Sustainable Steel Summit June 2021

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Editor / Programme Director Matthew Moggridge +44 1737 855151

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Contents 3 Introduction by Matthew Moggridge, programme director 6 Decarbonizing solutions for steel


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14 Summit programme

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Ken Clark +44 1737 855117


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18 Speakers biographies 42 Presentation abstracts

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Matthew Moggridge, Programme Director, Sustainable Steel Strategies Summit

Welcome to the Sustainable Steel Strategies Summit, which I’ll admit is a bit of mouthful, but the title of the event sums up exactly what this online conference is all about: sustainable steel strategies. Over the next two days you will hear from leading experts working on the decarbonization of steelmaking, and from the steelmakers themselves who will outline their strategies for making the manufacturing process far more environmentally friendly than it is today. Everybody is involved: Steelmakers, plant builders, environmentalists, leading consultancy companies, respected trade bodies, artificial intelligence experts, they have all produced highly informative and comprehensive presentations on some aspect of making the production of steel considerably greener than it is at present. Steel is an amazing product, as well all know. It is 100% recyclable for a start and, as I said in a leader article for the current edition of Steel Times International, it is at the heart of all aspects of modern life: our cars, our railways, our trains, our bridges, our buildings – even our knives and forks! This on-line catalogue offers details of all the speakers, their presentations and biographies, which you will also find on the summit website once you have registered. I wish you every success in life and I hope you enjoy the Summit. Matthew Moggridge, Programme Director

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Making our world more productive

Supporting decarbonization Through increased efficiency and use of Hydrogen

Linde supplies world-leading innovative and sustainable solutions that create long-lasting value and a route to zero carbon. For more than 100 years, Linde has supported the steel industry with gases and energy-efficient technologies. Moreover, Linde successfully covers every part of the hydrogen value-chain, including its use to decarbonize steel production.

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Making our world more productive

Supporting decarbonization Through increased efficiency and use of Hydrogen

Linde supplies world-leading innovative and sustainable solutions that create long-lasting value and a route to zero carbon. For more than 100 years, Linde has supported the steel industry with gases and energy-efficient technologies. Moreover, Linde successfully covers every part of the hydrogen value-chain, including its use to decarbonize steel production.

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Decarbonizing solutions for The steel industry ranks among the top three CO2 emitters from the industrial segment. Consequently, the pressure to decarbonize has led several European steelmakers to set carbon neutral goals over the 2030-2050 timeframe, while others around the globe have launched investigations into available decarbonization approaches. How will these goals be met? Will the path to decarbonization disrupt the industry itself? Is sustainability sustainable for steelmakers? By Pravin C Mathur and Joachim von Schéele*

Linde is a recognized leader in sustainability and a part of the solution to climate change. It is well positioned to develop and serve the needs of large-scale green hydrogen supply that will be essential for full decarbonization of the steel industry over the long term. In addition, Linde’s technologies provide a path to stepwise decarbonization in the short term while renewable power and hydrogen infrastructure are still being developed. These solutions are discussed herein, and they can be implemented to decarbonize the steel industry in a cost-effective way. Integrated steel mills, which produce steel from iron ore, account for 70% of global steel production, but emit almost 90% of CO2 emissions due to their high CO2 intensity of 2.3 t CO2 per ton of steel produced (Scope 1-3). In contrast, minimills, whose primary feedstock is recycled steel scrap, account for the balance of 30% of global steel production, but only 10% of emissions since they emit 0.6 t CO2 per ton of steel

produced. While minimills have the potential to eliminate almost all their CO2 emissions by using renewable electric power and green hydrogen in their existing production plants, integrated mills cannot – the blast furnace in an integrated mill requires a certain minimum level of coke (practically around 300 kg/t) to operate with attendant CO2 emissions from its use. Therefore, integrated mills either need ways to capture and sequester all their CO2 emissions, or they require a fundamental change to the processing route away from the blast furnace, with concomitant CAPEX and OPEX implications. The DRI-EAF route Combining carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) with top gas recycling is one potential approach to reduce emissions from integrated steel mills. It is being considered at sites where CCS is a viable option. However, the DRI-EAF route is the

most commercially ready path to full decarbonization for integrated steel mills. Over 80Mt/yr of DRI is produced today in shaft furnaces with natural gas as the reductant. According to worldsteel, considering Scope 1-3, an integrated mill can decrease its CO2 footprint from 2.3 to below 1.6 t/t of finished product by switching to this processing route, potentially at the time of blast furnace relines to minimize incremental investments. Thereafter, CO2 emissions can be dropped further down to almost zero by using green hydrogen as the reductant instead of natural gas, along with green power to the EAF and balance of plant, (Fig 1). While up to 70% hydrogen has already been demonstrated in a DRI plant, pushing this limit to 100% hydrogen is the focus of several pilot plants that have been initiated recently. A large obstacle for expanding the production of DRI, however, is the availability of DR pellets.

* Linde Technology, Linde plc



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r steel

Fig 1. Steel production route for full decarbonization

Scale and cost of green energy supply To enable the last step of this transition to H2DRI for full decarbonization, DRI-based steel production will require very large-scale green hydrogen and green power. Considering that 54 kg/t of green hydrogen is required per ton of DRI and 12 kg/t for other heating applications in the plant, a 2Mt/yr DRI-EAF plant will require 875 MW of green power to produce 360 TPD of green H2 and to provide the electricity required for the balance of plant. For reference, the largest PEM electrolyzer being built today is 24 MW, and electrolyzer capacities up to 100 MW are on the drawing board. Hydrogen suppliers like Linde are preparing for this scale-up and

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supply, but the progress is expected to take time. Making an order of magnitude estimate, we would need about 16,800 TPD of green H2 to convert all 95Mt/yr of blast furnace steelmaking in EU28 countries to DRI-based. Accounting for the power required for the hydrogen electrolyzer, as well as the power for the EAF and other plant operations, the green power requirement for integrated steel production would be about 390 TWh/yr. Adding the power requirement for 65Mt/ yr of current EAF steel production, the EU28 green power requirement for steel totals 470 TWh/yr (54 GW), or around 17% of current EU power consumption. In addition to large scale hydrogen supply, the economics of this transition will

require green hydrogen prices to drop significantly below current levels. Fig 2 shows an example of the relationship between the green H2 price and the cost of CO2 emissions (taxes, allowances, etc.) required to make the economics of this transition to H2-DRI favourable. Indeed, a combination of the increasing cost of CO2 emissions and the drop in H2 pricing will be necessary to achieve economical decarbonization. It is obvious from the above considerations that near complete decarbonization is possible, but at severe costs which need to be offset with higher costs of CO2 emission. This decarbonization also requires significant investments in new facilities and assets – a daunting challenge




for this industry to overcome. For example, the CAPEX for a H2-DRI-EAF plant could be $800-1000/t of annual capacity, but after factoring the cost of the required green power and hydrogen infrastructure, these costs can escalate to $5000/t of annual capacity. Clearly, this is a long-term solution for the industry, beyond 2030. Short-term cost-effective decarbonization While H2 steelmaking is the ultimate solution for full decarbonization, steelmakers already have options to take incremental steps and achieve modest levels of decarbonization without incurring the significant economic hurdles and challenges discussed above, i.e., decarbonization is sustainable. Examples of these incremental steps include improvements in energy efficiency across the board, use of renewable power, reduction of slag volumes, and higher levels of low carbon injectants in the blast furnace to reduce the coke rate. To promote such initiatives, the World Steel Association’s step-up programme has benchmarked global steel producers and shown that the best-performing steel mills have 20-40% lower CO2 emissions than the average. They also show that energy efficiency improvements have the potential to lower CO2 emissions by around 0.3 t/t for both integrated mills and minimills. Many of these solutions use proven technologies that could reduce fossil fuel and CO2 emissions in those processes by 20-50% and allow smooth adaptation to hydrogen fuels in the future. Oxyfuel combustion drives energy efficiency. Many unit operations in a steel mill use air for the combustion of fuel, which carries 79% ballast (almost all of it nitrogen). This nitrogen is heated up in the furnace and emitted in the flue gas, resulting in wasted energy, higher fuel consumption and CO2 emissions. Moreover, it hampers the radiative heat transfer from the products of combustion. The use of oxygen instead of air, called oxyfuel combustion, eliminates this nitrogen ballast, and results in: � up to 50% fuel and CO2 savings, � 80% reduction in flue-gas volume, � up to 90% NOx reduction,


Fig 2. Cost of CO2 required to equalize H2 price to make H2 steelmaking economic. Assumed conditions for an average European steel mill

on-demand production increase, and � the ability to use low calorific gases in heating and reheating operations. Oxyfuel combustion has been successfully applied to several steel mill operations including blast furnace stoves, pelletizing/ sintering furnaces, ladle preheating (40-60% fuel savings), reheat furnaces (batch and continuous) and heat treatment furnaces, (Fig 3). The economics of oxyfuel combustion are typically driven by fuel price, but as steel mills adopt green hydrogen fuel to decarbonize their footprint, oxyfuel combustion will become economically necessary. This is because hydrogen prices are expected to drop down to around $2/kg, which is equivalent to $15/GJ, i.e., hydrogen will always be a relatively expensive fuel; accordingly, oxyfuel combustion is required to minimize its use. Therefore, the recommendation to steel mills is to convert to oxyfuel combustion now to achieve 20-50% CO2 reduction and be prepared to blend green H2 as and when it becomes available to achieve full decarbonization in the future. Oxyfuel solutions for reheating Reheat furnaces typically consume 1.2-1.6 GJ/t of steel, and oxyfuel solutions can reduce fuel and CO2 emissions from reheat furnaces by up to 50%. Linde is the world-


leader in oxyfuel steel reheating; its REBOX® oxyfuel solutions have been installed on more than 180 batch and continuous reheat furnaces, with production up to 300 t/h and covering a wide range of steel grades. This has already contributed to decarbonization as the REBOX installations decreased the consumption of fossil fuel by 20-50%. Partial or full conversion of reheat furnaces from air-fuel to oxyfuel combustion is not only an easy first step to decarbonization, but it also prepares the furnace for subsequent hydrogen fuels. Indeed, oxyfuel combustion will be necessary with hydrogen fuels. For 20 years Linde has applied Flameless Oxyfuel to improve temperature uniformity and secure reduction of NOx emissions, a matter particularly important going forward including use of H2. Hydrogen combustion results in a 100% H2O atmosphere in the furnace. Linde has performed pilot tests at its Technology Centres to develop hydrogen burners and to assess the impact of hydrogen reheating on steel quality, capacity and uniformity in the reheating process, NOx emissions, safety issues and scaling. It was determined that all results were encouraging, and no negative impacts could be identified. Based on the positive outcome of the pilot tests, Scandinavian steelmaker Ovako and Linde decided to undertake the world’s first full-scale O2-H2 steel reheating in one of

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the soaking pit furnaces at Ovako’s Hofors mill in Sweden. This mill is supplied with green electricity and green oxygen. The full-scale demonstration was carried out in March 2020 when 24 ball-bearing steel ingots from the steel plant were charged into four soaking pit furnaces, all equipped with Flameless Oxyfuel. One pit was fired with hydrogen-oxyfuel using REBOX Hyox, while the other three operated with their normal LPG-Oxyfuel. After heating and soaking, the ingots were successfully rolled to bars in the rolling mill. A thorough inspection and analysis of the final bars showed that heating using hydrogen as fuel does not impact the quality. Göran Nyström, EVP, head of technology and marketing at Ovako, summarized the results: “Hydrogen can be used simply and flexibly, with no impact on steel quality, which would mean a very large reduction in the carbon footprint.”

and de-bottleneck plugged stoves. Evaluations show that a 100oC increase in blast temperature translates into coke savings of 8-12 kg/THM, with attendant reduction in CO2 emissions. Linde has successfully implemented SOE in 14 blast furnaces in the Americas, Asia, and Europe. Going beyond stove oxygen enrichment, Flue Gas Recycle involves the conversion of blast furnace stoves to 100% oxyfuel combustion and the elimination of combustion air. The oxyfuel flame temperature is moderated by a combination of flameless or staged combustion and recycling of the flue-gas, which also utilizes the sensible heat in the flue. This approach concentrates around 30% of an integrated steel plant’s CO2 emissions into a single flue-gas stream for ease of capture and sequestration, with potential reduction in specific CO2 emissions of 0.6 t/t.

Blast furnace stoves Blast furnaces use oxygen enrichment of the cold blast to improve productivity and enable the use of injectants through the tuyeres to reduce CO2 emissions. Many blast furnaces operate with up to 30% oxygen in the blast today. In addition to the cold blast, oxygen can also be used in blast furnace stoves. Stove Oxygen Enrichment (SOE) is a method to add high-purity oxygen to the stove combustion air to eliminate the use of sweetening high-value fuels like natural gas or coke oven gas, raise blast temperature

Blast furnace tuyere injection The coke rate in blast furnaces can be lowered using injectants through the tuyeres using products with a lower carbon footprint, such as pulverized coal (PCI), natural gas, coke oven gas, and potentially hydrogen in future. For example, every ton of injected coal avoids 0.85-0.95 ton of coke production, with accompanying energy savings of around 3.75 GJ/t injected coal. Tuyere injection, however, has its limitations due to a negative impact on the Raceway Adiabatic Flame Temperature (RAFT) and

the ability to combust certain injectants within the confines of a tuyere. These limits can be raised if the injectants are first gasified into a syngas (CO+H2) externally, prior to injection into the tuyeres. This external gasification can be performed by Linde’s Hot Oxygen Technology (HOT) – a fuel flexible tool to gasify solid, liquid, or gaseous feedstocks including natural gas, coke oven gas, wide varieties of biomass, plastics, and so on – see Fig 4. A typical HOT system is an efficient, small-scale gasifier to generate reducing gas/syngas up to 34,000 Nm3/h syngas per unit. Multiple units can be employed to meet the requirements of a blast furnace. This approach helps to minimize the CO2 footprint of an existing blast furnace without significant modifications to the production process. DRI production with alternate fuels Typically, DRI is produced with natural gas as the reducing gas in a shaft furnace. A HOT system can also be used to deliver reducing gas or syngas to a DRI plant, derived for a variety of sources including coke oven gas, and replacing the need for natural gas, (Fig 4). Linde has worked with MIDREX to develop the Thermal Reactor System (TRS) that will produce clean syngas from coke oven gas and other hydrocarbon sources for DRI production. The system utilizes Linde’s partial oxidation technology, using HOT, which offers the potential to do partial oxidation of hydrocarbons without steam injection. When

Fig 3. Industrial gas use in the steel making process. Oxyfuel and H2 possibilities circled in red.



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Fig 4. Application of Hot OxygenTechnology for partial oxidation/gasification of a wide variety of solids, liquids, or gases. The resulting reducing gas or syngas can be injected into blast furnaces or DRI furnaces

this technology is combined with an extended reaction chamber into which a pre-heated stream of coke oven gas is added, the product gas leaving the chamber is suitable for direct use as a reducing gas to produce DRI. While DRI is mostly charged into EAFs, it can also be briquetted into HBI and charged into blast furnaces or BOF converters to achieve decarbonization in an integrated steel mill. As a rule-of-thumb, each 10% increase in burden metallization in a blast furnace by the addition of HBI increases the production rate by 8% and decreases the coke rate by 7%, with attendant CO2 savings. Increasing scrap rate in BOF converters A BOF converter typically uses 15-25% scrap and a balance of hot metal coming from the blast furnace. Due to its significantly lower carbon footprint compared to hot metal, the more scrap we use, the lower the overall carbon footprint of the steel product. Scrap acts as a coolant to offset the temperature rise when oxygen is blown to refine the melt. Therefore, one way to increase the scrap ratio is to preheat the scrap – the hotter the scrap, the more scrap can be charged while meeting the requirement as a coolant. Scrap preheating can be done in the converter with a burner in the top-lance, prior to hot metal charging. Typically, 10-12 minutes of scrap preheating can raise scrap temperature


above 700oC to allow a five-percentage point increase in scrap ratio. Alternate means of scrap preheating such as external heating prior to charging, or using focused postcombustion during the blow period, are also possible. Linde has established several burner and lance options to preheat scrap to support reduced CO2 emissions. CoJet® gas injection using hydrogen CoJet gas injection technology was developed and introduced by Praxair (now Linde) 25 years ago, and it has revolutionized Electric Arc Furnace (EAF) operation. Today there are more than 170 CoJet installations world-wide, and CoJet technology has become the industry standard for chemical energy input into EAFs. The key to CoJet technology is the invention of a process and injector nozzle with a surrounding flame shroud that extends the length of the supersonic jet from the conventional 15-35 times the nozzle diameter, depending on ambient conditions, to 70 nozzle diameters. The flame shroud can be produced with fuels such as natural gas, LPG, coke oven gas, and fuel oil. The fuels are also required to operate the CoJet injector initially in a burner mode to accelerate scrap melting around the EAF. To decarbonize the chemical energy input into EAFs, Linde has developed CoJet injectors with hydrogen fuel with excellent results. Hydrogen extends the coherent jet length to 85 nozzle diameters, increases heat transfer,


and reduces plugging/maintenance of the injectors. These features make hydrogen an ideal fuel for the CoJet system and pave the way to fully decarbonize the EAF. Summary The steel industry can decarbonize significantly with hydrogen steelmaking, or CO2 capture and sequestration where feasible. These approaches are longer term solutions (beyond year 2030) that are not sustainable today due to the capital and operating cost impacts on steelmakers. For them to become sustainable or viable, we need a combination of higher costs of CO2 emissions, as well as a well-developed infrastructure to supply low-cost renewable power and hydrogen at very large scale. Steelmakers can take short-term steps with incremental and stepwise sustainable decarbonization approaches that are affordable today. Energy efficiency improvements with oxyfuel combustion – with fossil fuel savings of 20-50% – offer immediate CO2 reductions with low CAPEX commitments on several unit processes. Proven oxyfuel-based solutions can reduce the steel industry’s CO2 emissions by 200Mt/yr. Integrated steel mills can decarbonize by raising blast furnace tuyere injectant levels using external gasification, increasing the scrap ratio in BOF converters, and charging DRI/HBI produced by the gasification of low carbon footprint feedstocks and alternate fuels such as coke oven gas. � Steel Times International



Day One: 0900hrs: Welcome to the Sustainable Steel Strategies Summit by Matthew Moggridge, Conference Director and Editor of Steel Times International. 0910hrs: Transforming the Steel Industry for a Low Carbon Future by Asa Ekdahl, Head of Environment and Climate Change at the World Steel Association. 0940hrs: Kobelco’s CO2 Reduction Solution by Masashiro Motoyuki, executive officer, Kobe Steel; and Koichi Sakamoto, Executive Officer, Kobe Steel. 1010hrs: Hlsarna: Breakthrough Technology to Meet Climate and Circularity targets for the steel industry by JWK van Boggelen, Operations and Technology Manager, Hlsarna Pilot Plant, Tata Steel, IJmuiden, The Netherlands. 1040hrs: Climate Opportunities for the Steel Sector by Olga Kalashnikova, Head of Environment at Severstal. 1110hrs: Morning Coffee Break 1140hrs: Future Steelmaking as an Enabler of the European Green Deal by Roman Stiftner, Managing Director, Austrian Mining and Steel Association 1210hrs: European Green Deal: How Steel for Packaging fits Europe’s Transition to a more efficient and circular economy, by Alexis Van Maercke, Secretary General, APEAL. 1245hrs – 1400hrs Lunch Break



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1400hrs: Steel in the Fast Lane – the Hyperloop, by Huib Simon, Head of Marketing, Hyperloop, and Paul de Vries, general manager at Tata Stee. 1430hrs: Decarbonizing the Iron and Steel Industry: DRI, Hydrogen and more by Stefano Maggiolino, President and CEO, Tenova HYL. 1500hrs: Afternoon Tea Break 1530hrs: Integrated Hydrogen Supply for Steel Decarbonisation by Todd Skare, chief technology and sustainability officer, Linde plc. 1600hrs: Will green hydrogen enable iron ore miners to become competitive steel producers? By Sean Keenan, global natural resources research lead, Accenture 1630hrs: Green Steel – A Substantial Transformation of the Steel Industry by Nils Naujok and Holger Stamm, Partner and Director respectively, PwC Strategy& Deutschland 1700hrs: Transforming steelmaking – roadmap to net zero carbon for integrated plants by Gerald Wimmer, vice president, converter steelmaking, Primetals Technologies. 1730hrs: FerroSilva – fossil-free DRI by using biogenic reduction gas, by Peter Samuelsson, independent advisor, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm 1740hrs: Closing remarks 1745: Conference closes.

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Day Two: 0900hrs: Responsible Steel: Supporting the Steel Industry’s Journey to Net Zero by Anne-Claire Howard, CEO, Responsible Steel. 0930hrs: Sustainability and the Circular Economy in Stainless Steelmaking by Juha Erkillä, Head of Group Sustainability, Outokumpu. 1000hrs: The Post COVID Decarbonisation Dividend: A Possible Dream by Phelim Kine, Senior Director (Asia) Mighty Earth. 1030hrs: How to decarbonize steel, by Alex Griffith, principal analyst, Wood Mackenzie. 1100hrs: Morning Coffee Break 1130hrs: Options for Immediate Decarbonisation in Iron & Steelmaking by Joachim von Schéele, Linde Technology, Linde plc. 1200hrs: Delivering Energy Efficiency in Steel Production by Jonathan Maxwell, CEO and Founder of Sustainable Development Capital. 1230hrs: LanzaTech: A CarbonSmart approach to Steelmaking by Tom Dower, Vice President, Public Policy for LanzaTech. 1300hrs: Lunch Break



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1400hrs: Reducing the environmental impact of steelmaking raw materials using mathematical modelling by Sanjeev Manocha, Global Steel Market Manager, Carmeuse. 1430hrs: When steel comes calling, hydrogen generation will be ready by Dave Wolff, Region Manager, Nel Hydrogen. 1500hrs: Afternoon tea break. 1530hrs: CO2 Reduction at the Level of Process Control by Dr. Falk-Florian Henrich, Founder & CEO, Smart Steel Technologies. 1600hrs: Danieli MIDA Hybrid mills, a true sustainable green steel production by Rolando Paolone, chief technology officer, Danieli Group and member of the group executive board. 1630hrs: Supporting more sustainable electric arc furnace steel production with ABB technologies, by Kevin Ball, ArcSave Solutions consultant, ABB Metallurgy Products; and Andrea Ferruccio, global product manager, medium voltage special circuit breakers and switches, ABB Medium Voltage Products. 1700hrs: Closing remarks. 1710hrs: Conference closes.

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ÅSA EKDAHL HEAD OF ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE AT WORLDSTEEL As Head of Environment and Climate Change at the World Steel Association (worldsteel), Åsa Ekdahl runs the association’s Environment Committee and leads the engagement with International organisations such as the UNFCCC and OECD. She plays an important role in shaping the policy and advocacy actions for the industry including the promotion of industry action.



Born in Osaka, Japan, in 1960 and awarded a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering by the University of Tokyo in 1983, Motoyuki joined Kobe Steel Ltd. in 1983 and currently serves as an executive officer of the company. He has been engaged in the iron making business for nearly 15 years. From 2006 to 2014, he served as the general manager of the Process and Technology Department at the Iron Unit Centre. In July 2014, he was appointed senior general manager and led the Iron Unit Centre. Since April 2018, he has been serving as an executive officer and is responsible for the Iron Unit Centre. He also leads the project engineering division as a general manager in the engineering business.



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EXECUTIVE OFFICER KOBE STEEL LTD Born in Toyama, Japan, in 1964 and awarded a master’s degree in metallic engineering by Tohoku University in 1990, Sakamoto joined Kobe Steel in 1990 and currently serves as an executive officer of the company. He has been engaged in material research for many years. From 2011 to 2017, he served as general manager at the materials research laboratory of the Technical Development Group. In October 2017, he was appointed general manager of the research and development planning department and then in April 2018 doubled as the senior general manager. Since April 2019, he has been serving as the executive officer and is responsible for the planning dept., technology planning dept., IT management department, and the research and development laboratory in the steel and aluminium business.


Operations and technology manager of the HIsarna pilot plant at Tata Steel in IJmuiden. Graduated from Delft University of Technology with an MSc in Materials Science. Joined Corus R&D at their facilities in Teesside, UK, in 2002, mainly working on converter steelmaking and ladle metallurgy. Started to get involved with HIsarna development in 2010, just before the first start-up of the pilot plant. Joined the HIsarna project full-time in 2014.

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Olga Kalashnikova joined Severstal in 2020 to lead the company’s strategy to reduce its carbon footprint and meet the climate challenge. She was previously responsible for upstream environmental performance at Shell Russia. Ms Kalashnikova has more than 20 years’ experience working with blue chip international companies to improve their environmental performance. During more than 10 years at Royal Dutch Shell she was responsible for ensuring that best environmental practices were maintained at the group’s joint ventures in Russia, as well as for developing and running strategies to address local environmental issues, including those related to biodiversity, environmentally sensitive areas, managing greenhouse gas emissions and energy efficiency.

ROMAN STIFTNER MANAGING DIRECTOR, AUSTRIAN MINING AND STEEL ASSOCIATION Roman Stiftner is Managing Director of the Austrian Mining and Steel Association and of the Austrian Non-Ferrous Metals Association since 2008. He is also Secretary General of EUMICON, the European Mineral Resources Confederation, in Vienna. He started his career in the field of logistics automation at Siemens AG Österreich, and later served as CEO of Dematic Central-Eastern Europe. Since 2011 he has been President of the Austrian Logistic Association. He holds a degree in electrical engineering and economic engineering from the Technical and Economic University Vienna.

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ALEXIS VAN MAERCKE SECRETARY GENERAL OF APEAL, THE ASSOCIATION OF EUROPEAN PRODUCERS OF STEEL FOR PACKAGING Before joining APEAL, Alexis was policy officer at the European Commission, Directorate General Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs. Prior to this he spent five years in the European Parliament as a political advisor to Marianne Thyssen, former Commissioner for Employment and Social Affairs, in charge of legislative files related to food safety, environment and consumer protection. He holds a Master’s degree in Law from the University of Leuven in Belgium as well as a Master’s in European Interdisciplinary Studies from the College of Europe in Warsaw, Poland.


PRINCIPAL ANALYST, WOOD MACKENZIE Alex has been in the industry since 2007 – both in the pit and at the desk – prior to which, he was a teacher of Physics. Alex joined Wood Mackenzie in 2016 and covers supply, demand and price forecasting for global steel and iron ore markets. He researches timely and relevant industry topics, has acted as an expert witness and collaborates on consultancy assignments. Alex has an intimate knowledge of the mining industry having spent seven years working as an on-site resource geologist in outback Australia. He has also worked as an iron ore technical marketing consultant for a business intelligence group. Alex holds an MBA from the Australian Institute of Business, a BSc from the University of Liverpool, a Post Graduate Certificate of Geostatistics from Edith Cowan University and a PGCE (Physics) from the University of Leeds.



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Did you know the natural-gas based MIDREX® Direct Reduction Process paired with an EAF has one of the lowest CO2 emissions of any steelmaking route today? The CO2 footprint can be further reduced by using green hydrogen as it becomes available on a sufficient scale utilizing MIDREX H2TM technology. With MIDREX, the approach is flexible enough to provide a staged transition to the Hydrogen Economy.

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PRESIDENT AND CEO, TENOVA HYL Mechanical Engineer graduated from the Politecnico of Bari in Italy. Master in Administration at EGADE, the graduate business school of Tecnológico de Monterrey, and MBA at Universidad of North Carolina Charlotte with specialization in global business and strategy. In 1996 entered the Techint Group on the programme of junior professionals at Tenaris Tamsa in Veracruz, Mexico. In 1998 returned to Italy to join Techint SpA, now Tenova, as project manager in different steelmaking projects worldwide. In 2005 returned to Mexico in Monterrey as project director and COO at Tenova HYL, leading projects related to direct reduction plants. Since July 2015 president and CEO at Tenova HYL.

TODD SKARE CHIEF TECHNOLOGY AND SUSTAINABILITY OFFICER, LINDE PLC Todd Skare serves as chief technology and sustainability officer for Linde. In his technology role, Skare is responsible for setting strategic direction for the company’s research and development activities for near-term growth and long-term positioning, including the rapid commercialization of new technologies to Linde’s customers world-wide. For sustainability, Skare leads the company’s integration of sustainable development into the overall corporate strategy as well as the development of company-wide metrics and targets, including the recent 10-year climate change and sustainable development targets. Skare joined Praxair in 1992 as a process engineer. Throughout his tenure with the company, he has served in various sales, engineering and global business leadership positions including manager of proposals and process engineering, manager of pipeline sales for North American Industrial Gases, director of engineering for China and vice president, South region, for Praxair Distribution Inc. Skare was appointed president of Praxair Europe in 2010 where he was responsible for the growth and profitability of Praxair’s gas business in Europe and new investments in Russia. Most recently he served as chief technology officer. Skare holds a BS in chemical engineering from the University of Buffalo and an MBA from Rutgers University. He also holds seven US patents for industrial gas production.



Steel Times International


SEAN KEENAN GLOBAL NATURAL RESOURCES RESEARCH LEAD, ACCENTURE Sean Keenan covers the global mining & metals sector research for Accenture, a leading innovation and consulting services provider. His wide-ranging experience includes more than 20 years in mining, exploration and capital markets, including roles in private equity, investment banking and equity research with a specific focus on the mining sector. He has also held various executive and non-executive director roles with publicly listed resource companies. He began his career as a mine geologist in Western Australia. Sean holds a BSc (Hons) from the University of Western Australia and MSc from Imperial College London.


PARTNER, PWC STRATEGY& DEUTSCHLAND Nils Naujok, partner at PwC Strategy& Deutschland – PwC’s strategy consulting business, leads the global Chemicals and EMEA Energy, Utilities & Resources (EUR) business. He is based in Berlin, where he specializes in strategy development, operating model development, operations and innovation strategies for the metals and process industry. In this role he is in close contact with leaders of the European metals industry, industry associations, media representatives and technology partners. One key element of his consulting focus is advice related to sustainability and industry 4.0 in the metals industry. He supports his clients in the needed transformation to digital operations and digital business models. Nils has more than 20 years of experience enabling metals organizations to deliver substantial benefit by improving their performance.

Steel Times International





DIRECTOR AT PWC STRATEGY& DEUTSCHLAND Holger is co-leading the EMEA metals team of PwC. He is based in Düsseldorf, where he specializes in operating model development, digital and M&A strategies in the metals and process industry. Holger is responsible for digital and Industry 4.0 solutions and services for the metals industry. In this role he is in close contact with leaders of the European metals industry, companies along the steel value chain and technology partners. He supports his clients also related to their transformation to a carbon neutral steel production, circular and green steel related business models. Holger has more than 20 years of experience enabling his clients to deliver substantial benefit by improving their business performance.

GERALD WIMMER VICE PRESIDENT CONVERTER STEELMAKING AT PRIMETALS TECHNOLOGIES Dr. Gerald Wimmer studied mechanical engineering and international business administration. He joined Primetals Technologies in 2009; after holding positions for numerical simulations, technology, he became vice president for converter steelmaking three years ago.



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PETER SAMUELSSON INDEPENDENT ADVISOR, ROYAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, STOCKHOLM Peter Samuelsson is presently active as an independent advisor, providing advice on strategy and management of R&D, technology and industrial production. Samuelsson is affiliated at KTH – Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, where he is active within the field of production technology – metallurgical industry. Samuelsson has been active in the industry for some 30 years and has held various senior management positions in the Swedish steel industry. He was previously chief technology officer and vice president of AB Sandvik Materials Technology. Prior to joining Sandvik Samuelsson was senior vice president (R&D) at Outokumpu Oyj Group. He has previously held various business, production and logistics management positions, within Outokumpu. Prior to joining Outokumpu he worked for companies in the steel and equipment supplier industries. He holds a MSc. degree in metallurgy and materials science and a Tekn. Dr. degree in metallurgical process science, both from KTH – Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.


CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER, RESPONSIBLE STEEL Anne-Claire Howard was appointed as ResponsibleSteel’s first CEO in March 2021 joining from her previous role as executive director of Bettercoal. She leads the steel industry’s first global multi-stakeholder standard and certification initiative aimed at maximising steel’s contribution to a sustainable society. She has over 15 years’ experience in raw materials (mining, oil and gas) sustainability, good governance and responsible supply chains having held positions with Royal Dutch Shell, Eurasia Group and the International Finance Corporation, Adam Smith International & Doctors Without Borders. Throughout her career, Anne-Claire has focused on the commercially sustainable development of oil, gas and mining projects and extractive sector governance. She has successfully delivered projects touching on sustainable supply chain, local economic development, political, social and environmental risk assessment, governance capacity building and non-technical risk management in developing countries. She has been involved in oil, gas and mining projects and businesses in Africa, Asia, the Middle East and the Americas. AnneClaire is a graduate of Johns Hopkins’ School of Advanced International Studies and Science Po Paris. She is a member of the first cohort of the Franco-British Young Leaders Network. Steel Times International





HEAD OF MARKETING, TATA STEEL IN EUROPE Huib Simon (1975) leads the marketing activities of Tata Steel in Europe for the engineering market sector. Customers in this sector are active in diverse markets like construction and mining equipment, agricultural machines and machine parts, trucks and trailers but also radiators, white goods and steel service centres. Supply is global but predominantly into Europe, UK and the Americas. Thanks to plant investments and R&D, our offer to these customers is developing at a fast pace, which allows us to grow and extend mutually beneficial business relationships. Keeping an eye on exciting future trends in mobility, sustainability and digitalisation means we’re working on new concepts like, for example, the Hyperloop, together with a university start-up. Born in the Netherlands, Huib holds an MSc in polymer chemistry from Groningen University and an MBA from Warwick Business School. In 1998 he joined the steel industry as a researcher at the R&D department of what was then Koninklijke Hoogovens. Since then he has worked in the same organisation in various management positions across product development, marketing, strategy and business planning. Throughout this period he managed international teams on complex challenges.


GENERAL MANAGER AT TATA STEEL Paul de Vries (1968, Amsterdam) is General Manager Process Development Strip at Tata Steel in the Netherlands. He manages a technology department that carries out agile projects to improve the quality of the steel products, the reliability of the plants and the process capabilities. Paul de Vries studied physics, mathematics and sociology. In previous roles he worked on raw materials, aluminium recycling & purification, surface defect prevention in steel, and several customer focussed IT projects. Since 2009 he has been general manager at Tata Steel. He initiated the Hyperloop project at Tata Steel in 2017. Paul de Vries is inventor of 16 patents in steel, aluminium and hyperloop technology.



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HELPING OUR CUSTOMERS ON THEIR JOURNEY TO SUSTAINABLE GREEN STEEL We are committed to reducing by-products sent to landfill, reducing the sourcing of virgin material and continuously researching and developing new technologies that will reduce C02 emissions. We take our customers' environmental commitments very seriously.





MAKING A WORLD OF DIFFERENCE™ Harsco Environmental, a division of Harsco Corporation Harsco House, Regent Park, 299 Kingston Road, Leatherhead, Surrey KT22 7SG, UK t 44 (0) 1372 381400 © 2021 Harsco Environmental. All Rights Reserved.

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PHELIM KINE SENIOR DIRECTOR (ASIA) AT MIGHTY EARTH Phelim Kine leads the Mighty Earth Heavy Industry team that focusses on government, corporate and civil society engagement to tackle the climate crisis through industrial decarbonization, starting with the steel sector. Kine is a former Asia-based foreign correspondent who has spent much of the past two-decades focused on research and advocacy on human rights and environmental sustainability issues in Asia.



Steel Times International


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JOACHIM VON SCHÉELE DIRECTOR OF GLOBAL COMMERCIALIZATION, LINDE PLC Joachim von Schéele received his MSc in process metallurgy and a PhD in production engineering from the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden in 1987 and 1992, respectively. With a mix of steel research and consultancy background, Joachim von Schéele joined the industrial gases industry in1996. Since then, he has served in many different technical and commercial management roles at AGA, BOC and Linde, and has been actively doing business in more than 40 countries around the world. For the last nine years he was based in Asia, first in India as vice president for South Asia and then in China heading application sales for the Asia-Pacific region. He is very much engaged in driving the sustainability agenda – with a focus on decarbonization – and involving and co-operating with Linde’s customers on this topic to achieve joint progress and success. Joachim von Schéele is a well-known speaker and has published more than 200 papers on energy and emission conservation, recycling, and production. He has served as a member of more than 30 boards of companies, associations, and research and education organizations, and as session chairman at many conferences. He holds six patents, and is based in Munich, Germany.


CEO AND FOUNDER OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT CAPITAL Jonathan has 25 years’ experience in international finance, infrastructure and private equity and has overall responsibility for SDCL’s investment activities. Jonathan has been a leading investor in the energy efficiency and decentralized energy market over the last decade, having launched first-of-a-kind funds to invest in the sector in the UK, Europe, the US and Asia.

Steel Times International





VICE PRESIDENT, PUBLIC POLICY FOR LANZATECH Tom has over 25 years of experience in Washington, DC in government and industry, specializing in energy and climate policy. For the past eight years, he was senior director of government relations for ArcelorMittal. He previously served 15+ years in the US Senate for Senator Arlen Specter (R-PA), the Senate Committee on Veterans’ Affairs, and the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science & Transportation for Chairman Rockefeller (D-WV). He was also VP for Lighthouse Consulting Group representing the US Climate Action Partnership and energy sector clients. Tom holds degrees from Keystone Jr. College and The American University.


GLOBAL STEEL MARKET MANAGER, CARMEUSE Sanjeev Manocha (25+ years of experience) is a graduate engineer in metallurgy, Master Black Belt – Lean Six Sigma, and holder of an Executive MBA from Kingston University, London. He began his professional career as an R&D engineer and subsequently gained experience in quality, production and project management, and led operations as general manager before joining Carmeuse, a global leader in providing mineral-based solutions, in 2013. Sanjeev leads the steel part of Carmeuse’s business in the role of global steel market manager. He has extensive knowledge and relations in the international steel and lime industry and many years of global experience in scrap and DRI-based steelmaking.



Steel Times International

SUSTAINABLE LIME PARTNERS FOR SUSTAINABLE STEEL Lime through slag making plays an important role in quality and sustainable steel by reducing CO2 footprint. Carmeuse is the right partner to support steel industry in achieving their sustainability goals. We look forward to join forces to build future-proof sustainable and profitable businesses together. Sanjeev Manocha

Global Steel Market Manager, Carmeuse Sanjeev leads the steel part of Carmeuse’s business in the role of Global Steel Market Manager. He has extensive knowledge and relations in the international steel and lime industry and many years of global experience in scrap and DRI-based steel making. TECforLime is a new platform for services and solutions owned 100% by the Carmeuse Group, offering its technical expertise and know-how in lime production to all end-markets. The team of engineers works hand in hand with customers and application experts, to tailor solutions to each and every situation. We offer full services from mining to plant commissioning and operation, from optimizing plant performance to improving product quality, from maintenance to boosting kilns, and much more.


(SCOPE 1 EMISSIONS) Proprietary Value-in-Use model for lime in steel State-of-art lime application technologies Technical support and solutions development Environmental burden management (air, water,waste) and by-products valorisation (circular economy)

BAT LIME KILNS - LOWEST POSSIBLE CO2 EMISSIONS (SCOPE 3 EMISSIONS) Captive lime plant audit, improvement & optimization State-of-art lime kiln technology Operational excellence Developing CCUS ready kiln technologies

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REGIONAL MANAGER, NEL HYDROGEN Dave Wolff has over 40 years of project engineering, industrial gas generation and application engineering, marketing and sales experience. He has been a sales and marketing leader for hydrogen generation technologies since 1999 and holds a degree in engineering science from Dartmouth College. Wolff has an extensive background in large and small-scale hydrogen generation, hydrogen distribution, storage and industrial utilization, as well as application knowledge across a diverse range of industries.


FOUNDER AND CEO SMART STEEL TECHNOLOGIES Dr. Falk-Florian Henrich is founder and managing director of Smart Steel Technologies. The company offers AI-based software products to optimize steel production. Leading steel manufacturers apply SST software 24/7 in production. After a very short set-up project, production quality is substantially increased and energy consumption is reduced. Prior to founding Smart Steel Technologies, Dr. Henrich built the high-tech company CeleraOne (2011-2018), established it as the market leader in the paid content sector and sold it to Axel Springer SE. Dr. Henrich holds a PhD in mathematics and contributed substantial research to the theory of loop spaces of Riemannian manifolds and artificial intelligence. Steel Times International





CTO OF DANIELI GROUP AND A MEMBER OF THE BOARD Rolando joined Danieli in 1985 as draftsman in the long product hot rolling mills division (Danieli Morgardshammar). In 1989 he was given the position of design office team leader and was appointed design office manager for the rolling mills finishing area in 1994. In 2001 he was appointed technical director for the hot rolling mill division for long products. In 2006 he lead the process and technological department of the hot rolling mill division for long products. From 2009 he took responsibility for the hot rolling mill division as executive vice president (technology). From 2010 the product portfolio of the division included rails and heavy section. In 2014 he was appointed co-director of the CRD (Centre of Research @ Danieli). In 2018 he was appointed CTO of the DANIELI Group and a member of the group executive board.



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Since 2010 Kevin has worked with ABB to develop financial solutions for energy efficiency enhancements for steel production, the latest of which is for ArcSave. Kevin is a chartered electrical engineer who has over 30 years’ experience in the energy sector, developing and financing low carbon power solutions and energy efficiency programmes for process industries.

ANDREA FERRUCCIO GLOBAL PRODUCT MANAGER ABB MEDIUM VOLTAGE PRODUCTS Global Product Manager, Medium Voltage Special Circuit Breakers and Switches, ABB Medium Voltage Products. Andrea joined ABB in 2009 and held various roles, in Quality Department and Product Management. He is currently Global Product Manager for Medium Voltage Special Circuit Breakers and Switches since 2018. Andrea holds an Electrical Engineering degree from the University of Aquila, Italy.

Steel Times International




Day One: 0910hrs: Transforming the steel industry for a low carbon future by Åsa Ekdahl, Head of Environment and Climate Change at worldsteel Transforming steelmaking for the low carbon future is a massive undertaking that will require involvement of all stakeholders. This presentation will elaborate on what is being done to make steelmaking as efficient as possible today, the stage of research and development for the future and the necessary conditions for a rapid and global deployment of breakthrough technologies once they have been proven at industrial scale. 0940hrs: Kobelco Group’s CO2 reduction solution, by Masahiro Motoyuki and Koichi Sakamoto, executive officers, Kobe Steel Ltd. The presentation consists of three parts: � 1.

A summary of the “Kobelco Group’s CO2 Reduction Solution – Innovative technology to reduce CO2 emissions from blast furnace operations successfully verified,” announced on 16 February 2021. � 2. Potential of Kobelco Group’s CO2 reduction solutions contributing to the global steel industry. � 3. Kobelco Group’s long-term roadmap for achieving carbon neutrality.

Recorded talks for part 1 will be given by Sakamoto, and for parts 2 and 3 by Motoyuki. 1010hrs: HIsarna: Breakthrough technology to meet climate and circularity targets for the steel industry by J W K van Boggelen, Operations and Technology Manager, HIsarna Pilot Plant, Tata Steel, IJmuiden, The Netherlands. HIsarna is a new and breakthrough process for the production of liquid hot metal from iron ore. It will reduce CO2 emissions by at least 20% compared to the blast furnace route. The process is also ideally suited for combination with carbon capture technology, which will result in a CO2 reduction of 80% over the whole steel production route. In order to prove and develop the technology a pilot plant was built in 2010 at the Tata Steel site in Ijmuiden, The Netherlands. The plant underwent a major upgrade in 2016/2017 in order to improve process stability and equipment reliability, and also to increase self-sufficiency in raw materials handling, drying, grinding and screening. From the plant restart in August 2017, the objective was to achieve process stability combined with a high level of equipment reliability and availability. In addition the process is further developed in order to close the loop on zinc to increase circularity in the steel industry.



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1040hrs: Climate opportunities for the steel sector by Olga Kalashnikova, head of environment at Severstal. �

The presentation will provide an overview of global steel industry initiatives aimed at sector decarbonisation (CCSU, green hydrogen, DRI). A very quick overview of investor and customer-driven demands for emissions curbing. Severstal’s current position among global steel companies in terms of sustainability (e.g. World Steel Association recognition). An overview of Severstal’s current decarbonisation strategy; why this is important and how it will improve Severstal’s competitive position (with investors and customers), Severstal’s collaboration with start-ups in search for innovative solutions; further initiatives under consideration by the company for the future. How the business is adapting more generally to take into consideration climate risks to the existing businesses, and how this in turn is helping accelerate Severstal’s business transformation – better, more efficient and sustainable ways of working mean more effective and resilient business long-term. And, how Severstal, with its leading focus on innovation, is now developing new, more sustainable products; capitalising on growing demand for niche products.

1140hrs: Future steel making as an enabler of the European Green Deal by Roman Stiftner, managing director, Austrian Mining and Steel Association. The prime objective of the European Green Deal is to transform its economy to a carbon-lean, environmentally responsible, circular and international competitive future. The European and the Austrian steel industry is committed to cut emissions from steel production by between 80-95% by 2050 under the right conditions. This requires fundamental change in the way steel is made, the breakthrough technologies mean using hydrogen and renewable electricity to produce steel. The demand is enormous, in Europe the steel industry will require an additional 400 teraWatt hours of carbon free electricity for every year from 2050 at the latest – about seven times what the sector purchases currently. The transformation of the steel industry has an huge impact on its capital and operating costs, investments of multi-billion Euros are required. This is why the transition relies so heavily on the right conditions being in place, beginning from building up the infrastructure, taxonomy and sustainable finance, to protection against carbon leakage. This presentation will refer to all the issues and explains, how the steel industry can manage its transition to a green steel production. 1210hrs: European Green Deal: How steel for packaging fits Europe’s transition to a more efficient and circular economy, by Alexis Van Maercke, secretary-general, APEAL. Legislation and public debate are pushing more material circularity in packaging. As FMCG brands look for alternatives to plastic, the environmental footprint of all materials has come under much scrutiny. Recycling is no longer enough. Materials must be able to demonstrate true circularity, giving steel a key role to play in helping Europe transition from a linear to a more circular economy. As steel for packaging benefits from some of the highest recycling rates in Europe, APEAL is committed to sharing a range of initiatives, good practices and recommendations from across the EU to advance circularity, increase recycling and contribute to a greener future for Europe.

Steel Times International




1400hrs: Steel in the Fast Lane – the Hyperloop, by Huib Simon, head of marketing, Hyperloop, and Paul de Vries, general manager, Tata Steel. Hyperloop could become the first new mode of transport to be introduced to the world since many decades. Attention for the technology was kickstarted in 2013 by Elon Musk, who is convinced it is a better alternative than high-speed train or continental air travel. Since then, many initiatives have started globally to progress the technology to maturity. The basic concept is a large diameter tube with low air pressure inside, through which a pod travels by magnetic levitation. Because the friction is extremely low, travel requires very little energy to reach speeds of 1000km/hr. In theory, the cost and carbon footprint can be a lot lower than existing modes of transport. Therefore it opens opportunities for a world in which the travel volume of both people as well as goods is expected to triple in the next three decades. Steel companies Tata Steel and POSCO have now agreed on a collaboration for the development of large diameter Hyperloop tubes. We’re taking a broad scope in which we look at the tube design, steel grades and other aspects. In this webinar we will explain the background to the project, its objectives and some of the specific challenges we’re addrerssing. 1430hrs: Decarbonizing the iron and steel industry: DRI, hydrogen and more by Stefano Maggiolino, president and CEO, Tenova HYL. As the benchmark-setter in sustainable solutions, Tenova continues to develop green cutting-edge technologies that have contributed towards significantly reducing the CO2 emitted through steel production. In particular the presentation will focus on:� Intrinsic and proven capability for CCU and CCS � Natural gas pig iron production � Hydrogen use with a proven ZR process scheme 1530hrs: Integrated hydrogen supply for steel decarbonisation by Todd Skare, chief technology and sustainability officer, Linde plc. Decarbonization of the steel industry will necessitate large-scale supply of green hydrogen at an economical cost. Linde is the world’s leading supplier of hydrogen and has for many decades been providing hydrogen and related services across different industry sectors, including steelmakers. Today, Linde is developing the world’s largest PEM electrolyzer (24 MW) and preparing to scale this up by orders of magnitude to meet these green hydrogen requirements for steel. Reliability and uptime of these systems will be critical and assured with best-in-class operation. The system will also integrate the supply of oxygen from the electrolyzer that will be used with Linde’s oxygen-hydrogen technologies – readily applicable throughout the process chain – to optimize the overall fuel balance in the plant. Certain steel mills may find it feasible to capture and sequester or use their CO2 emissions. State-of-the-art solvent and absorbent based systems have been developed to separate CO2, H2, etc., from steel mill gases with optimized CAPEX and OPEX. These gases can be compressed, sequestered, or used in other processes to make chemicals. 1600hrs: Will green hydrogen enable iron ore miners to become competitive steel producers? By Sean Keenan, global natural resources research lead, Accenture It just so happens that some of the largest iron ore-producing regions in the world are also endowed with some of the world’s most abundant solar, wind and hydro resources. Some iron ore miners are charting plans to produce green steel near the mine, harnessing their renewable energy resources with ever-plummeting costs of renewable energy generation and associated green hydrogen production. Could these potential newcomers hold a competitive advantage in the steel business?



Steel Times International


Experience matters. We believe imagination matters too. Curious minds question everything to find groundbreaking solutions. There is still so much to discover. So many great opportunities. We love the heat and we love the cold. We love the glow and we love the dust. We love the quantum leaps and the small steps. We love to innovate and we love to be challenged. We love metals and we will change the way you produce it. We are pioneers at heart.

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1630hrs: Green Steel – A substantial transformation of the steel industry, by Nils Naujok and Holger Stamm, partner and director respectively, PwC Strategy& Deutschland The steel industry needs a new strategic direction to respond to the current challenges (price volatility, COVID-19, import pressure, structural changes in the core market, automotive and sustainability/decarbonization). The steel industry's strategy for decarbonization of steel production requires an entrepreneurial model for green hydrogen, green crude steel, and a sustainable circular economy. This strategy builds on a new form of collaboration with suppliers, partners, and customers as well as the digitalization of the entire value chain. Green steel is not just a buzzword, but a business model and the first suppliers of green steel are shaping the market for the whole industry. Strategy& supports the steel and metals industry on this journey, finding the right strategic direction, sustainable business models and a specific roadmap to green steel.

1700hrs: Transforming steelmaking – roadmap to net zero carbon for integrated plants, by Gerald Wimmer, vice president, converter steelmaking, Primetals Technologies. Iron and steel making is the second largest global industrial CO2 emitter, this is mainly drive by the high CO2 emissions generated during iron making in the blast furnace, which is still the dominant production route. Further optimization of this route is possible and will allow some further reduction of emissions, but in many areas physical limits are almost reached. For significant reduction and a move toward carbon neutrality, the rate of hot metal coming from the blast furnace needs to be reduced and replaced by materials with lower CO2 emissions, such as direct reduced iron or scrap. Primetals Technologies has developed short-term and long-term solutions for the transition of integrated plants to carbon neutrality. These solutions will be presented as well as transition scenarios.

1730hrs FerroSilva – Fossil-free DRI by using biogenic reduction gas, by Peter Samuelsson, independent advisor, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm. The world-leading Swedish special steel industry, which is based on the recycling of ferrous scrap, and with very low emissions of carbon dioxide, needs to secure environmentally good alternatives for its supply of iron raw materials. The FerroSilva project has the potential to solve the possible deficit of high-quality scrap that can be caused by shutdowns of blast furnaces and the transition to scrap-based steel production, by fossil-free manufactured DRI made from iron ore and gasified biomass. The FerroSilva process is a solution for producing a fossil-free iron raw material using iron ore pellets and biomass from forestry and agriculture. Furthermore, the benefit for the society at large lies in the possibility of creating a carbon sink, i.e negative emissions of carbon dioxide, which is achieved with the use of biogenic carbon combined with carbon dioxide sequestration. The captured carbon dioxide can then be permanently stored underground or used as a raw material for the chemical industry.



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Day Two: 0900hrs: Responsible Steel: Supporting the steel industry’s journey to net zero by Anne-Claire Howard, CEO, Responsible Steel. ResponsibleSteel is the steel industry’s first global multi-stakeholder standard and certification initiative. Its mission is to achieve net zero carbon emissions for the steel sector and to enhance the responsible sourcing, production, use and recycling of steel. We will present how ResponsibleSteel is supporting the steel industry by defining what is sustainable steel, going beyond GHG emissions. 0930hrs: Sustainability and the circular economy in stainless steelmaking by Juha Erkillä, head of group sustainability, Outokumpu. Stainless steelmaking at Outokumpu is at the core of the circular economy. The recycled content of stainless steel made at Outokumpu is in excess of 90% and the products are 100% recyclable. Stainless steel production is integrated to FeCr production. The largest portion of CO2 emissions that are linked to stainless steel production are the upstream emissions coming from the production of raw materials, which are often omitted when comparing carbon footprints. It is important to challenge the whole supply chain to join the journey towards carbon neutrality in order to have a global effect. Outokumpu is committed to carbon-neutrality by 2050 for scope 1 & 2 emissions and is well on track with its science-based targets to reach its short-term goal of reducing its CO2 footprint by 20% by 2023. 1000hrs: The post-COVID decarbonisation dividend: A possible dream by Phelim Kine, senior director (Asia) Mighty Earth. The promise of a near-term end to the pandemic puts the world on the cusp of a possible dramatic acceleration in industrial decarbonization efforts. A trifecta of factors has created this opportunity: � � �

Growing public demands for substantive climate action; A flurry of voluntary carbon-neutral commitments from steel companies and heavy industy actors; An acceleration in technological innovation to make decarbonization feasible and economical.

At the same time, as the public clamours for real climate action and industry moves to meet the moment, governments are beginning to direct trillions of dollars for post-COVID government infrastructure spending in major industrialized countries. That spending – hinged to regulatory and policy initiatives – holds the promise of aligning or even surpassing official climate commitments with substantive moves to steer carbon emission-heavy industrial production systems toward carbon neutral and net-zero carbon targets.



Steel Times International


1030hrs: How to decarbonise steel by Alex Griffiths, principal analyst, Wood Mackenzie. The path to ‘green steel’ faces multiple challenges with significant costs. � Reusing scrap is the first logical step – can scrap collection increase? � New technologies use green energy as an input – can the share of renewable electricity rise? � If hydrogen as an alternative reductant is to be used, can green hydrogen supply rise and can prices fall? � How significant a role must carbon capture, storage and usage take? There is no single route to net-zero and whichever path steelmakers choose will be a long one. This is an evolution not a revolution. 1130hrs: Options for immediate decarbonisation in iron and steelmaking by Joachim von Schéele, Linde Technology, Linde plc. Decarbonisation is a journey over decades, where steelmakers can take short-term steps with incremental and stepwise sustainable decarbonisation approaches that are affordable today, and then start applying hydrogen. Energy efficiency improvements with oxyfuel combustion – with fossil fuel savings of 20-50% – offer immediate CO2 reductions with low CAPEX commitments on several unit processes. Proven oxyfuel-based solutions can reduce the steel industry’s CO2 emissions by 200Mt/ yr and are ready for the use of hydrogen. Integrated steel mills can decarbonise by raising blast furnace tuyere injectant levels using external gasification and biomass injection, stove oxygen enrichment and flue-gas recirculation, increasing the scrap ratio in BOF converters, and by charging DRI/HBI produced by the gasification of low-carbon footprint feedstocks and alternate fuels such as coke oven gas. Beyond the reduction step, several proven technologies are available to successfully create decarbonisation, using hydrogen now or later. CoJet technology was first introduced by Praxair 25 years ago, and it has revolutionized electric arc furnace (EAF) operation; CoJet, already with over 170 installations, is now available with hydrogen as fuel. Linde is the world-leader in use of oxygen in steel reheating where its REBOX oxyfuel solutions have been installed in more than 180 reheat furnaces of all kinds. The successful use of 100% hydrogen as fuel together with flameless oxygen has been demonstrated in full production scale at Ovako, Sweden. In both ladle preheating and steel reheating, results include fuel savings of up to 50% and reduced emissions of CO2 and NOX, and – as proven at Ovako – Flameless Oxyfuel is ready to use with hydrogen to eliminate the use of fossil fuel completely. 1200hrs: Delivering energy efficiency in steel production by Jonathan Maxwell, CEO and founder of Sustainable Development Capital. Energy costs in steelmaking can be significantly reduced through generating power on site from blast furnace gases and by recycling waste heat, using technologies that are tried and tested — and cheap. What’s not to like?

1230hrs: LanzaTech: A CarbonSmart approach to steelmaking, by Tom Dower, vice president, public policy for LanzaTech. LanzaTech is turning our global carbon crisis into a feedstock opportunity by recycling carbon from industrial off-gases and other sources. With commercial steel-based units already in production and construction, LanzaTech’s gas fermentation process can reduce steel mill emissions and make valuable new products for a circular carbon economy.

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1400hrs: Reducing the environmental impact of steelmaking raw materials using mathematical modelling, by Sanjeev Manocha, global steel market manager, Carmeuse. The complexity of the steel making process with variability in the quality of raw materials pose huge challenges to operators in delivering performance, productivity and cost control. The production and purchasing management teams often make decisions based on existing knowledge and expertise within the organization. It is important that raw material selection is based on their merits and value-in-use for the process and organization. As an example, lime quality has a significant impact on the volume and quality of slag and its ability to absorb impurities. The chemical purity (CaO, SiO2, Al2O3…), loss on ignition, CO2 content, reactivity, and granulometry, are a few of the major quality parameters known to be important for slag making. The true impact of each and a combination of these attributes can be quantified using mathematical models based on thermodynamics, lime dissolution, fluid dynamics, mass balance, and heat balance. The model determines the sensitivity of the raw material quality and its overall impact on environment, productivity, the hot-metal ratio, lime consumption, iron loss, steel quality, metallic yield, and conversion costs. 1430hrs: When steel comes calling, hydrogen generation will be ready, by Dave Wolff, region manager, Nel Hydrogen. The worldwide steel industry is one of the three major contributors to atmospheric carbon dioxide, responsible for 7-8% of the total carbon dioxide (CO2) atmospheric released every year. If mankind is to meet the challenge of limiting atmospheric temperature rises, we must control the CO2 burden. The steel industry is a promising place to start. The steel industry uses carbon-rich coal and coke as fuels for heat and as reducing chemicals to liberate pure iron from the iron compounds in iron ore. But every molecule of carbon consumed in steelmaking, releases a molecule of carbon dioxide – meaning that for every ton of coal used, almost four tons of CO2 is released. Hydrogen can equally provide thermal energy and reducing reactant conditions in place of coal, while releasing beneficial water vapour in place of climate-affecting CO2. The technology to use hydrogen in place of coal for steelmaking is well understood. Three major challenges remain: � Making enough hydrogen available for coal and coke displacement in the steel industry � Making the hydrogen available at a price that produces steel that the market will buy Creating the customer pull to incentivize investment in green steel production. 1530hrs: C02 Reduction at the level of process control by Dr. Falk-Florian Henrich, founder and CEO, Smart Steel Technologies. Steelmakers are transforming conventional process routes into carbon neutral manufacturing processes. CO2 emissions of blast furnaces are being reduced by changing the reducing agent. New DRI - EAF plants are commissioned next to optimized BFs. In parallel, regulatory frameworks evolve continuously. Therefore, steelmakers need advanced solutions to assess and control, at each point in time, the exact CO2 efficiency of all production routes. Advanced technology is required to exactly assess the CO2 and energy footprint of each individual steel product. For these applications, Smart Steel Technologies provides ready-to-use AI-based solutions.



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1600hrs: Danieli MIDA Hybrid mills, a true sustainable green steel production, by Rolando Paolone, chief technology officer, Danieli Group and member of the group executive board. Competitiveness over traditional processes is achieved by the implementation of the processes across the whole cycle, from DRI and scrap through to finished added-value quality long and flat products. Energy savings are assured, claims Danieli, starting from a direct continuous charge of metallics in the Digimelter – the Danieli digital melting unit. DRI is produced by Energiron plants which are natively designed to use hydrogen as a reducing gas. Scrap is treated and managed in a smart way thus improving the efficiency of the melting process. Danieli’s patented Universal Endless casting-rolling process is applied to both flat (QSP-DUE®) and long products (QLP-DUE®). The performances of Dysencaster® and Octocaster® casting technologies allow the production of quality final products across a wide range of steel grades and sizes. The absence of a reheating furnace in the QLP-DUE® process makes it possible to generate zero NOx, SOx and CO2 direct emissions during casting-rolling. Thanks to the Q-One electrical feeder, a Digimelter melting unit can be powered by renewable energies. 1630hrs: Supporting more sustainable electric arc furnace steel production with ABB technologies by Kevin Ball, ArcSave Solutions consultant, ABB Metallurgy Products and Andrea Ferruccio, global product manager, medium voltage special circuit breakers and switches, ABB Medium Voltage Products. As the metals industry moves towards decarbonization, steelmakers are looking to minimize the environmental impact of the energy and resource-intense electric arc furnace process (EAF). Since process conditions in EAF are far optimal in their natural state, innovative technology solutions have a valuable role to play in reducing energy consumption and carbon footprints, improving power flow and arc stability, increasing process reliability, uptime and productivity and extending the lifetime of related equipment. Attend the ABB presentation to find out how the ground-breaking VD4-AF1 circuit breaker and the unique ArcSave® electromagnetic stirrer can support your EAF efficiency goals.

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diamond sponsor

Linde Linde is a leading global industrial gases and engineering company with 2020 sales of $27 billion (€24 billion). The company lives its mission of making the world more productive every day by providing high-quality solutions, technologies and services which are making its customers more successful and helping to sustain and protect our planet. The company serves a variety of end markets including chemicals & refining, food & beverage, electronics, healthcare, manufacturing and primary metals. Linde’s industrial gases are used in countless applications, from life-saving oxygen for hospitals to high-purity and speciality gases for electronics manufacturing, hydrogen for clean fuels and much more. Linde also delivers state-of-the-art gas processing solutions to support customer expansion, efficiency improvements and emissions reductions. For further information, log on to



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platinum sponsor

ABB ABB is a leading global technology company that energizes the transformation of society and industry to achieve a more productive, sustainable future. By connecting software to its electrification, robotics, automation and motion portfolio, ABB pushes the boundaries of technology to drive performance to new levels. With a history of excellence stretching back more than 130 years, ABB’s success is driven by about 105,000 talented employees in over 100 countries. For further information, log on to

platinum sponsor

Carmeuse Carmeuse is a global performance materials and services leader with core competencies in mining, equipment, and engineering solutions. The company optimizes its customers´ processes, improves safety and provides reliable supply. Carmeuse is a vital part of global industries; it sets the standards for sustainable business practices and is a rock-solid family of over 4,500 employees spread across almost every continent. Lime plays an important role during slag making, producing sustainable steel and reducing CO2 footprint. Carmeuse supports the steel industry in achieving its sustainability goals and provides services and solutions to its customers in the steel industry! Text continues on p54

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Carmeuse CO2 reduction is at the heart of Carmeuse’s business strategy. The company collaborates with its customers to address the CO2 issue and continually invests in best available technologies and is developing solutions for the longer term. TECforLime is a new platform for services and solutions owned by the Carmeuse Group, offering its technical expertise and know-how in lime technology to all end-markets. The team of engineers works hand-in-hand with customers and application experts to tailor its solutions to each and every situation. Carmeuse offers full services from mining to plant commissioning and operation, from maintenance to boosting the productivity of kilns and much more. For further information, log on to

platinum sponsor

Danieli Group Danieli designs, manufactures and installs metal producing plants and equipment worldwide, either on a turnkey basis or supplied as individual units, covering, with company-owned technology, the whole process cycle, from ore and scrap processing to finished flat, long, tube and extruded products, for ferrous and non-ferrous metals. Danieli plants are run by Danieli Automation process control, power and instrumentation systems, and include DIGI&MET smart manufacturing solutions (Industry 4.0). Sustainable production is guaranteed by energy-saving processes and Danieli Environment ecological solutions. 10,000 people operate in the Group companies located in Italy, Germany, Sweden, Austria, France, The Netherlands, Spain, UK, USA, Brazil, Russia, Thailand, Vietnam, China, India and Japan. Danieli Group average annual turnover is over 2,800 M Euro. Investments in R&D amount to 150 M Euro per year (average for the last five years). For further information, log on to



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platinum sponsor

Midrex Technologies Inc Midrex Technologies Inc. is the world leader and innovator for direct reduction ironmaking technologies. For 50 years, Midrex has provided reliable and flexible DRI technologies that maintain outstanding product quality and production while employing the latest eco-friendly technologies. MIDREX® plants are the industry’s most productive and reliable direct reduction plants, with a proven history using the broadest range of energy sources and raw materials while delivering unparalleled operating flexibility and economic value. Midrex continues to develop innovative DRI solutions that improve our new plant designs as well as support our existing plants. The company’s headquarters and technical center are located in Charlotte, N.C., USA, with offices in the U.K., China, India, and Dubai. For further information, log on to

platinum sponsor

Nel Nel is a global, dedicated hydrogen company, delivering optimal solutions to produce, store, and distribute hydrogen from renewable energy. It serves industries, energy, and gas companies with leading hydrogen technology, including hydrogen for fossil-free and green steel making. The company‘s roots date back to 1927, and since then, it has had a proud history of development and continual improvement of its hydrogen plants. Nel‘s patented Alkaline and PEM electrolysis systems coupled with uncompromising attention to excellence and quality enable the company to partner with leading research institutions, governments and militaries. Globally Nel delivers, installs and supports gas generation units on every continent. Nel‘s hydrogen solutions cover the entire value chain, enabling companies to transition to zero-carbon green hydrogen. For further details, log on to

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platinum sponsor

Primetals Technologies Ltd Headquartered in London, United Kingdom, Primetals Technologies is a pioneer and world leader in the fields of engineering, plant building, and the provision of lifecycle services for the metals industry. The company offers a complete technology, product, and services portfolio that includes integrated electrics and automation, digitalization, and environmental solutions. This covers every step of the iron and steel production chain—from the raw materials to the finished product—and includes the latest rolling solutions for the non-ferrous metals sector. Primetals Technologies is a joint venture of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and partners, with around 7,000 employees worldwide. For further details, log on to



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gold sponsor Smart Steel Technologies GmbH Smart Steel Technologies (SST) supports the steel industry in the transformation towards intelligent AI-supported optimized production. SST delivers AI software products that improve quality, optimize energy demand and ensure accurate management of CO2 efficiency. Leading steel manufacturers in Germany and abroad successfully use SST software 24/7 in production. The range extends from the production of high-quality automotive exposed grades to maximizing efficiency in the construction steel sector. SST excels in a portfolio of professional AI-powered optimization packages. They lead to a permanent performance increase of 5-10% per process stage in 24/7 use. Across stages, this results in a significantly higher potential. At the same time, SST accompanies the steel manufacturer from the integration of the software to the complete achievement of the optimization goals with a high service level. For this, SST relies on its well-co-ordinated team of outstanding metallurgists, process experts and AI specialists. For further details, log on to

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DIGITAL + PRINT SUBSCRIPTIONS NOW AVAILABLE Get the steel industry's most informative read, direct to your inbox or letterbox. Subscriptions include eight issues a year, the annual directory, two additional digital supplements and much more!



Session sponsor Kobolde & Partners AB Kobolde supports companies in making the most of raw materials in turbulent times. Strategies based on keeping things stable by acting exactly as one did yesterday are now challenged by rapidly changing raw material availability and prices. Producers migrating from the blast furnace – basic oxygen furnace route to the direct reduction/electric arc furnace (EAF) route – change the entire raw material scene, opening up opportunities for agile managers in the steel value chain. � Ore producers monetising on investments in iron ore upgrading � Scrap producers monetising on investments in scrap upgrading � Steel producers maximising revenue by: � applying agile recipe management � minimising costs due to variations in steel shop operations � minimising costs due to variations in raw material properties � maximising benefits from raw material alloys

The entire supply chain benefitting from a better understanding of the environmental implications of improvements of processes and raw materials

Together we can explore the opportunities of tomorrow using adequate expertise and calculation tools. Kobolde has worked in this field for the last decades with scientific methods developed in close co-operation with the Royal Institute of Technology, KTH, in Stockholm. Contact Kobolde for a raw material and operations assessment study including a trial period of our analysis software. For further information, log on to

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LEADING A CLEANER INDUSTRIAL FUTURE March 2022 Belgium | May 2022 UAE | September 2022 USA | November 2022 China The Paris Agreement has committed 189 countries to deliver a roadmap of actions to deliver a low carbon world.


Heavy industry cannot simply adapt, but must urgently accelerate and embrace sustainable technologies to future-proof their competitiveness and viability. MARCH 2022, BRUSSELS, BELGIUM

Brought to you by a coalition of industry experts, Sustainable Industrial Manufacturing (SIM) is a global series of regional exhibitions and conferences supporting and facilitating the transition towards cleaner manufacturing around the world. No other event in the world is bringing together senior




executives from across industrial sectors to work together, at scale, and along the supply chain to deliver real change. CEMENT

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Incorporating the BIFCA Standards Seminar


The future is now when it comes to furnace technology

Manufacturing industries are already seeing the results of the ‘Furnace of the Future’ in reducing CO2 emissions and producing cleaner, more sustainable materials. But how can energy-intensive manufacturers work towards making this future a reality? Are we already seeing the benefits of adopting smarter and more sustainable technologies within furnaces? Could we be doing more? This online event will unite the glass, aluminium and steel sectors to discuss overcoming heat treatment challenges and present a collaborative approach to bring the Furnace of the Future to life.



Topics will focus on: r Industry 4.0 (the Furnace of the Future) r Furnace Maintenance r Heat Treatment r Energy Efficiency r Testing & Measurement r Retrofitting r Emerging Technologies r Operations & Productivity Alongside the two-day virtual conference, participants will also be invited to join live discussions and will have the opportunity to network with new industry contacts, arrange video meetings and exchange resources and information. IN ASSOCIATION WITH



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