Thursday, 15 May 2014
Volume # 9, Issue # 89 Page 1
RAG MAMOUL an ADLP PUBLICATION Official Organ of the Armenian Democratic Liberal Party Article of the Day The Magnum State Terror - Genocide
Prof. Khatchatur I. Pilikian
Washington DC , USA Schiff Presses Erdogan, Gul on Genocide, at Meeting in Ankara (See on page 6 )
News From Armenia -
Captivated Armenians From Kessab to be Moved From Vakf to Beirut (See on page 7 )
2014 Golden Apricot Film Festival Dedicated to Parajanov (See on page 8 )
In a masterpiece of a poem titled An Evening Promenade= Akşam Gesintisi, written soon after he was released, in 1950, from prison, Nazim Hikmet, posthumous 2002 Nobel laureate, remembered his Armenian friend whose father was butchered “in the Kurdish mountains.” Hikmet versified his rage against such crimes, calling them “this black shame brought on the Turkish people.” (bu karayı sürenleri Türk halkının alnina). Kemalist Turkey had kept its greatest poet, Hikmet, incarcerated for 13 years. The original inhabitants in their ancestral lands being wiped off, Western or Turkish Armenia, and parts of Eastern or Russian Armenia, eventually became part of the Kemalist Republic of Turkey in 1923.
The eminent British member of both The Balkan and The British Armenian Committees, Bishop Harold Buxton, assessed the human cost of the Genocide of the Armenians.
RAG MAMOUL receives material from around the world and in many languages. Our Liberal principles advocate ‘Freedom of speech’ as a mainstay of our beliefs; consequently the subjects and ideas presented will not necessarily reflect our point of view. All published material is reviewed, however, we rely on the kind understanding of our audience when grammatical and spelling mistakes are missed. And in some rare cases, correction of submitted material is purposely not addressed, if it changes the implied context of the author.
Thursday, 15 May 2014
Volume # 9, Issue # 89 Page 2
He wrote: “In the First World War, the Armenians lost as many lives as did the whole British Empire”. Let me confess, both of my parents, who dared outlive the Genocide of 1915, never entertained hatred towards the Turkish people. I feel serenely proud of that ethical heritage. That magnum crime was, my parents believed, the essence of the rabid nationalist politics nurtured among the late-Ottoman hierarchy, eventually sanctioned by the proto-Nazi Young Turks. Deep in my heart I wish Armenians had no such experience to talk about. I would have been happier if people all over the world also had no such terrorizing experience. But most importantly, I truly believe that our precious and only world will be a much better place to live, and die for that matter, if that ultimate state terrorism is banished out of existence for all times to come. No wonder this plea, mentioned in an Armenian dictum: “I pray God not to let this evil befall my worst enemy.” Whenever and wherever it happened, and alas it still happens, genocide is always premeditated, conceptualized and its execution meticulously organized at the highest governmental levels. Significantly, implementing genocide’s execution always demanded a world turbulence characterizing each epoch. During centuries of colonial expansions and endemic wars, genocide and slavery were the necessary masts of the pirating strategy for the conquest of land and raw material. All colonial powers were engaged in it. World opinion, still in its infancy, was no more than a feeble gesture. The imperialism of the 20th century made a world war somehow the ‘prerequisite’ for any attempt to implement the execution of genocide as a ‘final solution’. World opinion was starting to bite. The UN was founded and ‘man’s inhumanity to man’ had finally a name— Genocide, and an international tribunal (Nuremberg) was set to condemn and punish its perpetrators. But even after the Second World War another epochal turbulence-the Cold War era--‘acted’ as a ‘shock absorbent’ for horrendous genocides… Toward the end of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st, the Cold War finally melted away in the heat of the arrogance of globalization, while genocide persists to remain on the threshold of rampant conflicts in all corners of the world. The new world turbulence is now labelled the Long War, the latest neo-con synonym for the war on terror. Wars were not and are not causes but excuses for Genocides.
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Volume # 9, Issue # 89 Page 3
In the case of the Genocide of the Armenians the crucial vicious acts were already initiated and were being executed before the Ottoman Turkey's declaration of War on Nov. 5, 1914. In a nutshell, the Armenian tragedy did not start because of the WWI in 1915--as the Ottoman Young Turk government and subsequent Turkish governments were and are still keen to link the magnum historical criminal act with 1915 WWI, hence their claim of the 'betrayal' of the Armenians. And even, alas, our In Memoriam April 24 1915, took the date of the rounding up of Armenian intellectuals as the 'starting' point of our magnum tragedy, thus unwittingly, albeit apparently ‘yielding’ to the criminal excuse. Here are the stages of that man’s Inhumanity to man before 1915. A. Preliminary Implementation Kâmil Pasha (1838-1912), Grand Vizier or the Prime Minister of the Ottoman Empire and four times Sultan Abdul Hamid’s prime minister, declared in late 1870s, the following: "If we nurtured snakes in our midst in Europe, we should not repeat the same folly in Asiatic Tajkastan [Turkey]. […]Thus, we must eliminate, leave behind no traces of that Armenian nation. And to accomplish this task, we are lacking in nothing; […]We can declare a religious war--waged against a nation that has no arms, no army, and no defender, whereas, in contrast, we have one of the greatest and richest states of the world as our comrade-in-arms and the guardian of our Asian world." (Quoted in the Armenian literary monthly, Ports=Trial. Tiflis, 1879) From 1894-1896 in Sassun, Van, Zeitun and Diarbekir, Turkish attacks on Armenians resulted in the massacre of 300,000 Armenians. Some 3,000 villages were burned. Prof. Em. Dillon (1854-1933), the Irish linguist and journalist, sketched the tragedy and concluded thus: “It is already proven that the pillage and the massacres of Sassun is the deliberately organized act of the Sublime Porte, an act planned meticulously and executed mercilessly.” B. Preparatory/tactical executions The massacres in Adana (Cilicia) of April 1909 resulted in 30,000 Armenian deaths. “This massacre was more terrible than those in the days of Abdul Hamid . . . Those Armenians who had succeeded in escaping the first carnage are now destroyed. Adana has become a veritable inferno.” Helen Davenport Gibbons, eyewitness to the Adana massacres. On July 27, 1914 the government of the Young Turks started conscripting Armenians, before the First World War broke out. The move was intended to deplete the Armenian nation of its able-bodied male population who were herded into amele tabourou=labour battalions, eventually to order them to dig their own mass graves… On August 2, 1914 the Young Turks decided to create, out of its Teshkilati Makhsusa=special formation, a new structure to deal with ‘interior matters’, so as to start and implement their proto-Nazi party conference decisions. On August 6, 1914 a secret agreement between Turkey and Germany promised Caucasus (including Eastern/Russian Armenia) to Turkey.
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Volume # 9, Issue # 89 Page 4
Before Ottoman Turkeyâ€™s declaration of war on the Entente powers (November 5) and until December 1914, 200,000 Armenian civilians, mostly women, the elderly and children were already uprooted and decimated, not counting the imminent tragedy, as mentioned above, prepared for the 300,000 conscripted Armenian male population. Few thousand Armenians had managed to flee and reach Russian occupied Eastern Armenia. Many of them served in the volunteer regiments of the tsar fighting in Western--socalled Turkish Armenia. An estimated 300,000 Armenians fought alongside the Entente powers in Europe and the Middle East, including Palestine -- a classic example of cannon fodder of 600,000 Armenians sacrificing their lives, country and all for the imperialist appetites of both the Entente and the Central Powers. The First World War set the stage for the Final Solution. C. Strategic Executions / Final Solution Thus declared Nazim Bey Selanikly (1870-1926), the executive secretary of the Young Turks Central Board, early in 1915, during a Central Board meeting presided over by his comrade-brother Talaat: â€œIt is imperative that the Armenian people be completely exterminated; that not even one single Armenian be left on our soil; that the name, Armenian, be obliterated. We are now at war; there is no more auspicious occasion than this; this country must be purged of all non-Turk elementsâ€?. Starting on April 24, 1915 and until mid-May, the Armenian civic population was practically depleted of its intellectuals; 196 writers, 575 musicians, 336 doctors, 176 teachers and college professors, 160 lawyers, 62 architects, 64 actors...were arrested, deported, disappeared for good... On June 15, 1915 twenty prominent members of the Armenian Social Democratic Hnchakian Party were hanged in Bayazit Square, Istanbul. The Hnchakians stood in opposition to the Ittihadists. That was a mortal sin. The culminating act of the genocidal scheme was thus set in motion. The elderly, the women and the children, nearly the entire Armenian population of Asia Minor was ordered out, southward toward the deserts of Northern Syria. Vandalism, rape, extortion, torture, starvation, murder raids...ad infinitum. The rest is...the scream of humanity at its most infernal. The basic question remains: what kind of world are we living in? UNESCO has been warning, for decades, that the greatest shame of the current civilization is that thousands of children die of hunger every single day. Today that number has reached the staggering 44,000 hungry children dying each day, as if a Hiroshima bomb is unleashed every single day just to kill children. Can there be any doubt that this child cleansing is also the unmentioned genocide of humanity, on-going and authentic, which surely is the outcome of our socio-economic and industrial military system, now coined with cynical panache as Globalization, whereby tens of thousands of nuclear warheads, each averaging at least 20 times the destructive power of a Hiroshima bomb, are already in deployment all around the world.
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Meanwhile billions pour into the pockets of the warmongers of modern metropolises. These warlords of mammon would eventually thrive in an ‘Inorganic Paradise’—a ‘paradise’ void of universal human rights and sustained by legalized torture; glorification of violence geared towards maximizing profit at any cost; xenophobic state terror protected with religious fervour. And, topping as if the macabre orgy, genocide has been already tested, for a century now, to become the collateral damage of its inorganically modernized and sweat-shopped ‘global village’ of hunger and debt. When genocides, torture, poverty and wars are justified as “human nature” or as a historical and economic necessary evil, nay even as historical inevitability of the “so called” clashing civilizations, then and there silence acquires an obscene eloquence in support of inhumanity-- sheer barbarism of total terror. Unless, of course, humanity will ‘rage against the dying’ of its dreams and refuses to become cannon fodder for the ‘profane patrons’ of genocide: mammon, racism and terror, thus guarding its deeds of tolerance and justice, fair share and good care, compassion and conscience—the true wealth of the world, hence the health of nations.
Thursday, 15 May 2014
Volume # 9, Issue # 89 Page 6
Diaspora News Washington DC , USA
Schiff Presses Erdogan, Gul on Genocide, at Meeting in Ankara
Schiff: “Fact That Some Armenians Escaped Annihilation Makes It No Less a Genocide” WASHINGTON— As part of a Congressional Delegation to the Middle East and Asia focused on terrorism, homeland security and the war in Syria, Representative Adam Schiff (D-CA) had separate meetings with Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan, President Abdullah Gul and other Turkish high government officials. In his meeting with the Prime Minister, Schiff challenged the notion expressed by Erdogan in a recent interview that because there are Armenian survivors still living in Turkey, there could have been no genocide. This is the equivalent, Schiff argued, of saying that because some Jews in Europe escaped death, there was no Holocaust. Schiff also questioned whether it was possible to have the open discourse in Turkey about the events of 1915-1923 that Erdogan called for in his statement of April 23rd, if Turkish professors, historians, journalists and ordinary citizens still faced demotion, intimidation, potential prosecution or violence for expressing the conviction that the Armenian Genocide is a historic fact. In his meeting with President Gul, Schiff said that he wanted to speak for the many tens of thousands of his constituents of Armenian descent who may never get the chance to address the President directly. ―You will not find one of my 80,000 Armenian constituents untouched by the Genocide,‖ he said. ―Each of them has lost a parent or grandparent, their cousins, brothers or sisters, or their entire family. Their pain is real, their wounds are open, this is no distant relic of the past. To say, as you and the Prime Minister have, that yes, Armenians suffered but so too did Turks during World War I, is akin to saying that the Germans also suffered during World War II. It is true that many German civilians died, many noncombatants, but that does not negate the Holocaust any more than the fact that many Turks died could negate the Genocide. To propose, as you have, that a historic commission be established to ascertain the facts of the Genocide is not unlike suggesting that a commission needs to be established to determine whether the Holocaust took place.‖
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Volume # 9, Issue # 89 Page 7
News From Armenia
Captivated Armenians From Kessab to be Moved From Vakf to Beirut After a violent attack on Syrian Kessab – a majority Armenian town, the Armenians forcibly moved to the now Turkish village Vakf, on May 15, will be moved to Beirut. Informed the Minister of Diaspora of the Republic of Armenia Hranush Hagopian. ―We were working with the International Committee of the Red Cross, the Armenian organizations in Lebanon and Syria. Our point is that 5 more persons joined the 22 who expressed a desire to reunite with their families, the families are not in Armenia, that is why they should reach either Beirut, or Latakia. According to our sources, since they had no documents, these days they had received documents to be able to move, tomorrow, May 15, they must pass to Beirut‖,– said the Minister. The Ministry had earlier appealed to the Armenian Delegation of the International Committee of the Red Cross, handing over the list of all Kessab-Armenians who are in Turkey, and had asked for help to reunite the Kessab-Armenians with their families.
Minister of Diaspora Hranush Hagopian
Thursday, 15 May 2014
Volume # 9, Issue # 89 Page 8
2014 Golden Apricot Film Festival Dedicated to Parajanov Mаry Mamyan This year’s Golden Apricot International Film Festival in Armenia, set to take place from July 13 to 20, is dedicated to the 90th anniversary of legendary filmmaker Sergei Parajanov. Festival Director Harutyun Khachatryan told members of the press today that all of Parajanov’s films will be screened as part of a retrospective program. There will also be films about the artist’s life and work, in addition to a special photo exhibition.
(from left): Michael Stamboltsyan (Golden Apricot Yerevan IFF Program Director), Harutyun Khachatryan (Golden Apricot Yerevan IFF Director)
This year’s Golden Apricot, the eleventh annual festival, has garnered 1,500 film submissions from 95 countries, a marked increase over the 1,200 received last year. 59 films have been submitted from Armenia. As in the past, this year’s festival will offer four main competition categories: the International Feature Competition, the International Documentary Competition, the Armenian Panorama and the Apricot Stone (short film competition program held primarily for beginner filmmakers).
Սիրելի ընթերցող, ՌԱԿ ՄԱՄՈՒԼԻ խմբագրութիւնը հաճոյքը ունի ձեզ տեղեկացնելու, թէ այսուհետեւ ամէն Երկուշաբթի օրուայ թիւով մենք պիտի հրատարակենք խմբագրութեանս ուղղուած ձեր նամակները: Ձեր նամակը կամ կարծիքը նախնըտրաբար պէտք է վերաբերի վերջին 7 օրերուն ընթացքին մեր հրատարակած մէկ յօդուածին: Պէտք է նկատի ունենալ նաեւ, թէ ձեր նամակը ենթակայ պիտի ըլլայ որոշ խմբագրումի:
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