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192


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191

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9Q Z9 46G6NQ†6mpA3O ¿ƒμj2Re9O) i< , 6GPQ ‚M`Z9I=2

.39BD &/0 6G=0',-2 9&

G[+C8 & 60?@A (UGO K 4Bn &, GO <Z9

.3pBD &/0 <6G2B6me / +G ‫ﺻﻼح اﻟﺑﻮي‬T‫اﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋﻞ ﻣﻊ ا‬

% 8 6QNK8 `^(R6Z 2=)! &!_3V Z9#$ 1)3]I=A3K?@% VB6n< Z9o & ƒM.y6(N26 -P1)3 U6 6

1) +ƒ+GO =)!0' T^Y /J'VGl/.3/ +G ŒH$'I=[ /  N.y6(23.3˜R+6GŒH$' : / (0/0\<G  @6 †10', O D$'#$Z9\G. +( S 6)  'mGO8IJ26<61)3 8.3 28  u28 +G 

1) • 3K y6( ’3.3˜ ŒH$' R1 6—R +D' , "<K R

6J'R= ’6<6N1)36 6 6s   0 mO i<‚  3  " 2G 2 )" 2) -0'   2m& " 2G 2) -0' %3K . y6( ’R1)3 [+n 4’1)3! f OaŒH$'/0  ˆ0 1)3o &/0 #$ =) `0 b 10)!0N6= N 

GV KP:3V2t G6G6Oa)r 6‚ +6n6Ka1$/ $ O—V0'\ —03OfIm 6<, [O u N:$ 6+ GT0 D, .I6N< K - `$'  i<O)r FK - 2D, ,..3m+G PQ ‚MŒH$'A3== ˜8 6"&LG.fI.^(, 83.^ P:NK &03K23.3˜ŒH$66)+(.‚ ) '.) 6G 6n6Ka1$' .)r 

& 9 '2GB6D KA*)!% K) N1K3  ) 9j2m() *+P` "<z O>2#0'˜. & E <.3GK):23  ŒH$r C$'26=0'

1{ [ / GKƒ2] …'I= VZ96+=083({ 2f OaŒH$')+1\ 2B6"GK23.r^() +(a L\ R< Q 4. Oa

1 6o= <GD

D K; <=2A`$'+i&0PGO6YKU `3V)r /$?@A :0 ‫ﺗﺄﻣﻼت اﻟﺒﺎﺣﺜﲔ‬

3+“29 T3=2H &P12f V 0@=21)33 0,.Im+Gme   0 KR1)3_ 6, 6& e˜U+` R6)Z (2=)! &!A`$ O2f^6+!{ 2P`u0QG  ,ÚgÉ°T mO)3.fIP` "<%3.3˜RG R<O0/0c3 1 2 I, 6e96+G^( ƒ&?@6 0 6e9BV)2P`u0% V ‫ اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ واﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮن‬- ‫رؤى ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ‬

188


. +O2^(Re OA`$ O2N┬Р6 -P1)3 , / +G ]3 0 246g <v$ 1)!@6<6NP1)3c G[<H?@/ <GO y66& 6/ ",93 1{ mO;a* 23.r v)r f Oa6=0 A`$'_ .3 23.r O03+┬У!t G6G6Oa)r6(, (R1)3_ 6;) ` +G G 200 9&2m6=0'

+i<. Oa

1{ , me┬Хm. Oa, !3 2A (mDy66& 6H e+ 6OYN, N┬Р┬Гu < , P1)3me 

u *&Z96n< % ^(+Da┬Г6v VE &$, 6P:GOR1)3_ 6> тАля╗зя║дя╗о я╗гя║╕я║О╪▒я╗Ыя║Ф ┘И╪зя║│я╗Мя║Ф  я║╗я╗ия╗К ╪зя╗Яя╗Шя║о╪з╪▒ ╪зя╗Яя║Ся╗о┘КтАм

/ +GBGfI)3, GO &Z96+=0?/0 3.r O0 3(0 2B6n< 0Z9o┬Б &% yM&/0 <=P62me ( S 6I=20 6GK 9&) *+GH O , Un&. OK . V*V <3 . OK  "3"G&/0 Fn. % 

i ; <=/0[ 2. Oa[6: ,  =g0Z9 4o┬Б <PGO 

1{  69 

┬Ш [ (* O )r  FK? @A :0 6G. 2. Oa

1 6f Oa)"[<H. Oa IN<K)r  2)"[<HV) *#$1 D ; <2G 0 6GK\ % QsA3Om+G !3 $' 3  )! m+GF.)3K2!3┬Шm+G!3 $ %, kl2 <1)3 4\ 3" тАл╪й я║Чя╗Мя╗ая╗┤я╗дя╗┤я║Ф я║Ся║дя║Ья╗┤я║ФтАмWтАля║Чя╗Дя╗оя╗│я║о я║зтАм

Re9OS 616<6N1)3T.R610 KZ9O =Z9I=/$?@f Oa. Z9/ "^( .3 2f!-61% V2])3O )3V\ R2┬Д"Bn┬Б &Z9PQM&/00 ,-K┬б21)3^6me (m+G+ \ _ ".Z9= D2R+6GKf OK 4 !, 6+6G6+G <+ : <+ .{)\ 3 KR6+=0', ( y66& 6+i< t G6G6Oa)r[ ;a* / GOTDZ9/0#$8* 2^g~ Vv ┬ХZ9O+ 6+=0f!-3(0 8 6H08 & -  & (O2 !0 1!┬С & -.2+ % ┬С6e9OL) u2Z9uM&%, m+G/$?@A :0 B6D 6 -K2 .{6 -KS 61On46 +D?R<& <<-2┬Г< .{yM& +(2o┬Б <yM&3VRe9GN, 4+G тАля╗зя║дя╗о я│Ся║О╪▒я║│я║О╪к я║╗я╗Фя╗┤я║Ф я╗гя║Ья╗ая╗░тАм

_ 6/ < @U VZ9r C$\ me m+G2/ ",93 1{ 2t G6G6Oa)r2A ( -`2 & D, 4e 0'6NQ

1) +#$% H D, P` "<┬Ж10'Z9L j6+G/0\ %3.R1)3

187

тАл ╪зя╗Яя╗Мя║к╪п ╪зя╗Яя║о╪зя║Ся╗К ┘И╪зя╗Яя║Ья╗╝я║Ыя╗о┘ЖтАм- тАл╪▒╪д┘Й я║Чя║оя║Ся╗оя╗│я║ФтАм


z 10 O+G┬Б![61 KA3O2N┬Р┬Гu < , 3.3DP1)3 ~*A3612_ GI=%?@o &L"< 2)3<+1/)U V kl26-\ 3 =246G(9_ 1y6┬И Ko &O453.3D)   :$126G_ 1y6┬И K% A! =o<┬Х (9_ 1o &O

 uT3$R=2o &L .)3K┬ФR2_ *= <=3  2R<┬М N(A`$ O kl2 <1)3   g6G3.3D L <+GK?@H <6.n6┬Ш1)3 , 23+0m+1 . U V2 & D, 4 LG  <! KT0P1)3 , zu\  <GK +(2(9_ 1% 6E &$'2On+G┬Д6M%, @% VZ62B Nu "* R_ 1_0E &$6JAG.>H0B&0'BK! G1, L 2P13"/ ┬Н$'1)3 , T3& O0 0F  _ 1_0 E &$

6QM`+ [610 U9H0 26.)3`) 3GO2(9_ 1_0 E &$ .y6(% K0 8 +┬Б!U<(? 46NE &$/ nG0/ K-,  K 6QM` <OQV+ R 1 O/J'2(9 .-N6 3O$' K)3V"H\ U+ 6.)3`) /0#$2H <. & e6.n6┬Ш1)3 , 2_┬У <=  ) `0 1)3!,.JOn"& & - $ O>H02_0'E &$ ┬ЗB6+10R<GD  =~*.3OI< +G6G!m 0/ G?@. & e! 1

<O1)3 , 2qP: ┬Н(+GU V 06V) El +< 6$! $2~3O$'\ 

 )3V. K-v0'B/ (2;9 3* #$21.0S) \ F-. . 9 

u *< O+G/$.3G2 Q[:2. Q 2El +< <O\ +Gv2 .) <6O (v2-N O/ 6K$',  8 3O2

+n 1)3+'8 +D┬О(0\<G ! n.$2G\ 6G!! .r-v0'B/ (2_ 1k.pe 6n<  (9_ 1y6┬И K~* m() *+ L, ] 3V \ 2) 1)f) g2P1L1 (/ .,., (x-K┬Ф2`) _  6G ┬лтАл╪й я╗зя╗Ия╗дя╗к ┬╗я╗гя║оя╗Ыя║░ ╪зя╗Яя╗Шя╗Дя║О┘ЖтАм3тАля║зя╗╝┘Д я╗│я╗о┘Е ╪п╪▒╪зя║│я╗▓  ╪зя╗Яя║ТтАм

тАл╪з╪к я║гя╗Шя╗┤я╗Шя╗┤я║Ф  я╗гя╗оя╗Чя╗К ╪зя│Мя╗Мя╗ая╗в ┘И╪п┘И╪▒┘ЗтАм3тАля║Чя║Дя╗Ыя╗┤я║к ╪гя╗ля╗дя╗┤я║Ф ╪ея║Яя║о╪з╪б я║Чя╗Ря╗┤тАм тАля║╗я╗╝╪н ╪зя╗Яя║Ся╗о┘КтАмTтАл╪зя│Мя║Шя╗оя║зя║О╪й я╗гя╗ж ╪зтАм тАля╗Яя╗Ая╗дя║О┘Ж я▓вя╗Шя╗┤я╗Ц ╪зя╗Яя╗ия║Шя║Оя║Ля║ЮтАм ┘С R:)0'f Oa┬МH$'/0R1)!_ ./ () * 3(0 6"6" 6YK#$3<1l$'$Bn┬Б &┬Г"9.,26<6N x "KF6 10 O &2f! F& ┬Ш O8 3O2])!G[V  ]. KB+ 6Oa )r , 8 (a* 8 + E 9. I=? /$  '{ = % V 6Oa % ┬С  VG  l 

1{  t G 6G g┬Й39. [V "+G┬В  V#$ E 9. +(26G G><┬Н ┬А)!$'A`$'

1 61E &$ ! $2yQ L m+G, ~3., ^6Np2UV .s, 

  4/ 

6VK_ i& % Vi&2f Oa. Z9/ "^( / ( Z9O*V <8 61)!8 .2)lJ 19 2<.3 +0' тАл ╪зя╗Яя╗Мя║к╪п ╪зя╗Яя║о╪зя║Ся╗К ┘И╪зя╗Яя║Ья╗╝я║Ыя╗о┘ЖтАм- тАл╪▒╪д┘Й я║Чя║оя║Ся╗оя╗│я║ФтАм

186


‫إﺿﺎءة ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺎت‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻄﺎن ﻟﻠﺒﺤﺚ واﻟﺘﻄﻮﻳﺮ اﻟﺑﻮي‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﺎم اﳊﺎ‪g‬‬

‫ﻧﻔﺬ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ اﻟﻘﻄﺎن ﻟﻠﺒﺤﺚ واﻟﺘﻄﻮﻳﺮ اﻟﺑﻮي ﻋﺪد‪ k‬ﻣﻦ اﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺎت اﻟﺑﻮﻳﺔ‪ ،‬ﺷﻤﻠﺖ ﻧﺪوات‪ ،‬وﻟﻘﺎءات‪ ،‬وورش‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ ﺧﻼل اﻟﻌﺎم ‪ ،٢٠١١‬ﺷﺎرك ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻋﺪد ﻣﻦ اﳌﻌﻠﻤﲔ واﻟﺑﻮﻳﲔ واﳌﻬﺘﻤﲔ‪ .‬وﻛﺎن ﻣﻦ أﺑﺮز ﺗﻠﻚ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺎت ﻣﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ‪:‬‬

‫اﻟﺒ‪3‬ة‪ :‬ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ”اﻟﻘﻄﺎن“ ﻳﺨﺘﺘﻢ ورﺷﺔ ﺗﺪرﻳﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﻮل ”ﺗﻮﻇﻴﻒ اﻟﺮﺳﻮم اﳌﺘﺤﺮﻛﺔ  اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ“‬

‫ (^" ‪3 1{ |f Oa. Z9/‬‬ ‫‪y6ˆ K %  6.)3K `) 23/28  2/ " ,9‬‬ ‫‪‡/ ",93 ) 9O26G(9_ 1‬‬ ‫)‪,  u8  u55() *€21{  < 0P‘P6‬‬ ‫‪kl2H <2 N62P13"2q_), 3 P1)3‬‬ ‫‪y6ˆ K% <)3 \ 3 

.)3K "K/0 3GO‬‬ ‫‪/ .2R<Œ N( LA`$ O26G(9_ 1‬‬ ‫( ‪) 1)f) g2P1L1‬‬ ‫`‪=! D\  "m() */ "-‬‬ ‫‪6+=0 83({ 26G(9_ 1% 6E &$‬‬ ‫* )(‪P1)36+6G 1 E &$‬‬ ‫‪Q"2yG "b "&\ AGK)3V3.3pm() *T  PQ6M*K@ [O)0\ .)3K "/ () *R"K‬‬ ‫‪) Q\  Q :$E & 2‹

6QM*ŠEl  <O12‹PQ<Š6& K-‬‬ ‫رؤى ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ ‪ -‬اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ واﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮن‬

‫‪185‬‬


  3".R% s\ FYK2z - .R '{  , Ž(0 )3- P10 6  6 \Y. B. &  6N<  s %{ N @0'B{ 1Œ.2: s, +D03g[<QOFK -F . s O03&'2 =2= DB1 102 0'R: / (l$ ’~^N P1 O (#$B ‚ p, 6<=V23.3D,  "  ‫اﳋﺎﲤﺔ‬  . 7) "AG6 , Ž(0 0"./0 ƒ9.2 z -   ) vJ'  yˆ K /0 U 1 y6( 26& 6Q (s \ 3& 1y{ +G.2! D P6u 10ƒ 6D  6 1 

: P*V <.B&0 , g\ 2 -6-NK ! !`>OlfIR<6NFG*Pjf! 6FG*83D FG* 10 = …B&$ 2m†D'#$ ]Ž(0 % pB:)0 , !u  +H B! V$]Q ."K *BV "R<6N y.*P13" k…8L+53ÔI'+ Ø+¡+5¶ ª–Ni.gG

) M4RVG G`?%^ 26& & V. OK6D  .3.0 1 O   +  <O0 , '2! 6(mGg 6<u , „"P6  <O0 1, 8 .0 $2F61$3,.I2F& D0' ‹389 :PHŠ4BO G`¡ G¥0

‫ﻗﺮاءة  ﻛﺘﺎب‬

yr w.) K 1 O   1 2y- 24)  FG`? #$ B<K R , J' QV$ I6MNK, 2 6D  6O1 O0 ‹396@PHŠ4’B!

 6uV <v!; <=/ -K/0 ,-'B&0 , FK -)I9.  6D  e6 21/",9&JFG`%[ 2 GQ 2B6$ % 3 , F& D0' [<j R 2f! 6 RVG FG* ,  . "K\ )! V 6D  e6]I261$ 9&#$ 3Ka1  QV$ˆ2ƒY R<v$ / 6(\ i 9/0 36(0' 3 ',.I,.J'zG, 3R<u / -1[O), Ž(0 ,-28 & "/ "M612w.) ) F8! .=)  ,-  O0) 6 6,-'3V

3QK¦`#$% 9./0 .! 6

1{ +6g 3 "/0, FK -)I9. +( 83.^K; <=/0iK

1' 28 †6*8 †6`(J .I0E)  61$ 36.0 K8+ 8 GDK2„ME^8+  =3+KR- "/$ 2/l$ .! 6  GA NH 3O0'#$& + g4R "S  K `?, 61$ ˆ  61$' zY 36.0 K )+1 B6 ; -* , kI( [< D0 ,  R<6N FG*   6G+"  K 1) • F"e , 61$ l "&$ D0 ,  26˜  3.3D   1 ( P* yV  mp D0'?  !  ƒ*& fI ! 10' 

. 1 61 6YD ; <=2 = …ROG„69+ ^6s

VGo6&(f= D6YK#$áaÉ°VE’ÉH ,ájOƒ¡«dG ‹394@PHŠ4R61$'—R<6N ~Q s t e s /0 3"G. y{  /0 , g \  , 3j6 "6 <v6u"!!,+-.R61$'—ROG / -€+-s, / -.,B&$?@% "6! G.B&$ 2<#$ 9 R 3~^<I=(3GO2R61$'—f! 6FG*  FD  , 2,- B!  6V0 #$ % 9. /0 O  2.  3(N&0'  O¯ N',  N-./0 ):\ )H$' ,.I <u , ( ^Dƒ9O^66+ QV$'P1) j"Y< ‹395@PHŠ46z g g Og6TK P1-KR-9N< 661$'. / -K/0 FK -F . 3R<u [6+˜ N&

46G(9_ 1y6ˆ K?% + `),

T3  = ?@FGQt +D$'%{ y{ Œ.2. < "6+G) Q, PQMR61$'—f! 6[+n!3G1 ‫ اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ واﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮن‬- ‫رؤى ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ‬

184


,O3GK! 6g, E^, 6┬Б1$ ! 6[<┬А)V 6QM*% 0'/ & V "O$ O2R<u ┬ЧR<.3-G+/ .) g % / & V)3H21953_ G

 sf3.06┬Б1$ U `4) 6 GK?┬Г'$K' &0 O2SE^1 6  sA 07!  3<┬Е?UV kl6(a`'6& 6Q ~^NA B-┬В jfI) I 6M9. G.)I(.36" m& "U K┬Л362 @PH┬К4┬ДME^/ OI, \ PQ<.fI21950_ G! G/ & V =`0/ (2.Q<G _ G┬Л366@PH┬К4!#$n┬Гsf! .-?B&0 ! G/ & VFD ┬А8 6-6K K0<u RG./ & VV021952 @4! G/ & V?+-126<.3 9┬ДY:Up?1970_ G & .38 <O3G.┬б! K, 0 2.! ._0' 3 .,  =f! 6? ┬Л369@PH┬К4T0 @8 ┬Б V/ .) g,OF2U6<-! G/ & V┬МaV 3<   & -16g0 / -*.! 6/0' ┬Д".! .!U6]I=? ┬Л367@PH┬К4 6Fg.f! .-2 & ( +<.0! 6! &$ D `  n6&)3H2B┬Г<u / & V! G/ & " !/0 "6"\ 8 6& & V36( ?A3/ (6<v6 Vi& ┬Л367@PH┬К4┬б G! 68 + '8 V! GK6┬Б1$

 <=UN&┬К3 *&[ Uv3RR┬Б^┬Ш

6+G RV K6+ _ 6"OU*6& 6Q(s/0#$7) "i& >OI+3+HR<6NFG*/0' 2m ` p┬б┬Л6M.) B:)0 , ]!u, t  O ^n 26n+ 3!338 ┬В K8 6: 8 3.3┬Ш.  -* , ┬О(/D  _3VkI(2R<6y0 170 , ┬О(0 R"O % 1947_ G39┬е0')V! 6gDr0[  O)0 2<u S "

6V0'>< z D\ PQ&.! 6├бdh├│dG ├бe├ЙbEG m6<6N/ -<u   $ \ 6┬Б1$  LD0 t  O ┬О(0\ U 1 &0, g\  =!3! "O,.I U:2 =!3!mV m6<6NR:)0├╕e % 50 ├╕e ├╕e ├╕╬╝dh ,1966 _ G\ ) H8! 6V8 .- 8 +-6 m<u +(  6& & V6 &

.! . !  & (  >n<K 6┬Б1$ = 2FK - % . .9( 2e( 6L6 >   6 6┬Б1$ /$ % ". ┬Т6u"┬Н! 8 "┬Б -*KR 6G+-9! DkI(26i<G ! 6V l66┬Б1$'6L6/0y6.B<-2yGK 0 2.! 63,u S "sR<6K); &; < 2!3 c3 ,!c3 Er 6.'B&$?@ < 23 e 0 z.  :$2! 6 0'U_ .0  H _3G&RH Q kl(2zGm<u +.) "G6-S "; &P1!#$ 6 6 "e

G.*tL6gBD, y*-. ┬П$ ┬Л386@PH┬К466┬Б1$'

1{ 2%"1'"6v6"6D!r, FK -┬Й39.  3GKZ623Ru"┬Н3[O 3({ KR3/ $' mO8 61 618 6 +DS "s  \ ┬Щ p? &0 O , { K2P<┬Ш2SG2,.36 &, ^66+/! = . )[6+D @PH┬К4 "e26G26Oa2Y2+2! G. ┬Л360

 *BV ", B&  (FG`%, 3 I= 2.! 6 6g0 ┬И N┬У 6┬Б1$   r 6 ' S "s  ! G/ & "O8) m┬Б Y; 0m& V,+2D \O" D0,  G9Q7!  !3p3/$ 2SE^ F! 6

 N&,  L 2 K.! .61! D O6┬Б1$ [<"K┬б 23r ),  =g + R<u  =36*&6┬Б1$  6+K 6 "[O 8i&2 6<u -8 6+1)8 - / -K/0 "K┬бO D0, .3I< U┬Ж*&06┬Б1$  <9.fI6<v'.^( FG*I=, L(0' ^┬Ш/0 , g\ 2f! 6FG*

&$ 2 6]Q ."KB"36┬ЕP.%r P)?RVG ┬Л361 :PH┬К4B (/ -K/0\ QKU-N&  H0

 l .! . 6uV <v !  &0 O 26┬Б1$ ! y{  AG. c3 FG` 3P666┬Б + !f0 26L6>  g\G2R+=┬ЧR<.!RD  6O2RV FG` 3O2┬Ъ  )+1'? DTK &$ 2.!3G6L6

D , 183

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6 " 

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6GT3$?@! 6^6+

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&) " 4P1 + -*O < /36GO 4 O)0  <O0 m.  , )0' ‹352@PHŠ

2R-<K O Dy6r6& 6Q(sR969QŒ <˜6 r 0 /0? >:  , B&0 2_^nO , 0 !!a. ¡ B&$  2 " P*G  $2/ &$'6OK.'6 " *)3Q , Z9 Nu G_3’ R*I= = 6Oaƒ1  R` RVG—f3˜B<. -K2/ &$'4_!?1Y 6 " I 6 &, 69, R/ OI O, { &',9&kI R"<f! 6_3fl, 3 % 6D0'3f! .\ .3D 0c 0/ &$-NK„BN<) M./02b0 `.0, B& (, y-./0RC^< O69,  = +e 8 j2R& ,6V 

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182


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180


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S <  UeK R 

N{   ! * , e- FK - !) . f3 1)0  1)

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6O!0',  )^B6` k ! 6 0?@┬Л_956 -895┬Кf! GB( B6$A &3V236`)^k ! ┬В K/ (2B<D, 2_!O, m+) Q 0┬Б 1, B6 !)! 6, ┬Г 2┬Б +vvmvvm<v<1 =I= <V_k /0kl 6&Q<,.!#$ ! 6, B- / (, "&P1 < )0  = 4)^#$ _P:)0 , ! 6, ┬Гz) ┬Л┬К=(0 ┬Л287-286@PH┬К  .! 6)^-┬Х~ : % 8 6&e.3s

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BD2.! 66 "(I, m.+s-┬ХUN +(  6".0 U& (U+Q= n 6".0 % +`O╞Т┬б┬лdG ├Т┬░├╝e 9 P:   3.  w.) K  r) O ┬М C #$ *K 6 +* /3,O/0 P:a',-┬Н?B&0 , FK -┬Й3p┬Д1  2 3" 6".0% +`/ -12V0'\ OL, 8 ^D/0)┬В 3V T0 6& G<( ┬Б V , 0 2 3" m6"6<6N #$ H0 O╞Т┬йj ┬Л267@PH┬К4.! 6U"< .) 1 D)0, U 3V )3V l+M:U& (2/3,O =!3G.R! ┬Б " /3,O,-.┬б 6".0 % +`, e(,( 0  *& zGm){ , e-; <=O2<= -, ┬Й3p, ]3 1872┬КP` 1_  &/ (<. Qm){ , f3V ┬║┬б├жe e.3s .! 6 (I #$ <= - !0 , %0 2┬Л-1966 2! 6OL, / <v2 ' " ┬Йv├┤┬░├╗f 1909 <1%M % +`"< /0 P` 1L 4<= -S ?/ <GOe e ,  6$ 3V,.I2! 6, +M:!3 0 O┬Ж6 U& (2 6".0 m+_3V\K6"<UG213"<.3 !┬С<= --/ -K/0 / - $' O,-.┬б2]i&D, ?


Á$ #$? !0 1936 _ Gm6<6N) v~'3&/0 g @PHŠ 4c 6Q -N 6.I  `0'  >.) , \"K 

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2m6! 610 K% + 6P:aN.fI21967_ G *& . +! D 8 6Y!8 H K?; <=/ (B&0R<G.

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‹241 :PHŠ4F

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! "N‹f! 6Š, ^z " 0 2.! 6,.3O &!OL '{ =PGO/ ( - % 9N13< 61$R<O, ]I0 (1396 ,¤Lbœ2£,+yN5g.2/3,OŠ 3"61$ O8 6 &„K gRH0/083D% "G, 2+i<K V"6"sr3"965<13GO‹Š , 2U6"O3V.! ./ -K/0,-+, ,- ! N0= O)0! ., ,.e(/083D+9 ?º¡æe óMGh ÉfCG €) = +-Rz G*r ’H0kIO0 G., ’f)3., (2002 ,-bª0-gª1šœ.mJgG2A +610k.^.JŠ

3‫ﺗﻬﻮد ﳑﻠﻜﺔ ﺣﻤ‬-‫اﻟﺴﻌﻴﺪة‬ ‫ﺑﻼد اﻟﻌﺮب‬ ّ

c e/".3O &DU ^=2(6V, )  + 

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178


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โ€ซ ุง๏ปŸ๏ปŒ๏บชุฏ ุง๏ปŸ๏บฎุง๏บ‘๏ปŠ ูˆุง๏ปŸ๏บœ๏ปผ๏บ›๏ปฎู†โ€ฌ- โ€ซุฑุคู‰ ๏บ—๏บฎ๏บ‘๏ปฎ๏ปณ๏บ”โ€ฌ

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176


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„"! QV')!$' )3KQsU& (/$)V0/0[610'QO@Qs/ -Ky6( A3=0'U""Qs/0 8 & 60 G`0 '_0 0'-* O ,  :_3GO) G`c!.8 & 602P: š -*O <  D  K)!$UGKRF6 10', 2Qs

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,1)3E) 01)3!  1‡z[ 6n<   ) .r#$ A NQPGOzz 9H\ U+ 3V AG. \ 2U.rO G D e 6+6G 

1{  PGO \ kI( 2 O S 9' 6N6( 2G ˜ _ i& \ z , ."B6a,( 0 PG) .rU+i& +(G ˜ƒ 26=0'

1{ PGO2) nT"0 2z,-1 mG&m+G^( #$ z,  +‘U9HZ6 8v0 ;K  I= 2

u *< PGO +G / " 1{  [O  GO\0 

G Dzu=/J'z3< 8 6O n.$  = <. ¡ 2yV  kO R<&(I. R<& ! Q.  3< 2EMK i9]I=\

6: .! P.)3O O_ V0R6+G6N6-#$ <VKl$ KZ62 6 A) G.36"". OKF Y &$   z () *  2z _ 0 )  \ !  *V < Q-1 <6+6G 1 PGO_3M1[ 2P` "< 28 & 603‘B&0 º 28 †61P6z 10'I=/0G`02QO8 & 60 ! P.)3NSuF6 10 #$ D 9O <&0 3" 0 ,- =)2_ -*Oz3< 8 NG:; <=/0H MO2

6: .  0'  2A  I= r n. /0 Fn. 2

6: . ~ : , e.3 N . OK F6 10 zC /0  On  < ƒ9. G.36"F6 10', 36GO ,+:6Ge 8 6&NF6 10 _3M183= DU  PGOƒ6KkI(26+6G_0'PGO3= * 2

+‘ 1{ ?[  KI0 )!, 836N 2z G0'6NQ*&0' %, 26G )3_3M1)!24FGƒs Z9 / " ^( A`$ O  )3 6NQ 1)3 O RV 9 ¿ƒμà°S ƒ61 <†6UV'l$ 8 "2f Oa.  6G83.8 O 10  : O G`0 ) K 2+G  <v0 N  * R<O <K 2QO ) G`R<O <.T02P.)36+  <v0 ~ +1'N »g e(P.)36+GO69 GAiFOb $' O ‡B+  <v0GBD KRF& ˜\`, 

"G0( * ™.l$ 2R“[+‘ š% =0 , 69 †6 OK   1 ƒF GO  K'2. Oa6+G O8e(m  g&0 2z30 T -`3< m+G30 GD 3< '$ GO  , 

"G02 <O0 O) 0' 60_ +=T& 8)! &klg ..3 z 10H MO26G6Oa)r  Gm& "F& D kI(2Bu $U"+ O2GyQ<K¡R26G6Oa GO  GO6<G gR21)3 )!$< O 0' g7! =F6K)-*O. Oa6+GK/0 6<G. $2]) 0 z\  G) vJ'o < OOJ 28 +G R+  <v0R<! HRPQQ"yV , e(; <= 6 +D'

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160


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‫ﻗﺼﺔ اﳌﻬﻨﺔ‬ ّ

j}0'·+ ªK+},)+

sNI«¢,glJ+g¥¢ª1kN¨JgoH+gªhF5¨G4k…75bI¶ œIk“ª<L¶«¢ªª.µÔ12002k¢…7j&+£IÔ/ÐoH+¶¦J)++O bª0¡¨ªH+šH4}G4'+ 23'g…7”ªG#+4g»¬53'+ ·†N5blH+k“ª<L£I•¨º+†­,L5gŠlJ·+£IÔIg=b,k…9gx,L-bNb¸+k“ª<¨œHw}“H+}=g…‚I£I  œŸG£™HLg¥œ23+¤&·+#gO hHg;g¥ªEm¢G«lH+k…75b»+



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 0'\&,-2.3U)2 1)3.J PQM`! D ! #$  :$' O _ G U1)3  _ G PQQ  I0 c0 

6: .U1)! =3GO2m<1%0 I=/ (2

6: . 159

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/ -61y6(2R10)3  '{ KU+9V2

i9]I= / -1y6(’1)3R r[  GK0 1y6(’%0'R . !)R= ’.3/ -61y6(’G n&0 1=’ORK V  )!†10  (’8 9D &8 +G / (0 1=’zG ."1)3 g1)3 U<6  c0.3U6<jR<=l R<O &) G*I=,-’l f)!0’ ,É¡«a øμ°SCG »àdG 8 - 1 1)3 #$ U=l Z6 2t < O _! _ . %0 / ( 10 ]I=R<-2F u &0B-10 U<(fIBN&ƒ. 

+=PGORG+ #$\= <K/ (8  uP6G ÉfCGh ¬«a  N&.", c0' R<& G.=23.3˜l 10'B&$ z U! H 28 6& n = PGO G`0  &0 1)3 U! g#$`  U…v26 U+12 +m+GPGO YR=2836D  0U<(R<&0'‡ < 830% 10¡2.3


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+G, +Gy6V K” kK FO y K 1)3 ] … BO G`0 U<( fI  N˜ U6"O28!3‘6G3 " #$ ! GU) =3< v! s _3 =% K0 U<(2aNkK%m 3 U6  =z "G=’) 13 =E <=’6QG 1)3Rg)  ==’6GF6gaz "1'6+Ge 0'61  ’1)3!˜)!/ G.m+G(=’8 !s

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U6 GK/03GOe-B< U+GK "3.3`8 1)!/ (‰3

!)$)H$ O]I=,-21)33 " #$8!3‘ 3 8 j % Qs2

G\ 0 6QpT 1 R*BOJ 'U<(. V c0 Uv0' 3pO e€t< O 0'/ (2.3"K! `\ 8 ! º 26+6GRK U+(0 +GkKU !‚  +(+ U R K-*OU+ .32! `)$v26OKkl3GOU1)! kK %  2e- kl R<(0 2_ 3  1)3  I6+KU <= & J ) i< ,  0'y*-1U<(aN ;l] …G0 1l ’!n(zc.=+G /J' &0 ’03O0 1y6(’9a3OF"J'I=2E < O\+ R3O'c eyQzu[ #0'RO…U& ( 2m"0R+<6Gz 10_3M10'/0 )V2.3I< , 6 z

+=[ ƒN.. Y z 10'H U  A NQ0c eyQzu[ Q"_3M10U<( 8)! & 6+  =)3O ) G*  = ROu BD 9. / (  + 2.!3 $' , Z9% ‘;K02†10'[+10U<(Z626G  I=2z) …+ 26&36  ' nO_ 6"#$ :$2 BO D0 / D 9.ROu/0  G` I=2R1)3 B6$ 3"0 U<( ,-.¡2‹!Š+G, ) H/ (0/08 !] ` p0U<( +2B6$  MK'2

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O D$,  / e9.R<K [  <= On 2J / -  N6ˆ U+1 2_ G  & 3GO % Nu0t< O +=0

V0'FGH0 /$ 2% Nu0'P: .) V0 OG  K^Dc0,ˆ0R1)3_ G, #0'_ .0'R=  =Ž(0

i9+D0 , m G U+ 2F , )3V A»°T º¡jód =‡ROu * FVK0 !U<(28  *-1BG  G:0U<(6NQm& "\’8 G BO_ "&/0/ g.3.3D G`0U<(2< m& "U& (2 (() *€G „ sklf! NKU 2R< Ž(0  O_^'\ H9O 2 F&0'  = Q" z 10 / ( 2‹Œ Š Ó5O \+ - ‫ اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ واﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮن‬- ‫رؤى ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ‬

158


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U6#$RK! ) U<(R<  B< U \_ G% u (3G" \  G:02c $ &0 -R\ 3([+D0 \ 3kK\ m& V

+6GKP:NO03O02P1 ˜g íÑ°UCG 0 2R+6GK+(0 /0 >+u0 ,(0 ¡28 .6GF0 ¡ 2F9 R*t< O1)3,-K¡%0'_ 6I<+2+G  (G Z9O0A *-1“1)3/08 .G`0 /!B6 0'I6N<KR / f! D =BOG`00])0U<( ×  & 6028 6gBiN2Œ \ +GB-K (,.3K2%3D ;IŽ(0'8 . YO8)-K+GB "K )(0RN&3D0U<( _ G. &V]{ &$ <6 FDP:‹E <Š) 13 H MO28e(R1)![DK0  03O2.!3 $' á°üM j,-K¡4! QO?/36n.,•U‡w.) !

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¼g…7-bNg=

L(c0 R 0 R<KL0 I< R6‰30'v +K 03O R*‰a(0 ,(0 ¡1)3#$ RK 0 "Oz =IR  »eCG t ) H <6YH8 08 O G0f pgT 1 <6 e(8 & 02( 128 G2 V3H0@R<GK1)3/0 O2 0' AÉμH ,ôeC’G ‹ S.¡c $ "OU=l21)3_ .0 %0  Y`0  ; <=,-.¡8 .0  0'+12/ - (¦H  • 8 †6` B6 3D0 ¡ fI / - ;l #$ i< T 1 BO RN& z!1f0 ’- z G0',.0 R 0 BOR<K3  , / N-61\ /V0' '{ =’/ 0'[: KYkK, ’FG< - 6"2` , F 2„ sP:GOŒ ;I&J])0U<(

21 Oz O)PQQV2 =)0 U<( 8)! &RFG& nG , c ")/I1 Oz O) +=, G8 V `S K0 U<(Z6 Ð_ 0vv% uR1)3O _ i<O. R`(2!3G

"flMN\<I=RN UV 2] 6)3z =IU6V K2_ GU6V K; <23  Œ H(™"610  U<(  <1  1)3B+(0 O BN&3G"\ PD0 B."G #$ z =I3G.,+(


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8 G! G O;G*.2FG3GO6O n.$o &ƒ6"p/0'28 & 60

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g0+¨º+Ê5 ng¢hœHkª…7g…7'·+†NbF}N3k…75bI

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& 9  2P.)3K 

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156


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146


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144


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, EM. 2]3 ]^< )". 2]3<  =3 #$ ) 0' QK  <= S) gJ' 2z B>N.2+ z OS.2U6 ) n U6Ot$H\2f! Sa28 . u) B += 3O0'#$ <=\"O0 1?BN<% VB6$!y"1 hCG ├Ь├ЙH ┬┐hO I< RO.3G.┬б+ \┬Л377@PH┬К4f 0B+.30 U6I=,-R"O0 1kI2 &6) Z62B< Z9S]3 ^.2_ K . NA *(3GO 3 K( */0y{ % ". <=2B< Z9B+(0 ORsE ┬Б >H0 2[6+┬Ш B6 P <. H M. fI Rs  2FG* ! "N_ K ., Z9.B(23 ,-2B<OT.BG6 n`mO{)┬Г. 3< 0 D N/ -K B&0!┬С0┬Т; <=8 6O 8 6O/K=?@% K23GK.I0]3D (381@PH┬К4┬Тt┬В $6┬В M. 2 <=.V/ -K/02P:N, P6?F.g2G& ├Ю/0O D$'B6K0 K  6=23D K'. u, rI< ,-2.V <=U& (B&0 R<G.I= (381@PH┬К4BK V-OU6] ┬Е OP(.┬М)I┬Ш O┬М 2% ". 2P:)0' O! 66"0 OBN&[<".2O -.8 QM`mO{) <=T& R6┬Б1$'P*6┬Ш = !6O .V . "O\ ]) eGB` =3&f3. ┬║┬бfCGh2P:)0']IO┬Гsm6<6NP6B&0"<+1948 2] ┬У,-┬Н'┬Гs,- )!r') "'T 1/ "9.' B6i._ .RK0 ./0, 3O2B<!0B. j┬Ф \  ┬И i┬У/ (?@F6n2B , B+ + %0 .2_ K .! G.  l <=U& (6O ."[O K]! DZ6U6kl/$ 283D /03.)0'26` [  <=/  n. r zG/$/  ".2] /J'2; <=BO 3H  +6B┬Й39./0 ,-┬НfI -0 (385 :┬вU┬К4kl#$  nN┬ИH 

46G(9_ 1y6┬И K?+ `),

O╞ТL╞Тe ╞Тg ,├Ц┬░├╣Mh.02\`./03..'R<6NJ'  (, g\ 6/ OIP.2B:)0 \ ,zG/0#$_ K .+ >+K <=/  n. r TD ]! D BV,  & . тАл ╪зя╗Яя╗Мя║к╪п ╪зя╗Яя║о╪зя║Ся╗К ┘И╪зя╗Яя║Ья╗╝я║Ыя╗о┘ЖтАм- тАл╪▒╪д┘Й я║Чя║оя║Ся╗оя╗│я║ФтАм

142


‫اﻻﺗﻔﺎق ﻋﻠﻰ اﺧﺮ اﻟﻌﺪو‬ 2;a*3G3:! 63 .2R<6NJ'! D? 263K V <K6<. 2

NQ~IV0 OG<)L6G. 4 O=+:G<626* O"91.L ‹`)!m 0Z Š Iƒ9.2B9.fIFG*>Olƒs%/ ( ’  "_ i~ +"FG* Œ‘3/ \ zGƒ9O_-\V0 !) .FK - GN.f36gF=ll @ = <=%{ / -.'0 ,-2B<O"O ’/ < R=2R61$'[+n+ 6V#$>+K2"O v! 9 _0'Z.39 #$=!'0/ 1.,.I OJ', Z.3s  2zs#$B<Oz =l6{  B+p &0\ %3.2 Dr[ zs]I=, 3e.39O2P*6˜bM&'\ BGn`,  6(K -6-NK6N6(Œ[V, 02kK0 ‰vB.3 (lB&0 , g\G2BN<B +=_ K .Z. f36gS )) 9OY*&2kl 6& +&$ 2]3 w.) K  _ K .Fg.¡28) ! 2B6O0 OB 0UQKZ62P*6˜, F9.f36g/ ((? ( +(/ v3961&0'G P1 ˜ ¬°ùØf ¢ùÑëjU1_ .(  / (B&0[ 2.-GBK3 ! GB6 FKa.B&0'2ƒ6 OB1 $3*R-.Bg (166@PHŠ4.-G3 "#$3Y bM&'3.3*f36gg)% / v39.G+. 3<  ,.) 1B".3Q% ".BG+1B&0 _ K .(I.2R i<P*6˜ 838 .P*6˜\".,)'!/ 6 B G! \B&$? (167Š4J

141

 +&$ 2_ K .3mORf3˜% QN&', g\ Z62ROGR<6NJ' =23 R`\ 80/ "N.  +e.3%M_ vJ')*)3Q  =ROG/0\ / "N. 2  ^) v0 2.! 6r nG[ Z.3s% fIS! H, (263@PHŠ496]I=?mO)% ".  <K) % n.I(ROG,-y6(@>69H?@D^!K 2) QVB&$?@E^!.4’kI30 B<./0 /!`0 ]3 (263@PHŠ4) QVI=u O 61 ".! 6i<, 2mD^/ \ FK -LG. <= 2D LG. 2f! . R º  ROG ! D !n+ ,Üô©dG ó°V 6 P" Fn. l$ 2Fn.  +(  +GO _ "K ' 

 ' zG   0 kl /0' 2,n O Dr G ƒ6"9 ¡S! H/0 , g\ "0 ,nT 1/ "9. z "GB6 ƒ9.8 †6`GN. ,G #$ 2 + / <G ;a 28 V{ \9j mD^ mO 

 OƒLƒa) : *&0 (K!) € 2+`zG 6<. 2;a* 3G 3: ! 6 3 . 2R<6N J' .L2

NQ~IV0 OG<)L6G.263K V <K  O=+:G<626* O"91 mOM '{ =!)  Fn.B&0„"Ue.I=?@mO{)y6. (264@PHŠ4/ <2N23/ - (



O *z * 6\ P*6˜v0 #$ 8e(FK -S. K 6< S.28 +69DK 6Gn.B&0y6(2

.! 6 bM&' O8 .-N.¡2B 3 &$f <./ (f36Y6G6 kI8 ,-.¡ P*6˜

!‚ )ƒ.% Nu0', e- , _ K ._0‰39KI3< ,  OR9&/0Fn.R69]I=2kl, ‚ N '?@mO{) Fg3 2kIO, { .B&0,iK' &$@BU "4, 0'D0 (264Š4klR<G.l ?@8  V

2=^&z =IBK3, F2_ K .-2P+* _ . ]) H Up UD? /  Q   =J)  3<  0' 3" B<-

2[V PV <K2 <=++G NHR=2/ OG6+DzG  l$ ’, P:)09., ’V "m6<6N, 0, l l$

‫ اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ واﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮن‬- ‫رؤى ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ‬


PO „"26Yg0/0[610'?@% "K+ [  e.3 B&0 (2B&^ K)2 . u "+s (  ‰v gf36g (282@PHŠ4 .is3GOP<61_ <#$F=l

2! D gD s, 3^61$ z . 9O_ +=' zs, ]`  ).! 6  G) 6&~ô‚ °ùj Ée [+&/0  <6 2.! 66QM*\ zGv0 KT&\ ’ .0 R=2  .' /J'?B.3 TD  &LM._ K 6 2 =ˆB<OƒH.2 ()B()P K2R /!8 & 602B K /0 (B+ #$ +< (Bn.Œ Q])3H 10)P . g\ 2] &2]!6 36 \2‹114@PHŠ4‰39.¡8 †6` ~ 10'6u  ‰vBO=(lB&0,

_ 6"L  69“236D) VN"e 0 , % 9K =& <= +KZ62% 6P*6GK2 "+0 #$2

=^<, e- O _ "K' &$ 2U6f36gPO YO+K +<6O2_ K .É¡æHCG z 6e28 "?@+ -N.Z62 6s36V\ fI <O'kIO (282@PHŠ4<N 9)_ K .

2_ K . 3  6$ H R 2†6  s , FK -  &LM. Œ Q™"6K/0\<+K2_ <V26(?RQKBK3  ÒμØàdG <- y6( —% .— ‰39. ¡  †6` /0 y*- (130@PHŠ4: s02/l$" O

36 =3 O_ +='_3 3G2 GwNK%9&; <= K "2P B P*6G.< 3(/$ 2/J'

øe  QKl$ '$  6s#$ ƒ6N.'P g ? ÜC’G ÉeCG U& (4, 0'_D0, mGT3<I=, 023.˜

‫ﻧﺎ واﺧﺮ‬-‫ا‬

/ - ,  N&"&[6K! - O?/J' 028 F-K_0' F" \ 8 10)U"& K 69‹131@PHŠ4UV B6+J#$ - =3 &3"NOFKfI2ROGJ'[ ~QFO

6G(9_ 1y6ˆ K`)]) %/ ",93

‫ اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ واﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮن‬- ‫رؤى ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ‬

140


2 "O6"]I=/ .26┬Б1$z (6g0/0┬Щ,  mm<.3V, 3V1, /)I9. ~Q O m<.3 ! GH ┬ДOK e( 3= ` FK - !) . 

r0'!3`3< * 2BK33.^K2R6┬Б1$'┬ЧROG  O) G* O8 G+u,.3#$ /0 n.2┬Г"A ) *& / J'

├Цd├ЙW 400 ┬Д"  .Lu  / ( 8 50 V \ B&$ 2R0  .? / 1)3.F u35003D .2q83+2_ 6 +<6O┬Т,.3/ 1)3. 3 " +2

& [O)02(6<.!P1)3 vv2)  SO2]($ /!┬Фkl(┬Л163 :┬вU┬К4.3P┬С \ 6  1 6┬Б1$  / <.3   6O 1 +  \2H 1)3 23H N , e- .! 6G.*F%s(0''$_3"K'R тАл╪зя│Кя║о╪и я║Чя║ия╗ая║ия╗Ю ╪зя╗Яя╗Мя║Оя║Ля╗ая║Ф ╪зя╗Яя╗┤я╗мя╗о╪пя╗│я║ФтАм

2_ 6% u8 ┬Ж6`GNK'R 0? 2┬Д") H#$i<KP┬Е 283QV2+G0 .RO0 2) 0'3= *. 2%  QOB.0), ,G. 4B6$RYQ.'830/0g) (324@PH2_ K .RN┬К тАЩ zsA┬Д1 6s 2/ & G.2/ O P1 <[6+D \2B6O!3  OG*._ K .2m. 1g8 1 &0'$3 K B&0 \2+ ] ┬Еz"<6&0 + OP9.03OB1)3  >N./0!)03.3┬ШB".3H+ ]) HPQ+"K3Vf36YO I9.' 2B60] I< B61 0B J-O]LM./02BBV  F6KaOK?R1)3) *'2kIO30) $ T 1   + ' R BK3  ' ┬Л55 @PH┬К 4 <e.3  <v$ 4f36g) H#$ 0 y"#$?i<.\  "1' ! &0 ( BN& \ f <? ]3  \ hCG (100 @PH┬К (55@PH┬К4PQNV + 2 K!'I< 6┬Б1$ B: MKfI~Q! D2/l$ BO.,+ Z9.\N 2.! 610') 6&F.2┬м┬лa ┬ЗRs3.3┬Ш,( T 18303n.'B<-2/ 0' O]G*. +

2.! .┬Б , Z.39., BOP10 O'8 ^DFK -!N. ROG┬ЧR6┬Б1$'~Qzsv0 K2/ <- <OV '6┬Б1$  : MKRzs/0 y6(2.! 6┬Б G\ .! 6┬Б G6p#$f!{ KR<K 2YQ \N _ K . 2_0' 2┬ЛmO{)┬К z0' , & - ┬Б G zsVfIf3<┬Шf36g RGQyV 2" Q (B60 ] LB6 [".\N   FOP6,-2BV9OR-. =e(klFOBD K 20 n┬Г6u0 3  R<&0'?klF1, % ".O2[6+┬ШB<i. B.3/$O┬Л13@PH┬К48 +=cG.30'/02]3BG!  HPN2k& <10;?@B

+6G)3H$''$B& +-.' (32@PH┬К4z 1 s (30@PH┬К43O0B.┬И &[.'28 +┬Б!36?B&$+ B< % ".

]┬И)!/0 O2 +=F(% 9.B&$ 2B.3% +=$' n6& ├Ь├ЙH ┬┐CG ] .$L┬РklFO2.3B 31 3< P1)3 /0' 2>69HgI=?@8 ┬Б V]1M128 +┬Б!B┬М N  (100@PH┬К4┬ГY  - z O /0 2~Q FO  R` ( zMO  &LM. FK - /0 ( 2├Й├жg 139

тАл ╪зя╗Яя╗Мя║к╪п ╪зя╗Яя║о╪зя║Ся╗К ┘И╪зя╗Яя║Ья╗╝я║Ыя╗о┘ЖтАм- тАл╪▒╪д┘Й я║Чя║оя║Ся╗оя╗│я║ФтАм

v0 K, _ K .┬Й39.2mO)% 6g2f36gVA! H3V R6O2 ┬ДO/.2/ "V~) *P1 <[6+D?kl 4+.  R` ' 2r N / 9N. ' 2! G (  R` ( . 4] K R-.3(?@P 0    K ."B 0 % V(I. (91@PH┬К


‫زﺣﻒ اﳌﺘﺪﻳﻨﻮن ﻣﻦ أﺟﻞ اﻟﺴﻴﻄﺮة ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺪوﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﺎ واﺧﺮ‬-‫ا‬

2363n! G1236"G. "KRY<.? 4B+1;) KD0,   Q O,. (\ ! (73@PH26 < _  sŠ 2m<.3+& /BNu6nOB60_  s[<V0/03GO  Nu% ! "OU)Z62 +61U6OSK( * 03O  6 BO)RS0'B+6V3N126<.!:)

23\ 6m<.3 ' “2B.)FK -% <. 269P n6<.3P1)3% Nu0'

& %, R61$'[+nv{ =)!

836D8 Gu/ 3".2N  

1? 6@B6`  % " z ( f! 6 ,.3 6GK , 6" R"K N . ' áÑ°ùædÉH =2U6Ok< O,.3?@ V 3&  <-46" (93@PHŠ4,n1t

2 .Lu-zR=2 <.3 6QM`.iK 2BK10!0B60\ ƒ6+G]v0 K2B6` L(0'¦0'26 < P: “2H 661$'. 3.3pB3Kt  O [+n\ B+6 GK

/D *62Aˆf0 Up )0 , %r <K'2. V0  +6 m<.3 /0 y6(  <= i. <- \ _ < B6` .  "< g, LGK &$ O2BDrDmO\/v{ . 3+s?+.BG+K2B6` [D K 3<  &$ V2m<.3\ @PHŠ4’qV  ’q3+s ?@B% "24q3+s2q (31

I0 <2m661$' 6\ 6QM*]I=v{ Ky6(T&R- G*KR'8 e B6` Dr2+6-*. V)90 +61 kl/0' 26 Dr 0 ) .r3< 2_3 ; K)' O PQ90 /0 R ?@% "2 O_ 6"Fn.e( pF. ‚ [6+D/0 3(0 K0 /0 6‚ +9E)!#$ ‚ K¡668 <6-1/0 .! G6<.3+-9>.QK/0'28 j%De

n< (19@PHŠ4P10‚ .3< , Z9O0/06N-.'

R26&N  0 , ". " 6QM` +61 I0 @  % "K U& ( 2 N& , s G  .0) % V \  O)  O^GKMNKU& ( <-2‹111@PHŠ4ns (FHk10)?  !

øeB: G i.B&0 \2 K 66H NKS!0 3. = …óÑjUV % ui.2 .LuBK) .^O/ ". 3<  O  1 %  lBK i

 .Lu#$z =I)"2& s 0 O  <V$'".u3n.¡B6` + ?<.3  &0 .Lu]i&UN.B603  \ Q96 6<.31)3\< /0 gb ".J  K `_ M OoGK (154@PHŠ4E) , R (

mK '$B&)^.'   &0, g\ 2BK) .rIp'R=  +61\<+KeK2z Q 0'K KBK) .r/$ 2<8 vv0 2_  smO H 3< t0' =) G*( * /! = & (68@PHŠ4) N\ RD^ 3?3"

\ MK ' 3 /0 #$ 2B6` /  \ FK - >+.  0'(l2m<u + K 3x3"KQ"K2%  Om<.3 .[: , Ž(0

U  + ?@ N&Uv32_  sDr OF& nOUNV   l$ 9:  RO /0 O U0 +*9 PO  3K) /0 , 8  2 Q6+V))r0 #$  i<‹68 @PHŠ & nO4UNV ƒY g =30/ -.

Fn.R0  .LQ?@B6n62_  9B-* B6` Œ. PHŠ4"G O $2 " OP6,-2) , 3GO, F."K U6 #$ p /0 \ 2/J' [:  ;aK /0 N. ‹162 >N61261$ ! 6 0 -O% N' NK ’h ,á«æjódG ÖàμdG @_  sy6.2Œ 6K)_3 B6` f3. 3< kK0 FV

]LD0 2 <O0 / N 6 < + 2U6  ! 3<   ?@B6` .3DYO% Vz \ eI. G6"K\ @; K) OB6` !‚ )‹69@PHŠ4’-6Oz O0' I. GK%  +61! D I. G ‫ اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ واﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮن‬- ‫رؤى ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ‬

138


¬H UQK2JnNK‰3,   +13GO2+ y6u = D ,¬©e ôLÉ°ûàdG #$2BV < #$2B6$ <6<UN*(3"2B6$ !  B9)`#$ , 2/ O *  +&$?@ &+ ,  +61% "K. <  +„"2 N&3, '2 N&.",  +&0 (3 (454@PHŠ43]I=. =3D K »àdG ,O--N2.! 6 G[6+…! $ O_ ".FK - R<6NROGJ', A ƒ" +. J 8 0 /0' 2y{ %, k1 +K39K.! 6 G ]3I=,-3\`Kv, [+n) 6&#$! "61 ÚÑ©°ûdG /02.[: , Ž(0>+.FK - 2RN-.’ ‚ B 0BK .(l#$(m<s +=3*.2/ "= 2/ 6& G. -+\  < 8) HT 9.fI &~* >n<61 ’)"1'/ J' 9&] …'

<V6" +  < LG62.nN6+G3GO &+ mOVGÉeCG Of0 6R"<12/J' =ˆ.31283D6+D?@8  V (212@PHŠ4P<D ;l , 8   R61$ ( ,-. fI   , ‰39. \<&'\2\: N‰3$ , y-.'fIR<6N I= k9& ¡ m 10 I< ? @y6.  ]! D ! 6 ,9& (121 :PHŠ4 <!#$B(yr <O„69  U6Ox3"B6O!fIS! H, +  &‰3p_ .03GO E0 /)3˜ , 

< ~^& B&0 y6( 28 6   <6D _0 B )! H? U V 28 .0 l  + %0 1  3<  26=l 1 2]K/0k6 / (BO ` 0B&0'P62] "  B6 U"N`0 +61\2B6O) .r =]!)0 (2r n D)B&$ (270-269@PHŠ4. < R % Qs  R<6N *  < Ue6 2 <= 2FK - ! G. /l$ 27! ~ <V$'z 10 O'2 nN O'2B",  R` ’s =

,  +‘ , z" O ,-K 2F6O0 K #$  & K / G.2 NzG <=?@ V<  <v3p2ROGz *  R`; <=2 3G1 68 6 <-2‹356@PHŠ4/ -9. 0 ,n0 " O!3 R<6N 28 .0 A B&$ V){ . isf0! [ F=IKROG] …NMi<23.3˜ =-NO =& /362  *  =3 ./0,-,( 0\  36=30 - UG 3V  "` #$ ! GK +eK 2^6+  )  30 R <  * GNK/03.Kl U 2 "   * *<K/0—m<—3+(i9kK-NU6 0? (414@PHŠ4

= …'[6+Dfu R 3K1K/0R10)

(9_ 1y6ˆ K`)]) %/ ",93 6G 137

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„ s\  "QK2 < 

: S)0\ 1KU ` P1 &0 O u 0236 O/ NK[  8) HU" „1 ¸+Q O u O 26=IBK3D1[ ?S! H2  0 2m<s O/G*. i< m<D)0', 3.3D ! V; <=U& (2ƒ<G%  ) Ru`  :$ O ~* U+(0 ºK (414 @PHŠ 4 +<61 8  N +9.U6OO O_ 0 y".RO 2G B-,9. 6<Y 2z ` `28 3H8(


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тАл ╪з┬Бя║зя║о ╪зя╗Яя╗Фя╗ая║┤я╗Дя╗┤я╗ия╗▓тАм3тАля╗зя║О ╪зя╗Яя╗┤я╗мя╗о╪пя╗│я║Ф ┘Ия║Чя║Дя║ЫтАм-тАл╪зтАм

┬Т0'&J'm <l ? 4PH G b Y 2 <<6Ob Y  R`( (290@PH2.O &┬К

]I=2 <=P*6G, U+┬Ж1? &$+G% "K2 nN(IK (82 :PH┬К4 & -1KRG"

3< 2 0'P.+ 21)3!E) N O-NK / \ FK -!) .2.nNK6+ ~ V, / .^N,G. (187@PH┬К4'8 Nu0 &\"mO, /0?wN<[.I B&$?@B% "K2 6 / <┬Ж+u+GO2 &".3H46=?QK ┬б0 ┬ТI( R*O_ 6"/ D 9.6=-, (2[6i3D (189@PH┬К4┬Тy<   "┬А G+. % Nu0'"KR.nN

6+G6e P*V <.FK - <= % , )L g R<6N y<G , ┬Й39. 2 < _ ". /045O 6=? /  \ F . 2.  . & v 6QM` ┬б FK - /0 F.Y ,- 2y<  ".O / 6<6N ./0 OF .┬б├У├М m6<6N_3 $V

6+ P*V <. FG*┬Г9O. 3)r nz -K), y-./0 0 ┬Т%' 2"<6O& 1KT V0 kj!P*6G. =2%^ 0' 26┬Б1$  / &$'S "; &n1L(0 kj  D =  ┬Р !!r2 V !!r +( &03. ,  +┬С. QK &U 2  .~) `.nN6+G3GO i&2g `3 "iG U& (4z (PH O#$ 3GQ2) Q RMN<6"sPQ9NK  ┬Г"O┬Б",. t$ (195 :PH┬К4├Р +D . <┬Ж+u0@ ( &$? +0  G / ".'D)3m ^ P1 </ (4z (. QKUu (196@PH┬К4R*V < \ PQY<68 +┬Б!! D R<6N/02┬Г1 %,  <>: . \ 8 10)BK 6F".2S K' Gn.2BK 6R6┬Б1$'\ f0 6M.2 R`(k*.BGn.2]) -0 P` *.2F"

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136


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O GHBD . +V  K 6G: OJ'_ 0ยก G_ 0 = i. &(2/ ! ย? 

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135

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134


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132


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- Barbier J.-M. (Ed) (1996), Savoirs thĂŠoriques et savoirs dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;action, Paris PUF. - Barth B.-M (1987), Lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;apprentissage de lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;abstraction, MĂŠthodes pour une meilleure rĂŠussite de lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ĂŠcole, Paris, Retz. - Barth B.-M. (1993), Le savoir en construction, Paris, Retz. - De Mountmollin, M. (1996), Savoir travailler: Le point de vue de lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ergonomie, In J.m. Barbier (Ed), Savoirs thĂŠoriques et savoir dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;action (pp. 189 -199), Paris, Presses Universitaires de France.

- Frenay M. (1996), Le transfert des apprentissages, In E. Bourgeois Ed, lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;adulte en formation, Regards pluriels (pp. 37-56), Paris, PUF.

- Guillevic Ch. (1991), Psychologie du travail, Paris, Nathan. - Isambert-Jamati V. (1970), Crises de sociĂŠtĂŠ, crises de lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;enseignement, Paris, PUF. - Le Boterf G. (1994), De la compĂŠtence, Essai sur un attracteur ĂŠtrange, Paris, Les Editions dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Organisation. - Le Boterf G. (1997), De la compĂŠtence Ă la navigation professionnelle, Paris, Les Editions dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Organisation. - Leplat J. (1997), Regards sur lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;activitĂŠ en situation de travail, Contribution Ă  la psychologie ergonomique, Paris, PUF. - Meirieu, PH.( 1998), Le transfert                    R. Pantanelle (ED. Apprendre (NumĂŠro hors sĂŠrie des Cahiers pĂŠdagogiques), pp. 6-7.

- Mendelsohn P. (1996), Le concept de transfert, In Ph. Meirieu, M. Devely, C. Durand et Y. M ariani (Ed), Le concept de transfert de connaissance en formation initiale et continue (pp, 11-12), Lyon, CRDP.

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- Perrenoud Ph. (1997), Vers des pratiques pĂŠdagogiques favorisant le transfert des acquis scolaires hors de lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ĂŠcole, PĂŠdagogies collĂŠgiales (QuĂŠbec), 10 (3), 5 -16 ( RĂŠpubliĂŠ in Ph. Perrenoud (1997), PĂŠdagogie diffĂŠrenciĂŠe : des intentions Ă lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;action (pp. 53- 71) Paris, ESF).

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- Perrenoud PH. (1999 a), Dix nouvelles compĂŠtences pour enseigner, Invitation au voyage, Paris, ESF. - Perrenoud PH. (1999 b), Lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ĂŠcole saisie par les compĂŠtences, UniversitĂŠ de Genève, FacultĂŠ de psychologie et des savoirs de lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ĂŠducation.

- Perrenoud PH. (1999 c), Raisons de savoirs, Vie PĂŠdagogique, 113, 5-8. - Raynal F. et Rieunier, A. (1997), PĂŠdagogie : dictionnaire des concepts-clĂŠs, Paris, ESF. - Raynal F. et Rieunier, A. (1998), Transfert et psychologie cognitive, Educations 15, 11-17. - Rey B. (1996), Les compĂŠtences transversales en question, Paris, ESF. - Rey B (1998), Un transfert nommĂŠ dĂŠsir, Education, 15, 18-21. - Tardif J. (1996), Le transfert de compĂŠtences analysĂŠ Ă travers la formation de professionnels in PH. Meirieu, M. Develey, C. Durand et Y. Mariani (Ed), Le concept de transfert de connaissances en formation initiale et en formation continue (pp. 31 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 46), Lyon, CRDP.

- Tardif J. (1999), Le transfert des apprentissages, MontrĂŠal, Editions Logiques. - Tardif J. et Meirieu PH. (1996), StratĂŠgie pour favoriser le transfert des connaissances, Vie pĂŠdagogique, 98 (7). - Vergnaud G. (1995), Quelle thĂŠorie pour comprendre les relations entre savoire-faire et savoir ? in A. bentolila (Ed), savoirs et savoir-faire (pp. 5-20). Paris, Nathan.

- Verret M. (1975), Le temps des ĂŠtudes (Vol. 1-2) Paris, HonorĂŠ Champion.

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124


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24P g~ : +(?"<, Â&#x2039;Meirieu , 1998Â&#x160; . Â&#x2030;3p3" Â&#x192;G. 0'/0  ON.[+n 2G ~ : +(P6 øΟd 123

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Bloom B. et Coll, Taxonomie des objectifs pĂŠdagogiques, tome1, Le domaine cognitif, Presse de lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;universitĂŠ de QuĂŠbec, 1976. Hameline D., Les objectifs pĂŠdagogiques en formation initiale et en formation continue, ESF, 12e ĂŠdition, 1995. Le xuan et Chassain J.C, Analyse comportementale, Nathan, coll. Sciences de lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ĂŠducation, 1976.      !"   #Dunod, 2001. Perrenoud P., Lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ĂŠcole est-elle encore le creuset de la dĂŠmocratie? chronique sociale, 2003. Vande velde L. et Vander ELST P., Peut-on prĂŠciser les objectifs en ĂŠducation? Nathan- labor, 1977.

:â&#x20AC;ŤŘ§ďť&#x;اﺜâ&#x20AC;Ź @, PQ<I=yV* Jean BeautĂŠ, Courants de la pĂŠdagogie, Chronique sociale,Lyon, 5e ĂŠdition, 2004, pp. 68-83.

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+6G V#$ FGQ.B&$ 2836"GK┬О(0

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 +  ┬╜6-1 /0 kl G PH QMO 8 6┬Б^D ] <i'   =

% GN (\ AG\ 8)! V/ -./0?@6V, 2i< ├Ь├Й┬й┬л├а┬░S├Йa]4 G6+DB<+K'R+┬Ш, 1!2BO , 8 V&6+G\ +G

O *;)!$R<G.2 _ N 

O * O ~3M&' _3 f0 ┬З^66+ O _ 6" "6V! PQ┬Б Q ;  6┬Щ61Rb* :$ 8 .0 Fn.[= i  ) 6' l┬Ж10'" ORO -/ 9 'e 2i< ) ┬И$'% -`0 , -`(0 23.3*2┬ЛQ.S.M┬К!3G gPQ┬Б Q#$6G: f!{ K/0,-+,+2GN Ow ┬Ж10'/0 * = +(2┬Г"9\ 8 e ! G&/0 <6 GV  2 QT  !39&/0  <6 R"O!3G ) 6' l 6<F"<++┬Шr$ 0 2 " 0 &>< mO

 6i.R+┬Ш\ ┬Д" "O$'02BO% GN | |G 6+1Y6QO2BO% GN

тАл ╪зя╗Яя╗Фя╗Ья║о ╪зя╗Яя║Ся╗о┘КтАм

[3T 1,+K'0b`

тАл ╪зя╗Яя╗Мя╗дя╗Ю я╗Ля╗ая╗░ я╗Ля║к┘Е ╪зя│Ля╗ая╗В я║Ся▓Ф ╪зя╗Яя║Шя╗Мя╗ая╗в ┘Ия║Чя╗Ья║о╪з╪▒тАм4-3 тАл╪зя╗Яя║┤я╗ая╗о┘Г ╪зя│Мя╗ия║Шя╗Ия║отАм

! ])-K L 2┬Г"9 % -`0 \ ,.+  ┬У  ^6j B<-┬НfI  $'/02kIO3Q"&~ K' O261)3 < i< . 8  g26┬Б $'

. N-, ┬Г"9!0 / -./0 2e G6n6Ka1$ OB 2,-. u3 ]3┬Б NO! `$'Uj8 6 .  $'P1) 2 <=,  _3GOR: "] i<; )-K/0  =2/ s OI{ .┬б

; I=)V$#$) Of!{ .'[6┬Б $ 0z -K) ┬Б + i< )-  2

6: . \ BN&  0' ┬Г<. 6n6Ka1$'/02B6k`' ┬Х #$8 +f!{ .'26: .  -9  e+K ┬Б  , mG ~ & ┬Ш G┬А >+K R 61A3=0 :R. e+2o L6Gi<El +<_ 1 <<-┬Н _ 0 ! D G/0 R<G.@┬Лreproduction┬КE &$'! $ ┬л ├Б Q12BD &$ ! $ \ T 1+G.'2┬Лstimulus┬Кe 2yH2\Q0 2>:2, 0 @e % G0 3 ┬А

+6G i , 8 V&26+G┬А <= 0'┬ГG.3*1 BN&"6+< 2N┬РH < F6KK\ )3"\<G┬А@┬Лconceptualisation┬К_ NA├Й├жH ┬л _ "1_ N+^6+"6V3F& ┬Ш"O  G  "& ,  R*\ AG&,9<┬З^66+\  <=6<=I6+G P:) G0A'┬Г.u \ ]( *3  "┬Г6Kf0@┬Лproduction┬КE &$' ┬л тАл ╪зя╗Яя╗Мя║к╪п ╪зя╗Яя║о╪зя║Ся╗К ┘И╪зя╗Яя║Ья╗╝я║Ыя╗о┘ЖтАм- тАл╪▒╪д┘Й я║Чя║оя║Ся╗оя╗│я║ФтАм

118


,  [8 6  F61 s ]6K ├Йe ╞Тgh] 4o L ? 6GK ) u$'  %{ 21)3+t s) u$'2kl3┬Б *V < ,-+ P: /3O8+e 08 <-┬Х0B68 O g 3.NI=/ (l$ + <G+┬ШP:) G./03.N/ - $ O/0u O┬Щ&26H N "G A3=0 [V K 23G g , ,- ┬Лsocialisation┬К ,.J' #$ 

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6n6Ka1$ 8 .0 O2

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6"G ,. K )V$'36N ┬Б 1 O &!^KA3=0'1 O├Й┬лL╞ТZG├│┬л├СdG ┬┐EG :тА╣├Й├аdG 6V)  6D g36O тАля╗ля║к╪з┘БтАм-тАл ╪зтАм3тАл╪зя╗гя║Ю я║Ся║Шя╗Мя║Оя║СтАмWтАл я║Чя╗Мя║кя╗│я╗Ю ╪зя╗ЯтАм3.3

Ro Lg 6H! $  <6N-.B&0 ! " ', / -61 /0?@.9Y6Q O8 V  _ N (GnO2

. 9,+K 28 e BO% GN%  9<P1)!/ - $ ?\ 8)! V/ -. A *(\ 8)! V[I6+] / -./0?@t A3,G./0 A3=0N┬Бrg 6QO <=┬ГG. 0'/$ 2"6"s4BO% GN ; yH :$mG.B&$ 2.3F( #$ <GD) l$

O   D$']I=[.P1)3.,< O├┤┬░T├Й├Сeh тАля╗ля║к╪з┘БтАм-тАл я║Чя╗Дя║Тя╗┤я╗Шя║О╪к ╪зя╗Яя║Тя╗┤я║к╪зя╗Пя╗оя║Яя╗┤я║О я║Ся╗о╪зя║│я╗Дя║Ф ╪зтАм.3 тАл╪п╪зя║зя╗Ю ╪зя╗Яя╗Шя║┤я╗втАм тАл ╪ея╗Чя║о╪з╪▒ я║Чя╗Мя║Оя╗Чя║к ╪зя╗Яя║Шя╗Мя╗ая╗втАм1.3

I6+ mO 3V GK ! D A3=0' 1 O  6D g36 P:aNK [460' s?R=]BG. ┬Х8 V&".0F.G G ,  =/ -.Z69O2*&0', 1P1)3B6 ┬Мa"./0 O *&0']I=, i<

( ┬Г6"9 ]I= e g 6H \ 8)! V 8 ! / -. ' I6+ /0 >69H 2/ 60' F g  ┬Мa". fI  = P1)3 /$  2I F  (leonin┬КRNGK3V GI=/$ % ",-┬НO2% 0 ;  2 R`(, g\ G+[M.I6+_! 2 3#$ 

+┬В G NK ] ┬Е  K 2"6V3 ├б├л┬░VG╞ТdG ├бZ├Й┬л┬░├╝dG ┬┐E├Йa Ro┬Б <R= BGN&l GN&l AG&,9<.) kIO2~*r C$1 <┬А3V G!39./0,-+,  =i<& 4RNG?BGO uyM. тАл я╗зя║дя╗о я║Чя╗Мя╗ая╗┤я╗в я╗Уя║О╪▒я╗Чя╗▓тАм2.3

 +(6G3.NK#$ 8 1 10 A3=0'1 O 6D g36R K 2) Q8 O V8 <-┬Х3.NI=LG.kl#$ ) `$'U"1

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117

тАл ╪зя╗Яя╗Мя║к╪п ╪зя╗Яя║о╪зя║Ся╗К ┘И╪зя╗Яя║Ья╗╝я║Ыя╗о┘ЖтАм- тАл╪▒╪д┘Й я║Чя║оя║Ся╗оя╗│я║ФтАм


тАля╗ля║к╪з┘Б я╗Ыя╗ая╗┤я║Ф я╗зя║дя╗отАм-тАл я║Чя║Шя║ая╗к ╪зя╗Яя║Тя╗┤я║к╪зя╗Пя╗оя║Яя╗┤я║О я║Ся╗о╪зя║│я╗Дя║Ф ╪зтАм4.2 тАл╪зя╗Яя╗ия║ая║О╪нтАм

[:#$A3.G/0y6(m.266"PH QMO] <+1)

8 & 603D &,9<┬Лapproximation┬КF."+p'

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G6"O_ 6" f02 . N(F(3V/ -612B+GK ,  ( <]I=BK8 ( 1^C0├│b ┬┐╞Т╬╝┬л┬░S , g \G R1)3 % n \ 8 ."K BN&  0' ┬Г<. 69 0 ]I=/0'26(  $'28 e I6+-p_3 3  ", !3 261-*O+G./0B& - $ O/0'$2┬Г6"9 !3┬У6+nG 3 \  28 6` =┬О(0 ,+:2) M z 1 s '8 3K┬О(0'

+- "&┬Ф l$8 H Q2 "  2 0[D \  .2z -I=-`[: O>+1fI  0 I=23

+- O"G 0'A *(, ,-┬Н (Heuristique┬Кe 

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. N-O GOUY6H├│b F  I6+ /0 \ 36(0  ┬Ф 28 e  9< RN R1)3 

 \ AG\ )3"z ( O?k1(. &3< +┬Ш% -`0 y┬РyH2% G0'┬╕6H2F6(a2yV  y┬Р \  2[8 .0  0' Y6H 26 N1' 269.Q] 3K4 ┬Б <O66(a

+n\ AG2+┬Ш

& R : -*O i+ 8 O V 8 ( 1 4AG? \ )3"

 тАля╗ля║к╪з┘Б ╪зя╗Яя╗ия╗Ия║отАм-тАл я║Чя╗Мя╗┤я║к ╪зя╗Яя║Тя╗┤я║к╪зя╗Пя╗оя║Яя╗┤я║О я║Ся╗о╪зя║│я╗Дя║Ф ╪зтАм3.2 тАля║╖я╗Ья║О┘Д ╪зя╗Яя║Шя╗Шя╗ая╗┤я║кя╗│я║Ф я╗Яя╗ая║Шя╗Шя╗┤я╗┤я╗втАм-тАл╪зтАм

,[┬Д6"< f0]  6D  +613% ┬С Y&/0 /!2AaG& (6┬БD$+6V.0 U628 e   $'10\ 8  /0 O % nI== I6+/0 =2PH QIO]36(0 K,-┬Н

┬Д"&0 Ye\ AG O>+.2V.3" R`'2,- 0  ]I=┬З6u  ', 8(8 & D8 !,+K"<  " )+1 O

тАл ╪зя╗Яя╗Фя╗Ья║о ╪зя╗Яя║Ся╗о┘КтАм

V.3", 6 : ┬О(02  N-, ┬Г"9  D$  O\961R Q, 8 2  D$']I= ^6┬Х├╕eh ; _! +RKl66"OG_ 6"6& - $ ; <=2>9Q #$2BN<O;)361G/$ 2V3, RN-. ┬АyH3Vi< _ 1A3┬╕O3f0

A f0 e. ' i+ 8 O V / -. ;  /$  2O " O 8 6┬Б^DP68 6(8 - / -.┬З[8 ` _0 8 9D &/ (0   1] [". I6+  26&3 : .  kl , 3(0  ,-+ ,  

(9O_ ".┬З G".'0 26& v14 A┬И├Оe 100 ├бa├Й┬░├╣e тАЩhCG UO e! +G,.j^n<.┬З O_ ".'0P:)0'\ 6 ".$ T  \ ,-2 <=

G. <PGOQp/0 ,-┬Н]^n<. P:)0'\ m 3"┬Й v(sV `)e ┬З┬Д"r C$'┬╕6H I{ K'0,-+, a 100 < O ^N"3GO 6 ( =3n6</0 O)V$'┬Ф l$2)  'mGOH <G]I= 269 , P6 ,- 2FGQ , 3. 2kl O " I6+K/ - $ A) G OH 

+GK\ v + O%'31' !3  "&\ 8)! V/ (l$ 2

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+-┬Г  2I(-*O8 6┬Б^Di.[ax=bc]

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116


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NQ6GK 8)! VI6+/ -./0 @6 

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w% GN1 N% G0'

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:â&#x20AC;ŤŘ§ďť&#x;اﺜâ&#x20AC;Ź @, PQ<I=yV* Daniel Hameline, Les objectifs pĂŠdagogiques, en formation initiale et en formation continue, Paris, ESF ĂŠditeur, 12e ĂŠdition 1995, (1er ed, 1979), pp. 177-194.

4kN¨,}.M(L5?n8 Q6QDK3V (1Â&#x160;

M. De Mont Mollin, lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;analyse du travail, prĂŠalable Ă la formation, Paris, A. Colin, 1974, P. 49

(2Â&#x160;

D. Thila, les sciences sociales dĂŠtournĂŠes, Politique Hebdo, 1976, 228,29.

(3Â&#x160;

R. T. Hyman, Ways of teching, philadelphia, Newyork, Toronto, J.B. Lipincott, 2e ed., 1974.

A. N. LÊontiev, P. Galperin, learning, theory and programmed instruction, in stones(e), Readings in Educational psychology, London, Methuen and C°., 1970, 313-323.

(4Â&#x160;

(5Â&#x160;

B. F. Skinner, la rĂŠvolution technique de lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;enseignement, Bruxelles, Dessart, 1969.

(6Â&#x160;

     !"       $ & 'Villars, 1972.

W. J. Pophan, Probing the validity of arguments against Behavioral Goals, in R. C. Anderson, Current Research on instruction, EngleWood Cliffs, Prentice Hall, 1969.

(7Â&#x160;

(8Â&#x160;

Mac Donald Ross, Behavioral objectives, a critical Review, instructional science, 1973, 2, 1-52.

B. Bloom et Coll., Taxonomie des objectifs pĂŠdagogiques, tome 1, Le domaine cognitif, MontrĂŠal, ĂŠducation nouvelle, 1969, nouvelle ed., Presse de lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;universitĂŠ de QuĂŠbec, 1975.

(9Â&#x160;

P.C. Duchastel, P.F. Merril, The effects of Bchavioral objectives on learning, a review of empirical studies, Review of educational research, 1972, 43, 53, 69.

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J. Filloux, Du contrat pĂŠdagogique, Paris, Dunod, 1974.

(12Â&#x160;

S. Baruk, Echec et Maths, Paris, ed, du Seuil, 1973.

(13Â&#x160;

A. Vasquez, F. Oury, Vers une pĂŠdagogie institutionnelle, Paris, maspers, 1967.

(14Â&#x160;

J. F. Chosson, les charmes pervers de lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ĂŠvaluation, Education permamente, 1977, 41, 73-86.

(15Â&#x160;

J .C. Passeron, la relation pĂŠdagogique dans le système dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;enseignement, Prospective, 1967, 14, 149 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 175.

(*Â&#x160;

Racine, Britannicus, acte IV, scène IV.

(16Â&#x160;

N. Farnes, student â&#x20AC;&#x201C; centred learning, open university, 1974, 2, 2-6.

2@PH2BN&Â&#x192;O [D(17Â&#x160; (18Â&#x160;

+/; < > !      @  technical subject matter, Journal of industrial teacher education, 1973, 1, 5-14.

(19Â&#x160;

L. Legrand, De la dĂŠtermination des objectifs pĂŠdagogiques Ă la differenciation des pĂŠdagogies, in collèges dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;enseignement secondaire structurĂŠs en groupes differenciĂŠs, Paris, INRDP, 1973, 23 -24.

(20Â&#x160;

B . Goldschmid, M. Gold schmid, lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;enseignement par modules au niveau de lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;enseignement supĂŠrieur, QuĂŠbec, service de pĂŠdagogie universitaire de lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;universutĂŠ laval, 1973.

(21Â&#x160;

L. Dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Hainaut, une conception modulaire de lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ĂŠducation, Education et culture, 1972, 20, 17-25.

(22Â&#x160;

A. Vasquez, F. Oury, De la classe coopĂŠrative Ă la pĂŠdagogie institutionnelle, Paris, MaspĂŠr, 1971.

(23Â&#x160;

L. OllĂŠ la prune, le prix de la vie, Paris, Belin, 1896.

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:â&#x20AC;ŤŘ§ďť&#x;ďş&#x17D;ﺜâ&#x20AC;Ź @R +Â&#x2DC;+G, PQ<I=yV* .Collectif, La pĂŠdagogie: Une encyclopĂŠdie pour aujourdâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;hui, 4e ĂŠdition, Paris, ESF ĂŠditeur, 2001 pp: 289-299

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t  J-P., Lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ĂŠcole pour apprendre, Paris, ESF ĂŠditeur, 1992. t Develay M., de lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;apprentissage Ă lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;enseignement, Paris, ESF ĂŠditeur, 1992. t Martinand J-L., ConnaĂŽtre et transformer la matière, Berne et Francfort, Peter Lang, 1986. t Meirieu PH., Apprendre en groupe, 5ème ĂŠdition, Lyon, Chronique sociale, 1993. t Meirieu PH., Apprendre, oui mais comment? 10e ed., Paris, ESF ĂŠditeur, 1993. t Meirieu PH., Enseigner, scĂŠnario pour un mĂŠtier nouveau, 6e ed., Paris, ESF ĂŠditeur, 1992.

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Encyclopedia Universalis, 1985. Paul Ricoeur , Du Texte Ă lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;action , Essais dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;HermĂŠneutique II , ed. du Seuil ,Paris , 1986, p. 396 et suiv.

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 6. 136 Philippe Meirieu, La pĂŠdagogie entre le dire et le faire, Paris, ESF, 2ème ed. 1996. 9 Ibidem. , pp. 221 et suiv. 10 F.K+ X   "Z        des usines, Dunod et Pinat, Paris, 1912. 11 Ibidem. , p. 33. 12 Ph. Meirieu, Op. cit. , p. 222. 13 Ibid. , pp. 224 / 225. 14 Ibid. , p. 227. 15 Collectif, MĂŠtamorphoses de la formation , Alternance , Partenariat , DĂŠveloppement local , Paris , Lâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Harmattan , 1997 , p. 20. 16 Roger Mucchielli , Communication et rĂŠseaux de communication , Paris , ESF , 10eme ĂŠdition , 1999 , p.106. 17 Collectif , MĂŠtamorphoses de la formation , op. cit. p. 58. 8

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.mO NR 3K6"6K$'VG 3( OG<./0 „"-*.'J'/0 klJ (4U&0?k.4 &0? I  = <G6+6+s6-*,+:E)3<.O2 IO "BD  f0 2_a' !  . <G L 6+6+s VG ]I= \nK 3Gƒ6"p,-'R6 +D'6Nu G '! L /0' 26"]I=#$ "N.¡ . &3O[+n! 2ƒ"9./0 Fn.El +<O2 < ~ 3.6"O„KK "6K$' Fn.>  3Ge 6"O2]r C$ mG.+GO R6u"3R=61 10 0 €6"]I=/a"K .-K 3LGK2%0'_ NRNm N %, ) -.) =!39. ) -O\ +GKO2

Q Y$ O_ "K' 3< 6u"! ‡P: NO ViK/0 O2 N&, LGK/0 O >+K  D$ I=i<sP` "<!R=ƒs!/ -1\<GIO AG. -*K= .fI =sP` "< OƒGEl +< _ Gf0 O

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90


2z n.$' Oz ˜/ (l$8 Gu’> K[ > B6 mG. ÜôbCG => %I ) i<PQM*I=R<K] <G kI 2kI( =)  O266"KR=6Oa/$ 2) Q O4'  #$ l MK 6{  +9 b` O e€  = 8 .3"& 83GO ,+K R ‡ -s ^6•T3$]I= GH  6sO3Kf02)" ’T0' K!3“R= + :‫( ﻋﻦ اﳊﻜﺎﻣﺔ واﳊﻜﺎﻣﺔ اﻟﺑﻮﻳﺔ‬3-1

ƒ6"p P:YO 2O3 , \ _ G  = <G   -s %3K   12E &$'T  \ ! ˜b *<T  \ 6 GN  -s*KR1)3QN O02)!$' O02 " O 0'ƒGK IOm6<Gm N~ <K[ 2)"l MK^(j(#$ PHN {  -K 6{  (* 7!  \ 6p  +( ‡ u* 

6" R= ‡

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& "K$'A) G+m+Gz (%, 2B.!!8 +66"K  N/ G;) *L 2 +˜! ¢ûjÉ©àdG á«Ø«μdh , . Oa*&0'!3p2) u$'I= )"l MK  <v0 D0, 2 O (mG.R

. N-A3=0'% ^6N9O6Oa -sK/0mG..!!6 GN66"K G AG6 2RKI G \  )!  \ [6n*O L(0 -s28 6KlB*&0 66"OB>+. 2BK 6& - $BK)3V\ Au0[ (`RKIGR". +(B+ Œ CT3 \ S e&, ,GK L%! K6K2‹m*< m+G ŠT0 3.3D_  [.) * 6+6G6+GO3KR 3K26Oa -s/$ 2) Q O m9& +(. Oa*&0'<" L 236D-*O6+G  "6K$ OB6+K,- \ ^-KKR2kl\"€.!! 2. Oa -96"6K$'

& =

6nrO$ VO3 _ -*O "6K$'

& =)3< '8 0yV & :‫ﺗﻴﻘﺎ‬T‫( رﻫﺎﻧﺎت ا‬2 ¿CG 52RV0'/ & " "6K$'% BPQ&) -.)% OL  IM. fI 24 &0? - +: % , rL. R"6K$' GN  &0',-sGN3n.¡ G 6`0' \<G RG.)!   6"1/0'2BG  NK/0 OJ'y*-K/0 O   N 3.KR3G OF." O. <G OQ"6v 6 G . 89

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l$  ‡S0' '3O  &) " % ,  "6K$' '! !39K ¿CÉ°ûdG = +(Š6 6s! G-\ ^(K#0'U& ( CGóÑe#$ P1 10' O3<K6& e/$ 2‹8 e r <61 1)0 T3  = € "6K$'U&aVkI‹„& -< O 0' = +(ŠFD  2 t +`c ( = €S0'UK)2~ < !3G PH   %!  = % ) 9%{ /36  = "6K$'% n+ / - 2GN I= +6V \<G %  36D -*O BG mG.  =) i< Z6, yMK3 8 D0 IMK6& &$' )!  % S0'% ‘) 9+.2O " O360! D00  =  ¿EÉa 2/) ) g!$ T.  +( _^$' ) 6G 3 " FD  …ô°ûÑdG, -/0 OR , 8 V&2/ =l0'-*K? "6K$' I=BKl+9. < 3(~ &#$[+‘#$R+<.! = 2BN&UV +*K/0.*O6+<K(\ Fn.kI2[V   +&' O R  26G+n () * 2.!N 6"1' 6+<K 3 4f*P<n ]) G`[+n!!NbM&2/l$ 6"6K$' 6sR"K  69  6`0 \<G   $ P:YO 2¡ G I= #$  +&' O yV PGOR<R+6V) i< ! + R 3.  =‡ +66"K  6D  61 NN% "/$ 2) `$J'PG! "& ~ : H 6+=0 t K2t s <VU9H0  6D g36  = +<6O +6K V \ !0' 6\  =v0 K6" ?‹[+˜ OŠ6"_ N]! + ,-fI3.39 :‫( ﻋﻦ اﻟﻘﻴﻢ‬2-1

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«,g‡º+£NbH+=3

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&a-$' U*K   F.   N ]I= \   „6K 3<  ,-28 G  OK! $0

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‫ﻻ ﳝﻜﻦ أن ﻳﺒﺪع‬ ‫اﳋﺎﺋﻔﻮن‬

«¢ª…¹+•5g=

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I=m"+(z)!2m<"+(=)!/ +N.m+G/$ e(! 6V, G) 2F ~3O$G

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& 9 ']I=T.GA* ย‹TimmsยŠ06<u 0.)r 

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kย…75bยป+ยฃ=nghHgย‡H+Mb1)+ยžยจย–.

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D>6: KJ'NU+Q‡U+Q)3I= / -K'R(23˜  $RK' GN&V ):R<+ O 0 P O†6 0 236(0  O†6  1) =3.)0 Rg 1)  '{  B<-2FGH)! =2H 1{ +G.Z OG )! H MO 2B += Bˆ J' 0 /0 R<+ 2e- R<+ R 0 /0 R<+ 6 6B +=R -s+G, 36GOR<&0 'R() G PGO% V0 6() `0) G PGO,.J' \ _ "KPQQ  $U() `2™  0A*)3Oˆ0 ,K  u, RK6 r, Ž(0UOaV6G )3 2‹1)3<6 Š1)3#$  6F=l0 R_ .0' !r +( ,() `0 U9H0  2 <<6O "e  !r RK6 r , UOaV  8e-2m+G_ +=

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76


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3< ‚ 2)!$ ,  6 m G PGO RG ,- 2 * ‚ kl ! ƒ" ,- 28 & <†+u Ž(0 R<GD 2) 0  60 2m+G  R -sk

+6G) 0', e-OR˜c) . R<&0H MO2%0'_ 6  OH m& "(26 = 2 u &0 3 0  +(_3V0'\ 8 6* 1)3H0 /0 U ! / -61 y6( ’03O0 1 y6( ‹RV)0Š F6KK 36 0 R<GD f)!/ () *N./0~ )3V% 0 1y6(’% "1' v0'L(0 ~ :  OF6a.3)3/ (’"e <O)! 2

+G[ UG+D2-N% Q.$' R<)0 3VR2RN& PG2-N83&  8  / (PG3=f)!U9:0 ‰ 9O0' (\"61_0 Y61Z9I==@ '{ O03OJ' ƒ.N , P6 B&0' ! G B6  3O 3V PG ’"O  6661)3!  OŽ(0=Z9/0'2‹PH 9NŠ f)3O\ 0"vL(0)H$f3_ 6I=3GO%^<#$ 3 ^6•o <OEMZ9) * 2) *H \ RK)3V /LG. 1)3 ]I= 

 u = @Œ s %{ 1 f3 / ( 2,- 2  +&'_3 ,  * ,.3/0 _0 c e,6O1)3 / (3"2 6s &36N. R<+ 1)3]I=/0 )Ì 0 ¡R<&0' 1{ A3=0/0U6<j2B6$ Q& mOB+G& mO =; <= O2

  OPpA3=0 ‹) K~3O$  +&Š  1(  +1),() *. ‫ﻋﻮد ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﺪء‬ UNQ 2wn 2 (, Z9 !0 p% rf0)!A 0+G Ur R<&0H MO2e(†10R10O [ z …0 1y6(’‰ 9G &0 U<( l 2yQY )!$_02RK N(RK)3VPQ9N.=’T./03..l ’Z  _0 2() *6Q&RG zz …_0 2B:yQ ?†10'Œu f)!36 0R<GD G R<KI03V3.3 

“ "<K 0+G\ v0 Kf! D / -.'/0/ - $')3V2J')! % 0R+ P1) 0/0 Of)V IMKR<<- +6(0z D 9OJ'PG2

++(t>: GO) 06p


‫ﺻﻨﻊ اﳌﻌﺎ—  اﳌﺪارس‬

ِ ‫ﺎض َو َﺣ‬ ‫ﺎﺿﺮ‬ ٍ ‫ َﻣ‬.. ‫ﳌ ْﺪ َر َﺳ ُﺔ‬ َ ‫ا‬

W ¬Lg‡FI' +

¦EbK£=«lœd…7'+5¨‡.L¬}™“H+¬¨Æ•Ðl2g,”œlx.«I¦–*Ð=L§5L3¤gG¬|H+¤g™»+šH4«l…75bI£=-ÓoGkœd…7'+«¢.3L+5g»g; ¶ËG'·+gK5L3Lkœ1}»+§|K¶¬5Lb,«ª=¨HšH4L”œlÁŽ,g;g¥HkhHg;gJ'+L«œ=vœ.mJgG«lH+kœd…7'·gE§5L3L§gŸ…IL¦œ™…8L ½)+n·(Lg….M}1'·g,L'+kœd…7'+£ŸE5gŠ¢»+”œl2+Lkœd…7'·+m“œl2+L5LbH+”œl2+kŸœImuh…9'+gIb¢=£™HL«lœd…7'+k>gª…9 ¤g…J)·+¤¨G'g…7”ªG#¬5L3¨Kg»+O ÓhGgO dh=«¢lœŸ1g¥¢™HL-}*g1«¢ª–h.M}2'+L«¢ª…:}.-}Ing,g0)+£=puh.kŸ*+3kuœIkœd…7'+ =g“H+5LbH+«.ЪI6kª–hHL¾K#g¥…:¨23L'+k,}°L'+g¥,m¢I&+-}™E5}I'·ŽªŸ¸+ŽI=g“lH+—œ2'+¤'+¾”ªG#ÏG'+¦,Ð;¶}/(¨»+ gIÔ,Lk…75b»+5L3£=b–lNgIÔ,-¨¥H+}…Ä¤'+ g¢H”ªG# ¥ŸªFL ¥.gœ‡.L ¥.gh>5ŽI r…¢NjЇH+%·(¨¥HgJ3+b=)+ rN¬|H+ †75+b»+Mb1)+ ¶ko1g,kŸœI¤¨G'· ¾)+ mœGL'+ «lH+-bNb¸+kŸ¥»+£™HLÈ35g‡.mJgGgKÓ>Lkœd…7'·+§|KG#-gª¹+¶†75gÉ O …9'+mJgG«lH+ ¤¨G'+¤'+£I£™´'g…7K«¢–œF'+gIÏG'+LŸH++|KžÐ2£I«.+4Mb²'+L}™E'+«¢lœ0kN¨JgoH+kœ1}»+¶«l…75bIÐ ¶ԟœ»+«*ÐI6Ô,L«¢ª,#k…75b»+§|KŽIngJ5g–Ib–=¤L3«l…75b®bNb…‚H+«–œ.£I5+}“H+Žª‡l…7'g…7K#«ou,¶kª=¨…:¨I puhH+k…75bI

D)!8 & 60f3< [)‹1)3<6GŠO * AˆP6,- ‹El Š mO &) " z) 0 )+1 O R<GD 2A M ƒ" 2‹1)3<6 Š1)3]I=[VmO20' =t< O U& -K 

1) • _ i& 

V , 0' t >H0  mO 2+R</ -HtU K0 R. R)L L Š0'F&0' =J R<O0' 8 Dl _3=0 R<GDR t eŠRDl _3=0 R<GD8 e ‡‹6G )3R+GK ,ójóL øe El +<I= <O36 0'2‹R1)3 )!$m*i& øe UQMK2 GO/ -  g3V2) nsPGO 3M

[D)0'RKl#$ 3G2Re9A3ƒ"0/0R+=/J'>H0 , Z9. ,  = fi&  Z   2Z  )! , f) -0 G)!$#$H P1 < 69OK"6"skK2"6"s 2GNB 9.% "[+n.2QOQOflZ O) -0 O+ 3 B&0' 2Z )!t/ ( <=6YK‰3$'  .{)#$ v ) i< ,  6`0'P1)3.2 -\  „6K\ +G. (!-*Oc G+ <O6+ '$ = Z9/02y )! F #$  :$ 2+G+(t""†10' F  FGI= 2+G c (2‹1)3<6 Š#$  +RG U& (2Z  ‫ اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ واﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮن‬- ‫رؤى ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ‬

74


q_)#$6, )6Y˜6M.)   6#$z =IP yQ

 b *&6D) « †6\ AG) =^~ &0\ ~u'6-61 ,É¡dR<G.l El +<I=, 

+GT3$ U0 1 3<  ¿CG b*O%100 ‹[u "&Š<GD0 /0 ,-•?@U V 2 1 T3$  =E </ -.2P.)3.sR<6GK 2Re9O#$ R1)!, 2fL #$ ‚  R-1, % ‚ p0 1) Q O 4R"u#$RG+1, 2R#$RiN,   +G&R

u *<?@; U V

 [ RO "  <v0 4_ .0'+ mO 0'O e€ D) 01)3! 

u *< ): ;)3< 2836D +G   

+(  0 < +36+6G6NH ÔKg…8bŸÀ ªœº+kN¨JgoH+-}…ƒH+5¨G4k…75bI

ÖdÉ£dGk l$ 3[1 K2m"z 10 ) ' o<. 2B= , LG. 2P*V <. 2) 9. 2B.0) , G . íÑ°üjh2G\ % V$'>Q. <=2BN<OGR<. G t =0'[ / G1)3+ +&' T)0 /0 [610 2_ 1 El +< \  <O 21)3 #$ ! @e 6G6+ UQ3.3 [u "Kƒu < 

D &$ P: t^<! QV',NRK! R+Gƒ6 « ‹A NQiGŠŒ N_ 6

   Q$'^( 2k<23.L2E Dr[<Q Š56+ )% « A3=0U""p‹/ .^N l$'\< 2q_)R<6N 2_ G! , eyQ—E D^[<H6J,+-K6n< yQ ! QV' ! — 6 <.3  3.L + kI( — Z 6+  ) Q b "  Q  !!K 2[1  ! —k<) .r%, ; <+ 2 6D  <-!

A3=0'kl, 3 2` GyQ

6: . Q$'

46<6NP1)3c G[<H?Z9O) u$ =I6N<K”R*&0',

73

‫ اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ واﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮن‬- ‫رؤى ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ‬


 ,.0) , ,0 1 ΠN _ 6  

 0' PGO U6" P:) G*&0'

 ƒO & [& 

u *<  <$ 3.^.    &$ \<j0? @P` F  2

6 +G&PGO[ Rn6& & R`\0.G`

"O  4 R`I=ROGz!0'3 QVR"&02-O![&0

>Q, 

<;) `0c$_ 6Q. &0?@ VP`5=Uv3p 

<Y`\ [‚ u0/ * 1)3

<Ot$ B&$g) 41)3+-6`100¸ ~LK0f3O2_ 6 =;) O0

kI(2,= , G8 N< ΠN_ 6/LG.

  , _ 6 I= RN 21)3  <v0 R 6 mK ! 6V , )p ,K 3O$,= ) ˆ$ -.s

F )R"6"sF = @U0 1

 [ RKO " AÉæKCG ’ Œ N_ 6H 6NH

u *<

'_0 6NH'

u *&R==@ <=t OM.fI%{  '

u *&R="O 

u *<iG /0 >: , ’6n< , yNMK9: 3=06+6GK66K

u *&\<G€26NH  &0'G\ 8 † -*KBN&UV 21)3  0

  ]I=/ -K\  & 9n<.' €:N ,-K¡l$2B< O  ’6+6GK6NH

u *<



<_ 6I21)!

D (1)3?@P1  YOB6 <GOA *<OB&0'2c v_ .f0, Ž(0B$

V * 

< 2k6= Q 3GO Q .! G _ .0'  B *<O t$ [‚ <O ,.3GO 28 6 & 1)3  D , g  ˜ I=  & , *O 0 2_ 6I=\<10 / -‹R. =6e+8e Š <K)   <K u *&f &0 ‚  6e‚ Q<O1)3E) "O  / -. ‚ 4] .$ &3OR$

@L(0-*O0 ]I=[610R--*I=UG:3"

_ .8 !2N, Ž(0/ -. &$1)3F9O &0?@E 

nÐ1}H+ w¨l“»+¡¨ªH+

«…75b»+jgl™H+ ¦=+¨J'g,ʨ–lH+

†:5g»+

¡gŠ¢H+

nГ¹+

jgªH+L5¨…­¹+

kª¢NbH+ngh…7g¢»+ kª¢;¨H+L

\ 6".2BN&UV 2\<G  l < 

V 61 "< !!^K/0 ,-2

& 9 '/ +6‚ ". +(8 jKr C$ _ .0'   

u *< 2L B6 / -K 3 #$ [u " F9R1)3z -P62E <R=P:) G61)3 2ƒ+ S `NO1)3#$/ K0 .T)0/0[610 =3< _ 6>Q.2.sG;a`'F 8 + / -.kIO '= rO$\  V_ i&; <=/ -. =3< \<G BR1)3 \<G , +-B6<GK €% G_ i&2 V m& "   D$'  = ƒ6K "< Gn.  /0 f! " O

‫ﺻﻨﻊ اﳌﻌﺎ—  اﳌﺪارس‬

 &3Ot$f &‚ ‚ e N/ -._r'2<3Œ N 4] .$

ngh0+¨H+ «1gh…ƒH+5¨,g‡H+

I= 8k <=/0R<G.kl/$ 2[u ""< U"6:l$ 3F& D#$'$i<.2G_^".B&0Z62R+6G_ i< _ i<I=4Q?J \<G€0 2(I™Ns\ BK)3V = 2T0'B= (P*+62GI=\ j "BiOR". ,.^M = <:0! ˜\QV0%IOBK!3G1BK)3VQM. RR </ 9 'V)\  Y.N

G, 6+(L(0 4B C?T3 \ 36 3= */ -1 6NH

u *</0 R<G.2[u ""< UGK l$ ,-   )  A) G    G. E < ,  ^D R= ‫ اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ واﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮن‬- ‫رؤى ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ‬

72


R6KR+6GKA32[<Â&#x201A; Q  < 6+D ", BM. R Q) O 

6 G t^<O3P:G 2RvKP:G \ +`Â&#x152; N_ 6

  ~3O$ , Â 1 #$  :$' O 2

  E & , 6+D66K " I=  6+6G 

.39  l 

  ;`$ Ui' T0' "< , 

&   [+D S 1 6 G ,+: 2_ 6 I=, 

u *<"< t{ 13< ! =

+6GKÂ&#x201E;1 R<6N P1G " "N ]I=  <+ ? @U V 2b *< ,()36 "Nc36Q9 l

  <Â&#x2018;! 4

 [6+nOPH _ 6I=8)!,/0 

g

 PGO.3U(`0Z6261)3 kIO>+.'f! QV',G:2 \ 6NH *&0'  

"O   

  () * .3" ! `, 3.3G 3Q2..3T  , ,Â?-K 6NH *&0'   ^6+ 

  ^6Np 6<u 6<.3 Ns

1 <)!$'V H 

1 <PGOR9[+n() *Â&#x20AC;

 _ 6V  <Y26G*-O3e  < P: x3"K%, R +Â&#x2DC; 2 < 6 "v[6: f p6Q.)!Â&#x201E;Â  Â&#x2018;+ 26OGY9QÂ&#x2030; 9O0 +GO

 _ 6VkI( .^6C'Y

ÂŤ ÂŤ ÂŤ

P1 10 \ m+G[ /  G., =+ m9D & & ( +0Â&#x201E;/3OS! HR< <-+Â 1  K +G K/0 % p21)3<6 .3 2) 0'I9O

+G[  GK'26+6G6+GĂ&#x2019;°Úd RKO " %, >:I=2

+G[6+D_a% <KI  K +G)IGP+K8 +Â !R=2

+G+

  â&#x20AC;ŤŘ§ďť&#x;ﺸďş&#x17D;ďť&#x192;ďş&#x17D;ŘŞ اďť&#x;ďťźďşťďť&#x201D;ďť´ďş&#x201D;â&#x20AC;Ź

ÂŤ ÂŤ ÂŤ ÂŤ ÂŤ

~ : #$ SK0 /0 3.)0 669 6e9 RK O) " ,+: r jR(Extra-Curricular Activities) 6NH

u *< /0m+G, e-T.3V 6Z9U+ R1)3 O  )"/$ 2 <  ^DÂ&#x192;u l$2UV G6 

u *<]I= +p 

u *< ]I= /0 J' PG T. m  +-K ' "H= K2+6Â&#x201A; V6 +D. OK8 3=0m  c G  ' n, e-6KIBK)3VR+<K2F 6QM` l 1)3

u *<"< \ %{ I=Uu 3<  I=-1)3  r CR= Â&#x2019;6NH

u *< R<GK E <) u$E) 

  O_ "K

u *&?@UO D0Â&#x2019;!3Q 

 ¸.NK , E < 361/ -K/ 60'PGO 2

 [6+D;`$.2F= 

V u, ,! + Â&#x201A; EM

 PN< R2c36Q9 lH MO 3D .%{ G\  F  <-26GmK)V, Â&#x152; N b *&Q3D K'2

u *<Â&#x192;<)r , ¸.NK 4

u *<k , +GUv3p3"2*&0']I=e1)3

() * ,  0 U V2Â&#x2039;..3)r T  \ Â&#x160;6 6NH

u *< @+G 2%0'^( O &^2.! `)$  +D0 ^.K"O   <() `? %) -"O  2%0'^( O 6 &^6G*-O3  <Y2Â&#x2039;G* "$Â&#x160;G*

"O   <() `2Â&#x2039;6 +Â&#x2DC;6<g0'Â&#x160;  &^2f!N <Y26N*-

96Q2f! `)$'RN*- 4c e^( O

"O ]I=[6+D 26NH

u *<, 3.3G 3= `21)3f! D <v0 :Ă&#x2030;ÂĄĂŚe

P1)3c G[<H?Z9O) u$  =I6N<KÂ&#x201D;R*&0', 46<6N 71

â&#x20AC;Ť اďť&#x;ďť&#x152;ﺪد اďť&#x;ﺎاďş&#x2018;ďť&#x160; Ů&#x2C6;اďť&#x;ďş&#x153;ďťźďş&#x203A;Ů&#x2020;â&#x20AC;Ź- â&#x20AC;ŤŘąŘ¤Ů&#x2030; ďş&#x2014;ﺎďş&#x2018;ďş&#x201D;â&#x20AC;Ź

yQ , 

  6-61  6 ) .r 6D ) ÂŤ g8 6G6u Ig,G 

9Q ` GyQ\P 


тАля║гя╗дя║отАм-тАля║Ся║к┘И┘Ж ╪зя│Ля╗В ╪зтАм

.3BG.fI┬Д 2GT3J_ N B+0'┬Д ) sn1\ ┬М H(, Zv'$< e !3 ┬ДI=yB+1[.G f02m+G+6 6)! Y m& " _^ mO H N ┬Д R<G.  <= 2_ i< 8 N ┬Р LG.   3  ,-2┬М n<8) 6G ])  O+0'┬Д O/36".,..3iG b 69O/36".'/.3 ; <28 " P6_-I=   13\ m{ m+GV, _a O/ i9.+s 8 .tyQK/0  < Uu1)3<6 .3+RO " A├Й├жKCG /0 F9O2

+G+3"/ (0 F9O?@U "2 + _ .0 , f+ q OV02+G O ┬П$2_- OP6

+GV uR<+N. c +NO┬Ж61R-O < P*60 RK0 KP*6+GUV

R [┬В O1)3\  NKPO  +G Rn6KA3QO 8 + 2)IGKP. / (R<O2UO) 6% "Ok9O 4 < Fu0┬бR<&0 O ┬Т+0' ┬Д k R<G. l 

+G T3$ U0 1  3<  Q1)3]I=#$ t "&V"O 1)3?@UO D0 (g)+0'┬ДUpRN&3D0 F9O  &0 yV RG 1)3/ (0 /0 % 0266

6{ 6<

 P*6n ^D  FO   0 K RG Q _ .  7:30  R*I=2+0'┬ДUpR+1.3UG: 2R6┬Б1$' .3 0 K6< ra3GO,-2R&lP6B&g)RN&v0 +0'┬ДM/0 .3U<".0  =3< 2+0'┬Д[: OU+" 4G\ RN<BGV ├│MGh - ,..3 6  H 6G 6Oa  RKL  <v0 !0O e┬АLGKR+sb  O┬ГG. +6PH BO 10< ,.I,..3/$ UV/$ ┬╕ O0 2< Oz "Gz e

t< O(3p ┬║ 0'I= RO ├Л.  K  u +G U& ( 2PQQs !0 U<(  3< / (2. V1k 0 c0 O G`2PD0' R1-/9. [V S 6w.) -9O N&P:NK12R< 8 +g)kl 3. 3< i9 2BD  -┬НR O <6 G` 6┬В ". 2F  G  !0 \ -96 83G BN& , 8 "v "<]I=U& (BK)VI6N<K, k┬Н(2Qs c0U< 0 &0 2BD +(ti<.┬б is()-KDs _ N  

 

+G\ klv0  A 0 '2Z O < O1)3Q  &0=┬Тf)!/ GV .l ┬Т,.3Z  ,K 1) ┬Х\ Z (f! D┬Вv0 =2kl, =0'┬Т,  0 K#$D 9OGH┬Ж10┬ТyQ!

тАля║╗я╗ия╗К ╪зя│Мя╗Мя║О┬Ч  ╪зя│Мя║к╪з╪▒╪│тАм

P:  2RQ  R<) H y6( ┬Тf3 6O n.$' 

1) + 6+6" .) " \ -. /0 ' 2RKl , ) u0 R- Rn┬Б & 8 j3.3 

.3pBD .A*/08 .00R<-ROH  ] :)T3 , B0 1 3< 28 e . <G.!  < Ge B6 Y*<OUO vA`$┬Д┬П &3<  ?@8 ┬Б Vz D0R< 6Y &$ R<n ^ R$2A`$'z 10 6YK<1( QO

1)!6e9O6n< \  8 <OP* 2P1)3 g/ -O YOm<v0<1((9 O vg% )\  <`$iO 4A`$'┬Д┬П

тАл я╗гя║╝я╗Дя╗ая║дя║О╪к ╪зя│Мя╗мя╗ия║ФтАм╪МтАля╗Ля╗╝я╗гя║О╪ктАм 6< 

G 

9Q PGO \   ┬Д6K 3.)0 :3 тАля║зя║Шя╗в ╪зя╗Яя╗Ья║о╪ктАм

/ ". 3< ,..3m*PGO<0 \ !!a. I= ┬ЙvmK  -, / v39.Z626`$' ) .^ O m+G vv0m+G ) .^O.3 0A* _ 6V?R<G.2  4BN&_ 6 ┬ГsBA* 266"K) .rR=A*+< O - ┬А) RO "  <v0P.)36+  <v0<, UVf0RK) .^O @8 ┬Б Vz D0┬ТG] ┬Е;)!TKy6(B0 12f OaA*[  3)! =@%0')32f OKA*+(/)!IJ/0H0'? U ! 

NKBQ.I=t  O2G+P1 10'%0' =  0B( * BK)3V. KGF.)3K, %{   &0 8 + !  $2G !066"KR"K \ [".2R+66"K)! 2c e)3 , B6 FKa. R┬Б <66" $6NQQs%, ) u$G, [V Kl B0 1 3< 4G+. <G  J  I=/0[V K0f OKA*+(R< ) u$?@8 ┬Б Vz D0┬Тk< 2 OB+6┬В V0R66"".uF .28 +┬Б!3 F.G BG0 R`┬О(0/0'2B6$ "&0R L, 36N./0% 9. FV)0/0, ┬О(0 =┬Л LV &┬КP:Nf OaA`$' 4)! g0R+6GKyV \ -0  &0 2A*, yM. -R N ,- r^ y6( ┬Тc! 0 l 2t   3V R 3┬Б N T3┬А BK) .r тАл ╪зя╗Яя╗Мя║к╪п ╪зя╗Яя║о╪зя║Ся╗К ┘И╪зя╗Яя║Ья╗╝я║Ыя╗о┘ЖтАм- тАл╪▒╪д┘Й я║Чя║оя║Ся╗оя╗│я║ФтАм

70


P: 6+=0 i.3.3 e 0 , '8 e I=/ -. €)) 0' 

1) +"K0 3"28 6Kl8 6 +D K) “ *V < o <  GM. 6P` "<,-2

+ R<=l &0'.!  =L  Z9k6-* ‫ﻧﻘﻄﺔ ﺣﺮﺟﺔ‬ A* R<&0 (t‚ $i<.2/r K‹Z OG Šm  <.3/ ( fIF.YP1 $' O[6+˜G*./0/!2Qs6‚ "./3..   D$'PGO36‚ " R<&0  G`\2c3D\ 6. \ 2isf) G`, ÏD N ) .^, A3PQMKR -s )3H$ , 8  M 2 k  A* R<&0 )   "< #$ Q& \ 6V3Q€ [V  3H) _3  Qs \ P:G. 

.(I RO [DK  =3<  2‹critical pointŠ Ds 8 +G /J'28  uU<( 3< fˆ &_ 0 "O RK 6s„.` y6: B"O G 3.  3< F  P1 $ UGDa1 Qs <"N0  l$  <&0' 2A  <O <6P*NB&0 y*-& A*)  <v0G+(f) G`RN0'z "G\"&A 1 

6: .! f3< Q , RN&„:0[V 3H)0yPD0/0[610y6( G+GD.IYx3"K, ~ < '\02_ -0'Su$ QQsU& (l$H MO2BQ &3GO < %0 .fI 

6: .)

fI R* = e( '{ KR<=lQs#$ U! ’6NQQs]3H)0/03.)0 c ( ^ * RO-9K'/0 / - $')3V% 0 U<( 6nK‰39. 3= * ~ )3V% 0 U<(28 +G 2 0' O GH , g \ R<  3K /! 

i PGO) .3, Uu26& KISr0 , E0 »μdh U<( =3GO2Qs\  K i 6nK2RG  3= * 

i iG /0 3D0' 2

i  .3  &0 P*V <K0 Z9ƒ.  0 [ 6   "R<K3 1 +((a* c3 12.0 K6p

& 6O[+D, +G

.‘P:   <:  3< 28e+R +D.0 K, ~ &#$ % H 8e( m u6V(l0 2  ^me  +‘\ 6NHQ 

O GH €)ŠGHGK

.3p,.3A NQ30 _0 K ) v0 2e(F& D,+G% +=$ <i'Z62‹6" T3 2yQ +=! DT3DT3 % P` "<, 8 & [ ‹yQG

.3pflo !Šo 36GT3D U<(]I(

O GH[  G\ )! VgG ! D \2B 3 , 0yQ +=! D/0-N8r 9<  <6 23"GI=‚ ~^ rP` "<,-28 +=/  ƒK¡  Ì 0 mK N™/ -2LS 6†6  K  €) ~ :  I=  Ž(0 Z9 1)3 #$ UGD) kl , +G[  8 "U.D0 Z62 +G:, 3(0 2G!n >: 10 \!3QI=.361)39Q{  

46<6NP1)3c G[<H?Z9O) u$ =I6N<K”R*&0',

69

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gтАл ┘И╪пя║зя╗отАмKтАля║зя║о┘Ия║Яя╗▓ я╗гя╗ж я╗гя║к╪▒я║│я║Шя╗▓ я╗гя╗Мя╗ая╗дтАм KтАля╗Ля╗┤я╗ия║Ф ╪зя╗Яя║к╪▒╪зя║│я║Ф я║Ся║Оя║гя║ЬтАм PQQsR&0U<(2Z9 OU+ R`0'a% 1)3.3 [ ┬Г  O[:fIP. Go &O┬Г)" 1)3#$H RK) 6O"&02Q"Kf0/! 6+ 0R is28 ."K 1ZeO!393 VH0' 1)3<6 \K0 fI @%{ Ki&t┬В $ i<.[6+┬Ш1)3 1t H 2 1)3 [V3H)0 R<&0' .3, ┬Мi&; <┬Т <6$ BO klTK2~*I=,+:  1)3 /0 OMN  I=  9: +QO  1)3 / -K /0 NK 2 9Q [: /02_. \ f┬Е) 0'/0tiK/0% p~* ; <= 2) nP1)3 , 0 Ai( , g\ 

   D$ , J'PG, EsA M i& #0'_ .0'H MO2Z9 ) O 

6 G) Z9, #0'_ .0'.3, Uu 

 

OU& ( 8 G2U" R Q ,&0' _0 f! D =A 0 '2,= D\ v < _ 6kl \ 8 D nm+G! p, z:$┬К_ 6I=8 O:$,GV . kl, ,v39.,GOUG+1Z6┬ЛFK&c3K G[))!RK0 .p N "O8 3O8^6┬Х8 6 H8) O u/ ( ~ :  2R<u  _ 

   3*& 2 *- V , <.3 6$ P:GKRu MP13", 6 Q l$' @klMK <  "` GyQ

 uU 3V213" f^ O

 u +nR [" 2┬Л\QV0'F┬К36QV "$ P10 (,U 3V2

 .3 -`2_ Rva ~ 10'I=^6+61)3 l$' тАля╗Ля║о┘Б я║Ся╗ия╗Фя║┤я╗▓тАм┘С тАл╪гя╗Ля╗Дя║Шя╗ия╗▓ ╪зя│Мя║кя╗│я║о╪й ╪зя║ая╗дя╗Яя║О┘ДтАм .тАл┘Ия║│я║Тя║Р ┘Ия║Яя╗о╪п┘К  ╪зя│Мя║к╪▒я║│я║ФтАм #$ F=I./0 Fn.|G/0 R<G.P1┬Ш~V/0 836D 0 BO_ "1 T)02.3g#$ [D)0 /0 U,-2BQ NK?@t% "K┬Б 1 G RK0 K_ G+G┬АU┬ЖD 2.3 ┬М K) <=24[O yQ\ Qf3< 23+┬Уl 10 2_. \ KA 1) 0'/0R<u M.% s/ f+: K) 0') 0'

.┬С86YKR<G.'B 3 f! D _ 6I ┬А)RG6u-*O

R+G T3< P610 K  6 "e . Oa RK +=   2 A3OT3<L . ua

+Gm+G[ R+ 2)! 6Y. 

тАля║╗я╗ия╗К ╪зя│Мя╗Мя║О┬Ч  ╪зя│Мя║к╪з╪▒╪│тАм

6<┬И< O 

[ GV

,+2R"K3 1Z9%RG B+0fIw.)  ┬А) 

VG, -` <OUG1

6: .8 +G R+ ,+: f3<  3 K 2S 6 I= ,+: mN"e , e( mO R<6O , -`z (\ UQZ621)3!(

 C T3< 

u *&┬Г< 8 .0 R┬Б G8.3"K6G6Oa.r I=(2P*6 0fI[+n[ 6RK V 2. uaN)! Z9%RO n.$-*O1) +G\ v0 ┬А) тАл╪е╪▓╪зя║гя║Ф я╗зя║дя╗о ╪зя╗Яя║м╪з╪ктАм ┬Й)$ R=R┬М n<PQQV2FG#$ E 9. 0  I <O 2T0 . OK

1{ [ T3<R+ %, B"" 23.3D(GO  RN&. K#$\G10/0^ sf3 3┬В  

Q, g\ 6Y 9&+GGO  \ )H$' m <V, VG ┬У 3*klFs 0' OB, G`0c3*.i< +D0 1)3 #$ / =I. ┬Б " / +9. % Nu0' B6 T)0 fI H MO 2\10' O E^┬Х 3* I= ,- 2 "e G m u 1)3#$ F _3V\ `{ KR┬Б'3kK3= `0  &0 F6┬В Y.  3<  U H F  G ┬М*.  3<  8 =BK 3O$ BV u ,3K  3<  )! B / -. ' Qs ! % Nu0'EM._3. &3< P1┬Ш~". 3< BK)   y6┬Р R`, / O) =&0 (m  3= *yH0 /0 [610 '2NM6NQRK3= *  <v0  g1 < Q 6+10 /0 3.)0  ┬П$ 2┬Ж60 36┬Ш O6NQ RK3"G % ,  6<O R 36┬Ш Qs ├Тj├Й┬й┬кa ,├б├С┬░S├Й├жe A3.836D8 +6GK3┬В KRkKR=6G. RKL / &$ ( B6$ i<. /0 26+6G 6+G ) ┬У F  GD #$ BV 61┬ГH ]. G BG -2~3B B& <6(┬мd LE &R=2 OBG  z 10'#$|G 6,K.R1 <gQs. G  0  &$ B6<6 mO 8 G: 2z )! 8 *+ ┬В 2f36" R<6" A* OR:.R- ^D ┬А)R6O -% + 0' , \+iG6g0'2  PQQs, m <(f Oa   #$ % H  m ┬У 2m < mO / M.  |m+G тАл ╪зя╗Яя╗Мя║к╪п ╪зя╗Яя║о╪зя║Ся╗К ┘И╪зя╗Яя║Ья╗╝я║Ыя╗о┘ЖтАм- тАл╪▒╪д┘Й я║Чя║оя║Ся╗оя╗│я║ФтАм

68


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‫ﺑﺆرة أﻣﻞ ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﻳﺎم‬-‫ﻋﺘﻤﺔ ا‬

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66


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,1)!0 ,R<&0 , m

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├Ь

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тАл я║Чя║Дя╗гя╗╝╪к  ╪зя╗Яя╗Дя║оя╗│я╗ЦтАм... тАля╗зя╗Шя╗Дя║Ф ╪зя╗╗я╗зя╗Дя╗╝┘ВтАм

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54


‫ﺻﻨﻊ اﳌﻌﺎ—  اﳌﺪارس‬

‫ﺑﺤﺚ واﻗﻊ اﳌﺪارس‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬ (‫)ورﻗﺔ ﺑﺤﺜﻴﺔ ﺗﺄﻣﻠﻴﺔ‬

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‫ اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ واﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮن‬- ‫رؤى ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ‬

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52


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51

‫ اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ واﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮن‬- ‫رؤى ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ‬


‫ﺻﻨﻊ اﳌﻌﺎ—  اﳌﺪارس‬

(2) ‫ﻣﻠﺤﻖ‬ Appendix (2): Pages from the Directorate Notes in Relation to the Exams

Notes about the 5th Grade English Test Results

Notes about the 4th Grade Arabic Test Results

Notes about the 4th Grade Mathematics Test Results

Notes sent to teacher related to 8th Grade English Language before the Exam

‫ اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ واﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮن‬- ‫رؤى ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ‬

50


‫ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ اﳌﻼﺣﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﺤﻖ )‪(١‬‬ ‫‪"" ^_`{|} "!   ~!  Exams‬‬

‫‪€  /^ !‚th Grade‬‬ ‫‪(2009 – 2010) p. 1‬‬

‫‪` / &/^ !ƒth Grade‬‬ ‫‪(2009 – 2010) p. 1‬‬

‫‪46<6NP1)3c G[<H?Z9O) u$ =I6N<K”R*&0',‬‬

‫رؤى ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ ‪ -‬اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ واﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮن‬

‫‪49‬‬


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â&#x20AC;Ťďşťďť¨ďť&#x160; اďł&#x152;ďť&#x152;ďş&#x17D;Â&#x2014;  اďł&#x152;ﺪاعسâ&#x20AC;Ź

[Arabic]. Ramallah, Palestine.

t Ministry of Education and Higher Education (MoEHE, 2007b). Educational Development Strategic Plan [EDSP]. The          development. Palestine.

t Ministry of Education and Higher Education (MoEHE). The Directorate General For Supervision and Educational Â&#x201E;    _Â&#x2020;$}/Â&#x201E;{_Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;`Â&#x2021;{Â&#x160; ]. A referential manual for educational supervision. Ramallah, Palestine.

t Ministry of Education and Higher Education (MoEHE). The Directorate General For Supervision and Educational Â&#x201E;    _Â&#x2020;$}/Â&#x201E;{_Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;`Â&#x2021;Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;``{Â&#x160; Â&#x2039;A referential manual for the comprehensive follow-up. Ramallah, Palestine.

t Ministry of Education and Higher Education (MoEHE). The Directorate General For Supervision and Educational Â&#x201E;    _Â&#x2020;$}/Â&#x201E;{_Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;`Â&#x2021;{Â&#x160; Â&#x2039;A referential manual for the comprehensive follow-up. Ramallah, Palestine.

t Moughrabi, F. (2002). Educating for Citizenship in the new Palestine. In Banks, J. (Ed.), Diversity and citizenship education: global perspectives. San Fransisco: Jossey-Bass.

t Moughrabi, F., Kurdi, W., Wahbeh, N. Jabr, L., & Khaldi, M. (2002) Evaluating the New Palestinian Curriculum. Unpublished report. Ramallah, Palestine, QCERD.

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t Piburn, M., Sawada, D., Falconer, K., Turley, J. Benford, R., Bloom, I. (2000). Reformed Teaching Observation Protocol (RTOP). ACEPT IN-003. http://physicsed.buffalostate.edu/AZTEC/RTOP/RTOP_full/

t Rihan, R. (2001) â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The Palestinain Educational Development Plan: Promise for the Future.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics and Culture, 3(2), 19-33

t Schon, D. (1983).  !   "# professionals think in action. New York: Basic Books. t Shulman, L. S. (1987). Knowledge and teaching: Foundation of the new reform. #  $   %, 57, 1 -22.

t Shulman, L. S.

(1996). &"%!    ' (  for education: Contemporary approaches for using case methods. Ed. J.A. Colbert, P. Desberg & K. Trimble. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

t The World Bank. (2006). West Bank and Gaza Educational Sector Analysis: Impressive achievements under harsh conditions and the way forward to consolidate a quality educational system. Retrieved from http://www-wds. worldbank.org/external/default/ on December 22, 2010.

t Wahbeh, N. (2003). Teaching and learning science in Palestine: Dealing with the new Palestinian science curriculum. Mediterranean Journal of Educational Studies, 8(1), 135-159.

t Wahbeh, N. & Kishek, W. (2006). Analysis of the pedagogic discourse: Patterns of interaction in a Palestinian School. A.M. Qattan Foundation. Ramallah, Palestine.

â&#x20AC;Ť اďť&#x;ďť&#x152;ﺪد اďť&#x;ﺎاďş&#x2018;ďť&#x160; Ů&#x2C6;اďť&#x;ďş&#x153;ďťźďş&#x203A;Ů&#x2020;â&#x20AC;Ź- â&#x20AC;ŤŘąŘ¤Ů&#x2030; ďş&#x2014;ﺎďş&#x2018;ďş&#x201D;â&#x20AC;Ź

48


â&#x20AC;ŤŘ§ďť&#x;اﺜâ&#x20AC;Ź &) " A3OÂ&#x2039;IEAÂ&#x160;f Oa6Q966"t3! p'BG:3V2, e[OmNQ

6: ._ G6 G6+66"

& 9 '30 =Â&#x2039;TIMSSÂ&#x160;/ 9 1 _ G

6: .R : NÂ?%!, m() *6Qp RD) . +O02R9[+n, 

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6&^6 +*K'] 0) (IF<2

â&#x20AC;Ťďť&#x2014;ďş&#x17D;ďş&#x2039;ďş&#x201D; اďł&#x152;ﺎاďş&#x;ďť&#x160;â&#x20AC;Ź @.^6-&$'Y O*<P:g0'[D+DKUj,-26OGY O[D]I=PGO PREFERENCES

t Afounah, S. (Palestinian Cabinet) (2010). Toward Quality Education in Palestine. Palestinian National Authority, Â&#x2019;!!&   . Ramallah, Palestine. Retreived on 14/3/2011 from: http://www.palestinecabinet.net/ site/457/default.aspx.

t Al-Ramahi, N., & Davis,B. (2002). Changing Primary Education in Palestine: Pulling in several directions at once. International Studies in Sociology of Education, 12(1), 59-76.

t Apple, M. (1982). Education and power. Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul. t Assessment and Evaluation Department, MoEHE. (2008). Primary results of the National Evaluation study in Arabic, Mathematics, and Science for the tenth graders in Palestine in the scholastic year 2007/2008. Ramallah: Palestine.

t Eisner, E. (2002). The educational imagination: On the design and evaluation of school programs. Merill, Prentice Hall.

t Eisner, E. (2005). Back to Whole. Educational Leadership, 63 (1): 14-18. t Hargreaves, A. (2000). Mixed emotions: Teachersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; perceptions of their interactions with students. Teaching and Teacher Education, 16, 811-826.

t Hargreaves, A. & Shirley, D. (2009). The fourth way: The inspiring future of educational change. California: Corwin.

t Hashweh, M. (2001) â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;A Case-Based Approach to Education in Palestine.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; In R.G Sultana (Ed) (2001) Challenges and Change in the Euro-Mediterranean Region: Case Studies in Educational Innovation. New York: Peter Lang.

t Hanushek, A., & WĂśĂ&#x;mann, L. (2008). Education quality and economic growth.â&#x20AC;? The World Bank, Brussels, Belgium.

t Haythornthwaite, C. (2006). Learning and knowledge networks in interdisciplinary collaborations. Journal of the American Society for Information and Technology, 57(8), 1079-1092.

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t Kincheloe, J., Slattery, P., & Steinberg, S. (2000). Contextualizing teaching: Introduction to education and educational foundations. New York: Longman.

47

â&#x20AC;Ť اďť&#x;ďť&#x152;ﺪد اďť&#x;ﺎاďş&#x2018;ďť&#x160; Ů&#x2C6;اďť&#x;ďş&#x153;ďťźďş&#x203A;Ů&#x2020;â&#x20AC;Ź- â&#x20AC;ŤŘąŘ¤Ů&#x2030; ďş&#x2014;ﺎďş&#x2018;ďş&#x201D;â&#x20AC;Ź


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H$'R= ┬ТR1 61 6┬Ш +GK y6( ┬Тl  ┬Т┬ГN0  < f0 2GN O % GN ├Й┬бd 3┬Б R= ┬Тm63m9& [  "

V 

6-6 <.! y6(┬ТR+6G < i&\ :N. +o Oo┬Б & D 9O <&0 <+ [ 6o┬Б <PQ6"8 G +G <<-┬Н ┬Т. +I=e R9 [+n [ \<K┬Э /0 #$ 6"6"s (* E p gO ┬кJg/ , e-  6G  6<u 

1 61 I6N< BK 1{   H MO 2N┬Р  ' ┬С  L  .3 

1{  /0 Z9I=i.R<m-+G6=0 K% ┬С 

1{   3"KRF.)3o O, /36N.m+G 6G6Oa)r , R9[+n

+i<  _3"K R o L  )!  ]I= e % n > t G ]I=/$ 2kl[ ^.^G. % !3G  ) i<  . V o 3. fI 6G \ ^6(a #$ E p o L , G e ┬З6 +D 26┬Ж6O 26V0 26 6& &$ [<H 2) 6' 2~ < 2  2)9 .s D0 mGO ,.IJ 2T^Y fl GK \ % Qs ┬Г 2)"  "e┬ЧR +D'S 6)  '

тАл я║Яя╗дя╗К я║╖я╗дя╗Ю ╪зя║ая╗дя╗Яя║Шя╗дя╗К ╪зя╢Ия╗ая╗▓ я╗гя╗КтАм.KтАля║зя║Оя╗гя║┤тАм тАл╪зя│Мя║Жя║│я║┤я║О╪к ╪зя╗Яя║Шя╗Мя╗ая╗┤я╗дя╗┤я║Ф ╪зя╗Яя╗Фя╗ая║┤я╗Дя╗┤я╗ия╗┤я║ФтАм

y6e-K26+6n6Ka1$'M66┬БA3=0'mO,  +GK R 63 69 

1{  [ (* ┬┐h├Й┬й├аdG 6Oa )r  = <K R ". /$  2kl [  6G /36 m69m ", !0zID, 3.^  9&BnKt G6G (`, 8 : 2I6N<36GH\ N┬Р6┬У

1{ ├╕e ; <=)"[<H1 636GH\ 

1{ ]I=[ 6"6" [ 1)3G+8 8 uM& 3K. OK

1 61#$ ├бL├ЙM ┬ОI5+┬и1vl┬УHk0gu,-5+6┬иH+┬д'+ }┬е┬К.k┬Е7+5bH+┬з|K R9[+n @ K 1{ %, ┬л┬Ьu┬╗+┬О┬Яlr┬╗+ @e 1 6 T  \ ┬Ж10 ) v$  . V Z9 ┬╖O L'+ , 4! ┬Ш?_ N %, Fu MK┬Э /0 Fn., G 9: .! 6 4! ┬Ш? / -K /0 ,-┬Н = ┬Т) i< f0  ) i< , 4! ┬Ш?┬Ш G8 G +G <<-┬Нy6(┬Т8 <+:

46<6NP1)3c G[<H?Z9O) u$ =I6N<K┬ФR*&0',

тАл ╪зя╗Яя╗Мя║к╪п ╪зя╗Яя║о╪зя║Ся╗К ┘И╪зя╗Яя║Ья╗╝я║Ыя╗о┘ЖтАм- тАл╪▒╪д┘Й я║Чя║оя║Ся╗оя╗│я║ФтАм

46


}N¨‡.sI+},¶ԟœ»+›+}…8)+ «K˜}‡H+Mb1)+L  <  1 Schon,ŠkªœI'glH+k…75gŸ»+©œ=G}.ng=gŸl0+LngNbl¢IL«¢¥I

¿CG #$ / () * / +G ) `0 ‹1983; Shulman, 1996 8 +6GK U<+K R kK U& ( 2T3D Ž(0' F.)3 o O = .$m 3M  r_ 0+ / +GP: Z628 6 e ŸH+¶ә“lH+ngªrª.+ͅ7)+Mb1)+¤)gE2 <=, 6+‚ GK ' 9(

¤¨Ÿœ»+Žª‡l…N«lH+L¨Nbª“H+©œ=¡¨–.«lH+k–N}‡H+¡+bxl…7+«K ™…‚,¾glHg,+L}™“NL¤¨ŸœN KL ¥…“J'+ +¨hF+}N¤'+ g¥HÐ2£I  ¥.g…75gŸ®¬b–J

¶ ¥œŸ=†:}=©œ=ԟœ»+Žªr…‚. R=+ T0 ".u+v 1)3]I=/ +G ŸH+†85LLkª…7+5bH+¡gN'·+Ln+}´(¨»+ R=0'+G

+i< ,  PHNkK, 6O n.$ O v3p  "K 2+G P`)  j{   +  : Z6 2NM ©œ=¡¨–. œ»+NlH3.3D.{); <= r, GD).IYK “Hg,kŸ¥Ik–N};«KL5+L3'·+”N}.-3g=)+Lkª=gŸ¸+kE}»+ž3gh. ½)+ ¤¨E}…‚»+tgluN 283.3pŽ(0  9&\  ªœlH+kª=¨JԅulH ™…‚, ¥…“J'+¤¨Ib–Npªu,¬}K¨0™…‚, K5+L3'+kI%ÐI-3g=)+ ž3gh.L œlœH£N}…ªŸGËG' + ™…‚,L ™¹+LkE}ŸœH53g…ƒŸGF'+ U t G6G6Oa)r, 8 + !I=F.2kl[ 2kE}»+

kjR

+i<R9[+n, 2

1 6T  \ % nI=9D <OnL ¶ ¥ŸªHg.˜gª…7kI%лgŸ=3 / +GE 9.2kl\   ‰3pkª–ª–¹+-gª¹+g…:L'+£Ÿ…:L¶g–/«=gŸl0+5g;)+

„KKRP1)3kK, K! N16N6(, 1)3]I= m+G , FK 

V 6  + 6 6 K 69O QK «lH+ ˜}‡H+ §|K Mb1)+L 6G   < 8 Vu  <. /0 8 .0

«K khœ‡H+ g¥Ÿœ. «lH+ ng=¨…:¨ŸœH ©¢I Ž¢…9 ¶ kHgE nb0LS ".]I=/ +G L}…‚I©œ=¡¨–.«lH+k–N}‡H+

23  )  6= N 

: o 3K

* 8 G / +G. E &$ƒ6"9N)! Q ,  LG+8 VFK ¡ G 9&0ye(P1)3 U<‚ K3"R 3O$\G 0 0/ QPQQMK Z62R+6G ‘ &O,  ^n(".]I= 2

QQMy, G ‘3. +G.R(z‰v 6V06†6O6 +D! GO0 [.) * \  +G.R- 2 6D g36P661 10'

.39/0#$ <=B6<øe óH ’ ; <=/0 8 .0 1)3]I=o &iK. Oa

1 6O / -6D g361) +y.GK36GK. OK

1 61#$D  \ !0')3V. K\<G€2o< R" BD K,+:1Y ]I=/ -24J'? )3V :K 3O$K)3V%Y1 45

‫ اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ واﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮن‬- ‫رؤى ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ‬

BD . 2)r  _ i& !3 ,+: 

G %!  ƒY _ i< G%! K\ _ "K6 +D

-`6-*K#$m+GPGO  <OR9[+n[ 1)3!PGGO[ L ƒ%,  )! ]I=e ^.^GD +v2kl\ El R<K2«œu»+ŽŸlr»+L†75+b»+Ô,…9+¨lœH ¢UôØdG øe ójõe L R<<-+8r 60  "M./0 / +GB, [6. 1) +L   ^[+‘ ájôbm+G^( 21)3E) H Gn*El +<,  /…ƒHÎdG. Z9/ "^( , )! €>fI2mG& / +i<./ +G /J'].3.fI2/ ",93 1{ §|KoI¶¤¨Ÿœ»+LT06 "v*&02R<) /! ".

¤L}™“NLn+˺+L†7L5bH+ˆ‡2¤¨H3ghlNL¡gŠlJg,¤¨–lœNG+}»+ -3blI*g…7¨, ¥,5g°¤L}…‚¢NL ¥…75+bI2+3kªI¨ªH+ ¥.g…75gŸ® ŽIL«Ÿ…7}H+«ŸªœlH+¡gŠ¢H+t5g2ŸNԟœŸœHN.t4¨Æ+|K g¥œ2+3 k…75gŸ»+  ¥œNS L ¡gŠ¢H+ 2+3 ng…75gŸ»+ «¢NS ¨¥E šH4

G+R<36GQ\ T0Œ CPQQVU""z) …k <=  +=g2;^6<2!) e T0. OK

1{  K! V ‫ ﻣﺒﻨﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ‬،‫ﻣﻨﺎﻫﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ ﻧﺤﻮ ﻃﺮاﺋﻖ ﺑﲔ‬.K‫راﺑﻌ‬ ّ ‫ وﻣﺘﻤﺮﻛﺰة ﺣﻮل اﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ‬،‫ ﺗﺄﻣﻠﻴﺔ‬،‫اﻟﺴﻴﺎق‬ œ»+§5¨ÀgO ªŸªœ. 8 n& GK‚ m+G/0 8 .0 1)3 ˆ0

/0 3.) 'R1)3z -\ / 60'Fg0 _ ". 6 (g3Kf OaA`$')!$! 6"Om+GF.)3Ko O  1 , 3.^  9&K 1) •m+G6= N \ v0  F  =) “/ -. »àdG #$i<.  +<6OB&06GŒH$V % ( KOo &, >. [ _a O/ Q.QQMK~ : €m+‚ =)  Om+G Z.39OƒG. +62yQK61/$ 2yQ! '! l) `$ (rLK2F& D, e-OV0V, Ž(0 2J  R` f0 , Ž(0 2G Z.39 R<6N yQ ^6j =)!1/0/ +GG*.B, fIP1 10'>Q. 0 2 [6.y6(@%{ >Q.2 šI3< / ˆ N“ ".O 1 .{ m6<6N m+G 3  2% 0'  "O () *./0e.3, 8e(6" 9&=! "KT0 ’6+6GK D K <O ‚ 3   +  . " T3$ /0 2m+G [  <+ %3. %¨…­H+ ˆªœ…. «K ”œlÁ ™…‚,  ¥l‡œ…7 kN(L5 \ m+G % , 2,.J' T3 G  GD 2K 1) • 0 \


тАля║зя╗╝я║╗я║Ф ┘Ия║Чя╗оя║╗я╗┤я║О╪ктАм тАля║╗я╗ия╗К ╪зя│Мя╗Мя║О┬Ч  ╪зя│Мя║к╪з╪▒╪│тАм

P1)3 U16 6

1) +1)!#$ Z9I=A3. _)6Ri ┬У┬Зm6YDm"< ,+: r┬В 6<6 V % ( KO & 1  O " U 3M┬Э 1 3V  q 8 G  K!3┬УU1)!┬Э 6 +D+ -`!06G┬МH$ O D$~ :  OH l 6`0[+D#$ :$2Z6e".O  f Oa ┬МH$' /0 #$ o┬Б < *K 1)3 ┬Ж10 , 6┬В +6n6Ka1$ / $ O┬ЛV0'\ ┬К03OfIm N┬Р 6= N  

GV K P: 3V 2t G 6G 6Oa )r  FK -  2D , ,..3  m+G b 10  )!0 GT0 D, .I6N< K - `$'  i<O)r  66┬Б)+(.┬В ) '.) 6G6<, [O u N:$ 6+ LG. fI .^( , 83.^ P:NK  &0 3K 3.3┬Ш ┬МH$ 6n6Ka1$'PQ ┬ВM┬МH$'A3== ┬Ш8 6"& "m+G_9.┬МH$o<I=/$ 2kl\   m+G

1) ┬Х%^M.2R &t +D6GPH, R * D ; <=<<┬В "6<"3  ",  +┬С#$6 6 1 6 T  \ 4f Oa ┬МH$'? _ N  <O ! $ # PGO R.  +6 6   "N  Z9 6Oa 6+6G Rf Oa┬МH$'% 1)3 OUDR

6H  6G6Oa)rU+ l$ ┬Д"  GN  / -./0 ,-┬Н 696<6N

1{ 3= Gm+G ! p[ t G , 0'┬Г6"p┬Г.u, kl2G+f! QV'[:  ├Ъ┬░├╣├л├аd ^6Npi<O

K %3DF& D#$ ┬Г┬Б'FK)3.3p2RN6┬И  BK^n< G !0P-G. J  -  тАл ╪ея╗Ля║О╪п╪й ╪зя╗Яя╗ия╗Ия║о  я╗гя╗Фя╗мя╗о┘Е ╪зя╗Яя║Шя╗Шя╗┤я╗┤я╗в ┘И╪зя╗Яя║Шя╗Шя╗оя▒ШтАм.┘ЛтАл╪г┘Ия╗╗тАм тАл╪зя╗Яя║Ся╗о┘КтАм

6 &, 4! ┬Ш?t G6G6Oa)rU┬В 28 N&J &(l +(  ) '. G%, ┬МH$'\  ^ ┬В(26Qp ) ' O -┬УyQg!6 6

1) +UGD i< ! $ #$ )r   / {  E 9. R1)3 z - fI\<G[<H !0\ +*.Z69O2! nN.GO (Dahlberg and Moss, 2008┬КP1 ├Б!F┬ЧGn. ) s-N[MK6┬Б  GD2S 6, 8 ^D1) + nD 9 2\<G[<H !0'4! ┬Ш?_ N i<! $ ,+KR- k┬к┬ЬI'glH+┬Ш+5L'┬╖+L┬Ч┬к/┬иlH+┬й┬Ь=┬Э┬Яl┬Е┬ВN83.3D66"K_ i&FK &$  тАл ╪зя╗Яя╗Мя║к╪п ╪зя╗Яя║о╪зя║Ся╗К ┘И╪зя╗Яя║Ья╗╝я║Ыя╗о┘ЖтАм- тАл╪▒╪д┘Й я║Чя║оя║Ся╗оя╗│я║ФтАм

44


P1)3/08 .04P1 ?o &iKf^( R+6GK_ i<O:N ) 0'  60 P ‘ PQ"& FO 4R9 [+n , ^G ? R9[+n O1)3„O.{)z 6gm+G Ai, g\ B&0iK1)3]I=o &/$ 2kl[  /.3  / +G  K0 u Up +G. R GQ 

1 61 2R61$' %'   D$ F& D #$ / () * 2%3n e E < ƒ6K 2f^(   i& 2)r  1 9 / +G   , ˆ0 

V 61 +v /$  266" 

1 61  + Z6243,   V?1) + `{ / () * 

1 6m‚"  & -./0, '8 3OYm G‚ m  & -6 

   NH  m+G PGO 3D mÌ “ m61 ,..3PGO+  3"G! "&2E <% ) <+ ‚ + +‚ GK, 0D0, R9[+n Ob K)3nO 8 G /.3/ +G 6i<[ 3P1)3PGO Ì  ' ‘K)  G x3"K6n< g6+GK*&0 ]I=[6n*K,-Sf0 O@J %{ 1ŒuFn. <=3 6 & 0 ! D  `{ +( x " _ i& ,+:   V  )!  ’6+6GK

, e-PQQ6VUV! D O yGKGH/$? 

V0 3.3+Om+G_ 6V, ‰39. /$ 61 10'[6:  ‰39K"6" =E <6YKA3OP1)3PGOQQ G 2ƒ "s \ 36(0  O f36" BD  /$  N& , 36GH\   1—6 (   K'!n.i<6NH  2<u  )  6<=l )  ôjƒ£àd –QsUV0 E < f! s/"Rn.T3 = KFD 

, LGKR øe á«aÉ°VEG ábÉWkK2E < e(#$  :$' O,.*G 6Y\  =^6(KDBD KT0+ !H < 2BD 2.3 ‹The World Bank, 2006, P. 26Š4E <+ - .! QV' 

1 6 ‰ 9O0 3G ]D0 J ."K ˆ0 )!1)!#$A3.‹MAS, 2010 2010Š24P1 ?—R<6N 

"6G, e-; <=/0 24R +D% +10)? <OP1)3 /3V N/ +G =

"6G]I=30 Y]I=e P:aGK i&

D24^ s#$ /3"N.?,.I24/ Ì 9?K . <G 8 + 4K ?VG248 <n1? =)  O1)3/0 *O% Nu0' _ i&ƒ.u, t G6G6Oa)rt{  m+GmO 2N10'#$\ 0', H ".ukl, =0'2A`$'

46<6NP1)3c G[<H?Z9O) u$ =I6N<K”R*&0',

43

‫ اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ واﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮن‬- ‫رؤى ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ‬


 s     = n. '0 Fn. R +  ! "&' ,  % !V LZ6,  _3 6V6<6N 1)3 ()! Q  K

'#$  :$' O2P1)3 ,1 V) %3D  P1)3  -j R  6 #$ i< O  LÂ? .33P1)3PGO/0 Â&#x2122;./0 [6. Ă&#x152; %^K' +<6O26 ([D  6(

- 2_  K 6+( 3nO+GK)! Q 6]I=e #$3"NKT0P1)3 )! Q]I=m 0 )r FK - R9[+n[ m+G6+pyQ<, / (l$ )+1 OÂ&#x152;.Â? fI%{  B63D KfIUV (a* o &Â&#x192;6"p, 6{  Â&#x2019;P1)3Â&#x2020; - gAÂ&#x2C6; F6 10' O Â&#x201E;KK 1)3 ]I T0' 66  n6< Â&#x152;H$ V % ( KO& 1o &iKm+G+6+6G 2QQMK~ : , / <-+ 23. +(2m+G/0 6G ;`$' .)6GF6 10 #$ /3"N.2kl[  6G

1) Â&#x2022;/0#$o <*K 0 Kf3"&-NKP` "& 3  , '8 3O4E <6GK?6+ #$ GN OU Â&#x201A; p E <  =2/ l$'D0, / +G+G.G\ / +GG.R+6G_ i<,+:8 6 +G.RN 8 .06NQ 3= * Â&#x2C6;0 ) 'r Â&#x2026; =Â&#x152; n</0 61)3 F- O 8 3  86 %^. ' 4G Z.3? /0 Z.3s6Â&#x2020;:PH[ G% ^(+6G  ) ' ,ĂĄĂ&#x2018;ghÂ&#x160; R<6N yQ !  V)    LG. F  Â&#x2039;2006 6G% t3k<."K[ 1)3]I=o &Â&#x192;NK \  Â&#x201E;.Z62Â&#x2039;The World Bank, 2006Â&#x160;m 26 <2E < e(Z6, 6G D .R

.39 y6(."y*-.

D 6'[V  O6GV T3  !6 6m+G

1) Â&#x2022;\ v{ K =g

.39]I= ÂżCG @R. .", P"&6<6NP1)3

  1Â&#x2021;R+GKR+6GKS 61 O) " 6+G+-) G R +D0f!-*O â&#x20AC;Ťďşťďť¨ďť&#x160; اďł&#x152;ďť&#x152;ďş&#x17D;Â&#x2014;  اďł&#x152;ﺪاعسâ&#x20AC;Ź

ÂżCĂ&#x2030;°ÝH (Apple, 1982; Eisner, 2002 2002 2&^.J Â&#x2021;1982 2OJ Â&#x201A; 8 3O28 66G 6 è"Â&#x201A; .Â? RÂ&#x152;H$'46<"".? A3=0']I=P6"KRx "+i&0 O &2A3=0'3.39O 2/ +1  k6*& =Â&#x160; 8 .0 t3 k< , 1)! UH0 

1 6 GDÂ&#x20AC; Â&#x2039;Hanushek 2008 & WĂśĂ&#x;mann 2008 Q. +66 < 3.3p6()!$'?! GO0' \ 3({ KR 6 +D'6 +Â&#x2DC;! GO0'+Km2.! QV'6+< O 6V0'

Â&#x192;.u , -*K P1)3 ! 6 6 1) + 4 6+6(? /$ m63 3. +%,  +61'2E) , 4 .^6N? V, ! " 26  & (46 <?_ N6Og

N.GO! " QpR-B&0 ](l.3Â&#x2DC;, 6Â&#x201A;  g2.! 62 L 9& 6<D0 %! , . j \ t G 6G 6Oa )r O V A3=0 3.3p 8{  < F.Â? >H0 26! 

+i<  baseÂ&#x160;\&!0Â&#x201E;, 8 V& `{ #$ < (Da.Â? 2P1 6" Â&#x192;"p0Â&#x152; CP1 6"+(Â&#x2039;target numbersÂ&#x160;3 _ V)0Â&#x2039;line  ) '/r n.,.IFĂ&#x201C;&3.3p/$ 2B6 A3=0' 9& %3)r 6"< 1".u3.3 6<u  /$ 2P1 10'I=\ B3=061 10'~*b 3.39 o &6QpO " 6Â&#x201A; "KÂ? \<KÂ? +Go OÂ&#x201E;iG 

& 9 ' (3#$ 3+G.fI6G43.3Â&#x2DC;tL6?El +<I= +GÂ&#x201E;Â 1 !39A3=0', 

"1\ ÂĄ G 9&0 yÂ?3"<P:GKt -`$ El Â? =B+66"K 0?! nPV <_ N 0 -N! $' D ĂĄÂŞKh >:0Â&#x152;H$c"G_ i<I=e \ \<.Â? fI46 < B&0 y6(Â&#x2039;Hargreaves and Shirley, 2009Â&#x160;t`^N.g) = 39-+39

.' kl Â&#x20AC;2%3, e- 36 K .^(  9& % p ; <= / ( 2

6<6& +e Â&#x201E;10 % 2P1)3mO3.^  < , Â&#x2026; <6+6GA3=0'. G m+G+ye- F.)3K26 ^$'E <m  , 3.^ [: E <+4 '?U:".Of028 *6NKV Â&#x17D;(0 3O".O % ^(+ 6<"K6GKF6 10 9&m+GF.)3Ko OBD . ! 6V+v/ (2%3PGO% s = +(280E <A3=0 % 0. pyV2,..3 r$2R gm+G"&e I=6Q9GV  . G \ ÂŻ NsP1)3 U"N0 l$ _ i<tL6BD I8 :; <=/0 #$ *.Z9 F24Y6& v".u? 9&Bn& <&02R<6NR+6G /3O(3#$ U"N0 

H$ f0 2t`^N.g) = 6G>69H4YK?Â&#x192;6"pm9&  \ 3({ .)r  <Â&#x201A; KR4<"G?

H$J3"&; <= fI2Â&#x2039;Eisner, 2005Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;2005 2&^.JÂ&#x160;6G4R<"?3G o < O6$) *.Â? 24

D < ?&0  +( G #$6Â? 3G +.Â? t  O 2m6-6 <.! ,.3. =)   , 8 : ,% e61\ 2i&Â&#x160; O!0', e-% K3V4c &$'? â&#x20AC;Ť اďť&#x;ďť&#x152;ﺪد اďť&#x;ﺎاďş&#x2018;ďť&#x160; Ů&#x2C6;اďť&#x;ďş&#x153;ďťźďş&#x203A;Ů&#x2020;â&#x20AC;Ź- â&#x20AC;ŤŘąŘ¤Ů&#x2030; ďş&#x2014;ﺎďş&#x2018;ďş&#x201D;â&#x20AC;Ź

42


iG B.{),-Â? I=V0+G-` e(>QKt  O2 v <K-*UGKÂ&#x201A; 2Â&#x17D;(0D)3,.J' +10U& ( +(2kl[  Â&#x2039;2-*Â&#x160;] &!0Â&#x2039;RÂ&#x160;1)3 % s = +(P1)3

-`

Â?

Adv.

7

Princ.

4

Adv.

Princ.

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: o < y<‚ QK A 1P1)3/0, GN ON  &0?@ V) '_ i& 248 G6+D <8 ‚ 3 kl/ -.A 12o &F9O_ . l øe1)3)!$ mOK 3.^./0 B&0 `, kl/0 #$ *   Gg)v{ . €)2T0D, m+G2D o <NM< P1)3  Nu06nO ,  v3p ) ' r$= * , , e-z 0 

: kK &$' T0 6 :$ QR1)3_ 63.3j ‫ اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ واﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮن‬- ‫رؤى ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ‬

36


 =! ". R ) ' 3  . G N , % )3V P: 6Q9

GOP1 6"O V! ˜/0 O! " ' R+6GŒH$'B:N.fI23. \ 23.3˜z I= F- H MO 2)r  FK - % , /J' B+6+GK fn. 66% QK' <VLG.fIf OaA`$ G)!$' )r m+GmO g 6H 6{  T0' )r  FK - [ / * 1 ". , / *†1 3< 3 . G l)r  )  ‚ / D 9. m+G /0 \ G6+D ƒ 2m+G , K GV K 2Ou6Q9O "K)\ UVf0, Ž(0/J'3nO+G [6: yNM<o &)  'mGO,.IJ  =_ GI=t< O *A3?@m*30 >:0 [)/!69 kl/0, 3(0   &02o &T  [) 4F.)3 + GO  % , m+G  ={ T  _ i<, Z.3sS 61J A* % V‹SH: 12/4/10Š , Ž(0  6Qp \ ^ ‚()0  &0? @3.3˜  * `$' º6‚ V02'_0 ; <=G/ (  1yQ#$ F=l0  &0m+G

P1)3f.3 m+G, e-]3"& D$ =2_ .0 „KKU& -2/ +G < L R

.39T0'~ &0' 0 /e(/ +G ‰3pJ #$ yH, R "[6aO T3$ mKm1!3 PQ6"

 .3GK, 

 [)3P1)3T3$  , G+nƒ v  Ì ‚ 2O <,+:m1!3  "O$' b "&5 [V O6 < mGO,.IJ 2m+G, e-F2B\<G ' D$ I= ŒH$' 6+ ! "K R  ) Q 66"   D$ )  ' &/$ 2.0)F2f39I=% 8 .0 /.3 ‰3p m+G/0 +(283DNM<  ( OŒ +4z 1? Œ n</ "9.',.Ik†0 , APg#$ /. yG= K66)-* ]I=2< ONH zR+(a AˆUp+G< F. 8 NM< 8D0 / +G\: ". [3. 28 .`)'!600 r nK'm+GFKGH6

i3GO% + 0 O_ 6"#$2) (I83.3p28 & 60m+GPGO c3 F1PNM<3/$ 2/ +GB ". Ée Ö°ùMh 6G<R +D'[:  / Q9.fIPNM<FK, 8 .0/ () */.3‰3p &$ 26G<   <]I=(3GO?@=30% VB6 2\<I=ƒ U&0‹8)'!650Š-6`2300 »æfƒ£©j )r / +G.8 1 &0 3…/0 k<- +<6O2 R`f0 0 6VK' /0 #$ /.3 ) `0‹PM: 12/4/10Š4FK‚ 3 N/ <n. -* ]I=261 10'

D 6'68 6 (P6FKI= / */ +G <G  +1 ". :3‫ﳕﻮذج اﶈﺎﺳﺒﺔ وﺗﻮﺣﻴﺪ اﳌﻌﺎﻳ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺞ ﻋﻘﺎﺋﺪي‬

P1)3c G[<H?Z9O) u$  =I6N<K”R*&0', 46<6N 35

‫ اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ واﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮن‬- ‫رؤى ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ‬

6 6 

1) + O 8 1 $  O G*. /0   [6. t G 6G 6Oa )r +GK Z6 23 P1)3  Ì ‚ 8 & ˜)r U-`3V

*6+ I6N<3= D \ /J' ! ˜ ^(aK  

6H K GO  8 Q6Q ! <˜„"8{ U"u0 3V4< ?#$ N6ˆ, 6G6YK m+G+6<. G"6v~* ‹CDTPŠ6G< . K ) `$'%, 6+6GK 1) •, m{  / +GLG. 2A3KR21) ++!396<6 <

. ]I=#$ 2m+G+R +D'R<[:  O "K)'#$ 2)r F  9&8 3V 6: )r  ‹CDTP, 2010ŠRN6ˆ, 0 K


  < %  ˜ G %  = ˆ , 8 .0 3` ‰3p _ 6V = ˆ , ‰3p % Nu0' + = ˆ — 0' ‰e AÉæÑdG 3.3 / " [+nO 2R1)3 _3  & 3GO 2 K  3S  G6O

<u  <

N, , = &AQ. =2[ O+GK[ z) .I=?@A :0 U 3"n &v{ .t  O26‚ 6K D !0G 4T3D/!, ,-2G", G ‰39 %' "M.R

.39, / () */ *z 0 S

Vg$661$'P*6Nb "&H MO2R61$' yG:P1)3PGO#$% H VY.3V2m*F /  9.R61$')3˜, ."kKH MO2UV  _ .BN&ƒ.\ ["KRkKP1)3]I=e ) .r ]I=P1)36& v) .^O_ 6"6 FGQ øe ¬fC’ ,óMGh R1)3QN%[V  í°VƒjhK 6H KI6N<K_ 0 " %'/ *T.  <OT0#$1)3 , G "<O  lU6H03"?@=30  <<-23.3˜1)30/ -61] !0/083"G Bu\ \ 8 . ui<./0\*M./ (B&0'2kl3GO)"I=,  <6‚ MK ‹SH: 12/4/10Š4) /l$\ % Q9P*6Nb "& _ i< O(3#$V B/ () *BD .JR6) º ç 3p+v I‚N<. )"[<H/0 1)3mKB6/ +G.fI »WGôbhÒÑdG ‚ 

+6G( R6) -*O RK0 . 2N10 #$ \ 0 , o& ~ K‚ O G+6†:% ‘; <= = G‚ ./0Fn.,..30m+G+ i< O )"NK . 8 & 602)"[<Hv{ .P: N.R( 6G6Oa)r GKRR H 

6n6Ka1$#$ % , K m{  m+G mO % QK'  1  t G A*%, 021)3#$6G..3 , 6+1) 1) , 1  1)e 0'30 .{),-mG GPQQM  6=LM.m+G P1)3 f.3 #$6G..3   030 *GO) '3 V3  K)  D$ ..3)"O

t G6G6Oa)r% p2kl[  H$YQ 6=0'

+i<

-sPGO, 

+=  . jzID 

-, 3 0'. u 3GK\ % Qs, U<-j280 2 -& 6 e 

+i<  2o.½ 2 -6nO 23<< e 6<D0 . jH 6+<6( 0' ( , 8{ t3k<  <g$R<. o O\ ^6(a, 3.^ [ 6G~ V \ >D)0'\ ~r‚ K2u* % 0']I=PGO,-E < m9& b*8 "/ G\ ƒ KRP1)3kK

‫ﺻﻨﻊ اﳌﻌﺎ—  اﳌﺪارس‬

"&, z" O/i<.&$?@% ".A :0461$/ +G. /! G.P*6N"&% 38  H3:00  , P*6N  <% ‘/ +G.+iG 8 60  UVU6#$ ! - O¸  =28 6 .‹8)'!30Š( `110 \ / Q9. [:  = R<"".   61 10' K 6 y.) Q 6Y RN-. .  , RN-.  \ / Q9. '  21)3   Nu0 

 0[ 

+D3" 0R<&$ kI2 OJF& D, GO  ‹O "3GO @CFŠ4+ !3 +

‫اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﲢﺖ ﻇﺮوف ﻗﺎﺳﻴﺔ‬ %' =/ +G D .R66

.39rO0, /$ , z" O["K3P1)3, P1)3 ‰eR61$' Ì 1)3 #$% H /0/ +G>:02661$'

<u  øe ƒV; <=2kl\  8 . u8 VOuVY. \ / 661$'! <˜ =IM.GV  g  D$! D% + .! 6 r D$'_ .0%Sg$'P*6Nb "&e S 2% e 61 \G 46< 0   D$? B6 / ".  n9O hCG <u  zV/ *6G.,.I/ () */ +G_3M. 661$'P*6Nb "&\ 0 F<n.3O8 Vu661$ y6(m+G30 ‰3p

<u ]I=, z" OGV  FO2"6V!15 , '8 3O 1BVY.1)3#$ % H /0 T3$ , z" OB&0 n9O/ 661$' ! <˜B"g0 ƒ.u v{ .2m+GF2% "&'[ UV I=

<u  OuGK!0 6G _ i&  D . R 

O GQ O R  \ / +G / ( fI R1 6 [:  FO? @=30 % V %' FO v{ . 2) =3.f! QV'[: >H0 2%'UpB*6G& G/$ 2™s kI(6GR +D'[: \ FT2:Š 4 (  -* ]I= FO P*+‚ = 3V z < O Ï6t [:  O8 .0 \ m+G/$ kI(‹14/4/10 . +%'FOt G6G6Oa)rBOjfI % V "<  R1 6 )"1' \ 3+G. fI b* /0 B<- 30 ' 2%' Up %^& ' ,9&? @m+G 30 ! "'2) 0' 60 '/ +G'28 6:)30 'kl-<. [: 2

u Y O+GN  6P*6G&,9&BN&P6' ‹FOT2: 5/4/2010Š4 . gzRN< O" \ GV 3P1)3T3$ 3` [ ~ +D Ì [:  v0 , ‰3p 26OY N  

<u  T3$ ,  OJ', (&?@% "2F GK\ R1 "f! QV' ‫ اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ واﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮن‬- ‫رؤى ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ‬

34


;a` O/ K.,.I14h 11 ,.3<6&3o <  0 2-N2A *-1' \ ! 6"FOP1)3 D KR

.39J % e +v / (3"b ".J' =)3D‹RŠ1)3  3D 2!)  Fisf0 )3˜I=b "1, m"V/ +G.3 )r ..3 F- #$ [:  ,  ( 3V   I.$  Pn  030‰3pm+G) 0' 60P‘6G -*s..3F- R9[+n O% QK]! D, ¡&03O,-2

=\ % Q9) 0' 60 O <QK?@8 9: y050 , ".' y‚ -. 3.3D)3D <O+p G6. ‚ )3˜! <1$ e T0 '8  <aV2‹)'!y0 14Š-6` ‹MoPTA, 25/4/2010Š43GO ‚ e&¡ <<-2O v

3O PGO   8 + 8)! m+G ) 0'  60 O) FGK   0 30 ‰3p  GO ƒGK R 1)3  -* 6G P1)! , 1)3 .3 #$   -` B&0 y6( Pn @% V21)3E) m1)3PGO 6G.RH 6 :$' ,..3\ UaV 23.^  = ˆPH 6G>H0? º¡«£©f /02 NGk†0\ ^(&/0 <6 /0m+G GC /0 , '8 3O PHN % 1)3  6 :$ 8 QQ ‹MPTA: 5/5/2010Š41)3E) 8 1)!/I0 .  $8 .!  $ 1)3*&0 m+G) 0' 60 P‘ 3. *&0 Pn 

+=  ,    0 30 ‰3p 3V 8 6<6 _ .0' 2mn. x-K  ' N e 1)3  6NH '8  0 [3& 2 ' N' ]I=  3& ,9&? @A :0  N \  <Ou [6n* kIO _ 6" f) ,   .3=  * , Pn, J  ‰3p‹FPTA: 11/4/2010Š4G k†0 D0 , H MO2b V0 _ 1)[!])! / *6G.,.Ik†0 0 21)336˜!0 O/^6+.,.I PGO 8 .0 O = K GH .! QV Aˆ 0 u Up 6&36 y6 -K6Y. +  1)3  D K R  -* , 1)3 .3 Uv3p ] 6w:”R: y6QB&$U V] 6 !3 $PH QMO U-`] 6PQ"<FO1)3#$~ 10'3 ƒ.u, ] 6 O1)33.^O =)3OU VR.3#$.3 ] 6#$ 6 D  (o.) H \ ^(a[DaK6G~ "R9[+n

+=  U9H0 ^D0 r! 6(1'! 61 10' 6s

 33

‫ اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ واﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮن‬- ‫رؤى ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ‬

R9[+n[ H ‹6Oa

..3 3 €ŠP1)3 \ 2004Št3k<, )! H.) "K*K. j, 8 e9O 

+= UYO1999\ 1994_ G, B&0#$‹% e61 2A3KU& (3V)'!/ 6 11R9[+n, 6 +D$' ”Z6261)3   *&$P:)0 += 2/ 60'Fg0  U6<O NQ&22005h 1994 ÚH 1)3 266 B +‘  *&$ ‹The World Bank, 2006ŠR9[+n !

+=  , R6&^6c3K,  , 1)3]I=/.3L  

D 6K\ )3"_3 , "V 6 / Q9. ,  .3T3$Uv3p!396&^6]I=,+:m+G #$_ G

+G [! 2 1)3 _ GL^6… 1T3 z) …*&0 O_ 6"PH ,O \ 66_r  `  26 9 2P: +0' 2P+* !  S) e ‡yQ  K 6+-LM€HB‰! , T0 .3 Uv3p =g  ) >69Q <1)3  )r  ) ?@U "2 =3< øe »Øμj  <.33D .'B&0 UN*( 3< 2P [O ‹PA: 10/3/10Š 4T0 1)3  )  2K 6+- ^D0 H MO2‰! sI=FO u $T3 , )€.3Uv3p 3.3DK 6+(LM. jm 0 K3GO>NK¡ =! D/0 ^ngK 6+-_ G L, / () *‰3p B1)3 _ GL[:, f3‘‰391)3  ¬°ùØf!!a Om&)„:R( `#$LMGE ?@8  V Onr n2„"33DB<-2m&+G.y6( <m6 1)3, 23  0 ‹StH: 28/4/10Š4m&, : 9.03O k1)3 , U"&?@% "K 6+-L, ‰392 N& 2 <K * \ +G &3 3VK 6+(r DF u- 6 ]3.& R`f0 +GO <>+. 28- P1)3R<& <(l$ ‹P:) Ša-DOr D3K 6+(r D; <=21)3]I= PC,9&

:  < 9: 6/ +G + 3M.23 ‹StH: 28/4/10Š4[+& \ /3+G./ 60'Fg0_ G +G / (21)3]I= <6G 6+ *&0 O_ 6"0  = ˆ0 2_ N Ò°ùØàd ¢Vhô©dG 8 †6  6D Dr BNHm+G30_3M12% e61\ >:0.3GOO " % NP1)!Œ .$'8 6*8 G-   O G˜ ^6n, RN-. f3/ ( \<j0?@8  VG 3" 02= i/ N*-.(K

+‘N&0 O/ +G. …ód ¢ù«d ,™s ,-".]IO_3"./0 ‚ Fn.P1)3¿CG !)   ^6n ]I= e ! D _3G& /$ 4 ^6n ]I= H MO26GŒH$V % ( KOo &8 6^DN./0,-


/ ( ┬ЛRTOP┬К & 1 \ 6   n1 J P1)! ; <= ┬ЛR┬К 1)3  [1  yQ 6O Y +G 2 &) +G+ 3.3D*&0 OB<g02P1)3R6┬Б/ <G+GU 3M1 6n6Ka1$ ( )! FG  )3 U<┬В K 3  GK ┬Б 1 

  [ Q R┬Б"1' o< UGK┬В  P1)3 6G ├Й┬б┬йe 0 6OG Y  ┬Ш A0 _3M1 m& V #$ ,kl\  +┬Ш,9. < /aM6

 

V O U&0280┬Г6R1)3z -E) , QVU 3M1 r NKZ69O2 0  6" 6U 3M1GOP1)3+G 

 U+ ^┬Б nO 0']I=!3pR#0' +n ,,+┬В GK , ,v3p ┬В 2

+┬С  ,GO [ yQ I=  3V,+GO,Gj,&0 3O2,N&0 O

D <1#$ ,H . Y8!3┬УyQI= N6vv"._3M1/ ( тАл ╪п┘И╪▒ ╪п╪зя╗Ля╗втАм:тАл╪зя║ая╗дя╗Яя║Шя╗дя╗К ╪зя╢Ия╗ая╗▓тАм  L┬Р  .3 P6 3 P1)3 PGO /$ % "& (I ├М iG+ 6 & [D 0 F( \ f p 

- 0 K 6+( ^D0'61 u"RYK! - O!3┬У

6&^6  .3P1)3 T06(1! 2] K% K 6+-& 6H ! 6"/$ 21)3]I=,..3m+G, e-#$├б├С┬░├╣├жd├ЙHh ├╕e % 90 /0 #$ ) `$')3┬Е 8 66┬Б)8 .3pej6&^6\ 6"% 10 5 +<6O2FKQQ┬Р26Oa)r

Q t3 k<┬К F.)3 266" 261)3 F- \ AQK ┬Й3p 3V m9&  V , % j 

Q ]I= iG  ┬Л2006 =! D┬Г6G.^n LM!) _3G&/0y6(3 / 1)3 El ┬П !) / D 9.  /0 ,.3"G 2436D? Q   $' T^Y flGKbM&T0.QO┬Б 1 Z9.23P1)36+6G6 !) _3G&'i< O ├М e R9[+n !

3, 3  , P1)3.3 +G

+i< 2m+G) 0' 60 P┬С2f"Pn .3  I. R ! ┬Ш , e- ; < R<6N R=0'

(t"., GO)0'% QN) <6kl, o<. ┬Т<8 . l 102l 10@z .7 3┬Б) @_ .8 365 @b .9 ┬Тl / GK2_ 6[O)365 @_   <1[O)0(3GO,-28 .28B6b `/0'┬Л[O .┬К@b .10 [+D0┬ТRG6O `GO)0\ 1 <+Vl$28 .29B6RK0 . ┬Т <6G6O `[O)[ [O)[ [O)[ [O) ┬Лz D'┬Кz .11 , z ┬Ш\ Q9./0Q ┬К┬Т~ O)0GO)0 <6G6O `@_ .12 ┬Л ├│MGh @b .13 

6: .] &I02 6& `G&2>69H3@_ .14   & ,  P:)0' , Z.3s O P1)3 G +-.┬К .15 (├б┬░├╣H├Й┬лdGh ┬ТF( -_0n<L(0, _ n<#$[D┬╜:_ .16 F( -@b .17 ,┬в├╣┬к┬░├╗dG , L(0 _ n</$  "O 1 <Vl$ 2f G ^()@_ .18 ┬Тn<P:)0'L(0m 8l$2P:)0', L(0P+* _ n<@z .19 ┬Т_ n<3┬Б  `-0 1l$F6u_ n<@_ .20 6 <".uAG&:1b .21 \ 3({ .R-

O D$'36G.G┬К

= ┬Е'AG&:2b .22 (├Й┬б├а├л┬░U N1 AG&:3b .23 ┬Т/ +(P*.@_ .24 /  )`AG&/0[6&+", :4b .25 ┬Т/ +( `2_ n<, R-9<O <$,-236D@_ .26 fr. +EO0', R*.AGO@_┬Лz D3D .'┬К .27 ┬ТP1 "2z"GEO ]3GO2 K3┬Б . +EO0', ┬М*G+1┬К .28 y6( N, 9& &3Of ┬Ш@_┬ЛP1┬Ш/) 6 G-6G.F( -)3O

тАля║╗я╗ия╗К ╪зя│Мя╗Мя║О┬Ч  ╪зя│Мя║к╪з╪▒╪│тАм



6: . OO)e ┬КT0'

: "O  ├Й┬б┬лa >+1

is+v/ (2kl\  ┬Л11-9 ├╕e ┬в├╝├жdG H MO2 N┬ЛIRE┬К_ i&~ K┬В /3OO D$' OzG _ i<ej(9 El ┬ПG_3M12BQ%. < \ 3 P+*% P:)0'/)!R+*  / ( 2kI n6<( R┬Б -*O / - 3"G (s  O=) -0, G\ ,.)! V

z -  ,. <G [K┬В  G /0 [  2P  y"  B&08 i / (2 N6ve6 -".\<┬В K2R1)3 61\ +┬В GK  0 .-N.R(z% ┬С; <=/ ( /0 *O┬В GKG !y6(20┬Ч17 , PQ<i.2% e  H . &) "6% n8 96 2_ n0` g

VG [ 83.3D8 : Go !2kl#$  :$' OK O D$ #$ ├бa├┤┬йe [ +┬Б ┬ДO)3D02R1)3z -! D ~ :  тАл ╪зя╗Яя╗Мя║к╪п ╪зя╗Яя║о╪зя║Ся╗К ┘И╪зя╗Яя║Ья╗╝я║Ыя╗о┘ЖтАм- тАл╪▒╪д┘Й я║Чя║оя║Ся╗оя╗│я║ФтАм

32


V % ( KO& 16   8 6& ""2T^Y  l y"1)3m+G, =g[ &) " 6GŒH$ ,(RŠ1)3 [OyQ_  G 2y1 .yH, t  , 4_ n<F( -?/ < Up8 1)!BOuG./ (Z6 ‹26@yQzu!3 Š83 ¢U2[OyQR1)3z - F( -? @[O yQ _  ,(RŠ 1)3  5 ”‡l–I @4_ n< %  P:)0' /)! , o<6O  ` t ". = m 2F6u @_ .1 ?¢ùª°ûdG l 102l 10@b .2 36N  .] .0@_ .3 GO)0'% QN@b .4 % QN ‰3p y6( . El +< O ;9. 3OŠ r • @_ .5 ‹F( -/ < #$ =3GO"&2GO)0' 2P+*%  N&% )3KF( -B&$  <VF6u@_ .6

’z nO `’l 2+GA *( O  *[6@b .13  *[6  3M1D0, ‹8 99Q Š@_ .14 (IK!‘P6‰39. /0"O 

N">: K €)  :Á QKG6G6+ /0 y6(O2

& 9 ' O 

N">: K\<G fl6GKPH, ". 2

& 9 ' f0 26GŒH$ V % ( KO& 1o &8 .0 "O  / G‚ .m+G/0 3OG+m- )! Gm+G/0 (IREŠ6ve6 -"./ 3M.R1)3z - /0 z>. ¡S 6I=yQ)!$' 61 ( N  +G.2Œ~ :  O-N.26+‚ G6+  () *.   U‚ 1 

N" , e-  +GK A *-1' 8 G y" % s = +(

6: .yG:,u \ ‹31Š3 6+‚ GK~ :0 Ou;`$   / +G ; <=2kl[ 

46<6NP1)3c G[<H?Z9O) u$ =I6N<K”R*&0',

31

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30 >:0,.J m+G V,  969Q) nP1)3  & (3"2m+GmOK PGOklFK3"?@,..3 /J / +G  Q9N.R

G6V3Q /0 *Om"V ย‹PF: 3/3/10ยŠ4) ย‘1)3

66" 6n6Ka1$ [ / "N. ' ,.I kย†0 #$ รกร‘ยฐรนรฆdร‰Hh R<=I T  , \ 0  ) ' ]I= /$   " 2) ' ยˆ, G\ !3*K2 0', 8e(,+K2 z \ ye-E < &$ m+G\ P:NK2FV  ) '/0y6(8 .0/ +Gย‰3pKL1) ย• % V 2% e 61 \G ) 0'  60 z ยƒ" O FK / ([OyQ6OGY)r / 9 ?/$m+G30 FOT2:ยŠ4A *=3 OG`2

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.  \ 3({ Kt  O261)3F-)-K ) ' 6&3 -NK 

 c3Kz 10 , / () */ +Gย†1

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:  GN OR=

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24


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D  3.3p  8 66) 8)! / G. ‚ 8 & 60B!3 $'F.)3 ]I=e RKF.)3Ko O/ +i<. R<+ 3K 8 +! R ‚ *? @

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3, / +G ‚ IK ‚ 8 .0+iG  IK! ˜PNM< _ Gux3"K2 H %3O ,.Im+G[ / O)3 O G.R. "., ‹m* f0Š &$? @=30 % V F.)3 o &O /9. o L]I=/$J% V ,(FT3: 3/7/2010Š4% Nu0' ( <&  G. e )!$' . N(m={  6mO)3/0'? N( lU6 FT1:Š 4/ - UV    _3 #$  :$ 2o L ]I= ,  GF.)3)!, 6O YG  IK‹15/4/2010 0?@8  V26OGPH Q<T “6p, A* V PQ</ 9./0".03OR: RO0 6.$, 8l 0 8 ‚ “8 Q& 0"./ (U<. O) O>`0 fIz)32.36"K".O 4PG <GO, N&+G< <6K020"&R- 0Ó &¡,9& < ‹AT2: 19/4/2010Š CascadeŠRGO F.)3

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6: . 49 mO, mF6KK D2003 _ G_ G%34h


‫ﺷﻜﺮ وﻋﺮﻓﺎن‬

‫ﻧﺸﻜﺮ ﻛﻼً ﻣﻦ اﻟﺪﻛﺘﻮر أﻧﺪرﻳﻪ ﻣﺰاوي‪ ،‬واﻟﺪﻛﺘﻮر ﻓﺆاد اﳌﻐﺮﺑﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺮاﺟﻌﺔ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺮ وﺗﻘﺪﱘ‬ ‫اﳌﻼﺣﻈﺎت واﻟﺘﻐﺬﻳﺔ اﻟﺮاﺟﻌﺔ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﻧﺸﻜﺮ اﳌﻌﻠﻤﲔ واﳌﻌﻠﻤﺎت وﻣﺪﻳﺮي اﳌﺪارس واﻟﻄﻠﺒﺔ واﳌﻮﺟﻬﲔ اﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻗﺒﻠﻮا اﳌﺸﺎرﻛﺔ ‬ ‫وﺳﻬﻠﻮا ﻋﻤﻞ اﻟﺒﺎﺣﺜﲔ  ﻣﺪارﺳﻬﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺬا اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫واﻟﺸﻜﺮ ﻣﻮﺻﻮل ﻟﻮزارة اﻟﺑﻴﺔ واﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻌﺎ‪ g‬ﻟﺴﻤﺎﺣﻬﺎ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺑﺪﺧﻮل اﳌﺪارس؛ ﻋﻴﻨﺔ اﻟﺪراﺳﺔ‪ ،‬وﻧﺨﺺ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺬﻛﺮ وﻛﻴﻞ اﻟﻮزارة ا‪-‬ﺳﺘﺎذ šﻤﺪ أﺑﻮ زﻳﺪ ﻟﻠﺪﻋﻢ اﻟﺬي ﻗﺪﻣﻪ ‪T‬ﳒﺎز ﻫﺬا اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‪ ،‬وﺗﺮﺣﻴﺒﻪ ﺑﻘﻴﺎم‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻤﲔ ﻣﻦ وزارﺗﻪ ﺑﻘﻴﺎدة اﻟﻌﻤﻞ اﻟﺒﺤﺜﻲ ﻟﻬﺬه اﻟﺪراﺳﺔ‪ .‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻧﺸﻜﺮ ﻃﺎﻗﻢ ا‪T‬دارة اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟ¬ﺷﺮاف‬ ‫واﻟﺘﺄﻫﻴﻞ اﻟﺑﻮي  اﻟﻮزارة‪ ،‬وﻋﻠﻰ رأﺳﻬﻢ ا‪-‬ﺳﺘﺎذ ﺛﺮوت زﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻖ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺪراﺳﺔ وﺗﻘﺪﱘ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻐﺬﻳﺔ اﻟﺮاﺟﻌﺔ ﻟﻬﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫وأﺧ‪ ،k3‬ﻛﻞ اﻟﺸﻜﺮ ﻟﻠﻴﻮﻧﻴﺴﻴﻒ وﻃﺎﻗﻢ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ ﻓﻴﻪ‪ ،‬وﺑﺨﺎﺻﺔ اﳌﻤﺜﻠﺔ اﳋﺎﺻﺔ ﻟﻠﻴﻮﻧﻴﺴﻴﻒ ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺴﻄﲔ ﺟﲔ ﻛﻮف‪ ،‬ﻟﻠﺪﻋﻢ ﻏ‪ 3‬اﶈﺪود اﻟﺬي ﻗﺪﻣﺘﻪ ‪T‬ﳒﺎز ﻫﺬه اﻟﺪراﺳﺔ‪.‬‬

‫‪14‬‬

‫رؤى ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ ‪ -‬اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ واﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮن‬


‫ﺻﻨﻊ اﳌﻌﺎ—  اﳌﺪارس‬

‫اﻟﻔ َﻠ ِ‬ ‫ارس ِ‬ ‫ﳌ َﺪ ِ‬ ‫ﺴﻄﻴﻨ ﱠﻴﺔ‪:‬‬ ‫ﳌ َﻌﺎ—  ا َ‬ ‫ُﺻ ْﻨ ُﻊ ا َ‬ ‫ﱢ‬ ‫ﻟﺴﺖ َﻣ َﺪارس ُﺣ ُﻜﻮﻣ ﱠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻮﻏﺮاﻓﻴﺔٌ‬ ‫ِد َراﺳﺔٌ ِإﺛ ُﻨ َ‬ ‫)ورﻗﺔ ﺑﺤﺚ(‬

‫اﻟﺒﺎﺣﺚ اﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫‪khKL53gJ‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻳﻖ اﳌﻌﻠﻤﲔ اﻟﺒﺎﺣﺜﲔ‪:‬‬ ‫‪¬Lg‡FI'+‬‬ ‫‪}…9gJ†7+}E‬‬ ‫‪¬ªŸ;3+(¨E‬‬ ‫‪ uœIMbK‬‬ ‫‪ÔKg…8bŸÀ‬‬ ‫‪†8};'·+ …ƒlI‬‬

‫‪¬¨,ÍH+}N¨‡lH+LpuhœH¤g‡–H+G}I‬‬ ‫‪¤g‡–H+£…u»+bh=k……7(¨I‬‬ ‫‪”ª…ªJ¨ªH+£I›Í…‚IN¨Ÿl,‬‬ ‫‪kª,}H+kœHg,puhœHkŸ0}.¨K†ƒ¢H++|KLkNªœ™J)·+kœHg,puhH+k,glG«…ª*}H+p1ghH+…­EkŠ1ÐI‬‬ ‫رؤى ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ ‪ -‬اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ واﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮن‬

‫‪13‬‬


O╞Т┬йj -, / ",93 y*(2.) s┬Ш. &

1)! 3G P610 K %  ) 9+K 28 ,.* #$  =+ f0.z 6Y =I6N<KFGQ, / (2" 6n6Ka1$ "_ .0'Z9<12YKAi/J'@% ".├Т├С┬й├аdGh -N  " 6n6Ka1$ 

1)! 3G P610 K 6& - $ / -K /0  = >:  BD  2.{  ┬М : ; <= 2)  % nI=^6+\ ,.)! ", 3.3┬Ш6n)!$' 2)!$'3&'0Fn. <<-28 .! 8 . <G -N 3&,9& 2 )r P6┬Б)P: 6_1) (3 O2/r  O0 P6┬Б OR"0 1 fI230' r 9<g3G-6 ┬Мu0 12 V3H0 = 26<6N6" OV  l!3G  .r

1)!_3"61 _3".2 +=g239

.' [ 23G[  <V  <6O,   ┬С/!2) +┬Ш G2)"F Q┬Б3O'8  1{ , "  =2 K6"1 Okl 9&/ n ,9& 8 j/ ",93

z RG+n6Y┬Й3$ ()!B/ -61fI , 83D┬Б N R<<-2 6sUV) / (0 1R<&0 Fg0'\  R6)3GOt8!3 / -1 &0T)0R21{ ]I="

тАля║╗я╗ия╗К ╪зя│Мя╗Мя║О┬Ч  ╪зя│Мя║к╪з╪▒╪│тАм

тАля╗гя╗Мя╗мя║к ╪п╪▒╪зя║│я║О╪к ╪ея║│╪зя║Чя╗┤я║ая╗┤я║ФтАм

^6s,  D$ \ _ "K G1{ -┬дg┬З┬ЦH+}┬Я= fI_ 6B6$ \G& I=2+-\<G┬А_ G#$ PH   6 _ ".2┬Б G, " )!$ #$ 1{ )!$ B6% 9K 36GQ \ =)  / -┬Н 2[+n O AaG. PH M`0 1{ P610 K <3=0  <""/ -&2R< "ef-N 2zY.

1{  6 _ "KR-NR=R2 R 1$'yV - 6 _ "K '2 G+K1{ ) K\┬дg┬З┬ЦH+┬г┬Е┬Бu┬╗+bh= ┬Б Ge┬Х; <=/ -.3V R┬Б G) u$', EMK┬┐CG ├│H 2_ . l┬Б G, )!$']I=%"1, 3O',-2 K)!$ k.`B&0 O[+nG*./0 3O'B"6"p\ +G&  = ┬Г0 , 3.^┬А + H K2 < [3.R(21{ ]I=)!$

2011/3/29w.) O6<6N_ .0'N69H.) s┬Ш]I=PQ&*&

% f Oa. Z9/ "^(  +i&+ `)=) %fI6N<.3y! .r2m 0 / "+ 2 < 0'P┬СP6┬Б)/ ",93 6G(9_ 1y6┬И K тАл ╪зя╗Яя╗Мя║к╪п ╪зя╗Яя║о╪зя║Ся╗К ┘И╪зя╗Яя║Ья╗╝я║Ыя╗о┘ЖтАм- тАл╪▒╪д┘Й я║Чя║оя║Ся╗оя╗│я║ФтАм

12


+ H MO2R <O0RDr =I6N<K, / { 2F& ˜ ~ +D$ +e 2P1 10' O ! D 6H  ]I= ,-K ¡   \ f3GO,  =. K1{ . +sR <O0RDrV, ƒ R(K, L(0 &PQ6QMOF uGO/0 zYK3V ' &0]I=RK zY.PG/0 zY10  &0 1{ + < O8) -`'8 3 i&0'2 <VR=Og.0 6T)0 P6 2R+ , RV   &0 \ 1{  ]I= #$ i&0  &0 t +6. (K0/0c - $ O ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ اﳌﺆﺳﺴﺔ‬ ]I==1{ +3.3D"  <BD K; <=iNg…‚H+”…7¨N ’/ ",93 1{ 6".{z O, RK0 K  26 "v1{ / -6+H3.3˜\<¤g‡–H+£…u»+bh= 2kI+Q gP1 10' =21{ +t s\< ( ¢ù«d z G61[6K

  #$D 9O,9&B<  ^D0) n†1” "8 ,.*GV0'\ 21{ 

 +u( / ",93 1{ TKy6( =%{  ¤g‡F¤g…> ’_ 0* 3GO /J'B6 R= •48 NG:m+? =)0 ¤g‡–H+£…u»+bh= 12]) u$ +GK"(y  v0 K / -61 2R+<_^O2G„"P6z *

†  €) *

1{ [.) *  3FQ.ΠO)0 ,  ) +e1']I=])3K

A N1$', ‰3p0 '4f) n?, ‰3p0 m =. K ’% sG6O 

O s 6+G [M<1  s ]I=  ¤g‡–H+ £…u»+ bh= . pFg&' <&0'2 << O% " gI=2) >O 2 =g6<6 "v[.) *  3&,9&.) …1{ #$1{  fI 3/0\<G€2 =!! 0  <H0 D &$;) *&' º¡n aoCG ¿CG 3.)0 'U<(/$2B V0 /0 F0  8 .) …P6B 3"& 

& +: <G: G( <&0 =2P:G1'z O, ‰3p0R<&0 (  6s36V\ U<(  12m< *G1{ ]I=)+1'  <Gn. I= 21{  .)+1 \ A  ' t  O  ' _0 ƒGK.) …

O % 3ƒP\ 8)H$ Ž(0 mO,  &01{ ++

NQ, ) >O6= N€  Kl. j30\ 3+GK'R,u 6"

1{  2_ +G\ 6VR=2(a* [.) *  &IN&/ -&3V G.) *  '30, 8 u* '8 "&',9& <K! 6V <`$Up,- U& (D.0, 1{ 

1 613Kf0"&/0,- UQQk&0 OB+  

& +mO, =iNg…‚H+”…7¨N øe 25% ,  <=Z.3s1{ > Qk(K, 8 ^D ’kKv I=,-2kl, Z.3sF0 ,(0 ¡¤g‡–H+£…u»+bh= IOƒGKc & V-*O"v 6H; <=GN O‰3 0

mG&m+G^( ) .r, F& D

11

‫ اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ واﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮن‬- ‫رؤى ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ‬


y"e\ / $',.3 mO(S; <=¤g‡–H+}Ÿ= 6 +D'P1 </{ `,.3_ 9V$ _3 D0 øe íaÉμj ¿CG ,.3QN&¡l$RQM`~ :  / $' 026QM* P62[V ." ]I=_3"&, K)!$3) 0 , Ée2c $8   €)28 < { / (0/0RY.'I=2zY." 3G.,€/ &$'V ) u$_! ‫ﻓﻜﺮة اﳌﺆﺳﺴﺔ‬ t V@% V/ ",93 1{ P610 K-%  ¿CG 2G ˜, EMK/ (2R<O+ RDr 3D2<115 2A . &8!3“\".  3"&R.!N

& Gv0 K ]I= )  F& D0 m6<6NO U<G1 21{   <O  &-N 6"1 O+G\ 8 Q<  < +=/ (9:u0.{ 6+<6G "e 10)\ 3  ' ‘ K á«aÉØ°Th 2B &, %0'B&03" 0N8^( ^g <6<OkI2N   N-! D O2UV [ mB &, 36  €) Œ : O N&ƒ"pUK O2 + ) K21{ +GKR >.,  < ; <=P6P1 10' O6+(K6+G¤g‡–H+}Ÿ= \<G[ 2¡ G( * [6+Ds.91\Q k <&0 = O  &) V l$ (a6+=0 , ‰39&,9&B V0  fr n ,.* VB6 U& ( €m6<N6 "e% "s+‘ ƒM&',9& ' n]I=8(8 3"K+v/0™&28  K$2F= ]I=rO$'u0, Z9&O2F= , Z9&0  <n&2 3~ : €ƒG. +6 N&ƒ6"9  0% n ƒG. +6  12 <N& &) uUV [ 2^ ˜1 61 <+ .3O 2N^( 0 2. Z9^( 0 2/ <N "eo &LO >< !‘, 8 "+ Ž(0(OH  3UK O\ 1)3 2m )31)3 , ‰39&/0RN-.2^ ˜ '8 e  <O\2/!)0'y6H(i<KR6G )3 6V$' T  \ O 2F9 m  P6 BO TI9. 8 .0¡ G ‫اﳌﺆﺳﺴﺔ واﻟﻀﻤﺎﻧﺎت‬ f03D .'02 ‘O1{ )+1/ +iNg…‚H+”…7¨N Z69O2R<N "e"sf) nB N€) +e1„6MK

‚ 24! .$  O045OUG+D_ 6 l  @Be.3/ "H . RO M&=)"OcLM62-O6=O$2/ `2,s3  <- 28 <1 =YH0 c ( UOY1  R<u  Pn+ 8 6) 2U)  "+G  ) * 3GO  D >6`a I= /0 3(0 /0 O cL0 /0 3GO 2kl \ H0 <- 2,.J U9`) U& ( <=FQ<IR96`K r0, R=6!

O M& ÜÉH øeUV2R1 6+G[ RM.) K6QNi9 R<6NR<u S e6 &^C02/ n <6‚ 26{ +p (l0  \ 2! .$  O02,s3 MOUG+DS e6r C$ 3GO .I6N<K<˜z M&):\  !3`2=g2! D O0 e•.I6N<<n/ -K/0 P10 O'B&0 #$  `02t _ 6 D36O% / -./0Uua`R<-2+i< Q  0, '$ 2ŒaV'*V <€c3 3D36OŒ23 RO UDm2BD I=POcL0 ,s3 /0 4R<6N FG* 6ej / "9K ' &0?  UV 20' R1 6+GU^   ., 24U‚ )t U+4 \ —Ug)  — 8)! V ,(0 ¡ R<&0 H MO 2f36" _ N O ¡ R<<- 2z^ 0 ( , 8 3 ,(0 ¡ R<& ( D  Fg)0

‫ﺻﻨﻊ اﳌﻌﺎ—  اﳌﺪارس‬

2R +D 2R1 61 b $ , _ 6 / & G. / 6<6N   N-&' O $ P-G<6136(0  OI=29S J ’h ,…OÉ°üàbGh m s G!!)R=2) nN&' O02 I\

36O% / -./0 OBK aVP)21 6Be.3s'8 +-1 P) FO  €) @/ " y6. 2Œ kI( 23 D 4>44P1 +?mO8 V_ 63C ’ ,1968 BOU u

 K Om/0H MO2\ ~HB&0 OPQM.

O 0' ; <=3G.¡B&0]3({0 21967_ G!39O3\ / G+n. m".NmO6 <

D S ‫اﳊﺮﻳﺎت اﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ , 3.3DQ Á^O 0' ) eUV iNg…‚H+”…7¨N \ (

GDK! " I< 3*&%^&'261 6

.s 28 & 60 6<.!z 10 O =.LK.R26 +D'

.s36GH l$  2

.s]I=Q€„6p%^K'e(8 ( -`/0 G`0 6OG ) e3GO Q T0'R= ' p3*1U& ( ’k.0)  2_ G b $' 2 0' /3" /0 3" 0 ¤g‡–H+ £…u»+ bh= ójó©dGhm6 +D'

.s[DaI= ) = ¢ù«d,.32,.3#$4/0 n.?Gn.I=26OG%3, mO 0'~)^&/0  <6 / 60', e-> B N€ ]3 =fI[+n8!3‘ 6sz32=gz * áeÉ©dG

.sT  \ z 6Y‰3$ \ )! " ‫ اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ واﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮن‬- ‫رؤى ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ‬

10


‫اﻟﻘﻄﺎن واﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺔ‬ +G1) •)+1'!3QOU<( a¤g‡–H+}Ÿ= Pn+8 6)U<(B< ! GOkG!fI R1 6 ’_ . l1 8 9` 0R<u  8 ._ G+G\<G€1 6, 3GO0¡¤g‡–H+£…u»+bh= "€U69: €Bu RK D K6K” a; <=/ ( ,1968 _ Gkl/ (R1 6+GUHR 2f"*3  &$' .9+i< !

D K+vU& ( Á Q F69O UG+D 2<6 

V ] .$ R<OK U& ( 2BQ< ;a./0 6B6 \<+& 1)B <YH/ `36n3  _ Vf"* "13GOkl\ ƒ2Á QB6$  "& 2/ + 3.3DR<uP‘z M&'<˜P610

O/ " ‚ Pn#$ m.-G_ +&_3GOF &/ `RG U<( %03"G= "#$BD &/0V„1#$ <H K2R<u  % +(_ / `"OU<(R<&0 (IK02Pn+~ +D 2= ")   UmB&0 2 ÜÉH øeh ,ô°UÉf &0,n1 2KD0\ % Q9H &% +(#$ ¿ƒdÉà©dG AÉL 4PN =?B6$/ n./ `/ "/ (a.

A'2f+  V3H0 ,  =2

 mOR<6O!; <= 6V! 3N.¡ <<6O ’4 10?, yV I=l iNg…‚H+”…7¨N '4 10?/0' qB+)

G V¤g‡–H+£…u»+bh= /$ v24R<uƒm6<6N?#$ *K+D.0 \ f p ,-26 <+ 6D0 K\ S NK'”/$2P13"6V 24ƒ O  G 6YK.'/0?\ ba*. 10PQ&!.¡ #$ ! 6"  3<1 Z6 2/ 61' O ƒG.  e e "< % nI=661$6N` !  R<6NyV o6z, ‰39<3G<  œ…I¡}G'+  8 8 6G` 8 D K / ( O 2F9 ! 6" yV ,-. ¡ m = +˜yV /0 O <Vf383 VU<( @/ ",93  (,-K¡! 6"/$vU69<K \2= +nw:)0,8 †u  % e61\ <6O, 2o6z, IMKfIyV [ ! "<.'! "./0Fn.3 " +=g2/r  O02! .$ O02Qs'

mG&m+G^( ) .r, F& D

9

‫ اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ واﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮن‬- ‫رؤى ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ‬


’U. -#$BD  !!Kk<-¤g‡–H+}Ÿ= 6 1$' 6+G 6-  P1)!0 U<( ¤g‡–H+ £…u»+ bh= 6GP13"q_)#$ RKJ U<(~ 10'. &2/ +  ‚ f! RG:mpz O, 26 /{ *% + 0')!$PG / + #$ ‚  ! GV2U. -_ GU1)‚ ! VU<( .r O6uV \ / (ƒ.3H, 6VOR<K DaNkK .3Hflf)!$+G 6R<9`. ,»àjƒμdG AÉHô¡μdG , 8 6&[NK FK)) 61%^<€U uR<&$\28!!a U<( 2U. -#$ UD 2Bu \  "<-2^6nG ÜÉH P1) 0 Ur  i9 \  -s  _ 0 *G U+  U. -P*6 0PH R+ ‫ﺣﺮب اﳋﻠﻴﺞ‬ RVG^Y/ (U. -, ‰39& <&0  €iNg…‚H+”…7¨N ) e 6. -6<6N

VG% p"&o6z 61 6FM<PGO! 6"2 <6O +6! 6"mO

 ’k< l % + 0'% D)\.-N6 "e 6<6N! 6")V/0) Q O~ : ¤g‡–H+£…u»+bh= R<6NFG*%^.'2 . g/ (UV kl F& D#$ ) +  O0 A VR.0O_ .0']I=\,+e[3. TL-  0' 30 / ( U. - B 3GO m _3H / 6 yQ& OV /0 H MO 2H G R<6N w.)   U. -0 *&BN& =2U. - / *6G. & (R<6 / 6. -2U. -t^< 8e(c)^./ (B&0 (IK0  QOBG Uv3p.9+i< 

G- 3 3V [ y"&'0 Fn.2“3O <&0 \  <6 !3`2kl »æWƒdG S e6  /0 =0' 2Ai U& (  + %  V .08 ". < <&0, ‰39.8 9.H8 9:8 Q&R<6N R<u PnP6)U<(R<&0% V0M-O26O 

 R<-2%'[ y".¡B&$t% VPQ<I=[:m /0 B& - $ O/ (20 0 qB+)

 /0 T)0 %r0 'U<( k6-8 ) O/ () +  O0 R"6"-*O83. “/ -. z, I=BNV /03" 02

6n6Ka1$'g 6HP6  / -61 % ' 2[3<1 z ' /0 O 8 GO & / ( o6  <G!  =o6z, 6<6N! 6"yV f! " O RNu G36GQ\ m S NK =R.0OfI4 10?#$

‫ذﻛﺮﻳﺎت‬ P13" , ‰396 / "  <"<. 2(I P*< )+1  ,1  P13" #$ U†D @% "6  ) 9 ,  =g  "e DI=2R<6( -63.\  I+K2* GO 8 Y O8v0 K‚ v0

‫ﺻﻨﻊ اﳌﻌﺎ—  اﳌﺪارس‬

B +=2Bu OBG: KB& 0BV3QOR v0 ‚ ; <= K z n.$' O < <O0\  <6 P-G&  =26G O

 (I , 8 †6`0V8 .0kO8v0  / (B&03. œ…I¡}G'+ 3 ,  6‰39.2 ^D0.p\ A`0RR<6( - ,  <= Z.3s 2P13"  BOu rO0 30 ( / " ,9 1)3 Oo.MN21947_ Gr j, P  G* ƒ* 0 R<GD R<6( - 6 ¤g‡–H+ £…u»+ bh= 2R<+G*, 8 K 6O0 ™N0  &0i9kKI< / <N )-K'

NHR<6( -U& (=g2fa92fG /J"

.J PGO = .$  <+G./ (R 6`0', ]g3< % 6D0 % " >6NKR<6( -= 1R96 B&0 [ x- * F-./ (yQn3./ (mB&0(IK0 +(0 O \ RK)3"O^6j0 U<(2 1[O)3GO = 92G*, 

6O0 R<+ R<6( -8 6QM`RO_ +=BG!  €I=2™Ns R<6( -] .$ R<+  U+B&!  0' ,(0 ¡ 6`0  9&% 9)VV2w.) 1 61)! )"2G ˜#$ ] …'g0‚ ¡PQQM g% + 0')!$1)! ‫ﻣﻘﺪادي واﻟﻜﻮﻳﺖ‬ P*.)!: < =3RD^/0 -&0 ’ ¤g‡–H+£…u»+bh= f-NK".u\ R 8 ‚ (8 6O n.$8v0 K2f!3" R<6( -6

6 .!)8 .0f!3" P*.)! œ…I¡}G'+ ’3VB6kV /03. #$ "'  Df!3" P*.)!¤g‡–H+£…u»+bh= c6(36`)) v;a`2SG/ (f!3" P13" / n1, B1ƒu0/03GOP13"#$_3V2

6<6GO)0'[ 2) e ]I=  B(a` v$ 6VG 

 B<n1  !3YO  & $ RDr <6O ,  2SG n= \ BK10  LD0 2_- u#$D =6)3GO) YH=U6 KR K3 f!3" H0' 6<6&0[ 26VG6<D Öë°S ó©H P13"6G8.3 

Om2R<6( -6 V3H0, UK ORB<O#$3Q OUGK2_ G; <=P.)3U1)

26G8.3 U. -+ P13"B+ 3GORDr ‫ اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ واﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮن‬- ‫رؤى ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ‬

8


- ย“ 3.3* ={ +& =0' 26<  K N- 1{ + โ€ซ๏ปง๏ป˜๏ป„๏บ” ๏ฒข๏ปฎู„โ€ฌ _ G-<ย‰3pยก 8 6QM` &0 ยคgย‡ย–H+ยฃย…ยuยป+bh= R<&0'24P&^?P62_ G/0 *+ 0U<-21948 , 6& e<U<(m% + 0 D)UP1 10' O 1 61)!, RH Q6YK )V6G ย˜R1)! /0 OR()!$' DI=26 /{ *% + 0')!$1)!#$ ! ย€)210 + PHt 1"sIR1)! f3 3GOH MO2RK10  $ , R<<-ย0 +GF=I.RVD/ ( O8 6G D8  uU<(m 3GO4f):FD?O eย€1)3U& (_ G/0 * RDrf3

ORi92+GE^EM ย‚ 4[: K-O?6G O < += <H% , Pย NPGO /)3". NM ยก G 

G D   +G6 = <1)0 , 

ย† O

 3-r nKยก <-2F9*&0_3"K'28 + (K ] ย… O8 D  3I=/ (8 6& v8 * \"./ ( +  3 Fย Hr 69&B&0 T)0 R<&0 [ 2z *R< 02 =g/! รกรซjรดยฐT ~ VE) ,  !#$D 9O,.e-; <=,-2% sG6O z * !3ย“!)  <.3. <,9&'8 0 ยคgย‡ย–H+ยฃย…ยuยป+bh= ,-.ยกz *\ '$ / -.,R.0O>D </ =8 6& v / "1{ U pUV [ 2O *F= \ ., ; <=  !. K#$D 9O[+ย‘f0~3z *8 6OB*. #$ e+"#$ UN./0 3O'2m% s = +( #$UN&/0 <6 v,.) 6g, kย†0H MO2z * O +`[+D\  =-NK".O ย€)2 K & - $ O^D /0 

1{ * m/ ( f! " O. )z * .-N6 <, H MO2]10 O[+nY/ G/ " ( z *( * ( < <&0\ 3&'2  MO <+V,9& UK O\2 610 KI< (

 C v0 / "/  G ! G. I= 2^g N  8 Nยˆ m& +v , ยŽ(0 K 1{

mG&m+G^(  +K) .r%2m 0/ "+ 2 < 0'Pย‘P6ย)/ ",93

7

โ€ซ ุง๏ปŸ๏ปŒ๏บชุฏ ุง๏ปŸ๏บฎุง๏บ‘๏ปŠ ูˆุง๏ปŸ๏บœ๏ปผ๏บ›๏ปฎู†โ€ฌ- โ€ซุฑุคู‰ ๏บ—๏บฎ๏บ‘๏ปฎ๏ปณ๏บ”โ€ฌ


6<u  (s  -K) R  0' øe ¤g‡–H+£…u»+bh= R<6)V?R<6N)"/ -./0 \ )H$' =R.0O 2

6{  .0 , 6OG +i&0' [6+D \N 0 I=  4U9O /0 3.)0  Ž(0 P6f!  3\ Q"K+ GD /!Q<&/0,-' <&0 =28 .0+ B6<G. I=/03" 0B V0  <s HP6T "/^6 /0H MO2ROG &3GO ‫ﻣﺎ ﺑﲔ اﻟﺪﻋﻢ واﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﺔ‬  =f! " O "e, ‰39<8 6V3G<¤g‡–H+}Ÿ= 0  "e% n 3OFg., (T3M1)-% Q.$  <62Y.v{ .8 . 68 V 3.B&$ 2kIO_ Vl$B&0 OR<N R

 n<G2kl r$ 1 +s,  ; <=/ -1 P+& &03O =gz!0' )3 +<6y1 . < ‰3p m8 & 60  R*PGO6D&U& (/$2.^ )1 +  "e8 6<u8^ ) & (!‘, e-O[10R=  0R ;)3./0B6 B6) +e1'3.., 2R< f! QV~ V. < Œ N&+= 2+ PHƒ\ )! Vf 6~ VB&0 z ()3H$2 <=6E &$P66"/02¡ G\ m 8 HƒM.R<"~3O$8 H><~ "I=\&2; <=  .r0'\ 3+GKR 6 .$ % +`% s = +(2~3O$ P1 10' O6< R=2 <Q(

F  R./ &$'ƒ"9./03GO 6sG i 0/0R.0Ov 2 GG R= KŒ'G 3D .' GR=2B  +6+GK, 3O' "v]I=

‫ﺻﻨﻊ اﳌﻌﺎ—  اﳌﺪارس‬

6 -! GO0'k'/J'\B&0 3" 0 fI2 "e~ V , G2B< ~ 3)O[+n, (

V~ <V$' 6+GOR<6N "eE &$', e-b K)klz 10 3G, ! GO'T0D, 2D, I=2!3“61 61 ^6(a,n F.gt< O "e[  <6u GKROG V , Z.39 <G3.I=R<6N "e^. +\ y10' [  2_ G   N€  O R<6N  "e E &$' 6+6+V \ / (% nI=R<6NE &$'iG  = <G€  R3 \<G O 3V < )3 FG. ¡ 2 O RG+n0R1 6

‰3p0  <=2J , 8 G+‘^6jRR= "e@¤g‡–H+ Q ‚ [+‘f0G+‘,.^6+2) s2w.) ;)!$, \ 3.^.,t  O2B.3)ID') 0  "vB.3P6  ‘ &!O4/ <./ O*./ (0 .*,  +‘?B& ( É¡«fÉ©fR

.39, g\ 2!3G 

 "eO) s O ! 0   ' , B"1   R61$' %' FO øe% 0'z 9H0% + 0'% D)[3+, 3O'B&0)(0 B."O(03O/$2m. +<K[.) *  3m6<6N \ % Qs OB"<  G. & eRn. !02 6“0 6+=0'. g#0 ]I=36D š% 6GK ‫ﺟﺮس اﳉﻠﺴﺔ ﻳﻘﺮع‬ Q" R<6N% P10)/0\ / "N ,9&¤g‡F¤g…> T  O-NI=, 8 ^D„OKk&0 (2_ Gc3B+ /0 ` % 0'P1{)z 9H0, !3G "e t O\ MK 3#$ >69HI=¤g‡–H+£…u»+bh= [+n

1{ ,  3O "e-N% D) 6$)! .3V- % + 0' % D) ,  *G j{ 6i<K %  ) 9+K 2c3 2 0(x3"K< 3.&' <&0H MO2,u E) m+6"  < P  = • ^DO 6-*O,.) <, % + 0'% D)_ ".'l ¤g‡F¤g…> \ )3V0 -&0 H MO 2I( j{ #$  3 0 2 A ’ < 6$% H 

 &06 "e <Q8 jB6< 0 I=iNg…‚H+”…7¨N 2. OK6<6 "v

V/ + 3K/ ",93 1{ / g.',•\2]3.)0  <Q-, yM.I= 2 6) +e1',-

"( 6-N =2

"]I= ! I=f! " O2M1).) …6 <H

V#$UV [  . p % nI=PHN, e- <G:0 <&0 +61'2,-•

f0 z "1[ ,9&[&  <.3P6¤g‡–H+£…u»+bh=  ) +e1 O_ "./03.., mB=0 3% + 0D) RN&\ UGVt< O36(0 K-OBOF  N`.) … , 9Q€[+u0 /0 ,-'?]! N 8 " 8)V IMK283 ! 0 '?R<&0  =)(0 V8 j_ “ 0 I=24m 2) n#$/ K0 ., 3:R<&0R<G.'I=48D Km#$ 1{ /03" 0P1 <z \ PHNPH <V3: »æμd ‰3p0  &026"I=, )! €_ 6"\ )3V0'R= ¿hÉ©àdG 836D  0 61{ 30c ( <

R

1{ =0 T3$ R.0O1{ +(/ " ¤g‡F¤g…>

BG.fI)3 OƒGKt< O+0 ¤g‡–H+}Ÿ= ‫ اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ واﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮن‬- ‫رؤى ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ‬

6


‫ ﺟﻠﺴﺔ ﺣﻮارﻳﺔ اﺳﺘﻀﺎﻓﺘﻬﺎ اﳌﺆﺳﺴﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﲢﻤﻞ اﺳﻤﻪ وأوﺻﻰ ﺑﺮﺑﻊ ﺗﺮﻛﺘﻪ ﻟﻬﺎ‬

‫ﱠ‬ k‫ أرﻓﺾ أن أﻋﻮد إ ﻓﻠﺴﻄﲔ ﺗﺎﺟﺮ‬:‫اﻟﻘﻄﺎن‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪ اﶈﺴﻦ‬ ‫ وأﺳﻌﻰ إ ﺗﺄﺳﻴﺲ ﻣﻌﻬﺪ دراﺳﺎت إﺳاﺗﻴﺠﻴﺔ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻞ‬.. ‫اﻟﺴﻜﺎﻛﻴﻨﻲ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﻻ ﺗﺘﻜﺮر أ ﱠﺛﺮ  أﺟﻴﺎل ﺑﺄﻛﻤﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫وﻋ ﱠﻠﻤﻨﻲ ﻋﺸﻖ اﻟﺸﻌﺮ واﻟﻔﻨﻮن‬

iNg…‚H+”…7¨NilG

t BD I=zY2% e61\ 2zYmO <<6O P1{)U& (Z62 O)0 O<Q H MO2R+(K+  H MO 2 <(  <<- 2m& <N mN"e . O MNK % 0'   O!0' G*. O ô¡à°ûf ,»°SÉÑ©dGh …ƒeC’G øjô°ü©dG Kv & ‚ (+‘% + 0'% D)/0 2mQ 2mN"eg, < 6 &U& (y102,u E)  2 <6GO!O/ *6G. & (&0' 6<g0 K O< 3.3G/0Z6 _3 z 10 mO, F1I=/0 3" 02K N(FOP6 +G 6KR% 6D0'

"]I=e  3D K 'I=/03({0R<-2yM1) O) Qt  O2N"e  

6{  O6 K+, P10 O'2% nI=Q")L. [+n 

1{  6 ;) *K 2% + 0' % D) ƒK \  "  =g2c3 R<G!  €,-2RN&, Z.3sF0 '@¤g‡–H+ A :0 26G, 836D8 6Q&U&R<&0 2 =g

"]I= 3  6s36D(K <.32836D8 +6GKR <O06GOU++= 5

‫ اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ واﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮن‬- ‫رؤى ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ‬

2Nƒu < #$ &I0 .36(0  O/ ",93 [ Z.3s '8 0 21 6 2 "e 2% + 0' 2

.(I Z.3 mO 

,2009_ GBG 4c &$'?f) /03.m80 #$ BGK . - 2-< V m B Nu , B6 ‰3p R+&[*.¡2H 6H N, klg GBDr 2] .$R<G+DR.) s˜]I=U& -2B< 3.^~ + 2BC2/ "+ EM2 _(02/ Vr/ gR6 ‚ r 2R: G+˜_ .2q_)<.3€2/ ",93 1{ "  s QB(K[OO8{ \H0R1{ kK ‫ﻧﻘﻄﺔ اﻻﻧﻄﻼق‬  !  9& B= … %  t{ 1 \ !)  U& ( Z.3s .3O 2B+1+pR1{ %, 6G/ <N "e 2BD  I= , m6<6N % + 0' % D) 6 g F6Y. UV P ?.3,•m6<6N8)I 3D0 ’ ,‹ áÑ°ùædÉH :jg0'gE SN ' n[6+D4=0? !, Q< O24% 0'


9

'8 GN&8 6 83DR-bM&' 2 < 0fI) 6 0 8) 6 <9<+61I=B6H NK(B6-OR +D'3ย˜ ยฟร‰รฆยฉdG Bยƒ.2 =) 1$ , BK' GN&B6 3ย˜)9.83.3D \ _ "K3.3DV S 61B<. -K36GK26& v]! D3n6 8 6"6"8  '8  '/ -./0[6+n>6K3.3D V

V

10

] &*2  < <K + ] <!020   <6ย™V & <G 2r 6 OGKG =ย‹ -P6ยŠU+Q/0;)!0 &^6 =! -O3ย˜G +<6O 28 .0r 6 OGKG_-/0 +(  <=ยŠ2]03&/0 RY<. ; <=,-BK ย$BK (B1  BK <-+ย€.mB&0 ` G61YH + G-2ย‹/J' 8 .0BK <-+ย€BKlUV .m23HMHP. "K  +(,-.ยก"\9?2yย3Y3.3D; 3   $ ย‹fยŠ4/ (

. 90  <6& VSa0 8 <6 ( *ย€ <6& V-K S 61_ "K1)3T08 & 60 +D  0 g 0 6 2 = ย… O "v[+n/ ย‚ (R8 N1 1 "

V , 2) s M1) RG*  =3  R+1  =3  U9H0 PH QMO; -`%{ 1[: ย“8 e 8 & <D3.B&$ 2kI  (sf):kl,-2BO_ "K +6"O028 H0 =3D K " <6K)D

โ€ซ๏บป๏ปจ๏ปŠ ุง๏ณŒ๏ปŒ๏บŽย—  ุง๏ณŒ๏บชุงุฑุณโ€ฌ

m61 61#$O[3.ยก28 6 .6<G./0 `\ mDN[V ย‰) 0[V = ย€/ <K.'

8

 ,-ย'2R<6N[+n+6 +D'6<6YKf0/$ 2R<+\ 6<

g0246 1?  3L ยƒ"9K/0 i<PYO2. 06Y0ยŒH$'6+=0 O8 6 /$ 2kI 8! <1ยƒ"9.'2> Q>  O8 +ย!"GBK . gBG!, /0 >69Hย„"BK):B6+=0 / G.4B& G.?Bm 3/0 #$ 8 6 (P6]3R /0 g283"&,+K6+ eยR  , ยŽ(0O2R1 61FV; <=R1 6/36#$P1 <"< >-. 9"G O9./0 Fn.2R1 613D; <=2kl 2w.) f^( T  #$ P1 <k.pยƒV#$ R +D' P1 <\"O03"28   8 N6ย 0'3ย˜I=% +=$GD3"

2F. *y1 . 9QFK -2 _(0Rย2/ Vr/ g *2m 0/ "+ UG+D.) D% < 0'Pย‘P6ย)/ ",93 q_O1{ "ย€2011)lJ25 โ€ซ ุง๏ปŸ๏ปŒ๏บชุฏ ุง๏ปŸ๏บฎุง๏บ‘๏ปŠ ูˆุง๏ปŸ๏บœ๏ปผ๏บ›๏ปฎู†โ€ฌ- โ€ซุฑุคู‰ ๏บ—๏บฎ๏บ‘๏ปฎ๏ปณ๏บ”โ€ฌ

4


I=2RD  <-F6G06O 10'*()^PGO% 0' /0 3. 9  6&O ) QO '$ QG 

 ƒ"9. ' 7+K l+( sv{ <=61 6T " 0 6<" 0 6D  .3.0'  ‘O .j   >6. 2[:  I= B6 _ "K fI S) N , g \  < ( /!  +6( mOƒ.NB-*. 2^gq_), ([V  '0  1  K Omm6+6Gm i<mO ƒ6+GKɪ¡«à°SÉ«°S  +6R1 6F  O8 <=)

6

2 <1)3  fn.  \ )r ! ` / -& ' /0  0' F.  B 3"& fI 6G 6 & /$ 26+=  r C$' ƒNQ& ' /0 , RN-.   <.3 2P1)3 ]I  <6Y*K , yM.  <1)3 4+i< ?6+6G6+G "O$2P1)36Y*4 L? , RN-.   Ó% & ¡ ,9< 2kI  = V0 Ai FGH0 m O./0 RY<.R6N6-26G6 <_ +=' B6 ƒN.28 ^D'8 VP6I2 &!O)39&6G/$% ". /!2 D) , 06+16+6G1{ !, /e( f3DG#$ E 9.2O GHŽ(0  0'3Y6Aa 'I= y"K2; <= <=) *"O <6KR6Y  " BD .RG+‘   126+6G1) +FQ Pj6YK )!  f0D  Hƒ#$D ; <=6D$' 6<O_0G = “ 2B6 6pfI G+‘6G+‘1{ +(1)3mOH K ƒ\ Y*KO2+ "

i<E &$ 36GK'1{ +(   o<K2  K

i<]I=MMKP*  =

 < 6-`'B6GGK.

1) • 6ƒ"9K

7

3V 2)! V 6G+‘ 1{ #$  . p 21)3 6YK /$  2/l$ „"P626YK#$ D 9O == D1)3/0' ‡8 +=3. ƒ"9,-•gkl,-Ð . "K €)O2 6  "O$'L ÐGT0 T{)o<.T3. u `R +DG/! . OK 1{ +( 1)3 !  +G , T3˜  /l$ 36GK R 3   "e ,+: D &$ P1 < [.  U" 0 2f) Sa' BG ’ 6  " .  € !0' E &$ 02%{ \ ZG.'8 ‘0GK ƒM.P* =+G 6iGKRY<. VR1{ [V (1)3/$~3O$#$RN. i< < 413"?[) <=RY<. =)  6"K =3  \ )3" 6. 6sZORY<.66 +D1{ +( 6$ 8 +!/ g.I6 /$ 26u &1{ 1)3/0'!3n 3

‫ اﻟﻌﺪد اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ واﻟﺜﻼﺛﻮن‬- ‫رؤى ﺗﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ‬

''66"

6n< 'P1 6"  D$ 'm+G  ' “  = TD  ( BD  I= , za"K 0 UOaV I=/$ BD I=O) " #$  ӃKK¡29 . Y!3“ .{)6n< B&$6J!‘P62RD$G!‘P6BD  ¢ùμ©j 6+6G  <n= < , .{ ]I= z 6g 2¡ G  69 26i*\ _ "K2! Q" g_0 ! Q" U& (0   12.{) 2A) G_ GmOb K)'` *=2„Oaz 6g2U6N !N

& - mO2 D) fn. 21)3fn. ÚHh 6& - $ F66YK #$ RN. I= 6G+n BK V  6QM*  6 -K2B6P*6G&fI[+n2 6,9&R 6s.{) f0 2 <K 1) •\ kl) P-G<K2 6 +` 6"  2B6„OK'8 N 8 6i* 3Y61 <G+n <K 6s <N&0' TK/0 , H V6†.^…

˜ G 

O) " #$ klRN61 \ v{ . <=BGNK /02B^D0-TK/002- ^˜ kIO„K.I=BO_ "K 2;l

5

= (\ _ ".'26G+‘6{  F.R"6"s6Y/$ 8 .! .)/ -./0 RY<.fI =)!6+=0 \ . Oa i< 6{  2#0' D)3 O 61 61 6{  R= 6{  ]I= 6G+n

1{ [  = K61 6

1{ T " . Oa i<f= D6YK‰3$ ,-y6-T0' 

i<   6YK ‰3$' 

& - $ ; <= ,-. ¡ l$ ¡l$2PG GO8 .  „OaKRT0'6G+n  R`(/0 R<G.'B V0  ’6" 6 -K.{); <=,-. UV

6G: ( ' n(28 G 0 *<./0RY<.  D K% G0'-pRR= - .{)/0 R<G.O23 U& (l$!39YQ% G0' ‡!3“YHU& (ɪ¡e 3K =)  / -62 O9&R6-) Q, 8 ^D % G0'U& (l$ 02B( 6#$[&fIo6<rY +( .{) ,+: U6 2+6V  l U& (  +  2!39 YQ / 126is <-2T06+D "N(326() H QU< 8G  0 ,0 310 2!3KÏ"N<KÉe »àdG  "kKT 12 V><'2\<G o<.2BV 6O º 6YKf0BDy"KR

V G/$™*K, B6 \ _ "K f36"w1_ N =rO02e(]3& GKf= DR"6" 28e( Œ^^. B&0 3. ' fI R +D'  =)! 1)3+ 6<" 6<  K 6… 6 +D' 6+6" 6 "e  i<  ¦ <12 K + E &$2 N&)-K! $ 83D 0 K’ \ Y*K'2+ "6G: , 8GK1)33Y2 =)!0 ,02T0 "O 

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رؤى تربوية - العدد الرابع والثلاثون - آذار 2011  

رؤى تربوية - العدد الرابع والثلاثون - آذار 2011

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