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CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL TEST BANK

TEST BANK FOR Fraud Examination

5th Edition By Albrecht ISBN13-9781305079144

CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION


CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION Chapter 02 1. Which of the following is NOT a primary control procedure to minimize the occurrence of fraud? a. Dual custody b. Systems of authorization c. Internal audit department d. Documents and records ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

c

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Moderate LO: 2-6 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Understanding

a. Incorrect. Dual custody, or segregation of duties, is a control activity. b. Incorrect. Systems of authorization are a control activity. c. Correct. d. Incorrect. Documents and records are control activities--they produce an audit trail.

2. Which of the following is NOT a common rationalization of fraud perpetrators? a. The organization owes me b. I'm only borrowing the money c. No one will get hurt d. No one will care ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

d

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-7 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Incorrect. This is a common rationalization for committing fraud. b. Incorrect. This is a common rationalization for committing fraud. c. Incorrect. This is a common rationalization for committing fraud. d. Correct. Fraud perpetrators usually rationalize their actions by thinking “I deserve more.”

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CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION Chapter 02 3. Each of the following is an example of an abuse of a control environment EXCEPT: a. The HR department failed to check an applicant's background and hired someone who had committed fraud in the past. b. A manager instructs employees not to share passwords, and then shares her passwords with her immediate assistant. c. A company has established codes of conduct and conducts training meetings to teach employees to distinguish between acceptable and unacceptable behavior. Attendance is voluntary. d. The employees know who has responsibility for each business activity. Procedures to follow are in place. ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

d a. Incorrect. b. Incorrect. c. Incorrect. d. Correct. A clear organizational structure is an important fraud-deterring element. It is easier to track missing assets and money when all employees know exactly who is responsible for each business activity.

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Moderate LO: 2-6 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Understanding

4. A fraud perpetrator uses the float time between banks to give the impression that he had money in his accounts. Which crime is he committing? a. Floating b. Strip c. Spinning d. Kiting ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

d

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Moderate LO: 2-5 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Incorrect. b. Incorrect. c. Incorrect. d. Correct.

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CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION Chapter 02 5. Which is following observations is TRUE? a. Research shows that only people with a criminal mind set commit fraud. b. Fraud perpetrators usually can be distinguished from others on the basis of psychological characteristics. c. Most fraud perpetrators have profiles that are similar to those of other people. d. When fraud does occur, the most common initial reaction by those involved in the fraud is confession. ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

c a. Incorrect. Research shows that anyone can commit fraud. b. Incorrect. Fraud perpetrators usually can’t be distinguished from other people on the basis of demographic or psychological characteristics.

c. Correct. d. Incorrect. When fraud does occur, the most common reaction by those around the fraud is denial. POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-1,6 - LO: 2-1 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

6. When management fraud occurs, companies usually: a. overstate assets and net income. b. understate assets and net income. c. overstate assets and understate net income. d. understate assets and overstate net income. ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

a a. Correct. b. Incorrect. Usually, when management fraud occurs, companies overstate assets on the balance sheet and net income on the income statement.

c. Incorrect. Usually, when management fraud occurs, companies overstate assets on the balance sheet and net income on the income statement.

d. Incorrect. Usually, when management fraud occurs, companies overstate assets on the balance sheet and net income on the income statement.

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-2 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

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CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION Chapter 02 7. Which of the following is NOT one of the key elements common to all frauds? a. Perceived pressure b. Perceived inequality c. Perceived opportunity d. Rationalization ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

b

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-3 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Incorrect. This is a key element common to all frauds. b. Correct. c. Incorrect. This is a key element common to all frauds. d. Incorrect. This is a key element common to all frauds.

8. What is the most important element in a control environment? a. Management's communication b. Management's role and example c. The hiring process d. The internal audit department ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

b a. Incorrect. Although management communication is critical, it is not the most important element in the control environment. Management's role and example are the most important elements because employees will follow what management does more than what management communicates.

b. Correct. c. Incorrect. The hiring process, although critical, cannot eliminate all fraud. Hiring only those with integrity can still lead to fraud if the example and role of management pushes employees into believing that fraud is okay. Also, the hiring process cannot screen out all dishonest employees.

d. Incorrect. Internal auditors only detect about 20% of employee fraud. The internal auditors do add a deterrent effect; however, the internal auditors are not the most critical element in the control environment.

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Challenging LO: 2-6 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Applying

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CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION Chapter 02 9. Which of the following statements about accounting systems is incorrect? a. An effective accounting system provides an audit trail that allows frauds to be discovered. b. An effective accounting system makes concealment difficult. c. An effective accounting system can effectively prevent "kickbacks." d. Without a good accounting system, it is often difficult to distinguish between actual fraud and unintentional error. ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

c a. Incorrect. This statement is true. b. Incorrect. This statement is true. c. Correct. d. Incorrect. This statement is true. A good accounting system ensures that recorded transactions are valid, properly authorized, complete, properly classified, reported in the proper period, properly valued, and summarized correctly.

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Moderate LO: 2-6 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Understanding

10. Greed, living beyond one's means and high bills all describe what type of fraud-related pressure? a. Financial b. Peer c. Environmental d. Work-Related ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

a

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-2 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Correct. These are financial pressures. b. Incorrect. c. Incorrect. d. Incorrect.

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CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION Chapter 02 11. An effective accounting system is designed to provide which of the following to help discover fraud? a. An audit trail b. Matching of expenses to revenues c. Set of controls d. Set of accounting procedures ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

a

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-2 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Correct. b. Incorrect. Accounting systems do match expenses with revenues, but this does not help discover fraud. c. Incorrect. Controls are used to prevent fraud, not to discover fraud. d. Incorrect. Accounting procedures help set up the accounting system, not vice versa.

12. When fraud occurs, the most common reaction to those affected by the fraud is: a. Anger b. Acceptance c. Denial d. Retribution ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

c

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-1,6 - LO: 2-1 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Incorrect. b. Incorrect. c. Correct. d. Incorrect.

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CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION Chapter 02 13. Which of the following is NOT an element of a good control environment? a. Trust b. Modeling c. Appropriate hiring d. Management's communication ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

a a. Correct. Regrettably this is not a positive characteristic of the control environment. b. Incorrect. Examples of management strongly influence employees. c. Incorrect. Basic screening can help prevent hiring fraudsters. d. Incorrect. Employees need to receive clear communication from management that fraud will be proactively looked for and punished when found.

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-6 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Understanding

14. The fraud triangle includes all of the following EXCEPT: a. Validation b. Perceived opportunity c. Rationalization d. Perceived pressure ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

a

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-3 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Correct. b. Incorrect. This is part of the fraud triangle. c. Incorrect. This is part of the fraud triangle. d. Incorrect. This is part of the fraud triangle.

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CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION Chapter 02 15. Poor credit could become a ____ that could lead to fraud. a. Financial pressure b. Social pressure c. Family pressure d. F ​ inancial threat ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

a

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-5 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Understanding

a. Correct. b. Incorrect. c. Incorrect. d. Incorrect.​

16. Modeling and labeling are sub-components of which fraud-related element of an organization? a. Control environment b. Accounting system c. Audit procedures d. Review procedures ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

a

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-6 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Correct. b. Incorrect. c. Incorrect. d. Incorrect.

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CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION Chapter 02 17. ___________ requires every public company to have a code of ethics to help deter wrongdoing. a. The Glass Steagall legislation b. The Sarbanes-Oxley legislation c. The Securities Act d. Generally Accepted Auditing Standards ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

b

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-1,6 - LO: 2-1 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Incorrect. b. Correct. c. Incorrect. d. Incorrect.

18. Which of the following is NOT a possible control activity? a. Having separate authorization, bookkeeping, and custody functions. b. Protecting access to important information with a password. c. Requiring two individuals to work on the same task. d. Supervisory review of each task completed by employees. ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

d a. Incorrect. By separating authorization, bookkeeping, and custody functions, key duties are segregated. b. Incorrect. Protecting access to important information with a password is considered a system of authorization and is a possible control activity.

c. Incorrect. Requiring two individuals to work on the same task is similar to segregation of duties in that multiple people are doing one job.

d. Correct. POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Moderate LO: 2-6 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Understanding

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CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION Chapter 02 19. Financial statement fraud is typically committed by: a. Employees with access to company assets b. Top management c. Customers d. Vendors ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

b

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-1,6 - LO: 2-1 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Incorrect. Employees usually commit fraud against the organization, not for the organization. b. Correct. Top management is usually responsible for fraud committed on behalf of the organization. c. Incorrect. Customers usually commit fraud against the organization. d. Incorrect. Vendors usually commit fraud against the organization.

20. An employee who has the responsibilities of both writing checks and making bank deposits would have ____. a. Financial pressure b. Perceived opportunity c. Rationalization ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

b

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-6 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Understanding

a. Incorrect. A financial pressure is when a person feels a need for money that he does not have. b. Correct. c. Incorrect. Rationalization occurs when perpetrators justify their fraudulent acts as acceptable.

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CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION Chapter 02 21. Most fraud perpetrators have profiles that look like: a. Those of other honest people b. Those with criminal records c. Those who are uneducated d. Those who use alcohol and drugs ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

a a. Correct. Fraud perpetrators fit the profile of those who are educated and appear to have good traits that organizations look for when hiring employees.

b. Incorrect. c. Incorrect. d. Incorrect. POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-1,6 - LO: 2-1 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

22. According to the Sarbanes-Oxley legislation, current changes to, or waivers of codes of ethics should be disclosed in: a. Form 10-K. b. Form 1120. c. Form 8-K. d. Form 10-Q. ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

c

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Moderate LO: 2-2 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Incorrect. b. Incorrect. c. Correct. d. Incorrect.

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Page 11


CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION Chapter 02 23. What is the strongest factor in deterring future fraud activity? a. Legal prosecution. b. Sanctions. c. Termination. d. Counseling. ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

a a. Correct. When fraud perpetrators are prosecuted others in the organization understand that fraud is a serious crime.

b. Incorrect. Sanctions carry no public scrutiny; hence, perpetrators can conceal their crimes from family and commit fraud again in the future.

c. Incorrect. This can actually help perpetrators build an impressive resume; it does not deter future fraud.

d. Incorrect. This is a "distracter" answer; counseling was not listed in the text as a possible factor in deterring future fraud.

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-1,6 - LO: 2-1 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

24. Which of the following is NOT a true statement? a. Almost every fraud involves rationalization. b. All frauds involve financial or vice-related pressures. c. Perceived opportunity diminishes when fraud perpetrators are prosecuted. ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

b a. Incorrect. This statement is true. b. Correct. Not every fraud involves financial or vice-related pressures. There may exist work-related pressures, or pressures from a spouse.

c. Incorrect. This statement is true. Perceived opportunity diminishes when fraud perpetrators are prosecuted. Prosecution also benefits the perpetrator in the long term.

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-3 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

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Page 12


CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION Chapter 02 25. A smart fraudster usually manipulates which financial record in order to better avoid an audit trail? a. Income statement. b. Balance sheet. c. Statement of cash flows. d. Statement of retained earnings. ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

a a. Correct. Income statements report on activity only for a certain period. At the end of that period accounts are closed to zero, thus erasing the audit trail.

b. Incorrect. Balance sheets carry over numbers from period to period, making it harder to conceal fraud. c. Incorrect. The statement of cash flows also carries over financial data from period to period, making it hard to conceal the fraud over the long term.

d. Incorrect. POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Moderate LO: 2-1,6 - LO: 2-1 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Understanding

26. Which of the following factors creates an opportunity for fraud? a. Greed b. Living beyond one's means c. Lack of an audit trail d. The organization owes it to me ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

c a. Incorrect. b. Incorrect. c. Correct. Opportunity is the second factor of the fraud triangle. It consists of several items including the lack of an audit trail.

d. Incorrect. POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-6 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

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Page 13


CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION Chapter 02 27. Which of the following is NOT a common financial pressure associated with fraud? a. Living beyond one's means b. High bills or personal debt c. Personal financial losses d. Desire to hurt employer financially ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

d

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-5 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Incorrect. This is a common financial pressure associated with fraud. b. Incorrect. This is a common financial pressure associated with fraud. c. Incorrect. This is a common financial pressure associated with fraud. d. Correct.

28. Generally, internal controls are implemented in a corporation to help prevent which element of the fraud triangle? a. Perceived opportunity b. Perceived pressure c. Rationalization d. Authorization ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

a

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-6 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Correct. Internal controls are generally implemented to help prevent perceived opportunity. b. Incorrect. c. Incorrect. d. Incorrect.

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Page 14


CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION Chapter 02 29. Which racial group is most likely to commit fraud? a. Caucasian b. African American c. Asian d. Hispanic e. People of every race commit fraud ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

e

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-1,6 - LO: 2-1 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Incorrect. b. Incorrect. c. Incorrect. d. Incorrect. e. Correct.

30. According to the study mentioned in the text, which of the following is true about fraud perpetrators compared to property offenders? a. Fraud perpetrators are more likely to be caught than property offenders b. Fraud perpetrators are more educated than property offenders c. Fraud perpetrators are more likely to be men than property offenders d. Fraud perpetrators are much younger than property offenders ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

b

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Moderate LO: 2-1,6 - LO: 2-1 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Incorrect. b. Correct. When compared to other property offenders, fraud perpetrators are much more educated. c. Incorrect. d. Incorrect.

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Page 15


CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION Chapter 02 31. Which of the following creates opportunities for fraud? a. Requirement to change passwords on a regular basis b. Inability to judge quality of performance c. Controls that prevent or detect fraud d. Segregation of duties ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

b

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-6 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Understanding

a. Incorrect. This is a deterrent to fraudulent behavior. b. Correct. c. Incorrect. This is a deterrent to fraudulent behavior. d. Incorrect. This is a deterrent to fraudulent behavior.

32. Which of the following people is most likely to have opportunities to commit fraud? a. Rob is a convicted bank robber who has been out of jail for 7 years and is working for a small firm whose manager knows about Rob’s criminal background. b. Jane is a recent high school graduate who loves shopping. She is on the look out for a job. c. Steve was just hired by his company but he is always acting suspicious d. 62 year old Dave has loyally worked up his company's corporate ladder for the past 24 years ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

d a. Incorrect. As a convicted felon, Rob's opportunity to commit fraud will be limited--especially if his employer is aware that he is a convicted felon.

b. Incorrect. Fraud perpetrators have usually worked for the company for several years. c. Incorrect. More controls will be in place for Steve because he is not trusted. d. Correct. Dave will be given the most opportunities. POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Moderate LO: 2-1,6 - LO: 2-1 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Understanding

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CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION Chapter 02 33. According to the study mentioned in the text, people who commit fraud are most similar to which of the following groups? a. Property offenders b. College students c. Convicted felons d. Animal lovers ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

b

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Incorrect. Fraudsters are not generally property offenders. b. Correct. Fraudsters tend to differ only slightly from typical college students. c. Incorrect. Fraudsters don't generally have criminal records. d. Incorrect.

34. The theory behind _____ is that if people know their work or activities will be monitored by others, the opportunity to commit and conceal a fraud will be reduced. a. documentation b. segregation of duties c. system of authorizations d. independent checks ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

d

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-2 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Understanding

a. Incorrect. b. Incorrect. c. Incorrect. d. Correct.

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Page 17


CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION Chapter 02 35. Which of the following is usually the most expensive of all control procedures? a. Documents and records b. Segregation of duties c. System of authorizations d. Independent checks ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

b

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Moderate LO: 2-6 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Incorrect. b. Correct. c. Incorrect. d. Incorrect.

36. Segregation of duties, as a control procedure, is most often used a. when the task involved is complex. b. when it is impossible for one person to complete a task. c. when appraisals are conducted. d. when cash is involved. ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

d

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-6 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Understanding

a. Incorrect. b. Incorrect. c. Incorrect. d. Correct.

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Page 18


CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION Chapter 02 37. Documents and records are an important control activity. Which of the following statements concerning this activity is true? a. They serve as excellent preventive controls. b. Adequate accountability can exist even in their absence. c. The entire accounting system serves as a documentary control. d. They are poor detective controls. ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

c

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Moderate LO: 2-6 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Incorrect. b. Incorrect. c. Correct. d. Incorrect.

38. Which of the following is an example of an authorization control procedure? a. Password protection b. Periodic job rotation c. Cash checks d. Supervisor review ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

a

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-6 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's Remembering

a. Correct. b. Incorrect. c. Incorrect. d. Incorrect.

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Page 19


CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION Chapter 02 39. Who do criminologists compare fraudsters to in relation to repeat offenses and why? a. Rapists. They repeat their crimes because they are not severely punished. b. Shoplifters. They steal goods frequently and in small quantities until they are confronted. c. Bank Robbers. They steal a lot of money from wealthy sources. d. Bank Tellers. They have access to a large amount of resources and they are perceived to be trustworthy people. ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

a

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-1 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Correct. Fraudsters repeat offenses because they are not severely punished. b. Incorrect. c. Incorrect. d. Incorrect.

40. Studies show that in advanced countries, levels of honesty are: a. Generally stable b. Increasing c. Decreasing ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

c

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-1 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Incorrect. b. Incorrect. c. Correct. Levels of honesty are decreasing.

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Page 20


CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION Chapter 02 41. Every fraud is comprised of all the following elements EXCEPT: a. The theft act b. Concealment c. Conversion d. Assault ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

d

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Moderate LO: 2-6 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Incorrect. This is an element that comprises fraud. b. Incorrect. This is an element that comprises fraud. c. Incorrect. This is an element that comprises fraud. d. Correct. This is not a usual element of fraud.

42. According to Max Weber, ______ is the probability that a person can carry out his or her own will despite resistance. a. power b. persuasion c. prejudice d. potency ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

a

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Moderate LO: 2-8 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Correct. b. Incorrect. c. Incorrect. d. Incorrect.

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Page 21


CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION Chapter 02 43. ____________ is the ability of the fraud perpetrator to make an individual perceive punishment if he or she does not participate in the fraud. a. Expert power b. Coercive power c. Legitimate power d. Reward power ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

b

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-8 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Incorrect. b. Correct. c. Incorrect. d. Incorrect.

44. A fraud perpetrator is able to convince a potential victim that he will receive a large bonus if he supports him in a fraud scheme. Which type of power is the fraud perpetrator using? a. Expert power b. Coercive power c. Legitimate power d. Reward power ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

d

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-8 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Incorrect. b. Incorrect. c. Incorrect. d. Correct.

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CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION Chapter 02 45. Individuals often participate in fraud because they believe that by not participating in the fraud scheme, they may lose their job. Which type of power is at play here? a. Expert power b. Legitimate power c. Coercive power d. Reward power ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

c

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-8 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Incorrect. b. Incorrect. c. Correct. d. Incorrect.

46. Wilma participates in a fraud scheme by executing some derivative trades because she believed that a senior analyst knew more about complex derivative transactions than she did. These transactions were fraudulent in nature. Which type of power was employed to deceive Wilma? a. Expert power b. Referent power c. Coercive power d. Reward power ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

a

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-8 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Correct. b. Incorrect. c. Incorrect. d. Incorrect.

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CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION Chapter 02 47. _____ is the ability of the perpetrator to relate to the potential co-conspirator. a. Expert power b. Legitimate power c. Referent power d. Reward power ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

c

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-8 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Incorrect. b. Incorrect. c. Correct. d. Incorrect.

48. Many individuals, when persuaded by a trusted friend to participate in fraud, will rationalize the actions as being justifiable. Which type of power is being employed in such situations? a. Referent power b. Legitimate power c. Coercive power d. Reward power ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

a

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Moderate LO: 2-8 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Correct. b. Incorrect. c. Incorrect. d. Incorrect.

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CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION Chapter 02 49. Which of the following is NOT a perceived pressure that can lead to employee fraud?​ a. e​ xperiencing high medical bills because of illness in family b. f​ rustration with a co­worker c. a​ nticipated actual financial reports that are below published expectations d. a​  challenge to beat the system ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

c

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Moderate LO: 2-3 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. This is an example of employee fraud. b. This is an example of employee fraud. c. This is an example of financial statement fraud. d. This is an example of employee fraud.

50. Which of the following is true regarding the fraud triangle?​ a. T ​ he three elements of the fraud triangle are inter­active. b. R ​ ationalization for the fraud act is thought of after the fraud has been committed. c. T ​ he perceived ability to conceal the fraud act concerns the rationalization side of the fraud triangle. d. A ​  financial pressure to commit fraud is the strongest pressure of the three fraud triangle elements. ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

a

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Moderate LO: 2-3 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Understanding

a. Correct b. Incorrect c. Incorrect as concealment is a part of perceived opportunity. d. Incorrect

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CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION Chapter 02 51. S ​ ome researchers have added a fourth element to the fraud triangle making it a fraud diamond.  What is that element? a. p​ ropensity toward illegal acts b. l​ ack of self­respect c. g​ reed d. c​ apability ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

d

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-3 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Incorrect b. Incorrect c. Incorrect d. Correct

52. W ​ hich of the following is a true statement regarding the fraud scale depicted in the text? a. T ​ he greater the perceived opportunity to commit fraud, the less rationalization is takes to commit fraud. b. T ​ he more dishonest a person is, the higher the need to rationalize the fraud act. c. W ​ hen the financial pressure increases, even low perceived opportunity is sufficient to commit fraud. d. A ​ s the 'need' to gamble increases, rationalization to commit fraud becomes easier. ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

a a. Correct b. Incorrect--less rationalization would be necessary c. Incorrect, personal integrity and rationalization would also influence the decision to commit fraud.

d. Incorrect, the need to rationalize may increase, but it wouldn't necessarily be easier. POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Moderate LO: 2-4 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Understanding

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CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION Chapter 02 53. S ​ tudies reveal that honesty levels in advaned countries are decreasing.  What do these findings indicate for the future regarding fraud? a. R ​ ationalizations will become more sophisticated. b. P ​ ressures to commit fraud will increase. c. L ​ ess perceived opportunity will have to be present. d. H ​ onesty tests in the workplace will increase. ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

c a. Incorrect, the need to rationalize will be lower. b. Incorrect, the pressures to commit fraud will not necessarily increase. c. Correct, because of the decreasing levels of honesty, the opportunity level can be lower.

d. Incorrect, this may or may not be the case. POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-4 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

54. W ​ hich of the following is an example of a vice pressure? a. e​ xpensive extramarital relationship(s). b. a​ n  extravagant life­style. c. needing to appear successful.​ d. b​ eing offered a bribe. ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

a

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Moderate LO: 2-5 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Correct b. Incorrect, this is a financial pressure. c. Incorrect, this is not a vice pressure. d. Incorrect, this is not a vice pressure.

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CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION Chapter 02 55. W ​ hich of the following is NOT a work­related pressure? a. f​ ear of losing one's job b. w ​ anting to appear successful c. g​ etting overlooked for a promotion d. i​ nsufficient/little recognition for work performance ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

b

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-5 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Correct b. Incorrect, this is a work pressure. c. Incorrect, this is a work pressure. d. Incorrect, this is a work pressure.

56. W ​ hich of the following about rationalization is NOT true? a. R ​ ationalization is a form of self­justification. b. R ​ ationalization is a way to lie to one's self. c. P ​ eople who rationalize feel they are basically honest people. d. R ​ ationalizing is unnecessary when there are multiple opportunities present to commit fraud. ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

d

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-7 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Remembering

a. Incorrect, as it is a true statement. b. Incorrect, as it is a true statement. c. Incorrect, as it is a true statement. d. Correct, rationalization is still a part of the decision to commit fraud.

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CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSION Chapter 02 57. W ​ hich of the following statements is false? a. H ​ alf­truths are often a part of rationalization. b. T ​ he bigger the fraud act, the more believable the rationalization. c. M ​ any fraud perpetrators believe their rationalizations to be true. d. P ​ erceived rationalizations are a part of the fraud triangle. ANSWER: FEEDBACK:

b

POINTS: DIFFICULTY: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: NATIONAL STANDARDS: KEYWORDS:

1 Easy LO: 2-7 United States - BUSPROG: - Technology Bloom's: Understanding

a. Correct statement b. False statement c. Correct statement d. Correct statement

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Page 29

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Test Bank for Fraud Examination 5th Edition Albrecht  

Fraud Examination 5th Edition Albrecht Test Bank 2016 (9781305079144) (1305079140). Instant test bank download. Download from https://accoun...

Test Bank for Fraud Examination 5th Edition Albrecht  

Fraud Examination 5th Edition Albrecht Test Bank 2016 (9781305079144) (1305079140). Instant test bank download. Download from https://accoun...