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Section 1

Your daily habits, behavior, and practices can lead to lifestyle diseases.Other factors can also lead to a disease, such as age, gender, and genes. You should know your family’s history about disease and you can start practicing a healthy lifestyle. Lifestyle diseases have controllable factors which are things that you can change. Uncontrollable factors are ones that out of your control. Controllable Factors Lifestyle disease feb. 2013

Chapter 14

A lifestyle disease is a disease that are caused partly by unhealthy behaviors and partly by other factors. Lifestyle diseases are among the top causes of death in the United States. Now we have ways to prevent diseases and most people have good hygiene which is a factor in lifestyle diseases.

Uncontrollable Factors

Your diet and body weight

Age

Your daily levels of physical activity

Gender

Your level of sun exposure

Ethnicity

Smoking and alcohol abuse

Heredity

Cardiovascular disease

A cardiovascular disease is a disease that results from progressive damage to the heart and blood vessels. It is the leading cause of death in the United States. Smoking, being overweight, high blood pressure, high cholesterol or having diabetes can contribute to cardiovascular disease. Four types of cardiovascular disease are, stroke, high blood pressure

heart attack, and atherosclerosis. Stroke– sudden attacks of weakness or paralysis that occur when a blood vessel bursts or becomes blocked. Blood pressure– force blood exerts against the inside walls of a blood vessel Heart attack– sudden loss of blood flow to the heart muscle. Atherosclerosis– buildup of fatty material on the inside walls of the arteries.

Detection and Treatment There are different ways to tell if someone has a cardiovascular disease. Blood pressure which finds the maximum pressure when the heart contracts. Second, an ultrasound can be done tosee the pumping of the heart and action of the heart

valves. You can treat a cardiovascular disease by changing your diet and exercise habits. You can also get medicines to keep the blood vessels from constricting. To lower your risk

of disease you can Trim fat & hold the salt Don’t smoke Watch blood pressure Stay active


Section 3: CANCER Cancer is a disease caused by uncontrolled cell growth. Cells are supposed to die and get replaced, in the case of cancer too many replacement cells are produced.

CANCER AND DIABETES

There are two types of tumor that are created in cancer, malignant tumor, and a benign tumor. A malignant tumor is a mass of cells that invades and destroys healthy tissue. A benign tumor is abnormal, but usually harmless cell mass. Cancer can be caused by many things, carcinogens, which are cancer causing agents. Some carcinogens are: chemicals found in tobacco smoke, asbestos, or certain viruses (HPV). There are many types of cancer, all caused by uncontrolled cell growth. Four types are, breast, skin, respiratory and prostate. Prostate cancer is of the prostate, in the male reproductive system. Breast cancer is cancer of the breast tissue and respiratory is cancer of the respiratory organs. Five ways to help prevent cancer are, get regular medical checkups, stay active and maintain a healthy weight, safeguard your skin and don't smoke.

Section 4: Living with diabetes Insulin is a hormone that causes cells to remove glucose from the bloodstream. In diabetes there is a lack of insulin or the bodys cells don't respond to insulin. Diabetes is a disorder in which cells are unable to obtain glucose from the blood such that high blood-glucose levels result. If you cant produce insulin you can go into a diabetic coma. Type 1: Develops when the immune system attacks the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas. The body is unable to make insulin.

Type 2: The pancreas makes insulin but the body is unable to respond to it. You can detect diabetes by possible blindness, kidney disease, strokes and amputation s of lower limbs. You can treat type 1 by testing your blood and giving several doses of insulin. For treating type 2 you can exercise and have a healthier diet. Preventing Type 2: Maintain a healthy weight and reduce the stress in your life.


Rainna Stapelfeldt