Page 44

Clinical Arrhythmias convertases. Clin Chem 2010;56:1166–76. 25. Hojs R, Bevc S, Ekart R. Biomarkers in hemodialysis patients. Adv Clin Chem 2012;57:29–56. 26. Wang AY. Clinical utility of natriuretic peptides in dialysis patients. Semin Dial 2012;25:326–33. 27. Goetze JP, Jensen G, Møller S, et al. BNP and N-terminal proBNP are both extracted in the normal kidney. Eur J Clin Invest 2006;36:8–15. 28. Pidgeon GB, Richards AM, Nicholls MG, et al. Differing metabolism and bioactivity of atrial and brain natriuretic peptides in essential hypertension. Hypertension 1996;27:906– 13. 29. Kapoun AM, Liang F, O’Young G, et al. B-type natriuretic peptide exerts broad functional opposition to transforming growth factor-beta in primary human cardiac fibroblasts: fibrosis, myofibroblast conversion, proliferation, and inflammation. Circ Res 2004;94:453–61. 30. Potter LR, Hunter T. Guanylyl cyclase-linked natriuretic peptide receptors: structure and regulation. J Biol Chem 2001;276:6057– 60. 31. Gardner DG, Chen S, Glenn DJ, Grigsby CL. Molecular biology of the natriuretic peptide system: implications for physiology and hypertension. Hypertension 2007;49:419–26. 32. Ellinor PT, Low AF, Patton KK, et al. Discordant atrial natriuretic peptide and brain natriuretic peptide levels in lone atrial fibrillation. J Am Coll Cardiol 2005;45:82–6. 33. Silvet H, Young-Xu Y, Walleigh D, Ravid S. Brain natriuretic peptide is elevated in outpatients with atrial fibrillation. Am J Cardiol 2003;92:1124–7. 34. Shelton RJ, Clark AL, Goode K, et al. The diagnostic utility of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide for the detection of major structural heart disease in patients with atrial fibrillation. Eur Heart J 2006;27:2353–61. 35. Jourdain P, Bellorini M, Funck F, et al. Short-term effects of sinus rhythm restoration in patients with lone atrial fibrillation: a hormonal study. Eur J Heart Fail 2002;4:263–7. 36. Wozakowska-Kaplon B. Effect of sinus rhythm restoration on plasma brain natriuretic peptide in patients with atrial fibrillation. Am J Cardiol 2004;93:1555–8. 37. Ata Y, Turk T, Ay D, et al. Ability of B-type natriuretic peptide in predicting postoperative atrial fibrillation in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Heart Surg Forum 2009;12:E211–6. 38. Iskesen I, Eserdag M, Kurdal AT, et al. Preoperative NT-proBNP levels: a reliable parameter to estimate postoperative atrial fibrillation in coronary artery bypass patients. Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2011;59:213–6. 39. Amar D, Zhang H, Shi W, et al. Brain natriuretic peptide and risk of atrial fibrillation after thoracic surgery. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2012;144:1249–53. 40. Cuthbertson BH, Amiri AR, Croal BL, et al. Utility of B-type natriuretic peptide in predicting perioperative cardiac events in patients undergoing major non-cardiac surgery. Br J Anaesth 2007;99:170–6. 41. Fan J, Cao H, Su L, et al. NT-proBNP, but not ANP and C-reactive protein, is predictive of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in patients undergoing pulmonary vein isolation. J Interv Card Electrophysiol 2012;33:93–100. 42. Hussein AA, Saliba WI, Martin DO, et al. Plasma B-type natriuretic peptide levels and recurrent arrhythmia after successful ablation of lone atrial fibrillation. Circulation 2011;123:2077–82. 43. Nakazawa Y, Ashihara T, Tsutamoto T, et al. Endothelin-1 as a predictor of atrial fibrillation recurrence after pulmonary vein isolation. Heart Rhythm 2009;6:725–30. 44. Yamada T, Murakami Y, Okada T, et al. Plasma atrial natriuretic Peptide and brain natriuretic Peptide levels after radiofrequency catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. Am J Cardiol 2006;97:1741–4. 45. Ari H, Binici S, Ari S, et al. The predictive value of plasma brain natriuretic peptide for the recurrence of atrial fibrillation six months after external cardioversion. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars 2008;36:456–60. 46. Beck-da-Silva L, de Bold A, Fraser M, et al. Brain natriuretic peptide predicts successful cardioversion in patients with atrial fibrillation and maintenance of sinus rhythm. Can J Cardiol 2004;20:1245–8. 47. Falcone C, Buzzi MP, D’Angelo A, et al. Apelin plasma levels predict arrhythmia recurrence in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation. Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol 2010;23:917–25. 48. Freynhofer MK, Jarai R, Höchtl T, et al. Predictive value of plasma Nt-proBNP and body mass index for recurrence of atrial fibrillation after cardioversion. Int J Cardiol 2011;149:257– 9. 49. Kallergis EM, Manios EG, Kanoupakis EM, et al. Effect of sinus rhythm restoration after electrical cardioversion on apelin and brain natriuretic Peptide prohormone levels in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation. Am J Cardiol 2010;105:90–4. 50. Lellouche N, Berthier R, Mekontso-Dessap A, et al. Usefulness of plasma B-type natriuretic peptide in predicting recurrence of atrial fibrillation one year after external cardioversion. Am J Cardiol 2005;95:1380–2. 51. Mabuchi N, Tsutamoto T, Maeda K, Kinoshita M. Plasma cardiac natriuretic peptides as biochemical markers of recurrence of atrial fibrillation in patients with mild congestive heart failure. Jpn Circ J 2000;64:765–71. 52. Möllmann H, Weber M, Elsässer A, et al. NT-ProBNP predicts rhythm stability after cardioversion of lone atrial fibrillation. Circ J 2008;72:921–5. 53. Shin DI, Jaekel K, Schley P, et al. Plasma levels of NT-proBNP in patients with atrial fibrillation before and after electrical cardioversion. Z Kardiol 2005;94:795–800. 54. Wozakowska-Kaplon B, Opolski G. Exercise-induced natriuretic peptide secretion predicts cardioversion outcome in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation: discordant ANP and B-type natriuretic peptide response to exercise testing. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2010;33:1203–9. 55. Buob A, Jung J, Siaplaouras S, et al. Discordant regulation of CRP and NT-proBNP plasma levels after electrical

114

Zografos_edited.indd 114

cardioversion of persistent atrial fibrillation. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2006;29:559–63. 56. Lombardi F, Tundo F, Belletti S, et al. C-reactive protein but not atrial dysfunction predicts recurrences of atrial fibrillation after cardioversion in patients with preserved left ventricular function. J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) 2008;9:581– 8. 57. Tveit A, Seljeflot I, Grundvold I, et al. Candesartan, NT-proBNP and recurrence of atrial fibrillation after electrical cardioversion. Int J Cardiol 2009;131:234–9. 58. Watanabe E, Arakawa T, Uchiyama T, et al. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein is predictive of successful cardioversion for atrial fibrillation and maintenance of sinus rhythm after conversion. Int J Cardiol 2006;108:346–53. 59. Kawamura M, Munetsugu Y, Kawasaki S, et al. Type III procollagen-N-peptide as a predictor of persistent atrial fibrillation recurrence after cardioversion. Europace 2012;14:1719–25. 60. Govindan M, Borgulya G, Kiotsekoglou A, et al. Prognostic value of left atrial expansion index and exercise-induced change in atrial natriuretic peptide as long-term predictors of atrial fibrillation recurrence. Europace 2012;14:1302–10. 61. Barassi A, Pezzilli R, Morselli-Labate AM, et al. Serum amyloid a and C-reactive protein independently predict the recurrences of atrial fibrillation after cardioversion in patients with preserved left ventricular function. Can J Cardiol 2012;28:537–41. 62. Tang Y, Yang H, Qiu J. Relationship between brain natriuretic peptide and recurrence of atrial fibrillation after successful electrical cardioversion: a meta-analysis. J Int Med Res 2011;39:1618–24. 63. Guo Y, Lip GY, Apostolakis S. Inflammation in atrial fibrillation. J Am Coll Cardiol 2012;60:2263–70. 64. Ma KK, Ogawa T, de Bold AJ. Selective upregulation of cardiac brain natriuretic peptide at the transcriptional and translational levels by pro-inflammatory cytokines and by conditioned medium derived from mixed lymphocyte reactions via p38 MAP kinase. J Mol Cell Cardiol 2004;36:505–13. 65. de Bold AJ. Cardiac natriuretic peptides gene expression and secretion in inflammation. J Investig Med 2009;57:29–32. 66. Ozaydin M. Atrial fibrillation and inflammation. World J Cardiol 2010;2:243–50. 67. Conway DS, Buggins P, Hughes E, Lip GY. Relationship of interleukin-6 and C-reactive protein to the prothrombotic state in chronic atrial fibrillation. J Am Coll Cardiol 2004;43:2075–82. 68. Psychari SN, Apostolou TS, Sinos L, et al. Relation of elevated C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 levels to left atrial size and duration of episodes in patients with atrial fibrillation. Am J Cardiol 2005;95:764–7. 69. Rudolph V, Andrié RP, Rudolph TK, et al. Myeloperoxidase acts as a profibrotic mediator of atrial fibrillation. Nat Med 2010;16:470–4. 70. Solti F, Vecsey T, Kékesi V, Juhász-Nagy A. The effect of atrial dilatation on the genesis of atrial arrhythmias. Cardiovasc Res 1989;23:882–6. 71. Calkins H, el-Atassi R, Kalbfleisch S, et al. Effects of an acute increase in atrial pressure on atrial refractoriness in humans. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 1992;15:1674–80. 72. Ravelli F, Allessie M. Effects of atrial dilatation on refractory period and vulnerability to atrial fibrillation in the isolated Langendorff-perfused rabbit heart. Circulation 1997;96:1686–95. 73. Bode F, Sachs F, Franz MR. Tarantula peptide inhibits atrial fibrillation. Nature 2001;409:35–6. 74. Vranka I, Penz P, Dukat A. Atrial conduction delay and its association with left atrial dimension, left atrial pressure and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in patients at risk of atrial fibrillation. Exp Clin Cardiol 2007;12:197–201. 75. Lubien E, DeMaria A, Krishnaswamy P, et al. Utility of B-natriuretic peptide in detecting diastolic dysfunction: comparison with Doppler velocity recordings. Circulation 2002;105:595–601. 76. Tsang TS, Gersh BJ, Appleton CP, et al. Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction as a predictor of the first diagnosed nonvalvular atrial fibrillation in 840 elderly men and women. J Am Coll Cardiol 2002;40:1636–44. 77. From AM, Scott CG, Chen HH. The development of heart failure in patients with diabetes mellitus and pre-clinical diastolic dysfunction a population-based study. J Am Coll Cardiol 2010;55:300–5. 78. Jons C, Joergensen RM, Hassager C, et al. Diastolic dysfunction predicts new-onset atrial fibrillation and cardiovascular events in patients with acute myocardial infarction and depressed left ventricular systolic function: a CARISMA substudy. Eur J Echocardiogr 2010;11:602–7. 79. Tsang TS, Barnes ME, Gersh BJ, et al. Risks for atrial fibrillation and congestive heart failure in patients >/=65 years of age with abnormal left ventricular diastolic relaxation. Am J Cardiol 2004;93:54–8. 80. Wallen T, Landahl S, Hedner T, et al. Atrial peptides, ANP(198) and ANP(99-126) in health and disease in an elderly population. Eur Heart J 1993;14:1508–13. 81. Rossi A, Enriquez-Sarano M, Burnett JC Jr, et al. Natriuretic peptide levels in atrial fibrillation: a prospective hormonal and Doppler-echocardiographic study. J Am Coll Cardiol 2000;35:1256–62. 82. Lechleitner P, Genser N, Hauptlorenz S, et al. [Values of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) in cardioversion]. Z Kardiol 1991;80:574–9. 83. Arakawa M, Miwa H, Noda T, et al. Alternations in atrial natriuretic peptide release after DC cardioversion of nonvalvular chronic atrial fibrillation. Eur Heart J 1995;16:977–85. 84. Yamada T, Fukunami M, Shimonagata T, et al. Prediction of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in patients with congestive heart failure: a prospective study. J Am Coll Cardiol 2000;35:405–13. 85. Yilmaz MB, Erbay AR, Balci M, et al. Atrial natriuretic peptide predicts impaired atrial remodeling and occurrence of late

postoperative atrial fibrillation after surgery for symptomatic aortic stenosis. Cardiology 2006;105:207–12. 86. Davidson NC, Coutie WJ, Struthers AD. N-terminal proatrial natriuretic peptide and brain natriuretic peptide are stable for up to 6 hours in whole blood in vitro. Circulation 1995;91:1276–7. 87. Hall C, Aaberge L, Stokke O. In vitro stability of N-terminal proatrial natriuretic factor in unfrozen samples: an important prerequisite for its use as a biochemical parameter of atrial pressure in clinical routine. Circulation 1995;91:911. 88. Missbichler A, Hawa G, Schmal N, Woloszczuk W. Sandwich ELISA for proANP 1-98 facilitates investigation of left ventricular dysfunction. Eur J Med Res 2001;6:105–11. 89. Stridsberg M, Pettersson T, Pettersson K. A two-site delfia immunoassay for measurements of the N-terminal peptide of pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (nANP). Ups J Med Sci 1997;102:99– 108. 90. Numata Y, Dohi K, Furukawa A, et al. Immunoradiometric assay for the N-terminal fragment of proatrial natriuretic peptide in human plasma. Clin Chem 1998;44:1008–13. 91. Morgenthaler NG, Struck J, Thomas B, Bergmann A. Immunoluminometric assay for the midregion of pro-atrial natriuretic peptide in human plasma. Clin Chem 2004;50:234–6. 92. Latini R, Masson S, Pirelli S, et al. Circulating cardiovascular biomarkers in recurrent atrial fibrillation: data from the GISSI-atrial fibrillation trial. J Intern Med 2011;269:160–71. 93. Smith JG, Newton-Cheh C, Almgren P, et al. Assessment of conventional cardiovascular risk factors and multiple biomarkers for the prediction of incident heart failure and atrial fibrillation. J Am Coll Cardiol 2010;56:1712–9. 94. Meune C, Vermillet A, Wahbi K, et al. Mid-regional pro atrial natriuretic peptide allows the accurate identification of patients with atrial fibrillation of short time of onset: a pilot study. Clin Biochem 2011;44:1315–9. 95. Van Den Berg MP, Crijns HJ, Van Veldhuisen DJ, et al. Effects of lisinopril in patients with heart failure and chronic atrial fibrillation. J Card Fail 1995;1:355–63. 96. Theodorakis GN, Markianos M, Kouroubetsis CK, et al. Clinical, adrenergic and heart endocrine measures in chronic atrial fibrillation as predictors of conversion and maintenance of sinus rhythm after direct current cardioversion. Eur Heart J 1996;17:550–6. 97. Wozakowska-Kaplon B, Opolski G. Effects of sinus rhythm restoration in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation: a clinical, echocardiographic and hormonal study. Int J Cardiol 2004;96:171–6. 98. Thomas MD, Kalra PR, Jones A, et al. Time course for recovery of atrial mechanical and endocrine function post DC cardioversion for persistent atrial fibrillation. Int J Cardiol 2005;102:487–91. 99. Kim SK, Pak HN, Park JH, et al. Clinical and serological predictors for the recurrence of atrial fibrillation after electrical cardioversion. Europace 2009;11:1632–8. 100. Bartkowiak R, Wozakowska-Kaplon B, Janiszewska G. ºPlasma NT-proANP in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation who underwent successful cardioversion. Kardiol Pol 2010;68:48–54. 101. Tripepi G, Mattace-Raso F, Mallamaci F, et al. Biomarkers of left atrial volume: a longitudinal study in patients with end stage renal disease. Hypertension 2009;54:818–24. 102. Wozakowska-Kaplon B, Opolski G. Effects of exercise testing on natriuretic peptide secretion in patients with atrial fibrillation. Kardiol Pol 2009;67:254–61. 103. Wozakowska-Kaplon B, Opolski G, Herman Z, Kosior D. Natriuretic peptides in patients with atrial fibrillation. Cardiol J 2008;15:525–9. 104. Therkelsen SK, Groenning BA, Kjaer A, et al. ANP and BNP in atrial fibrillation before and after cardioversion--and their relationship to cardiac volume and function. Int J Cardiol 2008;127:396–9. 105. Bakowski D, Wozakowska-Kaplon B, Opolski G. The influence of left ventricle diastolic function on natriuretic peptides levels in patients with atrial fibrillation. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2009;32:745–52. 106. Grandi AM, Laurita E, Selva E, et al. Natriuretic peptides as markers of preclinical cardiac disease in obesity. Eur J Clin Invest 2004;34:342–8. 107. Yu CM, Sanderson JE, Shum IO, et al. Diastolic dysfunction and natriuretic peptides in systolic heart failure. Higher ANP and BNP levels are associated with the restrictive filling pattern. Eur Heart J 1996;17:1694–702. 108. Roy D, Paillard F, Cassidy D, et al. Atrial natriuretic factor during atrial fibrillation and supraventricular tachycardia. J Am Coll Cardiol 1987;9:509–14. 109. Wozakowska-Kaplon B, Opolski G. Concomitant recovery of atrial mechanical and endocrine function after cardioversion in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation. J Am Coll Cardiol 2003;41:1716–20. 110. Thijssen VL, Ausma J, Borgers M. Structural remodelling during chronic atrial fibrillation: act of programmed cell survival. Cardiovasc Res 2001;52:14–24. 111. Goudis CA, Kallergis EM, Vardas PE. Extracellular matrix alterations in the atria: insights into the mechanisms and perpetuation of atrial fibrillation. Europace 2012;14:623–30. 112. De Jong AM, Maass AH, Oberdorf-Maass SU, et al. Mechanisms of atrial structural changes caused by stretch occurring before and during early atrial fibrillation. Cardiovasc Res 2011;89:754–65. 113. Nagata M, Hiroe M, Naruse M, et al. An integrated study employing histopathological, immunohistocytochemical and radioimmunoassay analyses of atrial natriuretic peptide in the right and left atria in patients with mitral valve disease. Jpn Circ J 1988;52:1453–6. 114. van den Berg MP, Tjeerdsma G, Jan de Kam P, et al. Longstanding atrial fibrillation causes depletion of atrial natriuretic peptide in patients with advanced congestive heart failure. Eur J Heart Fail 2002;4:255–62. 115. van den Berg MP, van Gelder IC, van Veldhuisen DJ. Depletion of atrial natriuretic peptide during longstanding atrial fibrillation. Europace 2004;6:433–7.

ARRHYTHMIA & ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY REVIEW

23/11/2013 17:26

Profile for Radcliffe Cardiology

AER 2.2  

Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review Volume 2 Issue 2

AER 2.2  

Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review Volume 2 Issue 2