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All Evaluation Questions In what ways does your media product use, develop or challenge forms and conventions of real media products? (1/7) How does your media product represent particular social groups? (2/7) What kind of institution might distribute your media product and why? (3/7) Who would be the audience for your media product? (4/7) How did you attract/address your audience? (5/7) What have you learnt about technologies from the process of constructing of the product? (6/7) Looking back at your preliminary task, what do you feel you have learnt in the progression from it to the full product? (7/7)

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Evaluation Response One:

I feel my music magazine challenges the forms and conventions of the R&B Industry. This is because I feel I’ve made a magazine that represents an aspect of the genre that is essential but not celebrated enough – the female half of the genre. As shown in my front page I have decided to use black white and pink. The pink I have chosen is also a lighter shade of pink. I think this does fit within the theme of powerful classy women that often don’t show that softer side to their audience. It also isn’t too contrasting against the white and the black that it sug-

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gests a “loud” genre. On the front page I have “The” smaller than “Hype”. I have placed “the” in the top left hand corner and spread the word “Hype” across the top of the page. I think the title “The Hype” is a good title that fits within the genre – it suggests a source of all R&B genre which would entice audiences into buying my magazine. The sell lines form an outline around the picture. I think this creates a neater page. With the cell lines I think they all reinforce the theme of women – with artists such as “Lauryn Hill” on the page.The purpose of the bar code is for institutional reasons .This is so that the institution are able to receive the money used to purchase the product. On the other side of the page, we see a quote that has been pulled out from I.M.A.N’s article – “Regenerating the game”. This sell line is effective because most R&B / Hip Hop artists refer to the music industry as a “game” and I thought that it would be language that my demographic would be more familiar with. I think having the title “Ladies Special Edition” is effective because otherwise it wouldn’t fit the typical male dominated look of a music magazine.The picture I have used is of a black female model. I think was an effective choice because the genres of R&B are dominated by black males and females – therefore meeting the conventions.

The picture I have used is of a black female model. I think was an effective choice because the genres of R&B are dominated by black males and females – therefore meeting the conventions. I felt my contents page was the most challenging to produce. One reason why I felt this was especially hard to produce was because I wanted to challenge the forms and conventions of the R&B / Hip Hop by having more content on the contents page. The contents page on Vibe had a picture of Kanye West which distracted from the contents page as a whole. The picture of Kanye did however provide inspiration for my contents page – because I decided to use a black and white magazine. Another reason why I felt a contents page was especially hard to make because it was hard to strike a balance between a contents page which was edgy and could possibly sell underground and a contents page which commercially appeals to a mass 17-23 audience (ABC1 Category). The page numbers help with the organisation of the page and also when flicking through the magazine, the consumer knows which page to turn to – e.g. Know which page to turn the to see the double page spread on the artist on the front coverI think that having an editor’s note was effective because it’s more welcoming to the reader. The social media logos are at the bottom of the page. They stand out against the page. This shows the integration of new media with my magazine – which would connect to my audience because there are the main demographic that use social media networks. I think that the different fonts and the amount of text that was on the content page made the con-


tents page look less professional – also did not meet the forms and conventions of the genre. Because most of the text is quite short and punchy in order to not intimidate the reader. The last reason why I think the reason why the content page was especially hard to make was because I wanted to use different colours on my magazine – different shades of pink. However I overcame this by limiting the colours and emphasising the use of black and white, therefore making the magazine look classier. I think that the way the word “Contents” is presented is not typical of the codes and conventions of a R&B music magazine – because they usually pile the letters on top each other. However my reason for not doing this is because I do not believe that it would look effective on my page. I think the construction of the double page spreads was the easiest out of all the pages in the magazine. Thdouble page spreads have the job of making the artist the main topic. What my double page spread tried to convey a split persona of my artist – one side would be the performer that the audience are familiar with. The other side a more vulnerable toned

down side that her fans do not get to see, thus deciding to portray it in the article. The article took on an interview format. On my double page spread I put the title of “Brand New for 2013” at the top. I have done this because I have made this competition which compares the best up and coming artists – which “I.M.AN” has won. The image presents the first side of my artist that the reader may feel that they can recognize – which I feel is an effective way to start the article. The rest of the interview is spaced out into columns. This is so that the text does not seem intimidating to the reader and also makes the text look shorter. The text is also colour coded to indicate whether the interviewer was talking or whether I.M.A.N. was. This is also to make the page look more organized and look less

intimidated. This is what the industry magazines – such as vibe – do in their double page spreads. I think this makes my magazine successful because my meeting industry standard it makes my magazine look more professional. The purpose of an intro paragraph is to introduce the article. My intro paragraph is a short paragraph outlining the context of the article and also gives an introduction to the article. This is effective because mine meets that of industry standard. The purpose of a pull out quote is to emphasise a quote that grabs the reader’s attention. I feel that this quote does it effectively – giving the award prestige. The text is once again put into columns to seem less intimidating to the reader and make the text look like there is of it. I wanted to do something that summarises the article so I decided to make a timeline of her life in music. And a fact file about her – which enhanced the personal tone. Here is a more visual representation of the split persona- which I again think is effective because it shows something that the audience are not used – Uses and Gratifications Theory, magazines used for escapism and entertainment.

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Evaluation Response Two:

To represent a particular social group, a product needs to contain the codes and conventions necessary to connect with the audience. In my case, my music magazine follows the codes and conventions of R&B magazines. The demographic to whom I was aiming my music magazine at is very similar to that of the R&B/ Hip Hop music genre. Therefore I attempted to convey the conventions of the genre through my magazine in order to gain a sense of comfort

for the audience – and present a product which they find identifiable to them. One convention of the genre that I try to keep in my music magazine was the image of my artist. The women of the R&B / Hip Hop genre present a contrast to the males of the genre. The women are seen to be more elegant, seen in high fashion clothing. In comparison to the baggy jeans and heavy chains. One example of how I tried to repeat the idea is by dressing my artist in an all black outfit – leather jacket and jeans. This sense of high class and high art was also conveyed through the pose – the hands forming a box around the face. I made a direct decision to not over sensualise my artist, as historically the genre has. I felt that this idea was outdated and would not give any merit to the music magazine. Therefore allowing me to follow a more high class approach with the music magazine matched the evolution that the demographic has undergone. When the genre started out in the late 70’s and 80’s, many of the demographic would have been in the C2/D/E category and therefore felt that the genre was a reflection of the social and political issues at the time. However, now many of the demographic would be classed in the A/B/C1 category and now have dispensable income on products such as music magazines, justifying the evolution of the genre. Therefore it could be

said that my media product is representative of the social group because I have attempted to capture the evolution of the genre. One code and convention of the genre that I attempted to convey through my music magazine was the content that I put in my magazine. Many indie / rock magazines would have a list of artists within the genre and have some content related to that artist. I did not think that this fit the codes and conventions of the genre. Many contents pages to R&B magazines are very spread out with limited information on the contents page. The main prominence of the page would be the artist that the issue is focused on. That is what I attempted to do with the second contents page – with the image of Keisha in black and white. Therefore it could be said that my media product is representative of my social group

because I tried to structure the magazine in a format that the audience would find some familiarity with the magazine and not find it too intimidating. The main article itself has identifiable codes and conventions of the R&B / Hip Hop genre. One code and convention of the genre is the associated iconography that each artist has. This trend could be said to have picked up with the Edition font that was used on Beyonce’s “I am Sasha Fierce” album cover. This is the font that I used on the masthead – to reinforce the image and genre of my music magazine. The iconography that I used for


my artist was a calligraphy-type bold font. This iconography was effective as the contrast between the thin edition font and the boldness of the name “IMAN� emphasised the feminine theme of the magazine. Another code and convention of music magazines is that they try to summarise the journey of the artist, from often humble beginnings. This helps the audience identify with the artist (echoing the ideas of the Uses and Gratifications theory). Therefore it could be said that my media product is representative of my social group because they feel that they can relate to my artist and that they have more knowledge on the artist that they did prior to reading the article

It could be said that my media product is very representative of my social group because of the type of artist that I have in my magazine, content that relates to them and interests them. Content that is relevant to the scene of that genre. It could also be said to be representative of them in terms of the way that the magazine looks – a structure that they would not deem to be too intimidating.

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Evaluation Response three: There are four main distribution companies that distribute magazines in the industry. PC Media, Bauer Media, Condé Nast & Hearst (National Magazine Company). In order for my music magazine to successful, I would have needed to have chosen the right distributor to distribute my magazine. The role of the distributor is very similar to that of the record la-

is able to sell more by its association with Vibe Media. Another reason why choosing Vibe Media as a distributor would prove successful is because I feel that they already know how to effectively distribute an R&B magazine – because they already distribute Vibe Magazine in the US. Meaning they know where to sell them, where to advertise the magazine and will already enhance the level of interaction it has on multi platforms (Twitter, Facebook, and

distributors enhance the associations made with the magazine, thus if I did choose any of the four distributors, the magazine would not be able to cement itself with the other magazines of the genre. However one concern of choosing Vibe Media as my distributor is that they do already produce Vibe Magazine in America. This means that the level of competition will potentially increase – because they are both of the same genre and intended for the

“PC Media, Bauer Media, Conde Nast & Hearst (National Magazine Company) are the biggest distributors in the UK”

bel in the music industry. There were several decisions I had taken in order for my magazine to be successful and cement itself with its competitors The institution that I have chosen to distribute my magazine is Vibe Media. I felt that the four main distribution companies did not have any knowledge on increasing awareness for my music magazine, leading to the magazine possibly not selling very well. Vibe media is most famous for distributing Vibe Magazine – an R&B magazine, very similar to my music magazine “The Hype”. One reason why I chose to pair up with the distribution company “Vibe Media” is because they produce Vibe Magazine in America and do not have any magazines that they distribute here in the UK – thus opening their market share, allowing them to dominate their share of the market. The size and scale of the R&B / Hip Hop music magazine industry is considerably smaller in the UK than the US. Yet many of the perceived conventions of the genre are still evident in magazines in the UK. One way that this proves to be beneficial to both “The Hype” and Vibe Media is that Vibe Media are able to capitalize on the expansion of the market in the UK and “The Hype”

YouTube). Having a distributor that knows how to generate profit for a music magazine of this nature means the magazine would be advertised more effectively. I feel that choosing Vibe Media as a distribution company would prove to be successful because of the up rise of web 2.0 and new media – which means that there is a variety of ways for the product to reach the intended audience. I think that not choosing IPC and the other three main distributors in the UK was an effective decision because they are large institutions that already

same audience. Which could also potentially increase confusion – because both magazines are expensive and although they have disposable income it varies between magazines. One way of combating this issue is by making sure that that I solely effective appeal to British audience. Through including segments such as introducing new artists (which is what I did with the issue I produced), British festivals such as Wireless Festival and tour dates that are around the UK.

With more than 80% of the market share supply a wide range of music magazines. I think that they could not put in the work and money to make my music magazine as much of a success as I feel Vibe Media would. Also IPC produce more indie magazines – which I feel is a completely different direction, therefore would not know how to market the brand effectively. Many of the ideas and values captured in my music magazine are very different to that of IPC. I think that

Overall, I feel that combating the issue of not having a British distributor that distributes R&B music magazines already, leading to me pairing with an American distributor will lead to an increase in the R&B music magazine industry and will allow my magazine to be distributed effectively, capitalising on the lack of competition here in the UK.


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Evaluation Response Four: A product is always made with an audience in mind. The perceived opinions of the audience contribute to the overall finished music magazine. There were several procedures I had to take in order for me to conduct thorough research on my audience and properly direct my product towards my audience.

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There were two classifications that I had to make for my audience. The two classifications were my primary audience – the people who the product is directly aimed at. The second classification was my secondary audience – the people who the product is not directly aimed at, but may still possibly be interested in. My primary audience is females aged 17 – 23 in the ABC1 category. The ethnicity would primarily be mainly ethnic minorities – predominantly black females. However, the product is not specifically targeted solely at the ethnic audience, however many of the ideas and values expressed in this genre is typically associated with an audience of colour. Once I had figured out what my audience would “look like”, the next step was to figure the ideology amongst the demographic, thus conducting psychographic research. My primary audience is aspirers who consider personal status important. Typically, aspirers make up 25% of consumers. They aspire to certain lifestyle; choose purchases for fashion/ range. Choose products/services contribute to aspirer’s perceived image. My secondary are mainstreamers /conformists. They make up 40% of consumers – because they are mainstreamers. They do not want

to stand out from the crowd – they want to fit in. They need to have trust in products/services – thus staying with well known brands. I think it was effective choosing aspirers as my primary audience because that’s a continuous theme throughout the genre – as I’ve mentioned previously, many artists in the genre excessively talk about how their hard work has got them to where they want to be. How have you gathered all this information? When conducting and gathering research there is two types of research that can be conducted. Primary research is when you personally conduct research and secondary research is when you use an external source such as the internet to gather research. There are also two types of ways to conduct research. Quantitative research is when the research is concerning numbers whereas qualitative research could be in the form of focus groups and interviews and is a much more personal approach to conducting research. The reason why I have chosen the age range of 17-23 is because of the information I received from my “Audience” research and the results I got from my “Questionnaire”. With half of the people who answered my questionnaire, most of the people who answered my questionnaire were aged 17-26. They also dictated the price. Many of the people I asked were also black males and females who listened to R&B – because I thought it would

be effective to gather data from my main audience and a range other secondary /tertiary audiences. Do you think this was an effective decision? I do think that this was an effective decision because from my “Institution” research, I have learnt that the readers of magazines are aged 17-23. I also thought that it would not be effective to aim my music magazine at people in C2/D/E categories because they

do not have the disposable income that A/B/C1 category people have. Also from American music TV shows – like 106&Park – it is clear that the primary audience are aspiring black males and females aged 17-23. Because they have the aspiration to achieve what many artists from humble beginnings have achieve, thus relating to the artist as well, identifying them as the “common person”


Evaluation Response Five: With the rise of the internet and with it, the rise of social media it is becoming increasingly competitive to market a music magazine. However I feel that I have a music magazine that attracts its demographic effectively. The Uses and Gratifications Theory is the idea that we – as an audience – purchase music magazines in order to find information, personal identity, social interaction and escapism. This is the

ism” factor about my magazine – because it allows the audience to connect with the music magazine on different levels, such as fashion, music and other celebrities. It contains tour information and festival information – e.g. how to get the look and Wireless Festival dates. Which I feel is unusual because most music magazines do not contain tour dates – because most music festivals do not have R&B and Hip Hop artists, therefore making them relevant. Therefore my music magazine breaks the codes and conventions of R&B

demographic that make use of social networks. Therefore I think that this was especially effective to use because it allows the audience to find more information about the music magazine (Uses and Gratifications Theory).

“exclusive” content that the audience would not find anywhere else. Separating my magazine from competitors. criteria I had in my head during the creation process of making my music magazine. In terms of the Uses and Gratifications theory, people would buy my magazine because it concludes content that they may not find in other magazines – such as tour and festival information, audience could identify with an artist who grew up in an average working class area who now is one of the biggest artists in the world and now feel she has a split personality (I think this is the biggest area of my magazine that I feel audience addressed and would attract them, because of the common ground they have with the artist). Because of the content addressed in the magazine – e.g. how to get the look – this would create more social interaction within my audience by giving them common interests and discussions, increasing their social interaction levels. I think that there is a strong “escap-

music magazines. However I think I was successful because my music magazine contains “exclusive” content that the audience would not find anywhere else. Separating my magazine from competitors. It’s easy to understand. As previously mentioned, I did not want to include language that my audience would find daunting/intimidating. This would not also fit the codes and convention of R&B and Hip Hop magazines – mostly inventing their own terminology, e.g. referring to the music industry as a “game” and artists as “playa”. In regards to this, my music magazine does not break the codes and conventions. It contains social media connections – such as a page on Facebook and a Twitter page. I think this is especially effective because my audience age range is the key

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Evaluation Response Six:

Throughout the process of creating my product, there was a variety of technology used at each stage. Many of the technologies I used were of industry standard, which I believe heightened the overall aesthetic of the music magazine. To take my pictures, I used a 50mm, 1.8f Prime Lens on a SLR 550D Canon. One advantage of using a digital camera was that it can store more photos than a film camera, giving me more of a variety in the photos I had taken. I think that one advantage of using a high quality camera is that they produce good quality photos, which was of the utmost importance as the photos hold the most prominence in the music magazine. Another advantage of using

industry cameras is that they look professional. One thing I have learnt from using the camera was altering the ISO to give the photos more clarity. Once I had taken the photos on the 550D Canon, I used Adobe Photoshop CS5 to edit them. Adobe Photoshop is a program where you can manipulate a photo, and enhance features on a model that are not naturally defined .One advantage of using In Photoshop is that it is a program that companies in the industry actually use – giving the photos a more professional aesthetic .One use that I used on the program of the tools is the Gaussian Blur. One reason why I used this tool was to hide / get rid of spots. By getting rid of the spots, it enhances elegance I attempted to make and also enhanced the quality of my photos. But one of the disadvantages of that is that if you don’t take out the background and don’t feather the edges – once placed on an InDesign document – the edges come out jaggedly. Therefore decreasing the quality of the overall product. Another tool which I used was an effect was the black and white effect in Photoshop. The reason why I used this effect on the photo is because i think this effect echoed the colours used in the house style. Another tool which I used on Photoshop was the action tool, as it created many layers to photo, increasing its depth. In conclusion, what

I had learnt from using this program was that editing the photos gave them more clarity and made them look more professional. I used InDesign to create my magazine. When I opened the document, I made the decision make a 7 page booklet. InDesign is a program that allows you to make pamphlets, books and magazines. One advantage of using InDesign is that Adobe InDesign you can wrap the image around the text – using the wrap text icon. This means that everything fits on the page neatly. Another tool which helped keep everything organised was the boundary lines. By

pressing “W”, you can see what is kept within the boundaries of the page. Another use of InDesign is the idea that you can apply a drop shadow to both text and images, giving more prominence to the photo or text. However if overdone it may undermine the benefit of the drop shadow. For placing images, I clicked “File” and then “Import” to drop the edited photos that I edited in Photoshop. To separate my page, I used the line tool, another tool which helped keep the balance and symmetry of the magazine. In conclusion, what I had learnt from using this technology to create my product is


that keeping everything in symmetry kept the music magazine in balance and looks very professional. Overall the benefit of using technologies that companies in the industry use allows me to make my product as close to theirs as possible. However one of the drawbacks of both programs is the amount of time and skill needed to use the programs. Using industry standard programs means that neither of the technologies and programs are easy to use. I have however gained new skills and enhanced and my analytical skills, therefore making my product better.

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Question Response Seven:

magazine – e.g. Sell lines and mastheads that follow What was my preliminary task? My preliminary task was to create with a three colour a magazine about Haydon Sixth scheme. Form, that would cover all news related to the school, for example, For examit contained news about new after ple my colschool clubs and upcoming events. our scheme were yelTherefore making it an informative piece of media in comparison low, blue and red. I to my music magazine, where the purpose was to entertain (enhanc- chose to use yellow ing the values of the Uses and and blue Gratifications Theory). because What did you make your prelimi- those are the school nary task on? colours, I made my preliminary task on and the use Abode Photoshop CS5. This software is a program that is primarily of red enused to edit photos – however it is hances the vibrancy possible to magazines and leaflets pre-set by on. I think that one advantage of the yellow using Adobe Photoshop is that once I had edited my photos, I was and blue. able to frame the picture with my If you were to remake this magamasthead and sell lines, making zine, what would you change and the photo the prime focus on the why, and you think there was front cover. anything that hindered you? If I were to remake this magaDo you think it was beneficial zine, I think I would change the to have a preliminary task leadsell lines and make them shorter. ing into the creation of my final

product? I think it was beneficial having made this magazine before creating my final product because it taught me the codes and conventions of what to include in a

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so that it looks more organised. I would then re arrange the layout of my front cover so that it looks more symmetrical and therefore more aesthetically pleasing. Also I would include more institutional features such as a barcode on the front page so that it follows the codes and conventions. Overall, I think the one target that I aimed to follow was time keeping, as this stopped me from completing my contents page.

What was my final task? One reason for this is because My final product was an R&B the codes and conventions with music magazine, that would regards to sell lines is that they cover everything in the R&B, from are meant to be short, so that they covering festivals such as Wireless capture the attention of the audito interviewing new and upcomence. I would also retake the photo ing artists such as the artist I have


included in my magazine. What did I make my final task on? I made my final magazine on Adobe InDesign. Adobe InDesign is a software that allows you to make leaflets and magazines and posters. This is a software that actual published magazines have used to make. I think that the progression through my upgrade of software i.e. from Adobe Photoshop to Adobe InDesign helped improve the overall aesthetic of my music magazine as I used industry standard software, making my product of industry standard.

If you were to remake this magazine, what would you change and why, and you think there was anything that hindered you? If I were to remake this magazine, I think I would not change anything because I feel it is at a level that would be deemed industry standard, thus allowing it to compete with other R&B magazines – such as Vibe.

What targets, which I acquired from my preliminary task, did I meet? One target that I made when making my final product was time keeping. Because I had not kept time I was unable to make a contents page, as previously mentioned. Therefore, I feel I met the target of keeping to time, as I allocated specific time to research and planning and then to post production. Another target which I had was Codes and conventions of magazines. In my preliminary task, I think the idea of not having a specific genre to follow made it harder to create my own magazine, therefore I compensated with the lack of direction by using bright, primary colours in my preliminary task. My last target that I made before making my final product is that I wanted to develop a concise knowledge of my audience. Therefore tasks as such as the “Questionnaire� in my planning task, allowed me to gain an understanding of what people want in an R&B magazine, thus fuelling my idea to create a feminine R&B magazine for the niche market, as there is no music magazine geared towards a predominantly female audience.

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All my evaluation questions (as) (1)