+k vkSj mu ij fy[kk] og nqyHZ k gS] vafre le; rd lfØ; jgs ijekuUn th euq"; ds rkSj ij ftrus lgt vkSj ljy Fks ,d vkykspd ds :i esa mrus gh xaHkhj vkSj uhj&{khj foosdhA fgUnh dh csgn rksy eksy okyh vkykspuk dh nqfu;k esa mudh mifLFkfr vk'oLr djus okyh FkhA ds-ihlDlsuk O;aX; dh nqfu;k ds ,d vR;Ur lqifjfpr gLrk{kj Fks] rks gfjd`".k nsoljs us cPpksa ds fy, fd, tkus okys cpdkus ys[ku ds cjDl jkspd vkSj vFkZi.w kZ ys[ku ls fgUnh dh dbZ ihf<+;ksa ds cpiu dks le`) fd;kA vkse izdk'k ckYehfd fgUnhds nfyr lkfgR; ds ,dne vkjfEHkd >aMkcjnkjksa esa ls FksA mudh vkRedFkk ^twBu* gekjs lkekftd <k¡ps ds euq"; fojks/kh tkfroknh mRihM+u dk ftUnk nLrkost gS] ,d dfo] dgkuhdkj vkSj fopkjd ds :i esa mUgksua s vkthou 'ksk"k.k vkSj mRihM+u ds f[kykQ vkokt cqyUn dhA mudh vkokt vkFksfa UVd Hkh Fkh vkSj iqjvlj Hkh] ftldh xwt ¡ fgUnh lkfgR; gh ugha lekt esa Hkh lkQ&lqukbZ nhA mRrj Hkkjr esa etcwrh ls mHkjs nfyr vkUnksyu esa ckYehfd th tSls lkfgR;dkjksa dh Hkwfedk dks utjvankt ugha fd;k tk ldrkA tkfgj gS ,sls lkfgR;dkjksa dks [kksdj ge FkksMs+ vkSj fu/kZu gq,gSa vkSj os [kkyh txgsa dHkh Hkjh u tk ldsx a h] ysfdu mudk fy[kk vc Hkh gekjs lkFk gS] og veR;Z gS] ykbV gkml dh rjg rwQkuksa esa Hkh gesa jkLrk fn[kkrk] cl mu jkgksa ij pyuk vkSj mUgsa vkus okyh ih<+h ds fy, vkSj Li"V dj nsuk] ;gh mudh ;knksa dk lgh rjhdk gks ldrk gS vkSj J)katfy dk vly ekuhA eks0 8375072473 (32)


iVuk ce foLQksV% D;k lp] D;k >wB iVuk èkekdk&ns’k dk igyk ,slk èkekdk Fkk ftldh xqRFkh fcgkj iqfyl ds eqrkfcd flQZ vkB&ukS ?kaVs ds Hkhrj lqy> xbZ FkhA èkekds ds vkB&ukS ?kaVs ds Hkhrj gh blds lkjs ekLVjekbaM~l fxj¶rkj fd, tk pqds FksA ehfM;k dh [kcjsa crk jgh Fkha fd bl vkradh ?kVuk dh iwjh lkft’k jpus okyk eq[; vfHk;qä Hkh vc iqfyl dh fxj¶r esa gSA 'kk;n ;g igyh ,slh vkradh ?kVuk gS] ftlesa r¶rh’k 'kq: gksus ds vxys vkB&ukS ?kaVs ds vanj gh lc dqN lkeus vk x;kA 'kk;n ,slk igyh ckj gqvk fd bl ckj] gj ckj dh rjg iqjkuk] cklh] iScna &nkj vkSj f?klk&fiVk tk¡p dk QkeZy w k ugha nksgjk;k x;kA ges’kk lqLr jgus okyh iVuk iqfyl us bl ckj ,slh pqLrh&QqrÊ fn[kkbZ fd v‚u&Li‚V ^vkradh* dks ncksp fy;k x;kA ;g vyx ckr gS fd og fpYykrk jgk fd eSa csxqukg gw¡ vkSj esjk uke iadt gS vkSj flQZ ogh ugha] cfYd Hkk-tik- dk;ZdrkZvksa us Hkh gaxkek fd;k fd og csxqukg gS vkSj Hkk-t-ik- dk dk;ZdrkZ gSA ysfdu iqfyl us budh ,d u lquhA pSuyksa ij Hkh bl QqVt s dks fn[kk;k x;k Fkk] ftlesa Li"V :i ls idM+s x, lafnXèk ds xys esa Hkk-t-ik- dk >aMk Hkh vklkuh ds lkFk ns[kk tk ldrk gS vkSj ,d vkSj [kkl ckr fd lkjs v[kckjksa ds dSejs bl lafnXèk ds psgjs ij pedrs jgs] ysfdu fdlh us mldh rLohj vius v[kckj esa ugha NkihA 'kk;n ,slk igyh ckj gqvk fd èkekdk gksrs gh ehfM;k us ph[k&iqdkj ugha epkbZA pSuyksa ij nkSMr+ & s Hkkxrs yksx ugha fn[ks cfYd lc ujsUæ eksnh ds Hkk"k.k iwjs mRlkg ds lkFk lqurs jgs vkSj pSuy okys mls fn[kkrs jgsA ik¡p csxqukg ekjs x, vkSj fdlh ds vk¡[kksa ls ik¡p vk¡lw Hkh ugha Vids\ dkSu Fks os eklwe yksx\ fdu liuksa ds lkFk vk, Fks xkaèkh eSnku\ D;k [okfg’ksa Fkha mudh ;k fdl ijs’kkuh ls tw> jgs Fks os\ cl èkwy dk xqckj mM+k vkSj ik¡p ftanfx;k¡ T+kk;k gks xbZ\a vkSj tSls gh Hkk"k.k [kRe gqvk ehfM;k us iwjs elys dk gy fudky fn;kA rqjra

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

;g irk py x;k fd jk¡ph ls ;g vkradh vk, Fks vkSj HkVdy ds lg;ksxh gSAa bl ?kVuk dks eqt¶+ Q + j+ uxj ds lkFk tksM+ fn;k x;k] rkfd jkgqy xkaèkh ds elys dk gy Hkh blh ds lkFk fudy vk,A 'kk;n ;g elys dk gy gh Fkk fd tks vius vkidks iadt crkrk jgk] og vc ,suqy mQZ bfEr;kt+ cu pqdk FkkA ftl lafnXèk dks Hkktik dk;ZdrkZ viuk dk;ZdrkZ crkrs jgs Fks] mls rqjra vkbZ-,edk ekLVjekbaM cuk fn;k x;kA eksnh dk

leFkZd ,d iy esa HkVdy dk lkFkh cu pqdk FkkA ,d vaxt zs h+ osclkbV (firstpost.com) dh xyrh dks ns[kdj vankt+k yxkb, fd bruk ft+Eesnkj osclkbV ,slh xyrh dSls dj ldrk gS\ bl osclkbV us 6-35 ij ;g [kcj çdkf’kr dh fd fcgkj Mh-th-ihds eqrkfcd rhu yksxksa dks fxj¶rkj fd;k x;k gS] ftuds uke jkeukjk;.k flag] fodkl flag vkSj eqUuk flag gSA [kcj rsth+ ds lkFk yksxksa rd igq¡prh jgh] ysfdu ckn esa blds uhps çdkf’kr dj fn;k x;k fd "Correction: We regret putting up an earlier update where we mentioned the three deceased as suspects because of an erroneous report."

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fnlEcj&2013

&vQ+jkst+ vkye lkfgy esa r¶rh’k ds nkSjku tks rhu ftUnk ce cjken fd, x,] muesa ls ,d] ftl i‚fyFkhu esa ik;k x;k] ml ij xqtjkr dk irk FkkA vc r¶rh’k dk ,d ,axy ;g Hkh gS fd vkrafd;ksa ds ikl ;g i‚fyFkhu vk;k dgk¡ ls\ D;k vkrafd;ksa us bl i‚fyFkku dks xkaèkh eSnku esa dgha ls ik;k ;k muesa ls dksbZ xqtjkr ls gh bl lkft+’k dks vatke nsus esa yxk Fkk\ ;kuh ,u-vkbZ-,- o fcgkj iqfyl vc bl ckr dk Hkh irk yxk,¡xh fd dgha bl èkekds esa xqtjkr dusD’ku rks ugha\ 'kk;n ;g igyk èkekdk Fkk fd èkekds ds vyVZ dks ysdj Hkh jLlkd’kh pyhA fcgkj ljdkj ;g crkrh jgh fd mlds ikl èkekds dks ysdj dksbZ vyVZ ugha FkkA ysfdu Hkk-t-ik- usrkvksa dk ekuuk Fkk fd fcgkj ljdkj >wB cksy jgh gS D;ksfa d fcgkj iqfyl dks baVfs ytsl a C;wjks us 23 vDVwcj 2013 ds fnu vyVZ Hkstk Fkk] ftlesa ujsæa eksnh dh iVuk jSyh dk ft+Ø FkkA ;g vyVZ bruk crkus ds fy, dkQ+h Fkk fd bafM;u eqtkfgnhu ls tqMs+ yksx ujsæa eksnh dh iVuk jSyh ij geyk dj ldrs gSAa 'kk;n ;g igyk èkekdk Fkk fd uhrh’k dqekj o Hkk-t-ik- usrkvksa ds bl jLlkd’kh dks gekjh ehfM;k dkQh mNkyrh jghA ysfdu ml vyVZ ij [kkeks’k Fkh ftls xqtjkr vkbZ-ch- us ebZ eghus esa fn;k FkkA xqtjkr vkbZ-ch- us viuh fjiksVZ esa Li"V rkSj ij dgk Fkk fd ujsUæ eksnh dh jSyh esa de rhozrk okys ce èkekds gks ldrs gSa vkSj bl èkekds dks fgUnqRo vkradokn ls tqMs+ yksx vatke nsx a s rkfd ujsUæ eksnh ^fgUnqRo* ds ,tsM a s ij dk;e jgs]a ln~Hkkouk fe’ku dh ckr u djsAa ;g [kcj 21 ebZ 2013 dks ,d vaxt zs h v[kckj ^VkbEl v‚Q bafM;k* esa Hkh çdkf’kr gqbZ FkhA 'kk;n ;g igyk ,slk èkekdk Fkk] ftlesa vkbZ-,e- ls tqMs+ fgUnw psgjs lcds lkeus vk,A y[khljk; 'kgj ds u;k ckt+kj bykds ls ikfdLrkuh ng’krxnksZa ds pkj ennxkjksa dks y[khljk; iqfyl }kjk fxj¶rkj (33)


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[kcj dks ns’k ds fdlh Hkh cM+s fgUnh o vaxt sz h+ Hkk"kk ds v[kckjksa ¼,d&nks dks NksMd + j½ ;k fQj Vh-oh- pSuyksa us bls Nkius ;k pykus dh t+ger rd ugha mBkbZ] ;k ;w¡ dg ysa fd bl ckjs esa lkspk rd ughaA ckn esa tc lkspk rks bls Hkh vkbZ-,e- ds lkFk tksM+ dj gh ns[kk x;k vkSj bl ckr ij ppkZ dh xbZ fd vc vkbZ-,e- fgUnw yM+dksa dks vius ealcw ksa esa bLrseky dj jgh gSA ¼vc t+jk vki dYiuk dhft, fd vxj ;wih ds vkt+ex<+] fcgkj ds njHkaxk ;k dukZVd ls bl rjg dh dksbZ fxj¶rkjh gksrh] ftlesa vkjksfi;ksa ds uke ds lkFk ,d

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fnlEcj&2013

et+gc fo’ks"k dh igpku tqMh+ gksrh rks ;gh ehfM;k D;k djrk\ D;k ;gh ehfM;k v[kckjksa ds igys ist+ ls ysdj vafre ist+ rd ,d gh fnu esa bl ekeys ds lkFk&lkFk vkjksfi;ksa ds lkr iq’rksa dk ck;ksMkVk u fudky nsrk\ ;k fQj pSuyksa ds çkbe Vkbe ij jax& s iqrs ,adj 'ksj ds ekfuUn xjtrs gq, de ls de gt+kj ckj ns’k dh lqj{kk ds iwjh rjg [krjs esa gksus dk 'kksj u epk pqds gksr\s ½ 'kk;n ;g igyh ?kVuk Fkh ftlesa iqfyl dks vkuu&Qkuu esa ml cktkj dk irk ugha yxkuk iM+k fd dgk¡ ls lkbfdy [kjhnh xbZ FkhA ¼;s vyx ckr gS fd lkbfdy dh u rks dksbZ vkj lh gksrh gS] uk gh ykblsl a IysV vkSj uk gh pkyd dk dksbZ ykblsl a ½] D;ksfa d bl ckj lkbfdy ce ds bLrseky ds ctk, Vkbej ce] dqdj ce dk bLrseky fd;k x;k Fkk vkSj iqfyl ds Nkik ekjrs gh dqdj çkIr gks x;kA ¼gkyk¡fd dqdj vki lcds ?kjksa esa Hkh t+:j gksxk½ 'kk;n ,slk igyh ckj gqvk fd iqfyl dks Ldsp cuokus dh t+:jr ugha iM+hA gkyk¡fd Ldsp cuokus esa iqfyl dks dksbZ fnDdr ugha vkrh gS] D;ksfa d lkbfdy dh nqdku okys dks lkbfdy [kjhnus okys dk psgjk gwcgw ;kn jgrk gSA pkgs lkbfdy eghuksa igys gh D;ksa u [kjhnh xbZ gksA og vkrafd;ksa dk Ldsp gwcgw rS;kj djkrs jgs gSa vkSj ;g Ldsp Hkh fdlh dq[;kr vkradh psgjs ls feyrk tqyrk jgrk gSA ¼;g vyx ckr gS fd ge ftl nqdku ls ikuh dh cksry ;k v[kckj [kjhnrs gS]a ml nqdkunkj dk psgjk Hkh gesa 'kk;n gh ;kn jgrk gks½ 'kk;n ,slk igyh ckj gqvk fd lqj{kk ,tsfa l;ksa dks T;knk esgur ugha djuh iM+hA T;knk Nkis ugha ekjus iM+As nks&rhu Nkiksa esa gh iwjk dke fudy vk;kA ugha rks vc rd rks ;gh gksrk vk;k gS fd gekjh lqj{kk ,tsfa l;k¡ vkuu Qkuu esa Nkik ekjrh gSAa langs kLin yksx idM+s tkrs gSAa muds ikl ;s phtsa t+:j cjken gksrh gS& a mnZw dk ,d v[kckj] ikfdLrku dk >aMk] bafM;u eqtkfgnhu ;k fleh dk lkfgR;] ikfdLrku esM vlygk] fons’kh djsl a h ¼ekuks vkrad ds vkdk vkrafd;ksa dks gj CykLV ls igys ,d fo’ks"k çdkj dh fdV ls ySl djds Hkstrs gSAa CykLV dh txg vyx gks ldrh gSA CykLV dk le; vyx gks ldrk gS] exj (34)


;s fdV ftls lqj{kk ,tsfa l;k¡ cjken djrh gS]a ges’kk ,d lh gksrh gSAa dHkh ugha cnyrha½] ysfdu bl ckj bu lcdh txg lafnXèk ds fBdkus ls MsVksuVs j] lh-Mh-] rLohjs]a rkj] dk¡p dh xksfy;k¡] isu Mªkbo] gFkkSMh+ ] dsjksflu rsy] foLQksVd esa bLrseky djus okys ¶;wt+ t+:j feys gSa vkSj ,d vkSj vge pht+ tks çkIr gqvk gS] og gS mnZw lkfgR;\ 'kk;n ,slk igyh ckj gqvk fd bl vkradh ?kVuk dks vkbZ-,e- dk ns'kh ekMîwy crk;k x;k] vkSj lkFk gh cksèkx;k èkekds ds lkFk tksM+ dj ns[kk x;kA gkyk¡fd vc rd iqfyl dks vkuu&Qkuu esa ftl ekMîwy dk irk pyrk Fkk og ekMîwy bUgha esa ls ,d gksrk FkkA iq.ks csdjh CykLV] eqca bZ >kosjh cktkj CykLV] ;wih ladVekspu eafnj CykLV] t;iqj tkSgjh cktkj CykLV] fnYyh lhih&x¶Qkj ekdZVs èkekdsA bu ekMîwy dk irk èkekds esa bLrseky dh xbZ phtksa ls pyrk jgk gSA tSls lkbfdy] cky fjax] 'kkiZuy s ] Vkbej vkfn vkSj blh ls lkfcr gks tkrk Fkk fd èkekds fleh us fd, gS]a gwth us ;k fQj bafM;u eqtkfgnhu us ¼,slk yxrk gS fd tSls dkihjkbV ,DV ds

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

rgr gj vkradh laxBu us vius&vius èkekdksa esa bLrseky gksus ;k dh tkus okyh phtksa dk jftLVª’s ku djk fy;k gks vkSj ,d vkradh laxBu dkuwuu nwljs vkradh laxBu ds ekMîwy esa bLrseky dh xbZ phtksa dk bLrseky ugha dj ldrk] ugha rks 'kk;n ifV;kyk dksVZ fnYyh esa dkihjkbV ,DV ds rgr bl ekeys esa nkok Hkh nk;j fd;k tk ldrk gS½] ysfdu bl ckj cxSj d‚ih&jkbV~l okys e‚Mîwy dk bLrseky dj fy;k x;kA 'kk;n ,slk igyh ckj gqvk fd vkradh vius tsc esa vius lkfFk;ksa dk uEcj vius lkFk ysdj vk;k FkkA rkfd ge vxj Mwcs rks lkFk esa vius lkfFk;ksa dks Hkh ys Mwcx as s lueA ugha rks ges’kk ls ;gh vk;k gS fd CykLV dksbZ Hkh gks] dgha Hkh gks] dSlk Hkh gks] [kqfQ;k ,tsfa l;ksa ds lw=ksa ls ekLVj ekbaM dk uke vkèks ?kaVs ds Hkhrj gh ¶yS’k gksuk 'kq# gks tkrk Fkk vkSj og bUgha esa ls dksbZ ,d gksrk FkkA fj;kt HkVdy] bdcky HkVdy] ;klhu HkVdy] vgen] fl)h cIik mQZ 'kkg#[k mQZ ;klhu vgen] bfy;kl d’ehjh] gkfQt lbZn y[kohA ¼ekuks ;s ekLVj ekbaM dkjukes dks vatke nsrs gh

fnlEcj&2013

Hkkjrh; lqj{kk ,tsfa l;ksa dks Qksu dj fjiksVZ djrs gksa fd ljdkj dke gks x;k] vc vki uke vkxs c<+k ldrs gS½a ] ysfdu HkVdy rks bl ckj tsy dh gok [kk jgk gS] rks mlds nksLr dke dks l¡Hkky jgs gSAa x`gea=h egksn;] —i;k è;ku ns& a ,;j daMh’kaM dejksa esa cSBdj gekjh lqj{kk ,tsfa l;ksa vkSj [kqfQ;k ,tsfa l;ksa dh blh fnekxh ekSt eLrh ds pyrs] vlyh vkradh rks idM+ esa vkrs gh ugha] gk¡ xjhc detksj csxqukgksa dks tsyksa esa Bwaldj gj lky 26 tuojh dks ohjrk iq#Ldkj t:j gfFk;k fy, tkrs gS]a ugha rks vejhdk esa 9@11 ds geys ds ckn fdlh dh dwor ugha gks ikbZ fd lkoZtfud txgksa ij ,d NqjNqjh Hkh QksM+ lds vkSj eksnh o muds leFkZd Hkh brus fuMj ugha gSa fd èkekds gksus ds ckn Hkh u Mjsa vkSj ngkM+&ngkM+ dj viuk Hkk"k.k yksxksa dks lqukrs jgas vkSj ehfM;k mls fn[kkrk jgsA le; lkspus dk gSA blls igys fd xqukg vkSj csxqukgh ds chp [kM+h dh tk jgh et+gc dh nhokj ij uQ+jr ds lhesVa dh dqN vkSj ijrsa p<+k nh tk,¡A eksckby % 009891322178

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^yo&ftgkn* vkSj jk”Vªh; Lo;alos d la?k dk tula[;k foKku &uoxhr ,d /kkfeZd leqnk; ds chp fdlh nwljs /kkfeZd leqnk; ds ckjs esa >wBk çpkj djuk Qklhokfn;ksa rFkk /kkfeZd&nf{k.kiaFkh 'kfä;ksa dk iqjkuk gFkd.Mk jgk gSA fQj ;g dSls gks ldrk Fkk fd bl ekeys esa Hkkjr ds la?kh&ekdkZ Qklhoknh ihNs jg tk,¡A Hkk-t-ik- ds 2014 ds yksdlHkk pqukoksa ds fy, ih-,e- mEehnokj ujsUæ eksnh us 2002 ds xqtjkr naxksa ds ckn ogk¡ gq, pquko ds nkSjku dgk Fkk Þge ¼eryc fgUnw½ nks gekjs nks] os ¼eryc eqfLye½ ik¡p muds iphlAß blds ckn 2004 esa fo’o fgUnw ifj"kn ds v’kksd fla?ky us fgUnqvksa ds vkxs ifjokj fu;kstu NksM+us dk <ksy ihVkA v’kksd fla?ky ;g rqjkZ cgqr igys ls NksMr+ s vk jgs gS]a vkSj HkktikbZ ljdkj okys jkT;ksa esa rks og ljdkjh eap ls ;g elyk mNkyrs jgrs gSaA fiNys 3&4 lkyksa esa laf?k;ksa us vius blh tula[;k foKku dks fQj ls nksgjkuk 'kq: dj fn;k gS] ysfdu vc os bls u, jax esa yisV dj yk, gSAa igys la?kh laxBu eqlyekuksa }kjk viuh tula[;k c<+kus dk gkSok gh [kM+k djrs Fks] vc mUgksaus blesa Þyo&ftgknß dk Mj Hkh tksM+ fn;k gSA laf?k;ksa ds vuqlkj eqlyekuksa us ¼;gk¡ la?kh eqfLye dê~VjiaFkh laxBu dguk Hkh okftc ugha ekurs D;ksafd laf?k;ksa ds fy, lHkh eqfLye yksx eqfLye dê~VjiaFkh laxBuksa ds lnL; gSa½ fgUnw uo;qofr;ksa dks I;kj ds tky esa Q¡lkdj viuh vkcknh c<+kus ds fy, e’khuksa dh rjg bLrseky djus ds fy, Þyo&ftgknß uked ÞxqIrß laxfBr vfHk;ku NsM+k gqvk gSA fo’o fgUnw ifj"kn ds usrk bl lky flrEcj eghus esa gq, eqt¶Qjuxj naxksa ds ihNs Þyo&ftgknß dk gkFk gksus dh jV yxk jgs gS a A blls igys ] Þyo&ftgknß dk ç;ksx dsjy rFkk dukZVd esa py gh jgk FkkA bl lky egkjk"Vª esa Hkh la?k ls tqM+s laxBuksa us Þyo&ftgknß dk Þeqdkcykß djuk 'kq: fd;k gSA 2010 esa nf{k.k dukZVd esa ljxeZ rFkk la?k ls tqM+s laxBu fgUnw tutkx`fr lfefr us

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

çpkj 'kq: fd;k fd çkUr esa 30]000 fgUnw uo;qofr;ksa dks Þyo&ftgknß okyksa us vius I;kj&pDdj esa Qk¡ldj eqfLye cuk fy;k gSA ,slk gh çpkj dsjy esa Hkh 'kq: fd;k tk pqdk FkkA dsjy dh mPp vnkyr us bldh tk¡p ds vkns’k fn,] exj iqfyl dks ,sls fdlh Hkh ftgkn dk dksbZ ,d lcwr Hkh ugha feyk] urhtru mPp vnkyr us tk¡p dks can djk fn;kA exj U;k;ifydk esa Hkh la?kh çpkj dh ?kqliSB gS] ftldk lcwr dukZVd mPp vnkyr us fn;kA 2010 esa ;gk¡ ,d 23 o"khZ; fgUnw yM+dh ds ekeys esa] ftlus ,d eqfLye yM+ds ls 'kknh djds /keZifjorZu dj fy;k Fkk] QSlyk lquk;k fd yM+dh dks mlds ekrk&firk ds gokys fd;k tk, vkSj lkFk esa ;g Hkh dgk fd ml yM+dh dk eqfLye yM+ds ls 'kknh djuk rFkk /keZifjorZu djuk vkSjrksa dh lqj{kk ds ekeys esa ns’kLrjh; egÙkk okyk elyk gS] lkFk gh vkSjrksa ds O;kikj dk ekeyk Hkh gSA ckn esa dukZVd iqfyl dh tk¡p ls irk pyk fd la?k ds Qklhoknh fxjksg fgUnw tutkx`fr lfefr us ftl le;&vof/k ds nkSjku 30]000 fgUnw yM+fd;ksa ds xqe gksus dk çpkj fd;k gS] ml le;&vof/k esa ,slh flQZ 404 yM+fd;k¡ xqe gqbaZ vkSj muesa ls 332 dks iqfyl us <w¡<+ fudkykA iqfyl dh tk¡p ls ;g Hkh lkeus vk;k fd buesa ls T;knkrj ekeyksa esa fgUnw yM+fd;k¡ fgUnw yM+dksa ls 'kknh djus ds fy, ?kj ls xbZ FkhaA exj la?kh Qklhoknh rks fgVyj ds çpkj eU=h xks;cs Yl ds ijeHkä gS]a blfy, mUgksaus viuk >wBk çpkj u flQZ dukZVd esa tkjh j[kk] cfYd bls vkSj jkT;ksa esa QSyk;k Hkh gSA egkjk"Vª ds ukfld rFkk /kqys ds bykdksa esa la?k ls tqM+s ctjax ny rFkk vU; laxBuksa dk nkok gS fd fiNys ,d lky esa mUgksaus 4000 ÞHkVdß xbZ fgUnw yM+fd;ksa dks Þyo&ftgknß ds pqaxy ls vktkn djk;k gSA bu laxBuksa ds dk;ZdrkZ txg&txg QSys jgrs gSa vkSj vius&vius bykds esa gksus okyh fdlh Hkh vUrj

fnlEcj&2013

/kkfeZd 'kknh] fo’ks"k rkSj ij eqfLye yM+ds rFkk fgUnw yM+dh ds chp gksus okyh 'kkfn;ksa ij utj j[krs gSaA ,slk gksus ij os yM+dh ds ek¡&cki ls laidZ djrs gSa vkSj mudks 'kknh jksdus ds fy, eukrs gSa] ;g xq.Mk fxjksg yM+dh ds ek¡&cki dks 'kknh #dokus ds fy, dSls eukrk gksxk] ;g le>k gh tk ldrk gSA ;g yksx d‚ystksa rFkk vU; txgksa ij fgUnw yM+fd;ksa ij utj j[krs gSa vkSj fdlh yM+dh dk eqfLye yM+ds ls çse dk ekeyk lkeus vkus ij ml yM+dh dks Þle>krsß gSa vkSj ml yM+dh ds ?kj tkdj ifjokj okyksa ls yM+dh dks jksdus ds fy, dgrs gS a A ;s fxjks g mu eksVjlkbfdyksa ij Hkh utj j[krs gSa ftu ij yM+ds ds ihNs yM+dh cSBh gksA ;g yksx eksVjlkbfdy dk uacj ysdj LFkkuh; VªkaliksVZ n¶rj ls ;g irk djrs gSa fd eksVjlkbfdy fgUnw dh gS ;k eqfLye dh] vkSj vxj eksVjlkbfdy eqfLye dh gS rks mlds ihNs cSBh yM+dh fgUnw gh gksxh! budk ;g Hkh dguk gS fd VªkaliksVZ n¶rj ds yksx cgqr Þennß djrs gSaA ljdkjh rU= esa laf?k;ksa dh ?kqliSB dgk¡ rd gS] ;g bldh ,d vkSj felky gSA ;g fcydqy vk’p;Ztud ugha fd xqtjkr naxksa ds oä naxkb;ksa ds ikl eqlyekuksa dh nqdkuksa rFkk ?kjksa dh iwjh fyLV ekStwn FkhA vk’p;Z dh ckr ;g Hkh gS fd dukZVd vkSj dsjy esa Þyo ftgknß ds fojks/k esa bZlkbZ /keZ ds iknjh Hkh laf?k;ksa ds lqj esa lqj feyk jgs gSa] gkyk¡fd dukZVd mu jkT;ksa esa ls gS tgk¡ la?kh Qklhokfn;ksa ds fxjksgksa us bZlkbZ yksxksa ds f[kykQ lc ls T;knk fgalk QSykbZ gSA dsjy esa rks dqN lky igys ogk¡ ds eq[;ea=h vP;qrkuUnu Hkh laf?k;ksa ds lqj esa lqj feykus yxs FksA Þyo ftgknß dk ekeyk flQZ eqlyekuksa ds f[kykQ çpkj dk gh ekeyk ugha gS] vly esa iwjs lekt esa vkSjr&fojks/kh lkeUrh lksp dks c<+kok nsus dk Hkh ekeyk gSA blfy, Þyo ftgknß ds ekeys esa os 'kfä;k¡ ,d gh txg vk [kM+h gqbZ gSa tks vkSjrksa }kjk viuh ftanxh ds QSlys [kqn ysus ds (36)


tuoknh vf/kdkj dks fdlh lwjr esa u ekuus ij rqyh gqbZ gSaA gSjkuh dh ckr rks ;g gS fd dukZVd dh vnkyr rd nks ;qokvksa ds fookg djus ds QSlys dks ekU;rk ugha nsrh gS tks fd mudk laoS/kkfud rFkk tuoknh vf/kdkj gS vkSj lkFk gh bl vnkyr us fdlh Hkkjrh; ukxfjd ds fdlh Hkh /keZ dks ekuus ;k u ekuus ds vf/kdkj dh ljsvke /kfTt;k¡ mM+kbZ gSAa ftl vnkyr dks lafo/kku dh j{kk djuh pkfg,] ogh dkuwu ds f[kykQ QSlys lquk jgh gSA blls irk pyrk gS fd lkeUrh ewY;&ekU;rk,¡ Hkkjrh; lekt esa fdruh xgjkbZ rd iSBh gqbZ gSa vkSj Qklhoknh /kkfeZ d&iq #"k opZ Looknh 'kfä;ksa dk lkekftd vk/kkj fdruk cM+k g S A ;g 'kfä;k¡ uk flQZ ckfyx ;qod&;qofr;ksa }kjk viuh ftanxh ds QSlys [kqn djus ds vf/kdkj dks ekuus ds fy, rS;kj ugha] cfYd ;s vkSjrksa ds cPpk iSnk djus lEcU/ kh vf/kdkj dks Hkh ugha ekuuk pkgrhaA budh lksp vkSjr dks cPpk iSnk djus okyh e’khu le>us dh gh gS tks iwjh rjg ls iq#"k ds vuqlkj iq#"k dh ethZ ls cPps iSnk djsA vly esa bu yksxksa ds fy, vkSjr ;k rks iq#"k] ifjokj ;k /keZ dh bTtr ls tqM+h dksbZ ^pht* gS] ;k fQj Hkksxus dh] enZ dh ;kSu&v¸;k’kh dh pht gS] vkSj ;k fQj cPps iSnk djus dh e’khuA blls T;knk Qklhoknh] /kkfeZd dê~VjiaFkh rFkk iq#"k&opZLooknh lksp gh D;k ldrs gSa] pkgs os fdlh Hkh /keZ] ns’k] bykds ds gksaA fgVyj ds ukth Hkh ;gh lksprs Fks] muds fy, vkSjrsa flQZ Å¡ph vk;Z tkfr dh la[;k c<+kus dk ,d tfj;k Fkha vkSj viuh bl lksp dks ykxw djus ds fy, ukft;ksa us vkSjrksa ij D;k&D;k tqYe fd,] ;g ,d vyx dgkuh gSA vc FkksMk+ la?kh fczxM s ds tula[;k foKku ij Hkh utj Mkyrs gSaA ;g fiNys ,d&nks n’kd esa lkeus vk;k ÞHkxokß foKku ugha gSA ,d lnh igys 1909 esa iatkc fgUnw egklHkk ds lg&laLFkkid ;-u- eq[kthZ us ,d fdrkc fy[k dj la?k ds tula[;k foKku dk fl)kUr is’k fd;k Fkk] ftlds vuqlkj ns’k esa eqfLye yksx T;knk cPps iSnk djds fgUnqvksa ls viuh tula[;k vf/kd djus okys gSa vkSj bl rjg cgqr

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

tYnh gh eqlyeku Hkkjr ij dCtk dj ysaxsA eq[kthZ dk ÞfoKkuß rks le; ds lkFk vkSa/ks eq¡g fxj pqdk gS exj mlds iSjksdkjksa us bl foKku dk çpkj ugha NksMk+ gSA la?k ds rktk Þyo&ftgknß okys >wBs çpkj dh vlfy;r rks ge ns[k gh pqds gSaA vc buds nwljs rdksaZ dh ckr djrs gSa ftudk Hkkjr ds vPNs&[kkls fgLls ij vlj gS] ftlesa vke etnwj&xjhc yksxksa ds vykok e/;oxhZ; rFkk cqf)thoh rcds ds cgqrsjs yksx Hkh 'kkfey gSaA laf?k;ksa }kjk lcls T;knk is’k fd;k tkus okyk rdZ ;g gS fd eqlyeku iq#"k 3&3] 4&4 vkSjrksa ls 'kknh djrs gSa] blfy, eqfLye T;knk cPps iSnk djrs gSaA ;g ,dne ew[kZrkiw.kZ ckr gSA ç—fr esa yM+dk vkSj yM+dh ds iSnk gksus dk vuqikr 51 yM+fd;ksa ds ihNs 49 yM+ds gaS] eryc yxHkx 50&50 çfr’krA blfy, fdlh leqnk; esa cPps iSnk gksus dh nj eksVs rkSj ij ml leqnk; esa cPpk iSnk djus dh mez okyh vkSjrksa dh la[;k ij fuHkZj djrh gSA nwljk] vxj fdlh leqnk; esa ,d vkneh pkj vkSjrksa ls 'kknh djrk gS rks rhu vknfe;ksa dks 'kknh ds fcuk jguk gksxkA bl rjg cPpk iSnk djus ds fy, cuus okys tksMk+ as dh la[;k mruh gh jgsxhA mYVk vxj ,d vkneh pkj&pkj vkSjrksa ls 'kknh djrk gS rks cPpk iSnk gksus dh nj ,d vkneh&,d vkSjr okyh 'kkfn;ksa ls de gksxhA vc ns[ksa rF; D;k dgrs gSa\ Hkkjr esa ,d ls T;knk vkSjrksa ls 'kknh djus dk çfr’kr fgUnqvksa esa 5-8 çfr’kr gS] tcfd eqlyekuksa esa 5-73 çfr’kr gSA oSls Hkh vk¡[k dk va/kk vkSj dku ls cgjk vkneh Hkh ;g vkjke ls le> ldrk gS fd vkt ds eg¡xkbZ rFkk csjkstxkjh ds le; esa 4&4 ifRu;k¡ vkSj 25&25 cPps ikyuk fdruk laHko gSA vly esa la?kh Qklhoknh bLyke /keZ esa ,d ls T;knk vkSjrksa ls 'kknh dh vuqefr gksus okyh ckr dks vk/kkj cukdj ;g lkjk >wBk çpkj djrs gSa vkSj rdZ rFkk rF; dh ckr fcydqy ugha djrs D;ksafd ;gh os phtsa gSa tks laf?k;ksa dks uaxk djrh gaSA lHkh /keksaZ esa ,slh vusd ckrsa gSa tks fdlh le; esa gkykr ds dkj.k lekt esa çpfyr gqbZa exj vc çklafxdrk [kks pqdh gSa vkSj vc

fnlEcj&2013

;k rks deZdk.M cu pqdh gSa] ;k fQj ml /keZ ds vehjksa rFkk iq#"k opZLodkjh lksp ds fy, xjhcksa rFkk vkSjrksa ds neu dk gfFk;kj cu pqdh gSaA bLyke esa ,d ls T;knk vkSjrksa ls 'kknh okyh ckr Hkh ,slh gh gSA bldk çpyu laHkor% rc gqvk tc bLyke eq[; :i ls mu dchyksa dk /keZ Fkk tks nwljs dchyksa ls yxkrkj yM+rs jgrs Fks ftlds pyrs dchyksa esa enksaZ dh la[;k vkSjrksa dh la[;k ls de jgrh FkhA blfy, dchys dh tula[;k cuk, j[kus ds fy, ,slk çpyu 'kq: gqvk] exj le; ds lkFk ;g vehjksa ds fy, vkSjrksa dk bLrseky ,s'k djus ds fy, /keZ ls ekU;rk çkIr rjhdk cu x;k vkSj xjhcksa dh vkSjrksa dks vius dCts esa djus dk rjhdk HkhA lkFk esa ;g lekt esa iq#"k opZLodkjh lksp dk ek/;e Hkh cukA fdlh Hkh vkSj /keZ ds iqtkfj;ksa dh rjg] bLyke /keZ ds eqYys Hkh vehjijLr rFkk iq#"k opZLooknh gksus ds dkj.k vHkh Hkh bl /kkfeZd fl)kUr dks cuk, gq, gSa ftldk Qk;nk la?kh Qklhoknh fxjksg eqfLye leqnk; ds f[kykQ uQjr QSykus ds fy, djrs gSaA ;g ,d vkSj mnkgj.k gS ftlls ;g irk pyrk gS fd fdl rjg lHkh /keksaZ ds pkS/kjh vke yksxksa dks yM+kus ds fy, ,d&nwljs dks cgkuk nsrs gSaA nwljk la?kh&ekdkZ ÞrdZß ;g gS fd Hkkjr esa eqlyekuksa dh vkcknh fgUnqvksa ds eqdkcys cgqr T;knk rsth ls c<+ jgh gS] ftlds dkj.k tYnh gh eqlyekuksa dh la[ ;k fgUnqvksa ls c<+ tk,xhA la?kh tula[;k ÞoSKkfudß eqlyekuksa dh vkcknh ds T;knk rsth ls c<+us ds ihNs mudk eqfLye gksuk crkrs gSAa ysfdu blesa foKku vkSj bfrgkl dh le> dk jÙkhHkj va’k Hkh ugha gSA la?k ds yksx bl rF; dks viuh nyhy cukrs gSa fd 1947 esa Hkkjr dh dqy tula[;k esa eqlyekuksa dk çfr’kr 10 Fkk tks vc 14 izfr'kr gks x;k gSA la?kh çpkj&e’khujh iwjs ekeys ds ,d NksVs ls va’k dks is’k djds yksxksa dh vk¡[kksa esa /kwy >ksaduk pkgrh gS ysfdu iwjk lp budks uaxk dj nsrk gSA lcls igys ;g ns[ksa fd ekuork ds bfrgkl esa tula[;k dc&dc c<+h gS\ tc Hkh ekuork us viuh mRiknu dh 'kfä;ksa esa xq.kkRed fodkl fd;k gS] (37)


rc&rc tula[;k esa ,dne ls o`f) gqbZ gSA çkphu le; esa] tc vkneh us [ksrh djuk lh[k fy;k vkSj og ,d txg fVd dj jgus yxk rks tula[;k esa ,dne o`f) gqbZA blh rjg vxj ge fudV vrhr dh ckr djsa] rks tc ekuork us iw¡thoknh nkSj esa dne j[kk rFkk vkS|ksfxd ØkfUr ds pyrs mRiknu dh 'kfä;ksa esa vHkwriwoZ fodkl gqvk] rc ;wjksi dh vkcknh esa rhoz c<+kŸs kjh gqbAZ mnkgj.k ds fy,] 1700&1900 ds chp fczVsu dh vkcknh pkj xq.kk ls Hkh T;knk c<+ xbZ Fkh vkSj fcYdqy ;gh vkS|ksfxd ØkfUr dk le; FkkA blds ckn tSls lekt vkfFkZd rkSj ij igys ls le`) gqvk] f’k{kk vkSj LokLF; lqfo/kkvksa dk fodkl gqvk] egkekfj;ksa ,oa vdkyksa dk [krjk feV x;k] vkneh dk thou vf/kd fuf’pr gks x;k vkSj lekt dk lkaL—frd Lrj Åij mBk rks tula[;k esa c<+ksŸkjh gksuh #d xbZA vktdy ;wjksi dh vkcknh fLFkj gS vkSj dqN ns’kksa esa rks vkcknh de gks jgh gSA ;wjksi esa igys Hkh bZlkbZ /keZ eq[; Fkk vkSj vkt Hkh gS] ysfdu tula[;k igys rsth ls c<+h vkSj fQj /khjs&/khjs fLFkj gks xbZA Hkkjr esa dbZ çkUrksa tSls iatkc] rfeyukMq] dsjy] tEew&d’ehj vkfn esa Hkh tula[;k fLFkj gks pqdh gS tgk¡ igys rsth ls tula[;k c<+h Fkh] exj bu çkUrksa esa eq[; /keZ vkt Hkh ogh gSa tks igys FksA [kSj] ,sls mnkgj.kksa dh deh ugha gSA ;g iwjh rjg lkQ gS fd tula[;k ds c<+us dk /keZ ls dksbZ ysuk&nsuk ugha gSA tula[;k esa c<+ksŸkjh rFkk fLFkjrk ;k de gksuk eq[; :i ls fdlh lekt ds vkfFkZd fodkl ij fuHkZj djrk gSA dqN vkSj vk¡dM+s ns[krs gSaA tEew&d’ehj esa eq[; /keZ bLyke gSa] ysfdu ;gk¡ tula[;k vc yxHkx fLFkj gSA dsjy esa eqlyekuksa dh tula[;k nwljs yksxksa dh tula[;k dh rjg gh fLFkj gSA ogha vxj ge fcgkj vkSj mÙkj çns’k dh rjQ ns[ksa] rks ogk¡ tula[;k vHkh Hkh rsth ls c<+ jgh gS] gkyk¡fd c<+ksŸkjh dh nj esa deh vkbZ gSA iwjs ns’k esa tula[;k c<+ksŸkjh esa deh dh nj ns[ksa] rks fgUnqvksa ds eqdkcys eqlyekuksa esa ;g nj T;knk gSA cPpk iSnk djus ;ksX; gj vkSjr vius thou esa vkSlru fdrus cPpksa dks tUe nsxh] bldks dqy

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

çtuu nj ¼Vh-,Q-vkj-½ dgk tkrk gSA jk"Vªh; ifjokj ,oa LokLF; losZ{k.k dh fjiksVZ ds vuqlkj 1993&94 ls 1998&99 ds chp] eqlyekuksa esa dqy çtuu nj jsV 4-41 ls ?kVdj 3-59 gks xbZ] eryc 0-82 dh deh] tcfd blh le; esa fgUnqvksa esa ;gh nj 3-2 ls ?kVdj 2-78 gks xbZ] eryc 0-52 dh dehA 2001 dh tux.kuk ds vuqlkj] dqy çtuu nj eqlyekuksa esa 306 ¼nsgkr esa 3-52] 'kgj esa 2-29½ gS] tcfd fgUnqvksa esa 2-47 ¼nsgkr esa 2-77] 'kgj esa 172½ gSA ;g ,d vkSj fnypLi ckr gS fd 'kgjksa ds eqlyekuksa esa dqy çtuu nj ¼Vh-,Q-vkj-½ xk¡o ds fgUnqvksa ls de gS! bldk dkj.k ;gh gS fd 'kgjksa esa nsgkrksa ds eqdkcys vkfFkZd fodkl mPprj gksrk gS] f’k{kk rFkk LokLF; lqfo/kk csgrj gksrh gS] xHkZfujks/kd rjhdksa dh miyC/krk rFkk tkudkjh vf/kd gksrh gS vkSj lkaL—frd Lrj Å¡pk gksrk gSA ;gh ckr vUrjkZ"Vªh; Lrj ij Hkh ykxw gksrh gSA baMksusf’k;k] bZjku] ckaXykns’k rFkk ikfdLrku lHkh eqfLye ns’k gSa ysfdu baMksusf’k;k esa dqy çtuu nj 2001 ls igys gh 2-5 ls uhps vk xbZ Fkh vkSj bZjku esa ;g nj vc 1-8 gS] tcfd ckaXykns’k rFkk ikfdLrku esa ;g nj vHkh Hkh 3 ds vkl&ikl gSA Li"V gS fd tula[;k c<+us esa /keZ dh dksbZ Hkwfedk ugha gS] ysfdu tks dke Hkkjr esa la?k djrk gS] ogh dke vUrjkZ"Vªh; Lrj ij bZlkbZ dêjiUFkh rFkk lkezkT;oknh ehfM;k djrk gSA vDlj yksxksa esa ;g Hkze jgrk gS fd tula[;k flQZ T;knk cPps iSnk gksus ls c<+rh gSA ;g Åijh vkSj lrgh ckr gS] vly esa ,slk ugha gSA vxj tUe rFkk e`R;q nj ,d tSlh gks rks tula[;k fLFkj jgrh gSA vxj] e`R;q nj tUe nj ds eqdkcys T;knk rsth ls de gks tk,] rks tula[;k rsth ls c<+rh gSA Hkkjr esa Hkh tula[;k c<+us ds ihNs ;gh dkj.k gSA tUe nj esa dkQh deh gks tkus ds ckn Hkh Hkkjr esa tula[;k c<+ jgh gS ¼oSls ;g c<+ksÙkjh Hkh dkQh ?kV xbZ gS½ D;ksafd e`R;q nj] [kkl rkSj ij ik¡p rFkk ,d lky ls de mez ds cPpksa dh e`R;q nj esa deh vkbZ gSA Hkkjr esa eqlyekuksa esa tUe nj pkgs fgUnqvksa ds eqdkcys vHkh Hkh dqN T;knk gS]

fnlEcj&2013

ysfdu eqlyekuksa dh tula[;k fgUnqvksa ls T;knk rsth ¼oSls ;g ÞT;knk rsthß cgqr T;knk ugha gS tSlk fd la?k ds ÞoSKkfudksaß dks yxrk gS½ ls c<+us ds ihNs ;gh ,d dkj.k ugha gSA Hkkjr esa eqlyekuksa esa ,d lky ls de mez ds cPpksa dh e`R;q nj 59 gS ¼jk"Vªh; ifjokj ,oa LokLF; losZ{k.k&2] 1998&99½] tcfd fgUnqvksa esa ;gh nj 77 gSA blh rjg] ik¡p lky ls de mez esa cPpksa dh e`R;q nj eqlyekuksa esa 83 ¼jk"Vªh; ifjokj ,oa LokLF; losZ{k.k] 1998&99½ gS tcfd fgUnqvksa esa ;gh nj 107 gSA eqlyekuksa esa cPpksa dh e`R;q nj de gksus ds ihNs laHkor% eqlyekuksa esa ek¡lkgkjh Hkkstu dk çpyu gksuk gSA eqlyekuksa esa dqy e`R;q nj Hkh de gS] fgUnqvksa esa ;g nj 8-1 ¼1991&2001½ Fkh] tcfd blh le; eqlyekuksa esa ;g nj 71 FkhA ,d vkSj ckr] eqlyekuksa esa fyax vuqikr ¼çfr ,d gtkj vknfe;ksa dh rqyuk esa vkSjrksa dh la[;k½ fgUnqvksa ls csgrj gSA bldk dkj.k fgUnqvksa esa yM+fd;ksa dks tUe ls igys gh ;k tUe ds rqjra ckn ekjus dh ijEijk Hkh gSA vc ;g ckr fd eqfLye yksxksa ds cPps de ejrs gSa] muesa yM+fd;ksa dks xHkZ esa gh ;k tUers gh ekj nsus dh ?kVuk,¡ de gS]a mudk Hkkstu vf/kd ikSf"Vd gS] fdlh dks eqlyekuksa dk dlwj fn[krk gS rks og flQZ ew[kZ gks ldrk gS ;k fQj la?k dk lnL;A tula[;k esa euq";ksa ds ejus dh nj de gksus ls cqtqxZ yksxksa dh la[;k Hkh c<+us yxrh gS] ;g Hkh tula[;k c<+kŸs kjh dk ,d dkj.k gksrk gSA vc D;ksfa d eqlyekuksa esa e`R;q nj de gS] blfy, muesa cqtqxZ vkcknh Hkh T;knk gh gksxhA jk"Vªh; Lo;alos d la?k rFkk blls tqM+s vU; laxBu] vkSj lkFk gh cgqr lkjs vU; fgUnwoknh laxBu tSls f’kolsuk vkfn vDlj ;g çpkj djrs gSa fd eqfLye yksx tkucw> dj cPps iSnk djuk ugha jksdrsA bl ckr esa Hkh fdruh lPpkbZ gS] vkb, ns[krs gSaA Hkkjr ds eqfLye yksxksa esa xHkZ fujks/k dk bLrseky djus okyksa dk çfr’kr fgUnqvksa ds eqdkcys fQygky dqN de gS] ysfdu flQZ 2 izfr'kr Hkkjrh; ,sls gSa tks fdlh /keZ esa vkLFkk gksus ds pyrs xHkZ fujks/kd bLrseky ugha djrs ¼jk"Vªh; ifjokj ,oa LokLF; losZ{k.k½] vkSj blesa Hkh lHkh (38)


flQZ eqfLye ugha cfYd vU; /keksaZ ds ekuus okys Hkh gSaA eqfLye vkSjrksa esa ,slh vkSjrksa dh fxurh 22 izfr'kr gS tks xHkZ fujks/kd bLrseky djuk pkgrh gSa] ysfdu mudks buds ckjs esa iwjh tkudkjh ugha gS ;k fQj mudks miyC/k ugha gSA fgUnqvksa esa ,slh vkSjrksa dk vuqikr 15 izfr'kr gSA eqlyekuksa esa tks fookfgr tksMs+ vkjth xHkZ fujks/kd rjhds bLrseky dj jgs gSa] muesa ls yxHkx vk/ks çkbosV nqdkuksa ls [kjhn dj vkSj vk/ks ljdkjh lIykbZ ls ysdj bLrseky dj jgs gSa] tcfd fgUnqvksa esa 35 izfr'kr gh tksM+s ,sls gSa tks çkbosV nqdkuksa ls vkjth xHkZ fujks / kd [kjhnrs gS a

¼b.Vjus’kuy baLVhVîwV Q‚j i‚iqys’ku lkbalst ,aM eSØks b.Vjus’kuy 2000& 159½A xHkZfujks/k ds LFkkbZ rjhds tSls ulcanh vkfn ds ekeys esa Hkh ,slk gh gSA bldk lkQ eryc gS fd eqlyekuksa esa ifjokj fu;kstu viukus ds fy, dksbZ Hkh /kkfeZd iwokZxzg ugha gS] mYVk eqfLye fookfgr tksM+s blds fy, rS;kj gSa ysfdu mu rd ljdkjh LokLF; çksxzkeksa dh igq¡p de gSA nwljk] eqlyekuksa esa lk{kjrk de gS vkSj fiNM+kiu Hkh T;knk gSA urhtru] og tkudkjh gkfly djus esa fiNM+ tkrs gSaA jk"Vªh; ifjokj ,oa LokLF; losZ{k.k 1 vkSj 2 ds vuqlkj o"kZ 1992&93 ls 1998&99

ds chp xHkZfujks/kd bLrseky djus okyh vkSjrksa dh la[;k eqlyekuksa esa 9-6 izfr'kr c<+h] tcfd fgUnqvksa esa bl c<+ksŸkjh dh nj 7-6 izfr'kr jghA dqy&feykdj] ;gh gS laf?k;ksa ds tula[;k ÞfoKkuß dh vlfy;r] ftldks vk/kkj cukdj bu xq .Mk fxjksg ksa us Þyo&ftgknß dh fQYeh dgkuh x<+ j[kh gS vkSj ns’k ds vke yksxksa esa ,d&nwljs ds f[kykQ uQjr Hkjus ds fy, bLrseky dj jgs gSAa Qklhokfn;ksa ls vkSj mEehn Hkh D;k gks ldrh gS flok; >wB] >wB vkSj >wB ds!

lkHkkj % etnwj fcxqy

ujsæa eksnh bl yk;d ugha gSa fd mUgsa fganLq rku dk othjs vkT+ke cuk;k tk, lHkh vejhdh fgUnqLrkfu;ksa dk dguk Fkk fd ujsaæ eksnh bl yk;d ugha gSa fd mUgsa fganqLrku dk othjs vkT+ke cuk;k tk,] ;g ckr vejhdk esa ,d tyls dks f[krkc djrs gq, laln lnL; eksgEen vnhc ls fganqLrkuh vejhfd;ksa us dgkA Hkktik ls othj&,&vkte ds mEehnokj o xqtjkr ds othjs vkyk ujsaæ eksnh ds f[kykQ etcwrh ls vkokt cqyan djus okys laln lnL; eksgEen vnhc us vejhdk esa jgus okys fgUnqLrkfu;ksa ls f[krkc djrs gq, mUgsa ;dhu fnyk;k fd fganqLrku ,d lsD;qyj vkSj tEgwjh eqYd gSA tgk¡ fQjdk ijLrksa ds fy, dksbZ txg ugha gS] fygktk ge fganqLrku ds lsD;qyj voke dh rjQ ls ;g ;dhu fnykrs gSa fd 2014 esa ujsaæ eksnh dks f’kdLr gksxh vkSj eqYd

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

esa lsD;qyj utfj, dh gqdew r dk;e gksxhA [k;ky jgs fd eksgEen vnhc 20 vDVwcj ls 15 fnuksa ds fy, vejhdh nkSjs ij gSa vkSj og 5 uoacj dks oru okil ykSVsaxsA og fganqLrkuh uqekbans dh gSfl;r ls la;qä jk"Vª la?k dh tujy vlsacyh esa f’kjdr ds fy, x, gSaA tujy vlsacyh ds vius f[krkc esa D;wck ds Åij yxkbZ xbZ ikcUnh dk iqjtksj eqrkyck fd;kA mUgksaus la;qä jk"Vª la?k ds vykok dbZ cM+s tylksa esa f’kjdr dh vkSj mUgksaus dgk fd vejhdk esa jgus okys fgUnqLrkfu;ksa dks bl ckr dh fQØ gSa fd ujsaæ eksnh tSls 'k[l dks fganqLrku dh ftEesnkjh lkSai nh xbZ rks bl lsD;qyj eqYd dk D;k gksxkA mUgksaus dgk fd vejhdh fgUnqLrkfu;ksa dk ;g ekuuk gS

fnlEcj&2013

fd lsD;qyj utfj;k j[kus okys yksxksa dks cgqr lksp le> dj QSlyk djuk pkfg,A la;qä jk"Vª la?k dh tujy vlsacyh ls eq[kkfrc gksrs gq, mUgksaus dgk fd D;wck ij vejhdk us bZjku dh gh rtZ ij xqft'rk 21 o"kksaZ ls vkfFkZd ikcUnh yxk j[kh gS ftldh otg ls ogk¡ dh vFkZ O;oLFkk ds gkykr cnrj gSaA vnhc us dgk fd vejhdk dh rjQ ls vken dh xbZ ikcUnh cscqfu;kn o xyr gS] fygktk mls [kRe fd;k tkuk pkfg,A la;qä jk"Vª la?k ds f[krkc ds ckn mUgksaus vejhdh fgUnqLrkfu;ksa ds tfj, MsYl eqf’kxu o u‚FkZ jsys esa dbZ tylksa dks f[krkc fd;kA blh Øe esa U;w tlhZ o ckYVheksj esa dbZ tylksa esa Hkh f’kjdr dhA &lzks= % badykc (39)


tkuk ,d ;ks)k dk--fgUnh iV~Vh csjge vkSj de xfr’khy jgh gSA ;g vkjksi eSa cd jgk gw¡ ;k e<+ jgk gw¡ vkSj og Hkh vius ij rks ;g ,d lpsr rFkk ltx vkjksi gSA lkfgR; dks i<+rs&i<+krs] lqurs&xqurs yxkrkj lkfgR; ls T;knk lkfgR;dkj dk thou vkSj mldh =kln fLFkfr;k¡ dkuksa esa ctrh jgrh gSaA tc rd O;fDr thfor jgrk gS rc rd mlds ekjus ds rjg&rjg ds iz;kl ;Fkk pqIih ls ysdj pfj= guu rd vuojr tkjh j[krs gSa vkSj ejus ds ckn ^#nkyh* cudj L;kik djuk 'kq: dj nsrs gSaA egku ?kksf"kr djrs gSa] ewfrZ;k¡ x<+rs gSa] fdLls x<+rs gSa] ,slh ph[k&iqdkj epkrs gSa ftlesa jpukdkj dk ewy Loj nc tkrk gSA ^gksrk gS 'kcks jkst rek’kk esjs vkxs*A dchj] fujkyk] eqfDr cks/k] xksj[k ik.Ms; vkSj u tkus fdrus------A ubZ ckr lquuk] ubZ rjg ls lkspuk] fopkj djuk] jhfr&fjoktksa esa gsj&Qsj djuk] cuh gqbZ yhd ls ckgj tkuk tSls geus lh[kk gh ughaA ft,¡xs 21oha 'krkCnh esa jks,¡xs 14oha 'krkCnh ds fy,A rsth ls cnyrh nqfu;k ls 14oha vkSj 21oha 'krkCnh ds chp esy cSBkdj ik[k.M iw.kZ thou&thus dh vn~Hkqr lk/kuk ge fgUnh okyksa dh egku dyk gSA ,sls esa tc dksbZ rudj [kM+k gksrk gS] ik[k.M [k.Mu djrk gSa rks thrs th rks ge Lohdkj ugha djrs vkSj ejus ds ckn mldh ewfrZ cukdj mlds fopkjksa dks ekjus ds ;Ru esa tqV tkrs gSaA lp esa bl 'kksd dky esa vkse iz d k’k ckYehfd ds ckjs esa dq N Hkh dgus&fy[kus ij fny vkSj dye dk¡i jgs gSa fd ogh lc rks eSa Hkh fy[k jgk gw¡ ;k dj jgk gw¡ tks eq>s dHkh Hkh jkl ugha vk;kA ysfdu dkejsM lqeu dk vkxzg--vkSj jhfr ds vuqlkj nks 'kCn------A

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

vkse izdk’k ^ckYehfd* ls ifjp;&igpku 1991 ds vkl&ikl gks xbZ FkhA 1997&98 rd ejkBh ls ysdj fgUnh nfyr lkfgR; ls Bhd Bkd ifjp;

gks x;k FkkA y[kuÅ esa m0iz0 fgUnh laLFkku esa tu laLd`fr eap }kjk vk;ksftr igyh cM+h xks"Bh FkhA ftlesa dkejsM fouksn feJk Hkh FksA d¡oy Hkkjrh] ';ksjkt flag ^^cspSu** vkSj eksgu uSfe"k jk; cksy!s blh chp ^dQu* dgkuh dh ^ckYehfd* }kjk leh{kk vkbZ vkSj izxfr’khy ykssx fpYyk mBsA izsepUnz lkfgR; laLFkku] xksj[kiqj dk eSa rc dke ns[k jgk FkkA lnkuan 'kkgh ls ckr&phr gqbZ vkSj ,d cM+s lsehukj dh ;kstuk cuhA vkse izdk’k ckYehfd ugha vk ik, FksA mn~?kkVu Hkk"k.k vkSj nwljs l= ds chp ls ukeoj th dk pys tkuk nfyr ys[kdksa dks [kyk] vk;kstu lfefr rFkk laLFkku lfpo gksus ds ukrs eq>s cksyuk iM+kA ysfdu czkã.kokn ds x<+ xksj[kiqj fo0fo0 iz{s kkx`g esa tks ppkZ gqbZ og vHkwriwoZ FkhA tc iqLrd vkuh gqbZ rks ^dQu* dh leh{kk ij lnkuan 'kkgh us tokc fy[kkA vuqifLFkr gksrs gq, Hkh ckYehfd dk fo’ys"k.k lsehukj

fnlEcj&2013

&jkts’ k eYy esa Nk;k jgk vkSj rcls xaxk esa cgqr lkjk ikuh cg x;kA ^twBu* vkbZ ppkZ gqbZA ^’kfn;ksa dk larki* ds dfo dgkuhdkj ls ifjp; c<+kA daoy Hkkjrh] ';ksjkt flag th ls FkksM+h fudVrk Hkh cuh] ckn esa fdlkuksa ds uke ls tqVkA vfLerk foe’kZ ls dUuh dkVk] ysfdu fueZe le; us----iqu% ,d ckj nfyr lkfgR; rFkk nfyr ys[ku ds lkSUn;Z fo/kku ds jpf;rk ckYehfd dk ;w¡ tkuk-----A losZ’k us [kcj nh Fkh fd os Bhd gks x, gaS] nsgjknwu pys x, gSa---vkSj vpkud------xq:oj ijekuUn JhokLro ds tkus ds 'kksd esa Mwck ^fcTth* dk vk?kkr vkSj fQj ckYehfd thA dgkfu;k¡] dfork,¡] vkys[k vkSj vkRedFkk vkse izdk’k ^ckYehfd* ds l`tu deZ ds :i fo/kku gSaA ysfdu lkjs :i esa ,d gh fny /kM+drk gSA ,d gh larIr jDr /kkjk cgrh gSA czkã.kokn vkSj o.kZ O;oLFkk ds ik[k.M ls mitk nnZ dk jkxA nq%[k dh ,d ^Hkko/kkjk*A dHkh xkfyc us dgk Fkk& ^jxkas esa nkSM+rs fQjus ds ge ugha dk;y] tks vk¡[k gh ls u Vids rks fQj ygw D;k gSA vk¡[k ls Vidus okyk yg+w ^ckYehfd* dh l`tu dk cht Hkko gSA cs ykSl lqyxrh fopkj i)fr us mUgsa izpfyr lkfgR; ehekalk /kkjk ds fo#) vizfre ;ks)k cuk;kA nfyr lkfgR; /kkjk dk yxHkx dsUnzh; u lgh vxz iafDr dk fgjkoy cuk fn;kA mudh jpukvksa ds fdlh xEHkhj fo’ys"k.k dk ;g u le; gS] u voljA ysfdu izpfyr /kkjk ds fo#) mudh oSpkfjdh] laosnuk vkSj mudk l`tu /khjs&/khjs vkSj egRoiw.kZ gksxkA esjh ,slh le>nkjh gSA o.kZ&tkfr ds fueZe <k¡ps esa tdM+s Hkkjrh; lekt dh laosnuk dks ,d ckj ^ckYehfd* us vkUnksfyr fd;kA vkus okys le; esa tc Hkh ge bl fueZe O;oLFkk ds fo#) [kM+s gksaxs&yM+saxs rks ^ckYehfd* dh jpuk,¡ gekjk gfFk;kj gkasxhA ^/kkjnkj* ^gfFk;kj*A eks0 % 09919218089z (40)


ckjkcadh bZVa m|ksx Hkwyhxat] tSniqj] ckjkcadh

izks0 gkth tehy eksckby % 9415090339

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

fnlEcj&2013

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if'pe caxky % vijk/k dk egkdkO; &txnh'oj prqosZnh if’pe caxky esa bu fnuksa vkijkf/kd jktuhfr us lewps thou ij idM+ iq[rk dj yh gSA oke 'kkludky ds vkf[kjh fnuksa esa ;g flyflyk vkjaHk gqvk FkkA rhu lky igys yksx lksp jgs Fks fd oke’kklu ds pys tkus ds ckn jkT; esa 'kkafr vkSj lH;rk dk 'kklu ykSVx s k ysfdu ,slk ugha gqvkA eerk ljdkj ds vkus ds ckn ls vkijkf/kd jktuhfrd geys rst gq, gSAa fojksf/k;ksa dks usLrukcwn djus ;k fQj ny NksMd + j 'kkldny dk fgLlk cuus dk ncko cgqr rst gSA lekt esa cps jguk gS rks 'kkld ny ds lkFk jguk gksxkA ;g /kkj.kk ,d tekus esa okenyks]a [kkldj ekdik us fufeZr dh FkhA mu yksxksa dk dksbZ lkekftd otwn Lohdkj ugha fd;k tkrk Fkk tks oke ;kuh ekdik ds lkFk ugha gksrs FksA Bhd ;gh i)fr eerk ljdkj vkSj muds ny r`.kewy dkaxl sz us 'kgjksa ls ysdj xk¡oksa rd ykxw dj nh gSA dbZ ek;uksa esa r`.kewy dkaxl sz us ekdik dks Hkh ihNs NksM+ fn;k gSA gky gh esa ,d okfd;k lkeus vk;k gS tks pkSd a kus okyk gSA uoHkkjr VkbEl us fy[kk gS] iapk;r pquko esa gkj dk cnyk ysus ds fy, r`.kewy dkaxl sz ¼Vh,elh½ ds usrk ds csVs us lhih,e usrk dh 14 o"khZ; Hkrhth dk vigj.k dj mls fnYyh esa th-ch- jksM fLFkr dksBs ij csp fn;kA nks eghus dh dSn ds ckn yM+dh fjgk djkbZ xbZA yM+dh us iqfyl dks crk;k fd nks eghus igys mls osLV caxky ds 24 ijxuk ftys ls Vh-,e-lh- usrk dk csVk vxok dj fnYyh yk;k FkkA ml ;qod us ;gk¡ yM+dh dks csp fn;k FkkA blds ckn ls gh yM+dh ls dbZ ckj jsi fd;k x;kA yM+dh us iqfyl dks ;g Hkh crk;k fd mlds pkpk lh-ih-,e- ds usrk gSAa xzke iapk;r ds pquko esa muds lkeus Vh-,e-lh- usrk dks gkj dk lkeuk djuk iM+k FkkA blds ckn cnyk ysus dh uh;r ls lh-ih-,e- usrk dh Hkrhth ls ;g okjnkr dh xbZA osLV caxky iqfyl esa yM+dh ds vigj.k dk dsl ntZ gSA yM+dh us iqfyl dks crk;k fd ,d fnu mlds ikl yk, x, dLVej dks mlus vius firk dk Qksu uacj nsdj vkichrh lqukbZA ml ;qod us yM+dh ds firk dks Qksu dj fn;kA vxok csVh dk lqjkx feyrs gh fiNys g¶rs mlds firk fnYyh vk, vkSj deyk ekdsVZ iqfyl ds lkFk th-ch- jksM ds dksBs ij igqp ¡ As iqfyl dh jsM gqb]Z ysfdu bldh [kcj yhd gks xbZA jsM dh [kcj feyrs gh dksBs okys yM+dh dks ogk¡ ls fudky dj ys x,A bl yhd ds ckn chV ds lkr iqfyl okys lLisMa fd, x,A foxr 5 lkyksa esa if’pe caxky ds xk¡oksa vkSj dLcksa esa 'kkldny ds jktuSfrd laj{k.k esa c<+ jgs vR;kpkjksa vkSj [kkldj vkSjrksa ij gks jgs 'kkjhfjd geyks]a cykRdkj vkfn dh ?kVukvksa esa 'kkfey vijkf/k;ksa dh vksj ehfM;k dk /;ku x;k gS vkSj ;g ik;k x;k gS fd vkSjrksa ij geyk djus okys vf/kdka’k vijkf/k;ksa ds 'kkldny ds lkFk lac/a k gSa ;k mudks [kqyv s ke 'kkld ny ds LFkkuh; usrk cpkus esa yxs gSAa L=h ds f[kykQ lfØ; vijkf/k;ksa dks bl rjg dk [kqyk laj{k.k okenyksa ds 'kklu esa ugha FkkA if’pe caxky esa bu fnuksa vijk/k m|ksx ds vykok vkSj dksbZ m|ksx dke ugha dj jgkA bldk ifj.kke gS fd nSufa nu thou esa vlqj{kk c<+ xbZ gSA yksdra= esa vijkf/k;ksa dk fuHkZ; fopj.k djuk if’pe caxky esa vc lkekU; ckr gks xbZ gSA eks0% 09331762360

eq[kkSVk ;q) çkjaHk &iq"isUnz dqekj flag] ,MoksdsV Hkkjrh; jktuhfr esa eq[kkSVk ;q) çkjaHk gks pqdk gSA 2014 ds lalnh; pquko esa btkjsnkj daifu;ks]a m|ksxifr;ksa us ,d jkgqy uke dk eq[kkSVk rS;kj djk;k gS vkSj ,d ujsUæ eksnh uke dk] pkgs ;g eq[kkSVk ilan djks pkgs og eq[kkSVk ilan djksA eq[kkSVksa dks ilan djkus ds fy, yk[kksa djksM+ #i;s [kpZ fd;s tk jgs gSAa fçaV ehfM;k] bysDVª‚fud ehfM;k o vU; çpkj ek/;eksa dk Hkjiwj mi;ksx [kjhn dj fd;k tk jgk gSA bl ;q) esa lÙkj çfr’kr Hkkjrh;ksa dh ckr gh ugha dh tk jgh gSA HkkoukRed lokyksa dks mBk dj turk ds ty] taxy] tehu ij dCts dh rS;kfj;k¡ dh tk jgh gSAa lkezkT;oknh rkdrksa dk leFkZu çkIr djus ds fy, mä eq[kkSVk/kkjh muds fo’oklik= cuus ds fy, dlesa [kk jgs gS]a turk ea=eqX/k gSA eg¡xkbZ] csjkstxkjh] Hkq[kejh] 'kks"k.k] vR;kpkj] mRihM+u lc lekIr gks x;k gSA eksnh pquks ;k jkgqyA çk—frd lainkvksa dks btkjsnkj daifu;ksa ds uke dj fn;k tk,xk vkSj vki foLFkkfir gks tk,¡xAs vkidks eq¶r Hkkstu fey tk,xk vkSj ikyrw tkuojksa dh rjg vki nqe fgykrs utj vk,¡x]as bldh iwjh lEHkkouk gS] bl pquko ds ckn pkgs ;g eq[kkSVk thr dj vk,] pkgs og eq[kkSVk thr dj vk,¡A vke vkneh dk vkSj mlds er dk dksbZ vFkZ ugha jg tk,xk D;ksfd lEeksgu djus okys tknwxj vius&vius vkdkvksa dh rjQ ls tknw dk çn’kZu dj jgs gSAa blh dM+h esa eksnh ds jSyh LFky ij 20 ,y-bZ-Mh- yxk, x;s FksA fnYyh dh çeq[k txgksa ij 100 ,y-bZ-Mh- yxs gq, Fks ftl ij eksnh dk Hkk"k.k ykbo fn[kk;k x;kA bl jSyh esa 20 gtkj ls T;knk eqfLye Hkh tqVx as ]s Nk=ksa ds fy, fo’ks"k ;qok ikl cuk, x, Fks tcfd ofj"B ukxfjdksa ds fy, bZ&fjD’kk dh O;oLFkk dh xbZ FkhA eksnh ds fy, 80 QqV yacs vkSj 40 QqV pkSM+s eap dks rS;kj fd;k x;k FkkA bl eap dh dher rdjhcu ukS djksM+ #i;s vk¡dh tk jgh gSA [kcjksa ds eqrkfcd eksnh igys vgenkckn ls fnYyh ,;jiksVZ igq¡ps vkSj ;gk¡ ls p‚ij ds tfj, lsDVj 35 fLFkr gsyhiSM ij mrjs vkSj fQj mudh dkjksa dk dkfQyk vk;kstu LFky rd igq¡pkA ;g #i;k dkSu [kpZ dj jgk gS tks [kpZ dj jgk gS] ogh ljdkj dk ekfyd gksxkA ogha jkgqy xka/kh us vkj-ih- latho xks;udk lewg ds ps;jeSu latho xks;udk vkSj ,fDll cSd a dh lh-bZ-vks- f’k[kk 'kekZ lfgr m|ksxifr;ksa ds ,d NksVs lewg ls eqykdkr dhA cSBd esa caxky vact q k gkmflax MsoyiesVa ds çca/k funs’kd g"ko/kZu fuvksfr;k vkSj iwooZ rhZ fgUnqLrku ;wfuyhoj ds lh-bZ-vks- uhfru ijkatis Hkh 'kkfey FksA os lHkh vius&vius ekfydksa dks oQknkjh dk fo’okl fnyk jgs FksAa eksckby % 9838803754

yksd la?k"kZ if=dk

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Loksangharsh patrika December 2013  

लो क सं घ र्ष ! जनसंघर्ष को समर्पित

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