Page 1

Feb'2012

EXALT Nature Smart

Self Smart

People Smart

Body Smart

SENIOR

Number Smart

Picture Smart

Music Smart

Word Smart

For the All-Rounder in every Student


Welcome Note EXALT is an attempt to encourage the all-round development in school students. Every student has a special skill. There is an all-rounder in every student, but because of various reasons those skills don‟t come to fruition. We are trying to right that wrong. We, a team of IIT & IIM Alumni and graduates from some of the best institutes in India, supported by people from different walks of life, bring to you a complete package. The magazine contributes immensely to the growth of the students by showcasing their latent skills. We base our work on the path breaking research of Dr. Howard Gardner. His “Theory of Multiple Intelligences” talks extensively about various intelligences in students and the importance of encouraging those skills. EXALT will help students in three main ways   

Knowledge Creativity Recognition

Our website, www.mysuperbrain.com, is India‟s first website to encourage all-round excellence in school students. It is the best gift any student can get. There will be a tremendous impact on the long term growth of students. Students will be able to improve their knowledge in different areas like science, number skills, current affairs, health etc. There will be loads of creative activities that would get the creative juices in students flowing. We give a very high importance to showcasing of students‟ abilities to the world. Every edition will have various activities and competitions listed. Students can submit their work and we will provide them a global audience on our website www.mysuperbrain.com. We assure you that this magazine will continuously bring new articles, activities and competitions that will broaden the horizon of every student who lays his/her hand on it. Please also visit www.mysuperbrain.com for educational articles, educational games, quizzes, competitions and also to connect with experts from various domains who would be able to guide you in numerous ways. There is no fee to register on the website. Our attempt is to bring out the best in every student and we do everything to deliver the best to all the students.

- Team EXALT info@mysuperbrain.com +91 97013 20902

EXALT is a publication of www.mysuperbrain.com | An IIT & IIM Alumni initiative


1.0, Self Smart Intra-personal intelligence is the capacity to understand oneself and one‟s thoughts and feelings, and to use such knowledge in planning and directing one‟s life. Intra-personal intelligence involves not only an appreciation of the self, but also of the human condition.

1.1, Discover & Evolve You have surely heard people say that no one is perfect. Yes, no one is perfect, but we should try and improve ourselves to the level possible. It is easier to improve at your age compared to your parents‟ age or your grandparents‟ age. This magazine gives you a chance to improve your skills in multiple areas, but the most important aim should be to understand yourself. You need to have aims and ambitions. It may be too young to know exactly what you want to do in life, but you need to understand what matters to you and what doesn‟t, what inspires you and what bores you, what is good and what is bad. You can take the support of some elders to help you in understanding yourselves and improving continuously. You need to keep away negative thoughts and negative people. Support yourself by people who are very positive. If you think positively, you will see a lot of positive things happening in your life. Negative thoughts will seriously curtail your progress. We bring to you a brief write up on two very inspirational people. First is Steve Jobs who passed away very recently. The other is Mokshagundam Viswesvarayya. Both of them are role models for many across the world. One has revolutionized many industries. The other has been a phenomenal engineer worthy of emulation We hope you learn a lot of things from their lives. Every great person‟s life is an amazing lesson in the greatest traits of humans. By reading about them you would feel inspired and you would do things that can help you immensely. Because of the space constraints, we cannot provide a very detailed note on their lives, but, if possible, try reading as many books as possible about great personalities. It is a great learning experience for all of us.

EXALT is a publication of www.mysuperbrain.com | An IIT & IIM Alumni initiative


1.2, Steve Jobs Steve Jobs, born on February 24, 1955, was an American businessman and an innovator. He was adopted at birth by an Armenian couple. As a kid, he was noted for his razor-sharp observations. Following high school graduation in 1972, Jobs enrolled at Reed College. But he dropped out of college without completing his graduation. Steve Jobs took off for India in the search of enlightenment with his friend Dan Kottke at the age of 19. Their primary purpose was to meet the spirirtual guru Neem Karoli Baba. However, when they got to the Neem Karoli ashram, it was basically deserted after Neem Karoli had died earlier in the year. On returning to the United States, he co founded the Apple computer along with Steve Wozniak and Ronald Wayne in the garage of his house. After a successful stint at Apple, he was fired from the company for his erratic and temperamental behaviour. Soon after leaving Apple, Jobs founded NeXT Computer in 1985. He also started Pixar Inc., which went on to produce animated movies such as Toy Story (1995); A Bug's Life (1998); Toy Story 2 (1999); Monsters, Inc. (2001); Finding Nemo (2003); and The Incredibles (2004). This venture made him one of the most sought after men in Hollywood. In the year 1996, Apple bought NeXT, thus bringing Jobs back to the company he co-founded. It was a period marked by a lot of creativity as he launched the Mac OS X. At the turn of the millenium, Jobs entered the market with his product, iPod, which was an instant hit among music lovers. Over the course of the first decade of the 21st century, he went on to launch many hi-tech products like the iMac, iTunes, iPad and iPhone which were very advanced products of their time. He was able to extract the best out of the workers at Apple. Jobs passed away on October 5, 2011 at the age of 56 after a long battle with pancreatic cancer. The death of Steve Jobs came as a huge shock to the tech -world. His out-of-the-box thinking and a desire to excel made him one of the most iconic innovators of all times. Products created by him and his company Apple such as the iPod, iPad and iPhone have revolutionized the way people use technology in their lives. After being fired from the company he co-founded, he had the courage to come back to Apple and steer it towards being the most valued company in the world. He went one step ahead of his competitors by creating products that people didn.t believe could be created. The one thing that set him apart from everybody else was that he cou ld sense what lay ahead. His often eccentric behaviour contrasted with his love for zen philosophy. Just like the wordings of Apple.s .Think Different . ad campaign, he was crazy enough to think that he could the change the world and he did. More than anyone else of his time, he made products that were completely innovative, combining the power of poetry and processors. His imaginative leaps were instinctive, magical and at times, unexpected. He was a visionary, pioneer and genius in the field of business , innovation and product design and a man who profoundly changed the face of the modern world. He revolutionized at least six different industries. History will place him in the pantheon right next to Disney, Edison and Ford. He has left behind a world that has been touched by the genius of his DNA.

EXALT is a publication of www.mysuperbrain.com | An IIT & IIM Alumni initiative


1.3, Mokshagundam Viswesvarayya: Our own Indigenous Engineer Did you know that 15th of September is celebrated as „Engineer‟s Day‟ in India? Yes it is, and for a good reason. It is the birth anniversary of an exceptionally brilliant engineer that the country has ever seen – Sir Mokshagundam Viswesvarayya. Also known famously as Sir MV, he is the chief of architect India‟s flood containment systems, most notably for the city of Hyderabad. Viswesvarayya was born in 1860, near Kingdom of Mysore (present day Muddenahalli Village – 40kms from Bangalore). He earned his Bachelor of Arts from Madras University (yes, he was not an Engineering graduate). There upon he studied Civil Engineering at the Government Service College, Pune. After post-graduation, he took up a job with the Public Works Department (PWD) of Bombay and was later in vited to join the Indian Irrigation Commission. He implemented an extremely intricate system of irrigation in the Deccan area. He also designed and patented a system of automatic weir water floodgates that were first installed in 1903 at the Khadakvasla Reservoir near Pune. These gates were employed to raise the flood supply level of storage in the reservoir to the highest level likely to be attained by a flood without causing any damage to the dam. Based on the success of these gates, the same system was installed at the Tigra Dam in Gwalior and the Krishnaraja Sagara (KRS) Dam in Mandya/ Mysore,Karnataka. In 1906-07, Government of India sent him to Eden, (Africa) to study water supply and drainage system and the project prepared by him was implemented in Eden successfully. However, his most influential contribution to the country is the flood protection system he designed for Hyderabad. In the early 1900‟s Hyderabad was under constant threat of unseasonal floods from Moosi River. With the financial support from the Nizam, he studied the topography and successfully implemented a genuine design to contain off season floodings. Later, he went on to implement a system to protect Vishakhapatnam part from sea erosion. He is famous for his brilliant, genuine and customized engineering designs and solutions for any given geography. He was awarded Bharat Ratna, the highest honour given by Indian Republic for his contributions to the public good. He was also awarded honorary Membership of London Institution of Civil Engineers for an unbroken 50 years. Many educational institutes are named in his honour. Viswesvarayya Technological University and Viswesvarayya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur are few among them. He passed away on 14th April 1962 and lives on forever through his immense contribution to our country. So, the next time you are in Bangalore, don‟t forget to visit Viswesvarayya Industrial and Technological Museum, where his works and methods of operation are displayed to general public.

EXALT is a publication of www.mysuperbrain.com | An IIT & IIM Alumni initiative


2.0, Word Smart Linguistic intelligence is the ability to think in words and to use language to express and appreciate complex meanings. Linguistic intelligence allows us to understand the order and meaning of words and to apply meta-linguistic skills to reflect on our use of language. Linguistic intelligence is the most widely shared human competence and is evident in poets, novelists, journalists, and effective public speakers. Young adults with this kind of intelligence enjoy writing, reading, telling stories or doing crossword puzzles. Here are few activities to fine tune them.

2.1, Anagrams – Word formation The rule here is simple. We give you a word and you have to find as many new words as possible using just the alphabets from that given word.

i.

Make as many meaningful words as possible with the letters in the following words:

MAHATMA GANDHI Alphabets: M – 2, A – 4, H – 2, T – 1, G – 1, N – 1, D – 1, I - 1 For each word, you get as many points as the size of the word. For example, if you form „RAIN‟, you get four points. If you form „BRAINY‟, you get six points.

ii.

Also try the same with these words:

AMAZING BRAIN Alphabets: M-1, I-3, S-1, A-2, P-3, R-2, O-2, T-1, N-1

Calculate your total scores by adding up all the points. Make sure you are not repeating any of the words. Complete list of words and ratings would be given in the next edition. Try doing this exercise individually and then do it as a group with a couple of friends.

EXALT is a publication of www.mysuperbrain.com | An IIT & IIM Alumni initiative


2.2, Word or Not Identify the real and fake words from the following list. Do you know the meanings of all the real words? Write them down on a piece of paper. The next edition will have the answers and meanings for real words). Words: Word

Real Word

Fake Word

Termagant Triolet Schamble Tautology Amajon ennui Afflatus Wierd accommodate

2.3, Learn a few languages How many languages do you know? In how many languages can you ask your friends, “Hello. How are you?� Try to talk to your friends, teachers and neighbors who have different mother tongues and learn a few words every time you meet them. This was you will learn a lot of new things. Even in English, try to improve your vocabulary every day. Make it a point to learn few new words every day and try using them every day. You will have a great vocabulary over a period of time. Language skills can, and should, be improved continuously.

EXALT is a publication of www.mysuperbrain.com | An IIT & IIM Alumni initiative


3.0, People Smart Interpersonal intelligence is the ability to understand and interact effectively with others. It involves effective verbal and nonverbal communication, the ability to note distinctions among others, sensitivity to the moods and temperaments of others, and the ability to entertain multiple perspectives. Teachers, social workers, actors, and politicians, all exhibit interpersonal intelligence. Young adults with this kind of intelligence are leaders among their peers, are good at communicating, and seem to understand othersâ€&#x; feelings and motives.

3.1, Interpersonal skills Every day we meet with a lot of people, some very close and some not so much. It is very important to know how to behave in different circumstances and with different people. By being well behaved, you not only get your parentsâ€&#x; appreciation but also the appreciation and respect of teachers, friends, relatives and others. The importance for inter-personal skills only increases with time. When you start working in companies after 10 to 15 years, you would realize that interpersonal skills play a very important role in determining your career growth. It is equally important in personal life too. You might also be an introvert, but interpersonal intelligence is not just about taking to anyone and everyone you see on the road. In this article, we give you certain tips to improve your interpersonal intelligence.

1. Role Plays: Have a teacher or parent conduct a role play with 3 to 6 students. You can ask your elders to give you a fictional setting and assign roles to all the participants. You can carry out the role play for about 20 to 30 minutes and then have the elders tell you how you have responded during the different stages in the role play. You can have this activity once every week so that you can prepare yourself for different scenarios and also have someone monitor you so that any mistakes can be easily identified and you can get suggestions immediately.

EXALT is a publication of www.mysuperbrain.com | An IIT & IIM Alumni initiative


2. Sports Most times, the importance of sports is underestimated. Sports are a great way to build interpersonal skills. It makes you work together for a common cause and teaches a lot of really important lessons of working for each other. 3. Observe Others There are some people who have exceptional interpersonal skills and are widely appreciated for the same. You need to observe those people to see what they do best and try to put that into practice. 4. Prioritize You may not be able to overcome all your shortfalls in a week or so. It is therefore very important to select a few areas and work on them before you can add a few more. To make the learning a bit faster, maintain a small notice board in your be room. Just before you go to sleep every day, look at the board and evaluate for yourself whether you are trying to improve your interpersonal skills. 5. Track your progress It is important to know how much you are progressing in the areas you have selected as the highest priority. Once you have stopped making the same mistakes, you are good to go to the next list. You have to get to a level where you know that the same mistakes would not repeat. You need to be a little critical of yourself so that you can make great progress. Sometimes you have to be very patient with yourself. It may not be very easy to stop making certain mistakes, but persistence is the key. . Do you know the favorite color of you close friends or family? Do you know who their role models are? Do you know the birthday of your parents or their wedding anniversary? Try spending some time understanding people around you. Start with the people who are closest to you. Try to remember as many things about your close ones as possible

Talk to an expert Do you have any questions that you want to ask experts regarding interpersonal skills? Would you like to receive personal feedback from trainers? Any question you may have regarding interpersonal skills can be emailed to us at info@mysuperbrain.com and we would have the experts give you the answers on how you can improve.

EXALT is a publication of www.mysuperbrain.com | An IIT & IIM Alumni initiative


4.0, Number Smart Logical-mathematical intelligence is the ability to calculate, quantify, consider propositions and hypotheses, and carry out complete mathematical operations. It enables us to perceive relationships and connections and to use abstract, symbolic thought; sequential reasoning skills; and inductive and deductive thinking patterns. Logical intelligence is usually well developed in mathematicians, scientists, and detectives. Young adults with lots of logical intelligence are interested in patterns, categories, and relationships. They are drawn to arithmetic problems, strategy games and experiments.

4.1, Math-a-Magic In this section, we would give you some methods for improving your calculation speeds and understanding of mathematics. Letâ€&#x;s warm up with a small problem I am sure you all understand probability. Try the problem below Probability is the chance of a certain event happening. If you were to toss a coin, the probability of getting a heads is equal to the probability of getting a tail which is equal to 0.5. There are two equally likely events. The assumption is that the coin is unbiased. At a restaurant, how could you choose one out of three desserts with equal probability with the help of a coin? Try it for a few minutes. The answer is given below. When you toss a coin once there are two likely events Getting a head and getting a tail. Letâ€&#x;s denote getting a head by H and getting a tail The possibilities are H and T If you toss the coin twice, the possibilities are: HH, HT, TH and TT. (First letter representing the result of the first toss and the second letter representing the result of second toss) You see that there are four possibilities, but we need only three likely events. The best way is to make one of the possible results null. For example, we decide to make TT null. It means that if we get tails in both the tosses, we start the process again. You can assign each of the other three possibilities to one of the desserts.

EXALT is a publication of www.mysuperbrain.com | An IIT & IIM Alumni initiative


Why not carry a coin with you and try to make sense of the probability. A few problems for you to ponder over: What is the probability of getting heads three times in three coin tosses? You have a bag which has 25 identical toys numbered 1, 2, 3 .. 25. If you were asked to randomly pick the toys, what is the probability of selecting a toy with a number less than 18? 

The following equation is wrong: 101 - 102 = 1 Move one numeral to make it correct. Try the above trick puzzle. Answer is given below. Move 2 up by a few millimeters and it becomes: 101 – 102 = 101 – 100 = 1

Magic of Reverse Take any two digit number, let‟s say ab. Now reverse it. It becomes ba. | ab – ba | is divisible by 9. Have you ever read this or tried it? Here is the proof: ab is nothing but 10 times a plus b = 10Xa + b ba is nothing but 10 times b plus a = 10Xb + a ab – ba is therefore (10 X a + b) – (10 X b + a) = 9 X (a – b) which is always divisible by 9. Difference between a three digit number and its reverse is always divisible by 99. How? Why? Try it out and also see if you can see if there is any trend. Does the number of digits have an impact?

EXALT is a publication of www.mysuperbrain.com | An IIT & IIM Alumni initiative


5.0 Nature Smart Nature Smartness is the human ability to discriminate among living things (plants, animals) as well as sensitivity to other features of the natural world (clouds, rock configurations). This ability was clearly of value in our evolutionary past as hunters, gatherers, and farmers; it continues to be central in such roles as botanist or chef. It is also speculated that much of our consumer society exploits the naturalist intelligences, which can be mobilized in the discrimination among cars, sneakers, kinds of makeup, and the like.

5.1 Forces of Universe: Gravitational Force Do you know why a cricket ball returns to the ground, no matter how hard you hit it? Do you know what is it in Sun that makes Earth, Jupiter and other planets revolve around it? The answer is – Gravitation, the mysterious force that keeps universe intact. To understand gravitation better, try this: Throw a ball high up in the air, as hard as you can. Your obvious observation is that the ball returns back to ground. But, why? Why couldn‟t it just go up and up and be lost in the sky? Mr. Isaac Newton, the father of classical physics, also had the same question. In his case, it was an apple falling from a tree. Subsequently, after conducting many experiments and recording observations, he came up with an explanation which changed the course of mankind forever. His explanation: Every single object in the universe attracts every other object. He termed this attractive force as „Gravitational Force‟. How much pull can one object exert on another one? It depends on the mass of two bodies and how far they are placed. The farther the distance between objects, the lesser is the force. Also, the heavier the bodies, the more attractive force between them. This explains why a cricket ball struck hard returns to ground. Earth, being a immensely huge body exerts tremendous gravitational force on the ball. And the ball has no choice but to return to the ground. Infact, this is the same reason why Sun, which is 3, 33,000 times heavier than Earth makes it revolve around it. It‟s as if a long string connects Sun and Earth, with Earth going in circles while Sun being stationary. Except that, gravitational force takes the place of the string.

But, alas, not all is know about Gravitation. The basic question – Why should two bodies attract each other? – is yet to be answered. Probably one of you young scientists could explain in near future. Till then, keep thinking.

EXALT is a publication of www.mysuperbrain.com | An IIT & IIM Alumni initiative


Further Areas of Thoughts: 1. If Earth makes everybody return to the ground, how can a rocket leave Earth? 2. If you have seen videos of men landing on moon, you can observe that he floats at times. Why does it happen only on moon and not on Earth?

5.3, Did you know? Here are few facts you probably didn‟t know.

1. Muscles in a human body are 650 in total. 2. It takes 8 minutes 17 seconds for light to travel from the Sun‟s surface to the

Earth. 3. In October 1999, the 6 billionth person was born. (Isn‟t that huge?)

4. An ocean wave can rose up to maximum height of 21m and it was recorded back in 2004 in the island of Maui. 516m ocean wave was recorded at the head of Lituya Bay, Alaska in 1958. 5. On the top layer of moon when the gravity is too low, there is no atmosphere and when someone utters something, the words won‟t reach the next person's ear 6. An eye blinking is a complicated process and a human eye blinks 4.2 million

times in a year. 7. The tallest tree ever was an Australian eucalyptus - In 1872 it was measured

at 435 feet tall. 8. In 5 billion years the Sun will run out of fuel and turn into a Red Giant. 9. The grey whale migrates 12,500 miles from the Arctic to Mexico and back

every year. 10.Approximately 10 percent of the Earth is covered by glaciers; during the last Ice Age, they covered one-third of the Earth„s surface. 11.Glacier ice is the largest reservoir of fresh water on the planet, storing an estimated 75 percent of the world‟s supply.

EXALT is a publication of www.mysuperbrain.com | An IIT & IIM Alumni initiative


6.0, Other Intelligences We at “My Super Brain” and “Exalt” fine tune your knowledge in association with all the 8 known intelligences. They are known as,

Naturalist Intelligence (“Nature Smart”) Interpersonal Intelligence (People Smart”) Logical Intelligence (Number/Reasoning Smart) Spatial Intelligence (“Picture Smart”) Intra-personal Intelligence (Self Smart”) Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence (“Body Smart”) Musical Intelligence (“Musical Smart”) Linguistic Intelligence (Word Smart) As we have already discussed about the Nature smart, Number Smart, People smart, Word smart and Self-smart from the previous sections. Here are the other three, Music smart, Body smart and Picture smart.

6.1, Music Smart Musical intelligence is the capacity to discern pitch, rhythm, timbre, and tone. This intelligence enables us to recognize, create, reproduce, and reflect on music, as demonstrated by composers, conductors, musicians, vocalist, and sensitive listeners. Interestingly, there is often an affective connection between music and the emotions; and mathematical and musical intelligences may share common thinking processes. Young adults with this kind of intelligence are usually singing or drumming to themselves. They are usually quite aware of sounds others may miss. If you are a fan of music, we would like to upload your videos on our website, www.mysuperbrain.com so that people from across the world can watch your videos and experts can give you feedback on your work. It will be a great boost for you.

EXALT is a publication of www.mysuperbrain.com | An IIT & IIM Alumni initiative


6.2, Body Smart Bodily kinesthetic intelligence is the capacity to manipulate objects and use a variety of physical skills. This intelligence also involves a sense of timing and the perfection of skills through mind–body union. You might have heard the saying, “Healthy mind in a healthy body”. Fitness is not just for the sportsmen. It is important for all of us. Obesity is a serious problem these days. There are multiple reasons for obesity in human beings, but a proper exercise plan would do no harm to anyone. When you meet the doctor next time for a checkup, ask him for a diet plan. How can you improve your body smartness? How can you stay fit and have good reflexes? There is no one answer to the above questions. Here are a few things that would help you improve your agility. 1. Spend at least 20 minutes every day doing mild

exercises

like

jogging,

running,

swimming or playing sports like hockey or football or cricket etc. 2. Participate

in

dance

or

yoga

or

similar

pursuits which make you put some stress on your body. 3. Participate in sports whenever you get a chance. Sports is a great way to keep your body fit and also learn whole lot of personality traits. 4. Instead of playing a game on the computer or on your game consoles, you should play with your friends in the ground. 5. Yoga

has

also

been

very

effective

at

improving body smartness, but you would have to have a coach/ mentor/ guru to guide you. 6. Check your BMI to see how fit you are.

EXALT is a publication of www.mysuperbrain.com | An IIT & IIM Alumni initiative


6.3, Picture Smart Spatial intelligence is the ability to think in three dimensions. Core capacities include mental imagery, spatial reasoning, image manipulation, graphic and artistic skills, and an active imagination. We shall be dealing with everything related to art in this section. Have you seen the caricatures of eminent people in the newspapers? I am sure most of you have. If you haven‟t seen a caricature or don‟t know what a caricature is, please read below the definition of caricature.

A caricature is a portrait that exaggerates or distorts the essence of a person, animal or object to create an easily identifiable visual likeness. In literature, a caricature is a description of a person using exaggeration of some characteristics and oversimplification of others

Activity We would like to suggest an activity. Try drawing the caricatures of your close friends. Firstly, take their permission. Don‟t draw it in a way that is offensive to your friends. If you are skeptical, you can draw the caricatures of some famous personalities like politicians or sports stars, movie stars etc. If you would like to feature your caricatures on mysuperbrain.com, please email it to us. Our email address is info@mysuperbrain.com. Below is an example of a caricature of Einstein. On the left is Einstein‟s picture and on the right is his caricature.

EXALT is a publication of www.mysuperbrain.com | An IIT & IIM Alumni initiative


7.0, Puzzles Puzzles are a great way to encourage lateral thinking. Solve these puzzles and learn for yourself how fast your thinking process is. By regularly solving puzzles you can improve your thinking process significantly. Never get depressed when you are taking a lot of time to solve puzzles. The aim should be to improve continuously.

7.1 Puzzles So get started!

1. 5 pirates of different ages have a treasure of 100 gold coins. On their ship, they decide to split the coins using this scheme: The oldest pirate proposes how to share the coins, and ALL pirates (including the oldest) vote for or against it. If 50% or more of the pirates vote for it, then the coins will be shared that way. Otherwise, the pirate proposing the scheme will be thrown overboard, and the process is repeated with the pirates that remain. As pirates tend to be a bloodthirsty bunch, if a pirate would get the same number of coins if he voted for or against a proposal, he will vote against so that the pirate who proposed the plan will be thrown overboard. Assuming that all 5 pirates are intelligent, rational, greedy, and do not wish to die, (and are rather good at math for pirates) what will happen? 2. You are on an island and there are three crates of fruit that have washed up in front of you. One crate contains only apples. One crate contains only oranges. The other crate contains both apples and oranges. Each crate is labeled. One reads "apples", one reads "oranges", and one reads "apples and oranges". You know that NONE of the crates have been labeled correctly - they are all wrong. If you can only take out and look at just one of the pieces of fruit from just one of the crates, how can you label ALL of the crates correctly?

EXALT is a publication of www.mysuperbrain.com | An IIT & IIM Alumni initiative


3. You are on an island and there are three crates of fruit that have washed up in front of you. One crate contains only apples. One crate contains only oranges. The other crate contains both apples and oranges. Each crate is labeled. One reads "apples", one reads "oranges", and one reads "apples and oranges". You know that NONE of the crates have been labeled correctly - they are all wrong. If you can only take out and look at just one of the pieces of fruit from just one of the crates, how can you label ALL of the crates correctly? 4. A farmer wants to cross a river and take with him a wolf, a goat, and a cabbage. There is a boat that can fit himself plus either the wolf, the goat, or the cabbage. If the wolf and the goat are alone on one shore, the wolf will eat the goat. If the goat and the cabbage are alone on the shore, the goat will eat the cabbage. How can the farmer bring the wolf, the goat, and the cabbage across the river?

5. How can I get the answer 24 by only using the numbers 8,8,3,3. You can use the main signs add, subtract multiply and divide. 6. When asked about his birthday, a man said: "The day before yesterday I was only 25 and next year I will turn 28." This is true only one day in a year - when was he born? 7. What mathematical symbol can be put between 5 and 9, to get a number bigger than 5 and smaller than 9?

[Please Submit Your Answers by end of this month .We will collect your solutions. You can win fabulous prizes.]

EXALT is a publication of www.mysuperbrain.com | An IIT & IIM Alumni initiative


8.0, Activities It‟s time for testing your General Knowledge and working on your creative skills.

8.1, Quizzes Test your general knowledge. Try to find answers for all the questions. You can also learn what you already don‟t know. Match the sportsmen and sportswomen with the sports they are associated with

Player

Sport

1. Michael Schumaker

Cricket

2. Roger Federer

F1 Racing

3. Kapil Dev

Swimming

4. Saina Nehwal

Running

5. Usain Bolt

Baminton

6. Michael Phelps

Tennis

Match the artists with the art they are associated with Artist

Art

1. Michael Jackson

Painting

2. Leonardo Da Vinci

Music

3. Rabindranath Tagore

Dance

4. R D Burman

Writing

1. Who are India‟s two cricket world cup winning captains? 2. Who is India‟s first president? 3. If it is 5:30 PM in India, What is the GMT? 4. Who is the last Indian to win the Bharat Ratna? 5. Which country was Roger Federer born in? 6. Which are the permanent members of the UN Security Council? 7. What is the total number of MPs in Lok Sabha? 8. Which is the third biggest state in India? 9. Which house of the Parliament is called the Lower House? 10. Which house of the Indian Parliament is called the Upper House?

EXALT is a publication of www.mysuperbrain.com | An IIT & IIM Alumni initiative


8.2, Project-X: Bottle Tower This is a fun filled activity which can be conducted among a multiple number of students. Activity

Build a strong tower that can support a one liter water bottle.

Equipment needed

Ice cream sticks, Glue, Newspapers, threads and a one liter water bottle.

Time

25 minutes.

Team Size

3 to 6. All the teams should be of the same size.

Aim

Build a structure that is tall and strong enough to support a one liter water bottle at the top. The teams will have to work together and in the given time work together and create the structure as tall as possible. The team that builds the tallest structure that supports the one liter bottle is the winner. Do this with a teacher as the judge.

Judging

8.3, Comprehension test It is time to test your memory power. Hope you have done a good job learning lot of cool things today. Activity

Quizzing

Equipment needed

EXALT magazine

Time

20 minutes.

Team Size

3 to 6. All the teams should be of the same size.

Process

How well have you read the magazine? Do you remember all that you have read?

Judging

After you have read the magazine in detail, you can see how much you have learned or remembered. Form a team of 3 students. Prepare a set of 10 questions and get them to the class. Have a teacher help you with this quiz. Give your 10 questions to the teacher. Request the teacher to collect all the questions and then conduct a quiz for all the groups in the class. Whichever team gets the most number of questions right is the winner.

EXALT is a publication of www.mysuperbrain.com | An IIT & IIM Alumni initiative


9.0, Competitions I am sure you love participating in competitions. This is your chance to showcase your skills to people from around the world. Participate in these exciting competitions and win amazing prizes. EXALT and www.mysuperbrain.com work hard to bring you a global platform to showcase your skills in different areas. Your entries would be viewed by students, parents, teachers, experts and enthusiasts from all over the world. It gives you a very easily accessible platform to showcase and improve your skills. It is also a great chance to discover your latent skills. We may not be aware of our greatest skills unless and until we give ourselves a chance to see how good we are. MySuperBrain.com gives you the opportunity to participate in all the competitions. Experts would look at your submissions and give you feedback. You may realize your skills because of the experts. Below is the list of competitions you can participate in. You can email your entries to info@mysuperbrain.com or directly upload your entries on www.mysuperbrain.com.

Essay Writing Topic Description

If I was the Prime Minister of India _________________________ We often hear people say that they would have done something differently if they were at the helm of affairs. It is your chance to tell the world what you would have done if you were the PM of India. The best entries would be forwarded to the Government and also various other organizations so that they know how the young of this country perceive various problems

Prize

Medals, Certificates and T Shirts to be given to the top three candidates

Painting Topic

Unity in Diversity

Description

India is a land of many cultures, languages, food habits, dressing habits etc. Still we are all Indians. We would love to see your depiction of Indiaâ€&#x;s diverse cultures.

Prize

Medals, Certificates and T Shirts to be given to the top three candidates

EXALT is a publication of www.mysuperbrain.com | An IIT & IIM Alumni initiative


Projects Topic

Machines

Description

Develop a machine that would make any human activity easier and more effective. You could select the task based on your interest. All you have to do is tell us why you selected the said task and also the detailed procedure on how you carried out building the machine.

Prize

Medals, Certificates and T Shirts to be given to the top three candidates

Social Impact Topic

Make the society a better place

Description

Every day we come across so many social problems. You might have your opinions and ways to make the society a better place by solving those problems. Send in your entry that captures the problem and also what you think would solve the problem. We will work with NGOs/ Government Organizations or anyone related so that we can fix the issue.

Prize

Medals, Certificates and T Shirts to be given to the top three candidates

9.1, SuperBrain of the Day We are all special in our own way. It is our focus to bring out the best in every student and show it to the whole world. As part of our efforts, we run a “SuperBrain of the Day” feature on our website, www.mysuperbrain.com every day. If you are interested in being on the Home Page of the website, email us a 500 word write up on yourself, your interests, hobbies, role models, aims & ambitions, friends & family and anything else you feel worth sharing to info@mysuperbrain.com. Every student who is featured as the “SuperBrain of the Day” gets a mysuperbrain.com t shirt and a certificate recognizing your skills. We would like to know about you and so does the rest of the world. Send your entry immediately.

EXALT is a publication of www.mysuperbrain.com | An IIT & IIM Alumni initiative


10.0, General Knowledge – Nobel Prizes Nobel prizes are the most prestigious awards given in the fields of art and science. Nobel prizes are given every year and the winners are selected by the scandinavian committees. Today we bring to you a brief history of the Nobel Prizes. When Alfred Nobel‟s father (Immanuel Nobel: 1801-1872) died, the local newspaper accidentally posted Alfred‟s obituary. The next morning, Alfred read the morning paper and was stunned at what he read about his life story. The paper only focused on his invention of dynamite and how it contributed to war deaths. Alfred did not want to be known as the person who invented dynamite that killed so many people. In his will, he decided to put money into a foundation that would encourage accomplishments in specific areas. The Nobel Prize is awarded each year to an individual who has made either a great single breakthrough or has made a great number of accomplishments in their lifetime in the fields of chemistry, physics, literature, medicine and peace. The prize has been given since 1901 and consists of a medal, a personal diploma, and a prize amount. In Alfred Nobel‟s will he laid out the instructions for how the prize should be awarded. He stated that his remaining estate shall be invested in safe securities, and that the interest on this estate shall be annually distributed in the form of prizes to those who have met the written requirements. In 1968, the Prize in Economic Sciences was established by the Bank of Sweden (Sveriges Riksbank) in memory of Alfred Nobel. In this page, there are six photos. Identify the eminent personalities

EXALT is a publication of www.mysuperbrain.com | An IIT & IIM Alumni initiative


10.1 Eco-friendly Behavior We live in a world that is interconnected. There is constant interaction between living beings and their environment. One thing connects to the other and the other to another. This interrelation raises a basic question of how to maintain a balance between the living organisms and their immediate surroundings. Why do you think we need to protect our environment? What do you understand when someone asks you are you eco-friendly? The term eco-friendly means environment friendly. The word “eco” here means Ecology, which is a branch of biology that deals with the study of the relation of living organisms with each other and their surroundings. Our planet Earth has been endowed with sufficient natural resources like water, sunlight, wind, flora (plants) and fauna (animals). These resources are gradually reaching a state of being perished, due to the callous behavior of humans. An imbalance in the ecology can be very catastrophic, which can lead to floods, earthquakes and other natural calamities. Imagine a day where earth has no water? Difficult to live without it, isn„t it? Hence we need to rethink the way we use these natural resources and find ways to protect these resources from getting exhausted. As the saying goes “little drops of water make the mighty ocean”, you can do your bit to protect mother earth by turning eco-friendly. Here are some tips that can go a long way in maintaining the ecological balance: Stop the usage of plastic: The next time you are in a store to pick up Grocery, carry a canvas bag or a paper bag. These bags are made of material that are bio-degradable so that once you are done using them, discarding them would be easy. Whereas plastic bags which are non-biodegradable stay in the environment longer, causing more build-up on the natural landscape than a degradable material like paper would. They last for hundreds of years and damage the natural habitats and kill the animals that mistake them for food. If carrying a paper bag each time seems not so easy, try to use each plastic bag for as long as possible. This will help reduce the number of plastic bags in circulation. Plant a seedling: Isn‟t there joy in giving life? You can sow a seed and watch it grow into a plant. Trees play a key role in maintaining the ecological balance. Living beings depend on trees and plants for oxygen. Trees have demonstrated the ability to reduce heat. Don‟t you experience a difference in temperature from a place that is surrounded by trees and a one devoid of it? So why not indulge in the pleasure of Gardening? Conserve water: This natural resource is almost at the verge of perishing. About 97 per cent of earth water is saline and only three per cent is fresh, out of which only one per cent is readily available for human consumption, hence we find the scarcity of drinking water. For the future of planet earth you need to save this essential natural resource today. Water conservation can reduce the scarcity of water. It can help us use water more efficiently; thus in turn reducing water wastage and its adverse affects. Summers are in and so is the

EXALT is a publication of www.mysuperbrain.com | An IIT & IIM Alumni initiative


scorching heat, also with it is the shortage of water due to drying up of land water. But by taking up the following measures you can save water efficiently:     

Turn the tap off when not in use especially when you brush your teeth or wash clothes, also avoid leakage of water from the taps. Rainwater harvesting is an effective means to conserve water. Reuse water: if used water is devoid of toxic material use it for gardening Use minimum amount of water to bathe Educate and promote the idea of water conservation among your neighbors and friends

You might wonder how saving on your own water may help. So think about this, water saved in your house may be very little, but water saved by a few is enough to run one more household. If everyone does their little part no matter how insignificant it may seem, together all can make a very big difference. Use public transport Vehicles run on fuels, combustion of these fuels generates the energy required to run vehicles. In the process of combustion many air pollutants such as carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide are released into the atmosphere. You can reduce the air pollution by using a bus or train as your primary transportation source. Today we see many large suburban vehicles and trucks inhabited by only one or two people. Everyone who is taking their own vehicle is causing some individual pollution. If you take public transportations systems like trains or buses they do not cause the same energy waste. We have been exploiting all the resources of mother Earth since life began on this planet; it is now our turn to contribute and make it a better place to live and secure a better future for the planet and for our future generations. You will do your bit to save your planet? Won‟t you? Save your planet, save yourselves.

EXALT is a publication of www.mysuperbrain.com | An IIT & IIM Alumni initiative


10.3. Communication Can you name a few means of communication? 

Internet

Telephone

Mobile Phones

Letters

Newspapers

TV/Radio

Internet became popular in the 1990s and before that, the telephone was the most popular means of communication in reaching out to friends and family living in a different place. The telephone was invented in 1876 and pony express, pigeon post, messengers delivering messages on foot or horseback were popular means of communication. Thousands of years ago, men used pictures or symbols to communicate. These symbols were drawn on walls of caves using sharpened stone tools and depicted a wide range of activities including planting crops, hunting victories etc. The Chauvet cave in southern France is one of oldest known cave paintings and depicts pictures of hundreds of animals. The next step in communication was in the form of carvings on rock surface and was known as Petroglyphs. The Petroglyphs later evolved to pictograms. The petroglyphs simply portrayed a particular incident or a particular event while a pictogram conveyed the entire series of the events in a chronological order. From pictograms were developed ideograms, graphical symbols that depicted an idea. A pictogram could only represent a form but not abstract forms. For example, the pictogram of a circle would represent a sun but could not represent heat, light etc. An ideogram of an eye with a tear would depict sadness. Smoke signals were also another way to communicate. They were used to send messages to people or tribes that dint live closely. Drums were another important means. The patterns in drumming used to be altered depending on the type and importance of the event. With time symbols were developed from drawings and these symbols were used to form words and sentences. These were written on blocks of clay or clay tablets which could be carried from one place to another. Merchants used these tablets to record the quantity of

EXALT is a publication of www.mysuperbrain.com | An IIT & IIM Alumni initiative


materials that were being traded. The current alphabets we use became popular during 600 BC and the Greek were the first people to develop a script that was written from left to right. The earliest means of writing, closest to present dayâ€&#x;s pen and paper was also developed by the Greek. They used a stylus made of bone, or metal or ivory to write on wax coated tablets. The Chinese invented the first ink called &lsquoIndian inkâ€&#x; and later different countries/cultures developed their own style of inks using natural dyes. During the same time, the Egyptians, Greeks, Romans developed to Papyrus rolls to write on it. The quill pen, a pen made from the feathers of birds like quills, swans, crows, owls etc dominated the writing scene for a long time. Human messengers were used to deliver these messages written using quill pens and papers. In 1455, Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press. Before Gutenberg, the material that needed to be printed had to be carved on metal, wood or stone and then rolled with ink which was transferred onto parchments using pressure and books had to be hand-copied. The printing press spread rapidly all over Europe and saw a lot of changes and developments eventually. The London Gazette was the first English Newspaper printed and in 1738 AD, the first daily newspaper Pennsylvania Evening Post was started. The discovery of electro magnetism and the inventions of electricity revolutionized the communications industry by paving way for the telegraph, telephone , radio and eventually mobile phones and the internet which have become an essential part of the common manâ€&#x;s life today. The last century has witnessed tremendous innovations in the telecommunications industry. What new inventions do you think would come up in the next 100 years?

Activity Have you ever thought of building some communication system? Have you at least tried developing a code language to communicate with your friends so that no one else would understand it? Try developing a code language to communicate with your friends.

EXALT is a publication of www.mysuperbrain.com | An IIT & IIM Alumni initiative


To Students from the Editor: I have secretly hidden something in between the words of this book. It can be anywhere. If you can find it, I personally will give you an awesome gift. Now this should keep you influenced in reading the whole. We are fun like that. Happy learning. Our intention behind this magazine is to serve the purpose of every student. We also hope that teachers and parents use this as a reference for quality knowledge time with their children. There are group activities and quizzes which can be conducted.

Ask an Expert Do you want to know what happens in the day of a scientist? Do you want to talk to an IITian? Do you want to know what inspires sportsmen to work so hard every single day? Do you want to talk to people from the defense?

We make it possible for you to do all the above and much more. If you want to talk to people from different walks of life, just write to us. We will get them to answer your questions. Your questions and answers will also be posted on www.mysuperbrain.com.

Team Exalt www.mysuperbrain.com We are not just a Magazine. At our website, we are dedicated to serving students in all possible ways by enriching their knowledge and encouraging them to widen their scope of thinking. Any student who registers will attain all possible attention and guidance needed from professionals. We hope this platform helps the future generation be wise in finding their passion and laying down their path.

EXALT is a publication of www.mysuperbrain.com | An IIT & IIM Alumni initiative


For Subscriptions, contact

Bojja Raghavendar Reddy www.MySuperBrain.com bojja@mysuperbrain.com bojjareddy@gmail.com +91 97013 20902

EXALT is a publication of www.mysuperbrain.com | An IIT & IIM Alumni initiative


EXALT SENIOR - for the all-rounder in every student.  

EXALT senior is a monthly magazine for all-round development of school students. It improves the multiple intelligences in students like num...

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