Digital Design - Module 02 Semester 1, 2018 Qianqian Yuan (873239) Samuel Lalo Studio 11

Week Three

Reading: Kolerevic B. 2003. Architecture in the Digital Age

Kolerevic described three fundamental type of fabrication techniques in the reading. Outline the three techniques and discuss the potential of Computer Numeric Controlled fabrication with parametric modelling. (150 words max)

The first one is two dimensional fabrication. This is the most commÂŹonly used fabrication technique. And it includes plasma-arc, laser beam and water-jet, involve two-axis motion of the sheet material relative to the cutting head, a moving bed or a combination of the two. The second one is subtractive fabrication. If involves the removal of a specified volume of material from solids using electro-, chemicallyor mechanically-reductive process. The milling of three-dimensional solids is a straightforward extension of two-dimensional cutting. And the last one is additive fabrication which involves incremental forming by adding material in a layer-by-layer fashion is a process which is the converse of milling. It involved layered manufacturing, solid freeform fabrication, rapid prototyping, or desktop manufacturing. The CNC fabrication allows architects to understand buildingsâ€™ capabilities more easily and quickly. And the architects can get parametric modelling by converting information into data.

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Week Three

Surface Creation

I made four different couples of surfaces. The first one is two surfaces intersecting each other. It is hard to put 3d panels. And the second one, the two curves are twist so it is also difficult to put panels on the surfaces. Although the third one works, the waffle structure for these two surfaces is unstable and cannot stand on the plane. So I chose the last one which can make total model stable.

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Week Four Panels & Waffle

The 3d panel which is soild can be the boundary of extarior and interior. And it also can produce interesting lights and shadows with the amazing shapes. Since it is twist, so the 3d panels are decrease from left to right. The hexagon perforations in 2d panels allow more lights enter from outside.

The waffle structure follows the two surfaces. The bottom area is larger than the top one so it allows more people to path through. And the bottom area usually is the public space. So the density of circulation would be higher.

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Week Four

Laser Cutting

Y waffle

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X waffle

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When I made the waffle structure, I didnâ€™t encounter much difficulty because I followed the workshop step by step. However, when i unrolled the surface of 3d panel, the lines are often confused. I need to try again and again to get to the clear lines. The green lines in the picture are creases. I annotate each part so i wonâ€™t be confused with the model making. Although there are two redundant y waffle structres which intersect with x waffle structures in the edge.

Panel

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Week Five

I chose the cones as the pattern object. The first one used the random atrractor and the cone is in consistent scale. The second one used the curve attractor and the cone is still in consistent scale. The thirdone and the last one used the different attractor point and the cone is in random scale. The process of grasshopper is easy to follow than the task 1. But how to make booleandifference interesting is challenging.

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Week Five

Isometric

The cone is the pattern object. And in in the model, there are nine cones intersecting with each other which really make the interesting holes. So people can pass through these holes to acess between different zones.The intersecation with big cones will be bigger than the small ones. Every cone is an independent space. At the top there are some small open space and that can allow the light enter in the internal space. When i booleandifference i keep the edge of the cube, so the original shape is still highly visible. The internal cones has darker place.

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Week Six Task 01

Lofts

1.1

1.2

1.3

{125,0,150}

Key

1.4 {75,0,150}

{150,25,150}

{50,0,150}

{50,0,0}

{25,150,150}

{100,150,150

Attractor / Control Points (X,Y,Z) Grid Points

{0,100,150}

{150,150,125

{0,0,0}

Attractor / Control Curves

{100,150,150

{150,0,50}

{150,0,0} {25,0,0}

{25,0,0}

{125,0,0}

{50,150,0}

{100,150,0}

{25,150,0}

{100,150,0}

Paneling Grid &Attractor Point&Offset Grid Paneling

{Index Selection}

{Index Selection}

{Index Selection}

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.4

{Attractor Point Location}

{Index Selection}

3.3

3.4

{0,150,0} {Attractor Point Location}

{Attractor Point Location}

3.1

3.2

+

+

{0,150,0}

+

{Index Selection}

+

Task 01 Matrix The firsr row i put the surfaces and the coordianates. And the second row i put the panelling grid, the offset grid and the attractor point. The first and the second couple of surfaces i used the attractor point and i found the grid is hard to form the panel which can be showed in the third row. And since the model is small and my panel is a little complex, if i use the attractor point, it will be difficult for me to fold the model. So finally i didnâ€™t use the attractor point and just used the offset grid to creat 3D panel. The triangle 3d panel is hard to unroll the surfaces. So finally i chose the hexagon to be my key shape for the panel. And it will create a view of symmetry beauty.

Large area of hollow in hexgon shape allows more light enter which can save energy. Complex solid panels make light and shadow become interesting, and effectively separate the exterior and interior, keep the privacy of building.

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Week Six Task 02

Grid Manipulatio

1.1

1.2

1.3

Key

1.4

{0,0,0}

Attractor / Control Points (X,Y,Z) Attractor / Control Curves Grid Points

{100,50,100}

{150,0,100} {195,65,45}

{233,28,0}

Cone Distribution

{Curve Attractor}

{Random Attractor}

{Point Attractor}

{Point Attractor}

2.1

2.2

2.3

{Volume Gravitational Centres}

{Volume Gravitational Centres}

{Volume Gravitational Centres}

{Volume Gravitational Centres}

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3.2

3.3

3.4

{Consistent Scaling}

{Consistent Scaling}

{Random Scale}

2.4

{195,65,45} {233,28,0}

Cone Transformation

{195,65,45} {233,28,0} {Random Scale}

Task 02 Matrix The first row i used the different attractors to forme the curve manipulation. The first one is curve attractor and the cones are in the consistent scale so there are not any obThe selected region is formed by nine intersating cones. While booleandifference, i keep the edge of the cube as the modelâ€™s vious changes in the boundary. third row. The second one i put the random attractor, but it have smaller changers than before. So finally i used the point attractor and random scaling to find how can make the associate with each other and creat intersting intersection. The second row is the volume gravity centroid, so you can image the cones distribution from the central point.

The holes between cones like the entrances that can lead to different buildings.

The bottom area is larger than the top

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Week Six

Final Isometric Views

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Appendix

Process

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Appendix

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Process

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Appendix

Process

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Appendix Process

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