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IFINA vol. 1

ISSUE No. 1

Indonesian Forum of International and National Affairs


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A FORMAL INTRODUCTION

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oday marks the launch of our first issue of the Indonesian Forum of International and National Affairs (IFINA) bi-weekly, and as any founder would say, we hope that it would be the first of many. IFINA was founded with the vision of sparking, nurturing and strengthening the interest of young people in international and national affairs. It is also with great hope that we aim to establish IFINA as a platform for the opinions of both young people as well as celebrated experts, thus creating a harmonious blend of views from the younger generation as well as professionals. As we are told again and again, we live in a time of a more democratic Indonesia, an Indonesia that allows the voices of its people heard. In this era of globalization and technology, everything can be heard, seen and done online, simply with a push of a button. The challenge is whether we, as the younger generation, care to utilize such an advantage. We have to ask ourselves "Do I care?� May this forum and this bi-weekly, be of use to all young people who asked themselves that question and, whatever your answer may be, we hope you read on.


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TABLE OF CONTENTS A Formal Introduction

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Letter From The Editor

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International Affairs

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4–5

Demonstrations And Elections In Thailand

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Syria Un Peace Talks Iran Nuclear Talks

National Affairs

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6

Yet Another Trade Minister Teachers Encouraged To Pursue Higher Education

! Pictures Of The Week ! Our Team

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LETTER FROM THE EDITOR

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aya Angelou once said, “When you know better, you do better.” Knowledge lies everywhere we are—within the comfort of our homes, in the books we read and among whispers in our streets. When these puzzle pieces are put together, they create constellations that form a national chain of knowledge. In a broader spectrum, an international chain of knowledge is then formed, where we are able to look at different people, cultures, and events. Keeping this in mind along with the advent of technology and globalization in the world we live in, an important issue then arises. What should we do with the knowledge in our hands?

Along with our first issue of the Indonesian Forum of International and National Affairs (IFINA), we hope to incite a more profound sense of awareness amongst the young generation about both national and international affairs so that the knowledge we have goes to worthy use. With the flow of insight and awareness that we hope to continuously share with you, we hope you see them not just as words on paper, but also as tools. Tools to always do better, as said by Maya Angelou, and to inspire positive movements wherever we go.

Atilla S. Agussalam Editor-in-Chief


IFINA vol.1

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International Affairs

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Demonstrations and Elections in Thailand

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emonstrations in Thailand, led by a former Thai deputy prime minister, Suthep Thaugsuban begun in November 2013 when Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra’s party proposed an amnesty bill for her brother, the former leader, Thaksin Shinawatra. Mr. Thaksin had been in selfimposed exile, last known being in Dubai after being convicted for corruption and is believed by some to be controlling Thailand through his sister. The demonstrations were peaceful at first but had escalated over time with at least ten deaths in previous clashes. The protesters announced that they would march on the prime minister’s office on December 8, 2013, which caused Ms. Yingluck to call a snap election for February 2, 2014. However, the elections for the district of Laksi had been

postponed due to violence, leaving 87,000 people holding their breath to vote.

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WHY THE ELECTIONS WILL BE INEFFECTIVE

Demonstrators have announced that they would abstain from voting during the elections. Additionally, according to the protesters, the government had been attaining votes with “irresponsible spending pledges”. Lastly, the aim of the protesters was not to incite an election but rather to install an unelected “people’s council”.

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WHY THE ELECTIONS ARE HASTY

The elections had been decided upon and called for hurriedly by Prime Minister Yingluck in response to the threat of the demonstrators’ march on the prime minister’s office.

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WHY THE DEMONSTRATIONS ARE WORRISOME FOR THAILAND

Previous demonstrations in 2008 and 2010, harmed Thailand’s economy significantly and many fear the current demonstrations may do the same. Also, the demonstrations caused social unrest and should protesters achieve their aim, a dramatic change in the political system will occur.

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WHY THE DEMONSTRATIONS ARE WORRISOME FOR OTHER COUNTRIES

It could affect Thailand’s trade processes, which could affect other countries’ economies by supply and demand relationships and through associations, such as ASEAN. Political changes could affect the policies and status of other Asian countries. For example, the Southern Filipinos could be inspired to act even more vigorously to secede.

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—Isabela Corpus


IFINA vol.1

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International Affairs

Syria UN Peace Talks In the Action Group meeting of the UN Department of Political Affairs in Geneva on June 30 2012, they agreed that reaching a solution to the crisis in Syria is very important. As presented by the former head of UN Peacekeeping Jean-Marie Guéhenno, participating Deputy Special Envoys wished to reach an agreement on actions taken to prevent further conflict. As stated by Nasser Al Kidwa, Palestine’s UN Observer and Ministry of Foreign Affairs, it was to alleviate a joint vision to push progress in the Cairo meeting of June 2-3 of the same year. The whole world is concerned as the danger regarding a full-scale civil war is inevitable.

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WHY THE UN MUST INTERVENE IN THE PEACE MEETINGS ON THE SYRIAN CRISIS

Regionally, Syria has a great impact to its Arab neighbours in terms of location and history. The League of Arab States (LAS) had started efforts in achieving political settlement but to no successful effect. The United Nations (UN) was therefore needed to intervene in the pursuit of these political resolutions. Insiders in Syria have expressed their concerns of the continuation of the citizen’s livelihood. The country is ravaged with war that chances for live to thrive is diminished. In Syria’s social point of view, the requirement to have peace meetings and end the crisis is extremely high, Otherwise Syria’s social, economical and

!Iran !Nuclear ! !Talks !! !! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

The following session of the Iran nuclear talks is on its way, though a level of uncertainty is present due to it being a complicated topic. Iran will confer with six of the world powers on how to come up with a long-term agreement regarding the nuclear program. Furthermore, it would be quite difficult to follow up the achievement of a temporary deal created last November, due to the skepticism between Iran and the United States clearly evident during the Munich Security Conference as both nations were seen shooting

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political structure will crumble.

Dangers caused by an impending full-scale civil war and domestic conflict is feared to overflow and spread to neighbouring regions of Syria. This in turn can cause a greater turmoil. This is the main concern of the Arab world as well as the international world and thus requiring the international community to find a peaceful solution towards the crisis.

WHY MANY OBSERVERS WERE GIVEN LITTLE HOPE TOWARDS THE NEGOTIATIONS PURSUED

The increase in number of deaths will escalate the development of conflicts. The increasing feeling of mistrust, bitterness, and sadness create challenges to have proper peace negotiations. Nonetheless, conflicts must end through negotiations to prevent more bloodshed. Currently it is unrealistic for one faction of the Syrian civil war to win.

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accusing statements towards one another. According to McCain, the thorough details of the program are still unclear, reiterating the concerns of the skeptics. However, Iran asserts that they intend for their nuclear program to strictly be for peaceful purposes. Despite that, many authorities such as the Atomic Energy Agency are calling out on Iran to be much more transparent with their intentions.

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WHY THE TALKS ARE NOTEWORTHY

Iran's past relationship with the West had been nothing short of complex. Therefore, one can wonder what will happen during their following discussion session.

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WHY IS THERE NEED FOR PEACE EFFORTS TO SUCCEED

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—Chezia Aviola

WHY THE RESULT OF THE TALKS ARE SKETCHY

Despite the success of the last agreement, there is no doubt at the presence of skeptics worldwide. Therefore, if Iran chooses not to clearly open up with the purposes of the program, then there may never be a proper ending for the problem at hand.

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WHY THE TALKS ARE UNLIKELY TO END SOON

In situations like this, each party would wish to get the best out of the talks. Therefore, it isn't unlikely that both parties would dictate their words in such a way that isn't completely truthful to get what they want, which would only incite more skepticism within the other party. —Adzkia Purba


IFINA vol.1

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National Affairs

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Another Trade Minister? ! ! ! ! !

fter ten days of no avid response, on February 12, 2014, President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono announced that Muhammad Lutfi would take Gita Wirjawan’s place as trade minister. Gita Wirjawan believes that becoming both a candidate for the Democratic Party’s presidential convention as well as conflict of interest between his duties for the party and the country. The President expressed his gratitude and appreciation to Gita Wirjawan for the service he has done for Indonesia and believes that his successor Muhammad Lufti will be more than capable to carry out the task for he has dealt with economic and financial problems before.

! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !! !! ! !Indonesian Teachers ! !Encouraged To Pursue ! ! Higher Education ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

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eachers are encouraged by the Ministry of Education to register for certification and specialization by the end of 2015. This was because of the tantalizing criticism of the quality of national education. Ibnu Hamad, spokesperson to the Education and Culture Ministry urges teachers with undergraduate degrees to pursue a higher form of education in order to advance in their careers as teachers. There are a number of requirements needed to be allowed the opportunity to receive higher education, one of them being that they at least work as a teacher for 24 hours a week.

WHY HE GOT THE JOB

He has played strong roles determining the strength of Indonesia in the fields of investment and finance. He was chief of the Indonesia Investment Coordinating Board and most recently served as Ambassador to Japan. The question is will he be able to make his mark in such a short duration of time?

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WHY BEING TRADE MINISTER SEEMS TABOO

Just to point out, we have had three trade ministers in President SBY’s second cabinet (Mari Pangestu, Gita Wirjawan, Muhammad Lutfi). Does that mean that the President understands the very nature of change or does this point out some inconsistencies within his cabinet?

thought box

WHY IT MAY NOT WORK FOR THE TEACHERS

Although it is a good opportunity to pursue a greater education, one must also realize that teachers need need to be motivated, have a strong sense of morals as well the drive to actually teach as well. Are we approaching the issue in the wrong direction? WHY THINGS MIGHT NOT GO AS PLANNED

Exactly how many times has the Ministry of Education made decisions to swing and alter the national curriculum back and forth? It’s as if they might say, “yes” today or “no” tomorrow. 2015 would hopefully mean a new cabinet, would promises be kept? Or would new ones be made?

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—Raafi Sieff


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! NEW YORK, NEW YORK!

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IFINA vol.1

8

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! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! National Affairs ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! NABILLA GUNAWAN

IFINA 1 st

issue

Founders

RAAFI SEIFF CHRISTY ZAKARIAS

!! editor in cheif !! !! !! internal!affairs !! !! !! Administration ! Public Relations !! ATILLA AGUSSA

REYHAN ANWAR

NUGROHO MAHARDHITA MONICA MADELAINE SANTA

Technology

!! Marketing !!

FADHIL ANSHAR

ADELLEA GREENBURY

Photography

!! Secretary !! !! !

GIBRAN PERMADI

TEGISTHA ANDHIKA IMAN SOEWARNO

COPYRIGHT 2014 NO PART OF IFINA MAGAZINE MAY BE REPRODUCED IN ANY FORM WITHOUT PRIOR WRITTEN CONSENT FROM THE PUBLISHER. IFINA MAGAZINE LIABILITY IN THE EVENT OF AN ERROR IS LIMITED IN A PRINTED CORRECTION.

International Affairs ISABELA CORPUS

Ifina vol 1 (draft)  

The Indonesian Forum of International and National Affairs (hereby referred to as “IFINA”) is a non-governmental organization that hopes to...

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