ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO QI LUO
——EXPLORE THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LANDSCAPE AND RESIDENTIAL
1ST STREET VIADUCT DEVELOPMENT, LOS ANGELES
FORM GENERATION program evolution
Our project is a manufacturing building withmultiple plubic function, like exhibition, education, also retail. The site is in the northside of our neighborhood Bronzeville in Chicago, close to the north plaza and a main entrance to our neighborhood, which is helpful to our loading and delivry.
Thourgh this project, we’re going to build a dynamic balance in our neighborhood. The making place could supply commercial, industry service, maket, connect exhibition with recreation and entertainment, collaborate education with school.
PRIMAL CONCEPT MODEL
The concept based on a series of evolution happened on the building. We wanted to make the maximum flexibility of this building to meet general manufacturing needs, so a 18,000SF workshop and a 20,000SF LAB were decided as two basic programs in the manufacturing domain. We noticed that the LAB is relatively more individual than workshop, since there will be big machines in the space, also crane could be hung on the roof. So we considered the possible load of the upper level could be inappropriate for LAB not workshop. So, we rotated the upper bar to keep a potential upper space for LAB, the left manufacturing part acts the role of spindle. Then we dropped it down along the wall, thus the private zone in manfacturing domain was naturally rised to keep its privacy from public space. And there could be certain connection between two sides of the wall.
When we considered the program evolution of the building, actually it always kept conformity with the arrangement of property. It started from a semi-public bar with a shared social space in the middle, which is the main space for makers to communicate with each other, also to take part in different activities to get a better cooperation relationship. So the center semi-public space was decided to be a key connection in the building. After the rotation of the upper level, the basic arrangement of property has also been settled. Two bars now show a clear hierarchy of property——the bottom bar as a semi-public zone, connecting both two terminals of the upper bar which are the private zone and the public zone, meanwhile in the center, the semi-public space acts as the link between the public space and private space——that also effecting interior circulation, which exactly reflect the circulatory manufacturing process designed in this building. The circulation was established based on two elevators, which also helped joint the center structure with branches.
The shape followed the evolutions happened in program and property. The manufacturing domain as a stable one rooted on the ground, while the public domain is more flexible and creative in shape . In the manufacturing domain, there are large enough workshop and LAB, with a series of offices and studios, making the building be a suitable place for most manufacturing companies. While the building could not only be used by certain company, but also could be used by two or more companies at the same time. They could be symbiotic or unrelated, since there are some small zones in each level——in the third level and fourth level, they’re formed by the void, which clearly divide 4 zones surrounding it, while the large space in workshop and LAB already provided enough flexibility in dimension, nature lighting, circulation, connection with other programs and so on—— could be used by different contractors, also enough social spaces like corridor, corner, lounge, public conference for people to communicate with each other to get different information or advises.
PRIMAL CONCEPT MODEL
In the primal concept model, the transparent bar lightly cover on the bottom solid one, showing the role of the bottom barâ€”â€”as a stable basement of whole building supplying needed energy, production, accumulation. These two bars show a distinct difference in material, while the space in the transparent bar is separated by the height, the whole building has a obvious intention to find a way to keep balance in those three different space. While the manufacturing process needs them to connect with each other, circulation and the center structure were tried to realize that. To realize the goal, we try to create a circulatory process like MOBIUS in our building, which going through manufacturing to retail and exhibition, then getting feed back from visitors and clients, gathering all information and conversation to improve production and innovate new one, which will be manufactured later and repeat the process. Hence the whole manufacturing process could be continuously operated by itself inside this building, which make the building become an innovation incubator that could be generally used by one or more companies, since any of them could participate into a appropriate step in the process. While the multi-functional hall in the middle of building could trigger a lot activities bringing effective inspiration and active impact to manufacturing and business here.
CIRCULATION CONCEPT MODEL
THE WALL -- THE INTERFACE
LOUNGE & BOOK BAR
The center structure here concentrate a highest density as a shared social space by all users of this building.
BUILD THE BOUNDARY, BREAK THE BOUNDARY
Firstly, the interface acts as the boundary of manufacturing domain and other public domains, hence a mixed used circulation along the wall will be naturally formed, even columns and rooms could be set along the wall. Then the lounge as the gap between manufacturing domain and public domain in the center of two bars, becoming the exit for things smoothly pass through two bars among themwhole building. Thus, the intersection space become the big corner bringing manufacturing to public, also public to manufacturing, which broken the boundary and built connection
It is composed by two parts, each of them connect both branches and center, also, we can say, public zone and private zone. There is certain common sense here, people wonâ€™t intentionally broke into each othersâ€™ domain, instead, they communicate with each other in the center space (multi-functional hall, lounge, book bar, entertainment room), friendly into another domain with permit or mission. So we follow the basicMdefinition of each property, creating a good environment for conversation happened at the same time.
PLAN & CIRCULATION
SECTION & NATURE LIGHTING SITUATION
The multi-functional hall as a central shared space, used by makers as storage space and carrying space normally, while sometime exhibition needs more space, there could be temporary exhibition in the hall, or open lecture or vedio as special events. At these time, the multi-functioinal hall bring visitors and memberships into the manufacturing domain instead of only in the upper lounge. Also career fair would be hold on the hall, other companies and organizations would also come here. Makers could have an overall understanding about the firm through production in retail and the show room, also exhibition, to make their own choice. Since the circulation from multi-functional hall to retail, show room, and exhibition is excatly direct and smooth, this would be an oppotunity to establish cooperative relationship with them.
EXPLODED DIAGRAM OF SKIN
VIEW OF THIRD FLOOR COORIDOR
The channel round the whole building from as a complete circle. It starts from the sloped beam which supporting the slope glass. Then go through the top of the second floor, to the top of the upper bar. After going along the wall, then go down and round the bottom, finally back to the sloped beam. In the whole process, the channel not only play the role of ornament, but also the necessary structure parts of the building. The channel likes a loop which hoop the building, making a stable sense. Also, the interface here also transfer the channel from outside to inside, from roof to ground, showing the specific situation the wall in.
VIEW IN EXHIBITION
VIEW IN PUBLIC CONFERENCE
HABITATSCAPE ——EXPLORE THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LANDSCAPE AND RESIDENTIAL
GRID GENERATION City Context Grid (Chicago urban grid)
Landscape Grid (Connecting midpoints of the City Context Grid)
Residential Grid (Case study: Habitat 67)
In our society, the common type of residential, landscape (Landscape, Plaza and Terrace, etc.) only as an affiliated part of residential. But we believe, in next generation, Landscape will become more and more important. Since with the development of society, most of people already satisfied with the place where they living. But the stress of working and the density of the city, people desire to “Breath”, they want to touch the nature, what’s more, they want living in the nature. So the old “Landscape” is not far enough. Our project wants to create a “new form of landscaperesidential”, which have a variety of forms and highly accessibility. We change the role of landscape and residential, make landscape as main part. Landscape not only as infrastructure, but also as new form residential even multifunction place.
Exchanged Situation: landscape designed basing on the urban grid → urban grid based on the ladsacpe context
The strategy of our project is layout three grids: City context, Landscape, Residential. City context gird is form a residential area in Chicago, it will change based on where the site is. City Context Units
Landscape grid is generated by City context. We treat Landscape as a place where people can getting together, have activities and exchange information. Residential grid is from our case study of Habitat 67, this is one of feature that we interested. Unites more far away from the City context, they will getting much more higher. Since human being more like to escape from city, and to tough nature. Units will subdivided, and generate terrace and steps. Our project treat landscape, residential also have a characteristic with landscape. It is not only the shape and facade to meet the landscape, but also to combine the the landscape with characteristics of the residential. We considered the diverse living needs of the 60’s, 70’s, and 90’s, created a single apartment, family housing, townhouse with courtyard, hillside terrace house, etc.
SUBDIVISION New Form: When Landscape units meet Residential units
Group units——Raise up (Higher if it further away from the City Context Grid)
New mixed units——Following the rule of tangency of Residential Grid
Result between "Nodes"
New form——Grouping Modeling units——Stepping & Gradating
Mitosis——Units attracted by Landscape grids
Planar System (One quadrangle)
Multiform situations: (Terrace, stepping, stacking, flipping, etc.)
Houses sharing an open space
Two walkways mingled with open space
Entrance and stepping
Solitude housing for single or people working in their house
Hillside terrace house
Town house with courtyard
PROJECT FEASIBILITY PLANNING
The second floor plan
CONCEPT MODEL (PART)
Useable area for residential
Tangent line of overlapping area
The begin of plan processing
Interior and exterior space
The First Sphere
The Goose Island
Landscape grids generating Residential grids
Ridge & Valley
3D print model
The Second Sphere
3D print model
Center of rotation
Multiple simultaneous projects
TOWER Unit Plan
Single floor unit
Two-story unit (the first floor)
Two-story unit (the second floor)
PRACTICE MODEL ON THE SITE
1ST STREET VIADUCT DEVELOPMENT, LOS ANGELES
North Elevation of the first building (from west to east)
South Elevation of the second building (from west to east)
Here we used a hexagonal pattern as an unitary structure, which developed to three degrees of complexity, instead of columns to fabricate and support the whole building. The structure system gives more flexibility and sustainability for both form and utilization. We applied a strategy for the structure: for the platform we used the primary pattern to get less cost, more visuality and lighting; both western and southern sides of buildings set the tertiary structure for blocking sunlight into; while other two sides using the secondary structure.
North Elevation of the third building (from west to east)
SIDEWALK & PLAZA
South Elevation of the fourth building (from west to east)
SECTION The project is located on the 1st Street Viaduct in Los Angeles, all the way along the beidge, acrossing the riverway and train tracks. We want to make a diverse community here connecting surrounding neighborhoods and creating more economic benefits to the area, which could bring people together at the site and feel the pride of the place from its identity, the cultural diversity, and the nature. The project inspired from the nature geography of Los Angeles, canyons, then developed to a very intimate space with a rhythmical experience on the street level. Finally, the central plaza extended towards the river as a suspended steps facing the most wonderful scene of the nature Los Angeles.