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SYMPOSIUM SUMMARY Te c h n i ca l De s i g n for C o mm unity Adapted Affo rdable H o us ing An expert sym pos ium on c l i m ate- res i l i ent h om es for SW B a n g l a d es h

DHAKA | 24 - 26 JANUARY 2011

CONTRIBUTORS Practical Action Bangladesh House 12/B, Road 4, Dhanmondi R/A, Dhaka-1205 E-mail: Website: RESET Development 16 Hoxton Square, London, N1 6NT E-mail: Website: Self-Help Promotion Network Bangladesh c/o Specialised Centre, House No 10, Road 19/A, Banani, Dhaka E-mail: Website:

Funded by UKaid from the Department for International Development

CONTENTS INTRODUCTION [3] Research Overview: 2010 - 2012 Symposium Summary: January 2011

DAY ONE [5] Rumana Kabir: Post-Sidr Family Shelter Construction Kabita Bose: Summary of CDM Phase 2 Robert Hodgson: Communicating Technology at Grass-Roots Ric Goodman: Flood Proofing Homes on Island Chars in NW Bangladesh Iftekhar Ahmed: Housing & Hazards, a Regional Perspective

DAY TWO [8] Shabbir Ahmed: Innovations in Housing, Materials & Technologies Steven Goldfinch: UNDP’s Core Family Shelter Design Iqbal Ahmed & Bikash Sarker: Community Driven Family Shelter Azit Roy: Experience Sharing on Resettlement in NW Bangladesh Moinul Islam Apu: Innovations in Housing, Solidarities International Kaiser Rejve & Humayun Tulukder: Livelihood Approach of Transitional Shelter Risal Ahmed: Community Participation, Looking Through an ‘Outsiders Eyes’ Sharifur Rahmen: Cyclone Aila Recovery Programme, Shelter Reconstruction Abdun Nime: Rammed Earth Construction Mizanur Rahmen: Innovations in Housing, Care Bangladesh

DAY THREE [12] Dipok Chandra Roy: Experience Sharing on Ressettlement in NW Bangladesh M A Wahed: Cyclone Resistent Housing Using Pre-Cast Components WORKSHOP 1: Lessons Learnt & Missing Gaps WORKSHOP 2: Technical Working Groups


Research Overview | 2010 - 2012 Full details and updates of the research will be posted up on


ith an aim to understand the damages in the housing and infrastructures for better rebuilding, a team of experts visited the cyclone Sidr and cyclone Aila affected areas of Satkhira and Bagerhat District from 12th December to 16th December, 2010, as part of a larger research project in which this symposium was organised to support (managed by RESET Development and Practical Action Bangladesh and funded by DFID).


hrough 73 individual interviews and 9 focus group discussions a number of socioeconomic issues where identified. The main problem of the people in these areas is safe drinking water and cyclone and flood resistant housing and shelter. There seems to be a lack of awareness about the building materials. Most of the local population are involved in shrimp farming, which has caused damage to the soil fertility and thus agricultural production due to excessive saline intrusion into the soil. In some villages, permanent migration of people took place due to lack of employment opportunities after Sidr and Aila. Potential threats identified included: • • • • •

Climate change. Sea water level raise. Deforestation. River erosion and embankment damage. Salination of water and soil.

Possible measures for risk reduction include: • • • • • •

Stop embankment cutting. Stop shrimp culture. Rebuild embankment. River dredging. Forestation. Build drainage channels.


he technical team evaluated 14 NGO built houses within the region and conducted Post Occupancy Evaluation. A common concern of the inhabitants was that these are not cyclone/ hazard resistant and are concerned whether they will actually withstand a strong storm.


ollowing a survey of the occupant satisfaction levels in the two regions, two contrasting scenarios came to surface. It was observed that the locals in the Bagerhat region, which received substantial relief operations after the cyclone Sidr, became overlydependent on aid and reluctant to enhance their local habitat themselves. On the other hand, in Satkhira where the effects of cyclones were more severe and less relief provided, the people here seemed more proactive and easily content with less help.




Symposium Summary | January 2011

Presentations can be watched and downloaded from


eld at the Local Government Engineering Department, RDEC, Bhaban (level 12), Argargaon, Dhaka from the 24th-26th Januaray 2011, this symposium was organised by Practical Action Bangladesh and RESET Development and funded by DFID.


his expert working sysmposium on Technical Design for Community Adapted Affordable Housing hoped to address issues relating to rural housing in the S.W. of Bangladesh by bringing together technical experts, international, regional and community based organisations, and help develop recommendations on how to support householders make better informed choices when creating or adapting their home. Importantly this event included representatives from a wide range of backgrounds (from international NGO’s to local masons and headmasters from particulary vulnerable vilalges) to create the opportunity to develop greater cross-communication and cooperation with all actors invovled in the shelter sector for this region.


pecifically this event hoped to focus on lowcost community driven solutions to increasing housing resilience and the important and developing field of community participatory approaches and capacity building as part of the reconstruction process. to quote Professor Robert Hodgson, ‘Developing low cost

housing for Bangladesh should not be seen as a project ot design a low cost house. It should be sees as a process which enables householders to make more informed choices and to share knoweldge and expertise within ttheir communities’.


he symposium was seperated into three parts: the inagural session, presentations from experts, and workshops. Country Director of Practical Action Bangladesh delivered a welcome speech and provided a breif overview of the goals and objectives of the project. Special guest Dr.Aslam Alam, Secretary, Ministry of Disaster Management & Relief Division boldly commented that many current programmes perhaps should more honestly be called ‘Build Back Faster’ rather than better. Believing that community adaptation and affordability are very important issues, designs should be location specific and should take advantage of simple innovations to make homes more resilient.



heif guest Proffessor Jamilur Reza Chowdhury, former Vice President of BRAC University and advisor to the caretaker government followed by first commenting that lots of studies have been done but not many of these publications have been put into practice. Now the time has come to collate and make relevant all this research to the needs of the each location. Chowdhury discussed the increasing awareness of the importance of ecological construction, even within reconstruction settings and proposed that after this symposium he would like to see further training of technicians and greater material available in Bangla.


ver three days, presentations from a variety of different organisations and experts where delivered to support the sharing of field experiences, research findings, institutional philosophy and notions on rural housing approaches & designs. Some of the key discussions are summarised as follows: • • •

• •

A house is not just a unique solution but rather a solution integrated with associated facilities and livelihood activities. To build a resilient home, skilled construction expertise is needed, but is currently scarce in the locality. After Aila and Sidr, it was found that beneficiaries where dissatisfied with benefficary selection & people have become expectant on pucca houses Local government has played an important role & should be seen as a good opportunity for better implementation of future projects. There is a need to create awareness among house owners on appropriate construction & maintenance of their homes. Prior design development of a house, emphasis should be given on indigenous ideas, knowledge and experiences from the target community. More focus should be given on sustainable employment and livelihood activities during a reconstruction period.



Rumana Kabir| Post-Sidr Family Shelter Construction


umana Kabir from Abashon Development Practitioners presents the findings of Shelter Working Group, who, in the first two years after Cyclone Sidr hit Bangladesh, documented the works of all the organizations that were involved in providing shelter assistance with the aim of finding out the best practices which would help the agencies be better prepared for future disasters. Both the process and the product were examined within a shelter program and huge emphasis was placed on the beneficiaries’ point of view. The main concern was to see whether we are producing a house only, or combining it with other issues of water and sanitation and disaster risk reduction.


he presentation touched on quite a number of issues and suggested possible ways of moving forward. A very important realization that came up was the fact that only 5% of all the affected houses were built with external assistance, which means that no matter how the government or other organisations try, they can only contribute to the recovery of a very small portion of all the damaged houses and therefore, construction projects are probably not the only solution to people’s housing problems. The Government’s approach was scrutinized for its lack of transparency and accountability and failure to live up to promised standards.


he issue of equity is another challenge as the costs of individual houses from the concerned organizations ranged from Tk. 30,000 to 300,000. As the most vulnerable sector received the quickest response, and as a result, poor quality houses, their vulnerabilities were in some cases re-instilled. It was disappointing to find out that despite land tenure being a burning issue; only two organizations took up advocacy campaigns for the landless. Among the recommendations based on the shortcomings were the need to work in conjunction with the manufacturers to ensure quality or create own production centre to provide livelihood opportunities, the need for effective contingency planning and the need to look into the possibilities of repairing and training rather than direct delivery. Finally, the need to disperse this knowledge gained to all the relevant organisations, from the government to CBO’s, was emphasised.




Kabita Bose| Overview of CDMP Phase 2


abita Bose introduces and provides a very informative overview on the latest programmes being implemented by the CDMP (Comprehensive Disaster Management Programme). The presentation provides an initial summary of the context and current threats being faced by Bangladesh and the potential climate change impacts (increased frequency and intensity of cyclones/floods/droughts, river bank & coastal erosion, water logging etc).


he CDMP’s main objective, with it first phase from 2004-2009 and now in its second phase (2010 – 2014), is to support people oriented disaster management & risk reduction partnerships. The current programme covers 40 districts and includes capacity building, DRR &CAA main streaming and an extensive knowledge management programme (of particular note in regards to shelter is their database of cyclone shelters that can be found on their website).


ollowing on from this, Bose describes the institutional and policy instruments that have been put in place to help support and strengthen the countries resilient capacity (which includes the CDMP), as well as the different organisational bodies involved in their implementation.


Robert Hodgson| Communicating Technologies at the Grass-Roots


r. Robert Hodgson provides an invaluable overview of the experiences and lessons from the Housing & Hazards group, of which Hodgson was one of the founding members 15 years ago. The group was set-up to investigate what choices people had at designing and developing their homes and how support could help at increasing their options to respond to their needs and decrease their vulnerability. This was, and still is seen as a communication challenge, sharing construction knowledge across the whole of the country and developing networks to help in the dissemination at all levels.


he investigation by Housing & Hazards led to the belief that the current process was too top-down and what was needed was individual solutions for individual needs. A key approach was thus to look at better ways of communicating technologies to home owners themselves.



n this presentation Hodgson emphasises that communication is a two way process and that a better understanding of the complex relationship between external and local actors is needed. Examples such as graphic construction representations must not assume an understanding of the symbols and innovations need to be translated for both organisation and beneficiary level. Hodgson proposes that these innovations must be Appropriate, Accessible, Available and Affordable for them to be of benefit and also goes on to discuss other social issues such as aspirations of modernity restricting uptake. The audience also highlighting the inter generational differences and challenges when it comes to home design. VIEW FULL PRESENTATION HOUSING & HAZARDS


Ric Goodman | Flood Proofing Homes on Island Chars in NW Bangladesh


ic Goodman from the Chars Livelihood Programme (CLP) provides an introduction to the DFID funded work (and now also AUSaid) in the Northern Chor district of Bangladesh. The presentation offers a different approach to dealing with flooding in the northern context by looking at plinth raising and subsequent livelihood generation via a cash for work programme.


he CLP (which has now been running for about 5 years) was developed to support the reduction of vulnerability solely in the Island Chors which are permanently surrounded by water throughout the year. This leaves people very vulnerable both to nature, politics and very weak access to markets in terms of trade and services. This presentation

identifies a number of key topical issues that have been identified via the CLP plinth raising approach.


hese include; gender disparities with cash for work contracts; cost-benefit analysis of raised homestead plinths (currently estimated at 2.5% annual depreciation); opportunities for enhancing local green infrastructure; land tenure issues (even localised resettlement became an issue). VIEW FULL PRESENTATION CHARS LIVELIHOOD PROGRAMME

Iftekhar Ahmed | Housing & Hazards, A Regional Perspective


r. Iftekhar Ahmed, from the Climate Change Adaptation Programme, Global Cities Research Institute RMIT University, provides an essential overview of his professional and research experiences with post-disaster reconstruction within the Asian context over the past decade.


hmed gives a wealth of examples, including Vietnam 2006, Jogja 2006, Indonesia 2007, Pakistan 2007, Sri Lanka, India and Bangladesh. The evaluation of these different reconstruction projects exemplifies some of the key issues around the process of housing provision and the importance of local capacity building and knowledge sharing. Many of the case studies discussed centre around understanding local contexts, cultural acceptability and the importance of community participatory approaches and construction training to achieve sustainable, resilient homes over a longer period of time. These processes of coming to a community engaged consensus is often much more effective than international donors providing a one-off house. This product driven approach rarely links with other issues such as infrastructure, energy and water supplies and local livelihood development.


n essential study conducted in Aceh posttsunami 2007, compared the ecological foot print and carbon dioxide emission of four reconstructed houses using Life Cycle Assessments. The findings indicated that the traditional house typology, although producing very little green house gas emissions over its life cycle, has a significant ecological footprint due to requirements of land and water. However compared to most reconstruction housing by humanitarian agencies, the footprint of a traditional house is still much less.


r.Ahmed, further goes onto explain through projects in Pakistan and then Bangladesh, that if one embeds the notion that a house is not just a product through increasing local knowledge and capacity (via community construction training), then the results will become more sustainable and relevant to each local context. Giving people the opportunity and knowledge allows them to make their own choices and reduces common aid-driven programmes. LISTEN TO PRESENTATION GLOBAL CITIES RESEARCH INSTITUTE



Shabbir Ahmed | Innovations in Housing: Materials & Technologies


r. Ahmed, Professor at the department of architecture at BUET, shares lessons from an academic exercise conducted in Sharankhola of Bagerhat in the aftermath of cyclone Sidr. Through the homestead analysis of the region, many interesting observations were made about different materials and methods of construction. According to him, it is important to look beyond innovative joinery details and understand the big picture.

needed is the integration of rural housing guidelines into the national building codes of Bangladesh. He welcomes the government’s initiative to ensure home for everyone by the year 2015, and hopes they would be disaster resilient ones. He asks specialists to contribute to knowledge building so that we do not keep on reinventing the wheel. VIEW FULL PRESENTATION


e touched on quite a number of issues such as affordability, defensive landscaping, government planning, etc. Ahmed thinks what is immediately


Steven Goldfinch| UNDPs Core Family Shelter Design


teven Goldfinch, project manager at the UNDP, clearly describes the reasons, processes and experiences of the UNDP’s involvement in shelter support within Bangladesh in recent years. It was whilst working with the IFRC on the emergency shelter cluster, and the early recovery phase , the UNDP identified an opportunity to work with the government to look at rural housing. Further research showed that there wasn’t a wealth of information on rural policy and guidelines, so the first thing they did was to document best practices with the ADPC.


hen in collaboration with DFID and by utilising their own resources, UNDP developed the ‘core family shelter’ programme, and which Goldfinch goes onto describe it’s 2 stage approach. This presentation includes not only analysis of some of the design details but also the constraints and opportunities encountered through the complex, contractor driven approach to its delivery. VIEW FULL PRESENTATION UNDP



Iqbal Ahmed & Bikash Sarker| Community Driven Family Shelter


qbal Ahmed (Emergency Programme) and Bikash Sarker (Shelter Coordinator) presented on behalf of Muslim Aid their experience of taking up a community driven approach in their shelter assistance after cyclone Sidr. The initial dilemma over the process of construction was a big one but MA took a risk on taking up a community driven approach on such a large scale. The involvement of beneficiaries was present at every stage of the construction, from design to implementation, with MA providing money in 7 installments. The lessons from similar projects in Sri Lanka after the Indian Ocean tsunami came in handy where 40% of the houses were incomplete because of the money being handed out at one go. Also, they created groups of 10 households so that the members could help the most vulnerable ones in the group.


ne of the difficulties faced was the land ownership issue which was evaluated by MA’s legal adviser. Micro-credit support was lent to helpless families to enable them to buy a piece of land collectively. Some families started building larger plinths in the hope of a larger house without realizing the financial consequences and MA had to discourage them. When MA realized that few families ran into debts in order to complete the houses, they started to integrate livelihood programmes to support them. They also believe it was easier to involve the community in projects that were not funded by external donors. VIEW FULL PRESENTATION MUSLIM AID

Azit Roy| Experience Sharing on Resettlement in NW Bangladesh


zit Roy, a social housing researcher from Nirapad Bangladesh (SAFE), who also happens to be a poet and a singer, shared his experiences of community participation from working with people in three different projects. In the hands-on workshop in Dinajpur, where local and international students worked with the village people on local construction techniques, the students were required to stay in those villages for months to get themselves accustomed to the local context and gain a wider perspective. Azit’s point is that one needs to establish a connection of hearts before going on with any project.


n the school project built in Noakhali after Sidr, the children were consulted at every stage of the process, who came up with practical solutions such as the provision of a mezzanine floor which they can use for recreation even if the structure is flooded. Each child participated in painting the school which is important to develop a sense of belonging in the community. In another plantation project, the people were inspired to participate as trees would provide shade in the event of the popular annual football match. A great way of disseminating knowledge is through songs, which if taught to children can get the message across to the elders. It is also a good idea to organize exhibitions t is important to get one’s hands dirty to be able to at the end of any project. The presentation ended grasp what is written in the papers. Whatever one with a wonderful song rendered by Azit when plans or suggests, one needs to do it himself first. everyone joined the chorus to truly uplift the spirit The inclusion of local masons in the building process of participation. and the interchange of skills in different projects are also essential for effective knowledge building.





Moinul Islam Apu|Innovations in Housing: Solidarities International


r.Apu from Solidarities International discusses their shelter experiences post-Sidr, in particular discussing the importance of community orientated, context specific approaches to shelter response. By analysing and evaluating the local vernacular construction Solidarities produced designs based on local tradition to ensure better acceptance from the communities.

approach (including increased reporting and dissemination) and technical designs (including supporting the self-reconstruction with improved training). VIEW FULL PRESENTATION SOLIDARITIES INTERNATIONAL


pu also provides some very valuable recommendations to both the coordination

Kaiser Rejve & Humayun Tulukder| Livelihood Approach of Transitional Shelter


his presentation looks at post-disaster shelter assistance in the light of social science and how such projects can be integrated with livelihood opportunities. Oxfam has mainly been involved in emergency and transitional shelter programmes in Bangladesh as well as other parts of South Asia. Their response to Sidr was through emergency shelter, while they took up a limited number of transitional shelters for Aila affected people. Within the allocated budget for one family home, Oxfam provided CGI sheets and pillars and gave the rest to the concerned family which allowed them some freedom with the choice of other materials and labour. These were supplemented by other livelihood supports such as CFW (Cash for Work) programmes.


any interesting findings came up from the follow-up work after Sidr, of which a great number is related to gender issues. As NGO’s often target women as beneficiaries, this has led to early marriages and polygamy. Also designing a house unit for a nuclear family is not particularly helpful in a culture where living together as joint families is the practice. These issues are very sensitive and Oxfam invited every organization who works in the humanitarian sector to pay attention to them and share similar findings. VIEW FULL PRESENTATION OXFAM

Risal Ahmed| Community Participation: Looking through an “Outsiders Eyes”


isal Ahmed, a fresh graduate from the department of architecture of Brac University, gives an interesting insight into the community participation process in Disaster Resilient Habitat project in Shatkhira. According to him, trust is the essential component in any form of participatory programme and he, along with his partners, worked on building trust over a long period of time.


workshop was held in the region where people were asked to build models of their dream


houses and later, another workshop was organized with the same people in Dhaka where they worked towards a more rational solution. With the result a demonstration house is built in Shatkhira, not with radical structural innovations but simple changes in methods, where the ‘outsiders’ are staying and working with people on building the rest of the houses. VIEW FULL PRESENTATION


Sharifur Rahman| Cyclone Aila Recovery Programme: Shelter Reconstruction


harifur Rahman shares the process of shelter construction of British Red Cross’s cyclone Aila recovery programme. Shelter and water and sanitation came out as the major problems from the initial needs assessment. Through focused group discussions with the community, a draft design was developed which was checked for wind resistance using computer software by the technical experts.


popular with the local practice. A proto-type of the house is now being built by British Red Cross which would determine the changes that need to be done before going out for larger scale construction. VIEW FULL PRESENTATION BRITISH RED CROSS

or better wind resistance, hipped roof was suggested instead of gabled roof, which is also

Abdun Nime| Rammed Earth Construction


bdun Nime, basically a landscape specialist, shares his story of how he was introduced to rammed earth construction and what he has learnt from his recent works. Some of his major feats have been working with Anna Herringer and Khandoker Hasibul Kabir in the Aga Khan Award winning METI school at Dinajpur, with Architect Nahas Khalil at Housing and Building Research Institute (HBRI), with Martin Rauch at Lintz University of Austria and with Robert Hodgson at Dinajpur.


e discusses the benefits of utilizing local materials and points out some of the innovative construction methods with rammed earth, such as mixing a certain amount of cement or using milk for floor finishes. He is currently working on promoting rammed earth as a local and environment friendly material for modern architectural projects in Dhaka. VIEW FULL PRESENTATION

Mizanur Rahman| Innovations in Housing: Care Bangladesh


izanur Rahman shared experiences from CARE Bangladesh’s shelter program after Sidr, focusing mainly on the family core shelter and school-cum cyclone shelters. CARE’s response was different from that of Muslim Aid both in their choice of materials and implementation process, which was direct delivery, although the involvement of community was ensured in the construction monitoring phase.


he inclusion of rainwater harvesting plant with each house was a major step to ensure safe drinking water for the beneficiaries. In case of cyclone shelters, attention was given to the provision of ramps rather than stairs and the paving up of surrounding roads for better accessibility.


lthough CARE’s initial strategy was to build through contractors, discarding the idea was beneficial at the end as it ensured transparency and the quality of materials. Another challenge faced by CARE and other organizations alike was the lack of coordination between different government bodies and also the lack of a standard implementation strategy and material specification from the Shelter Working Group at that time. However, these have helped in the learning process and as a result, CARE is confident that their shelter response after cyclone Aila have been largely improved. VIEW FULL PRESENTATION CARE BANGLADESH



Dipok Chandra Roy| Experience Sharing on Resettlement in NW Bangladesh


r Dipok Chandra Roy provides an overview of Practical Actions work on cluster village resettlements in the Gaibandha region of Bangladesh, an area heavily effected by river erosion and disappearing lands.


ractical Actions approach was a horizontal level, cross-sectoral, hat addressed both health, education, infrastructure and housing. Roy acknowledges some of the major challenges faced;

beneficiary selection, transportation and access as well as issues with land tenure and purchasing, along with discussing the social, economic and environmental impacts of such schemes. VIEW FULL PRESENTATION PRACTICAL ACTION

M A Wahed| Cyclone Resistant Housing Using Pre-Cast Components


r. Wahed from the Housing and Buildings Research Institute, Bangladesh, provides a wealth of technical information around their current developments with pre-cast concrete and stilt housing designs. This presentation includes full costings and construction detailing and discusses some of the opportunities that ferro-cement can bring to this sector.




Workshop 1| Lessons Learnt & Missing Gaps


he first workshop consisted of 36 delegates being split into 6 groups and asked to discuss and present their opioninos on what they have learnt, and what they felt was missing from current discourse on the subject.

Workshop 2| Technical Working Groups


he second workshop sperated the delegates into three working groups: Policy, Social & Technical. Over the afternoon the groups discusses the issues they would like to develop as a part of future discussions.





• • • • • • • •

Greater awareness of ecological construction Awareness of different organisations involvement in housing resettlement Various concepts and approaches towards affordable housing Additional services need to be incorporated into design process Assess community needs, material avaialbiliyt, cultural diversity Consider livelihood support along with housing Interlinking of modern and indigenous technologies Concept of 3 w’s: Who, What, Where Vernacular awareness

ISSUES STILL TO BE DISCUSSED: • • • • • • • • • • • •

Affordability, in whose point of view? Environment Impact Assessment? Full community participation, including financial, self-help, ownership etc. Long term degredation of soil Awareness raising for sustainable forestry Transparency & Accountancy Improved mechanisms for coordination Ecological landscaping Disability issues Salinity issues Landless issues Existing shelter policy & guidelines

• • • • • • •

Existing Policy Review: National House Building Policy, National House Building Code, Bangladesh House Building Finance Cooperation, Integrated Coastal Management Policy (BCCSAP-2009) New Policy Design: For South West Coastal Region through participatory processes Financial Issues Working Group: national, district, subdistrict, union and community Land Selection Process: agriculture, water body, khash land Environmental Issues: climate change risks, vulnerability, scarce resources, EIA’s Partnerships: GOB and NGO collaboration, local partnership development Implementation: Monitoring comittee, feedback

SOCIAL: • • • • • • •

Beneficiary Selection Land Arrangement Knowledge Sharing Livelihood Selection Health, Education, IGA Community Involvement/Empowerment Special issues - Gender, Disability, Religion

TECHNICAL: • • • • • •

Plinth: Height 3.5ft to 4ft, Material either mud, fero-cement, mud mixed with wooddust, must also have a suitable slope Post Structure: RCC post 6inch x 6inch at corners, wooden posts in middle Cross Bracing Walls: mud wall reinforced with wood, bamboo mat, CI sheet at base Roof Material: CI sheet with a thickness of 0.35mm, Golpata, fero-cemenet corrugated sheet Roof Structure: wood, bamboo, metal, 4 x pitch






Rumana Kabir Arif M Faisal Nurul Aminur Md. Moniruzzaman Ali Ahmed Khumayun M. Aslamn Alam Jamilur Reza Choudhury Risal Ahmed Nurijahan Begime S.M. Shohel Uddin Akbor Hossain Shekh Ahsan Melvin Tebbutt Shafiur Rahman Shabbir Ahmed Amreen Shajahan Walior Mizanur Rahman Kabita Bose Kamal Morium Mannan Ric Goodman Mizanur Rahman Abu Zafar Siddique Helemul Alam Lipika Das Gupta Bhupal Das Gupta Ashokh Mondal Alfaz Baidyanath Mistry Shreen Jaman Alamgir Shamim Hassan Khurshed Apel A.K.M. Maksud Abul Bashar Nicholas R.Nafizurrahaman M.A. Wahed A.T.M. Moniruzzaman Rakesh Rahmutullan Mohammad Shariful Islam Mostafizur Rahman Tim Khan Moznu Isat Iqbal Ahmad Bikash Chandra Sarker Ibnul Syed Rana

Abashon Development Ltd ADB Agrogoti Sagnstha, Satkhira Aid Organisation, Barisal Bangladesh Betar Bangladesh Betar Bangladesh Government BRAC University BRAC University BRDB BRDB BRDB BRIF British Red Cross British Red Cross BUET BUET Campass Today CARE Bangladesh CDMP CDMP Chupriya Mohila Sangstha CLP Concern Worldwide Cresecent (Satkhira) Daily Star Dhara Dhara Dhara Dhara Dhara Dhara Diganta TV DoE/World Bank DR DR Grambangla Unnayan Committee Habitat Habitat for Humanity HBRI HBRI Islamic Relief J A Architects Khulna University Khulna University MCS Mohona TV Mohona TV Muslim Aid Muslim Aid NDF

DESIGNATION Director Environmental Officer Project Officer Executive Director Assistant PO Producer Secretary, DM & R Division Architect Director Joint Director Deputy Director Executive Director Shelter Advisor Shelter Advisor Professor, Department of Architecture Lecturer Media Press Technical Manager Knowledge Management Specialist CCTS Chairman Operation Director Technical Specialist Executive Director Senior Reporter Executive Director Programme Director Supervisor Mason Carpenter Designer Staff Reporter Technical Consultant

Executive Director Project Digner Manager Senior Research Architect SRE Project Engineer Engineer Lecturer Assistant Professor MD Camerman Reporter Head of Disaster Management Shelter Manager




Humayun Kabir Muhammad Ibrahim Tamzidul Islam Dulal Hossen Veena Khaleque Iqbal Karim Dipok Chandra Roy Ahmed Ali Sazzad Hosain Miah Tahmina Rahman M.A Quanyum M.A Martin Anisujjaman Ujjal W Babar Anayet Hossain Topadar S.M Alauddin Anisur Rahman Chowdhury Uttam Kumar Shaha Abdullah Al Mamun Farul Ul Islam Haseeb Irfanullah Kazi Nasima Abdur Rob Giah Uddin Farid Uzzaman Afsari Begum Delwar Hossain Ashek Elahi Elius Sharifur Rahman Robert Hodgson Nikki Linsell Iftekhar Ahmed Hasnal Alam Prodip K Sarkar Azit Roy John Arnold Kazi Enayet Hossain Patrick Palma Dash Liton Moinul Islam Apu Abdun Nime Shikh Asad Rasiqual Islam Steven Goldfinch Wassim Akhter Mostaque Ahmed Mozharul Huq Monir Uzzaman N Goodman

Oxfam Practical Action Bangladesh Practical Action Bangladesh Practical Action Bangladesh Practical Action Bangladesh Practical Action Bangladesh Practical Action Bangladesh Practical Action Bangladesh Practical Action Bangladesh Practical Action Bangladesh Practical Action Bangladesh Practical Action Bangladesh Practical Action Bangladesh Practical Action Bangladesh Practical Action Bangladesh Practical Action Bangladesh Practical Action Bangladesh Practical Action Bangladesh Practical Action Bangladesh Practical Action Bangladesh Practical Action Bangladesh Practical Action Bangladesh Practical Action Bangladesh Practical Action Bangladesh Practical Action Bangladesh Practical Action Bangladesh Practical Action Bangladesh PROGOTI Radio Red Cross REDR / Housing & Hazards RESET Development RMIT RRF RRF SAFE SAFE SCOPE Self Help Promotion Network Shushilon Solidarities International Trii Udayan Bangladesh UN Bangladesh UNDP UNDP - UPPR UNDP Dhaka UNDP Dhaka WSD

DESIGNATION Architect GIS Expert Support staff Country Director Team Leader, Infrastructure Services Project Co-ordinator Technology Promotion Officer Programme Manager Disaster Management Specialist IT Co-ordinator Consultant Communication Officer Head FAPIT Agro Processing Specialist Co-ordinator Senior Project Manager Project Manager Project Manager Head ODU TL Consultant TL HR Co-ordinator Research Officer Co-ordinator Assitant Engineer Secretary

Founding Member Director & Trustee Research Fellow Assistant Director, Development Programme Documentation Officer CEO Engineer Executive Director Co-ordinator Reporting & Documentation Officer Wash & Shelter Programme Manager CEO Executive Director Staff Writer Programme Specialist (DM) Urban Plannign Expert Civil Engineer Senior Advisor, Early Recovery Co-ordinator Consultant, Urban


Symposium Summary