Royal Air Force News Friday, August 13, 2021 P21
My debt to caring plastic surgery pioneer McIndoe T
HE FAMOUS Guinea Pig Club, whose members were Allied airman who suffered horrific burns in conflict, mainly in World War II, marks its 80th anniversary this year. The club was named after the work carried out by pioneering surgeon Sir Archibald McIndoe, who developed new plastic surgery techniques to treat the men’s injuries at the Queen Victoria Hospital in East Grinstead. It became known as ‘the town that didn’t stare’ because McIndoe told his patients to mix with the local population to help destigmatise their injuries, recognising the need for his patients’ mental recovery from their life-changing injuries. He advocated the removal of rank once wounded personnel were on the ward and promoted a relaxed atmosphere where patients could take time away from the ward in between treatment and even observe operations. McIndoe had a piano, and a barrel of beer, installed in the ward and encouraged socialising and singing among the men. When they went out, he encouraged them to wear their uniform to instil a sense of pride. Club member Jim Marshall, 98, has paid tribute to the brilliant medic. He said: “The Guinea Pig Club means to me what it means to many people – life. McIndoe was very approachable. He would come and talk to us all, he was very popular with all the patients. In fact, he asked us to his cottage, to get a change of air.” Jim, who lives at the Erskine veterans villages at Bishopston in Scotland, was treated by McIndoe after three years of painful rehabilitation. He joined the RAF aged 18 in 1941, training as a navigator in Wellingtons with 38 Squadron, and served all over the world. He flew more than 100 operations without incident until his aircraft crash landed during a search and rescue mission in Italy a month after VE Day. Jim was the only surviving c r e w member.
TRAILBLAZER: Sir Archibald McIndoe
e said: “We went out to see another plane which had gone down. We got a position, where the plane would possibly be. We couldn’t see it, so we started a square search and we came across a lifeboat and a dinghy, no one in them. Either they had been rescued or worse. “At that moment we had engine trouble and we lost an engine, so we had one engine instead of two. We were in trouble. We were just over the Italian coast and we arrived at Cervia, a small town, and that’s when the pilot more or less came into being. “To land under normal circumstances you need to land at a certain speed and you can’t achieve that speed with a one-engine plane, you’re in trouble because you are at a lower speed which makes the plane a bit out of control. We just had to hope for the best, choose the best place possible. “The plane crashed, I didn’t even feel the crash, I knew nothing, I was unconscious. I like to think my crew all died with the force of the crash, they could have died of their injuries caused by the force but I hope not.” He added: “The plane kept on travelling, which I didn’t know about, breaking up, on fire, through the forest and somewhere during that I was thrown out IN THE CLUB: Jim holds photo of himself as a young airman
GRATITUDE: Guinea Pig Club members with the statue of McIndoe at Queen Victoria Hospital, East Grinstead, in 2014
SERVICE: Jim Marshall, 2nd from right, with colleagues
of it. I don’t know how long I was unconscious but eventually I woke and my clothes were on fire and I was on fire. So the first thing I did was get up on my feet and see what I could do. “Getting to my feet was a struggle, as was removing my clothes, which were still burning. My hands were of little help. My head felt like a block of lead. Standing naked in the trees, except for one shoe, there was nothing I could do but wait for help.” Jim’s rescuers took him to a local convent before he was transferred to an Italian hospital. He spent
SINGALONG: McIndoe, at the piano, entertains Guinea Pig Club patients
three years recovering from his injuries while retraining to become a civil engineer. He went on to work with the Air Ministry for 20 years, helping to develop some of the UK’s RAF sites, including Kinloss.
VM Chris Elliot, Controller of the RAF Benevolent Fund, said: “Jim’s story of overcoming adversity is inspiring and so typical of his generation. Rather than thinking of himself, and his injuries, for Jim the loss of his crewmates was the hardest thing to bear. “McIndoe encouraged in these men a positivity for the future, and
a determination to recover and lead fulfilled lives. “Today, the same spirit lives on in the CASEVAC club, a group of veterans who were wounded during tours of Afghanistan and Iraq. As long as the RAF exists, the RAF Benevolent Fund will stand by all who serve their country, ensuring they are never alone in their hour of need.” ■ To mark the Guinea Pig Club’s anniversary the charity is encouraging people to share their own stories as well as their thanks to club members. Go to: rafbf. dedicationpage.org/gpc80