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◊⁄ ÁfløÊ⁄... Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ ŒflÊ ¬⁄UˡÊáÊ ∑§Ù ‹∑§⁄U ÁŸÿ◊-∑§ÊÿŒ ‚Åà „Ò¥– ß‚Á‹∞ fl„Ê¥ ¬∑§ËÁp◊Ë ŒflÊ ∑§¥¬ÁŸÿÊ¥ •»˝Ë∑§Ê •ı⁄U ∞Á‡ÊÿÊ ∑‘§ ª⁄UË’ Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ ¬⁄UˡÊáÊ ∑‘§ ÁΔ∑§ÊŸ SflÊSâÿ ◊¥òÊÊ‹ÿ ‚ ‚¥’h ‚¥‚ŒËÿ SÕÊÿË ‚Á◊Áà ÷Ë ŒflÊ ¬⁄UˡÊáÊÙ¥ ∑§Ë ¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ ◊¥ ÁŸÿ◊-∑§ÊÿŒÙ¥ ∑§Ë •ŸŒπË ¬⁄U ŸÊ⁄UÊ¡ªË ¡ÃÊ øÈ∑§Ë „Ò– ◊ª⁄U •’ ÷Ë ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ë •Ù⁄U ‚ ÁŸª⁄UÊŸË •ı⁄U ÁŸÿ◊Ÿ ∑§Ë ∑§Ù߸ ¬ÈÅÃÊ √ÿflSÕÊ Ÿ„Ë¥ „Ù ¬Ê߸ „Ò, Ÿ ◊È•Êfl¡ ∑‘§ ‚¥’¥œ ◊¥ ∑§Ù߸ ãÿÊÿ‚¥ªÃ •ı⁄U S¬C ŸËÁà ÉÊÙÁ·Ã ∑§Ë ªß¸ „Ò– ß‚ ¬⁄U ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ù ∞∑§ ’Ê⁄U Á»⁄U ‚flÙ¸ëø •ŒÊ‹Ã ∑§Ë » ≈U∑§Ê⁄U ‚ÈŸŸË ¬«∏Ë–

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ËʇÊÃË „Ò¥– ©Ÿ∑‘§ Ãı⁄U-Ã⁄UË∑§Ù¥ ∑§Ù ‹∑§⁄U •ÄU‚⁄U ‚flÊ‹ ©ΔÃ ⁄U„ „Ò¥– ∞‚ ◊Ê◊‹Ù¥ ∑§Ë ÷Ë ∑§◊Ë Ÿ„Ë¥, Á¡Ÿ◊¥ ¬˝ÿÙª ∑‘§ Œı⁄UÊŸ ∑§È¿ ◊⁄UË¡Ù¥ ∑§Ë ◊ıà „Ù ªß¸ ÿÊ ©ã„¥ ßÃŸÊ ª¥÷Ë⁄U ŸÈ∑§‚ÊŸ ¬„È¥øÊ Á∑§ fl Á»⁄U ‚Ê◊Êãÿ „ÙŸ ∑‘§ ‹Êÿ∑§ Ÿ„Ë¥ ⁄U„ ª∞ ÿÊ ŒÍ‚⁄UË ’Ë◊ÊÁ⁄UÿÙ¥ ∑§Ë ø¬≈U ◊¥ •Ê ª∞– ◊äÿ¬˝Œ‡Ê •ı⁄U •Ê¥œ˝ ¬˝Œ‡Ê ◊¥ ∞‚ ŒÈπŒ flÊ∑§ÿ íÿÊŒÊ „È∞ „Ò¥– ߟ ÉÊ≈UŸÊ•Ù¥ ∑‘§ ◊gŸ¡⁄U ∑§È¿ ’⁄U‚Ù¥ ‚ ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ ÁÄU‹ÁŸ∑§‹ ≈˛Êÿ‹ ÿÊŸË ŒflÊ•Ù¥ •ı⁄U ≈UË∑§Ù¥ ∑§Ê ¬⁄UˡÊáÊ πÊ‚Ê ÁflflÊŒÊS¬Œ ◊ÈŒ˜ŒÊ ’Ÿ ªÿÊ „Ò– ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§Ë ÁªŸÃË ©Ÿ Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ „ÙÃË „Ò ¡Ù ŒflÊ ©lÙª ◊¥ •ª˝áÊË „Ò¥– ÿ„Ê¥ ŒflÊ•Ù¥ ∑‘§ ¬˝ÿÙª íÿÊŒÊ „ÙŸ ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ÉÊ⁄U‹Í ŒflÊ ©lÙª ÷Ë „Ò– ¬⁄UˡÊáÊÙ¥ ∑‘§ Œı⁄UÊŸ „È߸ ◊ıÃÙ¥ ∑‘§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ÿ„ ◊Ê◊‹Ê ¡ŸÁ„à ÿÊÁø∑§Ê•Ù¥ ∑‘§ ¡Á⁄U∞ ‚flÙ¸ëø ãÿÊÿÊ‹ÿ ◊¥ ÷Ë ¬„È¥øÊ– ãÿÊÿÊ‹ÿ Ÿ ©Áøà „Ë ß‚ ◊Ê◊‹ ◊¥ ‚¥flŒŸ‡ÊË‹ÃÊ ÁŒπÊ߸ •ı⁄U ∑§„Ê Á∑§ ‹ÙªÙ¥ ∑§Ù ÁªŸË Á¬ª ∑§Ë Ã⁄U„ ßSÃ◊Ê‹ Ÿ„Ë¥ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ– ‚ÊÕ „Ë ∑‘§¥Œ˝ •ı⁄U ⁄UÊíÿ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UÙ¥ ∑§Ù ŸÙÁ≈U‚ ¡Ê⁄UË Á∑§∞– ÿ„Ë Ÿ„Ë¥, •ŒÊ‹Ã Ÿ ©Ÿ ∞∑§ ‚ı ’Ê‚Δ ŒflÊ•Ù¥ ∑‘§ ¬⁄UˡÊáÊ ¬⁄U ⁄UÙ∑§ ‹ªÊŸ ∑§Ù ∑§„Ê, Á¡ã„¥ Áfl‡Ê·ôÊ ‚Á◊Áà ߥ‚ÊŸË ‡Ê⁄UË⁄U ¬⁄U •Ê¡◊ÊŸ ∑§Ë ◊¥¡Í⁄UË Œ øÈ∑§Ë „Ò– •ŒÊ‹Ã ∑§Ù •ÊESà ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë ◊¥‡ÊÊ ‚ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑‘§ fl∑§Ë‹ Ÿ ∑§„Ê Á∑§ Ÿß¸ ŒflÊ•Ù¥ ∑‘§ ¬⁄UˡÊáÊ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ÁŒ‡ÊÊÁŸŒ¸‡Ê ÃÒÿÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UŸ ∑‘§ ◊∑§‚Œ ‚ flÒôÊÊÁŸ∑§ ⁄U¥¡Ëà ⁄UÊÿ øıœ⁄UË ∑§Ë •äÿˇÊÃÊ ◊¥ ∞∑§ ‚Á◊Áà ªÁΔà ∑§Ë ªß¸ ÕË •ı⁄U ©‚ fl ‚ȤÊÊfl ÷¡ ÁŒ∞ ª∞ Õ ¡Ù ⁄UÊC˛Ëÿ ◊ÊŸflÊÁœ∑§Ê⁄U •ÊÿÙª •ı⁄U SflÊSâÿ ∑‘§ ◊‚‹ ¬⁄U ‚Á∑˝§ÿ ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ ‚¥ªΔŸÙ¥ Ÿ ‚◊ÿ-‚◊ÿ ¬⁄U ÁŒ∞ Õ– ‹Á∑§Ÿ ‚flÊ‹ „Ò Á∑§ ‚Á◊Áà ªÁΔà „ÙŸ ∑‘§ ◊„ËŸÙ¥ ’ÊŒ ÷Ë S¬C ÁŒ‡ÊÊ-ÁŸŒ¸‡Ê ¡Ê⁄UË ÄUÿÙ¥ Ÿ„Ë¥ Á∑§∞ ¡Ê ‚∑‘§ „Ò¥– ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË fl∑§Ë‹ Ÿ ŒflÊ ∞fl¥ ¬˝‚ÊœŸ ‚¥‡ÊÙœŸ Áflœÿ∑§ ∑§Ê ÷Ë „flÊ‹Ê ÁŒÿÊ– ÿ„ Áflœÿ∑§ •ªSà ◊¥ ‚¥‚Œ ◊¥ ¬‡Ê „È•Ê ÕÊ, ¬⁄U •’ ÷Ë ‹¥Á’à „Ò– ÿ ‚∑§Ê⁄UÊà◊∑§ ¬˝ÿÊ‚ „Ò¥, ◊ª⁄U ŸÊ∑§Ê» Ë „Ò¥– ¬˝SÃÊÁflà ÁŒ‡ÊÊ-ÁŸŒ¸‡Ê ∑‘§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ¡Ù ÷Ë ¡ÊŸ∑§Ê⁄UË •’ Ã∑§ •Ê߸ „Ò ©‚‚ ÿ„Ë ‚¥∑‘§Ã Á◊‹ÃÊ „Ò Á∑§ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ŒÙ·Ë ¬Ê∞ ¡ÊŸ ¬⁄U ¬⁄UˡÊáÊ∑§Ãʸ ∑§¥¬ÁŸÿÙ¥ ∑‘§ Áπ‹Ê» ∑§«∏ Œ¥«Êà◊∑§ ¬˝ÊflœÊŸ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑‘§ ¬ˇÊ ◊¥ Ÿ„Ë¥ „Ò, ◊È•Êfl¡ ∑§Ù ‹∑§⁄U ÷Ë ©‚∑§Ê ⁄UflÒÿÊ ‹ø⁄U „Ò– ŒflÊ ∑§¥¬ÁŸÿÊ¥ ◊Ÿ◊ÊŸ Ã⁄UË∑‘§ ‚ ‹ÙªÙ¥ ∑§Ë ¡ÊŸ ¡ÙÁπ◊ ◊¥ «Ê‹ ∑§⁄U ¬⁄UˡÊáÊ ∑§⁄UÃË •Ê߸ „Ò¥ ÃÙ ß‚∑§Ê ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ÄUÿÊ ÿ„Ë „Ò Á∑§ ß‚ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ S¬C ∑§ÊŸÍŸ ∑§Ë ∑§◊Ë „Ò– •¥Ã⁄U⁄UÊC˛Ëÿ •ÊøÊ⁄U ‚¥Á„ÃÊ ∑§Ù •ÊœÊ⁄U ’ŸÊ ∑§⁄U ÷Ë ∑§Ê⁄U¸flÊ߸ ∑§Ë ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃË ÕË– ÿ„ Á∑§‚Ë ‚ Á¿¬Ê Ÿ„Ë¥ „Ò Á∑§ ∑§¥¬ÁŸÿÊ¥ Ÿß¸ ŒflÊ•Ù¥ ∑§Ù •Ê¡◊ÊŸ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ’„Œ ª⁄UË’ ‹ÙªÙ¥ ∑§Ù øÈŸÃË „Ò¥ ÃÊÁ∑§ ©ã„¥ ÕÙ«∏.‚ ‹Ê‹ø ¬⁄U ¬˝ÿÙª ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ⁄U¡Ê◊¥Œ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑‘§– Œ‹Ê‹Ù¥ •ı⁄U «ÊÚÄU≈U⁄UÙ¥ ∑§Ù ÷Ë ∞‚ Á‡Ê∑§Ê⁄U ◊È„ÒÿÊ ∑§⁄UÊŸ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ∑§◊ˇʟ ÁŒÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò– ߥŒı⁄U ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË •S¬ÃÊ‹ ß‚ ªÙ⁄Uπœ¥œ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ∑§ß¸ ’Ê⁄U π’⁄UÙ¥ ◊¥ •Ê øÈ∑§Ê „Ò– ∞‚ ◊Ê◊‹Ù¥ ◊¥ œÙπÊœ«∏Ë ∑‘§ ‚Ê◊Êãÿ ∑§ÊŸÍŸÙ¥ ∑‘§ Äà ÷Ë ÁŸ¬≈UÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ ÕÊ– ¬⁄U ’⁄U‚Ù¥ ‚ ‚Ê» ∑§ÊŸÍŸË ¬˝ÊflœÊŸ Ÿ „ÙŸ ∑§Ê ’„ÊŸÊ ’ŸÊÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ ⁄U„Ê „Ò– ©ê◊ËŒ ∑§Ë ¡ÊŸË øÊÁ„∞ Á∑§ ‚flÙ¸ëø •ŒÊ‹Ã ∑‘§ „SÃˇÊ¬ ‚ ß‚ ◊Ê◊‹ ◊¥ ∑§«∏ ÁŒ‡ÊÊ-ÁŸŒ¸‡Ê ¡Ê⁄UË „Ù¥ª •ı⁄U ©Ÿ∑§Ê ¬Ê‹Ÿ ÷Ë ‚ÈÁŸÁpà Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑‘§ªÊ–


¬ÊΔ∑§Ù¢ ∑§Ë ¬˝ Á ÃÁ∑˝ ÿ Ê There is seen an dramatic change in the wildlife. Wildlife is ruined by the society in day to day life cycle. Recently indian gangetic dolphin and will elephants are enlisted in the top most 100 mammals who are going to be extinct.It is very shameful to the government that they are not protecting the wildlife by the hunters and the other problems. Due to deforestation various mammals have changed there location as well as many of them are gotten into the deep. If this behaviour is not controlled now then the wildlife can be seen only in zoo’s. Gaurav Rao,New delhi.

„Ê‹UÊ¢Á∑§ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑§Ê ‚ŒÒfl „Ë ∞∑§ •„◊ ¬„‹UÍ ◊ÊŸÊ ªÿÊ „Ò, ‹UÁ∑§Ÿ •Ê¡∑§‹U ∑§Ë „Ê‹Uà Œπ∑§⁄U ß‚‚ ÿ„ ¬ÃÊ ‹UªÊÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ „Ò Á∑§ ÿ„ Áfl·ÿ „◊‡ÊÊ ΔU¢«U ’SÃ ◊¢ „Ë ⁄UπÊ ªÿÊ „Ò– ÁflE ¬ÿʸfláÊ ÁŒfl‚ ¡Ê Á∑§ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ¬˝Á◊ÿÊ¢ ∑§ Á‹U∞ Áfl‡Ê· ◊„àfl ⁄UπÃÊ „Ò ©‚ ÁŒfl‚ ¬⁄U ∑§Ê߸ Áfl‡Ê· ∑§Êÿ¸ „ÊÃÊ Ÿ¡⁄U Ÿ„Ë¢ •ÊÃÊ– ¬ÁG∑§Ê mÊ⁄UÊ ÁflÁ÷Û§Ê ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ∑§ ¬˝§ŒÍ§·áÊÊ¢ •ÊÒ⁄U ©‚ ’øÊŸ ∑§ ¡§Ê Ã⁄UË∑§ ’§ÃÊ∞ ª∞ „Ò¢ fl„ ‚⁄UÊ„ŸÊ ∑§ ‹UÊÿ§∑§ „Ò¢– ©¬„Ê⁄U ∑§ M§¬ ◊¢ ÿÁŒ ¬ıœÊ ÁŒÿÊ ¡Ê∞ ÃÊ ©‚‚ ’«U∏Ê$ ∑§Ê߸ ÃÊ„»§Ê Ÿ„Ë¢ „Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ– øËŸ ◊¢ ÿ„ ¬˝ÕÊ ∑§ßZ ‚Ê‹UÊ¢ ‚ „Ò Á¡‚‚ ∑§Ë ¬˝ŒÍ·áÊ ∑§Ê ⁄UÊ∑§Ÿ ◊¢ ◊ŒŒ Á◊‹UÃË „Ò– ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑§ ¬˝Áà ÿÁŒ ‚¢¬Íáʸ ¡ŸÃÊ ‚ ∞∑§ øÊÒÕÊ߸ ÷Ë ‚¡ª „Ê ¡Ê∞ ÃÊ ÁflªÃ vÆ ‚Ê‹UÊ¢ ◊¢ ÿ„ ‚◊SÿÊ ¬Íáʸ M§¬ ‚ πà◊ „Ê ‚∑§ÃË „Ò– •ÊŒ‡Ê ÁŸª◊, ⁄UÊ¢øË

Child labour is seriously affecting the nature of the society. If the society needs to be developed then the new generation should be educated enough to get the needs to be fulfilled. The upgrowing use of child labour in mines and quarries is ignoring the future of the childrens, although the government has given rules, but they are kept aside. The magazine has given the points that how can we eliminate child labour, if we go in this order we can eliminate poverty as well. These are the two main keys which can make the shape of india better. KEDAR AGARWAL

SflÊSâÿ ∑§ ¬˝Áà •Ê¬∑§Ê äÿÊŸ ªÿÊ ∞fl¢ ∞∑§ ∞‚Ë ‚◊SÿÊ ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¢ •Ê¬∑§ mÊ⁄UÊ ÁflSÃÎà ¡ÊŸ∑§Ê⁄UË ŒË,Á¡‚∑§ Á‹U∞ •Ê¬∑§Ë ¬ÁG∑§Ê ∑§Ê œãÿflÊŒ ∑§⁄UŸÊ øÊ„ÃÊ „Í¢– flÊ∑§ß¸ ◊¢ •ÊÒÉÊÊÁª∑§⁄UáÊ ∑§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ∑§ßZ§ ∞‚Ë Ÿß¸ ’Ë◊ÊÁ⁄UÿÊ¢ ¡ã◊ ‹UÃË „Ò¢ Á¡Ÿ∑§Ë Ã⁄U»§ Á∑§‚Ë ∑§Ê ÷Ë äÿÊŸ Ÿ„Ë¢ „Ò, ∞fl¢ ÿ„ ‚◊SÿÊ Á»§‹U„Ê‹U ÃÊ ª¢÷Ë⁄U ◊Ê‹ÍU◊ Ÿ„Ë¢ „ÊÃË ‹UÁ∑§Ÿ •Êª ø‹U∑§⁄U ÿ„ ∞∑§ ª¢÷Ë⁄U ◊‚‹UÊ ©÷⁄U∑§⁄U ‚Ê◊Ÿ •Ê ‚∑§ÃË „Ò– ß‚ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ë ‚◊SÿÊ•Ê¢ ¬⁄U äÿÊŸ Ÿ ŒŸÊ ∞∑§ Áø¢ÃÊ ∑§Ê Áfl·ÿ „Ò– ∞∑§ ÁøÁ∑§à‚∑§ „ÊŸ ∑§ ŸÊÃ „⁄U ’Ë◊Ê⁄UË ∑§Ê ß‹UÊ¡ ∑§⁄UŸÊ œ◊¸ ÷Ë „Ò •Ò⁄U ∑§◊¸ ÷Ë, ß‚ ◊Èg ∑§Ê ‹U∑§⁄U ∑§„Ë¢ ÷Ë Á∑§‚Ë ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ê ‚ê◊‹UŸ ÿÊ ‚÷Ê Ÿ„Ë¢ ∑§Ë ªß¸ „Ò– «UÊÚ. Á„Ã‡Ê ¬ÊΔU∑§, ’Ò¢ª‹UÊ⁄U

¬ÊŸË ’øÊŸ ∑§Ë ◊ÈÁ„◊ ∑§Ê⁄Uª⁄U Ÿ„Ë¥ ÿ„ ‚ø ‚ÊÁ’à „Ê ø‹UÊ „Ò– Á¡‚ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U •Ê’ÊŒË ÁŒŸ-’-ÁŒŸ ’…U∏ÃË$ ¡Ê ⁄U„Ë „Ò Á¡‚∑§Ê ∑§Ê߸ ⁄UÊ∑§ÕÊ◊ Ÿ„Ë¢ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê ⁄U„Ê „Ò ∞‚ ◊¢ ¬ÊŸË ∑§Ê ŸÊ‡Ê „ÊŸÊ ‚Ê◊Êãÿ ’Êà „Ê ¡Ê∞ªË Á¡‚∑§Ê πÊÁ◊ÿÊ¡Ê „◊Ê⁄U •UÊŸ flÊ‹UË ¬ËÁ…U∏ÿÊ¢$ ∑§Ê ©ΔUÊŸÊ „ÊªÊ– •Ê¡ ÷Ë Œ„Êà ∑§ ∑§ßZ ‡Ê„⁄UÊ¢ ◊¢ ¬ÊŸË ∑§Ë √ÿflSÕÊ ßÃŸË π⁄UÊ’ „Ò Á∑§ ¬ÊŸË ‹UŸU ∑§ Á§‹U∞ ∑§Ê‚Ê¢ ŒÍ⁄U ¡ÊŸÊ ¬«U∏ÃÊ „Ò, ÿÊ $Á»§⁄U ¬ÊŸË ∑§Ê ‚å‹UÊÿ „Ë Ÿ„Ë¢ „ÊÃÊ– ’…U∏ ‡Ê„⁄UÊ¢ ◊¢ „Ê߸¬˝Ê$»§Ê߸‹U ‹UÊªÊ¢ mÊ⁄UÊ Á¡ÃŸÊ ¬ÊŸË √flÕ¸ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò ©ÃŸÊ ∑§„Ë¢ Ÿ„Ë¢ „ÊÃÊ – ÿÁŒ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ¡‹U∑§⁄U ’…U∏Ê ÷Ë Œ Ã’ ÷Ë ÿ„ ‚$¢∑§≈U ∑§◊ Ÿ„Ë¢ „Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ ß‚∑§ Á§‹U∞ ¡M§⁄UË ÿ„ „Ò Á∑§ Sflÿ¢ ¡ŸÃÊ ¡ÊªL§∑§ „Ê∑§⁄U ß‚ Áfl·ÿ ¬⁄U ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§⁄U– •Ê‡ÊË· ¡ÒŸ, ÷Ê¬Ê‹U

¬˝∑ΧÁà ‚ ¡È«U∏Ë „Ò „⁄U •Ê¬ŒÊ ÿ„ ’Êà ÃÊ ◊ÊÿŸ ⁄$πÃË „Ò Á∑§ ¬˝∑§∏Áà „Ë ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ∑§⁄UÃË „Ò ∞fl¢ Áfläfl¢‚ ÷Ë ¬˝∑ΧÁà ‚ „Ë „ÊÃÊ „Ò– ß‚∑§Ê ©ŒÊ„⁄UáÊ ©ûÊ⁄UÊπ¢«U ∑§Ë Ã’Ê„Ë ∑§Ê Œπ∑§⁄U „Ë ‹UªÊÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ „Ò– ∑§ßZ§ ’Ê⁄U ¬˝∑ΧÁà •ı⁄U ◊ÊÒ‚◊ Ÿ øÃÊflŸË ÷Ë ŒË ‹UÁ∑§Ÿ Ÿ „Ë ¡ŸÃÊ ∑§Ê Ÿ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ê ©‚¬⁄U äÿÊŸ ªÿÊ Á¡‚∑§ ’ÊŒ ¬˝∑ΧÁà Ÿ ¡Ê ‚¡Ê ŒË ©‚‚ •Ê¡ ÁŒŸ Ã∑§ ◊ÊÃ◊ ∑§Ê ◊Ê„ÊÒ‹U ’ŸÊ „È•Ê „Ò– ∞‚Ê ©ûÊ⁄UÊπ¢«U ◊¢ ¬„‹UË ’Ê⁄U Ÿ„Ë¢ „È•Ê „Ò ß‚∑§ ¬„‹U ÷Ë ∑§ßZU ’Ê⁄U ’ÊŒ‹U »§≈UŸ ∑§Ë flÊ⁄UŒÊÃ¢ „Ê øÈ∑§Ë „Ò¢ ¬⁄U ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U •ı⁄U ¬˝‡ÊÊ‚Ÿ Ÿ øÈå¬Ë ‚Êœ ⁄UπË ÕË– •flÒœ ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ∞∑§ ∞‚Ê ÷ÿÊfl„ M§¬ ‹U ‚∑§ÃÊ „Ò ß‚ ’Êà ‚ ‚’∑§ ‹UŸÊ „Ë ◊ÊŸfl ¡ÊÁà ∑§ Á‹U∞ »§ÊÿŒ◊¢Œ „ÊªÊ– •ãÿÕÊ ∑§ßZ§ üÊhÊ‹Í •¬ŸË œÊÁ◊¸∑§ •ÊSÕÊ πÊ Œ¢ª– ¬¢∑§¡ øÊ»§∑§⁄U, ©ûÊ⁄U ¬˝Œ‡Ê


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CONTENTS

¬˝œÊŸ ‚ê¬Êº∑§

‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U „U◊ ©UûÊ⁄UŒÊÿË ∑ȧ¬Ê·áÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ 6 ’Ë¡ „Ò¥U ÿÊ ’ÃÊ‹ 8 ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑§Ë ‚◊SÿÊ•Ê¥ ‚ ’π’⁄U „U◊ •ÊÒ⁄U „U◊Ê⁄‘U ‚ûÊÊäÊË‡Ê 10 ‚◊Ê¡, ¬˝∑ΧÁà •ÊÒ⁄U ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ 12 ¡„U⁄UË‹Ë „UÊÃË ¡Ê ⁄U„UË „ÒU ÉÊ⁄U ∑§ ’Ê„U⁄U ∑§Ë „UflÊ 14 ∑§Êÿ‹Ê - πÁŸ¡ ÿÊ ¡Òfl ‚¥‚ÊäÊŸ 16 ©UŒÊ⁄UflÊŒ ∑§ ‚◊¸ÕŸ ‚ „UË SÕÊÿË ‡ÊÊ¥Áà 17 Ã¡Ë ‚ πà◊ „UÊ ⁄U„UË „ÒU ◊¿UÁ‹ÿÊ¥ 18 ¬ÿ¸≈UŸ ’ŸÊ◊ ‚¥⁄UˇÊáÊ 19 •¬ŸË ’Œ„UÊ‹Ë ¬⁄U ⁄UÊ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU Á¡◊ ∑§Ê’¸≈U ‚¥ª˝„UÊ‹ÿ 20 ⁄U‚ÊÿŸÊ¥ ∑§Ë ¡„U⁄UË‹Ë ŒÈÁŸÿÊ 22 ÿ◊ÈŸÊ πÊŒ⁄U ◊¥ Ã’Ê„UË ∑§Ë øÊŒ⁄ 24 πÃ⁄‘U ◊¥ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ 26 ‚¥÷fl „ÒU Á„U◊Ê‹ÿ ∑§Ë ⁄UˇÊÊ 28 Olive Ridley turtles near extination in orissa 30 Why aren’t thermal power companies...... 32 Dengue - the result of poor waste..... 34 An organic manure factory for Rs. 800 only 36 Extreme carbon emission may cause..... 37 World Hepatitis Day - 28th July 38 Water bodies in danger 40 Water on the way to get privatize?? 42 Solar technologies on developement 44 Tremendous change: threat to Estern Ghats 45 Global Warming Spurs spread of crop..... 46 NCR likely to generate 50,000 metric..... 48


‚⁄U ∑ §Ê⁄U •ÊÒ ⁄ U „◊ ©ûÊ⁄U Œ ÊÿË ∑§È ¬ Ù·áÊ ∑‘ § Á‹∞ ‹Ê∑§‡Ê ªÊ¢œË

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E ∑‘§ ∑§È¬ÙÁ·Ã ‹Ùª •ı⁄U Áfl‡Ê· M§¬ ‚ ∑§È¬ÙÁ·Ã ŸıÁŸ„Ê‹Ù¥ ∑§Ë ‚¥ÅÿÊ ∑§Ê yÆ ¬˝ÁÇÊà ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ „Ë Áfll◊ÊŸ „Ò¥, ÿ ∑§Ù߸ •Êpÿ¸¡Ÿ∑§ Ãâÿ Ÿ„Ë¥, ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ SflÊSâÿ ◊¥òÊÊ‹ÿ ∑‘§ wÆvÆ ∑‘§ ∑§È¿ •Ê¥∑§«¥ ÃÙ •ı⁄U ÷Ë ÷ÿÊfl„ „Ò¥ Á¡Ÿ∑‘§ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄U ÃÙ ÁSÕÁà ’„Èà „Ë ª¥÷Ë⁄U „Ò ÃÕÊ •»§˝Ë∑§Ê •ı⁄U ‚„Ê⁄UÊ ∑§Ù øÈŸıÃË ŒÃ „Ò¥– ©Ÿ∑‘§ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄U ÃÙ ÁflE ∑‘§

∑§È¬ÙÁ·ÃÙ¥ ∑§Ë ‚¥ÅÿÊ ∑§Ê zÆ ¬˝ÁÇÊà ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ „Ë „Ò– ß‚Ë Ã⁄U„ ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑‘§ ‹ª÷ª xz ∑§⁄UÙ«∏ ‹Ùª ãÿÍŸÃ◊ ™§¡Ê¸ •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ•Ù¥ ∑‘§ Á„‚Ê’ ‚ }Æ ¬˝ÁÇÊà ‚ ÷Ë ∑§◊ ÷Ù¡Ÿ ∑§Ê ©¬÷Ùª ∑§⁄U ¬ÊÃ „Ò¥– ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ ’Ê‹ ◊ÎàÿÈ ∑‘§ ‹ª÷ª zÆ ¬˝ÁÇÊà ◊Ê◊‹Ù¥ ∑§Ê ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ∑§È¬Ù·áÊ „Ò– ß‚ Á⁄U¬Ù≈U¸ ◊¥ wÆvÆ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄Uà ÷Èπ◊⁄UË ‚ ‚¥’¥ÁœÃ flÒÁE∑§ ‚Íø∑§Ê¥∑§ ◊¥ vv~ Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ ~y SÕÊŸ ¬⁄U „Ò– ߟ •Ê¥∑§«∏Ù¥ ∑§Ù ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§Ù ’ŒŸÊ◊ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ê ·«˜ÿ¥òÊ ∑§„∑§⁄U „◊ •¬ŸÊ ¬ÑÊ Ÿ„Ë¥ ¤ÊÊ« ‚∑§Ã, ÄUÿÙ¥Á∑§ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ÷Ë ß‚ ªê÷Ë⁄UÃ◊ ‚◊SÿÊ ∑§Ù SflË∑§Ê⁄U ∑§⁄UŸ ¬⁄U ’Êäÿ „Ò– „◊Ê⁄U ŸËÁà ÁŸÿ¥ÃÊ ÿ SflË∑§Ê⁄U ∑§⁄U øÈ∑‘§ „Ò¥ Á∑§ „◊ ŒÈÁŸÿÊ ∑‘§ „⁄U ÃË‚⁄U ÷Íπ ∑§È¬ÙÁ·Ã ’ëø ∑‘§ •Á÷÷Êfl∑§ „Ò¥– SflSÕ ŸÊªÁ⁄U∑§ •ı⁄U ÷ÊflË ∑§áʸœÊ⁄U ’ëø ⁄UÊC˛ ∑§Ê ÷Áflcÿ „Ò, ⁄UÊC˛ ∑‘§ ©í¡fl‹ ÷Áflcÿ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ’ëøÙ¥ ∑‘§ SflÊSâÿ ¬⁄U Áfl‡Ê· äÿÊŸ ÁŒÿÊ ¡ÊŸÊ øÊÁ„∞, SflSÕ ’ëø ⁄UÊC˛ ∑§Ë œ⁄UÙ„⁄U „Ò¥, Œ‡Ê ∑‘§ ∑§áʸœÊ⁄U „Ò¥ •ÊÁŒ ÿ ‚ÈãŒ⁄U flÊÄUÿ „◊ ‚ŒÊ „Ë ¬…Ã, ‚ÈŸÃ •Êÿ¥ „Ò¥– ¬⁄UãÃÈ 6

√ÿfl„Ê⁄U ◊¥ Œπ¥ ÃÙ ÁSÕÁà ’«∏Ë ÁflÁøòÊ „Ò– •Ê¡ •◊Ë⁄U ∑§Ê ’ëøÊ ÷Ë ©ÃŸÊ „Ë ∑§È¬ÙÁ·Ã „Ò Á¡ÃŸÊ ª⁄UË’ ∑§Ê– ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ •‹ª •‹ª „Ò– ª⁄UË’ ∑§Ê ’ëøÊ ‚ÊœŸ„ËŸÃÊ ∑‘§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ÷ÍπÊ „Ò, ∑§È¬ÙÁ·Ã „Ò, ◊äÿ◊ flª¸ •ı⁄U œŸË flª¸ ◊¥ •Á÷÷Êfl∑§ ÷Ë ©ûÊ⁄UŒÊÿË „Ò¥ ∑§È¬Ù·áÊ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ •◊Ë⁄UÙ¥ •ı⁄U ’„Èà ∑§È¿ ◊äÿ◊ flª¸ ¬⁄U „ÊflË „Ò ’Ê¡Ê⁄UflÊŒ, Á¡‚∑‘§ ø‹Ã ‚«∏ ◊ÒŒ ‚ ÃÒÿÊ⁄U (¡Ù ¬ÊøŸÃ¥òÊ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ „ÊÁŸ∑§Ê⁄U∑§ „Ò) Á¬í¡Ê, ’ª¸⁄U, ∑‘§∑§, ¬S≈˛Ë, ŸÍ«À‚ •ı⁄U ∑§ÙÀ« Á«˛¥ÄU‚ ∑§Ê •ÊÁŒ ’Ÿ ⁄U„ „Ò¥ ’ëø– ŒÈπŒ ÃÙ ÿ„ „Ò Á∑§ Á∑§ •Á÷÷Êfl∑§ „Ë •ÊÁŒ ’ŸÊÃ „Ò¥ ’ëøÙ¥ ∑§Ù ߟ „ÊÁŸ∑§Ê⁄U∑§ flSÃÈ•Ù¥ ∑§Ê– Á¡‚∑‘§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ¿Ù≈U ¿Ù≈U ŒÈœ◊È„¥ ’ëøÙ¥ ∑‘§ ◊Èπ ‚ ∑§Ù‹Ê •ı⁄U •ãÿ ‚ÙçU≈U Á«˛¥∑§ ‹ªÊ∑§⁄U, „ÊÕ ◊¥ Áøå‚ ¬∑§«∏Ê ∑§⁄U •¬Ÿ ’ëøÙ¥ ∑‘§ ¬˝Áà ¬˝◊ ¬˝ŒÁ‡Ê¸Ã Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò •ı⁄U ∞∑§ ’Ê⁄U ¡’ ©‚∑§Ê SflÊŒ ◊Èπ ‚ ‹ª ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò •ı⁄U ’ëø ŒÍœ ,ÉÊ⁄U ∑§Ê ◊ÄUπŸ, ÉÊ⁄U ∑§Ê πÊŸÊ ¬‚¥Œ Ÿ„Ë¥ ∑§⁄UÃ– Á»§⁄U ¤ÊË¥∑§Ã „Ò¥ •Á÷÷Êfl∑§ Á∑§ ’ëøÊ ∑§È¿ πÊÃʬËÃÊ Ÿ„Ë¥, ∑§◊¡Ù⁄U „Ù ªÿÊ „Ò– «ÊÄU≈U‚¸ ∑‘§ ¬Ê‚ ¡ÊŸ ¬⁄U ◊„¥ª¥ ≈UÙÁŸ∑§, ’ÍS≈, „ÙÁ‹¸ÄU‚ •ÊÁŒ ∑§Ë ‚‹Ê„ ŒË ¡ÊÃË „Ò, •ı⁄U ’ø¬Ÿ ◊¥ „Ë ’ëø ◊œÈ◊„, •ı⁄U ◊Ù≈Uʬ ∑‘§ Á‡Ê∑§Ê⁄U „Ù∑§⁄U ∑§È¬ÙÁ·Ã ’Ÿ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥– ‡ÊÊ⁄UËÁ⁄U∑§ π‹∑§ÍŒ ∑‘§ SÕÊŸ ¬⁄U ∑§È¿ Ÿ„Ë¥, ’‚ flËÁ«ÿÙ, ∑§êåÿÍ≈U⁄U π‹, ߥ≈U⁄UŸ≈U–

¡È‹Ê߸ - Á‚â’⁄ 2013

ª⁄UË’ ∑‘§ ∑§È¬Ù·áÊ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ Á¡ê◊ŒÊ⁄U ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U •ı⁄U ÷˝CÊøÊ⁄U ª⁄Ë’Ë ‚ ’«∏Ê •Á÷‡Êʬ ∑§Ù߸ Ÿ„Ë¥, ◊„¥ªÊ߸, ∑§◊ ∑§◊Ê߸ •ı⁄U ’«∏ ¬Á⁄UflÊ⁄U •ı⁄U •Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑‘§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ¬≈U ÷⁄UŸ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ◊Ù„ÃÊ¡ ª⁄UË’ ∑‘§ ¬Ê‚ »§È‚¸Ã „Ë ∑§„Ê° ‚ÙøŸ ∑§Ë– ¡Ù ÕÙ«∏Ë ’„Èà ∑§◊Ê߸ „Ò, fl„ ©«∏ ¡ÊÃË „Ò ÉÊÁ≈UÿÊ Œ‡ÊË ‡Ê⁄UÊ’ ◊¥– ß‹Ê¡ ◊„°ªÊ, ∞∑§ ’Ê⁄U ⁄UÙª ‹ªŸ ¬⁄U ¬Ë¿Ê Ÿ„Ë¥ ¿Í≈UÃÊ– ª⁄UË’Ù¥ ∑‘§ ∑§È¬Ù·áÊ •ı⁄U ÷Èπ◊⁄UË ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑Ò§‚ ©ûÊ⁄UŒÊÿË „Ò ß‚∑§Ê •ŸÈ◊ÊŸ ‹ªÊÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ „Ò ‚flÙ¸ëø ãÿÊÿÊ‹ÿ ∑‘§ ß‚ •ÊŒ‡Ê ‚ ‹Ù∑§ ∑§ÀÿÊáÊ∑§Ê⁄UË ŸËÁà ¬⁄U ø‹Ÿ flÊ‹Ë ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ë ŸËÁÃÿÊ¥ ∑§Êª¡Ù¥ ¬⁄U ’ŸÃË „Ò¥ ¬⁄UãÃÈ ‚ê’ÁãœÃ ‹ÙªÙ¥ ∑§Ë ‚◊SÿÊ•Ù¥ ∑‘§ ÁŸflÊ⁄UáÊ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ Ÿ„Ë¥ •¬ŸÊ ÉÊ⁄U ÷⁄UŸ ∑‘§ Á‹∞– Á¡‚∑§Ê ©ŒÊ„⁄UáÊ „Ò ’ëøÙ¥ ∑§Ù ¬ÈC •Ê„Ê⁄U •ı⁄U Á◊« « ◊Ë‹ ¡Ò‚Ë ÿÙ¡ŸÊ∞¥, Á¡Ÿ∑‘§ ÷˝CÊøÊ⁄U ŒÒÁŸ∑§ •π’Ê⁄UÙ¥ ∑§Ë ‚ÈÁπ¸ÿÊ° „ÙÃ „Ò¥, Á¡Ÿ◊¥ ∑§Ë«∏, ∑§¥∑§« •ÊÁŒ ÁŸ∑§‹Ã „Ò¥ ÿÊ Á»§⁄U flÙ •Ê„Ê⁄U ∑§Êª¡Ù¥ ¬⁄U „Ë ÁŸ’≈U ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò ◊Á„‹Ê•Ù¥ ∑§Ê ∑§È¬Ù·áÊ ÷Ë ∑§„Ë¥ Sflÿ◊ ©Ÿ∑§Ë ‹Ê¬⁄UflÊ„Ë ∑§Ê ¬Á⁄UáÊÊ◊ „Ò ÃÙ ∑§„Ë¥ •ôÊÊŸÃÊ ∑§Ê, ∑§„Ë¥ •àÿÊœÈÁŸ∑§ „ÙŸ ∑§Ê (¡Ë⁄UÙ Á»§ª⁄U), ÁS‹◊ Á≈˛◊ ⁄U„Ÿ ∑‘§ ¬˝ÿÊ‚ ◊¥ ¬ıÁC∑§ ÷Ù¡Ÿ Ÿ ∑§⁄UŸÊ ÁŸœ¸ŸÃÊ, ¡ÀŒË ¡ÀŒË ◊Ê° ’ŸŸÊ, ª÷¸¬Êà •ÊÁŒ– ◊Á„‹Ê ∑§Ê ∑§È¬ÙÁ·Ã „ÙŸÊ •ÊŸ flÊ‹Ë ‚¥ÃÊŸ ∑§Ù ÷Ë ∑§È¬ÙÁ·Ã ’ŸÊÃÊ „Ò •ı⁄U ŸË¥fl „Ë ∑§◊¡Ù⁄U ÃÙ ÷flŸ ∑Ò§‚ ‚Ȍ΅∏ „Ù ‚∑§ÃÊ „Ò–


•ÛÊ ∑§Ë Œ‡Ê ◊¥ ∑§Ù߸ ∑§◊Ë Ÿ„Ë¥ „◊Ê⁄UË ÷ÍÁ◊ ©¬¡Ê™§ „Ò, ÿ„ ’Êà ¡M§⁄ „Ò Á∑§ „◊Ê⁄U Œ‡Ê ∑§Ë ∑§ÎÁ· ◊ÊŸ‚ÍŸ ∑§Ë ÁSÕÁà fl •ãÿ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊÙ¥ ‚ •ÁŸÁpà ⁄U„ÃË „Ò, •ÛÊ ∑§Ë ©¬¡ ÷⁄U¬Í⁄U Ÿ „ÙŸ ¬⁄U „◊¥ •ÁÃÁ⁄UQ§ œŸ √ÿÿ ∑§⁄U ÁflŒ‡ÊÙ¥ ‚ •ÛÊ ◊Ê¥ªŸ ∑§Ù ’Êäÿ „ÙŸÊ ¬«∏ÃÊ „Ò „◊¥– ¬⁄UãÃÈ ¬˝∑§ÎÁà ∑§Ë ∑§Î¬Ê ŒÎÁC fl •ÊœÈÁŸ∑§Ã◊ ‚ÊœŸÙ¥ fl ©¬∑§⁄UáÊÙ¥ ‚ Á⁄U∑§Ê«¸ ©à¬ÊŒŸ „ÙŸ ∑‘§ ’ÊŒ ÿÁŒ „◊ ©‚∑§Ù ’’ʸŒ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ù¥ •ı⁄U „◊Ê⁄U Œ‡Ê ◊¥ ÷Èπ◊⁄UË ∑‘§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ÁŸ⁄UË„ Œ‡ÊflÊÁ‚ÿÙ¥ ∑§Ù ◊ıà ∑§Ê •ÊÁ‹¥ªŸ ∑§⁄UŸÊ ¬«∏ÃÊ „Ù ß‚‚ ’«∏Ë Áfl«¥’ŸÊ •ı⁄U ÄUÿÊ „Ù ‚∑§ÃË „Ò– •ÛÊ ∑§Ê •¬◊ÊŸ Ÿ„Ë¥ ∑§⁄UŸÊ øÊÁ„∞,∞‚Ê „◊Ê⁄UË ‚¥S∑§ÎÁà ∑§Ê ‚ãŒ‡Ê „Ò– ’ø¬Ÿ ◊¥ ÷Ù¡Ÿ ª˝„áÊ ∑§⁄UÃ ‚◊ÿ ÿÁŒ ∑§Ù߸ ÷Ë πÊl ¬ŒÊÕ¸ πÊŸ ◊¥ ŸÊ¬‚¥ŒªË ¡ÊÁ„⁄U ∑§Ë ¡ÊÃË ÕË, ÃÙ ÿ„Ë ∑§„Ê ¡ÊÃÊ ÕÊ Á∑§ ÷Ù¡Ÿ ◊¥ ¡Ù Á◊‹ øȬøʬ πÊ ‹ŸÊ øÊÁ„∞, ¤ÊÍΔÊ Ÿ„Ë¥ ¿Ù«∏ŸÊ øÊÁ„∞, ŒÍ‚⁄U ‡ÊéŒÙ¥ ◊¥ •ÛÊ ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ŒÊŸÊ ÷Ë √ÿÕ¸ Ÿ„Ë¥ ∑§⁄UŸÊ øÊÁ„∞ •ı⁄U √ÿfl„ÊÁ⁄U∑§ M§¬ ‚ ÿÁŒ ŒπÊ ¡Êÿ ÃÙ ÷Ë Á¡‚ •ÛÊ ∑§Ù πÊ∑§⁄U „◊Ê⁄U ‡Ê⁄UË⁄U ◊¥ ¬˝ÊáÊÙ¥ ∑§Ê ‚¥øÊ⁄U „ÙÃÊ „Ò, •Õʸà ¡Ù „◊Ê⁄U ¡ËflŸ ∑§Ê •ÊœÊ⁄U „Ò, ©‚∑§Ê ‚ê◊ÊŸ ∑§⁄UŸÊ „◊Ê⁄UÊ œ◊¸ „Ò– ÿ„Ë ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ „Ò Á∑§ „◊Ê⁄U ÿ„Ê° ÷Ù¡Ÿ ‚Ê◊Ÿ •ÊŸ ¬⁄U „ÊÕ ¡Ù«∏ ∑§⁄U ©‚∑§Ê ‚ê◊ÊŸ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò, •ı⁄U ∑§ÎÃôÊÃÊ √ÿQ§ ∑§Ë ¡ÊÃË „Ò– ŒÈπŒ •Êpÿ¸ ÿ„ ‚◊ÊøÊ⁄U ¡ÊŸ ∑§⁄U Á∑§ ÁflE ∑‘§ ‚’‚ ’«∏ ¬˝¡ÊÃÊÁãòÊ∑§ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ •ÛÊ ∑§Ë ÷á«Ê⁄UáÊ √ÿflSÕÊ Ÿ „ÙŸ ∑‘§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ •ÛÊ πÈ‹ •Ê∑§Ê‡Ê ∑‘§ ŸËø ¬«∏Ê ⁄U„∑§⁄U fl·Ê¸ ◊¥ ÷˪ ∑§⁄U ‚«∏ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò, •ÛÊ ∑§Ê vÆ ¬˝ÁÇÊà ‚ ÷Ë ’«∏Ê ÷ʪ øÍ„, •ãÿ π⁄U¬ÃflÊ⁄U •ÊÁŒ ŸC ∑§⁄U ŒÃ „Ò¥ •ı⁄U ‡Ê· ’„Èà ’«∏Ê ÷ʪ „◊ •¬ŸË ‹Ê¬⁄UflÊ„Ë ‚ ’’ʸŒ ∑§⁄U ŒÃ „Ò¥, •ı⁄U •¬ŸË •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ ¬Íáʸ Ÿ „ÙŸ ¬⁄U Á»§⁄U „◊ ÁflŒ‡ÊÙ¥ ‚ •ÊÿÊà ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥, •ı⁄U •¬ŸË •Õ¸√ÿflSÕÊ ∑§Ù „ÊÁŸ ¬„È¥øÊÃ „Ò¥ „◊Ê⁄UÊ Œ‡Ê ¡„Ê° „◊ ∞∑§ •ı⁄U ÃÙ ‡ÊËÉÊ˝ „Ë Áfl∑§Á‚à „ÙŸ ∑§Ê ŒÊflÊ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥, •ı⁄U ŒÍ‚⁄UË •ı⁄U ÷Íπ ¬≈U ∑§Ë •Êª ‹ÊπÙ¥ ‹ÙªÙ¥ ∑§Ù ë∏¬§ ë∏¬§ ∑§⁄U ◊⁄UŸ ∑§Ù Áflfl‡Ê ∑§⁄UÃË „Ò– ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ∑§Î·∑§ ∑‘§ ¬Á⁄UüÊ◊ ∑§Ê »§‹ •Õʸà ©¬¡ ‚¥ª˝Á„à ∑§⁄UŸ ∑‘§ ¡Ù ¬Ê⁄Uê¬Á⁄U∑§ ‚ÊœŸ ©‚∑‘§ ¬Ê‚ „Ò¥ flÙ ‚Ê◊Êãÿ 7

¬Á⁄UÁSÕÁÃÿÙ¥ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ÷‹ „Ë ΔË∑§ „Ù¥, ¬⁄UãÃÈ ¬˝Êÿ ©¬⁄UÙQ§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊÙ¥ ‚ flÙ ‹Ê÷ÊÁãflà Ÿ„Ë¥ „Ù ¬ÊÃÊ– ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË ÿÙ¡ŸÊÿ¥ ¡Ù ∑§Î·∑§Ù¥ ∑‘§ ‹Ê÷ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ’ŸË ÷Ë „Ò¥, ∑§Î·∑§ ∑‘§ •Á‡ÊÁˇÊà „ÙŸ ÿÊ ©Ÿ ÿÙ¡ŸÊ•Ù¥ ∑§Ê ¬ÿʸ# ôÊÊŸ Ÿ „ÙŸ ∑‘§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ •Ê◊ ∑§Î·∑§ ∑§Ù ©Ÿ∑§Ê ‹Ê÷ Ÿ„Ë¥ Á◊‹ ¬ÊÃÊ •ı⁄U ⁄U„Ê ‚„Ê ∑§Ê◊ ÷˝CÊøÊ⁄U ÁŸª‹ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò, ’Ë¡Ù¥ ∑§Ê ÁflÃ⁄UáÊ, ´áÊ ∑§Ë ‚ÈÁflœÊ∞° •ÊÁŒ ¬⁄U ∞¡¥≈U˜‚ ∑§Ê ∑§é¡Ê „Ò, ’„Èà „Ë ∑§◊ ‹Ê÷ flÊSÃÁfl∑§ ‹ÙªÙ¥ Ã∑§ ¬„È°ø ¬ÊÃÊ „Ò,•ı⁄U »§≈U„Ê‹Ë Á∑§‚ÊŸ ∑§Ê ¬Ë¿Ê Ÿ„Ë¥ ¿Ù«ÃË– „◊Ê⁄UË ŒÙ·¬Íáʸ ŸËÁÃÿÙ¥ ∑‘§ ¬Á⁄UáÊÊ◊SflM§¬ ∞∑§ •Ù⁄U ÃÙ ÷Èπ◊⁄UË ◊¥ ÁflE ◊¥ „◊Ê⁄U Œ‡Ê ∑§Ê SÕÊŸ ŸËø ∑§Ë •Ù⁄U ‚ ŒπÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ „Ò ¡Ù ©¬‹éœ •Ê¥∑§«∏Ù¥ ∑‘§ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄U ÁflE ◊¥ wÆww Œ‡Ê „Ë „◊Ê⁄U ‚ ÁŸêŸ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U „Ò¥–∑§ÎÁ· ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ ¬ÿʸ# œŸ √ÿÿ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑‘§ ¬pÊà „◊Ê⁄UË »§‚‹ ©à¬ÊŒŸ ÃÙ ’…∏Ê „Ò,•ı⁄U ªÃ ∑§È¿ fl·Ù¥¸ ◊¥ ©à¬ÊŒŸ •Ê‡ÊÊÃËà ⁄U„Ê „Ò ¬⁄UãÃÈ •÷Ë ªÃ fl·¸ ∑§Ë „Ë ’Êà „Ò ¡’ ◊ËÁ«ÿÊ ∑‘§ ◊Êäÿ◊ ‚ ≈UŸÙ¥ •ÛÊ fl·Ê¸ ◊¥ ÷˪ ∑§⁄U ‚«∏ÃÊ „È•Ê ÁŒπÊÿÊ ªÿÊ,©‚ •ÛÊ ∑§Ë ÁSÕÁà ßÃŸË π⁄UÊ’ „Ù øÈ∑§Ë ÕË Á∑§ ©‚∑§Ê ∑§È¿ ÷ʪ ÃÙ ¬‡ÊÈ•Ù¥ ∑‘§ ©¬÷Ùª ∑‘§ ÿÙÇÿ ÷Ë Ÿ„Ë¥ ÕÊ– ÿ •Ê⁄UÙ¬ Á∑§‚Ë Áfl¬ˇÊË Œ‹ ∑§Ê Ÿ„Ë¥ Sflÿ¥ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑‘§ ¬˝◊Èπ Á‚¬„‚Ê‹Ê⁄U ‡Ê⁄UŒ ¬¥flÊ⁄U ∑§Ë SflË∑§Ê⁄UÙÁQ§ ÕË ,Á¡ã„Ù¥Ÿ ‚¥‚Œ ◊¥ SflË∑§Ê⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ Á∑§ vv|ÆÆ ≈UŸ •ÛÊ Á¡‚∑§Ë ∑§Ë◊à {–}{ ∑§⁄UÙ«∏ ‚ •Áœ∑§ ÕË fl·Ê¸ ◊¥ ÷˪ ∑§⁄U ’’ʸŒ „Ù ªÿÊ–ß‚ ¬⁄U ÷Ë ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ÃÙ ‚Ê⁄U ◊Ê◊‹ ∑§Ù ⁄U»§Ê-Œ»§Ê „Ë ∑§⁄UŸÊ øÊ„ÃË ÕË ¬⁄UãÃÈ ‚flÙ¸ëø ãÿÊÿÊ‹ÿ Ÿ∏ „Ë ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ù •Ê«∏ „ÊÕÙ¥ ‹Ã „È∞ »§≈U∑§Ê⁄U ‹ªÊ߸ Á∑§ ÿÁŒ ª„Í¥ ∑§Ù ⁄UπŸ ∑‘§ ‚ÊœŸ •Ê¬∑‘§ ¬Ê‚ Ÿ„Ë¥ ÃÙ ª⁄UË’Ù¥ ◊¥ ’Ê°≈U ŒÙ–Á¡ÃŸÊ •ÛÊ „◊Ê⁄U ÿ„Ê° √ÿÕ¸ „Ù ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò ©ÃŸË ∑§ŸÊ«Ê ¡Ò‚ Œ‡Ê ∑§Ë ‚ê¬Íáʸ ©¬¡ „Ò– ‚flÙ¸ëø ãÿÊÿÊ‹ÿ mÊ⁄UÊ ÁŸŒ¸‡Ê ÁŒ∞ ¡ÊŸ ¬⁄U

¡È‹Ê߸ - Á‚â’⁄ 2013

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¬⁄UãÃÈ ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑‘§fl‹ ÁŒÑË ◊¥ Ÿ„Ë¥ ’‚ÃÊ •ı⁄U ßß ∑§◊ ¬˝ÿÊ‚ ßÃŸË 11

÷Ë·áÊ ‚◊SÿÊ ∑§Ê ‚◊ʜʟ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ™§¥≈U ∑‘§ ◊Èπ ◊¥ ¡Ë⁄U ∑‘§ ‚◊ÊŸ „Ë „Ò¥ flŸÙ¥ ∑§Ù ’øÊŸ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ¬˝ÿÊ‚ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U „Ë ‚¥÷fl „Ò¥– ŸÁŒÿÙ¥ ◊¥ Áª⁄UŸ flÊ‹ ŒÍÁ·Ã ¬ŒÊÕÙ¥¸ ∑§Ù ⁄UÙ∑§Ÿ ∑§Ë √ÿflSÕÊ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U „Ë ∑§⁄U ‚∑§ÃË „Ò– (¬⁄UãÃÈ ŒÈ÷ʸÇÿ ‚ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑‘§ ¬Ê‚ ÃÙ ßÃŸÊ ÷Ë ‚◊ÿ Ÿ„Ë¥ Á∑§ ¡Ù ‚ʜȂ¥Ã ª¥ªÊ ∑§Ë ⁄UˇÊÊ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ •¬Ÿ ¬˝ÊáÊÙ¥ ∑§Ù ÷Ë ‚¥∑§≈U ◊¥ «Ê‹ „È∞ •¬Ÿ ¬˝ÊáÊ ª°flÊ ŒÃ „Ò¥ ÿÊ •¬ŸÊ ’Á‹ŒÊŸ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ù ÃÒÿÊ⁄U „Ò¥ ©Ÿ∑§Ë ¬È∑§Ê⁄U „Ë ‚ÈŸ ‹) ∑§ÎÁ· ©à¬ÊŒŸ ∑§Ë ©Ÿ ¬gÁÃÿÙ¥ ∑§Ù •¬ŸÊ ∑§⁄U ¡Ù „◊Ê⁄UË ÷ÍÁ◊ •ı⁄U √ÿflSÕÊ ∑‘§ •ŸÈM§¬ „Ò¥ ©à¬ÊŒŸ ∑§Ë ªÈáÊflûÊÊ ÃÕÊ ◊ÊòÊÊ ’…ÊÿÊ ¡ÊŸÊ ¡M§⁄UË „Ò– ¬ÙÁ‹ÕË¥‚ ¬⁄U ¬˝ÁÃ’¥œ ‹ªÊÿÊ ¡ÊŸÊ •¬Á⁄U„Êÿ¸ ’Ÿ øÈ∑§Ê „Ò– ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U mÊ⁄UÊ ¡Ÿ‚°ÅÿÊ flÎÁh ∑§Ù ⁄UÙ∑§Ÿ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ‚∑§Ê⁄UÊà◊∑§ ÿÙ¡ŸÊ ’ŸÊŸÊ ÃÕÊ ‚÷Ë ¬Íflʸª˝„Ù¥ ∑§Ù àÿʪ ∑§⁄U, flÙ≈U ⁄UÊ¡ŸËÁà ∑§Ù ¿Ù«∏ ∑§⁄U ©‚∑§Ù ÿÈh SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U ‹ÊªÍ ∑§⁄UŸÊ •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ „Ò– ¡’ Ã∑§ ¡Ÿ‚°ÅÿÊ flÎÁh ¬⁄U ⁄UÙ∑§ Ÿ„Ë¥ ‹ªªË, ‚¥‚ÊœŸ flÎÁh ∑‘§ ‚÷Ë ¬˝ÿÊ‚ •¬ÿʸ# „Ë Á‚h „Ù¥ª¥– ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË ¬˝ÿÊ‚Ù¥ ∑‘§ ‚ÊÕ Sflÿ¥ „◊Ê⁄UË ¡ÊªM§∑§ÃÊ ’„Èà •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ „Ò, ÿÁŒ „◊ øÊ„ ÃÙ ¬Ù‹ËÁÕŸ ∑‘§ ¬˝ÿÙª ∑§Ù Sflÿ¥ ⁄UÙ∑§ ‚∑§Ã „Ò– ¬¬⁄U ’Òª ÿÊ ∑§¬« ∑§Ë ÕÒÁ‹ÿÙ¥ ∑§Ù ‚ÊÕ ⁄Uπ ∑§⁄U ß‚ ‚◊SÿÊ ‚ ’øÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ „Ò– Δ‹ •ÊÁŒ ¬⁄U Á’∑§Ÿ flÊ‹ ‚Ê◊ÊŸÙ¥ ∑§Ù ¬ÙÁ‹ÕËŸ ◊¥ ’øŸ ‚ ’øÊŸ ◊¥ „◊ Sflÿ¥ ÿÙªŒÊŸ Œ ‚∑§Ã „Ò– ÿÁŒ „◊ ¬ÙÁ‹ÕËŸ ’ª ◊¥ ‚Ê◊ÊŸ Ÿ„Ë¥ ‹¥ª¥ ÃÙ Áfl∑˝§ÃÊ ©‚∑§Ê ¬˝ÿÙª Sflÿ¥ „Ë ’¥Œ ∑§⁄U ŒªÊ– ŸflËŸ ÷flŸÙ¥ ∑‘§ ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ∑‘§ ‚◊ÿ ¬«∏ ‹ªÊŸ ∑§Ë ŸËÁà ∑§Ù ∑§ΔÙ⁄UÃÊ ‚ ‹ÊªÍ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊŸÊ •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ „Ò– ߟ ¬«∏Ù¥ ∑‘§ ‚¥⁄UˇÊáÊ ∑§Ê ©ûÊ⁄UŒÊÁÿàfl ‚◊¤ÊŸÊ ÷Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ „Ò– ∑§È¿ ‡Ê„⁄UÙ¥ ◊¥ ∞‚Ë √ÿflSÕÊ ∑§Ë ªß¸ „Ò Á∑§ •¬ŸÊ ÉÊ⁄U ’ŸÊÃ ‚◊ÿ flÎˇÊ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ‹ªÊ∑§⁄U ŒªË •ı⁄U ©Ÿ∑‘§ ‚¥⁄UˇÊáÊ ∑§Ê ŒÊÁÿàfl ªÎ„ SflÊ◊Ë ∑§Ê „٪ʖ ∞‚Ê ÁŸÿ◊ ‚÷Ë SÕÊŸÙ¥ ¬⁄U ∑§◊ ‚ ∑§◊ Ÿ∞ ÉÊ⁄UÙ¥ ∑‘§ ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ¬⁄U ∑§ΔÙ⁄UÃʬÍfl¸∑§ ‹ÊªÍ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Êÿ ÃÙ ÁŸpÿ

¡È‹Ê߸ - Á‚â’⁄ 2013

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¡È‹Ê߸ - Á‚â’⁄ 2013


¬˝Ê∑§ÎÁÃ∑§ ‚¥‚ÊœŸÙ¥ ∑‘§ SflÊÁ◊àfl ¬˝’¥œŸ ÃÕÊ ¬˝ÿÙª ∑‘§ •Áœ∑§Ê⁄UÙ¥∑§Ù ¬˝ÿÙª ∑§⁄UŸ ‚ ¬„‹ ÿ„ Ãÿ ∑§⁄UŸÊ „ÙªÊ Á∑§ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑§Ù ∑§Ù߸ ŸÈ∑§‚ÊŸ Ÿ ¬„È°ø •ı⁄U ¡Ÿ¡ÊÁà ∞fl¥ •ÊÁŒflÊ‚Ë ‚◊ÈŒÊÿÙ¥ ∑‘§ ‹ÙªÙ¥ ∑‘§ •Áœ∑§Ê⁄UÙ¥ ∑§Ë ⁄UˇÊÊ ∑§⁄U¥– ‚◊Ê¡ ◊¥ ◊ÊŸfl •Áœ∑§Ê⁄UÙ¥ ∑§Ë ⁄UˇÊÊ „ÙŸË øÊÁ„∞– „⁄U √ÿÁQ§ ∑§Ù Áfl∑§Ê‚ ∑§Ê •fl‚⁄U ¬˝Ê#˜ „ÙŸÊ øÊÁ„∞– ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ ÃÕÊ •ÊÁÕ¸∑§ ãÿÊÿ ∑§Ù ’…∏ÊflÊ Á◊‹ ÃÕÊ „⁄U Á∑§‚Ë ∑‘§ ¬Ê‚ SÕÊ߸ •ı⁄U ‚ÊÕ¸∑§ ¡ËÁfl∑§Ê ∑§Ê ∞‚Ê •ÊœÊ⁄U „Ù ¡Ù ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑§Ù ŸÈ∑§‚ÊŸ ŸÊ ¬„ÈÚøÊ∞– „◊Ê⁄UÊ „⁄U ∑§Êÿ¸ •ÊŸ flÊ‹Ë ¬Ë…∏Ë ∑§Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ù äÿÊŸ ◊¥ ⁄UπÃ „È∞ „ÙŸÊ øÊÁ„∞– •ÊŸ flÊ‹Ë ¬Ë…∏Ë ∑§Ù ©Ÿ ◊ÍÀÿÙ¥, ¬⁄Uê¬⁄UÊ•Ê¥ •ı⁄U ‚¥SÕÊ•Ê¥ ∑‘§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ¡ÊŸ∑§Ê⁄UË ŒŸË „ÙªË Á¡‚‚ ◊ÊŸfl •ı⁄U ¬˝∑§ÎÁÃ∑‘§ ’Ëø ‚Ê◊¥¡Sÿ SÕÊÁ¬Ã „Ù ‚∑‘§– ©¬÷Ùª ‚Ê◊ª˝Ë ◊¥ ∑§◊Ë ‹ÊŸÊ ’„Èà ¡M§⁄UË „Ò– Áø⁄USÕÊ߸ Áfl∑§Ê‚ ∑§Ë ©Ÿ ‚÷Ë ÿÙ¡ŸÊ•Ê¥ •ı⁄U ÁŸÿ◊Ù¥ ∑§Ù •¬ŸÊÿÊ ¡ÊŸÊ øÊÁ„∞ ¡Ù „◊Ê⁄U Áfl∑§Ê‚ ◊¥ ‚„Êÿ∑§ „Ò¥ ÃÕÊ Á¡Ÿ‚ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑§Ë ⁄UˇÊÊ „ÙÃË „Ò¥– ¬ÎâflË ∑‘§ ‚÷Ë ¡ËflÙ¥ ∑§Ë ⁄UˇÊÊ ∑§⁄UŸÊ „◊Ê⁄UÊ ∑§Ã¸√ÿ „Ò– ‚ÊÕ „Ë flãÿ fl ‚◊ÈŒ˝Ë ¡ËflÙ¥ ∑§Ë ⁄UˇÊÊ ÷Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ „Ò ÃÊÁ∑§ ¬ÎâflË ∑§Ë ¡ËflŸŒÊÁÿŸË ‡ÊÁQ§ÿÙ¥ ∑§Ë ⁄UˇÊÊ „Ù ‚∑‘§– ¬‡ÊÈ•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ‚◊Ê#˜ „Ù øÈ∑§Ë ¬˝¡ÊÁÃÿÙ¥ ∑‘§ •fl‡Ê·Ù¥ ∑§Ë πÙ¡ ∑§Ù „◊¥ ’…∏ÊflÊ ŒŸÊ „Ò– ¬˝Ê∑§ÎÁÃ∑§ ¬˝¡ÊÁÃÿÙ¥ ÃÕÊ flÊÃÊfl⁄UáÊ ∑§Ù ŸÈ∑§‚ÊŸ ¬„ÈÚøÊŸ flÊ‹ ∑§ÎÁòÊ◊ ¬Á⁄UfløŸ ÃÕÊ ∑§ÎÁòÊ◊ ¬˝¡ÊÁÃÿÙ¥ ∑‘§ Áfl∑§Ê‚ ¬⁄U ⁄UÙ∑§ ‹ªŸË øÊÁ„∞– ¡‹, Á◊^Ë, flãÿ ‚¥¬ŒÊ, ‚◊ÈŒ˝Ë ¬˝ÊáÊË ÿ ‚’ ∞‚ ‚¥‚ÊœŸ „Ò¥ Á¡ã„¥ •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ÃÊŸÈ‚Ê⁄U ¬˝ÿÙª ◊¥ ‹ÊÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ „Ò, Á»§⁄U ÷Ë ßã„¥ ‚Ùø ‚◊¤Ê∑§⁄U ¬˝ÿÙª ◊¥ ‹ÊÿÊ ¡ÊŸÊ øÊÁ„∞ Á¡‚‚ ŸÊ ÃÙ ÿ ŸC „Ù •ı⁄U ŸÊ „Ë ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑§Ù ∑§Ù߸ ŸÈ∑§‚ÊŸ ¬„ÈÚø– „◊¥ πÁŸ¡ ¬ŒÊÕÙ¸ ÃÕÊ πÁŸ¡ Ã‹ ∑§Ê ©à¬ÊŒŸ ÷Ë ‚Ùø ‚◊¤Ê∑§⁄U ∑§⁄UŸÊ „٪ʖ ÿ ¬ŒÊÕ¸ œ⁄UÃË ∑‘§ •ãŒ⁄U ‚ËÁ◊à ◊ÊòÊÊ ◊¥ „Ò¥ •ı⁄U ߟ∑§Ê ‚◊Ê#˜ „ÙŸÊ ÷Ë ◊ÊŸfl ¡ÊÁà ∑‘§ Á‹∞ πÃ⁄UŸÊ∑§ „Ò– „◊Ê⁄UÊ ÿ„ ∑§Ã¸√ÿ „Ò Á∑§ „◊ Á◊^Ë ∑§Ë ©¬¡Ê™§ ‡ÊÁQ§ ∑§Ë ⁄UˇÊÊ ∑§⁄U¥ •ı⁄U ¬ÎâflË ∑§Ë ‚ÈãŒ⁄UÃÊ ∑§Ù ’ŸÊ∞ ⁄Uπ¥– flÒôÊÊÁŸ∑§ ¬hÁÃÿÙ¥ ∑§Ë ¡ÊŸ∑§Ê⁄UË ∑‘§ •÷Êfl ∑‘§ ’Êfl¡ÍŒ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑§Ù Á∑§‚Ë ÷Ë ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ë 13

„ÊÁŸ ‚ ’øÊŸÊ ’„Èà •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ „Ò– ÿÁŒ •Ê¬∑§Ê ∑§Êÿ¸ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ „ÊÁŸ∑§Ê⁄U∑§ Ÿ„Ë¥ „Ò ÃÙ ß‚∑‘§ Á‹∞ •Ê¬∑‘§ ¬Ê‚ ΔÙ‚ ‚’Íà „ÙŸ øÊÁ„∞ •ı⁄U ÿÁŒ •Ê¬ mÊ⁄UÊ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê ⁄U„ ∑§Êÿ¸ Ÿ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑§Ù ŸÈ∑§‚ÊŸ ¬„ÈÚøÊÿÊ ÃÙ ß‚∑§Ë Á¡ê◊flÊ⁄UË •Ê¬∑§Ë „٪˖ „◊¥ ß‚ ’Êà ∑§Ê ÷Ë äÿÊŸ ⁄UπŸÊ „ÙªÊ Á∑§ „◊Ê⁄U mÊ⁄UÊ Á‹∞ ª∞ ÁŸáʸÿÙ¥ ∑§Ê ‚ê’㜠◊ŸÈcÿ mÊ⁄UÊ Á∑§∞ ª∞ ∑§ÊÿÙ¸ ‚ „Ù– ߟ ÁŸáʸÿÙ¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝÷Êfl ‹ê’ ‚◊ÿ Ã∑§ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ‹Ê÷∑§Ê⁄UË „ÙŸÊ øÊÁ„∞– ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑§Ù ŒÍÁ·Ã ∑§⁄UŸ flÊ‹ ‚ÊœŸÙ¥ ¬⁄U ⁄UÙ∑§ ‹ªŸË øÊÁ„∞ ÃÕÊ Áfl·Ò‹ ¬ŒÊÕ¸, ÁflÁ∑§⁄UáÊ •ı⁄U ¬˝∑§ÎÁà ∑‘§ Á‹∞ „ÊÁŸ∑§Ê⁄U∑§ ÃàflÙ¥ fl ∑§ÊÿÙ¸ ∑‘§ ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ¬⁄U ÷Ë ¬Ê’ãŒË ‹ªŸË øÊÁ„∞ – ∞‚Ë ‚ÒÁŸ∑§ ∑§Êÿ¸flÊ„Ë ¬⁄U ÷Ë ⁄UÙ∑§ ‹ªÊŸË „ÙªË ¡Ù ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑§Ù ŸÈ∑§‚ÊŸ ¬„È°øÊÃ „Ò¥– ©à¬ÊŒŸ, ©¬÷Ùª ∑‘§ Œı⁄UÊŸ ∑§Ê◊ •ÊŸ flÊ‹ ‚÷Ë ÉÊ≈U∑§Ù¥ ∑§Ê ©¬ÿÙª „Ù ‚∑‘§ •ı⁄U ß‚ Œı⁄UÊŸ ¡Ù •fl‡Ê· ÁŸ∑§‹ fl„ ¬˝∑§ÎÁà ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ŸÈ∑§‚ÊŸ ¬„ÈÚøÊŸ flÊ‹Ê Á‚h ŸÊ „Ù– ™§¡Ê¸ ∑‘§ ¬˝ÿÙª ◊¥ „◊¥ ‚ÊflœÊŸË ’⁄UÃŸË „٪˖ „◊¥ ‚Íÿ¸ •ı⁄U flÊÿÈ ¡‚ ™§¡Ê¸ ∑‘§ ‚ÊœŸÙ¥ ∑‘§ ◊„àfl ∑§Ù ¡ÊŸŸÊ „٪ʖ ÿ ∞‚ ‚ÊœŸ „Ò¥ Á¡Ÿ∑§Ê ©¬ÿÙª ’Ê⁄U-’Ê⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ „Ò– „◊¥ ©Ÿ Ã∑§ŸË∑§Ù¥ ∑‘§ Áfl∑§Ê‚, ¬˝ÿÙª •ı⁄U ¬˝øÊ⁄U ∑§Ù ◊„àfl ŒŸÊ „ÙªÊ ¡Ù ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑§Ë ⁄UˇÊÊ ◊¥ ©¬ÿÙªË „Ù ‚∑‘§– flSÃÈ•Ê¥ •ı⁄U ‚flÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ∑§Ë◊ÃÙ¥ ◊¥ ©Ÿ∑‘§ ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ ÃÕÊ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UÁáÊ∑§ ‚È⁄UˇÊÊ ‚ ¡È«∏ πøÙ¸ ∑§Ù ÷Ë ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ ∑§⁄UŸÊ „ÙªÊ Á¡‚‚ ©¬÷ÙQ§Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ù ß‚ ’Êà ∑§Ê •„‚Ê‚ „Ù ‚∑‘§ Á∑§ ߟ flSÃÈ•Ê¥ •ı⁄U ‚flÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ©¬‹éœÃÊ ◊¥ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊËÿ •ı⁄U ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ ∑§Ë◊Ã¥ øÈ∑§ÊŸË ¬«∏ÃË „Ò¥– SflÊSâÿ ∑§ÀÿÊáÊ •ı⁄U ‚È⁄UˇÊÊ ‚ ‚¥’¥ÁœÃ ‚flÊ ‚’∑‘§ Á‹∞ ©¬‹éœ „ÙŸË øÊÁ„∞– „◊¥ ∞‚Ë ¡ËflŸ ¬hÁà ∑§Ù øÈŸŸÊ „ÙªÊ ¡Ù „◊Ê⁄U ¡ËflŸ SÃ⁄U ∑§Ù ’„Ã⁄U ’ŸÊ∞ •ı⁄U ¬˝∑§ÎÁà ∑§Ë ÷Ë ⁄UˇÊÊ ∑§⁄U¥– •¥Ã⁄UʸC˛Ëÿ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U ÁflôÊÊŸ •ı⁄U Ã∑§ŸË∑§ ◊¥ ‚ÈøÊM§ ‚ê’㜠„ÙŸÊ, ¬˝àÿ∑§ Œ‡Ê ∑§Ê Áfl∑§Ê‚ „ÙŸÊ •ı⁄U ©Ÿ∑§Ë •Êà◊ÁŸ÷¸⁄UÃÊ ◊¥ ’…∏ÙÃ⁄UË •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ „Ò– Áfl∑§Ê‚‡ÊË‹ Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ÿ„ •ı⁄U ÷Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ „Ò– ‚÷Ë Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ∑§Ë ‚¥S∑§ÎÁà •ı⁄U SflÊÿûÊÃÊ ∑§Ù ‚È⁄UÁˇÊà ⁄UπŸÊ „Ò– ß‚‚ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ •ı⁄U ◊ÊŸfl Á„ÃÙ¥ ∑§Ë ⁄UˇÊÊ „ÙÃË „Ò–

¡È‹Ê߸ - Á‚â’⁄ 2013

ß‚ ’Êà ∑§Ë ÷Ë ∑§ÙÁ‡Ê‡Ê ∑§⁄UŸË „ÙªË Á∑§ SflÊSâÿ, ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ‚È⁄UˇÊÊ •ı⁄U •ÊŸÈflÊ¥Á‡Ê∑§ÃÊ ‚ ¡È«Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ •Ù⁄U ‹Ê÷ŒÊÿ∑§ ¡ÊŸ∑§Ê⁄UË ‹ÙªÙ¥ ∑§Ù Á◊‹ÃË ⁄U„– ‚ÈÁŸÁpà ∑§⁄UŸÊ „ÙªÊ Á∑§ ‡ÊÈh ¡‹, ‡ÊÈh flÊÿÈ, ÷Ù¡Ÿ, ÉÊ⁄U •ı⁄U ‚»§Ê߸ ¡Ò‚Ë ‚ÈÁflœÊ∞° ‚÷Ë ∑‘§ Á‹∞ „Ù¥– „◊¥ ß‚ ’Êà ∑§Ê äÿÊŸ ⁄UπŸÊ „ÙªÊ Á∑§ ‚÷Ë ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ∑‘§ √ÿʬÊ⁄U ◊¥ ¬˝Ê∑§ÎÁÃ∑§ ‚¥‚ÊœŸÙ¥ ∑‘§ ¬ÈŸ— ßSÃ◊Ê‹ ∑‘§ ◊„ûʘfl ∑§Ù ‚◊¤ÊÊ ¡Ê∞– ÿÁŒ ∞‚ √ÿʬÊ⁄UÙ¥ ◊¥ üÊÁ◊∑§Ù¥ ‚ ∑§Ê◊ Á‹ÿÊ ¡Ê ⁄U„Ê „Ò ÃÙ üÊ◊ ŸËÁÃÿÊ° ‹ÊªÍ „Ù¥– ’„È⁄UC˛Ëÿ ∑§ê¬ÁŸÿÙ¥ •ı⁄U •¥Ã¸⁄UÊC˛Ëÿ •ÊÁÕ¸∑§ ‚¥ªΔŸÙ¥ ∑§Ù ‚Êfl¸¡ÁŸ∑§ Á„à ∑‘§ ∑§Ê◊ ◊¥ •Êª •ÊŸÊ øÊÁ„∞– ©Ÿ∑‘§ ∑§Ê◊Ù¥ ◊¥ ¬Ê⁄UŒÁ‡Ê¸ÃÊ „ÙŸË øÊÁ„∞– ⁄UÊC˛UËÿ ∞fl¥ •¥Ã⁄UʸC˛Ëÿ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U ß¸Õ ∑§Ê ‚◊ÊŸ M§¬ ‚ Áfl÷Ê¡Ÿ •¬ÁˇÊà „Ò – ‚÷Ë ∑§Ù Á‡ÊˇÊÊ •ı⁄U •ÊÁ¡Áfl∑§Ê ∑‘§ ‚ÊœŸ Á◊‹Ÿ øÊÁ„∞ ÃÕÊ ©ã„¥ ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ ‚È⁄UˇÊÊ ÷Ë ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§Ë ¡ÊŸË øÊÁ„∞ Áfl‡Ê·∑§⁄U ¡Ù ßã„¥ ¬˝Ê#˜ ∑§⁄UŸ ◊¥ •‚◊Õ¸ „Ò¥– ©¬ÁˇÊÃ, ¬˝ÃÊÁ«∏à •ı⁄U ¬ËÁ«∏à flª¸ ∑§Ë ˇÊ◊ÃÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ù Áfl∑§Á‚à ∑§⁄UŸÊ „Ò– ‚Ê¥S∑§ÎÁÃ∑§ ÃÕÊ ∞ÁÄÊÁ‚∑§ ◊„àfl ∑‘§ ‚÷Ë SÕÊŸÙ¥ ∑§Ë ‚È⁄UˇÊÊ •ı⁄U ⁄Uπ-⁄UπÊfl ∑§Ë Á¡ê◊ŒÊ⁄UË ‹ŸË ¬«∏ªË– ‚’∑§Ù ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ‚ê’ãœË fl ‚÷Ë ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ë Áfl∑§Ê‚ ÿÙ¡ŸÊ•Ê¥ ÃÕÊ ¬˝ÁR§ÿÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ‚ê¬Íáʸ ¡ÊŸ∑§Ê⁄UË ŒË ¡ÊŸË øÊÁ„∞– SÕÊŸËÿ, ˇÊòÊËÿ ÃÕÊ •¥Ã⁄UʸC˝Ëÿ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U ŸÊªÁ⁄U∑§Ù¥ ∑‘§ ©àÕÊŸ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ¬˝ÿÊ‚ Á∑§ÿ ¡ÊŸ øÊÁ„∞– flÊÃÊfl⁄UáÊ ∑§Ù ¬˝ŒÍ·áÊ ‚ ’øÊŸ •ı⁄U ©‚∑‘§ ‚ÈœÊ⁄U ∑§Ê ¬˝ÿ% ÷Ë •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ „Ò– ‚÷Ë ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË •ı⁄U ªÒ⁄U ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË ‚¥SÕÊ•Ê¥ ‚ ÷˝CÊøÊ⁄U◊ÈQ§ „ÙŸÊ „٪ʖ SÕÊŸËÿ ‚◊ÈŒÊÿÙ¥ ∑§Ù ◊¡’Èà ’ŸÊŸÊ „ÙªÊ ÃÊÁ∑§ fl •¬Ÿ •Ê‚¬Ê‚ ∑‘§ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑‘§ ¬˝Áà ¡ÊªM§∑§ ⁄U„ ‚∑‘§¥– ‚÷Ë ∑§Ù, Áfl‡Ê·∑§⁄U ’ëø¥ •ı⁄U ÿÈflÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ù Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑‘§ •fl‚⁄U ŒŸ „Ù¥ª Ã÷Ë „◊Ê⁄UÊ ‚◊Ê¡ •Êà◊ÁŸ÷¸⁄U „Ù ‚∑‘§ªÊ– ÁflÁ÷ÛÊ ∑§‹Ê•Ê¥ •ı⁄U ÁflôÊÊŸ ∑§Ê ‹Ê÷ ⁄UÙ¡ªÊ⁄UÙã◊ÈπË Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§Ù Á◊‹ ‚∑‘§¥, ß‚∑§Ë √ÿflSÕÊ ∑§⁄UŸË „٪˖ ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ •ı⁄U ¬ÿʸfl⁄UÁáÊ∑§ øÈŸıÃË ∑‘§ ¬˝Áà ¡ÊªM§∑§ÃÊ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ‚¥øÊ⁄U ◊Êäÿ◊Ù¥ ∑§Ë ◊ŒŒ ‹ŸË „٪˖ ŸÒÁÃ∑§ ÃÕÊ •ÊäÿÊÁà◊∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑‘§ Á’ŸÊ „◊ •Êà◊ÁŸ÷¸⁄U Ÿ„Ë¥ „Ù ‚∑§Ã, ß‚ ’Êà ∑§Ù ÷Ë äÿÊŸ ◊¥ ⁄UπŸÊ „٪ʖ


ÁãÚUèÜè ãôÌè Áæ ÚUãè ã ‚∑§ÃË „Ò– ¬˝∑§ÎÁà ‚ ¿«∏¿Ê«∏ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊËÿ ‚¥ÃÈ‹Ÿ ∑§Ù Á’ªÊ«∏ ∑§⁄U ÁflŸÊ‡Ê ∑‘§ ÁŸàÿ¬˝Áà Ÿ∞-Ÿ∞ ©ŒÊ„⁄UáÊ ¬˝SÃÈà ∑§⁄U ‚ ‚ŒË ∑‘§ ¬„‹ Œ‡Ê∑§ ◊¥ •ÕʸØ wÆÆÆ ⁄U„Ë „Ò– ß‚ ‚¥Œ÷¸ ◊¥ ’ÊŒ‹Ù¥ ∑§Ë ‚ wÆvÆ Ã∑§ •ı⁄U Ã’ ‚ ‹∑§⁄U •’ Ã∑§ ™§¥øÊ߸ ∑§◊ „ÙŸÊ •ı⁄U ¬ÎâflË ∑§Ê ¬˝Áà fl·¸ •Ê‚◊ÊŸ ¬⁄U »Ò§‹ ’ÊŒ‹ ¬ÎâflË ∑‘§ Ãʬ◊ÊŸ SflÃ: „Ë ÁŸÿ¥ÁòÊà ∑§⁄U ∑§⁄UË’ ∞∑§ ¬˝ÁÇÊà ÁŸ∑§≈U •Ê ⁄U„ „Ò¥ •ÕʸØ Á∑§‚Ë •ãÿ ÁŒ‡ÊÊ ◊¥ ¡ÊŸÊ ∞∑§ ‡ÊÈ÷ ¡◊ËŸ ‚ ’ÊŒ‹Ù¥ ∑§Ë ™§¥øÊ߸ ‹ªÊÃÊ⁄U ∑§◊ ‚¥∑‘§Ã ∑§Ù ÁŸ‡ÊÊŸË ‹ª ⁄U„Ë „Ò– flÒ‚ „ÙÃË ¡Ê ⁄U„Ë „Ò– ∞∑§ •äÿÿŸ ∑§ ◊ÈÃÊÁ’∑§§ Œ ‡Ê ◊¥ ’…∏Ã •ılÙÁª∑§Ë∑§⁄UáÊ ∑‘§ ß‚ Œ‡Ê∑§ ◊¥ ’ÊŒ‹ ¬˝ÁÃfl·¸ ∞∑§ ¬˝ÁÇÊà ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ ¬˝ŒÍ·áÊ ÷Ë ‹ªÊÃÊ⁄U ’…∏ÃÊ ¬ÎâflË ∑‘§ ∑§⁄UË’ •Ê ⁄U„ „Ò¥ •ı⁄U ©Ÿ∑§Ë ™§¥øÊ߸ ¡Ê ⁄U„Ê „Ò– ¬˝ŒÍ·áÊ Ÿ ¡‹-Õ‹ •ı⁄U „⁄U ‚Ê‹ vÆÆ ‚ vxÆ »§È≈U ∑§◊ „Ù ⁄U„Ë flÊÿÈ ∑§Ê ¬˝Ê∑§ÎÁÃ∑§ SflM§¬ Á’ªÊ«∏ ÁŒÿÊ „Ò ⁄UÊC˝ „Ò– ß‚∑§Ê ◊ÈÅÿ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ÿ„ „Ò Á∑§ •Áœ∑§ Á¡‚∑§Ê ‚ËœÊ ¬˝÷Êfl ◊ÊŸfl •ı⁄U ‚¡Ëfl ™§¥øÊ߸ ¬⁄U ∑§◊ ’ÊŒ‹ ’Ÿ ⁄U„ „Ò¥– ÄUÿÊ ’ÊŒ‹Ù¥ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑‘§ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄U Á¬¿‹ {Æ ‚Ê‹Ù¥ ◊¥ ∑‘§ ‹ªÊÃÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UË’ •ÊŸ ‚ ¬ÎâflË ∑§Ê Ãʬ◊ÊŸ „È∞ ∑§◊ ‚ ∑§◊ yÆ ¬˝ÁÇÊà •ÊÃ¥Á⁄U∑§ ‚¥ÉÊ·¸ ¬˝¡ÊÁÃÿÙ¥ ¬⁄U ¬«∏Ê „Ò– ¡‹ ÃÙ ∞∑§ ‚ËÁ◊à •Ê‚ÊŸË ‚ ∑§◊ „Ù ¡Ê∞ªÊ? ÄUÿÊ ¬˝∑§ÎÁà Ÿ ∑§Ê ‚¥’¥œ ¬˝Ê∑§ÎÁÃ∑§ ‚¥‚ÊœŸÙ¥ ∑‘§ ŒÙ„Ÿ ‚ ÕÊ ŒÊÿ⁄U ∑§Ù „Ë ¬˝÷ÊÁflà ∑§⁄UÃÊ „Ò– ‹Á∑§Ÿ „flÊ •¬Ÿ ™§¬⁄U „È∞ Ãʬ◊ÊŸ flÎÁäŒ ∑‘§ Œ¥‡Ê Á¡‚‚ Á¡‚◊¥ ‚ÙŸÊ, „Ë⁄UÊ •ı⁄U Ã‹ ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ „Ò¥– ‹¥’ ˇÊòÊ ∑§Ù ¬˝ŒÍÁ·Ã ∑§⁄UÃË „Ò– Ç‹Ù’‹ flÊÁ◊¥¸ª ¡Ò‚Ë ÷ÿÊfl„ ¬Á⁄UÁSÕÁÃÿÙ¥ Ÿ •Ê¥∑§«∏ ß‚ ’Êà ∑§Ù ‚◊¤ÊÊŸ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ∑§Ê»§Ë •ılÙÁª∑§Ë∑§⁄UáÊ „flÊ ∑§Ù ÿÊŒÊ ¬˝ŒÍÁ·Ã ∑§⁄UÃÊ ¡ã◊ Á‹ÿÊ „Ò ©‚ SflÃ: „Ë ÁŸÿ¥ÁòÊà ∑§⁄UŸ ∑‘§ „Ò¥ Á∑§ œ⁄UÃË ¬⁄U Ÿ ∑‘§fl‹ ¬˝ŒÍ·áÊ »Ò§‹ÊŸ „Ò– ÿ„ ¡„⁄UË‹Ë „flÊ „◊Ê⁄U SflÊSâÿ ∑§Ù øı¬≈U Á‹∞ ’ÊŒ‹Ù¥ ∑§Ë ¡◊ËŸ ‚ ™§¥øÊ߸ ∑§Ù ∑§◊ ∑§⁄U ’ÁÀ∑§ ¬ÎâflË ∑‘§ ©¬ÿÙª •ı⁄U ŒÙ„Ÿ ∑‘§ ◊Ê◊‹ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„Ë „Ò– „flÊ ◊¥ ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ ÷Ê⁄UË œÊÃÈ•Ù¥ ∑‘§ Á‹ÿÊ „Ò– ∞‚ ∑§ß¸ ¬˝‡ŸÙ¥ ∑‘§ ©ûÊ⁄U flÒôÊÊÁŸ∑§Ù¥ ◊¥ Áfl∑§Á‚à Œ‡Ê •Êª •ı⁄U Áfl∑§Ê‚‡ÊË‹ Œ‡Ê ‚͡◊ ∑§áÊ „◊Ê⁄U ‡Ê⁄UË⁄U ∑‘§ •¥Œ⁄U ¬˝fl‡Ê ∑§⁄U ∑§Ë ©à‚È∑§ÃÊ ∑§Ù ’…∏Ê ⁄U„Ê „Ò– flÒ‚ ÷Ë ¬˝∑§ÎÁà ∑§Ê»§Ë ¬Ë¿ „Ò¥– •ª⁄U ÿÈäŒ, ‚‡ÊSòÊ ‚¥ÉÊ·¸ ⁄U„ „Ò¥– ÿ •Ÿ∑§ ÉÊÊÃ∑§ ’Ë◊ÊÁ⁄UÿÙ¥ ∑‘§ ∑§Ê⁄U∑§ •¬Ÿ ∑§Ù ‚ŒÒfl ‚¥ÃÈÁ‹Ã ⁄UπÃË „Ò– •÷Ë Ã∑§ ‚Á„à ¬ÎâflË ¬⁄U ¬˝ŒÍ·áÊ »Ò§‹ÊŸ ∑§Ë ⁄UçUÃÊ⁄U „Ò¥– •Ê¬ ¡„⁄UË‹Ë „ÙÃË „flÊ ∑‘§ ∑§„⁄U ∑§Ê Ç‹Ù’‹ flÊÁ◊¥¸ª ∑§Ù ÷‹ „Ë œ⁄UÃË ¬⁄U ’…∏Ã Õ◊Ë Ÿ„Ë¥ ÃÙ flÊÃÊfl⁄UáÊ ◊¥ ’…∏Ã Ãʬ◊ÊŸ ¬⁄U •¥ŒÊ¡Ê Œ‡Ê ◊¥ √ÿÊ# flÊÿÈ ¬˝ŒÍ·áÊ ∑‘§ ø‹Ã Ãʬ◊ÊŸ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ Á¡ê◊ŒÊ⁄U ◊ÊŸÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ù ¬⁄U •¥∑§È‡Ê ‹ªÊŸÊ ◊ÈÁ‡∑§‹ „٪ʖ flÒôÊÊÁŸ∑§Ù¥ ∑‘§ wÆvÆ ◊¥ „È߸ ∑§⁄UË’ {xÆÆÆÆ ◊ıÃÙ¥ ∑§Ë ©‚‚ ÷Ë •Áœ∑§ ÁflE ∑‘§ •Ÿ∑§ •‡Êʥà ˇÊòÊÙ¥ ‡ÊÙœ •ı⁄U •äÿÿŸ ∑‘§ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄U ÿÁŒ Ãʬ◊ÊŸ ‚¥ÅÿÊ ‚ ‹ªÊ ‚∑§Ã „Ò¥– flÒ‚ ∞∑§ •Ê∑§‹Ÿ ∑‘§ ◊¥ ø‹ ⁄U„ ÿÈäŒ •ı⁄U ‚‡ÊSòÊ ‚¥ÉÊ·¸ ÷Ë ß‚∑§Ë ∞∑§ Á«ª˝Ë ’…∏Ê ÃÙ ¡Ëfl •ı⁄U flŸS¬ÁÃÿÙ¥ ∑§Ë ◊ÈÃÊÁ’∑§ •∑‘§‹ wÆvÆ ◊¥ ÉÊ⁄U‹Í •ı⁄U ◊ÈÅÿ fl¡„Ù¥ ◊¥ ‚ ∞∑§ „Ò– ß‚ ‚◊ÿ œ⁄UÃË ∑§Ê vw „¡Ê⁄U ¬˝¡ÊÁÃÿÙ¥ ∑‘§ ‚◊Ê# „ÙŸ ∑§Ë •ılÙÁª∑§ ¬˝ŒÍ·áÊ ∑‘§ ø‹Ã Œ‡Ê ◊¥ v{ ‹Êπ •ı‚à Ãʬ◊ÊŸ vz ‚á≈UË. „Ò– flÒôÊÊÁŸ∑§Ù¥ ∑§Ê •Ê‡Ê¥∑§Ê „Ò– ß‚◊¥ ◊ÊŸfl ∑§Ù ÷Ù¡Ÿ ŒŸ flÊ‹ ‚ ÿÊŒÊ ◊ıà „Ù øÈ∑§Ë „Ò¥– ß‚◊¥ {z ¬˝ÁÇÊà •ŸÈ◊ÊŸ „Ò Á∑§ ß‚ ‚ŒË ◊¥ œ⁄UÃË ∑§Ê Ãʬ◊ÊŸ ¬ıœ ÷Ë ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ „Ò¥– ÿÁŒ Ãʬ◊ÊŸ ◊¥ w ‚ x ◊ıÃÙ¥ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ÁŒ‹ ∑§Ë ’Ë◊ÊÁ⁄UÿÊ¥ Á¡ê◊ŒÊ⁄U ◊¥ «…∏ ‚ ¿: Á«ª˝Ë Ã∑§ ∑§Ë flÎÁäŒ Œ¡¸ ∑§Ë ¡Ê Á«ª˝Ë ∑§Ë flÎÁäŒ „È߸ ÃÙ »§‚‹Ù¥ ∑§Ë ¬ÒŒÊflÊ⁄U ¬⁄U ÕË¥– ¡’Á∑§ wz ¬˝ÁÇÊà ◊ıÃ¥ ‹∑§flÊ •ı⁄U ‚∑§ÃË „Ò ¡’Á∑§ Ãʬ◊ÊŸ ◊¥ ŒÙ Á«ª˝Ë Ã∑§ ∑§Ë •‚⁄U ¬«∏ªÊ, ŒÁˇÊáÊ ∞Á‡ÊÿÊ ∑§Ë •Áœ∑§Ã⁄U ©ëø ⁄UQ§øʬ ∑§Ë fl¡„ ‚ „È߸ „Ò¥– flÎÁäŒ ¬ÎâflË ¬⁄U Ã’Ê„Ë ‹Ê ‚∑§ÃË „Ò– ŸÁŒÿÙ¥ ◊¥ ¬„‹ ’Ê…∏ Á»§⁄U ‚ÍπÊ •Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ „Ò– ÁflÁ÷ÛÊ ¬˝ŒÍ·áÊ ÁŸÿ¥òÊáÊ ∞¡¥Á‚ÿÙ¥ ∑§Ë Ÿ¡∏⁄U ‚Ù◊ÊÁ‹ÿÊ •ı⁄U •»§ªÊÁŸSÃÊŸ ‚Á„à ∞‚ ß‚‚ ∑§⁄UË’ øÊ⁄U •⁄U’ ‹ÙªÙ¥ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ¬ÊŸË ◊¥ Œ‡Ê ∑‘§ v}Æ ‡Ê„⁄U ¬˝ŒÍ·áÊ ∑‘§ ãÿÍŸÃ◊ Œ¡¸Ÿ ÷⁄U ŒÍ‚⁄U Œ‡Ê ÷Ë „Ò¥ ¡„Ê¥ ÁŸàÿ „Ë ∑§Ê ‚¥∑§≈U ¬ÒŒÊ „Ù ¡Ê∞ªÊ– ÿÁŒ Ãʬ◊ÊŸ ◊¥ y ◊ÊŸ∑§Ù¥ ‚ ∑§Ê»§Ë ŒÍ⁄U „Ò¥ •ÕʸØ „◊ ’È⁄UË Ã⁄U„ ‚‡ÊSòÊ ‚¥ÉÊ·¸ ¡Ê⁄UË „Ò– ß‚ ‚¥ÉÊ·¸ ‚ fl„Ê¥ ∑§Ë ‚ { Á«ª˝Ë ∑§Ë flÎÁäŒ „È߸ ÃÙ yz ‚ {Æ ‚ ¬˝ŒÍ·áÊ ∑‘§ Á‡Ê∑§Ê⁄U „Ò¥– ’…∏Ã flÊÿÈ ¬˝ŒÍ·áÊ πÃË ∑§Ë ¡◊ËŸ ÷Ë ’’ʸŒ „È߸ „Ò •ı⁄U ‚◊ÈŒ˝ »§Ë‚ŒË •Ê’ÊŒË ‚¥R§Ê◊∑§ ’Ë◊ÊÁ⁄UÿÙ¥ ∑§Ë ø¬≈U ∑§Ë fl¡„ ‚ ∞‹¡Ë¸ •ı⁄U ‹Í ÃÕÊ ¡È∑§Ê◊ •’ ∑‘§ ¬ÊŸË ¬⁄U ÷Ë ¬˝÷Êfl ¬«∏Ê „Ò– ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ ◊¥ •Ê ‚∑§ÃË „Ò– ‚◊ÈŒ˝ ∑§Ê ¡‹ Ã¡Ë ‚ ’…∏ fl·¸ ÷⁄U ø‹Ÿ flÊ‹Ë ’Ë◊Ê⁄UË ’Ÿ ª∞ „Ò¥– ߟ ‚¥∑§≈U ◊¥ „Ò •ı⁄U ©à¬ÊŒŸ ∑§Ê»§Ë Áª⁄U ªÿÊ „Ò ‚∑§ÃÊ „Ò– ª¥ªÙòÊË •ı⁄U •¥≈UÊ∑§¸Á≈U∑§Ê ‚Á„à ’Ë◊ÊÁ⁄UÿÙ¥ ∑‘§ ø‹Ã •Ê◊ •ÊŒ◊Ë ∑§Ê ’¡≈U ¡Ù ’Ë◊ÊÁ⁄UÿÊ¥ Œ‡Ê∑§Ù¥ ¬Ífl¸ ‚◊Ê# „Ù ªß¸ ÕË¥ fl ŒÈÁŸÿÊ ∑‘§ ∑§ß¸ Ç‹Á‡Êÿ⁄UÙ¥ ∑§Ê •ÁSÃàfl ‚◊Ê# Á’ª«∏ ªÿÊ „Ò– ß‚‚ ∑§Êÿ¸ˇÊ◊ÃÊ ÷Ë ¬˝÷ÊÁflà ŒÈ’Ê⁄UÊ ÷ÿÊfl„ M§¬ œÊ⁄UáÊ ∑§⁄U ¬ÈŸ— Ÿß¸ „Ù ‚∑§ÃÊ „Ò •ı⁄U { Á«ª˝Ë ∑§Ë flÎÁäŒ ß‚ „È߸ „Ò– flÊÿÈ ¬˝ŒÍ·áÊ Œ◊Ê •ı⁄U FÊÿÈ ⁄UÙÁªÿÙ¥ ∑‘§ ◊Ê⁄U∑§ ˇÊ◊ÃÊ ∑‘§ ‚ÊÕ ‹ı≈U •Ê߸ „Ò¥– ‚¥ÿÈQ§ fl‚È¥œ⁄UÊ ¬⁄U ◊„ʬ˝‹ÿ ∑§Ë ÁSÕÁà ¬ÒŒÊ ∑§⁄U Á‹∞ ∑§„⁄U ’Ÿ∑§⁄U •ÊÿÊ „Ò–

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¡È‹Ê߸ - Á‚â’⁄ 2013


ãñ ƒæÚU ·Ô¤ ÕæãÚU ·¤è ãßæ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ »‘§»§«∏ ∑‘§, ∑Ò§¥‚⁄U ∑‘§ ⁄UÙªË •¬˝àÿÊÁ‡Êà M§¬ ‚ ’…∏ ⁄U„ „Ò¥– flÊÿÈ ¬˝ŒÍ·áÊ ‚ •fl‚ÊŒ •ı⁄U ©ëø ⁄UQ§øʬ ∑‘§ ◊⁄UË¡Ù¥ ◊¥ ÷Ë ’ÄʇÊÊ flÎÁäŒ „È߸ „Ò– „◊ ÿ„Ê¥ ∑§„ ‚∑§Ã „Ò¥ Á∑§ flÊÿÈ ¬˝ŒÍ·áÊ „◊Ê⁄U Œ‡Ê ◊¥ ’Ë◊ÊÁ⁄UÿÙ¥ •ı⁄U ◊ÎàÿÈ ∑§Ë ’«∏Ë fl¡„ ’ŸÃÊ ¡Ê ⁄U„Ê „Ò– ÿ„Ê¥ ÿ„ ÁfløÊ⁄UáÊËÿ Áfl·ÿ „Ò Á∑§ „◊Ê⁄U ÉÊ⁄U ∑‘§ ’Ê„⁄U ∑§Ë „flÊ ¡„⁄UË‹Ë ∑Ò§‚ „ÙÃË ¡Ê ⁄U„Ë „Ò? •ı⁄U ¬˝ÊáÊ ŒŸ flÊ‹Ë „flÊ ¬˝ÊáÊ „⁄UŸ flÊ‹Ë ∑Ò§‚Ë „ÙÃË ¡Ê ⁄U„Ë „Ò? •¥œÁflEÊ‚ ∑‘§ ŸÊ◊ ¬⁄U ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑§Ê ŒÙ„Ÿ ÁflôÊÊŸ ∑‘§ ß‚ ÿȪ ◊¥ „◊ ÷‹ „Ë •¥ÃÁ⁄UˇÊ ∑§Ù ◊ÈnË ◊¥ ∑§⁄UŸ •ı⁄U øÊ°Œ ‚ ‹∑§⁄U ◊¥ª‹ Ã∑§ ÉÊ⁄U ’‚ÊŸ ∑§Ë ‚Ùø ⁄U„ „Ù¥– ‹Á∑§Ÿ ß‚ Ã⁄UP§Ë ∑‘§ ’Êfl¡ÍŒ „◊ ◊ÊŸÁ‚∑§ M§¬ ‚ •’ Ã∑§ Áfl∑§Ê‚ Ÿ„Ë¥ ∑§⁄U ¬Êÿ „Ò¥ •ı⁄U •Ê¡ ÷Ë •¥œÁflEÊ‚ ¡Ò‚Ë ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§ ’È⁄UÊ߸ÿÙ¥ ∑§Ê ‚ÊÕ Ÿ„Ë¥ ¿Ù«∏ ⁄U„ „Ò¥– •’ ÃÙ •¥œÁflEÊ‚ ∑‘§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ¬«∏-¬ıœÙ¥ •ı⁄U ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑§Ù ÷Ë ŸÈ∑§‚ÊŸ ¬„È°ø ⁄U„Ê „Ò– πÊ‚ ’Êà ÿ„ „Ò Á∑§ •’ •¥œÁflEÊ‚ ∑‘§ ŸÊ◊ ¬⁄U ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑§Ù ÷Ë ÁŸ‡ÊÊŸÊ ’ŸÊÿÊ ¡Ê ⁄U„Ê „Ò– •¥œÁflEÊ‚ ∑§Ë ÿ„ ¡«∏ ‡Ê„⁄UË ˇÊòÊÙ¥ ∑§Ë •¬ˇÊÊ ª˝Ê◊ËáÊ ß‹Ê∑§Ù¥ ◊¥ •’ ÷Ë •¬ŸÊ ¬˝÷Êfl ¡◊Êÿ „È∞ „Ò– ÿ„Ê¥ Ã∑§ Á∑§ ¡ÊŒÍ-≈UÙŸÊ ∑‘§ ŸÊ◊ ¬⁄U ¬˝ÃÊÁ«∏à „ÙŸ flÊ‹Ù¥ ∑§Ù ãÿÊÿ ÁŒ‹ÊŸ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ≈UÙŸ„Ë ¬˝ÃÊ«∏ŸÊ •ÁœÁŸÿ◊ wÆÆz ÷Ë ‹ÊªÍ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ „Ò– ‹Á∑§Ÿ •ÁœÁŸÿ◊ ∑‘§fl‹ ∑§ÊŸÍŸ ∑§Ë Á∑§ÃÊ’Ù¥ Ã∑§ „Ë ‚ËÁ◊à ⁄U„ ªÿÊ „Ò– ∑§ÊŸÍŸ ‹ÊªÍ „È∞ } fl·¸ ªÈ¡⁄U øÈ∑‘§ „Ò¥ ‹Á∑§Ÿ ‚◊Ê¡ ∑§Ë ‚„à ¬⁄U ©‚‚ ∑§Ù߸ »§∑§¸ Ÿ„Ë¥ ¬«∏ ⁄U„Ê „Ò– ¬Áp◊ ’¥ªÊ‹, ◊äÿ ¬˝Œ‡Ê, ¿ûÊË‚ª…∏, •‚◊, ªÈ¡⁄UÊÃ, ©ûÊ⁄U ¬˝Œ‡Ê, ◊„Ê⁄UÊC˝, ¤ÊÊ⁄U𥫠•ı⁄U Á’„Ê⁄U ◊¥ •’ ÷Ë •¥œÁflEÊ‚ ∑‘§ ŸÊ◊ ¬⁄U „ÙŸ flÊ‹Ë ’’¸⁄UÃÊ Áø¥ÃÊ ∑§Ê Áfl‡Êÿ „Ò– ∞‚Ë ÉÊ≈UŸÊ∞¥ ªÊ¥fl flÊ‹Ù¥ ∑‘§ ‚Ê◊Ÿ „ÙÃË „Ò¥ •ı⁄U ß‚◊¥ ‚’∑§Ë ◊Í∑§ ‚„◊Áà „ÙÃË „Ò– „Ê‹Ê¥Á∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊÊ ∑§Ê SÃ⁄U ’…∏Ÿ ∑‘§ ‚ÊÕ ß‚◊¥ ∑§◊Ë •Ê߸ „Ò ‹Á∑§Ÿ ¬Í⁄UË Ã⁄U„ ‚ ‚◊Ê# „ÙŸ ◊¥ •÷Ë ∑§Ê»§Ë ‚◊ÿ ‹ªªÊ– •¥œÁflEÊ‚ ∑§Ë ¡«∏ ߥ‚ÊŸÙ¥ ‚ ÁŸ∑§‹∑§⁄U •’ 15

¬«∏ ¬ıœÙ¥ ∑§Ù ’’ʸŒ ∑§⁄UŸ Ã∑§ ¬„È¥ø øÈ∑§Ë „Ò– ¬«∏ ‹ªÊ•Ù ¡ËflŸ ’øÊ•Ù ∑‘§ ŸÊ⁄U ∑§Ù •¥œÁflEÊ‚ Ÿ ¤ÊÍΔÊ ‚ÊÁ’à ∑§⁄U ÁŒÿÊ „Ò– ∑§È¿ …∏ÙªË •Ù¤ÊÊ fl ÷ªÃ ¬«∏ ∑‘§ ŒÈ‡◊Ÿ ’Ÿ ªÿ „Ò¥– ‚’‚ „Ò⁄UÊŸË ∑§Ë ’Êà „Ò Á∑§ Á·ÁˇÊà ‹Ùª ÷Ë ¬«∏Ù¥ ∑§Ù ’øÊŸ ∑‘§ ’¡Êÿ ∑§Ê≈UŸ ¬⁄U ÃÈ‹ „Ò¥– ¬«∏Ù¥ ∑§Ù ‹∑§⁄U ‚◊Ê¡ ◊¥ •Ê¡ ÷Ë ∑§ß¸ ÷˝Ê¥ÁÃÿÊ¥ √ÿÊ# „Ò¥– •‡ÊÙ∑§ ∑‘§ ¬«∏ Œ⁄UflÊ¡ ¬⁄U ‹ªÊŸÊ •¬‡Ê∑§ÈŸ ◊ÊŸÊ ¡Ê ⁄U„Ê „Ò, ŸË◊ ∑§Ê ¬«∏ ÿÁŒ Œ⁄UflÊ¡ ¬⁄U „Ò ÃÙ ‚◊Á¤Êÿ, •Ê¬∑‘§ Œ⁄UflÊ¡ ¬⁄U ÷Íà ∑§Ê ‚ÊÿÊ „Ò– ◊È¡∏çU»§¬È⁄U Á¡‹ ∑‘§ ‚Ê„’ª¥¡ ¬˝π¥« •¥Ãª¸Ã „ÈS‚¬È⁄U ¬¥øM§ÁπÿÊ ªÊ¥fl ∑‘§ ÁŸflÊ‚Ë Ÿ ∞∑§ •Ù¤ÊÊ ∑‘§ øP§⁄U ◊¥ ¬«∏∑§⁄U •¬Ÿ ÉÊ⁄U ∑‘§ z-{ ŸÊÁ⁄Uÿ‹ ∑§Ê ¬«∏ ∑§≈UflÊ ÁŒÿÊ ÄUÿÙ¥Á∑§ •Ù¤ÊÊ ∑‘§ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄U ߟ ŸÊÁ⁄Uÿ‹ ∑§Ê ¬«∏Ù¥ ‚ ©Ÿ∑‘§ fl¢‡Ê ¬⁄U ’È⁄UÊ ¬˝÷Êfl ¬«∏ ⁄U„Ê ÕÊ– •Ù¤ÊÊ Ÿ ©ã„¥ ’ÃÊÿÊ „Ò Á∑§ Á¡‚ ÉÊ⁄U ◊¥ ŸÊÁ⁄Uÿ‹ ∑‘§ flÎˇÊ „ÙÃ „Ò¥ fl„Ê¥ fl¢‡ÊflÎÁäŒ L§∑§ ¡ÊÃË „Ò– •Ê¡ •Ù¤ÊÊ ¬Í⁄U ªÊ¥fl ◊¥ Ÿ Á‚»§¸ •Á‡ÊÁˇÊà ’ÁÀ∑§ Á‡ÊÁˇÊà ‹ÙªÙ¥ ∑§Ë ◊ÊŸÁ‚∑§ÃÊ ◊¥ ÷Ë ¬«∏Ù¥ ∑‘§ ¬˝Áà ÷˝Ê¥ÁÃÿÊ¥ ÷⁄U ŒË „Ò– •Ù¤ÊÊ ∑‘§ ¤ÊÊ¥‚ ◊¥ •Ê∑§⁄U ∞∑§ Á‡ÊˇÊ∑§ Ÿ •¬Ÿ ÉÊ⁄U ∑‘§ Á¬¿flÊ«∏ ‚ „⁄U ÷⁄U ∑§≈U„‹ ∑§Ê ¬«∏ ∑§≈UflÊ ÁŒÿÊ– ¡’Á∑§ ªÈL§¡Ë ¬Ê‚ ∑‘§ ÁfllÊ‹ÿ ◊¥ ’ëøÙ¥ ∑§Ù ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑§Ê ¬ÊΔ ¬…∏ÊÃ „Ò¥– ∞‚ ÃÊ¢ÁòÊ∑§Ê Ÿ ªÊ¥fl flÊ‹Ù¥ ∑‘§ ’Ëø ÿ„ ÷˝Ê¥ÁÃÿÊ¥ »Ò§‹Ê ⁄πË „Ò Á∑§ Œ⁄UflÊ¡ ¬⁄U ŸÊÁ⁄Uÿ‹, ŸË◊, ∑§≈U„‹, ªÈ‹⁄U, ’⁄UªŒ, ¬Ë¬‹ ∑§Ê ¬«∏ Ÿ„Ë¥ ‹ªÊŸÊ øÊÁ„∞– ß‚‚ ÉÊ⁄U ¬⁄U ’È⁄UÊ ‚ÊÿÊ ∑§Ê «⁄UÊ ¡◊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò •ı⁄U ¬Á⁄UflÊ⁄U ∑§Ù „◊‡ÊÊ ◊ÈÁ‚’ÃÙ¥ ∑§Ê ‚Ê◊ŸÊ ∑§⁄UŸÊ ¬«∏ÃÊ „Ò– ‹Á∑§Ÿ ©‚∑‘§ ¬Ê‚ ß‚ ‚ÊÁ’à ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ê ∑§Ù߸ ‚’Íà Ÿ„Ë¥ „Ò– •‹’ûÊÊ fl„ ÉÊ⁄UÙ¥ ◊¥ ’Ë◊Ê⁄U ¬«∏Ÿ flÊ‹ ‹ÙªÙ¥ ∑§Ù ß‚∑‘§ Á‹∞ ÉÊ⁄U ◊¥ ‹ª ¬«∏ ∑§Ù „Ë Á¡ê◊ŒÊ⁄U ’ÃÊÃÊ „Ò– ŒÍ‚⁄UË •Ù⁄U ÁøÁ∑§à‚∑§ ∑§„Ã „Ò¥ Á∑§ ¬«∏-¬ıœ ∑§„Ë¥ ‚ ÷Ë ŸÈ∑§‚ÊŸŒ„ Ÿ„Ë¥ „Ò¥– ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ fl ◊ÊŸfl¡ÊÁà ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ÃÙ ¬ıœ ‚ŒÒfl fl⁄UŒÊŸ ‚ÊÁ’à „È∞ „Ò¥– ‹Á∑§Ÿ ∑§È¿ ‹Ùª •¥œÁflEÊ‚ ∑‘§ ¡Á⁄Uÿ ‚ÊœÊ⁄UáÊ ‹ÙªÙ¥ ∑‘§ ÁŒ◊ʪ ∑§Ù ÷˝Á◊Ã

¡È‹Ê߸ - Á‚â’⁄ 2013

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ŸÈ∑§‚ÊŸ ¬„È¥øÊ ⁄U„ „Ò¥– ¬…∏-Á‹π •ı⁄U ¡ÊªM§∑§ ‹Ùª ÷Ë •¥œÁflEÊ‚ ◊¥ »§¥‚ „È∞ „Ò¥ Á¡‚∑‘§ ¬Á⁄UáÊÊ◊SflM§¬ ‚◊Ê¡ ∑‘§ ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ •’ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑‘§ ŒÈ‡◊Ÿ ’Ÿ ªÿ „Ò¥– ß‚‚ •¥ŒÊ¡Ê ‹ªÊÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ „Ò Á∑§ ¡’ ’⁄UªŒ, ¬Ë¬‹, ŸË◊ •ı⁄U ŸÊÁ⁄Uÿ‹ ¡Ò‚ ªÈáÊ∑§Ê⁄UË ¬«∏Ù¥ ∑§Ù ∑§Ê≈UÊ ¡ÊÿªÊ ÃÙ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑§Ê ‚¥⁄UˇÊáÊ ∑Ò§‚ „ÙªÊ? •Ê¡ ÷Ë Ÿ ∑‘§fl‹ œÊÁ◊¸∑§ ª˝¥Õ ’ÁÀ∑§ ÁflôÊÊŸ ÷Ë ß‚ ’Êà ∑§Ù ¬˝◊ÊÁáÊà ∑§⁄U øÈ∑§Ê „Ò Á∑§ ’⁄UªŒ •ı⁄U ¬Ë¬‹ ⁄UÊà ◊¥ ÷Ë flÊÿÈ◊¥«‹ ◊¥ •ÊÚÄU‚Ë¡Ÿ ŒÃ „Ò¥– ÿÁŒ ∞‚Ê Ÿ„Ë¥ „ÙÃÊ ÃÙ ’⁄UªŒ fl ¬Ë¬‹ ∑§Ë ¬Í¡Ê ÄUÿÙ¥ „ÙÃË? ∞‚ ◊¥ ß‚ ŸÈ∑§‚ÊŸ ¬„È¥øÊŸ ∑§Ê •Õ¸ ÁflŸÊ‡Ê ∑§Ù •Ê◊¥òÊáÊ ŒŸÊ „Ò– ◊àSÿ ¬È⁄UÊáÊ ◊¥ Á¡ „Ò Á∑§ ·ÊŒË ∑‘§ ◊ı∑‘§ ¬⁄U ‹Ùª ¬«∏ ‹ªÊÃ Õ– ŸË◊ ∑§Ë≈UÊáÊȟʇÊ∑§ „Ò– Á¡‚ Œ⁄UflÊ¡ ¬⁄U ŸË◊ ∑§Ê ¬«∏ „Ò, fl„Ê¥ ∑§Ë flÊÿÈ Á’À∑§È‹ ·ÈäŒ •ı⁄U ¡ËflÊáÊÈ ◊ÈQ§ „Ù ¡ÊÃË „Ò– ß‚‚ •Ê‚¬Ê‚ ∑‘§ ‹ÙªÙ¥ ∑§Ù ‡ÊÈäŒ „flÊ ÃÙ Á◊‹ÃË „Ë „Ò– ‚Ê¥◊∑§ ⁄U٪٥ ‚ ‚È⁄UˇÊÊ ÷Ë ¬˝ŒÊŸ „ÙÃÊ „Ò– ŸÊÁ⁄Uÿ‹ ¡„Ê¥ „◊Ê⁄U SflÊSâÿ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ „Ò fl„Ë¥ ©‚∑§Ê ¬«∏ ÷Ë ∑§◊ ªÈáÊ∑§Ê⁄UË Ÿ„Ë¥ „Ò– •’ ’ÃÊ߸ÿ ¡ËflŸ ¬˝ŒÊŸ ∑§⁄UŸ flÊ‹ ÿ„ ¬«∏ „◊Ê⁄U ŒÈ‡◊Ÿ ∑Ò§‚ „Ù ª∞?


∑§Ùÿ‹Ê- πÁŸ¡ ÿÊ ¡Ò fl ‚¥ ‚ ÊœŸ ÿÊÁø∑§Ê∑§Ãʸ ∑§Ê Ã∑§¸ „Ò Á∑§ ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ •ÁœÁŸÿ◊ ∑§Ë äÿ¬˝Œ‡Ê ∑§Ë ∞∑§ ª˝Ê◊ËáÊ ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ œÊ⁄UÊ w (‚Ë) ∑‘§ •¥Ãª¸Ã ¬« ¬˝’¥œŸ ‚Á◊Áà Ÿ ∑§Ùÿ‹ ∑§Ù ¡Òfl ‚¥‚ÊœŸ ¬ıœÙ¥, ¡ÊŸfl⁄UÙ¥ ∞fl¥ ‚͡◊ ’ÃÊÃ „È∞ ⁄UÊÿÀ≈UË ∑§Ë ◊Ê¥ª ∑§Ë „Ò– ß‚∑‘§ ’ÊŒ ¡ËflÙ¥ ∑§Ù ¡ÒÁfl∑§ ‚¥‚ÊœŸ ÿ„ ’„‚ ÃËfl˝ „Ù ªß¸ „Ò Á∑§ ∑§Ùÿ‹Ê •¥Ã× ◊ÊŸÊ „Ò– øÍ¥Á∑§ ∑§Ùÿ‹Ê ÄUÿÊ „Ò– ß‚∑§Ê ÁŸœÊ¸⁄UáÊ •¬Ÿ •Ê¬ ◊¥ ¡Á≈U‹ ¬˝Ê∑§ÎÁÃ∑§ M§¬ ‚ ¬«∏Ù¥ mÊ⁄UÊ ∞fl¥ ÁflflÊŒÊS¬Œ ÷Ë „Ò– Á»§‹„Ê‹ ©ê◊ËŒ „Ò Á∑§ ’ŸÃÊ „Ò •Ã— ÿ„ ¡Òfl ¡È‹Ê߸ ∑‘§ ŒÍ‚⁄U „çUÃ ◊¥ ÿ„ S¬C „Ù ‚∑§ÃÊ „Ò ‚¥‚ÊœŸ „Ò– ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ Á∑§ ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ ∑§Ùÿ‹Ê πÁŸ¡ „Ò ÿÊ ¡Òfl •ÁœÁŸÿ◊ ∑‘§ •¥Ãª¸Ã ¡ÒÁfl∑§ ‚¥‚ÊœŸÙ¥ ∑‘§ √ÿÊfl‚ÊÁÿ∑§ ßSÃ◊Ê‹ ◊¥, ‚¥‚ÊœŸ– ◊äÿ¬˝Œ‡Ê ∑§Ë ∞∑§ ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ ‚Á◊Áà ŒflÊßÿÊ¥, •ılÙÁª∑§ ßã¡Êß◊, πÊl, ‚Ȫ¥œ, mÊ⁄UÊ ∑§Ù‹ ߥÁ«ÿÊ Á‹Á◊≈U« ∑§Ë ‚„Êÿ∑§ ∑§¥¬ŸË ‚ı¥Œÿ¸ ¬˝‚ÊœŸ, ⁄UÊ‚ÊÿÁŸ∑§ Á◊üÊáÊ, ¡¥ª‹Ë ‚ ŒÙ ¬˝ÁÇÊà ⁄UÊÿÀ≈UË ∑§Ë ◊Ê¥ª ∑§Ù ‹∑§⁄U ¡ÒÃÍŸ, ⁄U¥ª, ‚Ø ∞fl¥ ¡ËŸ ∑‘§ „SÃˇÊ¬ ‚ ⁄UÊC˛Ëÿ ª˝ËŸ Á≈˛éÿÍŸ‹ Ÿ ∑‘§ãŒ˝Ëÿ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ »§‚‹ ∞fl¥ ¬‡ÊÈ œŸ ◊¥ ‚ÈœÊ⁄U ÷Ë •ÊÃ „Ò¥– ◊¥òÊÊ‹ÿ ∞fl¥ ∑§Ù‹ ߥÁ«ÿÊ Á‹Á◊≈U« ∑§Ù ŸÙÁ≈U‚ ß‚◊¥ ¬⁄U¥¬⁄Uʪà Ã⁄UË∑‘§ ‚ ’Ë¡ ©à¬ÊŒŸ ¡Ê⁄UË Á∑§ÿÊ „Ò– Á¿¥ŒflÊ«∏Ê Á¡‹ ◊¥ ß∑§‹„⁄UÊ ∑§⁄UŸÊ ∞fl¥ ∑§ÎÁ· ∑§Ë ¬Ê⁄U¥¬Á⁄U∑§ ¬hÁÃÿÊ¥, ¬¥øÊÿà ¡„Ê¥ ªÊ¥fl ∑§Ë ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ ¬˝’¥œŸ ◊Ȫ˸¬Ê‹Ÿ, «⁄UË √ÿfl‚Êÿ, ¬‡ÊȬʋŸ ÿÊ ‚Á◊Áà ‚ÁR§ÿ „Ò, Ÿ ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ ◊œÈ◊ÄUπË ¬Ê‹ŸÊ Ÿ„Ë¥ •ÊÃÊ– •ÁœÁŸÿ◊ ∑‘§ ¬˝ÊflœÊŸÙ¥ ∑‘§ Äà ߟ πŒÊŸÙ¥ •¬ŸË ÿÊÁø∑§Ê ◊¥ ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ ¬˝’¥œŸ Ã∑§ ¬„È¥ø ∞fl¥ ‹Ê÷ ∑‘§ ’≈UflÊ⁄U ∑§Ë ◊Ê¥ª ∑§Ë ‚Á◊Áà Ÿ •Ê⁄UÙ¬ ‹ªÊÿÊ „Ò Á∑§ ⁄UÊC˛Ëÿ ¡Òfl „Ò– ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ ¬˝’¥œŸ ‚Á◊ÁÃÿÊ¥ ∞‚Ë ÁflÁflœÃÊ ¬˝ÊÁœ∑§Ê⁄UË ∑‘§ ªΔŸ ∑‘§ vÆ fl·¸ ß∑§Ê߸ „Ò Á¡ã„¥ ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ •ÁœÁŸÿ◊ ∑‘§ ¬pÊà •ı⁄U ◊äÿ¬˝Œ‡Ê ⁄UÊíÿ ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ •¥Ãª¸Ã ¬¥øÊÿÃ, ◊¥«‹ ÿÊ Ÿª⁄U ¬ÊÁ‹∑§Ê SÃ⁄U ’Ù«¸ ∑‘§ ªΔŸ ∑‘§ | fl·Ù¥¸ ∑‘§ ¬pÊà ÷Ë ßŸ ¬⁄U Áª à Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò– ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ ŒÙŸÙ¥ Ÿ ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ ∑‘§ √ÿʬÊÁ⁄U∑§ ßSÃ◊Ê‹ •ÁœÁŸÿ◊ ∑‘§ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄U ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ ¬˝’¥œŸ •ı⁄U Ÿ „Ë ‹Ê÷ ◊¥ Á„S‚ŒÊ⁄UË ∑§Ù ‹∑§⁄U ¡Òfl ‚Á◊ÁÃÿÙ¥ ∑§Ù •Áœ∑§Ê⁄U „Ò Á∑§ fl •¬Ÿ ÁflÁflœÃÊ ¬˝’¥œŸ ‚Á◊ÁÃÿÙ¥ ‚ ∑§Ù߸ ’ÊÃøËà •Áœ∑§Ê⁄U ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ •ÊŸ flÊ‹ ˇÊòÊÙ¥ ◊¥ Áfll◊ÊŸ ÷Ë ∑§Ë „Ò– ß‚‚ ÷Ë ’È⁄UË ’Êà ÿ„ „Ò Á∑§ ¡Òfl ‚¥‚ÊœŸÙ¥ ∑‘§ √ÿʬÊÁ⁄U∑§ ßSÃ◊Ê‹ ∑§⁄UŸ ⁄UÊC˛Ëÿ ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ ¬˝ÊÁœ∑§Ê⁄UË Ÿ •÷Ë Ã∑§ flÊ‹ ∞fl¥ ß‚ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ ¬˝fl‡Ê ∑§⁄UŸ flÊ‹ √ÿÁQ§ ‹Ê÷ ◊¥ Á„S‚ŒÊ⁄UË ∑§Ê ¬˝ÁÇÊà Ã∑§ Ãÿ Ÿ„Ë¥ Á∑§ÿÊ „Ò, Á¡‚‚ Á∑§ ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ ‚ ‹flË ∑‘§ M§¬ ◊¥ ‡ÊÈÀ∑§ fl‚Í‹ ‚∑§ÃË „Ò– ß‚ fl·¸ ◊߸ ◊ ß∑§‹„⁄UÊ ¬¥øÊÿà Ÿ ⁄UÊC˝Ëÿ •ÁœÁŸÿ◊ ∑§Ê ©Ñ¥ÉÊŸ „Ù ⁄U„Ê „Ò •ı⁄U ß‚ ¡Òfl ª˝ËŸ Á≈˛éÿÍŸ‹ ∑§Ë ÷٬ʋ ¬ËΔ ◊¥ ÿÊÁø∑§Ê ÁflÁflœÃÊ ¬˝’¥œŸ ‚Á◊ÁÃÿÙ¥ ◊¥ •‚¥ÃÙ· »Ò§‹ ŒÊÿ⁄U ∑§⁄UÃ „È∞ ∑§„Ê Á∑§ øÍ¥Á∑§ ∑§Ùÿ‹Ê ¡Òfl ⁄U„Ê „Ò– ©ã„Ù¥Ÿ •Ê⁄UÙ¬ ‹ªÊÿÊ „Ò Á∑§ ∑§Ùÿ‹Ê ‚¥‚ÊœŸ „Ò, •Ã∞fl flS≈UŸ¸ ∑§Ù‹ »§ËÀ« •¬Ÿ ∑§¥¬ÁŸÿÊ¥ πŸŸ ∑‘§ ¬Ífl¸ ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ ¬˝’¥œŸ ⁄UÊ¡Sfl ∑‘§ ∞∑§ ÷ʪ ∑§Ë Á„S‚ŒÊ⁄UË ¬¥øÊÿà ‚ ‚Á◊ÁÃÿÙ¥ ‚ •ŸÈ◊Áà ÷Ë Ÿ„Ë¥ ‹ÃË, ¡Ù Á∑§ ∑§⁄U– ß∑§‹„⁄UÊ ∑‘§ ‚⁄U¬¥ø •ı⁄U ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ ∑§ÊŸÍŸŸ •ÁŸflÊÿ¸ „Ò– •¬˝Ò‹ ◊¥ ◊äÿ¬˝Œ‡Ê ¬˝’¥œŸ ‚Á◊Áà ∑‘§ •äÿˇÊ ’Ò¡ŸÊÕ øı⁄UÁ‚ÿÊ ⁄UÊíÿ ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ ’Ù«¸ Ÿ, ⁄UÊ¡Sfl ∑§Ë Ÿ ’ÃÊÿÊ Á∑§ flÒS≈UŸ¸ ∑§Ù‹ »§ËÀ« Ÿ fl·¸ Á„S‚ŒÊ⁄UË Ÿ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ù ‹∑§⁄U ∑§Ùÿ‹Ê wÆvw-vx ◊¥ v,y|Æ ∑§⁄UÙ«∏ L§¬∞ ∑§Ê ∑§¥¬ÁŸÿÙ¥ ∑§Ù ŸÙÁ≈U‚ ÁŒÿÊ ÕÊ, ‹Á∑§Ÿ ∞fl¥ ªÃ fl·¸ v,wxÆ ∑§⁄UÙ«∏ L§¬∞ ∑§Ê ∑§¥¬ÁŸÿÙ¥ Ÿ ß‚ Ÿ∑§Ê⁄UÃ „È∞ ∑§„Ê Á∑§ ∑§Ùÿ‹Ê ∞∑§ πÁŸ¡ „Ò– ’Ù«¸ ∑‘§ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄U ∑§Ùÿ‹Ê ∞∑§ ⁄UÊ¡Sfl ∞∑§ÁòÊà Á∑§ÿÊ ÕÊ–

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¡È‹Ê߸ - Á‚â’⁄ 2013

¡Òfl ‚¥‚ÊœŸ „Ò– ◊߸ ◊¥ ŒÊÿ⁄U ÿÊÁø∑§Ê ∑‘§ ◊gŸ¡⁄U ⁄UÊC˛Ëÿ ª˝ËŸ Á≈˛éÿÍŸ‹ Ÿ flS≈UŸ ∑§Ù‹ »§ËÀ«, ∑§Ù‹ ߥÁ«ÿÊ Á‹., ⁄UÊC˛Ëÿ ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ ¬˝ÊÁœ∑§Ê⁄UË, ∑‘§¥Œ˝Ëÿ flŸ ∞fl¥ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ◊¥òÊÊ‹ÿ ◊äÿ¬˝Œ‡Ê ⁄UÊíÿ ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ ’Ù«¸ ∑§Ù ŸÙÁ≈U‚ ¡Ê⁄UË ∑§⁄UÃ „È∞ ©Ÿ‚ S¬CË∑§⁄UáÊ ◊Ê¥ªÊ „Ò Á∑§ ∑§Ùÿ‹Ê ¡Òfl ‚¥‚ÊœŸ „Ò ÿÊ πÁŸ¡– ◊.¬˝. ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ ’Ù«¸ ∑‘§ ‚ŒSÿ ‚Áøfl ⁄UÊ◊ªÙ¬Ê‹ ‚ÙŸË Ÿ ß‚ ’Êà ∑§Ë ¬ÈÁC ∑§Ë „Ò Á∑§ ©ã„¥ ŸÙÁ≈U‚ Á◊‹ ªÿÊ „Ò, ‹Á∑§Ÿ Á∑§‚Ë •ı⁄U Á≈Uå¬áÊË ‚ ߥ∑§Ê⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ– fl„Ë¥ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∞fl¥ flŸ ◊¥òÊÊ‹ÿ ∑‘§ •Áœ∑§ÊÁ⁄UÿÙ¥ ∑§Ê ∑§„ŸÊ „Ò Á∑§ ⁄UÊC˛Ëÿ ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ ¬˝ÊÁœ∑§Ê⁄UË ∑§Ê ∑§Ã¸√ÿ „Ò Á∑§ fl„ flªË¸∑§Îà ∑§⁄U Á∑§ ∑§ıŸ ‚Ê ¬ŒÊÕ¸ ¡Òfl ‚¥‚ÊœŸ „Ò, ‹Á∑§Ÿ fl„ ß‚◊¥ •‚»§‹ ⁄U„Ë „Ò– ∑§Ùÿ‹Ê, πÁŸ¡ „Ò ÿÊ ¡Òfl ‚¥‚ÊœŸ ß‚ ’„‚ Ÿ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∞fl¥ flŸ ◊¥òÊÊ‹ÿ ∞fl¥ ⁄UÊC˛UËÿ ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ ¬˝ÊÁœ∑§Ê⁄UË ◊¥ •Ÿ∑§Ù¥ ∑§Ù πË¡ ◊¥ ‹Ê ÁŒÿÊ „Ò– ⁄UÊC˛Ëÿ ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ ¬˝ÊÁœ∑§Ê⁄UË ∑‘§ ∞∑§ •Áœ∑§Ê⁄UË Ÿ •¬ŸÊ ŸÊ◊ ªÈ# ⁄UπŸ ∑§Ë ‡Êø ¬⁄U ’ÃÊÿÊ Á∑§ ß‚ ’„‚ Ÿ •Ÿ∑§ ◊¥òÊÊ‹ÿÙ¥ ∑‘§ ◊ÊÕ ¬⁄U Á‡Ê∑§Ÿ ‹Ê ŒË „Ò, „Ê‹Ê¥Á∑§ ∑§Ùÿ‹Ê ◊¥òÊÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ùÿ‹ ∑§Ù πÁŸ¡ ’ÃÊÃÊ „Ò, fl„Ë¥ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∞fl¥ flŸ ◊¥òÊÊ‹ÿ ∞fl¥ ⁄UÊC˛Ëÿ ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ ¬˝ÊÁœ∑§Ê⁄UË ∑§Ù •÷Ë Ãÿ ∑§⁄UŸÊ „Ò! ©Ÿ∑§Ê ÁŸáʸÿ ∑§Ê»§Ë ◊„àfl¬Íáʸ „ÙªÊ, ÄUÿÙ¥Á∑§ ß‚‚ Ÿ∞ ÁflflÊŒ π«∏ „Ù ‚∑§Ã „Ò¥– ª¥Œ •’ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∞fl¥ flŸ ◊¥òÊÊ‹ÿ ∞fl¥ ⁄UÊC˛Ëÿ ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ ¬˝ÊÁœ∑§Ê⁄UË ∑‘§ ¬Ê‹ ◊¥ „Ò– ©Ÿ∑§Ê ◊à „Ë ÿ„ S¬C ∑§⁄UªÊ Á∑§ ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ ∑§Ùÿ‹Ê πÁŸ¡ „Ò ÿÊ ¡Òfl ‚¥‚ÊœŸ!


©ŒÊ⁄UflÊŒ ∑‘§ ‚◊Õ¸Ÿ ‚ „Ë SÕÊÿË ‡ÊÊ¥Áà ∞∑§Ã¥òÊËÿ ‡ÊÊ‚Ÿ ⁄U„Ê „Ò, øÊ„ fl„ ⁄UÊ¡Ã¥òÊ „Ù, ÿÊ ‚ÒÁŸ∑§ ‡ÊÊ‚Ÿ •ÕflÊ Á∑§‚Ë Áfl·· ÁfløÊ⁄UœÊ⁄UÊ mÊ⁄UÊ ¬ÙÁ·Ã ‡ÊÊ‚Ÿ Ã¥òÊ– ߟ ⁄U’ Œ‡ÊÙ¥ ◊¥ •ÊœË •œÍ⁄UË ¡Ÿ∑˝§Ê¥ÁÃÿÙ¥ ‚ÈŒËÉʸ ∞∑§Ã¥òÊËÿ ‡ÊÊ‚Ÿ ¬˝áÊÊÁ‹ÿÙ¥ ∑‘§ ∑§Ê ¡Ù Œı⁄U Á¬¿‹ ÃËŸ fl·¸ ‚ ø‹ ⁄U„Ê „Ò, ÁflM§m •‚¥ÃÙ· ÃÕÊ fl„ ‚ûÊÊ ¬Á⁄UfløŸ ∑‘§ ‚ÒÁŸ∑§ „SÃˇÊ¬ ∑‘§ ¬Á⁄UfløŸ ∑§Ë ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ •¬ŸÊ ‹ˇÿ πÙ ⁄U„Ê ¬˝ÃËà „ÙÃÊ „Ò – ßë¿Ê ∑§Ù Á◊d ‚ ¬˝Ê⁄U¥÷ „È•Ê ‚ûÊÊ ¬Á⁄UfløŸ ∑§Ê ¡’ ‚·Q§ ÉÊ≈UŸÊR§◊ ©‚∑‘§ ¬«∏Ù‚Ë ‚÷Ë Œ·Ù¥ ∑§Ù •ÊœÊ⁄U Á◊‹Ê ¬˝÷ÊÁflà ∑§⁄U ⁄U„Ê „Ò ‹Á∑§Ÿ ©‚∑§Ë Ã¡ÁSflÃÊ ÃÙ fl„Ê¥ ∑§Ù ÃËŸ ¬„‹Í ¬˝÷ÊÁflà ∑§⁄U ⁄U„ „Ò¥– ¬„‹Ê ÿ„ ‚ûÊÊ ¬Á⁄UfløŸ ∑‘§ Á‹ÿ R§Ê¥Áà ∑§Ë Á∑§ ©‚◊¥ ‚ŸÊ ∑§Ë ÷ʪˌÊ⁄UË ŒÍ‚⁄UÊ ©‚◊¥ ‹„⁄U ¬˝Ê¥⁄U÷ „È߸– •Áœ∑§Ê¥· •⁄U’ ∑§≈˛¬¥ÕË ÃàflÙ¥ ∑§Ê ‚◊Êfl· •ı⁄U ÃË‚⁄UÊ Œ·Ù¥ ◊¥ ¬˝÷Êfl·Ë‹ ‡ÊÊ‚Ÿ ÃÊŸÊ·Ê„Ë ◊¥ ’Ê„⁄UË ‡ÊÁQ§ÿÙ¥ ∑§Ê ¬⁄UÙˇÊ „SÃˇÊ¬ – ‚ËÁ⁄UÿÊ ’Œ‹ øÈ∑§Ê ÕÊ ÃÕÊ fl„Ê¥ ¬⁄U ÁŸflʸÁøà ◊¥ „È߸ ÃÊ¡Ê ÉÊ≈UŸÊ•Ù¥ ‚, Á¡‚◊¥ ‚ŸÊ ¬⁄U ÿ„ ¡Ÿ¬˝ÁÃÁŸÁœÿÙ¥ ∑§Ê ŸÃÎàfl ÷Ë ÷˝CÊøÊ⁄U ◊¥ •Ê⁄UÙ¬ ‹ªÊ „Ò Á∑§ ©‚Ÿ ÁflŒ˝ÙÁ„ÿÙ¥ ∑‘§ Œ◊Ÿ Á‹# „ÙŸ ∑‘§ ‚ÊÕ „Ë, ÿŸ-∑‘§Ÿ-¬˝∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ∑‘§ Á‹ÿ ⁄UÊ‚ÊÿÁŸ∑§ „ÁÕÿÊ⁄UÙ¥ ∑§Ê ©¬ÿÙª ‚ûÊÊ ¬⁄U ’Ÿ ⁄U„Ÿ ∑‘§ Á‹ÿ SflSÕ ¡ŸÃÊ¥ÁòÊ∑§ Á∑§ÿÊ, ÿ„ ‚„¡ •ŸÈ◊ÊŸ ‹ªÊÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ ¬⁄Uê¬⁄UÊ•Ù¥ ∑§Ù ÷Í‹Ÿ ◊¥ ‹ªÊ ÕÊ– ߟ „Ò Á∑§ ‚ËÁ⁄UÿÊ ◊¥ ø‹ ⁄U„Ë ‚ûÊÊ Áfl⁄UÙœË ‹„⁄U ¬Á⁄UÁSÕÁÃÿÙ¥ ◊¥ ¡ŸÃÊ ∑§Ê ¬Á⁄UfløŸ ∑‘§ Á‹ÿ ∑‘§ ‚◊Õ¸Ÿ ÃÕÊ Œ◊Ÿ, ŒÙŸÙ¥ ∑‘§ ¬Ë¿ ’Ê„⁄UË √ÿª˝ „ÙŸÊ SflÊ÷ÊÁfl∑§ „Ò– ‡ÊÁQ§ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê◊ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„Ë „Ò– ß‚∑‘§ Áfl¬⁄UËà ‚ûÊÊ -¬Á⁄UfløŸ ∑§Ë •⁄U’ ¡ŸÊ∑§Ê¥ˇÊÊ ∑§Ù •Ê⁄UÙ¬ ÁflŒ˝ÙÁ„ÿÙ¥ ¬⁄U „Ò¥– ß‚ •Ê⁄UÙ¬ ∑‘§ ÿlÁ¬ fl„Ê¥ ∑‘§ ‡ÊÊ‚∑§ Ÿ„Ë¥ SflË∑§Ê⁄U ∑§⁄U ¬Êÿ, ¬ˇÊ-Áfl¬ˇÊ ◊¥ „Ù ⁄U„Ë •ãÃ⁄UʸC˛Ëÿ ⁄UÊ¡ŸËÁà ‹Á∑§Ÿ ’Ê„⁄UË ‡ÊÁQ§ÿÙ¥ Ÿ ß‚ ‚◊ÿ ⁄U„Ã ß‚∑§Ê ¬˝◊ÊáÊ „Ò– ¬„øÊŸ Á‹ÿÊ – ß‚ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ Áflcfl ∑‘§ ŒÙŸÙ¥ ÿlÁ¬ ÿ„ ‚„Ë „Ò Á∑§ Á¬¿‹ ∑§È¿ Œ·∑§Ù¥ ◊¥, ªÈ≈U (•◊Á⁄U∑§Ë ÃÕÊ M§‚Ë) Ÿ ß‚ ¬Á⁄UÁSÕÁà ‚ÙÁflÿà ‚¥ÉÊ ∑‘§ ÁflÉÊ≈UŸ ∑‘§ ’ÊŒ ‚, •◊Á⁄U∑§Ê ∑§Ê •¬Ÿ ¬ˇÊ ◊¥ ‹Ê÷ ©ΔÊŸ ∑‘§ Á‹ÿ ÁflÁ÷ÛÊ ∑§Ê ¬˝÷Èàfl ’…∏Ê „Ò ‹Á∑§Ÿ ÿ„ ◊ÊŸŸÊ ÷Ë ◊Êäÿ◊Ù¥ ∑§Ê ©¬ÿÙª Á∑§ÿÊ – ÿ„Ë ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ÕÊ •ŸÈÁøà „ÙªÊ Á∑§ ‚ÙÁflÿà ‚¥ÉÊ •ı⁄U ©‚∑‘§ Á∑§ ߟ •⁄U’ Œ·Ù¥ ◊¥ ‚ûÊÊ ¬Á⁄UfløŸ ∑‘§ ‚◊Õ¸∑§ ‚ÊêÿflÊŒË ⁄UÊC˛ ‡ÊÁQ§„ËŸ „Ù ªÿ „Ò¥ ÿÊ ’ÊŒ ÷Ë ¡ŸÃÊ ∑§Ë •Ê∑§Ê¥ˇÊÊÿ¥ ‚Ê∑§Ê⁄U Ÿ„Ë¥ ©Ÿ∑§Ë ⁄UÊ¡ŸËÁÃ∑§ ◊„àflÊ∑§Ê¥ˇÊÊÿ¥ ‚◊Ê# „Ù „È߸ ÃÕÊ ‚¥ÉÊ·¸ ∑§Ë ŸÿË ‹„⁄U ¬ÒŒÊ „È߸– Á◊d ªß¸ „Ò– •◊Á⁄U∑§Ê ∑§Ë •¬Ÿ ÁflûÊËÿ ‹Ê÷ ∑‘§ ∑§Ë ÉÊ≈UŸÊÿ¥ ß‚∑§Ê ÃÊ¡Ê ¬˝◊ÊáÊ „Ò ÃÙ ‚ËÁ⁄UÿÊ Á‹ÿ ÁflÁ÷ÛÊ Œ·Ù¥ ∑‘§ „SÃˇÊ¬ ∑§Ë ßë¿Êÿ¥ ÃÙ ◊¥ ø‹ ⁄U„Ê ‚·SòÊ ‚¥ÉÊ·¸ ÷Ë •ÊœË •œÍ⁄UË ¡ª¡ÊÁ„⁄U „Ò– ß‚ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ •⁄U’ Œ·Ù ¥◊¥ ¡ŸR§Ê¥Áà ÃÕÊ ¬˝ÁÃR§Ê¥Áà ∑‘§ •ÁŸÁë¿Ã •ÁSÕ⁄UÃÊ •ı⁄U •Ê¥ÃÁ⁄U∑§ ‚¥ÉÊ·¸ ∑§Ë ÉÊ≈UŸÊÿ¥ ©à¬ÊŒŸ „Ò¥– ÁŸ⁄U¥Ã⁄U ’…∏Ë „Ò– •ÊÃ¥∑§flÊŒ ∑§Ë ◊ŸÙflÎÁûÊ ∑‘§ •ÊÃ¥∑§flÊŒ ∑§Ë ÉÊ≈UŸÊÿ¥, ¡’ •Ê¡ Áflcfl ∑‘§ ¬Ë¿ ∑§^⁄UÃÊflÊŒË ‚Ùø ÃÙ „Ò „Ë, ‹Á∑§Ÿ ¬˝àÿ∑§ •ø¥‹ ◊¥ ¬˝÷ÊÁflà ∑§⁄U ⁄U„Ë „Ò¥, Ã’ ß‚∑§Ê ∞∑§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ’Ê„⁄UË ‡ÊÁQ§ÿÙ¥ mÊ⁄UÊ •⁄U’ ß‚∑§Ê ‚ËœÊ ©¬Êÿ ©ŒÊ⁄UflÊŒË ÁfløÊ⁄UœÊ⁄UÊ ⁄UÊC˛Ù¥ ◊¥ „SÃˇÊ¬ ∑§Ë ’…∏ÃË ¬˝flÎÁà ÷Ë „Ò– ∑§Ù ‚·Q§ ∑§⁄UŸÊ „Ë „Ù ‚∑§ÃÊ „Ò– ŒÈ÷ʸÇÿ Á◊d, ‚ËÁ⁄UÿÊ, ÃÈ∑§Ë¸ •ÊÁŒ Œ·Ù¥ ◊¥ Á¬¿‹ ‚ ©ŒÊ⁄UflÊŒË ÁfløÊ⁄UœÊ⁄UÊ ∑§Ê ‚◊Õ¸Ÿ Áflcfl ◊Ê„Ù¥ ◊¥, ÁflÁ÷ÛÊ ªÈ≈UÙ¥ ◊¥ ‚·SòÊ ‚¥ÉÊ·¸ ∑§Ë ¡Ù ∑§Ë ◊„àfl¬Íáʸ ¬˝÷Êfl·Ë‹ ‡ÊÁQ§ÿÊ¥ •¬Ÿ ÉÊ≈UŸÊÿ¥ „È߸ „Ò, fl ߟ •ÊœË •œÍ⁄UË •¬Ÿ ÃÊà∑§ÊÁ‹∑§ ‹Ê÷-„ÊÁŸ ∑‘§ ŒÎÁC∑§ÙáÊ ‚ ¡ŸR§Ê¥ÁÃÿÙ¥ ∑‘§ ‚„¡ ¬Á⁄UáÊÊ◊ „Ò– ÿ„ ‚„Ë „Ò ∑§⁄U ⁄U„Ë „Ò– ÿ ‡ÊÁQ§ÿÊ¥ ÿ„ ÷Í‹ ⁄U„Ë „Ò¥ Á∑§ Á∑§ •Ÿ∑§ •⁄U’ Œ·Ù¥ ◊¥ ∑§ß¸ Œ·∑§Ù¥ Ã∑§ ©ŒÊ⁄UflÊŒË ÁfløÊ⁄UœÊ⁄UÊ ÿÁŒ ∑§^⁄UflÊŒË ÃàflÙ¥

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17

¡È‹Ê߸ - Á‚â’⁄ 2013

‚ ¬⁄UÊÁ¡Ã „ÙÃË „Ò¥ ÃÙ ß‚∑‘§ ŒÍ⁄UªÊ◊Ë ¬Á⁄UáÊÊ◊ ‚¥¬Íáʸ Áfl‡fl ∑‘§ Á‹ÿ ÉÊÊÃ∑§ „Ù¥ª– •⁄U’ Áflcfl ◊¥ ⁄UÊ¡ŸËÁÃ∑§ ¬Á⁄UÁSÕÁÃÿÙ¥ ∑§Ù ¡Á≈U‹ ’ŸÊŸ ∑‘§ Á‹ÿ ‚÷Ë ¬ˇÊ ŒÙ·Ë „Ò¥ – •ÊÃ¥∑§flÊŒË ÃàflÙ¥ ∑§Ê ©÷Ê⁄U „Ù, ‚ÈÛÊËÁ·ÿÊ ‚¥Éʷʸ „Ù ÿÊ Á»Á‹SÃÊŸ ¬⁄U •ÊÁœ¬àÿ ∑§Ù ‹∑§⁄U ‡ÊÃÊÁéŒÿÙ¥ ¬È⁄UÊŸÊ ÁflflÊŒ, ߟ ‚÷Ë Áflflʌ٥ ∑§Ê ‚◊ʜʟ, ©ŒÊ⁄UflÊŒË ÁfløÊ⁄UœÊ⁄UÊ ∑‘§ ‚·Q§ „ÙŸ ¬⁄U „Ë ÁŸ∑§‹ ‚∑§ÃÊ „Ò– ÃÊ¡ •⁄U’ ÉÊ≈UŸÊR§◊ ∑§Ë ÿ„Ë ◊Ê¥ª „Ò Á∑§ •◊Á⁄U∑§Ë ÃÕÊ ‚ÙÁflÿà ŒÙŸÙ¥ ‡ÊÁQ§ÿÙ¥ ∑§Ù ÃÊà∑§ÊÁ‹∑§ ‹Ê÷ „ÊÁŸ ∑‘§ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄U ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑‘§ SÕÊŸ ¬⁄U Áflcfl ◊ÊŸflÃÊ ∑‘§ SÕÊÿË Á„à ∑‘§ Á‹ÿ ©ŒÊ⁄UflÊŒË •⁄U’ ŸÃÎàfl ∑§Ê ‚◊Õ¸Ÿ ∑§⁄UŸÊ øÊÁ„∞, øÊ„ fl Á∑§‚Ë ÷Ë ªÈ≈U ‚ ‚ê’h ¬˝ÃËà „Ù¥– •»ªÊÁŸSÃÊŸ ∑§Ê ©ŒÊ„⁄UáÊ „◊Ê⁄U ‚Ê◊Ÿ „Ò– fl„Ê¥ ¬⁄U ¬„‹ ‚ÙÁflÿà „SÃˇÊ¬ •ı⁄U Á»⁄U •◊Á⁄U∑§Ë ‚ŸÊ•Ù¥ ∑‘§ ¬˝fl· ‚ ∑§Ù߸ SÕÊÿË ‚◊ʜʟ Ÿ„Ë¥ ÁŸ∑§‹Ê „Ò– ÃÊÁ‹flÊŸË ÃÊ∑§Ã¥ •»ªÊÁŸSÃÊŸ ◊¥ ÿÁŒ •Ê¡ ÷Ë ◊¡’Íà „Ò¥ ÃÙ ß‚∑§Ê ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ÿ„Ë „Ò Á∑§ •◊Á⁄U∑§Ë ÃÕÊ ‚ÙÁflÿà ÃÊ∑§Ã¥ •¬ŸË ‹Ê÷ „ÊÁŸ ∑‘§ ÃÊà∑§ÊÁ‹∑§ •Ê∑§‹Ÿ ∑‘§ •ÊœÊ⁄U ¬⁄U •¬ŸË ⁄UÊ¡ŸËÁÃ∑§ ¬ÒÃ⁄U’Ê¡Ë π‹ ⁄U„Ë „Ò– ß‚∑§Ê ŒÈc¬Á⁄UáÊÊ◊ ÷Ê⁄Uà ÷Ë ¤Ê‹ ⁄U„Ê „Ò– ß‚ ∑§Í≈UŸËÁà ¬ÒÃ⁄U’Ê¡Ë ∑§Ê ŸÿÊ ˇÊòÊ ß¸⁄UÊŸ ’ŸŸ ¡Ê ⁄U„Ê „Ò– ß⁄UÊ∑§ ∑§Ê ©ŒÊ„⁄UáÊ ÷Ë „◊Ê⁄U ‚Ê◊Ÿ „Ò – ß‚ ⁄UÊC˛ ∑§Ù ‚ÒÁŸ∑§ ÃÕÊ ⁄UÊ¡ŸËÁÃ∑§ ‡ÊÃ⁄U¥¡ Ÿ ∑§ß¸ Œ·∑§Ù¥ Ã∑§ ¬˝÷ÊÁflà Á∑§ÿÊ •ı⁄U ß‚∑§Ê ŒÈc¬Á⁄UáÊÊ◊ fl„Ê¥ ∑§Ë ¡ŸÃÊ ÃÕÊ ©ŒÊ⁄UflÊŒË ÃàflÙ¥ Ÿ ¤Ê‹Ê– •Ã— ÃÊà∑§ÊÁ‹∑§ ‹Ê÷ „ÊÁŸ ∑‘§ SÕÊŸ ¬⁄U ◊ÊŸflÃÊ ∑‘§ SÕÊÿË Á„à ∑‘§ ŒÎÁC∑§ÙáÊ ‚ Áflcfl ∑§Ë ’«∏Ë ‡ÊÁQ§ÿÙ¥ ∑§Ù •⁄U’ Œ·Ù¥ ◊¥ ‡ÊÊ¥Áà ÃÕÊ ¡ŸÃ¥òÊ ∑‘§ Á‹ÿ ¬˝ÿÊ‚ ∑§⁄UŸÊ øÊÁ„∞–


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18

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Œ‡Ê ∑‘§ ¬˝ÊáÊË ©lÊŸÙ¥ •ı⁄U •èÿÊ⁄UáÿÙ¥ ◊¥ ¬ÿ¸≈U∑§Ù¥ ∑‘§ ¬˝fl‡Ê ¬⁄U ߟ ÁŒŸÙ¥ ’„‚ Á¿«∏Ë „ÈÿË „Ò– ߟ ©lÊŸÙ¥ •ı⁄U •èÿÊ⁄UáÿÙ¥ ◊¥ ¬ÿ¸≈UŸ ∑‘§ ŸÊ◊ ¬⁄U ¬ÿ¸≈U∑§Ù¥ ∑§Ù ¬˝fl‡Ê ÁŒÿÊ ¡ÊŸÊ øÊÁ„∞ ÿÊ Ÿ„Ë¥ ÿ„ ∞∑§ ’„Èà ’«∏Ê ◊ÈgÊ „Ò– πÊ‚∑§⁄U ©ûÊ⁄UÊ𥫠¡Ò‚ ŸflÙÁŒÃ ⁄UÊíÿ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ Á¡‚◊ ¬ÿ¸≈UŸ ∞∑§ ’„Èà ’«∏ ⁄UÙ¡ªÊ⁄U ∑‘§ M§¬ ◊¥ ©÷⁄U ⁄U„Ê „Ù– ß‚ ◊Èg ∑§Ù ◊ËÁ«ÿÊ •ı⁄U ‚¥⁄UˇÊáÊ ◊¥ ‹ª ‹ÙªÙ¥ mÊ⁄UÊ „◊Ê⁄U ‚¥⁄UÁˇÊà ˇÊòÊÙ¥ ¬⁄U ¬ÿ¸≈UŸ mÊ⁄UÊ ’…∏ ⁄U„ Œ’Êfl ‚ ©ûʘ¬ÛÊ ‚◊SÿÊ•Ù¥ ∑§Ë fl¡„ ‚ ©ΔÊÿÊ ¡Ê ⁄U„Ê „Ò– ß‚ Áfl·ÿ ¬⁄U ŒÙŸÙ¥ ¬ˇÊÙ¥ ◊ËÁ«ÿÊ •ı⁄U ‚¥⁄UˇÊáÊflÊÁŒÿÙ¥ •ı⁄U ¬ÿ¸≈U∑§Ù¥ fl ¬ÿ¸≈UŸ ©lÙª ∑‘§ •¬Ÿ Ã∑§¸ fl Áø¥ÃÊ∞¥ „Ò¥– ¬„‹ „◊¥ ‚¥⁄UÁˇÊà ˇÊòÊÙ¥ ∑‘§ ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ∑‘§ ©g‡ÿ ∑§Ë •flœÊ⁄UáÊÊ ∑§Ù ‚◊¤ÊÊŸÊ „٪ʖ ‚¥⁄UÁˇÊà ˇÊòÊÙ¥ ∑§Ê ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ◊ÈÅÿ M§¬ ‚ „◊Ê⁄UË ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ ∑‘§ ‚¥⁄UˇÊáÊ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò– ß‚ ‚◊ÿ ŒÈÁŸÿÊ ◊¥ Ã¡∏Ë ‚ Áfl∑§Ê‚ „Ù ⁄U„Ê „Ò, ß‚ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ∑§ß¸ ¬ıœÙ¥ •ı⁄U ¬‡ÊÈ ¬˝¡ÊÁÃÿÙ¥ ∑‘§ Áfl‹È# „ÙŸ ∑§Ê πÃ⁄UÊ ¬ÒŒÊ „Ù ªÿÊ „Ò– Áfl∑§Ê‚ ∑§Ë ªÁà ◊‡ÊËŸÙ¥ ∑‘§ ¬˝ÿÙª ∑‘§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ∑§ß¸ ‚ı ªÈŸÊ „Ù ªÿË „Ò– •Ê¡ „◊ Ã¡∏Ë ‚ •¬Ÿ ‚ËÁ◊à ’ø ¬˝Ê∑§ÎÁÃ∑§ ‚¥‚ÊœŸÙ¥ ∑§Ê ‡ÊÙ·áÊ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„ „Ò¥– „◊¥ ‹ªÃÊ „Ò Á∑∏§ ߟ ‚¥‚ÊœŸÙ¥ ¬⁄U Á‚»§¸ „◊Ê⁄UÊ •Áœ∑§Ê⁄U „Ò •ı⁄U „◊¥ ߟ∑‘§ ŒÙ„Ÿ ∑§Ê ¬Í⁄UÊ •Áœ∑§Ê⁄U „Ò– „◊ ÿ„ ÷Í‹ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥ Á∑∏§ ¬˝∑§ÎÁà ◊¥ „◊Ê⁄U ‚ÊÕ „Ë ∑§ß¸ •ãÿ ¡Ëfl ÷Ë ß‚Ë ‚¥‚ÊœŸ ¬⁄U ÁŸ÷¸⁄U „Ò¥– •ı⁄U ©Ÿ∑§Ê ߟ¬⁄U „◊Ê⁄U ’⁄UÊ’⁄U „Ë •Áœ∑§Ê⁄U „Ò– ‚¥⁄UÁˇÊà ˇÊòÊ ∑§Ù ’ŸÊŸ ∑§Ê ◊ÈÅÿ ©g‡ÿ ÷Ë ÿ„Ë „Ò Á∑∏§ flãÿ ¡ËflÙ¥ ∑‘§ ‚ÊÕ „Ë ¬«∏ ¬ıœÙ¥ ∑§Ë ¬˝¡ÊÁÃÿÊ° ‚È⁄UÁˇÊà ⁄U„ ‚∑‘§– 19

÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ ‚¥⁄UÁˇÊà ˇÊòÊÙ¥ ∑‘§ ∑§ß¸ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U „Ò¥– ⁄UÊC˛Ëÿ ©lÊŸ, flãÿ¡Ëfl •èÿÊ⁄Uáÿ, •Ê⁄UÁˇÊà flŸ, ’ÊÿÙÁS»§ÿ⁄U Á⁄U¡fl¸ •ÊÁŒ– ߟ ‚÷Ë ˇÊòÊÙ¥ ◊¥ ÁflÁ÷ÛÊ ÁŸÿ◊ fl ◊ÊŸŒ¥« „Ò– ¡’ ÷Ë „◊Ê⁄UË ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ ∑§Ë ⁄UˇÊÊ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ∞‚ ‚¥⁄UÁˇÊà ˇÊòÊÙ¥ ∑§Ë ÉÊÙ·áÊÊ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥– flÊSÃfl ◊¥ ©ã„¥ •¬Ÿ ÷Áflcÿ ∑‘§ ¡ËÁflà ⁄U„Ÿ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ⁄UˇÊÊ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥– ¡⁄UÊ ‚ÙÁøÿ ¡’ ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ ߟ ÕÙ«∏ ’ø ¡¥ª‹Ù¥ ∑§Ë ⁄UˇÊÊ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ∑§Ù߸ ÁŸÿ◊ ŸÊ „Ù ÃÙ ÄUÿÊ ÿ„ ¡¥ª‹ ∑§È¿ ◊„ËŸÙ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ÷Ë ’ø ¬Êÿ¥ª? Ÿ„Ë¥ „◊ ‹Ê‹øË ◊ŸÈcÿ ߟ∑§Ê •¥œÊœÈ¥œ ŒÙ„Ÿ ∑§⁄U¥ª •ı⁄U ÿ„ ’„Èà ¡ÀŒ „Ë ªÊÿ’ „Ù ¡Êÿ¥ª– ‚¥⁄UÁˇÊà ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ ¬ÿ¸≈UŸ ∑§Ë •ŸÈ◊Áà ŒË ¡ÊŸË øÊÁ„∞ ÿÊ ¬˝ÁÒ㜠‹ªÊ ÁŒÿÊ ¡ÊŸÊ øÊÁ„∞? flãÿ¡Ëfl ‚¥⁄UˇÊáÊflÊÁŒÿÙ¥ •ı⁄U ◊ËÁ«ÿÊ ∑§Ê ◊ÊŸŸÊ „Ò Á∑∏§ ¬ÿ¸≈UŸ flãÿ ¡ËflŸ ◊¥ Œ’Êfl ¬ÒŒÊ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„Ê „Ò, •ı⁄U ¬ÿ¸≈U∑§Ù¥ ∑‘§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ßŸ∑‘§ •ÊflÊ‚ ¬˝ŒÍÁ·Ã „Ù ⁄U„ „Ò¥– ¡’Á∑§ ¬ÿ¸≈UŸ ©lÙª ∑§Ê ŒÊflÊ „Ò Á∑∏§ fl ÁflŒ‡ÊË ¬ÿ¸≈U∑§Ù¥ ‚ ∞∑§ •ë¿Ë ⁄UÊÁ‡Ê ‹Ê ⁄U„ „Ò¥, •ı⁄U ß‚‚ ⁄UÙ¡ªÊ⁄U ¬ÒŒÊ „Ù ⁄U„Ê „Ò Á¡‚‚ ’„Èà ‚ ’⁄UÙ¡ªÊ⁄UÙ¥ ∑‘§ „ÊÕÙ¥ ∑§Ù ∑§Ê◊ Á◊‹ ⁄U„Ê „Ò– ‚ÊÕ „Ë ÿ„ •ãÿ ©l٪٥ ∑‘§ ◊È∑§Ê’‹ ∞∑§ ‚Ê»∏§ ©lÙª „Ò– „◊ ¡ÊŸÃ „Ò¥ Á∑∏§ flãÿ¡Ëfl ¬ÿ¸≈UŸ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ •ÊÿÊ ¬ÿ¸≈U∑§ ¡¥ª‹ ¡ÊÿªÊ „Ë, •ı⁄U ©‚‚ flãÿ¡ËflÙ¥ ∑§Ë ‡Êʥà ŒÈÁŸÿÊ ◊¥ π‹‹ ÃÙ ¬«∏ªÊ „Ë– ‹Á∑§Ÿ ¡Ò‚Ê Á∑∏§ „⁄U Á‚P§ ∑‘§ ŒÙ ¬„‹Í „ÙÃ „Ò¥, ¬ÿ¸≈UŸ „◊‡ÊÊ ¡¥ª‹Ë ¡ÊŸfl⁄UÙ¥ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ¬Í⁄UË Ã⁄U„ ŸÈ∑§‚ÊŸŒÊÿ∑§ Ÿ„Ë¥ „Ò– „◊Ÿ ¬Ífl¸ ◊¥ ŒπÊ „Ò ∑§Ë ∑Ò§‚ ¬ÿ¸≈U∑§Ù¥ Ÿ ‚¥⁄UÁˇÊà ˇÊòÊÙ¥ ‚ flãÿ ¡ËflŸ ∑‘§ ◊ÈgÙ¥ ∑§Ù ¡ŸÃÊ ∑‘§ äÿÊŸ ◊¥ ‹ÊŸ ◊¥ „◊Ê⁄UË ◊ŒŒ ∑§Ë „Ò–

¡È‹Ê߸ - Á‚â’⁄ 2013

÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ flŸ •ı⁄U flãÿ ¡ËflÙ¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝’¥œŸ flŸ Áfl÷ʪ mÊ⁄UÊ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò– ∞∑§ •Ê◊ •ÊŒ◊Ë flŸ •ı⁄U flãÿ ¡ËflŸ ∑§Ê ¬˝’¥œŸ ◊¥ ¬˝àÿˇÊ M§¬ ‚ ∑§È¿ Ÿ„Ë¥ ∑§⁄U ‚∑§ÃÊ– ¡¥ª‹Ë ¡ËflŸ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ „◊Ê⁄U ¡¥ª‹Ù¥ ◊¥ ¬ÿ¸≈U∑§ ∞∑§ ¬˝„⁄UË ∑§Ë Ã⁄U„ „Ò¥, •ı⁄U ß‚ Ã⁄U„ fl„ flãÿ ¡ËflŸ ∑‘§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ¬ÃÊ ∑§⁄U ‚∑§Ã „Ò¥– „◊ ‚÷Ë ¡ÊŸÃ „Ò¥ Á∑∏§ ‚Á⁄US∑§Ê ◊¥ ÄUÿÊ „È•Ê? fl„ ∞∑§ ¬òÊ∑§Ê⁄U „Ë ÕÊ Á¡‚Ÿ ‚Á⁄US∑§Ê ‚ ’ÊÉÊÙ¥ ∑‘§ Áfl‹È# „ÙŸ ∑‘§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ‚ø ’ÃÊÿÊ ÕÊ– •ª⁄U ¬ÿ¸≈UŸ Á¡ê◊ŒÊ⁄U Ã⁄UË∑‘§ ‚ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò ÃÙ ß‚ ¡Ê⁄UË ⁄UπŸ ◊¥ ∑§Ù߸ ’È⁄UÊ߸ Ÿ„Ë¥ „Ò– ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ¬ÿ¸≈UŸ ∑§Ù ΔË∑§ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ∑§ß¸ ∑§Œ◊ ©ΔÊ ‚∑§ÃË „Ò– ß‚ ‚’ ∑‘§ ™§¬⁄U •Ê◊ ¡ŸÃÊ ∑‘§ Á’ŸÊ flãÿ ¡ËflÙ¥ ∑§Ë ⁄UˇÊÊ Ÿ„Ë¥ ∑§Ë ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃË– ÿÁŒ ¬ÿ¸≈UŸ ’¥Œ ∑§⁄U •Ê◊ •ÊŒ◊Ë ∑§Ù flãÿ ¡ËflŸ ‚ ŒÍ⁄U ∑§⁄U Œ¥ª ÃÙ fl„ ÄUÿÙ¥ ‚¥⁄UˇÊáÊ ◊¥ •Êª •Êÿ¥ª, ¡’Á∑§ ’⁄UÙ¡ªÊ⁄UÙ¥ ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ’«∏ Ã’∑‘§ ∑§Ù ß‚‚ ⁄UÙ¡ªÊ⁄U ÷Ë Á◊‹ ⁄U„Ê „Ù– ‚¥⁄UÁˇÊà ˇÊòÊÙ¥ ◊¥ ¬ÿ¸≈UŸ ∑§Ê ◊∑§‚Œ „Ë ‹ÙªÙ¥ ∑§Ù ¡ÊªM§∑§ ∑§⁄UŸÊ „Ò– ¬Ê∑§¸ ◊¥ ¬ÿ¸≈UŸ flãÿ ¡ËflÙ¥ ∑‘§ ¬˝Ê∑§ÎÁÃ∑§ éÿfl„Ê⁄U ∑‘§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ‚◊¤ÊÊŸ ∑§Ê Ã⁄UË∑§Ê „Ò– ÿ„ ‚ÈÁŸÁpà Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊŸÊ øÊÁ„∞ ∑§Ë ¬ÿ¸≈UŸ ∑§Ù ‚„Ë Ã⁄UË∑‘§ ‚ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê∞– ‚’‚ •ë¿Ê Ã⁄UË∑§Ê „Ò ß∑§Ù ¬ÿ¸≈UŸ Á¡‚ ‹ÊªÍ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë ¡M§⁄Uà „Ò– ŒÈ÷ʸÇÿ ‚ „◊ ß‚ •èÿÊ‚ ∑§Ê ¬Ê‹Ÿ Ÿ„Ë¥ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„ „Ò¥, •ı⁄U „◊Ê⁄U ¡¥ª‹ Ã¡Ë ‚ ŸC „Ù ⁄U„ „Ò¥– ‚¥⁄UÁˇÊà ˇÊòÊÙ¥ ◊¥ ¬ÿ¸≈UŸ ∞∑§ ’„Èà „Ë ◊„àfl¬Íáʸ Á„S‚Ê „Ò– ¬⁄UãÃÈ „◊ •¬Ÿ ‚¥⁄UÁˇÊà ˇÊòÊÙ¥ ∑‘§ ŸÈ∑§‚ÊŸ ∑§Ë ∑§Ë◊à ¬⁄U ß‚ ¡Ê⁄UË Ÿ„Ë¥ ⁄Uπ ‚∑§Ã– ¬ÿ¸≈UŸ ¬⁄U ⁄UÙ∑§ ÿÊ ¬˝ÁÒ㜠¬ÿ¸≈UŸ ‚◊SÿÊ•Ù¥ ∑§Ê ‚◊ʜʟ Ÿ„Ë¥ „Ò– „◊¥ •flÒœ Á‡Ê∑§Ê⁄U, ◊ÊŸfl-flãÿ¡Ëfl ‚¥ÉÊ·¸ ⁄UÙ∑§Ÿ, ¬ÿʸflÊ‚ ‚ÈœÊ⁄U •ı⁄U flãÿ ¡Ëfl ªÁ‹ÿÊ⁄UÙ¥ ∑‘§ ¬ÈŸ— SÕʬŸÊ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ∑§Ê◊ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§Ë ¡M§⁄Uà „Ò– ¬ÿ¸≈UŸ ◊¥ ¬˝ÁÒ㜠‹ªÊŸ ‚ „◊¥ flãÿ¡ËflÙ¥ ∑‘§ ‚¥⁄UˇÊáÊ ◊¥ ◊ŒŒ Ÿ„Ë¥ Á◊‹ªË– •Á¬ÃÈ flÊSÃfl ◊¥ ÿ„ flŸ •ı⁄U ©‚∑‘§ ¬‚¥ŒËŒÊ ¡¥ª‹Ë ¡ÊŸfl⁄UÙ¥ ‚ ¬˝∑§ÎÁà ¬˝◊Ë ∑§Ù fl¥Áøà „Ë ∑§⁄UªÊ–


•¬ŸË ’Œ„Ê‹Ë ¬⁄U ⁄UÙ ⁄U„Ê Á¡◊ ∑§ÊÚ’¸≈U ‚¥ª˝„Ê‹ÿ

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∑§ÊÚ’¸≈U ◊¥ ⁄U¥ª-Á’⁄U¥ªÊ ÁÃÃÁ‹ÿÙ¥ ∑§Ê ‚¥‚Ê⁄U ¡Ò¡◊Ò ,¡ ’∑§ÊÚ ‹◊Ÿ,

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¡È‹Ê߸ - Á‚â’⁄ 2013


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22

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¡È‹Ê߸ - Á‚â’⁄ 2013


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¡È‹Ê߸ - Á‚â’⁄ 2013


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„Ò– ªıÃ◊’Èg Ÿª⁄U Á¡‹ ◊¥ πŸŸ ◊ÊÁ»§ÿÊ ◊„¡ ⁄UÊ¡Sfl ∑§Ë øÙ⁄UË „Ë Ÿ„Ë¥ ∑§⁄U ⁄U„ „Ò¥ Ê‹ „Ë ◊¢ „È∞ ŒÈªÊ¸ ‡ÊÁQ§ ŸÊª¬Ê‹ ∑‘§ ’ÁÀ∑§ ∑‘§ŒÊ⁄UÉÊÊ≈UË ¡Ò‚Ë Ã’Ê„Ë ∑§Ë ¬≈U∑§ÕÊ ÷Ë ÁŸ‹¥’Ÿ ∑§Ù øÈŸıÃË ŒŸflÊ‹Ë ÿÊÁø∑§Ê ¬⁄U w Á‹π ⁄U„ „Ò¥– •ªSà ∑§Ù ¡’ ß‹Ê„Ê’ÊŒ „Ê߸∑§Ù≈U¸ ∑§Ë ÁŒÑË ‚ ‚≈U ©ûÊ⁄U ¬˝Œ‡Ê ∑‘§ ªıÃ◊’Èg Ÿª⁄U ‹πŸ™§ ’¥ø Ÿ ¬„‹Ë ‚ÈŸflÊ߸ ∑§Ë ÃÙ ÿ„ ’Êà Á¡‹ ◊¥ ¬ÈÁ‹‚ •ı⁄U ¬˝‡ÊÊ‚Ÿ ∑§Ë Á◊‹Ë-÷ªÃ •ÊÁπ⁄ ◊ÊŸ „Ë ‹Ë ªß¸ •ª⁄U ŸÁŒÿÙ¥ ∑‘§ ‚ÊÕ ‚ Á¡‚ ⁄UçUÃÊ⁄U ‚ ÿ◊ÈŸÊ πÊŒ⁄U ◊¥ ’Ê‹Í ∑§Ê ∞‚ „Ë Áπ‹flÊ«∏ ø‹ÃÊ ⁄U„Ê ÃÙ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑§Ê •flÒœ πŸŸ ø‹ ⁄U„Ê „Ò, ©‚‚ ‡Ê„⁄U ∑§Ë ª¥÷Ë⁄U ‚¥∑§≈U ¬ÒŒÊ „Ù ¡Ê∞ªÊ– ’«∏ ¬Ò◊ÊŸ ¬⁄U Ã’Ê„Ë Ãÿ ◊ÊŸË ¡Ê ⁄U„Ë „Ò– ’ÄʇÊÊ •flÒœ ’Ê‹Í ∑‘§ •flÒœ πŸŸ ∑§Ë fl¡„ ‚ ÿ◊ÈŸÊ ŸŒË πŸŸ ∑§Ë fl¡„ ‚ Á¬¿‹ ∑‘§fl‹ ∞∑§ ‚Ê‹ ◊¥ Á¬¿‹ ∞∑§ ‚Ê‹ ◊¥ ∑§⁄UË’ •ÊœÊ Á∑§‹Ù◊Ë≈U⁄U ÿ◊ÈŸÊ ŸŒË zÆÆ ◊Ë≈U⁄U „Á⁄UÿÊáÊÊ ‚ ©ûÊ⁄U ŸÙ∞«Ê ‡Ê„⁄U ∑§Ë Ã⁄U»§ Áπ‚∑§ ªß¸ „Ò– •ª⁄U ¬˝Œ‡Ê (ŸÙ∞«Ê-ª˝≈U⁄U ŸÙ∞«Ê ∑§Ë Ã⁄U»§) ∑§Ë ÿ◊ÈŸÊ ŸŒË ◊¥ ’Ê‹Í ∑§Ê •flÒœ πŸŸ ß‚Ë Ã⁄U„ •ı⁄U Áπ‚∑§ ªß¸ „Ò– ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊÁflŒÙ¥ ∑§Ù ¡Ê⁄UË ⁄U„Ê ÃÙ fl„ ÁŒŸ ŒÍ⁄U Ÿ„Ë¥ ¡’ Á∑§‚Ë ∞∑§ •Ê‡Ê¥∑§Ê „Ò Á∑§ ’Ê‹Í ∑‘§ •flÒœ πŸŸ ‚ ∑§÷Ë ’Ê…∏ ◊¥ ÿ◊ÈŸÊ ŸŒË ∑§Ê ⁄UÊSÃÊ ¿Ù«∏ ŸÙ∞«Ê ∑‘§ ÷Ë ’Ê…∏ ∑‘§ ‚◊ÿ ÿ◊ÈŸÊ ‡Ê„⁄U ∑§Ë Ã⁄U»§ ⁄UÊSÃ ¬⁄U ’„ ÁŸ∑§‹ªË •ı⁄U Ã’ Œ‡Ê ∑§Ë •¬ŸË ÁŒ‡ÊÊ ’Œ‹ ‚∑§ÃË „Ò– •ı⁄U •ª⁄U ∞‚Ê ⁄UÊ¡œÊŸË ¬⁄U fl„ Ã’Ê„Ë •ÊÿªË ¡Ù •÷Ë „È•Ê, ÃÙ ©ûÊ⁄UÊ𥫠∑§Ë Ã⁄U„ ªıÃ◊’Èg Ÿª⁄U Á¡‹ ◊¥ ÷Ë ¡ÊŸ-◊Ê‹ ∑§Ê ÷Ê⁄UË ŸÈ∑§‚ÊŸ „Ù •÷Ë ∑‘§ŒÊ⁄UÉÊÊ≈UË ◊¥ •Ê߸ „Ò– ß‚Á‹∞ ÿ„ ◊Ê◊‹Ê ◊„¡ ’Ê‹Í ∑‘§ •flÒœ ‚∑§ÃÊ „Ò– πŸŸ ∑§Ê Ÿ„Ë¥ „Ò– Ÿ „Ë •¬⁄UÊÁœ∑§ ÿ„ ◊Ê◊‹Ê ¬˝Ê∑§ÎÁÃ∑§ ÁflŸÊ‡Ê •ı⁄U •Ê¬ŒÊ ‚ ªÁÃÁflÁœÿÙ¥ ∑§Ê „Ò– ’ÁÀ∑§ ÿ„ ◊Ê◊‹Ê Œ‡Ê ∑‘§ ¡È«∏Ê „È•Ê „Ò– ÁŒÑË ∑‘§ •Ùπ‹Ê ’Ò⁄UÊ¡ ‚ ¬˝◊Èπ ‡Ê„⁄UÙ¥ ◊¥ ‚ ∞∑§ ŸÙ∞«Ê •ı⁄U ª˝≈U⁄U ÿ◊ÈŸÊ ©ûÊ⁄U ¬˝Œ‡Ê ◊¥ ¬˝fl‡Ê ∑§⁄UÃË „Ò¥ •ı⁄U ŸÙ∞«∏Ê ∑‘§ ÁflŸÊ‡Ê •ı⁄U Ã’Ê„Ë ‚ ¡È«∏Ê „È•Ê ªıÃ◊’Èg Ÿª⁄U Á¡‹ ∑‘§ ∑§⁄UË’ {Æ

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24

¡È‹Ê߸ - Á‚â’⁄ 2013

Á∑§‹Ù◊Ë≈U⁄U ß‹Ê∑‘§ ∑§Ù ¬Ê⁄U ∑§⁄U ◊ÕÈ⁄UÊ Á¡‹ ◊¥ ¬˝fl‡Ê ∑§⁄UÃË „Ò– ªıÃ◊’Èg Ÿª⁄U Á¡‹ ◊¥ „Ë Œ‡Ê ∑‘§ ‚’‚ ’«∏ ∑§Ê◊Á‡Ê¸ÿ‹ •ı⁄U ⁄UÁ¡«¥Á‡Êÿ‹ „’ ∑‘§ M§¬ ◊¥ Áfl∑§Á‚à ŸÙ∞«Ê •ı⁄U ª˝≈U⁄U ŸÙ∞«∏Ê ÁSÕà „Ò¥– ∞Á‡ÊÿÊ ∑‘§ ¬˝◊Èπ ‡Ê„⁄UÙ¥ ◊¥ ‡ÊÈ◊Ê⁄U ŸÙ∞«∏Ê •ı⁄U ª˝≈U⁄U ŸÙ∞«∏Ê ◊¥ ŒÈÁŸÿÊ÷⁄U ∑§Ë Ã◊Ê◊ ’«∏Ë ◊À≈UËŸ‡ÊŸ‹ ∑§¥¬ÁŸÿÙ¥ ∑‘§ Œ#⁄U •ı⁄U Á’¡Ÿ‚ ‚¥≈U⁄U „Ò¥– „◊ •Ê¬ ∑§Ù ÿ„ ÷Ë ’ÃÊÃ ø‹¥ Á∑§ ŸÙ∞«Ê •ı⁄U ª˝≈U⁄U ŸÙ∞«∏Ê ∑‘§ íÿÊŒÊÃ⁄U ß‹Ê∑‘§ ÿ◊ÈŸÊ ∑‘§ «Í’ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ „Ë ’‚Ê∞ ª∞ „Ò¥– ÿ◊ÈŸÊ ∑§Ë Ë„≈UË ◊¥ ’‚ „ÙŸ ∑§Ë fl¡„ ‚ ŸÙ∞«∏Ê •ı⁄U ª˝≈U⁄U ŸÙ∞«∏Ê ÷ıªÙÁ‹∑§ ŒÎÁC ‚ •ÁÂ¥flŒŸ‡ÊË‹ „Ò „Ë, ÁŒÑË ‚ ¡’ ÿ◊ÈŸÊ ©ûÊ⁄U ¬˝Œ‡Ê ◊¥ ¬˝fl‡Ê ∑§⁄UÃË „Ò ÃÙ fl„ ÉÊÈ◊Êfl ‹Ã „È∞ ªıÃ◊’Èg Ÿª⁄U ◊¥ ¬˝fl‡Ê ∑§⁄UÃË „Ò– ªıÃ◊’Èg Ÿª⁄U ∑§Ê ß‹Ê∑§Ê flÒ‚ ÷Ë ÿ◊ÈŸÊ ∑‘§ Œ’Êfl ˇÊòÊ ÿÊŸË ŸËøÊ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ •ÊÃÊ „Ò, ¡„Ê¥ ¬ÊŸË ∑§Ê ’„Êfl Ã¡ „ÙÃÊ „Ò– ’Ê‹Í ∑‘§ •flÒœ πŸŸ ∑§Ë fl¡„ ‚ ’Ê…∏ ∑‘§ ‚◊ÿ ◊¥ Ã¡ ’„Êfl ∑‘§ ø‹Ã ŸŒË •¬ŸÊ ⁄UÊSÃÊ ’Œ‹ ‚∑§ÃË „Ò– ∞‚ ◊¥ •ª⁄U ŸŒË ‡Ê„⁄U ∑§Ë Ã⁄U»§ ◊È«∏ ªß¸ ÃÙ ÷ÿÊŸ∑§ Ã’Ê„Ë „Ù ‚∑§ÃË „Ò–


ŸÙ∞«∏Ê •ı⁄U ª˝≈U⁄U ŸÙ∞«∏Ê ÿ◊ÈŸÊ ∑‘§ ‹çU≈U ’Ò¥∑§ ÿÊŸË ’Ê∞¥ Á∑§ŸÊ⁄U ¬⁄U ’‚Ê „Ò •ı⁄U ’Ê‹Í ∑‘§ •flÒœ πŸŸ ∑§Ê ∑§Ê◊ ÷Ë ß‚Ë Á∑§ŸÊ⁄U ‚ „Ù ⁄U„Ê „Ò– ¡ÊÁ„⁄U „Ò ’Ê…∏ ∑‘§ ‚◊ÿ ¬ÊŸË ∑§Ê ’„Êfl πŸŸ flÊ‹ ß‹Ê∑‘§ ◊¥ „Ë ◊È«∏ªÊ „٪ʖ ŸÙ∞«∏Ê •ı⁄U ª˝≈U⁄U ŸÙ∞«∏Ê ∞‚ ‡Ê„⁄U „Ò¥ ¡Ù ÿ◊ÈŸÊ ŸŒË ∑‘§ ’Ê∞¥ Á∑§ŸÊ⁄U (‹çU≈U ’Ò¥∑§) ¬⁄U ’‚ „Ò¥– ÿ◊ÈŸÊ ŸŒË ∑§Ë ÷ıªÙÁ‹∑§ ‚¥⁄UøŸÊ ß‚ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U „Ò Á∑§ ©‚∑§Ê ’ÊÿÊ¥ Á∑§ŸÊ⁄UÊ ©‚∑‘§ ŒÊ∞¥ Á∑§ŸÊ⁄U (⁄UÊß≈U ’Ò¥∑§) ‚ ∑§⁄UË’ ÃËŸ ‚ ¬Ê¥ø ◊Ë≈U⁄U ŸËøÊ „Ò. ÿ„Ë fl¡„ „Ò Á∑§ ’Ê…∏ ∑‘§ ‚◊ÿ Ã’Ê„Ë ‚ ’øŸ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ÁŒÑË, ◊ÕÈ⁄UÊ fl •Êª⁄UÊ ¡Ò‚ ¬È⁄UÊŸ ‡Ê„⁄U ÿ◊ÈŸÊ ŸŒË ∑‘§ ŒÊ∞¥ Á∑§ŸÊ⁄U ¬⁄U ’‚Ê∞ ª∞ „Ò¥– •ª⁄U ’Ê∞¥ Á∑§ŸÊ⁄U ¬⁄U •flÒœ πŸŸ ø‹ÃÊ ⁄U„Ê ÃÙ ÿ„ SflÊ÷ÊÁfl∑§ „Ò Á∑§ ÷Ë·áÊ ’Ê…∏ ( „Ê߸ çU‹«) ∑‘§ ‚◊ÿ ŸŒË •¬ŸÊ ⁄UÊSÃÊ ’Œ‹ ‹– •ª⁄U ∞‚Ê „È•Ê ÃÙ Ã’Ê„Ë ∑‘§ •‹ÊflÊ •ı⁄U ∑§Ù߸ ◊¥¡⁄U Ÿ¡⁄U Ÿ„Ë¥ •ÊÃÊ– ∞∑§ •ı⁄U ◊„àfl¬Íáʸ Ãâÿ– ÁŒÑË ‚ ªıÃ◊È’g Ÿª⁄U ∑§Ê ß‹Ê∑§Ê ÿ◊ÈŸÊ ∑‘§ …‹ÊŸ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ •ÊÃÊ „Ò– ¡’ ÁŒÑË ‚ ÿ◊ÈŸÊ ∑§Ê ¬ÊŸË ©ûÊ⁄U ¬˝Œ‡Ê ◊¥ ¬˝fl‡Ê ∑§⁄UÃÊ „Ò ÃÙ …‹ÊŸ „ÙŸ ∑§Ë fl¡„ ‚ ©‚∑§Ë ⁄U#Ê⁄U ’…∏ ¡ÊÃË „Ò– ’Ê… ∑‘§ ‚◊ÿ …‹ÊŸ ¬⁄U ¬⁄U ŸŒË ∑§Ë ⁄U#Ê⁄U ’„Èà Ã¡ „Ù ¡ÊÃË „Ò– ß‚‚ ŸŒË ∑§Ë Á◊^Ë ∑§Ê≈UŸ ∑§Ë ˇÊ◊ÃÊ ’…∏ ¡ÊÃË „Ò– •ª⁄U ŸŒË ∑§Ë Ë„≈UË ◊¥ ’«∏ ¬Ò◊ÊŸ ¬⁄U ’Ê‹Í ∑§Ê πŸŸ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ù ⁄U„Ê „Ù ÃÙ ß‚‚ ŸŒË ∑§Ë ⁄U#Ê⁄U •ı⁄U Ã¡ •ı⁄U ©‚∑§Ë Á◊^Ë ∑§Ê≈UŸ ∑§Ë ˇÊ◊ÃÊ •ı⁄U •Áœ∑§ ’…∏ ¡ÊÃË „Ò– ∞‚ ◊¥ ŸŒË ∑‘§ ⁄UÊSÃÊ ’Œ‹Ÿ ∑§Ë ¬Í⁄UË ‚¥÷ÊflŸÊ „ÙÃË „Ò– ∞‚Ê „Ë ∑‘§ŒÊ⁄UŸÊÕ ◊¥ „È•Ê– Á‚øÊ߸ Áfl÷ʪ ∑‘§ ŒSÃÊfl¡Ù¥ ∑‘§ ◊ÈÃÊÁ’∑§ ∞∑§ ‚Ê‹ ◊¥ ÿ◊ÈŸÊ ‹çU≈U ’Ò¥∑§ (‡Ê„⁄U ∑§Ë Ã⁄U»§) ∑§Ë Ã⁄U»§ ∑§⁄UË’ zÆÆ ◊Ë≈U⁄U Áπ‚∑§ ªß¸ „Ò. Á¬¿‹ ‚Ê‹ ’Ê…∏ ∑§Ë •Ê‡Ê¥∑§Ê ∑§Ù ŒπÃ „È∞ ß‚ ’Êà ¬⁄U ŸÊ⁄UÊ¡ªË ¡ÊÁ„⁄U ∑§Ë ÕË Á∑§ ÿ◊ÈŸÊ ◊¥ ’Ê‹Í ∑‘§ •flÒœ πŸŸ ∑§Ë Á‡Ê∑§Êÿà 25

∑§⁄UŸ ∑‘§ ’Êfl¡ÍŒ ¬ÈÁ‹‚ Ÿ ∑§Ù߸ ∑§Ê⁄U¸flÊ߸ Ÿ„Ë¥ ∑§Ë •ı⁄U •flÒœ πŸŸ ¡Ê⁄UË „Ò– Á¡‚∑§Ë fl¡„ ‚ ÿ◊ÈŸÊ ‡Ê„⁄U ∑§Ë Ã⁄U»§ Áπ‚∑§ÃË ¡Ê ⁄U„Ë „Ò– ∑§Ê◊’ŇʬÈ⁄U ◊¥ ÿ„ •flÒœ πŸŸ ’Ê¥œ ‚ ◊„¡ xÆ ◊Ë≈U⁄U ∑§Ë ŒÍ⁄UË ¬⁄U „Ò •ı⁄U vz ‚ wÆ »§È≈U ª„⁄UÊ „Ò– ß‚Ë SÕ‹ ∑‘§ ÁŸ∑§≈U ‚Ê‹ wÆvv ∑§Ë ’Ê…∏ ◊¥ ŸŒË zÆÆ ◊Ë≈U⁄U ’Ê¥œ ∑§Ë Ã⁄U»§ Á‡ÊçU≈U „Ù ªß¸ „Ò– ß‚ SÕ‹ ¬⁄U πŸŸ •ÁÃ-ª¥÷Ë⁄U ◊Ê◊‹Ê „Ò ÃÕÊ ß‚∑§Ë fl¡„ ‚ wÆvw ◊¥ ’Ê…∏ ◊¥ ’Ê¥œ ≈UÍ≈UŸ ∑§Ë •Ê‡Ê¥∑§Ê ¬˝’‹ „Ò– ’Ê¥œ ≈UÍ≈UŸ ‚ ŸÙ∞«∏Ê ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UË Ã’Ê„Ë „Ù ‚∑§ÃË „Ò– ÃËŸ ‚Ê‹ ‚ ß‚ SÕ‹ ¬⁄U ’Ê‹Í ∑‘§ •flÒœ πŸŸ ∑§Ë ∞»§•Ê߸•Ê⁄U Œ¡¸ ∑§Ë ¡Ê ⁄U„Ë „Ò– ÿ◊ÈŸÊ πÊŒ⁄U ◊¥ ∑§Ê◊’ŇʬÈ⁄U „Ë ∞‚Ë ¡ª„ „Ò ¡„Ê¥ ‚’‚ íÿÊŒÊ ’Ê‹Í ∑§Ê •flÒœ πŸŸ „ÙÃÊ „Ò– ©ûÊ⁄U ¬˝Œ‡Ê ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U Ÿ ’Ê…∏ ∑‘§ ‚◊ÿ ÿ◊ÈŸÊ ∑‘§ ¬ÊŸË ∑§Ù ‡Ê„⁄U ◊¥ ÉÊÈ‚Ÿ ‚ ’øÊŸ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ Á„¥«Ÿ-ÿ◊ÈŸÊ ŒÙ•Ê’ ’Ê¥œ ∑§Ê ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ∑§⁄UÊÿÊ „Ò– ‹Á∑§Ÿ v~~{ ◊¥ ÿ„ ’Ê¥œ ’Ê…∏ ∑‘§ ‚◊ÿ ÿÊ∑§Íà ¬È⁄U ªÊ¥fl ◊¥ ≈UÍ≈U øÈ∑§Ê „Ò– •Ê‚¬Ê‚ ∑‘§ ªÊ¥fl flÊ‹Ù¥ Ÿ ÷Ë ¬˝‡ÊÊ‚Ÿ ‚ ß‚ •Ê‡Ê¥∑§Ê ∑‘§ ◊gŸ¡⁄U ’Ê¥œ ‚ ¬„‹ ◊¡’Íà Ã≈U’¥œ ’ŸÊŸ ∑§Ë ◊Ê¥ª ∑§Ë „Ò– ’Ê‹Í ∑‘§ •flÒœ πŸŸ ∑§Ë fl¡„ ‚ ŸŒË ∑‘§ Áπ‚∑§ ¡ÊŸ ‚ ªÊ¥fl flÊ‹Ù¥ ∑§Ë „¡Ê⁄UÙ¥ ’ËÉÊÊ πÃË ∑§Ë ©¬¡Ê© ¡◊ËŸ ÷Ë ŸC „Ù ªß¸ „Ò– ŸŒË ∑‘§ ‡Ê„⁄U ∑§Ë Ã⁄U»§ Áπ‚Ÿ ∑§Ë fl¡„ ‚ flÒ‚ ÃÙ Áfl÷ʪ

¡È‹Ê߸ - Á‚â’⁄ 2013

¬„‹ ‚ „Ë øı∑§ÛÊÊ ÕÊ •ı⁄U ’Ê¥œ ∑§Ù ◊¡’Íà Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ ÕÊ– ’Êà •ª⁄U ªıÃ◊’Èg Ÿª⁄U ◊¥ ’Ê‹Í ∑‘§ •flÒœ πŸŸ ∑‘§ ∑§Ê⁄UÙ’Ê⁄U ∑§Ë ∑§⁄U¥ ÃÙ ÿ„ ∑§Ê⁄UÙ’Ê⁄U •⁄U’Ù¥ ∑§Ê „Ò– Á¡‹ ◊¥ ¿„ SÕ‹ ∞‚ „Ò¥ ¡„Ê¥ ‚ ’«∏ ¬Ò◊ÊŸ ¬⁄U •flÒœ M§¬ ‚ ’Ê‹Í ∑§Ê πŸŸ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò– ÿ „Ò¥ ∑§¥«Êfl‹Ë, ªÈ‹Êfl≈UË, ∑§Ê◊’ŇʬÈ⁄U, ÁËflÊ«∏Ê, ¤ÊÈå¬Ê •ı⁄U ’‹Ê∑§‹Ê. ∞∑§ •ŸÈ◊ÊŸ ∑‘§ ◊ÈÃÊÁ’∑§ ÿ„Ê¥ ‚ ¬˝ÁÃÁŒŸ ªÒ⁄U∑§ÊŸÍŸË Ã⁄UË∑‘§ ‚ ∑§⁄UË’ {Æ ‚ |Æ ‹Êπ M§¬ÿ ∑§Ê ’Ê‹Í ÁŸ∑§Ê‹Ê ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò– ∑§⁄UË’ zÆÆ ≈˛ÒÄU≈U⁄U •ı⁄U zÆ ‚ íÿÊŒÊ ¡‚Ë’Ë ◊‡ÊËŸ¥ ß‚ •flÒœ ∑§Ê⁄UÙ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ‹ª „È∞ „Ò¥– ©ûÊ⁄UÊ𥫠◊¥ ¡Ù ∑§È¿ „È•Ê, ©‚∑§Ë •Ê‡Ê¥∑§Ê ¬˝ÿʸfl⁄UáÊÁflŒ ¬„‹ ‚ „Ë ¡ÃÊÃ ⁄U„ „Ò¥– ’Ê‹Í ∑‘§ •flÒœ πŸŸ ∑§Ù ‹∑§⁄U ŸÙ∞«∏Ê ◊¥ Á¡‚ Ã’Ê„Ë ∑§Ë •Ê‡Ê¥∑§Ê ¬˝ÿʸfl⁄UáÊÁflŒ ¡ÃÊ ⁄U„ „Ò¥, ©‚ •ª⁄U •Ÿ‚ÈŸÊ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ ÃÙ ÷Áflcÿ ◊¥ ß‚∑‘§ ÷¥ÿ∑§⁄U ¬Á⁄UáÊÊ◊ „Ù¥ª– Ã’Ê„Ë ‚ ¬„‹ ¬˝∑§ÎÁà ߂∑§Ê ‚¥∑‘§Ã ŒÃË „Ò– ÿ◊ÈŸÊ ∑§Ê zÆÆ ◊Ë≈U⁄U ŸÙ∞«Ê ∑§Ë Ã⁄U»§ Áπ‚∑§ŸÊ ∞∑§ ÷ÿÊfl„ ‚¥∑‘§Ã „Ò¥– •ª⁄U Ã’Ê„Ë ∑‘§ ‚¥∑‘§Ã ∑§Ù „◊Ÿ Ÿ„Ë¥ ‚◊¤ÊÊ •ı⁄U ’Ê‹Í ∑‘§ πŸŸ ∑§Ù ¡Ê⁄UË ⁄UπÊ, ÃÙ ß‚∑§Ê ◊Ë’ „Ò Á∑§ •Ê¬ŒÊ•Ù¥ ∑§Ù „◊ πÈŒ „Ë ÁŸ◊¥òÊáÊ Œ ⁄U„ „Ò¥– Á»§‹„Ê‹ ÃÙ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ¬˝∑§ÎÁà ∑‘§ ß‚ ‚¥∑‘§Ã ∑§Ù •Ÿ‚ÍŸÊ „Ë ∑§⁄U ⁄U„Ë „Ò¥–


πÃ⁄U ◊¥ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ

⁄Ê◊‡Ê ¡Ê‡ÊË

¬˝∑§ÎÁà ∑‘§ ¬Ê°ø Ãàfl ¡‹, •ÁÇŸ, flÊÿÈ, •Ê∑§Ê‡Ê ∞fl¥ ¬ÎâflË ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑‘§ •Á÷ÛÊ •¥ª „Ò¥ Á¡Ÿ∑§Ê •Ê¬‚ ◊¥ ª„⁄UÊ ‚ê’¥œ „Ò – ߟ ¬Ê°øÙ¥ ÃàflÙ¥ ◊¥ Á∑§‚Ë ∞∑§ ∑§Ê ÷Ë •‚¥ÃÈ‹Ÿ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑‘§ Á‹ÿ •¬ÍáʸŸËÿ ˇÊÁÃ∑§Ê⁄U∑§ •ı⁄U ÁflŸÊ‡Ê∑§Ê⁄UË „Ò – ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ŒÙ ‡ÊéŒÙ¥ ¬Á⁄U •ı⁄U •Êfl⁄UáÊ ‚ ’ŸÊ „Ò Á¡‚∑§Ê •Õ¸ „Ò

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øÊ⁄UÙ¥ •Ù⁄U ∑§Ê ÉÊ⁄UÊ „◊Ê⁄U øÊ⁄UÙ¥ •Ù⁄U ¡Ù ÷Ë flSÃÈ∞¥, ¬Á⁄UÁSÕÁÃÿÊ¥ ÿÊ ‡ÊÁQ§ÿÊ¥ Áfll◊ÊŸ „Ò¥, fl ◊ÊŸflËÿ ÁR§ÿÊ∑§‹Ê¬Ù¥ ∑§Ù ¬˝÷ÊÁflà ∑§⁄UÃË „Ò¥ •ı⁄U ©‚∑‘§ Á‹ÿ ŒÊÿ⁄UÊ ‚ÈÁŸÁpà ∑§⁄UÃË „Ò¥ – ß‚Ë ŒÊÿ⁄U ∑§Ù ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑§„Ã „Ò¥– ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑‘§ •¥ª˝¡Ë ‡ÊéŒ ßŸflÊÿ⁄Uã◊¥≈U ∑§Ê ©jfl »§˝Ê¥‚Ë‚Ë ÷Ê·Ê ∑‘§ ߟÁfl⁄UÙÁŸ⁄U ‡ÊéŒ ‚ „È•Ê „Ò, Á¡‚∑§Ê •Õ¸ „Ò ÉÊ⁄UŸÊ– ߟflÊÿ⁄Uã◊¥≈U ∑§Ê ‚◊ÊŸÊÕ¸∑§ ‡ÊéŒ „ÒÁ’≈UÒ≈U „Ò ¡Ù ‹ÒÁ≈UŸ ÷Ê·Ê ∑‘§ „ÒÁ’≈UÊÿ⁄U ‡ÊéŒ ‚ ÁŸ∑§‹Ê „Ò– „Á’≈UÒ≈U ‡ÊéŒ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑‘§ ‚÷Ë ÉÊ≈U∑§Ù¥ ∑§Ù SÕÊŸËÿ M§¬ ‚ ‹ÊªÍ ∑§⁄UÃÊ „Ò ß‚∑§Ê ¬˝÷Êfl •ÊflÊ‚ SÕ‹ Ã∑§ ‚ËÁ◊à „Ò– ¡’Á∑§ ߟflÊÿ⁄Uã◊¥≈U ‡ÊéŒ „ÒÁ’≈UÒ≈U ∑§Ë ÃÈ‹ŸÊ ◊¥ •Áœ∑§ √ÿʬ∑§ „Ò– ŒπÊ ¡Êÿ ÃÙ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑§Ù ŒÙ ¬˝◊Èπ ÉÊ≈U∑§Ù¥ ◊¥ Áfl÷ÊÁ¡Ã Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ „Ò– ¬„‹Ê ¡ÒÁfl∑§ •Õʸà ’ÊÿÙÁ≈U∑§ Á¡‚◊¥ ‚◊Sà ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ∑‘§ ¡Ëfl¡ãÃÈ fl flŸS¬ÁÃÿÊ¥ (∞∑§ ∑§ÙÁ‡Ê∑§Ëÿ ‚ ‹∑§⁄U ¡Á≈U‹ ∑§ÙÁ‡Ê∑§Ëÿ Ã∑§ ) ŒÍ‚⁄U ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ∑‘§ ÉÊ≈U∑§ ◊¥ ÷ıÁÃ∑§ •Õʸà •¡ÒÁfl∑§ Á¡‚◊¥ Õ‹◊á«‹, ¡‹◊á«‹ fl flÊÿÈ◊á«‹

¡È‹Ê߸ - Á‚â’⁄ 2013

‚Áê◊Á‹Ã „Ò¥– ߟ ‚÷Ë ÉÊ≈U∑§Ù¥ ◊¥ ‚ÎÁC Ÿ ◊ÊŸfl ¡ËflŸ ∑§Ë ‚fl¸üÊD ¡Ëfl ∑‘§ M§¬ ◊¥ ©à¬ÁûÊ ∑§Ë „Ò – •Ã: ◊ÊŸfl ‚ê¬Íáʸ ¡Ëfl ¡ªÃ ∑§Ê ∑‘§ãŒ˝ Á’ãŒÈ „Ò – ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑‘§ ‚÷Ë ◊„àfl¬Íáʸ ÉÊ≈U∑§ ◊ÊŸfl ∑§Ù ¬⁄UÊflÎûÊ ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥ ¡Ù ¬Ë…∏Ë Œ⁄U ¬Ë…∏Ë ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑‘§ ¬˝÷ÊflÙ¥ ∑§Ù ¬Á⁄U‹ÁˇÊà ∑§⁄UÃË „Ò– flSÃÈ× •ŸÈflÊ¥Á‡Ê∑§Ë ∞fl¥ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ÿ ŒÙ ◊„àfl¬Íáʸ ∑§Ê⁄U∑§ ◊ÊŸfl ¡ËflŸ ∑§Ù ¬˝÷ÊÁflà ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥– ‚◊Sà ¡ËflÙ¥ ◊¥ ‚fl¸üÊD ¡Ëfl „ÙŸ ∑‘§ ŸÊÃ ◊ŸÈcÿ Ÿ ¬˝∑§ÎÁà ∑§Ë ¬˝Ê∑§ÎÁÃ∑§ ‚ꬌʕ٥ ∑§Ê ‚ÁŒÿÙ¥ ‚ ÷⁄U¬Í⁄U ŒÙ„Ÿ Á∑§ÿÊ „Ò– ‹Á∑§Ÿ flø◊ÊŸ Œı⁄U ◊¥ ’…∏ÃË ¡Ÿ‚¥ÅÿÊ, ¬Áp◊Ë ©¬÷ÙQ§ÊflÊŒ ∞fl¥ flÒÁE∑§ ÷Í◊á«‹Ë∑§⁄UáÊ ∑‘§ ◊∑§«∏¡Ê‹ ◊¥ »§°‚ ∑§⁄U ◊ŸÈcÿ ¬˝∑§ÎÁà ∑‘§ ŸÒ‚Áª¸∑§ ‚Èπ ∑§Ù πÙÃÊ ¡Ê ⁄U„Ê „Ò– fl„ Ÿ„Ë¥ ¡ÊŸ ¬Ê ⁄U„Ê Á∑§ ∑§¥∑§⁄UË≈U ∑§Ê ‡Ê„⁄U ’‚ÊŸ ∑§Ë øÊ„Ã ∑‘§ ’Œ‹ ◊¥ fl„ •¬ŸÊ ÷Áflcÿ ŒÊ°fl ¬⁄U ‹ªÊ ’ÒΔÊ „Ò– ¬˝∑§ÎÁà ∑‘§ ‚◊Sà ‚¥‚ÊœŸ ¬˝ŒÍ·áÊ ∑§Ë ø¬≈U ◊¥ „Ò– „flÊ, ¡‹ •ı⁄U Á◊^Ë ¡Ù „◊Ê⁄U ¡ËflŸ ∑‘§ •ÊœÊ⁄U „Ò¥ Á¡Ÿ∑‘§ Á’ŸÊ ¡ËflŸ ∑§Ë ∑§À¬ŸÊ „Ë ’◊ÊŸË „Ò,


•Ê¡ •¬ŸÊ ◊ıÁ‹∑§ SflM§¬ ∞fl¥ ªÈáÊ πÙÃ ¡Ê ⁄U„Ê „Ò – ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑§Ë ¿Ã⁄UË •Õʸà •Ù¡ÙŸ ¬⁄Uà ¡Ù „◊¥ ‚ı⁄U ◊á«‹ ‚ •ÊŸ flÊ‹Ë ÉÊÊÃ∑§ Á∑§⁄UáÊÙ¥ ‚ ’øÊÃË „Ò ©‚◊¥ ¿Œ „ÙŸÊ, flÊÃÊfl⁄UáÊ ◊¥ ’…∏ÃË ∑§Ê’¸Ÿ «Ê߸-•ÊÄU‚ÊÚß« ∑§Ë ◊ÊòÊÊ ‚ ©à¬ÛÊ ‚◊SÿÊ Ç‹Ù’‹ flÊÁ◊¥¸ª, ÁŒŸÙ ÁŒŸ ÉÊÊÃ∑§ ’Ë◊ÊÁ⁄UÿÙ¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÊŒÈ÷ʸfl fl SflÊSâÿ ‚¥∑§≈U ÿ ‚’ ◊ÊŸfl ∑‘§ ‚◊ˇÊ ∞∑§ Áfl∑§⁄UÊ‹ ŒÊŸfl ∑§Ê M§¬ ‹ øÈ∑‘§ „Ò¥ ¡Ù ÷S◊Ê‚È⁄U ∑§Ë Ã⁄U„ ‚◊Sà ◊ÊŸfl ¡ÊÁà ∑§Ù ‹Ë‹Ÿ ∑§Ù •ÊÃÈ⁄U „Ò¥, Á¡‚‚ ‚ÊflœÊŸ „ÙŸÊ ’„Èà ¡M§⁄UË „Ò – ¡Òfl ◊á«‹ ◊¥ ◊ı¡ÍŒ ‚¥‚ÊœŸÙ¥ ◊¥ ¡‹ ‚flʸÁœ∑§ ◊ÍÀÿflÊŸ „Ò ÄUÿÙ¥Á∑§ ÿ„ ∑‘§fl‹ ◊ÊŸfl „Ë Ÿ„Ë¥ •Á¬ÃÈ ‚÷Ë ¡ËflÙ¥ ÃÕÊ flŸS¬Áà ∑‘§ Á‹ÿ ©¬ÿÙªË „Ò – ¬˝∑§ÎÁà ◊¥ ¡‹ ÃËŸ M§¬Ù¥ ◊¥ Áfll◊ÊŸ „Ò ΔÙ‚, Ã⁄U‹ ∞fl¥ ªÒ‚ – ΔÙ‚ ∑‘§ M§¬ ◊¥ ’»§¸ ¡‹ ∑§Ê ‡ÊÈäŒ M§¬ „Ò – ß‚∑‘§ ’ÊŒ fl·Ê¸ ∑§Ê ¡‹, ¬fl¸ÃËÿ ¤ÊË‹¥, ŸÁŒÿÊ¥ ∞fl¥ ∑§È∞¥ ‡ÊÈäŒÃÊ R§◊ ◊¥ •ÊÃ „Ò¥ – œ⁄UÊË ¬⁄U ¬˝flÊÁ„à ÃÕÊ ¤ÊË‹Ù¥, ÃÊ‹Ê’Ù¥ •ÊÁŒ ∑‘§ M§¬ ◊¥ ©¬‹éœ Sflë¿ ¡‹ ∑§Ë ◊ÊòÊÊ ∑‘§fl‹ | ¬˝ÁÇÊà „Ò – ‹Á∑§Ÿ ’…∏ÃË ‚¥ÅÿÊ , ∑§È∑§⁄U◊ÈûÊ ‚ ©ª ’„È◊¥Á¡‹Ê ß◊Ê⁄UÃÙ¥, πÃË ◊¥ ⁄U‚ÊÿŸÙ¥ ∑§Ê ©¬ÿÙª ÃÕÊ ⁄UÊ‚ÊÿÁŸ∑§ »Ò§ÁÄU≈˛ÿÙ¥ ‚ ÁŸ∑§‹Ê ¬ÊŸË ŸÁŒÿÙ¥, ÃÊ‹Ê’Ù¥, ¤Ê⁄UŸÙ¥ ∑§Ù ¬˝ŒÍÁ·Ã ∑§⁄U ⁄U„Ê „Ò, ¡Ù ◊ÊŸfl ¡ÊÁà ‚Á„à ¡Ëfl¡ãÃÈ•Ù¥ ∑‘§ SflÊSâÿ ∑‘§ Á‹ÿ „ÊÁŸ∑§Ê⁄U∑§ ‚ÊÁ’à „Ù ⁄U„Ê „Ò– ¡‹ ∑§Ù ¬˝ŒÍÁ·Ã ∑§⁄UŸ flÊ‹ Ãàfl ¡‹ ◊¥ ◊ı¡ÍŒ •ÊÚÄU‚Ë¡Ÿ ∑‘§ SÃ⁄U ∑§Ù ∑§◊ ∑§⁄U ¡‹ ∑§Ù ¬ËŸ ÿÙÇÿ Ÿ„Ë¥ ⁄U„Ÿ ŒÃ–fl‚Èãœ⁄UÊ ∑§Ù ◊ÊÃÊ ∑§Ê Œ¡Ê¸ ÁŒÿÊ ªÿÊ „Ò ¡Ù •¬Ÿ ª÷¸ ◊¥ ◊ı¡ÍŒ Ã◊Ê◊ •Êfl‡ÿ∑§ œÊÃÈ•Ù¥, •œÊÃÈ•Ù¥, πÁŸ¡ ‹fláÊÙ¥ ∑‘§ ‚„ÿÙª ‚ ’Ë¡ ∑§Ê ¬Ù·áÊ ∑§⁄U πÊl ¬ŒÊÕ¸ ∑‘§ M§¬ ◊¥ Áfl∑§Á‚à ∑§⁄UÃË „Ò ¡Ù ‚◊Sà ¡Ëfl ¡ãÃÈ•Ù¥ ◊¥ ¡ËflŸ ∑§Ê ‚¥øÊ⁄U ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥– ÷ÍÁ◊ ÿÊ Á◊^Ë ÷Ë ¡‹ ∑§Ë ÷Ê°Áà ‚flʸÁœ∑§ ◊ÍÀÿflÊŸ

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„Ò– ß‚ •÷Ë ‚„Ë …¥ª ‚ ¬˝ÁÃÁDà „Ë Ÿ„Ë¥ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§Ê „Ò– ß‚ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ÃÙ ∑§ß¸ ‚◊ÊøÊ⁄U Á◊‹Ã ⁄U„Ã „Ò¥ Á∑§ ÃS∑§⁄UÙ¥ Ÿ Á∑§‚ Ã⁄U„ ¡«∏Ë-’ÍÁ≈UÿÙ¥ ∑§Ù ‹Í≈U ∑§⁄U ’„Èà ¬Ò‚Ê ∑§◊Ê Á‹ÿÊ– ¬⁄UãÃÈ ‚¥ÃÈÁ‹Ã fl Á≈U∑§Ê™§ …¥ª ‚ ¡«∏Ë ’ÍÁ≈UÿÙ¥ ∑§Ù, ‹ÉÊÈ flŸ ©¬¡ fl •ãÿ ¬ıœ ‚¥¬ŒÊ ∑§Ù Á„◊Ê‹ÿ ∑‘§ ªÊ¥flflÊÁ‚ÿÙ¥ ∑§Ë •Ê¡ËÁfl∑§Ê ∑§Ê •ÊœÊ⁄U √ÿʬ∑§ SÃ⁄U ¬⁄U ∑Ò§‚ ’ŸÊÿÊ ¡Ê∞, ∞‚Ë ‚»§‹ÃÊ ∑§Ë ∑§„ÊÁŸÿÊ¥ ’„Èà ∑§◊ ‚ÈŸŸ ∑§Ù Á◊‹ÃË „Ò¥– ‚¥SÕÊ•Ù¥ ∑‘§ Á¿≈U¬È≈U ¬˝ÿÊ‚ ÃÙ •¬ŸË ¡ª„ „Ò, ¬⁄U¥ÃÈ ’„Èà √ÿʬ∑§ ‚»§‹ÃÊ Ÿ„Ë¥ „Ò ∞fl¥ ß‚∑‘§ Á‹∞ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ë ‚„ÊÿÃÊ fl ‚„ÿÙª ÷Ë ¡M§⁄UË „Ò– flÒôÊÊÁŸ∑§Ù¥ Áfl‡Ê·∑§⁄U flŸS¬ÁÇÊÊÁSòÊÿÙ¥, •ı·Áœ flÒôÊÊÁŸ∑§Ù¥ fl ¬Ù·áÊ Áfl‡Ê·ôÊÙ¥ ∑§Ë ÷Ë ß‚◊¥ ◊„àfl¬Íáʸ ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê „Ò– ‚ÊÕ „Ë „◊¥ Áfl‚¥ªÁà ∑§Ê ‚Ê◊ŸÊ ÷Ë ∑§⁄UŸÊ ¬«∏ªÊ Á∑§ flŸÙ¥

¡È‹Ê߸ - Á‚â’⁄ 2013

∑‘§ ¬˝Áà ¡Ù √ÿʬÊÁ⁄U∑§ L§¤ÊÊŸ ∑§Ë ŸËÁÃÿÊ¥ •¬ŸÊ߸ ªß¸ „Ò¥ ©‚‚ ¬˝Ê∑§ÎÁÃ∑§ flŸÙ¥ ∑§Ë ¡Òfl ÁflÁflœÃÊ ∑§Ë Á∑§ÃŸË ª¥÷Ë⁄U ˇÊÁà „È߸ „Ò– flŸ ŸËÁà ∑‘§ √ÿʬÊ⁄UË∑§⁄UáÊ ∑§Ë ÿ„ ŸËÁà Á’˝Á≈U‡Ê ⁄UÊ¡ ∑‘§ ÁŒŸÙ¥ ◊¥ „Ë •Ê⁄U¥÷ „Ù ªß¸ ÕË ¬⁄U •Ê¡ÊŒË ∑‘§ ’ÊŒ ß‚ ⁄UÙ∑§Ÿ ∑‘§ SÕÊŸ ¬⁄U ß‚ •ı⁄U •Êª ’…∏ÊÿÊ ªÿÊ– ∑§ß¸ ˇÊòÊÙ¥ ◊¥ ÿ„ ß‚ M§¬ ◊¥ ¬˝∑§≈U „È߸ Á∑§ øı«∏Ë ¬ûÊË ∑‘§ ¬«∏ ∑§◊ „ÙÃ ª∞ fl øË«∏ ¡Ò‚ ‡Ê¥∑§ÈœÊ⁄UË ¬«∏ ’…∏Ã ª∞– øı«∏Ë ¬ûÊË ∑‘§ ¬«∏ øÊ⁄U ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ÷Ë ©¬ÿÙªË „ÙÃ „Ò¥ •ı⁄U ß‚∑§Ë „⁄UË ¬ÁûÊÿÙ¥ ‚ πÃÙ¥ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ’„Èà •ë¿Ë πÊŒ ÷Ë Á◊‹ ¡ÊÃË „Ò– •ãÿ ‹ÉÊÈ flŸ ©¬¡ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ÷Ë ÿ ©¬ÿÙªË „Ò¥– ŒÍ‚⁄UË •Ù⁄U „⁄U ¡ª„ øË«∏ ¿Ê ¡Ê∞ªÊ ÃÙ ÿ„ Ÿ SÕÊŸËÿ ‹ÙªÙ¥ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ •ë¿Ê „Ò, Ÿ ¬‡ÊȬʋ∑§Ù¥ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ •ı⁄U Ÿ „Ë Á∑§‚ÊŸÙ¥ ∑‘§ Á‹∞– flŸ ŸËÁà ∑§Ê ÿ„ ¬˝ÿÊ‚ „ÙŸÊ øÊÁ„∞


æÜØ · ¤ è ÚUÿææ „È∞ Á„◊Ê‹ÿ ∑‘§ Á≈U∑§Ê™§ •ı⁄U ‚¥ÃÈÁ‹Ã Áfl∑§Ê‚ ∑§Ù •Êª ’…∏ÊÿÊ ¡Ê∞– ß‚ ‚◊ÿ Á„◊Ê‹ÿ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ ‚’‚ ’«∏ ÁflflÊŒ ∑§Ê ◊ÈgÊ ÿ„Ê¥ ∑§Ë ’Ê¥œ ¬Á⁄UÿÙ¡ŸÊ∞¥ ’ŸË „È߸ „Ò¥– ¬Í⁄U Á„◊Ê‹ÿ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ ‚Ò∑§«∏Ê¥ ’Ê¥œ ’ŸÊ∞ ¡Ê ⁄U„ „Ò¥ Á¡‚‚ ÿ„Ê¥ ∑‘§ „¡Ê⁄UÙ¥ ªÊ¥fl Ã⁄U„-Ã⁄U„ ‚ ‚¥∑§≈Uª˝Sà „Ù ⁄U„ „Ò¥– ÿÁŒ ߟ ‚’ ¬Á⁄UÿÙ¡ŸÊ•Ù¥ ∑§Ù ‚◊ª˝ M§¬ ‚ ŒπÊ ¡Ê∞ ÃÙ ÿ ªÊ¥fl ‚◊ÈŒÊÿÙ¥ fl ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ‚÷Ë ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ’„Èà πÃ⁄UÊ „Ò fl •Ÿ∑§ •Ê¬ŒÊ•Ù¥ ∑§Ë Áfl∑§≈UÃÊ ßŸ∑‘§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ’„Èà ’…∏ ‚∑§ÃË „Ò– ¬⁄U ∞‚Ê ∑§Ù߸ ‚◊ª˝ ◊ÍÀÿÊ¥∑§Ÿ ¬Í⁄U Á„◊Ê‹ÿ ∑‘§ ˇÊòÊ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ÃÙ ÄUÿÊ Á∑§‚Ë ∞∑§ ⁄UÊíÿ ÿÊ ŸŒË ÉÊÊ≈UË ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ÷Ë Ÿ„Ë¥ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– ’«∏Ë ∑§¥¬ÁŸÿÙ¥ ‚ ¡ÀŒ’Ê¡Ë ◊¥ ‚ıŒ’Ê¡Ë ∑§Ë ªß¸ fl ªÊ¥fl ‚◊ÈŒÊÿÙ¥ ‚ ∑§È¿ ¬Í¿Ê Ã∑§ Ÿ„Ë¥ ªÿÊ– Á„◊Ê‹ÿ ∑§Ë ⁄UˇÊÊ •ı⁄U ‹Ù∑§Ã¥òÊ ∑§Ë ⁄UˇÊÊ ŒÙŸÙ¥ ∑§Ë ◊Ê¥ª ÿ„ „Ò Á∑§ ߟ ’Ê¥œ ¬Á⁄UÿÙ¡ŸÊ•Ù¥ ¬⁄U Ÿ∞ Á‚⁄U ‚ ¬ÈŸÁfl¸øÊ⁄U Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê∞– SÕÊŸËÿ ªÊ¥flflÊÁ‚ÿÙ¥ ‚ √ÿʬ∑§ ÁfløÊ⁄U-Áfl◊‡Ê¸ ∑§⁄UŸÊ øÊÁ„∞ Á∑§ Á∑§‚ Ã⁄U„ ‚ Á∑§ÃŸÊ ¬ŸÁ’¡‹Ë ©à¬ÊŒŸ ªÊ¥flÙ¥ ∑§Ù Á∑§ flŸ •¬ŸË ¬˝Ê∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ÁSÕÁà ∑§ Ÿ¡ŒË∑§ ∑§Ê πÃ⁄UÊ ’…∏ÃÊ „Ò •ı⁄U fl ŸÁŒÿÙ¥ ∑§Ù ⁄U„¥ ÿÊÁŸ Á◊ÁüÊà flŸ „Ù¥– ÿÁŒ ß‚ Ã⁄U„ ∑§Ë ÷Í∑§¥¬ ◊¥ „ÙŸ flÊ‹Ë ˇÊÁà ˇÊÁê˝Sà Á∑§∞ ¡Òfl-ÁflÁflœÃÊ Ÿ„Ë¥ „ÙªË fl ∑‘§fl‹ øË«∏ ¿Ê ∑§Ë ‚¥÷ÊflŸÊ ’…∏ÃË „Ò– Á’ŸÊ „Ù ‚∑§ÃÊ ¡Ê∞¥ª ÃÙ ¡◊ËŸ ∑‘§ ŸËø ©Ÿ∑§Ë ¡«∏Ù¥ ∑§Ù Á„◊Ê‹ÿ ∑§Ê ÷ًͪ „Ë „Ò– ß‚ „ÃÈ ¡◊Ÿ ◊¥ ∑§ÁΔŸÊ߸ „ÙªË •ı⁄U ÿ„ ¬«∏ ÷Ë „‹∑‘§ ∞‚Ê „Ò ÿ„Ê¥ ∞‚Ë •Ê¬ŒÊ SÕÊŸËÿ ‚„ÿÙª ‚ •Ê¥œË-ÃÍ»§ÊŸ ÷Ë •Ê‚ÊŸË ‚ Áª⁄UŸ ‹ª¥ª ∑§Ë ‚¥÷ÊflŸÊ ’…∏ªË ÃÙ fl ‚„◊Áà ‚ „Ë ÿ„ ∑§Êÿ¸ „ÙŸÊ øÊÁ„∞– ©‚∑§Ê •‚⁄U ŒÍ⁄U-ŒÍ⁄U ∑‘§ ◊ÒŒÊŸË ˇÊòÊÙ¥ ◊¥ ÷Ë ¡Ò‚Ê Á∑§ •÷Ë „Ù ÷Ë ⁄U„Ê „Ò– ß‚Ë Ã⁄U„ ¬ÿ¸≈UŸ ∑‘§ ∑§Êÿ¸ ◊¥ ªÊ¥flflÊÁ‚ÿÙ¥ ∑§Ë Á„◊Ê‹ÿ ∑‘§ •Ÿ∑§ ˇÊòÊÙ¥ ◊¥ •àÿÁœ∑§ fl ¬«∏ªÊ– •Ê¡ËÁfl∑§Ê ‚ ¡È«∏∑§⁄U ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§⁄UŸÊ øÊÁ„∞ fl •ÁŸÿ¥ÁòÊÃ πŸŸ ‚ flŸÙ¥ ∑§Ë ÷Ë ’„Èà ˇÊÁà ߂ ‚¥÷ÊflŸÊ ∑§Ù äÿÊŸ ◊¥ ⁄UπÃ „È∞ fl ¡Òfl ß‚◊¥ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑§Ë ⁄UˇÊÊ ∑§Ê ÷Ë äÿÊŸ ⁄UπŸÊ „È߸ „Ò fl πÃË-Á∑§‚ÊŸË ∑§Ë ÷Ë– ß‚ πŸŸ ‚ ÁflÁflœÃÊ ‚¥⁄UˇÊáÊ ‚ Á„◊Ê‹ÿ ∑§Ë Áfl‡Ê· øÊÁ„∞– ¬ÿ¸≈UŸ ◊¥ ÷Ë SÕÊŸËÿ ªÊ¥flflÊ‚Ë •Ÿ∑§ SÕÊŸÙ¥ ¬⁄U ÷Í-Sπ‹Ÿ fl ’Ê…∏ ∑§Ë ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê ∑§Ù ÷Ë äÿÊŸ ◊¥ ⁄UπÃ „È∞ ÷Ë ∑‘§¥Œ˝Ëÿ ∑‘§fl‹ ÁŸø‹ SÕÊŸ ¬⁄U Ÿ „Ù¥ •Á¬ÃÈ ©ã„¥ ‚◊SÿÊ ∑§Ù Áfl∑§≈U Á∑§ÿÊ „Ò fl •Ÿ∑§ ªÊ¥flÊ¥ ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ù Á„◊Ê‹ÿ ˇÊòÊ ∑‘§ ‚÷Ë ⁄UÊíÿÙ¥ ∑§Ù ªÁ⁄U◊Ê fl ‚ê◊ÊŸ ∑§Ë ÷ÍÁ◊∑§Ê Á◊‹– flãÿ ¡Ëfl ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ⁄UˇÊÊ ∑‘§ •ŸÈ∑§Í‹ Áfl∑§Ê‚ ŸËÁÃÿÊ¥ ∑‘§ •ÁSÃàfl ∑§Ù πÃ⁄U ◊¥ «Ê‹ ÁŒÿÊ „Ò– ⁄UˇÊÊ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ ‹ÙªÊ¥ ∑§Ù ©¡Ê«∏ŸÊ ∑§Ã߸ ¡M§⁄UË flŸ-∑§≈UÊŸ, πŸŸ, •àÿÁœ∑§ ÁŸ◊Êáʸ ∑§Êÿ¸ ◊¥ ’ŸÊŸ ∑‘§ Á‹∞ •‹ª ‚ Áfl‡Ê· •ŸÈŒÊŸ ŒŸÊ Ÿ„Ë¥ „Ò •Á¬ÃÈ ‚„Ë ÿÙ¡ŸÊ ’Ÿ ÃÙ flãÿ ¡Ëfl ÁflS»§Ù≈U∑§Ù¥ ∑‘§ ’„Èà ©¬ÿÙª ‚ Á„◊Ê‹ÿ ∑§Ë øÊÁ„∞– ß‚ ’¡≈U ∑§Ê Áfl‡Ê· ◊„àfl ß‚ •Ù⁄U ⁄UˇÊÊ ◊¥ SÕÊŸËÿ ªÊ¥flflÊÁ‚ÿÙ¥ ∑§Ù •Ê¡ËÁfl∑§Ê •ë¿Ë ÷‹Ë ÷Í-ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ÁSÕÁà ’„Èà •SÃ- „ÙŸÊ øÊÁ„∞ Á∑§ ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ ∑§Ë ⁄UˇÊÊ •ı⁄U ∑‘§ •Ÿ∑§ Ÿ∞ SòÊÙà Á◊‹ ‚∑§Ã „Ò– √ÿSà „ÙÃË „Ò– ß‚ Ã⁄U„ ÷Í-Sπ‹Ÿ fl ’Ê…∏ •Ê¡ËÁfl∑§Ê ∑§Ë ⁄UˇÊÊ ∑§Ê •Ê¬‚Ë ◊‹ ∑§⁄UÃ 29

¡È‹Ê߸ - Á‚â’⁄ 2013


Olive Ridley turtles near extinction in Orissa

Rushikuliya (320 km downstream of Gahirmatha). However, several accounts reveal that the Olive Ridley that commonly nests along the eastern coast of India is in danger of becoming extinct.

Pankaj chaphekar

S

ea turtles have survived for 66 million years but are dying more incidental deaths now thanks to mechanized fishing. Community-based conservation programmes are the answer to preserving the species. Sea turtles, a globally endangered species, have been around since even before dinosaurs roamed the earth. They survived both the frigid and the scorching climatic extremes 64 to 66 million years ago that caused the extinction of around seventy per cent of all plants and animals including dinosaurs. Their body design could withstand these events and their form has remained more or less the same. They are one of the earth’s oldest group of animals today. Indian coastal waters are home to five of the seven species of sea turtles - the Hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata), Green (Chelonia mydas), Loggerhead (Caretta caretta), Leatherback (Dermochelys coriacea) and Olive Ridley (Lepidochelys olivacea). Sea turtles in general and the Olive Ridley in particular have fascinated biologists since the 1970s. It is most commonly found on the mainland coasts of India while the other types are found mostly around the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. 30

Threat to turtles

The other mass nesting site of this species is in Pacific Central America. The term ‘arribada’ was first coined in Mexico to describe the peculiar mass-mating phenomenon of these turtles. The turtles travel thousands of kilometers to these breeding grounds where they mate and nest simultaneously creating extraordinary visual imagery. After mating off-shore, the females arrive at the beach where they dig holes in the sand to lay eggs. When their hatchlings emerge, they drift off with the tidal waves and migrate to their feeding grounds several thousand kilometers away. More than a hundred thousand Olive Ridley turtles visit the sandy beaches of Orissa for mass nesting every year between December and April. The 480 km coast of Orissa has three rookeries, which are colonies of breeding turtles – Gahirmatha (near the mouth of Brahmani and Baitarni rivers), Devi (100 km downstream of Gahirmatha) and

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Beach erosion and cyclonic storms have reduced the size of the Gahirmatha beach considerably. This has caused problems in mass nesting. The turtles have also been subject to mass mortality because of the introduction of mechanized fishing. They are faced with threats not only in the coast but in the coastal waters also. Casualties take place when these turtles get caught in trawl-fishing nets as incidental catch. The commercial value of their high-protein eggs as well as their meat came to the fore only during the 1970s. Local consumption of sea turtle eggs or meat is negligible but fishermen from Kolkata catch these turtles as this meat is relished in West Bengal. It is estimated that fifty thousand turtles are taken every year to Kolkata. The illumination along the coastline, the establishment of a missile test range, the construction of the Dhamra port near Gahirmatha and the setting up of chemical industries near Rushikulya have created a lot of disturbance for the Olive Ridley sea turtles.


The threat to the population of sea turtles has led to a spate of research in the last three to four decades. This includes genetic studies, monitoring of their nesting beaches, quantifying the incidental capture and so on. Tagging studies, to track the route taken by turtles are underway in Orissa. Usually these are done using external flipper tags or passive integrated transponders or microchips fitted into their shoulder muscles. These studies suggest the mortality of thousands of Olive Ridley sea turtles in Orissa every year. Data collected by several biologists over the last forty years indicates a reasonably reliable trend in the population of Olive Ridley sea turtles – decrease in the seventies, increase in the eighties, followed by a decline beyond the nineties, which coincided with the high incidental catch under mechanized fishing.

Conservationists versus anthropocentrists

Many a time, basic biological aspects like nesting density in a particular beach are not considered while taking up conservation activities. Much of the conflict among the various groups dealing with sea turtles such as conservationists and port developers is essentially caused by differences in their philosophies. Animal rights activists and conservationists have a biocentric approach, where they uphold that nature has an inherent right to exist. Anthropocentrism on the con31

trary, stresses more on the utilitarian aspects and states that human beings are the most significant species on the planet. The answer lies somewhere in between in a state of “weak anthropocentrism” according to many.

Legal framework for protecting sea turtles

· These species are legally protected under Schedule I of Indian Wildlife Protection Act (1972). · Trade in turtle products is prohibited under Appendix I of Convention of International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and India is a signatory country. The nesting beach at Gahirmatha has been given protected area status and is a part of the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary. Furthermore, the coastal waters off this coast were declared a marine sanctuary in the late nineties, following which all mechanised fishing was prohibited within 20 km of Gahirmatha coast. As far as the other two rookeries (Devi and Rushikulya) in Orissa are concerned, their coastal waters within 20 km are considered a no-fishing zone during the sea turtle nesting sea-

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son from January to May every year. · The Orissa Marine Fishing Regulation Act (1982) and Rules (1983) bars mechanised fishing within 5 km of the Orissa coastline, even where rookeries do not exist. The State Forest Department, the State Fisheries Department and the Coast Guard, which are the enforcing agencies, do not have enough sea-going vessels and manpower to enforce these bans. The Dhamra Port, in Bhadrak district of Orissa, set up as a joint venture between Larsen and Toubro and Tata Steel has been operational since February 2010 with an annual capacity of 80 million tones. International organizations like Greenpeace, Wildlife Fund (WWF) and International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) have opposed this on the grounds that it will damage the Bhitarkanika mangroves and threaten the Gahirmatha marine sanctuary, just south of the port where the Olive Ridley turtles nest every year. Conservation is not really about preservation of species and their habitats but about integrating human beings into ecosystems. Species can be preserved through enforcement but long term conservation is linked to a single, uncompromisable goal - the improvement of human welfare. The answer lies in community-based conservation, where the desire to conserve comes from within.


Why aren't thermal following pollution c Kiran K.

K

orba, Chhattisgarh ranks 5th in the ‘critically polluted area’ category according to the Central Pollution Control Board. ‘Fly-ash’ refers to fine particles of ash sent up by the burning of solid fuel-like coal. Typically, this is the residue of ash generated by thermal power companies. Due to its toxic nature, the government has mandated that fly-ash must be dumped in ash ponds, which are specially made on vacant lands. However, this mandate is not strictly observed and casual dumping has resulted in the poisoning of air, water and land in areas close to the power plants. This has also had a negative impact on the health of people living in those areas. Korba, located in the northern half of Chhattisgarh, is one such affected area. According to a study conducted by the Central Pollution Control Board in 2009, Korba ranks fifth in the ‘critically polluted area’ category among 88 industrial clusters. Ankleshwar in Gujarat ranks first followed by Gaziabad in Uttar Pradesh and Vapi in Gujarat. Many coal-based thermal power plants like the National Thermal Power 32

Corporation and Chhattisgarh State Electricity Board among others are located in Korba making it a power hub of Chhattisgarh. Unfortunately, it has also become a pollution hub. More than 1 lakh metric tonnes of fly-ash is generated annually by the eight thermal power plants in Korba, which produce 6090 megawatts of electricity. The current average fly-ash utililisation by the eight thermal power companies put together is less than

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50%. To mitigate the pollution in the area, the Chhattisgarh Environment Conservation Board created an action plan titled ‘Development of C o m p r e h e n s i v e Environmental Pollution Abatement Action Plan for Critically Polluted Areas’. In this, it mandated that all the thermal power companies in Chhattisgarh have to implement a plan to use 100% of the fly-ash that they generate. That was in 2011.


l power companies control mandates?

Two years past the deadline, none of the plants have implemented this plan even though it isn’t that difficult to reuse fly-ash. Fly-ash can be used to make bricks, tiles and cement. It can be used instead of sand to reclaim low-lying areas. Roads and embankments can be built with it and mines can be filled with it. Inspite of knowing all this, the companies are yet to make a conscious effort to plan its reuse. For the last two 33

decades, no visible action has been taken by the state government to mitigate the problem of fly-ash disposal in the district. All thermal power companies in the area were asked to adopt High Concentrated Slurry Disposal System (HCSD), a controlled and monitored fly-ash feeding system to help with its safe disposal.Another method to stave off pollution was by the building of fly-ash storage tanks. Two tanks have been

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built but there are no roads to reach the tanks, so they are not operational and are of no use at all. The end result of this is that the fly-ash generated has affected the water in the Hasdeo river in addition to polluting the environment overall. The water of the Hasdeo is only fit for bathing now and the Central Pollution Control Board declared Korba a ‘critically polluted zone’. Local news dailies have reported several incidents related to health problems such as various skin diseases like rashes and itching and some respiratory diseases like chronic bronchitis, chest discomfort, asthma attacks and even cancer. The state government has ignored these health and environmental problems for more than 20 years. Instead, they continue to open new avenues for public sector companies by expanding coal mines in the area. These new projects will further displace people from other villages including Raliya, Bhalanpat and Hardibazar, and will also affect the environment by polluting the air with smoke from heavy traffic in the area. Unless the mandates set by the ministry are followed, Korba will continue to suffocate under the pollution caused by the fly-ash.


Dengue – the result of poor waste management…… Ritvik Kumar

P

oor sanitation, poor waste management systems and poor urban planning are the real causes of dengue. Find out what we can do to prevent this disease. The monsoons this year have been in the news for many reasons, but flooding and the dengue epidemic in India have been the main ones. India accounts for almost a third of the world’s cases of dengue and this number has been rising rapidly. The number of dengue cases have gone up by 80% as of July 2013 compared to the same time last year. Kerala has reported the highest number of cases followed by Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra as of July 2013. Within Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram district and the capital city of Thiruvanathapuram have reported the highest number of cases. Private hospitals in the city have been overflowing with people reporting fever.

Causes of dengue

mechanisms, lack of proper sanitation and open gutters and drains have led to unhygienic surroundings that provide an ideal breeding grounds for mosquitoes. * Garbage accumulation The garbage crisis in Thiruvnathapuram city Accumulation of garbage in Indian cities has increased massively due to rapid urbanisation. More people are migrating from villages to cities but the cities, in turn, aren't being planned to

accommodate this rise in population. A number of cities including Bangalore, Kolkata, Mumbai, Srinagar and Kanpur are affected by this problem and have reported a rise in the incidence of diseases such as malaria, rabies, dengue and other unidentified types of fever. The high number of dengue cases in Thiruvananthapuram have been attributed to the increasing garbage crisis in the city. Plastic waste coupled

* Poor urban planning Although the broad reason for the increase in dengue has been attributed to climate change, developing countries such as India have are more vulnerable because of poor urban planning . Poor storage facilities for water, lack of proper garbage disposal 34 JULY-SEPTEMBER 2013

with water-logging and inefficient drainage systems have led to an increase in mosquitoes in the city . * Poor sanitation practices Open defecation, when coupled with poor drainage systems, leads to flooding and mixing of sewage with accumulated water during the monsoons. This polluted stagnant and completely filthy water is a perfect breeding ground for mosquitoes.

How can we prevent dengue?

Since dengue spreads through mosquito bites, making sure that people aren't exposed to mosquitoes is key. The following steps can be taken to minimise exposure to mosquitoes: 1. Do not keep open water containers outside the house or in balconies or gardens where rainwater can collect. 2. Do not accumulate trash outside the house. 3. Cover all water sources such as water pots, buckets or overhead water tanks. 4. Ensure that water emitted from air conditioners does not collect outside and form stagnant puddles. 5. Do not keep plants indoors during the rainy season as they attract mosquitoes. 6. Wear clothes that cover the calves ankles and feet since mosquitoes generally bite below the knee. 7. Use mosquito-repellant creams and lotions on exposed skin.


While these steps can be taken individually, dealing with the problem on a larger scale isn't that simple. Efforts need to be directed at two levels - the level of governance and the community level. The traditional attitude of out of sight, out of mind exhibited in throwing domestic garbage on public streets to be collected, sorted, and disposed off by municipal authorities is no longer workable. Sorting garbage at the source in every house, restaurant, shop, office, etc is unavoidable if we are not to get crushed under the weight of garbage mountains in the cities and fall a prey to diseases. Recognizing these as issues, many initiatives have been started in different cities. In Pune, waste pickers have formed cooperatives that have

establ i s h e d s y s t e m s f o r

recycling waste. In

35

Thiruvanathapuram, efforts are being made to penalise institutions that dump waste openly and subsidies are b e i n g p ro v i d ed for decen-

tralised waste mana g e m e n t . Bangalore has begun separating its waste at source while door to door waste collection is being done in Kolkata. Many cities have taken steps to ban certain kinds of plastics . However, for these efforts to succeed, close cooperation between all the sectors involved is necessary. Better governance systems from the corporation or municipality board are necessary. These systems must address problems of understaffing and lack of adequately trained staff as well as the introduction of better methods and technologies for waste management at local levels. Waste management systems could also involve the local and informal waste collection networks to strengthen the existing systems. Sanitation issues can't only focus on toilet building, but must also take into account other aspects

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such as availability of water and user pers p e c tives and convenience for people who use the toilets. Besides it must also address problems related to proper maintenance of toilets. Evidence indicates that many a time, it is the lack of proper governance and management that leads to poor maintenance of public toilets in cities that forces people to defecate out in the open. The same is true of the public health systems that deal with epidemics. It needs to develop better strategies that aim at prevention, spreading awareness, early detection and better clinical management to prevent deaths in the future . Epidemics such as dengue are not inevitable due to climate change, nor are there any magic bullets to provide quick-fix solutions to the problem. Other things are necessary to deal with the epidemic in the long run such as: > efficient waste management systems > mechanisms to deal with the sanitation problems in cities > better urban planning > better functioning and wellequipped public health systems > focus on prevention and > more community responsibility and involvement.


An organic manure factory for Rs. 800 only Kamal Tiwari

A

n innovative idea by a farmer in Chennimalai, Tamil Nadu lets farmers create their own liquid manure out of the cow dung and urine available in their own farms. Alagesan with the barrel used to ferment cow dung Nitrogen and phosphorus are essential for plant growth – that is common knowledge for farmers. Cow dung contains nitrogen – that is also common knowledge for farmers. Then why is it that many farmers look for costly solutions rather than use the abundant cow dung they have in their farms as manure? Luckily, one farmer did think of this. Four years ago, with a little documentation help from the Krishi Vigyan Kendra in Gobichettipalayam, Erode district (Tamil Nadu), India’s farming fraternity recognized farmer G. R. Sakthivel’s efforts in successfully using cattle refuse to create liquid manure to feed his crops. This feat is by no means ordinary and did not happen overnight. A staunch advocate of the organic movement, Sakthivel had always wanted to utilise resources around him efficiently and he wasn’t going to leave out cattle refuse, which was there aplenty in all farms. After years of careful observation and planning, he came up with a plan to recycle cow 36

dung and urine from his farm. He designed a 4-compartment unit for this purpose. First, the floor of the cattle shed was sloped to direct the urine into a channel. This urine drained into a collection tank. Next the dung was removed manually from the floor. The collected dung-urine mixture was allowed to settle and filter stage by stage inside a compartment. The process resulted in a nutrient-rich filtrate. He diluted this filtrate and used it to directly irrigate his sugarcane fields using drip lines. The dung residue was not wasted either. It was directed into the bio-gas producing facility, which converted the waste into methane gas to fuel the family kitchen. 4-tank system used to ferment and filter cow dung manure Though this set up drew the attention of several farmers across the country, not many embraced it as it was expensive; the 4-tank collection and settling masonry structure cost a minimum of Rs. 40,000 including materials and labour. Farmers with small holdings couldn't justify this expense, as much as the end result seemed worthwhile. Alagesan, a farmer in Myladi in Chennimalai decided to experiment with Sakthivel’s model. He wanted to create a simpler and more cost effective liquid manure plant so that more farmers could benefit from the readily available

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manure on their own farms. He did away with the dung collection and settling tanks since that was the major expense. Instead, he came up with a single container manure factory. No cement structures, no labour charges, no building costs. All he used was a huge plastic barrel.Cow dung and urine is dumped in it together and allowed to settle for 24 hours. For every kilo of cow dung, 5 litres of cow urine is added. A little jaggery is then added to this mixture to help ferment it and voila! At a fraction of the cost, the same liquid manure is ready! This entire set up costs just Rs. 800 – 1000. The barrel set up has two advantages. The first and most obvious is the affordability. The second and equally important advantage is portability. Unlike the immovable masonry structure, the barrel can be moved according to the farmer’s requirement to any part of the field. Maintenance is much simpler as well as cleaning doesn’t take much time or effort. Both these men are still working towards simplifying the process further so that these manure churners can be placed in as many farms as possible. While many farmers in and around Erode have set up these manure factories, it will still be some time before these portable manure factories become as common as a plough or a sickle, which is found in every farm.


Extreme carbon emission may cause global warming Ravi Bhatia

With the tiny drop in ocean

temperature a few years ago, there was some respite before the great masses of water below start to gain temperature. Now the hit on the land is to come. While Australia and North America had large increases in surface temperatures and drought in 2007 and 2012 respectively, this year's Texan heat is a sign that it ain't going to go away. This paper extracts meaning from the data that implies actual super-heating episodes on 3% of the land surface! In ten years, we have seen extreme heat waves damaging social order and ecosystems. The whole of Europe in 2 0 0 3 , Greece in 2 0 0 7 , Australia in 2009, Russia in 2010 and North America in 2012, 2011 and it seems right now. The authors quote the lengthy events (several weeks) as 3 standard deviations warmer than the normal climate. The global warming of the last 50 years is causing these events, according to many modelling experiments. With the 1960s having a mere 1% of such events, 10% is now the norm in many years. Records of 37

temperature heights are broken on a monthly basis, indicating an extreme "forcing" of the temperatures upward. The methods of this study by environmentalist they ran 25 simulations, looking at the local standard deviation from climatic norms. The monthly mean surface temperatures for the 20th century over 30 years or more were worked to produce the year-to-year variability. Then the monthly figures for the last 60 years could be extracted. 1951-1980 was a relatively stable global temperature period with which the later figu r e s

could be compared. The last 12 years proved to exceed the climatologists extreme level known as 3-sigma in the tropics, Western Europe, the Mediterranean and the Middle East. These make up 5% of the land surface. Upward trends however were observed at 1-sigma (40%) and 2-sigma (15%)in similar areas. The climate models showed similar effects in their results. High emission scenarios in the model, 2100 sees 3-sigma

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levels of extreme warming over 85% of the earth. These predictions put summer months in central Asia, the US and all the pre-mentioned 3sigma areas as having 70% 3sigma events and above. While the tropics have actually warmed up more than the areas that have received more publicity, as they have little natural variability, year to year. The Mediterranean is strongly affected in reality and in models of future heating. Strangely the models are unable to show the past heat waves accurately, possibly because the area is drying out, in a long-term trend within the region. The tropics themselves will have frequent extreme 5-sigma events but our attempts at mitigation will be able to reduce this risk it seems. While massive forest fires and many heat-related deaths (ie. infants and the elderly) and losses of harvests will occur, the specific regions can be identified. Of course, international action and international agreement are political devices for some people. The danger is that some regions will be neglected unless we promote mitigation at a much greater level and people are forced to realise exactly what their actions are creating, politically or individually.


Wo r l d H e p a t i t i s shiv kumar aiyyar

W

o r l d Hepatitis D a y was

first launched in 2008 by the World Hepatitis Alliance. Since then it has received support from governments around the world as well as high profile Non-governmental Organisations such as Medicins Sans Frontieres. In May 2010 the World Health Assembly formally recognised 28thJuly as World Hepatitis Day. But what is hepatitis? The Greek word hepat means 'liver' and the Latin word itis means 'inflammation' - thus we get hepatitis or inflammation of the liver. The liver is the largest gland in the human body, as well as being its largest internal 38

organ. It weighs about 3 lb or 1.36 kg and is made up of thousands o f lob-

ules, which each consist of many hepatic cells. Hepatitis viruses A, B, C, D and E can cause acute and chronic infection and inflammation of the liver, leading to cirrhosis and liver cancer. Most damage to the liver is caused by three hepatitis viruses, types A, B and C. Other causes of damage include excessive alcohol consumption. According to the World Health Organisation, around 240 million people are chronically infected with hepatitis B and around 150 million people are chronically infected with hepatitis C. Other authorities put these figures rather higher, with one estimating that around 350 million suffer from hepatitis B, while further 300 million are carriers of hepatitis

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C. Whatever the true figure, around 500 million people worldwide are suffering from one form of hepatitis or another and it is said that around a million of them die each year. The Study of the Liver says that one in 12 of the world's population suffer from either chronic hepatitis B or C. This is far more than HIV or any cancer. BASL finds it inexplicable that awareness of hepatitis is so low that the majority of those infected are completely unaware of the fact.

The liver is a vital organ and has a wide range of functions. These include:

A. the filtering of harmful substances such as alcohol from the blood; B. acting as a store-place for vitamins A, D, K and B12, as well as storing minerals; C. through a process of protein synthesis it makes the building blocks of proteins; D. it produces biochemicals such us bile that are needed for digestion; E. it maintains proper levels of glucose in the blood; F. it produces 80% of the body's vital cholesterol; G. it stores glycogen; H. it decomposes red blood cells; I. it produces hormones; J. it produces urea, the main substance of urine.


Day - 28th July Hepatitis B is often sexually transmitted. It is spread by contact with infected blood, semen or other bodily fluid. Unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected person; having skin perforated with unsterilised needles, such as when getting a tattoo; or even sharing a toothbrush or razor with an infected person; are all common causes of spreading. An infected mother can also pass the infection to her baby through her milk. With hepatitis B the liver will swell and serious damage can result leading to cancer. For some patients hepatitis B can be a lifelong illness. Hepatitis C is usually spread through direct contact with the blood of a n infecte d per-

the patient has cirrhoWorld Hepatitis Day sets sis and only 20% of out to raise awareness and patients develop understanding of viral this. The ultimate goal of hepatitis and the diseases that organisations such it can cause. It focuses on: as the World strengthening prevention, screening Hepatitis Alliance is * and control of viral hepatitis and its that with the related diseases; involvement of world governments, * increasing the coverage of hepatitis B through better vaccination into national immunisation awareness, preven- programmes; tion, care, support * co-ordinating a global response to and access to treat- hepatitis. ment, hepatitis can At the same time the World be eradicated from Health Organisation sets a the planet. number of goals: To highlight the fact that the world prob- * to reduce the transmission of agents lem of that cause viral hepatitis; 路 to reduce morbidity and mortality due to viral hepatitis through improving the care of patients; * to reduce the socio-economic impact of viral hepatitis at individual, community and population levels.

s o n .

Again, the liver c a n swell a n d become damaged, but liver cancer is only a cancer risk if 39 JULY-SEPTEMBER 2013

is

hepatitis generally

being ignored, as part of the 2012 celebrations for World Hepatitis Day, an attempt is to be made to break the world record for the number of people performing the traditional proverb of the three wise monkeys; see no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil. Although hepatitis causes misery to millions of people worldwide and although it is largely treatable and preventable, numbers show little signs of reducing. Hopefully the publicity surrounding the Guinness World Records attempt will go some way to draw worldwide attention to this.


Water bodies in danger T

R.Prashant

raditional water bodies such as beris and talabs have long since been an integral part of rural life in India providing water, fish and sometimes even just a venue for people to chit chat. The flat plains in Western Uttar Pradesh, where the Ganga and Yamuna rivers meet, is no exception. Once home to many such water bodies, this area where the epic Mahabharata was set, has slowly given way to rapid urbanization. Gandhari talaab mythically used by Gandhari the mother of the Kauravas, and Suraj kund a reservoir that can be traced back to the times of Baba Manohar Nath, a contemporary of the famous Sufi saint Shahpeer, were once situated here. The Baba Manohar Nath temple was built during Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan's time alonside a mausoleum. The water from the kund was used for religious purposes, ritual baths as well as for water harvesting. The Meerut Gazetteer records how Lala Jawahar Mal, a local ruler impressed with its healing powers renovated the water body in 1700. During the Mughal period the pond was filled with the water of

Abu Nala and later, with the waters of the Ganga canal. The next to take over the upkeep of these water bodies were the British. It was when they handed over this responsibility to the Municipality in 1865, did the neglect begin. Revenue records suggest that there are 3062 water bodies in 663 villages in Meerut district alone. Till the 1960s, these water bodies were visible all around the city and formed an important water buffer, especially during the summers. Most of them are in a pitiable state now and have been encroached upon by people right under the nose of the administration. Gandhari talaab, 60 m long, 50 m wide and 6 m deep, is no longer

Over 3000 water bodies which once existed in Meerut district alone are now in a pitiable state.

40

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suitable to recharge groundwater. This water body located in Parikshitgarh block in Meerut district dried up three decades ago and has now been encroached upon. A possible reason why this happened and continues to happen is the lack of ownership and lack of sense of belonging within a community post-colonialism. Earlier, there were self-organized systems of conserving water bodies by the communities that used them. Colonial intrusion disturbed this community form of management and gave preference to private as well as state property rights. This method of governance continued post-independence as well. Today, people have lost the emotional connect they once shared with these water bodies and seldom use them. Due to this neglect, most of these water bodies are choked up with sewage waste, plastic and other garbage.


Land hunger has led to the demise of these water bodies Most people in the area attribute the deteriorating condition of these ponds to the illegal constructions encroaching into the water body. This coupled with the illegal groundwater extraction by sugar industries in the area has worsened the condition of these water bodies. In addition, the state and the land mafia actively collude to bring about a change in the way the land is used. They use the dried-up water body as a garbage dump and then reclaim it later and then put it up for sale. a Meerut-based NGO, recently conducted a data-based collative study on the natural water bodies and other water sources of the 41

area including Gandhari talaab, Navaldeh kuan, Shragrishi Ashram ki Jheel and others. Results indicated that only 170 of the original 260 ponds are still present in the 52 villages in the Parikshitgarh block in Meerut district. The 125 that have gone missing are either being used for agriculture or have been built upon. The area is now faced with severe water crisis.

Save our water bodies, save ourselves

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It is only over the last few years that people have begun to realize the strain caused by the poor management of water bodies, which also results in a water shortage. Civil society groups in Meerut have highlighted the need to revive the water bodies that punctuate the region. NGOs have approached the court through a Public Interest Litigation to restore these water bodies in addition to undertaking initiatives to revive them using local shramdaan (voluntary labour). While it is important to revive ancient water harvesting systems to store natural water and distribute it equitably, it is equally important to return to a community-based water management system. Unless people feel the responsiblity and ownership towards these water bodies, the emotional connect that once existed will be hard to revive, as will the water bodies that continue to die today.


Water on the way to get privatize?? Dr. V.N mishra

Water is a natural resource

that should be 'free' for all or at least easily accessible but why is India allowing more and more companies to privatise it? Did you know that the planet would die in three days if it ran out of water? Water is a basic necessity and the United Nations recognized the right to it as a basic human right in 2010. Isn’t it ironic that we are still allowing a few utility companies privatise it, speculate over it and control it? Despite mounting criticism against water privatization, governments in several Indian states are giving water utility companies the goahead to d o m i n a t e w a t e r management in the cities. Our National Water Policy (2012) too had called for privatisation of water delivery services and suggested that water be priced to “fully recover” the costs of operation and administration of water-resources projects. 42

This has created a serious debate around the issue. The promoters of private sector firms say that water is an economic good and hence they can commoditize it. They also assert that private sector involvement leads to better results as pricing water according to its true cost will promote practices that are more efficient. Those against water privatization

explain the many drawbacks like lack of access to clean drinking water by a large section of society and constantly increasing water bills. Water is a natural resource essential to all life. In 2000-2002, poor neighbor-

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hoods of Johannesburg, South Africa, were hit by a terrible cholera epidemic. Slum water supply was disconnected by the private water supply agency when people did not pay their high water bills. Residents drank water from polluted rivers in the absence of an alternative. A cholera epidemic resulted claiming a hundred lives while some hundred thousand people fell ill. The government woke up and directed the private companies to provide at least twenty-five liters of water a day to all residents during the epidemic. Is India going down that path too? A group of civil society organizations slammed the Government of India’s water privatisation plan at a conference that d e a l t w i t h Indian and international experiences related to the subject. Held recently at the Indian Social Institute, New Delhi, close to 300 participants attended it to discuss the challenges and the negative outcomes of water privatisation.


Water is a human right in international law, and attempts to privatize it are a breach of law. It is also noted that the increasing commodification of water has put a large section of the society in a disadvantaged position. Privatisation puts a stop to equitable distribution of water Bolivia, a poor country in South America witnessed one of the most controversial water privatisation programs aided by the World Bank in the 1990s. The Bolivian government put up water systems for sale to private players in some of the poorest regions of the country. In the city of Cochabamba, the US Company Bechtel won the bid through an uncontested ‘bidding’ process. While this improved access of water to formerly unserved communities in the short run, it caused problems when the entire public infrastructure including local wells and pumps were taken over by the Company. Consumers unable to pay the increased water rates lost access to water. Riots broke out in the city as protesters filled the streets. People forced the company to leave and the local government successfully took over the management of the city's water supply. It stressed the importance of awareness among people regarding the negative impacts of privatisation. India actions the tenet of the United Nations Convention 2010, which stresses on water and other natural resources as a right of the people. Medha Patkar highlighted the role of International Financial 43

Institutions (IFIs) such as the World Bank and Asian Development Bank in forcing privatisation and creating “imposed development”. Countries seeking assistance from them were required to deregulate and abolish subsidies. They were also required to sell their water systems and infrastructure to private investors. Independent private water regulatory bodies were set up and private sector management thrust on these countries, if they wanted to receive funding from these institutions. Also, they focused on

being supplied to the Plant is just about 90 million gallons per day. The government is however paying them for 140 million gallons per day. How can they possibly manufacture an extra 50 million gallons per day?” While there is plenty of water available per individual as per the Delhi Jal Board figures, the government continues to promote the private sector. Bureaucrats create a water shortage and show revenue deficits. Then, private companies are provided raw water by the State. They use State

mineral and bottled water so that private companies can continue to make profits. She urged the people to fight privatisation and treat water as a natural resource over which the entire populace has a right. "There is a need to promote community ownership of water management and conservation", she said. Delhi’s Sonia Vihar water treatment plant is being operated by a French company. They claim to be supplying 140 million gallons of water per day while the raw water

infrastructure but collect revenues based on their management fees and profit margins. As a result, water tariff has increased almost eighteen times in the last nine years in Delhi. Water is a natural resource that belongs to everyone. It is owned by the community and not just by a group of people or companies. We need to understand the social issues and governance related to water and its management to effectively fight against its privatisation.

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Solar technologies on developement Harish Kunwar

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n a bid to realize India's solar energy potential through research and innovation, the government approved a proposal to set up an autonomous institution National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE) - in Gurgaon. The NISE is to be set up immediately by converting the Solar Energy Centre (SEC), Gurgaon as a world class institute in the field of developing solar energy technologies. . Solar energy technologies are evolving continuously and the proposal to set up the National Institute of Solar Energy is an innovative idea which will accelerate the process to support induction of the latest technologies to ensure maximum cost benefit and lead to early commercialization. It said that a broadbased national team in the form of a Review-cumStrategy Formulation Committee would be set up with representation from industry, scientific community and financial institutions to prepare a blue print. The committee would look at various models available in the country and outside and prepare a roadmap for the Institute. Solar power developers from across the country will also be consulted in this process. 44

Setting up of an apex national centre for solar energy is a part of the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM) which was considered by the Prime Minister's Council on Climate Change in August, 2009. The Mission and other related proposals were approved by the government in November, 2009. While approving the JNNSM, the government had also approved specific targets and budget for the first phase of the Mission till March, 2013. This includes R&D in solar energy, including setting up of a Centre of Excellence as an apex centre on different aspects of solar energy technologies. Solar water heaters installed in Delhi government schools To harnessing renewable energy, a number of Delhi government schools in East Delhi have installed a new water pumping solution using solar energy. Renewable Energy Assisted Pump (REAP) is easy to install submersible pump connected to a water tank with a specially- designed motor powered by a solar panel. The technology has been developed by power distribution company BYPL and IIT-

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Delhi. Already, REAP has been installed in a number of government schools including Sarvodaya Bal Vidyalaya (Seemapuri), Raja Ravi Verma Sarvodaya Baal Vidyala (Nandnagri) and Government Senior Secondary School No1,(Shahdara). REAP will be installed in many more schools in the coming days, said an official. The REAP systems, being installed in the schools, are being funded by MLAs from their MLA Local Area Development ( MLALAD) fund. To ensure availability of purified drinking water in the schools, the REAP's have been especially provided with an Ultra Violet water purification system. REAP system is very useful for institutions like schools, in addressing their needs for sanitation and clean drinking water. Both the public representatives and the school authorities have shown a great deal of interest in this system.


Tremendous change : threat to Eastern Ghats S.S chaddha

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specific and sensitive ecosystem must be done carefully and care must be taken to ensure that they are friendly towards the ecosystem and not intrusive. According to experts, the forests in Eastern Ghats are unique, in the sense that they are the most ancient forest cover in the subcontinent. More importantly, thanks to the solid bedrock, they house a vast number of tree species. The three-tier structure of the forest is predominantly tree based and supported by shrub and herbaceous cover which is conducive to supporting life forms of great variance. The undulating and gentle sloping nature of the Ghats makes it ideal to support a three-tier forest, said sources at the environmental sciences department. The very sloping nature of the Ghats makes a three-tier forest absolutely necessary. The seasonal herbaceous species such as Hyptis and Ocymm are extremely eco-friendly, in the sense that they not only help bind the soil and absorb rain water but also act as generators of organic matter that help the forest sustain. Moreover, the sub-tropical nature of the climate ensures that species found in different climatic zones can make a home in the Eastern Ghats. However, experts fear that the very existence of forests in the Eastern Ghats is being threatened due to various rea-

orest biodiversity in the Eastern Ghats is undergoing a tremendous change. Experts believe that the hilly slopes in the district are changing for the worse. The department of environmental sciences estimates that over 80,000 acres of forest land has been permanently destroyed in the last 32 years alone (from 1980-2012). In addition to this, biodiversity in the deciduous forests on the hilly slopes of the Eastern Ghats in the district has virtually gone for a toss. Pointing out that diversity in flora has a new meaning today Intrusive nonnative species are taking over the forest cover and artificial block plantations in many pockets of our reserve are threatening the existence of seasonal native plants in many 'forested' areas. Over a period of time, many block plantations of tree species like Eucalyptus and timber trees such as Cashew rina have been introduced in the reserve area, resulting in erosion of endemic species peculiar to the Eastern Ghats like Native Basil, Fida, Justicia, Borreria and Merremia that help in soil conservation, increase moisture level and produce organic matter which helps trap carbon. Agreeing to this, a biotechnologist said that the introduction of foreign species in a 45 JULY-SEPTEMBER 2013

sons today. The introduction of non-friendly species such as Eucalyptus and Cashew rina is spelling doom for the ethnic nature of the forest, even as illegal mining, excessive urbanisation and shifting cultivation in addition to illegal logging could actually wipe out the forest cover for good, experts pointed out. Almost three species of butterflies have been wiped out and honey bees too are a threatened lot. If we do not act today and protect our forest cover, the implications would be serious as pollination itself could be affected. This means that food production would be drastically affected in the long run. However, forest department officials defended the decision to opt for quick growing plantations of Acacia, Cashew rina, Eucalyptus, Prosopis (Thumma) and Coffee because the focus was on regenerating tree and land cover in completely denuded areas. We also need to take into consideration the fact that these trees have a commercial value. After all we cannot have the locals in conflict with the ecosystem. In the process, we try to find a balance. Environmentalists might say that we are compromising, but at least we are doing our bit to regenerate forest cover. At the end of the day, the block plantations can be slowly replaced by a natural forest cover.


Global warming spurs spread of crop pests, finds new study Narendra Bidhuri

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march polewards as the Earth warms the combined effects of a growing world population and the increased loss of crops to pests will pose a serious threat to global food security. Currently 10-16% of global crop production is lost to pests. Crop pests include fungi, bacteria, viruses, insects, nematodes, viroids and oomycetes. The diversity of crop pests continues to expand and new strains are continually evolving. Losses of major crops to fungi, and fungi-like microorganisms, amount to enough to feed nearly nine percent of today's global population. The study suggests that these figures will increase further if global temperatures continue to rise as predicted. The spread of pests is caused by both human activities and

rop pests are spreading to colder parts of the world as climate change warms the world, a new study has revealed. It used published observations of the distribution of 612 crop pests collected over the past 50 years. It revealed that the movement of pests north and south towards the poles, and into new previously un-colonized regions, corresponds to increased temperatures during that period. The study shows a strong relationship between increased global temperatures over the past 50 years and expansion in the range of crop pests. It said that the pests are moving onwards at a rate of nearly 3 km a year. If crop pests continue to 46 JULY-SEPTEMBER 2013

natural processes but is thought to be primarily the result of international freight transportation. The study suggests that the warming climate is allowing pests to become established in previously unsuitable regions. For example, warming generally stimulates insect herbivory at higher latitudes as seen in outbreaks of the Mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae) that has destroyed large areas of pine forest in the US Pacific Northwest. In addition, the rice blast fungus which is present in over 80 countries, and has a dramatic effect both on the agricultural economy and ecosystem health, has now moved to wheat. Considered a new disease, wheat blast is sharply reducing wheat yields in Brazil.


Renewed efforts are required to monitor the spread of crop pests and to control their movement from region to region if we are to halt the relentless destruction of crops across the world in the face of climate change. Wise use of Fertilizers and water can give a new shape to economy India's wheat and rice production can be increased by over 60 percent, sugarcane production by 41 per cent and cotton production by 73 per cent by 2050 - without cutting down forests or i n c re a s i n g farmed area in any other way. Sounds like a dream? In fact it is possible to feed the whole world by 2050, the study says, even as population will jump by 2 billion to reach 9 billion and food demand will double from the present because of better living standards. Researchers gathered data from 157 countries and found that most of them - including India - suffered from a serious 'yield gap'. That is the gap between what a best-practice farm in that area can produce and what is the prevailing average production per unit land area. Thus, in India, the study found that in wheat, the current yield was 2.49 tonnes per hectare (tph) while it could go up to 3.98 tph if proper fertilizer and water is provided. Similarly, rice yield could 47

increase from 2.88 tph to 4.61 tph, and sugarcane yields could be increased from 63.62 tph to 88.97 tph.How is this increase taking place? Doesn't it mean a higher pressure on the environment, by cutting down of forests? Usually increase in agricultural production is associated with negative environmental

impact, including heavy use of fertilizer most of which washes away into the water system causing huge damage. It is often seen these two goals as a trade-off: We could either have more food, or a cleaner environment, not both. What this study did was look at the global picture. They found out how much fertilizers and water are needed in different countries or areas, and compared it to how much is actually being used. Many countries and regions - including China, the US, Western Europe and even some parts of India - were using excessive fertilizer and water while the rest of the world was using much less than needed. If the fertilizer and water use were rationalized and spread equi-

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tably, yields would go up in the deficient regions substantially, but without causing declines in the extra-using regions. Worldwide, nitrogen use could be cut by 28 percent and phosphorus use by 38 percent without adversely affecting yields for corn, wheat and rice, the study found. With strategic redistribution of nutrient inputs, underperforming lands worldwide could be brought up to 75 percent of their production potential while only increasing global nitrogen use 9 percent and potassium use 34 percentand reducing phosphorus use 2 percent, the study said. The researchers caution that their analysis is at a coarse scale and that many other factors, including land characteristics, use of organic fertilizers, economics, geopolitics, water availability and climate change will influence actual gains in crop production and reductions in adverse environmental impacts.However, the study strongly indicates that closing the "yield gap" on underperforming lands-previously identified as one of five promising points for meeting future food needs, along with halting farmland expansion in the tropics, using agricultural inputs more strategically, shifting diets and reducing food waste-holds great promise for sustainably boosting food security.


NCR likely to generate 50,000 metric tonnes of e-w waste by 2015: Assocham Guru Uppadhayay

India's capital is emerging as

the world's dumping capital for e-waste, with hazardous activities taking place and like to generate e-waste to an extent of 50,000 metric tonnes (MT) per annum by 2015 from the current level of 30,000 metric tonnes per annum, growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of about 25%, according to an Assocham estimate. The Assocham latest study on "E-waste in India by 2015" revealed that currently e-waste of Delhi is approximately 30,000 metric tones per annum and employs more than 1.5 lakh workers in city's various organised and unorganised recycling units. As many as 8,500 mobile handsets; 5,500 TV sets and 3,000 personal computers are dismantled in the city everyday for reuse of their component parts and materials. While the list is growing, so is the quantity as these products are getting more affordable and more and more people are using them. Increasing usage also leads to more of them coming up for disposal, thus increasing the rate of obsolescence and replacement. Further stated that large e-waste centres exist in Delhi, NCR, Meerut, Firozabad, Chennai, Bangalore and Mumbai, with 85,000 recyclers working in Delhi-NCR alone. 48

Workers are poorly-protected in an environment where e-waste from PC monitors, PCBs, CDs, motherboards, cables, toner cartridges, light bulbs and tube-lights are burned in the open, releasing lead, mercury toxins into the air. Metals and non-degradable materials such as gold and platinum, aluminium, cadmium, mercury, lead and brominated flame-retardants are retrieved. Its mentioned that Delhi alone gets around 85% of the electronic waste generated in the developed world. In terms of total e-waste produced internally or brought from outside for recycling, Delhi's e-waste weighs between 25,000 and 30,000 metric tonnes per year. The e-waste imported from Mumbai, Bangalore and Chennai makes its way to Delhi, as there is a ready market for glass and plastic in the NCR. Also, the wastes from Mumbai constitute a bulk of the 1,500 tonnes discarded electronics that land in Delhi's scrap yards everyday. Assocham has also strongly advocated the need to bring out effective legislation to prevent entry of child labour into its collection, segregation and distribution. As per the estimates, more then 35,000-45,000 child labourers in the age group from 10 to 14 years are observed to be engaged in various e-waste activities, without adequate protection

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and safeguards in Delhi's various yards and recycling workshops. Domestic e-waste including computer, TV, mobiles and refrigerators contain over 1,000 toxic material, which contaminate soil and ground water. Exposure can cause headache, irritability, nausea, vomiting, eye pain. Recyclers may suffer liver, kidney and neurological disorders. Due to lack of awareness, they are risking their health and the environment as well. They use strong acids to retrieve precious metals such as gold. Printed circuit boards, for instance, contain heavy metals like Antimony, Gold, Silver, Chromium, Zinc, Lead, Tin and Copper. The method of extracting these materials from circuit boards is highly hazardous and involves heating the metals in the open. Issues relating to poor sensitisation about this sector, low organized recycling, crossborder flow of waste equipment into India, limited reach out and awareness regarding disposal, after determining end of useful life, and lack of coordination between various authorities are responsible for the non-involvement of municipalities in E-waste management. Each state should develop its own scrap yards in the respective cities so that the environmental hazards would be minimized in Delhi-NCR..


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Pv july sept 2013  
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