TOURISM IN TURKEY Tourism in Turkey is focused largely on a variety of historical sites, and on seaside resorts along its Aegean and Mediterranean Sea coasts. In the recent years, Turkey has also become a popular destination for culture, spa, and health care tourism. In 2011, Turkey attracted more than 31.5 million foreign tourists, ranking as the 6th most popular tourist destination in the world. Foreign tourists mainly come from Germany, Russia, United Kingdom, Netherlands, France, Arab World, Caucasia, and Japan, but tourists from North America, Georgia and Scandinavia are not uncommon. There seems to be a trend in which British tourists tend to go on holiday to Aegean resorts such as Bodrum or Marmaris, while Russian and Arab tourists almost exclusively go to resorts on the Mediterranean coast of southern Turkey (e.g. Antalya) While Arab, Japanese and German tourists mainly visit Istanbul and historical sites such as Ephesus. Beach vacations and Blue Cruises, particularly for Turkish delights and visitors from Western Europe, are also central to the Turkish tourism industry. Most beach resorts are located along the southwestern and southern coast, called the Turkish Riviera, especially along the Mediterranean coast near Antalya. Antalya is also accepted as the tourism capital of Turkey. Major resort towns include Bodrum, Fethiye, Marmaris, Kuşadası, Çeşme, Didim and Alanya. Lots of cultural attractions elsewhere in the country include the sites of Ephesus, Troy, Pergamon, House of the Virgin Mary, Pamukkale, Hierapolis, Trabzon (where one of the oldest monasteries is the Sümela Monastery), Konya (where the poet Rumi had spent most of his life), Didyma, Church of Antioch, religious places in Mardin (such as Deyrülzafarân Monastery), and the ruined cities and landscapes of Cappadocia. Ankara is a historically old town, and although it is not exactly a tourist city, it is usually a stop for travelers who go to Cappadocia. The city enjoys an excellent cultural life too, and has several museums. The Anıtkabir is also in Ankara. It is the mausoleum of Atatürk, the founder of the Republic of Turkey.
ASPENDOS Aspendos is known for his best-preserved theatre of antiquity with seating for 15.000. Still used today the theater's galleries stage decorations and acoustics all testify to the architects success. Nearby stand the remains of a basilica agora and one of the largest aqueducts in Anatolia.
EPHESUS Ephesus was an ancient Greek city, and later a major Roman city, on the west coast of Asia Minor, near present-day Selçuk, Izmir Province, Turkey. It was one of the twelve cities of the Ionian League during the Classical Greek era. In the Roman period, it was for many years the second largest city of the Roman Empire; ranking behind Rome, the empire's capital. Ephesus had a population of more than 250,000 in the 1st century BC, which also made it the second largest city in the World.
Black Sea Region ( Trabzon )
Our people used to wear different kind of clothes before the Republic. There are a lot of different styles of clothes. This costume style is now used in our regional folklore plays. Women’s dress: before fez was put on the head, and then a tambour is situated on the fez. And it is decorated by gold, pearl or bead. Head is covered with embroidery. A shirt is worn with different colours of jacket. Different colours of belt is used, the costume is completed with different kinds and colours of baggy trousers and sandals. Men’s dress: this is an old traditional costume and it is changed by the modern style of costume. Fez is put on the head. And it is covered with white cloth. White shirt is worn, whit a kind of jacket. Costume is completed with a colourful belt and leather gun rack. Baggy trousers and a kind of shoe whose toe is curled are used. A golden chain and a watch is situated crosswise on the chest.
Our school students and teachers in Cappadocia – May 2011
The area is a popular tourist destination, as it has many areas with unique geological, historic, and cultural features. The region is located southwest of the major city Kayseri, which has airline and railway service to Ankara and Istanbul. The most important towns and destinations in Cappadocia are Urgup, Goreme, Ihlara Valley, Selime, Guzelyurt, Uchisar, Avanos and Zelve. Among the sightseeing underground cities are Derinkuyu, Kaymakli, Gaziemir and Ozkanak. The best historic mansions and cave houses for tourist accomodations are in Urgup, Goreme, Guzelyurt and Uchisar. Hot-air ballooning is very popular in Cappadocia and is available in Goreme. Trekking is enjoyed in Ihlara Valley, Monastery Valley (Guzelyurt), Urgup and Goreme. Sedimentary rocks formed in lakes and streams and ignimbrite deposits that erupted from ancient volcanoes date back to approximately 9 to 3 million years ago, during when the late Miocene to Pliocene epochs, underlie the Cappadocia region. The rocks of Cappadocia near Göreme eroded into hundreds of spectacular pillars and minaret-like forms. People of the villages at the heart of the Cappadocia Region carved out houses, churches and monasteries from the soft rocks of volcanic deposits. Göreme became a monastic centre in 300—1200 AD.
PAMUKKALE Pamukkale, meaning “cotton castle” in Turkish, is an unreal landscape in western Turkey, famous for its white terraces. The terraces are made of travertine, a sedimentary rock deposited by water with a very high mineral content from the hot springs. People have bathed in its pools for thousands of years. The ancient Greek city of Hierapolis was built on top of the hot springs by the kings of Pergamon. The ruins of the baths, temples and other Greek monuments can be seen at the site.
BODRUM With its sandy beaches, shop-lined streets and sophisticated restaurants, the city of Bodrum has long been the favorite seaside retreat in Turkey. The city was called Halicarnassus in ancient times and was home to the Mausoleum of Mausolus, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Unfortunately a series of earthquakes destroyed the monument but other historical attractions such as Bodrum Castle, built by the Crusaders in the 15th century, can still be found here. The castle Castle, built by the Crusaders in the 15th century, can still be found here. The castle overlooks overlooks the internal marina of Bodrum the internal marina of Bodrum filled with millions of dollars worth of sailing crafts. filled with millions of dollars worth of sailing crafts.
WINTER TOURISM IN TURKEY
Turkey's geographical position and conditions create great potential for skiing. Wth an average altitude of 1000 in, the Anatolian peninsula is covered with North Anatolian Mountains (2587-3932 m) in the North and Toros Mountains (3086-4136 in) in the South. The Central and East Anatolian high plateaus are enchanted by extinct volcanic mountains such as Mt. Erciyes (3917 in) and Mt. Agri (5137 in). During the normal winter conditions the height of the snow reaches approximately 3 meters, and, covered with forests, the natural beauty of the mountainous areas is stunning. The main ski resorts: UludaÄ&#x;:
UludaÄ&#x; is located in the South Marmara Region in Uludag National Park. It is 36 km from Bursa, and 150 km from Istanbul. The ski center is a 40 minute drive from Bursa or a 60 minute drive from the airport.The skiing area of Uludag is 1750 2543 m high and covered with forests. The duration of skiing is 120 days a year. most suitable skiing conditions are between 20 December and 20 March. The average snow fall is 3 m in winter.
Located in the Western Black Sea Region., southeast of pine forests the town Bolu in the picturesque pine forests of the Koroglu Mountains. The Ankara Highway is a 45 minute drive from this center which is about 220 km from the airport in Ankara, and about 275 km from the airport in Istanbul. The travel time from your Istanbul apartmentsto this place is definitely worth it. A fun and exciting holiday awaits you and your family when you get here. Erciyes: The duration of the skiing season is 120 days a year. The skiing area of Kartalkaya is 1800-2221 m high and the most suitable skiing conditions are between 20 December and 20 March. Erciyes Ski Center is located on the extinct volcanic mountain of Erciyes, which is east of Cappadocia and south of the town of Kayseri. The distance from the center to Kayseri is 25 km and takes 30 minutes by car. The nearest airport is a 45 minute drive away. The duration of the skiing season is 150 days a year. Palandöken:
Located on the northern slopes of the Palandoken Mountain in the Eastern Anatolia Region, southwest of the town of Erzurum. The distance between the center and Erzurum is 5 km and takes 10 minutes by car. The nearest airport is 20 minutes away. The average snow fall is 2- 3 m in normal winter conditions. Due to the climate, the quality of the snow is "powdery" all through the season. Sarıkamış:
Sarikamis ski center is located near Sarikamis, 60 km from Kars In Eastern Turkey. The nearest airport is 50 km away. The duration of the skiing season is 120 days a year. The altitude in the skiing area of Sarikamis is 2200-2634 m and covered by pine forest. The most suitable skiing conditions are between 20 December and 20 March. The average snow fall is 1.5 m in normal winter conditions.