Indiana’s Premier Bilingual Magazine - February 2013
Digital Age and Everyday Life Page 5
Latinos Express Economic Confidence Page 8
Expressions of gratitude and commitment to service, Danny López. Page: 18
Value Creation Through Education Versatility, Networking, Growth Daniel O. (Danny) López
Special Assistant to Indiana’s Governor Mike Pence Executive Director for Indiana Commission on Hispanic/Latino Affairs Director of Education for Indiana Civil Rights Commision
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Indiana’s Premier Bilingual Magazine - February 2013 Que Viva! , LLC 219-973-5488 / www.QueVivaIndiana.com The Que Viva! Team in Coordination with: Daniel O. (Danny) Lopez
Guest Columnist Guest Columnist
Raul Ramos y Sanchez
Art and Layout Director
COVER & Feature story photos Translation SPANISH LESSON
Jerolyn Wiggins / www.jmarshell.com
Emilio Torres Maria Guillen
Vice President of Sales editorial director
Roberto E. Castañeda
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From the Editor: As we kick off our third year of Que Viva! we continue with our tradition of attempting to stimulate thought by using multiple perspectives. We are fortunate to have attracted such a dynamic group of individuals that share their thoughts and ideas with you, our readers. In this edition we welcome author, radio personality and journalist Jerry Davich as he shares his views on the digital age with a special twist on how it can sometimes pull us away, literally too far, from the basics of everyday life and the people who surround us. Danny Lopez in addition to making his monthly contribution was interviewed for our feature story in this issue. Danny graciously shows us a side very few of us know. In his typical and eloquent style he shares his ideas, optimism and enthusiasm on where our community can go with the right kind of involvement and stimuli from the members of our community. His optimistic message has within it beams of light that challenge us to think and get more involved. Within our topics in this edition of Que Viva! we include the immigration issue per the eloquence of acclaimed author Raul Ramos y Sanchez as he views the inflammatory rhetoric already brewing with so called nativists. We also have Pablo Schneider, who contributes to FOX News Latino, as he pays homage to the influence his grandmother had on him. He dedicates a significant part of his time connecting top ranking Latinos in the business world with other business professionals so as to continue with the labor of fortifying our community. The topics in this issue also include practical ideas and reminders related to education ranging from completing FAFSA forms, to staying on top of the digital age, to health topics dealing with autism. Attorney Roy Dominguez also addresses his perspective on the issues surrounding Right To Work Laws and the complexity associated with either position, pro or con. Our attempt is to continue to bring you substantive information that continues to spur thought toward the betterment of our community. It is gratifying to continually seek creative ways to bring to you, our readers and friends, information that when pieced together gives us a better sense of how and where we stand in the world. Saludos, Roberto E. Castañeda Editorial Director Que Viva! Indiana
Please send comments or thoughts to firstname.lastname@example.org You can Permítanos diseñarle un also find all of our previous issues and share with your friends and family -plan de préstamos para www.quevivaindiana.com su negocio. 888-873-2640 Our Facebook page is www.facebook.com/quevivaindiana accesshorizon.com/cash2
14 financial section Hispanic’s Growing in Confidence in Economy -- Pew Hispanic Research
3 Que Viva! Editorial
15 legal section Cosas Legales, Things Legal: Right to Work in Indiana - Attorney, Roy Dominguez
5 Guest Column
16 health section
Connecions in Disconnected World World – Jerry Davich
Autism not necessarily for Life
6 Guest Column
18-23 feature article
Empowering Latinos through School Choice - Danny Lopez
Strengthening a Foundation toward Prosperity: Que Viva! Indiana Staff
8 Culture Section
24 current social issues
Our American Dream: Thanks Abuela - Bryan Llenas, FOX News Latino
The Lull Before the Storm: Raul Ramos y Sanchez
11 education Section
25 national politics
Daily Learning in the Digital Age: U.S. Office of Educational Technology
Latino’s Role Expand in 2013 Presidential Inauguration Associated Press
12 education section
28 economics section
Five Reasons to fill out FAFSA Form: US Department of Education
President Reagan on Economic Freedom - Anthony B. Kim
Getting connected in a disconnected world Jerry Davich, GUEST COLUMNIST ancestors have been doing for eons. In other words, our so-called “connectedness” is making us more disconnected than ever before, I say. Do you feel connected – to friends, to loved ones, to your community, to your world?
For example, we’re closer in cyberspace yet more distant in breathing space. We text each other from different rooms
It’s easy to believe we are closer than ever to each other with all the high-tech opportunities available these days. Cell phones. The Internet. Chat rooms. Email. Blogs. Dating sites. Facebook, Twitter, Linked-In, you name it.
There is hope, though. And it can be found in our “third place.” Most of us have two primary places – home and work. But there is often a third place where we feel anchored, comfortable, and part of an accepted community of like-minded people.
This relatively new technology allows us to connect faster, farther, and more furiously with others with the mere click of a finger. And it doesn’t seem to matter which generational group we belong to – Baby Boomers, Echo Baby Boomers, Generation Y, the YouTube Youthquake, the Millennials, or the Facebook Frat. Everyone has a primal longing to connect with others. It’s a timeless yet always timely phenomenon of our species, since early man asked with a grunt, “Your cave or mine?” I’m convinced, however, that this 21st century illusion of social security curbs our primal ability to create new intimate, physical relationships, something our
able, and attention-deficit McCulture that substitutes sound-bytes for substance, quantity for quality, and emoticons for emotions. Yes, despite all of our modern conveniences to better connect, there is an obvious lack of connections in our fragmented and often isolated lives. Just look around – literally, not virtually – if you can pry your eyes away from your Nook, Kindle, or iPad.
Maybe it’s a local restaurant, a neighborhood church, a bookstore, or the corner pub. The trick is to transform a space, any space, into a place by experiencing positive memories. And returning there again and again. The concept is the same now as it was in the 10th century, or the 5th century – to bond faceto-face with others on a regular basis, to establish a needed sense of place, if not purpose, in our lives. in the same home. We use smart phones to repeatedly do dumb things. We flirt online with people who don’t even exist. Face it, we live in a drive-thru, dispos-
So what’s your third place? If it’s in the digital world, maybe it’s time to venture out once again into the physical world. It’s a scary place, I know. But you can always Tweet about it afterward.
Jerry Davich is a journalist, freelance writer, public speaker, radio show host, and author of the book, “Connections: Everyone Happens for a Reason.” Find him on Facebook, Twitter, and his blog, www.jerrydavich.wordpress.com. Listen to his “Casual Fridays” radio show on Lakeshore Public Radio, 89.1-FM. ¡QUE VIVA! | FEBRUARY 2013
Empowering Latino Families and School Choice By danny lopez “Let us think of education as the means of developing our greatest abilities, because in each of us there is a private hope and dream which, fulfilled, can be translated into benefit for everyone and greater strength for our nation.” – President John F. Kennedy There are issues of public policy that are dissected and re-dissected by civic and community leaders until neither the constituency nor, as it often turns out, the leadership itself fully understands them. These folks excel at making such matters seem so complex so as to be inaccessible by the people most directly impacted by them. So allow me, then, to approach the important issue of school choice for Indiana’s Latino community in the simplest way I can: more options and greater control will yield more success for Latino students. We have come to the understanding, through vast amounts of research, that our traditional public schools do not always provide the best educational environment for some in our communities. That is not to say that education leaders have made no attempts to adapt to changing times and changing demographics. This isn’t true, and many have. But neither is it true that our children are all programmed to learn through one style, and new models in education have sprung up that have sought to give students and their families a more tailored pathway to attainment.
particularly harmful in Indiana’s Latino community, given that nearly 40 percent of our families are currently living at or below the poverty line. In many cases, the traditional public schools in their area have failed to provide them with stimulating, safe learning environments in which to thrive, but without the financial resources to select better options they have been forced to settle. No Hoosier should be forced to settle for subpar education simply because of their income. Thankfully, school choice in Indiana already exists. Over the last couple of years, leaders from both parties have come together to provide our families with educational options that allow many students to transfer not only from public to parochial schools but also to other public schools within the same district that are better suited to facilitate transformative educational attainment. In the program’s first year, nearly 750 Latino families directly benefited from this option. When this year’s figures are released, many more will have signed up. Others have opted to stay where they are in deciding that their local public schools are indeed the best fit for their children, a testament to the strength of Indiana’s public school teachers. But all have now been empowered to make decisions about their educational future, and every Hoosier, Latino or otherwise, ought to have that freedom.
I want to be perfectly clear: There is no silver bullet to ensuring academic success. Real education starts at home, and parents are the first and most important teachers children will ever have. The achievement gap between Latino students and their cohorts from other demographic groups will continue to widen until Latino parents are both fully informed and fully committed – in deeds, not just words – to their families’ academic success. But giving more families more options And yet, some interest groups have sought to restrict the is the first step to empowerment, and the ability to control ability of families to make sensible, well-informed decisions our educational destiny is significant to realizing long-term about how their children might best be educated. This is academic attainment in our community. Mr. Lopez is Executive Director of the State of Indiana Commission on Hispanic/Latino Affairs and Director of Education and Legislation of the State of Indiana Civil Rights Commission.
Nuevos Cambios en el Sistema Escolar les dan a los Padres Más Poder, Más Responsabilidad By danny lopez
“La educación es la clave del futuro. La clave del En Indiana, School Choice ya existe. En su primer año destino del hombre y de su posibilidad de (de) actuar de existencia, casi 750 familias latinas aprovecharon del en un mundo mejor.” – Presidente John F. Kennedy programa para trasladar a sus hijos a otra institución. Este Los oficiales electos y los directores de organizaciones y agencias al nivel local, estatal, y federal demuestran frecuentemente la tendencia de hablar de temas importantes en términos bien entendidos por su contribuyentes. Es mejor decir, demuestran la gran capacidad de hacer lucir cualquier tema cien veces más complicado de lo que es en realidad.
año, el programa ha sido expandido y se espera que aún más estudiantes latinos participarán. Desafortunadamente, hasta ahora el departamento de educación estatal ha confiado que los distritos escolares y los grupos locales les estén proveyendo información sobre este programa directamente a familias. Sin embargo, yo he hablado con cientos de familias en diferentes partes del estado y muy pocas de ellas entienden bien sus opciones y derechos bajo la nueva ley.
Déjenme entonces abordar el tema de la reforma educacional y el proceso de darle aún más control sobre la educación El programa de School Choice es un recurso nuevo e a la familia de esta forma: la reforma educacional es algo importante para la comunidad latina no solo porque le da a positivo para la comunidad latina en Indiana. los hispanos de bajos ingresos la oportunidad de matricular a sus hijos en escuelas religiosas, sino también porque le da El sistema educacional de Estados Unidos – creado en a esas mismas familias la opción de seleccionar una escuela otra época, en otro clima social, y para otro tipo de estudiante pública más exitosa. Cada familia ya puede controlar la – simplemente no se ha adaptado suficiente para mantenerse calidad y el tipo de educación que reciba sus hijos, a pesar relevante para muchos de nuestros pupilos. Entendemos, de ingreso o de la ubicación de su hogar. a través de miles de investigaciones sobre el tema, que el ambiente en muchas escuelas públicas tradicionales no les Quiero quedar bien claro: la educación empieza en casa, ofrece a los estudiantes la oportunidad de aprovechar de una y los padres son los maestros más importantes que tendrán educación diseñada a sus medidas. A pesar de este hecho sus hijos. El déficit entre el éxito escolar de los estudiantes las instituciones controlando nuestro sistema escolar han caucásicos y el de los hispanos seguirá creciendo hasta que firmemente resistido los cambios necesarios para darle aún nuestras familias tengan la información necesaria para hacer más control sobre la educación individual a la familia, de buenas decisiones y el compromiso a desarrollar en sus darles a los padres la habilidad de decidir el mejor camino hijos la disciplina y determinación que necesitarán para ser para sus hijos. Pero gracias a los esfuerzos de líderes de ambos estudiantes ejemplares. Demasiados padres latinos dicen que partidos, hemos empezado a otorgar a nuestras familias el quieren que sus hijos aprendan pero no están dispuestos de poder de seleccionar la educación mejor para sus hijos y la exigirles sus mejores esfuerzos. No existe legislación ni política gran responsabilidad de educarse sobre todas las diferentes pública que pueda arreglar la situación sin la participación opciones. activa de nuestras familias.
Our American Dream: From Dishwashe By Bryan Llenas Originally published on FOX News Latino on March 05, 2012, reprinted with permission
Across the United States, in all fields of endeavor, Latinos are working to uphold their place in American society. Fox News Latino is proud to present “Our American Dream” – a series of snapshots and profiles of Latino success stories. To know Pablo Schneider is to “Abuela went ballisknow the legacy of his abuela - Mar- tic,” he recalled.From that garita Muñoz de Seraballs. day forward, Schneider, president of Corporate “I hope you graduate before I die,” Creations International, she often reminded Schneider, 48, of rededicated himself the weight of expectation she had on to pursue his dreams, him and her five other grandchildren ultimately becoming a growing up. national leader whose goal is to empower and Born in 1904 in Puerto Rico, elevate Latino business Muñoz de Seraballs, or “Abuela,” came professionals in all areas to New York City in 1924, becoming of society. a small business owner, running a pharmacy and retail store in the 1940’s. “I’m on a mission, it is part of my life’s work For the late Muñoz de Seraballs, to help people advance,” education was everything. Schneider said. It was her life’s goal to make sure her family went to college. But when a teenage Schneider decided to drop out of high school to opt for work in multiple restaurants as a busboy, waiter, and dishwasher, Abuela was beside herself.
“My job is to help connect Latinos with the 10,000 board members who serve on the boards of the Fortune 1,000 companies,” he said emphasizing the importance of the weight of personal relationships in corporate America Schneider’s journey from high school dropout to a business leader
This is no understatement. as founder and chairman of the Board Diversity Institute, a non-profit dedicated Pablo Schneider at the HACR (Hispanic A to promoting Hispanic ity) San Francisco Program. (Gustavo Fern leadership at the top levels of the most pow- orangephotography.com/) I’m on a mission, it is part of my erful companies in the life’s work to help people advance. world, Schneider is helping Hispanic professionals prepare was paved with hard work. - Pablo Schneider, President of themselves to serve on non-profit, Schneider’s restaurant work cleanCorporate Creations International private company, corporate, and goving toilets, serving, and busing at four ernment boards.
¡QUE VIVA! | FEBRUARY 2013
er to Business Leader - Thanks Abuela different restaurants after dropping out his sophomore year of high school continued for the next seven years. It was in this time that Schneider rededicated himself to his education in the San Diego and Tijuana area of California where he grew up.
he said. It was in his days working as a dishwasher while paying his way through college that he garnered his thirst for helping others, and joined national Hispanic organizations in an effort to mentor and empower Latinos on their own journeys to success for more than the past 20 years.
also believes Latinos need to figure out how to measure their success. “What’s on your yardstick?” he asks. “Is success only wealth, power, and fame or does it include the people’s lives you touch?”
For Schneider that decision is an easy one that was laid out fundamentally by his personal hero and mentor Schneider, a father of – Abuela. five children, is also a contributing editor to Latino “At the end of the day it’s critical to Leaders magazine, where he include touching peoples’ lives as part writes a personal and inspira- of the equation,” he stated. tional business column called Abuela died at the age of 90, but “”Keeping Up with Pablo.” not before realizing the fulfillment of He is also the special editor her American Dream. All six of her of his own magazine edition grandkids have amassed a total of 13 entitled Latino Leaders Board college degrees in a range of fields. Edition, which publishes once a year and is now the gold “She was a spiritual giant and she standard for identifying the was more intense than most senior nation’s All-Star lineup of corporate executives, elected officials, Latino board members of and board members,” he said. some of the biggest names of Schneider hopes he can continue the Fortune 1000 companies. to live his own life with this same in“To me success is the ful- tensity, and one day become an abuelo, fillment of one’s purpose, and just like her. for me there are five steps of success -- purpose, goals, And then Schneider recalled the plans, action, and results, day on which he graduated from Association for Corporate Responsibil- which are measured by how college with his bachelors degree. He nandez for Orange Photography http:// well you are fulfilling your paused and laughed, as he mimicked purpose in life,” Schneider his abuela’s voice. said. “Pablito – a Masters in anything then getting his bachelors and masters As a business executive for the will do,” she told him. degrees from San Diego State. last 18 years, he believes this is the essential blueprint that Latinos all “It was a pivotal time in my life,” over the country should follow. He He studied for nine of the next 14 years beginning at a community college,
All they need are the tools to get there. These resources are online and totally FREE! Explore different career paths. Prepare for career training or college. Plus students and parents can network and stay up-to-date on the latest college and career planning news via Trip To College on Facebook.
Every Day Should Be Digital Learning Day by Karen Cator
Today is Digital Learning Day! As teachers across the country welcome powerful learning technologies into the classroom, students are engaging and benefitting from enhanced opportunities to achieve.
evolved especially as technology has become increasingly easy to use and available. Like most educated adults, teachers use technology for personal activities – reading, writing, shopping, communicating with family and friends, seeking health advice and more – and Access to technology has become as im- they are also using technology for professional portant to learning as access to a library, yet growth. In addition to finding resources on teachers remain the critical link between students and the content. As new, more mobile technologies have entered the classroom, often in the backpacks of students, teachers become orchestrators of projects and seek the best emerging digital environments for improving motivation, relevance and depth of learning. Teachers are setting expectations for multiple revision cycles of student productions, made possible with professional tools for writing, composing music, creating video documentaries, and design. They are learning along with their students and modeling good questioning and Internet research strategies, assigning more complex and challenging projects and facilitating communication and collaboration even across borders. Age used to be considered a barrier to technology use in the classroom, and we would call teachers “digital immigrants” and young students “digital natives.” But teachers have
Teachers unions and professional associations are supporting the inclusion of digital learning. The American Federation of Teachers launched Share My Lesson, “a place where educators can come together to create and share their very best teaching resources”. The National Science Teachers Association maintains one of the most robust online communities supporting thousands of science teachers nationwide.
Last August, we launched Connected Educator Month. Over 150 organizations participated, offering close to 100,000 hours of online professional learning, with offerings such as book groups, challenges and contests, discussions, webinars, as well as interactions focused on everything from how to manage the first six weeks of school to how to create your personal learning network. The archives of the sessions are all online. The most common sentiment we heard was that “every month should be connected educator month”. Yes, and every day should be Digital Learning Day! The education profession is as complex and challenging as it is rewarding. There is plenty to learn but luckily, the opportunity to learn has never been greater. And today myriad education related topics, they are – Digital Learning Day – we celebrate and joining communities of practice to learn with thank all those educators who are leading peers and publish and share their ideas and the way. expertise.
¡QUE VIVA! | FEBRUARY 2013
5 Reasons You Should Complete the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) by Nicole Callahan
The new FAFSA for the 2013-14 school year is now available. 1. It’s the only way to gain access to the more than $150 billion available in federal student aid.
Completing the FAFSA is the first step toward getting federal aid for college, career school, or graduate school. Federal Student Aid provides more than $150 billion in grants, loans, and work-study funds each year, but you have to complete the FAFSA to see if you can get any of that money. Not to mention, many states, schools and scholarships also use the FAFSA to award financial aid, so every college-bound student should complete it. 2. It’s FREE! The FAFSA is free to complete and there is help provided throughout the application. Several websites offer help filing the FAFSA for a fee. These sites are not endorsed by the U.S. Department of Education. We urge you not to pay these sites for assistance that you can get for free at the official FAFSA website: www.fafsa.gov. 3. It’s easier than ever.
We’ve done a lot over the past few years to simplify the FAFSA. One of the most exciting enhancements has been the launch of the IRS Data Retrieval Tool. The tool allows students and parents to access the IRS tax return information needed to complete the FAFSA, and transfer the data directly into their FAFSA from the IRS Web site, saving lots of time. This year, the IRS Data Retrieval Tool will launch in early February, so be on the lookout for that. 4. It only takes about 30 minutes to complete.
Given all the simplifications we’ve made over the last couple of years, the FAFSA now only takes about 30 minutes to complete. That’s probably less time than you spend watching your favorite TV show each week. And think of the benefits: spend 30 minutes completing the application and you could qualify for thousands of dollars in financial aid. Talk about return on investment. 5. More people qualify than you’d think.
If you don’t fill out the FAFSA, you could be missing out on a lot of financial aid! I’ve heard a number of reasons students think they shouldn’t complete the FAFSA. Here are a few: o “I (or my parents) make too much money, so I won’t qualify for aid.” o “Only students with good grades get financial aid.” o “The FAFSA is too hard to fill out.” o “I’m too old to qualify for financial aid.” If you think any of these statements apply to you, then you should read “Myths About Financial Aid.” The reality is, EVERYONE should fill out the FAFSA! Don’t leave money on the table. For information and tips on completing the FAFSA, visit StudentAid.gov/fafsa. Nicole Callahan is a new media analyst at the Department of Education’s office of Federal Student Aid.
¡QUE VIVA! | FEBRUARY 2013
Latinos Express Growing Confidence In Personal Finances, Nation’s Direction
by Mark Hugo Lopez and Seth Motel
Hispanics have grown more satisfied with the nation’s Nonetheless, the Pew Hispanic survey finds that, compared direction and more confident in their finances since 2011, with the public as a whole, Hispanics are more satisfied with according to a new survey from the Pew Hispanic Center, a the country’s direction. Just 31% of the general public (Pew project of the Pew Research Center. Research Center for the People & the Press, 2012) says they are satisfied with how things are going in the country today, Today, half of Latinos (51%) express satisfaction with the compared with 51% among Hispanics. direction of the country, a 13 percentage point increase over 2011, when 38% said the same. One-third (33%) now report When it comes to personal finances, Hispanics’ self-assessthat their finances are in “excellent” or “good” shape, up from ments, while improving, are not as positive as those of the general one-quarter (24%) who said the same in 2011. And looking public. One-third (33%) of Hispanics say their current situation is forward, Latinos have grown more optimistic about their fam- “excellent” or “good” while 43% of the general public says the same. ily’s finances in the next 12 months, On the other hand, Hispanics with three-in-four (73%) expecting are somewhat more optimistic improvement, up from 67% who than the general public about the said the same in 2011. future of their family finances. Some 73% of Hispanics say they These changing assessments think their finances will improve about finances and the country’s in the coming 12 months, while direction occur as some economic 67% of the general public says indicators recently have improved the same. for Hispanics. In the third quarter of 2012, the Hispanic unemployment During this year’s presidenrate was 9.9%, down from 11.2% tial campaign, the issue of jobs in the third quarter of 2011. The and the economy has been a top Hispanic unemployment rate is concern for Hispanics, just as it is also now below its level at the end for the general public. According of the Great Recession in the third to the Pew Hispanic survey, 47% quarter of 2009, when it stood at of all Hispanics rate the issue as 12.7%.1 The poverty rate among “extremely important” to them Hispanics has also declined, falling personally (Lopez and Gonzalezto 25.3% in 2011 from 26.5% in Barrera, 2012). Among Hispanic 2010 (DeNavas-Walt, Proctor and Smith, 2012). registered voters, 54% rate jobs and the economy as extremely important. However, other economic indicators illustrate the difficult times that Latinos have faced since the onset of the This report is based on a nationally representative bilingual Great Recession. Driven mainly by the collapse in the housing telephone survey of 1,765 Latino adults with a margin of error market, median household wealth among Latinos declined by of 3.2 percentage points at the 95% confidence level. The survey 58% between 2005 and 2010 (the latest year for which such was fielded from September 7 to October 4, 2012, largely before figures are available), more than that of either whites (18%) or the first presidential debate, which occurred on October 3, 2012. blacks (54%).2 In 2007, for the first time, the number of Latino For a full description of the survey methodology, see Appendix children in poverty surpassed the number of white children B. The report is also based on a Pew Hispanic Center analysis or black children living in poverty (Lopez and Velasco, 2011). of the U.S. Census Bureau’s Current Population Survey data. In And by their own assessment, Latinos say they were hit harder addition, the report uses poverty and household income data by the recession than any other group (Taylor, Lopez, Velasco published by the federal government. and Motel, 2012).
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¡QUE VIVA! | FEBRUARY 2013
“Right to Work” Law in Indiana Roy Dominguez Attorney at Law
There have been volumes of articles written on this subject and I encourage you to read more on this subject. However, here is a shorten version of the issue. This topic has been source of controversy from many political and interest groups. This term “Right to Work” (RTW) law, generally speaking, prohibits labor unions and employers from requiring employees to join a union/dues. Also, no employee can be required to pay their “fair share” fees to unions for negotiated labor contracts at their place of employment. The term RTW does not mean there is a right of employment but a title used by those that promote this type of legislation. The unions/Democrats have said this is an attempt at union busting. On the other hand, chamber of commerce groups/Republicans would promote that RTW would increase wages and attract new jobs to Indiana. Indiana is the 23rd State to enact RTW laws. However, many studies indicate that such RTW laws do not achieve the increase of employment opportunities nor does it lead to higher wages. A labor study conducted by Notre Dame’s - Higgins Labor Studies Program on this subject. This report is in response to the Indiana Chamber of Commerce assertions that RTW would raise wages for Indiana residents. The Higgins Report found, in part: ...found major problems and inconsistencies in the Chamber’s data analysis, in particular the Chamber’s one-sided and selective attempt to demonstrate that RTW states have higher rates of growth of real personal income than do non-RTW states. Using a more balanced analysis, the Higgins report found that •
Using data for more than just the two years the Chamber selects leads to the conclusion that growth rates for real personal income were actually higher in RTW states before RTW laws were passed than after.
Broadening the analysis to consider levels of income rather than just rates of change shows that non-RTW states have a higher level of income than do RTW states.
I believe the RTW issue will continue to be a source of discussion in our Community and it is important that we participate in the development of new employment laws.
The opinion is the writer’s and not necessarily that of Que Viva! magazine.
I Chose Methodist I recognized my stroke symptoms because my doctor told me what to look for. So, I was at Methodist within an hour. Letha Bond, Gary
...for Stroke Care.
Methodist Hospitals is among the pioneers of therapies, including the Penumbra clot removal system, that are extending the window for effective stroke treatment to as much as eight hours. Methodist is recognized as a primary stroke center by HFAP, and is rated among the TOP 25% for Stroke Care by U.S. News and World Report. By the time Letha arrived at Methodist, she had movement issues and trouble speaking. Interventional Neuroradiologist, Dr. Mayumi Oka, used an intra-arterial tPA to remove a blood clot that was blocking blood flow to Letha’s brain. Within a day, she was back to her normal self, and ready to resume her life with her children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren. Methodist Hospitals offers FREE Stroke, Heart Attack and PAD Risk Assessments, including blood pressure and carotid bruit checks. To register, call 1-888-909-DOCS (3627).
Leading the Way to Better Health A new study found that some children correctly diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) at an early age may lose symptoms as they grow older. Further research may help scientists understand this change and point the way to more effective interventions. ASD includes several related brain disorders, with symptoms ranging from mild to severe. People with ASD generally have trouble with social interactions and communication. ASD affects about 1 in every 88 children. Optimal outcome—a term used when symptoms are lost later in life—has been documented in previous ASD studies. However, questions remained about whether 16
¡QUE VIVA! | FEBRUARY 2013
the symptoms disappeared or the original diagnosis was wrong. A research team led by Dr. Deborah Fein at the University of Connecticut, Storrs, sought to investigate whether optimal outcome could be seen in children who’d had a confirmed ASD diagnosis before age 5. Optimal outcome participants had to be currently enrolled in regular education classrooms and have a documented report of their earlier diagnosis from a physician or psychologist specializing in autism. To confirm this assessment, the reports were edited to remove all information except the descriptions of behavior. They were then reviewed by an ASD diagnostic expert.
Early Aut Not Last a 34 children in the optimal outcome group. They were matched by age, sex and nonverbal IQ to 44 children with high-functioning ASD and 34 typically developing peers. The participants ranged from 8 to 21 years old. The study, funded by NIH’s National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), appeared in the February 2013 issue of Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.
The optimal outcome group Three groups participated, with appeared to have somewhat milder
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The researchers now plan more in-depth comparisons of these children, including structural and functional brain imaging studies. They hope to better understand which children with ASD might experisocial problems at an early age than ence an optimal the high-functioning ASD group. outcome and However, both had similar com- why. munication and repetitive behavior “All chilsymptoms. dren with ASD To evaluate their current status, are capable of the researchers used a standard set making progof cognitive and observational tests ress with inas well as parent questionnaires. tensive therapy, This assessment found that the but with our optimal outcome children had no current state apparent deficits in language, face of knowledge recognition, communication or most do not
achieve the kind of optimal outcome that we are studying,” Fein says. “Our hope is that further research will help us better understand the mechanisms of change so that each child can have the best possible life.”
¡QUE VIVA! | FEBRUARY 2013
Director of Education for the Indiana decimated civil liberties in Cuba. The Civil Rights Commission for close America Lopez’ grandparents found to three years. Lopez was also just provided fertile ground for self develrecently appointed as Special Assistant opment and, very soon after arriving to Indiana’s Governor Mike Pence. in the U.S., they deciphered the inner workings of the bedrock institutions Arrival to the U.S.: and rule of law in this great United States. These conditions were a perfect Danny was nurtured by many of cauldron for Danny’s generation to his grandparent’s stories relative to thrive in, if only the necessary sacritheir deep respect and appreciation for fices were to be made. By diligently the land they departed from in 1960. learning the internal working of these It was this fateful year when Fidel democratic institutions and creating a Castro rose to power and his policies deep root system to support Danny’s
Jerolyn Wiggins / www.jmarshell.com
Over the course of two generations since Daniel O. Lopez’ (Danny) grandparents brought his parents from Cuba to the United States, driven by tyrannical political eruptions whose repercussions endure to this day, Lopez has found a way to honor those who have sacrificed so much for him. That honor manifests itself by his having developed both business and cultural acumen and rise to the highest levels of State Government. He has served as Executive Director of Indiana’s Commission of Hispanic/Latino Affairs and
Danny Lopez Strengthening a Foundation Toward Prosperity
by ¡QUE VIVA! INDIANA STAFF
generation, his family and community made it a foregone conclusion that he would obtain a formal education and fully participate in society. Upon leaving Cuba, Danny’s grandfather figured a way to prevent his watch from being confiscated by Castro’s forces by placing it on is daughter Silvia’s wrist. Not too long after arriving in the U.S. he fell ill and was diagnosed with brain cancer. In his quest to gather the needed resources to secure experimental treatment for his illness found strictly in Japan, he had sold the gold wrist band. Sadly, the treatment was unsuccessful. Many years later Mrs. Silvia Lopez, Danny’s mother, gave him his grandfather’s watch, which was newly affixed with a leather band. When he learned of the underpinnings for the leather band, it further emblazoned a sense of pride and debt of gratitude he feels toward his parents and grandparents for the many sacrifices they made on his behalf.
people, communication and networking skills to transition to the political arena by closely working with two U.S. Congressmen, Lincoln Diaz-Balart, who served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1993 to 2011 and his brother Mario Diaz-Balart, currently serving in the U.S. House of Representatives for the 25st Congressional District. Lopez along with his business partner launched a media and public relations firm that would also put them front and center on a national level by participating in Senator John McCain’s Spanish language thrust during his presidential campaign in 2008. Arriving to the Midwest:
Lopez is unique in the sense that he embodies the concept of bilingualism and biculturalism. His family background has crystallized in him a pride, fervor and affinity that make the plight of today’s Hispanic or Latino community real and palpable for him. At the same time, he is very optimistic about the great opportunities that lie ahead for the community because of the educational opportunities and infrastructure available to all who want to earn their place at the table. His panoramic perspective of today’s reality leads him to a pervasive conclusion about newly arrived ethnic groups in this great land -- the reality of being misunderstood at times. He understands and promotes the need to overcome the “barriers to entry” by becoming actively engaged through a full indoctrination process of today’s America. Another refreshing thing about Lopez is that his multifaceted thinking embraces all newcomers as well as those that are not so new. He has trumpeted and celebrated not only the arrival and resilience of the Burmese, Iraqi, and Chinese communities, but has also painfully witnessed the difficulties that many poor white families encounter today.
After the 2008 presidential election Lopez’ wife, Sofia Margarita Souto shared the great news about her having accepted the candidacy for a Ph.D. in Speech Pathology at Indiana University in Bloomington, IN. Danny enthusiastically supported Sofia in her endeavors. The versatility, strength and interconnectedness of Indiana’s Galvanizing a Career: educational and civic institutions came After significant focus, he earned to light when Danny handily accepted a master’s degree in Sports Market- the position of Communications Diing and Administration. He coached rector for the City of Bloomington, boy’s high school basketball in Miami IN. Lopez’ talent would eventually be for seven years and for two years at discovered by the Administration of a junior college in the Atlanta area former Governor Mitch Daniels’ and prior to returning to Miami. Upon was invited to work at the Indiana On breaking the cycle of educaLopez’ return to Miami, he utilized his State House. tional and ultimately economic un-
between parents, schools and community organizations, the vicious At the risk of pointing out a cliché, cycle will continue to propagate the Lopez says that today’s most prominent downward spiral of underachieving civil rights issue is that of education. communities. “How we re-create “Without the proper education and an educational system that enables preparation, we lack the ability to our vulnerable youth toward success deal with and participate in a system largely depends on a multi-faceted that promotes our well being”, says approach that involves everyone in Lopez, “there is a vast difference in the community” said Lopez. the experiences that a child is exposed to at school in economically disadPromoting and creating a civically vantaged areas versus one that is not engaged community: economically disadvantaged and it is critical that we find a way to close the Another crucial component gap to reverse the vicious cycle that related to the topic of infusing new propagates the disparity between the energy to our community is civic engagement. “We need to engage our haves and have not’s” elected officials and those who have Lopez underscores the premium voluntarily adopted leadership roles in value that modern day society assigns our communities and convey a level to a quality education and instruc- of expectations and results that propel tion that fosters true development our communities toward progress” and preparation for society’s needs. Value creation comes from enlightened The results generated by the power minds and the home is where these of the ballot is a true measure of how minds are launched. Engaged parents civically minded a community is. There nurturing their children to learn and are financial resources provided by the grow to their full potential by awaken- State Administration aimed at helping ing their intellectual curiosity is crucial. communities to enhance systems that The State of Indiana allocates make economic progress possible. An 64% of its fiscal budget toward public issue like mass transportation at a local education at the elementary, second- level that requires local leadership ary and higher educational levels. “It and a “roll up your sleeves” pragmatic is important to make every one of approach that advances a community these dollars count and as a Hispanic toward economic strength and proscommunity we need to act, we need perity is just one example of how an to realize that even if a parent had a engaged community coming together negative experience going through to create tangible change is extremely school, there is a need to reorient our important. Looking at the available thinking and encourage our children resources and reformatting them to learn -- to achieve and to recognize toward better utilization to empower that without a solid education their the community is of paramount and ability to fully participate in this society immediate importance. “The ultimate will be negatively impacted” said Lopez goal is to foster an environment that will create economic development Short of a collaborative approach and rising tides for our communities”
says Lopez, “some real conversations with local and state leaders will need to be addressed from a job creation, workforce development, true educational development and a mass transit perspectives, just to name a few” The basic tenet comes back, yet again, to the notion that every individual who has a stake in the enhancement of our communities toward the creation of economic freedom and ultimately toward personal freedom needs to get involved. Danny Lopez’ attitude toward life and work is one of genuine optimism – a mantra he has inherited from his family and learned through his educational and life experiences. He is confident that our community will meet the challenge and fully recognize the opportunities that lie ahead. The community is a young community with an average age in the State of Indiana of only 24. Lopez inherently knows that the energy and raw brain power that our youth bring has the potential to reshape our world. There are many role models that our youth can look to and recognize that each of them individually brings unique gifts. He knows our community will flood the workforce with proud, intelligent and energetic people ready to make their mark. We at Que Viva! are honored and proud to count Danny Lopez as a friend and an individual who selflessly and humbly shares his natural talents in effort to contribute to the best of his ability. We are indebted and grateful to a wonderful set of grandparents and parents who made their way to the United States 53 years ago for having made it possible for him to be among us.
Danny Lopez Fortaleciendo un Cimiento hacia la Prosperidad
Jerolyn Wiggins / www.jmarshell.com
POR EL PERSONAL DE ¡QUE VIVA! INDIANA
A lo largo de dos generaciones desde que los abuelos de Daniel O. (Danny) López trajeron a sus padres desde Cuba a los Estados Unidos, tal partida impulsada por erupciones políticas tiránicas cuyas repercusiones perseverar hasta el día de hoy, López ha encontrado una manera de honrar a aquellos que han sacrificado tanto por él. Ese honor se manifiesta a través de su desarrollo no solo como hombre de negocios sino a nivel cultural el cual le ha permitido ascender a las cimas más altas gubernamentales estatales. Se ha desempeñado como Director Ejecutivo
año 1960. Fue este fatídico año cuando Fidel Castro llegó al poder y sus políticas destrozaron las libertades civiles en Cuba. Los abuelos de Lopez encontraron en Estados Unidos una tierra fértil para un desarrollo personal y, muy poco después de llegar aquí, lograron descifrar la forma en la cual las instituciones de este gran país y sus respectivas base firmemente Llegada a los Estados Unidos: ancladas en la ley. Estas condiciones serian Danny se nutria por muchas de las ideales para que la generación de Danny anécdotas de sus abuelos donde apre- pudiera crecer y prosperar, si sólo los ndió del profundo respeto y aprecio por necesarios sacrificios se llevaran a cabo. su tierra natal de donde partieron en el Con gran diligencia, la familia de Danny y
de la Comisión de Indiana de Asuntos Hispanos / Latinos y el Director de Educación de la Comisión de Derechos Civiles de Indiana por cerca de tres años. López también fue recientemente nombrado como Asistente Especial del gobernador de Indiana, Mike Pence.
su comunidad, se maniobraron en forma inteligente dentro de estas instituciones democráticas y crearon una fuerte base para que no hubiera duda alguna que él pudiera lograr una educación formal para que así pudiese participar plenamente en la sociedad.
nacional, ya que serian ellos el principal medio por el cual los mensajes del idioma español del senador John McCain durante su campaña presidencial en el año 2008 llegaron a la comunidad.
Al partir de Cuba, el abuelo de Danny evito que las fuerzas de Castro se apoderaran de su reloj de oro de tal manera que lo colocó en la muñeca de su hija Silvia, la madre de Danny. A corto tiempo después de llegar a Estados Unidos, cayó enfermo y se le diagnosticó cáncer cerebral. Para poder reunir los recursos necesarios al buscar un tratamiento experimental para su enfermedad estrictamente encontrado en Japón, había vendido la pulsera de oro de su reloj. Lamentablemente, el tratamiento no tuvo éxito. Muchos años después, Doña Silvia López le regalaría a Danny el reloj de su abuelo, pero ahora con una banda de cuero. Al enterarse de la razón por la cual tal bello reloj tenía una banda de cuero, Danny se lleno de orgullo y agradecimiento por lo mucho que sus padres y abuelos habían hecho por él.
Después de las elecciones del 2008, su esposa, Sofía Margarita Souto le compartió la gran noticia de ella había aceptado la candidatura para un doctorado en Logopedia en la Universidad de Indiana en Bloomington, IN. Danny le apoyó sus esfuerzos y aspiraciones con gran entusiasmo. La versatilidad, fuerza e interconexión entre aquellas instituciones educativas y cívicas dentro de Indiana salieron a la luz cuando Danny agilmente aceptó el cargo de Director de Comunicaciones de la Ciudad de Bloomington, IN. El talento de López eventualmente sería descubierto por la administración del ex gobernador Mitch Daniels y de pronto se le invito a López a que se integrara dentro de la administración del gobernador.
La llegada al Medio Oeste del país:
López es individuo único en el sentido de que vive el concepto de bilingüismo y el biculturalismo. Su entorno familiar ha Establecimiento de su carrera: cristalizado en él un orgullo, fervor y una Después de un enfoque significativo, afinidad hacia la comunidad hispana o Lopez se recibió con una maestría en latina que él puede ver la su vida cotidiana Administración y Marketing de Deportes. en forma real. Al mismo tiempo, él se Fue entrenador de baloncesto para chicos llena de optimismo acerca de las grandes de secundaria en Miami por un periodo de oportunidades que nuestra comunidad siete años y otros dos años en una univer- tiene por delante ya que las oportunidades sidad cerca de Atlanta antes de regresarse educativas están ancladas en una fuerte para Miami. Al regresar a Miami, puso a infraestructura y están disponibles para gran uso sus habilidades de tratar con la todos aquellos que esmeren lograr algo gente, sus habilidades de comunicación con sus vidas. y su liderazgo social para hacer una transición hacia la arena política. Llego a De una perspectiva panorámica acerca establecer una estrecha colaboración con de la realidad actual le permite a concluir dos miembros del Congreso de Estados algo que en general todo grupo étnico ve al Unidos, Lincoln Díaz-Balart, quien sirvió llegar a esta gran tierra - la realidad de que en la Cámara de Representantes desde en veces es posible ser mal interpretado. 1993 hasta 2011 y su hermano Mario Él ve y promueve que es necesario superar Díaz-Balart, que actualmente es miembro tales “barreras de entrada” y cree que es imde esta misma Cámara representando el portante que cada individuo se involucre Distrito Congresional numero 25. López, al aprender los procesos por los cuales el junto con su socio de negocios formarían América de hoy funciona. Otro detalle que una empresa del medio de comunicación es impresionante acerca de López es que y relaciones públicas que los impulsarían su habilidad de pensamiento polifacético hacia el centro del mundo político a nivel el cual abarca no solo a los recién llegados
¡QUE VIVA! | FEBRUARY 2013
sino aquellos que tienen aquí generaciones. No solo ha celebrado llegada y fuerza de voluntad de los birmanos, iraquíes, y las comunidades chinas, pero también ha sido testigo dolorosamente de las dificultades en las cuales muchas familias pobres blancas se encuentran hoy en día. Al romper el ciclo de bajo rendimiento educativo y económico: A riesgo de señalar un cliché, López dice que el asunto sobresaliente de derechos civiles es aquel que involucra la educación. “Sin una educación y preparación adecuada, carecemos de la capacidad de darle frente a la vida en forma optima para participar en un sistema que promueve nuestro bienestar”, dice López, “hay una gran diferencia en las experiencias de aquel niño que va a una escuela en un área con desventajas económicas comparado a un niño donde no hay esos retos y es importante que encontremos una manera de cerrar esa brecha para revertir ese círculo vicioso que propaga la disparidad económica e intelectual” López subraya el gran valor al cual la sociedad le asigna a una educación de calidad y a una enseñanza que fomente un verdadero desarrollo y preparación personal para cumplir con los requisitos de esta sociedad. El poder generar valor económico proviene de una mente iluminada y el hogar es donde tal mente se pone en marcha. Es importante que los padres le dediquen el tiempo e inculquen a sus hijos que el aprender les ayudara a llegar a su máximo potencial. El despertarles su curiosidad intelectual es sin duda de gran importancia. El Estado de Indiana asigna el 64% de su presupuesto fiscal a la educación pública en los niveles educativos de primaria, secundaria y superior. “Es importante esta inversión de dólares genere resultados. Como comunidad hispana tenemos que actuar, tenemos que darnos cuenta de que aunque algunos padres hayan tenido experiencias no muy agradables durante sus años de enseñanza, hay gran necesidad de reorientar nuestro pensamiento y aconsejar a que nuestros hijos apren-
Jerolyn Wiggins / www.jmarshell.com
dan – que logren y reconozcan de que sin una educación sólida, su capacidad para participar plenamente en esta sociedad se verá negativamente afectada “, dijo López
de una comunidad. Existen recursos financieros aportados por la administración general del estado con el fin de ayudar a las comunidades a que mejoren sus sistemas hacia el progreso económico. Un tema, Si hay ausencia de una colaboración tal como el de transporte público local, entre los padres, las escuelas y las or- requiere de un liderazgo local, energico, y ganizaciones comunitarias, este círculo pragmático para que la comunidad avance vicioso continuará propagándose hacia hacia una prospera fortaleza económica. este espiral negativo que existe dentro Este es solo un ejemplo del cómo una de las comunidades de bajo rendimiento. comunidad unida puede generar grandes “ La forma en la cual regeneremos nuestro resultados. sistema educativo será clave para que aquellos jóvenes vulnerables tengan una En cuanto a los recursos disponibles, oportunidad hacia el éxito y dependerá es necesario orientalos hacia una utien gran parte del enfoque multifacético lización optima para así apoderar a la que incluya a todos los miembros de la comunidad. “El objetivo final es fomentar comunidad”, dijo López. un ambiente que pueda crear un desarrollo económico para un levantamiento de La promoción y la creación de una nuestra comunidad”, dice López, “tienen comunidad comprometida a nivel cívico: que llevarse a acabo conversaciones serias Otro componente importante rela- con los líderes locales y estatales tales como cionado con el tema de infundir nueva la creación de empleo, desarrollo de la energía a nuestra comunidad es el com- fuerza laboral, desarrollo de la educación promiso cívico. “Tenemos que involucrar verdadera y el transporte público, sólo a nuestros oficiales electos y los que volun- para nombrar unas cuantas” El principio tariamente han adoptado roles de liderazgo básico que se toca, una vez más, es el hecho en nuestras comunidades para que haya de que todos aquellos con un interés de grandes logros e impulsen a nuestras co- una mejor comunidad enfocada hacia la munidades hacia el progreso”dijo Lopez. libertad personal y económica debemos participar. Los resultados generados por el voto de la comunidad es una medida verdadera La actitud de Danny López ante la vida de ver en nivel de involucramiento cívico y el trabajo es de un optimismo sincero
- ha heredado esta energia de su familia y la ha vivido a través de sus experiencias educativas y su vida en general. Ésta confiado en que nuestra comunidad vera el reto en mano y reconocerá plenamente las grandes oportunidades que tenemos por delante. La comunidad hispana es una comunidad joven, con una edad media en el Estado de Indiana de sólo 24 años. El sabe que la energía y la inteligencia de nuestra juventud aportan lo necesario para realizar grandes avances para el mundo. Hay muchas personas que nuestra juventud puede mirar para aprender. Tambien podra, esta juventud, reconocer que cada uno de ellos tiene sus talentos únicos. López reconoce que nuestra comunidad tendrá gran influencia dentro lo que es la fuerza de empleo. Con fuerza de voluntad, inteligencia y gran energía, sin duda dejara su impresionante huella. Nosotros en Que Viva! nos sentimos honrados y orgullosos de contar con Danny Lopez como amigo. El es persona que, sin interés y modestamente, comparte su talento con el fin de contribuir. Les agradecemos a sus padres y abuelos por aquella senda que abrieron al venir a los Estados Unidos hace 53 años. Tal esfuerzo hizo posible que Danny Lopez esté aquí con nosotros.
The Lull Before
the Storm By author: Raul Ramos y Sanchez
The prospects for comprehensive immigration reform have never looked brighter. After 71% of Latinos voted to re-elect Barack Obama, a stunned Republican party saw the consequences of pandering to its xenophobic fringe during the Republican primaries and the general election. In the wake of this demoralizing defeat, some GOP leaders have publicly reconsidered their hardline stance on immigration reform. Still, the chances of getting an immigration reform bill through congress are far from certain. A host of immigration restrictionists are waiting in the wings, marshaling their forces, ready to pounce on any new legislation.
water shortages of the U.S. Southwest.
Well-funded nativist organizations like Numbers USA, ALIPAC and others are seizing the talk of immigration reform as an opportunity to further fatten their coffers, feverishly exhorting donations for their fight against any new legislation. And fight they will. Their very existence is at stake.
In January 2013, the nonpartisan Migration Policy Institute released a comprehensive report that concluded: “Today there is no net new illegal immigration from Mexico for the first time in 40 years.” The study cites increased border security along with the economic recession as factors in the decline. What’s more, the study goes on to say: “The US government spends more on its immigration enforcement agencies than on all its other principal criminal federal law enforcement agencies combined.” Indeed, while Republicans continue to hammer Obama for being soft on immigration enforcement, he has actually deported 1.5 times more people on average per month than his GOP predecessor, George W. Bush. The difference is that the Obama administration has focused deportations on the undocumented with criminal records, not those simply doing honest work.
There will be no room for compromise with the nativist lobby. Even the watered-down immigration reform proposals of Republican Senator Marco Rubio are being already being called “amnesty.” So you can expect any Democratic-sponsored bill to be a non-starter. The hit list of Republican congressional members who reach across the aisle and support immigration reform is being drawn up. Those who break ranks can expect to feel their fury. Moreover, the restrictionists are doing more than playing defense. Rep. Steven King (R-Iowa) has introduced “Birthright Citizenship Act” that would overturn the 14th Amendment’s guarantee that a child born in the USA is a citizen, dredging up the false specter of undocumented immigrants seeking to live on the U.S. dole through their “anchor babies.” Numbers USA has even gone so far as to suggest illegal immigration is primarily responsible for the historic
With such vehement opposition in the works, is there any chance to pass an immigration reform bill this year? That will depend on how its supporters frame the debate. The cornerstone argument against immigration reform will be: “Secure the borders first, then we can talk about what to do with the undocumented.” The nativist lobby is already preparing an offensive that claims the Border Patrol only intercepts 61% of border crossers and other statistical smokescreens. Ironically, the U.S. border with Mexico has never been more secure.
The goal of the immigration restrictionists will be to stoke fear and inflame passions. Supporters of immigration reform must be armed with the facts on border security and debunk the myths that will be used to oppose this much-needed legislation. Can immigration reform succeed? Si se puede – Yes, we can. But only if we are prepared for a prolonged legislative struggle and are ready to counter distortions with facts.
Raul Ramos y Sanchez is the award-winning author of the novels AMERICA LIBRE, HOUSE DIVIDED and PANCHO LAND. He is also host and editor of MyImmigrationStory.com For more information visit www.RaulRamos.com.
Latinos take on bigger role in Obama inauguration WASHINGTON (AP) — Latinos are taking a more prominent role in President Barack Obama’s second inauguration, from the first Hispanic Supreme Court justice swearing in the vice president to a star-studded concert celebrating Latino culture. Eva Longoria, a co-chairwoman for Obama’s campaign, hosted “Latino Inaugural 2013: In Performance at the Kennedy Center” as a salute to the president Sunday evening ahead of his public swearing-in Monday. Jose Feliciano, Chita Rivera, Rita Moreno and Latin pop star Prince Royce all performed. The lineup also included Mario Lopez and Wilmer Valderrama. Vice President Joe Biden and his family appeared onstage, drawing big cheers, to help open the show. He said he wanted to thank Latinos for their support in last year’s election. Biden said something profound happened with the enormous Latino support for Obama, and he said the Latino community underestimates its power. “One thing that happened in this election, you spoke. You spoke in a way that the world, and I mean the world, as well as the United States, could not fail to hear,” Biden said, calling the Latino vote decisive. “This is your moment. America owes you.” Feliciano opened the show by singing the national anthem. Marc Anthony later drew big cheers when he applauded Latinos’ growing political influence. “Our united voice got us all here tonight and got the best man for the job in the White House,” Anthony said. San Antonio Mayor Julian Castro, who gave the keynote speech at last year’s Democratic National Convention, recalled the admiration Latinos held for another president more than 50 years ago. Portraits of President John F. Kennedy still hang in many homes, he said.
“As we said ‘Viva Kennedy’ 50 years ago, today we say ‘Viva Obama,’” Castro said. A children’s choir from San Juan, Puerto Rico, closed out the show, singing “This Land is Your Land.” They were joined by a larger Latino choir, including Hispanic members of the U.S. military, in singing “America the Beautiful.” Earlier Sunday, Justice Sonia Sotomayor, an Obama appointee who is the first Hispanic justice on the highest court, administered the oath of office to Biden. And Richard Blanco, a son of Cuban exiles, is Obama’s inauguration poet. Latinos have a distinct presence at this inauguration after raising funds and turning out the vote for Obama in the 2012 election. Hispanics voted 7 to 1 for Obama over his challenger, Republican Mitt Romney, whose Hispanic support was less than any other presidential candidate in 16 years. Analysts said Romney’s hardline stance on immigration was a factor. San Antonio philanthropist and business leader Henry Munoz III, who coordinated the Latino inauguration event with Longoria and other Obama supporters, said this is a special moment when the Latino community is positioned to take an expanded role in shaping the country’s future. “Without question, the presidential election of 2012 proves that Latinos are perhaps the most important influence from this point forward in the election of the president of the United States,” Munoz said. “It’s important that the leadership in Washington view us not as a narrow interest group but as a vibrant political force” that carries not just votes, but influence and financial resources. Organizers planned a series of symposiums, dinners and events ahead of the inauguration to keep people talking
about issues that matter to Latinos, from immigration reform to building a Latino history museum on the National Mall. Munoz led a presidential commission that called on Congress in 2011 to authorize such a museum within the Smithsonian Institution, but Congress has not yet passed such a bill. Munoz said it’s important to keep Latinos engaged through the inauguration and beyond. “Our work is not done. It doesn’t end,” he said. “We have a tendency to look at this phenomenon as ending on Election Day, when the reality is now it’s time to get to work.” Longoria said this is her first inauguration. She has taken on a new role as political advocate since her days on “Desperate Housewives,” pushing for a Latino history museum in Washington and raising funds for Obama’s re-election. Even though this is Obama’s second inauguration, Longoria said there is still much to celebrate, including Sotomayor’s role swearing in the vice president. “There’s something special about seeing a president recommit himself to the people of this great nation,” she said before the show. Longoria said she hopes to help influence policies, including immigration reform, and hopes Obama will make that his top priority as an economic issue. She called the Latino fundraising effort for the president a historic turning point. “I think we have a permanent seat at the table, and now we’re going to be able to have influence on what affects our communities,” Longoria said. “I take civic responsibility very seriously, and I want to do what I can to help my country.”
¡QUE VIVA! | FEBRUARY 2013
spanish lesson by maria guillen
FIRE-QUESTIONS & LOCATIONS Where’s the fire?
¿Donde está el incendio?
doan-day ess-tah ehl een-sen-dee-oh
¿ Quién llamo _____?
key-yen yah-moh _____?
-the Fire Dept
- los Bomberos
-nueve uno uno
-nway-bay oo-no oo-no
Who is inside?
¿Quién está adentro?
key-en ess-tah ah-den-tro
How many inside?
Who is in:
¿Quién está __?
-House // -Building
-la casa // - el edificio
lah kah-sah el ed-ee-fee-see-oh
Did you smell gas?
Was there an explosion?
¿Hubo una explosion?
word of the week
Fireplace | Chimenea | chee-men-a-yah
Reagan’s Legacy: Economic Freedom Anthony B. Kim
Photo credit: Newscom In his January speech, the President spoke eloquently: “One of the greatest contributions the United States can make to the world is to promote freedom as the key to economic growth. A creative, competitive America is the answer to a changing world, not trade wars that would close doors, create greater barriers and destroy millions of jobs. We should always remember: Protectionism is destructionism.” Oh, sorry! Did you think that was President Obama? Actually, the President who spoke those words was Ronald Reagan in his last State of the Union address 25 years ago. In his two terms in office, President Reagan gave America a powerful transfusion of his own optimism and hope. He rekindled a sense of the possible, rescuing America from defeatism and restoring our confidence and pride in this great nation. That transformation of America was possible chiefly because of Reagan’s unshakable faith in the power of ideas. President Reagan’s wisdom and insight on the power of freedom continue live on in The Heritage Foundation’s Index of Economic Freedom. His legacy shines brightly in the experiences of many developing economies that have joined the free world only in recent decades. The embrace of economic freedom by the young democracies of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union has proven particularly remarkable, and many other countries have made gains in reducing poverty by adopting measures that open up their economies. Regrettably, America’s leadership in advancing economic freedom has been fading. According to the recently released 2013 Index, the United States remains just a “Mostly Free” economy. America’s economic freedom is at its lowest level since 2000, and its scores have declined six years in a row. Today, as we commemorate President Reagan’s 102nd birthday, renewing our commitment to economic freedom is the best way to restore confidence in the power of conservative ideas, which can resurrect America’s opportunity for all. 28
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