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P\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014

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"kv{XoIÄs¡´p Imcyw!'


GALAXY SHELETERS Posh 3 BHK Flats available at

Kakkanad, Kochi Situated near by Muthoot IT Park

Office Address: 223, Shiv Centre, Secter-17, Vashi, Navi Mumbai - 400 705.

almcmjv{S kÀ¡mcnsâ kne_Ênð ]¯mwXc¯nð aebmfw sFÝnIhnjbambn ]Tn¨v DóX hnPbw t\Snb apwss_bnse Iq«pImÀ

Site Office: Galaxy Tower, Near C.S.E.Z. Seaport - Airport Road, Kakkanad - 37, Kochi, Kerala.

Flats and shops are available at Bombay also (New and Resale) CONTACT

RAMACHANDRAN NAIR 9323210612 aebmfw anj³ IWns¡mó ]co£bnð DóX hnPbw t\Snb apwss_bnse Iq«pImÀ


SWqtU vtâÐO ké]oZŸ°Rt SWr]pOU WaÐOU R\& Ðj|oLU qL^|°t]¤.

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P\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014

Arm]¨as]jOU f¢f]qRR¨RWLºf]& Ðf]q]RŸLfO¨OvL& jLpf]sæ]SÐLtvOU....

Printed and published by:

apwss_ aebmfn kackanXn

R. D. Harikumar

tIcf saUn¡ð/Fôn\odnwKv ]co£mtI{µ§Ä apwss_bnð apw_bv kÀÆIemimebnð Hcp aebmfw sNbÀ

for Malayala Bhashapracharana

05 06

Sangham, 11-Green Villa, Himalaya Hsg. Society, Ghatkopar, Mumbai - 84.

Typesetting: Reshma Graphics Printed at:

IhÀtÌmdn apwss_ aebmfn kamP§fpsS t\Xr\ncbnð kv{XoIfpsS Øm\w aebmfn kamP§Ä kv{XokaXzt_m[w kzmwioIcn¡Ww þ kpa hmcyÀ aebmfn kamP§fpw kv{XoIfpw þ am\kn kv{Xoiàn þ KoX ZmtamZc³

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New Age Printing Press,

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Bhupesh Gupta Bhawan,

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Search for my tongue þ kpPmX `«v ASbmfw þ kpsseam³ s]cpap¡v

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85 Sayani Road, Prabhadevi, Mumbai - 25.

Chief Editor: T. K. Baburaj Managing Editor:

amXr`mjm ]T\m\p`hw ]dópbcpó ]«hpw X«ns]mSnª ]¸S§fpw þ Pnj \mbÀ

Rajesh Narayanan

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Phone: 9619023747

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email:mumbaimalayalam@gmail.com

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IhÀ: {^ôv Nn{XImcn an¡n tZ KqZm_qansâ "hntamN\w' (Emancipation) Fó Nn{Xw

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tIcfw hfcpóp

04

P\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014

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¤) khv] Sja]-Rp-aO-¨L¢ yLi]-\ÿfOU os-pL-t-nL-xL-SyÔ-z]-WRt yUm-Ì]\ÿ]-a-S¾LtU BwpV¨V vW j¤-WOÐ vñO-f-W-tL-eV. CT AjO-WP-s-oLp yLz-\q|U orO-jL-a¢ os-pL-t]-y-oP-z¾]jV I°-Rj-RpsæLU Dk-SpL-Y-RÕaO-¾L¢ yLi]-¨O-RoÐV YTq-v-oL-p] \]Í]-S¨º Av-y-q-oL-e]-fV. 18.06.2012–jV oOUmpV os- p Lt] yUpO© yo-q-y-o]-f]-pORa SjfQ-f~¾]¤ f]qO-v-j-Í-kO-q¾V ja-¾]p Nkf]-Sxi oL¡-\ÿ]-RspOU ASÐ-h]vyU Av]Ra ja-¾]p j]qL-zLq yf|L-NY-z-¾]-RspOU 2013 RlNmO-vq]-p]¤ oOX|-o-NÍ], Nkf]-k-ƒ-Sj-fL-vV, oNÍ]-oL¡ IÐ]-v-qO-oLp] ja-¾]p \¡-\ÿ-p]-RspOU Bv-w|-°-t]¤ NkiLj-oLp KÐV oOUm-p]Rs os-pL-t-nL-xLk-b-j-¾]jOU YSv-x-e-¾]-jO-oO-f-W¾- ¨ - v ¹U CÍ|- p ]Rs JãvOU Bh|R¾ (1857&¤ òLk]-fU) oPÐO (W¤-¨-¾pOU oNhLyOU oãO-ç-v) y¡v-W-sL-wL-s-W-t]¤ KÐLp oOUmpV vLuVy]ã]-p]¤ KqO os-pLtU R\p¡ (RNkLl-y-¡-x]-kV) BqU-n]-¨L-jOç I¢-ScLvVRo£V SWqt y¡-¨L¡ J¡RÕ- a O- ¾ - e - R o- Ð O- ç - f L- e V . mzO- . v]h|L-n|L-y-oNÍ] k].RW. AmÉOrmÿV CT WLq|U AjO-nL-v-kP-¡vU kq]-Y-e]¨L-RoÐV Dr-ÕO-f-q]-WpOU Af]-jOç NkLg-o]W v]vqU SwX-q]-¨L-jOç D¾-q-vL-h]f~U yo-q-y-o]f] Nkv-¡-¾WRq Js×]-¨O-W-pO-oOºL-p]. Cf]R£ Aa]-òL-j-¾]¤ CT SsX-W¢ ^P¦ oLy-¾]¤ (27.06.2013) oOUmpV vLuVy]ã]-p]¤

ScL. S^LyV S^L¡^V P\dð sk{I«dn, apwss_ aebmfn kwbpà kac kanXn I¢-ScLvVRo£V WLq|-°-tORa \Oofs vz]- ¨ OÐ ScL. qL^V k L¤ zL¢Rc(cp-rWVa¡, SmL¡cV KLlV pPe]-SvuVy]ã] B£V SWLSt^V RcvskVRo£V)pOoLp] \¡\ÿ ja-¾O-W-pOºL-p]. Cf]R£ DSÇ-w|-s-ƒ|-°¥ v]v-q]-\ÿOç ASk-ƒ-SpL-RaLÕU ospLtU R\p¡ J¡-RÕ-aO-¾O-Ð-f]-jLp] WOr-´fV qºO SWLa] qPk pPe]SvuVy]ã] Cf]-jLp] qPk}-W-q]-¨OÐ SWL¡-kyV lº]Ss¨V SWqt y¡¨L¡ j]Sƒ-k]-¨L¢ fáL-rLeV IÐV Dr-ÕO-j-¤-WOÐ W¾OU D¥-R¨L-ç]-¨e-RoÐV ScL. zL¢-Rc yP\]-Õ]-¨OW-pO-ºL-p]. SWL¡-kyV lº]-¤-j]ÐV W]ŸOÐ ks]-w-RWLºV RNkLl-y-rORapOU oãV AjO-mÌ ðLl]-R£pOU SvfjU RWLaO-¨OW IÐOçfLeV oOUmpV vLuVy]ã]-pORa DSÇ-w|U. CT v]vq°¥ SWqt v]h|n|Ly vWOÕV oNÍ]Rp Ar]p]¨OWpOU y¡¨L¡ jaka]W¥ f~q]fRÕaO¾eRoÐV An|¡À]¨OWpOU R\pVf]ŸOºV. oãV CÍ|¢ nLx-W-tLp WÐ-c, y]Ì], DrO-hO, YO^-rL-¾], z]Î] IÐ]v-àLp] kP¡-e-qP-k-¾]-sOç m]qO-hLj-Íq c]ÕL-¡-aVRo£O-W¥ CSÕL-¥fRÐ oOUmpV vLuVy]ã]-p]¤ Nkv-¡¾]-¨O-ÐO-ºV. oOUm-p]sOU Af]R£ NkLÍ-Nk-Sh-w-°-t]-sO-oLp] sƒ-¨-e¨]jV os-pL-t]-W¥ vy]-¨O-ÐO-ºV. 06

Jã-vO-o-i]WU os-pL-t]-W¥ vy]-¨OÐ jYqU IÐ khv] oOUmpV¨Oç-fLeV. os-pLtU nLx-pORa AÍyV orOjL-aO-W-t]¤ I¾]-¨LjOU oOUm-p-]Rs os- p L- t - n L- x L- k - b - j vOU os- p LtU o]x¢ SNkLNYLoOU JSWL-k]-Õ]-¨O-Ðf]-jOç Nwo¾]jOU KTSh|L-Y]-W-oLp] (t]Pv 05ð \nópw XpSÀ¨) j]-\ÿ-f-jO-y-q]-\ÿLeV SWq-t-¾]Rs 140 IUI- ¤ - I - o L- ¡ ¨OU Av- q - v - q ORa o¼-s-°-t]¤ j]ÐOU oOUm-p]¤ fLoy]-¨OÐ NkvL-y]-o-s-pL-t]-W¥ KÕ]Ÿ n}o-z-¡^] yo-¡-Õ]-¨L¢ Nwo-°¥ fOa°]-p-fV. KÕO-Sw-X-q-e-¾]R£ Nk\-qeL-¡ÀU v]v]i W|LÒ-p]-jO-WtOU SoX-sL-fs W¦-Rv-¢-x-jO-WtOU ja¾-e-RoÐOU B W¦-Rv-¢-x¢ f}qOoL-j]-\ÿ-f]R£ Rvt]-\ÿ-¾]-sLeV k]Ð}aOç Nkv-¡-¾-j-°¥ JSWL-k]Õ]¨RÕ-Ÿ-fV.

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W¦-Rv-¢-x-j]¤ mLNÎ oOf¤ hz]y¡ vRq-pOç NkSh-w-°-t]Rs os-pLt]-yU-Z-a-jL-Nk-f]-j]-i]-W-tLeV kRË-aO¾- f V . y].RW. \N΢ AÈ|- ƒ f vz]\ÿ ySÚ-t-j-¾]¤ ScL. S^LyV S^L¡-^V, qLo-\-N΢ oµ-r-Ò-¾V, a].v]. nq-fV, qLi YOkÅ¢ IÐ]-v¡ yUyL-q]-\ÿO. fLRj SoX-s-p]Rs v]v]i os-pLt] yoL-^-°-tO-RapOU yUZ-a-j-W-tO-RapOU Nkf]-j]-i]-WRt kRË-aO-Õ]\ÿV wLyVNf]jY-r]Rs Sov v]h|L-j]-SW-f¢ yVWPt]¤ jaÐ W¦-Rv-¢-x¢ os-pL-t]-yL-oP-z|Nk-v-¡-¾W Ac~. SNko SoSjL¢ DhVZL-ajU R\pÅO. yo-q-y-o]f] R\p-¡SkuV y ¦ k].c]. ^p- N k- W L- w ]R£ AÈ|-ƒ-f-p]¤ S\¡Ð SpLY-¾]¤ v]v]i yUZ-a-j-WRt Nkf]-j]-i}-W-q]\ÿV 80KLtU Sk¡ kRË-aO-¾O. j|Lp-oLp Bv- w |- ° ¥ Sja]- R p- a O- ¨ L¢ An]NkLp v|f|L-y-°¥ oLã]-v\ÿV yUZ-a-jW¥ KÐ]-\ÿO-j]-¤-S¨-ºfV orO-jL-a¢ os-pL-t]-W-tORa \q]-Nf-k-q-oLp Bv-w|oL- R eÐV W¦- R v- ¢ - x ¢ v]s- p ]- q O¾]. SoX-sL-nL-q-vL-z]-W-tLp] R\p-¡SkuVy¦ Ac~. SNko SoSjL-¢, ^jr¤ W¦-v}-j¡ IU.k]. v¡-Y}-yV IÐ]v-RqpOU 15 AUY JSWL-kj yo]-f]RppOU Rfq-R´-aO-¾O. RRWqt] Rv¤Rl- p ¡ ASyL- y ]- S p- x ¢ zLt]¤ S\¡Ð WÆP-¡-oL-¡YV SoXsL W¦-Rv¢-x-j]¤ WO¡t oOf¤ oOtOºV vRqpOç NkSh-w-°-t]Rs os-pLt] yUZ-ajL-Nk-f]-j]-i]-W-tLeV kRË-aO-¾-fV. v]^p¢ jLp¡ AÈ|-ƒf vz]\ÿ ySÚtjU a].RW. mLmO-qL^V DhV-ZLajU R\pÅO. ScL. S^LyV S^L¡-^V, RW. kv]Nf-¢, k]. yOh-¡-w-¢, yOf-¢, qZP-¾-o¢, y]. kv]-Nf-¢, SveO-SYL-kL-¤ fOa°]-p-v¡ yUyL-q]-\ÿO. v]^-p¢ jLp¡ R\p-¡-oLjOU a].y]. R\r]-pL¢ W¦-v}j-rO-oLp] SoX-sL-y-o]f] qPk-v-fV-W-q]-

¨O-W-pO-ºL-p]. j|Lp-oLp Bv-w|°¥ AjO-v-h]-¨O-Ð-f]¤ WLe]-¨OÐ ñUn-jL-vò kq]-z-q]-¨L¢ oOUmp]¤ oLNf-osæ SWq-t-¾]sOU WPaO-f¤ ^j-W}p yÚ-¡hU Dp-¡-¾]-R¨LºOvSq-º-fO-RºÐV W¦-Rv-¢-x¢ v]sp]-qO-¾]. vyL-p]Rs m].RW.IôV. yVWPt]¤ jaÐ vyL-pV&v]qL¡ SoXsL-W-¦-Rv-¢-x¢ my}¢ SWq-t-yoL^U Nky]-c£V k].v].RW. jÒ|L¡ DhVZL-ajU R\pÅO. k].c]. ^p-Nk-WL-wV, B¡.c]. zq]-WO-oL¡ IÐ]-v¡ yUyLq]-\ÿO. IU.I¤.IoL- ¡ - ¨ Oç o¼sU f]q]-\ÿOç KÕO-Sw-X-q-evOU fOa-¡-Nk-v¡-¾-j-°tOU IsæL SoX-s-W-t]sOU WPaOf¤ DT¡-^]-f-RÕ-aO-¾L¢ SoX-sL-fs W¦-Rv-¢-x-jO-W-¥¨V Wu]-´O. C¾q-¾]¤ qPk-RÕ-aO-¾]-Rp-aO¾ vs]p ^j-W}p Nkf]-SqL-i-¾]-R£pOU j]q-Íq- o Lp yÚ- ¡ - h - ¾ ]- R £pOU ls- o LpLeV KSŸRr Bv-w|-°-t]¤ NW]pL-ÄW-oLp yo}-kjU y~}W-q]-¨L¢ y¡¨L- q ]Rj j]¡- m - Ì ]- f - o L- ¨ ]- p - f V . IÐL¤ orO-jL-a¢ os-pL-t]-W-tORa ^}v]-fR¾ Ro\ÿ-RÕŸ AjO-n-v-oL¨] f}¡-¨L-jOç KSŸRr WLf-sLp j]¡-Shw-°-t]¤ y¡-¨L¡ CSÕLuOU oTjU fOa-qO-ÐO-ºV. AfO-RWL-ºO-fRÐ CT kOf]p yo-qLSvwU WPaO-f¤ D¾-qvL-h]-¾-SmL-i-S¾LRa joO¨V JRãaO-S¨-º-fO-ºV. jÚORa yUyVWQf]-pORapOU y~f~- ¾ ]- R £pOU nLY- o Lp v]wL- s - o Lp oSf- f q ^jL- i ]- k f| RIW|vOU kOSqL-Y-oj v}ƒ-evOU WPaO-f¤ WqO-¾L-¡-^]-¨O-Ð-f]-sPRa oLNfSo C¾qU Nwo-°¥ sƒ|-¾]Rs-¾O-çP. SkLqL-Ÿ-°-¥¨V WPaO-f¤ WqO¾V kW-qL¢ vqOU-h]-v-y-°-t]¤ joO¨V Wu]-Sp-º-fO-ºV. 07


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oOUmpV y¡-v-W-sL-wL-s-p]¤ KqO os-pLtU R\p¡ y~ÍU nLxpOU yUyVWLqvOU yUq- ƒ ]- ¨ O- W pOU vt- ¡ - ¾ O- W pOU R\áOW IÐfV JRfLqO ^j-f-pORapOU oTs]W fQxVe-pORa nLY-oLeV. AfO-SkLRs nLxpOU yUyVWLqvOU oãO-ç-v-q]¤ Aa]-S\ÿ-s×]¨O- Ð fO vu] Ai}- w f~U òLk]¨LjOU sLnU v¡-È]-Õ]-¨LjOU Dç Nwo- ¾ ]jOU SsLWU ks- S ÕLuOU yLƒ]-pL-p]-ŸO-ºV. v|Lk-W-oLp A¡À-¾]¤ Cf]Rj KqO W}uL¥&SosL¥ mÌ-¾]R£ nLY-oLp] WLeL¢ yLi]-¨OU. BSYLt RfLu]¤ WSÒL-t-¾]¤ Av-yqU Dr-Õ]-¨L¢ CUYæ}xV nLxp]-sOç NkLYÂ|U Aj]-vL-q|-oL-ReÐOç Nk\L-q-eU, AfOU os-pLtU SkLsOç NkLSh-w]-W-nL-x-W-tORa kbjU j]qO- Ã L- z - R Õ- a O- ¾ ]- R ¨LºV oLNfSo yLi]-¨O-W-pOçP IÐ Nk\LqeU, oOX|-iLqL oLi|-o-°tOU Dk-q]-v¡Y v©L-¨tOU v|Lk-W-oLp] ja-¾]R¨L-º]-q]-¨O-W-pL-eV. kb]-¨L¢ o]aO¨-qLp JRr WOŸ]-WtOU CT Nk\-Lq-e¾]jV vu]-RÕ-aO-SÒL¥ NkLSh-w]W nLx WPaO-f¤ Aj|-v-fV-W-q]-¨-RÕaLSj yLÈ|-f-pO-çP. os-pL-t-nL-xàV RWL\ÿO-SW-q-t-¾]¤-fRÐ Ak-\-pU Sjq]-ŸO-RWL-º]-q]¨O-SÒL¥ nq-e-nLx os-pL-t-¾]-sL¨L-jOç f}qO-oL-jvOU, SWq-t-¾]Rs IsæL yVWPtO-W-t]sOU os-pL-t-nL-xL-kbjU j]¡-m-Ì-oL-¨L-jOç f}qO-oLjvOU, os-pL-t-y-¡-v-W-sL-wL-s-pORa òLk-jvOU, SWNÎ-y-¡-¨L-q]-¤-j]ÐV os-pL-t-nL-xpV¨V SNwxV-b (WæLy]-¨tIcfw hfcpóp

¤) khv] Sja]-Rp-aO-¨L¢ yLi]-\ÿfOU os-pL-t-nL-xL-SyÔ-z]-WRt yUm-Ì]\ÿ]-a-S¾LtU BwpV¨V vW j¤-WOÐ vñO-f-W-tL-eV. CT AjO-WP-s-oLp yLz-\q|U orO-jL-a¢ os-pL-t]-y-oP-z¾]jV I°-Rj-RpsæLU Dk-SpL-Y-RÕaO-¾L¢ yLi]-¨O-RoÐV YTq-v-oL-p] \]Í]-S¨º Av-y-q-oL-e]-fV. 18.06.2012–jV oOUmpV os- p Lt] yUpO© yo-q-y-o]-f]-pORa SjfQ-f~¾]¤ f]qO-v-j-Í-kO-q¾V ja-¾]p Nkf]-Sxi oL¡-\ÿ]-RspOU ASÐ-h]vyU Av]Ra ja-¾]p j]qL-zLq yf|L-NY-z-¾]-RspOU 2013 RlNmO-vq]-p]¤ oOX|-o-NÍ], Nkf]-k-ƒ-Sj-fL-vV, oNÍ]-oL¡ IÐ]-v-qO-oLp] ja-¾]p \¡-\ÿ-p]-RspOU Bv-w|-°-t]¤ NkiLj-oLp KÐV oOUm-p]Rs os-pL-t-nL-xLk-b-j-¾]jOU YSv-x-e-¾]-jO-oO-f-W¾- ¨ - v ¹U CÍ|- p ]Rs JãvOU Bh|R¾ (1857&¤ òLk]-fU) oPÐO (W¤-¨-¾pOU oNhLyOU oãO-ç-v) y¡v-W-sL-wL-s-W-t]¤ KÐLp oOUmpV vLuVy]ã]-p]¤ KqO os-pLtU R\p¡ (RNkLl-y-¡-x]-kV) BqU-n]-¨L-jOç I¢-ScLvVRo£V SWqt y¡-¨L¡ J¡RÕ- a O- ¾ - e - R o- Ð O- ç - f L- e V . mzO- . v]h|L-n|L-y-oNÍ] k].RW. AmÉOrmÿV CT WLq|U AjO-nL-v-kP-¡vU kq]-Y-e]¨L-RoÐV Dr-ÕO-f-q]-WpOU Af]-jOç NkLg-o]W v]vqU SwX-q]-¨L-jOç D¾-q-vL-h]f~U yo-q-y-o]f] Nkv-¡-¾WRq Js×]-¨O-W-pO-oOºL-p]. Cf]R£ Aa]-òL-j-¾]¤ CT SsX-W¢ ^P¦ oLy-¾]¤ (27.06.2013) oOUmpV vLuVy]ã]-p]¤

ScL. S^LyV S^L¡^V P\dð sk{I«dn, apwss_ aebmfn kwbpà kac kanXn I¢-ScLvVRo£V WLq|-°-tORa \Oofs vz]- ¨ OÐ ScL. qL^V k L¤ zL¢Rc(cp-rWVa¡, SmL¡cV KLlV pPe]-SvuVy]ã] B£V SWLSt^V RcvskVRo£V)pOoLp] \¡\ÿ ja-¾O-W-pOºL-p]. Cf]R£ DSÇ-w|-s-ƒ|-°¥ v]v-q]-\ÿOç ASk-ƒ-SpL-RaLÕU ospLtU R\p¡ J¡-RÕ-aO-¾O-Ð-f]-jLp] WOr-´fV qºO SWLa] qPk pPe]SvuVy]ã] Cf]-jLp] qPk}-W-q]-¨OÐ SWL¡-kyV lº]Ss¨V SWqt y¡¨L¡ j]Sƒ-k]-¨L¢ fáL-rLeV IÐV Dr-ÕO-j-¤-WOÐ W¾OU D¥-R¨L-ç]-¨e-RoÐV ScL. zL¢-Rc yP\]-Õ]-¨OW-pO-ºL-p]. SWL¡-kyV lº]-¤-j]ÐV W]ŸOÐ ks]-w-RWLºV RNkLl-y-rORapOU oãV AjO-mÌ ðLl]-R£pOU SvfjU RWLaO-¨OW IÐOçfLeV oOUmpV vLuVy]ã]-pORa DSÇ-w|U. CT v]vq°¥ SWqt v]h|n|Ly vWOÕV oNÍ]Rp Ar]p]¨OWpOU y¡¨L¡ jaka]W¥ f~q]fRÕaO¾eRoÐV An|¡À]¨OWpOU R\pVf]ŸOºV. oãV CÍ|¢ nLx-W-tLp WÐ-c, y]Ì], DrO-hO, YO^-rL-¾], z]Î] IÐ]v-àLp] kP¡-e-qP-k-¾]-sOç m]qO-hLj-Íq c]ÕL-¡-aVRo£O-W¥ CSÕL-¥fRÐ oOUmpV vLuVy]ã]-p]¤ Nkv-¡¾]-¨O-ÐO-ºV. oOUm-p]sOU Af]R£ NkLÍ-Nk-Sh-w-°-t]-sO-oLp] sƒ-¨-e¨]jV os-pL-t]-W¥ vy]-¨O-ÐO-ºV. 06

Jã-vO-o-i]WU os-pL-t]-W¥ vy]-¨OÐ jYqU IÐ khv] oOUmpV¨Oç-fLeV. os-pLtU nLx-pORa AÍyV orOjL-aO-W-t]¤ I¾]-¨LjOU oOUm-p-]Rs os- p L- t - n L- x L- k - b - j vOU os- p LtU o]x¢ SNkLNYLoOU JSWL-k]-Õ]-¨O-Ðf]-jOç Nwo¾]jOU KTSh|L-Y]-W-oLp] (t]Pv 05ð \nópw XpSÀ¨) j]-\ÿ-f-jO-y-q]-\ÿLeV SWq-t-¾]Rs 140 IUI- ¤ - I - o L- ¡ ¨OU Av- q - v - q ORa o¼-s-°-t]¤ j]ÐOU oOUm-p]¤ fLoy]-¨OÐ NkvL-y]-o-s-pL-t]-W¥ KÕ]Ÿ n}o-z-¡^] yo-¡-Õ]-¨L¢ Nwo-°¥ fOa°]-p-fV. KÕO-Sw-X-q-e-¾]R£ Nk\-qeL-¡ÀU v]v]i W|LÒ-p]-jO-WtOU SoX-sL-fs W¦-Rv-¢-x-jO-WtOU ja¾-e-RoÐOU B W¦-Rv-¢-x¢ f}qOoL-j]-\ÿ-f]R£ Rvt]-\ÿ-¾]-sLeV k]Ð}aOç Nkv-¡-¾-j-°¥ JSWL-k]Õ]¨RÕ-Ÿ-fV.

SoX-sL-fs W¦-Rv-¢-x-jO-W¥ ScLUm]vVs], Ws|L-¦, DsæLyV jY-¡, AUm-¡-jL-gV, mh-sL-kP¡ IÐ]v]-a-°-t]Rs v]v]i os-pLt] yoL-^°-tO-RapOU yUZ-a-j-W-tO-RapOU Nkf]j]-i]-WRt kRË-aO-Õ]\ÿV DsæLyVjY-r]¤ jaÐ W¦-Rv-¢-x¢ os-pLt] yLoPz| Nkv-¡-¾W y]o] sL¤^O DhVZL-ajU R\pÅO. a]. fÒLR£ AÈ|-ƒf-p]¤ S\¡Ð SpLY-¾]¤ k].c]. ^p- N k- W L- w V , vâ oP¡- S ¨L- ¾ V , RW.RW. NkWL-w-¢, mLmO oLÐL-¡, SsX SoSjL- ¢ , oOqO- W ¢ RRWo- ¥ , mLmO R\°-ÐP-¡, SNko-¢ mLs-WQ-xVe-¢, yOSqxV SoSjL-¢, ^}v-qL-^-¢, h}kWV k\ÿ, AqO¦ WQxV-e¢ IÐ]v¡ yUyL-q]-\ÿO. SoX-sL-nL-q-vL-z]-WtLp] R\p-¡-oL¢ Ac~. ^].I.RW. jLp-¡, RRvyV R\p-¡-oL¢ k].RW. sLs], ^j-r¤ W¦-v}-j¡ y]o] sL¤^O, S^L. W¦- v }- j ¡ YUYL- i - q ¢ jÒ|L¡ IÐ]-v-RqpOU 20 AUY JSWLk-j-y-o]-f]-RppOU Rfq-R´-aO-¾O. SYLRq- Y L- v ]Rs RRWqt] o]Nf o¼-s]¤ S\¡Ð RvSð¦ SoXsL P\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014

os-pLtU R\p¡ (RNkLl-y-¡) òLjU Dk-SpL-Y-RÕ-aO-¾L¢ yLi]¨O-Ro-ÐOç WLq|U SWqt v]h|L-n|L-yoNÍ] vu] SWq-t-y-¡-¨L-q]Rj SmLÈ|RÕ-aO-¾L-jOç fOa¡ Nkv-¡-¾-j-oLeV oOUmpV os-p-Lt]-W¥ CSÕL¥ JRãaOS¨º-fV. SNwxV-b-nL-xL-k-h-v], os-

pLt y¡-v-W-sL-wL-sL-òL-k-jU, nqe-nLx os-pL-t-¾]sL¨¤ IÐ}SjŸ-°-¥-R¨LÕU oRãLqO fPv¤ BWRŸ oOUmpV vLuVy]ã]p]¤ os-pLtU R\p-r]R£ òLk-jU.

W¦-Rv-¢-x-j]¤ mLNÎ oOf¤ hz]y¡ vRq-pOç NkSh-w-°-t]Rs os-pLt]-yU-Z-a-jL-Nk-f]-j]-i]-W-tLeV kRË-aO¾- f V . y].RW. \N΢ AÈ|- ƒ f vz]\ÿ ySÚ-t-j-¾]¤ ScL. S^LyV S^L¡-^V, qLo-\-N΢ oµ-r-Ò-¾V, a].v]. nq-fV, qLi YOkÅ¢ IÐ]-v¡ yUyL-q]-\ÿO. fLRj SoX-s-p]Rs v]v]i os-pLt] yoL-^-°-tO-RapOU yUZ-a-j-W-tO-RapOU Nkf]-j]-i]-WRt kRË-aO-Õ]\ÿV wLyVNf]jY-r]Rs Sov v]h|L-j]-SW-f¢ yVWPt]¤ jaÐ W¦-Rv-¢-x¢ os-pL-t]-yL-oP-z|Nk-v-¡-¾W Ac~. SNko SoSjL¢ DhVZL-ajU R\pÅO. yo-q-y-o]f] R\p-¡SkuV y ¦ k].c]. ^p- N k- W L- w ]R£ AÈ|-ƒ-f-p]¤ S\¡Ð SpLY-¾]¤ v]v]i yUZ-a-j-WRt Nkf]-j]-i}-W-q]\ÿV 80KLtU Sk¡ kRË-aO-¾O. j|Lp-oLp Bv- w |- ° ¥ Sja]- R p- a O- ¨ L¢ An]NkLp v|f|L-y-°¥ oLã]-v\ÿV yUZ-a-jW¥ KÐ]-\ÿO-j]-¤-S¨-ºfV orO-jL-a¢ os-pL-t]-W-tORa \q]-Nf-k-q-oLp Bv-w|oL- R eÐV W¦- R v- ¢ - x ¢ v]s- p ]- q O¾]. SoX-sL-nL-q-vL-z]-W-tLp] R\p-¡SkuVy¦ Ac~. SNko SoSjL-¢, ^jr¤ W¦-v}-j¡ IU.k]. v¡-Y}-yV IÐ]v-RqpOU 15 AUY JSWL-kj yo]-f]RppOU Rfq-R´-aO-¾O. RRWqt] Rv¤Rl- p ¡ ASyL- y ]- S p- x ¢ zLt]¤ S\¡Ð WÆP-¡-oL-¡YV SoXsL W¦-Rv¢-x-j]¤ WO¡t oOf¤ oOtOºV vRqpOç NkSh-w-°-t]Rs os-pLt] yUZ-ajL-Nk-f]-j]-i]-W-tLeV kRË-aO-¾-fV. v]^p¢ jLp¡ AÈ|-ƒf vz]\ÿ ySÚtjU a].RW. mLmO-qL^V DhV-ZLajU R\pÅO. ScL. S^LyV S^L¡-^V, RW. kv]Nf-¢, k]. yOh-¡-w-¢, yOf-¢, qZP-¾-o¢, y]. kv]-Nf-¢, SveO-SYL-kL-¤ fOa°]-p-v¡ yUyL-q]-\ÿO. v]^-p¢ jLp¡ R\p-¡-oLjOU a].y]. R\r]-pL¢ W¦-v}j-rO-oLp] SoX-sL-y-o]f] qPk-v-fV-W-q]-

¨O-W-pO-ºL-p]. j|Lp-oLp Bv-w|°¥ AjO-v-h]-¨O-Ð-f]¤ WLe]-¨OÐ ñUn-jL-vò kq]-z-q]-¨L¢ oOUmp]¤ oLNf-osæ SWq-t-¾]sOU WPaO-f¤ ^j-W}p yÚ-¡hU Dp-¡-¾]-R¨LºOvSq-º-fO-RºÐV W¦-Rv-¢-x¢ v]sp]-qO-¾]. vyL-p]Rs m].RW.IôV. yVWPt]¤ jaÐ vyL-pV&v]qL¡ SoXsL-W-¦-Rv-¢-x¢ my}¢ SWq-t-yoL^U Nky]-c£V k].v].RW. jÒ|L¡ DhVZL-ajU R\pÅO. k].c]. ^p-Nk-WL-wV, B¡.c]. zq]-WO-oL¡ IÐ]-v¡ yUyLq]-\ÿO. IU.I¤.IoL- ¡ - ¨ Oç o¼sU f]q]-\ÿOç KÕO-Sw-X-q-evOU fOa-¡-Nk-v¡-¾-j-°tOU IsæL SoX-s-W-t]sOU WPaOf¤ DT¡-^]-f-RÕ-aO-¾L¢ SoX-sL-fs W¦-Rv-¢-x-jO-W-¥¨V Wu]-´O. C¾q-¾]¤ qPk-RÕ-aO-¾]-Rp-aO¾ vs]p ^j-W}p Nkf]-SqL-i-¾]-R£pOU j]q-Íq- o Lp yÚ- ¡ - h - ¾ ]- R £pOU ls- o LpLeV KSŸRr Bv-w|-°-t]¤ NW]pL-ÄW-oLp yo}-kjU y~}W-q]-¨L¢ y¡¨L- q ]Rj j]¡- m - Ì ]- f - o L- ¨ ]- p - f V . IÐL¤ orO-jL-a¢ os-pL-t]-W-tORa ^}v]-fR¾ Ro\ÿ-RÕŸ AjO-n-v-oL¨] f}¡-¨L-jOç KSŸRr WLf-sLp j]¡-Shw-°-t]¤ y¡-¨L¡ CSÕLuOU oTjU fOa-qO-ÐO-ºV. AfO-RWL-ºO-fRÐ CT kOf]p yo-qLSvwU WPaO-f¤ D¾-qvL-h]-¾-SmL-i-S¾LRa joO¨V JRãaO-S¨-º-fO-ºV. jÚORa yUyVWQf]-pORapOU y~f~- ¾ ]- R £pOU nLY- o Lp v]wL- s - o Lp oSf- f q ^jL- i ]- k f| RIW|vOU kOSqL-Y-oj v}ƒ-evOU WPaO-f¤ WqO-¾L-¡-^]-¨O-Ð-f]-sPRa oLNfSo C¾qU Nwo-°¥ sƒ|-¾]Rs-¾O-çP. SkLqL-Ÿ-°-¥¨V WPaO-f¤ WqO¾V kW-qL¢ vqOU-h]-v-y-°-t]¤ joO¨V Wu]-Sp-º-fO-ºV. 07


IhÀkvtämdn

IhÀkvtämdn

oOURRm os-pLt] yoL-^-°-tORa SjfQ-j]-q-p]¤ yVNf}-W-tORa òLjU os- p L- t - n LxLNk\L- q - e - y UZU os- p L- S tL- à - v - S ¾L- a - j O- m - Ì ]\ÿ V "oOU- m pV os- p Lt] yoL- ^ - ° - t ORa SjfQ-j]-q-p]¤ Nñ}W-tORa òLjU' IÐ v]x-p-¾]¤ kLj¤ \¡\ÿ ja¾]. Nkwñ yLz]-f|-WLq] oLjy] SoLc-SrãV R\pÅO-RWLºV yUyL-q]-\ÿO. os-pL-t]-y-oL-^-°-t]¤ RWLa]p kOqOx-So-iL-v]f~U j]s-j]-¤-¨O-Ð-fLp] Av¡ An]-NkL-p-RÕ-ŸO. kOqO-xL-i]kf| yoP-z-¾]R£ j]p-o°Rt or]-WaÐORWLºV yoL-^-°-tORa SjfQ-j]-qp]¤ I¾OÐ Nñ}W-¥-SkLsOU ks-fq-¾]-sOç Av-Y-e-j-W¥ Sjq]-aO-ÐO. WOaOU- m - ¾ ]- j - W ¾OU kOr- �� O- o Oç hQw|vOU AhQ-w|-vO-oLp KSŸRr Za-W°¥ RkLfO-v]-a-°¥ Nñ}W-¥¨V Aj|oL-¨O-ÐO. KqO kP¡e v|©]-pLp] ^}v]-¨O-Ð-f]jO Svº]-pOç Nñ}W-tORa Av-WL-w-SkL-qL-Ÿ-°¥ v]wL-soLp ^jL-i]-k-f|-y-oP-z-¾]jO Svº]pOç SkLqL-Ÿ-oLp] fRÐ-pLeV ojy]-sL-S¨-º-fV. AfO-RWL-ºO-fRÐ

CT yo-q-¾]¤ j]ÐV j}f]-SmL-ioOç kOqO-xjOU Nñ}¨OU oLr]-j]-¤-¨LjL- W ]- s æ . os- p L- t ]- y - o L- ^ - ° - t ]Rs WÚ]-ã]-W-t]sOU nLq-vL-z]-f~-¾]sOU Nñ}W-tORa fOs|-k-ËL-t]¾U Dr-ÕL-S¨ºfV ^jL-i]-k-f|-¾]-jO-Svº] j]sRWL-çOÐ os-pL-t]-W-tORa WPŸO-¾-qvL-h]-f~U-f-RÐ-pL-eV – oLjy] An]NkL-p-RÕ-ŸO. R\ÒP¡ Bh-¡w v]h|L-s-p-¾]¤ jaÐ \¡-\ÿ-p]¤ CT v]x-p-¾]Rs os- p L- t - n L- x L- N k- \ L- q - e - y U- Z - ¾ ]R£ yo}-k-j-SqX qL^-sƒVo] zq]hLyV Av-f-q]-Õ]-\ÿO. oOUm-p]Rs ospL-t]-y-oL-^-°-t]¤ Nñ}W-tORa fOs|-kËL-t]¾U Dr-ÕL-¨O-Ð-f]-jLp] kS¾LtU NkLSpL-Y]W j]¡-Sh-w-°¥ Aa-°O-Ð-fL-p]-qOÐO NkñOf yo}kj SqX. fLs- R ÕL- s ], kPR\ÿ º V RWLaO- ¨ ¤ IÐ}kq]- k L- a ]- W - t ]¤ kRË-aO-Õ]-\ÿO-RWLºV Nñ}WRt yLUyVWLq]W kq]-kL-a]-W-t]Rs RWŸOWL- u V - \ - W - t L¨] oLãO- Ð - f ]Rj SqX

Af]-j]-w]-foLp nLx-p]¤ v]o-¡-w]¨O-ÐO. WOaOU-m-¾]¤ j]ÐV kOqO-xjO oLNfU AUYf~U j¤-W-¤, vj]fL ymV WÚ]-ã]-W¥ fOa-°]p Nkv-e-fW¥ Av-yL-j]-Õ]\ÿV WÚ]-ã]-W-t]sOU AUY-f~-¾]sOU fOs|-oLp Nñ}&kOqOx kËL-t]¾U Dr-ÕL-¨-e-RoÐV Bv-w|RÕ-aOÐ SqX \¡-\ÿ-p]¤ BSv-w-kP¡vU y~}W-q]-¨-RÕ-ŸO. SqX-p]Rs j]¡Sh-w-°¥ wq]-v-àO-Ð-fL-p]-qO-ÐO \¡\ÿ-pORa RkLfO-v]-WL-qU. Nk}f] SwX-¡, Ac~. SNkoLSo-SjL¢, m]^]s] nq-f-¢, y]o] sL¤-^O, ^]. v]w~-jL-g-¢, vâ oP¡-S¨L¾V, ScL. S^LyV S^L¡-^V, Dx S^L¦, Y}f hLSoL-h-q-¢, k].c]. ^p-Nk-WL-wV, ASwLWVWOoL¡ c]., RW.RW. NkWL-w¢, h}kWV k\ÿ fOa-°]-p-v¡ \¡-\ÿ-p]¤ y^}-v-oLp] Ca-Rk-ŸO. oOUm-p]Rs v]v]i yoL- ^ - ° - t ]¤ j]ÐLp] jPSrLtU AUY-°¥ \¡-\ÿ-p]¤ kRË-aO¾O. v].IU. r]pLyV y~LY- f vOU m]ÎO ^p¢ jÎ]pOU kr-´O.

os-pL-t]-y-oL-^-°¥ yVNf}y-o-f~-SmLiU y~LUw}-W-q]-¨eU os-pL-t]-y-oL-^-°-tORa SjfQ-j]-q-p]¤ Nñ}W-tORa òLj-R¾-¨O-r]\ÿV \PaO-k]-a]\ÿ \¡-\ÿ-W¥ ja-ÐO-RWL-º]-q]R¨ XL¡-Z¡ yoL-^-¾]R£ Nky]-c-£V-òL-j-S¾¨V Nw}of] yOo vLq|¡ Rfq-R´-aO-¨-RÕ-ŸfV oOUm-p]Rs os-pLt] yLoPz| vQ¾-°-t]¤ JRr NwÈ]-¨-RÕ-ŸO. nLxLNk-\L-q-e-yU-Z-¾]R£ jv]-oOU-m-p]Rs AÈ|ƒ¢ v]. ^p-h}-xLeV XL¡-Z¡ yoL-^-¾]R£ RyNW-Ÿ-r]-pLp] Rfq-R´-aO-¨-RÕ-Ÿ-fV. kOf]p yLq-g]-WtOU Av-¡¨O k]ÍOe j¤-WL¢ kq]-\p-y-Ò-Ð-qLp kup Nky]-c£OU RyNW-Ÿ-r]pOU oãO yoL^U Nkv-¡-¾-W-qO-RosæLU S\¡ÐV XL¡Z¡ yoL^¾]R£ Nkv-¡-¾-j-°-¥¨V kOf]-RpLqO y^}-vf RRWv-Ð]-q]-¨O-ÐO. W¤v yoL^U RyNW-Ÿr] Nw}of] yOo oOWO-Î-¢, CSÕL¥ XL¡-Z¡ yoL^U Nky]-c-£Lp] Rfq-R´-aO-¨-RÕŸ Nw}of] yOo vLq|¡ fOa°] v]q-s]-Rs-¹L-vO-Ð-v¡ oLNfSo CÐV oOUmpV os-pL-t]-y-oL-^-°-t]¤ NkoOX nLq-vLz]òLjU vz]-¨OÐ vj]-f-W-tL-pO-çP. Cj]-pO-RoNfSpL vj]-f-W¥ os-pL-t]-y-oL^U Nkv-¡-¾-j-°-tORa SWNÎ-òL-j-°t]-Ss¨V Wp-r]-vqOU IÐ Nkf}ƒ kOs-¡-¾O-ÐOºV Nw}of] yOo vLq|-¡. Av-qO-oLp] h}kWV k\ÿ ja-¾]p An]-oO-X-¾]¤ j]ÐV:

kpa hmcyÀ Nñ}yL-Ð]È|U jSÐ WOr-vOç os-pL-t]-y-oL-^-¾]R£ Nkv-¡-¾-jSo-X-s-p]¤ y^}-v-oLp fLË-¥¨V os- p L- t - n L- x L- N k- \ L- q - e - y U- Z ¾]R£ An]-j-Î-jU Bh|So Ar]-p]¨-RŸ. oOUmpV jY-q-¾]Rs f]q¨Oç WOaOU- m - ^ }- v ]- f - ¾ ]- j ]- a p]sOU yLoP-z|-Nk-v-¡-¾-j-°-t]¤ y^}-v-oL-WL-jOç NkS\L-hj¾]R£ WLq-e-°¥ v]w-h}-W-q]¨L-SoL? tIcfw hfcpóp

04

P\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014

Nñ}W- t ORa yLoP- z |- o O- S Ð- ã - ¾ ]jLp] BSv-w-kP-¡-v-oLp \¡-\ÿ-W¥ ja-¨O-SÒLuOU Af]jO kq|L-kÅ-oLp yLoPz| \OãO- k L- R aL- q O- ¨ L¢ ksSÕLuOU ks yUZ-a-j-W-¥¨OU yLi]¨L-r]-sæ. Af]-¤-j]ÐOU JRr v]n]-ÐoLp AjO-n-v-oLeV IRÐ yUm-Ì]\ÿ]-a-S¾LtU CT yoL-^-¾]Rs Wu]´-WLs Nkv-¡-¾-j-°-t]-¤-j]-ÐO-çfV. Nñ}W-¥¨V A¡-z]-¨OÐ kq]-Yej j¤-WOÐ-f]jOU AvRq yoP-z-

¾]R£ oOX|-iL-q-p]-Ss¨V RWLºO-vqO-Ð-f]jOU SmLi-kP-¡-v-oLp Ca-Rka¤ Wu]-´-WL-s-y-oL-^-¾]R£ nLqvL-z]-W-t]-¤-j]ÐOU Nkv-¡-¾-W-q]-¤j]ÐOU DºL-p]-ŸO-ºV. yLoP-z|-Nk-v-¡¾-j-¾]-¤-j]ÐOU sn|-oL-¨-RÕ-aOÐ BÄ-yU-fQ-kÅ]pOU kOf]p yTzQ-h°tOU Kq]-¨¤ C¾-q-¾]-sOç Nkv¡-¾-j-°-t]¤ kËL-t]-pLp BRqpOU k]r-SWL-Ÿ-a]-Õ]-¨]sæ IÐ-fLeV IR£ v]w~L-yU. yLoP-z|-Nk-v-¡-¾-j-¾]¤ 09


IhÀkvtämdn

IhÀkvtämdn

oOURRm os-pLt] yoL-^-°-tORa SjfQ-j]-q-p]¤ yVNf}-W-tORa òLjU os- p L- t - n LxLNk\L- q - e - y UZU os- p L- S tL- à - v - S ¾L- a - j O- m - Ì ]\ÿ V "oOU- m pV os- p Lt] yoL- ^ - ° - t ORa SjfQ-j]-q-p]¤ Nñ}W-tORa òLjU' IÐ v]x-p-¾]¤ kLj¤ \¡\ÿ ja¾]. Nkwñ yLz]-f|-WLq] oLjy] SoLc-SrãV R\pÅO-RWLºV yUyL-q]-\ÿO. os-pL-t]-y-oL-^-°-t]¤ RWLa]p kOqOx-So-iL-v]f~U j]s-j]-¤-¨O-Ð-fLp] Av¡ An]-NkL-p-RÕ-ŸO. kOqO-xL-i]kf| yoP-z-¾]R£ j]p-o°Rt or]-WaÐORWLºV yoL-^-°-tORa SjfQ-j]-qp]¤ I¾OÐ Nñ}W-¥-SkLsOU ks-fq-¾]-sOç Av-Y-e-j-W¥ Sjq]-aO-ÐO. WOaOU- m - ¾ ]- j - W ¾OU kOr- ¾ O- o Oç hQw|vOU AhQ-w|-vO-oLp KSŸRr Za-W°¥ RkLfO-v]-a-°¥ Nñ}W-¥¨V Aj|oL-¨O-ÐO. KqO kP¡e v|©]-pLp] ^}v]-¨O-Ð-f]jO Svº]-pOç Nñ}W-tORa Av-WL-w-SkL-qL-Ÿ-°¥ v]wL-soLp ^jL-i]-k-f|-y-oP-z-¾]jO Svº]pOç SkLqL-Ÿ-oLp] fRÐ-pLeV ojy]-sL-S¨-º-fV. AfO-RWL-ºO-fRÐ

CT yo-q-¾]¤ j]ÐV j}f]-SmL-ioOç kOqO-xjOU Nñ}¨OU oLr]-j]-¤-¨LjL- W ]- s æ . os- p L- t ]- y - o L- ^ - ° - t ]Rs WÚ]-ã]-W-t]sOU nLq-vL-z]-f~-¾]sOU Nñ}W-tORa fOs|-k-ËL-t]¾U Dr-ÕL-S¨ºfV ^jL-i]-k-f|-¾]-jO-Svº] j]sRWL-çOÐ os-pL-t]-W-tORa WPŸO-¾-qvL-h]-f~U-f-RÐ-pL-eV – oLjy] An]NkL-p-RÕ-ŸO. R\ÒP¡ Bh-¡w v]h|L-s-p-¾]¤ jaÐ \¡-\ÿ-p]¤ CT v]x-p-¾]Rs os- p L- t - n L- x L- N k- \ L- q - e - y U- Z - ¾ ]R£ yo}-k-j-SqX qL^-sƒVo] zq]hLyV Av-f-q]-Õ]-\ÿO. oOUm-p]Rs ospL-t]-y-oL-^-°-t]¤ Nñ}W-tORa fOs|-kËL-t]¾U Dr-ÕL-¨O-Ð-f]-jLp] kS¾LtU NkLSpL-Y]W j]¡-Sh-w-°¥ Aa-°O-Ð-fL-p]-qOÐO NkñOf yo}kj SqX. fLs- R ÕL- s ], kPR\ÿ º V RWLaO- ¨ ¤ IÐ}kq]- k L- a ]- W - t ]¤ kRË-aO-Õ]-\ÿO-RWLºV Nñ}WRt yLUyVWLq]W kq]-kL-a]-W-t]Rs RWŸOWL- u V - \ - W - t L¨] oLãO- Ð - f ]Rj SqX

Af]-j]-w]-foLp nLx-p]¤ v]o-¡-w]¨O-ÐO. WOaOU-m-¾]¤ j]ÐV kOqO-xjO oLNfU AUYf~U j¤-W-¤, vj]fL ymV WÚ]-ã]-W¥ fOa-°]p Nkv-e-fW¥ Av-yL-j]-Õ]\ÿV WÚ]-ã]-W-t]sOU AUY-f~-¾]sOU fOs|-oLp Nñ}&kOqOx kËL-t]¾U Dr-ÕL-¨-e-RoÐV Bv-w|RÕ-aOÐ SqX \¡-\ÿ-p]¤ BSv-w-kP¡vU y~}W-q]-¨-RÕ-ŸO. SqX-p]Rs j]¡Sh-w-°¥ wq]-v-àO-Ð-fL-p]-qO-ÐO \¡\ÿ-pORa RkLfO-v]-WL-qU. Nk}f] SwX-¡, Ac~. SNkoLSo-SjL¢, m]^]s] nq-f-¢, y]o] sL¤-^O, ^]. v]w~-jL-g-¢, vâ oP¡-S¨L¾V, ScL. S^LyV S^L¡-^V, Dx S^L¦, Y}f hLSoL-h-q-¢, k].c]. ^p-Nk-WL-wV, ASwLWVWOoL¡ c]., RW.RW. NkWL-w¢, h}kWV k\ÿ fOa-°]-p-v¡ \¡-\ÿ-p]¤ y^}-v-oLp] Ca-Rk-ŸO. oOUm-p]Rs v]v]i yoL- ^ - ° - t ]¤ j]ÐLp] jPSrLtU AUY-°¥ \¡-\ÿ-p]¤ kRË-aO¾O. v].IU. r]pLyV y~LY- f vOU m]ÎO ^p¢ jÎ]pOU kr-´O.

os-pL-t]-y-oL-^-°¥ yVNf}y-o-f~-SmLiU y~LUw}-W-q]-¨eU os-pL-t]-y-oL-^-°-tORa SjfQ-j]-q-p]¤ Nñ}W-tORa òLj-R¾-¨O-r]\ÿV \PaO-k]-a]\ÿ \¡-\ÿ-W¥ ja-ÐO-RWL-º]-q]R¨ XL¡-Z¡ yoL-^-¾]R£ Nky]-c-£V-òL-j-S¾¨V Nw}of] yOo vLq|¡ Rfq-R´-aO-¨-RÕ-ŸfV oOUm-p]Rs os-pLt] yLoPz| vQ¾-°-t]¤ JRr NwÈ]-¨-RÕ-ŸO. nLxLNk-\L-q-e-yU-Z-¾]R£ jv]-oOU-m-p]Rs AÈ|ƒ¢ v]. ^p-h}-xLeV XL¡-Z¡ yoL-^-¾]R£ RyNW-Ÿ-r]-pLp] Rfq-R´-aO-¨-RÕ-Ÿ-fV. kOf]p yLq-g]-WtOU Av-¡¨O k]ÍOe j¤-WL¢ kq]-\p-y-Ò-Ð-qLp kup Nky]-c£OU RyNW-Ÿ-r]pOU oãO yoL^U Nkv-¡-¾-W-qO-RosæLU S\¡ÐV XL¡Z¡ yoL^¾]R£ Nkv-¡-¾-j-°-¥¨V kOf]-RpLqO y^}-vf RRWv-Ð]-q]-¨O-ÐO. W¤v yoL^U RyNW-Ÿr] Nw}of] yOo oOWO-Î-¢, CSÕL¥ XL¡-Z¡ yoL^U Nky]-c-£Lp] Rfq-R´-aO-¨-RÕŸ Nw}of] yOo vLq|¡ fOa°] v]q-s]-Rs-¹L-vO-Ð-v¡ oLNfSo CÐV oOUmpV os-pL-t]-y-oL-^-°-t]¤ NkoOX nLq-vLz]òLjU vz]-¨OÐ vj]-f-W-tL-pO-çP. Cj]-pO-RoNfSpL vj]-f-W¥ os-pL-t]-y-oL^U Nkv-¡-¾-j-°-tORa SWNÎ-òL-j-°t]-Ss¨V Wp-r]-vqOU IÐ Nkf}ƒ kOs-¡-¾O-ÐOºV Nw}of] yOo vLq|-¡. Av-qO-oLp] h}kWV k\ÿ ja-¾]p An]-oO-X-¾]¤ j]ÐV:

kpa hmcyÀ Nñ}yL-Ð]È|U jSÐ WOr-vOç os-pL-t]-y-oL-^-¾]R£ Nkv-¡-¾-jSo-X-s-p]¤ y^}-v-oLp fLË-¥¨V os- p L- t - n L- x L- N k- \ L- q - e - y U- Z ¾]R£ An]-j-Î-jU Bh|So Ar]-p]¨-RŸ. oOUmpV jY-q-¾]Rs f]q¨Oç WOaOU- m - ^ }- v ]- f - ¾ ]- j ]- a p]sOU yLoP-z|-Nk-v-¡-¾-j-°-t]¤ y^}-v-oL-WL-jOç NkS\L-hj¾]R£ WLq-e-°¥ v]w-h}-W-q]¨L-SoL? tIcfw hfcpóp

04

P\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014

Nñ}W- t ORa yLoP- z |- o O- S Ð- ã - ¾ ]jLp] BSv-w-kP-¡-v-oLp \¡-\ÿ-W¥ ja-¨O-SÒLuOU Af]jO kq|L-kÅ-oLp yLoPz| \OãO- k L- R aL- q O- ¨ L¢ ksSÕLuOU ks yUZ-a-j-W-¥¨OU yLi]¨L-r]-sæ. Af]-¤-j]ÐOU JRr v]n]-ÐoLp AjO-n-v-oLeV IRÐ yUm-Ì]\ÿ]-a-S¾LtU CT yoL-^-¾]Rs Wu]´-WLs Nkv-¡-¾-j-°-t]-¤-j]-ÐO-çfV. Nñ}W-¥¨V A¡-z]-¨OÐ kq]-Yej j¤-WOÐ-f]jOU AvRq yoP-z-

¾]R£ oOX|-iL-q-p]-Ss¨V RWLºO-vqO-Ð-f]jOU SmLi-kP-¡-v-oLp Ca-Rka¤ Wu]-´-WL-s-y-oL-^-¾]R£ nLqvL-z]-W-t]-¤-j]ÐOU Nkv-¡-¾-W-q]-¤j]ÐOU DºL-p]-ŸO-ºV. yLoP-z|-Nk-v-¡¾-j-¾]-¤-j]ÐOU sn|-oL-¨-RÕ-aOÐ BÄ-yU-fQ-kÅ]pOU kOf]p yTzQ-h°tOU Kq]-¨¤ C¾-q-¾]-sOç Nkv¡-¾-j-°-t]¤ kËL-t]-pLp BRqpOU k]r-SWL-Ÿ-a]-Õ]-¨]sæ IÐ-fLeV IR£ v]w~L-yU. yLoP-z|-Nk-v-¡-¾-j-¾]¤ 09


Nñ}W-¥¨OU Av-qO-Sa-fLp yUnL-v-jW¥ j¤- W L¢ Wu]- p O- R oÐ KqO Nñ}pORa BÄ-v]-w~L-y-¾]¤ j]ÐLeV Av-qORa yLoP-z|-Nk-v-¡-¾j-¾]R£ fOa-¨vOU AfO-vu] Nñ}y-oPz- ¾ ]- R £ yoP- s - o Lp Dp- ¡ - \ ÿ p OU yLÈ|-oL-WO-Ð-fV. "oOUmpV os- p L- t ]- y - o L- ^ - ° t]Rs Nñ}yL-Ð]-È|U-' IÐ v]x-p¾]¤ JfLjOU oLy-°-¥¨O oOÒV nLxL-Nk-\L-q-e-yUZU KqO yUvLhU ja-¾]-pfOU AfO-oLp] mÌ-RÕŸV \]s Nkf]-WPs Nkf]-W-qe-°tOU NwÈ-p]¤ RkŸ]-q]-¨O-oSsæL. CT v]x-pR¾ I°Rj SjL¨]-¨L-eO-ÐO? yf|-¾]-¤, oOUmpV os-pL-t]-yoL-^-°-tORa oOX|-iL-q-p]-Ss¨V Nñ}WtOU Wa-ÐO-v-qeU IÐ BÄL-¡À-oLp BNY-z-S¾LRa os-pL-t-nLxL-Nk-\L-q-e-yUZU ja-¾]p yUvLh-¾]R£ Ds×-Ð-oL-pLeV `LRjR£ Nky]- c - £ V - ò L- j R¾ WLeO- Ð - f V . WQf|-oLp] kr-´L-¤, yUvL-hR¾ fOa-¡-ÐO-ºLp \¡\ÿ-W-tORa kéL-¾s-¾]-sLeV XL¡-Z¡ yoL-^-¾]sOU Nñ}nL- q - v L- z ]W¥ vqeU IÐ BSsL-\j y^}-v-oL-p-fV. B yUvL-h¾]R£ SoLc-Sr-ã-rL-p]-qOÐ Nkwñ IuO-¾O-WLq] oLjy] Kq]-¨¤ KqO kq]-kL-a]-p]¤ kRË-aO¾O yUyL-q]-\ÿfV CÐOU `L¢ KL¡- ¨ O- Ð O- º V . Nñ}WRt ks-SÕLuOU oz]-tL-v]-nLYU qPk}-W-q]\ÿV Af]R£ yLq-g]-W-tL¨] v]w]-ìL-f]-g]-W-¥¨V kPR\ÿºO RWLaO¨LjOU y~LY-f-YL-j-oL-s-k]-¨LjOU

oLNf- o Lp] kq]- o ]- f - R Õ- a O- ¾ L- j LeV o]¨ yoL-^-°tOU Nwo]-¨O-Ð-fV. Cf]¤- j ]ÐV v|f|- ñ - o Lp] Nñ}W- ¥ ¨V NkLiLj|U j¤-WOÐ q}f]-pORa fOa¨U XL¡-Z-r]-¤-j]-ÐO-f-RÐ-pL-WRŸ IÐV yoL^U WÚ]ã] f}qO- o L- j ]- \ ÿ - O . oãO yUZ-a-j-W-¥R¨LÐOU Av-WL-w-RÕaL- j ]- s æ L - ¾ - v ¹U Nñ}yL- Ð ]- È |URWLºV yÒO-ì-oLeV os-pL-t-nL-xLNk-\L-q-e-yU-ZU IÐLeV `L¢ ojô]-sL-¨O-Ð-fV. CfV oOUmpV os-pL-t]y-oP-z-¾]R£ yLUyVWLq]-W-oLp KqO WOf]-\ÿO-\L-Ÿ-¾]R£ fOa-¨-oL-eV. CT ozL-j-Y-q-¾]Rs oOuO-v¢ os-pL-t]-yoL-^-°tOU oãO yUZ-a-j-WtOU C¾-qRoLqO Nkv-¡-¾-j-k-ÏL-v]¤ vqeU IÐL-eV `L¢ BNY-z]-¨O-Ð-fV. Nñ}W- ¥ ¨V C¾- q - ¾ ]- s Oç yLoP- z |- N k- v - ¡ - ¾ - j - ° - ¥ - ¨ Oç Wu]-v]sæ IÐ o]g|L-iL-q-e-W¥ v\ÿO-kO-s-¡-¾O-Ð-v-qLeV os-pL-t]y- o L- ^ - ° - t ORa nLq- v L- z ]- W - t ]¤ \]s-Rq-Ë]-sOU. A¾qU oO¢-v]-i]WRt KqO Nñ}nL-q-vL-z]-RpÐ j]sp]¤ I°Rj WLeO-ÐO? vtRq j]qL-wL-^-j-WvOU yLoL-j|mO- È ]¨V j]q- ¨ L- ¾ - f O- o Lp KqO SmLi- R oSÐ Ij]- ¨ ]- S fÕã] krpL¢ Wu]-pP. Nñ}W¥ qLNì-k-f], NkiLj-oNÍ] fOa°] IsæL nq-e-So-X-s-Wt]sOU Wu]vO Rft]-p]\ÿ KqO jLŸ]¤ Nñ}W-¥¨V Af]-jOç Wu]SvL yLo-¡À|SoL Csæ IÐO kr-pO-Ð-f]Rs yLUYf|U IÍL-eV? WOŸ]-WRt kq]-\q]\ÿ O U n¡- ¾ L- v ]Rj wONwPx]\ÿ O U nƒeU kLWU R\pÅOU AaO-¨-t-ˆO-v-qO-

W-t]¤ oLNfU Nñ}WRt KfO-¨]-¨-t-pLjOç NwoU yoP- z - ¾ ]¤ I¨Ls¾OU ja-Ð]-ŸO-ºV. A¾qU RkLfOiL-q-e-WRt f\ÿO-a-àOW IÐ-fLeV Nñ}oO-SÐ-ã-¾]R£ Bh|-\O-v-aV. yLoPz|&yLUyV W Lq]W kq]- k L- a ]- W - t ]¤ y^}-v-oLp] kRË-aO-¨LjOU AfO-vu] C¾qU RkLfO-SmL-iR¾ f]qO-¾]Rp- u O- f LjOU Wu]pOU IÐO- f - R ÐpLeV `L¢ v]w~-y]-¨O-Ð-fV. yoL-^U-Nk-v-¡-¾-j-°-t]¤ oLNfosæ RkLfO-v]¤ yLoP-z|-Nk-v-¡-¾jU-fRÐ hOxVWq-oL-WOU-v]iU JRfË]sOU RvsæO-v]-t]-W¥ Nñ}W¥ Sjq]aO-ÐO-SºL? DRº-Ë]¤ KÐO v]w-h}W-q]-¨L-SoL? yLoP-z|-qU-YR¾ yOY-o-oLp Nkv¡-¾-j-¾]jV Nñ}pL-pLsOU kOqO-x-jLpLsOU Av- q ORa WOaOU- m - ¾ ]R£ k]ÍOe Aj]-vL-q|-oLeV IÐ-fLReR£ v|©]-k-q-oLp An]-NkL-pU. Kq-¡-À-¾]¤ WOaOU-m-¾]R£ \Oo-fs-W¥ j]¡-v-z]-¨O-Ð-f]R£ fOa-¡\ÿ fRÐ- p LeV RkLfO- y - o P- z - ¾ ]R£ SƒRRo-w~-q|-°¥ sƒ|-oL-¨]-pOç yoL-^U-Nk-v-¡-¾-jvOU oãOU. WOaOU-mnLqU Nñ}pOU kOqO-xjOU KqO-o]\ÿV JRã-aO¨O-Ð-fO-SkLRs yoL^U Nkv-¡-¾-j¾]sOU Nñ}kO-qO-x-k-ËL-t]¾U fOs|-oLp]-q]-¨-eU. Nñ}W-tORa oOSÐ-ã-¾]-jOSv-º]-pOç Nwo-°Rt ks-SÕLuOU kOqO- x - R j- f ]- R q- p Oç Nkv- ¡ - ¾ - j oLp] Rfã]- È - q ]- ¨ O- Ð OºV ks- q OU. Nñ}pOU kOqO-xjOU fOs|-k-ËL-t]-¾S¾LRa yLoP-z|-Nk-v-¡-¾-j-°-t]¤ y^}- v - o L- W O- S ÒL- u LeV Af]R£

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Un. AtimIv Ipamdpw IpSpw_hpw

sƒ|U kP¡- e - f - p ]¤ I¾O- Ð fV IÐ-fLeV IR£ kƒU. oOUmpV os-pL-t]-y-oL^U Nkv-¡¾-W-qORa JãvOU vs]p BwË CT fs- o O- r - p ]- ¤ - j ]ÐOU C¾qU Nkv- ¡ - ¾ - j - ° Rt JRã- a O- ¨ L¢ Cj]-RpLqO fs-oO-r-pO-ºL-WOSoL IÐ-fL-eV. Wu]-´-WLs AjO-n-v-°-tORa kéL-¾-s-¾]¤ fLË¥ I°Rj Cf]Rj v]s-p]-qO¾O-ÐO? JfLºV qºO- o PÐO v¡- x °¥ oOÒO- v Rq C¾qU Bv- s L- f ]- W ¥ yz-Nk-v-¡-¾-W-qO-oLp] kËORvR\ÿLqL-tLeV `LjOU. kRƒ CÐV A¾qU Bw-Ë-W-W¥ AòL-j-¾LeV IÐLeV Ij]¨O SfLÐO-Ð-fV. os-pLtU o]xR£ vq-SvLRa kOfO-f-soO-r-W¥¨V os-pLtU kb]-¨L-jOç Avy-qU DºL-WL-jOU AfO-vu] Av-qORa yoL^U Nkv- ¡ - ¾ - j - ° - t ]Rs kËLt]¾U v¡-È]-¨LjOU Ca-pL-p]-ŸO-ºV. KLeU, vL¡-x]WU IÐ}kf]-vO-k-q]kL-a]-W-t]-¤-j]ÐV kOr-¾O-W-aÐV IsæL yoL-^-°tOU WOŸ]-W-RtpOU pOv-f-s-oOr- W - R tpOU BW- ¡ - x ]- ¨ - ¾ - ¨ - v ]- i ¾]¤ NkSf|W kq]-kL-a]-W¥ ByPNfeU R\áL¢ NwÈ]-¨-eU. os-pL-tnL-xL-Nk-\L-q-e-yU-Z-¾]R£ os-pLStL-ÃvU SkLsOç kq]-kL-a]-W-t]Rs WOŸ]- W - t O- R apOU pOv- f }- p O- v L- ¨ - t ORapOU v¡- È ]\ÿ kËL- t ]- ¾ U- f RÐ C¾qU yUw-p-°Rt CsæL-fL-¨O-ÐOºV . AfO- R WLºV os- p L- t - o - ¹ ]Rj yVSjz]-¨O-Ð, oOUm-p]¤ os-pL-t]y-oL^U Nkv-¡-¾jU WPaO-f¤ y^}-voL-W-eU IÐL-NY-z]-¨OÐ `Lj-a-¨oOç KLSqL yoL- ^ U- N k- v - ¡ - ¾ - W qORapOU NkiLj hTf|U IÐ-fV, kOfO-fs-oO-rRp C¾qU Nkv-¡-¾-j-°-StLaV S\¡-¾O-j]-¡-¾L¢ Df-WOÐ yUqU-n°Rt SNkLÃL-z]-Õ]-¨OW IÐ-fOf-RÐ-pL-eV.

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10

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11


Nñ}W-¥¨OU Av-qO-Sa-fLp yUnL-v-jW¥ j¤- W L¢ Wu]- p O- R oÐ KqO Nñ}pORa BÄ-v]-w~L-y-¾]¤ j]ÐLeV Av-qORa yLoP-z|-Nk-v-¡-¾j-¾]R£ fOa-¨vOU AfO-vu] Nñ}y-oPz- ¾ ]- R £ yoP- s - o Lp Dp- ¡ - \ ÿ p OU yLÈ|-oL-WO-Ð-fV. "oOUmpV os- p L- t ]- y - o L- ^ - ° t]Rs Nñ}yL-Ð]-È|U-' IÐ v]x-p¾]¤ JfLjOU oLy-°-¥¨O oOÒV nLxL-Nk-\L-q-e-yUZU KqO yUvLhU ja-¾]-pfOU AfO-oLp] mÌ-RÕŸV \]s Nkf]-WPs Nkf]-W-qe-°tOU NwÈ-p]¤ RkŸ]-q]-¨O-oSsæL. CT v]x-pR¾ I°Rj SjL¨]-¨L-eO-ÐO? yf|-¾]-¤, oOUmpV os-pL-t]-yoL-^-°-tORa oOX|-iL-q-p]-Ss¨V Nñ}WtOU Wa-ÐO-v-qeU IÐ BÄL-¡À-oLp BNY-z-S¾LRa os-pL-t-nLxL-Nk-\L-q-e-yUZU ja-¾]p yUvLh-¾]R£ Ds×-Ð-oL-pLeV `LRjR£ Nky]- c - £ V - ò L- j R¾ WLeO- Ð - f V . WQf|-oLp] kr-´L-¤, yUvL-hR¾ fOa-¡-ÐO-ºLp \¡\ÿ-W-tORa kéL-¾s-¾]-sLeV XL¡-Z¡ yoL-^-¾]sOU Nñ}nL- q - v L- z ]W¥ vqeU IÐ BSsL-\j y^}-v-oL-p-fV. B yUvL-h¾]R£ SoLc-Sr-ã-rL-p]-qOÐ Nkwñ IuO-¾O-WLq] oLjy] Kq]-¨¤ KqO kq]-kL-a]-p]�� kRË-aO¾O yUyL-q]-\ÿfV CÐOU `L¢ KL¡- ¨ O- Ð O- º V . Nñ}WRt ks-SÕLuOU oz]-tL-v]-nLYU qPk}-W-q]\ÿV Af]R£ yLq-g]-W-tL¨] v]w]-ìL-f]-g]-W-¥¨V kPR\ÿºO RWLaO¨LjOU y~LY-f-YL-j-oL-s-k]-¨LjOU

oLNf- o Lp] kq]- o ]- f - R Õ- a O- ¾ L- j LeV o]¨ yoL-^-°tOU Nwo]-¨O-Ð-fV. Cf]¤- j ]ÐV v|f|- ñ - o Lp] Nñ}W- ¥ ¨V NkLiLj|U j¤-WOÐ q}f]-pORa fOa¨U XL¡-Z-r]-¤-j]-ÐO-f-RÐ-pL-WRŸ IÐV yoL^U WÚ]ã] f}qO- o L- j ]- \ ÿ - O . oãO yUZ-a-j-W-¥R¨LÐOU Av-WL-w-RÕaL- j ]- s æ L - ¾ - v ¹U Nñ}yL- Ð ]- È |URWLºV yÒO-ì-oLeV os-pL-t-nL-xLNk-\L-q-e-yU-ZU IÐLeV `L¢ ojô]-sL-¨O-Ð-fV. CfV oOUmpV os-pL-t]y-oP-z-¾]R£ yLUyVWLq]-W-oLp KqO WOf]-\ÿO-\L-Ÿ-¾]R£ fOa-¨-oL-eV. CT ozL-j-Y-q-¾]Rs oOuO-v¢ os-pL-t]-yoL-^-°tOU oãO yUZ-a-j-WtOU C¾-qRoLqO Nkv-¡-¾-j-k-ÏL-v]¤ vqeU IÐL-eV `L¢ BNY-z]-¨O-Ð-fV. Nñ}W- ¥ ¨V C¾- q - ¾ ]- s Oç yLoP- z |- N k- v - ¡ - ¾ - j - ° - ¥ - ¨ Oç Wu]-v]sæ IÐ o]g|L-iL-q-e-W¥ v\ÿO-kO-s-¡-¾O-Ð-v-qLeV os-pL-t]y- o L- ^ - ° - t ORa nLq- v L- z ]- W - t ]¤ \]s-Rq-Ë]-sOU. A¾qU oO¢-v]-i]WRt KqO Nñ}nL-q-vL-z]-RpÐ j]sp]¤ I°Rj WLeO-ÐO? vtRq j]qL-wL-^-j-WvOU yLoL-j|mO- È ]¨V j]q- ¨ L- ¾ - f O- o Lp KqO SmLi- R oSÐ Ij]- ¨ ]- S fÕã] krpL¢ Wu]-pP. Nñ}W¥ qLNì-k-f], NkiLj-oNÍ] fOa°] IsæL nq-e-So-X-s-Wt]sOU Wu]vO Rft]-p]\ÿ KqO jLŸ]¤ Nñ}W-¥¨V Af]-jOç Wu]SvL yLo-¡À|SoL Csæ IÐO kr-pO-Ð-f]Rs yLUYf|U IÍL-eV? WOŸ]-WRt kq]-\q]\ÿ O U n¡- ¾ L- v ]Rj wONwPx]\ÿ O U nƒeU kLWU R\pÅOU AaO-¨-t-ˆO-v-qO-

W-t]¤ oLNfU Nñ}WRt KfO-¨]-¨-t-pLjOç NwoU yoP- z - ¾ ]¤ I¨Ls¾OU ja-Ð]-ŸO-ºV. A¾qU RkLfOiL-q-e-WRt f\ÿO-a-àOW IÐ-fLeV Nñ}oO-SÐ-ã-¾]R£ Bh|-\O-v-aV. yLoPz|&yLUyV W Lq]W kq]- k L- a ]- W - t ]¤ y^}-v-oLp] kRË-aO-¨LjOU AfO-vu] C¾qU RkLfO-SmL-iR¾ f]qO-¾]Rp- u O- f LjOU Wu]pOU IÐO- f - R ÐpLeV `L¢ v]w~-y]-¨O-Ð-fV. yoL-^U-Nk-v-¡-¾-j-°-t]¤ oLNfosæ RkLfO-v]¤ yLoP-z|-Nk-v-¡-¾jU-fRÐ hOxVWq-oL-WOU-v]iU JRfË]sOU RvsæO-v]-t]-W¥ Nñ}W¥ Sjq]aO-ÐO-SºL? DRº-Ë]¤ KÐO v]w-h}W-q]-¨L-SoL? yLoP-z|-qU-YR¾ yOY-o-oLp Nkv¡-¾-j-¾]jV Nñ}pL-pLsOU kOqO-x-jLpLsOU Av- q ORa WOaOU- m - ¾ ]R£ k]ÍOe Aj]-vL-q|-oLeV IÐ-fLReR£ v|©]-k-q-oLp An]-NkL-pU. Kq-¡-À-¾]¤ WOaOU-m-¾]R£ \Oo-fs-W¥ j]¡-v-z]-¨O-Ð-f]R£ fOa-¡\ÿ fRÐ- p LeV RkLfO- y - o P- z - ¾ ]R£ SƒRRo-w~-q|-°¥ sƒ|-oL-¨]-pOç yoL-^U-Nk-v-¡-¾-jvOU oãOU. WOaOU-mnLqU Nñ}pOU kOqO-xjOU KqO-o]\ÿV JRã-aO¨O-Ð-fO-SkLRs yoL^U Nkv-¡-¾-j¾]sOU Nñ}kO-qO-x-k-ËL-t]¾U fOs|-oLp]-q]-¨-eU. Nñ}W-tORa oOSÐ-ã-¾]-jOSv-º]-pOç Nwo-°Rt ks-SÕLuOU kOqO- x - R j- f ]- R q- p Oç Nkv- ¡ - ¾ - j oLp] Rfã]- È - q ]- ¨ O- Ð OºV ks- q OU. Nñ}pOU kOqO-xjOU fOs|-k-ËL-t]-¾S¾LRa yLoP-z|-Nk-v-¡-¾-j-°-t]¤ y^}- v - o L- W O- S ÒL- u LeV Af]R£

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Un. AtimIv Ipamdpw IpSpw_hpw

sƒ|U kP¡- e - f - p ]¤ I¾O- Ð fV IÐ-fLeV IR£ kƒU. oOUmpV os-pL-t]-y-oL^U Nkv-¡¾-W-qORa JãvOU vs]p BwË CT fs- o O- r - p ]- ¤ - j ]ÐOU C¾qU Nkv- ¡ - ¾ - j - ° Rt JRã- a O- ¨ L¢ Cj]-RpLqO fs-oO-r-pO-ºL-WOSoL IÐ-fL-eV. Wu]-´-WLs AjO-n-v-°-tORa kéL-¾-s-¾]¤ fLË¥ I°Rj Cf]Rj v]s-p]-qO¾O-ÐO? JfLºV qºO- o PÐO v¡- x °¥ oOÒO- v Rq C¾qU Bv- s L- f ]- W ¥ yz-Nk-v-¡-¾-W-qO-oLp] kËORvR\ÿLqL-tLeV `LjOU. kRƒ CÐV A¾qU Bw-Ë-W-W¥ AòL-j-¾LeV IÐLeV Ij]¨O SfLÐO-Ð-fV. os-pLtU o]xR£ vq-SvLRa kOfO-f-soO-r-W¥¨V os-pLtU kb]-¨L-jOç Avy-qU DºL-WL-jOU AfO-vu] Av-qORa yoL^U Nkv- ¡ - ¾ - j - ° - t ]Rs kËLt]¾U v¡-È]-¨LjOU Ca-pL-p]-ŸO-ºV. KLeU, vL¡-x]WU IÐ}kf]-vO-k-q]kL-a]-W-t]-¤-j]ÐV kOr-¾O-W-aÐV IsæL yoL-^-°tOU WOŸ]-W-RtpOU pOv-f-s-oOr- W - R tpOU BW- ¡ - x ]- ¨ - ¾ - ¨ - v ]- i ¾]¤ NkSf|W kq]-kL-a]-W¥ ByPNfeU R\áL¢ NwÈ]-¨-eU. os-pL-tnL-xL-Nk-\L-q-e-yU-Z-¾]R£ os-pLStL-ÃvU SkLsOç kq]-kL-a]-W-t]Rs WOŸ]- W - t O- R apOU pOv- f }- p O- v L- ¨ - t ORapOU v¡- È ]\ÿ kËL- t ]- ¾ U- f RÐ C¾qU yUw-p-°Rt CsæL-fL-¨O-ÐOºV . AfO- R WLºV os- p L- t - o - ¹ ]Rj yVSjz]-¨O-Ð, oOUm-p]¤ os-pL-t]y-oL^U Nkv-¡-¾jU WPaO-f¤ y^}-voL-W-eU IÐL-NY-z]-¨OÐ `Lj-a-¨oOç KLSqL yoL- ^ U- N k- v - ¡ - ¾ - W qORapOU NkiLj hTf|U IÐ-fV, kOfO-fs-oO-rRp C¾qU Nkv-¡-¾-j-°-StLaV S\¡-¾O-j]-¡-¾L¢ Df-WOÐ yUqU-n°Rt SNkLÃL-z]-Õ]-¨OW IÐ-fOf-RÐ-pL-eV.

s\cpÄ tIcfw hfcpóp

10

P\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014

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`LRjL-q-jL-g-Rj¢ SkqV mLs-j]& ÐLŸ]-j-i]-WoLU wkVfoLU ^}v]fU Bv]-Rsæ-j]-R¨LqO WLq|vOU R\áO-vL& RjÐÚ \LRq yzL-p]-pL-p]-Rsæ-Ë]¤ JRr-jL¥ oORÒLqO kj] vÐ-fL& e]SÕL¥ WLs]-j-W¾O ms-ƒ-p-oL-pV... Rkã-f]¢ k]SãÐV SkLp-fL-Re-ÐÚ IÍLeV `L¢ R\pÅ WOã-oL-SvL... AÐO-RfL-Ÿ]-fO-vRq SjL¨O-SÐL-q-Ú-pL& ReÐO-ç]-Rs-ÐO-Ro¢ RkSãL-qÚ o¡-f|¢ WOf]-¨OÐO R\Lvÿ-p]¤ f°O-vL& j}nPv]¤ Wu]-pO-vL¢ Wu]-pL¾ SWLa]-W¥ o¡-f|-Y-e-¾]¤ RkaO-¾]aL `°Rt nq-e-v-¡-Y-¾]¢ o¾V k]a]-\ÿ-v¡ AƒqU R\Lsæ] kb]-¨O-vL-jLpV R\ÐO R\ã or-R\ÿLqO kO¤-¨O-a]-s]¤ WLŸLj vÐO fW-¡-¾fO RWLºL-SeL& Rp¢ yVWP¥ fOr-Ð]sæ k]RÐ-RpL-q]-¨sOU y¡-¨L-q]¢ Wá]SsL WLwO SvSº WŸO oOa]-¨O-vL¢ Wá]ŸO vLqO-vL¢ SWLa]-W-t]-Rsæ-Ë]-sLqO SjL¨OU... JRr kb]-¨O-vL¢ SoLz-oO-Rº-ÐOç]& SsRr RWLf]-¨OÐO cLŸ-rL-vL¢ cLŸ-rLpV f}¡-Ð]ŸO Sve-Ro-£P-q]Rs \}Sh-v]-RÕ-¹]R£ h}jU oLãL¢ JRr-jL¥ oORÒLqO ou-p¾O v}e-fL& e]ÐO-v-Sq-¨O-Ro-e}-ã-f]-sæ... cLŸRr WLe]-¨L¢ WLw]sæ Wá]sOU SkLWO-Ð-Rf-°-Rj-p]Nf hPqU... vu]-SpRr fLºeU WOÐOU os-WtOU R\Ð]ŸO SveU oqOÐO vL°L¢ oLy-¾]-Ss-Rr-pLpV ke]-p]-sæL-f-s-pOÐ \}Sh-v}-a-±j]-RfÍO R\áOU...

11


IhÀkvtämdn

Nñ}&kOqOx yof~U IÐ BwpR¾ – Bh|-oL-p]-fRÐ kr-p-RŸ, kOqO-x-v]-Sh~-x-osæ – y~ÍU v}aO-WtORa yLUyVWLq]-WvOU yLÒ-¾]WvOU NkLSpL-Y]-W-vO-oLp kq]-o]-f]-W¥- ¨ O- ç ]- S s- ¨ L- v L- z ]- \ ÿ V , Af]Rj RRvp-©]W fs-¾]¤ oLNfU v]w-WsjU R\pÅO-ºL-¨OÐ NkñL-v-j-WRt (IR£ v}Ÿ]¤ AÚ-pLeV nq-eU, IR£ v}Ÿ]¤ `LjLeV AaO-¨-tÕe] fOa-°]-p-v) kP¡-e-oLpOU AvY-e]-\ÿV, yoP-z-¾]Rs oPs|-SmL-i°-t]¤ j]s-j]-¤-¨OÐ Aj}-f]-WRt kOr-S¾¨O RWLºO-v-q]-W. AfLeV ff~-wL-Nñ-°¥ R\áO-Ð-fV, R\Sáº-fV. WLs-°-tLp] w}s]-\ÿO-SkL-p-fOWL- q - e U, v}Ÿ]sOU kOr¾OU jLU RWLºO-j-a-¨O-Ð ks y~nLv RkqO-oLã--°tOU, Av-p]-s-a-°]p f]W´ Aj}-f]pOU yLiL-qe j]sàV NwÈ]¨L-rO-SkL-sO-o]-sæ. of-k-qvOU RRsUY]W-vO-oLp] CÐV j]s-v]-sOç o]¨ oPs|SmL-i-°tOU NkLSpL-Y]-W-f-s-¾]¤ Nñ}¨V v}Ÿ]-j-W¾OU kOqO-xjV v}Ÿ]jO kOr¾OU \Oo-fs j¤-WO-Ð-v-pL-eV. y~LnL-v]-W-oLpOU yoP-z-vO-oLp] CaRk-aL¢ Nñ}¨V Av-y-q-°tOU Ca°tOU j]Sx-i]-¨-RÕ-aO-ÐO. Nñ}yLÒ¾]-WvOU yLoP-z|-vO-oLp] k]¢-j]-qp]-Ss¨V fç-RÕ-aO-ÐO. Nñ}yLoP-z|Nk-v-¡-¾-j-°-t]¤ kËL-t]-W-tL-W-eRoÐOU Af]-jOç Av-y-q-°¥ KqO¨-RÕ-aeRoÐOU KÕU yLÒ-¾]-WoLp] y~ÍU WLs]¤ j]¤-¨L¢ Wu]vOçvtL- W - e - R oÐOU Nñ}k- ƒ ¨LqOU yLoP-z|-j}-f]-p]¤ v]w~-y]¨OÐ kOqO- x - Ó LqOU vLh]- ¨ O- Ð fV AfO- R WL- º L- e V . Bf|- Í ]- W - o Lp] SjL¨]-pL¤ Nñ}y-o-f~-vL-hU, Nñ}oLNfU R\SẠpOÈ-osæ IÐO WLeLU. AfV j}f]-SmL-ivOU ojOx|L-v-WL-w-Nk-wÔ-vO-oLp] Cu-S\-¡-ÐOj]- ¤ - ¨ OÐ SkLqL- Ÿ - o L- e V . yoP- z ¾]¤ CÐV j]s- j ]- ¤ - ¨ O- W pOU Nñ}pORa v|©]-v]-WL-y-R¾, AvtORa oOSÐL-ŸOç vt-¡-\ÿRp vtRq Bu-¾]¤ zLj]-W-q-oLp] mLi]-¨OWpOU R\áOÐ yLoP-z|-oP-s|-°Rt

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CT \¡-\ÿ-p]¤ Av-f-q]-Õ]-¨-RÕŸ Nkf|-ƒ-¾]¤ v]qO-È-RoÐO SfLÐL-vOÐ ks An]-NkL-p-°tOU yf|¾]¤ KSq jLe-p-¾]R£ CqO-kO-r-°-tL-pLeV Ij]-¨-jO-n-v-RÕ-Ÿ-fV. Nñ}&kOqOx mÌ-°-t]¤ jLU CÐO WLeOÐ As]-X]-f-oLp KqOkLaO WLq|-°-tORa mLz|-oLp qPk-nL-v-°RtpLeV Av-p]¤ ksfOU yP\]-Õ]-\ÿ-fV. CT WLuV-\-ÕL-aO-W¥ Iv]-Ra-RpLR¨ I°-Rj-RpLR¨ NkW-a}-W-q]-¨-RÕ-aOÐO IÐV kq]-SwL-i]-\ÿL¤ joO¨V sn]¨OÐ D¾-q-°¥ vtRq Ay~-ò-f-pO-ºL-¨O-Ð-fL-p]-q]-¨OU. yoP-z-¾]¤ Aa]-Sv-qO-W-tLuV¾] j]¤-¨OÐ CT iLq-e-W-tORa ks oOX-°-¥ òLk-j-°-t]-¤, kL¡-Ÿ]-W-t]-¤, y¡-¨L-q]-¤, j]p-o-v|-v-ò-W-t]¤ IsæLU v|Lk]-\ÿOW]-a-¨O-Ð-v-pL-ReÐO WLeLU. AfL-pfV joO¨V SqLY-Ro-RÍ-Ð-r]-pLU. IÐL¤ B SqLY-¾]-Ss¨V jp]-¨OÐ WLq-e-°¥ Svº-SkLRs kq]-Y-e]-¨L-r]-sæ. B WLq-e-°¥ f]q]-\ÿ-r]-pO-WpOU kq]-Y-e]-¨O-WpOU R\áL-¾]-aS¾LtU WLsU y]SÒL-y]-p-°tOU yo}-k-j-Sq-X-WtOU SvºNf ls-Nk-h-oL-Rp-ÐO-v-q]-sæ. Av Wa-sL-y]-¤- oLNfoLp] \OqO-°O-W-Sp-pO-çP.

tIcfw hfcpóp

12

P\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014

oLã]-o-r]-¨L-jOç NkpL-e-oLeV AfV. oOSÐ-ã-oL-e-fV. CÐV , jÚORa yoP- z - ¾ ]- R £ Af]-Nk-iLj Za-W-°-tLp WOaOU-mU, y~WL-q|-y~-¾V, nq-e-WPaU fOa-°]pv kOqO- x - N k- i L- j - o L- p , kOqO- x ¢ SoiL- v ]- p L- W OÐ ff~- w L- N ñ- ¾ ]¤ Ai]-xV-b]-f-oL-eV. Af]¤ "Nñ}-', "kO-qOx- ¢ ' IÐfV \]s Av- ò - W - R tpLeV yP\]-Õ]-¨O-Ð-fV. v|©]-v]-WLy-¾]jV fLq-f-So|j WPaO-f¤ Av-yq-°¥ sn]-¨OÐ v|©] IÐ j]sàLeV jLU "kO-qO-x-¢' IÐ-f]Rj j]¡v-\]-S¨-º-fV. Nñ}, Cv]-Ra, Nñ}pL-pfO-RWLºO oLNfU v]Sv-\-jvOU yLoPz|-v]-s-¨O-WtOU AjO-n-v]-S¨-º]-vqOÐ KqO v|©]-pORa Av-ò-pL-eV. C¾qU v|f|-ñ-oLp Av-ò-W¥ j]¡-o]-¨-RÕ-aO-Ð-fV, Av Ai]-WL-q-Za-j-pO-oLpOU Af]-R£-fRÐ fOa-¡-\ÿpLp] qPk-RÕ-aOÐ yLÒ-¾]W yUv]iL-j-°-tO-oLpOU mÌ-RÕ-ŸORWLºLeV. kOqO-x-Nk-iL-j-oLp Ai]-WL-q-Zaj y~}W- q ]- ¨ O- Ð - f O- R WL- º L- e V , jÚORa y¡-¨L-¡-Sq-X-W-t]¤ qƒ-W-¡¾L-v]R£ òLj¾V kOqO-xR£ jLoSipU j]¡-m-Ì-oL-WO-Ð-fV. Cf]-R£fRÐ oRãLqO qPk-oL-eV, Nñ}W¥ n¡¾L-v]R£ SkqO S\¡¾V o]y]yV BWO-Ð-fV. "f-Í-p]-sæL-¾-v-¢' IÐ kh-Nk-SpLYU wWL-qvOU Rfr]-pO-oL-WOÐ-fV. k]fQ-hL-p]f~U (A±-j]-sPRa k]ÍO-a-¡-\ÿL-v-WL-wU) kLs]-¨OÐ yoOhL-p-°-t]¤ Nñ}¨V NWp-v]-NW-pL-vWLwU CsæL-f]-qO-Ð-fV, n¡-¾L-v]R£ v}aV y~ÍU v}aL-S¨-º]-v-qO-Ð-fV, Nñ}ijU RWLaO-S¨-º]-v-qO-Ð-fV, n¡¾L- v ]- R £/A±- R £/ySzL- h - q R£ B³pOU CìvOU v}aO-W-t]¤ WPaOf¤ NkiL-j-oL-WO-Ð-fV, n¡-¾L-vV (nq]¨O-Ð-v-¢) n¡-¾LvOU nLq| (nq]-¨-RÕaO-Ð-v¥ IÐV vL\|L-¡-ÀU) nLq|pOU BWO-Ð-fV, v}aO-W-t]¤ Rk¦-WO-Ÿ]¨OU B¦-WO-Ÿ]¨OU v|f|ñ kq]-w}-s-j°tOU v|f|ñ òLj-°tOU j¤-W-RÕaO-Ð-fV, v]vL-z-¾]¤ fLs] Rk¹V Ae]- S p- º ]- v - q O- Ð - f V , Rk¹]R£ RRsUY]W kq]-wOÈ] (n¡-¾L-v]Rj

oLNfU W]a-¨-p]¤ kËL-t]-pL-¨O-W) Be]jV NkiL-j-oL-WO-Ð-fV, \Lq]Nf|U IÐ yLoP-z|-j]-¡-o]-foLp BwpU Da-Rs-aO-¨O-Ð-fV, msL-ÃU-Y-¾]¤ Nñ}WOã-vL-t]-p-sæL-f]-qO-Ð]ŸOU Av¥ yoP-z-¾L¤ mz]xVWq]-¨-RÕ-aO-ÐfV, Ak-vL-h-°¥ Nñ}Rp WPaO-f¤ mLi]- ¨ O- Ð - f V , Af]- R £ Skq]¤ WOaOUmU AvRt v}Ÿ]-j-W-¾]-q]-¨L¢ SNkq]-Õ]-¨O-Ð-fV, kb]ÕOU y~pU-y-ÒLh|- v O- o O- º L- p LsOU yLÒ- ¾ ]- W - y ~LfNÍ|U RWLaO- ¨ LRf AvRt "ftpV¨L¢' SjL¨O-Ð-fV, y~ÍU WLq|°¥ SjL¨L¢ Wu]-pOÐ kOqO-x¢ o]aO-¨jOU AfO R\áOÐ Nñ}"f-S£-a]-'pO-oL-WO-Ð-fV, Nky-v]-¨L-¾-v-RtpOU v]i-v-RppOU Svw|-RppOU yoPzU RRWSp-¤-¨L-¾fV – jLU y~}W-q]-\ÿ]q]-¨OÐ CT Ai]-WL-q-Z-a-j-Nk-WLqU Nñ}qºLU- ò L- j - ¾ L- e V . Af]- j LsLeV B³L-jO-WL-q]-pLp] Nñ}fLuOÐfOU Ai]-k-jLp] kOqO-x¢ vLuO-ÐfOU. WOaOUmU (CÐR¾ v|v-òLk]f WOaOU-mU) CT oPs|-°Rt AUY}W-q]-¨O-WpOU j]s-j]-¡-¾O-WpOU R\áOÐ- f ]- j L¤ Av]Ra Nñ}&kOqOx yof~U j]s-j]-¤-¨L¢ mOÈ]-oO-ŸL-eV. Af]¤ ^jL-i]-kf|U vLu]-sæ. WOaOUmU NkLg-o]-W-oLp] WOŸ]-W-tORa yUqƒ-e-¾-]jO-ç-fLeV. Av]Ra Nñ}RpÐ v|©]- p - s æ , AÚ- p LeV NkiL-jU. Nñ}pORa v|©]f~U Av]Ra k]¢-j]-q-p]-sL-eV. Nñ}v]-qO-È-oLp ZaW-oLeV Cv]Ra CÐV WOaOUmU IÐV v]s-p]-qO-¾-RÕ-aO-ÐfV Af]-jL-sLeV. yÒL-h]-¨OÐ A±jOU yUq-ƒ]¨RÕSaº o¨-tO-oLeV NkiL-jU. y~ÍU v}Ÿ]Rs oPs|- S mL- i - ° tLeV kOr¾OU RkLfO-vLpOU (BeLpLsOU Rk¹L-pL-sOU) NkW-a]-Õ]-¨O-W. v}Ÿ]-¤-j]ÐV sn]-¨OÐ oPs|-SmL-i¾]sOU kq]-w}-s-j-¾]sOU v]w~-y]¨OÐ KqL¥ yoL-^-°-t]¤ Nkv-¡-¾]¨O-SÒLuOU ASf v]w~L-y-°-tLeV v\ÿO-kO-s-¡-¾O-W. ks-SÕLuOU AfV SmLi-kP-¡vU SkLsO-o-sæ. jLU WºOU SWŸOU w}s]-\ÿO-SkL-qOÐ y~nL-v-°t]Rs j}f]-SmL-i-o]-sæLpVoRp-¨O-r]\ÿV 13


IhÀkvtämdn

Nñ}&kOqOx yof~U IÐ BwpR¾ – Bh|-oL-p]-fRÐ kr-p-RŸ, kOqO-x-v]-Sh~-x-osæ – y~ÍU v}aO-WtORa yLUyVWLq]-WvOU yLÒ-¾]WvOU NkLSpL-Y]-W-vO-oLp kq]-o]-f]-W¥- ¨ O- ç ]- S s- ¨ L- v L- z ]- \ ÿ V , Af]Rj RRvp-©]W fs-¾]¤ oLNfU v]w-WsjU R\pÅO-ºL-¨OÐ NkñL-v-j-WRt (IR£ v}Ÿ]¤ AÚ-pLeV nq-eU, IR£ v}Ÿ]¤ `LjLeV AaO-¨-tÕe] fOa-°]-p-v) kP¡-e-oLpOU AvY-e]-\ÿV, yoP-z-¾]Rs oPs|-SmL-i°-t]¤ j]s-j]-¤-¨OÐ Aj}-f]-WRt kOr-S¾¨O RWLºO-v-q]-W. AfLeV ff~-wL-Nñ-°¥ R\áO-Ð-fV, R\Sáº-fV. WLs-°-tLp] w}s]-\ÿO-SkL-p-fOWL- q - e U, v}Ÿ]sOU kOr¾OU jLU RWLºO-j-a-¨O-Ð ks y~nLv RkqO-oLã--°tOU, Av-p]-s-a-°]p f]W´ Aj}-f]pOU yLiL-qe j]sàV NwÈ]¨L-rO-SkL-sO-o]-sæ. of-k-qvOU RRsUY]W-vO-oLp] CÐV j]s-v]-sOç o]¨ oPs|SmL-i-°tOU NkLSpL-Y]-W-f-s-¾]¤ Nñ}¨V v}Ÿ]-j-W¾OU kOqO-xjV v}Ÿ]jO kOr¾OU \Oo-fs j¤-WO-Ð-v-pL-eV. y~LnL-v]-W-oLpOU yoP-z-vO-oLp] CaRk-aL¢ Nñ}¨V Av-y-q-°tOU Ca°tOU j]Sx-i]-¨-RÕ-aO-ÐO. Nñ}yLÒ¾]-WvOU yLoP-z|-vO-oLp] k]¢-j]-qp]-Ss¨V fç-RÕ-aO-ÐO. Nñ}yLoP-z|Nk-v-¡-¾-j-°-t]¤ kËL-t]-W-tL-W-eRoÐOU Af]-jOç Av-y-q-°¥ KqO¨-RÕ-aeRoÐOU KÕU yLÒ-¾]-WoLp] y~ÍU WLs]¤ j]¤-¨L¢ Wu]vOçvtL- W - e - R oÐOU Nñ}k- ƒ ¨LqOU yLoP-z|-j}-f]-p]¤ v]w~-y]¨OÐ kOqO- x - Ó LqOU vLh]- ¨ O- Ð fV AfO- R WL- º L- e V . Bf|- Í ]- W - o Lp] SjL¨]-pL¤ Nñ}y-o-f~-vL-hU, Nñ}oLNfU R\SẠpOÈ-osæ IÐO WLeLU. AfV j}f]-SmL-ivOU ojOx|L-v-WL-w-Nk-wÔ-vO-oLp] Cu-S\-¡-ÐOj]- ¤ - ¨ OÐ SkLqL- Ÿ - o L- e V . yoP- z ¾]¤ CÐV j]s- j ]- ¤ - ¨ O- W pOU Nñ}pORa v|©]-v]-WL-y-R¾, AvtORa oOSÐL-ŸOç vt-¡-\ÿRp vtRq Bu-¾]¤ zLj]-W-q-oLp] mLi]-¨OWpOU R\áOÐ yLoP-z|-oP-s|-°Rt

os-pL-t]-y-oL-^-°-tOU

yVNf}WtOU k¾O-k-f]-RjŸO RWLsæU oOÒL-eV. jÚORa os-pL-t]-y-oL-^-°-t]Rs vj]-fL-v]-nL-Y°-¥, yh|-p]¤ Cs-¾-s-Õ¾V v]t-Ò]p kOt}µ] SkLRs-pL-ReÐV `LRj-uO-f]-p]-ŸOºV. "oOU-mpV os-pL-t]-y-oL-^-°-tORa SjfQ-j]-q-p]Rs yVNf}yL-Ð]-È|U' IÐ v]xpU CÐOU \¡\ÿ R\á-RÕ-Sa-º-fL-p]-fRÐ j]s-j]-¤-¨OÐO IÐ-fV, CT v]x-pR¾ ByVkh-oL¨] KqO \¡\ÿ os-pL-t-nL-xL-Nk-\L-q-e-yUZU yUZ-a]-Õ]-¨OÐO IÐfV yP\]-Õ]-¨OÐ \]s yLoP-z|-pL-gL-¡-À|-°-tO-ºV. Af]-jL¤ B v]x-p-¾]¤ jaÐ \¡-\ÿ-pORa kq]-SNk-ƒ|-¾]¤ j]ÐO-RWL-ºLeV `L¢ CT WOr]ÕV qPk-RÕ-aO-¾O-Ð-fV. yoL-^-°-tORa SjfQ-j]-q-p]¤ vj]-f-W-tORa NkLf]-j]i|U WOr-vL-ReÐOU, Af]jOç Aa]-òLj WLqeU Nñ}&kOqOx yo-f~-RoÐ Bw-p-S¾LaV jLU ku-µ¢ l|Pc¤ oj-ò]-f]-fRÐ v\ÿO-kO-s-¡-¾O-Ð-fL-ReÐOU, Af]¤ BNw]f-qLp] ^}v]S¨-º-v-tLeV Nñ}RpÐ As]-X]-f-j]-poU D¥-S\ÿ-¡-Ð]-ŸO-RºÐOU NkmÌU Av-f-q]Õ]\ÿ qL^-sƒVo] zq]-hLyV NkñL-v]-¨O-ÐO-ºV. SjfQ-j]-q-p]¤ vj]-f-W-¥¨V òLjU sn]-¨-e-Ro-Ë]¤ Cv-Rà-f]Rq-pOç WLuV-\-ÕL-aO-W¥ D¥-R¨L-çOÐ j]p-oL-vs] yoL-^-°¥ y~}W-q]-¨-e-Ro-ÐL-v-w|-RÕŸOU Af]-jO-Svº j]¡-Sh-w-°¥ D¥-R¨LçOÐ yo}-k-j-SqX oOSÐL-ŸO-v\ÿOU Av¡ \¡-\ÿpV¨V fOa¨U WOr]-\ÿO. RkLfO-Rv, yLf~]-WoL-Rp-Ë]-sOU, CT yo}-k-j-Sq-XRp y~LYfU R\pÅO-RWL-ºLeV \¡\ÿ kOSqL-Y-o]-\ÿ-fV. Nñ}W¥ Svº-SkLRs AUY}W-q]-¨-RÕ-aO-Ð]-Rsæ-Ð, AvRq ku-p-SkL-Rs-f-RÐ, WLq|-°¥ ja-¾L¢ RWs×O-ç-v-qLp] yoL-^-°¥ WLeO-Ð]RsæÐ kqLf] Nñ}W-¥ oOSÐL-ŸO-v-\ÿ-SÕL-¥, Av-y-q-°¥ KqO-¨]-R¨L-aO-¾LsOU oOSÐL-ŸO-v-qL¢ Nñ}W¥ oa]-WLŸOÐO IÐL-p]-qOÐO orO-k-ƒ-¾]R£ An]-NkL-pU. j]s-j]-¤-¨OÐ pLgL-¡-À|-°¥ fOr-ÐO-k-r-pL¢ CqO-nL-YvOU WLe]\ÿ B¡-^vU \¡-\ÿRp Wj-oO-çfOU A¡-À-v-¾O-oL-¨]. yUZL-a-W-qORa sƒ|U ANfàV v]^-p-W-q-vO-oL-p].

am\kn

CT \¡-\ÿ-p]¤ Av-f-q]-Õ]-¨-RÕŸ Nkf|-ƒ-¾]¤ v]qO-È-RoÐO SfLÐL-vOÐ ks An]-NkL-p-°tOU yf|¾]¤ KSq jLe-p-¾]R£ CqO-kO-r-°-tL-pLeV Ij]-¨-jO-n-v-RÕ-Ÿ-fV. Nñ}&kOqOx mÌ-°-t]¤ jLU CÐO WLeOÐ As]-X]-f-oLp KqOkLaO WLq|-°-tORa mLz|-oLp qPk-nL-v-°RtpLeV Av-p]¤ ksfOU yP\]-Õ]-\ÿ-fV. CT WLuV-\-ÕL-aO-W¥ Iv]-Ra-RpLR¨ I°-Rj-RpLR¨ NkW-a}-W-q]-¨-RÕ-aOÐO IÐV kq]-SwL-i]-\ÿL¤ joO¨V sn]¨OÐ D¾-q-°¥ vtRq Ay~-ò-f-pO-ºL-¨O-Ð-fL-p]-q]-¨OU. yoP-z-¾]¤ Aa]-Sv-qO-W-tLuV¾] j]¤-¨OÐ CT iLq-e-W-tORa ks oOX-°-¥ òLk-j-°-t]-¤, kL¡-Ÿ]-W-t]-¤, y¡-¨L-q]-¤, j]p-o-v|-v-ò-W-t]¤ IsæLU v|Lk]-\ÿOW]-a-¨O-Ð-v-pL-ReÐO WLeLU. AfL-pfV joO¨V SqLY-Ro-RÍ-Ð-r]-pLU. IÐL¤ B SqLY-¾]-Ss¨V jp]-¨OÐ WLq-e-°¥ Svº-SkLRs kq]-Y-e]-¨L-r]-sæ. B WLq-e-°¥ f]q]-\ÿ-r]-pO-WpOU kq]-Y-e]-¨O-WpOU R\áL-¾]-aS¾LtU WLsU y]SÒL-y]-p-°tOU yo}-k-j-Sq-X-WtOU SvºNf ls-Nk-h-oL-Rp-ÐO-v-q]-sæ. Av Wa-sL-y]-¤- oLNfoLp] \OqO-°O-W-Sp-pO-çP.

tIcfw hfcpóp

12

P\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014

oLã]-o-r]-¨L-jOç NkpL-e-oLeV AfV. oOSÐ-ã-oL-e-fV. CÐV , jÚORa yoP- z - ¾ ]- R £ Af]-Nk-iLj Za-W-°-tLp WOaOU-mU, y~WL-q|-y~-¾V, nq-e-WPaU fOa-°]pv kOqO- x - N k- i L- j - o L- p , kOqO- x ¢ SoiL- v ]- p L- W OÐ ff~- w L- N ñ- ¾ ]¤ Ai]-xV-b]-f-oL-eV. Af]¤ "Nñ}-', "kO-qOx- ¢ ' IÐfV \]s Av- ò - W - R tpLeV yP\]-Õ]-¨O-Ð-fV. v|©]-v]-WLy-¾]jV fLq-f-So|j WPaO-f¤ Av-yq-°¥ sn]-¨OÐ v|©] IÐ j]sàLeV jLU "kO-qO-x-¢' IÐ-f]Rj j]¡v-\]-S¨-º-fV. Nñ}, Cv]-Ra, Nñ}pL-pfO-RWLºO oLNfU v]Sv-\-jvOU yLoPz|-v]-s-¨O-WtOU AjO-n-v]-S¨-º]-vqOÐ KqO v|©]-pORa Av-ò-pL-eV. C¾qU v|f|-ñ-oLp Av-ò-W¥ j]¡-o]-¨-RÕ-aO-Ð-fV, Av Ai]-WL-q-Za-j-pO-oLpOU Af]-R£-fRÐ fOa-¡-\ÿpLp] qPk-RÕ-aOÐ yLÒ-¾]W yUv]iL-j-°-tO-oLpOU mÌ-RÕ-ŸORWLºLeV. kOqO-x-Nk-iL-j-oLp Ai]-WL-q-Zaj y~}W- q ]- ¨ O- Ð - f O- R WL- º L- e V , jÚORa y¡-¨L-¡-Sq-X-W-t]¤ qƒ-W-¡¾L-v]R£ òLj¾V kOqO-xR£ jLoSipU j]¡-m-Ì-oL-WO-Ð-fV. Cf]-R£fRÐ oRãLqO qPk-oL-eV, Nñ}W¥ n¡¾L-v]R£ SkqO S\¡¾V o]y]yV BWO-Ð-fV. "f-Í-p]-sæL-¾-v-¢' IÐ kh-Nk-SpLYU wWL-qvOU Rfr]-pO-oL-WOÐ-fV. k]fQ-hL-p]f~U (A±-j]-sPRa k]ÍO-a-¡-\ÿL-v-WL-wU) kLs]-¨OÐ yoOhL-p-°-t]¤ Nñ}¨V NWp-v]-NW-pL-vWLwU CsæL-f]-qO-Ð-fV, n¡-¾L-v]R£ v}aV y~ÍU v}aL-S¨-º]-v-qO-Ð-fV, Nñ}ijU RWLaO-S¨-º]-v-qO-Ð-fV, n¡¾L- v ]- R £/A±- R £/ySzL- h - q R£ B³pOU CìvOU v}aO-W-t]¤ WPaOf¤ NkiL-j-oL-WO-Ð-fV, n¡-¾L-vV (nq]¨O-Ð-v-¢) n¡-¾LvOU nLq| (nq]-¨-RÕaO-Ð-v¥ IÐV vL\|L-¡-ÀU) nLq|pOU BWO-Ð-fV, v}aO-W-t]¤ Rk¦-WO-Ÿ]¨OU B¦-WO-Ÿ]¨OU v|f|ñ kq]-w}-s-j°tOU v|f|ñ òLj-°tOU j¤-W-RÕaO-Ð-fV, v]vL-z-¾]¤ fLs] Rk¹V Ae]- S p- º ]- v - q O- Ð - f V , Rk¹]R£ RRsUY]W kq]-wOÈ] (n¡-¾L-v]Rj

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BqOU RkLfORv BSsL-\]-¨L-rO-o]-sæ. CfV Nñ}&kOqOx mÌ-°-Rt-¨O-r]\ÿO oLNf-osæ, yf|U. ofU, ^Lf]-v|-v-ò, BqL-i-jL-NW-o-°-¥, ofL-jO-wL-y-j°¥ IÐ]-v-Rp-¨O-r]\ÿOU wqL-wq] ojO-x|¢ (BSeL RkS¹L Af-sæL¾-vSqL BW-RŸ) C°Rj w}s]-\ÿfV fRÐ-pLeV \]Í]-¨L-rV. Af]-jL¤ C¾qU oPs|-°Rt If]-¡-¨O-Ð-v¡ j|Pj-k-ƒ-oL-WOU. kRƒ Av-qLeV yoP- z R¾ oOSÐLŸO jp]- ¨ O- W . \]ÍL-Sw-x]pOU j}f]-SmL-ivOU Dç Nñ}pOU kOqO-xjOU IÐOU AfV R\pÅ]ŸOºV IÐ-fLeV \q]-NfU. W}uL-t-¡, kq]- f :ò]f], ofU IÐ]- v Rp \PxeU R\áO-Ð-v-SqL-RasæLU Nñ}pOU kOqO-x-jOU SkLqLa]p]ŸO-ºV. Bf|-Í]-W-oLp] Nñ}&kOqOx fOs|f KqO ojO-x|L-v-WLw NkwÔ-oLeV IÐO oj-ô]-sL-¨]-pL¤ CfV Nñ}pOU kOqOxjOU fÚ]-sOç pOÈ-o-sæ, Aj}f] j]s- j ]- ¤ - ¨ OÐ Av- ò - R à- f ]- R qpOç pOÈ- o L- R eÐV v|©- o L- W OU. ^j]- ¨ O- S ÒL¥ joO¨V sn]- ¨ OÐ s]UYU, ^Lf], j]rU IÐ]-vRp Aa]òL-j-oL¨] v]Sv-\jU AqO-fV, Jv¡¨OU fOs|L-v-y-q-°¥ j¤-WeU IÐO oLNf-oLeV Cf]R£ Aa]-òLjU. CT Av-WL-w-vL-hU, ^jL-i]-k-f|oLp] mÌ-RÕ-Ÿ-fL-eV. IsæL ^Lf]-of-ò-¡¨OU KqO-SkLRs SvLŸ-v-WLwU SveU IÐO kr- p O- Ð - S kL- R sSp DçP CfOU. BqL-pLsOU Ai]-WL-q-òL-j-¾]qO-Ð-v¡ ANf SvY-RoLÐOU Ai]WLqU v]ŸO-RWL-aO-¨]-sæ. 33% yUv-qe m]sæ]R£ Wg joO-¨-r]-pLU. yv-¡ejV Ska] Av-¡-e¢ Ai]-WL-qU S\Lh]- ¨ OSoL IÐ- f L- e V . Isæ L qUY¾OU ja-¨OÐ CT Ai]-WLq vaUvs] WOaOU-m-¾]sOU kSqL-ƒ-oLp] j]s-j]-¤-¨O-ÐO-ºV. Nñ}¨V Ai]-WL-qo]-sæL¾ KqO òs-oLeV CÐV WOaOUmU. CRfLÐOU BqOU oj:kP¡vU R\áO-Ð-fO-SkL-sO-o-sæ IÐV v]w~-y]¨L-jLeV Ij]-¨]-ìU. ja-ÐO-v-qOÐ KqO v|v-ò]-f]Rp kq]-kL-s]-¨OÐO ISÐ-pO-çP. AfLeV w}sU. Af]tIcfw hfcpóp

jL¤ AfV R\áO-ÐO. KuO-¨]-Rj-f]Rq j}ÍL¢ nPq]-k-ƒ-¾]jOU Wu]-v]-sæ. Nñ}y-of~U jLU w}s]\ÿ y~nL-v-o-sæ. Rk¹]Rj KÕ-o]-qO-¾]-p]-Ÿ-sæ, or]\ÿV vLf]-s]jO k]Ð]¤ j]¡-¾]-p]-ŸLeV joO¨O w}sU. I\ÿ]¤ D¹]-Õ]-\ÿ]-ŸLeV w}sU. fsæ] AjO-y-q]-Õ]-\ÿ]ŸOU fW-¡R¾-r]-´]-ŸO-oLeV w}sU. AfL-pfV SosL-t¡ Ai:WQf-SjLaV R\áOÐ Ai]-WL-q-Nk-o-¾-f. AfO-f-RÐ-pLeV yoP- z - ¾ ]R£ AUY}- W L- q - S ¾LRa Nñ}&kOqOx mÌ-¾]sOU yUn-v]-¨OÐ-fV. CÐV jÚORa ^}v]-f-¾]¤ kOqOxR£ CT Ai]-WL-qU WLe]-¨¤ ANf-SpRr y~}W-q]-¨-RÕ-aO-Ð-f]-jL¤, CT qPk-¾]¤ jLU AfV f]q]-\ÿ-r]pO-Ð]-sæ-Rp-SÐ-pO-çP. WszU kOqO-xSjL-a-sæ, yLoP-z|-v|-v-ò-SpL-aLeV IÐ-¡-ÀU. joO-¨-r]-pLU, v}aO-W-t]¤ Rk¦-WOŸ]¨OU B¦-WO-Ÿ]¨OU j¤-W-RÕ-aOÐ kq]-w}-s-j-°-¥, AjO-wL-y-j-°¥ KSq-SkL-Rs-p-sæ. WLqeU nLv]-p]¤ Nñ}pOU kOqO-xjOU JRã-aO-¨-e-RoÐV yoPzU AjO-wL-y]-¨OÐ \Oo-f-s-Wt]-sLeV Av Ai]-xV-b]-f-oL-p]-q]-¨OÐ- f V . kOqO- x - R £pOU Nñ}pO- R apOU SmLi- o - ¼ - s - ¾ ]¤ Cv R\sO¾OÐ y~Li}jU h}¡-Z-WLsU j]s-j]¤-¨O-Ð-fL-eV. AfL-p-fV, oLãU vSqºfV WOaOU- m - ¾ ]- s L- e V . Av]Ra Rk¦- W O- Ÿ ]- W - ¥ ¨OU B¦- W O- Ÿ ]- W ¥¨OU KSq S^Ls]pOU KSq RkqO-oL-ã-\ÿŸvOU v]i]-¨-RÕ-aOÐO IË]-¤, fOs|Lv-y-q-°¥ j¤-W-RÕ-aOÐO IË]-¤, Rk¦-WO-Ÿ]-W¥ yLÒ-¾]-W-nL-qvOU B¦-WO-Ÿ]-W¥ WOaOU-m-¾]R£ AÐhL-fL-vO-oLp] We-¨L-¨-RÕ-aO-Ð]sæ IË]¤ oLNfSo Aa]-òL-j-k-q-oLp] CT oSjL-nLvU oLrP. AfL-eV, WOaOUm-¾]-sLeV oLãU vSq-º-RfÐOU C¾qU WLq|- ° ¥ oLr]- o - r ]- p L¢ JãvOU Dk- S pL- Y - N k- h - o Lp oL¡YU Rk¦-WO-Ÿ]-WRt B¦-WO-Ÿ]-W-Rt-SkLRs-fRÐ kb]-Õ]-¨O-WpOU yLÒ-¾]W-oLp] y~ÍU WLs]¤ j]¤-¨L¢ Swx]-pO-ç-v-qL-¨O-WpOU R\áO-W-pLReÐOU kr- p O- Ð - f V . Af]- s PRa

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¾]jOU fOs|-oLp NkLoOX|U sn]-¨O-RoË]-¤, C¾qU Sv¡-f]-q]-vO-W¥ Svº]v-q]-sæ. v}Ÿ]¤ SvºNf kq]-Y-ej sn]¨O-RÐ-Ë]¤, oOf]-¡Ð kTq-ÓL-¡¨V IÍ]-jLeV vQÈ-y-h-j-°-¥? IÍ]jLeV KqO Shw}p WÚ}-x-¢? Aa-pL-tRÕ-aO-¾OÐ SrLtO-W¥ SvRr-pL-p-fORWL-ºLeV v]nL-Y-°¥ Svº]-v-qO-ÐfV. Av]-Ra-pLeV yof~U CsæL-fL-WOÐ-fV. KqO kq}-ƒ-e-¾]jV, iLqLtU vj]f-W¥ S\¡ÐV KqO yoL-^-oO-ºL-¨OWpOU Av]Ra KqO "kO-qO-x-v]-nL-YU' DºL¨] Af]- g ]- W - ¥ ¨V kPR\ÿ º O j¤-WLjOU jÎ] kr-pLjOU oLNfU j]¡¾]-SjL-¨O-WpOU SveU. v]^-p]-¨ORojVV Ij]-¨O-r-ÕL-eV. IÍO-RWLºV kP¡-e-oLpOU KqO vj]fL SjfQ-j]q Bp]-¨PaL IÐV S\Lh]-S¨-ºfV vj]f-W-¥-f-RÐ-pL-eV. BRqpOU RvsæO-v]t]-¨L-j-sæ, y~pU BÄ-v]-w~LyU v¡È]-Õ]-¨L-jLeV AfV. y~pU WRº-¾s]jO Svº]-pL-eV. v}ºOU kr-pRŸ, v]^-p-¾]-Ss¨Oç j]é]f oL¡YU v]^-p]-¨OW IÐ-fO-f-RÐ-pL-eV. ja-¾]-¨L-e]¨O-W. k]RÐ j]°Rt KqLtOU k]Ð]¤ j]¡-¾]-sæ. Nw}of] y]o] CT Bw-pU, "vj]fL-v]-nL-Y-°-t]-sæL¾ yoL-^-°-¥' oOSÐL- Ÿ O- v - \ ÿ - f ]- S jLaV kP¡- e - o LpOU

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SpL^]-¨O-W-pL-eV `L¢. Af]R£ k]Ð]Rs BwpU fOs|f Dr-ÕL-¨LjOç NkLSpL-Y]W j}¨-RoÐ j]s-àOoL-eV. \¡-\ÿp]¤ Av-f-q]-Õ]\ÿ yo}-k-jSq-X-p]Rs NkñL-v-°¥ KLSqLÐOU kr-pL¢ Nwo]-¨O-Ð-fV, As×U mOÈ]-oOŸO-Rº-Ë]sOU yoL-^-°-tORa j]p-oL-vs]-p]¤ Nñ}yL-Ð]È|U Dr-ÕO-v-qO-¾LjOç Nwo-°-Rt-¨O-r]-\ÿL-eV. B NkñLv-°-RtsæLU NkLSpL-Y]-WvOU ItOÕU jaÕL-¨L-vO-Ð-fO-oL-eV IÐ]-q]R¨ A¾qU j]p-oL-v-s]-W¥ AUY}-W-q]\ÿL¤ k]RÐ, yLÐ]È|U Dr-ÕL-S¨ºfV Nñ}W-tORa \Oo-f-s-pL-vOU! A°Rj-pL-v-RŸ. NkwÔ-°¥ Sjq]-aO-SÒLSu kq]-zL-q-°¥ oOSÐLŸO vqP. Bv- ¡ - ¾ ]- ¨ O- W - p LeV `L¢. v}Ÿ]¤ j]ÐO-v-qOÐ oLã-°St òLp]pL-WP. v}Ÿ]¤ fOs|-pLp] mzO-oL-j]¨-RÕ-aO-SÒLSu yoP-z-¾]sOU AfV yUn- v ]- ¨ P! WOrO- ¨ O- v - u ]- W - R tLÐOU joO¨V oOÐ]-s]-sæ. WLq-eU, yLoP-z|oLp] s]UY-v]-Sv-\jU ks-p]-a¾OU AjO-n-v]-S¨-º]-v-qOÐ Nñ}¨V KqO pOÈ-oO-X-¾-sæ, j]q-ÍqU v|f|-ñ-oLp pOÈ-oO-X-°-t]-sLeV pOÈU R\Sá-º]v-qO-Ð-fV. B°-t-oLqOU A±-jOU n¡¾L-vOU Nñ}W-¥-R¨LÕU j]¤-S¨º yo-p-oL-e]-fV.

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BqOU RkLfORv BSsL-\]-¨L-rO-o]-sæ. CfV Nñ}&kOqOx mÌ-°-Rt-¨O-r]\ÿO oLNf-osæ, yf|U. ofU, ^Lf]-v|-v-ò, BqL-i-jL-NW-o-°-¥, ofL-jO-wL-y-j°¥ IÐ]-v-Rp-¨O-r]\ÿOU wqL-wq] ojO-x|¢ (BSeL RkS¹L Af-sæL¾-vSqL BW-RŸ) C°Rj w}s]-\ÿfV fRÐ-pLeV \]Í]-¨L-rV. Af]-jL¤ C¾qU oPs|-°Rt If]-¡-¨O-Ð-v¡ j|Pj-k-ƒ-oL-WOU. kRƒ Av-qLeV yoP- z R¾ oOSÐLŸO jp]- ¨ O- W . \]ÍL-Sw-x]pOU j}f]-SmL-ivOU Dç Nñ}pOU kOqO-xjOU IÐOU AfV R\pÅ]ŸOºV IÐ-fLeV \q]-NfU. W}uL-t-¡, kq]- f :ò]f], ofU IÐ]- v Rp \PxeU R\áO-Ð-v-SqL-RasæLU Nñ}pOU kOqO-x-jOU SkLqLa]p]ŸO-ºV. Bf|-Í]-W-oLp] Nñ}&kOqOx fOs|f KqO ojO-x|L-v-WLw NkwÔ-oLeV IÐO oj-ô]-sL-¨]-pL¤ CfV Nñ}pOU kOqOxjOU fÚ]-sOç pOÈ-o-sæ, Aj}f] j]s- j ]- ¤ - ¨ OÐ Av- ò - R à- f ]- R qpOç pOÈ- o L- R eÐV v|©- o L- W OU. ^j]- ¨ O- S ÒL¥ joO¨V sn]- ¨ OÐ s]UYU, ^Lf], j]rU IÐ]-vRp Aa]òL-j-oL¨] v]Sv-\jU AqO-fV, Jv¡¨OU fOs|L-v-y-q-°¥ j¤-WeU IÐO oLNf-oLeV Cf]R£ Aa]-òLjU. CT Av-WL-w-vL-hU, ^jL-i]-k-f|oLp] mÌ-RÕ-Ÿ-fL-eV. IsæL ^Lf]-of-ò-¡¨OU KqO-SkLRs SvLŸ-v-WLwU SveU IÐO kr- p O- Ð - S kL- R sSp DçP CfOU. BqL-pLsOU Ai]-WL-q-òL-j-¾]qO-Ð-v¡ ANf SvY-RoLÐOU Ai]WLqU v]ŸO-RWL-aO-¨]-sæ. 33% yUv-qe m]sæ]R£ Wg joO-¨-r]-pLU. yv-¡ejV Ska] Av-¡-e¢ Ai]-WL-qU S\Lh]- ¨ OSoL IÐ- f L- e V . Isæ L qUY¾OU ja-¨OÐ CT Ai]-WLq vaUvs] WOaOU-m-¾]sOU kSqL-ƒ-oLp] j]s-j]-¤-¨O-ÐO-ºV. Nñ}¨V Ai]-WL-qo]-sæL¾ KqO òs-oLeV CÐV WOaOUmU. CRfLÐOU BqOU oj:kP¡vU R\áO-Ð-fO-SkL-sO-o-sæ IÐV v]w~-y]¨L-jLeV Ij]-¨]-ìU. ja-ÐO-v-qOÐ KqO v|v-ò]-f]Rp kq]-kL-s]-¨OÐO ISÐ-pO-çP. AfLeV w}sU. Af]tIcfw hfcpóp

jL¤ AfV R\áO-ÐO. KuO-¨]-Rj-f]Rq j}ÍL¢ nPq]-k-ƒ-¾]jOU Wu]-v]-sæ. Nñ}y-of~U jLU w}s]\ÿ y~nL-v-o-sæ. Rk¹]Rj KÕ-o]-qO-¾]-p]-Ÿ-sæ, or]\ÿV vLf]-s]jO k]Ð]¤ j]¡-¾]-p]-ŸLeV joO¨O w}sU. I\ÿ]¤ D¹]-Õ]-\ÿ]-ŸLeV w}sU. fsæ] AjO-y-q]-Õ]-\ÿ]ŸOU fW-¡R¾-r]-´]-ŸO-oLeV w}sU. AfL-pfV SosL-t¡ Ai:WQf-SjLaV R\áOÐ Ai]-WL-q-Nk-o-¾-f. AfO-f-RÐ-pLeV yoP- z - ¾ ]R£ AUY}- W L- q - S ¾LRa Nñ}&kOqOx mÌ-¾]sOU yUn-v]-¨OÐ-fV. CÐV jÚORa ^}v]-f-¾]¤ kOqOxR£ CT Ai]-WL-qU WLe]-¨¤ ANf-SpRr y~}W-q]-¨-RÕ-aO-Ð-f]-jL¤, CT qPk-¾]¤ jLU AfV f]q]-\ÿ-r]pO-Ð]-sæ-Rp-SÐ-pO-çP. WszU kOqO-xSjL-a-sæ, yLoP-z|-v|-v-ò-SpL-aLeV IÐ-¡-ÀU. joO-¨-r]-pLU, v}aO-W-t]¤ Rk¦-WOŸ]¨OU B¦-WO-Ÿ]¨OU j¤-W-RÕ-aOÐ kq]-w}-s-j-°-¥, AjO-wL-y-j-°¥ KSq-SkL-Rs-p-sæ. WLqeU nLv]-p]¤ Nñ}pOU kOqO-xjOU JRã-aO-¨-e-RoÐV yoPzU AjO-wL-y]-¨OÐ \Oo-f-s-Wt]-sLeV Av Ai]-xV-b]-f-oL-p]-q]-¨OÐ- f V . kOqO- x - R £pOU Nñ}pO- R apOU SmLi- o - ¼ - s - ¾ ]¤ Cv R\sO¾OÐ y~Li}jU h}¡-Z-WLsU j]s-j]¤-¨O-Ð-fL-eV. AfL-p-fV, oLãU vSqºfV WOaOU- m - ¾ ]- s L- e V . Av]Ra Rk¦- W O- Ÿ ]- W - ¥ ¨OU B¦- W O- Ÿ ]- W ¥¨OU KSq S^Ls]pOU KSq RkqO-oL-ã-\ÿŸvOU v]i]-¨-RÕ-aOÐO IË]-¤, fOs|Lv-y-q-°¥ j¤-W-RÕ-aOÐO IË]-¤, Rk¦-WO-Ÿ]-W¥ yLÒ-¾]-W-nL-qvOU B¦-WO-Ÿ]-W¥ WOaOU-m-¾]R£ AÐhL-fL-vO-oLp] We-¨L-¨-RÕ-aO-Ð]sæ IË]¤ oLNfSo Aa]-òL-j-k-q-oLp] CT oSjL-nLvU oLrP. AfL-eV, WOaOUm-¾]-sLeV oLãU vSq-º-RfÐOU C¾qU WLq|- ° ¥ oLr]- o - r ]- p L¢ JãvOU Dk- S pL- Y - N k- h - o Lp oL¡YU Rk¦-WO-Ÿ]-WRt B¦-WO-Ÿ]-W-Rt-SkLRs-fRÐ kb]-Õ]-¨O-WpOU yLÒ-¾]W-oLp] y~ÍU WLs]¤ j]¤-¨L¢ Swx]-pO-ç-v-qL-¨O-WpOU R\áO-W-pLReÐOU kr- p O- Ð - f V . Af]- s PRa

oLNfSo oSjL-nL-v-¾]¤ oLãU vqP. WOaOU-m-¾]¤ CT oSjL-nL-v-oLãU vqL-¾-f]-jL-sLeV Nñ}kµL-p¾V Nky]-c-£L-pLsOU Av-¥-¨O-Svº] v}ŸO-WL-q¢ f}qO-oL-j-°¥ IaO-¨O-ÐfV. yoPzU AfV AUY}-W-q]-¨O-Ð-fV. Cf]-RjLqO orO-kOrU WPa]-pO-ºV. y~LfNÍ|U \Oo-f-sL-SmL-i-S¾L-Ra, vW-f]-q]-SvL-Ra, WLq|-°-t]¤ Ar]vO SjaL¢ Nwo]\ÿV (RRsUY]-W-Rk-qO-oL-ãRoL-ÐO-o-Ssæ-psæ `Lj]-v]Ra DSÇ-w]¨O-Ð-fV) Nñ}Dk-SpL-Y]-¨L¢ kb]¨OW IÐ-fL-e-fV. Nñ}pL-p-fORWLºO oLNfU BjO-WP-s|-°¥ SveRoÐV wb]-¨-qO-fV. Bv-w|-RÕ-a-qO-fV. v}Ÿ]Rs yLÒ- ¾ ]- W - W L- q |- ° - t ]- ¤ , oOf-¤-oO-a-¨O-W-t]¤ IsæLU KÕU \Oo-fs-Sp-¤-¨-eU. kOr-¾O-SkLp] R\áLjOç WLq|-°¥ y~So-ipL R\áL¢ Nñ}fáL-rL-pL-Ss, AaO-¨-t-p]¤ vÐV yzL-p]¨P IÐV RRiq|-kP-¡vU krpL¢ kãP. BNw]f-f~vOU yo-f~vOU KqO-o]\ÿV j]s-j]-¤-¨OÐ WLq|-°-t-sæ. \OqO-¨]-Õ-r-´L-¤, SjfQ-òL-j-°-t]¤, Ai]-WL-q-SW-NÎ-°-t]¤ C¨L-q|¾]¤ WLeOÐ yUZ-¡-x-¾]R£ WLq-e-°-¥, jÚORa yoP-z-¾]¤ WLs-°-tLp] j]s-j]-ÐO-SkL-qO-Ð, jLU w}s]-\ÿO-SkL-qOÐ RkqO-oL-ã-\ÿ-Ÿ-°tOU v]h|L-y-Ò-Ð-W-tLp CÐR¾ Swx]pOU SwoO-x]-pO-oOt Nñ}W-tORa mTÈ]W Bv-w|-°tOU fÚ]-sOç y~q-S\ÿ-¡-\ÿ-p]-sæLpVopL-eV. Avyq°-¥-¨O-Svº] vLh]-¨O-WpOU Av sn]-¨O-SÒL¥ fS£-a-S¾LRa Av j]¡-v-z]-¨O-WpOU R\áOÐ Nñ}Rp kRƒ Ai]-W-WLsU B¡¨OU Av-Ye]-¨L-jL-v]-sæ. v]^-p]-¨O-W-pLeV v]^-p]-¨L-jOç JãvOU jsæ oL¡-YU. IÐO- o O- f SsL WSsæ - r O- R WLºOU Ak-vLhU SWŸOU Aj|LpU yz]-\ÿOoLeV W}uL- t ¡ SosL- t Rq S\Lh|U R\pÅfOU Av-WL-w-°¥ Sja]-Rp-aO¾-fOU, Nñ}pORa WLq|vOU or]-\ÿ-sæ. ARsæ-Ë]¤ ^Lf]-v]-nL-Y-°¥ SkLRs, vj]-fL-v]-nL-Y-°¥ IRÐLÐV Bvw|-o]-sæ. yoL-^-°-t]sLpLsOU yoP-z¾]-sL-pLsOU, Af]Rs KLSqL AUY14

¾]jOU fOs|-oLp NkLoOX|U sn]-¨O-RoË]-¤, C¾qU Sv¡-f]-q]-vO-W¥ Svº]v-q]-sæ. v}Ÿ]¤ SvºNf kq]-Y-ej sn]¨O-RÐ-Ë]¤, oOf]-¡Ð kTq-ÓL-¡¨V IÍ]-jLeV vQÈ-y-h-j-°-¥? IÍ]jLeV KqO Shw}p WÚ}-x-¢? Aa-pL-tRÕ-aO-¾OÐ SrLtO-W¥ SvRr-pL-p-fORWL-ºLeV v]nL-Y-°¥ Svº]-v-qO-ÐfV. Av]-Ra-pLeV yof~U CsæL-fL-WOÐ-fV. KqO kq}-ƒ-e-¾]jV, iLqLtU vj]f-W¥ S\¡ÐV KqO yoL-^-oO-ºL-¨OWpOU Av]Ra KqO "kO-qO-x-v]-nL-YU' DºL¨] Af]- g ]- W - ¥ ¨V kPR\ÿ º O j¤-WLjOU jÎ] kr-pLjOU oLNfU j]¡¾]-SjL-¨O-WpOU SveU. v]^-p]-¨ORojVV Ij]-¨O-r-ÕL-eV. IÍO-RWLºV kP¡-e-oLpOU KqO vj]fL SjfQ-j]q Bp]-¨PaL IÐV S\Lh]-S¨-ºfV vj]f-W-¥-f-RÐ-pL-eV. BRqpOU RvsæO-v]t]-¨L-j-sæ, y~pU BÄ-v]-w~LyU v¡È]-Õ]-¨L-jLeV AfV. y~pU WRº-¾s]jO Svº]-pL-eV. v}ºOU kr-pRŸ, v]^-p-¾]-Ss¨Oç j]é]f oL¡YU v]^-p]-¨OW IÐ-fO-f-RÐ-pL-eV. ja-¾]-¨L-e]¨O-W. k]RÐ j]°Rt KqLtOU k]Ð]¤ j]¡-¾]-sæ. Nw}of] y]o] CT Bw-pU, "vj]fL-v]-nL-Y-°-t]-sæL¾ yoL-^-°-¥' oOSÐL- Ÿ O- v - \ ÿ - f ]- S jLaV kP¡- e - o LpOU

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SpL^]-¨O-W-pL-eV `L¢. Af]R£ k]Ð]Rs BwpU fOs|f Dr-ÕL-¨LjOç NkLSpL-Y]W j}¨-RoÐ j]s-àOoL-eV. \¡-\ÿp]¤ Av-f-q]-Õ]\ÿ yo}-k-jSq-X-p]Rs NkñL-v-°¥ KLSqLÐOU kr-pL¢ Nwo]-¨O-Ð-fV, As×U mOÈ]-oOŸO-Rº-Ë]sOU yoL-^-°-tORa j]p-oL-vs]-p]¤ Nñ}yL-Ð]È|U Dr-ÕO-v-qO-¾LjOç Nwo-°-Rt-¨O-r]-\ÿL-eV. B NkñLv-°-RtsæLU NkLSpL-Y]-WvOU ItOÕU jaÕL-¨L-vO-Ð-fO-oL-eV IÐ]-q]R¨ A¾qU j]p-oL-v-s]-W¥ AUY}-W-q]\ÿL¤ k]RÐ, yLÐ]È|U Dr-ÕL-S¨ºfV Nñ}W-tORa \Oo-f-s-pL-vOU! A°Rj-pL-v-RŸ. NkwÔ-°¥ Sjq]-aO-SÒLSu kq]-zL-q-°¥ oOSÐLŸO vqP. Bv- ¡ - ¾ ]- ¨ O- W - p LeV `L¢. v}Ÿ]¤ j]ÐO-v-qOÐ oLã-°St òLp]pL-WP. v}Ÿ]¤ fOs|-pLp] mzO-oL-j]¨-RÕ-aO-SÒLSu yoP-z-¾]sOU AfV yUn- v ]- ¨ P! WOrO- ¨ O- v - u ]- W - R tLÐOU joO¨V oOÐ]-s]-sæ. WLq-eU, yLoP-z|oLp] s]UY-v]-Sv-\jU ks-p]-a¾OU AjO-n-v]-S¨-º]-v-qOÐ Nñ}¨V KqO pOÈ-oO-X-¾-sæ, j]q-ÍqU v|f|-ñ-oLp pOÈ-oO-X-°-t]-sLeV pOÈU R\Sá-º]v-qO-Ð-fV. B°-t-oLqOU A±-jOU n¡¾L-vOU Nñ}W-¥-R¨LÕU j]¤-S¨º yo-p-oL-e]-fV.

RÕ-aO-Ð-f]jV Aj]-vL-q|-oLp oRãLqO Za-W-oLeV yOq-ƒ]-f-oLp RkLfO Ca-°-¥. Ay-o-p-¾Oç pLNf-WtOU Ak-q]-\]-fRq WLesOU KR¨ RkLfONk-v-¡-¾-j-¾]R£ nLY-oL-eV. Af]jL¤ RkLfO-Y-fL-YfU yOq-ƒ]-fvOU Af]-jOç yTW-q|-°¥ sn|-vO-oL-WeU. Ak-vL-h-°-t-sæ, AvRp y~ÍU WOaOUmU I°Rj Sjq]-aOÐO IÐfLeV oRãLqO v]s-°O-f-a]. Ak-W-a°¥ ƒe]-\ÿO-v-qO-¾L-Rf Aa-°]RpL- f O°] v}Ÿ]- j - W - ¾ ]- q ]- ¨ - s LeV Cf]-RjLR¨ Nkf]-v]-i]-pL-WO-Ð-RfË]¤ fOa-°]-p]-a-¾O-f-RÐ-pLWOU jLU R\RÐ-¾O-W. C°Rj yLoP-z|L-vò-p]¤, Nñ}pORa RkLfO-Nk-v-¡-¾-jvOU, òLk-j-°-tORa SjfQ-j]-q-p]¤ òLjU k]a]-¨O-Ð-fO-RoLR¨ AvtORa Wu]vO oLNf- o L- p - s æ , yoP- z ¾]Rs oPs|-SmL-i-°-tO-oLpOU AYLi-oLp] mÌ-RÕ-Ÿ]-q]-¨O-ÐO-RvÐV Kq]¨-¤-WPa] KL¡-o]-Õ]-¨O-W-pLeV `L¢. yoP-z-¾]¤ j]s-j]-¤-¨OÐ iLq-eWRt S\Lh|U R\áO-Ð-v-¡-R¨LR¨ WOaOU-m-¾]R£ pLgL-ò]-f]-W-f-pOoLp] pOÈU R\Sá- º ]- v - Ð ]- Ÿ O- º V . WOaOU-m-¾]-j-W¾OU kOr¾OU KSq-yopU J¡RÕSa- º ]- v - q OÐ C¾qU pOÈ-°-¥¨V kWqU j]¤-¨L¢ WOrO¨O-v-u]-W-t]-sæ-fL-jOU.

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o]ºO-vL-jL-WL-SfSfL \]Í-p]¤ hO:X¾]R£ A®]-jL-t-°¥ \OãOU kaqOU Sjq-¾-SÕL¥ RoRsæ `L¢ f]q]-R´LÐO SjL¨Rv WáOU v}w] vÐ-v-RqLR¨ hPRq hPRq-pLpV or-´O-SkL-pV

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IË]sOU SW¥-¨O-ÐOºO `Lj-f]-oQ-hO-s-oLpV I°O-j]SÐL KqO Sf°-sL-p]-RŸLqO y~qU ""-v-sæLRf RRvW] ARsæ & pLNf-p]¤ CapVR¨R£ D¹]-¨-yO-X-°-RtL-ÐO-oO-ºL-p]-sæ-SsæL...''

v]°O-RÐL-qL-ÄL-v]R£ Sf°-sLpV SWŸO k]Ð]-¤, "D¹}SkLpV vqP... IsæL yTX|vOU SjqOÐO `L¢' AÚ-pL-efV & A±¢ AWR¾ y}ãOU \Pº] WÒ]-^L-s-W-°Rt oLSrLaV S\¡¾OU RoRsæ...

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CÐO `L¢ fOa-àLRf vRÐL-Rq¢ W¹}-q]R£ fOç]W¥ RWLqO-R¾LqO zLq-oO-ºL-¨]-R¨L-Rº¢ n]¾]-p]¤ Nkf]-xV-b]\ÿ \]Nf-¾]-s-¡-Õ]-¨O-vL¢ oj-R\ÿ-Õ]-R£-pO-ç]¤ RkLf]-´O-vpV¨OÐO `L¢!

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oOãR¾ oLv]-¤-j]ÐOU RkLu]pOU oLÒP-¨tOU \OãOoL yOY-Ì-¾]-s-s]pOU yLpL-øvOU vãL¾ SƒNf-¨O-t-¨-a-v]¤ CqOÐO `L¢ jRŸL-qL-W]-jL-¨tOU RWL\ÿ-jO-qL-Y-°-tOU

CÐ]fL Af]-SvY vº]-p]¤ j]ÐOU RRvW] vÐ]-r-°OÐO `LjL vº]-pL-Õ}-y]¤ v}ºOU CÐL-qO-o]sæ IRÐ WL¾O-j]-¤-¨LjOU RoRsæ IR£ RRWk]-a]-R\ÿLÐO yTX|-o-Sj~-x]-¨LjOU.

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o]ºO-vL-jL-WL-SfSfL \]Í-p]¤ hO:X¾]R£ A®]-jL-t-°¥ \OãOU kaqOU Sjq-¾-SÕL¥ RoRsæ `L¢ f]q]-R´LÐO SjL¨Rv WáOU v}w] vÐ-v-RqLR¨ hPRq hPRq-pLpV or-´O-SkL-pV

W]°]e]-kPvOU Rjsæ]-¢-W-f]qOU k]RÐ-¨L-v]¤ RkL°OoL kP^L-qv wURXLs] jLh-°tOU v]°O-Ro¢ oj-ô]R£ ^LsWU fOr-Ð-v¡ RoRsæ-Rp¢ \Lq-R¾¾] fOe-pLpV CqO-ÐO-SkL-pV.

IË]sOU SW¥-¨O-ÐOºO `Lj-f]-oQ-hO-s-oLpV I°O-j]SÐL KqO Sf°-sL-p]-RŸLqO y~qU ""-v-sæLRf RRvW] ARsæ & pLNf-p]¤ CapVR¨R£ D¹]-¨-yO-X-°-RtL-ÐO-oO-ºL-p]-sæ-SsæL...''

v]°O-RÐL-qL-ÄL-v]R£ Sf°-sLpV SWŸO k]Ð]-¤, "D¹}SkLpV vqP... IsæL yTX|vOU SjqOÐO `L¢' AÚ-pL-efV & A±¢ AWR¾ y}ãOU \Pº] WÒ]-^L-s-W-°Rt oLSrLaV S\¡¾OU RoRsæ...

INf `L¢ KfO-¨O-vL¢ Nwo]\ÿO oj-ô]Rj ANfpOU kqL-^]-f-jLp] `L¢ v}ºOU v}ºOU \Oã]sOU pLNf-¨L-qL¤ f]°OoL f}v-º]-p]¤ kã]-p-f]sæ & RkLŸ]-¨-q-pL-Rj-j]-¨-SÕL-¥...

EfO-¨¥ kr-Ð-W-ÐL-RqpOU WL¨L-SfSfL v]t]-\ÿL¤ SW¥-¨L-¾Nf hPq-S¾pV¨W-ÐO-SkLpV A³Lf-SoSfL f]q-ê}s v}e-SÕL¥ k]RÐ A±-j-Ú-oL-RqL-R¨-RpR£ \Oo-q]¤ \]Nf-°-tL-pV...

CÐO `L¢ fOa-àLRf vRÐL-Rq¢ W¹}-q]R£ fOç]W¥ RWLqO-R¾LqO zLq-oO-ºL-¨]-R¨L-Rº¢ n]¾]-p]¤ Nkf]-xV-b]\ÿ \]Nf-¾]-s-¡-Õ]-¨O-vL¢ oj-R\ÿ-Õ]-R£-pO-ç]¤ RkLf]-´O-vpV¨OÐO `L¢!

YhVYhU orpV¨OvL¢ \Oo-s]¤ kOf-\ÿ]Ÿ oOºO-RWL-º-±¢ oOXU kLf]pOU oPa]-R¨L-Rº-¢ w]q-ô]¤ RRWv-\ÿ-SÕL¥ oj-ô]¤ NkL¡-À]-¨OÐO oWRj IÐOU WL¾O-RWL-çO-vL¢ RRhv-S¾L-aL-pV...

oOãR¾ oLv]-¤-j]ÐOU RkLu]pOU oLÒP-¨tOU \OãOoL yOY-Ì-¾]-s-s]pOU yLpL-øvOU vãL¾ SƒNf-¨O-t-¨-a-v]¤ CqOÐO `L¢ jRŸL-qL-W]-jL-¨tOU RWL\ÿ-jO-qL-Y-°-tOU

CÐ]fL Af]-SvY vº]-p]¤ j]ÐOU RRvW] vÐ]-r-°OÐO `LjL vº]-pL-Õ}-y]¤ v}ºOU CÐL-qO-o]sæ IRÐ WL¾O-j]-¤-¨LjOU RoRsæ IR£ RRWk]-a]-R\ÿLÐO yTX|-o-Sj~-x]-¨LjOU.

tIcfw hfcpóp

16

P\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014

17


IhnX

IhnX

Search for

My Tongue amXr`mjsb¡pdn¨pÅ Cw¥ojv IhnX

yORRs-oL¢ RkqO-oO-¨V

yO^Lf nŸV

You ask me what I mean

it grows back, a stump of a shoot

by saying I have lost my tongue.

grows longer, grows moist, grows strong veins,

I ask you, what would you do

it ties the other tongue in knots,

if you had two tongues in your mouth,

the bud opens, the bud opens in my mouth,

and lost the first one, the mother tongue,

it pushes the other tongue aside.

and could not really know the other,

Everytime I think I've forgotten,

the foreign tongue.

I think I've lost the mother tongue,

IR£ NYLo-W-vL-a-¾]¤

oj-ô]¤ Rft]-´O-v-ÐO.

You could not use them both together

it blossoms out of my mouth.

of-yT-zL-¡-h-¾]R£

IRÐ kç]-¨P-a-¾]¤ S\¡¾

even if you thought that way.

oz-j}p oLfQW v]t]-S\ÿL-fO-Ð

IÐOU IR£ qLNf]-p]¤

And if you lived in a place you had to

vq]-W¥ BSs-XjU R\pÅfV

kç]-pORa ka]-ÕO-q-p]¤

speak a foreign tongue,

oj-¨-¹]-jL¤ vLp]-\ÿO-RWL-ºL-eV

WL¾O-j]-¤-¨L-rO-ç,

your mother tongue would rot,

IR£ mLs|U Wa-ÐO-v-Ð-fV.

IR£ oj-ô]R£ oOãR¾ kLb-wL-s-p]¤

rot and die in your mouth

WToL-q-¾]sOU `LjfV Wº]-qO-ÐO.

kOµ]-q]-\ÿO-j]-¤-¨OÐ

until you had to spit it out.

WLs-¾]R£ Wr-¨-¾]¤

IR£ Ap-¤-vL-y]-WP-a]-pLp

`LjOU NkvL-y]-pL-vL¢

k].y]. SWLqS£fL-p]-qOÐO AfV.

j]¡-m-Ì]-f-jLp]

ARf, `°¥ Bh-q-SvLRa v]t]-¨L-rOç

jLŸ]-Ss¨O pLNf f]q]-¨OÐ

DÕL-Õ-pO-SafV

yOzQ-¾O-¨-¥¨V

`L¢ S\Lh]-\ÿO: DÕLÕL

IR£ v}Ÿ]-Ss-¨Oç vu]-p-a-pLtU

B WvL-a-Ro-v]-Ra

B WvL-a-oL-p]-qO-ÐO.

AfL-Rq-aO-¾O-oL-ã]?

WvL-a-¾]¤ o]Ð]-¾]-t-°]-p]-qOÐ

ojU v]°]-R¨LºV

vq]-W¥ CfL-p]-qOÐO

DÕLÕ orO-ka] kr-´O:

RkqO-oO¨V ^OoL oyV^]h]-Ss-¨OU

SoLSj B WvL-aSo IaO-¾O-oL-ã]-p]-ŸOçP

WLq-¨LaV Nw}nY-v-f]-Sƒ-Nf-¾]-Ss-¨O-oOç

Af]Rs ySÎwU oj-ôO-W-t]-¤-j]ÐV

vu] Cf]-Rs....

B¡¨OU oLpV\ÿOW-t-pL¢ Wu]-p]-sæ.

kRƒ CÐV B WvL-a-o-v]Ra Csæ

B vL¨O-W¥ IRÐÐOU yf|-oL-pV

BqLeV IaO-¾O-oL-ã]-p-RfÐOU Ar]-p]sæ

kOs-qRŸ IÐV IR£ oj-ôV

S\Lh]-¨L¢ v]w~-ñ-jLp KqL-tORa oOXU

ASÕL¥ oNÍ]-\ÿO.

I thought I spit it out but overnight while I dream,

tIcfw hfcpóp

18

P\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014 2013

19


IhnX

IhnX

Search for

My Tongue amXr`mjsb¡pdn¨pÅ Cw¥ojv IhnX

yORRs-oL¢ RkqO-oO-¨V

yO^Lf nŸV

You ask me what I mean

it grows back, a stump of a shoot

by saying I have lost my tongue.

grows longer, grows moist, grows strong veins,

I ask you, what would you do

it ties the other tongue in knots,

if you had two tongues in your mouth,

the bud opens, the bud opens in my mouth,

and lost the first one, the mother tongue,

it pushes the other tongue aside.

and could not really know the other,

Everytime I think I've forgotten,

the foreign tongue.

I think I've lost the mother tongue,

IR£ NYLo-W-vL-a-¾]¤

oj-ô]¤ Rft]-´O-v-ÐO.

You could not use them both together

it blossoms out of my mouth.

of-yT-zL-¡-h-¾]R£

IRÐ kç]-¨P-a-¾]¤ S\¡¾

even if you thought that way.

oz-j}p oLfQW v]t]-S\ÿL-fO-Ð

IÐOU IR£ qLNf]-p]¤

And if you lived in a place you had to

vq]-W¥ BSs-XjU R\pÅfV

kç]-pORa ka]-ÕO-q-p]¤

speak a foreign tongue,

oj-¨-¹]-jL¤ vLp]-\ÿO-RWL-ºL-eV

WL¾O-j]-¤-¨L-rO-ç,

your mother tongue would rot,

IR£ mLs|U Wa-ÐO-v-Ð-fV.

IR£ oj-ô]R£ oOãR¾ kLb-wL-s-p]¤

rot and die in your mouth

WToL-q-¾]sOU `LjfV Wº]-qO-ÐO.

kOµ]-q]-\ÿO-j]-¤-¨OÐ

until you had to spit it out.

WLs-¾]R£ Wr-¨-¾]¤

IR£ Ap-¤-vL-y]-WP-a]-pLp

`LjOU NkvL-y]-pL-vL¢

k].y]. SWLqS£fL-p]-qOÐO AfV.

j]¡-m-Ì]-f-jLp]

ARf, `°¥ Bh-q-SvLRa v]t]-¨L-rOç

jLŸ]-Ss¨O pLNf f]q]-¨OÐ

DÕL-Õ-pO-SafV

yOzQ-¾O-¨-¥¨V

`L¢ S\Lh]-\ÿO: DÕLÕL

IR£ v}Ÿ]-Ss-¨Oç vu]-p-a-pLtU

B WvL-a-Ro-v]-Ra

B WvL-a-oL-p]-qO-ÐO.

AfL-Rq-aO-¾O-oL-ã]?

WvL-a-¾]¤ o]Ð]-¾]-t-°]-p]-qOÐ

ojU v]°]-R¨LºV

vq]-W¥ CfL-p]-qOÐO

DÕLÕ orO-ka] kr-´O:

RkqO-oO¨V ^OoL oyV^]h]-Ss-¨OU

SoLSj B WvL-aSo IaO-¾O-oL-ã]-p]-ŸOçP

WLq-¨LaV Nw}nY-v-f]-Sƒ-Nf-¾]-Ss-¨O-oOç

Af]Rs ySÎwU oj-ôO-W-t]-¤-j]ÐV

vu] Cf]-Rs....

B¡¨OU oLpV\ÿOW-t-pL¢ Wu]-p]-sæ.

kRƒ CÐV B WvL-a-o-v]Ra Csæ

B vL¨O-W¥ IRÐÐOU yf|-oL-pV

BqLeV IaO-¾O-oL-ã]-p-RfÐOU Ar]-p]sæ

kOs-qRŸ IÐV IR£ oj-ôV

S\Lh]-¨L¢ v]w~-ñ-jLp KqL-tORa oOXU

ASÕL¥ oNÍ]-\ÿO.

I thought I spit it out but overnight while I dream,

tIcfw hfcpóp

18

P\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014 2013

19


amXr`mjm ]d\m\p`hw oOÕ-R¾LÒfV v¡-x-°-¥¨OoOÒV SmLURm- p ]- S s¨V vº] Wp- r ]p IR£ A±jOU oSã-RfLqO os-pL-t]RppOU SkLRs WORr-p-i]WU y~kÔ°tOU Rjµ]-Ss-ã]-pLeV vÐ-RfÐV v]w~-y]-¨O-ÐO. AUm-¡-jL-g]¤ S\ŸSjL-RaLÕU fLo-y]-\ÿV, KqO S^Ls]RpsæLU yUZ-a]-Õ]-\ÿV, vs]p WOu-Õ-o]sæL¾ KqO j]s-p]-sL-p-SÕL-¥, jLŸ]¤ SkLp] v]vLzU Wu]\ÿV nLq|-RppOU WPŸ] SmLURm-p]¤ f]q]-R\ÿ-¾]. KqO v¡xU Wu]-´-SÕL¥ `L¢ k]r-ÐO. KqO h]vyU, `°-tORa KqO mÌOvO-oLp] ISÍL wNfO-f-pO-ºL-p]-qOÐ, KqO YOº v}Ÿ]¤ Wp-r]-vÐV IR£ kLvU A±-RjpOU AÚ-RppOU W]aOW]aL v]r-Õ]-\ÿO. ASfLRa AUm-¡-jLg]Rs kq]-kLa] Av-yL-j]-Õ]-\ÿO. KqO WŸ]sOU Sam]-¥-lLjOU WOr\ÿO fOe]WtOU kLNf-°tOU IaO¾V kq]-NnLÍ] j]r´ KqO qLNf]-p]¤ ScLUm-]vV-s]-

A±jV v]oL- j - ¾ L- v - t - ¾ ]¤ S^Ls] W]Ÿ]-pfV `°-¥¨V vs]RpLqL-w~L-y-oL-p]. kRƒ NkwÔ°¥ `°Rt v}ºOU k]ÍO-a-¡-ÐO. y~Í-oLp] KqO W]a-ÕLaU IÐ y~kÔ-vOoLp] y~qO-¨PŸ] v\ÿ yÒL-h|-RosæLU m]¤-cRr Js×]-\ÿV, KaO-v]¤ ke-vOo]sæ læLãO-o]sæ IÐ j]s-p]-Rs-¾]p]ŸOç j]q-vi] oOUmpV os-pL-t]-WtORa Nkf]-j]-i]-pLp] IR£ A±jOU oLr]. vt-¡-ÐO-v-qOÐ oW-¥¨V A±¢ RRy¨]tOU yVWPŸrOU KR¨ KLa]-¨OvL¢ kb]-Õ]-\ÿO. k¾]sOU kNÍ-º]sOU jsæ a|Px¢ J¡-ÕL-aL-¨]. kãL-vOÐ jRsæLqO SWLSt-^]¤ S\¡-¾O. j]qvi] C£-¡-v|P-W-¥¨V WPŸO-SkL-p]. KaOv]¤ KqO jsæ R\rO-¨Rj WºO-k]-a]\ÿV v]vLzU R\pÅO-RWL-aO¾V fR£ Wa-oW¥ j]r-Sv-ã].

kr-ÐO-p-qOÐ kŸvOU

fŸ]-RÕL-a]´ U O t ° a kÕ

p]Rs KqO \Ls]-Ss¨V fLoyU oLr]. C¾-q-¾]-sOç AjO-n-v-°¥ CÐV oOUm-p]¤ I¾]-RÕ-aOÐv¡¨V WOrvL-Re-Ë]-sOU, B WLs-Z-Ÿ-¾]-¤, oOUm-p]-Rs-¾]-RÕŸ ks-qOU AjO-n-v]\ÿ-r]-´]ŸOºV IÐO `L¢ oj-y]-sL¨O-ÐO. tIcfw hfcpóp

oOÕ-¾]-oPÐV v¡-x-°-¥¨O oOÒV CqO-jPrV qPk oLNfU wÒ-t-oOç WrO¾ Ros]´ IR£ A±R£ WPRa oOUmp]-Rs-¾]p yOÎ-q]-pLp AÚRpÕã]pLeV Cj] kr-pL-jO-ç-fV. jLŸ]Rs AµV oOr]-WtOU AaO-¨-t-pO-RoL-R¨pOç v}Ÿ]- ¤ - j ]ÐV Wƒ] sL¢cV

^]x IyV. jLp¡ kvLpV _n^mw _ncpZ[mcnbmb Pnj cïp {]apJ kzImcy C³jpd³kv Øm]\§fnð AïÀssdädmbn tkh\a\pjvTn¨n«pïv. Ignª cïp hÀjambn Hcp ]ckyØm]\¯nð tIm¸n ssdädmbn tPmen sN¿póp. aebmfw, Cw¥ojv, lnµn, adm¯n Fóo \mep `mjIfpw A\mbmtk\ ssIImcyw sN¿m³ Ignbpó, apwss_bnð hfÀó Pnj Xsâ amXr`mjm ]T\m\p`h§Ä hmb\¡mcpambn ]¦psh¡póp. R\pÅfV CÚ]e] ms| KqO Kã-oOr] v}Ÿ]Ss- ¨ L- p ]- q O- Ð O. A±- j O- º L- p ]- q OÐ vp-rO-Sv-h-jpOU \]sær hOê}-s-°-tORoLR¨ oLã]-Rp-aO-¨L¢ AÚ jÐLp] mOÈ]-oO-Ÿ]. A±Rj fŸO-RoÐOç B YOºpORa n}xe] Ska]\ÿV AUm-¡-jL-g]¤ j]ÐV SkLWO-SÒLuOU qºO SNhLz]-W¥ AÚRp k]ÍO-a-qOÐO-ºL-p]-qOÐO – hLq]-Nh|vOU A±R£ oO¢-SWL-k-vOU. nLY|-¾]jV RRNkor] WæLyO-W-t]RsLR¨ IRÐ kb]-Õ]-\ÿfV AÚ-pLp]-qO-ÐO. AfO-RWLºV RfLs] Dq]-´OSkL-WLRf qƒ-RÕ-ŸO. Im]-y]c] oLNf-o-sæ, os-pL-t-¾]R£ Bh|L-ƒ-q°tOU kW-¡-ÐO-f-ÐfV AÚ-f-RÐ-pLp]- q O- Ð O. jLŸ]- ¤ - j ]ÐV KÐLU- f - q ¾]Rs kOñWU RWLºO-vÐV IRÐ os-pL-t-nL-x-p]-Ss¨V \OvaO vp×]\ÿO. ""WO-Ÿ¢ kŸU kr-¾]-'', ""-\OŸ kÕaU fŸ]20

RÕL-Ÿ]-\ÿO-'' IRÐLR¨ vLp]\ÿO kb]¨L¢ jsæ qy- o L- p ]- q O- Ð O. SWq- t ¾]R£ fj-fLp v]n-v-°¥ DºL¨LjOU AÚ-f-RÐ-pLeV kb]-Õ]-\ÿ-fV. oOŸ kOuO-°-s]sOU ShLw \Oa-s]sOU fOa°] yLÒLrOU kLp-y-°tOU vRq I¾]. AÐV KqO kup yVWP¥ cp-r]p]¤ WOr]\ÿO v\ÿ kL\-W-¨O-r]-ÕO-W¥ CÐOU IR£ Wá]¤ nNh-oL-pO-ºV. AÚ jLŸ]¤ SkLp KqO yOv-¡-eL-v-y-q¾]¤ B v]n-v-°¥ KqO¨] IR£ AÚL-vR£ oOÒ]¤ `LRjR£ SWqt}p kL\-W-W-sL-RRj-kO-e|-¾]R£ Aq-S°ãU ja¾]. Svj-s-v-i]¨V oOa-°LRf jLŸ]¤ SkLWO-oL-p]-qO-ÐO. SkLWOÐ yo-p¾V KqO RkLfO-v]-³L-j-¾]R£ kOñWU A±¢ Wá]¤ v\ÿO-f-qOU; f]q]RW vqOSÒL-Su¨OU ARfLR¨ kb]-\ÿ]-q]-¨eU. jLŸ]-Rs-¾]-pfOU AÚ-pORa ospLtU Wæ L yO- W - ¥ ¨V fOa- ¨ - o L- W OU. "SmLURm WOŸ]-'¨V os-pLtU IuOfLjOU vLp]-¨LjOU Ar]-p-LRo-ÐfV jLŸ]-sOç ks-¡¨OU KqO Af]-w-p-oLp]- q O- Ð O. IRÐ yUm- Ì ]- \ ÿ ] - a S¾LtU Av-qORa Ca-p]¤ R`t]´O-j]-¤-¨L-jOç KqO vs]p Wu]-vOU. v}Ÿ]-Rs-¾OÐ os-pL-t]-yO-zQ-¾O-¨StLaOU jLŸ]sOç mÌO-¨-StLaOU CT NkiLj Wu]-v]R£ WLq|U A±jOU AÚpOU An]-oL-j-S¾LRa kr-pO-oLp]-qO-ÐO. jLŸ]¤ SkLpL¤ qLv]Rs Ie}ãV ksæ O - S fpV ¨ OÐ- f ]jO oOÒO- f RÐ `L¢ os-pL-t-k-Nf-°-tORa fs-R¨-ŸOW¥ f]ÐO-f}-¡-¨O-oL-p]-qO-ÐO. vj]-f, oz]-tL-q-ÁU, jLj fOa-°]p Nky]-È}W-q-e-°-RtsæLU `L¢ fL¤-k-q|-RoaO¾V vLp]-¨O-oL-p]-qO-ÐO. CSÕLuOU ARfsæLU fOa-qO-ÐO. kRƒ IRÐ v]vLzU Wu]\ÿ Wƒ] B vu]¨V SkLW]- s æ . os- p LtU Aƒ- q - ° ¥ RWLÒO-oO-p-¡¾] k]a]-\ÿV, oP¨OU \}ã], vLsO- o Op¡¾] WO¾L¢ vqOÐ SkL¾LeV oPÕ-¡-¨V. jLŸ]Rs SrLcOW- t ]¤ wq- S v- Y - ¾ ]¤ WLºL- o Q- Y R¾-SÕLRs kL´O-v-qOÐ môO-WtORa SmL¡cV vLp]-¨-e-Ro-Ë]sOU P\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014

a].v]p]¤ os-pL-t-y]-j]-o-pORa Skq-r]p-e-Ro-Ë]sOU læLxV j|PyV Ar]-p-eRo-Ë]sOU Wƒ]¨V IR£ nLxL-yzLpU Bv-w|-oL-eV. kRƒ jÐL-p] yUyL-q]¨OU SWSŸL! oÚP-Ÿ]pOU SoLz¢- s LsOU yOSqxV S YLk]- p O- R oLR¨ kb]-Õ]-\ÿ-fLeV ASÇ-z-¾]R£ os-pLtU. kOf]p \Lj¤ Av-fL-qW AvfL-q-°¥ vqO-Ð-f]-jO-oOÒV Wƒ] ospLtU kb]- \ ÿ f V IR£ ozL- n L- Y |U. IR£ v}Ÿ]-sOç Ju-q-v-p-ôO-WL-q]Rp CUYæ}-x]jOU We-¨]-jO-RoLR¨ Dkq] IRÍLR¨ kb]- Õ ]- ¨ L- j ]- q ]- ¨ O- Ð O! ospLtU \Lj¤ v\ÿL¤ Av¥ Da-¢fRÐ AfV oLã]-¨-t-pOU. KqO os-pLtU kq]-kLa] WLSe-º]v-qO-SÒL¥ WLq|U ANf j]ôL-q-osæ IÐV `°¥ oj-ô]-sL-¨O-ÐO. v}Ÿ]¤ os- p LtU kr´O kb]- Õ ]- ¨ L- ¾ fV `°-tORa RfãO-f-RÐ. kq]-zL-q-oLp] `°¥ hOq-Í j]p-NÍe Nkv-¡-¾-j°¥ BqU-n]-\ÿ]-q]-¨O-ÐO. CSÕL¥ Wu]pO-ÐfOU `°¥ v}Ÿ]¤ os-pLtU yUyL-q]-¨OU; Av-¥¨V k]u-vO-W¥ yUn-v]-¨OSÒLRuLR¨ vL¨O-W-tORa A¡ÀU kr´V oj-ô]-sL-¨]-R¨L-aO-¨OU. NkpÁlsoLp] Av¥¨] SÕL¥ WORr-p-i]WU vL¨O-W-RtLR¨ oj-ô]-sL-WOU. IR£ kup os-pLt kLb- k O- ñ WU `L¢ kOr- R ¾- a O¾O v\ÿ]-ŸO-ºV. w}NZU-fRÐ A±jOU oW¥¨OU IR£ vW ospLtU WæLyV fOa°O-vL¢ SkLWO-W-pL-eV.

y~kÔ - ° - t ORa nL¼R¨ŸOoLp] SmLURm jY-q-¾]-Rs-¾] nPq]-nLYU os-pL-t]-WtOU vt-Rq-p-i]WU Wì-RÕŸLeV Cv]Ra KqO fLvtU DºL-¨]-RpaO-¨O-Ð-fV. nLxRp Aa]-òL-j-oL¨] RvrO- Õ V ka- ¡ - ¾ OÐ RRvr- y O- W RtpOU, YOº-W-RtpOU, \f]-p-ÓL-qLp m]¤-c-¡-oL-RqpOU KR¨ Wa-ÐLeV Av- ¡ ksqOU SoLw- o - s æ L ¾ KqO ò]f]-p]¤ I¾]-pfOU, CSÕLuR¾ j|P ^jSrx¢ os-pLt]¨OU Av-y-q-°¥ j]r´ KqO SsLWU yÚL-j]-\ÿfOU. IR£ f-s-oO-rp]Rs mzO-nP-q]-kƒU os-pLt] pOvf}-pO-vL-¨-¥¨OU os-pLtU vL¨OW¥ wq]-pLp] D\ÿ-q]-¨OvL¢ Ar]p]sæ . yLÒ- ¾ ]W j]s- j ]- s × ] jLp] kq¨U kL´ A±ÓL-¡ ¨OU, yLÈ|-f-W-tO-ºL-p]ŸOU fR£ o¨Rt ospLt-S¾LaV S\¡¾Oj]¡-¾L¢ or-ÐO-W-t´ AÚ-oL-qOU CT Rfã]¤ fOs|kËOvz]¨OÐO. os- p L- t - n LxpOU SWq-t}p yUyVWLqvOU Ij]¨V WORrRp-Ë]sOU kW-¡-ÐO-fÐ IR£ AÚSpLaOç jÎ]pOU WaÕLaOU `Lj]-v]Ra SqXRÕaO¾OÐO. IR£ AÚ Ij]¨V kW-¡-ÐO-fÐ os-pL-t-R¾pOU SWqt yUyVWLqR¾pOU IR£ oW-¥¨V `L¢ kW-¡ÐO-RWL-aO-¨O-SÒL-uLeV AÚ-s-pLtU IÐ vL¨V Ij]¨V A¡-À-kP-¡-e-oLWO-Ð-fV. oLfQ-nL-xRp f]q]-\ÿO-k]-a]-¨LjOç oOURRm ospLt]-pORa Nkv-¡¾-j-°¥ NkwUyj}poLeV.

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amXr`mjm ]d\m\p`hw oOÕ-R¾LÒfV v¡-x-°-¥¨OoOÒV SmLURm- p ]- S s¨V vº] Wp- r ]p IR£ A±jOU oSã-RfLqO os-pL-t]RppOU SkLRs WORr-p-i]WU y~kÔ°tOU Rjµ]-Ss-ã]-pLeV vÐ-RfÐV v]w~-y]-¨O-ÐO. AUm-¡-jL-g]¤ S\ŸSjL-RaLÕU fLo-y]-\ÿV, KqO S^Ls]RpsæLU yUZ-a]-Õ]-\ÿV, vs]p WOu-Õ-o]sæL¾ KqO j]s-p]-sL-p-SÕL-¥, jLŸ]¤ SkLp] v]vLzU Wu]\ÿV nLq|-RppOU WPŸ] SmLURm-p]¤ f]q]-R\ÿ-¾]. KqO v¡xU Wu]-´-SÕL¥ `L¢ k]r-ÐO. KqO h]vyU, `°-tORa KqO mÌOvO-oLp] ISÍL wNfO-f-pO-ºL-p]-qOÐ, KqO YOº v}Ÿ]¤ Wp-r]-vÐV IR£ kLvU A±-RjpOU AÚ-RppOU W]aOW]aL v]r-Õ]-\ÿO. ASfLRa AUm-¡-jLg]Rs kq]-kLa] Av-yL-j]-Õ]-\ÿO. KqO WŸ]sOU Sam]-¥-lLjOU WOr\ÿO fOe]WtOU kLNf-°tOU IaO¾V kq]-NnLÍ] j]r´ KqO qLNf]-p]¤ ScLUm-]vV-s]-

A±jV v]oL- j - ¾ L- v - t - ¾ ]¤ S^Ls] W]Ÿ]-pfV `°-¥¨V vs]RpLqL-w~L-y-oL-p]. kRƒ NkwÔ°¥ `°Rt v}ºOU k]ÍO-a-¡-ÐO. y~Í-oLp] KqO W]a-ÕLaU IÐ y~kÔ-vOoLp] y~qO-¨PŸ] v\ÿ yÒL-h|-RosæLU m]¤-cRr Js×]-\ÿV, KaO-v]¤ ke-vOo]sæ læLãO-o]sæ IÐ j]s-p]-Rs-¾]p]ŸOç j]q-vi] oOUmpV os-pL-t]-WtORa Nkf]-j]-i]-pLp] IR£ A±jOU oLr]. vt-¡-ÐO-v-qOÐ oW-¥¨V A±¢ RRy¨]tOU yVWPŸrOU KR¨ KLa]-¨OvL¢ kb]-Õ]-\ÿO. k¾]sOU kNÍ-º]sOU jsæ a|Px¢ J¡-ÕL-aL-¨]. kãL-vOÐ jRsæLqO SWLSt-^]¤ S\¡-¾O. j]qvi] C£-¡-v|P-W-¥¨V WPŸO-SkL-p]. KaOv]¤ KqO jsæ R\rO-¨Rj WºO-k]-a]\ÿV v]vLzU R\pÅO-RWL-aO¾V fR£ Wa-oW¥ j]r-Sv-ã].

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RÕL-Ÿ]-\ÿO-'' IRÐLR¨ vLp]\ÿO kb]¨L¢ jsæ qy- o L- p ]- q O- Ð O. SWq- t ¾]R£ fj-fLp v]n-v-°¥ DºL¨LjOU AÚ-f-RÐ-pLeV kb]-Õ]-\ÿ-fV. oOŸ kOuO-°-s]sOU ShLw \Oa-s]sOU fOa°] yLÒLrOU kLp-y-°tOU vRq I¾]. AÐV KqO kup yVWP¥ cp-r]p]¤ WOr]\ÿO v\ÿ kL\-W-¨O-r]-ÕO-W¥ CÐOU IR£ Wá]¤ nNh-oL-pO-ºV. AÚ jLŸ]¤ SkLp KqO yOv-¡-eL-v-y-q¾]¤ B v]n-v-°¥ KqO¨] IR£ AÚL-vR£ oOÒ]¤ `LRjR£ SWqt}p kL\-W-W-sL-RRj-kO-e|-¾]R£ Aq-S°ãU ja¾]. Svj-s-v-i]¨V oOa-°LRf jLŸ]¤ SkLWO-oL-p]-qO-ÐO. SkLWOÐ yo-p¾V KqO RkLfO-v]-³L-j-¾]R£ kOñWU A±¢ Wá]¤ v\ÿO-f-qOU; f]q]RW vqOSÒL-Su¨OU ARfLR¨ kb]-\ÿ]-q]-¨eU. jLŸ]-Rs-¾]-pfOU AÚ-pORa ospLtU Wæ L yO- W - ¥ ¨V fOa- ¨ - o L- W OU. "SmLURm WOŸ]-'¨V os-pLtU IuOfLjOU vLp]-¨LjOU Ar]-p-LRo-ÐfV jLŸ]-sOç ks-¡¨OU KqO Af]-w-p-oLp]- q O- Ð O. IRÐ yUm- Ì ]- \ ÿ ] - a S¾LtU Av-qORa Ca-p]¤ R`t]´O-j]-¤-¨L-jOç KqO vs]p Wu]-vOU. v}Ÿ]-Rs-¾OÐ os-pL-t]-yO-zQ-¾O-¨StLaOU jLŸ]sOç mÌO-¨-StLaOU CT NkiLj Wu]-v]R£ WLq|U A±jOU AÚpOU An]-oL-j-S¾LRa kr-pO-oLp]-qO-ÐO. jLŸ]¤ SkLpL¤ qLv]Rs Ie}ãV ksæ O - S fpV ¨ OÐ- f ]jO oOÒO- f RÐ `L¢ os-pL-t-k-Nf-°-tORa fs-R¨-ŸOW¥ f]ÐO-f}-¡-¨O-oL-p]-qO-ÐO. vj]-f, oz]-tL-q-ÁU, jLj fOa-°]p Nky]-È}W-q-e-°-RtsæLU `L¢ fL¤-k-q|-RoaO¾V vLp]-¨O-oL-p]-qO-ÐO. CSÕLuOU ARfsæLU fOa-qO-ÐO. kRƒ IRÐ v]vLzU Wu]\ÿ Wƒ] B vu]¨V SkLW]- s æ . os- p LtU Aƒ- q - ° ¥ RWLÒO-oO-p-¡¾] k]a]-\ÿV, oP¨OU \}ã], vLsO- o Op¡¾] WO¾L¢ vqOÐ SkL¾LeV oPÕ-¡-¨V. jLŸ]Rs SrLcOW- t ]¤ wq- S v- Y - ¾ ]¤ WLºL- o Q- Y R¾-SÕLRs kL´O-v-qOÐ môO-WtORa SmL¡cV vLp]-¨-e-Ro-Ë]sOU P\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014

a].v]p]¤ os-pL-t-y]-j]-o-pORa Skq-r]p-e-Ro-Ë]sOU læLxV j|PyV Ar]-p-eRo-Ë]sOU Wƒ]¨V IR£ nLxL-yzLpU Bv-w|-oL-eV. kRƒ jÐL-p] yUyL-q]¨OU SWSŸL! oÚP-Ÿ]pOU SoLz¢- s LsOU yOSqxV S YLk]- p O- R oLR¨ kb]-Õ]-\ÿ-fLeV ASÇ-z-¾]R£ os-pLtU. kOf]p \Lj¤ Av-fL-qW AvfL-q-°¥ vqO-Ð-f]-jO-oOÒV Wƒ] ospLtU kb]- \ ÿ f V IR£ ozL- n L- Y |U. IR£ v}Ÿ]-sOç Ju-q-v-p-ôO-WL-q]Rp CUYæ}-x]jOU We-¨]-jO-RoLR¨ Dkq] IRÍLR¨ kb]- Õ ]- ¨ L- j ]- q ]- ¨ O- Ð O! ospLtU \Lj¤ v\ÿL¤ Av¥ Da-¢fRÐ AfV oLã]-¨-t-pOU. KqO os-pLtU kq]-kLa] WLSe-º]v-qO-SÒL¥ WLq|U ANf j]ôL-q-osæ IÐV `°¥ oj-ô]-sL-¨O-ÐO. v}Ÿ]¤ os- p LtU kr´O kb]- Õ ]- ¨ L- ¾ fV `°-tORa RfãO-f-RÐ. kq]-zL-q-oLp] `°¥ hOq-Í j]p-NÍe Nkv-¡-¾-j°¥ BqU-n]-\ÿ]-q]-¨O-ÐO. CSÕL¥ Wu]pO-ÐfOU `°¥ v}Ÿ]¤ os-pLtU yUyL-q]-¨OU; Av-¥¨V k]u-vO-W¥ yUn-v]-¨OSÒLRuLR¨ vL¨O-W-tORa A¡ÀU kr´V oj-ô]-sL-¨]-R¨L-aO-¨OU. NkpÁlsoLp] Av¥¨] SÕL¥ WORr-p-i]WU vL¨O-W-RtLR¨ oj-ô]-sL-WOU. IR£ kup os-pLt kLb- k O- ñ WU `L¢ kOr- R ¾- a O¾O v\ÿ]-ŸO-ºV. w}NZU-fRÐ A±jOU oW¥¨OU IR£ vW ospLtU WæLyV fOa°O-vL¢ SkLWO-W-pL-eV.

y~kÔ - ° - t ORa nL¼R¨ŸOoLp] SmLURm jY-q-¾]-Rs-¾] nPq]-nLYU os-pL-t]-WtOU vt-Rq-p-i]WU Wì-RÕŸLeV Cv]Ra KqO fLvtU DºL-¨]-RpaO-¨O-Ð-fV. nLxRp Aa]-òL-j-oL¨] RvrO- Õ V ka- ¡ - ¾ OÐ RRvr- y O- W RtpOU, YOº-W-RtpOU, \f]-p-ÓL-qLp m]¤-c-¡-oL-RqpOU KR¨ Wa-ÐLeV Av- ¡ ksqOU SoLw- o - s æ L ¾ KqO ò]f]-p]¤ I¾]-pfOU, CSÕLuR¾ j|P ^jSrx¢ os-pLt]¨OU Av-y-q-°¥ j]r´ KqO SsLWU yÚL-j]-\ÿfOU. IR£ f-s-oO-rp]Rs mzO-nP-q]-kƒU os-pLt] pOvf}-pO-vL-¨-¥¨OU os-pLtU vL¨OW¥ wq]-pLp] D\ÿ-q]-¨OvL¢ Ar]p]sæ . yLÒ- ¾ ]W j]s- j ]- s × ] jLp] kq¨U kL´ A±ÓL-¡ ¨OU, yLÈ|-f-W-tO-ºL-p]ŸOU fR£ o¨Rt ospLt-S¾LaV S\¡¾Oj]¡-¾L¢ or-ÐO-W-t´ AÚ-oL-qOU CT Rfã]¤ fOs|kËOvz]¨OÐO. os- p L- t - n LxpOU SWq-t}p yUyVWLqvOU Ij]¨V WORrRp-Ë]sOU kW-¡-ÐO-fÐ IR£ AÚSpLaOç jÎ]pOU WaÕLaOU `Lj]-v]Ra SqXRÕaO¾OÐO. IR£ AÚ Ij]¨V kW-¡-ÐO-fÐ os-pL-t-R¾pOU SWqt yUyVWLqR¾pOU IR£ oW-¥¨V `L¢ kW-¡ÐO-RWL-aO-¨O-SÒL-uLeV AÚ-s-pLtU IÐ vL¨V Ij]¨V A¡-À-kP-¡-e-oLWO-Ð-fV. oLfQ-nL-xRp f]q]-\ÿO-k]-a]-¨LjOç oOURRm ospLt]-pORa Nkv-¡¾-j-°¥ NkwUyj}poLeV.

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yUyVWLq-°-tORa Dr-v]anPo]-p]¤ kLb-kO-ñ-W-¾]¤ j]Ð-r]´ k]qo]-cO-WtOU oÚ]-WtOU lr-SvL-oLqOU Wæ]SpL-kL-NapOU AsWVyLNº]-ppOU RRjsOU kLÕ]- r - y O- R osæ L U S\¡ÐV A¨LsU RfLŸO- f RÐ RRjs]R£ hLj-oLp jLa]Rj KqO y~kV-j-nP-o]pLp] oj-y]¤ WOa]-p]-qO-¾]-p]-qO-ÐO. C¨-u]´ c]yU-m¡ oLyU 7&LU f}pf] WPŸO-WL-q]-SpL-RaLÕU RWpVSrLp]¤ v]oL-j-o]-r-°O-SÒL¥ B y~kÔU pLgL-¡-À|-oL-WO-W-pL-p]-qOÐO. BNl]- ¨ - p ORa va- ¨ O- W ]- u ¨V ò]f]-R\-áOÐ CT^]-kÅ]Rs RRj¤ jh}-f}-q¾V NW]ñO-v]jOU kf]-jL-p]qU v¡xU oOSÒ SvŸ- p L- a ]pOU o}¢ k]a]\ÿOU ^}v]-\ÿ]-qOÐ ojO-x|¡ ^}v]-\ÿ]-

qO-Ð-f]jV Rft]-vO-W¥ sn]-\ÿ]-ŸO-ºV. ojOx|-yUyVWLq-¾]R£ Dr-v]anP-o]-pLp] CT^]-kÅ]Rj v]s-p]-qO-¾O-ÐfV RvrORf-p-sæ. k]q-o]-cO-WRt oLã]-j]-¡¾] CT^]kÅ ] Rj KL¡- o ]- ¨ L- j L- W ]- R sæ - Ë ]- s OU, CT^]- k Å ] Rs AÂOfU pgL- ¡ - À ¾]¤ oPvL-p]-qU oOf¤ AáL-p]qU vRq v¡xU ku-¨-oOç SƒNf-°tSsæ IÐO jLU yUw-p]-¨OU. CT^]kÅ]¤ Iv]Ra pLNf R\pÅLsOU jLU SW¥-¨O-ÐfOU WLeO-ÐfOU oOuO-vjOU AáL-p]-q-S¾LtU v¡xU oORÒ j]sj]-Ð]-qOÐ ojO-x|-yUyVWLq-R¾-¨Or]-\ÿOç Af]-w-p]-Õ]-¨OÐ Wg-W-tLeV . CT^]- k Å ] Rj Svr]- Ÿ O- j ]- ¡ - ¾ O-

j]-¤-¨OÐ JW j]¡-o]-f]. JãvOU ku¨vOU Dp-q-vO-oOç ojO-x|-j]-¡-o]f] IÐ òLjU CÐOU CT k]q-o]-c]jV fRÐ. wqL-wq] 15 a¦ nLq-oOç 250 sƒ-S¾LtU \O¹L-ÒO-W-sæO-W¥ DkSpL-Y]-\ÿLeV Cv j]¡-o]-\ÿ]-q]-¨O-Ð-fV. YfL-Y-f-yT-W-q|-°tOU pNÍ-yL-o-NY]WtOU CÐ- S ¾- f O- S kLRs v]W- y ]¨L¾ 4600 v¡xU oORÒ-pOç CT j]¡-o]f] jRÚ WOr-R\ÿL-ÐO-osæ AÂOf-RÕ-aO-¾O-W. JW-ShwU 150 o}ã-rLeV Dp-qU. RRj¤ jh]-p]-sP-RapOU oqO-nP-o]p]-sP-Ra-pO-oLp] 800 W]SsL-o}-ãSrLtU hPq-¾O-j]-ÐO-oLeV j]¡-oL-e-¾]-jL-vw|-oLp WsæO-W¥ Y]y-p]¤ I¾]-\ÿfV. NkL\}j CT^]-kV-x|¢ ^j-f-pORa j]é-p-hL-¡-d|-R¾pOU Wb]-jL-È~L-jR¾pOU yLSË-f]W v]WL-y-R¾pOU BqOU jo]-\ÿO-SkL-WOU. BÍ-qL-v-p-v-°tOU fs-S\ÿL-rORosæLU j}¨U R\pÅV kWqU CT¡-\ÿRÕL-a]-p-a-¨-oOç vñO-¨¥ Dç]¤ j]r\ÿV Cj]pOU f]q]-\ÿ-r]-´]-Ÿ]-sæL¾ NkSf|W KTx-i-¨PŸV kOq-Ÿ], SWLŸ¦ vNñ-¾]¤ RkLf]-´LeV oQf-w-q}qR¾ oÚ]-pL¨] oLãO-Ð-fV. oq-eL-j-

ÍqU oq-e-¾]R£ Shv-jLp Kô}-q]y]jV oOÐ]-Rs¾] kLk-kO-e|-°Rt fP¨]- S jL¨] kOj- ¡ - ^ ÓU AjO- v h]¨OU IÐLeV kOqL-fj CT^]kV x |¢ v]w~L- y U. A°Rj kOj-¡-^-Ó-¾]¤ Dk-SpL-Y]-¨L-jLeV oQf-w-q}qU SWaO-WP-aLRf yPƒ]-¨O-ÐfV. wq}qU oLNf-o-sæ C°Rj yPƒ]-¨OÐ-fV. j}¨U R\á-RÕŸ Av-p-v-°¥ NkSf|WU nq-e]-p]-s]ŸV yPƒ]-¨O-ÐO. oq-eL-j-Í-q-pL-Nf-p]sOU k]Ð}-aOç ^}v]-f-¾]sOU KqO ojO-x|jV Bv-w|oLp] vSÐ-¨L-vOÐ IsæL vñO-¨tOU oÚ]-pL-¨]p wq}-q-S¾L-RaLÕU wvWO-a}-q-¾]¤ yPƒ]-¨O-ÐO. SaLSŸL-¨Lo¢ IÐ pOvL-vLp qL^L-v]R£ wvWO- a }- q - ¾ ]- ¤ - j ]ÐOU 1922&¤ WRºaO¾ AoP-s|-j]-i]-W¥ SsLW¾V CÐOvRq WRº-aO¾ j]i]-W-t]¤ v\ÿV AoPs|-oL-p-fL-pLeV We-¨L-¨O-Ð-fV. 14 W]SsL-SpLtU nLq-¾]¤ fj] fË-oLp]- q OÐO oq- e L- j - Í q pLNf- à Lp] yPƒ]-\ÿO-v-\ÿ]-qOÐ W]q}aU oLNfU. oqeL-j-Íq ^}v]-f-¾]-sOç kOqL-fj CT^]kVx|¢ ^j-f-pORa Aa]-pO-r\ÿ v]w~L-yU-f-RÐ-pL-p]-qOÐO BiO-j]W

^j- f Rp AÂO- f - k - q - f - N Í- q L- ¨ OÐ ks SjŸ-°-t]-Ss¨OU AvRq jp]-\ÿ-fV. kOj-¡-^-Ó-¾]-Ss-¨Lp] yPƒ]-\ÿOv\ÿ AoP-s|-j]-i]-WtOU oQf-Sh-z-°-¥-fRÐpOU oÈ|-WL-s-Z-Ÿ-¾]sOU oãO-oLp] Wa¤ WaÐV Aj|-Sh-w-°-t]-Rs¾] IÐfV v]i]- R Rv- k - q }- f |U. oÚ] SoLxeU KqO-WL-s¾V v|Lk-W-oL-p]-qOÐO CT^]-kÅ]-¤. WPSaL-NfU, KTxiU, kOqL-vñO fOa°] Bv-w|-°¥ ks-WLs-°-t]¤ ks-fL-p]-qO-ÐO. vs]p k]qo]cV j]¡-o]\ÿV Af]-j-W¾V oÚ]pOU j]i]-WtOU yPƒ]-\ÿ-v¡ Kq-¡-À-¾]¤ vs]p mOÈ]-SoL-w-oLeV WLe]-\ÿ-fV. Bh|U RWLç-p-a]-¨-RÕ-ŸfV Cv-pL-p]qO-ÐO. CfV oO¢-WPŸ] WRº-¾]p mOÈ]oL-ÓL¡-f-RÐ-pL-p]-qOÐO nPq]-k-ƒU. "qL^L-¨-ÓL-qORa fLuVvq' IÐ-r]-p-RÕaOÐ KqO vs]p WOÐ]- ¤ - j ]- Ð LeV CT^]kVx|¢ \q]-Nf-¾]¤ NkiL-j]-WtLp ks lr-SvL-oL-qO-RapOU wv-¨-sæ-rW¥ WRº-¾]-p-fV. WOÐ]¤ k¾V o}ãSrL-t-Ro-Ë]sOU fLSu¨V fOq-ÐV, Av]-Raj]ÐV vw-°-t]-Ss¨V CaO-°]p fOq-Ë°-tO-ºL-¨], fOa-¡ÐV Af]-v]-wL-soLp oOr]-WtOU fPeO-WtOU RWL¾]-Rp-

r]pLyV v]. IU. ÐfOU, yoL-j-f-W-t]-sæL¾ CT \q]NfvOU \q]- N fyV o Lq- W - ° - t OU- f - R Ð. \q]-Nf-k-q-oLp \]s qLNì}-p-oO-SÐ-ã°tOU Ai]-WL-q-oL-ã-°-tO-oL-eV AaO¾-WL-s¾V CT qL^|R¾ SsLWNwÈ-p]-Ss-¨V RWLºO-v-Ð-fOU. Y]y-p]Rs oz-¾Lp k]q-o]-cO-Wt]- S s- ¨ Oç pLNfpOU W¡- e LWV SƒNf-y-Î-¡-w-j-vO-oLeV or-¨L-jLvL¾ AjO-n-v-°-¥. NW]ñO-v]jV 2600 v¡xU oORÒ CT^]-kÅ]R£ nq-eL-i]WL-q]-pL-p]-qOÐ XOlO IÐ lr-SvLpORa wv-WO-a}-q-oLeV JãvOU ku-pfOU vs]-p-fO-oLp k]q-o]-cV. nq-eL-i]-WL-q]W-tLp lr-SvL-oL-qORa oÚ]-pL-¨]p wq}qU yPƒ]-¨L-jLeV k]q-o]-cO-W¥ j]¡-o]-\ÿ]-qO-Ð-fV. RWpVSrLpORa RfLŸaO¾ kŸ-e-oLp Y]y-p]Rs "XO-lOv]R£ k]q-o]-cV' BeV NkL\}-j-oLp JuV SsLWLÂO-f-°-t]¤ CÐOU j]s-

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qO-Ð-f]jV Rft]-vO-W¥ sn]-\ÿ]-ŸO-ºV. ojOx|-yUyVWLq-¾]R£ Dr-v]anP-o]-pLp] CT^]-kÅ]Rj v]s-p]-qO-¾O-ÐfV RvrORf-p-sæ. k]q-o]-cO-WRt oLã]-j]-¡¾] CT^]kÅ ] Rj KL¡- o ]- ¨ L- j L- W ]- R sæ - Ë ]- s OU, CT^]- k Å ] Rs AÂOfU pgL- ¡ - À ¾]¤ oPvL-p]-qU oOf¤ AáL-p]qU vRq v¡xU ku-¨-oOç SƒNf-°tSsæ IÐO jLU yUw-p]-¨OU. CT^]kÅ]¤ Iv]Ra pLNf R\pÅLsOU jLU SW¥-¨O-ÐfOU WLeO-ÐfOU oOuO-vjOU AáL-p]-q-S¾LtU v¡xU oORÒ j]sj]-Ð]-qOÐ ojO-x|-yUyVWLq-R¾-¨Or]-\ÿOç Af]-w-p]-Õ]-¨OÐ Wg-W-tLeV . CT^]- k Å ] Rj Svr]- Ÿ O- j ]- ¡ - ¾ O-

j]-¤-¨OÐ JW j]¡-o]-f]. JãvOU ku¨vOU Dp-q-vO-oOç ojO-x|-j]-¡-o]f] IÐ òLjU CÐOU CT k]q-o]-c]jV fRÐ. wqL-wq] 15 a¦ nLq-oOç 250 sƒ-S¾LtU \O¹L-ÒO-W-sæO-W¥ DkSpL-Y]-\ÿLeV Cv j]¡-o]-\ÿ]-q]-¨O-Ð-fV. YfL-Y-f-yT-W-q|-°tOU pNÍ-yL-o-NY]WtOU CÐ- S ¾- f O- S kLRs v]W- y ]¨L¾ 4600 v¡xU oORÒ-pOç CT j]¡-o]f] jRÚ WOr-R\ÿL-ÐO-osæ AÂOf-RÕ-aO-¾O-W. JW-ShwU 150 o}ã-rLeV Dp-qU. RRj¤ jh]-p]-sP-RapOU oqO-nP-o]p]-sP-Ra-pO-oLp] 800 W]SsL-o}-ãSrLtU hPq-¾O-j]-ÐO-oLeV j]¡-oL-e-¾]-jL-vw|-oLp WsæO-W¥ Y]y-p]¤ I¾]-\ÿfV. NkL\}j CT^]-kV-x|¢ ^j-f-pORa j]é-p-hL-¡-d|-R¾pOU Wb]-jL-È~L-jR¾pOU yLSË-f]W v]WL-y-R¾pOU BqOU jo]-\ÿO-SkL-WOU. BÍ-qL-v-p-v-°tOU fs-S\ÿL-rORosæLU j}¨U R\pÅV kWqU CT¡-\ÿRÕL-a]-p-a-¨-oOç vñO-¨¥ Dç]¤ j]r\ÿV Cj]pOU f]q]-\ÿ-r]-´]-Ÿ]-sæL¾ NkSf|W KTx-i-¨PŸV kOq-Ÿ], SWLŸ¦ vNñ-¾]¤ RkLf]-´LeV oQf-w-q}qR¾ oÚ]-pL¨] oLãO-Ð-fV. oq-eL-j-

ÍqU oq-e-¾]R£ Shv-jLp Kô}-q]y]jV oOÐ]-Rs¾] kLk-kO-e|-°Rt fP¨]- S jL¨] kOj- ¡ - ^ ÓU AjO- v h]¨OU IÐLeV kOqL-fj CT^]kV x |¢ v]w~L- y U. A°Rj kOj-¡-^-Ó-¾]¤ Dk-SpL-Y]-¨L-jLeV oQf-w-q}qU SWaO-WP-aLRf yPƒ]-¨O-ÐfV. wq}qU oLNf-o-sæ C°Rj yPƒ]-¨OÐ-fV. j}¨U R\á-RÕŸ Av-p-v-°¥ NkSf|WU nq-e]-p]-s]ŸV yPƒ]-¨O-ÐO. oq-eL-j-Í-q-pL-Nf-p]sOU k]Ð}-aOç ^}v]-f-¾]sOU KqO ojO-x|jV Bv-w|oLp] vSÐ-¨L-vOÐ IsæL vñO-¨tOU oÚ]-pL-¨]p wq}-q-S¾L-RaLÕU wvWO-a}-q-¾]¤ yPƒ]-¨O-ÐO. SaLSŸL-¨Lo¢ IÐ pOvL-vLp qL^L-v]R£ wvWO- a }- q - ¾ ]- ¤ - j ]ÐOU 1922&¤ WRºaO¾ AoP-s|-j]-i]-W¥ SsLW¾V CÐOvRq WRº-aO¾ j]i]-W-t]¤ v\ÿV AoPs|-oL-p-fL-pLeV We-¨L-¨O-Ð-fV. 14 W]SsL-SpLtU nLq-¾]¤ fj] fË-oLp]- q OÐO oq- e L- j - Í q pLNf- à Lp] yPƒ]-\ÿO-v-\ÿ]-qOÐ W]q}aU oLNfU. oqeL-j-Íq ^}v]-f-¾]-sOç kOqL-fj CT^]kVx|¢ ^j-f-pORa Aa]-pO-r\ÿ v]w~L-yU-f-RÐ-pL-p]-qOÐO BiO-j]W

^j- f Rp AÂO- f - k - q - f - N Í- q L- ¨ OÐ ks SjŸ-°-t]-Ss¨OU AvRq jp]-\ÿ-fV. kOj-¡-^-Ó-¾]-Ss-¨Lp] yPƒ]-\ÿOv\ÿ AoP-s|-j]-i]-WtOU oQf-Sh-z-°-¥-fRÐpOU oÈ|-WL-s-Z-Ÿ-¾]sOU oãO-oLp] Wa¤ WaÐV Aj|-Sh-w-°-t]-Rs¾] IÐfV v]i]- R Rv- k - q }- f |U. oÚ] SoLxeU KqO-WL-s¾V v|Lk-W-oL-p]-qOÐO CT^]-kÅ]-¤. WPSaL-NfU, KTxiU, kOqL-vñO fOa°] Bv-w|-°¥ ks-WLs-°-t]¤ ks-fL-p]-qO-ÐO. vs]p k]qo]cV j]¡-o]\ÿV Af]-j-W¾V oÚ]pOU j]i]-WtOU yPƒ]-\ÿ-v¡ Kq-¡-À-¾]¤ vs]p mOÈ]-SoL-w-oLeV WLe]-\ÿ-fV. Bh|U RWLç-p-a]-¨-RÕ-ŸfV Cv-pL-p]qO-ÐO. CfV oO¢-WPŸ] WRº-¾]p mOÈ]oL-ÓL¡-f-RÐ-pL-p]-qOÐO nPq]-k-ƒU. "qL^L-¨-ÓL-qORa fLuVvq' IÐ-r]-p-RÕaOÐ KqO vs]p WOÐ]- ¤ - j ]- Ð LeV CT^]kVx|¢ \q]-Nf-¾]¤ NkiL-j]-WtLp ks lr-SvL-oL-qO-RapOU wv-¨-sæ-rW¥ WRº-¾]-p-fV. WOÐ]¤ k¾V o}ãSrL-t-Ro-Ë]sOU fLSu¨V fOq-ÐV, Av]-Raj]ÐV vw-°-t]-Ss¨V CaO-°]p fOq-Ë°-tO-ºL-¨], fOa-¡ÐV Af]-v]-wL-soLp oOr]-WtOU fPeO-WtOU RWL¾]-Rp-

r]pLyV v]. IU. ÐfOU, yoL-j-f-W-t]-sæL¾ CT \q]NfvOU \q]- N fyV o Lq- W - ° - t OU- f - R Ð. \q]-Nf-k-q-oLp \]s qLNì}-p-oO-SÐ-ã°tOU Ai]-WL-q-oL-ã-°-tO-oL-eV AaO¾-WL-s¾V CT qL^|R¾ SsLWNwÈ-p]-Ss-¨V RWLºO-v-Ð-fOU. Y]y-p]Rs oz-¾Lp k]q-o]-cO-Wt]- S s- ¨ Oç pLNfpOU W¡- e LWV SƒNf-y-Î-¡-w-j-vO-oLeV or-¨L-jLvL¾ AjO-n-v-°-¥. NW]ñO-v]jV 2600 v¡xU oORÒ CT^]-kÅ]R£ nq-eL-i]WL-q]-pL-p]-qOÐ XOlO IÐ lr-SvLpORa wv-WO-a}-q-oLeV JãvOU ku-pfOU vs]-p-fO-oLp k]q-o]-cV. nq-eL-i]-WL-q]W-tLp lr-SvL-oL-qORa oÚ]-pL-¨]p wq}qU yPƒ]-¨L-jLeV k]q-o]-cO-W¥ j]¡-o]-\ÿ]-qO-Ð-fV. RWpVSrLpORa RfLŸaO¾ kŸ-e-oLp Y]y-p]Rs "XO-lOv]R£ k]q-o]-cV' BeV NkL\}-j-oLp JuV SsLWLÂO-f-°-t]¤ CÐOU j]s-

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aO¾ \]Nf-°tOU Rkp]-£]U-YO-WtOU j]¡o]\ÿV Af]-jO-ç]-sLeV oÚ] yPƒ]-¨LjL-v-w|-oLp SkaWU j]¡-o]-\ÿ]-qO-Ð-fV. ^}v]-\ÿ]-q]-¨O-SÒLSu fOa°OU wv-WO-a}q-¾]R£ j]¡-oL-eU. oÚ]Rp Aa¨U R\pÅ O - W - u ]- ´ L¤ oqU, NYLSjãV fOa°] ks vLf]-sO-W-tL¤ WvLaU Aa-àOU. k]Ð}aV B¡¨OU f]q]-\ÿ-r]-pLjL-WL¾ v]iU o¹]ŸV oPaOU. oÚ]-WtOU WPRa yPƒ]-\ÿ]-q]-¨OÐ vñO-¨tOU BqOU WRº-¾L-f]-q]-¨L-jL-e]-fV. Af]- v ]- w L- s - o Lp C¾qU Ar- W t]Rs \]Nf-°tOU w]s×-°tOU kOqL-fj CT^]kVx|¢ s]k]-pLp z}SrL-Yæ]-l]W]- s Oç kOqL- S q- X - W tOU BRqpOU AÂO-f-RÕ-aO-¾OU. CRfsæLU R\pÅ]qOÐ WLs-ZŸU WPa] SW¥-¨O-SÒL¥ v]w~-y]-¨L¢ Bh|U KÐV oa]-¨OU. 62KLtU lr-SvL-oL-qORa C¾qU wvWO-a}-q-°-tLeV "vLsæ] KLlV W]UYVyV'¤

oLNfU CfO-vRq WRº-¾]-p]-ŸO-ç-fV. XjjU CSÕLuOU fOa-qO-ÐO. CT^]-kÅ]Rs kOqL-fj SƒNf-°¥ jRÚ AÂO-f-RÕ-aO-¾O-ÐfV ku-¨URWLºOU vs]-ÕU-RWLºOU \]Nf-Õ-e]W-¥-RWL-ºO-oL-eV. W|Lo-rSàL vL¨O-W¥S¨L kW-¡-¾L-jL-vL¾ AjO-n-vUf-RÐ-pLeV Cv joO¨V yÚL-j]-¨OW. sWVy¡ NkSh-w-¾Oç W¡-eLWV SƒNfU-f-RÐ-pLeV Cv-p]¤ KÐL-o¢. yz-NyL-mÉ-°-¥¨V oORÒ-pOç ojO-x|-qORa v]w~L-y-°tOU B\L-q°tOU ^}v]-f-q}-f]-WtOU nƒ-evOU WOaOU- m - Z - a - j pOU fOa°] Isæ L UfRÐ SƒNf-\ÿO-v-qO-W-t]¤ RWL¾]Rp-aO¾ \]Nf-°-t]-sPRa joO¨V v|©oL-WO-ÐO. Av-RpsæLU Dr-Rv-aO¾ nPo]p]-¤-f-RÐ-pLeV WLs-°-¥-¨]-ÕOrU jÚtOU \v]-Ÿ]-j]-¤-¨O-Ð-RfÐ KL¡-op]¤ \]s-SÕL-RuLR¨ y~pU jì-

RÕŸOSkL-WOU. yoL-j-f-W-t]-sæL¾ CT AjO-n-vU-f-RÐ-pLeV CT^]kÅV joO¨V fqOÐ yÚL-jU. oOf- s - W ¥ oOf¤ kwO- ¨ - R tpOU NkLÕ]-a]-p-RjpOU vRq kOqL-fj CT^]kÅO-WL¡ BqL-i]-\ÿ]-qO-ÐO. oOf-s-W-¥¨V oLNf-oOç SƒNfvOU CT^]-kÅ]-sO-ºV. RRj¤ jh] ^}v]-f-¾]R£ Av]-nL-^|Z-a-W-oL-p]-qOÐ CT^]-kÅO-WL¡ JãvOU np-RÕ-Ÿ]-qO-ÐfV RRjs]Rs oOf-s-W-RtpL-eV. oRã-v]-Ra-pO-Ro-Ð-fO-SkLRs CT np-¾]-¤-j]-ÐO-f-RÐ-pLeV oOf-sWRt BqL-i]-¨L-jL-qU-n]-\ÿ-fV. ^}vjOç oOf-s-W-¥-f-RÐ-pL-p]-qOÐO Nkf]xV-b. C°Rj BqL-i]-\ÿ]-qOÐ oOf-sRRhvU (RyLRm-WV) oq-e-o-a-´L¤ Av-RppOU oÚ]-pL¨] yPƒ]-¨O-ÐO. k]Ð}aV ^}v-jOç oRãLqO oOf-sRp k]a]\ÿV RRhv-oL-¨O-ÐO. "RWLU KUSmL' IÐ NkSh- w R¾ RyLRm- ¨ ]R£ SƒNf-¾]¤ j]ÐV jPSrLtU "oO-f-s-oÚ]-'-W-Rt-pLeV WRº-aO-¾-fV. RRj¤ jh]-p]-sP-Ra-pOç jLsO h]v-yR¾ WÕ-¤-pLNf Av]yVoqe}-p-oL-p]-qO-ÐO. RWpVSrLpOU AsWVyLNº]-ppOU Ku]-RW-pOç NkShw-°¥ RRjs]-sP-Ra-pOç pLNf-p]sLeV Wº-fV. CT^]kÅV ^}v]-¨O-ÐfV RRjs]R£ CqO-W-q-W-t]-sO-oLeV IÐV kr-pO-Ð-f]¤ Rfã]-RsæÐV SfLÐO-ÐO. Wq]ÒOU SYLfÒOU Aq]- p O- R osæ L U WQx] R\áO-ÐfV Cv]-Ra-¾-RÐ. ou Kq-kP-¡v yUY-f]-pLp CT^]-kÅ]¤ ^s¾]-jL-pOç JW BNwpvOU RRj¤f-RÐ. Af]-RRw-f|vOU Af|O-xV-evO- o LeV CT^]- k Å ] Rs WLsL- v - ò . Svj- ¤ - ¨ L- s - ¾ LeV o´O- q OW] RRjs]¤ Rvç-RÕL-¨-oO-ºL-WO-Ð-fV.

With best compliments from: President : P.K. Lali Secretary : K.S. Premanandhan

KqO-kLaV SWŸOU vLp]\ÿOU kq]-\-p]\ÿ]-ŸOç AsWVyLNº]-p-p]¤ I¾]p-SÕL¥ Cf]jV "Rv-rOU' qºL-p]-qS¾LtU v¡- x R¾ ku- ¨ - S o- p OçSsæL IÐ j]ôL-q-nL-v-oL-p]-qO-ÐO. AfO-vRq CT^]kÅ]¤ Wº-RfsæLU jLsL-p]-qSoL AáL-p]-qSoL v¡xU ku- ¨ - o O- ç - v - p L- p ]- q O- Ð fORWL- º OºLp Az-ËL-qU. 600KLtU oÚ]-W¥

at\cKmhv tkmjyð kÀÆokv skmsskän (Regd. MAH/344/07/THANE)

Shop No. 4, Manish Apartment, Morya Nagari, Ulhasnagar-421 004. tIcfw hfcpóp

24

P\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014

WRº-¾]p oPÐV j]s-W-tOç nPo]-¨-a]p]¤ j]¡-o]\ÿ SrLo¢ Ryo]S¾q](WLã-S¨LUmVyV)pLeV AsWVyLNº]-p-p]Rs NkiLj WLuV-\pLp] SfLÐ]-p-fV. Roc]-ã-Sr-j]-p¢ Wa-s]-SjLaO S\¡ÐV W]a-¨OÐ AsWVyLNº]p CT^]-kÅ]Rs oSjL-zq-oLp KqO yOX-vLy SWNÎU-WP-a]-pLeV. rx|¢ yTzQ-h-¾]-R£pOU jLyr]R£ nq-e-WL-s-Z-Ÿ-R¾pOU Wg-W¥ kr-pOÐ jLy¡ faL-W-vOU, jOm]-p¢ NYLo-¾]-Ss-¨Oç pLNf-pOU, RWpV S rLp]¤ CT^]- k Å O - W L- R qpOU AÂO- f - R Õ- a O- ¾ ]- R ¨LºV RkpÅ RIyV oupOU, oOyæ]U Nmh-¡-zO-c]Rj AjO-WP-s]-\ÿO-RWLºO jaÐ v]h|L-¡À]-Nk-W-a-jvOU, vL¡-¾-W-t]¤ CaU-k]a]\ÿ fzVr}¡ yVW~p¡ yÎ-¡-w-jvOU IsæLU or-¨L-jL-vL¾ AjO-n-v-°-¥f-RÐ. RRYc]R£ yzL-p-o]-sæLRf kmæ]WV NaL¢yVSkL¡aV Dk-SpL-Y]\ÿV ja-¾]p pLNf-W-¥-f-RÐ-pL-p]-qOÐO JãvOU BSv- w - W - q U. kqyV k qU yUyL-q]-¨L¢ nLx-p]-sæL-¾-f]-jL¤ j]¡- m - Ì - k P- ¡ vU `°- S tL- R aLÕU yµ-q]\ÿV a]¨-ãO-Ro-aO¾V IS¾-º]-

a¾V `°-Rt-Rp-¾]\ÿ AjO-n-v-°¥ KÐ]-s-i]WU DºL-p]. oz-¾Lp KqO yUyVWLq-¾]R£ Da-o-W-tLp jÓ j]r´ ojO- x |- R q- p LeV Av]Ra Wº-fV. CÍ|¢ yUyVWLqvOU CT^]kVx|¢ yUyVWLqvOU fÚ]¤ KqO-kLaV yoL-j-f-W¥ DRºÐV RRYcV Isæ L pV S kLuOU KqO ^Lo|- R o- a O- ¨ OUSkLRs kr-´O-RWL-º]-qO-ÐO. NkL\}j- o L- p fV Av- q O- S a- f L- R eÐ wq]pLp Av-WL-w-vL-h-S¾L-Ra. CÍ|Rp- Ð L¤ CÐR¾ CT^]- k Å ] jV SmLt]-vOcOU Ao]-fLnV m\ÿ-jO-oLReÐV SfLÐ] pLNf-p]-sO-a-j}-tU. 9 h]v-yR¾ pLNf-p]¤ \OqO-°]-pfV 25 SkRq- R Ë]sOU "C- Í |- ¢ ? Ao]- f LnV m\ÿ-¢?' IÐV WOwsU S\Lh]-¨O-W-pOºL-p]. AkP-¡vU Sk¡¨V xLqPXV XLRjpOU zQf~]WV SrLx- R j- p ORoLR¨ Ar]-pLU. pLNf-RàL-aO-v]sOU f}qO-oLjU wq]pL-p]-qOÐO IÐLeV v]s-p]-qO-¾]-pfV. CÍ|àO kOr-¾O-SkL-WL¢ AvyqU W]Ÿ]-pL¤ Bh|U WLSe-ºfV ojO-x|-yUyVWLq-¾]R£ Dr-v]a nPo]pLp CT^]kVfV fRÐ. CT^]-kÅ]jV fOs|U CT^]kÅV oLNfU. 25


aO¾ \]Nf-°tOU Rkp]-£]U-YO-WtOU j]¡o]\ÿV Af]-jO-ç]-sLeV oÚ] yPƒ]-¨LjL-v-w|-oLp SkaWU j]¡-o]-\ÿ]-qO-Ð-fV. ^}v]-\ÿ]-q]-¨O-SÒLSu fOa°OU wv-WO-a}q-¾]R£ j]¡-oL-eU. oÚ]Rp Aa¨U R\pÅ O - W - u ]- ´ L¤ oqU, NYLSjãV fOa°] ks vLf]-sO-W-tL¤ WvLaU Aa-àOU. k]Ð}aV B¡¨OU f]q]-\ÿ-r]-pLjL-WL¾ v]iU o¹]ŸV oPaOU. oÚ]-WtOU WPRa yPƒ]-\ÿ]-q]-¨OÐ vñO-¨tOU BqOU WRº-¾L-f]-q]-¨L-jL-e]-fV. Af]- v ]- w L- s - o Lp C¾qU Ar- W t]Rs \]Nf-°tOU w]s×-°tOU kOqL-fj CT^]kVx|¢ s]k]-pLp z}SrL-Yæ]-l]W]- s Oç kOqL- S q- X - W tOU BRqpOU AÂO-f-RÕ-aO-¾OU. CRfsæLU R\pÅ]qOÐ WLs-ZŸU WPa] SW¥-¨O-SÒL¥ v]w~-y]-¨L¢ Bh|U KÐV oa]-¨OU. 62KLtU lr-SvL-oL-qORa C¾qU wvWO-a}-q-°-tLeV "vLsæ] KLlV W]UYVyV'¤

oLNfU CfO-vRq WRº-¾]-p]-ŸO-ç-fV. XjjU CSÕLuOU fOa-qO-ÐO. CT^]-kÅ]Rs kOqL-fj SƒNf-°¥ jRÚ AÂO-f-RÕ-aO-¾O-ÐfV ku-¨URWLºOU vs]-ÕU-RWLºOU \]Nf-Õ-e]W-¥-RWL-ºO-oL-eV. W|Lo-rSàL vL¨O-W¥S¨L kW-¡-¾L-jL-vL¾ AjO-n-vUf-RÐ-pLeV Cv joO¨V yÚL-j]-¨OW. sWVy¡ NkSh-w-¾Oç W¡-eLWV SƒNfU-f-RÐ-pLeV Cv-p]¤ KÐL-o¢. yz-NyL-mÉ-°-¥¨V oORÒ-pOç ojO-x|-qORa v]w~L-y-°tOU B\L-q°tOU ^}v]-f-q}-f]-WtOU nƒ-evOU WOaOU- m - Z - a - j pOU fOa°] Isæ L UfRÐ SƒNf-\ÿO-v-qO-W-t]¤ RWL¾]Rp-aO¾ \]Nf-°-t]-sPRa joO¨V v|©oL-WO-ÐO. Av-RpsæLU Dr-Rv-aO¾ nPo]p]-¤-f-RÐ-pLeV WLs-°-¥-¨]-ÕOrU jÚtOU \v]-Ÿ]-j]-¤-¨O-Ð-RfÐ KL¡-op]¤ \]s-SÕL-RuLR¨ y~pU jì-

RÕŸOSkL-WOU. yoL-j-f-W-t]-sæL¾ CT AjO-n-vU-f-RÐ-pLeV CT^]kÅV joO¨V fqOÐ yÚL-jU. oOf- s - W ¥ oOf¤ kwO- ¨ - R tpOU NkLÕ]-a]-p-RjpOU vRq kOqL-fj CT^]kÅO-WL¡ BqL-i]-\ÿ]-qO-ÐO. oOf-s-W-¥¨V oLNf-oOç SƒNfvOU CT^]-kÅ]-sO-ºV. RRj¤ jh] ^}v]-f-¾]R£ Av]-nL-^|Z-a-W-oL-p]-qOÐ CT^]-kÅO-WL¡ JãvOU np-RÕ-Ÿ]-qO-ÐfV RRjs]Rs oOf-s-W-RtpL-eV. oRã-v]-Ra-pO-Ro-Ð-fO-SkLRs CT np-¾]-¤-j]-ÐO-f-RÐ-pLeV oOf-sWRt BqL-i]-¨L-jL-qU-n]-\ÿ-fV. ^}vjOç oOf-s-W-¥-f-RÐ-pL-p]-qOÐO Nkf]xV-b. C°Rj BqL-i]-\ÿ]-qOÐ oOf-sRRhvU (RyLRm-WV) oq-e-o-a-´L¤ Av-RppOU oÚ]-pL¨] yPƒ]-¨O-ÐO. k]Ð}aV ^}v-jOç oRãLqO oOf-sRp k]a]\ÿV RRhv-oL-¨O-ÐO. "RWLU KUSmL' IÐ NkSh- w R¾ RyLRm- ¨ ]R£ SƒNf-¾]¤ j]ÐV jPSrLtU "oO-f-s-oÚ]-'-W-Rt-pLeV WRº-aO-¾-fV. RRj¤ jh]-p]-sP-Ra-pOç jLsO h]v-yR¾ WÕ-¤-pLNf Av]yVoqe}-p-oL-p]-qO-ÐO. RWpVSrLpOU AsWVyLNº]-ppOU Ku]-RW-pOç NkShw-°¥ RRjs]-sP-Ra-pOç pLNf-p]sLeV Wº-fV. CT^]kÅV ^}v]-¨O-ÐfV RRjs]R£ CqO-W-q-W-t]-sO-oLeV IÐV kr-pO-Ð-f]¤ Rfã]-RsæÐV SfLÐO-ÐO. Wq]ÒOU SYLfÒOU Aq]- p O- R osæ L U WQx] R\áO-ÐfV Cv]-Ra-¾-RÐ. ou Kq-kP-¡v yUY-f]-pLp CT^]-kÅ]¤ ^s¾]-jL-pOç JW BNwpvOU RRj¤f-RÐ. Af]-RRw-f|vOU Af|O-xV-evO- o LeV CT^]- k Å ] Rs WLsL- v - ò . Svj- ¤ - ¨ L- s - ¾ LeV o´O- q OW] RRjs]¤ Rvç-RÕL-¨-oO-ºL-WO-Ð-fV.

With best compliments from: President : P.K. Lali Secretary : K.S. Premanandhan

KqO-kLaV SWŸOU vLp]\ÿOU kq]-\-p]\ÿ]-ŸOç AsWVyLNº]-p-p]¤ I¾]p-SÕL¥ Cf]jV "Rv-rOU' qºL-p]-qS¾LtU v¡- x R¾ ku- ¨ - S o- p OçSsæL IÐ j]ôL-q-nL-v-oL-p]-qO-ÐO. AfO-vRq CT^]kÅ]¤ Wº-RfsæLU jLsL-p]-qSoL AáL-p]-qSoL v¡xU ku- ¨ - o O- ç - v - p L- p ]- q O- Ð fORWL- º OºLp Az-ËL-qU. 600KLtU oÚ]-W¥

at\cKmhv tkmjyð kÀÆokv skmsskän (Regd. MAH/344/07/THANE)

Shop No. 4, Manish Apartment, Morya Nagari, Ulhasnagar-421 004. tIcfw hfcpóp

24

P\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014

WRº-¾]p oPÐV j]s-W-tOç nPo]-¨-a]p]¤ j]¡-o]\ÿ SrLo¢ Ryo]S¾q](WLã-S¨LUmVyV)pLeV AsWVyLNº]-p-p]Rs NkiLj WLuV-\pLp] SfLÐ]-p-fV. Roc]-ã-Sr-j]-p¢ Wa-s]-SjLaO S\¡ÐV W]a-¨OÐ AsWVyLNº]p CT^]-kÅ]Rs oSjL-zq-oLp KqO yOX-vLy SWNÎU-WP-a]-pLeV. rx|¢ yTzQ-h-¾]-R£pOU jLyr]R£ nq-e-WL-s-Z-Ÿ-R¾pOU Wg-W¥ kr-pOÐ jLy¡ faL-W-vOU, jOm]-p¢ NYLo-¾]-Ss-¨Oç pLNf-pOU, RWpV S rLp]¤ CT^]- k Å O - W L- R qpOU AÂO- f - R Õ- a O- ¾ ]- R ¨LºV RkpÅ RIyV oupOU, oOyæ]U Nmh-¡-zO-c]Rj AjO-WP-s]-\ÿO-RWLºO jaÐ v]h|L-¡À]-Nk-W-a-jvOU, vL¡-¾-W-t]¤ CaU-k]a]\ÿ fzVr}¡ yVW~p¡ yÎ-¡-w-jvOU IsæLU or-¨L-jL-vL¾ AjO-n-v-°-¥f-RÐ. RRYc]R£ yzL-p-o]-sæLRf kmæ]WV NaL¢yVSkL¡aV Dk-SpL-Y]\ÿV ja-¾]p pLNf-W-¥-f-RÐ-pL-p]-qOÐO JãvOU BSv- w - W - q U. kqyV k qU yUyL-q]-¨L¢ nLx-p]-sæL-¾-f]-jL¤ j]¡- m - Ì - k P- ¡ vU `°- S tL- R aLÕU yµ-q]\ÿV a]¨-ãO-Ro-aO¾V IS¾-º]-

a¾V `°-Rt-Rp-¾]\ÿ AjO-n-v-°¥ KÐ]-s-i]WU DºL-p]. oz-¾Lp KqO yUyVWLq-¾]R£ Da-o-W-tLp jÓ j]r´ ojO- x |- R q- p LeV Av]Ra Wº-fV. CÍ|¢ yUyVWLqvOU CT^]kVx|¢ yUyVWLqvOU fÚ]¤ KqO-kLaV yoL-j-f-W¥ DRºÐV RRYcV Isæ L pV S kLuOU KqO ^Lo|- R o- a O- ¨ OUSkLRs kr-´O-RWL-º]-qO-ÐO. NkL\}j- o L- p fV Av- q O- S a- f L- R eÐ wq]pLp Av-WL-w-vL-h-S¾L-Ra. CÍ|Rp- Ð L¤ CÐR¾ CT^]- k Å ] jV SmLt]-vOcOU Ao]-fLnV m\ÿ-jO-oLReÐV SfLÐ] pLNf-p]-sO-a-j}-tU. 9 h]v-yR¾ pLNf-p]¤ \OqO-°]-pfV 25 SkRq- R Ë]sOU "C- Í |- ¢ ? Ao]- f LnV m\ÿ-¢?' IÐV WOwsU S\Lh]-¨O-W-pOºL-p]. AkP-¡vU Sk¡¨V xLqPXV XLRjpOU zQf~]WV SrLx- R j- p ORoLR¨ Ar]-pLU. pLNf-RàL-aO-v]sOU f}qO-oLjU wq]pL-p]-qOÐO IÐLeV v]s-p]-qO-¾]-pfV. CÍ|àO kOr-¾O-SkL-WL¢ AvyqU W]Ÿ]-pL¤ Bh|U WLSe-ºfV ojO-x|-yUyVWLq-¾]R£ Dr-v]a nPo]pLp CT^]kVfV fRÐ. CT^]-kÅ]jV fOs|U CT^]kÅV oLNfU. 25


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Ws|L- ¦ &ScLUm]vV s ] SoX- s p]¤ Sð^]-f-q, Sð^V oÃ-q-°¥ pgL-NWoU c]yU-m¡ 7, 8 f}p-f]-W-t]sLp] ScLUm]vVs] Rvð]Rs SoLSc¦ CUYæ}xV o}c]pU yVWPt]¤ BSZL-x-kP-¡vU yUZ-a]-Õ]-¨-RÕ-ŸO. WsL-o-Ã-q-°¥ Nkw-ñ kNf-Nk-v-¡¾- W ¢ WLŸP¡ oOqt] DhV - Z L- a jU R\pÅO. Scv]cV DÚ-¢, SNkUsL-¤, a].RW. SvsL-pO-i-¢, oiO-yP-h¢ IÐ]v¡ oOX|L-f]-g]-W-tL-p]-qO-ÐO. oÃ-qS¾L-a-jO-m-Ì]\ÿV sZO-jL-a-W-v]-nL-Y¾]¤ os-pLtU o]x¢ WOŸ]-W¥ Avf-q]-Õ]\ÿ, kq]-ò]f] os]-j}-W-qeU v]x-p-oLp jLaWU Av-f-q-e-RRws] RWLºOU NkSo-p-¾]R£ kOfOo RWLºOU Svr]Ÿ WLuV-\-pL-p].

^j. W¦-v}-j-¡, os-pL-StL-Ã-vU

WSsL-Ãv jLtO-W¥

SoX- s L- o - Ã - q - ° - ¥ ¨V fOa¨U WOr]\ÿV KWVSaLm¡ 6, 13 f}p-f]-W-t]sLp] jaÐ DsæLyVjY-¡–-AU-m-¡jLgV SoX-sL-o-ÃqU Nkwñ yLoP-z|Nk-v-¡-¾-W¢ ^].I.RW. jLp¡ DhVZLajU R\pÅO. Bh|-So-X-sL-o-Ã-q¾]-¤-fRÐ JuO-v-p-yO-WL-q]pOU IuOk-fO-v-p-yO-WL-qjOU KSq Svh]-p]¤ BSv-w-S¾LRa oÃ-q-¾]-j]-r-°]pfV os-pL-StL-Ã-v-¾]R£ ^j-W}pf v]t]-S\ÿL-fO-Ð-fL-p]-qO-ÐO. yL¨]-jL-¨&kvLpV SoX-s-p]Rs tIcfw hfcpóp

WsL- o - Ã - q - ° ¥ jvU- m ¡ 24&jV yL¨]-jL¨ yof v]h|L-s-p-¾]¤ ja-ÐO. YLp-WjOU yUY}-f-yU-v]-iL-pW-jO-oLp oiO jÒ|L¡ DhV-ZL-ajU R\pÅ kq]-kL-a]-p]¤ kvLpV oOf¤ WO¡t vRq- p Oç NkSh- w - ° - t ]- ¤ - j ]ÐLp] 400¤kqU WsL-WL-q-ÓL¡ kRËaO-¾O. jLsV Svh]-W-t]-sLp] jaÐ oÃ-q-°¥ qLNf] JRr RRvWOU vRq j}ºO. ké]o SoX-s-p]Rs mLNÎ oOf¤ hz]-y¡ vRq-pOç v]v]i os-pL-t]yU-Z-a-j-W-t]¤ j]ÐOç WsL-WL-qÓL¡ Ae]-j]-qÐ ké]o SoX-sL-oÃqU c]y-Um¡ 1&jV osLcV CTð]Rs WOqL¡ Ry£V S^L¡^V RRzyVWPt]¤ ja-ÐO. Nkwñ yLz]f|-WL-q¢ Y]q]-^L-v-sæ-n¢ DhV-ZLajU R\pÅ kq]-kL-a]-p]¤ lLh¡ RmÐ] Sk°]- Õ - r - Ò ]¤ oOX|L- f ]- g ]- p L- p ]. IsæL Cj-°-t]-RspOU ls-Nk-X|L-k-jSv- t - p ]¤ SoX- s L- v ]- ^ - p ]- W - t Lp yzL¡ os-pL-t]-y-oL-^-¾]Rs RWL\ÿO-W-sL-Nk-f]-n-W-tORa os-pL-t-¾]sOç B¡- Õ O- v ]- t ]- W ¥ os- p L- S tLÃvU oOUmpV os-pL-t]-W¥ RjSµLaO S\¡-¾-f]R£ Rft]-vL-p]qO-ÐO. ké]o SoX-s-p]¤ 500¤kqU WsL-WL-q-ÓL¡ oÃ-q]-¨O-W-pO-ºL-p].

vyL-pV&v]qL-¡&hzLjO SoX-sL-WsL-o-Ã-q-°¥ vyLpV m].RW.IyV. yVWPt]¤ Bh|-WLs yLUyVWLq]W Nkv-¡-¾W DoL-Shv] AÍ-¡-^jU DhVZL-ajU R\pÅO. Bh|-WLs os-pLt yLUyV W L- q ]W Nkv- ¡ - ¾ - W ¢ Nw}. k].y]. wË-q-jL-qL-p-eR£ yVoq-eL¡ÀU ASÇ- z - ¾ ]R£ Skq]- s L- p ]qOÐO Svh]. os-pL-t-nL-xL-Nk-\L-q-eyUZU ^j-r¤ RyNW-Ÿr] B¡.c]. zq]-WO-oL¡ oOX|-Nk-nL-xeU ja-¾]. XL¡-Z-r]¤ ja-Ð, RISqLt] oOf¤ k¢-Sv¤ vRq-pOç os-pL-t]-W-sL-WLq-ÓL¡ oLãO-q\ÿ jv]-oOU-mpV SoX-sL-oÃqU jv]-oOU-mpV os-pLt] JSWLkj yo]f] R\p-¡-oL¢ k].c]. ^p-NkWLwV DhV-ZL-ajU R\pÅO. vâ oP¡S¨L¾V yUyL-q]-\ÿO. R\ÒP¡ Bh-¡-w v]h|L-s-p-¾]¤ jaÐ R\ÒP¡ SoX-

sL-o-ÃqU a].RW. mLmO-qL^V DhVZLajU R\pÅO. kËL- t ]- ¾ U- R WLºOU oÃ- q - ° tORa j]s-vL-qU-RWLºOU, Nkf}-ƒ-p]Rs- Ð - S kLRs Wu]- ´ v¡- x - S ¾¨L¥ JRr o]W\ÿ q}f]-p]-sLeV KLSqL SoX-sL-W-SsL-Ã-v-°tOU ja-Ð-fV. SoX- s L- o - à - q - ¾ ]R£ BSv- w U Aa°OU oOÒV c]yU-m¡ 22&jV Bh¡w v]h|L-s-p-¾]¤ SoX-sL-o-Ã-q¾]¤ v]^-p]-\ÿ-v-¡-¨O-Sv-º]-pOç SWNÎ- W - S sL- à vU ja- Ð O. Nkw- ñ yLz]-f|-WLq¢ NknL-W-q¢ kuê] DhVZL-ajU j]¡-v-z]\ÿ WsL-o-Ã-q-°¥ IŸO Svh]-W-t]-sL-pLeV ja-Ð-fV. oÃq- S v- h ]- p ]¤ WLe]- p Lp] I¾]p Nkwñ \]Nf-WL-q¢ SmLyV WQxV-e-oL\Lq] WsL- W L- q - Ó L- ¡ ¨OU WLe]- W ¥¨OU KqOSkLRs BSvwU kW-¡-ÐO. qLNf] JRr RRvW]-p]ŸOU j]r´ yhSôL-Ra-pLeV NkiLj Svh]-W-t]Rs oÃ-q-°¥ ja-Ð-fV. Wu]´ v¡-xS¾-¨L¥ oÃ-q-°tOU kËL-t]-¾vOU Cq-Ÿ]-pL-p]ŸOU WQf|-oLp Nkv-¡-¾-j¾]- s PRa nUY]- p Lp] SWNÎ- o - à - q °tOU ja-¾L¢ yLi]\ÿO IÐ-f]¤ nLxL-Nk-\L-q-e-yUZU Nkv-¡-¾-W¡¨V An]-oL-j]-¨LU.

Wu]´ v¡-xR¾ \LÒ|-ÓL-qLp kvL-pV&yL¨]-jL¨ SoX-s W]q}aU j]s-j]-¡-¾]-p-SÕL¥ RvSð¦ SoXspOU vyL-pV&v]qL¡ SoX-spOU pgLNWoU qºOU oPÐOU òLj-°¥ Wq-òoL-¨]. v]^-p]-W-¥-¨Oç yÚL-j-hL-jvOU y¡-Ÿ]-l]-¨ãV v]f-q-evOU c]yU-m¡ 29&jV Bh-¡w v]h|L-s-p-¾]¤ yoLkj ySÚ-t-j-S¾L-a-jO-m-Ì]\ÿV jaÐO. yoL-k-j-y-SÚ-tjU Nkwñ jLaW-WQ¾OU Wv]pOU NknL-x-W-jO-oLp Wq]-Rv-çP¡ oOqt] DhV-ZL-ajU R\pÅO. SWNÎ-o-Ã-q-°-t]¤ v]^-p]-W-tL-p-v-q]¤-j]ÐV Rfq-R´-aO-¨-RÕŸ WsL-WL-qÓL-qORa WsL-Nk-W-ajU yoL-k-j-y-SÚt-j-¾]R£ oLãO WPŸ]. oOUmpV jY-q¾]Rs os- p L- t - ¾ ]R£ fj]- o pOU sLv-e|vOU kOfOfs-oO-r-p]¤ yOqƒ]- f - o L- R eÐV v]t]- \ ÿ O - r R¨ krpOÐO-ºV, os-pL-StL-Ã-v-U qºLU-kf]- Õ ]R£ DÃ- v - M L- p - p ]¤ jaÐ yoL-k-jvOU v¡-È]\ÿ ^j-W}-p-f-pOU. os- p L- S tL- à - v - ¾ ]R£ nLY- o Lp] jaÐ WSsL-ÃvU o]W\ÿ AjO-n-vvOU v¢-v]-^-p-vO-oL-¨]p IsæL-v-RqpOU zQh|-oLp An]-vL-hjU Ar]-p]-¨-RŸ.

WO¡t oOf¤ oOtOºV vRq-pOç W]u¨¢ SoX-sL-o-Ã-q-°-tORa DhV-ZLajU c]y-Um¡ 8&jV ZLaVSWLk¡ CTð]¤ kÍV jY-r]-Rs RcLo]-j]WV Syv]SpL v]h|L-s-p-¾]¤ os-pL-tnL- x L- N k- \ L- q - e - y UZU Nky]- c £V a].RW. mLmOqL^V j]¡-v-z]-\ÿO. ASfh]-v-yU-fRÐ o}qL&np-Ρ SoX-sL-oÃqU WLw]-o}q m].IyV. yVWPt]¤ ja-ÐO. c]yU-m¡ 15&jV fLRj, jv]-oOUm- p V , vyL- p V & v]qL- ¡ , R\ÒP¡ 26

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aebmtfmÕhw

IÐ}jLsO SoX-s-p]Rs vLw]-Spr]p oÃ- q - S ¾LRa SoX- s L- o - à - q °¥ yoL-k]-\ÿO. fLRj RvðV wLNñ]j- Y - r ]Rs SovL yV W Pt]¤ jaÐ fLRj SoX-sL-o-ÃqU Ac~. qv}-N΢ DhV-ZL-ajU R\pÅO. Nkwñ jLa-W-W-sLWLq] yOo-oO-WO-Î-¢, yLoP-z|-Nk-v-¡¾W Ac~. SNkoL-So-SjL-¢, Nko}t yOSq-N΢ IÐ]-v¡ yUyL-q]-\ÿO.

ozL-j-Y-q-¾]jV or-¨L-jL-vL¾

qLo-\-N΢ oµ-r-Ò¾V

ozL- j - Y - q - ¾ ]Rs os- p L- t - j La]Rj v}Rº-aO-¨OW IÐ oz-¾L-p sƒ|-S¾LRa os-pL-t-nL-xL-Nk-\L-qe-yUZU Wu]´ RykÅU-m¡ oLyU oOf¤ ja-¾]-v-Ð]qOÐ os-pL-StL-Ãv- S ¾L- a - j O- m - Ì ]- \ ÿ O ç SoXsL WSsL-Ã-v-°¥ JRr NwSÈ-p-oL-p]. os-pL-t-nL-x-SpLaOU SWqt yUyVWLqS¾LaOU ozLj-Y-q-¾]Rs kOfO-f-s-oOr-àOç SyÔz-¾]R£ Aa-pL-t-RÕ-aO¾-sLp] KLSqL SoX-sL-o-Ã-q-°-tOU. 11 SoX-s-W-t]¤ NkLp-¾]R£ Aa]òL-j-¾]¤ AµV NYPÕO-W-t]-sLp] jaÐ vLw]- S p- r ]p oÃ- q - ° - t ]¤ WSqL-¥-kL-ŸV, KÕ-j, oLÕ]-t-ÕL-ŸV, KLŸ-¢fO-ç¤ fOa-°]pv oOUm-p]Rs yoOhL-p-SsL-W¾]jV jv|L-jO-n-v-oL-p].

Ws|L- ¦ &ScLUm]vV s ] SoX- s p]¤ Sð^]-f-q, Sð^V oÃ-q-°¥ pgL-NWoU c]yU-m¡ 7, 8 f}p-f]-W-t]sLp] ScLUm]vVs] Rvð]Rs SoLSc¦ CUYæ}xV o}c]pU yVWPt]¤ BSZL-x-kP-¡vU yUZ-a]-Õ]-¨-RÕ-ŸO. WsL-o-Ã-q-°¥ Nkw-ñ kNf-Nk-v-¡¾- W ¢ WLŸP¡ oOqt] DhV - Z L- a jU R\pÅO. Scv]cV DÚ-¢, SNkUsL-¤, a].RW. SvsL-pO-i-¢, oiO-yP-h¢ IÐ]v¡ oOX|L-f]-g]-W-tL-p]-qO-ÐO. oÃ-qS¾L-a-jO-m-Ì]\ÿV sZO-jL-a-W-v]-nL-Y¾]¤ os-pLtU o]x¢ WOŸ]-W¥ Avf-q]-Õ]\ÿ, kq]-ò]f] os]-j}-W-qeU v]x-p-oLp jLaWU Av-f-q-e-RRws] RWLºOU NkSo-p-¾]R£ kOfOo RWLºOU Svr]Ÿ WLuV-\-pL-p].

^j. W¦-v}-j-¡, os-pL-StL-Ã-vU

WSsL-Ãv jLtO-W¥

SoX- s L- o - Ã - q - ° - ¥ ¨V fOa¨U WOr]\ÿV KWVSaLm¡ 6, 13 f}p-f]-W-t]sLp] jaÐ DsæLyVjY-¡–-AU-m-¡jLgV SoX-sL-o-ÃqU Nkwñ yLoP-z|Nk-v-¡-¾-W¢ ^].I.RW. jLp¡ DhVZLajU R\pÅO. Bh|-So-X-sL-o-Ã-q¾]-¤-fRÐ JuO-v-p-yO-WL-q]pOU IuOk-fO-v-p-yO-WL-qjOU KSq Svh]-p]¤ BSv-w-S¾LRa oÃ-q-¾]-j]-r-°]pfV os-pL-StL-Ã-v-¾]R£ ^j-W}pf v]t]-S\ÿL-fO-Ð-fL-p]-qO-ÐO. yL¨]-jL-¨&kvLpV SoX-s-p]Rs tIcfw hfcpóp

WsL- o - Ã - q - ° ¥ jvU- m ¡ 24&jV yL¨]-jL¨ yof v]h|L-s-p-¾]¤ ja-ÐO. YLp-WjOU yUY}-f-yU-v]-iL-pW-jO-oLp oiO jÒ|L¡ DhV-ZL-ajU R\pÅ kq]-kL-a]-p]¤ kvLpV oOf¤ WO¡t vRq- p Oç NkSh- w - ° - t ]- ¤ - j ]ÐLp] 400¤kqU WsL-WL-q-ÓL¡ kRËaO-¾O. jLsV Svh]-W-t]-sLp] jaÐ oÃ-q-°¥ qLNf] JRr RRvWOU vRq j}ºO. ké]o SoX-s-p]Rs mLNÎ oOf¤ hz]-y¡ vRq-pOç v]v]i os-pL-t]yU-Z-a-j-W-t]¤ j]ÐOç WsL-WL-qÓL¡ Ae]-j]-qÐ ké]o SoX-sL-oÃqU c]y-Um¡ 1&jV osLcV CTð]Rs WOqL¡ Ry£V S^L¡^V RRzyVWPt]¤ ja-ÐO. Nkwñ yLz]f|-WL-q¢ Y]q]-^L-v-sæ-n¢ DhV-ZLajU R\pÅ kq]-kL-a]-p]¤ lLh¡ RmÐ] Sk°]- Õ - r - Ò ]¤ oOX|L- f ]- g ]- p L- p ]. IsæL Cj-°-t]-RspOU ls-Nk-X|L-k-jSv- t - p ]¤ SoX- s L- v ]- ^ - p ]- W - t Lp yzL¡ os-pL-t]-y-oL-^-¾]Rs RWL\ÿO-W-sL-Nk-f]-n-W-tORa os-pL-t-¾]sOç B¡- Õ O- v ]- t ]- W ¥ os- p L- S tLÃvU oOUmpV os-pL-t]-W¥ RjSµLaO S\¡-¾-f]R£ Rft]-vL-p]qO-ÐO. ké]o SoX-s-p]¤ 500¤kqU WsL-WL-q-ÓL¡ oÃ-q]-¨O-W-pO-ºL-p].

vyL-pV&v]qL-¡&hzLjO SoX-sL-WsL-o-Ã-q-°¥ vyLpV m].RW.IyV. yVWPt]¤ Bh|-WLs yLUyVWLq]W Nkv-¡-¾W DoL-Shv] AÍ-¡-^jU DhVZL-ajU R\pÅO. Bh|-WLs os-pLt yLUyV W L- q ]W Nkv- ¡ - ¾ - W ¢ Nw}. k].y]. wË-q-jL-qL-p-eR£ yVoq-eL¡ÀU ASÇ- z - ¾ ]R£ Skq]- s L- p ]qOÐO Svh]. os-pL-t-nL-xL-Nk-\L-q-eyUZU ^j-r¤ RyNW-Ÿr] B¡.c]. zq]-WO-oL¡ oOX|-Nk-nL-xeU ja-¾]. XL¡-Z-r]¤ ja-Ð, RISqLt] oOf¤ k¢-Sv¤ vRq-pOç os-pL-t]-W-sL-WLq-ÓL¡ oLãO-q\ÿ jv]-oOU-mpV SoX-sL-oÃqU jv]-oOU-mpV os-pLt] JSWLkj yo]f] R\p-¡-oL¢ k].c]. ^p-NkWLwV DhV-ZL-ajU R\pÅO. vâ oP¡S¨L¾V yUyL-q]-\ÿO. R\ÒP¡ Bh-¡-w v]h|L-s-p-¾]¤ jaÐ R\ÒP¡ SoX-

sL-o-ÃqU a].RW. mLmO-qL^V DhVZLajU R\pÅO. kËL- t ]- ¾ U- R WLºOU oÃ- q - ° tORa j]s-vL-qU-RWLºOU, Nkf}-ƒ-p]Rs- Ð - S kLRs Wu]- ´ v¡- x - S ¾¨L¥ JRr o]W\ÿ q}f]-p]-sLeV KLSqL SoX-sL-W-SsL-Ã-v-°tOU ja-Ð-fV. SoX- s L- o - à - q - ¾ ]R£ BSv- w U Aa°OU oOÒV c]yU-m¡ 22&jV Bh¡w v]h|L-s-p-¾]¤ SoX-sL-o-Ã-q¾]¤ v]^-p]-\ÿ-v-¡-¨O-Sv-º]-pOç SWNÎ- W - S sL- à vU ja- Ð O. Nkw- ñ yLz]-f|-WLq¢ NknL-W-q¢ kuê] DhVZL-ajU j]¡-v-z]\ÿ WsL-o-Ã-q-°¥ IŸO Svh]-W-t]-sL-pLeV ja-Ð-fV. oÃq- S v- h ]- p ]¤ WLe]- p Lp] I¾]p Nkwñ \]Nf-WL-q¢ SmLyV WQxV-e-oL\Lq] WsL- W L- q - Ó L- ¡ ¨OU WLe]- W ¥¨OU KqOSkLRs BSvwU kW-¡-ÐO. qLNf] JRr RRvW]-p]ŸOU j]r´ yhSôL-Ra-pLeV NkiLj Svh]-W-t]Rs oÃ-q-°¥ ja-Ð-fV. Wu]´ v¡-xS¾-¨L¥ oÃ-q-°tOU kËL-t]-¾vOU Cq-Ÿ]-pL-p]ŸOU WQf|-oLp Nkv-¡-¾-j¾]- s PRa nUY]- p Lp] SWNÎ- o - à - q °tOU ja-¾L¢ yLi]\ÿO IÐ-f]¤ nLxL-Nk-\L-q-e-yUZU Nkv-¡-¾-W¡¨V An]-oL-j]-¨LU.

Wu]´ v¡-xR¾ \LÒ|-ÓL-qLp kvL-pV&yL¨]-jL¨ SoX-s W]q}aU j]s-j]-¡-¾]-p-SÕL¥ RvSð¦ SoXspOU vyL-pV&v]qL¡ SoX-spOU pgLNWoU qºOU oPÐOU òLj-°¥ Wq-òoL-¨]. v]^-p]-W-¥-¨Oç yÚL-j-hL-jvOU y¡-Ÿ]-l]-¨ãV v]f-q-evOU c]yU-m¡ 29&jV Bh-¡w v]h|L-s-p-¾]¤ yoLkj ySÚ-t-j-S¾L-a-jO-m-Ì]\ÿV jaÐO. yoL-k-j-y-SÚ-tjU Nkwñ jLaW-WQ¾OU Wv]pOU NknL-x-W-jO-oLp Wq]-Rv-çP¡ oOqt] DhV-ZL-ajU R\pÅO. SWNÎ-o-Ã-q-°-t]¤ v]^-p]-W-tL-p-v-q]¤-j]ÐV Rfq-R´-aO-¨-RÕŸ WsL-WL-qÓL-qORa WsL-Nk-W-ajU yoL-k-j-y-SÚt-j-¾]R£ oLãO WPŸ]. oOUmpV jY-q¾]Rs os- p L- t - ¾ ]R£ fj]- o pOU sLv-e|vOU kOfOfs-oO-r-p]¤ yOqƒ]- f - o L- R eÐV v]t]- \ ÿ O - r R¨ krpOÐO-ºV, os-pL-StL-Ã-v-U qºLU-kf]- Õ ]R£ DÃ- v - M L- p - p ]¤ jaÐ yoL-k-jvOU v¡-È]\ÿ ^j-W}-p-f-pOU. os- p L- S tL- à - v - ¾ ]R£ nLY- o Lp] jaÐ WSsL-ÃvU o]W\ÿ AjO-n-vvOU v¢-v]-^-p-vO-oL-¨]p IsæL-v-RqpOU zQh|-oLp An]-vL-hjU Ar]-p]-¨-RŸ.

WO¡t oOf¤ oOtOºV vRq-pOç W]u¨¢ SoX-sL-o-Ã-q-°-tORa DhV-ZLajU c]y-Um¡ 8&jV ZLaVSWLk¡ CTð]¤ kÍV jY-r]-Rs RcLo]-j]WV Syv]SpL v]h|L-s-p-¾]¤ os-pL-tnL- x L- N k- \ L- q - e - y UZU Nky]- c £V a].RW. mLmOqL^V j]¡-v-z]-\ÿO. ASfh]-v-yU-fRÐ o}qL&np-Ρ SoX-sL-oÃqU WLw]-o}q m].IyV. yVWPt]¤ ja-ÐO. c]yU-m¡ 15&jV fLRj, jv]-oOUm- p V , vyL- p V & v]qL- ¡ , R\ÒP¡ 26

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apwss_

apwss_ 2013

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2013

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apwss_

apwss_ 2013

tIcfw hfcpóp

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apwss_

apwss_ 2013

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apwss_

apwss_ 2013

tIcfw hfcpóp

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kamPw hmÀ¯IÄ

kwLS\ hmÀ¯IÄ

WL^O-kLa os-pL-t] yoL-^¾]R£ "Nkf]-n' yoL^U AUY-°-t]¤ yLz]-f|L-n]-qO\]pOç-v-¡¨V NkS\L-h-j-oL-pOU, yLz]-f|L-y~L-h-W-¡-¨Lp] KqO kOf]p vLp-jL-oOXU fOr-ÐO-RWL-ºO-oLeV 1985 JNk]¤ 14&jV "Nk-f]-n' IÐ WRá-uO-¾O-oL-y]-W-pORa k]r-v]. k].RW. yOXV-ShvV \}lV Ic]-ã-rLpOU SYLk¢ RW., RW. ^p-qL-^¢ IÐ]-v¡ ymV Ic]-ã-¡-oLqO-oL-pLeV Bh| "Nk-f]-n' Nky]-È}-WQ-f-oL-p-fV. k].a]. oOz-Ú-hV, JsÚ \LS¨L, NkyLhV SqX fOa°] j]q-vi] SkqORa Af]-o-SjL-z-q-°-tLp yQì]-W¥ CT Nkf]-nRp ij|-oL-¨]. k]Ð}aV "Nk-f]-n-'-pORa qºLU-k-f]ÕV Cr-°]-pfV 1992&sLp]-qO-ÐO. qLUhL-y]R£ SjfQ-f~-¾]¤ Cr°]p "Nk-f]-n-'-p]¤ S\ÕLaV SyLo-jL-g-¢, WO´O-¹]-oLxV fOa-°]p Nkf]-nL-i-jqORa WQf]-W-StLRaL-ÕU, oOUm-p]Rs NkSf|-W]\ÿV WL^O-kL-a-p]Rs vt-qOÐ yLz]-f|-WL-q-ÓL-qORa WQf]-WtOU D¥-RÕ-aO¾L¢ oLY-y]¢ WÚ]ã] NwÈ]-\ÿ]-qO-ÐO. KqO-kSƒ RWŸ]sOU oŸ]sOU A\ÿ-a]-\ÿ]-r-°OÐ oSã-RfLqO oLy]-WSpLaOU W]a-k]-a]-¨L¢ SkLÐ KÐO-f-RÐ-pL-p]-qOÐO "Nk-f]-n-'-pORa CT qºLU-s-¨U. vqL-j]-q]-¨OÐ yOv-¡-e-WL-s-¾]R£ KqO yP\j WPa]-pL-p]-qOÐO "Nk-f]-n-'-pORa CT kOj-qO-²}-v-jU. k]Ð}aV qºO v¡-xU Wu]´V "Nk-f]-n-'-pORa AaO¾ s¨-¾]-jOç Nwo-°¥ fOa-°]-p-SÕL¥ vtRq WOr\ÿO RRWW-t]¤ oLNfSo vLp-jpV¨Lp] I¾O-ÐOçP IÐ kq]-o]-f]-Rp WOr]\ÿV \]Í]-¨O-WpOU, IsæL oLyvOU Cr-°OÐ oLy]-W-pL-p]-fRÐ "Nk-f]-n-'Rp oLãeU IÐ An]-NkLpU qPk-RÕ-aO-W-pO-oOºL-p]. ASfL-aO-WPa] "Nk-f]-n-'-pORa qPkvOU nLvvOU oLr]. yoL^U vL¡-¾-WtOU RfLu]-¤-kU-©]-WtOU WOŸ]-W-¥-¨L-pOç Sk^OU Ic]-SãL-r]-p-sO-RoL-R¨-pLp] KqO vL¡-¾L-k-Nf]-W/oLy]W IÐ fq-¾]-¤, IsæL AUY-°-¥¨OU IsæL oLyvOU I¾]-\ÿO-RWL-aO-¨OÐ fq-¾]¤ "Nk-f]-n' vt-¡-ÐO. KqO WLq|U IaO¾O-k-r-pRŸ – vtRq SNkLÃLz^-j-W-oL-p]-qOÐO AUY-°-tORa Nkf]-W-q-eU. IÐL¤ WOr\ÿO oLy°¥ Wu]-´-SÕL¥ yoL-^-¾]R£ yLÒ-¾]W kq]-o]-f]-W¥ "Nk-f]-n-'-RppOU ft-¡-¾].

AÔhnizmk \nÀ½mÀÖ\ _nñnsâ inev]n ]ß{io tUm. \tc{µ Zmt_mð¡cpsS sIme]mXI¯nð aebmf `mjm {]NmcW kwLw {]Xntj[n¡póp.

vLp-jL-w}-sU kOf]p fs-oO-r-p]¤ j]ÐV AW-ÐO-SkL-vO-WpOU, WRá-uO-¾O-oL-y]W IÐfV WLs-p-vj]-WpV¨Oç]¤ or-´O-SkLSpL IÐ yUwpU Da-Rs-aO-¨O-WpOU R\pÅ yÎ-¡-n-¾]-sLeV "Nk-f]-n-'Rp WOr]-\ÿOç BSsL-\-j-W¥ yoL^U WsL-v]-nL-Y-¾]¤ v}ºOU DqO-¾]-q]-pO--Ð-fV.

Specialised in:

Building Automation Cables

"o-zL-j-Y-q-¾]Rs os-pL-t-jL-a]Rj v}Rº-aO-¨O-W' IÐ ySzL-h-q-yU-Z-a-j-W-tORa BSvwU j]r´ Bz~L-jvOU "Nk-f]-n-'pV¨V kOfO-^}-v¢ j¤-WL-jOç fáL-Rr-aO-Õ]jV KqO WLq-e-oL-p]-qO-ÐO. A°-Rj-pLeV "Nk-f]-n-'-pORa JãvOU kOf]p s¨U 2013 ^jO-v-q]-p]¤ kOr-¾]-r-°O-Ð-fV. CT hTf|U kP¡-¾]-pL-¨O-Ð-f]jV Cf]R£ Ae]-p-r-p]¤ Nkv-¡-¾]\ÿ IsæL-v-RqpOU CT Av-y-q¾]¤ `°¥ jÎ]-kP¡vU yVoq]-¨O-ÐO. vLp-j-p]-sP-Ra Ar]-vV SjaO-WpOU B Ar]vV ^SjL-k-WL-q-Nk-hoLp] Dk-SpL-Y]-¨OWpOU Sve-RoÐ WLuV-\-ÕL-aLeV joO-¨O-ç-fV. Af]-jOç It]p kq]Nwo-oLp] CT yUqU-n-°Rt WLeO-RoÐV v]w~-y]-¨O-ÐO.

l Instrumentation l Thermocouple

Extension &Compensating l Co-axial l High Temorature l Custom Made

WLf-°-StRr fLºL-j]-j]-pOU mL¨]. k]Ð]Ÿ vu]-W-t]-¤-j]ÐOU RkrO-¨]-Rp-aO¾ vt-RÕL-ŸO-WtOU kOµ-v-p-s]¤ j]ÐP-rOÐ jLa-¢-w}-sO-WtOU oj-ô]-sL-vLz]\ÿV By~L-h-j-¾]R£ kOf]p SoX-s-W¥ WRº-¾L-jOç NkpL-e-¾]¤ `°-¥-R¨LÕU j]ÐV DTaOU kLvOU RjpVf KSŸ-Rr-SÕ-SqLaV jÎ]pOU Wa-ÕL-aO-oO-ºV. oOSÐL-ŸOç pLNf Af]-W-b]-j-oL-ReÐV Ar]-pLU. IË]sOU vLpj IÐ AjO-nvU ojô]Rj wOÈ}-W-q]-¨L¢ Wu]-pOÐ KÐLeV IÐ f]q]-\ÿ-r]-SvLRa `°¥ fOa-°]-v\ÿ CT NkpLeU oOSÐL-ŸO-RWL-ºO-SkL-WL¢ IsæL An|O-h-p-WLU-ƒ]-W-tO-RapOU BÄL-¡À yz-W-qeU yv]-jpU An|¡-À]-¨O-ÐO.

"SIGNOCAB" "TELEFLEX"

Unit No. 1, Olympus Indl. Estate, Mahal Indl. Area, Off Mahakali Caves Road, Andheri (Easst), Mumbai-93. Tel: 2687 8637. Telefax: 2687 8791 E-mail: sigmacable@yahoo.co.in l www.sigmacables.com

SmLURm kOSqL-Y-oj pOv-yn (WL^O-kLa os-pL-t] yoL-^U)

tIcfw hfcpóp

32

Performance at Par

P\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014

33


kamPw hmÀ¯IÄ

kwLS\ hmÀ¯IÄ

WL^O-kLa os-pL-t] yoL-^¾]R£ "Nkf]-n' yoL^U AUY-°-t]¤ yLz]-f|L-n]-qO\]pOç-v-¡¨V NkS\L-h-j-oL-pOU, yLz]-f|L-y~L-h-W-¡-¨Lp] KqO kOf]p vLp-jL-oOXU fOr-ÐO-RWL-ºO-oLeV 1985 JNk]¤ 14&jV "Nk-f]-n' IÐ WRá-uO-¾O-oL-y]-W-pORa k]r-v]. k].RW. yOXV-ShvV \}lV Ic]-ã-rLpOU SYLk¢ RW., RW. ^p-qL-^¢ IÐ]-v¡ ymV Ic]-ã-¡-oLqO-oL-pLeV Bh| "Nk-f]-n' Nky]-È}-WQ-f-oL-p-fV. k].a]. oOz-Ú-hV, JsÚ \LS¨L, NkyLhV SqX fOa°] j]q-vi] SkqORa Af]-o-SjL-z-q-°-tLp yQì]-W¥ CT Nkf]-nRp ij|-oL-¨]. k]Ð}aV "Nk-f]-n-'-pORa qºLU-k-f]ÕV Cr-°]-pfV 1992&sLp]-qO-ÐO. qLUhL-y]R£ SjfQ-f~-¾]¤ Cr°]p "Nk-f]-n-'-p]¤ S\ÕLaV SyLo-jL-g-¢, WO´O-¹]-oLxV fOa-°]p Nkf]-nL-i-jqORa WQf]-W-StLRaL-ÕU, oOUm-p]Rs NkSf|-W]\ÿV WL^O-kL-a-p]Rs vt-qOÐ yLz]-f|-WL-q-ÓL-qORa WQf]-WtOU D¥-RÕ-aO¾L¢ oLY-y]¢ WÚ]ã] NwÈ]-\ÿ]-qO-ÐO. KqO-kSƒ RWŸ]sOU oŸ]sOU A\ÿ-a]-\ÿ]-r-°OÐ oSã-RfLqO oLy]-WSpLaOU W]a-k]-a]-¨L¢ SkLÐ KÐO-f-RÐ-pL-p]-qOÐO "Nk-f]-n-'-pORa CT qºLU-s-¨U. vqL-j]-q]-¨OÐ yOv-¡-e-WL-s-¾]R£ KqO yP\j WPa]-pL-p]-qOÐO "Nk-f]-n-'-pORa CT kOj-qO-²}-v-jU. k]Ð}aV qºO v¡-xU Wu]´V "Nk-f]-n-'-pORa AaO¾ s¨-¾]-jOç Nwo-°¥ fOa-°]-p-SÕL¥ vtRq WOr\ÿO RRWW-t]¤ oLNfSo vLp-jpV¨Lp] I¾O-ÐOçP IÐ kq]-o]-f]-Rp WOr]\ÿV \]Í]-¨O-WpOU, IsæL oLyvOU Cr-°OÐ oLy]-W-pL-p]-fRÐ "Nk-f]-n-'Rp oLãeU IÐ An]-NkLpU qPk-RÕ-aO-W-pO-oOºL-p]. ASfL-aO-WPa] "Nk-f]-n-'-pORa qPkvOU nLvvOU oLr]. yoL^U vL¡-¾-WtOU RfLu]-¤-kU-©]-WtOU WOŸ]-W-¥-¨L-pOç Sk^OU Ic]-SãL-r]-p-sO-RoL-R¨-pLp] KqO vL¡-¾L-k-Nf]-W/oLy]W IÐ fq-¾]-¤, IsæL AUY-°-¥¨OU IsæL oLyvOU I¾]-\ÿO-RWL-aO-¨OÐ fq-¾]¤ "Nk-f]-n' vt-¡-ÐO. KqO WLq|U IaO¾O-k-r-pRŸ – vtRq SNkLÃLz^-j-W-oL-p]-qOÐO AUY-°-tORa Nkf]-W-q-eU. IÐL¤ WOr\ÿO oLy°¥ Wu]-´-SÕL¥ yoL-^-¾]R£ yLÒ-¾]W kq]-o]-f]-W¥ "Nk-f]-n-'-RppOU ft-¡-¾].

AÔhnizmk \nÀ½mÀÖ\ _nñnsâ inev]n ]ß{io tUm. \tc{µ Zmt_mð¡cpsS sIme]mXI¯nð aebmf `mjm {]NmcW kwLw {]Xntj[n¡póp.

vLp-jL-w}-sU kOf]p fs-oO-r-p]¤ j]ÐV AW-ÐO-SkL-vO-WpOU, WRá-uO-¾O-oL-y]W IÐfV WLs-p-vj]-WpV¨Oç]¤ or-´O-SkLSpL IÐ yUwpU Da-Rs-aO-¨O-WpOU R\pÅ yÎ-¡-n-¾]-sLeV "Nk-f]-n-'Rp WOr]-\ÿOç BSsL-\-j-W¥ yoL^U WsL-v]-nL-Y-¾]¤ v}ºOU DqO-¾]-q]-pO--Ð-fV.

Specialised in:

Building Automation Cables

"o-zL-j-Y-q-¾]Rs os-pL-t-jL-a]Rj v}Rº-aO-¨O-W' IÐ ySzL-h-q-yU-Z-a-j-W-tORa BSvwU j]r´ Bz~L-jvOU "Nk-f]-n-'pV¨V kOfO-^}-v¢ j¤-WL-jOç fáL-Rr-aO-Õ]jV KqO WLq-e-oL-p]-qO-ÐO. A°-Rj-pLeV "Nk-f]-n-'-pORa JãvOU kOf]p s¨U 2013 ^jO-v-q]-p]¤ kOr-¾]-r-°O-Ð-fV. CT hTf|U kP¡-¾]-pL-¨O-Ð-f]jV Cf]R£ Ae]-p-r-p]¤ Nkv-¡-¾]\ÿ IsæL-v-RqpOU CT Av-y-q¾]¤ `°¥ jÎ]-kP¡vU yVoq]-¨O-ÐO. vLp-j-p]-sP-Ra Ar]-vV SjaO-WpOU B Ar]vV ^SjL-k-WL-q-Nk-hoLp] Dk-SpL-Y]-¨OWpOU Sve-RoÐ WLuV-\-ÕL-aLeV joO-¨O-ç-fV. Af]-jOç It]p kq]Nwo-oLp] CT yUqU-n-°Rt WLeO-RoÐV v]w~-y]-¨O-ÐO.

l Instrumentation l Thermocouple

Extension &Compensating l Co-axial l High Temorature l Custom Made

WLf-°-StRr fLºL-j]-j]-pOU mL¨]. k]Ð]Ÿ vu]-W-t]-¤-j]ÐOU RkrO-¨]-Rp-aO¾ vt-RÕL-ŸO-WtOU kOµ-v-p-s]¤ j]ÐP-rOÐ jLa-¢-w}-sO-WtOU oj-ô]-sL-vLz]\ÿV By~L-h-j-¾]R£ kOf]p SoX-s-W¥ WRº-¾L-jOç NkpL-e-¾]¤ `°-¥-R¨LÕU j]ÐV DTaOU kLvOU RjpVf KSŸ-Rr-SÕ-SqLaV jÎ]pOU Wa-ÕL-aO-oO-ºV. oOSÐL-ŸOç pLNf Af]-W-b]-j-oL-ReÐV Ar]-pLU. IË]sOU vLpj IÐ AjO-nvU ojô]Rj wOÈ}-W-q]-¨L¢ Wu]-pOÐ KÐLeV IÐ f]q]-\ÿ-r]-SvLRa `°¥ fOa-°]-v\ÿ CT NkpLeU oOSÐL-ŸO-RWL-ºO-SkL-WL¢ IsæL An|O-h-p-WLU-ƒ]-W-tO-RapOU BÄL-¡À yz-W-qeU yv]-jpU An|¡-À]-¨O-ÐO.

"SIGNOCAB" "TELEFLEX"

Unit No. 1, Olympus Indl. Estate, Mahal Indl. Area, Off Mahakali Caves Road, Andheri (Easst), Mumbai-93. Tel: 2687 8637. Telefax: 2687 8791 E-mail: sigmacable@yahoo.co.in l www.sigmacables.com

SmLURm kOSqL-Y-oj pOv-yn (WL^O-kLa os-pL-t] yoL-^U)

tIcfw hfcpóp

32

Performance at Par

P\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014

33


kwLS\ hmÀ¯IÄ

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kamcw` kt½f\w DZvLmS\w: {io. e£va¬ sKbv¡vhmZv, t\mhenÌv _meIrjvW³

`«XncnbpsS ssI¸S{]ZÀi\w DZvLmS\w: {io. dnbmkv tImap / taml³ Im¡\mS³

tkmZmlcW {]`mjWw: tUm. IhnX _meIrjvW³

sNmð¡mgvN: {io. IS½\n« hmkptZh]nÅ

tIcfw hfcpóp

os-pL-t-nL-xL-\-q]-Nf-¾]¤ oL¡-Y-h-¡w]-pLp] kq]-SwL-n]-\ÿO-v-qO-Ð "w-mV-hfL-qL-v-s]-'-pORa q\-j-p]¤ Nw}W-eV-Sbw~qU ^]. kÄ-jL-n-k]-çpV¨OU ASÇz- ¾ ]R£ oq- e - S wxU j]ZºO kq]xVWq]\ÿO Nky]-È-RÕ-aO¾] vÐ Ctp oW¢ k]. hLSoL-h-q¢ jLp-¡¨OU yzL-p]-pLp] Nkv-¡-¾]-\ÿ, hLSoL-hq¢ jLp-qORa kÁ] wLq-hL-jL-pRq ScLUm]vVs]p]Rs Av-qORa vy-f]p]¤ SWqt yLz]f| A¨L-ho] Bhq]\ÿO. os-pL-t-¾]Rs Bh|R¾ wmVhSWLw-¾]R£ NkSe-fLvV IÐr]pRÕaOÐ kÄ- j L- n - k ]- ç pV ¨ V SWqt yLz]f|\-q]-Nf-¾]¤ yoO-Ðf-oLp òLj-oL-eO-ç-fV. "wmVhfLqL- v - s ]- ' - p ORa qºLU- k - f ]- Õ ]R£ oOXvOq- p ]¤ ""- j ]- Z ºO kf]- Õ OSfLrOU kq]xV W q]- ¨ - e - R o- Ð O- ç fV Af]R£ NkyL-i-W-R£pOU k]¢-YL-o]W-tO-RapOU \Oo-f-s-pL-eV-'' IÐV kÄjL-n-k]ç IuO-f]-p]-qO-ÐO. Af-jO-yq]\ÿV Ct-p-kO-Nf¢ hLSoL-h-q¢ jLp¡ B \Oo-fs JRã-aO-¾O. KqO v|Lu-v-Ÿ¨LsU SWq-t-Y-v-¦-Ro-£]R£ kq]-nLxL-v]-nLYU fs-v-jLp] Nkv-¡-¾]\ÿ hLSoL-h-q¢ jLp¡ "w-mV-h-fL-qL-v-s]-'pORa jLsLU-k-f]ÕV 1952&¤ Nky]-ÈRÕ- a O- ¾ ]. Af]¤ oO¢- k - f ]- Õ ]Rj ASk-ƒ]\ÿV WPaO-f¤ vL¨O-W¥ S\¡¾f]-RjLÕU vÒ]\ÿ kq]xVWLq-°¥ vqO-¾]-p]-qO-ÐO. kNÍ-ºO-v-¡-x-¾]-jOSwxU AµLU- k - f ]ÕOU 1967&¤ BrLU-k-f]ÕOU Nky]-È-}W-q]-\ÿO. fOa¡ÐV hLSoL-h-q¢ jLp¡ KLSqL kf]ÕOU

34

P\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014

kq]xVWq]-\ÿO-RWL-º]-qO-ÐO. 1987&¤ kNͺLU kf]ÕO Nky]-È}-W-q]-\ÿ-f]-jO-SwxU AaO-¾-v-¡-x-oLeV hLSoL-h-q¢ jLp¡ AÍ-q]-¨O-Ð-fV. Nw}W-eV-Sb-w~-q-¾]R£ j]ZºO j]¡-oLe Nkv-¡-¾-j-°¥ AaO-¾O-j]ÐO v}ƒ]-¨OWpOU \]s yzL-p-°¥ R\pÅO-RWL-aO-¨OWpOU R\pVf wLq-hL-jL-p¡ jLsLU-k-f]ÕV hLSoL-h-q¢ jLp¡ kq]xVWq]\ÿO Nky]-È}-W-q]-¨OÐ ZŸ-¾]-sLeV Af]¤ kP¡¹ kËL-t]-pL-WO-Ð-fV. k¾LU-WæLyV v]h|L-n|LyU sn]-\ÿ]-qOÐ Av¡ jsæ vLp-jL-w}-s-¾]-jO-a-o-pL-p]-qO-ÐO. kOqL-eL-h]-WQ-f]-W-t]-sL-p]-qOÐO WPaO-f¤ WÒU. v]vL-z-SwxU n¡-¾L-v]R£ SNkq-e-pL¤ CUYæ}xV WQf]-WtOU vLp]¨L¢ fOa-°]. j]Z-ºO-j]-¡-oL-e-¾]-jLp] kOf]p vL¨O-W¥ WRº-¾]-R¨L-aO¨OW IÐ-fL-p]-qOÐO NkiLj W¡-¾-v|U. fR£ kqÐ vLp-j-p]¤ h]jU-Nkf] j]q-vi] vL¨O-W¥ WRº-¾OWpOU AfV WOr]-\ÿO-vpV¨OWpOU R\pÅ]-qO-ÐO. Nkô]¤ A\ÿ-a]¨O j¤-WL-jLp] vL¨O-WtOU A¡-À-°tOU NWo-oLp] jsæ Wá-ƒq-¾]¤ IuO-f]p]-qO-ÐfOU wLq-hL-jL-p-qL-eV. \}ŸO WeR¨ Wa-sLyV RvŸ] Af]¤ KLSqL kh-°¥ IuOf] Kã-SjL-Ÿ-¾]¤ WLe-¾-¨-v]iU Sow-So¤ j]q¾]-v-pV-¨O-W-pL-p]-qOÐO q}f]. oLpV¨LjOç ItO-Õ-¾]jV Rk¢-y]-¤-RWLºLeV IuO-f]-p]-qO-Ð-fV. CUYæ}xV c]WVxe-r]-p]Rs SkLRs os-pLtU j]Z-ºOv]¤ vL¨O-W¥ WºO-k]-a]-¨OW ItO-Õ-o-sæ. Af]-jL-¤-fRÐ "wmVhfL-qL-v-s]-'pORa KLSqL kf]ÕO kOr-¾]-r-°O-SÒLuOU \]s vL¨O-W¥ WLeL-j]-RsæÐO

35


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os-pL-t-nL-xL-\-q]-Nf-¾]¤ oL¡-Y-h-¡w]-pLp] kq]-SwL-n]-\ÿO-v-qO-Ð "w-mV-hfL-qL-v-s]-'-pORa q\-j-p]¤ Nw}W-eV-Sbw~qU ^]. kÄ-jL-n-k]-çpV¨OU ASÇz- ¾ ]R£ oq- e - S wxU j]ZºO kq]xVWq]\ÿO Nky]-È-RÕ-aO¾] vÐ Ctp oW¢ k]. hLSoL-h-q¢ jLp-¡¨OU yzL-p]-pLp] Nkv-¡-¾]-\ÿ, hLSoL-hq¢ jLp-qORa kÁ] wLq-hL-jL-pRq ScLUm]vVs]p]Rs Av-qORa vy-f]p]¤ SWqt yLz]f| A¨L-ho] Bhq]\ÿO. os-pL-t-¾]Rs Bh|R¾ wmVhSWLw-¾]R£ NkSe-fLvV IÐr]pRÕaOÐ kÄ- j L- n - k ]- ç pV ¨ V SWqt yLz]f|\-q]-Nf-¾]¤ yoO-Ðf-oLp òLj-oL-eO-ç-fV. "wmVhfLqL- v - s ]- ' - p ORa qºLU- k - f ]- Õ ]R£ oOXvOq- p ]¤ ""- j ]- Z ºO kf]- Õ OSfLrOU kq]xV W q]- ¨ - e - R o- Ð O- ç fV Af]R£ NkyL-i-W-R£pOU k]¢-YL-o]W-tO-RapOU \Oo-f-s-pL-eV-'' IÐV kÄjL-n-k]ç IuO-f]-p]-qO-ÐO. Af-jO-yq]\ÿV Ct-p-kO-Nf¢ hLSoL-h-q¢ jLp¡ B \Oo-fs JRã-aO-¾O. KqO v|Lu-v-Ÿ¨LsU SWq-t-Y-v-¦-Ro-£]R£ kq]-nLxL-v]-nLYU fs-v-jLp] Nkv-¡-¾]\ÿ hLSoL-h-q¢ jLp¡ "w-mV-h-fL-qL-v-s]-'pORa jLsLU-k-f]ÕV 1952&¤ Nky]-ÈRÕ- a O- ¾ ]. Af]¤ oO¢- k - f ]- Õ ]Rj ASk-ƒ]\ÿV WPaO-f¤ vL¨O-W¥ S\¡¾f]-RjLÕU vÒ]\ÿ kq]xVWLq-°¥ vqO-¾]-p]-qO-ÐO. kNÍ-ºO-v-¡-x-¾]-jOSwxU AµLU- k - f ]ÕOU 1967&¤ BrLU-k-f]ÕOU Nky]-È-}W-q]-\ÿO. fOa¡ÐV hLSoL-h-q¢ jLp¡ KLSqL kf]ÕOU

34

P\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014

kq]xVWq]-\ÿO-RWL-º]-qO-ÐO. 1987&¤ kNͺLU kf]ÕO Nky]-È}-W-q]-\ÿ-f]-jO-SwxU AaO-¾-v-¡-x-oLeV hLSoL-h-q¢ jLp¡ AÍ-q]-¨O-Ð-fV. Nw}W-eV-Sb-w~-q-¾]R£ j]ZºO j]¡-oLe Nkv-¡-¾-j-°¥ AaO-¾O-j]ÐO v}ƒ]-¨OWpOU \]s yzL-p-°¥ R\pÅO-RWL-aO-¨OWpOU R\pVf wLq-hL-jL-p¡ jLsLU-k-f]ÕV hLSoL-h-q¢ jLp¡ kq]xVWq]\ÿO Nky]-È}-W-q]-¨OÐ ZŸ-¾]-sLeV Af]¤ kP¡¹ kËL-t]-pL-WO-Ð-fV. k¾LU-WæLyV v]h|L-n|LyU sn]-\ÿ]-qOÐ Av¡ jsæ vLp-jL-w}-s-¾]-jO-a-o-pL-p]-qO-ÐO. kOqL-eL-h]-WQ-f]-W-t]-sL-p]-qOÐO WPaO-f¤ WÒU. v]vL-z-SwxU n¡-¾L-v]R£ SNkq-e-pL¤ CUYæ}xV WQf]-WtOU vLp]¨L¢ fOa-°]. j]Z-ºO-j]-¡-oL-e-¾]-jLp] kOf]p vL¨O-W¥ WRº-¾]-R¨L-aO¨OW IÐ-fL-p]-qOÐO NkiLj W¡-¾-v|U. fR£ kqÐ vLp-j-p]¤ h]jU-Nkf] j]q-vi] vL¨O-W¥ WRº-¾OWpOU AfV WOr]-\ÿO-vpV¨OWpOU R\pÅ]-qO-ÐO. Nkô]¤ A\ÿ-a]¨O j¤-WL-jLp] vL¨O-WtOU A¡-À-°tOU NWo-oLp] jsæ Wá-ƒq-¾]¤ IuO-f]p]-qO-ÐfOU wLq-hL-jL-p-qL-eV. \}ŸO WeR¨ Wa-sLyV RvŸ] Af]¤ KLSqL kh-°¥ IuOf] Kã-SjL-Ÿ-¾]¤ WLe-¾-¨-v]iU Sow-So¤ j]q¾]-v-pV-¨O-W-pL-p]-qOÐO q}f]. oLpV¨LjOç ItO-Õ-¾]jV Rk¢-y]-¤-RWLºLeV IuO-f]-p]-qO-Ð-fV. CUYæ}xV c]WVxe-r]-p]Rs SkLRs os-pLtU j]Z-ºOv]¤ vL¨O-W¥ WºO-k]-a]-¨OW ItO-Õ-o-sæ. Af]-jL-¤-fRÐ "wmVhfL-qL-v-s]-'pORa KLSqL kf]ÕO kOr-¾]-r-°O-SÒLuOU \]s vL¨O-W¥ WLeL-j]-RsæÐO

35


kr´V W¾O-v-qOU. B vL¨V vqOÐ Sk^V yP\]-Õ]\ÿV orO-ka] Ap\ÿ]qO-ÐfV wLq-hL-jL-p-qL-eV. SWqt Yv-¦-Ro£]R£ RzcV NaL¢yVSsã-rLp] RyNWSŸ-r]-p-ã]¤ S^Ls] R\pÅ]-qOÐ hLSoL-hq¢ jLp¡ s}Rv-aO-¨L-Rf-pLeV j]ZºO-j]-¡-oL-e-¾]jV yopU WRº-¾]p]-qO-Ð-fV. Af]-jL¤ fRÐ C¨L-q|¾]¤ wLq- h L- j L- p - q ORa yz- W - q evOU yzL-pvOU Af|O-¾-o-oLp] nv]-\ÿO. kq]-SwL-i-jpV¨Lp] A\ÿ-a]\ÿ kf]- j LrO Sk^O v}fU v}Ÿ]- S s¨V RWLaO-¾-ppV¨OW-pL-p]-qOÐO NkôOWL¡ R\pÅ]-qO-Ð-fV. ASÕL¥ NkPlV SjL¨LjOU wLq-hL-jL-p-qORa SyvjU sn]-\ÿ]-qO-ÐO. A\ÿ-a]-y-o-p¾V Sk^V WOrpVS¨º]-v-qO-SÒL¥ ANk-iL-joLp vL¨O-W¥ j}¨U R\áOÐ-f]sOU Av¡ kËL-t]¾U vz]-\ÿO. v]h|L-¡-À]-W-¥-¨O-Svº] wmVhfL-qL-vs] SNWLc}-W-q]\ÿV oPÐ]RsLÐO vsO-Õ-¾]¤ "s-ZO-wmVhfLqL-v-s]' hLSoL-h-q¢ jLp¡ I¢.m].IyV. vu] Nky]-È}-W-q]-\ÿ]-qOÐO. 1986&sLp]-qOÐO AfV. Af]R£ qºLU kf]-Õ]-jOç Nwo-¾]-j]-a-p]-sLp]-qOÐO AÍ|U. fOa-¡ÐV 1999&¤ "yUYQ- z }f wmV h fL- q L- v - s ]' IÐ Skq]¤ SWqt nLxL C¢-ð]-ã|P-ŸLeV AfV Nky]-È}-W-q]-\ÿ-fV. Cf]R£ NkWLwj \a-°]¤ wLq-hL-jL-pRq Bh-q]¨O-W-pO-ºL-p]. wmVhfL-qL-vs] oOuOv¢ y~ÍU RRWRWLºV IuO-fL¢ nLY|U sn]\ÿ kOe|-v-f]-pL-pLeV wLqhL-jL-p¡ AÐV v]Sw-x]-Õ]-¨-RÕ-Ÿ-fV. oW¢ c].B¡. jLp- ¡ - R ¨LÕU ScLUm]vVs]p]¤ Wu]-pOÐ wLq-hLjL-p¡ kq]-\-p-RÕ-aO-Ð-v-¡-R¨sæLU yVSjz-o-p]-pLp AÚ-pL-eV. AÚ NmLù-oO-zP-¡-¾-¾]¤ De-qOU. NknLf-WQ-f|-°-¥-¨O-SwxU YOqO-oNÍU ^k]¨OU. Nw}qL-o-WQ-xVe kq-o-zU-yR£ kq-Ò-q-p]Rs j]¡-o-sL-jÎ y~Lo]-p]¤ j]ÐV JuLU-v-p-ô]¤ oNÍ-h}ƒ IaO¾-fL-eV. ^kU Wu]-´L¤ BÈ|LÄ]W NYÏ-°¥ vLp]-¨OU. AfO-W-u]´L¤ fÐL-sL-vOU-v]iU BÄ}-p-v]x-p-°¥ IRÍ-Ë]-sO-RoLR¨ IuOtIcfw hfcpóp

fL-j]-q]-¨OU. j]q-vi] SsX-j-°tOU kOqL-e-W-gL-X|L-j-°-tO-RoLR¨ BjOWL-s]-W-°-t]¤ Nky]-È}-W-q]-\ÿ]-ŸO-ºV. I¦-k-¾µO vpôO k]Ð]Ÿ AÚpV¨V Af]-S£-fLp BSqL-Y|-NkwÔ - ° - t O- R º- Ë ]- s OU W¡- o - j ]- q - f - o Lp ^}v]-f-¾]¤ As-y-f-RpL-ÐO-o]-sæ. JRr BzæL-h-°-t]-sæ, yË-a-°-t]-sæ. IuO¾OU vLp- j pORoLR¨pLp] vL¨O-W-tORa yq-y~-f]Rp i|Lj]-\ÿORWL-ºOç It]p ^}v]-fU. *** jvU-m¡ 23, 24 f}p-f]-W-t]¤ jv]oOU-m-p]sOU kPRj-p]-sO-oLp] yUZ-a]Õ]\ÿ qºO-h]-v-yR¾ yLz]-f|-w]-s×wL-s-p]¤ kRË-aO-¨L-Rj-¾]p A¨L- h o] Nky]- c - £ V RkqO- Ò - a vU Nw}i-q¢, RyNW-Ÿr] B¡. SYLkL-s-WQxV-e¢, RRvyV Nky]-c-£V AWVm¡ W¨-Ÿ]-¤ IÐ]-v-qLeV ScLUm]vV s ]p]Rs vy- f ]- p ]¤ I¾] wLq-hL-jL-pRq Bh-q]-\ÿ-fV.

Nw}W-eV-Sb-w~qU CÐV ^}v]-\ÿ]-qO-ÐO-RvË]¤, IuO- ¾ - ± - R j- S ÕL- R s- f RÐ ASÇ-zR¾ jÚ¥ WLeO-oL-p]-qO-ÐO. Nw}W- e V - S b- w ~qU kÄ- j L- n - k ]- ç SpLaOU WOaOU-m-S¾LaOU IÐOU ospL-t]-W-¥¨V Wa-ÕL-aO-ºV. vqOU-f-s-oOrpV¨OU Af]-¤-j]ÐV Ku]-´O-j]-¤¨L¢ Wu]- p OÐ- f - s æ . SvRr JfO j]ZºO DRºÐO kr-´LsOU Af]R£ Bi]-WL-q]W NYÏU IÐO kr-pOÐfV wmVhfL-qL-vs] fRÐ-pLeV. JfV os-pL-t]¨OU B Wa-ÕLaV v]yVoq]-¨L¢ Wu]-p]-sæ. Nw}W-eV-Sb-w~-q-¾]R£ KL¡o j]sj]- ¡ - ¾ L¢ ASÇ- z - ¾ ]R£ Nkf]o òLk]-S¨-º-f]-R£SpL wmVhfL-qLv-s]-pORa Skq]¤ AvL¡cV J¡-RÕ-aOS¾-º-f]-R£SpL Bv-w|-o]-RsæÐV RkqO-Ò-a-vU An]-NkL-p-RÕ-ŸO. os-pL-tnL- x - p O- o Lp] Ca- R k- a OÐ B¡¨OU wmV-h-fL-qL-v-s]Rp BNwp]-¨LRf oOSÐL- Ÿ O- S kL- W L- j L- v ]- R sæ Ð OU B AUY}-WL-q-oLeV JãvOU vsO-RfÐOU Cf]-Sj-¨L¥ o]W-\ÿ-fLp] oRãLÐOU We- ¨ L- ¨ L- j L- v ]- R sæ Ð OU kr´ RkqO-Ò-a-vU, os-pL-t-nL-x-p]¤ IuO¾-±-SjLtU NkLoOX|U Av-WLw-RÕ-aLvOÐ v|©]- p LeV Nw}W- e V - S b- w ~- q RoÐOU WPŸ]-S\ÿ-¡-¾O.

j]Z-ºO-j]-¡oLeU IÐ Af|ÍU SWæw-W-q-oLp hTf|U JRãaO¾V Af]-jO-Svº] ^}v]fU yo-¡Õ]\ÿ v|©]-pLeV Nw}W-eV-Sb-w~qU kÄ-jL-n-k]-ç-RpÐOU, k]¢-oO-r-¨L¡ j]ZºO kq]xVWq]-¨-e-RoÐ ASÇz-¾]R£ An}-ì-Nk-WLqU oW¢ hLSoLh-q¢ jLp¡ ASf-Rã-aO¾V ñOf|-¡-zoLU-v]iU j]¡-v-z]-¨O-WpLeO-ºL-pRfÐOU RkqO-Ò-avU AjOyVoq]-\ÿO. Af]¤ kËL-t]-pLp, hLSoL-h-q¢ jLpqORa kÁ], wLq-hL-jL-pRq A¨L-h-o]pORa Skq]¤ Bh-q]-¨L¢ Wu]-´f]¤ Af]-pLp ySÍL-x-oO-RºÐV ASÇzU kr-´O.

\a-°]¤ IU.^]. qLiL-WQ-xV-e-¢, y]. v]o-¤-WO-oL-¡, jLe-Õ¢ o´-Nk, qL^¢ ke]-¨-¡ fOa-°]-p-v¡ kRË-aO¾O. wLq-hL-jL-p-qORa oW¢ c].B¡. jLp¡ jÎ] kr-´O.

JRfLqO nLx- p O- R apOU BÄmsU Af]R£ wmVhSWL-w-oL-eV. ospL-t-¾]¤ Nw}W-eV-Sb-w~-q-¾]R£ "wmÉ-fL-qL-v-s]-'-pLeV JãvOU NkoO-X-oLp]-ŸO-ç-fV. k]Ð}aV vÐ]-ŸOç IsæL wmV h - S WL- w - ° tOU Af]- ¤ - j ]ÐV NkS\L-hjU D¥-R¨LºV DºL-p]-ŸO-çv-pL-eV. v}aOWt]¤ "qL-oL-p-eU' SkLRs- f RÐ wmV h fL- q L- v - s ]pOU DºLWOU IÐLeV IR£ v]w~L-yU.

ScLUm]vVs]p]Rs vy-f]-p]-Rs¾] SWqt yLz]f| A¨L- h o] AÚRp Bh-q]-\ÿSÕL¥ wmVhfL-qLv- s ]¨OU os- p L- t - n L- x pV ¨ ORoLÕU oOURRm os-pL-t]-W-¥¨OU ARfLqO An]-oLj j]o]-x-oLp] oLrO-W-pOºLp]. oLfQ-nL-xpV¨OSvº] ^}v]fU yo-¡-Õ]\ÿ KqO WOaOU-m-¾]R£ lSs-±p]- s æ L ¾ oj- ô O- W - t ORa jÓpV ¨ O oOÒ]¤ joO¨OU Bh-q-v-¡-Õ]-¨LU.

wmV-h-fL-qL-vs] q\-jL-Sv-t-p]Rs AjO-n-v-°¥ wLq-hL-jL-p¡ A¨L-ho] nLq-vL-z]-W-tO-oLp] kËO-v-\ÿO.

36

`mjmNcn{Xw

ae-bmf `mjm-cq-]o-I-c-W-¯n\v anj-\-dn-amÀ hln¨ ]¦v CXc P´p-¡-fnð \nóv a\p-jys\`nó\m-¡póXv Ahsâ kwkv¡m-c-amWv. arK-§fpw ]£n-Ifpw kmaq-lnI hfÀ¨ t\Sm-\m-ImsX t]mbXv AhbpsS ]pjvS-amb `mj-bpsS A`m-h-am-Wv. Ah Bi-b-hn-\n-a-b-¯n-\mbn Nne i_vZ-§Ä ]pd-s¸-Sp-hn-¡p-óp-s-h¦nepw Ah-bvs¡mópw a\p-jy-`mjsbt¸mse {Ia-ambn hnI-kn-¡m³ Ign-bpó LS-\-bn-ñ. Ahn-sS-bmWv a\pjy `mj Xncy-¡p-I-fpsS i_vZ-§-fnð \nóv hyXy-kvX-am-Ip-ó-Xv. \nXy-Po-hn-X-¯nð GXv Imcyhpw hn\n-abw sN¿p-ó-Xn\v \map-]-tbm-Kn¡pó kt¦-X-amWv `mj. `mj A`y-kn-t¡ï Xc-¯nð {]tXyI cq]-L-S-bpÅ-Xm-Wv. a\p-jyÀ Xsâ kwkv¡-m-cs¯ kwc-£n-¡p-óXpw A\-´c Xe-ap-dbn-te¡v ssIam-dp-óXpw `mj-bn-eq-sS-bm-Wv. AXv hmsam-gn-bn-eq-tSbpw hc-samgn-bn-eq-tSbpw \S-¡pó `mj \nc-´cw ]cn-W-an¨v sImïn-cn-¡póp. kwkm-cn¡pó-h-cpsS F®w t\m¡n-bmð C´y-bnð cïmw Øm\¯v \nð¡póXv {ZmhnU `mjm tKm{X-am-Wv. Ccp-]-Xn-e-[nIw AwK-`m-j-I-fpsS tKm{X-amWv {Zmhn-U-`m-jm-tKm-{Xw. ae-bm-fw, sXep-¦v, Ió-U, sXep¦v, Xangv apX-emb `mj-IÄ DÄs¡m-ÅpóXmWv {Zmhn-U-`m-jmtKm{Xw Fó kwÚ tUmIvSÀ ImÄkz³ \ðIn-bn-«p-Å-Xm-Wv. {_lqbn Fó {Zmhn-U-`m-j- C´ybv¡p ]pd¯v ]mIn-Øm-\nepw _eq-Nn-Øm-\nepw Cdm-\nepw kwkm-cn¨p hcp-óp. ae-bmf `mj-bp-tSbpw kmln-Xy-¯n-tâbpw \ho-I-c-W-¯n\v XpS¡w CSpóXv ]mÝm-Xy-an-j-W-dn-am-cm-sW-ópw ]d-bmw. Ir{Xn-aXzw \ndª kwkvIrX ]Z-P-Un-e-amb KZy-`mj hyh-lmc `mj-tbm-S-Sp¯v kPo-hX ssIh-cn-¡p-¶ -Xv. ]mÝmXy kzm[o\w sNep-¯nb ]mÝm-¯o-bÀ t]mÀ¨o-kp-ImÀ, U¨p-ImÀ, Cw¥o-jp-ImÀ Fón-h-cm-Wv. I¨-hSw em¡m-¡n-bmWv t]mÀ¨p-Ko-kp-ImÀ tIc-f¯nð hó-sX-¦nepw Chn-Sps¯ kmap-Zm-bnI ]cn-hÀ¯-\-§Ä¡v t\XrXzw \ðIm³ Ign-ªp. AhÀ¡v Ah-cnð \sñmcp iX-am\w anj-\-dn-am-cm-bncpóp. tdmanse hnZym-tI-{µ-§-fnð \nóp hó Cu anj-\-dn-amÀ sImSp-§ñqÀ, hcm-¸p-g, sIm¨n, ssh¸n³tImSv XpS-§nb skan-\m-cn-I-fnð ]Tn-¸n-¨n-cpóp. \nc-£-c-cmb km[m-c-W-¡m-sc-¡qSn e£yw h¨m-bn-cp-óp. Ch-cpsS aX-]-camb {]hÀ¯-\w. ae-bmf `mjm-]-T-\-¯n\v klm-bn¡pó [mcmfw kw`m-h-\IÄ anj-\-dn-amÀ \ðIn-bn-«pï-v. kwt£-]-th-ZmÀ°w, hÀ¯-am\]pkvX-Iw, DZ-bw-t]-cqÀ kpó-l-tZmkv XpS-§nb IrXn-IÄ DZm-l-cW-ambn ]d-bmw. t]mÀ¨p-Kokv Iem-]-L«w apXð ]mÝmXy anj-W-dn-am-cpsS k¼À¡w sImïv ae-bm-f-¯nð cq]-s¸« anj-Wdn KZyw hyXykvX apJ-§-fp-Å-Xpw, hyXykvX L«-§-fp-Å-Xp-am-Wv. 17,18,19 \qämï-p-I-fnð tIc-fo-b-cpw, hntZ-io-bcp-amb {InkvXp-a-X-{]-Nm-c-IÀ cNn¨ aX-]-chpw Añm-¯-Xp-amb KZy{KÙ§fnse `mj-sb-bmWv anj-\-dn-KZyw Fóp ]d-bp-ó-Xv. Cu KZy coXnbv¡p kam-´-c-ambn DÅ-S-¡-¯nepw ssien-bnepw hyXy-kvX-amb KZy ssien Aóv \ne-hn-ep-m-bn-cpóp. {][m-\-ambpw `mjm ssien-bnse hyXymks¯ ]cn-K-Wn-¨mWv anj-\dn KZys¯ thÀXn-cn¨v ]d-bpó-Xv. ]mXncn aebmfw Fópw Cu KZy coXnsb hnfn¨p hón-cpóp. anj-\-dn-am-cnð ]ptcm-ln-X-cP\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014

H.-_n. {iotZhn ]hmbv ñm¯ aX-{]-Nm-c-Icpw DÄs¸-Sp-óp. DZm: KpïÀ«v, IrkvXp-a-X -{]-N-cWw Fó Hä e£y-am-Wv- C-hsc Hä KW¯nð s]-Sp-¯p-óXv. hntZi anj-Wdn-amÀ am{X-añ tI-c-fob anj-W-dn-amcp-ap-m-bn-cpóp. Ch-cpsS KZy-ssien kam\kz`m- h - a p- Å - X ñ. Ch- c psS kwkv¡m-cw, `mj, Pohn-Xm-\p-`-h§Ä, kmaq-ln-Im-ZÀiw, temI-]-cnNbw XpS-§n-b-h-bnse sshhn-[y§Ä KZy-ssi-en-bnepw {]Xn-^-en-¨ncpóp.

slÀa³ KpïÀ«v 37


kr´V W¾O-v-qOU. B vL¨V vqOÐ Sk^V yP\]-Õ]\ÿV orO-ka] Ap\ÿ]qO-ÐfV wLq-hL-jL-p-qL-eV. SWqt Yv-¦-Ro£]R£ RzcV NaL¢yVSsã-rLp] RyNWSŸ-r]-p-ã]¤ S^Ls] R\pÅ]-qOÐ hLSoL-hq¢ jLp¡ s}Rv-aO-¨L-Rf-pLeV j]ZºO-j]-¡-oL-e-¾]jV yopU WRº-¾]p]-qO-Ð-fV. Af]-jL¤ fRÐ C¨L-q|¾]¤ wLq- h L- j L- p - q ORa yz- W - q evOU yzL-pvOU Af|O-¾-o-oLp] nv]-\ÿO. kq]-SwL-i-jpV¨Lp] A\ÿ-a]\ÿ kf]- j LrO Sk^O v}fU v}Ÿ]- S s¨V RWLaO-¾-ppV¨OW-pL-p]-qOÐO NkôOWL¡ R\pÅ]-qO-Ð-fV. ASÕL¥ NkPlV SjL¨LjOU wLq-hL-jL-p-qORa SyvjU sn]-\ÿ]-qO-ÐO. A\ÿ-a]-y-o-p¾V Sk^V WOrpVS¨º]-v-qO-SÒL¥ ANk-iL-joLp vL¨O-W¥ j}¨U R\áOÐ-f]sOU Av¡ kËL-t]¾U vz]-\ÿO. v]h|L-¡-À]-W-¥-¨O-Svº] wmVhfL-qL-vs] SNWLc}-W-q]\ÿV oPÐ]RsLÐO vsO-Õ-¾]¤ "s-ZO-wmVhfLqL-v-s]' hLSoL-h-q¢ jLp¡ I¢.m].IyV. vu] Nky]-È}-W-q]-\ÿ]-qOÐO. 1986&sLp]-qOÐO AfV. Af]R£ qºLU kf]-Õ]-jOç Nwo-¾]-j]-a-p]-sLp]-qOÐO AÍ|U. fOa-¡ÐV 1999&¤ "yUYQ- z }f wmV h fL- q L- v - s ]' IÐ Skq]¤ SWqt nLxL C¢-ð]-ã|P-ŸLeV AfV Nky]-È}-W-q]-\ÿ-fV. Cf]R£ NkWLwj \a-°]¤ wLq-hL-jL-pRq Bh-q]¨O-W-pO-ºL-p]. wmVhfL-qL-vs] oOuOv¢ y~ÍU RRWRWLºV IuO-fL¢ nLY|U sn]\ÿ kOe|-v-f]-pL-pLeV wLqhL-jL-p¡ AÐV v]Sw-x]-Õ]-¨-RÕ-Ÿ-fV. oW¢ c].B¡. jLp- ¡ - R ¨LÕU ScLUm]vVs]p]¤ Wu]-pOÐ wLq-hLjL-p¡ kq]-\-p-RÕ-aO-Ð-v-¡-R¨sæLU yVSjz-o-p]-pLp AÚ-pL-eV. AÚ NmLù-oO-zP-¡-¾-¾]¤ De-qOU. NknLf-WQ-f|-°-¥-¨O-SwxU YOqO-oNÍU ^k]¨OU. Nw}qL-o-WQ-xVe kq-o-zU-yR£ kq-Ò-q-p]Rs j]¡-o-sL-jÎ y~Lo]-p]¤ j]ÐV JuLU-v-p-ô]¤ oNÍ-h}ƒ IaO¾-fL-eV. ^kU Wu]-´L¤ BÈ|LÄ]W NYÏ-°¥ vLp]-¨OU. AfO-W-u]´L¤ fÐL-sL-vOU-v]iU BÄ}-p-v]x-p-°¥ IRÍ-Ë]-sO-RoLR¨ IuOtIcfw hfcpóp

fL-j]-q]-¨OU. j]q-vi] SsX-j-°tOU kOqL-e-W-gL-X|L-j-°-tO-RoLR¨ BjOWL-s]-W-°-t]¤ Nky]-È}-W-q]-\ÿ]-ŸO-ºV. I¦-k-¾µO vpôO k]Ð]Ÿ AÚpV¨V Af]-S£-fLp BSqL-Y|-NkwÔ - ° - t O- R º- Ë ]- s OU W¡- o - j ]- q - f - o Lp ^}v]-f-¾]¤ As-y-f-RpL-ÐO-o]-sæ. JRr BzæL-h-°-t]-sæ, yË-a-°-t]-sæ. IuO¾OU vLp- j pORoLR¨pLp] vL¨O-W-tORa yq-y~-f]Rp i|Lj]-\ÿORWL-ºOç It]p ^}v]-fU. *** jvU-m¡ 23, 24 f}p-f]-W-t]¤ jv]oOU-m-p]sOU kPRj-p]-sO-oLp] yUZ-a]Õ]\ÿ qºO-h]-v-yR¾ yLz]-f|-w]-s×wL-s-p]¤ kRË-aO-¨L-Rj-¾]p A¨L- h o] Nky]- c - £ V RkqO- Ò - a vU Nw}i-q¢, RyNW-Ÿr] B¡. SYLkL-s-WQxV-e¢, RRvyV Nky]-c-£V AWVm¡ W¨-Ÿ]-¤ IÐ]-v-qLeV ScLUm]vV s ]p]Rs vy- f ]- p ]¤ I¾] wLq-hL-jL-pRq Bh-q]-\ÿ-fV.

Nw}W-eV-Sb-w~qU CÐV ^}v]-\ÿ]-qO-ÐO-RvË]¤, IuO- ¾ - ± - R j- S ÕL- R s- f RÐ ASÇ-zR¾ jÚ¥ WLeO-oL-p]-qO-ÐO. Nw}W- e V - S b- w ~qU kÄ- j L- n - k ]- ç SpLaOU WOaOU-m-S¾LaOU IÐOU ospL-t]-W-¥¨V Wa-ÕL-aO-ºV. vqOU-f-s-oOrpV¨OU Af]-¤-j]ÐV Ku]-´O-j]-¤¨L¢ Wu]- p OÐ- f - s æ . SvRr JfO j]ZºO DRºÐO kr-´LsOU Af]R£ Bi]-WL-q]W NYÏU IÐO kr-pOÐfV wmVhfL-qL-vs] fRÐ-pLeV. JfV os-pL-t]¨OU B Wa-ÕLaV v]yVoq]-¨L¢ Wu]-p]-sæ. Nw}W-eV-Sb-w~-q-¾]R£ KL¡o j]sj]- ¡ - ¾ L¢ ASÇ- z - ¾ ]R£ Nkf]o òLk]-S¨-º-f]-R£SpL wmVhfL-qLv-s]-pORa Skq]¤ AvL¡cV J¡-RÕ-aOS¾-º-f]-R£SpL Bv-w|-o]-RsæÐV RkqO-Ò-a-vU An]-NkL-p-RÕ-ŸO. os-pL-tnL- x - p O- o Lp] Ca- R k- a OÐ B¡¨OU wmV-h-fL-qL-v-s]Rp BNwp]-¨LRf oOSÐL- Ÿ O- S kL- W L- j L- v ]- R sæ Ð OU B AUY}-WL-q-oLeV JãvOU vsO-RfÐOU Cf]-Sj-¨L¥ o]W-\ÿ-fLp] oRãLÐOU We- ¨ L- ¨ L- j L- v ]- R sæ Ð OU kr´ RkqO-Ò-a-vU, os-pL-t-nL-x-p]¤ IuO¾-±-SjLtU NkLoOX|U Av-WLw-RÕ-aLvOÐ v|©]- p LeV Nw}W- e V - S b- w ~- q RoÐOU WPŸ]-S\ÿ-¡-¾O.

j]Z-ºO-j]-¡oLeU IÐ Af|ÍU SWæw-W-q-oLp hTf|U JRãaO¾V Af]-jO-Svº] ^}v]fU yo-¡Õ]\ÿ v|©]-pLeV Nw}W-eV-Sb-w~qU kÄ-jL-n-k]-ç-RpÐOU, k]¢-oO-r-¨L¡ j]ZºO kq]xVWq]-¨-e-RoÐ ASÇz-¾]R£ An}-ì-Nk-WLqU oW¢ hLSoLh-q¢ jLp¡ ASf-Rã-aO¾V ñOf|-¡-zoLU-v]iU j]¡-v-z]-¨O-WpLeO-ºL-pRfÐOU RkqO-Ò-avU AjOyVoq]-\ÿO. Af]¤ kËL-t]-pLp, hLSoL-h-q¢ jLpqORa kÁ], wLq-hL-jL-pRq A¨L-h-o]pORa Skq]¤ Bh-q]-¨L¢ Wu]-´f]¤ Af]-pLp ySÍL-x-oO-RºÐV ASÇzU kr-´O.

\a-°]¤ IU.^]. qLiL-WQ-xV-e-¢, y]. v]o-¤-WO-oL-¡, jLe-Õ¢ o´-Nk, qL^¢ ke]-¨-¡ fOa-°]-p-v¡ kRË-aO¾O. wLq-hL-jL-p-qORa oW¢ c].B¡. jLp¡ jÎ] kr-´O.

JRfLqO nLx- p O- R apOU BÄmsU Af]R£ wmVhSWL-w-oL-eV. ospL-t-¾]¤ Nw}W-eV-Sb-w~-q-¾]R£ "wmÉ-fL-qL-v-s]-'-pLeV JãvOU NkoO-X-oLp]-ŸO-ç-fV. k]Ð}aV vÐ]-ŸOç IsæL wmV h - S WL- w - ° tOU Af]- ¤ - j ]ÐV NkS\L-hjU D¥-R¨LºV DºL-p]-ŸO-çv-pL-eV. v}aOWt]¤ "qL-oL-p-eU' SkLRs- f RÐ wmV h fL- q L- v - s ]pOU DºLWOU IÐLeV IR£ v]w~L-yU.

ScLUm]vVs]p]Rs vy-f]-p]-Rs¾] SWqt yLz]f| A¨L- h o] AÚRp Bh-q]-\ÿSÕL¥ wmVhfL-qLv- s ]¨OU os- p L- t - n L- x pV ¨ ORoLÕU oOURRm os-pL-t]-W-¥¨OU ARfLqO An]-oLj j]o]-x-oLp] oLrO-W-pOºLp]. oLfQ-nL-xpV¨OSvº] ^}v]fU yo-¡-Õ]\ÿ KqO WOaOU-m-¾]R£ lSs-±p]- s æ L ¾ oj- ô O- W - t ORa jÓpV ¨ O oOÒ]¤ joO¨OU Bh-q-v-¡-Õ]-¨LU.

wmV-h-fL-qL-vs] q\-jL-Sv-t-p]Rs AjO-n-v-°¥ wLq-hL-jL-p¡ A¨L-ho] nLq-vL-z]-W-tO-oLp] kËO-v-\ÿO.

36

`mjmNcn{Xw

ae-bmf `mjm-cq-]o-I-c-W-¯n\v anj-\-dn-amÀ hln¨ ]¦v CXc P´p-¡-fnð \nóv a\p-jys\`nó\m-¡póXv Ahsâ kwkv¡m-c-amWv. arK-§fpw ]£n-Ifpw kmaq-lnI hfÀ¨ t\Sm-\m-ImsX t]mbXv AhbpsS ]pjvS-amb `mj-bpsS A`m-h-am-Wv. Ah Bi-b-hn-\n-a-b-¯n-\mbn Nne i_vZ-§Ä ]pd-s¸-Sp-hn-¡p-óp-s-h¦nepw Ah-bvs¡mópw a\p-jy-`mjsbt¸mse {Ia-ambn hnI-kn-¡m³ Ign-bpó LS-\-bn-ñ. Ahn-sS-bmWv a\pjy `mj Xncy-¡p-I-fpsS i_vZ-§-fnð \nóv hyXy-kvX-am-Ip-ó-Xv. \nXy-Po-hn-X-¯nð GXv Imcyhpw hn\n-abw sN¿p-ó-Xn\v \map-]-tbm-Kn¡pó kt¦-X-amWv `mj. `mj A`y-kn-t¡ï Xc-¯nð {]tXyI cq]-L-S-bpÅ-Xm-Wv. a\p-jyÀ Xsâ kwkv¡-m-cs¯ kwc-£n-¡p-óXpw A\-´c Xe-ap-dbn-te¡v ssIam-dp-óXpw `mj-bn-eq-sS-bm-Wv. AXv hmsam-gn-bn-eq-tSbpw hc-samgn-bn-eq-tSbpw \S-¡pó `mj \nc-´cw ]cn-W-an¨v sImïn-cn-¡póp. kwkm-cn¡pó-h-cpsS F®w t\m¡n-bmð C´y-bnð cïmw Øm\¯v \nð¡póXv {ZmhnU `mjm tKm{X-am-Wv. Ccp-]-Xn-e-[nIw AwK-`m-j-I-fpsS tKm{X-amWv {Zmhn-U-`m-jm-tKm-{Xw. ae-bm-fw, sXep-¦v, Ió-U, sXep¦v, Xangv apX-emb `mj-IÄ DÄs¡m-ÅpóXmWv {Zmhn-U-`m-jmtKm{Xw Fó kwÚ tUmIvSÀ ImÄkz³ \ðIn-bn-«p-Å-Xm-Wv. {_lqbn Fó {Zmhn-U-`m-j- C´ybv¡p ]pd¯v ]mIn-Øm-\nepw _eq-Nn-Øm-\nepw Cdm-\nepw kwkm-cn¨p hcp-óp. ae-bmf `mj-bp-tSbpw kmln-Xy-¯n-tâbpw \ho-I-c-W-¯n\v XpS¡w CSpóXv ]mÝm-Xy-an-j-W-dn-am-cm-sW-ópw ]d-bmw. Ir{Xn-aXzw \ndª kwkvIrX ]Z-P-Un-e-amb KZy-`mj hyh-lmc `mj-tbm-S-Sp¯v kPo-hX ssIh-cn-¡p-¶ -Xv. ]mÝmXy kzm[o\w sNep-¯nb ]mÝm-¯o-bÀ t]mÀ¨o-kp-ImÀ, U¨p-ImÀ, Cw¥o-jp-ImÀ Fón-h-cm-Wv. I¨-hSw em¡m-¡n-bmWv t]mÀ¨p-Ko-kp-ImÀ tIc-f¯nð hó-sX-¦nepw Chn-Sps¯ kmap-Zm-bnI ]cn-hÀ¯-\-§Ä¡v t\XrXzw \ðIm³ Ign-ªp. AhÀ¡v Ah-cnð \sñmcp iX-am\w anj-\-dn-am-cm-bncpóp. tdmanse hnZym-tI-{µ-§-fnð \nóp hó Cu anj-\-dn-amÀ sImSp-§ñqÀ, hcm-¸p-g, sIm¨n, ssh¸n³tImSv XpS-§nb skan-\m-cn-I-fnð ]Tn-¸n-¨n-cpóp. \nc-£-c-cmb km[m-c-W-¡m-sc-¡qSn e£yw h¨m-bn-cp-óp. Ch-cpsS aX-]-camb {]hÀ¯-\w. ae-bmf `mjm-]-T-\-¯n\v klm-bn¡pó [mcmfw kw`m-h-\IÄ anj-\-dn-amÀ \ðIn-bn-«pï-v. kwt£-]-th-ZmÀ°w, hÀ¯-am\]pkvX-Iw, DZ-bw-t]-cqÀ kpó-l-tZmkv XpS-§nb IrXn-IÄ DZm-l-cW-ambn ]d-bmw. t]mÀ¨p-Kokv Iem-]-L«w apXð ]mÝmXy anj-W-dn-am-cpsS k¼À¡w sImïv ae-bm-f-¯nð cq]-s¸« anj-Wdn KZyw hyXykvX apJ-§-fp-Å-Xpw, hyXykvX L«-§-fp-Å-Xp-am-Wv. 17,18,19 \qämï-p-I-fnð tIc-fo-b-cpw, hntZ-io-bcp-amb {InkvXp-a-X-{]-Nm-c-IÀ cNn¨ aX-]-chpw Añm-¯-Xp-amb KZy{KÙ§fnse `mj-sb-bmWv anj-\-dn-KZyw Fóp ]d-bp-ó-Xv. Cu KZy coXnbv¡p kam-´-c-ambn DÅ-S-¡-¯nepw ssien-bnepw hyXy-kvX-amb KZy ssien Aóv \ne-hn-ep-m-bn-cpóp. {][m-\-ambpw `mjm ssien-bnse hyXymks¯ ]cn-K-Wn-¨mWv anj-\dn KZys¯ thÀXn-cn¨v ]d-bpó-Xv. ]mXncn aebmfw Fópw Cu KZy coXnsb hnfn¨p hón-cpóp. anj-\-dn-am-cnð ]ptcm-ln-X-cP\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014

H.-_n. {iotZhn ]hmbv ñm¯ aX-{]-Nm-c-Icpw DÄs¸-Sp-óp. DZm: KpïÀ«v, IrkvXp-a-X -{]-N-cWw Fó Hä e£y-am-Wv- C-hsc Hä KW¯nð s]-Sp-¯p-óXv. hntZi anj-Wdn-amÀ am{X-añ tI-c-fob anj-W-dn-amcp-ap-m-bn-cpóp. Ch-cpsS KZy-ssien kam\kz`m- h - a p- Å - X ñ. Ch- c psS kwkv¡m-cw, `mj, Pohn-Xm-\p-`-h§Ä, kmaq-ln-Im-ZÀiw, temI-]-cnNbw XpS-§n-b-h-bnse sshhn-[y§Ä KZy-ssi-en-bnepw {]Xn-^-en-¨ncpóp.

slÀa³ KpïÀ«v 37


kwt£-]-th-ZmÀ°w `mj-bpsS hnI-k-\-¯n\v {]tbmP-\-]-c-amb ]e-Im-cy-§fpw AhÀ sNbv X p \nLpïp, hymI- c - W w, imkv { X- k m- l nXyw Fón- h - b nð KpïÀ«v , s_³Nan³ s_bv e n, tPmÀPv am¯³ XpS-§n-b-h-cpsS kw`-h-\-IÄ {it²-b-am-Wv. tlmfïnse BwÌ- U m- a nð A¨- S n¨ tIcf¯nse kky- § - s f- ¡ p- d n¨v hmÄdokv X¿m-dm-¡nb tlmÀ¯qkv tIcfw hfcpóp

ae-_m-dn-¡qkv BWv. ae-bmf en]n-bnð A¨-Sn¨ BZy {KØw. en]n ]cnjvIcWw \S-¡p-óXv A¨-Sn-bpsS BhnÀ`m-t¯m-sS-bm-Wv. ]cn-jvI-cn¨ aebmf en]n-IÄ tNÀ¯v A¨-Sn¨ BZy ]pkvXIw s_³N-an³ s_bven-bpsS ]pXnb \nbaw ]cn-`m-j-bm-Wv. KZy-c-N-\-bnð anj-\-dn-amÀ {]tbm-P-\-s¸-Sp-¯nbXv ae-bmf `mjbpsS A\´ km[y-X-I-fm-Wv. ae-bmf en]n-bnð BZy-ambn A¨-Sn¨ ]qÀ® {KÙw s¢aâv ]mXn-cn-bpsS kwt£] thZmÀ°-am-Wv. ae-bmf-¯nð Fóp am{X-añ `mc-Xob `mj-bnð Xsó BZy-am-bpï-mb kzX-{´bm{Xm hnh-c-W-amWv 1778 ð ]mtd-am-¡ð tXm½m-¡¯-\mÀ cNn¨ hÀ¯am\]pkvXIw Fó hkvXpX ae-bm-fn-IÄ¡pw A`n-am-\-¯n\p hI \ðIpóp. ]Xn-s\«mw \qämï-nð Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dnsâ hS-¡³ `mK-§-fnepw sIm¨n-bpsS sX¡³ `mK-§-fnepw \ne-hn-en-cpó kwkmc `mj-bmWv CXnð D]-tbm-Kn-¨n-«p-Å-Xv. DZm:þ \n§Ä Ct¸mÄ ChnsS hcp-hm³ Fs´mcp shÔw. \n§-fpsS sa{Xm³ ]qs¡m«p Ccn-¡p-ó-Xtñm AIp-óp. Cu sa{Xm³ R§Ä¡p-ÅXs{X BIp-óp. D]an þ kXyw ]Sph þ tXmWn AbÀ¸v þ ]nW¡w ImhymÀ þ lnµp-¡Ä IqSmsX ]c-l-kyw, hln-b, cmPnXw Fóp ]c-ky-¯n\pw h-bv¡pw, cmPy¯n\pw ]d-bp-óp. AXp t]mse Kuchw hcp¯n XÀ¡-¯n\v kÀ¤w Fópw acym-Zbv¡v acymZn Fópw ]c-amÀ°-¯n\v ]c-amÀ°n Fópw. anj-\-dn- a-e-bm-f-¯n\v sshtZ-in-I-¨p-h-bpv Fóp am{Xw ]dªv Ah-km-\n¸n-¡p-ó-h-cpsS kao-]\w icn-bñ. Hmtcm anj\dn KZy-Ir-Xnbv¡pw tIc-fo-bamb `qanI-bpï-v. sshtZ-in-I-¨p-h-b-Å, \mtSmSn-¨p-h-bmWv AXv. XnI¨pw {Kmay-am-b-h. CXv Hcp t]mcm-bva-bmbn BZy Ime¯v Icp-X-s¸-«n-cpóp. ]mtd-am-¡ð tXmam-I-¯-\mÀ ]mem-cm-a-]p-cs¯ ae-bmf `mj-bpsS khntj-j-X-I-fpÅ KZy-amWv D]-tbm-Kn-¨-sX-¦nð tPmÀÖv am¯sâ ssien tIm«bw, ]¯-\w-Xn« {]tZ-i-§-fnse ae-bm-f-¯nsâ DuÀÖw DÄs¡m-Åp-óp. KpïÀ«n-s\-t]m-ep-Å-hÀ Chn-Sps¯ `mjm-t`-Z-§Ä ]nSn-s¨-Sp-¯v, At±lw {]mNo\ae-bmf IrXn-I-fp-am-bp-mb Dä-k-¼À¡-¯nð \nópï-m-b-Xm-Wv. KpïÀ«vv ss__nÄ CXn\v sXfn-hm-Wv. ¢aâv ]mXn-cn-bpsS ssien sIm¨n-bnepw ]cn-k-c-¯p-ap-m-bn-cpó `mj-bpsS ]cn-jvI-cn¨ ]Xn-¸m-Wv, thtZm-]-tZiw \m«pIm-cpsS `mj-bnð Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡m-\mWv ¢aâv ]mXncn {ian-¨-Xv. ]mÝmXy Bi-bm-h-en-IÄ ]IÀóv \ðIn-bXv ae-bm-fn-bpsS ae-bm-f-¯neq-sS-bm-Wv. ]pXnb Bi-§Ä ae-bmf KZy-¯nsâ Nn«-I-fnð amä-§Ä Dm-¡n. `mj-bpsS km[y-X-IÄ Xsó {]tbm-P-\-s¸-Sp-¯n-bmWv Bib kw{I-aWw km[n-¨-Xv. CXv anj-Wdn ae-bm-fs¯ ae-bmf KZy-¯nsâ Hcp ssPh-L-SIambn \ne-\nÀ¯n. ]mÝmXy k¼À¡hpw Bib kw{I-a-Whpw Cóv kakvX hyh-lmc aWvU-e-§-fn-tebv¡pw hym]n-¨n-cn-¡p-I-bm-W-tñm. ]c-Iob ]Z-§-fpsS kzoI-cWw am{X-añ hmIy-L-S-\-bnð hyXn-bm-\-§Ä hsc kw`-hn-¡p-óp. C¯cw Ne-\-§Ä `mjsb hnIr-X-am-¡p-I-bñ hfÀ¨sb klm-bn-¡p-I-bmWv sN¿p-ó-Xv. Bi-b-§Ä ]p\-c-h-X-cn-¸n-¡m³ `mj-bpsS km[y-X-IÄ þ (ISw sImÅm-\pÅ km[y-Xbpw AXnðs]Spw ae-bmfn ]c-am-h[n {]tbm-P-\-s¸-Sp-¯p-óp). CXpw anj-\dn ae-bm-f-¯nsâ khn-ti-jX-bm-Wv. hmsamgn-tbm-S-Sp¯v \nð¡pó hc-sam-gn, ]pXnb Bi-bm-h-en-IÄs¡m¯v kz´w ]Z-\nÀ½mW tijn hfÀ¯n-sb-Sp-¡m-\pÅ {ia-§Ä, [mcm-f-ambn ISóp hcpó sshtZ-inI ]Z-§Ä hnj-b-¯n-\-\p-k-cn¨v `mj-bn-epï-m-Ipó sshhn[yw, A¨Sn ]{X-am-kn-I-IÄ Fón-h-bpsS klm-b-t¯msS ]pXp-aIÄ¡pï-m-Ipó h¼n¨ {]Nmcw Fón-h-sbñmw anj-\dn KZy-¯nsâ khn-ti38

AÀtWmkv ]mXncn j-X-I-fmbn ae-bmf KZy ]mc-¼-cy¯nð sXfnªp ImWmw. anj-\dn KZy-s¯-¡p-dn-¨pÅ ]cmaÀi-§-fnð, AXmWv B[p-\nI KZy¯n\v hgn- s bm- c p- ¡ n- s b- s Xópw, `mjm-Iu-S-eo-b-¯nð XpS§n \¼y´-angv IrXn-I-fpsS hnI-kn¨p hó {]mtZ-inI KZy-¯nsâ XpSÀ¨-bmWv B[p\nI am\I KZyw Fópw cïv hyXykvX \ne-]m-Sp-IÄ ImWp-óp. HmÀ¡pI! NmW-Iy³ cNn¨ AÀ° imkv{X-¯nsâ ]cn-`m-j-bmb `mjIu-S-eobw F. Un. 12-þmw \qäm-ïnsâ Ah-km-k-\-L-«-¯nð cNn-¡-s¸-«-XmWv. AÚm-X-I-¯r-I-amb Cu IrXn-bnð Cñw Fóp ]dªp ImWpóXn-\mð GtXm \¼q-Xn-cnbmImw CXnsâ cN-bn-Xm-shóv \ap¡q-ln-¡mw. \ap¡v e`n-¨n-«pÅ KZy{K-Ù-§-fpsS Iq«-¯nð Gähpw ]g¡-ap-Å-XmWv `mjm-Iu-S-eobw cmP`m-j-bmb sN´-an-gnsâ ]X-\hpw ae- \ m- « p- X - a n- g nsâ aptó- ä - h p- a mWv IuS-eo-b-¯nð {]I-S-am-Ip-ó-Xv. DZm: t]mIm- s a- ¦ nð, HómbvInð..... ap¼p-ïm-bn-cpó KZy-am-Xr-I-fnð \nóv hyXy-kvX-ambn Hcp ]pXnb {]Øm\w XpS-§n-sh-¨Xpw B[p\nI KZy-¯nsâ BZy amXr-I-Isfópw ]d-bm-hpóXpw Icn-bm-änð butk¸v aev]m-tâbpw (th-Z-XÀ¡w 1768)- ]mdt½Imhnð tXmamI¯\mcp-tSbpw (hÀ¯-am\ ]pkvXIw) IrXn-I-fnse KZy ssien-bmP\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014

sWóv ]n.sP tXmakv ]d-bpóp. (a-e-bmf kmln-Xyhpw {InkvXym-\n-I-fpw) bm{Xm hnh-c-W-¯n\v Gähpw tbmPn¨ coXn Fóp tIcf kmlnXy Ncn-{X¯nð DÅqcpw hyh-lmc `mj-tbm-SSp¯v \nð¡pó KZyw Fóv ANyp-X-\p®nbpw kmap-hð Nµ-\-¸-Ånbpw hÀ¯am\]pkvX-Is¯ ]pI-gv¯p-óp. anj\-dn- K-Zy-¯nse sshtZ-inI kv]Àiw Ifªv ip²n sNbvXv tZiobam¡n-bXmWv B[p-\nI KZyw Fó kn. Fð BâWn kmlnXy Ncn{Xw {]Øm-\-§-fneqsS Fó {KÙ-¯nð {]Xn-]m-Zn-¡póp. t]mÀ¨p-Ko-kp-Im-cpsS BK-a-\s¯ XpSÀóv tIc-f-¯n-se-¯n-t¨Àóv Pkyq«v ]ptcm-ln-XòmÀ tIc-f-¯nse ss{IkvX-h- hn-ZymÀ°n-IÄ¡v t]mÀ¨pKokp `mj ]Tn-¡p-óXn\pw sshZn-I-hn-Zym-`ymkw t\Sp-óXn\pw thïn hnZym`ymk Øm]-\-§Ä Øm]n-¨-tXmsS tIc-f-¯nð ]mÝmXy hnZym-`ym-k-¯n\p XpS¡w Ipdn-bv¡p-I-bm-bn-cpóp. aX-{]-Nm-c-W-am-bn-cpóp e£y-sa-¦nepw Bib-hn-\n-a-tbm-]m-[n-bmb `mjsb iàn-s¸-Sp-¯pI FóXmWv CXn\v BZyw thïsXóv AhÀ a\-Ên-em-¡n-bn-cn-¡póp. `mj k¼-óam-¡p-hm³ Bh-iyamb D]-I-c-W-§Ä krjvSn-¡p-ó-Xn\mWv anj-\-dn-amÀ {i²n-¨-Xv. ae-bm-f¯nð hymI-cW {KÙ-§fpw \nL-ïphpw X¿m-dm-¡p-hm³ AhÀ Xmev]cyw ImWn-¨p. lt¦m-dn-b³ hwi-P-\mb AÀt®mkv ]mXn-cn-bmWv ae-bm-f-`m-jbnse BZys¯ \nL-ïp X¿m-dm-¡n-b-Xv. ae-bmf ]Z-§Ä¡v AÀ°w hymJym-\n-¨n-cpóXv t]mÀ¨p-Ko-kp-`m-j-bn-em-sWóp am{Xw. (a-e-bmfw t]mÀ¨pKokv \nL-ïp). tIc-f-¯n-em-Zy-ambn A¨p-IqSw Bcw-`n-¨Xpw ]pkvXI ap{ZWw Bcw-`n¨Xpw anj-\-dn-am-cm-Wv. {InkvXp-aX {]N-c-W-¯n\v ^e-{]-Z-amb amÀ¤w \m-«p-ImcpsS `mj-bnð {InkvXp-aX kw_-Ô-amb eLp]pkvX-I-§Ä \nÀ½n-¡p-Ibpw {]N-cn-¸n-¡p-I-bp-am-sWóv anj-\-dn-am-À¡-dn-bm-am-bn-cpóp. 1578-þð sIm-ñ¯mWv BZy-]p-kvXIw A¨-Sn-¨-sXóv BWv Ncn-{X-Im-c³am-cpsS \nK-a-\w. -`m-cX-¯nð ]nd-hn-sb-Sp¯ BZys¯ k¼qÀ® ae-bmf ]pkvXIw 1811 se ]pXn-b\n-b-a-am-Wv. tIc-f-¯n-em-Zy-ambn ae-bmfw {]Êv Øm]n¨v ae-bmf en]n-bpsS cq]w \nÀ²m-cWw sNbvXv ae-bmfw A¨-Sn¡v hgn sXfn-bn-¨-Xv. s_³N-an³ s_bvenbmWv (1791-þ1871) tIc-f-¯n-se¯nð cïp hÀj-§Ä¡p-Ånð ae-bm-f-`mj ]Tn¨v Cw¥o-jnð \nóv thZ-]p-kvXIw ]qÀ®-ambpw ae-bm-f-¯n-te¡v At±lw hnhÀ¯\w sNbvXp. AXp hnX-cWw sN¿m³ ssIs¿-gp¯v {]Xn-bneqsS am{Xw km[n-¡n-sñóv a\-Ên-em¡n tIWð a¬tdm-bpsS klm-bt¯msS tIc-f-¯nse BZy A¨p-IpSw kn.-Fw.-Fkv {]Êv tIm«bw Fó t]cnð 1821-þð Øm]n¨p. ae-_mÀ, sIm-¦¬ Xoc-§-fnð ]s¯m-¼-Xmw \qämï-nð \ntbm-Kn-¡-s¸« kwL-amWv _mkð anj³. ae-_m-dnse P\-§Ä A¨-Sn-bp-ambpw ]pkvX-I-hp-ambpw ]-cn-N-b-s¸-«Xv _mkð an-j³ {]Ên-eq-sSbm-Wv. ae-bmfm`mjm ]T-\-¯n\p Xsó ASn-¯d ]mInb ]e- Ir-Xn-Ifpw KpïÀ-«nsâ Xe-tÈcn anj³ {]Ênð \nómWv ssIc-fn¡p e`y-am-b-Xv. ae-bm-f`m-jbv¡v B[p-\nI coXn-bn-epÅ \nL-phpw hymI-c-Whpw k½m-\n-¨Xv tUmIvSÀ KpÀ«m-Wv. hncm-aw, AÀ²-hn-cmaw Fóo NnÓ-§Ä kzoI-cn-¡pó coXn ae-bm-f-¯nð GÀs¸-Sp-¯n-b-XIpw tUmIvS-À KpïÀ-«m-Wv. ]m«v, aWn-{]-hmfw Fónh 16-þmw \qäm-ïp-hsc \ne-hn-ep-m-bn-cpó hc-sam-gnt`-Z-§-fm-bn-cpóp. ]nev¡m-e¯v {]I-S-amb hyXym-k-§-tfmsS {]N-cn-¨n-cpó cïp hc-samgn t`Z-§-fmWv anj-\dn ae-bm-fhpw Ad-_n-a-e-bmfw AYhm am¸nf ae-bm-fhpw cïpw aX-hp-ambn _Ô-s¸-«mWv {]Xy-£-s¸-Sp-óXv. Fñm-¯n-\p-sam¸w A\p-tam-Z-\-§Ä¡n-S-bnð hnaÀi-\hpw anj-\-dn- K-Zy¯n\p t\sc-bpï-v. anj-\-dn-am-cmWv \s½ KZy-sa-gp-Xm³ ]Tn-¸-sXó [mcW A_-Ô-am-sWópw Ah-sc-gp-Xn-bXv IqSp-Xepw P\-Iob KZy-ambncpsóópw km[m-c-W-¡mÀ¡n-Sbnð aXw {]N-cn-¸n-¡m-\mbn ]ma-c-P\`mj-bn-se-gp-Xnsbópw Kp]vX³ \mbÀ krjvSnbpw krjvSm-hnepw ]d-bpóp. `mjm-Iu-S-eo-b¯nð XpS§n \¼ym-´-angv IrXn-I-fn-eqsS hfÀóp hó KZy-¯nsâ XpSÀ¨-bm39


kwt£-]-th-ZmÀ°w `mj-bpsS hnI-k-\-¯n\v {]tbmP-\-]-c-amb ]e-Im-cy-§fpw AhÀ sNbv X p \nLpïp, hymI- c - W w, imkv { X- k m- l nXyw Fón- h - b nð KpïÀ«v , s_³Nan³ s_bv e n, tPmÀPv am¯³ XpS-§n-b-h-cpsS kw`-h-\-IÄ {it²-b-am-Wv. tlmfïnse BwÌ- U m- a nð A¨- S n¨ tIcf¯nse kky- § - s f- ¡ p- d n¨v hmÄdokv X¿m-dm-¡nb tlmÀ¯qkv tIcfw hfcpóp

ae-_m-dn-¡qkv BWv. ae-bmf en]n-bnð A¨-Sn¨ BZy {KØw. en]n ]cnjvIcWw \S-¡p-óXv A¨-Sn-bpsS BhnÀ`m-t¯m-sS-bm-Wv. ]cn-jvI-cn¨ aebmf en]n-IÄ tNÀ¯v A¨-Sn¨ BZy ]pkvXIw s_³N-an³ s_bven-bpsS ]pXnb \nbaw ]cn-`m-j-bm-Wv. KZy-c-N-\-bnð anj-\-dn-amÀ {]tbm-P-\-s¸-Sp-¯nbXv ae-bmf `mjbpsS A\´ km[y-X-I-fm-Wv. ae-bmf en]n-bnð BZy-ambn A¨-Sn¨ ]qÀ® {KÙw s¢aâv ]mXn-cn-bpsS kwt£] thZmÀ°-am-Wv. ae-bmf-¯nð Fóp am{X-añ `mc-Xob `mj-bnð Xsó BZy-am-bpï-mb kzX-{´bm{Xm hnh-c-W-amWv 1778 ð ]mtd-am-¡ð tXm½m-¡¯-\mÀ cNn¨ hÀ¯am\]pkvXIw Fó hkvXpX ae-bm-fn-IÄ¡pw A`n-am-\-¯n\p hI \ðIpóp. ]Xn-s\«mw \qämï-nð Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dnsâ hS-¡³ `mK-§-fnepw sIm¨n-bpsS sX¡³ `mK-§-fnepw \ne-hn-en-cpó kwkmc `mj-bmWv CXnð D]-tbm-Kn-¨n-«p-Å-Xv. DZm:þ \n§Ä Ct¸mÄ ChnsS hcp-hm³ Fs´mcp shÔw. \n§-fpsS sa{Xm³ ]qs¡m«p Ccn-¡p-ó-Xtñm AIp-óp. Cu sa{Xm³ R§Ä¡p-ÅXs{X BIp-óp. D]an þ kXyw ]Sph þ tXmWn AbÀ¸v þ ]nW¡w ImhymÀ þ lnµp-¡Ä IqSmsX ]c-l-kyw, hln-b, cmPnXw Fóp ]c-ky-¯n\pw h-bv¡pw, cmPy¯n\pw ]d-bp-óp. AXp t]mse Kuchw hcp¯n XÀ¡-¯n\v kÀ¤w Fópw acym-Zbv¡v acymZn Fópw ]c-amÀ°-¯n\v ]c-amÀ°n Fópw. anj-\-dn- a-e-bm-f-¯n\v sshtZ-in-I-¨p-h-bpv Fóp am{Xw ]dªv Ah-km-\n¸n-¡p-ó-h-cpsS kao-]\w icn-bñ. Hmtcm anj\dn KZy-Ir-Xnbv¡pw tIc-fo-bamb `qanI-bpï-v. sshtZ-in-I-¨p-h-b-Å, \mtSmSn-¨p-h-bmWv AXv. XnI¨pw {Kmay-am-b-h. CXv Hcp t]mcm-bva-bmbn BZy Ime¯v Icp-X-s¸-«n-cpóp. ]mtd-am-¡ð tXmam-I-¯-\mÀ ]mem-cm-a-]p-cs¯ ae-bmf `mj-bpsS khntj-j-X-I-fpÅ KZy-amWv D]-tbm-Kn-¨-sX-¦nð tPmÀÖv am¯sâ ssien tIm«bw, ]¯-\w-Xn« {]tZ-i-§-fnse ae-bm-f-¯nsâ DuÀÖw DÄs¡m-Åp-óp. KpïÀ«n-s\-t]m-ep-Å-hÀ Chn-Sps¯ `mjm-t`-Z-§Ä ]nSn-s¨-Sp-¯v, At±lw {]mNo\ae-bmf IrXn-I-fp-am-bp-mb Dä-k-¼À¡-¯nð \nópï-m-b-Xm-Wv. KpïÀ«vv ss__nÄ CXn\v sXfn-hm-Wv. ¢aâv ]mXn-cn-bpsS ssien sIm¨n-bnepw ]cn-k-c-¯p-ap-m-bn-cpó `mj-bpsS ]cn-jvI-cn¨ ]Xn-¸m-Wv, thtZm-]-tZiw \m«pIm-cpsS `mj-bnð Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡m-\mWv ¢aâv ]mXncn {ian-¨-Xv. ]mÝmXy Bi-bm-h-en-IÄ ]IÀóv \ðIn-bXv ae-bm-fn-bpsS ae-bm-f-¯neq-sS-bm-Wv. ]pXnb Bi-§Ä ae-bmf KZy-¯nsâ Nn«-I-fnð amä-§Ä Dm-¡n. `mj-bpsS km[y-X-IÄ Xsó {]tbm-P-\-s¸-Sp-¯n-bmWv Bib kw{I-aWw km[n-¨-Xv. CXv anj-Wdn ae-bm-fs¯ ae-bmf KZy-¯nsâ Hcp ssPh-L-SIambn \ne-\nÀ¯n. ]mÝmXy k¼À¡hpw Bib kw{I-a-Whpw Cóv kakvX hyh-lmc aWvU-e-§-fn-tebv¡pw hym]n-¨n-cn-¡p-I-bm-W-tñm. ]c-Iob ]Z-§-fpsS kzoI-cWw am{X-añ hmIy-L-S-\-bnð hyXn-bm-\-§Ä hsc kw`-hn-¡p-óp. C¯cw Ne-\-§Ä `mjsb hnIr-X-am-¡p-I-bñ hfÀ¨sb klm-bn-¡p-I-bmWv sN¿p-ó-Xv. Bi-b-§Ä ]p\-c-h-X-cn-¸n-¡m³ `mj-bpsS km[y-X-IÄ þ (ISw sImÅm-\pÅ km[y-Xbpw AXnðs]Spw ae-bmfn ]c-am-h[n {]tbm-P-\-s¸-Sp-¯p-óp). CXpw anj-\dn ae-bm-f-¯nsâ khn-ti-jX-bm-Wv. hmsamgn-tbm-S-Sp¯v \nð¡pó hc-sam-gn, ]pXnb Bi-bm-h-en-IÄs¡m¯v kz´w ]Z-\nÀ½mW tijn hfÀ¯n-sb-Sp-¡m-\pÅ {ia-§Ä, [mcm-f-ambn ISóp hcpó sshtZ-inI ]Z-§Ä hnj-b-¯n-\-\p-k-cn¨v `mj-bn-epï-m-Ipó sshhn[yw, A¨Sn ]{X-am-kn-I-IÄ Fón-h-bpsS klm-b-t¯msS ]pXp-aIÄ¡pï-m-Ipó h¼n¨ {]Nmcw Fón-h-sbñmw anj-\dn KZy-¯nsâ khn-ti38

AÀtWmkv ]mXncn j-X-I-fmbn ae-bmf KZy ]mc-¼-cy¯nð sXfnªp ImWmw. anj-\dn KZy-s¯-¡p-dn-¨pÅ ]cmaÀi-§-fnð, AXmWv B[p-\nI KZy¯n\v hgn- s bm- c p- ¡ n- s b- s Xópw, `mjm-Iu-S-eo-b-¯nð XpS§n \¼y´-angv IrXn-I-fpsS hnI-kn¨p hó {]mtZ-inI KZy-¯nsâ XpSÀ¨-bmWv B[p\nI am\I KZyw Fópw cïv hyXykvX \ne-]m-Sp-IÄ ImWp-óp. HmÀ¡pI! NmW-Iy³ cNn¨ AÀ° imkv{X-¯nsâ ]cn-`m-j-bmb `mjIu-S-eobw F. Un. 12-þmw \qäm-ïnsâ Ah-km-k-\-L-«-¯nð cNn-¡-s¸-«-XmWv. AÚm-X-I-¯r-I-amb Cu IrXn-bnð Cñw Fóp ]dªp ImWpóXn-\mð GtXm \¼q-Xn-cnbmImw CXnsâ cN-bn-Xm-shóv \ap¡q-ln-¡mw. \ap¡v e`n-¨n-«pÅ KZy{K-Ù-§-fpsS Iq«-¯nð Gähpw ]g¡-ap-Å-XmWv `mjm-Iu-S-eobw cmP`m-j-bmb sN´-an-gnsâ ]X-\hpw ae- \ m- « p- X - a n- g nsâ aptó- ä - h p- a mWv IuS-eo-b-¯nð {]I-S-am-Ip-ó-Xv. DZm: t]mIm- s a- ¦ nð, HómbvInð..... ap¼p-ïm-bn-cpó KZy-am-Xr-I-fnð \nóv hyXy-kvX-ambn Hcp ]pXnb {]Øm\w XpS-§n-sh-¨Xpw B[p\nI KZy-¯nsâ BZy amXr-I-Isfópw ]d-bm-hpóXpw Icn-bm-änð butk¸v aev]m-tâbpw (th-Z-XÀ¡w 1768)- ]mdt½Imhnð tXmamI¯\mcp-tSbpw (hÀ¯-am\ ]pkvXIw) IrXn-I-fnse KZy ssien-bmP\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014

sWóv ]n.sP tXmakv ]d-bpóp. (a-e-bmf kmln-Xyhpw {InkvXym-\n-I-fpw) bm{Xm hnh-c-W-¯n\v Gähpw tbmPn¨ coXn Fóp tIcf kmlnXy Ncn-{X¯nð DÅqcpw hyh-lmc `mj-tbm-SSp¯v \nð¡pó KZyw Fóv ANyp-X-\p®nbpw kmap-hð Nµ-\-¸-Ånbpw hÀ¯am\]pkvX-Is¯ ]pI-gv¯p-óp. anj\-dn- K-Zy-¯nse sshtZ-inI kv]Àiw Ifªv ip²n sNbvXv tZiobam¡n-bXmWv B[p-\nI KZyw Fó kn. Fð BâWn kmlnXy Ncn{Xw {]Øm-\-§-fneqsS Fó {KÙ-¯nð {]Xn-]m-Zn-¡póp. t]mÀ¨p-Ko-kp-Im-cpsS BK-a-\s¯ XpSÀóv tIc-f-¯n-se-¯n-t¨Àóv Pkyq«v ]ptcm-ln-XòmÀ tIc-f-¯nse ss{IkvX-h- hn-ZymÀ°n-IÄ¡v t]mÀ¨pKokp `mj ]Tn-¡p-óXn\pw sshZn-I-hn-Zym-`ymkw t\Sp-óXn\pw thïn hnZym`ymk Øm]-\-§Ä Øm]n-¨-tXmsS tIc-f-¯nð ]mÝmXy hnZym-`ym-k-¯n\p XpS¡w Ipdn-bv¡p-I-bm-bn-cpóp. aX-{]-Nm-c-W-am-bn-cpóp e£y-sa-¦nepw Bib-hn-\n-a-tbm-]m-[n-bmb `mjsb iàn-s¸-Sp-¯pI FóXmWv CXn\v BZyw thïsXóv AhÀ a\-Ên-em-¡n-bn-cn-¡póp. `mj k¼-óam-¡p-hm³ Bh-iyamb D]-I-c-W-§Ä krjvSn-¡p-ó-Xn\mWv anj-\-dn-amÀ {i²n-¨-Xv. ae-bm-f¯nð hymI-cW {KÙ-§fpw \nL-ïphpw X¿m-dm-¡p-hm³ AhÀ Xmev]cyw ImWn-¨p. lt¦m-dn-b³ hwi-P-\mb AÀt®mkv ]mXn-cn-bmWv ae-bm-f-`m-jbnse BZys¯ \nL-ïp X¿m-dm-¡n-b-Xv. ae-bmf ]Z-§Ä¡v AÀ°w hymJym-\n-¨n-cpóXv t]mÀ¨p-Ko-kp-`m-j-bn-em-sWóp am{Xw. (a-e-bmfw t]mÀ¨pKokv \nL-ïp). tIc-f-¯n-em-Zy-ambn A¨p-IqSw Bcw-`n-¨Xpw ]pkvXI ap{ZWw Bcw-`n¨Xpw anj-\-dn-am-cm-Wv. {InkvXp-aX {]N-c-W-¯n\v ^e-{]-Z-amb amÀ¤w \m-«p-ImcpsS `mj-bnð {InkvXp-aX kw_-Ô-amb eLp]pkvX-I-§Ä \nÀ½n-¡p-Ibpw {]N-cn-¸n-¡p-I-bp-am-sWóv anj-\-dn-am-À¡-dn-bm-am-bn-cpóp. 1578-þð sIm-ñ¯mWv BZy-]p-kvXIw A¨-Sn-¨-sXóv BWv Ncn-{X-Im-c³am-cpsS \nK-a-\w. -`m-cX-¯nð ]nd-hn-sb-Sp¯ BZys¯ k¼qÀ® ae-bmf ]pkvXIw 1811 se ]pXn-b\n-b-a-am-Wv. tIc-f-¯n-em-Zy-ambn ae-bmfw {]Êv Øm]n¨v ae-bmf en]n-bpsS cq]w \nÀ²m-cWw sNbvXv ae-bmfw A¨-Sn¡v hgn sXfn-bn-¨-Xv. s_³N-an³ s_bvenbmWv (1791-þ1871) tIc-f-¯n-se¯nð cïp hÀj-§Ä¡p-Ånð ae-bm-f-`mj ]Tn¨v Cw¥o-jnð \nóv thZ-]p-kvXIw ]qÀ®-ambpw ae-bm-f-¯n-te¡v At±lw hnhÀ¯\w sNbvXp. AXp hnX-cWw sN¿m³ ssIs¿-gp¯v {]Xn-bneqsS am{Xw km[n-¡n-sñóv a\-Ên-em¡n tIWð a¬tdm-bpsS klm-bt¯msS tIc-f-¯nse BZy A¨p-IpSw kn.-Fw.-Fkv {]Êv tIm«bw Fó t]cnð 1821-þð Øm]n¨p. ae-_mÀ, sIm-¦¬ Xoc-§-fnð ]s¯m-¼-Xmw \qämï-nð \ntbm-Kn-¡-s¸« kwL-amWv _mkð anj³. ae-_m-dnse P\-§Ä A¨-Sn-bp-ambpw ]pkvX-I-hp-ambpw ]-cn-N-b-s¸-«Xv _mkð an-j³ {]Ên-eq-sSbm-Wv. ae-bmfm`mjm ]T-\-¯n\p Xsó ASn-¯d ]mInb ]e- Ir-Xn-Ifpw KpïÀ-«nsâ Xe-tÈcn anj³ {]Ênð \nómWv ssIc-fn¡p e`y-am-b-Xv. ae-bm-f`m-jbv¡v B[p-\nI coXn-bn-epÅ \nL-phpw hymI-c-Whpw k½m-\n-¨Xv tUmIvSÀ KpÀ«m-Wv. hncm-aw, AÀ²-hn-cmaw Fóo NnÓ-§Ä kzoI-cn-¡pó coXn ae-bm-f-¯nð GÀs¸-Sp-¯n-b-XIpw tUmIvS-À KpïÀ-«m-Wv. ]m«v, aWn-{]-hmfw Fónh 16-þmw \qäm-ïp-hsc \ne-hn-ep-m-bn-cpó hc-sam-gnt`-Z-§-fm-bn-cpóp. ]nev¡m-e¯v {]I-S-amb hyXym-k-§-tfmsS {]N-cn-¨n-cpó cïp hc-samgn t`Z-§-fmWv anj-\dn ae-bm-fhpw Ad-_n-a-e-bmfw AYhm am¸nf ae-bm-fhpw cïpw aX-hp-ambn _Ô-s¸-«mWv {]Xy-£-s¸-Sp-óXv. Fñm-¯n-\p-sam¸w A\p-tam-Z-\-§Ä¡n-S-bnð hnaÀi-\hpw anj-\-dn- K-Zy¯n\p t\sc-bpï-v. anj-\-dn-am-cmWv \s½ KZy-sa-gp-Xm³ ]Tn-¸-sXó [mcW A_-Ô-am-sWópw Ah-sc-gp-Xn-bXv IqSp-Xepw P\-Iob KZy-ambncpsóópw km[m-c-W-¡mÀ¡n-Sbnð aXw {]N-cn-¸n-¡m-\mbn ]ma-c-P\`mj-bn-se-gp-Xnsbópw Kp]vX³ \mbÀ krjvSnbpw krjvSm-hnepw ]d-bpóp. `mjm-Iu-S-eo-b¯nð XpS§n \¼ym-´-angv IrXn-I-fn-eqsS hfÀóp hó KZy-¯nsâ XpSÀ¨-bm39


Wv. anj-\dn KZy-¯nsâ XpSÀ¨-bñ B[p- \ nI ae- b mf KZyw Fóv C.hn.F³. \¼q-Xncn tIcf `mjm Ncn-{X-¯nð tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯póp. Fóncpómepw B[p\nI KZyw Fó-mð anj-\dn KZyw Fó [mc-W-bnð ]niIpï-v. ImcWw AXn-t\-¡mÄ KZy hfÀ¨bv¡pw am\-Io-IcW-¯n\pw {]Xy-£-ambn klm-bn-¨Xv tIc-fhÀ½-bpsS ]mT]p-kvXI \nÀ½mW {]hÀ¯-\-§-fm-bn-cp-óp. At±lw {]mY-anI hnZym-`yk cwK¯pw AXn\m-h-iy-amb ]mT-]p-kvXI \nÀ½m-W-

¯nepw BX-vamÀ°-ambn {]hÀ¯n-¨n-cpóp Fó Imcyw thï{X {i²n-¡-s¸«n-«n-ñ. B[p-\nI KZy-¯n\v \ne-hmcw sImïp hóXnð khn-tij ]cm-aÀiw AÀln-¡pó hyàn-bmWv tIcf hÀ½ henb tImbn-¯-¼p-cm³ Fó Imcyw \mw adóp IqSm. anj-\dn KZy-¯nsâ {]tXy-I-X-IÄ AYhm kw`m-h-\-IÄ XoÀóp Fóp ]dªp IqSm. sshtZ-inI Bi-bm-h-en-IÄ {]N-cn-¸n-¡p-hm³ `mj-bpsS km[y-X-IÄ ]c-am-h[n {]tbm-P-\-s¸-S-p¯n FóXmWv anj\-dn-amÀ \½psS `mjbv¡v \ðInb Fähpw henb kw`m-h-\. hmsam-gn-tbmSp tNcpó hc-sam-gnbn-eqsS hnin-jvSm-i-b-§Ä ]IÀóp sImSp-¯p. ]Zy-¯nsâ ]nSn-bnð Ipcp§n-¡n-Sï htc-Wy-K-Zys¯ ZpÀº-e-am-¡n-s¡mïv ]mÝmXy KZy]cn-jvIr-XnIÄ KZy-¯n-eqsS {]Im-in-¸n-¨p. anj-\dn KZy-¯nsâ DZm-l-c-W-ambn kwt£]thZmÀ°-¯nð \nóv Hcp-Zm-l-cWw t\m¡q. Kpcp injy-t\mSv : Ip¼-km-cn-¸m³ AW-bp-ó-h-scñm-hÀ¡pw tZmj-§fpsS s]mdpXn In«ptam? injy³: Fñm-hÀ¡p-a-tñm, \ñ-h-®w-Ip-¼-k-cn-¡póhÀ¡s{X. 1772 se kwt£]thZm-À°-¯nse hcn-I-fmWv CXv. AXm-bXv ae-bmf en]n-bnð BZy-ambn A¨-Sn¨ ]qÀ® {KÙ-¯nse hcn-IÄ. Cu hcn-IÄ hyhlmc `mj-tbmSv (Cós¯) F{X-am{Xw ASp¯p \nð¡p-óp-shóp t\m¡q. {]mNo\kmln-Xy-amb ]m«p-km-ln-Xyw 12-þmw \qäm-ïn-emWv cNn-¡-s¸-«-Xv. t\m¡q Aós¯ `mj. “Im\-\¦-fn-e-c³ Ifn-dp-ambv Icn-Wn-bmbv ImÀs\-Sp-¦-®p-a, X½nð hnf-bmSn \Sþ âïm-\\w hSn-hp-Åm\hSn-hm-b-h-X-cn-¯m-Xntb” (A-c³ = inh³, IfnÀ = sIm¼\m-\) ]nsó hóXv I®-È-Ir-Xn-IÄ 14-þmw iXIw. AXv Ignªv 15-þmw iX-I-¯nð sNdp-tÈ-cn-bpsS IrjvW-KmY

tPmÀÖv am¯³

“]men-¡p-an-i³ hncp-²-\mbv \nð¡p-t¼mÄ ]mepw hnjw Xsóbm-bn-¡qSpw ]mcmsX \nóh³ ]men¨p t]mcp-t¼mÄ ]membn tahp-a-¡m-tIm-fhpw” Fón-S-t¯-bvs¡-¯nb IrjvW-Km-Y-bnse emfn-Xy-amb hcn-IÄ, efnX kpµc ]Zm-h-en-IÄ Fgp-¯-Ñ-\n-te-bvs¡-¯n-b-t¸mÄ “Xm´m³ \nc-´cw sN¿pó IÀ½-§Ä Xm´m-\-\p-`-hn-¨o-Sp-sa-tó-hcq Fópw {]Xyp-]-Imcw ad-¡pó ]pcp-j-òmÀ N¯-Xn-s\m-¡pta Pohn-¨n-cn-¡nepw ” Fóv 16-þmw \qämï-nð Pohn-¨n-cpó Fgp-¯-ѳ ]dªv h¨n-cpó `mjbnð \nóv \qX-\-amb `mjm ssien-sbmópw anj-\-dn-amÀ \ðIn-bn-sñ-¦nepw `mj-bpsS {]N-c-W-¯n\pw \ho-I-c-W-¯n\pw AhÀ \ðInb kw`m-h-\-IÄ \mw adóv IqSm. {]tXy-In¨pw en]n ]cn-jv¡-c-Whpw A¨-Snbpw ]{X-am-kn-IIfpw aäpw. AXmWv Fgp-¯-Ñ-s\-¸-än-tbmÀ¡p-t¼mÄ. “hmcn-[n-X-ónð Xnc-am-e-I-sf-ó-t]mse `mc-Xo-]-Zm-hen tXmtóWw Imte-Imte ” Fópw “\ap-s¡-gp-¯-Ñ-s\-Sp¯v `mj-{I-a-¡-Wt¡ icWw” Fóv Ipªn-¡p-«³ X¼p-cm³ ]d-ªXpw tXmópóXv.

tlmÀ¯qkv ae-_m-dn-¡qkv tIcfw hfcpóp

40

hniIe\w

SWq-t-¾]Rs kOf]p WPs]-Õ-e]-¨L-Rq-Õ-ã]... AaO-¾]Ra oOUm-p]Rs os-pL-t-kNf-°-t]¤ Nky]-È}-W-q]-¨-RÕŸ KSq v]x-p-R¾-¨O-r]-\ÿOç qºO SsX-j°-tLeV CT WOr]-RÕ-uO-fL¢ SNkq-epL-p-fV. SWq-t-¾]¤ RfLu]¤ R\pÅV ^}v]-¨OÐ 25 sƒ-S¾LtU vqOÐ Aj|-yU-òLj RfLu]-sL-t]-W-Rt-Õã] 2013 BYðV 6&jV WsL-WT-oOh] kNf¾]¤ vÐ Aq¨¢ mLs¢ IÐ RfLu]- s L- t ]- y U- Z - a - j L- S j- f L- v ]R£ SsX-jvOU 2013 c]yU-m¡ 6&jV ospLt oSjL-q-o-p]¤ vÐ oOX-Nk-yU-YvO-oLeV Cv]Ra kqL-o-¡-w]-¨RÕaO-ÐfV. "A- a ]- o - y - o LjU CT ^}v]- f U' IÐLeV Aq-¨-¢ mLsR£ SsX-j¾]R£ fs-R¨-ŸV. Af]¤ v]v-q]-\ÿ]-q]¨O-ÐSfL – Aj|-yU-òLj RfLu]sL-t]-W¥ AjO-n-v]-¨OÐ WaO¾ \Pxe-vOU, C£-¡-SðãV RRoNY£V v¡-¨VoL¢ BWVãV fOa-°]p j]p-o-°¥ Av-¡-¨-jO-v-h]\ÿO RWLaO-¾]-q]-¨OÐ Av-WL-w-°tOU, Av-pORa Aa]-òLj- ¾ ]¤ RfLu]- s L- t ]- y U- Z - a - j - W ¥ DÐ-p]-¨OÐ v]v]i Bv-w|-°-tOU. Aj|-yU-òL-j-°-t]-¤-j]ÐV SWq-t¾]¤ vÐV RfLu]-Rs-aO-¨O-Ð-v¡ ospL- t ]- W - t Lp RfLu]- s L- t ]- W - t ORa ySzL- h - q - ° - ¥ - f - R Ð- p LeV IÐ P\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014 2013

yL¡-v-sT-W]W WLuV-\-ÕL-aLeV Aq¨¢ mLsR£ SsX-j-¾]¤ Rft]´O-WL-eO-Ð-fV. IÐL¤ Aj|-yU-òL-j-°-t]¤ j]ÐV vÐV SWq-t-¾]¤ WPs]-Svs R\áO-Ð-v-SqL-aOç oLa-Ò]-o-SjL-nLvvOU ASfL-RaLÕU CT Svs-¨L-q]sæ L Rf jLŸ]Rs ke]- p L- R q- a O¨OU IÐ j]vQ-¾]-SW-a]R£ Nkf]-l-s-jvO-oLeV "j-ÚORa y~ÍU Aj|-¡' IÐ fs-R¨-Ÿ]¤ vÐ oSjL-q-oL-oO-X-Nk-yUY-¾]-sO-ç-fV. ""-A-Sf-y-opU Cv-qORa hp-j}p ^}v]fU WLeL-f]-q]-¨LjOU kLa]-sæ-'' IÐ oŸ]¤ hpvO NkW-a]-Õ]¨L¢ qºO-oPÐO vLW|-°¥ oLã]-v-\ÿ]q]-¨OÐ oOX-Nk-yU-Y-¾]¤ ""-o-rO-jL-a-¢ RfLu]-sL-t]-W-t]-Rsæ-Ë]¤ SWq-t-¾]Rs ks RfLu]-¤-So-X-s-WtOU ñUn]-¨ORoÐfLeV pLgL- ¡ - À |U- ' ' IÐ v]xoU SqX-RÕ-aO-¾O-ÐO-oO-ºV. kSƒ WQo]-W-RtpOU W}a-°-RtpOU kã] v]v-q]¨OÐ oŸ]¤ Aj|-yU-òLj RfLu]-sLt]-y-SzL-h-q-°-Rt-Õã] yUyL-q]-¨OÐ lLy]ðV \]ÍL-q}-f]-pLeV NkñOf oOX-Nk-yU-Y-¾]R£ AÍ-¡-iL-q. oOXNk- y U- Y - W L- q ¢ RoLu]- p OÐ \]s AoPs| oO¾O-o-e]-W¥ DÈ-q]-¨-RŸ: ""-....SW-q-t-¾]¤ j]ÐO ka]-p]-r-¨]p ks SqLY-°tOU RfLu]-sL-t]-W-tORa

RW.RW. NkWL-w-¢ vyLpV SrLcV WOa]-Sp-ã-S¾LRa f]q]-R\ÿ-¾]-p]-q]-¨OÐO. Av¡ D¥-RÕ-aOÐ WOã-WQ-f|-°tOU Cv]Ra RkqO-WO-W-pL-eV. f]qO-v-j-ÍkOqU kPvL-r]Rs r]SyL-¡-Ÿ]¤ mLUYæPq]-¤-j]-ÐOç RI.a]. ^}v-j-¨L-q]Rp oLj- n U- Y - ¾ ]- j ]- q - p L- ¨ ]p SWy]¤ WqL- ¡ - ^ }- v - j - ¨ L- q - L p qºV AyU y~Sh- w ]- W ¥ ArðV R\á- R Õ- Ÿ fV Wu]´ h]v-y-oL-eV. sz-q]-o-qO-ÐOWtOU orO-jL-a¢ RfLu]-sL-t]-W¥ vu] v|Lk]-¨O-ÐO-ºV-...'-'. yoO-hL-p-°-¥-¨]a-p]¤ yVk¡È vt-¡-¾OÐ NkyU-Y°- ¥ ¨OU SsX- j - ° - ¥ - ¨ O- R o- f ]Rq j]s-v]-sOç j]p-o-o-jO-y-q]\ÿV SWRyaO-S¨º NW]o]-j¤ WOã-oL-eV CT oOXNk-yUYU vu] oSjLqo kNfL-i]-k¡ R\pÅ]-q]-¨O-Ð-RfÐV kr-pL-f]-q]-¨L¢ vá. JRf-Ë]sOU yoO-hL-p-¾]¤ RkŸ v|©]-W¥ R\áOÐ WOãU B yoO-hL-p¾]-R£-pLRW WOã-oLeV IÐV vqO-¾]¾}-¡-¨OÐ j®-oLp lLy]ðV Nk\L-qe-q}-f]-pLeV Cv]Ra Av-sU-m]-\ÿ]-q]¨O-Ð-fV. SWq-t-¾]¤ WOã-WQ-f|-°tOU k]µO- W O- ´ O- ° Rt msL- à UYU 41


Wv. anj-\dn KZy-¯nsâ XpSÀ¨-bñ B[p- \ nI ae- b mf KZyw Fóv C.hn.F³. \¼q-Xncn tIcf `mjm Ncn-{X-¯nð tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯póp. Fóncpómepw B[p\nI KZyw Fó-mð anj-\dn KZyw Fó [mc-W-bnð ]niIpï-v. ImcWw AXn-t\-¡mÄ KZy hfÀ¨bv¡pw am\-Io-IcW-¯n\pw {]Xy-£-ambn klm-bn-¨Xv tIc-fhÀ½-bpsS ]mT]p-kvXI \nÀ½mW {]hÀ¯-\-§-fm-bn-cp-óp. At±lw {]mY-anI hnZym-`yk cwK¯pw AXn\m-h-iy-amb ]mT-]p-kvXI \nÀ½m-W-

¯nepw BX-vamÀ°-ambn {]hÀ¯n-¨n-cpóp Fó Imcyw thï{X {i²n-¡-s¸«n-«n-ñ. B[p-\nI KZy-¯n\v \ne-hmcw sImïp hóXnð khn-tij ]cm-aÀiw AÀln-¡pó hyàn-bmWv tIcf hÀ½ henb tImbn-¯-¼p-cm³ Fó Imcyw \mw adóp IqSm. anj-\dn KZy-¯nsâ {]tXy-I-X-IÄ AYhm kw`m-h-\-IÄ XoÀóp Fóp ]dªp IqSm. sshtZ-inI Bi-bm-h-en-IÄ {]N-cn-¸n-¡p-hm³ `mj-bpsS km[y-X-IÄ ]c-am-h[n {]tbm-P-\-s¸-S-p¯n FóXmWv anj\-dn-amÀ \½psS `mjbv¡v \ðInb Fähpw henb kw`m-h-\. hmsam-gn-tbmSp tNcpó hc-sam-gnbn-eqsS hnin-jvSm-i-b-§Ä ]IÀóp sImSp-¯p. ]Zy-¯nsâ ]nSn-bnð Ipcp§n-¡n-Sï htc-Wy-K-Zys¯ ZpÀº-e-am-¡n-s¡mïv ]mÝmXy KZy]cn-jvIr-XnIÄ KZy-¯n-eqsS {]Im-in-¸n-¨p. anj-\dn KZy-¯nsâ DZm-l-c-W-ambn kwt£]thZmÀ°-¯nð \nóv Hcp-Zm-l-cWw t\m¡q. Kpcp injy-t\mSv : Ip¼-km-cn-¸m³ AW-bp-ó-h-scñm-hÀ¡pw tZmj-§fpsS s]mdpXn In«ptam? injy³: Fñm-hÀ¡p-a-tñm, \ñ-h-®w-Ip-¼-k-cn-¡póhÀ¡s{X. 1772 se kwt£]thZm-À°-¯nse hcn-I-fmWv CXv. AXm-bXv ae-bmf en]n-bnð BZy-ambn A¨-Sn¨ ]qÀ® {KÙ-¯nse hcn-IÄ. Cu hcn-IÄ hyhlmc `mj-tbmSv (Cós¯) F{X-am{Xw ASp¯p \nð¡p-óp-shóp t\m¡q. {]mNo\kmln-Xy-amb ]m«p-km-ln-Xyw 12-þmw \qäm-ïn-emWv cNn-¡-s¸-«-Xv. t\m¡q Aós¯ `mj. “Im\-\¦-fn-e-c³ Ifn-dp-ambv Icn-Wn-bmbv ImÀs\-Sp-¦-®p-a, X½nð hnf-bmSn \Sþ âïm-\\w hSn-hp-Åm\hSn-hm-b-h-X-cn-¯m-Xntb” (A-c³ = inh³, IfnÀ = sIm¼\m-\) ]nsó hóXv I®-È-Ir-Xn-IÄ 14-þmw iXIw. AXv Ignªv 15-þmw iX-I-¯nð sNdp-tÈ-cn-bpsS IrjvW-KmY

tPmÀÖv am¯³

“]men-¡p-an-i³ hncp-²-\mbv \nð¡p-t¼mÄ ]mepw hnjw Xsóbm-bn-¡qSpw ]mcmsX \nóh³ ]men¨p t]mcp-t¼mÄ ]membn tahp-a-¡m-tIm-fhpw” Fón-S-t¯-bvs¡-¯nb IrjvW-Km-Y-bnse emfn-Xy-amb hcn-IÄ, efnX kpµc ]Zm-h-en-IÄ Fgp-¯-Ñ-\n-te-bvs¡-¯n-b-t¸mÄ “Xm´m³ \nc-´cw sN¿pó IÀ½-§Ä Xm´m-\-\p-`-hn-¨o-Sp-sa-tó-hcq Fópw {]Xyp-]-Imcw ad-¡pó ]pcp-j-òmÀ N¯-Xn-s\m-¡pta Pohn-¨n-cn-¡nepw ” Fóv 16-þmw \qämï-nð Pohn-¨n-cpó Fgp-¯-ѳ ]dªv h¨n-cpó `mjbnð \nóv \qX-\-amb `mjm ssien-sbmópw anj-\-dn-amÀ \ðIn-bn-sñ-¦nepw `mj-bpsS {]N-c-W-¯n\pw \ho-I-c-W-¯n\pw AhÀ \ðInb kw`m-h-\-IÄ \mw adóv IqSm. {]tXy-In¨pw en]n ]cn-jv¡-c-Whpw A¨-Snbpw ]{X-am-kn-IIfpw aäpw. AXmWv Fgp-¯-Ñ-s\-¸-än-tbmÀ¡p-t¼mÄ. “hmcn-[n-X-ónð Xnc-am-e-I-sf-ó-t]mse `mc-Xo-]-Zm-hen tXmtóWw Imte-Imte ” Fópw “\ap-s¡-gp-¯-Ñ-s\-Sp¯v `mj-{I-a-¡-Wt¡ icWw” Fóv Ipªn-¡p-«³ X¼p-cm³ ]d-ªXpw tXmópóXv.

tlmÀ¯qkv ae-_m-dn-¡qkv tIcfw hfcpóp

40

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SWq-t-¾]Rs kOf]p WPs]-Õ-e]-¨L-Rq-Õ-ã]... AaO-¾]Ra oOUm-p]Rs os-pL-t-kNf-°-t]¤ Nky]-È}-W-q]-¨-RÕŸ KSq v]x-p-R¾-¨O-r]-\ÿOç qºO SsX-j°-tLeV CT WOr]-RÕ-uO-fL¢ SNkq-epL-p-fV. SWq-t-¾]¤ RfLu]¤ R\pÅV ^}v]-¨OÐ 25 sƒ-S¾LtU vqOÐ Aj|-yU-òLj RfLu]-sL-t]-W-Rt-Õã] 2013 BYðV 6&jV WsL-WT-oOh] kNf¾]¤ vÐ Aq¨¢ mLs¢ IÐ RfLu]- s L- t ]- y U- Z - a - j L- S j- f L- v ]R£ SsX-jvOU 2013 c]yU-m¡ 6&jV ospLt oSjL-q-o-p]¤ vÐ oOX-Nk-yU-YvO-oLeV Cv]Ra kqL-o-¡-w]-¨RÕaO-ÐfV. "A- a ]- o - y - o LjU CT ^}v]- f U' IÐLeV Aq-¨-¢ mLsR£ SsX-j¾]R£ fs-R¨-ŸV. Af]¤ v]v-q]-\ÿ]-q]¨O-ÐSfL – Aj|-yU-òLj RfLu]sL-t]-W¥ AjO-n-v]-¨OÐ WaO¾ \Pxe-vOU, C£-¡-SðãV RRoNY£V v¡-¨VoL¢ BWVãV fOa-°]p j]p-o-°¥ Av-¡-¨-jO-v-h]\ÿO RWLaO-¾]-q]-¨OÐ Av-WL-w-°tOU, Av-pORa Aa]-òLj- ¾ ]¤ RfLu]- s L- t ]- y U- Z - a - j - W ¥ DÐ-p]-¨OÐ v]v]i Bv-w|-°-tOU. Aj|-yU-òL-j-°-t]-¤-j]ÐV SWq-t¾]¤ vÐV RfLu]-Rs-aO-¨O-Ð-v¡ ospL- t ]- W - t Lp RfLu]- s L- t ]- W - t ORa ySzL- h - q - ° - ¥ - f - R Ð- p LeV IÐ P\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014 2013

yL¡-v-sT-W]W WLuV-\-ÕL-aLeV Aq¨¢ mLsR£ SsX-j-¾]¤ Rft]´O-WL-eO-Ð-fV. IÐL¤ Aj|-yU-òL-j-°-t]¤ j]ÐV vÐV SWq-t-¾]¤ WPs]-Svs R\áO-Ð-v-SqL-aOç oLa-Ò]-o-SjL-nLvvOU ASfL-RaLÕU CT Svs-¨L-q]sæ L Rf jLŸ]Rs ke]- p L- R q- a O¨OU IÐ j]vQ-¾]-SW-a]R£ Nkf]-l-s-jvO-oLeV "j-ÚORa y~ÍU Aj|-¡' IÐ fs-R¨-Ÿ]¤ vÐ oSjL-q-oL-oO-X-Nk-yUY-¾]-sO-ç-fV. ""-A-Sf-y-opU Cv-qORa hp-j}p ^}v]fU WLeL-f]-q]-¨LjOU kLa]-sæ-'' IÐ oŸ]¤ hpvO NkW-a]-Õ]¨L¢ qºO-oPÐO vLW|-°¥ oLã]-v-\ÿ]q]-¨OÐ oOX-Nk-yU-Y-¾]¤ ""-o-rO-jL-a-¢ RfLu]-sL-t]-W-t]-Rsæ-Ë]¤ SWq-t-¾]Rs ks RfLu]-¤-So-X-s-WtOU ñUn]-¨ORoÐfLeV pLgL- ¡ - À |U- ' ' IÐ v]xoU SqX-RÕ-aO-¾O-ÐO-oO-ºV. kSƒ WQo]-W-RtpOU W}a-°-RtpOU kã] v]v-q]¨OÐ oŸ]¤ Aj|-yU-òLj RfLu]-sLt]-y-SzL-h-q-°-Rt-Õã] yUyL-q]-¨OÐ lLy]ðV \]ÍL-q}-f]-pLeV NkñOf oOX-Nk-yU-Y-¾]R£ AÍ-¡-iL-q. oOXNk- y U- Y - W L- q ¢ RoLu]- p OÐ \]s AoPs| oO¾O-o-e]-W¥ DÈ-q]-¨-RŸ: ""-....SW-q-t-¾]¤ j]ÐO ka]-p]-r-¨]p ks SqLY-°tOU RfLu]-sL-t]-W-tORa

RW.RW. NkWL-w-¢ vyLpV SrLcV WOa]-Sp-ã-S¾LRa f]q]-R\ÿ-¾]-p]-q]-¨OÐO. Av¡ D¥-RÕ-aOÐ WOã-WQ-f|-°tOU Cv]Ra RkqO-WO-W-pL-eV. f]qO-v-j-ÍkOqU kPvL-r]Rs r]SyL-¡-Ÿ]¤ mLUYæPq]-¤-j]-ÐOç RI.a]. ^}v-j-¨L-q]Rp oLj- n U- Y - ¾ ]- j ]- q - p L- ¨ ]p SWy]¤ WqL- ¡ - ^ }- v - j - ¨ L- q - L p qºV AyU y~Sh- w ]- W ¥ ArðV R\á- R Õ- Ÿ fV Wu]´ h]v-y-oL-eV. sz-q]-o-qO-ÐOWtOU orO-jL-a¢ RfLu]-sL-t]-W¥ vu] v|Lk]-¨O-ÐO-ºV-...'-'. yoO-hL-p-°-¥-¨]a-p]¤ yVk¡È vt-¡-¾OÐ NkyU-Y°- ¥ ¨OU SsX- j - ° - ¥ - ¨ O- R o- f ]Rq j]s-v]-sOç j]p-o-o-jO-y-q]\ÿV SWRyaO-S¨º NW]o]-j¤ WOã-oL-eV CT oOXNk-yUYU vu] oSjLqo kNfL-i]-k¡ R\pÅ]-q]-¨O-Ð-RfÐV kr-pL-f]-q]-¨L¢ vá. JRf-Ë]sOU yoO-hL-p-¾]¤ RkŸ v|©]-W¥ R\áOÐ WOãU B yoO-hL-p¾]-R£-pLRW WOã-oLeV IÐV vqO-¾]¾}-¡-¨OÐ j®-oLp lLy]ðV Nk\L-qe-q}-f]-pLeV Cv]Ra Av-sU-m]-\ÿ]-q]¨O-Ð-fV. SWq-t-¾]¤ WOã-WQ-f|-°tOU k]µO- W O- ´ O- ° Rt msL- à UYU 41


R\áO-Ð-fO¥-RÕ-Ra-pOç RRsUY]-WLf]NW-o-°tOU Af]-SvYU v¡-È]-\ÿORWL-º]-q]-¨O-W-pL-eV. Af]¤ yoO-hLp-Sn-h-o]-sæ. os-pL-t]-WtOU Aj|-nL-x¨LqO-RosæLU C¾qU WOã-WQ-f|-°-¥¨]-q-pL-vO-W-pL-eV. WPs]-Õ-e]-¨L-qjLp fR£ yOzQ-¾]Rj ASj~-x]\ÿV mUYL-t]¤ j]ÐO vÐ Rk¦-WO-Ÿ]Rp W¹P¡ ^]sæ-p]Rs Cq]-Ÿ]-p]¤ v\ÿV \]s os-pL-t]-W¥ WPŸ-m-sL-ÃU-Y-¾]-j]-qpL-¨]p NWPq-yU-nvU ja-Ð]ŸV Ai]-WoL-p]-Ÿ]-sæ. Nñ}W-¥¨V KãàO yµ-q]¨L¢ yLi]-¨L¾ NkLWQf ShwoLeV yLƒ-q-SW-q-t-RoÐV B Rk¦WOŸ] f]q]ˆr]´]Š. jv s]m-r¤ yLÒ-¾]-W-jpU ja-ÕL-¨]-p-f]-R£ ls-oLp] CÍ|-p]Rs- s æ L - p ]- a ¾OU RkLfO- ^ - j L- S qLY| yUv]-iL-j-°¥ fW-¡-ÐO-v}-uO-WpOU kW-¡-\ÿ-v|L-i]-W¥ kOj:NkSv-w]-¨OWpOU R\pÅO. CT pLgL-¡À|U or-\ÿO-vàL¢ SqLY-°-tORa WLq-e-¨L¡ hq]-NhqLp orO-jL-a¢ RfLu]-sL-t]-W-tL-ReÐV Nk\- q ]- Õ ]- ¨ OÐ q}f] Isæ L - p ]- a R¾pOU nq-e-k-ƒ-Nk-\L-q-W¡ y~}Wq]- \ ÿ O - W L- e O- Ð O- º V . oSjL- q - o - p ORa c]yU-m¡ 6&R£ oOX-Nk-yUYU kr-pOÐfOU AfO-f-RÐ. 25 sƒU orO-jL-a¢ RfLu]-sL-t]WRt RvrO- S ÕL- R aSpL kO±- S ¾LRaSpL WLeO-Ð-v-qsæ SWq-t-¾]Rs yLoL-j|-^-j-f. kSƒ AvRq Aj|qLp] WLeOÐO IÐfV vLñ-v-oL-eV. nLv]-p]¤ yÒ-hV-Z-a-j-p]¤ WPaO-f¤ Nkf]-y-Ì]-pO-ºL-vO-WpOU ^}v]-f-SWæw-°tOU RfLu]-s]-sæLpVopOU kqR¨ v¡-È]-¨O-WpOU R\áO-SÒL¥ orO-jLa¢ RfLu]-sL-t]-W-RtpOU os-pL-t]-WRtpOU fÚ]-s-a]-Õ]-¨OÐ qLNì}pU SWq- t - ¾ ]sOU vÐO- W P- a LpV W p]- s æ . oSjL-qo oOX-Nk-yU-Y-¾]Rs "j-ÚORa y~ÍU Aj|-¡' \]ÍL-Yf] nLv]-p]¤ SWq-t-¾]Rs RfLu]-sL-t]-WRt jLŸOWL¡, orO- j L- Ÿ O- W L¡ IÐ oŸ]¤ kqyVkqU wNfO-f-p]-sL-¨L¢ nq-e-v¡-Y-¾]jV Dk-WL-q-RÕ-aO-Ð-fO-f-RÐ-pLeV. Cf]-Rj-f]Rq ^LNYf kOs-¡-¾L¢ CÍ|¢ nq-e-Z-a-j-p]R-s oPs|-°tIcfw hfcpóp

StLaV Nkf]-m-È-f-pOç IsæL-vqOU mLÈ|-ò-qL-eV. \]s v]Sw-xL-i]-WLq-°¥ \]q-WLsU AjO-v-h]-\ÿOj¤WOU IÐ Dr- Õ ]R£ Aa]- ò L- j - ¾ ]¤ oLNfU (nq-e-Z-a-j-pORa 370&LU vWOÕV ) CÍ|¢ pPe]- p R£ nLY- o Lp] S\¡Ð WLwVo}¡ SkLsOç \]s NkShw-°-t]-RsL-u]\ÿV nLq-f-¾]¤ Iv]RapOU vLy-oO-r-Õ]-¨L¢ IsæL nLq-f}p-¡¨OU Av-WL-w-oO-ºV. CT Av-WLw-U kP¡e A¡-À-¾]¤ AjO-n-v-RÕa- e - R o- Ë ]¤ v]v]i yUòL- j - ° t]Rs nLxL-j|P-j-k-ƒ-°-¥¨V yOqƒ]- f - f ~vOU yLUyV W Lq]W y~LfNÍ|vOU Dr-ÕO-v-qO-¾L¢ SmLi-kP-¡-voLp ja-k-a]-W¥ DºL-WeU IÐfV v|©- o L- e V . kSƒ os- p L- t ]- W ¥ R\ÐO fLo-y]-¨OÐ oãO yUòL-j°- t ]¤ ks- p ]- a ¾OU Nkf|- ƒ vOU ANk- f |- ƒ - v O- o Lp v]Sv- \ - j - o LeV AjO- n - v ]- ¨ O- Ð - f V . Af]- R j- f ]Rq IsæL-p]-a¾OU j]q-ÍqU j]s-kL-Ra-aO¾O-j]-¤-¨OÐ os-pL-t]-W-tORa oLfQyU-òL-j-oLp SWq-t-¾]¤ Aj|-yUòL-j-¨L-SqLaV v]Sv-\-j-°-RtL-ÐOo]-sæL-f]-q]-¨O-W, IsæL nLx-¨L-qO-oLp RfLu]-sL-t]-W-tORa yLSzL-hq|U vt-¡¾]-Rp-aO-¨OW IÐfV o¡-o-Nk-iL-j-oLeV. C¨L-q|-¾]¤ JRr Nkf}ƒ j¤WO-ÐfV Aq-¨¢ mLsR£ WsL-WToOh] SsX-j-¾]¤ v]w-h-oL-¨]p oŸ]¤ SWq-t-¾]Rs yUZ-a]f RfLu]-sL-t]Nk-òLjU y~}W-q]-\ÿ]-q]-¨OÐ yLSzL-

h- q |- k - q - o Lp j]s- k L- a L- e V . C¾- q ¾]¤ SWq-t-¾]R£ kOf]p ^j-yUX|L- p L- g L- ¡ - À |- R ¾pOU SWq- t ¾]Rs RfLu]- s L- t ]- v - ¡ - Y - ¾ ]R£ kOf]p nLxL- y L- o O- h L- p ]W Za- j RppOU f}¡¾OU ^jL-i]-k-f|-k-q-oLp WLuV - \ - Õ L- S aL- a O- W Pa] An]- o O- X }- W - q ]¨L¢ os-pL-t-¾]Rs WsL& yLUyVWLq]W SoX-spV¨O Wu]-pOSoL IÐO- W Pa] Ar]- p L¢ `L¢ JRr DÃO-W-jL-eV. Wu]´ jvU-m-r]¤ l]s]kVyV B£V h oË]-Rk¢ IÐ y]j]o WLeO-W-pO-ºL-p]. kOf]p ospLt] oi|-v-¡-Y-¾]R£ w}s-°-¥-¨-jOy-q]\ÿV B y]j]-o-p]Rs yUnL-x-e°-t]¤ WL¤-nL-Y-Ro-Ë]sOU oOuO CUYæ}x]-sL-p]-qO-ÐO. Rkã]-mP-¡x~L v¡-Y¾]-¤-RÕŸ SNkƒ-WRq sƒ|-oL-¨]Rp-aO¾ y]j]o IÐO joO-¨-f]Rj oj-y]-sL-¨LU. SWq-t-¾]Rs kOf]p RfLu]-sL-t]-v-¡-YR¾ sƒ|-oL¨] KqO y]j]-o-pO-ºL-¨O-SÒL¥ Af]¤ ospL-t-S¾L-RaLÕU iLqLtU Kr]-ppOU mUYL-t]pOU RRog]-s]pOU DºL-Sv-ºf-Ssæ? CfV KqO-hL-z-q-e-oLp] kr-´fL-eV. RkLfO-vLp S\Lh|U CfL-eV: SWq-t-¾]¤ vÐV WPs]-Svs R\áO-Ðv-qORa ^}v]f yo-q-S¾L-aOç RIW|hL-¡-d|U kOf]p NkSo-p-°-tLpOU khLv- s ]- W - t LpOU q\- j L- y - N Ò- h L- p - ° tLpOU os-pL-t-¾]Rs yLUyVWLq]W o¼-s¾]sOU Dp¡ÐOvSqºfSŠæ?

42

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tIcfw, s]mXpa-Þew:

CSbm[nIm-c-¯nsâ hgn-IÄ Sn. hn. a[p Hóv s]mXpXmð]-cys¯ ap³\nÀ¯n hyàn-IÄ ]c-kv]cw \S-¯pó hmZ{]-Xn-hm-Z-§-fpsS aÞ-e-s¯-bmWv s]mXp- a - Þ ew ( public sphere ) Fóp hnfn-¨p-t]mcpó-Xv. C¸dª hni-Zo-I-c-W-¯nð s]mXpXmð]cyw, hyàn, hmZ-{]-Xn-hm-Z-§Ä Fóo ]Z{]- t bm- K - § Ä khntij {i² AÀln- ¡ pópï- v. s]mXpImcyw Fómð kzIm-cy-añm-¯Xv FómWv hnh-£. asämónt\bpw B{i-bn¡msX \nð¡pó, kzmßt{]cnXambn am{Xw {]hÀ¯n- ¡ pó, BfmWv hyàn. hmZ-{]-Xnhm-Z-§Ä Fómð bpànsb ASn-Øm-\-am¡n hyàn-IÄ X½nð \S-¡pó XÀ¡§-fm-Wv. Hcp {]tXyI hmZs¯ AwKo-I-cn-¡p-Itbm \ncm-I-cn-¡pItbm sN¿p-ó-Xn-\pÅ am\-ZÞw bpàn am{X-ambn¯ocp-t¼m-gmWv HcmÄ¡v bpàn]qÀh-Iambn XÀ¡n¡m-\m-hp-óXv. Hcp {]tXyI \ne-]mSv Xsâ kzImcyXmð]-cy¯n\v A\p-tbmPyamtWm Fó FXnÀ\n-e-]m-Snt\¡mÄ AXv bpàn`-{ZamtWm FómWv hyàn Bcmbpó-Xv. AXm-bXv hmZ-{]-Xn-hm-Z-§fpsS `mjbv¡v AXntâXmb XmÀ¡nI- hymI-c-Wapïv. hymI-cWs¯ ASn-Øm-\-am¡n B `mj kwkm- c n- ¡ m³ Ign- b p- t ¼mgmWv hyàn s]mXpa-Þ-e-¯nse IÀXrP\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014

Øm- \ - a mbn amdpó- X v . kzIm- c y§fnð \nóv thdn«p-\n-óp-sImïv s]mXpIm-cy-§-sf-¡p-dn¨v thhem-XnsImÅpó hyàn-I-fpsS ]c-kv]-c-hn\n-a-b-§-fmWv s]mXpa-Þ-e-¯nsâ DÅ-S-¡-ambn k¦ð]n-¡-s¸-Spó-Xv. bqtdm¸ns\ kw_-Ôn-¨n-St¯mfw s]mXpIm-cyw, s]mXpP\w Fóo Bi-b-§Ä¡v khntijamb Hcp Ncn-{X-apï-v. cmjv{Shpw AXnse ]ucòmcpw X½nepÅ hnShv Dïm¡nb k½À±-§-fmWv Cu Bi-b-§fpsS cq]-hð¡-c-Ws¯ km[y-am¡nb LS-I-§-sfóv \nco-£n-¡-s¸-«n«p- ïv. hyàn-I-fpsS Pohn-Xs¯ kw_-Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw cmjv{Sw ‘A\y’am- b n- ¯ oÀó kÔn- b n- e m- h Ww kzIm-cyhpw s]mXpIm-cy-hpw, kzImcy-hy-ànbpw s]mXp-P-\hpw thÀXncnªXv. s]mXpImcyw Fó Bib¯nð ‘kzImcyw’ ]qÀhI-ev]nX-amWv. kzIm-cy-hy-àn-IÄ s]mXpImcy IÀ¯m- ¡ - fm- h p- t¼mgmWv s]mXpP\w Dïm-hp-óXv. AXpsIm pX- s ó, s]mXpP- \ - ¯ nsâ cq]hð¡-cWw kmaq-ln-I-IÀXr-Xz§- f psS kzIm- c y- h ð¡- c - W s¯ ap³Iq-dmbn DÄs¡mÅpóp. ]Xns\«mw \qäm- ïnð kzIm-cyhpw s]mXpIm-cyhpw AIhpw ]pd-hp-saó \ne-bnð cq]w sImXn-s\-¸än lm_Àamkv (Jurgen

Habermas )1 ]d- b pópï v . Cu AIhpw ]pdhpw Htc {]{In-b-bn-eq-sSbmWv cq]- s ¸- « - X v . A¡m- e ¯v hfÀóp-hó _qÀjzm-knsb kw_-

Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw hoSv ‘AI-’t¯bpw sXmgnð ‘]pd--’t¯-bp-w AS-bm-f-s¸-Sp¯pó Øm\-§-fmbn amdn. IpSpw_w FóXv ]pdwtemI¯v \nóv DÄh-enªp \nð¡m-\pÅ kzImcy hn{iatI{µambn \nÀh-Nn ¡s¸-«Xv CtXmsSbmhmw. A¡m es¯ Krl-\nÀamW-Ie {i²n-¨mð CXv hyà-am-hpw. s]mXp CSs¯ kzImcy CS¯nð \nóv IrXy-ambpw thÀXncn- ¡ pó Krl\nÀ½mW ssien CXn\p-Zm-l-c-Ww. kzImcyhyàn Pohn-¨p-Xp-S-§n-bXv Cu ]mÀ¸n-S-§-fn-emWv. Fóp-sh-¨mð kzIm-cy-IÀXr-Xz-§sf ]mI-s¸-Sp-¯nsb-Sp¯ hmÀ¸p-am-Xr-I-I-fmbn Cu hoSp-IÄ amdn. kzmß-cq-]o-I-c-W¯nsâ ]e-a-«nepÅ IÀa-]-²Xn-Ifnð _qÀjzmkn hym]r-X-am-hpó Xnsâ XpS¡w ChnsS ImWmw. kzXzw XnI¨pw Hcp sshb-àn-I-amb ]²-Xn-bmbn Xncn-¨-dn-b-s¸-Spó Imeam-Wn-sXóv lm_Àamkv ]d-bpw. AXm-b-Xv, _qÀjzm kzIm-cy-hy-ànIÄ X§-fp-sS kzImcy Pohn-X¯nsâ ]Sn-I-fn-d§n s]mXpIm-cy-§sf-¸än ‘Iq«wIqSpó’hcmbn amdpIbpw C§s\]pXn-sbmcp Iq«v ( collectivity ) km[y- a m- h p- I bpw 43


R\áO-Ð-fO¥-RÕ-Ra-pOç RRsUY]-WLf]NW-o-°tOU Af]-SvYU v¡-È]-\ÿORWL-º]-q]-¨O-W-pL-eV. Af]¤ yoO-hLp-Sn-h-o]-sæ. os-pL-t]-WtOU Aj|-nL-x¨LqO-RosæLU C¾qU WOã-WQ-f|-°-¥¨]-q-pL-vO-W-pL-eV. WPs]-Õ-e]-¨L-qjLp fR£ yOzQ-¾]Rj ASj~-x]\ÿV mUYL-t]¤ j]ÐO vÐ Rk¦-WO-Ÿ]Rp W¹P¡ ^]sæ-p]Rs Cq]-Ÿ]-p]¤ v\ÿV \]s os-pL-t]-W¥ WPŸ-m-sL-ÃU-Y-¾]-j]-qpL-¨]p NWPq-yU-nvU ja-Ð]ŸV Ai]-WoL-p]-Ÿ]-sæ. Nñ}W-¥¨V KãàO yµ-q]¨L¢ yLi]-¨L¾ NkLWQf ShwoLeV yLƒ-q-SW-q-t-RoÐV B Rk¦WOŸ] f]q]ˆr]´]Š. jv s]m-r¤ yLÒ-¾]-W-jpU ja-ÕL-¨]-p-f]-R£ ls-oLp] CÍ|-p]Rs- s æ L - p ]- a ¾OU RkLfO- ^ - j L- S qLY| yUv]-iL-j-°¥ fW-¡-ÐO-v}-uO-WpOU kW-¡-\ÿ-v|L-i]-W¥ kOj:NkSv-w]-¨OWpOU R\pÅO. CT pLgL-¡À|U or-\ÿO-vàL¢ SqLY-°-tORa WLq-e-¨L¡ hq]-NhqLp orO-jL-a¢ RfLu]-sL-t]-W-tL-ReÐV Nk\- q ]- Õ ]- ¨ OÐ q}f] Isæ L - p ]- a R¾pOU nq-e-k-ƒ-Nk-\L-q-W¡ y~}Wq]- \ ÿ O - W L- e O- Ð O- º V . oSjL- q - o - p ORa c]yU-m¡ 6&R£ oOX-Nk-yUYU kr-pOÐfOU AfO-f-RÐ. 25 sƒU orO-jL-a¢ RfLu]-sL-t]WRt RvrO- S ÕL- R aSpL kO±- S ¾LRaSpL WLeO-Ð-v-qsæ SWq-t-¾]Rs yLoL-j|-^-j-f. kSƒ AvRq Aj|qLp] WLeOÐO IÐfV vLñ-v-oL-eV. nLv]-p]¤ yÒ-hV-Z-a-j-p]¤ WPaO-f¤ Nkf]-y-Ì]-pO-ºL-vO-WpOU ^}v]-f-SWæw-°tOU RfLu]-s]-sæLpVopOU kqR¨ v¡-È]-¨O-WpOU R\áO-SÒL¥ orO-jLa¢ RfLu]-sL-t]-W-RtpOU os-pL-t]-WRtpOU fÚ]-s-a]-Õ]-¨OÐ qLNì}pU SWq- t - ¾ ]sOU vÐO- W P- a LpV W p]- s æ . oSjL-qo oOX-Nk-yU-Y-¾]Rs "j-ÚORa y~ÍU Aj|-¡' \]ÍL-Yf] nLv]-p]¤ SWq-t-¾]Rs RfLu]-sL-t]-WRt jLŸOWL¡, orO- j L- Ÿ O- W L¡ IÐ oŸ]¤ kqyVkqU wNfO-f-p]-sL-¨L¢ nq-e-v¡-Y-¾]jV Dk-WL-q-RÕ-aO-Ð-fO-f-RÐ-pLeV. Cf]-Rj-f]Rq ^LNYf kOs-¡-¾L¢ CÍ|¢ nq-e-Z-a-j-p]R-s oPs|-°tIcfw hfcpóp

StLaV Nkf]-m-È-f-pOç IsæL-vqOU mLÈ|-ò-qL-eV. \]s v]Sw-xL-i]-WLq-°¥ \]q-WLsU AjO-v-h]-\ÿOj¤WOU IÐ Dr- Õ ]R£ Aa]- ò L- j - ¾ ]¤ oLNfU (nq-e-Z-a-j-pORa 370&LU vWOÕV ) CÍ|¢ pPe]- p R£ nLY- o Lp] S\¡Ð WLwVo}¡ SkLsOç \]s NkShw-°-t]-RsL-u]\ÿV nLq-f-¾]¤ Iv]RapOU vLy-oO-r-Õ]-¨L¢ IsæL nLq-f}p-¡¨OU Av-WL-w-oO-ºV. CT Av-WLw-U kP¡e A¡-À-¾]¤ AjO-n-v-RÕa- e - R o- Ë ]¤ v]v]i yUòL- j - ° t]Rs nLxL-j|P-j-k-ƒ-°-¥¨V yOqƒ]- f - f ~vOU yLUyV W Lq]W y~LfNÍ|vOU Dr-ÕO-v-qO-¾L¢ SmLi-kP-¡-voLp ja-k-a]-W¥ DºL-WeU IÐfV v|©- o L- e V . kSƒ os- p L- t ]- W ¥ R\ÐO fLo-y]-¨OÐ oãO yUòL-j°- t ]¤ ks- p ]- a ¾OU Nkf|- ƒ vOU ANk- f |- ƒ - v O- o Lp v]Sv- \ - j - o LeV AjO- n - v ]- ¨ O- Ð - f V . Af]- R j- f ]Rq IsæL-p]-a¾OU j]q-ÍqU j]s-kL-Ra-aO¾O-j]-¤-¨OÐ os-pL-t]-W-tORa oLfQyU-òL-j-oLp SWq-t-¾]¤ Aj|-yUòL-j-¨L-SqLaV v]Sv-\-j-°-RtL-ÐOo]-sæL-f]-q]-¨O-W, IsæL nLx-¨L-qO-oLp RfLu]-sL-t]-W-tORa yLSzL-hq|U vt-¡¾]-Rp-aO-¨OW IÐfV o¡-o-Nk-iL-j-oLeV. C¨L-q|-¾]¤ JRr Nkf}ƒ j¤WO-ÐfV Aq-¨¢ mLsR£ WsL-WToOh] SsX-j-¾]¤ v]w-h-oL-¨]p oŸ]¤ SWq-t-¾]Rs yUZ-a]f RfLu]-sL-t]Nk-òLjU y~}W-q]-\ÿ]-q]-¨OÐ yLSzL-

h- q |- k - q - o Lp j]s- k L- a L- e V . C¾- q ¾]¤ SWq-t-¾]R£ kOf]p ^j-yUX|L- p L- g L- ¡ - À |- R ¾pOU SWq- t ¾]Rs RfLu]- s L- t ]- v - ¡ - Y - ¾ ]R£ kOf]p nLxL- y L- o O- h L- p ]W Za- j RppOU f}¡¾OU ^jL-i]-k-f|-k-q-oLp WLuV - \ - Õ L- S aL- a O- W Pa] An]- o O- X }- W - q ]¨L¢ os-pL-t-¾]Rs WsL& yLUyVWLq]W SoX-spV¨O Wu]-pOSoL IÐO- W Pa] Ar]- p L¢ `L¢ JRr DÃO-W-jL-eV. Wu]´ jvU-m-r]¤ l]s]kVyV B£V h oË]-Rk¢ IÐ y]j]o WLeO-W-pO-ºL-p]. kOf]p ospLt] oi|-v-¡-Y-¾]R£ w}s-°-¥-¨-jOy-q]\ÿV B y]j]-o-p]Rs yUnL-x-e°-t]¤ WL¤-nL-Y-Ro-Ë]sOU oOuO CUYæ}x]-sL-p]-qO-ÐO. Rkã]-mP-¡x~L v¡-Y¾]-¤-RÕŸ SNkƒ-WRq sƒ|-oL-¨]Rp-aO¾ y]j]o IÐO joO-¨-f]Rj oj-y]-sL-¨LU. SWq-t-¾]Rs kOf]p RfLu]-sL-t]-v-¡-YR¾ sƒ|-oL¨] KqO y]j]-o-pO-ºL-¨O-SÒL¥ Af]¤ ospL-t-S¾L-RaLÕU iLqLtU Kr]-ppOU mUYL-t]pOU RRog]-s]pOU DºL-Sv-ºf-Ssæ? CfV KqO-hL-z-q-e-oLp] kr-´fL-eV. RkLfO-vLp S\Lh|U CfL-eV: SWq-t-¾]¤ vÐV WPs]-Svs R\áO-Ðv-qORa ^}v]f yo-q-S¾L-aOç RIW|hL-¡-d|U kOf]p NkSo-p-°-tLpOU khLv- s ]- W - t LpOU q\- j L- y - N Ò- h L- p - ° tLpOU os-pL-t-¾]Rs yLUyVWLq]W o¼-s¾]sOU Dp¡ÐOvSqºfSŠæ?

42

hniIe\w

tIcfw, s]mXpa-Þew:

CSbm[nIm-c-¯nsâ hgn-IÄ Sn. hn. a[p Hóv s]mXpXmð]-cys¯ ap³\nÀ¯n hyàn-IÄ ]c-kv]cw \S-¯pó hmZ{]-Xn-hm-Z-§-fpsS aÞ-e-s¯-bmWv s]mXp- a - Þ ew ( public sphere ) Fóp hnfn-¨p-t]mcpó-Xv. C¸dª hni-Zo-I-c-W-¯nð s]mXpXmð]cyw, hyàn, hmZ-{]-Xn-hm-Z-§Ä Fóo ]Z{]- t bm- K - § Ä khntij {i² AÀln- ¡ pópï- v. s]mXpImcyw Fómð kzIm-cy-añm-¯Xv FómWv hnh-£. asämónt\bpw B{i-bn¡msX \nð¡pó, kzmßt{]cnXambn am{Xw {]hÀ¯n- ¡ pó, BfmWv hyàn. hmZ-{]-Xnhm-Z-§Ä Fómð bpànsb ASn-Øm-\-am¡n hyàn-IÄ X½nð \S-¡pó XÀ¡§-fm-Wv. Hcp {]tXyI hmZs¯ AwKo-I-cn-¡p-Itbm \ncm-I-cn-¡pItbm sN¿p-ó-Xn-\pÅ am\-ZÞw bpàn am{X-ambn¯ocp-t¼m-gmWv HcmÄ¡v bpàn]qÀh-Iambn XÀ¡n¡m-\m-hp-óXv. Hcp {]tXyI \ne-]mSv Xsâ kzImcyXmð]-cy¯n\v A\p-tbmPyamtWm Fó FXnÀ\n-e-]m-Snt\¡mÄ AXv bpàn`-{ZamtWm FómWv hyàn Bcmbpó-Xv. AXm-bXv hmZ-{]-Xn-hm-Z-§fpsS `mjbv¡v AXntâXmb XmÀ¡nI- hymI-c-Wapïv. hymI-cWs¯ ASn-Øm-\-am¡n B `mj kwkm- c n- ¡ m³ Ign- b p- t ¼mgmWv hyàn s]mXpa-Þ-e-¯nse IÀXrP\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014

Øm- \ - a mbn amdpó- X v . kzIm- c y§fnð \nóv thdn«p-\n-óp-sImïv s]mXpIm-cy-§-sf-¡p-dn¨v thhem-XnsImÅpó hyàn-I-fpsS ]c-kv]-c-hn\n-a-b-§-fmWv s]mXpa-Þ-e-¯nsâ DÅ-S-¡-ambn k¦ð]n-¡-s¸-Spó-Xv. bqtdm¸ns\ kw_-Ôn-¨n-St¯mfw s]mXpIm-cyw, s]mXpP\w Fóo Bi-b-§Ä¡v khntijamb Hcp Ncn-{X-apï-v. cmjv{Shpw AXnse ]ucòmcpw X½nepÅ hnShv Dïm¡nb k½À±-§-fmWv Cu Bi-b-§fpsS cq]-hð¡-c-Ws¯ km[y-am¡nb LS-I-§-sfóv \nco-£n-¡-s¸-«n«p- ïv. hyàn-I-fpsS Pohn-Xs¯ kw_-Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw cmjv{Sw ‘A\y’am- b n- ¯ oÀó kÔn- b n- e m- h Ww kzIm-cyhpw s]mXpIm-cy-hpw, kzImcy-hy-ànbpw s]mXp-P-\hpw thÀXncnªXv. s]mXpImcyw Fó Bib¯nð ‘kzImcyw’ ]qÀhI-ev]nX-amWv. kzIm-cy-hy-àn-IÄ s]mXpImcy IÀ¯m- ¡ - fm- h p- t¼mgmWv s]mXpP\w Dïm-hp-óXv. AXpsIm pX- s ó, s]mXpP- \ - ¯ nsâ cq]hð¡-cWw kmaq-ln-I-IÀXr-Xz§- f psS kzIm- c y- h ð¡- c - W s¯ ap³Iq-dmbn DÄs¡mÅpóp. ]Xns\«mw \qäm- ïnð kzIm-cyhpw s]mXpIm-cyhpw AIhpw ]pd-hp-saó \ne-bnð cq]w sImXn-s\-¸än lm_Àamkv (Jurgen

Habermas )1 ]d- b pópï v . Cu AIhpw ]pdhpw Htc {]{In-b-bn-eq-sSbmWv cq]- s ¸- « - X v . A¡m- e ¯v hfÀóp-hó _qÀjzm-knsb kw_-

Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw hoSv ‘AI-’t¯bpw sXmgnð ‘]pd--’t¯-bp-w AS-bm-f-s¸-Sp¯pó Øm\-§-fmbn amdn. IpSpw_w FóXv ]pdwtemI¯v \nóv DÄh-enªp \nð¡m-\pÅ kzImcy hn{iatI{µambn \nÀh-Nn ¡s¸-«Xv CtXmsSbmhmw. A¡m es¯ Krl-\nÀamW-Ie {i²n-¨mð CXv hyà-am-hpw. s]mXp CSs¯ kzImcy CS¯nð \nóv IrXy-ambpw thÀXncn- ¡ pó Krl\nÀ½mW ssien CXn\p-Zm-l-c-Ww. kzImcyhyàn Pohn-¨p-Xp-S-§n-bXv Cu ]mÀ¸n-S-§-fn-emWv. Fóp-sh-¨mð kzIm-cy-IÀXr-Xz-§sf ]mI-s¸-Sp-¯nsb-Sp¯ hmÀ¸p-am-Xr-I-I-fmbn Cu hoSp-IÄ amdn. kzmß-cq-]o-I-c-W¯nsâ ]e-a-«nepÅ IÀa-]-²Xn-Ifnð _qÀjzmkn hym]r-X-am-hpó Xnsâ XpS¡w ChnsS ImWmw. kzXzw XnI¨pw Hcp sshb-àn-I-amb ]²-Xn-bmbn Xncn-¨-dn-b-s¸-Spó Imeam-Wn-sXóv lm_Àamkv ]d-bpw. AXm-b-Xv, _qÀjzm kzIm-cy-hy-ànIÄ X§-fp-sS kzImcy Pohn-X¯nsâ ]Sn-I-fn-d§n s]mXpIm-cy-§sf-¸än ‘Iq«wIqSpó’hcmbn amdpIbpw C§s\]pXn-sbmcp Iq«v ( collectivity ) km[y- a m- h p- I bpw 43


sNbvXt¸m-gmWv s]mXp aWvUew DmIp-ó-Xv. bqtdm- ¸ nð s]mXp aWv U e ¯nsâ BZy-Ime cq]-§Ä kmlnXy Iem-hn-aÀi-\-§-fn-emWv apJy-ambpw {]ISambXv. Cu AÀ°¯n-ð ap³]p-]-dª kzXz-cq-]o-I-cW- ] - ² - X n- I - f psS XpSÀ¨- b mbn Ahsb ImWmw. t_mÀZyqhpw (Bourdieu)2 aäpw \nco-£n¨t]mse kuµ-cy-im-kv{X-]-c-amb kwthZ\£-aX cq]-s¸-Sp¯pó-Xn-eqsSbmWv _qÀjzmkn kzXzcq-]o-I-cW {]{Inb aptóm«p sImïp t]mbXv. ]Xns\«mw \qämïnse {]kn-²-amb tIm^n tjm¸p-Ifpw keq-Wp-I-fpamWv Cu s]mXpkwhmZ§fpsS tI{µ§fmbn amdn-b-Xv. ]nóoSv Ch hym]mcw, cmjv{Sobw Fón-§-s\bpÅ hnj- b - § - s f- ¡ p- d n- ¨ pÅ kwhm- Z tI{µ§- f mbn amdn. Cu AÀ°¯nð, kmln-Xo-b-amb s]mXpaÞew cmjv{Sob s]mXpaÞ-e-¯n\v hgn-am-dp-I-bm-Wp-m-b-Xv Fóp-]-dbmw. cmjv{Sob-amb Imcy§-sf-¡p-dn-¨pÅ hmZ-{]-Xn-hm-Z-§Ä XmÀ¡n-I-amb aqÀ¨bpw bpàn`{ZXbpw t\SnsbSp-¯Xv Cu kwhmZ§fnð \nómWv. ]»nIv dok¬ Fóv lm_Àamkv hnfn¡pó s]mXpbpàn XnSw sh¨Xv C§s\bm-Wv. ka- I m- e tIcfobk- a q- l s¯ kw_- Ô n¨Sn- t ¯mfw s]mXpaÞew Fó k¦- e v]- \ - ¯ n\v

kmwKXy-aptïm FóXmWv Cu teJ-\-¯nsâ BtemN\m-hn-j-bw. bqtdm-¸nsâ Hcp Ncn-{XL«s¯ \½psS ka-Im-e-k-µÀ`-hp-ambn XmcXayw sN¿p-I-bñ Dt±iw. lm_Àamkns\ kw_- Ô n- ¨ n- S t¯mfw s]mXpa-Þew FóXv Hcp ssk²m-´nI k¦ev]-\-am-Wv. Cu k¦-ev]-\s¯ ap³\nÀ¯n Hcp ImeL-«-¯nsâ khntijX-Isf hni-Ie\w sN¿pI-bmWv At±lw sNbvXXv. bqWnthgvkð {]mKvamänIvkv (universal pragmatics) Fóv At±lw hnfn-¡pó ssk²m-´n-I]- ² - X nbpsS `mK- a mbn thWw AXn-s\- Im-Wm³. GXp-Xcw hmZ§fpw Ah-bpsS km[p-X-sb-¡pdn¨pÅ Nne Ah-Im-i-hm-Z-§sf ap³Iq-dmbn DÄs¡mÅpóp-sïóv lm_Àamkv ]dbpw. Npcp-¡n-¸-dªmð, GXp-hm-Zhpw AXn\v A\pIq-e-ambn cq]-s¸-Spó Bi-b-k-a-\zb-¯nsâ BZÀim-ß-I-amb Hcp kµÀ`s¯ ap³`mh\sN¿pópïv. s]mXpa-Þew Fó Hónð FsXmcmÄ hmZn-¡póp-shón-cn¡s«. Cu hmZw AXnsâ \nP-ØnXn bpàn-bpàw kaÀYn-¡-s¸-Spó Hcp aÞ- e s¯ {]Xo£n- ¡ pópï- v . kXyw FóXv, GXp-hm-Zhpw kzm`mhn-I-ambnXs\ aptóm«p-h-bv¡pó, s]mXpk-½-Xn-¡m-bpÅ hmKvZm-\-amsWóv Npcp-¡w. AXm-b-Xv GXphmZhpw Hcp s]mXpa-Þ-es¯ ap³`m- h - \ - s N- ¿ póp. bqtdm- ¸ nse s]mXpa-Þ-e-s¯-¡p-dn¨v ]dbpt¼mÄ hmkvXh-¯nð Hcp k¦- e v ] - \ s¯ hni- I e- \ ¯n- s â am\ZÞ- a mbn FSp- ¡ p- I - b mWv lm_Àamkv sN¿p-ó-Xv. Cu k¦-ev]\hp-am-bpÅ hncp² kmZr-iy-¯neqsS ka-Ime tIcfobmh-Ø-IfpsS k¦oÀW-X-IÄ ]pd-s¯Sp¡m\mWv ChnsS {iaw. cïv

lm_Àamkv tIcfw hfcpóp

]Xn-s\«mw \qämïnse bqtdm]y³ s]mXpa- Þ - e - ¯ nsâ \nÀhm- l - I - Ø m- \ - § Ä F§n- s \bmWv {Iao-I-cn-¡-s¸-«n-cp-óXv Fó tNmZyw {]k-à-am-Wv. hyàn-IÄ¡v ]c-kv]cw thÀXncnªv apJm-apJw \nð¡m-\m-hpó Hcp {Iaw cq]-s¸-«p-

h-óp-shó-XmWv {][m-\w. ]ckv]cw apdn- ª p- \ nð¡pó hyàn- I sf amÀIvkv hntijn¸n-¡p-óXv hyànhð¡-cn-¡-s¸« hyànIÄ (individuated individuals) FómWv. asämcp X-c-¯nð¸dªmð Xnc-Ýo\-amb Hcp -hn-Xm-\-¯n-emWv Cu \nÀhm-l-Øm-\-§Ä {Iao-I-cn-¡-s¸«Xv. ]e-a-«n-epÅ D¨-\o-N-Xz-§-fpsS AS-bm-f-§-Ä t]dpt¼mgpw Ahsb Hs«ms¡ A{]-k-à-am¡pw hn[w Xnc-Ýo-\-amb Xc-¯nð, ]c-kv]cw CSs]-Sm³ DXpIp-hn[w, hyànþ ico-c§Ä hn\y-kn-¡-s¸«p. Cu ‘XncÝo\- X ’sb km[yam¡n- b Xv apJy-ambpw aq¶ v LS-I-§-fm-sW¶ v \nco-£n¡-s¸-«n-«p-v. 1) atXXcXzw 2) It¼mfw 3) B[p-\nI tZicmjv{Sw. a\p-jyÀ¡v X§-sf-¡pdn¨pw X½nð X½n-epÅ CS]m-Sp-I-sf¡p-dn¨v hyXy-kvXhpw khntijhpamb Hcp Xcw ImgvNbpw `mh-\bpw \ðIn-bXv Cu LS-I-§-fmWv. Cu AÀ°-¯nð Ch hyànhð¡cW{]{In-b-bpsS aqóv Xe§sf ASbmf-s¸-Sp¯pópï-v. euIn-Ihpw Aeu-In-I-hp-amb Imcy-§Ä bYm-{Iaw k`bp-sSbpw cmjv{S¯ntâbpw A[n-Im-c-]-cn-[n-Ifnte¡v C\wXncn- ª - t ¸m- Ä cïnð\nópw Hä-s¸«p \nð¡m-\mhpó ]pXn-sbmcp hyàn ]nd-hn-sb-Sp¯p. Cu hyàn Htckabw k`tbbpw cmjv{Ss¯bpw hnaÀi\mßI-amb AIe-¯nð ImWm³ Ign-bpó hyàn-bm-Wv. bqtdm-]nð s]mXpaÞes¯ km[yam- ¡ nb hyàn-hð¡cW {]{In-b-bpsS Hcp Xew CXmsWóp-]-d-bmw.

\nÀWm- b - I - a mb Hcp L«- a mWv . It¼m-f-¯nse hn\n--ab-§Ä \nb-a-]c-amb {Iao-I-cn-¡-s¸-Sp-Ibpw \nb-a] c-ambn Xpey AI-e-¯nð \nóp sImïv s]mXpIm-cy-§-sf-¸än Nn´n¡m\pw hmZn-¡m-\p-sams¡ Ign-bpó hyàn-IÄ DS-seSp¡pbpw sNbvXp. t\cs¯ kqNn-¸n¨ hyàn-hð¡cW {]{In-b-bpsS asämcp Xew CXmWv. \nbb-]-c-ambn \nÀWn-b-¡-s¸« AXn-cp-IÄ¡-I-¯p-\nóp-sImïv hyàn-IÄ ]ckv]cw \S-¯pó hn\nab-§-fpsS hyhØ Fó \ne-bnð It¼mfw GXp-X-c-¯n-epÅ s]mXp aWvUe¯n\mWv cq]w \ðIn-bXv? XoÀ¨-bm-bpw, Cu hn\n-a-b-§-fpsS IÀXr-Øm-\-§Ä X½nð B´-cn-Iamb _Ô-samópanñ. hyàn-IÄ ]ckv]cw A\y-cmWv. AhÀ X½nepÅXv hn\n-a-b-§sf km[y-am-¡pó coXn- b n- e pÅ DS- ¼ Sn- _ - Ô - § Ä am{Xw. ]ckv]cw A\y- c m- b n\nð¡pó hyàn-I-Ä kzX-{´-cmWv. _qÀjzmþhyàn kzmX{´y-k-¦ð]\-¯nsâ s]mcpÄ A\y-hð¡-cWw Xsó -Fóv ‘PqX {]iv\-s¯-¡p-dn¨v’(On Jewish Question) Fó {]_-Ô¯nð amÀIvkv Isï-¯p-óXv Cu AÀ°- ¯ n- e m- W v . s]mXpaÞew C§s\A\y-hð¡-c-Ws¯ ap³Iqdmbn DÄs¡mÅpóp. Nc-¡pIfpsS hn\n-a-b-hy-hØ Fó \ne-bnð am{Xw It¼m-fs¯ Iïmð t]m-c. AsXmcp Pohn-X-hy-hØ-bmWv . kzX{´yhy-àn-I -fpsS Bhm-k-hy-hØ Fó-pXsó AXns\ \nÀhn- N n- ¡ m- h p- ó - X mWv .

k`bpw cmjv{Shpw X½nse A[nIm-c-hn-`-P-\¯neqsS s]mXp PohnXs¯ kw_-Ôn-¡pó Imcy§fpw (\n- b - a - § Ä) kzIm- c y- P o- h ns¯ kw_-Ôn-¡pó Imcy-§fpw ([mÀanI hnizm-k-§Ä) shtÆsd ssIImcyw sN¿-s¸tS-h-bm-sWóv hóp. \nb-a-§Ä ]pdw temIt¯bpw hnizm-k-§Ä AIwtemIt¯bpw kw_-Ôn-¡póp-shóphóp. CXv It¼m-f-¯nsâ hnIm-ks¯ kw_-Ôn¨nS-t¯mfw

44

kp\nÀhNn- X - a mb AXn- c p- I Ä¡I¯v Pò-saSp-¡p-Ibpw A\y-cp-ambpÅ kzmÀ°-amb CS]m-Sp-I-fn-epsS kzXz- ¯ nsâ hc- ¼ p- I sf ZrVs¸Sp¯p-Ibpw sN¿pó Pohn Fó \ne-bnð hyàn hkn-¡póXv It¼mf-¯n-em-Wv. AXn\v ]pd¯v B Pohn¡v izkn-¡m-\m-hnñ. CXp Xsó Xncn¨pw ]d-bmw. hyàn-bnñmsX It¼mf¯n\pw \nen\nð¸nñ. \ne-\nð¸nsâ ASn-Øm\ D]m[n Fó Xc-¯n-emWv It¼mfw hyànsb DÄs¡mÅpóXv. tað¸dª s]mXpaWvUe ¯nse hyànIÄ, AhÀ X½nð¯½nð A\y- c m- b n- c n- ¡ pt¼mgpw, s]mXphmbn ]¦p- s hbv¡pó Hcp tZiob Pohn-Xapïv. A¨Sn apX-em-fn¯w Fóp hntijn¸n-¡-s¸« kw`-h-hn-Im-k-§-fmWv CXn\v ]Ým- ¯ - e - s amcp¡n- b Xv. s_\- U nIv Btâgv k sâ A`n{]mb¯nð, B[p- \ nI tZicmj{S`mh\ A¨Sn apX-em-fn-¯-¯nsâ krjv { SnbmWv . ]{Xw hmbn- ¨ psImïmWv hyànIÄ tZi cmjv{S¯nð Pohn¨p XpS§póX.v `mh\ A§s\ hyàn-I-fpsS `h-\am-bn, hmk-Ø-e-ambn amdn. Cu hyànI-fmWv ]ucòmÀ. aXw, PmXn, enwKw, {]tZiw Fóo If§Ä¡pÅn- e pÅ CS]m- S p- I Ä¡v D]cn-bmbn tZicmjv{Shp-ambn DS-¼Sn-bnte Às¸ Spó h y àn-bm W v ]uc³. AI- e - § - f nð NnXdn¡nS¡pó Bfp-Isf Hscmä tI{µ¯nte¡v {i²n-¡pó hn[¯nð, ]có Hcp {]X-e-¯nð, hn\ykn-¨Xv ]{X§fmWv . asämcpX-

c- ¯ nð¸- d - ª mð, tZicm- j v { Sw ]{X§fn-eqsS kzImcy hyànPohnX-¯nsâ ]Sn-I-Sóv hcn-Ibpw kzhk-Xn-IfpsS AI-¯-f-§-fnð Pohn¡póhÀ AtXkbaw Xsó cmjv{S¯nð Pohn¨p XpS-§p-Ibp sNbvXp. kzImcy Krl§Ä C§s\sbmcp ]c- ó - ` q- a n- I - b nð ]Wn-Xp-bÀ¯nbpw Ah-bnð Pohn¨p-amWv ]ucòmÀ s]mXp aWvUe¯nð \nÀhm-l-I-Øm-\-§fmbn {Iao-I-cn-¡-s¸-«-Xv. aqóv hyàn-hð¡-c-W-¯nsâ tað¸dª aqóp-X-e-§Ä tIcfs¯ kw_Ôn- ¨ n- S - t ¯mfw F{Xt¯mfw {]k-à-amWv Fóv Btem- N n- ¡ m- h p- ó XmWv . s]mXp aWvUew Fó Bibw Xsó k¦oÀW- a mb \½psS hÀ¯- a m \s¯ kw_Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw AtX]Sn {]kàam-sWóv tXmópónñ. tIcfob s]mXp aWvUe¯ntâbpw hyàn-bptSbpw cq]hð¡-cW {]{Inb AXy´w k¦oÀWam- W v. Cu k¦oÀWXItfbpw khntijX- I - s fbpw hni-Z-ambn NÀ¨ sN¿m-\ñ ChnsS {ian-¡póXv. adn¨v Chsb hni-Ie\w sN¿m³ Hcp-§p-t¼mÄ {]k-àamtb¡mhpó Nne \nco-£-W-§Ä Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡m-\m-Wv {iaw. euIn-Ihpw Aeu-In-I-hp-amb Imcy-§Ä X½nse thÀXncnhns\¡pdn-¡p¨ atXXc`mh\tIcfs¯ kw_- Ô n- ¨ n- S t¯mfw A{X {]kà-amb Hóñ. k`bpw cmjv{Shpw X½nse A[n-Imc

With best wishes from:

ROJIN TYRE SERVICE TYRE HANDLERS Since 1979 B/3, Sakinaka Industrial Market, Near Holiday Inn Hotel, Andheri - Ghatkopar Link Road, Mumbai - 72. Tel: 022-28524802-28522620 E-mail: rojintyres@gmail.com

P\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014

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sNbvXt¸m-gmWv s]mXp aWvUew DmIp-ó-Xv. bqtdm- ¸ nð s]mXp aWv U e ¯nsâ BZy-Ime cq]-§Ä kmlnXy Iem-hn-aÀi-\-§-fn-emWv apJy-ambpw {]ISambXv. Cu AÀ°¯n-ð ap³]p-]-dª kzXz-cq-]o-I-cW- ] - ² - X n- I - f psS XpSÀ¨- b mbn Ahsb ImWmw. t_mÀZyqhpw (Bourdieu)2 aäpw \nco-£n¨t]mse kuµ-cy-im-kv{X-]-c-amb kwthZ\£-aX cq]-s¸-Sp¯pó-Xn-eqsSbmWv _qÀjzmkn kzXzcq-]o-I-cW {]{Inb aptóm«p sImïp t]mbXv. ]Xns\«mw \qämïnse {]kn-²-amb tIm^n tjm¸p-Ifpw keq-Wp-I-fpamWv Cu s]mXpkwhmZ§fpsS tI{µ§fmbn amdn-b-Xv. ]nóoSv Ch hym]mcw, cmjv{Sobw Fón-§-s\bpÅ hnj- b - § - s f- ¡ p- d n- ¨ pÅ kwhm- Z tI{µ§- f mbn amdn. Cu AÀ°¯nð, kmln-Xo-b-amb s]mXpaÞew cmjv{Sob s]mXpaÞ-e-¯n\v hgn-am-dp-I-bm-Wp-m-b-Xv Fóp-]-dbmw. cmjv{Sob-amb Imcy§-sf-¡p-dn-¨pÅ hmZ-{]-Xn-hm-Z-§Ä XmÀ¡n-I-amb aqÀ¨bpw bpàn`{ZXbpw t\SnsbSp-¯Xv Cu kwhmZ§fnð \nómWv. ]»nIv dok¬ Fóv lm_Àamkv hnfn¡pó s]mXpbpàn XnSw sh¨Xv C§s\bm-Wv. ka- I m- e tIcfobk- a q- l s¯ kw_- Ô n¨Sn- t ¯mfw s]mXpaÞew Fó k¦- e v]- \ - ¯ n\v

kmwKXy-aptïm FóXmWv Cu teJ-\-¯nsâ BtemN\m-hn-j-bw. bqtdm-¸nsâ Hcp Ncn-{XL«s¯ \½psS ka-Im-e-k-µÀ`-hp-ambn XmcXayw sN¿p-I-bñ Dt±iw. lm_Àamkns\ kw_- Ô n- ¨ n- S t¯mfw s]mXpa-Þew FóXv Hcp ssk²m-´nI k¦ev]-\-am-Wv. Cu k¦-ev]-\s¯ ap³\nÀ¯n Hcp ImeL-«-¯nsâ khntijX-Isf hni-Ie\w sN¿pI-bmWv At±lw sNbvXXv. bqWnthgvkð {]mKvamänIvkv (universal pragmatics) Fóv At±lw hnfn-¡pó ssk²m-´n-I]- ² - X nbpsS `mK- a mbn thWw AXn-s\- Im-Wm³. GXp-Xcw hmZ§fpw Ah-bpsS km[p-X-sb-¡pdn¨pÅ Nne Ah-Im-i-hm-Z-§sf ap³Iq-dmbn DÄs¡mÅpóp-sïóv lm_Àamkv ]dbpw. Npcp-¡n-¸-dªmð, GXp-hm-Zhpw AXn\v A\pIq-e-ambn cq]-s¸-Spó Bi-b-k-a-\zb-¯nsâ BZÀim-ß-I-amb Hcp kµÀ`s¯ ap³`mh\sN¿pópïv. s]mXpa-Þew Fó Hónð FsXmcmÄ hmZn-¡póp-shón-cn¡s«. Cu hmZw AXnsâ \nP-ØnXn bpàn-bpàw kaÀYn-¡-s¸-Spó Hcp aÞ- e s¯ {]Xo£n- ¡ pópï- v . kXyw FóXv, GXp-hm-Zhpw kzm`mhn-I-ambnXs\ aptóm«p-h-bv¡pó, s]mXpk-½-Xn-¡m-bpÅ hmKvZm-\-amsWóv Npcp-¡w. AXm-b-Xv GXphmZhpw Hcp s]mXpa-Þ-es¯ ap³`m- h - \ - s N- ¿ póp. bqtdm- ¸ nse s]mXpa-Þ-e-s¯-¡p-dn¨v ]dbpt¼mÄ hmkvXh-¯nð Hcp k¦- e v ] - \ s¯ hni- I e- \ ¯n- s â am\ZÞ- a mbn FSp- ¡ p- I - b mWv lm_Àamkv sN¿p-ó-Xv. Cu k¦-ev]\hp-am-bpÅ hncp² kmZr-iy-¯neqsS ka-Ime tIcfobmh-Ø-IfpsS k¦oÀW-X-IÄ ]pd-s¯Sp¡m\mWv ChnsS {iaw. cïv

lm_Àamkv tIcfw hfcpóp

]Xn-s\«mw \qämïnse bqtdm]y³ s]mXpa- Þ - e - ¯ nsâ \nÀhm- l - I - Ø m- \ - § Ä F§n- s \bmWv {Iao-I-cn-¡-s¸-«n-cp-óXv Fó tNmZyw {]k-à-am-Wv. hyàn-IÄ¡v ]c-kv]cw thÀXncnªv apJm-apJw \nð¡m-\m-hpó Hcp {Iaw cq]-s¸-«p-

h-óp-shó-XmWv {][m-\w. ]ckv]cw apdn- ª p- \ nð¡pó hyàn- I sf amÀIvkv hntijn¸n-¡p-óXv hyànhð¡-cn-¡-s¸« hyànIÄ (individuated individuals) FómWv. asämcp X-c-¯nð¸dªmð Xnc-Ýo\-amb Hcp -hn-Xm-\-¯n-emWv Cu \nÀhm-l-Øm-\-§Ä {Iao-I-cn-¡-s¸«Xv. ]e-a-«n-epÅ D¨-\o-N-Xz-§-fpsS AS-bm-f-§-Ä t]dpt¼mgpw Ahsb Hs«ms¡ A{]-k-à-am¡pw hn[w Xnc-Ýo-\-amb Xc-¯nð, ]c-kv]cw CSs]-Sm³ DXpIp-hn[w, hyànþ ico-c§Ä hn\y-kn-¡-s¸«p. Cu ‘XncÝo\- X ’sb km[yam¡n- b Xv apJy-ambpw aq¶ v LS-I-§-fm-sW¶ v \nco-£n¡-s¸-«n-«p-v. 1) atXXcXzw 2) It¼mfw 3) B[p-\nI tZicmjv{Sw. a\p-jyÀ¡v X§-sf-¡pdn¨pw X½nð X½n-epÅ CS]m-Sp-I-sf¡p-dn¨v hyXy-kvXhpw khntijhpamb Hcp Xcw ImgvNbpw `mh-\bpw \ðIn-bXv Cu LS-I-§-fmWv. Cu AÀ°-¯nð Ch hyànhð¡cW{]{In-b-bpsS aqóv Xe§sf ASbmf-s¸-Sp¯pópï-v. euIn-Ihpw Aeu-In-I-hp-amb Imcy-§Ä bYm-{Iaw k`bp-sSbpw cmjv{S¯ntâbpw A[n-Im-c-]-cn-[n-Ifnte¡v C\wXncn- ª - t ¸m- Ä cïnð\nópw Hä-s¸«p \nð¡m-\mhpó ]pXn-sbmcp hyàn ]nd-hn-sb-Sp¯p. Cu hyàn Htckabw k`tbbpw cmjv{Ss¯bpw hnaÀi\mßI-amb AIe-¯nð ImWm³ Ign-bpó hyàn-bm-Wv. bqtdm-]nð s]mXpaÞes¯ km[yam- ¡ nb hyàn-hð¡cW {]{In-b-bpsS Hcp Xew CXmsWóp-]-d-bmw.

\nÀWm- b - I - a mb Hcp L«- a mWv . It¼m-f-¯nse hn\n--ab-§Ä \nb-a-]c-amb {Iao-I-cn-¡-s¸-Sp-Ibpw \nb-a] c-ambn Xpey AI-e-¯nð \nóp sImïv s]mXpIm-cy-§-sf-¸än Nn´n¡m\pw hmZn-¡m-\p-sams¡ Ign-bpó hyàn-IÄ DS-seSp¡pbpw sNbvXp. t\cs¯ kqNn-¸n¨ hyàn-hð¡cW {]{In-b-bpsS asämcp Xew CXmWv. \nbb-]-c-ambn \nÀWn-b-¡-s¸« AXn-cp-IÄ¡-I-¯p-\nóp-sImïv hyàn-IÄ ]ckv]cw \S-¯pó hn\nab-§-fpsS hyhØ Fó \ne-bnð It¼mfw GXp-X-c-¯n-epÅ s]mXp aWvUe¯n\mWv cq]w \ðIn-bXv? XoÀ¨-bm-bpw, Cu hn\n-a-b-§-fpsS IÀXr-Øm-\-§Ä X½nð B´-cn-Iamb _Ô-samópanñ. hyàn-IÄ ]ckv]cw A\y-cmWv. AhÀ X½nepÅXv hn\n-a-b-§sf km[y-am-¡pó coXn- b n- e pÅ DS- ¼ Sn- _ - Ô - § Ä am{Xw. ]ckv]cw A\y- c m- b n\nð¡pó hyàn-I-Ä kzX-{´-cmWv. _qÀjzmþhyàn kzmX{´y-k-¦ð]\-¯nsâ s]mcpÄ A\y-hð¡-cWw Xsó -Fóv ‘PqX {]iv\-s¯-¡p-dn¨v’(On Jewish Question) Fó {]_-Ô¯nð amÀIvkv Isï-¯p-óXv Cu AÀ°- ¯ n- e m- W v . s]mXpaÞew C§s\A\y-hð¡-c-Ws¯ ap³Iqdmbn DÄs¡mÅpóp. Nc-¡pIfpsS hn\n-a-b-hy-hØ Fó \ne-bnð am{Xw It¼m-fs¯ Iïmð t]m-c. AsXmcp Pohn-X-hy-hØ-bmWv . kzX{´yhy-àn-I -fpsS Bhm-k-hy-hØ Fó-pXsó AXns\ \nÀhn- N n- ¡ m- h p- ó - X mWv .

k`bpw cmjv{Shpw X½nse A[nIm-c-hn-`-P-\¯neqsS s]mXp PohnXs¯ kw_-Ôn-¡pó Imcy§fpw (\n- b - a - § Ä) kzIm- c y- P o- h ns¯ kw_-Ôn-¡pó Imcy-§fpw ([mÀanI hnizm-k-§Ä) shtÆsd ssIImcyw sN¿-s¸tS-h-bm-sWóv hóp. \nb-a-§Ä ]pdw temIt¯bpw hnizm-k-§Ä AIwtemIt¯bpw kw_-Ôn-¡póp-shóphóp. CXv It¼m-f-¯nsâ hnIm-ks¯ kw_-Ôn¨nS-t¯mfw

44

kp\nÀhNn- X - a mb AXn- c p- I Ä¡I¯v Pò-saSp-¡p-Ibpw A\y-cp-ambpÅ kzmÀ°-amb CS]m-Sp-I-fn-epsS kzXz- ¯ nsâ hc- ¼ p- I sf ZrVs¸Sp¯p-Ibpw sN¿pó Pohn Fó \ne-bnð hyàn hkn-¡póXv It¼mf-¯n-em-Wv. AXn\v ]pd¯v B Pohn¡v izkn-¡m-\m-hnñ. CXp Xsó Xncn¨pw ]d-bmw. hyàn-bnñmsX It¼mf¯n\pw \nen\nð¸nñ. \ne-\nð¸nsâ ASn-Øm\ D]m[n Fó Xc-¯n-emWv It¼mfw hyànsb DÄs¡mÅpóXv. tað¸dª s]mXpaWvUe ¯nse hyànIÄ, AhÀ X½nð¯½nð A\y- c m- b n- c n- ¡ pt¼mgpw, s]mXphmbn ]¦p- s hbv¡pó Hcp tZiob Pohn-Xapïv. A¨Sn apX-em-fn¯w Fóp hntijn¸n-¡-s¸« kw`-h-hn-Im-k-§-fmWv CXn\v ]Ým- ¯ - e - s amcp¡n- b Xv. s_\- U nIv Btâgv k sâ A`n{]mb¯nð, B[p- \ nI tZicmj{S`mh\ A¨Sn apX-em-fn-¯-¯nsâ krjv { SnbmWv . ]{Xw hmbn- ¨ psImïmWv hyànIÄ tZi cmjv{S¯nð Pohn¨p XpS§póX.v `mh\ A§s\ hyàn-I-fpsS `h-\am-bn, hmk-Ø-e-ambn amdn. Cu hyànI-fmWv ]ucòmÀ. aXw, PmXn, enwKw, {]tZiw Fóo If§Ä¡pÅn- e pÅ CS]m- S p- I Ä¡v D]cn-bmbn tZicmjv{Shp-ambn DS-¼Sn-bnte Às¸ Spó h y àn-bm W v ]uc³. AI- e - § - f nð NnXdn¡nS¡pó Bfp-Isf Hscmä tI{µ¯nte¡v {i²n-¡pó hn[¯nð, ]có Hcp {]X-e-¯nð, hn\ykn-¨Xv ]{X§fmWv . asämcpX-

c- ¯ nð¸- d - ª mð, tZicm- j v { Sw ]{X§fn-eqsS kzImcy hyànPohnX-¯nsâ ]Sn-I-Sóv hcn-Ibpw kzhk-Xn-IfpsS AI-¯-f-§-fnð Pohn¡póhÀ AtXkbaw Xsó cmjv{S¯nð Pohn¨p XpS-§p-Ibp sNbvXp. kzImcy Krl§Ä C§s\sbmcp ]c- ó - ` q- a n- I - b nð ]Wn-Xp-bÀ¯nbpw Ah-bnð Pohn¨p-amWv ]ucòmÀ s]mXp aWvUe¯nð \nÀhm-l-I-Øm-\-§fmbn {Iao-I-cn-¡-s¸-«-Xv. aqóv hyàn-hð¡-c-W-¯nsâ tað¸dª aqóp-X-e-§Ä tIcfs¯ kw_Ôn- ¨ n- S - t ¯mfw F{Xt¯mfw {]k-à-amWv Fóv Btem- N n- ¡ m- h p- ó XmWv . s]mXp aWvUew Fó Bibw Xsó k¦oÀW- a mb \½psS hÀ¯- a m \s¯ kw_Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw AtX]Sn {]kàam-sWóv tXmópónñ. tIcfob s]mXp aWvUe¯ntâbpw hyàn-bptSbpw cq]hð¡-cW {]{Inb AXy´w k¦oÀWam- W v. Cu k¦oÀWXItfbpw khntijX- I - s fbpw hni-Z-ambn NÀ¨ sN¿m-\ñ ChnsS {ian-¡póXv. adn¨v Chsb hni-Ie\w sN¿m³ Hcp-§p-t¼mÄ {]k-àamtb¡mhpó Nne \nco-£-W-§Ä Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡m-\m-Wv {iaw. euIn-Ihpw Aeu-In-I-hp-amb Imcy-§Ä X½nse thÀXncnhns\¡pdn-¡p¨ atXXc`mh\tIcfs¯ kw_- Ô n- ¨ n- S t¯mfw A{X {]kà-amb Hóñ. k`bpw cmjv{Shpw X½nse A[n-Imc

With best wishes from:

ROJIN TYRE SERVICE TYRE HANDLERS Since 1979 B/3, Sakinaka Industrial Market, Near Holiday Inn Hotel, Andheri - Ghatkopar Link Road, Mumbai - 72. Tel: 022-28524802-28522620 E-mail: rojintyres@gmail.com

P\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014

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hn`- P - \ - ¯ nsâ ]Ým- ¯ - e - ¯ nð cïn- t \mSpw hnaÀi- \ m- ß - I - a mb AIew ssIh-cn-¡m-\mb hyàn-bñ ChnsS cq]-s¸-«-Xv. PmXn LS-\-bnð \nópw thÀs]Sp-¯-s¸«, bqtdm¸nteXpt]mse atXXc-hð¡-cn-¡s¸- « , ico- c - a ñ ChnsS hyànbv¡pï-mb-Xv. PmXn, tZiw hwiw, IpSpw_w Fón§s\ Hónt\mSpw XmZm-ßy-s¸-SmsX kz´w t]cnð Adn-b-s¸-Spó hyàn cq]-s¸-«-Xnsâ Ncn{Xw tIcfs¯ kw_- Ô n¨nSt¯mfw ZoÀLa- ñ . kz´w t]cpÅ ae-bmfn Dïm-b-Xp-Xsó ASp-¯-Im-e-¯m-sWóv ]d-ªmð AXn-i-tbm-àn-bm-hnñ. ]e Xc-¯n-ep-Å XmZm-ßy-§f p s S N n Ó - § Ä \n£n]vXamb hyàn-i-co-c§Ä ap³]v ]d-ª-t]mse ]qÀW-ambpw hyàn-hð¡cn¡s¸« ico-c-§-fñ. hoSn\- I ¯pw ]pd¯pw Fó \ne-bnð kzImcy Pohn-Xt¯bpw sXmgnð]-camb Pohn-Xt¯bpw thÀXncn¡m³ Cu hyànIÄ¡v Ign-ªn-«p-anñ. AIhpw ]pdhpw IrXyambn thÀXncn¡-s¸« hoSpI-fn-eñ tIcf-¯nse hyàn-IÄ Pohn-¨p-Xp-S-§nbXv. sXmgnð]-c-amb PohnXs¯ ]pdn-¯n«v hmXn-e-S¡m- \ pÅ hn{ia- Ø - e - a mbnñ AhÀ¡v hoSp-IÄ. CXv sXmgnð]c-amb Pohn-¯nsâ Xsó khntijamb kz`mhw sImïpIqSn-bmsWóv ]d-bmw. ae-bm-fn-I-fpsS sXmgnð]c-amb PohnXw It¼mf¯mð \nÀWbn-¡-s¸-Sp-óp-sï¦nepw It¼mfw Hcp Pohn-X-hy-h-Øbmbn amdnb bqtdm-]y³ A\p-`hs¯ ChnsS AS-bm-f-s¸-Sp-¯m-\mhnñ. ka-Im-eo\tIcfs¯ Hcp ImÀjnI kaq-l-sasóm hyhkmb kaq-l-satóm hyh-km-bm\´c-kaql-satóm hntijn¸n-¡m-\m-hn-ñtñm. ]c-¼-cm-K-X-hpw Añm-¯-Xp-amb Irjn coXnIfpw I¨- h - S - ¯ nsâ {]tXyI-X-I-fp-sañmw tNÀóv XoÀ¯pw hyXy-kvXhpw k¦oÀW-hpamb DXv]m-Z-\-co-Xnbpw k{¼-Zmb-hptIcfw hfcpóp

amWv ChnsS It¼m-fs¯ \nÀWbn¡p-óXv . \nba]-c-ambn \nÀW-bn-¡s¸« Xpey AI-e-¯nð \nóp-sImïv ]ckv]cw CSs]-Sp-Ibpw s]mXphnNm-c-§-fnð GÀs¸-Sp-Ibpw sN¿pó hyàn bpsS Bhm-khyh-Ø-bmbn amdm³ tIcf-¯nsâ It¼m-f-hy-hØbv¡v Hcp Ime¯pw Bbn-«n-ñ. \½psS Krl-\nÀamW hnZy-bpsS Ncn-{X-s¯¡p-dn¨v \nkmÀ Al-½Zv 4 \S- ¯ nb Nne \nco£- W - § Ä hyànhð¡-c-Wt¯bpw s]mXpaÞ-et¯bpw Ip-dn-¨pÅ Btem-N-\I-fnð {]kàamsWóv tXmóp óp.

thK¯nð hyàn- h ðIrX- a m- b ns¡mncn-¡pó Hcp hyh-Ø-bnð F§- s \- s b- ¦ nepw kzbw kwc£n¨psImÅpI Fó k½À±w Cu sI«n- S - § - f psS \nÀam- W - ¯ n\v tNmZIam-bn-¯oÀóp-shópw ‘aÕctbm-«¯n\v a\p-jy³ X¿m-sd-Sp¡pó Hcp kmaq-lnI hyh-Ø-bnð e£y- Øm- \ ¯v X§sf Bcpw F¯n-¡p-I-bn-sñópw X§Ä Xsó X\n-¯\nbmbn HmSW-saópw Xncn¨dnªp XpS§pó a\p-jy-kz-Xz-§fpsS ]¦-¸mSv’ -Cu ]mÀ¸n-S-§-fpsS k¦ð]-¯nð ImWm-saópw At±lw \nco-£n-¡p-óp. Cu s]«n-ho-Sp-IfpsS ]e {]tXyI-X-I-fnð \nkmÀ Al-½Zv Nqïn¡m«pó csï®w khntij {i² AÀln¡póp. Ah-bpsS hyàntI{µn-X-amb GIm{K-X-bmWv Hcp {]tXyI-X.

Adp]-Xp-I-fnð Hcp cïmw-L« B[p\n-I-X, t]cpsImïpam{Xw A[n\nthi B[p-\n-I-X-tbmSv kmay-apÅ Hóv, tIcf-¯nð A\p-`-h-s¸-«p-XpS§n Fóv \nkmÀ Al-½Zv \nco-£n¡p-óp. CXns\ hnIk\ B[p-\n-IX Fót±lw hnfn-¡p-óp. Cu hnImk\m[p-\n-I-X-bpsS L«-¯nemWv tIcf-¯nsâ `q{]tZi¯v s]«n-ho-Sp-IÄ {]Xy-£-s¸-Sm³ XpS§nb-Xv. Gsd-¡psd s]«nI-fpsS BIr-Xn-bnð ]WnX tIm¬{Ioäv sI«n-S§fmWv s]«n hoSp-IÄ. ‘Cu knaâv s]«n-I-fnð \nópw Nps«-Sp-¡s¸« ]pXnb-Xcw a\pjy kzXz-§Ä ae-bm-fn-bpsS ]pXnb \nÀh-N\w XoÀ¯p’-Fót±lw

]d-bpóp.

‘\mep-sI«nse CcpÄap-dn¡p-Ånð am{Xw {]m]y-ambn- c pó kzIm- c y- X bv ¡ v ]mÀ¡m³ ]pXn-sbmcp CSw XoÀ¯p, Cu ]mÀ¸n-S-§Ä. ]mc-¼-cy-¯nsâ Ccp«mWv B[p-\n-I-X-bpsS shfn-¨ambn Ct¸mÄ {]Im-in-¨-Xv. hbv¡m- h p- ¶ n- S - s ¯ms¡ P\-ep-IÄ h¨v Cu sI«n-S§Ä IqSp- X ð shfn¨s¯tXSn; kzIm-cy-sXb \ne-\nÀ¯n-s¡mp Xsó’-. Ccp«pw shfn-¨-hpw, kzImcy CShpw s]mXp CShpw X½nse _Ô-s¯-¡p-dn¨pÅ B[p-\n-I-amb hymJym-\-§Ä Fó \ne-bnð Cu ]mÀ¸nS amXrIIÄ tIcfob hyàn-bpsS hmÀ¸p-amXrI-IÄ IqSn-bmbn-¯oÀóp-shóv ]d-bmw. \nkmÀ Nqïn-¡m-«nb asämcp {]tXyIX Cu s]«n-hoSp-I-fpsS ImgvN- b nepÅ kam- \ - X - b m- W v. CS¯-c-¡m-sc-sbñmw ImgvN Hcp t]mse-bm-hp-ó-Xp-t]m-se, X½nðX½nð Xncn-¨-dn-bm³ Ign-bm-¯ Xc¯n-em-bn-cpóp ChbpsS DÅpw ]pdhpw. PmXn, hÀW hyh-Ø-bpsS AS46

bm-f-§Ä ]Xn-bmsX NXpc-h-Sn-hnð XoÀ¯ Cu sI«n-S-§Ä AtX AÀ°-¯nð¯só B[p-\n-I-hyàn-bpsS ]mÀ¸nS§fmbn amdn Fóv hmZn¡m-hp-ó-XmWv. Fómð Cu \nco£-W¯n\v Hcp adp-]p-d-apïv. It¼m-f-hy-h-Ø¡I¯v \nb-a-]-cambn \nÝ-bn-¡-s¸« Xpey AI-e¯nð \nóp-sImïv ]ckv]w CSs]Spó Htc apJ-Om-b-bpÅ hyàn-Ifmbn amdm³ Cu s]«n-ho-Sp-I-fnse ]mÀ¸p-ImÀ¡v Ignªn«n-ñ. CXn\pÅ Imc-W-§Ä ]e-Xmhmw. ap³]v kqNn-¸n¨ tIcfob sXmgnen-S§- f psS k¦oÀW- a mb kz`mhw Xsóbmhmw Hcp ImcWw. s]«n-ho-SpIfpw sXmgnen-S-§fpw hyàn Pohn-X¯nsâ AIhpw ]pdhpsaóco-Xnbnð \½psS \m«nð thdn«p\nónñ. hoSn-t\mSv tNÀó sXmgnen-S-§Ä, sI«n-St¯mSv tNÀópff sNdp-I-¨-hS-§fpw aäpw, ChnsS kÀh-km-[mcWam-bn-cp-ó-tñm. kzImcy Xmð]cy-§-fnð \nóv, AXv PmXn-]-c-atam kapZm- b - ] - c tam Hs¡- b m- h mw, thdn«p \nópsImïv s]mXpIm-cy-§fnð CSs]Sp-óhÀ Fó \ne-bnð s]mXpa- Þ - e - ¯ nsâ \nÀhm- l - I Øm-\-§-fm-b tIcfob hyàn P\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014

kXz-§Ä hn\y-kn-¡-s¸-«Xv Fóp Npc-¡w. asämcp Imcyw IqSn ChnsS {it²bam-hpóp. Cu s]«n-ho-SpIfpsS D½-d-§-fn-emWv Zn\w tXmdpw ]{Xw hóp-ho-gpó ]Xnhv ]cs¡ Dmb-Xv. Zn\¸{Xw Fó k¦ð]w CXn\pw F{Xtbm ap³]v \ne-hnð hón-cpsh¦nepw hoSn\v Hcp ]{Xw Fó \ne-bnð ]{X-hm-b\m k{¼Zmbw kÀhkm-[m-c-Wm-bXv C¡meL«¯n-emWv. Cu AÀ°¯nð s]«n-ho-Sp-Ifnse hyànPohnX-§Ä, ]e tImWp-Ifnð \nóp-sImï v Hcp s]mXptI{µs¯ {i²n-¡pó Xc¯nð, ]có Hcp hnXm-\-¯nð hn\zkn- ¡ - s ¸- S póXv CsXmsS- b msWóp ]dbmw. Fómð Cu ]c¸v s]mXpbpà-nsb (public reason) km[yam-¡pó D]m[nbmbn amdn-bnñ. AXn-\v {][m-\-s¸« cïv Imc-W§Ä Nqïn-¡m-«m-\m-hp-saóv tXmópóp. Hóv, tIcf-¯nð ]{X-{]hÀ¯\w XpS-§póXv Xsó anj-\dn {]hÀ¯-\-hp-ambn _Ôs¸«psIm ïmWv. am{X-hpa-ñ, A¡me-am-b-t¸mtg¡pw tZiobZn\

¸-{X§ÄXsó hyà-amb PmXn, kapZmb Xmð]-cy-§sf {]Xn-\n[m\w sN¿pó am[y-a-§-fmbn amdn¡- g nªn- c p- ó p. bqtdm- ¸ nð k`tbmSpw tÌänt\mSpw Xpey AIew ]men-¨psImïv s]mXphmb {]iv\§-se-¡p-dn-¨v hmZ-{]-Xn-hm-Z-§Ä \S¯m-\p-X-Ipó thdn« Hcp `mj ]{X§Ä Hcp sNdn-b-L«¯nse¦nepw cq]-s¸-Sp-¯n-sb-Sp-¯ncpóp. ChnsS AXpmbnñ. Npcp-¡-¯nð, s]«nhoSpIfpsS D½d-§-fnð hóp hoW ]{X-§Ä kzIm-cy-§fnð \nó thdn« s]mXphn-Nm-cs¯ XpW-¨n-ñ. asämcp Xc-¯nð¸dªmð CS¯c¡m-cpsS ]mÀ¸n-S-§Ä t]mse- X só AIhpw ]pdhpw X½nse _Ôw AXy´w k¦oÀWamb am[ya CS§-fn-emWv \½psS s]mXpa-Þe-bp-àn Nn´ (A§s\sbmópsï ¦nð) ]ndóXpw hfÀóXpw. CtX s]«n hoSp-I-fpsS apI-fnemWv ]nð¡m-e¯v Bân-\-IÄ {]Xy-£-s¸-«-Xv. ]nóoSv kzImcy Nm\ep-IÄIqSn hó-tXmsS Cu hoSp-IfpsS DÄ-¯-f-§Ä hmÀ¯m, hnt\mZ hn]-Wn-bnte¡v Xpd-óp-sIm-Sp-¡-s¸47


hn`- P - \ - ¯ nsâ ]Ým- ¯ - e - ¯ nð cïn- t \mSpw hnaÀi- \ m- ß - I - a mb AIew ssIh-cn-¡m-\mb hyàn-bñ ChnsS cq]-s¸-«-Xv. PmXn LS-\-bnð \nópw thÀs]Sp-¯-s¸«, bqtdm¸nteXpt]mse atXXc-hð¡-cn-¡s¸- « , ico- c - a ñ ChnsS hyànbv¡pï-mb-Xv. PmXn, tZiw hwiw, IpSpw_w Fón§s\ Hónt\mSpw XmZm-ßy-s¸-SmsX kz´w t]cnð Adn-b-s¸-Spó hyàn cq]-s¸-«-Xnsâ Ncn{Xw tIcfs¯ kw_- Ô n¨nSt¯mfw ZoÀLa- ñ . kz´w t]cpÅ ae-bmfn Dïm-b-Xp-Xsó ASp-¯-Im-e-¯m-sWóv ]d-ªmð AXn-i-tbm-àn-bm-hnñ. ]e Xc-¯n-ep-Å XmZm-ßy-§f p s S N n Ó - § Ä \n£n]vXamb hyàn-i-co-c§Ä ap³]v ]d-ª-t]mse ]qÀW-ambpw hyàn-hð¡cn¡s¸« ico-c-§-fñ. hoSn\- I ¯pw ]pd¯pw Fó \ne-bnð kzImcy Pohn-Xt¯bpw sXmgnð]-camb Pohn-Xt¯bpw thÀXncn¡m³ Cu hyànIÄ¡v Ign-ªn-«p-anñ. AIhpw ]pdhpw IrXyambn thÀXncn¡-s¸« hoSpI-fn-eñ tIcf-¯nse hyàn-IÄ Pohn-¨p-Xp-S-§nbXv. sXmgnð]-c-amb PohnXs¯ ]pdn-¯n«v hmXn-e-S¡m- \ pÅ hn{ia- Ø - e - a mbnñ AhÀ¡v hoSp-IÄ. CXv sXmgnð]c-amb Pohn-¯nsâ Xsó khntijamb kz`mhw sImïpIqSn-bmsWóv ]d-bmw. ae-bm-fn-I-fpsS sXmgnð]c-amb PohnXw It¼mf¯mð \nÀWbn-¡-s¸-Sp-óp-sï¦nepw It¼mfw Hcp Pohn-X-hy-h-Øbmbn amdnb bqtdm-]y³ A\p-`hs¯ ChnsS AS-bm-f-s¸-Sp-¯m-\mhnñ. ka-Im-eo\tIcfs¯ Hcp ImÀjnI kaq-l-sasóm hyhkmb kaq-l-satóm hyh-km-bm\´c-kaql-satóm hntijn¸n-¡m-\m-hn-ñtñm. ]c-¼-cm-K-X-hpw Añm-¯-Xp-amb Irjn coXnIfpw I¨- h - S - ¯ nsâ {]tXyI-X-I-fp-sañmw tNÀóv XoÀ¯pw hyXy-kvXhpw k¦oÀW-hpamb DXv]m-Z-\-co-Xnbpw k{¼-Zmb-hptIcfw hfcpóp

amWv ChnsS It¼m-fs¯ \nÀWbn¡p-óXv . \nba]-c-ambn \nÀW-bn-¡s¸« Xpey AI-e-¯nð \nóp-sImïv ]ckv]cw CSs]-Sp-Ibpw s]mXphnNm-c-§-fnð GÀs¸-Sp-Ibpw sN¿pó hyàn bpsS Bhm-khyh-Ø-bmbn amdm³ tIcf-¯nsâ It¼m-f-hy-hØbv¡v Hcp Ime¯pw Bbn-«n-ñ. \½psS Krl-\nÀamW hnZy-bpsS Ncn-{X-s¯¡p-dn¨v \nkmÀ Al-½Zv 4 \S- ¯ nb Nne \nco£- W - § Ä hyànhð¡-c-Wt¯bpw s]mXpaÞ-et¯bpw Ip-dn-¨pÅ Btem-N-\I-fnð {]kàamsWóv tXmóp óp.

thK¯nð hyàn- h ðIrX- a m- b ns¡mncn-¡pó Hcp hyh-Ø-bnð F§- s \- s b- ¦ nepw kzbw kwc£n¨psImÅpI Fó k½À±w Cu sI«n- S - § - f psS \nÀam- W - ¯ n\v tNmZIam-bn-¯oÀóp-shópw ‘aÕctbm-«¯n\v a\p-jy³ X¿m-sd-Sp¡pó Hcp kmaq-lnI hyh-Ø-bnð e£y- Øm- \ ¯v X§sf Bcpw F¯n-¡p-I-bn-sñópw X§Ä Xsó X\n-¯\nbmbn HmSW-saópw Xncn¨dnªp XpS§pó a\p-jy-kz-Xz-§fpsS ]¦-¸mSv’ -Cu ]mÀ¸n-S-§-fpsS k¦ð]-¯nð ImWm-saópw At±lw \nco-£n-¡p-óp. Cu s]«n-ho-Sp-IfpsS ]e {]tXyI-X-I-fnð \nkmÀ Al-½Zv Nqïn¡m«pó csï®w khntij {i² AÀln¡póp. Ah-bpsS hyàntI{µn-X-amb GIm{K-X-bmWv Hcp {]tXyI-X.

Adp]-Xp-I-fnð Hcp cïmw-L« B[p\n-I-X, t]cpsImïpam{Xw A[n\nthi B[p-\n-I-X-tbmSv kmay-apÅ Hóv, tIcf-¯nð A\p-`-h-s¸-«p-XpS§n Fóv \nkmÀ Al-½Zv \nco-£n¡p-óp. CXns\ hnIk\ B[p-\n-IX Fót±lw hnfn-¡p-óp. Cu hnImk\m[p-\n-I-X-bpsS L«-¯nemWv tIcf-¯nsâ `q{]tZi¯v s]«n-ho-Sp-IÄ {]Xy-£-s¸-Sm³ XpS§nb-Xv. Gsd-¡psd s]«nI-fpsS BIr-Xn-bnð ]WnX tIm¬{Ioäv sI«n-S§fmWv s]«n hoSp-IÄ. ‘Cu knaâv s]«n-I-fnð \nópw Nps«-Sp-¡s¸« ]pXnb-Xcw a\pjy kzXz-§Ä ae-bm-fn-bpsS ]pXnb \nÀh-N\w XoÀ¯p’-Fót±lw

]d-bpóp.

‘\mep-sI«nse CcpÄap-dn¡p-Ånð am{Xw {]m]y-ambn- c pó kzIm- c y- X bv ¡ v ]mÀ¡m³ ]pXn-sbmcp CSw XoÀ¯p, Cu ]mÀ¸n-S-§Ä. ]mc-¼-cy-¯nsâ Ccp«mWv B[p-\n-I-X-bpsS shfn-¨ambn Ct¸mÄ {]Im-in-¨-Xv. hbv¡m- h p- ¶ n- S - s ¯ms¡ P\-ep-IÄ h¨v Cu sI«n-S§Ä IqSp- X ð shfn¨s¯tXSn; kzIm-cy-sXb \ne-\nÀ¯n-s¡mp Xsó’-. Ccp«pw shfn-¨-hpw, kzImcy CShpw s]mXp CShpw X½nse _Ô-s¯-¡p-dn¨pÅ B[p-\n-I-amb hymJym-\-§Ä Fó \ne-bnð Cu ]mÀ¸nS amXrIIÄ tIcfob hyàn-bpsS hmÀ¸p-amXrI-IÄ IqSn-bmbn-¯oÀóp-shóv ]d-bmw. \nkmÀ Nqïn-¡m-«nb asämcp {]tXyIX Cu s]«n-hoSp-I-fpsS ImgvN- b nepÅ kam- \ - X - b m- W v. CS¯-c-¡m-sc-sbñmw ImgvN Hcp t]mse-bm-hp-ó-Xp-t]m-se, X½nðX½nð Xncn-¨-dn-bm³ Ign-bm-¯ Xc¯n-em-bn-cpóp ChbpsS DÅpw ]pdhpw. PmXn, hÀW hyh-Ø-bpsS AS46

bm-f-§Ä ]Xn-bmsX NXpc-h-Sn-hnð XoÀ¯ Cu sI«n-S-§Ä AtX AÀ°-¯nð¯só B[p-\n-I-hyàn-bpsS ]mÀ¸nS§fmbn amdn Fóv hmZn¡m-hp-ó-XmWv. Fómð Cu \nco£-W¯n\v Hcp adp-]p-d-apïv. It¼m-f-hy-h-Ø¡I¯v \nb-a-]-cambn \nÝ-bn-¡-s¸« Xpey AI-e¯nð \nóp-sImïv ]ckv]w CSs]Spó Htc apJ-Om-b-bpÅ hyàn-Ifmbn amdm³ Cu s]«n-ho-Sp-I-fnse ]mÀ¸p-ImÀ¡v Ignªn«n-ñ. CXn\pÅ Imc-W-§Ä ]e-Xmhmw. ap³]v kqNn-¸n¨ tIcfob sXmgnen-S§- f psS k¦oÀW- a mb kz`mhw Xsóbmhmw Hcp ImcWw. s]«n-ho-SpIfpw sXmgnen-S-§fpw hyàn Pohn-X¯nsâ AIhpw ]pdhpsaóco-Xnbnð \½psS \m«nð thdn«p\nónñ. hoSn-t\mSv tNÀó sXmgnen-S-§Ä, sI«n-St¯mSv tNÀópff sNdp-I-¨-hS-§fpw aäpw, ChnsS kÀh-km-[mcWam-bn-cp-ó-tñm. kzImcy Xmð]cy-§-fnð \nóv, AXv PmXn-]-c-atam kapZm- b - ] - c tam Hs¡- b m- h mw, thdn«p \nópsImïv s]mXpIm-cy-§fnð CSs]Sp-óhÀ Fó \ne-bnð s]mXpa- Þ - e - ¯ nsâ \nÀhm- l - I Øm-\-§-fm-b tIcfob hyàn P\phcnþamÀ¨v 2014

kXz-§Ä hn\y-kn-¡-s¸-«Xv Fóp Npc-¡w. asämcp Imcyw IqSn ChnsS {it²bam-hpóp. Cu s]«n-ho-SpIfpsS D½-d-§-fn-emWv Zn\w tXmdpw ]{Xw hóp-ho-gpó ]Xnhv ]cs¡ Dmb-Xv. Zn\¸{Xw Fó k¦ð]w CXn\pw F{Xtbm ap³]v \ne-hnð hón-cpsh¦nepw hoSn\v Hcp ]{Xw Fó \ne-bnð ]{X-hm-b\m k{¼Zmbw kÀhkm-[m-c-Wm-bXv C¡meL«¯n-emWv. Cu AÀ°¯nð s]«n-ho-Sp-Ifnse hyànPohnX-§Ä, ]e tImWp-Ifnð \nóp-sImï v Hcp s]mXptI{µs¯ {i²n-¡pó Xc¯nð, ]có Hcp hnXm-\-¯nð hn\zkn- ¡ - s ¸- S póXv CsXmsS- b msWóp ]dbmw. Fómð Cu ]c¸v s]mXpbpà-nsb (public reason) km[yam-¡pó D]m[nbmbn amdn-bnñ. AXn-\v {][m-\-s¸« cïv Imc-W§Ä Nqïn-¡m-«m-\m-hp-saóv tXmópóp. Hóv, tIcf-¯nð ]{X-{]hÀ¯\w XpS-§póXv Xsó anj-\dn {]hÀ¯-\-hp-ambn _Ôs¸«psIm ïmWv. am{X-hpa-ñ, A¡me-am-b-t¸mtg¡pw tZiobZn\

¸-{X§ÄXsó hyà-amb PmXn, kapZmb Xmð]-cy-§sf {]Xn-\n[m\w sN¿pó am[y-a-§-fmbn amdn¡- g nªn- c p- ó p. bqtdm- ¸ nð k`tbmSpw tÌänt\mSpw Xpey AIew ]men-¨psImïv s]mXphmb {]iv\§-se-¡p-dn-¨v hmZ-{]-Xn-hm-Z-§Ä \S¯m-\p-X-Ipó thdn« Hcp `mj ]{X§Ä Hcp sNdn-b-L«¯nse¦nepw cq]-s¸-Sp-¯n-sb-Sp-¯ncpóp. ChnsS AXpmbnñ. Npcp-¡-¯nð, s]«nhoSpIfpsS D½d-§-fnð hóp hoW ]{X-§Ä kzIm-cy-§fnð \nó thdn« s]mXphn-Nm-cs¯ XpW-¨n-ñ. asämcp Xc-¯nð¸dªmð CS¯c¡m-cpsS ]mÀ¸n-S-§Ä t]mse- X só AIhpw ]pdhpw X½nse _Ôw AXy´w k¦oÀWamb am[ya CS§-fn-emWv \½psS s]mXpa-Þe-bp-àn Nn´ (A§s\sbmópsï ¦nð) ]ndóXpw hfÀóXpw. CtX s]«n hoSp-I-fpsS apI-fnemWv ]nð¡m-e¯v Bân-\-IÄ {]Xy-£-s¸-«-Xv. ]nóoSv kzImcy Nm\ep-IÄIqSn hó-tXmsS Cu hoSp-IfpsS DÄ-¯-f-§Ä hmÀ¯m, hnt\mZ hn]-Wn-bnte¡v Xpd-óp-sIm-Sp-¡-s¸47


«p. bqtdm-¸nð DZbw sImï am[y-ahðIrX s]mXpa-Þew (mediatized public sphere) £tbmòpJ-am-bn-Xn\v lm_Àamkv Is - ï ¯pó Hcp ImcWw AXn\v kw`-hn¨ ]p\À^yqUðhð¡-cWw BWv. kzX-{´-]u-còmÀ Fó \ne-hn«v hyàn-IÄ hmÀ¯m hnt\mZ hyh-km-b-¯nsâ D]- t `m- à m- ¡ - f mbn amdn- b - t XmsS am[y- a - h ðIr- X - s ]m- X p- a - W vUew AXnsâ LS-\m-]-camb ]cn-Wm-a¯nsâ Hcp L«w ]nón-«p-shóv lm_Àamkv \nco-£n-¡póp. hyànhð¡- c - W - { ]- { In- b bpsS ap³]v ]dª {]tXy-I-X-IÄ aqew D]t`màr IÀXr-Xz-¯nsâ N«-¡q-Snte¡v AXn- t hKw sacp- § pó hyànI-fmWv tIc-f-¯nð cq]-s¸-«Xv. hn]-Wn-bpsS bqWn-äp-I-fm-bn amdnb ]mÀ¸n-S-§-Ä¡pÅnð tkzOmt{]-cn-X-ambn s]mXp-Im-cy-§-fnð CSs]-Spó hyàn-IÄ¡v CS-anñ. COIfpw A`n-{]m-b-§-fpw A`n-cp-Nn-Ifpw Xocp-am-\-§-fp-sañmw ap³Iq-dmbn \nÝ-bn-¡-s¸-Spó, hmkvX-h-¯nð Xtâ- X ñm¯, CS- a mWv ka- I meo\ae-bm-fn¡v ]mÀ¸n-S-ambn amdn-bXv. Cu ]pXnb ‘IpSn-¡n-S-¸p-Imsc’

kw_-Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw s]mXp-a-WvUe-saó Bibw Hcp henb Af-hphsc A{]-kàw Xsó-bm-sWóv ]dbmw. \mev tÌäpw kaq- l hpw X½nse AXnÀ¯n- h n- ` - P \w s]mXp- a - W v U es¯ km[y-am-¡pó apóp-]m-[n-I-fnsemómWv Fóv XpS-¡-¯nte ]dªp-h-tñm. cïpw X½nse kwLÀj§Ä Gäp-hm-§p-Ibpw Ah-tbmSv {]Xn-kv]-µn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿pó _^À tkm¬ (buffer zone) BbmWv s]mXp-a-WvU-es¯ Øm\-s¸-Sp-¯mdp-Å-Xv. Cu hn`-P\w Xsó \nÀÆo-cyam-bn-t¸m-Ip-t¼mÄ s]mXp-a-WvUew Fó Bibw A{]-k-à-am-bn-¯o-cpópï-v. bqtdm-¸nð C§s\s]mXp-aWvUe-¯n\p kw`-hn¨ hn]-cy-b¯n\v ]e Imc-W-§Ä Nqïn-¡m-«m\m-hpw. t£a-cmjv{S k¦ð¸w e_v[{]-Xn-jvT-am-b-tXmsS tÌäv hyàn-IfpsS kzIm-cy-Xmð]-cy-§fnð t\cn«v CS-s]-Sm³ XpS-§n-b-XmWv {][m-\s¸« Imc-W-§-fn-semómbn \nco-£n¡-s¸-«-Xv. hyàn-Po-hn-Xs¯ kw_Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw cmjv{Sw A]-c-a-ñm-

Xm-bn-¯oÀótXmsS ]uc³ Fó \ne-hn«v hyàn-IÄ tÌänsâ kz´w I£nIfpw tkh-\-§-fpsS D]-t`màm-¡-fmbn amdn. ]uc-Xz-¯nsâ AÀ°w Xs¶ amdn. ]ehn[ klm-b§Ä¡pw B\p-Iq-ey-§Ä¡pw thïn tÌäns\ B{i-bn¨p \nð¡pó B{in-X-cpsS Iq«-ambn kaqlw amdn. B{in-X-hy-àn-I-fpsS Iq«w Fó \ne-bnð kaq-lhpw tÌäpw X½nse AIew Cñm-Xm-b-tXmsS s]mXp-aWvUew Hcp henb Af-hp-hsc Akw-K-X-am-bn-¯oÀóp. B[p\nI P\m-[n-]-Xy-cm-jv{S-§fnð kw`-hn¨ asämcp {]{In-bsb tað¸-dª hn]-cy-b-hp-ambn tNÀ¯p-sh-bv¡m-hpó-Xm-Wv. hyànI-fpsS ssZ\w-Zn\hn\n-a-b-§-fpsS Poh-¯m-b aWvUew (Life world lm_Àamkv) {ZpX-K-Xn-bnð hyhØm (system) hð¡-cn-¡-s¸« A\p-`-h-§-fn-eq-sS-bmWv bqtdm-]y³ P\m-[n-]Xy kaq-l-§Ä ISóp-t]mb-Xv. hyàn-IÄ ]c-kv]c [mc-Wsb ap³\nÀ¯n \S-¯pó t\cn-«pÅ CS]m-Sp-I-fp-sSbpw hn\n-a-b-§-fp-sSbpw aWvUew hyh-Ø-bmð tImf-\o-I-cn-

PRINCE VAIDYAN

K & K SOCIAL FOUNDATION KASHMIR TO KERALA

¡-s¸«p Fóv (colonizing the lifeworld)5 lm_Àamkv ]d-bpw. -B-[p\nI km¼-¯nI, `cW {Ia-¯n\pt_mÀZyp Ånð ]W-¯n-sâbpw A[n-Im-c-¯nsâbpw \nÀssh-b-àn-Iamb hn\n-ab-§-fpsS aWvU-e-s¯-bmWv. ‘hyhØ’ Fó-Xp-sImï v At±lw Dt±-in-¡p-ó-Xv. Cu cïv hn\n-ab aWvU-e-§-fnð BZy-t¯Xv ipjvI-ambn amdpt¼mÄ AtX Afhnð ssZ\w-Zn\hyàn-Po-hn-X¯nð tÌänsâ CSs]S-ep-IÄ¡v hym]vXn hÀ²n-¡p-I-bmWv. CXv cïv Xc-¯nemWv \S-¡p-ó-Xv. hyàn Pohn-X¯nsâ IqSp-Xð IqSp-Xð CS-§Ä \nb-a-\nÀam-W-¯n\v hnt[-b-am-Ipó a«nð \nb- a - h y- h Ø AXnsâ hym]v X n hÀ²n- ¸ n- ¡ p- ó p. cïv , PohnX¯nsâ IqSp-Xð CS-§Ä hnð¡m\pw hm§m\pw Bhpó a«nð Nc-¡p-hð¡-cn-¡-s¸-Spóp. DZm-l-c-W-¯n\v hyàn-bpsS hn{iathf-IÄ IqSp-Xð IqSp-Xð LS-\m-hðIr-X-am-hpó a«nð hn{i-ahn-t\mZ hyh-kmbw {]_-e-am-hpóp. hyàn-Po-hn-Xhpw B\-µ-§fpw IqSpXð IqSp-Xð LS-\m-hðIr-X-am-

Cu \nco-£-W-§Ä tIc-fs¯ kw_-Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw henb Hc-fhphsc {]k-à-am-bn-t¯m-ómw. PohnX CS-§-fpsS tImf-\oIcWw, \nb-a-hyh-Ø-bpsS hn]p-e-\w, Nc-¡p-hð¡c-W-¯nsâ {ZpX-K-Xn-bn-epÅ hfÀ¨ Fóo kwK-Xn-I-sfñmw Chn-sSbpw {]k- à - a m- W v . hyàn- h ð¡- c - W ¯nsâ Hcp L«w ]qÀ¯n-bm-¡nb bqtdm-]y³ kmaq-ly-hy-h-Ø-Isf ap³\nÀ¯n-bp-Å-XmWv lm_Àamknsâ hni- I - e \§Ä. C§- s \sbmcp L«w AhnsS Dïm-bn-cptóm FóXv Xsó XÀ¡-hn-j-b-am-Wv. AsX-´m-bmepw ]qÀW-h-fÀ¨-sb¯nb, e£-W-sam¯, Hcp hyànsb lm_Àam- k nsâ hni- I - e - \ - § Ä ]qÀÆ- I ð]\sN¿p- ó pï- v . Cu hyàn-¡p-ta-epÅ A[n-Im-c-¯nsâ IS-óp-I-b-ä-§-sf-¡p-dn-¨mWv At±-l¯nsâ ssk²m-´n-I-amb thh-em-XnIÄ. tIc-f-¯nsâ Có-se-Ifnð tað¸d-ª-Xcw hyànsb Iïp-ap«m-\m-hn-sñóv ap³t] kqNn-¸n-¨p. AXp-sImïp Xsó hyàn-¡p-tað _emð¡m-c-ambn IS-óp-I-b-dpó A[n- I m- c - s ¯- ¡ p- d n- ¨ pÅ Imgv N ChnsS A{X {]k-à-am-sbóphcnñ.

apI-fnð \nóv Xmtgm«v Fó coXnbnð IS-óp-I-b-dpó A[n-Im-c-s¯¡p-dn-¨ñ, ka-Ime tIcf kaq-l¯nse hn\n-a-b-§-fpsS CS-§-sfbpw \nÀÆmlI Øm\-§-sfbpw cq]-s¸Sp-¯pó A[n-Imc _e-X-{´-§-sf¡p- d n- ¨ pÅ Btem- N - \ - I - f mhpw ChnsS IqSp-Xð DNn-X-am-hp-I. Aôv B[p-\nI tZi-cm-jv{S-§Ä¡pÅnð hyàn-i-co-c-§Ä hmÀs¯-Sp¡-s¸-«-sX§ns\ Fó {]iv\-s¯¡p-dn¨v antjð ^qt¡m 6 \S-¯nb ]T-\-§Ä ChnsS {]k-à-am-hp-óp. Imcy-\nÀÆ-lWtijn-bpÅ GI-§sfó \ne-bnð Poh-Êpä ico-c-§sf hmÀs¯- S p- ¯ p- s Imï- mWv A[nImcw {]hÀ¯-\-£-a-am-hp-ó-Xv. ASn¨- a À¯- e ñ hmÀs¯- S p- ¡ - e mWv AXnsâ coXn. DS-ep-I-fn³tòepÅ sIm¯p- ] - W n- I - f n- e q- s S- b mWv Cu hmÀs¯-Sp-¡ð \S-¡p-ó-Xv. ]p-ds¯ sIm¯p-]-Wn-I-fn-eqsS Hcp AIw DmhpI-bmWv sN¿p-ó-Xv. C³kv{In]vj³ (inscription) FómWv ^qt¡m ]d-bp-I. Bte-J-\-{In-b-bn-eqsS Hcp AIw -(in - scribe) Dïm-¡n-sb-Sp-¯psIm- ïmWv A[n- I m- c - c q- ] - § Ä {]tbm- K n- ¡ - s ¸- S p- ó Xv . B[p- \ nI tZi-cm-jv{S-§Ä¡p-Ånð {]tbm-Kn¡-s¸-Spó A[n-Imc X{´-§sf kqNn-¸n-¡pó-Xn-\mbn CS-bm-[n-Imcw (pastoral power) Fó Bibw ^qt¡m aptóm-«p-sh-bv¡pópï-v. ]gb {InkvXob Øm]-\-§sf hyh-Ø-s¸-Sp-¯nb CS-b³ Fó k¦ð]-¯nsâ ]pXnb cq]-amWv CSbm-[n-Imcw. ]gb Ime-¯nð \nópw

WITH BEST WISHES FROM

REGD.NO:U93000MH2012 NPL 234698

HARI MENON

EXCHANGE OF SOCIAL & CULTURAL ACTIVITIES

MOB.: 9892143566

MENON ENTERPRISES

Regd.Off: 21/22, Powai Plaza, Hiranandani Business Park, Powai, Mumbai - 400 076 tIcfw hfcpóp

hpó Xc-¯nð NnIn-Õm-hy-hkmbw kÀÆm-ti-jnbpw kq£-a-X-ekv ] Àin- b p- a m- b n- ¯ o- c p- ó p. tÌäv AXnsâ AXnÀ¯n-IÄ \nc-´-cw ]pXp¡n \nÝ-bn-¡p-Ibpw hn]p-e-am¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-ótXmsS ap³]v ]dª _^À tkm¬ Cñm-Xm-hpIbpw s]mXp- a - W v U - e w, s]mXpbpàn, cmjv{Sobw Fón-§-s\-bpÅ k¦-ev]-\§Ä¡v henb Af-hnð AÀ°-tim-jWw kw`-hn-¡p-Ibw sN¿p-óp-shóv ]d-bmw.

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«p. bqtdm-¸nð DZbw sImï am[y-ahðIrX s]mXpa-Þew (mediatized public sphere) £tbmòpJ-am-bn-Xn\v lm_Àamkv Is - ï ¯pó Hcp ImcWw AXn\v kw`-hn¨ ]p\À^yqUðhð¡-cWw BWv. kzX-{´-]u-còmÀ Fó \ne-hn«v hyàn-IÄ hmÀ¯m hnt\mZ hyh-km-b-¯nsâ D]- t `m- à m- ¡ - f mbn amdn- b - t XmsS am[y- a - h ðIr- X - s ]m- X p- a - W vUew AXnsâ LS-\m-]-camb ]cn-Wm-a¯nsâ Hcp L«w ]nón-«p-shóv lm_Àamkv \nco-£n-¡póp. hyànhð¡- c - W - { ]- { In- b bpsS ap³]v ]dª {]tXy-I-X-IÄ aqew D]t`màr IÀXr-Xz-¯nsâ N«-¡q-Snte¡v AXn- t hKw sacp- § pó hyànI-fmWv tIc-f-¯nð cq]-s¸-«Xv. hn]-Wn-bpsS bqWn-äp-I-fm-bn amdnb ]mÀ¸n-S-§-Ä¡pÅnð tkzOmt{]-cn-X-ambn s]mXp-Im-cy-§-fnð CSs]-Spó hyàn-IÄ¡v CS-anñ. COIfpw A`n-{]m-b-§-fpw A`n-cp-Nn-Ifpw Xocp-am-\-§-fp-sañmw ap³Iq-dmbn \nÝ-bn-¡-s¸-Spó, hmkvX-h-¯nð Xtâ- X ñm¯, CS- a mWv ka- I meo\ae-bm-fn¡v ]mÀ¸n-S-ambn amdn-bXv. Cu ]pXnb ‘IpSn-¡n-S-¸p-Imsc’

kw_-Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw s]mXp-a-WvUe-saó Bibw Hcp henb Af-hphsc A{]-kàw Xsó-bm-sWóv ]dbmw. \mev tÌäpw kaq- l hpw X½nse AXnÀ¯n- h n- ` - P \w s]mXp- a - W v U es¯ km[y-am-¡pó apóp-]m-[n-I-fnsemómWv Fóv XpS-¡-¯nte ]dªp-h-tñm. cïpw X½nse kwLÀj§Ä Gäp-hm-§p-Ibpw Ah-tbmSv {]Xn-kv]-µn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿pó _^À tkm¬ (buffer zone) BbmWv s]mXp-a-WvU-es¯ Øm\-s¸-Sp-¯mdp-Å-Xv. Cu hn`-P\w Xsó \nÀÆo-cyam-bn-t¸m-Ip-t¼mÄ s]mXp-a-WvUew Fó Bibw A{]-k-à-am-bn-¯o-cpópï-v. bqtdm-¸nð C§s\s]mXp-aWvUe-¯n\p kw`-hn¨ hn]-cy-b¯n\v ]e Imc-W-§Ä Nqïn-¡m-«m\m-hpw. t£a-cmjv{S k¦ð¸w e_v[{]-Xn-jvT-am-b-tXmsS tÌäv hyàn-IfpsS kzIm-cy-Xmð]-cy-§fnð t\cn«v CS-s]-Sm³ XpS-§n-b-XmWv {][m-\s¸« Imc-W-§-fn-semómbn \nco-£n¡-s¸-«-Xv. hyàn-Po-hn-Xs¯ kw_Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw cmjv{Sw A]-c-a-ñm-

Xm-bn-¯oÀótXmsS ]uc³ Fó \ne-hn«v hyàn-IÄ tÌänsâ kz´w I£nIfpw tkh-\-§-fpsS D]-t`màm-¡-fmbn amdn. ]uc-Xz-¯nsâ AÀ°w Xs¶ amdn. ]ehn[ klm-b§Ä¡pw B\p-Iq-ey-§Ä¡pw thïn tÌäns\ B{i-bn¨p \nð¡pó B{in-X-cpsS Iq«-ambn kaqlw amdn. B{in-X-hy-àn-I-fpsS Iq«w Fó \ne-bnð kaq-lhpw tÌäpw X½nse AIew Cñm-Xm-b-tXmsS s]mXp-aWvUew Hcp henb Af-hp-hsc Akw-K-X-am-bn-¯oÀóp. B[p\nI P\m-[n-]-Xy-cm-jv{S-§fnð kw`-hn¨ asämcp {]{In-bsb tað¸-dª hn]-cy-b-hp-ambn tNÀ¯p-sh-bv¡m-hpó-Xm-Wv. hyànI-fpsS ssZ\w-Zn\hn\n-a-b-§-fpsS Poh-¯m-b aWvUew (Life world lm_Àamkv) {ZpX-K-Xn-bnð hyhØm (system) hð¡-cn-¡-s¸« A\p-`-h-§-fn-eq-sS-bmWv bqtdm-]y³ P\m-[n-]Xy kaq-l-§Ä ISóp-t]mb-Xv. hyàn-IÄ ]c-kv]c [mc-Wsb ap³\nÀ¯n \S-¯pó t\cn-«pÅ CS]m-Sp-I-fp-sSbpw hn\n-a-b-§-fp-sSbpw aWvUew hyh-Ø-bmð tImf-\o-I-cn-

PRINCE VAIDYAN

K & K SOCIAL FOUNDATION KASHMIR TO KERALA

¡-s¸«p Fóv (colonizing the lifeworld)5 lm_Àamkv ]d-bpw. -B-[p\nI km¼-¯nI, `cW {Ia-¯n\pt_mÀZyp Ånð ]W-¯n-sâbpw A[n-Im-c-¯nsâbpw \nÀssh-b-àn-Iamb hn\n-ab-§-fpsS aWvU-e-s¯-bmWv. ‘hyhØ’ Fó-Xp-sImï v At±lw Dt±-in-¡p-ó-Xv. Cu cïv hn\n-ab aWvU-e-§-fnð BZy-t¯Xv ipjvI-ambn amdpt¼mÄ AtX Afhnð ssZ\w-Zn\hyàn-Po-hn-X¯nð tÌänsâ CSs]S-ep-IÄ¡v hym]vXn hÀ²n-¡p-I-bmWv. CXv cïv Xc-¯nemWv \S-¡p-ó-Xv. hyàn Pohn-X¯nsâ IqSp-Xð IqSp-Xð CS-§Ä \nb-a-\nÀam-W-¯n\v hnt[-b-am-Ipó a«nð \nb- a - h y- h Ø AXnsâ hym]v X n hÀ²n- ¸ n- ¡ p- ó p. cïv , PohnX¯nsâ IqSp-Xð CS-§Ä hnð¡m\pw hm§m\pw Bhpó a«nð Nc-¡p-hð¡-cn-¡-s¸-Spóp. DZm-l-c-W-¯n\v hyàn-bpsS hn{iathf-IÄ IqSp-Xð IqSp-Xð LS-\m-hðIr-X-am-hpó a«nð hn{i-ahn-t\mZ hyh-kmbw {]_-e-am-hpóp. hyàn-Po-hn-Xhpw B\-µ-§fpw IqSpXð IqSp-Xð LS-\m-hðIr-X-am-

Cu \nco-£-W-§Ä tIc-fs¯ kw_-Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw henb Hc-fhphsc {]k-à-am-bn-t¯m-ómw. PohnX CS-§-fpsS tImf-\oIcWw, \nb-a-hyh-Ø-bpsS hn]p-e-\w, Nc-¡p-hð¡c-W-¯nsâ {ZpX-K-Xn-bn-epÅ hfÀ¨ Fóo kwK-Xn-I-sfñmw Chn-sSbpw {]k- à - a m- W v . hyàn- h ð¡- c - W ¯nsâ Hcp L«w ]qÀ¯n-bm-¡nb bqtdm-]y³ kmaq-ly-hy-h-Ø-Isf ap³\nÀ¯n-bp-Å-XmWv lm_Àamknsâ hni- I - e \§Ä. C§- s \sbmcp L«w AhnsS Dïm-bn-cptóm FóXv Xsó XÀ¡-hn-j-b-am-Wv. AsX-´m-bmepw ]qÀW-h-fÀ¨-sb¯nb, e£-W-sam¯, Hcp hyànsb lm_Àam- k nsâ hni- I - e - \ - § Ä ]qÀÆ- I ð]\sN¿p- ó pï- v . Cu hyàn-¡p-ta-epÅ A[n-Im-c-¯nsâ IS-óp-I-b-ä-§-sf-¡p-dn-¨mWv At±-l¯nsâ ssk²m-´n-I-amb thh-em-XnIÄ. tIc-f-¯nsâ Có-se-Ifnð tað¸d-ª-Xcw hyànsb Iïp-ap«m-\m-hn-sñóv ap³t] kqNn-¸n-¨p. AXp-sImïp Xsó hyàn-¡p-tað _emð¡m-c-ambn IS-óp-I-b-dpó A[n- I m- c - s ¯- ¡ p- d n- ¨ pÅ Imgv N ChnsS A{X {]k-à-am-sbóphcnñ.

apI-fnð \nóv Xmtgm«v Fó coXnbnð IS-óp-I-b-dpó A[n-Im-c-s¯¡p-dn-¨ñ, ka-Ime tIcf kaq-l¯nse hn\n-a-b-§-fpsS CS-§-sfbpw \nÀÆmlI Øm\-§-sfbpw cq]-s¸Sp-¯pó A[n-Imc _e-X-{´-§-sf¡p- d n- ¨ pÅ Btem- N - \ - I - f mhpw ChnsS IqSp-Xð DNn-X-am-hp-I. Aôv B[p-\nI tZi-cm-jv{S-§Ä¡pÅnð hyàn-i-co-c-§Ä hmÀs¯-Sp¡-s¸-«-sX§ns\ Fó {]iv\-s¯¡p-dn¨v antjð ^qt¡m 6 \S-¯nb ]T-\-§Ä ChnsS {]k-à-am-hp-óp. Imcy-\nÀÆ-lWtijn-bpÅ GI-§sfó \ne-bnð Poh-Êpä ico-c-§sf hmÀs¯- S p- ¯ p- s Imï- mWv A[nImcw {]hÀ¯-\-£-a-am-hp-ó-Xv. ASn¨- a À¯- e ñ hmÀs¯- S p- ¡ - e mWv AXnsâ coXn. DS-ep-I-fn³tòepÅ sIm¯p- ] - W n- I - f n- e q- s S- b mWv Cu hmÀs¯-Sp-¡ð \S-¡p-ó-Xv. ]p-ds¯ sIm¯p-]-Wn-I-fn-eqsS Hcp AIw DmhpI-bmWv sN¿p-ó-Xv. C³kv{In]vj³ (inscription) FómWv ^qt¡m ]d-bp-I. Bte-J-\-{In-b-bn-eqsS Hcp AIw -(in - scribe) Dïm-¡n-sb-Sp-¯psIm- ïmWv A[n- I m- c - c q- ] - § Ä {]tbm- K n- ¡ - s ¸- S p- ó Xv . B[p- \ nI tZi-cm-jv{S-§Ä¡p-Ånð {]tbm-Kn¡-s¸-Spó A[n-Imc X{´-§sf kqNn-¸n-¡pó-Xn-\mbn CS-bm-[n-Imcw (pastoral power) Fó Bibw ^qt¡m aptóm-«p-sh-bv¡pópï-v. ]gb {InkvXob Øm]-\-§sf hyh-Ø-s¸-Sp-¯nb CS-b³ Fó k¦ð]-¯nsâ ]pXnb cq]-amWv CSbm-[n-Imcw. ]gb Ime-¯nð \nópw

WITH BEST WISHES FROM

REGD.NO:U93000MH2012 NPL 234698

HARI MENON

EXCHANGE OF SOCIAL & CULTURAL ACTIVITIES

MOB.: 9892143566

MENON ENTERPRISES

Regd.Off: 21/22, Powai Plaza, Hiranandani Business Park, Powai, Mumbai - 400 076 tIcfw hfcpóp

hpó Xc-¯nð NnIn-Õm-hy-hkmbw kÀÆm-ti-jnbpw kq£-a-X-ekv ] Àin- b p- a m- b n- ¯ o- c p- ó p. tÌäv AXnsâ AXnÀ¯n-IÄ \nc-´-cw ]pXp¡n \nÝ-bn-¡p-Ibpw hn]p-e-am¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-ótXmsS ap³]v ]dª _^À tkm¬ Cñm-Xm-hpIbpw s]mXp- a - W v U - e w, s]mXpbpàn, cmjv{Sobw Fón-§-s\-bpÅ k¦-ev]-\§Ä¡v henb Af-hnð AÀ°-tim-jWw kw`-hn-¡p-Ibw sN¿p-óp-shóv ]d-bmw.

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hyXy-kvX-ambn Hcp ]pXnb [mÀan-I{Iaw cq]- s ¸- S p- ¯ n- s ¡m- ïmWv {InkvXp-aXw \ne-hnð hó-Xv. AXv Hcp Øm]-\-saó \ne-bnð kzbw {Iao-I-cn-¨Xv k`sb Npän-¸-än-bmWv. CS-b³ Fó Bibw AXnsâ `mKam-Wv. Iq«-s¯-hn«v Iq«w-sX-än-t¸mb Ipªm- S ns\tXSn- t ¸mIpó- h - \ mWv \ñ CS-b³ FóXmWv ss__n-fnse k¦ð]w. B[p-\nI cmjv{S-§Ä C§s\\ñ CS- b òm- c mbn¯ocm\mWv {ian-¨-Xv. Htcm Ipªm-Sn-s\bpw Imcp-Wy-]qÀÆw ]n³Xp-S-cpóXmWv CS-bm-[n-Im-c-¯nsâ hgn. ]ä¯n\pw hyàn¡pwtað ]Xn-bpó kuay-amb t\m«hpw Zbm-hm-bv]pambmWv B[p- \ nI tZi- c m- j v { S§Ä¡p-Ånð A[n-Imcw {]tbm-Kn¡-s¸-«-Xv. cmP-Io-b-amb A[n-Imc {]tbmK¯nð \nópw auen-I-am-bn-¯só `nóamWv CS- b m- [ n- I m- c - ¯ nsâ {]tbm-K-cq-]-§Ä. D{K-im-k-\-I-fn-eqsS- b ñ CSbm[n- I mcw {]tbmK£aamhpó-Xv.- {]-P-IÄ¡p-t\-scbpÅ Bkp-c-amb IS-óm-{I-a-W-añ adn¨v AhÀ¡p-thïn Ipcn-tidm\pÅ XymK-k-ó²-X-bmWv AXnsâ DÅ-S-¡w. cmPmhv X\n-¡p-th-n {]P-ItfmSv Bß-XymKw Bhiy-s¸-«-t¸mÄ B[p-\n-I-cmjv{Sw {]P-IÄ¡p-thïn kzbw XyPn-¡m³ kó²-am-hpw. Cltem-I-¯nð {]-P-IÄ¡v tam£w In«m³ AXv {]Xn-Úm-_-²-am-hpw. kz´w Ipcn- i p- t a´n A- [ n- I m- c ¯nsâ hgntb kôcn-¡pó {]PIÄ¡v tÌäv ‘A\yw’ Añ. tÌän-sâ kvt\l-hm-bv]n\v ]pd-¯¡p t]mIm³ AhÀ B{K-ln-¡pópanñ. Iq«-ambpw Iq«w-sX-änbpw tabpó a\p-jykXz-§Ä¡p-tað ]Xn-bpó {i²- b mWv CS- b m- [ n- I m- c - ¯ nsâ asämcp khn-tj-j-X. a\p-jy-Po-hnsb BPo- h - \ m´w ]n´p- S - c pó- X mWv AXnsâ coXn.- P-\-\hpw _meyhpw Iuam-c-hpw -bu-Æ-\hpw {]W-b-hpw hnhm-l-hpw Zm¼-Xy-hpw tcmK-hpw hmÀ²- I yhpw ac- W - h p- s ams¡ AXnsâ ]cn-N-c-W-]-cn-[n-bnðs¸-Spóp. hmkvX-h-¯nð, khn-ti-j-amb Hcp hyàn-k-Xzs¯ hmÀs¯-Sp-¡pI-bmWv Cu CS-s]-S-ep-IÄ. hyàn tIcfw hfcpóp

ap³Iq- d mbn \ne- \ nð¡p- I bpw cmjv{Sw AXns\ ]cn-N-cn-¡p-I-bp-añ; adn¨v ]cn-N-c-W-§-fn-eqsS hyànkXzw cq]-sa-Sp-¡p-I-bmWv sN¿póXv. {]P-I-fpsS DÅ-dn-ªp-sImtï CS-bm-[n-Im-c- {]tbmKw km[y-am-hq. DÅdnbpI Fómð DÅn-cp¸p-Isfñmw ]pd-s¯-Sp-¡pI FómWv. DÅn-ep-Å-sXñmw tÌän\p ap¼nð Gäp-]-d-bpó, k¼qÀ®-am-b Bß-kaÀ¸Ww ioen¨, hyàn-IfmWv B[p\nI kaq-l-¯n-ep-Å-Xv. Ip¼-k-cn-¡s¸- S pó kzIm- c y- § - f ntòemWv CSbm- [ n- I mcw {]hÀ¯n- ¡ p- ó Xv Fóp ]d-bmw. kzIm- c y- h yàn- P o- h nX§- f psS ØnXn-hn-h-c-¡-W-¡p-IÄ Hcp henb Af- h nð e`y- a mb {]tZiamWv tIcfw. ae-bm-fn-bpsS Ip¼-k-cn¡s¸« kzIcyX-I-fnð ebn¨ptNÀó CSbm-[n-Im-c-¯nsâ IpSp¡p-IÄ AXpsImïv Xsó ZrVhpw kÀhmtÇjnbpam- W v. hmkvX- h ¯nð Cu IpSp¡p-IÄ Pohn-X-¯n\v A¨-S¡w \ðIp-I-bmWv sN¿pó-Xv. ASn-¨-aÀ¯n-s¡mïv apàn-bnte¡v \bn- ¨ p- s ImïmWv CSbm- [ n- I mcw {]tbm-Kn-¡-s¸-«-Xv. apàn-sb-¡p-dn¨pÅ {InkvXob k¦ð¸s¯ euInI hyh-lm-c-§-fnte¡v hnhÀ¯\w sNbvXp-sImïmWv AXv {]hÀ¯n- ¡ p- ó Xv. tcmK- ¯ nð \nópw Zmcn-{Z-¯nð \nópw AÚ-Xbnð \nóp-sañmw DÅ c£-bmbn tam£k¦ð]w `mhm- ´ - c - s ¸- « p. apànamÀ¤¯neqsS \nÝ-bZmÀVyt¯m-sS-bpÅ bm{X-bmbn aebm-fn-bpsS kmaq-lnI PohnXw amdn. BtcmKyw, NnInÕ, PohnX\nehmcw, PohnX kpc£ Fóo cwK- § - f nð tIcfw ssIh- c n¨ t\«§Ä CSbm-[n-Imc {]tbm-K¯nsâ aqÀ¯-amb ^e-kn-²n-IÄ IqSn-bmbn F®m-hp-ó-Xm-Wv. ASp- ¯ - I m- e - ¯ mbn kw`- h n¨ asämcp Imcyw CSbm-[n-Im-c-{]-tbm-K¯nsâ hÀ²am-\-amb tXmXn-epÅ hntI{µoI- c - W - a m- W v. A[n- I m- c hntI{µo-I-cWw HcÀ°-¯nð CSbm[n-Im-c-¯nsâ hntI{µo-I-cWw XsóbmWv. tÌäpw {]mtZinI `c-W-Iq-S§fpw am{X-añ, kzImcy

GP³knIfpw kap-Zmb kwL-S-\Ifpw Cu hgn IqSp-Xð IpSp-Xð ^e{]- Z - a mbn ]n³Xp- S Àóp. PohnX¯nsâ AXn- k q- £ va- X - e - § - s ft¸mepw Bkq- { XWw sN¿p- ó XneqsS CSbm- [ n- I m- c - { ]tbmK¯nsâ khn-ti-j-hpw k¦oÀW-hpamb _e-X-{´-§-Ä ka-Ime tIcfob kaq-l-¯nse s]mXp-hn-\n-b-a-b§-tfbpw IÀXr-Øm-\-§-tfbpw Nn«s¸-Sp-¯n-sb-Sp-¯p. Cu _e-X-{´-§fm \nÀ®-bn-¡-s¸« IÀXr-Øm-\§Ä hnaÀi-\m-ß-I-amb cmjv{So-b{]-tbm-K-¯nsâ Dd-hn-S-§-fm-hpónñ. kzIm-cyX \ne\nÀ¯n-s¡mpXsó AXnð \nóv apdn-ªp-amdn hyànIÄ tÌäp-ambn \S-¯pó kwhm-Z-§fpsS CS-§-fmbn Ahbv¡v amdm-\mhn-ñ. kzIm-cy-§-fn-te¡v {i²-£-Wn¡pó hne-t]-i-ep-I-fmbn cmjv{Sob {]tbmK§Ä amdn. Cu AÀ°¯nñ tIc-f-¯nsâ kao-]-Ime cmjv{Sob Ncn{Xw CS-bm-[n-Imc {]tbm-K-§fpsS hym]vXn henb Af-hnð hnIkn-¨p-h-ó-Xntâbpw s]mXpa-Þew Fó Bibw AtX Af-hnð A{]k-à-ambn amdp-óXn-tâbpw Ncn{Xw IqSn-bmWv. Ipdn-¸p-IÄ 1. lm_Àamkv Fgp-Xnb

The Structural

Transformation of the Public Sphere ]pkvXIw (Cambridge: Polity Press, 1989).

2. t_mÀZyp Fgp-Xnb Distinction ]pkvXIw. (London: RKP, 1984). 3. s_\-UnIv B³tU-gvk¬ Fgp-Xnb Imagined Communities ]pkvXIw. (London: Verso, 1983.) 4. \nkmÀ Al-½Zv : ‘ae-bm-fn-bpsS KrlØm-{i-ahpw hmkvXp DbÀ¯pó tNmZy§-fpw’, ]¨-¡p-Xn-c, ]pkvXIw 1, e¡w 1, HmKÌv 2004. 5. lm_Àam- k nsâ The Theory of Communicative Action ]pkvX-I-¯nsâ cïmw thmfyw, (Cambridge : Polity Press, 1987). 6. ^qt¡m-bpsS The Subject and Power ]T\w (Power : Essential Works of Foucault, Vol. 3, London : Penguin, 1994).

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