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THE COUNTRY OF HUNEDOARA

The County of Hunedoara is located in the central-western part of Romania having as neighbors the Counties of: Arad, Alba, Vilcea, Gorj, Caras-Severin, Timis and Bihor. The County's relief is rough and assorted, having predominantly mountainous and hilly relief. The hydro-graphic network of the county is wide and complex. The Mures River crosses the county and has as main branches Strei, Rau Mare and Cerna. The southern part of the county is drained by the Eastern and Western Jiu, and the northern part the the waters of the Crisul Alb. The climate of the county is temperate continental, with the thermal annual average of 10 degrees Celsius on a valley and 2 degrees Celsius in the top of its mountains. The history of county is extremely old and rich, dating back to the Middle Paleolithic, with proofs of human settlements from the second stage of the Iron Age, bearing the imprint of the Geto-Dacian civilisation, and then of the Daco-Roman one, and of the emergence, in the first millennium, of pre-state bodies politic. In the 13th century, Hunedoara became a selfgoverning county. In the following centuries significant pages of history were written: the battles against the Ottomans led by Iancu of Hunedoara (the 15th century), the uprising of bondsmen led by Horea, Closca and Crisan (1784), the revolutionary acts of 1848-1849 headed by Avram Iancu, the actions of solidarity with the Memorandum champions (1892), the massive participation in the creation of the Romanian nation state (December 1, 1918), the numerous examples of sacrifices in the two world wars. During the communist period, the county was the subject of a massive industrialization. On the 22nd day of December 1989, many of the county inhabitants declared solidarity with the revolution that started all over the country, revolution that lead to the fall of Nicolae Ceausescu and the end of the communist period.


After the revolution, when the democracy took the place of the communism, the Hunedoara County became a poor county because almost all of its industry became unuseful.

THE JIU VALLEY The Jiu Valley is the south area of Hunedoara County, crossed by the Rivers Eastern Jiul and Western Jiul and jurther on by the Jiu River, following the union of their waters. Reach in coal, the area knew some consistency reforms, and the tourism, one of the future options of the local inhabitants. At Petrosani can be visited the Mining Museum. On the Jiu Valley there are 6 cities: Petrila, Petrosani, Aninoasa, Vulcan, Lupeni, Uricani. The industry in our area is a mono industrial type and its main activity is coal mining. Nowadays the authorities are trying to develop the tourism and this think is possible because we are surrounded by mountains and on top of them there are already some sky resorts well known in the country and abroad. In Jiu Valley the tourists look for winter sports, in the massives of Straja, Parang and Valcan, with modern cable ski-lifts and numerous possibilities of accommodation. The mountainous area between Hateg and Petrosani is well known between speologists for its caves, some of them unique in the country.

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