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“My Vagina is a flower” CBU marks the 14th anniversary of V-Day with the return of The Vagina Monologues pg. 5

The World Beyon Maxxim Learn how feminist porn is changing the industry pg. 8

The Casualties of Casual Sex The Dawn of the “Hooking -Up” culture pg. 6


A Sign of the Times: The Dissolution of the Town of Canso - The Solution By Mitch Mader

The predicament that the Town of Canso finds itself in is one which has resulted due to the current global economic conditions, but also the local long-term decline of Nova Scotia. Much like that of Great Britain in the years following the war, Nova Scotia has been in steady economic decline since the fall of the fishery in 1990 along with the end of steel making and coal mining in Cape Breton County. This has resulted in a shrinking population throughout the province, outside of Halifax-Metro, and therefore a shrinking tax base for municipalities and the province alike. As an example, the Municipality of the District of Guyborough had a population loss of 7.8% from 1991 to 2006, and it continues to grow with every year (boost in population the district will get when the town dissolves into it on the 1st of July). This has lead the Town of Canso to request dissolution of its civic incorporation

and to be absorbed in the Municipality of the District of Guysborough. The solution chosen was not the only solution proposed. The current and last Mayor of Canso had proposed and still maintains the opinion that the town would be better served as continuing as a village within the District of Guysborough. However, the Nova Scotia Utility and Review Board did not see this as beneficial and decided to give full dissolution orders to the town. Under Mayor Frank Fraser’s proposal, the Town of Canso would become the Village of Canso with a village commission, in line with the other incorporated villages in Nova Scotia. The village would have remained responsible for the management of the water and electric utilities currently run by the town, and would have, in Mayor Fraser’s view, given the town a stronger voice within the District of Guyborough. Howev-

er, it the Utility and Review Board saw this as an extra, unnecessary level of governance, and declined the proposal accordingly. The accepted solution is the complete dissolution of the town. The Utility and Review Board has set the 1st of July as the date on which the Town of Canso will be absorbed as an unincorporated community into the District of Guysborough. All town assets will be transferred to the district, the town council will vote itself out of existence, and the town line will disappear off of maps. The sitting Mayor, Frank Fraser, will assume the seat of councillor for the new ward 8 of the District of Guysborough, which will be the municipal electoral district that will contain the former town. Before the dissolution, however, the town is working to save the Canso Electic Utility. The Utility is owned and operated by the town and provides electricity to the

town rather than sourcing power from Nova Scotia Power Incorporated will be sold by the District of Guysborough, according to statements from the district, and therefore the town is working to look into options in which the Utility can continue to operate independently of the local municipal government. As well, Mayor Fraser notes that an arrangement to ensure the local water commission is manned must be sought to ensure that the Canso water supply is properly staffed and operated during the dissolution. In Part Three: the Dissolution the town’s dissolution will be documented and the aftermath of it discussed. Look for it in the September 2012 edition of The Caper Times or visit www.capertimes.co.nr in July to view the online article.

L’Arche

Currently here at CBU, Community Studies group 3100 is working hand in association with L’arche Cape Breton. L’arche is a non-profit organization located in Whycocomagh Nova Scotia. L’arche is focused around creating a real world community for the disabled. COMS310 group taught by Barry Moore attended L’arche Cape Breton and had an eye opening experience. “I could feel the deep sense of community” said student Andrew Rigby. Jen Power (Community Leader) started working with the community studies group in early January to help improve the students’ understanding and awareness of what L’arche Cape Breton is about. A week later core-members Chris and David arrived in their classroom with Jen Power and explained their experience with L’arche. Being able to share the views with the community studies group helped deepen their understanding and broaden their knowledge about L’arche. The COMS 3100 group will be around the school in the next few weeks doing presentations on the importance of L’arche in Cape Breton and around the world. For more information, please visit www.larchecapebreton.org. If you are interested in hearing more from a group member please contact dan_lewis57@hotmail.com

c/o Cape Breton University (CBU) P.O. Box 5300-1250 Grand Lake Road Sydney, Nova Scotia B1P 6L2 Office: 563-1473 Email: editor@capertimes.ca

Andrew Rigby (photo submitted)

STAFF & CONTRIBUTORS: Editor in Chief: Kyle Capstick Business Manager: Mitch Mader Graphic Designer: Stephen MacNeil Cover Image: Stephen MacNeil The Caper Times relies primarily on volunteers to produce its issues every second week. We encourage you to get involved! Contact the Caper Times at editor@capertimes.ca.

. ABOUT US: The Caper Times is a member of the Canadian University Press (CUP), and our paper is proudly printed in the unionized print shop of the Cape Breton Post in Sydney, Nova Scotia. LETTERS: Letters to the Editor are encouraged, but must be submitted by email including your name (no pseudonyms or unsigned letters). They must be no more than 400 words. Deadline for letters is Friday at 5 pm before each issue.

EDITORIAL POLICY: We reserve the right to refuse any submission that is considered by the editorial board to be racist, sexist, libelous, or in any way discriminatory. The opinions and views expressed in this paper are those oef the individual writers, and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Caper Times Editorial Board or the CBUSU. Visit us at capertimes.co.nr


Industry Collaboration at Cape Breton University Prosperous for Bunesses   (Sydney, NS)  -  Industry and research collaboration is thriving at Cape Breton University (CBU) as a result of programs being driven by CBU’s Office of Research and Graduate Studies that work to bring together industry needs with faculty expertise. «Cape Breton University is committed to fostering a culture of research innovation that provides ideal opportunities for university / industry collaborations. In addition to providing access to modern facilities and equipment, our campus community is eager to work with industry to support their research needs. Our faculty have diverse research expertise with multiple areas applicable to various industries.  To date, the partnerships have proven to be very advantageous and we are eager to engage new companies and other industry sectors. The university is rich in resources and we encourage businesses to explore collaborative opportunities by connecting with the Research Office,” says Sarah Conrod, Industry Liaison Officer, CBU. Cape Breton University is focused on cross-disciplinary research which can lead to mutually beneficial opportunities. Mindful of this, Conrod works to nurture synergetic

research opportunities that pair the right researchers with companies for the purposes of exploring new research ideas, attracting additional collaborative funds, developing contract research, connecting industry with experts at CBU to assist with their research needs and investigating licensing of university based technologies. There are several programs in place that provide funding assistance that are offered under various bodies including Nova Scotia Economic and Rural Development Department, MITACS and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council. By contacting CBU, businesses can learn more about these programs and discuss collaborative research strategies that may be beneficial to their company. For example, in recent months, the Productivity and Innovation Voucher program offered through the Department of Economic and Rural Development has enabled several Cape Breton businesses to work closely with various CBU departments. This program provides a mechanism for companies to collaborate closely with university faculty and staff in a variety of service areas. In addition to hav-

ing been awarded a voucher in the 2011-12 competition, one CBU collaborator has just experienced success with another prestigious award. J & K Scientific of Edwardsville, N.S., a company that has been working with CBU for several years, was recently recognized as the Cape Breton zone winner in Innovacorp’s provincial I-3 Technology Start-up Competition with an award of $100,000. Conrod notes, “J&K Scientific Inc. is a wonderful example of how a successful company can benefit from university collaborations.” J&K has developed a proprietary nanotechnology application column used in gas chromatography (GC) instruments. The column enables scientists to increase the throughput of sample analysis and helps lab managers reduce the costs of labour and materials used in sample analyses. J&K›s suite of proprietary GC columns provides highly selective separation of components in a very short processing time. The company will target worldwide analytical chemistry labs in industry, universities and government. “Cape Breton University has been working with J&K Scientific for several years.  Much of the work at CBU involved analyses using

gas chromatography with mass spectrometry (GC/MS); instrumentation not available at J&K research and development, manufacturing and testing facilities.  Collaborative research work at CBU with faculty and students has resulted in some joint peer-reviewed publications and many scientific conference presentations.  The results from research measurements have - more importantly - helped J&K Scientific to develop and improve on its expanding line of gas chromatographic columns,” says Krishnat Naikwadi, President of J&K Scientific. In recent years CBU has worked with a number of businesses including Halifax Biomedical, Louisbourg Seafoods, Darby Renewable Energy and B.W. Bio-Energy Inc. to name just a few. The Industry Liaison Office at CBU is a member of  Springboard Atlantic.  For more information on collaborative research opportunities at Cape Breton University visit www. cbu.ca/research  or contact Sarah Conrod at ilo@cbu.ca.

My Experience as Part of Bethel Presbyterian Church Choir Group By Qi Xu

M

y name is Qi Xu , and I come from the south of China- Fujian Province .Two years ago I came to Cape Breton to study the science program at Cape Breton University. Last summer I became a choir member of the Bethel Presbyterian Church. One of the reasons I was interested was because of the pure and wonderful classic Christian music (the Presbyterian church was the forerunner of spreading western music to China in the 1860s). Another reason was to be involved into the community here in Sydney. I was welcomed to join them and I welcome others to do the same. If one attends our Bethel Presbyterian church, he or she will see what kind of heavenly music our choir group shares with the community. The wonderful sound of nature here will touch, cheer and wrap you in warmth, joy, peace and a holy atmosphere. For this past Christmas Eve, about seven hundred people attended our church. Several Christmas songs, such as “Silent Night, Holy Night” made people feel pure sacred and serene. Usually there is no applause, but people could not help but clap. Our music strengthens the congregation and adds to the emotion of the holidays. Yes, God's spirit flows through us, and our choir’s music also has a magical uplifting power. When you feel depressed on hazy days, our performance of "Joy to the World" will cheer you up and let your heart fly by the beautiful music’s rising action. When you feel

angry, “As We Forgive” will calm down your heart to be like a tranquil sea, because as it is written in the song, you should “make a foe a friend…out of reverence for the Lord”. On Remembrance Day, the resounding marching song “Battle Hymn of The Republic” accompanied the soldiers’ dropping flags to make the ceremony so solemn that Veterans’ glistening tears dropped to the singing of “Glory, glory, hallelujah!, our truth is marching on”. Our performances are so welcoming because our group is one of the biggest church choirs in our small city of Sydney. We have thirty talented members, with perfect combination of soprano, alto, bass, tenor and even descant parts, various musicians including a flutist, drummer, and guitar player. We also have people who sing solos, duets and quartets. Among these, some members are very well known locally, such as Ben Furey, a singer, who performed with 'The Peach Chords", a champion barbershop quartet, as well as Nancy Masters, a pianist, Richard MacAulay, a flutist, and Minister Robert Lyle, a bass singer. Additionally, we often invite famous local players and singers to perform with us. The congregation appreciates and supports us in various activities such as public coffee time after each service, church potlucks, and a Christmas parade. Additional to feeling such strong sense of unity, as an international student, I appreciate choir members who welcome me by doing me favors, picking me up weekly, patiently teaching me to how to sing

the high notes of the soprano part, and teaching me how to pronounce words such as "ye" phonetically. Therefore, the Bethel Presbyterian church choir group makes me feel very grateful and warm. Whenever I go into the Bethel Presbyterian Church, I am greeted by smiling faces and immersed in the most pleasant music in the world. I feel as though I through the gates of Heaven, being bathed in the glory and shining light of God. Thus, I am looking forward to having more experience with the choir group and the Easter celebrations. Everyone is welcome just as I was. If you like further information please go to http://www. bethelpresbyterianchurch.ca/ Or contact our coordinator Mr. Kevin Hayes. kevinphayes@hotmail.com

CAPEROPINION MARCH 7,2012 - MARCH 20, 2012

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The Grad School Journey

Professors and students offer insight into taking the big jump at the end of your degree Kristyn Filip — The Fulcrum (University of Ottawa)

OTTAWA (CUP) — The light at the end of the tunnel appears for many undergraduate students in their fourth year of study. As the month of April approaches, graduating students dream of donning gowns and tossing caps in the air in before heading off into the proverbial “real world.” For others, receiving an undergraduate degree is just the tip of the iceberg. How do professors and students — those working toward obtaining a graduate degree and those in the midst of the application process — perceive the jump to grad school?

Make up your mind While there is no universally accepted “right” time to start thinking about pursuing a graduate degree, many professors suggest students begin considering their options in their third year of undergraduate study. Professors Victoria Burke of the University of Ottawa English department and Magdi Mohareb of the faculty of engineering both mentioned the ability to apply for scholarships in a timely manner as a reason why students should think about graduate studies before their fourth year. “I think it’s ideal to have made a decision by the end of your third year because there are external grants you can apply to in the fall,” said Burke, noting that the Ontario Graduate Studies Fellowships and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada fellowship are due by early October. “It is best for a student to consider graduate studies one year before graduation, particularly if he or she is seeking financial support,” said Mohareb. “You can start the process later on, but your chances of getting financial assistance will [decrease].” U of O history student Laura Gurnham had been thinking about grad school since she began university, but found her third- and fourth-year courses gave her the final push necessary to make up her mind about pursuing a master’s degree. “By exploring school through more chal-

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Illustration by Julia Pankova/The Fulcrum lenging courses in third and fourth year, my determination [to go to grad school] has become a bit more solid,” she said. “I feel I can handle the work and I have started to narrow down specifically what type of program I want to apply to.” Students in their fourth year of university who are just beginning to consider grad school need not panic. Krissy Coulas, who is working toward a master’s of library science degree at University College Dublin, didn’t know what she wanted to do until her fourth year of study at the U of O. “It wasn’t until the summer before fourth year that I decided [a master’s] was something I wanted to do,” she said in an email. “Even then, I had to decide if I wanted to pursue a master’s in English, which was my undergrad major, or a master’s of library science. I ended up choosing a master’s of library science after getting some work experience in the Morisset Library.

The golden ticket: The reference letter Perhaps the thing students worry about most when applying to graduate school is getting glowing recommendation letters from professors. U of O English professor Thomas Allen reminded students that professors are accustomed to requests for reference letters. “I don’t think there’s any reason to be shy about [approaching a professor for a letter of recommendation] because it’s part of our jobs,” he said. “We all write plenty of letters every year, so you’re not the only person who has asked us to do so.” Nathan Young, a U of O sociology professor, encouraged students to research their professors before approaching them. “Profs who are full time are the ones who expect to write letters,” he said. “Part-time profs often will hesitate [to write letters] because they know they don’t carry as much weight. You should also choose a prof who is recognized by other universities.” Burke recommended potential applicants

CAPEROPINION

ask for reference letters from professors Admission processes differ according to whose classes they excelled in. school and faculty, but both Sourisseau and “The first thing is to approach professors Coulas emphasized the importance of asking who gave you the best marks,” she said. “Even for help when necessary. if you’re not entirely sure the professor re“The process of applying was a bit dauntmembers you, as long as you have the writ- ing, but it just comes down to reading the reten material you produced for that professor, quirements for the schools you’re interested he or she will be able to look at your work in, following directions, and calling or emailand speak in really concrete terms about what ing their application representative if you your skills are.” need help,” said Coulas. Gurnham expressed concern that large Sourisseau turned to her professors for class sizes may have hindered her ability to guidance. get to know professors on a more personal “The application process was straightforlevel, which is often an important factor in an ward and pretty easy once I’d made the deciinstructor’s decision to write a recommenda- sion to do it,” she said. “I asked the professors tion. who had agreed to be my references for tips “I know professors are really open and on how to write a statement of intent.” friendly, but I have a hard time getting over At the U of O, the general requirements that student-professor relationship enough to for master’s of science students are a B avermake a connection to a professor in a large age in an honours bachelor degree and good classroom,” she said. “I obviously have talked letters of reference. to some, but I am worried they don’t know “If the student meets [the faculty’s] reme well enough to provide a letter of recom- quirements, his or her file is circulated in mendation.” the department,” said Mohareb, who is the Fortunately for graduate program conervous students ordinator of the Ottaeverywhere, Madwa-Carleton Institute eleine Sourisseau, for Civil Engineering. a U of O student “Files for master’s stuworking toward dents, if admissible, her master’s in are circulated among public and interprofessors the cannational affairs, didate identified as said getting referpossible supervisors ence letters was for his or her thesis. not as scary or If the professors are tough as she anprepared to accept the ticipated it would candidate as a student, be. “It wasn’t dif- Illustration by Julia Pankova/The Fulcrum he or she is admitted ficult to get the letin the program.” ters because the professors I approached were Although the faculties of arts and sciences more than glad to write them for me,” said are very different, their admission processes Sourisseau. are similar. What was the most trying part? “Working “[In the English department] the members up the nerve to ask them!” she said. of the graduate committee — who are usually In order to give the professors a broad view four or five professors from the department of her as a student, Sourisseau was sure to — read all the files and make comments provide them with her statement of interest, about them,” said Allen. “Some applicants an unofficial transcript of her grades and an are obvious ‘yes’es, while some are ambiguous, academic resumé. and there are obvious ‘no’s, unfortunately. For One of Sourisseau’s professors even let her the ones who are ambiguous, there will be a help with the letter-writing process. meeting to discuss whether or not to admit “He gave me a reference letter template,” them.” she said. “I could tell him what I thought The application process is not easy, but for were my strengths so that he could write me some students, it’s a small difficulty that pales an even better reference letter.” in comparison to the payoff of having a master’s degree. Applying and the aftermath “The application process is more intensive than for an undergrad degree, but if you’re After obtaining reference letters, the grad committed to the program you’re applying school applicant must move on to the next for, it isn’t difficult,” said Sourisseau. step of the process: Preparing all necessary documents and actually applying to his or her Concerns, worries, and self-doubt program of choice.


After making the difficult decision to actually apply to grad school, some students report feelings of self-doubt begin to surface. They become uncertain they “have what it takes” to succeed in a master’s program, despite having achieved high grades throughout their undergrad. Gurnham, who will be applying to graduate school in the near future, admitted to feeling nervous about starting a master’s degree. “I am concerned that I am not smart enough,” she said. “I get good grades, but I’m still worried that the level of original thought required from grad students is a bit beyond me still.” Coulas had similar concerns. “I was terrified that grad school was only for smart people, and though I’ve always gotten good grades, I’ve never considered myself smart enough for that sort of thing,” she said. Studying at a master’s level is certainly more demanding than the undergraduate level, but Coulas mentioned that students shouldn’t feel graduate school is only for the elite. “What you have to remember is that while grad school is challenging, it’s not reserved for the kids that get 90 per cent and upwards,” she said. “It’s just another level of education, like university was after high school.”

Professors tell all How can a student guarantee his or her application will dazzle the graduate school committee? While there is no magic formula for success, professors are more than willing to offer general advice to any student applying to grad school. Mohareb believes the biggest mistake applicants make is “not talking to potential supervisors before submitting their application.” “Sometimes professors cannot accept students because students have specified they need funding while the university is unable to provide it,” he said. “In other cases, the department may already have a large number of students to supervise or may find your interests do not match their present research activities.” In regards to statements of interest or research plans, which many programs require applicants to submit, both Burke and Young urged students to avoid including generic declarations of passion for their chosen field. “When students are too general — for example, expressing a general love of literature — it’s just not specific enough,” said Burke. “If there’s a little too much non-specific enthusiasm, that’s harder to evaluate. Maybe there’s a fantastic student in there, but we want to have their skills demonstrated to us.” “Sometimes the research plan is written like a life story and that’s a thing to avoid,” said Young. “It ought to be about what you intend to do as opposed to how you got here. A research plan should not be about why you’re interested in sociology — we assume you’re here because you want to be here. It should be

about what you plan to do in the two years.” Not only should statements of interest and research plans be specific, but they should also demonstrate the applicants’ ability to write coherently. “[Some submissions] are not very well written and that tends to disqualify people,” said Allen. “People can really knock themselves out by being a bit sloppy with their statements of purpose.”

V-Day’s 14th Anniversary

Eve Ensler’s The Vagina Monologues returns to the Boardmore Stage

Is it worth it Given the somewhat dismal state of the current job market, many students decide to apply for graduate school simply to avoid facing the real world. Others consider this to be a mistake, believing a master’s degree to be unnecessary and little more than another massive debt to pay off in the future. Allen noted students with high grade point averages could have their master’s degrees funded. “[The English department’s] course work program here is only one year long and if you have an 8.0 grade point average, you’ll be funded. Given what the job market is like, why not get an MA?” he said. Although Allen believes a master’s in English will “pay off down the road,” he cautions students against “getting a [master’s degree] just because they think, ‘Oh, I need to beef up my resumé.’” “Nobody’s going to hire you for a specific job just because you have an MA in English,” he said. “But on the other hand, if you’re going into teaching or if you’re applying to law school later, it looks good. The intellectual challenge is good.” Burke mentioned the transferability of skills acquired at the master’s level as a valid reason why a student might want to pursue grad work. “I often hear [graduate] students say, ‘This year has blown my mind. This is difficult and exciting and I understand how to work at a high level now,’” she said. “We think of that as concretely useful for future work. We really think that the in-depth training you get from doing grad-level courses gives you additional skills that are transferable to a countless number of different jobs.” Young believes a master’s of social science degree to be a “practical thing.” “The majority of our graduates go into the workforce using their degrees,” he said. “A master’s degree can also clearly be a stepping stone for getting a PhD or for personal fulfilment, but it does carry a lot of weight in the job market. We track our grads pretty carefully.” Perhaps Sourisseau summarizes the validity of grad school most succinctly. “Yes, it’s a lot of work. Yes, it’s challenging. But it’s also rewarding, interesting, and filled with great professors and new friends,” she said. “If you like what you’re doing — if you feel as though you’re benefiting from it personally, academically, professionally — then it’s worth it.”

The cast and crew of this year’s production of Eve Ensler’s The

Vagina Monologues

“My vaginais a flower,” the quintessential phrase still rings in my head, even years after my first viewing of Eve Ensler’s The Vagina Monologues. This year marks the 14th anniversary of V-Day, the day created to raise awareness of and bring an end to violence against girls and women. Ensler herself, in an article she wrote for the Huffington Post, stated that V-day began as “and almost absurd idea”. The goal, as Ensler describes it is to “change human consciousness and make the world a place where women were safe, free, equal, with agency over their bodies and futures”. As V-Day enters its fourteenth year, Ensler’s famous set of monologues is set for production on the CBU Boardmore Stage. The Vagina Monologues is about more than the vagina as part of anatomy. The production is about womenhood, identity, sexuality, violence, and social justice. The show is as funny as it is poignant and timely. It creates a discourse that is inviting to members of all sexes. Under the coordination of Nicole Mac-

Dougall, a cast of 10 of women are prepared to relate the stories of a world of women and the details of their relationships to their vagina. The presentation of The Vagina Monologues on International Women’s Day has become a tradition on the Boardmore Stage. I have been fortuitous enough to have seen the show under a variety of directors and with a variety of casts. Despite numerous viewings, the show has remained as profound, as moving and as surprisingly hilarious as the first time I watched. If you’ve seen a production of The Vagina Monologues in the past, then you know that the experience goes beyond the production. Each cast brings an energy to the show that distinguishes it from any previous production. If you can clear the time from your calendar, you should make your way to the Boardmore Theatre March 8th between by 7pm and treat yourself to the experience. Admission is a donation of $5.

CAPERTIMES MARCH 7, 2012 - MARCH 20, 2012

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What’s up with hooking up?

Casual encounters are crafting a new campus relationship culture Ali Schwabe — The Fulcrum (University of Ottawa)

OTTAWA (CUP) — A study presented at the American Psychological Association Symposium in 2000 stated that 87 per cent of college students report having “hooked up.” The vague term describes the type of encounters that have been replacing traditional dating on university campuses over the recent decades.  The Fulcrum  sat down with experts and students to learn why dating is out and hooking up is in. Differing definitions What constitutes hooking up? Kathleen Bogle, sociology professor at Lasalle University in Philadelphia and author of Hooking Up: Sex, Dating, and Relationships on Campus, explained the term isn’t well defined, even by those who use it in their everyday vocabulary. “There’s actually a lot of confusion over what hooking up means,” she explained. “Some students use it to mean sex, some students use it to mean make out, some say it’s more than making out but less than sex.” Students’ answers varied depending on what the word meant in their high school and what it means among their current social group. “‘Hook up’ means making out to me,” said Kimberly Orchard, a third-year psychology major at the University of Ottawa. “Hooking up essentially means you get lucky that night,” said Zsolt Kocsis, a thirdyear immunology and physiology major at the University of Toronto. “This is variable between the sexes with guys favouring getting laid while women see hooking up as anything past eye-goggling.” “To me, the term ‘hooking up’ means having sex,” said Freya Crawley, a thirdyear health sciences student. “At my [high] school, hooking up meant sex, but I know at some of my friends’ schools even as little as making out meant hooking up to them. It all depends.” Bogle explained most can agree the term is defined in opposition to the idea of traditional courtship. “When you put everyone’s answers together it can mean anything from kissing to sex,” she said. “The centrepiece of [hooking up] is that it’s not going on a date. It’s something physical happening that may lead to dating later but that doesn’t start out as a formal date.” Why the change? Bogle explained there are a number of converging reasons why students change their dating style when they arrive on university campus in first year. “It’s not one thing,” she said. “There [are] so many different trends that came together to produce hooking up. Some of them are the sexual revolution, the pill, the feminist movement that kind of changed gender norms.

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“You also have … at least this is true in the U.S. … a lot of people [who] live on the college campus that they go to, so it makes it logistically easy to hook up,” she said. Bogle noted students’ concept of what constitutes “being safe” often changes when they begin university. “You’re taught your whole life you don’t get in a car with a stranger, you don’t leave a public place with a stranger,” she said. “But if young people live on a college cam-

pus and everyone’s a friend of a friend and everything’s walking distance, people don’t feel like they’re getting in the car with a

CAPERTIMES

stranger. [They feel like] they’re just walking to a dorm or walking to an apartment with someone they know.” Although Crawley is now in a committed relationship, she enjoyed hooking up in her first year at the U of O. “I like the thrill of hooking up with a person, and hopefully having to never see them again,” she said. “I loved the brief sexual encounters.” Another explanation for the rising num-

Photo by Sean Campbell/The Fulcrum

ber of hook-ups is that men and women are delaying marriage. In 2003, a report released by Statistics Canada found in the late 1970s

men were marrying at 25 and women at 23, but by 2003 the average age for first marriage was 30 for men and 28 for women. “It’s also true that in the U.S. people are marrying significantly later than they used to,” said Bogle. “It used to be common to use your college years to figure out who you were going to marry, and now people say, ‘I’m definitely going to get married, but not until my late twenties’ or ‘not until my early thirties.’ Bogle noted students see their university years as a chance to sow any wild oats. “Because they’re delaying that age of marriage they say, ‘Well, I’ve got all the time in the world to figure out who I’m going to marry, now’s the time to have fun,’” she said. What next? According to Bogle, hook-up culture is most prevalent during freshman year, but eventually most people begin to want something more. “Freshmen year, both men and women are like, ‘I want to see what college life is about. I want to do the whole college thing,’” she stated. “Then women tire of the hook-up culture quicker than men. Women say, ‘I’m not really getting what I want from this — this isn’t that great.’ They are disappointed by a lot of things that they hoped would evolve into some version of a relationship.” She noted while many men feel this way eventually, women usually do earlier and in higher numbers. Kocsis said he will often consider whether there could be a future between him and his one-night stand. “I’d like to go for the sex and hope she’s cool enough to date, but I have no backbone so I must toil with the whole getting-toknow-her process,” he said. “When looking back, I prefer [getting to know her], but at the time I see it as a complete waste of time.” In her research, Bogle found eventually both sexes tend to turn toward traditional dating, but not until they leave campus. “I explained that in the book as when their environment changes, the behaviour changes,” she said. “There [is] still hooking up going on, but post-college life was less conducive to hooking up. Even logistically, they aren’t in dorms and apartments. They’re not necessarily willing to go home with some stranger they don’t know — they’re more likely to start texting, maybe hang out, and maybe go on a date. “They might say they would’ve done a random hook-up in college, but now they go out on formal dates,” said Bogle. “And [alumni I interviewed say] you can’t … kiss on the first date — they really change all of their behaviours when they go on these official, traditional dates.”


CBU Press Books Inspire Children’s Day at Strathspey 

Good vibrations

Despite its questionable history, the vibrator’s story is entertaining and eye-opening Ellen Crosby — The Xaverian Weekly (St. Francis Xavier University)

ANTIGONISH, N.S. (CUP) — The insulting but hilarious story of the invention of the vibrator seems to be popping up everywhere. Let’s face it; if anything warrants a retelling and celebration of its invention, it’s the vibrator. Rachel P. Maines’ 1999 novel  The Technology of Orgasming  discusses the invention of the vibrator. In Victorian England, women who complained of headaches, stomach aches, being tired or any other symptom that could not be explained by an existing disease were diagnosed with hysteria. Hysteria literally means disease of the womb. Doctors believed that women with emotional excesses had disturbed uteruses. This illegitimate disease was said to be affecting about half of the female population. Luckily, men were able to solve the problem. Doctors found that performing “pelvic massages” on women until they reached orgasm seemed to help. No kidding. Before the vibrator was invented, and as early as the beginning of the 16th century, married women who suffered from hysteria were urged to have sex with their husbands. Single women, who could not relieve their hysteria via sex, were encouraged to take “vigorous” horseback rides. Maines’ novel was a source of inspiration for the play In the Next Room (or The Vibrator Play) by Sarah Ruhl, and the upcoming movie starring Hugh Dancy and Maggie Gyllenhaal, Hysteria. Ruhl’s In the Next Room (or The Vibrator Play) was nominated for three Tony Awards in 2010, including best play. It centers on two women who are unhappy with their monotonous sex lives, which have always been focused on their husbands’ pleasure. They are both excited to try out the new invention of the vibrator, and to experience their first orgasms. The final curtain closes on one of the actresses having sex with her husband, but not in the usual missionary position. The couple has discovered girl-on-top sex, and the play ends with Catherine having her first satisfying sexual experience with her husband. The film  Hysteria  has not come out yet, but the trailer looks very promising. It focuses heavily on the doctors who invented the vibrator and why. Actor Hugh Dancy plays the young doctor, Mortimer Granville. He takes his career

very seriously and insists that the invention, at first called the feather duster, has nothing to do with pleasure. Granville’s objective is to help hysterical women become sane again. Little does he know, his method of curing their hysteria is through satisfying them sexually. The reason for creating the vibrator was originally to cure an invented disease. However, the fact that hysteria has since been dismissed as a disease does not mean that the vibrator cannot be used for medicinal purposes. In fact, the amount of medical research coming out about the health benefits of experiencing orgasm is increasing each year. Some of the latest research shows that having frequent orgasms can curb your appetite, get rid of headaches and cramps, lower your cholesterol, decrease your risk of heart disease and stroke, protect you against cancer and boost your immune system. Of course, there are other benefits that come from using your mechanical friend that are harder to measure, such as enhancing your mood and lifestyle, recharging your romantic relationships, and making you feel more comfortable with and about your body. Granville may have had a misogynistic and unfounded reason for inventing the vibrator, but we now know that it actually does have some legitimate health benefits.

 (Sydney, NS) -  Young singers, dancers and actors are taking over the stage at Strathspey Place, the entertainment and conference complex in Mabou, N.S. Let’s Play is planned for Saturday, March 31 at 2 p.m. Readings and dramatizations from books include  Muin aqq L’uiknek te’sijik Ntuksuinu’k / Muin and the Seven Bird Hunters  (reading in English and Mi’kmaw) and a play adapted from  T.R.’s Adventure at Angus the Wheeler’s – both are popular children’s books published by CBU Press. Strathspey Place Players spokesperson Brenda Dunphy is organizing the afternoon event as encouragement to young people grades 2-6 from across Inverness County to enjoy a stage production. Dunphy has been rehearsing with the youngsters for several weeks now. The line-up includes skits, interviews, dance, singing, readings and the play. The productions are in English, Mi’kmaw and Gaelic. Muin and the Seven Bird Hunters  (CBU Press, 2010) is a children’s book retelling the ancient Mi’kmaw legend, In Mi’kmaw and English, of the night sky, by Murdena Marshall,

Lillian Marshall, Cheryl Bartlett and Prune Harris.T.R.’s Adventure  (CBU Press, 2010) is a children’s fantasy by Frank Macdonald and Virginia McCoy. Mabou artist Peter Rankin (Nancy’s Wedding Feast and Other Tasty Tales, CBU Press, 2007) will also be featured. Tickets for  Let’s Play  at Strathspey are $5.00 and available from the Strathspey Place box office.

http://www.strathspeyplace.com/

CAPERTIMES MARCH 7, 2012 - MARCH 20, 2012

7


Feminist porn is changing a male-dominated industry By changing the gender divide within the industry, feminist porn can create better conditions for sex industry workers Alexandra Downing and Veronika Khvorostukhina — The Ubyssey (University of British Columbia)

Illustration by Indiana Joel/The Ubyssey

VANCOUVER (CUP) — Porn department chair of women’s and genand feminism make odd bedfellows. der studies a the University of British Mention pornography to feminists of Columbia. “Men have controlled pornprevious generations, and they’ll likely scapes forever because they’ve owned shudder. Porn at its worst is demean- the means of production, as Karl Marx ing and sometimes even violent, which would say.”Feminist porn tries to get is in opposition to a movement that more women involved in the producmakes empowerment tion process. This in itits goal.But a new “Men have controlled self is empowering. By generation of femiupsetting the gender nists has transformed pornscapes forever be- divide within the industhese anti-porn sen- cause they’ve owned the try, feminist porn can timents. Having create better conditions grown up in an in- means of production, as for sex industry workcreasingly sex-pos- Karl Marx would say.” ers, and depict women itive culture, thirdas enjoying sex.For five wave feminists began years, Toronto-based reexamining pornography in an effort sex shop Good for Her has organized to reform the industry. Thus, a femi- the Feminist Porn Awards. The awards nist porn movement was born.“The have celebrated works of feminist porlegacy of commercial straight porn is nographers such as Erika Lust, Tristan one of racism, heterosexism and phal- Taormino and Anna Span. Men have locentrism — none of which carries a been honoured as well; male pornogpositive, enriching sexual charge for raphers Carlos Batts and James Avalon female viewers,” says Becki Ross, the won in 2010 and 2011, respectively.“Sex 8

MARCH 7, 2012 - MARCH 20, 2012

CAPERTIMES

and porn are not inherently bad,” messy, hot and liberatory.”“Traditional, wrote Alison Lee, the organizer male-dominated porn… shows a catof the Feminist Porn Awards, in egorization of women into two groups: a 2009 article for This Magazine. virgins or whores,” says Lust, “and “It’s exploitation, unsafe working in both cases it says that the role of conditions, coercion and advo- women in society is sexual and tied cating violence that are never to men. It denies women’s pleasure in okay.”The artificiality of main- sex and shows an artificial vision of sex stream porn body types are a big based only on old stereotyped and sexfocus of feminist porn.John Ince ist fantasies.“Many men don’t feel they is a Vancouvercan identify to this based author, either, since it “What’s been missing in porn lawyer and polihas nothing to do tician. In his male-dominated porn is the with the women 2005 book  The they know, the Politics of Lust, evidence of arousal of wom- situations they’re in he worried that en, and they’re not particu- every day.”“What’s “the only porn been missing in larly aroused often.” available to a ma le-dominated young person porn is the evi[depicts] a narrow range of body dence of arousal of women, and they’re types, such as only slim women not particularly aroused often,” says with big breasts and no stretch Ince. “So much of the female response marks, pimples, or cellulite… is not real and we can detect that. Reconstant exposure to such a nar- ally concrete stuff like an engorged vulrow range of porn could produce va, an engorged clitoris, a flush on the a sexual appetite only for few chest. When women are really turned body types.”Feminist porn rebels on they’re more likely to turn men on, against this narrow range, to the and the failure of traditional malepoint of having a “Most Deli- dominated porn to give a lot of attenciously Diverse Cast” at the Fem- tion to female pleasure undermines its inist Porn Awards. Their films effectiveness.”For those involved in the show straight, queer, transgender feminist porn industry, this adds up to and transsexual men and women a simple conclusion: traditional mainof various races and body types. stream porn can be unhealthy.“Most “We need new kinds of porn of us saw our first porn film when that will allow everyone to have a we were teenagers,” says Lust. “The healthy experience instead of re- lack of quality sex ed and the easy acstricting fantasies to a few stereotypes,” cess to mainstream porn results in us says Erika Lust, a pioneering writer, having to learn about sex from adult director and producer in feminist porn. entertainment.“It’s completely normal Ross agrees. “It’s time for lesbians, dis- to watch porn, but if traditional porn abled women, fat women, trans wom- is the only kind of porn, there is nothen, elders and women of colour to seize ing that shows another vision of sex, a opportunities to imagine sexual repre- healthier, modern vision.” sentation on our own terms — juicy,


Scares, stigmas and STIs

Old taboos shouldn’t prevent communication about sexually transmitted infections Alex Davidson — The Martlet (University of Victoria)

(Photo by Tess Forsyth/The Martlet)

VICTORIA (CUP) — STIs, or sexually transmitted infections, have been a feared and stigmatized topic since biblical times. In contemporary times, we see a prominent stigma surrounding these infections. People are often labelled as “dirty” or “overly promiscuous” due to their affiliation with STIs. These people find themselves affected by a stigma that suggests all STIs are unmanageable problems that cause a person to be tainted for life. Though stigmas have been helped along by popular culture and old literature (for example, every Shakespeare comedy written), it is often taboos that prevent communication about STIs. Jennifer Gibson, Island Sexual Health sexual health educator, teaches the importance of communication in curbing the spread of STIs as well as the stigmas behind them. “In my experience as a sexual health educator, when sexually transmitted infections are being passed between partners, it often is because of the lack of communication that’s happened and it’s not [the intention] to harm someone; it’s that they haven’t been able to talk about it or they have no idea they actually have it,” says Gibson. According to Gibson, the age-old preconceived notion that promiscuity is the recipe for disease isn’t necessarily true. “People think that people who have multiple sexual partners have [an increased likelihood] of having a sexually transmitted infection than people who don’t. Theoretically, they have more opportunity for exposure, but they may not [actually] be getting exposed to sexually transmitted infections,” she explains. One might say that the obvious way to avoid the spread of STIs is by frequent testing. Gibson recommends that people get checked at least once every three to six months or before every new partner depending on your frequency. However, getting checked isn’t always foolproof. “Not all clinics offer the same standard

testing. Often people go in for testing but they may not be told — or they may not ask — what they’ve been tested for. They then make assumptions that they’ve been tested for everything, when in fact it’s generally just those five that constitute a full STI screen [chlamydia, gonorrhea, hepatitis, syphilis and HIV].” In some cases, according to Gibson, clinics might not even test for all of these; leaving syphilis out, for example. As uncommon as syphilis might be in comparison with say, chlamydia, lack of testing for the infection does reveal a basic flaw in the system. Even the evolution of the naming of these infections, from “sexually transmitted diseases” to “sexually transmitted infections” as they are now called shows a basic reason of why they are so widespread. “We now refer to them as STIs because it refers to things that are asymptomatic,” says Gibson. This means that just because everything seems in working order does not necessarily mean that they are. Many STIs can go undetected without testing. This does not mean the infections are untreatable, however. “I think that’s where your stigma comes in. It’s that idea that they are these longterm major issues for people’s health, which they can be, but they also can be very manageable if people are given proper care and testing,” says Gibson. Yet while something like chlamydia is easier to treat than a headache, the stigma persists. However, by getting checked often, asking questions and staying informed about your sexual health, as Gibson teaches, the spread of STIs and the stigma that goes along with them will begin to subside. As Gibson puts it, “the more we [get checked] the less opportunity for stigma is there because really it shouldn’t be any different than taking care of any other part of your body.”

CAPERTIMES MARCH 7, 2012 - MARCH 20, 2012

9


Aries (March 21- April 19) Things being presented to you at the moment may not be quite as they seem. Be conscientious of that information is being presented to you, and respond to it the best way you can. Avoid spilling over into suspicion, but keep your mind keen and active. Taurus (April 20 – May 20) Your mind feels full of dreams and plans lately, indulge them a little. You may be feeling unable to make a decision regarding a potential shift in your life. If you can hold off on making a decision for a short time, it may be advisable to approach the question when your mind is at its clearest. Gemini (May 21 – June 20) Things feel like they aren’t quite working out lately. You may feel the desire to seek respite from this reality for a period of time, but do not give into the temptation right away. Struggle through what you have laid out before yourself and then take time to relax. Let your mind wander once the work is done. Cancer (June 21 – July 22) You feel abnormally self-assured lately. Others may disagree with the positions you voice, but try to understand where their dissent is coming from, rather than what it means. Someone may not disagree with your idea, but resent your ability to reach it first. The confidence you feel is not imaginary, you have good reason to feel it. Leo (July 23 – August 22) Your ability to think rationally may be temporarily skewed, leaving you feeling unable to make decisions. If it will not hurt the issue, it might be of best service to yourself to let the issue lie for a short time. Why slam your fists to try and

Horoscopes

make a hole when you can wait until you find a shovel.

Sagittarius (November 22 – December 21)

Aquarius (January 20 – February 18)

Virgo (August 23 – September 22)

You have the need to nourish your spiritual side, whatever spirituality represents in your life. Embrace that part and feed it by taking on projects that directly enhance it. You have been feeling disconnected from something deeper and need to find your way back to it. Indulging this part of yourself will strengthen you as a whole person.

You will need to develop a bit of a thick skin at the moment. Some criticisms from those around you may be leaving you feeling exposed. Don’t take too much to heart. Allow yourself to let go of negative feelings, and don’t take criticism personally. Allow yourself to decide what advice works for you and what you need to let fall.

Others have begun to rely heavily on you and this has caused you to feel an overwhelming responsibility. Trust the confidence others have in you, although you may not understand their reasoning, their intuition is correct. Allow yourself to let your mind wander occasionally, it will bring deeper clarity to the remainder of your time. Libra (September 23 – October 22) You’ve been feeling ineffective lately, this is to be expected. Your message may not be getting across as clearly as you’d hoped, but that is nothing that some reflection cannot remedy. Take a moment to clear your mind, find some greater perspective for your life and you will find things move at a much more consistent and bump-free pace.

Capricorn (December 22 – January 19) You are in a period of easy collaboration with others. Your magnetism is at an all time high and you are capable of building new friendships. At the same time, do not neglect those friendships you have previously developed. Provide them with the provide attention and they will flourish.

Pisces (February 19 – March 20) You’ve been feeling forgetful lately. Your mind has developed a tendency to wander and ponder various thoughts that are not directly connected to what lays before you. Make sure you keep your feet on the ground, even when you feel like your mind has floated away. Don’t deny yourself the mental fuzziness, but keep it in moderation.

Scorpio (October 23 – November 21) You are aflame with energy today, don’t squander it. Indulge and entertain the energy you’re experiencing. Let it fill you up before someone comes along and douses some of the flames. Your intuition is good at the moment, follow it. Set your mind to getting things started or completed and you will achieve your goals.

10 MARCH 7, 2012 - MARCH 20, 2012 CAPERDISTRACTION

Jacob Samuel — The Peak (Simon Fraser University)


Across

Crossword

1- Acclaim 6- _ well...

Puzzles provided by BestCrosswords.com. Used with permission. Please print the above statement with the puzzle.

10- _ avis

14- Olds model 15- Coil

16- Not much 17- Extent

18- Art Deco designer 19- E-mail command 20- Ashtabula’s lake

21- Office of a bishop 23- Pedantic 25- Shudder

26- Ref ’s decision 27- Gave a hoot

29- Eagle’s home

32- Descendant of Cain 33- Fish eggs 36- _ -a-brac

37- Christmas song

38- Voting-pattern predictor 39- Actress Merkel

40- Brief appearance 41- Small change 42- Head lock

43- Flight formation

Down

44- Refrain

1- Having auricular protuberances

22- Hurler Hershiser

41- Ball belle

51- Entertainment

3- Russian revolutionary leader

27- Heals

43- Covered vehicle

47- Cloths

54- Burn the midnight oil, studying 55- The King _ 56- Tabula _

57- Jewelled crown worn by women 58- Worry 59- K-6

60- Computer key

61- Sardine containers 62- _ -deucey

63- Discharge

2- Mild cigar

4- Containing divalent silver 5- Digit of the foot 6- Beth precede

7- Actress Petty 8- A great deal 9- Ghostly

10- Uttered gratingly 11- First-stringers 12- Cost

13- European viper

21- That, in Tijuana

24- Tina’s ex

28- Peek follower

29- “Aladdin” monkey

30- Directional ending 31- Narrow inlet 32- Packs tight

34- Cheer for Manolete 37- Roman capital of Palestine 38- Shrill

40- Essence

44- Skill

45- Artist Rousseau 46- Ancient 47- Frothy

48- Angry

33- CD- _

35- Golfer Ernie

42- Characteristics

49- Feels for 50- Stylish

52- Apply powder to oneself 53- Aha!

57- Driver’s aid

CAPERDISTRACTION MARCH 7, 2012 - MARCH 20, 2012 11


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